(19)
(11)EP 3 142 595 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
10.07.2019 Bulletin 2019/28

(21)Application number: 15726726.1

(22)Date of filing:  08.05.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61C 15/00(2006.01)
A61C 17/028(2006.01)
A61C 17/02(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IB2015/053367
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/173699 (19.11.2015 Gazette  2015/46)

(54)

NOZZLE FOR ORAL IRRIGATOR DEVICE INCLUDING A NOZZLE SPACER ASSEMBLY

DÜSE FÜR MUNDDUSCHENVORRICHTUNG MIT DÜSENABSTANDHALTERANORDNUNG

BUSE POUR DISPOSITIF D'IRRIGATEUR ORAL COMPRENANT UN ENSEMBLE D'ESPACEMENT DE BUSE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 13.05.2014 US 201461992448 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
22.03.2017 Bulletin 2017/12

(73)Proprietor: Koninklijke Philips N.V.
5656 AE Eindhoven (NL)

(72)Inventors:
  • KOVACEVIC MILIVOJEVIC, Milica
    NL-5656 AE Eindhoven (NL)
  • GOTTENBOS, Bart
    NL-5656 AE Eindhoven (NL)
  • BARAGONA, Marco
    NL-5656 AE Eindhoven (NL)
  • SHULEPOV, Sergei
    NL-5656 AE Eindhoven (NL)
  • LAVEZZO, Valentina
    NL-5656 AE Eindhoven (NL)
  • ADRIAENSEN, Guido Antonius Theodorus
    NL-5656 AE Eindhoven (NL)

(74)Representative: de Haan, Poul Erik 
Philips International B.V. Philips Intellectual Property & Standards High Tech Campus 5
5656 AE Eindhoven
5656 AE Eindhoven (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A1- 2002 152 565
US-A1- 2007 113 360
US-A1- 2006 078 844
US-A1- 2010 190 132
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present embodiments relate generally to flossing devices and methods in the field of oral healthcare and, more particularly, to oral irrigator devices and methods including a nozzle spacer assembly for high impact angles.

    [0002] US2010/0190132 discloses an oral irrigator tip with one fluid outlet.

    [0003] One example of a device for use in cleaning between teeth is a Sonicare AirFloss device available from Philips Oral Healthcare, Inc. The oral care device is based upon a microburst technology that delivers a quick burst of air and liquid to effectively yet gently clean between teeth. The oral care device is designed to remove dental plaque biofilms from the interdental areas between teeth to improve gingival health through the use of the high-velocity droplet spray. It aims is to be at least as effective as ordinary string flossing and conventional oral irrigators/water jets, while much easier and more comfortable to use. In practice, however, the efficacy may be limited, since the area reached effectively is limited by the nozzle design, with a fairly narrow and focused spray on the so-called interproximal area below the contact points of neighbouring teeth towards the gingival tissue. As a consequence, not all plaque between teeth may be removed. For convenience, as used herein, interdental plaque is synonymous for interproximal plaque and all plaque on the proximal surfaces of the teeth. A distinction can be made between "visible interproximal plaque" which is located on the entrances of an interproximal space and "invisible interproximal plaque" which is located within the interproximal space and which may be made visible, for example, with advanced imaging techniques such as miniature fiber optic cameras.

    [0004] Accordingly, an improved apparatus for overcoming the problems in the art is desired. In particular, it would be desirable to increase an effective interdental area covered by the jet or spray of a nozzle and, in addition, use higher impact angles.

    [0005] In accordance with the embodiments of the present disclosure, a nozzle for an oral irrigator device according to the claims provided. A number of different nozzle designs are disclosed herein which increase an impact angle at which a microburst spray or jet impacts a plaque layer. The nozzle designs advantageously include nozzle orifices that can shoot or expel a microburst spray or jet more from the side (e.g., at an angle of between approximately 15 to 90 degrees to a given proximal tooth surface, as opposed to being along the given tooth surface, e.g., at an angle near 0 degrees). In another embodiment, the nozzle design includes dual distance nozzle orifices, in which a portion of a nozzle is moved further inside the interproximal space between teeth to reach larger impact angles. In accordance with the invention a nozzle for an oral irrigator device is disclosed that comprises an elongated body having a channel; a guidance tip located at one end of the elongated body; and a nozzle spacer assembly positioned around the at least one orifice of said guidance tip. The guidance tip includes at least two orifices coupled to the channel and disposed within a surface of the guidance tip. evenly spaced apart from a center of the surface of said guidance tip, and further being spaced apart from one another within the surface of said guidance tip such that during use a first orifice is located in front of a first tooth and a second orifice is located in front of a second tooth. Furthermore, the nozzle spacer assembly comprises at least two pairs of pliable spacers that extend from the surface of said guidance tip by a prescribed amount for both (i) ensuring that teeth portions at an entrance of an interproximal space between two teeth are treated by fluid expelled from the at least one orifice, and (ii) establishing an angle of impact of the fluid expelled from the at least one orifice into the interproximal space between the two teeth, onto respective tooth surfaces thereof, to be higher than a threshold impact angle.

    [0006] In accordance with another aspect, the at least two pairs of pliable spacers of the nozzle spacer assembly comprise a first pair and a second pair, wherein the first pair extends along a line in a first direction and the second pair extends along a line in a second direction, and the lines of the first and second pairs are perpendicular to one another. In addition, the at least two pairs of pliable spacers are further configured for both (i) establishing a prescribed spacing between the at least one orifice and a treatment surface and (ii) locating the guidance tip laterally with respect to the interproximal spacing between two teeth.

    [0007]  In addition, responsive to fluid being expelled from the two orifices, the first orifice expels fluid partly on the first tooth and mainly on a proximal surface of the second tooth within the interproximal space at a first high impact angle with respect to the proximal surface of the second tooth within the interproximal space, and wherein the second orifice expels fluid partly on the second tooth and mainly on a proximal surface of the first tooth within the interproximal space at a second high impact angle with respect to the first tooth.

    [0008] In another embodiment, fluid expelled from the first orifice comprises at least one of a jet and a spray principally directed along a first path, wherein fluid expelled from the second orifice comprises at least one of a jet and a spray principally directed along a second path.

    [0009] In a still further embodiment, fluid is expelled in a controlled manner to alternate between the first orifice and the second orifice a predetermined number of times for a single interproximal space.

    [0010] In yet another embodiment, the nozzle further comprises a disc rotatably coupled to the surface of the guidance tip, and wherein the at least one orifice comprises a single orifice embodied within the rotatable disc configured for enabling at least two different positions of the single orifice with respect to the interproximal space between two teeth. In one embodiment, the rotatable disc includes an impellor located in a flow path of expelled fluid, wherein responsive to the expelled fluid imparting upon the impellor, the rotatable disc is turned to enable an achievement of the at least two different positions of the single orifice with respect to the interproximal space between two teeth.

