(19)
(11)EP 3 143 780 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
02.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/36

(21)Application number: 14892007.7

(22)Date of filing:  16.05.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04W 4/00(2018.01)
H04W 12/06(2009.01)
H04W 88/16(2009.01)
H04L 29/06(2006.01)
H04W 48/00(2009.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/SE2014/050607
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/174903 (19.11.2015 Gazette  2015/46)

(54)

DEVICE AUTHENTICATION TO CAPILLARY GATEWAY

VORRICHTUNGSAUTHENTIFIZIERUNG ZU EINEM KAPILLAR-GATEWAY

AUTHENTIFICATION DE DISPOSITIF VIS-À-VIS D'UNE PASSERELLE CAPILLAIRE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
22.03.2017 Bulletin 2017/12

(73)Proprietor: Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson (publ)
164 83 Stockholm (SE)

(72)Inventors:
  • SLAVOV, Kristian
    FI-02610 Espoo (FI)
  • SALMELA, Patrik
    FI-02400 Kirkkonummi (FI)

(74)Representative: Ericsson 
Patent Development Torshamnsgatan 21-23
164 80 Stockholm
164 80 Stockholm (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2011/082150
WO-A1-2011/112683
WO-A1-2014/011997
WO-A2-2013/106188
WO-A1-2011/082150
WO-A1-2011/112683
WO-A2-2012/118711
US-A1- 2003 167 392
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] This disclosure relates to authentication of constrained devices. In more particular, it relates to a method and a capillary gateway (CGW) for determining whether to allow a first machine-to-machine (M2M) device network access.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] For Internet of things (IoT)/M2M the amount of devices that need to be managed will be very big which makes the usability of the management solution an important factor. A natural solution is to have a centralized point from which the devices are managed. One such approach is to have a management web portal to which devices register and are managed from, instead of managing each device directly.

    [0003] Capillary networks comprise constrained machine devices connected to the public network through a CGW, which in many cases use 3rd generation partnership project (3GPP) access technologies towards the public network, and low power radio towards the capillary devices. The constrained devices in the capillary networks have limited, and varying, computational and power resources. In addition, in an IoT scenario, the amount of capillary devices that will be deployed is huge which makes ease of use and deployment a key factor for the success of the IoT. This also means that the amount of manual configuration that is needed to deploy such devices should be minimized. Furthermore, to provide the best possible service, the CGW should restrict the devices accessing through it to only authorized devices as unauthorized devices would otherwise consume the resources of the CGW, possibly lessening the quality of service for authorized devices.

    [0004] Constrained devices are often deployed to be connected to the public network through a CGW. Some of these CGWs may have to provide connectivity to other devices connecting to them, similar to a public wireless local area network (WLAN) hot spots.

    [0005] However, for reasons of bandwidth allocation, network isolation and/or security issues, the CGW operator or owner, may wish to limit the service to devices and/or device owners, with which the CGW operator has a business agreement. Since the number of deployments is huge in IoT, manually configuring the connectivity for each device separately is not attractive.

    [0006] Presently, one way of implementing authentication of a device to a CGW is by using a shared secret or a client side certificate. A shared secret, essentially a username/password pair, requires manual work during deployment, and requires CGW to have an interface for adding new credentials/devices. This by itself does not remove the burden of having to prove who owns the device. Effectively identifying the owner relies on trusting that whoever uses the interface can assure a linkage between the device and its owner. However, when a device is moving and connects to different CGWs over time, this would require that all possible CGWs to which the device will connect would have to be configured to accept the device.

    [0007] Furthermore, all new interfaces should be treated as potential hazards, and will require their own security solution.

    [0008] Client side certificates, on the other hand, require a trusted third party to act as a certificate authority. The CGW would have to trust that authority. This would not be a problem if the authority is one of the established authorities. This solution suffers from the same problem as the shared secret does; the client certificate only authenticates the device.

    [0009] It would be infeasible to also provide the name of the owner in the client certificate, for the reason that such information would become outdated on second hand markets.

    [0010] 3GPP Generic bootstrapping architecture (GBA), as defined in technical specification (TS) 33.220, vers. 12.2.0, defines a mechanism of setting up a shared secret between a User equipment (UE) and an application server, referred to as a Network application function (NAF). GBA is one possible way of authenticating a device to a service. Other options include, but are not limited to, e.g. public key certificates and username/password based authentication.

    [0011] By bootstrapping an IoT device to a management portal, typically performed during a bootstrapping procedure of the device, remotely managing of the device is enabled.

    [0012] However, there is a need to provide a procedure with which a machine device can be bound to a subscription in the CGW for network connectivity with minimal user interaction and minimal requirements on the machine device.

    [0013] WO2014/011997A1 discloses methods and systems for authenticating a user of a wireless unit. The authentication may be based on an obtained measure of authentication strength, which may be referred to as an assurance level.

    SUMMARY



    [0014] It is an object of embodiments of the invention to address at least some of the issues outlined above, and this object and others are achieved by a capillary gateway, and a method for allowing a first device network access, according to the appended independent claims, and by the embodiments according to the dependent claims.

    [0015] According to a first aspect, this disclosure provides a method in a CGW for determining whether to allow a first M2M network access. The method is detailed in claims 1 to 9.

    [0016] According to a second aspect, this disclosure provides a CGW that is capable to determine whether to allow a first M2M device network access. The CGW is detailed in claims 10 to 15.

    [0017] It is an advantage with embodiments of the invention that a capillary gateway of the embodiments of the invention can provide low-powered devices, for example sensors, Internet reachability based on user or owner subscriptions in non-traditional scenarios.

    [0018] Examples of non-traditional scenarios are typically the ones where devices are deployed straight out-of-the-box, i.e., without any customization of the devices. The device itself remains completely oblivious to changes in, for example, ownership or network operator.

    [0019] The present disclosure presents a way to provide Internet access to devices using a significant degree of security.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0020] Embodiments will now be described in more detail, and with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
    • Figure 1 illustrates a schematic network architecture related to this disclosure;
    • Figures 2 and 3 present signalling diagrams related to embodiments of this disclosure;
    • Figure 4 presents a flow diagram of a method according to embodiments of this disclosure; and
    • Figures 5 and 6 schematically present a capillary gateway according to embodiments of this disclosure.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0021] In the following description, different embodiments of the invention will be described in more detail, with reference to accompanying drawings. For the purpose of explanation and not limitation, specific details are set forth, such as particular examples and techniques in order to provide a thorough understanding.

    [0022] Figure 1 illustrates a schematic network architecture related to this disclosure. This architecture comprises an M2M device 102, a capillary gateway 104, a bootstrapping server 106, a capillary gateway (CGW) management server 108 and an M2M management service 110.