    [0011] In a further embodiment, the at least one orifice comprises multiple orifices disposed within the surface of said guidance tip, wherein each of the multiple orifices expels fluid in a different radial direction.

    [0012] In a still further embodiment, the guidance tip comprises a dual distance tip that further includes at least one interproximal orifice disposed on an interproximal extension of the guidance tip that extends at a distance beyond the surface of the guidance tip, configured for removable placement within the interproximal space between the two teeth, and wherein the at least one interproximal orifice is configured to expel the fluid as one of a jet, a spray, or any combination thereof, with a spray angle greater than a threshold amount to at least one side of the two teeth within the interproximal space.

    [0013] Still further advantages and benefits will become apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art upon reading and understanding the following detailed description.

    [0014] The embodiments of the present disclosure may take form in various components and arrangements of components, and in various steps and arrangements of steps. Accordingly, the drawings are for purposes of illustrating the various embodiments and are not to be construed as limiting the embodiments. In the drawing figures, like reference numerals refer to like elements. In addition, it is to be noted that the figures may not be drawn to scale.

    Figure 1 is a perspective view of an oral irrigator device including a nozzle spacer assembly which is not an embodiment of the claimed invention;

    Figure 2 is a schematic view of an existing nozzle design of a known oral irrigator device having an interproximal reach that is mainly limited to invisible interproximal plaque;

    Figure 3 is a schematic view of a nozzle design of an oral irrigator device having at least one orifice with an interproximal reach that targets both visible and invisible interproximal plaque which is not an embodiment of the claimed invention;

    Figure 4 (4A, 4B) is a top view and sectional view along A-A of a nozzle design of an oral irrigator including a nozzle spacer assembly for high impact angles according to an embodiment of the present disclosure and (4C, 4D) is a top view and sectional view along A-A of a nozzle design of an oral irrigator including a nozzle spacer assembly for high impact angles according to another embodiment of the present disclosure;

    Figures 5 and 6 are schematic views of a nozzle design of an oral irrigator device having a first orifice and a second orifice according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;

    Figures 7 and 8 are schematic views of a nozzle design of an oral irrigator device having a first orifice and a second orifice according to another embodiment of the present disclosure;

    Figures 9 and 10 are schematic views of a nozzle design of an oral irrigator device having a first orifice and a second orifice having first and second paths of a spray expelled from one of the first and second orifice respectively at a first time (t1) and a second time (t2), according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;

    Figures 11 and 12 are schematic views of a nozzle design of an oral irrigator device having a first orifice and a second orifice having first and second paths of a jet expelled from one of the first and second orifice respectively at a first time (t1) and a second time (t2), according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;

    Figure 13 (13A, 13B) is a top view and sectional view along A-A of a nozzle design of an oral irrigator device with an orifice embodied within a rotatable disc and including a nozzle spacer assembly for high impact angles according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;

    Figure 14 (14A, 14B) is a top view and sectional view along A-A of a nozzle design of an oral irrigator device with multiple orifices and including a nozzle spacer assembly for high impact angles according to an embodiment of the present disclosure; and

    Figure 15 is a schematic view of a nozzle design of an oral irrigator device having a dual distance guidance tip that includes a first orifice and a second orifice within a surface thereof and at least one interproximal orifice disposed on an interproximal extension of the guidance tip that extends at a distance beyond the surface of said guidance tip, configured to expel fluid with a spray angle greater than a threshold amount to at least one side of the two teeth within the interproximal space.



    [0015] The embodiments of the present disclosure and the various features and advantageous details thereof are explained more fully with reference to the non-limiting examples that are described and/or illustrated in the drawings and detailed in the following description. It should be noted that the features illustrated in the drawings are not necessarily drawn to scale, and features of one embodiment may be employed with other embodiments as the skilled artisan would recognize, even if not explicitly stated herein. Descriptions of well-known components and processing techniques may be omitted so as to not unnecessarily obscure the embodiments of the present disclosure. The examples used herein are intended merely to facilitate an understanding of ways in which the embodiments of the present may be practiced and to further enable those of skill in the art to practice the same. Accordingly, the examples herein should not be construed as limiting the scope of the embodiments of the present disclosure, which is defined solely by the appended claims and applicable law.

    [0016] It has been discovered, via experiments, that the angle at which a microburst spray or jet of a biofilm removal device impacts a plaque biofilm inside the interproximal space between teeth is of major influence for the removal of the plaque. In particular, various percentages of biofilm removed in interproximal locations where the microburst spray or jet of the biofilm removal device impacted the biofilm for different angles. Experimental results revealed that an increase in angle increases the removal dramatically.

    [0017] The experimental findings were supported with numerical simulations of droplet and jet impact on a wetted surface at the different angles, using a droplet diameter of 100 µm and a velocity of 30 m/s,. From the numerical simulations of droplet impact on a wetted surface, the inventors found out that (i) increasing the impact angle, from about 10 degrees and up to about 60 degrees, increases the shear efficiency of the droplet, and that (ii) the pressure and shear stress values reveal that for an impact angle above 60 degrees, the pressure and shear stress values do not increase significantly anymore.

    [0018] From the numerical simulation of the jet impact on the wetted surface at different angles it was further found that: (i) average pressure increases with angle, (ii) maximum pressure occurs locally at angles lower than 90 degrees, as soon as flow reversal at impingement builds up, (iii) average shear tends to decrease for increasing angle; however, max shear is characterized by some sort of maximum at flow inversion (i.e., flow reversal at impingement).

    [0019] In addition, from the numerical simulation results, it was found that the best removal of a biofilm will be when both pressure and shear are higher than certain thresholds (i.e., values typical for biofilm damage described in related literature). Accordingly, the impact angle needed for optimal biofilm removal is higher than 15°. From the numerical simulation of microburst spray or jet treatment of biofilm in a realistic interproximal space at different angles, it was found that with the increase of the impact angle (e.g., from 15 degrees to 30 degrees), cleaning of the biofilm was better (i.e., the cleaned and treated area is increased).

    [0020] With reference now to Figure 1, a perspective view of an oral irrigator device 10 including a nozzle 12 with a guidance tip 34 including a nozzle spacer assembly for high impact angles according to an example of the present disclosure is shown. In one example, the oral irrigator device comprises a biofilm removal device. The oral irrigator device 10 includes a power ON/OFF button 14, a charge indicator 16, an activation button 18, an ergonomic handle 20, a liquid reservoir 22, a microburst pump 24, and control electronics 26. The nozzle 12 includes an elongated body 28 having a distal end, generally indicated by reference numeral 30, and a proximal end, generally indicated by reference numeral 32. The distal end 30 includes a guidance tip 34 with an orifice 36, wherein the orifice 36 is configured to exhaust a fluid as one of a jet, a spray, or any combination thereof, to be discussed further herein below. In addition, the distal end 30 comprises a generally circular cross-section or shape. Furthermore, in one embodiment, the proximal end 32 of the elongated body 28 is configured for being coupled to a distal end of the handle 20 of the oral irrigator device 10. Responsive to coupling of the proximal end 32 of the elongated body 28 of the fluid exhaust nozzle 12 to the distal end of the handle 20, an appropriate connection between the reservoir 22 and the orifice 36, via the air/liquid delivery conduit or channel 38, are made for a given implementation. In the embodiments of the present disclosure, the control electronics 26 comprise any suitable controller, microcontroller, processor, power source and/or other electronics to provide power and control signals for implementing the various functions, or any combination thereof, as discussed further herein.

    [0021] In one embodiment, the activation button 18 of the oral irrigator device 10 is operable between an OFF state and at least one activation ON state. The at least one activation ON state can comprise one or more states for causing the pump 24 to be operable to pump the fluid from the reservoir 22 to the orifice 36 and the orifice 36 expels or exhausts the fluid as a jet, a spray, or any combination thereof, according to the requirements of a given oral irrigator device application.

    [0022] Turning now to Figure 2, there is shown a schematic view of an existing nozzle 40 of a known oral irrigator device having an interproximal reach that targets mainly invisible interproximal plaque. The nozzle 40 comprises a static, non-dynamic nozzle with an orifice 42 that is stationary with respect to the nozzle. In addition, an efficacy of the nozzle 40 is limited since the area reached effectively is limited by the nozzle design, with a fairly narrow and focused spray 44 on the so-called interproximal area, generally indicated by reference numeral 45, below the contact points of neighbouring teeth 46 towards the gingival tissue. As a consequence, the more accessible and visible proximal surfaces, indicated by reference numeral 48, are not as affected. In addition, the nozzle 40 of Figure 2 suffers in that the fluid hits the proximal surfaces of the teeth in the interproximal space at shallow angles from 0 to about 15 degrees.

    [0023] With reference now to Figure 3, there is shown a schematic view of a guidance tip 34 of nozzle 12 of an oral irrigator device 10 (Figure 1) of the present invention having an interproximal reach that targets both plaque that occurs on both invisible and visible surfaces, generally indicated by reference numerals 50 and 52, respectively, of neighbouring teeth 54 and 55, according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. Guidance tip 34 of nozzle 12 includes at least one orifice 36 coupled to the channel 38 and disposed within a surface 35 of the guidance tip 34. The at least one orifice 36 is configured to expel a fluid as one of a jet, a spray, or any combination thereof, generally indicated by reference numeral 56. To increase efficacy of the oral irrigator device 10, its effective reach is increased from the invisible proximal surface areas targeted with an existing nozzle design, as shown in Figure 2, to extend beyond this area and include a larger fraction of the proximal surfaces, as shown in Figure 3.

    [0024] With reference now to Figures 3 and 4, the nozzle design includes a nozzle spacer assembly 58 positioned around the at least one orifice 36 of the guidance tip 34, wherein the nozzle spacer assembly 58 comprises at least two pairs of pliable spacers 60 that extend from the surface 35 of the guidance tip 34 by a prescribed amount for both (i) ensuring that teeth portions at an entrance of an interproximal space between two teeth (54, 55) are treated by fluid 56 expelled from the at least one orifice 36, and (ii) establishing an angle of impact of the fluid 56 expelled from the at least one orifice 36 into the interproximal space between the two teeth (54, 55), onto respective proximal surfaces thereof, to be higher than a threshold impact angle. In various embodiments, the at least two pairs of pliable spacers 60 can extend perpendicular, or other than perpendicular, from the surface 35 of the guidance tip 34.

    [0025] In other words, the at least one nozzle orifice 36 is positioned further from the interproximal space, wherein the at least one nozzle orifice 36 will ensure that portions of the teeth surfaces in front of the interproximal space are also treated. According to one embodiment, one way to increase the impact angles is to render the orifice 36, or outlet of the nozzle, further away from the interproximal space, by means of a distance holder, for example, soft or pliable tips of the nozzle spacer assembly 58 around the orifice 36 or nozzle outlet. This will ensure that portions of the teeth at the entrance of the interproximal space are treated and higher angles of impact in the interproximal space will be achieved. The soft or pliable tips 60 of the nozzle spacer assembly 58 can take any number of physical shapes or forms, so long as the pliable tips provide an adequate strength to maintain a given distance spacing between a tooth surface and the orifice. For example, the pliable tips can comprise cone-shaped spacers having a circular and/or ellipsoidal cross-section. In addition, the distance or spacing provided by the pliable tips, between a plane of the nozzle outlet/orifice 36 and a plane of distal ends of the pliable tips, can include a distance or spacing on the order of 0.1 to 10 mm.

    [0026] With reference now to Figure 4, there is shown a top view (4A) and sectional view (4B) along A-A of a nozzle 12 of an oral irrigator device 10 including a nozzle spacer assembly 58 for high impact angles. As noted above, the nozzle spacer assembly 58 is positioned around the at least one orifice 36 of the guidance tip. The at least two pairs of pliable spacers 60 extend from the surface 35 of said guidance tip 34 by a prescribed amount. In one embodiment, the at least two pairs of pliable spacers 60 comprise a first pair 601 and a second pair 602, wherein the first pair 601 extends along a line L1 in a first direction and the second pair 602 extends along a line L2 in a second direction, and the lines (LI, L2) of the first and second pairs are perpendicular to one another. In addition, the at least two pairs of pliable spacers 60 are further configured for both (i) establishing a prescribed spacing between the at least one orifice 36 and a treatment surface (e.g., surface 52) and (ii) locating the guidance tip 34 laterally with respect to the interproximal spacing between two teeth (54,55), for example, as shown in Figure 3. In other words, one pair of the pliable spacers advantageously provides for a registration of the nozzle with respect to the interproximal spacing between two teeth and the other pair of pliable spacers simultaneously ensures attainment of the prescribed spacing between the at least one orifice 36 and a treatment surface of the teeth.