    [0023] This disclosure describes procedures by which a capillary device can be authenticated by a CGW with minimal user interaction and requirements on the constrained device. One example of such a procedure is the bootstrapping procedure. Since devices can be authenticated, the CGW can choose to only serve authorized devices, i.e. devices having a service agreement with the CGW operator.

    [0024] Some embodiments only of this disclosure rely on the usage of a bootstrapping server, with which the device has as an initial point of contact and which redirects a request by the device to its actual management service of the device. This disclosure provides a way to configure this redirection. The redirection may easily be configured by the device owner, or someone else, on behalf of the device owner.

    [0025] This disclosure is based on the assumption that a single user can deploy many, even up to thousands of, devices.

    [0026] In a vast deployment, it is not always feasible to assign each device for instance a public key certificate to prove the identity of the device. Also, for a CGW or similar device requiring to maintain access control lists (ACLs) or similar, the number of devices on the list could incur problems, especially considering that a device may also be mobile and change CGWs.

    [0027] In contrast, within this disclosure the owner of the device may be assigned a public key certificate to prove the owner's identity and assume owner level service agreements between device owners and CGW operators. This means that any device belonging to the owner can be granted service from any CGW operator, but also from any CGW of the operator, with which the owner has a service agreement. Under these assumptions, the CGW, positioned between the device and services in the public network will forward traffic of all devices and be able to read the unencrypted content of traffic messages.

    [0028] A device, when switched on, may attempt to bootstrap itself and connect to a bootstrapping server, which can redirect the device to an actual management portal for said device. The device would need to authenticate itself to the management portal. The device may also authenticate itself to the bootstrapping server.

    [0029] As an alternative, the bootstrapping server may forward a message from the device being switched on, directly to the management portal of the device, which management portal then replies to the device.

    [0030] In this disclosure, the CGW may learn the identity of the management portal through the communication between the device and the bootstrapping server. The CGW can then check whether the device gets authenticated by the management portal, or not.

    [0031] Within some embodiments, there is a device owner certificate. The management portal may also grant this certificate, proving that the service knows the device owner. In this respect, the authentication of the device by the management portal can be considered to be performed by the device owner's part in the management portal, which again proves that the device owner knows the device. If the device is successful in authenticating itself, this means that the device is indeed owned by the device owner, which is trusted/verified by the management portal, through the owner's certificate in the portal.

    [0032] Henceforth, the CGW then may only need to check whether the device owner is allowed to use the services of the CGW, which may be connectivity only.

    [0033] It should be noted that in order to perform the bootstrapping, the device needs to be granted temporary connectivity, or network access, from the CGW.

    [0034] In an IoT world with often tens of devices per owner, identifying devices solely on a per device basis may not be the best option. As outlined above, from an access authentication point of view it is argued that an important and feasible option is to identify who owns a specific device and to identify what services the owner is subscribed to.

    [0035] Figure 2 presents a signalling diagram of signalling between a M2M device 202, a CGW 204, a CGW management service 206 and a bootstrapping server (BS) 208. This assumes that the M2M device is preconfigured with an address of the BS 208.

    [0036] In 210, the M2M device 202 accordingly directs a bootstrapping request message to the BS 208. In 212, the CGW 204 intercepts this request and determines whether the BS 208 is approved. If the BS is not approved by the CGW 204, the CGW 204 may send 214 an inquiry to the CGW management service 206 and ask whether the M2M device 202 is allowed to communicate with the BS 208. In 216, a response to the inquiry, such as Yes or No, may be received from the CGW 208. If the M2M device is not allowed to communicate with the BS 208, a bootstrapping response in the form of a bootstrapping request denied message is returned in 218 to the M2M device 202. However, in 220 if the M2M device 202 is allowed to communicate with the BS 208, the bootstrapping request is forwarded to the BS 208.

    [0037] In 222, the BS 208 registers the M2M device 202 and returns a bootstrapping response message directed towards the M2M device, the message comprising an address of a M2M management service.

    [0038] The bootstrapping response sent 224 from the BS 208 is intercepted by the CGW 204, which may verify a signature of the BS 208 to certify that the bootstrapping response is not modified by a third party. After a successful verification in 226, the bootstrapping response is forwarded to the M2M device 202, in 228.

    [0039] The CGW may alternatively learn M2M management service information from a bootstrapping response and already then decide whether to allow eventual communication directed to the M2M management service.

    [0040] It can be mentioned that the CGW 204 may allow temporarily network access to the M2M device 202 when sending the bootstrapping request only, in 210. The CGW may be preconfigured to associate the destination address, i.e. the BS 208 address with a bootstrapping server. The BS may thus be known to and accepted by the CGW in beforehand, making steps 214 and 216 obsolete.

    [0041] The CGW 204 may ask the CGW management 206 whether the destination address of the bootstrapping request message is accepted. Alternatively, the CGW 204 may, as per a previously defined policy decision by the CGW management 206 allow all unknown addresses for a short period to cater a bootstrapping process. A communication access, limited in time and/or bandwidth, may be given to any M2M device to enable bootstrapping prior to performing authentication.

    [0042] If the destination address is unknown, forbidden by a management decision, a management policy decision, or a temporary access has expired, all traffic from the M2M device being unknown is dropped. Effectively, access to the Internet is denied.

    [0043] In 224, the CGW receives bootstrapping response message that is directed towards a M2M device 202. If the response message addresses a M2M device for which the CGW has not detected a bootstrapping request message, the CGW denies the traffic into the capillary network. If the bootstrapping response message is unknown or cannot be associated with any known device, the traffic may be dropped.

    [0044] From the bootstrapping response message, the CGW can learn the M2M management service or portal of the M2M device. The CGW may now further extend a communication window comprising a set of allowed IP addresses of the M2M device to include also the management portal indicated in the message, and possibly prolong a time period therefore.

    [0045] For security reasons, it is an advantage when the bootstrapping response message is signed by the server. In addition, a certificate allowing verification may be included in the bootstrapping response message. This way, both the CGW and the device may verify the authenticity of the bootstrapping reply message. The device may optionally have a BS certificate pre-installed together with other BS information, such as Internet protocol (IP) number or Uniform resource location (URL) address. A CGW may deny access if the bootstrapping reply message is not signed. Furthermore, additional requirements may apply, such as that the certificate used to sign the bootstrapping reply message has to be issued by trusted authorities. The list of trusted authorities may be defined by the CGW management.

    [0046] Figure 3 presents a signalling diagram of signalling between a M2M device 302, a CGW 304, and a M2M management service 306.

    [0047] In 308, an authentication request message is directed towards the M2M management 306. In 310, the authentication request message is intercepted by the CGW 304.

    [0048] It is noted that the CGW may here check whether the M2M management service is accepted. This step may be carried out when the bootstrapping response is received by the CGW in step 226.

    [0049] In 312, the CGW directs the authentication request message to the M2M management service 306, provided that the M2M management service is accepted. Whether the M2M management service is accepted may depend on a policy at the CGW. Either all M2M management services are accepted or only a pre-defined set thereof is accepted. In the case that only a pre-defined set thereof is accepted, the CGW may learn a new management service of the device from the BS response message, and check with the CGW management portal if the new management service is OK and also add it to the pre-defined set.

    [0050] In 314, the M2M management service attempts authenticating the M2M device 302. In 316, an authentication response message is directed towards the M2M device 302. In 318, the authentication response message is intercepted by the CGW 304, and determines whether to allow the M2M device network access. In 320, the CGW 304 sends an authentication response message to the M2M device 302.

    [0051] The M2M device may be considered to attempt authenticating itself when sending the authentication request message. In 310 when the CGW intercepts the authentication request message the CGW may drop the authentication message unless the destination address of the message, i.e. the address of the M2M management service, has previously been white-listed.

    [0052] It is noted that some M2M management services may be permanently whitelisted as of a policy decision, i.e. that their address is approved by the CGW 304.

    [0053] In 316, the M2M management service portal sends an acknowledgement in the form of an authentication message response indicating whether the authentication of the M2M device 302 was successful or not.

    [0054] The CGW 304, upon intercepting this authentication response message, may check if the authentication is indeed successful. For the CGW 304 to be able to reliably trust the information authentication response message, said authentication response message should contain at least:
    • Information whether the M2M device is successfully authenticated or not, i.e. a status of the authentication procedure, for instance "ok", "failed", or any standard defined code for the former, such as 200 in case of hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP).
    • A M2M device identifier, which the CGW has been keeping track of throughout the authentication to determine whether the identifier used by the device is also the identifier of the M2M device being authenticated by the M2M management service. In some cases, the Internet protocol (IP) address of the M2M device may be used.
    • The identity of the M2M management service in order to identify the M2M management service. By receiving an authentication response message that is signed by a M2M management service, it can be revealed both the identity of the M2M management service as well as that the authentication response message was not modified between the M2M management service and the CGW. The CGW may verify the signature of the M2M management service by using the management service's certificate, which implicitly provides also the service's identity.


    [0055] Also, in the alternative where access is granted based on device owner, the authentication response message should also include the identity of the owner of the M2M device or subscriber. This information may be gained from a certificate generated by the M2M management service for the M2M device owner or authorized user of the M2M device.

    [0056] As mentioned above, the authentication response message can be signed by the M2M management service, which certifies that the contents of the authentication response message was not modified, again if the certificate used for signing can be verified, and that it is therefore correct. Based upon this information, the CGW can make a decision whether the M2M device should be allowed to access the internet freely.

    [0057] However, if either the signature or the certificate with which the authentication response message is signed cannot be verified, the CGW may discard the packets of the authentication response message instead of forwarding it to the M2M device.

    [0058] If the CGW has neither any information about the M2M device owner nor any information about the M2M device cached locally, the CGW may connect to the CGW management server to receive assistance in making a decision regarding the M2M device. The CGW may inform the CGW management server that a M2M device has been indicated and provide identification information of the M2M device, such as M2M device identifier, M2M device owner identifier and/or information about the M2M management service that has authenticated the M2M device, to CGW management server.

    [0059] If the M2M device owner is listed at the management server portal of the CGW as a subscriber of the CGW service, the management server portal of the CGW may inform the CGW that the device is allowed to be served. If the owner has a subscription for N number of devices, it can be checked that the subscription quota is not full, i.e. there is room for said device. The CGW may now permanently whitelist the M2M device and allow all its traffic.

    [0060] In the case of device identity based access control, the management server portal of the CGW can check whether the identity of the device is listed therein. If it is listed therein the management server portal the CGW management service may inform the CGW that the device is allowed to be served.

    [0061] Alternatively, in the case of M2M management service identity based access control, the management server portal of the CGW can check whether the M2M management service identity is listed therein. If the M2M management service identity is listed therein, the management server portal of the CGW may inform the CGW that the device is allowed to be served.

    [0062] If another M2M device of the same owner is later attached to the same CGW, the CGW may first intercept an authentication response message of said another M2M device and determine, after verification of the signature and the certificate with which said authentication response message is signed, that the authentication response message is authenticated. If said another M2M device belongs to the same owner that the CGW already has information about and knows, it can thus directly whitelist said another M2M device.

    [0063] It is noted that the CGW may then report the added M2M device to the management portal of the CGW to keep track of the usage of the subscription quota, i.e. not to have more devices connected to the network than what is agreed upon in the subscription. Thus both the owner identity and the M2M device ID may be communicated to the management server of the CGW.

    [0064] In addition, there may of course be additional information piggybacked on the authentication response messages, such as nonces and timestamps to provide freshness.

    [0065] A user certificate for the M2M device owner may hence be used in the M2M management service. It is however, not a necessity for the bootstrapping to use a user certificate for the M2M device owner in the M2M management service. Any identity that the M2M management service can provide in an authentication response indicating an authenticated M2M device, i.e. "authentication OK" message, which can be mapped to a subscriber of the CGW connectivity or accessibility, may be sufficient since the M2M management service signs the OK message and certifies that the message is correct, provided the signature and the certificate used for signing can be verified by the CGW.

    [0066] It is noted that subscriber may here denote any one of the device, the device owner or the M2M management service.

    [0067] However, for future use the user certificate becomes important, e.g. when pushing commands from the M2M management service to the M2M device it would be good that the commands are signed by the M2M device owner and not by the M2M management service. This is important when wanting to reduce the signalling for setting up a secure communication channel from the M2M management service to the M2M device and/or if the M2M device is sleeping and utilizing a "mailbox" for getting commands, i.e. polling for commands from the mailbox, which could be the M2M management service.

    [0068] This disclosure may be applied with various authentication mechanisms, of which one is Generic bootstrapping architecture (GBA), 3GPP TS 33.220).

    [0069] With reference to figure 4 a flow chart of a method in a CGW 204, 304 for determining whether to allow a first M2M device 202, 302 network access.

    [0070] In 402, the method comprises intercepting 402 an authentication request of the first M2M device, the authentication request being directed to a management service of the first M2M device, and wherein the authentication request comprises identity information of the first M2M device.

    [0071] In 404, the method comprises intercepting 404 an authentication response, sent from a management service of M2M devices and directed to a second M2M device, the authentication response comprising identity information of the second M2M device.