    [0027] With reference still to Figure 4, there is shown another top view (4C) and sectional view (4D) along A-A of a nozzle 12 of an oral irrigator device 10 including a nozzle spacer assembly 581 for high impact angles. This embodiment is similar to that of views (4A) and (4B), with the following differences. The nozzle spacer assembly 581 is positioned around the at least one orifice 36 (i.e., designated by reference numerals 36, 36-1, 36-2, 36-3, and 36-4) of the guidance tip. The at least two pairs of pliable spacers 60 extend from the surface 35, and raised surface 351, of said guidance tip 34 by respective prescribed amounts. In this embodiment, raised surface 351 defines a wall that extends above surface 35 about an outer periphery thereof, having a shape in the form of a cone with a circular or ellipsoidal cross-section. In addition, as shown in Figure (4D), orifice 36 is directed along a principal axis 37, generally perpendicular to surface 35, whereas the orifices 36-1 and 36-3 are directed away from the principal axis 37 by a prescribed angle (i.e., corresponding to a given fluid jet flow path). While not shown, orifices 36-2 and 36-4 may be similarly directed away from (or alternatively directed towards) the principal axis 37, according to the requirements of a given nozzle implementation. Flow paths of fluid expelled from a respective orifice (36, 36-1, 36-2, 36-3, and 36-4) can be easily understood from the disclosure herein.

    [0028] With reference now to Figures 5 and 6, according to another embodiment, a nozzle 121 of the oral irrigator device includes a first orifice 361 and a second orifice 362 with an interproximal reach that targets both visible and invisible interproximal plaque, as shown. The nozzle 121 provides first and second paths, indicated by reference numerals 62 and 64, respectively, of a spray (Figure 5) or a jet (Figure 6) expelled from a respective one of the first and second orifice that cross over each other within the interproximal space between first and second teeth, 54 and 55, respectively, as shown in Figures 5 and 6. The orifices can be positioned on the nozzle and spaced from one another according to the requirements of a particular oral irrigator application. For example, in one embodiment, the two orifices are fully aligned in a horizontal direction. In another embodiment, the two orifices are not fully aligned in the horizontal direction. In addition, an exact positioning of a particular orifice with respect to the teeth depends, in part, on the teeth geometry itself. Furthermore, the pliable spacers 60 of the nozzle spacer assembly 58 ensure that the orifices are spaced from the interproximal space by a predetermined spacing sufficient to enable the attainment of high impact angles within the interproximal space between the first and second tooth. Moreover, the nozzle design with more than one orifice will ensure that teeth parts at the entrance of the interproximal (IP) space are treated and further ensure that higher angles of impact in the IP space are obtainable by putting the orifice further away from the IP space, via the pliable spacers of the nozzle spacer assembly.

    [0029] With reference still to Figures 5 and 6, in one embodiment, the two orifices are evenly spaced apart from a center of the surface 35 of the guidance tip 34. That is, the two orifices are spaced apart from one another within the surface 35 of said the guidance tip 34 such that during use the first 361 orifice is located in front of a tooth 55 and the second orifice 362 is located in front of another tooth 54, adjacent to the tooth 55. In another embodiment, in response to fluid being expelled from the two orifices, the first orifice 361 expels fluid partly on a first tooth 55 at respective surface 52 and mainly on a tooth surface 50 of a second tooth 54 at a first high impact angle within the interproximal space between the first and second tooth. The second orifice 362 expels fluid partly on the second tooth 54 at respective surface 52 and mainly on a tooth surface 50 of the first tooth 55 at a second high impact angle within the interproximal space between the first and second tooth. The first and second high impact angles each comprise an angle greater than 15° measured from a surface normal (e.g., from tooth surface 50). Such high impact angles of greater than 15° from a surface normal can also be applicable to other embodiments discussed herein. As can easily be seen, the arrangement of orifices relative to the center of the surface 35 of the guidance tip 34 and spacer assembly 58 allow for the additional cleaning of the visible plaque on the surfaces at the corners of the teeth simultaneously with the cleaning of the invisible plaque on surfaces within the interproximal space.

    [0030] With reference now to Figures 7 and 8, according to yet another embodiment, a nozzle 122 of an oral irrigator device includes a first orifice 363 and a second orifice 364 with an interproximal reach that targets both visible and invisible interproximal plaque, as shown. The nozzle 122 provides first and second paths, indicated by reference numerals 66 and 68, respectively, of a spray (Figure 7) or a jet (Figure 8) expelled from a respective one of the first and second orifice that do not cross over each other within the interproximal space between first and second teeth, 54 and 55, respectively, as shown in Figures 7 and 8. During operation of nozzle 122, fluid expelled from the first orifice 363 comprises at least one of a jet and a spray principally directed along a first path. Fluid expelled from the second orifice 364 comprises at least one of a jet and a spray principally directed along a second path. The first and second paths do not cross each other within the interproximal space between a first tooth and a second tooth, as shown in Figures 7 and 8. In other words, during operation, a respective fluid flow out of the orifices of nozzle 122 occurs at the same time; however, the orifices are designed such that the sprays or jets of the respective orifices do not interact with each other within the interproximal space. As can easily be seen, the arrangement of orifices relative to the center of the surface 35 of the guidance tip 34 and spacer assembly 58 allow for the additional cleaning of the visible portions of the surfaces at the corners of the teeth simultaneously with the cleaning of the surfaces within the interproximal space.

    [0031] With reference now to Figures 9 and 10, according to yet another embodiment, a nozzle 123 of an oral irrigator device having a first orifice 361 and a second orifice 362 with an interproximal reach that targets both visible and invisible interproximal plaque, similar to the embodiment of Figure 5. The nozzle 123 differs from nozzle 121 in that in operation, the first and second paths, 62 and 64, respectively, of a spray are expelled from one of the first and second orifice, 361 and 362, respectively, at (i) a first time (t1) and (ii) a second time (t2), different from first time (t1). In addition, the path of the respective first and second spray crosses over the other within the interproximal space between the first and second tooth. In addition, in one embodiment, the nozzle 123 includes a fluid flow path which alternates fluid flow from one orifice (i.e., a first nozzle path) and the other orifice (i.e., a second or another nozzle path).

    [0032] With reference now to Figures 11 and 12, according to another embodiment, nozzle 123 of the oral irrigator device includes the first orifice 361 and the second orifice 362 with an interproximal reach that targets both visible and invisible interproximal plaque, having first and second paths, indicated by reference numerals 62 and 64, respectively, of a jet expelled from one of the first and second orifice respectively at (i) a first time (t1) and (ii) a second time (t2), different from first time (t1). A path of the respective first and second jet crosses over the other within the interproximal space between the first and second tooth.