    [0072] In 406, the method comprises checking whether the authentication response is directed to the same M2M device that sent the authentication request. If the authentication response is directed to the same M2M device that sent the authentication request, the following task is 408. If the authentication response is not directed to the same M2M device that sent the authentication request, the following task is 416.

    [0073] In 408, the method comprises checking whether authentication of the first M2M device was successful, based on the intercepted authentication response. If the authentication of the first M2M device is successful, i.e., that the first M2M device is authenticated, the following task is 410. If the authentication of the first M2M device is unsuccessful, i.e., that the first M2M device is not authenticated, the following task is 416.

    [0074] In 410, the method comprises checking whether the authentication response is validly signed by the management service of M2M devices, and that a therefore used certificate is trusted by the CGW. If the authentication response is signed by the management service of M2M devices, and the signature and the certificate with which the authentication response is signed are verified by the CGW, the following task is 412. If the authentication response is not signed by the management service of M2M devices, or the authentication response is signed by the management service of M2M devices but the certificate with which the authentication response is signed is not trusted by the CGW, the following task is 416.

    [0075] In 412, the method comprises checking whether there is a valid subscription for the first M2M device. If there is a valid subscription for the first M2M device, the following step is 414. If there is no valid subscription for the first M2M device, the next step is 416.

    [0076] In 414 when there is a valid subscription for the first M2M device and the authentication response, comprising information about the successful authentication, is directed to the same M2M device that sent the authentication request, and the authentication response is signed by using the verified certificate, the method comprises allowing the first M2M device network access.

    [0077] In 416, the method comprises denying the first M2M device network access freely, i.e. non-temporarily.

    [0078] Intercepting 310, 402 the authentication request in the method in a CGW 204, 304 for determining whether to allow a first M2M device 202, 302 network access, may also comprise intercepting an ownership request message and wherein intercepting 316, 404 the authentication response comprises intercepting an ownership response message, wherein the ownership refers to the first M2M device.

    [0079] Checking 412 whether there is a valid subscription for the first M2M device, within the method in a CGW 204, 304 for determining whether to allow a first M2M device 202, 302 network access, may comprise checking whether the identity of the first M2M device is an accepted service subscriber of the CGW.

    [0080] Checking 412 whether there is a valid subscription for the first M2M device may comprise checking whether the identity of the first M2M device owner is an accepted service subscriber of the CGW.

    [0081] Checking 412 whether there is a valid subscription for the first M2M device, may comprise checking whether the identity of the M2M management service is an accepted service subscriber of the CGW

    [0082] Checking 410 whether the authentication response is signed, may comprise checking the identity of the management service of M2M devices and using the certificate of that identity for verifying the signature.

    [0083] The method may further comprise checking whether the authentication response is signed by using a certificate of an owner of the first M2M device and issued by the management service of M2M devices.

    [0084] In addition, the method may further comprise prior to intercepting an authentication request message, intercepting a bootstrapping request sent from the first M2M device and directed to a bootstrapping service; checking 212 whether the bootstrapping service is approved, based on predefined information on approved bootstrapping services; and checking 214, 216 whether the first M2M device is allowed to communicate with the bootstrapping service; and forwarding 220 the bootstrapping request to the bootstrapping service when the bootstrapping service is approved, and the first M2M device is allowed to communicate with the bootstrapping service.

    [0085] In addition, the method may further comprise intercepting a bootstrapping response received from a bootstrapping service, checking 226 whether the bootstrapping response is received from the same bootstrapping service to which the bootstrapping request was directed, and when the bootstrapping response is received from the same bootstrapping service to which the bootstrapping request was directed, forwarding 228 the bootstrapping response to the first M2M device.

    [0086] Also, the method, wherein the bootstrapping response indicates a M2M management service of the first M2M device, may further check whether the M2M management service is accepted by the CGW or by a CGW management portal, and if it is accepted, allow the first M2M device to communicate with the M2M management service.

    [0087] The present disclosure also comprises a CGW 204, 304 capable to determine whether to allow a first M2M device 202, 302 network access. The CGW is adapted to intercept 310, 402 an authentication request of the first M2M device, where the authentication request is directed to a management service of the first M2M device, and where the authentication request comprises identity information of the first M2M device. The CGW is also adapted to intercept 316, 404 an authentication response, sent from a management service of M2M devices and directed to a second M2M device, where the authentication response comprises identity information of the second M2M device. The CGW is also adapted to check 406 whether the authentication response is directed to the same M2M device that sent the authentication request. Further, the CGW is also adapted to check 408 whether authentication of the first M2M device was successful, based on the intercepted authentication response. Further, the CGW is also adapted to check 410 whether the authentication response is validly signed by the management service of M2M devices, and that a therefore used certificate is trusted by the CGW. Also, the CGW is adapted to check 412 whether there is a valid subscription for the first M2M device. In addition, the CGW is adapted to allow 414 the first M2M device network access, when there is a valid subscription for the first M2M device and the authentication response, comprising information about the successful authentication, is directed to the same M2M device that sent the authentication request and that the authentication response is signed by using the trusted certificate.

    [0088] The CGW 204, 304 may further be adapted to intercept an ownership request message of the first M2M device and adapted to intercepting an ownership response message sent from the management service of M2M devices.

    [0089] The CGW 204, 304 may further be adapted to check whether the identity of the first M2M device is an accepted service subscriber of the CGW.

    [0090] The CGW 204, 304 may further be adapted to check whether the identity of the first M2M device owner is an accepted service subscriber of the CGW.

    [0091] The CGW 204, 304 may further be adapted to check whether the identity of the M2M management service is an accepted service subscriber of the CGW.

    [0092] The CGW 204, 304 may further be adapted to check the identity of the management service of M2M devices, and to use the certificate of that identity for verifying the signature.

    [0093] The CGW 204, 304 may further be adapted to check whether the authentication response is signed by using a certificate of an owner of the first M2M device and issued by the management service of M2M devices.

    [0094] Also, the CGW 204, 304 may further be adapted to determine that the first M2M device and the second M2M device are the same.

    [0095] It is noted that the signature when signing of the authentication response may be verified by the certificate of the M2M management service.

    [0096] The CGW 204, 304 may further be adapted, prior to any of the preceding steps, to intercept a bootstrapping request sent from the first M2M device and directed to a bootstrapping service; to check 212 whether the bootstrapping service is approved, based on predefined information on approved bootstrapping services; to check 214, 216 whether the first M2M device is allowed to communicate with the bootstrapping service; and to forward 220 the bootstrapping request to the bootstrapping service when the bootstrapping service is approved, and the first M2M device is allowed to communicate with the bootstrapping service.