    [0033] With reference again to Figures 9-12, the nozzle 123 comprises at least two orifices in which expelled fluid timing alternates between a first path and a second path that cross one another. In other words, fluid expelled from the first orifice 361 can comprise at least one of a spray (Figure 9) and a jet (Figure 11) principally directed along a first path 62 at a first moment in time. Fluid expelled from the second orifice 362 can comprise at least one of a spray (Figure 10) and a jet (Figure 12) principally directed along a second path 64 at a second moment in time, different from the first moment in time. For example, fluid flow alternates from one and the other orifice at two different moments in time, indicated by t1 and t2, for one interproximal space. In addition, the first and second paths cross each other within the interproximal space between the first tooth and second tooth, adjacent the first tooth. Furthermore, in another embodiment, fluid is expelled in a controlled manner, via suitable control by control electronics 26 (Figure 1), to alternate between the first orifice 361 and the second orifice 362 a predetermined number of times for a single interproximal space.

    [0034] Turning now to Figure 13, a top view (13A) and sectional view (13B) along A-A of a nozzle 124 of an oral irrigator device with an orifice 36 embodied within a rotatable disc 70 and including a nozzle spacer assembly 58 for high impact angles according to an embodiment of the present disclosure is shown. For example, in one embodiment, disc 70 comprises a disc rotatably coupled, in a suitable manner, with respect to the surface 35. The rotatable disc includes at least one orifice, e.g., a single orifice 36, embodied within the rotatable disc and configured for enabling at least two different positions of the single orifice with respect to the interproximal space between two teeth. For example, four different positions are indicated in Figure 13A via reference numerals 72, 74, 76, and 78. The different positions can include any number of vertical and/or horizontal positions achieved via rotation of the disc about its center, or axis of rotation. In addition, in one embodiment, the rotatable disc 70 includes an impellor located in a flow path of expelled fluid within the nozzle, wherein responsive to the expelled fluid imparting upon the impellor, the rotatable disc is turned to enable an achievement of the at least two different positions (e.g., vertical position, horizontal position, or any combination of the same) of the single orifice with respect to the interproximal space between two teeth. Accordingly, a greater treatment coverage area is obtainable via the rotatable disc 70 of nozzle 124 than that obtainable with respect to other embodiments discussed herein.

    [0035] With reference now to Figure 14, a top view (14A) and sectional view (14B) along A-A of a nozzle 125 of an oral irrigator device with multiple orifices, e.g., as indicated by reference numerals 365, 366, 367, and 368, and including a nozzle spacer assembly 58 for high impact angles according to another embodiment of the present disclosure is shown. In one embodiment, the at least one orifice 36 comprises multiple orifices (365, 366, 367, and 368) disposed within the surface 35 of the guidance tip 34, wherein each of the multiple orifices (365, 366, 367, and 368) expels fluid in a different radial direction, i.e., radial direction inward with respect to a principal axis of the guidance tip 34. In one embodiment, the multiple orifices comprise at least three orifices for radially expelling fluid, and thus reducing a need for an exact positioning of the nozzle with respect to the teeth being treated.

    [0036] Turning now to Figure 15, a nozzle 126 of an oral irrigator device having a dual distance guidance tip 341 that includes a first orifice 361 and a second orifice 362 within a surface 35 thereof and at least one interproximal orifice (369,3610) disposed on an interproximal extension 80 of the guidance tip 341 that extends at a predetermined distance beyond the surface 35 of the guidance tip 341, configured for removable placement within the interproximal space between the two teeth, and configured to expel fluid with a spray angle greater than a threshold amount to at least one side of the two teeth within the interproximal space, is shown. In the embodiment of Figure 15, the guidance tip 341 comprises a dual distance tip with first and second orifices (361 and 362) on surface 35 and further includes at least one interproximal orifice (369, 3610) disposed on an interproximal extension 80 of the guidance tip 341 that extends at a predetermined distance beyond the surface 35 of the guidance tip. The interproximal extension 80 is configured for removable placement within the interproximal space between two teeth. In addition, the at least one interproximal orifice (369, 3610) is configured to expel the fluid as one of a jet, a spray, or any combination thereof, with a spray angle greater than a threshold amount to at least one side of the two teeth within the interproximal space.

    [0037] The dual distance design of the nozzle 126 of Figure 15 advantageously enables a portion of the nozzle to be removably placed deep within an interproximal space and to shoot or expel fluid more to the sides of the interproximal space. The extension portion of the nozzle is thin enough to fit within the interproximal space between teeth, and provides a fluid spray with a large spray angle to the sides. The expelled fluid to the sides impacts the hard to reach space between molars at larger impact angles. Additional nozzle orifices are present in the surface of the guidance tip in order to not miss the outer part of the interproximal space at the outside of the space.

    [0038] According to the present disclosure, the oral irrigator device 10 of Figure 1 includes a nozzle according to the various embodiments as illustrated and described. The oral irrigator device 10 further comprises a handle 20, an activation button 18 disposed on the handle operable between an OFF state and at least one activation ON state, a fluid reservoir 22 for holding a fluid, and a pump 24 coupled to the fluid reservoir. The proximal end 32 of the nozzle 12 couples to a distal end of the handle 20. In response to disposing the activation button 18 to the at least one activation ON state, the pump 24 is operable to pump the fluid to the orifice 36 and the orifice expels the fluid as one of a jet, a spray, or any combination thereof.

    [0039] According to a still further example which is not part of the claimed invention, a method of expelling fluid from a nozzle for an oral irrigator device, comprises: providing an elongated body having a channel; providing a guidance tip located at one end of the elongated body, wherein the guidance tip includes at least one orifice coupled to the channel and disposed within a surface of the guidance tip, wherein the at least one orifice is configured to expel a fluid as one of a jet, a spray, or any combination thereof; and providing a nozzle spacer assembly positioned around the at least one orifice of the guidance tip. The nozzle spacer assembly comprises at least two pairs of pliable spacers that extend from the surface of said guidance tip by a prescribed amount for both (i) ensuring that teeth portions at the entrance of an interproximal space between two teeth are treated by fluid expelled from the at least one orifice, and (ii) establishing an angle of impact of the fluid expelled from the at least one orifice into the interproximal space between the two teeth to be higher than a threshold impact angle.

    [0040] In one example the method further includes providing the at least two pairs of pliable spacers of the nozzle spacer assembly that comprise a first pair and a second pair. The first pair extends along a line in a first direction and the second pair extends along a line in a second direction, and the lines of the first and second pairs are perpendicular to one another. In another embodiment, the method further includes configuring the at least two pairs of pliable spacers in a manner that accomplishes both (i) establishing a prescribed spacing between the at least one orifice and a treatment surface and (ii) locating the guidance tip laterally with respect to the interproximal spacing between two teeth.

    [0041] In yet another example, the method further comprises providing a disc rotatably coupled to the surface of the guidance tip, wherein the at least one orifice comprises a single orifice embodied within the rotatable disc configured for enabling at least two different vertical positions of the single orifice with respect to the interproximal space between two teeth. In addition, providing the rotatable disc further includes providing an impellor located in a flow path of expelled fluid, wherein responsive to the expelled fluid imparting upon the impellor, the rotatable disc is turned to enable an achievement of the at least two different positions of the single orifice with respect to the interproximal space between two teeth. Furthermore, providing the guidance tip comprises providing a dual distance tip that further includes at least one interproximal orifice disposed on an interproximal extension of said guidance tip that extends at a distance beyond the surface of said guidance tip, configured for removable placement within the interproximal space between the two teeth. The at least one interproximal orifice is configured to expel the fluid as one of a jet, a spray, or any combination thereof, with a spray angle greater than a threshold amount to at least one side of the two teeth within the interproximal space.

    [0042] Although only a few exemplary examples have been described in detail above, those skilled in the art will readily appreciate that many modifications are possible in the exemplary embodiments without materially departing from the novel teachings and advantages of the embodiments of the present disclosure. For example, the embodiments of the present disclosure can be advantageously used in various oral irrigator device applications. Accordingly, all such modifications are intended to be included within the scope of the embodiments of the present disclosure as defined in the following claims.

    [0043] In addition, any reference signs placed in parentheses in one or more claims shall not be construed as limiting the claims.


    Claims

    1. A nozzle (12) for an oral irrigator device (10), comprising:

    - an elongated body (28) having a channel (38);

    - a guidance tip (34) located at a distal end (30) of the elongated body, wherein said guidance tip includes at least two orifices (361,362) coupled to the channel and disposed within a surface (35) of said guidance tip, the orifices evenly spaced apart from a center of the surface (35) of said guidance tip (34), and further being spaced apart from one another within the surface of said guidance tip such that during use a first orifice (361) is located in front of a first tooth (55) and a second orifice (362) is located in front of a second tooth (54) wherein the orifices expel a fluid as at least one of a jet, or a spray; and

    - a nozzle spacer assembly (58) positioned around the orifices of said guidance tip, wherein said nozzle spacer assembly comprises at least two pairs of pliable spacers (60) that extend from the surface of said guidance tip by a prescribed amount for establishing an angle of impact of the fluid expelled from the orifices.


     
    2. The nozzle (12) of claim 1, wherein the at least two pairs of pliable spacers (60) of the nozzle spacer assembly (58) comprise a first pair (601) and a second pair (602), wherein the first pair (601) extends along a line (L1) in a first direction and the second pair (602) extends along a line (L2) in a second direction, and the lines of the first and second pairs are perpendicular to one another.
     
    3. The nozzle (12) of claim 1, wherein the at least two pairs of pliable spacers (60) are further configured for establishing a prescribed spacing between the at least two orifices (361,362) and a teeth surface and locating the guidance tip (34) laterally with respect to the interproximal spacing between two teeth.
     
    4. The nozzle (12) of claim 1, wherein responsive to fluid being expelled from the two orifices (361,362), the first orifice (361) expels fluid partly on the first tooth (55) and mainly on a tooth surface of the second tooth (54) at a first impact angle within the interproximal space between the first and second tooth, and wherein the second orifice (362) expels fluid partly on the second tooth (54) and mainly on a tooth surface of the first tooth (55) at a second impact angle within the interproximal space between the first and second tooth, wherein the first and second impact angles each comprise an angle greater than 15° measured from a surface normal.
     
    5. The nozzle (12) of claim 1, wherein fluid expelled from the first orifice (361) comprises at least one of a jet and a spray principally directed along a first path (62), wherein fluid expelled from the second orifice (362) comprises at least one of a jet and a spray principally directed along a second path (64), and wherein the first and second paths cross each other within the interproximal space between the first and second tooth.
     
    6. The nozzle (12) of claim 1, wherein fluid expelled from the first orifice (363) comprises at least one of a jet and a spray principally directed along a first path (66), wherein fluid expelled from the second orifice (364) comprises at least one of a jet and a spray principally directed along a second path (68), and further wherein that first and second paths do not cross each other within the interproximal space between the first and second tooth.
     
    7. The nozzle (12) of claim 1, further wherein fluid expelled from the first orifice (361) comprises at least one of a jet and a spray principally directed along a first path (62) at a first moment in time (t1), wherein fluid expelled from the second orifice (362) comprises at least one of a jet and a spray principally directed along a second path (64) at a second moment in time (t2), different from the first moment in time, and wherein the first and second paths cross each other within the interproximal space between the first and second tooth.
     
    8. The nozzle (12) of claim 1, further wherein fluid is expelled in a controlled manner to alternate between the first orifice (361) and the second orifice (362) a predetermined number of times for a single interproximal space.
     
    9. The nozzle (12) of claim 1, further comprising a disc (70) rotatably coupled to the surface (35), and wherein the at least two orifices (361,362) are embodied within the rotatable disc configured for enabling at least two different positions (72,74,76,78) of the orifice with respect to the interproximal space between two teeth.
     
    10. The nozzle (12) of claim 9, further wherein the rotatable disc (70) includes an impellor located in a flow path of expelled fluid, wherein responsive to the expelled fluid imparting upon the impellor, the rotatable disc is turned to enable an achievement of the at least two different positions (72,74,76,78) of the orifice with respect to the interproximal space between two teeth.
     
    11. The nozzle (12) of claim 1, wherein the at least two orifices (361,362) comprises multiple orifices (365,366,367,368) disposed within the surface (35) of said guidance tip (34), wherein each of the multiple orifices expels fluid in a different radial direction.
     
    12. The nozzle (12) of claim 1, wherein said guidance tip (34) comprises a dual distance tip (341) that further includes at least one interproximal orifice (369,3610) disposed on an interproximal extension (80) of said guidance tip that extends at a distance beyond the surface (35) of said guidance tip, configured for removeable placement within the interproximal space between the two teeth, and wherein the at least one interproximal orifice is configured to expel the fluid as one of a jet, a spray, or any combination thereof, with a spray angle greater than a threshold amount to at least one side of the two teeth within the interproximal space.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Düse (12) für eine Mundduschenvorrichtung (10), umfassend:

    - einen länglichen Körper (28), der einen Kanal (38) aufweist;

    - eine Führungsspitze (34), die an einem distalen Ende (30) des länglichen Körpers platziert ist, wobei die Führungsspitze mindestens zwei Öffnungen (361,362) enthält, die mit dem Kanal gekoppelt sind und innerhalb einer Oberfläche (35) der Führungsspitze angeordnet sind, wobei die Öffnungen gleichmäßig von einer Mitte der Oberfläche (35) der Führungsspitze (34) beabstandet sind, und weiter voneinander innerhalb der Oberfläche der Führungsspitze so beabstandet sind, dass während der Verwendung eine erste Öffnung (361) vor einem ersten Zahn (55) platziert ist und eine zweite Öffnung (362) vor einem zweiten Zahn (54) platziert ist, wobei die Öffnungen ein Fluid als mindestens eines von einem Strahl oder ein Spray ausstößt; und

    - eine Düsenabstandhalteanordnung (58), die um die Öffnungen der Führungsspitze herum positioniert ist, wobei die Düsenabstandhalteanordnung mindestens zwei Paare biegsamer Abstandhalter (60) umfasst, die sich von der Oberfläche der Führungsspitze um ein vorgeschriebenes Ausmaß erstrecken, um einen Auftreffwinkel des von den Öffnungen ausgestoßenen Fluids festzulegen.