    [0097] The CGW 204, 304 may also be adapted to intercept a bootstrapping response received from a bootstrapping service, to check 226 whether the bootstrapping response is received from the same bootstrapping service to which the bootstrapping request was directed, and when the bootstrapping response is received from the same bootstrapping service to which the bootstrapping request was directed, to forward 228 the bootstrapping response to the first M2M device.

    [0098] In addition, the CGW 204, 304 may further be adapted to check whether the M2M management service is accepted by the CGW or by a CGW management portal, and if it is accepted, allow the first M2M device to communicate with the M2M management service, based on the bootstrapping response indicating a M2M management service of the first M2M device.

    [0099] The present disclosure also comprises a computer program that comprises instructions which, when executed on at least one processor, cause the at least one processor to carry out the method in a CGW 204, 304 for determining whether to allow a first M2M device 202, 302 network access, or not. The method comprises intercepting 310, 402 an authentication request of the first M2M device, the authentication request being directed to a management service of the first M2M device, and wherein the authentication request comprises identity information of the first M2M device, and intercepting 316, 404 an authentication response, sent from a management service of M2M devices and directed to a second M2M device, the authentication response comprising identity information of the second M2M device. Also, the method comprises checking 406 whether the authentication response is directed to the same M2M device that sent the authentication request. Also, the method comprises checking 408 whether authentication of the first M2M device was successful, based on the intercepted authentication response. Also, the method comprises checking 410 whether the authentication response is validly signed by the management service of M2M devices, and that a therefore used certificate is trusted by the CGW. Also, the method comprises checking 412 whether there is a valid subscription in the CGW for the first M2M device. In addition, when there is a valid subscription for the first M2M device, and the authentication response, comprising information about the successful authentication, is directed to the same M2M device that sent the authentication request, and the authentication response is signed by using the trusted certificate, the method comprises allowing 414 the first M2M device network access.

    [0100] Figure 5 schematically presents a CGW 50 capable to determine whether to allow a first M2M device network access. The CGW 50 comprises a processor 52 and a memory 54 that stores a computer program comprising computer program code which when run in the processor, causes the CGW to intercept 310, 402 an authentication request of the first M2M device, where the authentication request is directed to a management service of the first M2M device, and where the authentication request comprises identity information of the first M2M device. It also causes the CGW to intercept 316, 404 an authentication response, sent from a management service of M2M devices and directed to a second M2M device, where the response comprises identity information of the second M2M device. When the computer program is run in the processor 52 it also causes the CGW to check 406 whether the authentication response is directed to the same M2M device that sent the authentication request. Furthermore, it also causes the CGW to check 408 whether authentication of the first M2M device was successful, based on the intercepted authentication response. Also, when the computer program is run in the processor 52 it also causes the CGW to check 410 whether the authentication response is signed by the management service of M2M devices, the signature is valid and that a therefore used certificate is trusted by the CGW. Also, when the computer program is run in the processor 52 it also causes the CGW to check 412 whether there is a valid subscription in the CGW for the first M2M device. In addition, when the computer program is run in the processor 52 it also causes the CGW to allow 414 the first M2M device network access, when the authentication response, comprising information about the successful authentication, is directed to the same M2M device that sent the authentication request and that the authentication response is signed by using the trusted certificate.

    [0101] Figure 6 schematically presents a CGW 60 capable to determine whether to allow a first M2M device network access. The CGW comprises a first intercepting unit 62, a second intercepting unit 64, a checking unit 66, and an allowing unit 68. The first intercepting unit 62 is adapted to intercept 310, 402 an authentication request of the first M2M device, where the authentication request is directed to a management service of the first M2M device, and where the authentication request comprises identity information of the first M2M device. The second intercepting unit 64 is adapted to intercept 316, 404 an authentication response, sent from a management service of M2M devices and directed to a second M2M device, where the response comprises identity information of the second M2M device. The checking unit 66 is adapted to check 406 whether the authentication response is directed to the same M2M device that sent the authentication request. The checking unit 66 is further adapted to check 408 whether authentication of the first M2M device was successful, based on the intercepted authentication response. The checking unit 66 is also adapted to check 410 whether the authentication response is validly signed by the management service of M2M devices, and that a therefore used certificate is trusted by the CGW.

    [0102] In addition, the checking unit 66 is also adapted to check 412 whether there is a valid subscription for the first M2M device. In addition, the allowing unit 68 is adapted to allow 414 the first M2M device network access, when there is a valid subscription for the first M2M device and the authentication response, comprising information about the successful authentication, is directed to the same M2M device that sent the authentication request, and the authentication response is signed by using the trusted certificate.

    [0103] It is noted that the checking unit 66 may be divided into several checking units, each of which being adapted to perform a checking step. Similarly, the first intercepting unit 62and the second intercepting unit 64 may comprised within a single intercepting unit.

    [0104] The present disclosure has the following advantages:
    A CGW of this disclosure can provide low-powered devices, for example sensors, Internet reachability based on user subscriptions in non-traditional scenarios such as where devices are deployed straight out-of-the-box, i.e., without any customization. The device itself remains completely oblivious to changes in, for example, ownership or network operator.

    [0105] This disclosure securely provides Internet reachability based on user subscriptions in non-traditional scenarios such as where devices are deployed straight out-of-the-box, i.e., without any customization. This is in contrast to insecure prior art techniques.

    [0106] It may be further noted that the above described embodiments are only given as examples and should not be limiting to the present invention, since other solutions, uses, objectives, and functions are apparent within the scope of the invention as claimed in the accompanying patent claims.

    ABBREVIATIONS



    [0107] 
    3GPP
    3rd generation partnership project
    CGW
    capillary gateway
    GBA
    generic bootstrapping architecture
    HTTP
    hypertext transfer protocol
    IoT
    Internet of things
    IP
    Internet protocol
    M2M
    machine-to-machine
    NAF
    network application function
    RDM
    remote device manager
    SEP
    service enablement platform
    UE
    user equipment
    URL
    uniform resource location
    WLAN
    wireless local area network



    Claims

    1. A method in a capillary gateway, CGW, (50, 60, 204, 304) for determining whether to allow a first machine-to-machine, M2M, device (202, 302) network access, wherein M2M devices are configured to connect to a public network through the capillary gateway, the method comprising:

    - intercepting (310, 402) an authentication request of the first M2M device, the authentication request being directed to a management service of the first M2M device, and wherein the authentication request comprises identity information of the first M2M device;

    - intercepting (318, 404) an authentication response, sent from the management service and directed to a second M2M device, the authentication response comprising identity information of the second M2M device;

    - checking (406) whether the authentication response is directed to the same M2M device that sent the authentication request;

    - checking (408) whether authentication of the first M2M device was successful, based on the intercepted authentication response;

    - checking (410) whether the authentication response is validly signed by the management service, and that a therefore used certificate is trusted by the CGW;

    - checking (412) whether there is a valid subscription in the CGW for the first M2M device; and

    - allowing (414) the first M2M device network access, when there is a valid subscription for the first M2M device, and the authentication response, comprising information about the successful authentication, is directed to the same M2M device that sent the authentication request, and the authentication response is signed by using the trusted certificate.


     
    2. The method according to claim 1, wherein checking (412) whether there is a valid subscription for the first M2M device, comprises checking whether an identity of the first M2M device is an accepted service subscriber of the CGW.
     
    3. The method according to claim 1, wherein checking (412) whether there is a valid subscription for the first M2M device, comprises checking whether an identity of the owner of the first M2M device is an accepted service subscriber of the CGW.
     
    4. The method according to claim 1, wherein checking (412) whether there is a valid subscription for the first M2M device, comprises checking whether an identity of the management service is an accepted service subscriber of the CGW.
     
    5. The method according to any of claims 1 to 4, wherein checking (410) whether the authentication response is signed, comprises checking the identity of the management service and using the certificate of that identity for verifying the signature.
     
    6. The method according to any of claims 1 to 5, comprising checking whether the authentication response is signed by using a certificate of an owner of the first M2M device and issued by the management service.
     
    7. The method according to any of claims 1 to 6, further comprising prior to any of the preceding steps, intercepting a bootstrapping request sent from the first M2M device and directed to a first bootstrapping service; checking (212) whether the first bootstrapping service is approved, based on predefined information on approved bootstrapping services; and checking (214, 216) whether the first M2M device is allowed to communicate with the first bootstrapping service; and forwarding (220) the bootstrapping request to the first bootstrapping service when the first bootstrapping service is approved, and the first M2M device is allowed to communicate with the first bootstrapping service.
     
    8. The method according to claim 7, further comprising intercepting a bootstrapping response received from a second bootstrapping service, checking (226) whether the bootstrapping response is received from the same bootstrapping service to which the bootstrapping request was directed, and forwarding (228) the bootstrapping response to the first M2M device, when the bootstrapping response is received from the same bootstrapping service to which the bootstrapping request was directed.
     
    9. The method according to claim 7 or 8, wherein the bootstrapping response indicates the M2M management service of the first M2M device, and the method further comprises checking whether the M2M management service is accepted by the CGW or by a CGW management portal, and allowing the first M2M device to communicate with the M2M management service, if the M2M management service is accepted.
     
    10. A capillary gateway, CGW, (50, 60, 204, 304) capable to determine whether to allow a first machine-to-machine, M2M, device (202, 302) network access, wherein M2M devices are configured to connect to a public network through the capillary gateway, the CGW being adapted to:

    - intercept (310, 402) an authentication request of the first M2M device, where the authentication request is directed to a management service of the first M2M device, and where the authentication request comprises identity information of the first M2M device;

    - intercept (318, 404) an authentication response, sent from the management service and directed to a second M2M device, where the authentication response comprises identity information of the second M2M device;

    - check (406) whether the authentication response is directed to the same M2M device that sent the authentication request;

    - check (408) whether authentication of the first M2M device was successful, based on the intercepted authentication response;

    - check (410) whether the authentication response is validly signed by the management service, and that a therefore used certificate is trusted by the CGW;

    - check (412) whether there is a valid subscription in the CGW for the first M2M device; and

    - allow (414) the first M2M device network access, when there is a valid subscription for the first M2M device, and the authentication response, comprising information about the successful authentication, is directed to the same M2M device that sent the authentication request, and the authentication response is signed by using the trusted certificate.


     
    11. The CGW according to claim 10, further being adapted to check whether an identity of the first M2M device is an accepted service subscriber of the CGW.
     
    12. The CGW according to claim 10, further being adapted to check whether an identity of the owner of the first M2M device is an accepted service subscriber of the CGW.
     
    13. The CGW according to claim 10, further being adapted to check whether an identity of the management service is an accepted service subscriber of the CGW.
     
    14. The CGW according to any of claims 10 to 13, further being adapted to check the identity of the management scrvicc, and to use the certificate of that identity for verifying the signature.
     
    15. The CGW according to any of claims 10 to 14, further being adapted to check whether the authentication response is signed by using a certificate of an owner of the first M2M device and issued by the management service.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren in einem kapillaren Gateway, CGW, (50, 60, 204, 304) zum Ermitteln, ob einer ersten Maschine-zu-Maschine-, M2M, Vorrichtung (202, 302) Netzwerkzugriff gestattet wird, wobei M2M-Vorrichtungen konfiguriert sind, sich durch das kapillare Gateway mit einem öffentlichen Netzwerk zu verbinden, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    - Abfangen (310, 402) einer Authentifizierungsanfrage der ersten M2M-Vorrichtung, wobei die Authentifizierungsanfrage an einen Verwaltungsdienst der ersten M2M-Vorrichtung gerichtet ist und wobei die Authentifizierungsanfrage Identitätsinformationen der ersten M2M-Vorrichtung umfasst;

    - Abfangen (318, 404) einer Authentifizierungsantwort, die von dem Verwaltungsdienst gesendet ist und an eine zweite M2M-Vorrichtung gerichtet ist, wobei die Authentifizierungsantwort Identitätsinformationen der zweiten M2M-Vorrichtung umfasst;

    - Prüfen (406), ob die Authentifizierungsantwort an dieselbe M2M-Vorrichtung gerichtet ist, die die Authentifizierungsanfrage gesendet hat;

    - Prüfen (408), ob Authentifizierung der ersten M2M-Vorrichtung erfolgreich war, basierend auf der abgefangenen Authentifizierungsantwort;

    - Prüfen (410), ob die Authentifizierungsantwort von dem Verwaltungsdienst gültig gezeichnet ist und dass einem dazu verwendeten Zertifikat von dem CGW vertraut wird;

    - Prüfen (412), ob es eine gültige Teilnahme in dem CGW für die erste M2M-Vorrichtung gibt; und

    - Gestatten (414) von Netzwerkzugriff für die erste M2M-Vorrichtung, wenn es eine gültige Teilnahme für die erste M2M-Vorrichtung gibt und die Authentifizierungsantwort, die Informationen über die erfolgreiche Authentifizierung umfasst, an dieselbe M2M-Vorrichtung gerichtet ist, die die Authentifizierungsanfrage gesendet hat, und die Authentifizierungsantwort gezeichnet ist, indem das vertrauenswürdige Zertifikat verwendet wird.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei Prüfen (412), ob es eine gültige Teilnahme für die erste M2M-Vorrichtung gibt, Prüfen umfasst, ob eine Identität der ersten M2M-Vorrichtung ein bewilligter Dienstteilnehmer des CGW ist.
     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei Prüfen (412), ob es eine gültige Teilnahme für die erste M2M-Vorrichtung gibt, Prüfen umfasst, ob eine Identität des Eigentümers der ersten M2M-Vorrichtung ein bewilligter Dienstteilnehmer des CGW ist.
     