     
    2. Düse (12) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die mindestens zwei Paare biegsamer Abstandhalter (60) der Düsenabstandhalteanordnung (58) ein erstes Paar (601) und ein zweites Paar (602) umfassen, wobei sich das erste Paar (601) entlang einer Linie (L1) in eine erste Richtung erstreckt, und sich das zweite Paar (602) entlang einer Linie (L2) in eine zweite Richtung erstreckt, und die Linien des ersten und des zweiten Paars rechtwinklig zueinander sind.
     
    3. Düse (12) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die mindestens zwei Paare biegsamer Abstandhalter (60) weiter ausgelegt sind, um einen vorgeschriebenen Abstand zwischen den mindestens zwei Öffnungen (361,362) und einer Zahnoberfläche festzulegen und die Führungsspitze (34) seitlich im Verhältnis zum interproximalen Abstand zwischen zwei Zähnen zu platzieren.
     
    4. Düse (12) nach Anspruch 1, wobei als Reaktion darauf, dass Fluid von den zwei Öffnungen (361,362) ausgestoßen wird, die erste Öffnung (361) Fluid teilweise auf den ersten Zahn (55) und hauptsächlich auf eine Zahnoberfläche des zweiten Zahns (54) in einem ersten Auftreffwinkel innerhalb des interproximalen Abstands zwischen dem ersten und dem zweiten Zahn ausstößt, und wobei die zweite Öffnung (362) Fluid teilweise auf den zweiten Zahn (54) und hauptsächlich auf eine Zahnoberfläche des ersten Zahns (55) in einem zweiten Auftreffwinkel innerhalb des interproximalen Abstands zwischen dem ersten und dem zweiten Zahn ausstößt, wobei der erste und der zweite Auftreffwinkel jeweils einen Winkel von mehr als 15°, gemessen von einer Oberflächennormale, umfasst.
     
    5. Düse (12) nach Anspruch 1, wobei von der ersten Öffnung (361) ausgestoßenes Fluid mindestens eines von einem Strahl und einem Spray umfasst, das hauptsächlich entlang eines ersten Wegs (62) geleitet wird, wobei von der zweiten Öffnung (362) ausgestoßenes Fluid mindestens eines von einem Strahl und einem Spray umfasst, das entlang eines zweiten Wegs (64) geleitet wird, und wobei sich der erste und der zweite Weg untereinander innerhalb des interproximalen Abstands zwischen dem ersten und dem zweiten Zahn kreuzen.
     
    6. Düse (12) nach Anspruch 1, wobei von der ersten Öffnung (363) ausgestoßenes Fluid mindestens eines von einem Strahl und einem Spray umfasst, das hauptsächlich entlang eines ersten Wegs (66) geleitet wird, wobei von der zweiten Öffnung (364) ausgestoßenes Fluid mindestens eines von einem Strahl und einem Spray umfasst, das entlang eines zweiten Wegs (68) geleitet wird, und wobei sich weiter der erste und der zweite Weg untereinander innerhalb des interproximalen Abstands zwischen dem ersten und dem zweiten Zahn kreuzen.
     
    7. Düse (12) nach Anspruch 1, wobei weiter von der ersten Öffnung (361) ausgestoßenes Fluid mindestens eines von einem Strahl und einem Spray umfasst, das hauptsächlich entlang eines ersten Wegs (62) zu einem ersten Zeitpunkt (t1) geleitet wird, wobei von der zweiten Öffnung (362) ausgestoßenes Fluid mindestens eines von einem Strahl und einem Spray umfasst, das das hauptsächlich entlang eines zweiten Wegs (64) zu einem zweiten Zeitpunkt (t2), der vom ersten Zeitpunkt unterschiedlich ist, geleitet wird, und wobei sich der erste und der zweite Weg weiter untereinander innerhalb des interproximalen Abstands zwischen dem ersten und dem zweiten Zahn kreuzen.
     
    8. Düse (12) nach Anspruch 1, wobei weiter Fluid auf kontrollierte Weise ausgestoßen wird, um zwischen der ersten Öffnung (361) und der zweiten Öffnung (362) eine vorgegebene Anzahl von Malen für einen einzelnen interproximalen Abstand abzuwechseln.
     
    9. Düse (12) nach Anspruch 1, weiter umfassend eine Scheibe (70), die drehbar mit der Oberfläche (35) gekoppelt ist, und wobei die mindestens zwei Öffnungen (361,362) innerhalb der drehbaren Scheibe ausgebildet sind, die ausgelegt ist, um mindestens zwei unterschiedliche Positionen (72,74,76,78) der Öffnung im Verhältnis zum interproximalen Abstand zwischen zwei Zähnen zu ermöglichen.
     
    10. Düse (12) nach Anspruch 9, wobei weiter die drehbare Scheibe (70) ein Flügelrad enthält, das in einem Strömungsweg von ausgestoßenem Fluid platziert ist, wobei als Reaktion darauf, dass ausgestoßenes Fluid auf das Flügelrad auftrifft, die drehbare Scheibe rotiert, um ein Erreichen von den mindestens zwei unterschiedlichen Positionen (72,74,76,78) der Öffnung im Verhältnis zum interproximalen Abstand zwischen zwei Zählen zu ermöglichen.
     
    11. Düse (12) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die mindestens zwei Öffnungen (361,362) vielfache Öffnungen (365,366,367,368) umfassen, die innerhalb der Oberfläche (35) der Führungsspitze (34) angeordnet sind, wobei jede der vielfachen Öffnungen Fluid in eine unterschiedliche radiale Richtung ausstößt.
     