    4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei Prüfen (412), ob es eine gültige Teilnahme für die erste M2M-Vorrichtung gibt, Prüfen umfasst, ob eine Identität des Verwaltungsdienstes ein bewilligter Diensteilnehmer des CGW ist.
     
    5. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei Prüfen (410), ob die Authentifizierungsantwort gezeichnet ist, Prüfen der Identität des Verwaltungsdienstes und Verwenden des Zertifikats dieser Identität zum Verifizieren der Signatur umfasst.
     
    6. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, umfassend Prüfen, ob die Authentifizierungsantwort unter Verwendung eines Zertifikats eines Eigentümers der ersten M2M-Vorrichtung und von dem Verwaltungsdienst ausgestellt, gezeichnet ist.
     
    7. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, weiter umfassend vor irgendeinem der vorstehenden Schritte, Abfangen einer Urladeanfrage, die von der ersten M2M-Vorrichtung gesendet ist und an einen ersten Urladedienst gerichtet ist; Prüfen (212), ob der erste Urladedienst bewilligt ist, basierend auf vordefinierten Informationen über bewilligte Urladedienste; und Prüfen (214, 216), ob der ersten M2M-Vorrichtung gestattet ist, mit dem ersten Urladedienst zu kommunizieren; und Weiterleiten (220) der Urladeanfrage an den ersten Urladedienst, wenn der erste Urladedienst bewilligt ist, und der ersten M2M-Vorrichtung gestattet ist, mit dem ersten Urladedienst zu kommunizieren.
     
    8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, weiter umfassend Abfangen einer Urladeantwort, die von einem zweiten Urladedienst empfangen ist, Prüfen (226), ob die Urladeantwort von demselben Urladedienst empfangen ist, an den die Urladeantwort gerichtet war, und Weiterleiten (228) der Urladeantwort an die erste M2M-Vorrichtung, wenn die Urladeantwort von demselben Urladedienst empfangen ist, an den die Urladeanfrage gerichtet war.
     
    9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7 oder 8, wobei die Urladeantwort den M2M-Verwaltungsdienst der ersten M2M-Vorrichtung angibt und das Verfahren weiter Prüfen umfasst, ob der M2M-Verwaltungsdienst von dem CGW oder von einem CGW-Verwaltungsportal bewilligt ist, und Gestatten der ersten M2M-Vorrichtung, mit dem M2M-Verwaltungsdienst zu kommunizieren, falls der M2M-Verwaltungsdienst bewilligt ist.
     
    10. Kapillares Gateway, CGW, (50, 60, 204, 304), das im Stande ist zu ermitteln, ob einer ersten Maschine-zu-Maschine, M2M, Vorrichtung (202, 302) Netzwerkzugriff zu gestatten ist, wobei M2M-Vorrichtungen konfiguriert sind, sich durch das kapillare Gateway mit einem öffentlichen Netzwerk zu verbinden, wobei das CGW angepasst ist zum:

    - Abfangen (310, 402) einer Authentifizierungsanfrage der ersten M2M-Vorrichtung, wobei die Authentifizierungsanfrage an einen Verwaltungsdienst der ersten M2M-Vorrichtung gerichtet ist und wobei die Authentifizierungsanfrage Identitätsinformationen der ersten M2M-Vorrichtung umfasst;

    - Abfangen (318, 404) einer Authentifizierungsantwort, die von dem Verwaltungsdienst gesendet ist und an eine zweite M2M-Vorrichtung gerichtet ist, wobei die Authentifizierungsantwort Identitätsinformationen der zweiten M2M-Vorrichtung umfasst;

    - Prüfen (406), ob die Authentifizierungsantwort an dieselbe M2M-Vorrichtung gerichtet ist, die die Authentifizierungsanfrage gesendet hat;

    - Prüfen (408), ob Authentifizierung der ersten M2M-Vorrichtung erfolgreich war, basierend auf der abgefangenen Authentifizierungsantwort;

    - Prüfen (410), ob die Authentifizierungsantwort von dem Verwaltungsdienst gültig gezeichnet ist und dass einem dazu verwendeten Zertifikat von dem CGW vertraut wird;

    - Prüfen (412), ob es eine gültige Teilnahme in dem CGW für die erste M2M-Vorrichtung gibt; und

    - Gestatten (414) von Netzwerkzugriff für die erste M2M-Vorrichtung, wenn es eine gültige Teilnahme für die erste M2M-Vorrichtung gibt und die Authentifizierungsantwort, die Informationen über die erfolgreiche Authentifizierung umfasst, an dieselbe M2M-Vorrichtung gerichtet ist, die die Authentifizierungsanfrage gesendet hat, und die Authentifizierungsantwort gezeichnet ist, indem das vertrauenswürdige Zertifikat verwendet wird.


     
    11. CGW nach Anspruch 10, weiter angepasst, um zu prüfen, ob eine Identität der ersten M2M-Vorrichtung ein bewilligter Dienstteilnehmer des CGW ist.
     
    12. CGW nach Anspruch 10, weiter angepasst, um zu prüfen, ob eine Identität des Eigentümers der ersten M2M-Vorrichtung ein bewilligter Dienstteilnehmer des CGW ist.
     
    13. CGW nach Anspruch 10, weiter angepasst, um zu prüfen, ob eine Identität des Verwaltungsdienstes ein bewilligter Dienstteilnehmer des CGW ist.
     
    14. CGW nach einem der Ansprüche 10 bis 13, weiter angepasst, um die Identität des Verwaltungsdienstes zu prüfen und das Zertifikat dieser Identität zum Verifizieren der Signatur zu verwenden.
     
    15. CGW nach einem der Ansprüche 10 bis 14, weiter angepasst, um zu prüfen, ob die Authentifizierungsantwort unter Verwendung eines Zertifikat eines Eigentümers der ersten M2M-Vorrichtung und ausgestellt von dem Verwaltungsdienst gezeichnet ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé dans une passerelle capillaire, CGW, (50, 60, 204, 304) pour déterminer s'il faut autoriser l'accès au réseau d'un premier dispositif de machine à machine, M2M, (202, 302), dans lequel des dispositifs M2M sont configurés pour se connecter à un réseau public à travers la passerelle capillaire, le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    - intercepter (310, 402) une demande d'authentification du premier dispositif M2M, la demande d'authentification étant dirigée vers un service de gestion du premier dispositif M2M, et dans lequel la demande d'authentification comprend des informations d'identité du premier dispositif M2M ;

    - intercepter (318, 404) une réponse d'authentification, envoyée depuis le service de gestion et dirigée vers un second dispositif M2M, la réponse d'authentification comprenant des informations d'identité du second dispositif M2M ;

    - vérifier (406) si la réponse d'authentification est dirigée vers le même dispositif M2M qui a envoyé la demande d'authentification ;

    - vérifier (408) si l'authentification du premier dispositif M2M a réussi, sur la base de la réponse d'authentification interceptée ;

    - vérifier (410) si la réponse d'authentification est signée de manière valide par le service de gestion, et qu'un certificat par conséquent utilisé est approuvé par la CGW ;

    - vérifier (412) s'il y a un abonnement valide dans la CGW pour le premier dispositif M2M ; et

    - autoriser (414) l'accès au réseau du premier dispositif M2M, lorsqu'il y a un abonnement valide pour le premier dispositif M2M, et que la réponse d'authentification, comprenant des informations concernant l'authentification réussie, est dirigée vers le même dispositif M2M qui a envoyé la demande d'authentification, et que la réponse d'authentification est signée en utilisant le certificat approuvé.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'étape consistant à vérifier (412) s'il y a un abonnement valide pour le premier dispositif M2M comprend l'étape consistant à vérifier si une identité du premier dispositif M2M est un abonné au service accepté de la CGW.
     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'étape consistant à vérifier (412) s'il y a un abonnement valide pour le premier dispositif M2M comprend l'étape consistant à vérifier si une identité du propriétaire du premier dispositif M2M est un abonné au service accepté de la CGW.
     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'étape consistant à vérifier (412) s'il y a un abonnement valide pour le premier dispositif M2M comprend l'étape consistant à vérifier si une identité du service de gestion est un abonné au service accepté de la CGW.
     
    5. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel l'étape consistant à vérifier (410) si la réponse d'authentification est signée comprend les étapes consistant à vérifier l'identité du service de gestion et utiliser le certificat de cette identité pour vérifier la signature.
     
    6. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, comprenant l'étape consistant à vérifier si la réponse d'authentification est signée en utilisant un certificat d'un propriétaire du premier dispositif M2M et délivré par le service de gestion.
     
    7. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, comprenant en outre, avant l'une quelconque des étapes précédentes, les étapes consistant à intercepter une demande d'amorçage envoyée depuis le premier dispositif M2M et dirigée vers un premier service d'amorçage ; vérifier (212) si le premier service d'amorçage est approuvé, sur la base d'informations prédéfinies sur des services d'amorçage approuvés ; et vérifier (214, 216) si le premier dispositif M2M est autorisé à communiquer avec le premier service d'amorçage; et transférer (220) la demande d'amorçage au premier service d'amorçage lorsque le premier service d'amorçage est approuvé, et que le premier dispositif M2M est autorisé à communiquer avec le premier service d'amorçage.
     
    8. Procédé selon la revendication 7, comprenant en outre les étapes consistant à intercepter une réponse d'amorçage reçue depuis un second service d'amorçage, vérifier (226) si la réponse d'amorçage est reçue depuis le même service d'amorçage vers lequel la demande d'amorçage était dirigée, et transférer (228) la réponse d'amorçage au premier dispositif M2M, lorsque la réponse d'amorçage est reçue depuis le même service d'amorçage vers lequel la demande d'amorçage était dirigée.
     
    9. Procédé selon la revendication 7 ou 8, dans lequel la réponse d'amorçage indique le service de gestion M2M du premier dispositif M2M, et le procédé comprend en outre les étapes consistant à vérifier si le service de gestion M2M est accepté par la CGW ou par un portail de gestion de CGW, et autoriser le premier dispositif M2M à communiquer avec le service de gestion M2M, si le service de gestion M2M est accepté.
     
    10. Passerelle capillaire, CGW, (50, 60, 204, 304) capable de déterminer s'il faut autoriser l'accès au réseau d'un premier dispositif de machine à machine, M2M, (202, 302), dans laquelle des dispositifs M2M sont configurés pour se connecter à un réseau public à travers la passerelle capillaire, la CGW étant adaptée pour :

    - intercepter (310, 402) une demande d'authentification du premier dispositif M2M, où la demande d'authentification est dirigée vers un service de gestion du premier dispositif M2M, et où la demande d'authentification comprend des informations d'identité du premier dispositif M2M ;

    - intercepter (318, 404) une réponse d'authentification, envoyée depuis le service de gestion et dirigée vers un second dispositif M2M, où la réponse d'authentification comprend des informations d'identité du second dispositif M2M ;

    - vérifier (406) si la réponse d'authentification est dirigée vers le même dispositif M2M qui a envoyé la demande d'authentification ;

    - vérifier (408) si l'authentification du premier dispositif M2M a réussi, sur la base de la réponse d'authentification interceptée ;

    - vérifier (410) si la réponse d'authentification est signée de manière valide par le service de gestion, et qu'un certificat par conséquent utilisé est approuvé par la CGW ;

    - vérifier (412) s'il y a un abonnement valide dans la CGW pour le premier dispositif M2M ; et

    - autoriser (414) l'accès au réseau du premier dispositif M2M, lorsqu'il y a un abonnement valide pour le premier dispositif M2M, et que la réponse d'authentification, comprenant des informations concernant l'authentification réussie, est dirigée vers le même dispositif M2M qui a envoyé la demande d'authentification, et que la réponse d'authentification est signée en utilisant le certificat approuvé.


     
    11. CGW selon la revendication 10, étant en outre adaptée pour vérifier si une identité du premier dispositif M2M est un abonné au service accepté de la CGW.
     
    12. CGW selon la revendication 10, étant en outre adaptée pour vérifier si une identité du propriétaire du premier dispositif M2M est un abonné au service accepté de la CGW.
     
    13. CGW selon la revendication 10, étant en outre adaptée pour vérifier si une identité du service de gestion est un abonné au service accepté de la CGW.
     
    14. CGW selon l'une quelconque des revendications 10 à 13, étant en outre adaptée pour vérifier l'identité du service de gestion, et pour utiliser le certificat de cette identité pour vérifier la signature.
     
    15. CGW selon l'une quelconque des revendications 10 à 14, étant en outre adaptée pour vérifier si la réponse d'authentification est signée en utilisant un certificat d'un propriétaire du premier dispositif M2M et délivré par le service de gestion.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description