    12. Düse (12) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Führungsspitze (34) eine doppelte Abstandsspitze (341) umfasst, die weiter mindestens eine interproximale Öffnung (369,3610) enthält, die an einer interproximalen Verlängerung (80) der Führungsspitze angeordnet ist, die sich in eine Entfernung hinter die Oberfläche (35) der Führungsspitze erstreckt, die ausgelegt ist für entnehmbares Anordnen innerhalb des interproximalen Abstands zwischen den zwei Zähnen, und wobei die mindestens eine interproximale Öffnung ausgelegt ist, um das Fluid als eines von einem Strahl, einem Spray oder einer Kombination daraus mit einem Sprühwinkel von mehr als einem Schwellenausmaß an mindestens eine Seite der zwei Zähne innerhalb des interproximalen Abstands auszustoßen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Buse (12) pour un dispositif d'irrigation buccale (10) comprenant :

    - un corps allongé (28) ayant un canal (38) ;

    - un embout de guidage (34) situé à une extrémité distale (30) du corps allongé, dans laquelle ledit embout de guidage comprend au moins deux orifices (361, 362) couplés au canal et disposés dans une surface (35) dudit embout de guidage, les orifices étant espacés de manière uniforme d'un centre de la surface (35) dudit embout de guidage (34) et étant en outre espacés l'un de l'autre dans la surface dudit embout de guidage de sorte que, en cours d'utilisation, un premier orifice (361) soit situé en regard d'une première dent (55) et qu'un second orifice (362) soit situé en regard d'une seconde dent (54), dans lequel les orifices expulsent un fluide sous la forme d'au moins l'un d'un jet ou d'une pulvérisation ; et

    - un ensemble d'espaceurs de buse (58) positionné autour des orifices dudit embout de guidage, dans laquelle ledit ensemble d'espaceurs de buse comprend au moins deux paires d'espaceurs pliables (60) qui s'étendent de la surface dudit embout de guidage d'une quantité prescrite pour établir un angle d'impact du fluide expulsé des orifices.


     
    2. Buse (12) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle les au moins deux paires d'espaceurs pliables (60) de l'ensemble d'espaceurs de buse (58) comprennent une première paire (601) et une seconde paire (602), dans laquelle la première paire (601) s'étend le long d'une ligne (L1) dans une première direction et la seconde paire (602) s'étend le long d'une ligne (L2) dans une seconde direction et les lignes de la première et de la seconde paire sont perpendiculaires l'une à l'autre.
     
    3. Buse (12) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle les au moins deux paires d'espaceurs pliables (60) sont en outre configurées pour établir un espacement prescrit entre les au moins deux orifices (361, 362) et une surface de dent et localiser l'embout de guidage (34) latéralement par rapport à l'espacement interproximal entre deux dents.
     
    4. Buse (12) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle, à la suite de l'expulsion du fluide des deux orifices (361, 362), le premier orifice (361) expulse du fluide en partie sur la première dent (55) et principalement sur une surface de la seconde dent (54) sous un premier angle d'impact dans l'espace interproximal entre la première et la seconde dent et dans laquelle le second orifice (362) expulse du fluide en partie sur la seconde dent (54) et principalement sur une surface de la première dent (55) sous un second angle d'impact dans l'espace interproximal entre la première et la seconde dent, dans laquelle le premier et le second angle d'impact comprennent chacun un angle supérieur à 15° mesuré à partir d'une normale à la surface.
     
    5. Buse (12) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le fluide expulsé par le premier orifice (361) comprend au moins l'un d'un jet et d'une pulvérisation principalement dirigé le long d'un premier trajet (62), dans laquelle le fluide expulsé par le second orifice (362) comprend au moins l'un d'un jet et d'une pulvérisation principalement dirigé le long d'un second trajet (64) et dans laquelle le premier et le second trajet se croisent l'un l'autre dans l'espace interproximal entre la première et la seconde dent.
     
    6. Buse (12) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le fluide expulsé par le premier orifice (363) comprend au moins l'un d'un jet et d'une pulvérisation principalement dirigé le long d'un premier trajet (66), dans laquelle le fluide expulsé par le second orifice (364) comprend au moins l'un d'un jet et d'une pulvérisation principalement dirigé le long d'un second trajet (68) et dans laquelle en outre le premier et le second trajet ne se croisent pas l'un l'autre dans l'espace interproximal entre la première et la seconde dent.
     
    7. Buse (12) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle en outre le fluide expulsé par le premier orifice (361) comprend au moins l'un d'un jet et d'une pulvérisation principalement dirigé le long d'un premier trajet (62) à un premier moment dans le temps (t1), dans laquelle le fluide expulsé par le second orifice (362) comprend au moins l'un d'un jet et d'une pulvérisation principalement dirigé le long d'un second trajet (64) à un second moment dans le temps (t2), différent du premier moment dans le temps, et dans laquelle le premier et le second trajet se croisent l'un l'autre dans l'espace interproximal entre la première et la seconde dent.
     
    8. Buse (12) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle en outre le fluide est expulsé de manière régulée pour alterner entre le premier orifice (361) et le second orifice (362) un nombre prédéterminé de fois pour un seul espace interproximal.
     
    9. Buse (12) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre un disque (70) couplé à rotation à la surface (35) et dans laquelle les au moins deux orifices (361, 362) sont mis en oeuvre dans le disque rotatif configuré pour permettre au moins deux positions différentes (72, 74, 76, 78) par rapport à l'espace interproximal entre deux dents.
     
    10. Buse (12) selon la revendication 9, en outre dans laquelle le disque rotatif (70) comprend une hélice située dans un trajet d'écoulement du fluide expulsé, dans laquelle, à la suite du fluide expulsé qui heurte l'hélice, le disque rotatif est soumis à une rotation pour permettre d'atteindre les au moins deux différentes positions (72, 74, 76, 78) de l'orifice par rapport à l'espace interproximal entre deux dents.
     
    11. Buse (12) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle les au moins deux orifices (361, 362) comprennent de multiples orifices (365, 366, 367, 368) disposés dans la surface (35) dudit embout de guidage (34), dans laquelle chacun des multiples orifices expulse du fluide dans une direction radiale différente.
     
    12. Buse (12) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle ledit embout de guidage (34) comprend un embout de distance double (341) qui comprend en outre au moins un orifice interproximal (369, 3610) disposé sur une extension interproximale (80) dudit embout de guidage qui s'étend à une distance au-delà de la surface (35) dudit embout de guidage, configuré pour un placement amovible dans l'espace interproximal entre les deux dents, dans laquelle le au moins un orifice interproximal est configuré pour expulser le fluide sous la forme d'un jet, d'une pulvérisation ou d'une combinaison quelconque de ceux-ci, avec un angle de pulvérisation supérieur à une quantité de seuil sur au moins un côté des deux dents dans l'espace interproximal.
     




    Drawing
































    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description