(19)
(11)EP 3 144 209 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
09.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/37

(21)Application number: 15792609.8

(22)Date of filing:  15.05.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B62M 11/06(2006.01)
F16H 3/00(2006.01)
B62M 11/14(2006.01)
F16D 23/12(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2015/004892
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/174780 (19.11.2015 Gazette  2015/46)

(54)

POWER TRANSMISSION DEVICE

LEISTUNGSÜBERTRAGUNGSVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF DE TRANSMISSION DE PUISSANCE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 16.05.2014 KR 20140058864

(43)Date of publication of application:
22.03.2017 Bulletin 2017/12

(73)Proprietor: Technovation Partners Co., Ltd.
Seoul 06112 (KR)

(72)Inventor:
  • HYUN, Kyung Yul
    Gangnam-gu, Seoul 135-832 (KR)

(74)Representative: Fiesser, Gerold Michael 
Mathys & Squire Maximilianstraße 35 Eingang A
80539 München
80539 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 204 316
CN-U- 202 481 239
GB-A- 120 544
KR-B1- 0 141 512
US-B2- 8 302 508
CN-U- 202 481 239
FR-A5- 2 094 652
KR-A- 20120 107 239
US-B1- 6 386 566
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a power transmission apparatus, and more particularly, to a power transmission apparatus that selectively converts a speed regardless of an input rotation direction to output a power in the same rotation direction.

    Background Art



    [0002] GB 120 544 describes a type of gear transmission wherein two wheels are mounted freely on a rotary shaft with a sleeve mounted on a screw-threaded part of the shaft between the two wheels the sleeve having clutch members on either side adapted to engage corresponding clutch members on the inner faces of the two wheels, so that as the central sleeve is moved along the shaft it will according to its direction of motion engage one or the other wheels and rotate it, wherein the sleeve, mounted on the screw-threaded shaft is provided with a brake device, such as a brake band, to cause it to travel along the shaft in one or the other direction according to the direction of rotation of the shaft.

    [0003] FR 2 094 652 describes a gearbox which comprises an input shaft rotatably mounted in appropriate bearings; a player having a threaded bore whose female screw pitch corresponds to a male screw pitch formed on the outer face of the input shaft; and output members disposed on either side of the player with a suitable clearance, said members being mounted on the input shaft so as to be rotatable but not axially movable along said shaft, and so as to be pressed against the adjacent side of the player that moves on the male screw.

    [0004] EP 2 204 316 discloses a drive system that generally includes a transmission assembly configured to drive the vehicle wheel in a forward direction and a motor rotatable in a first direction and a second direction and configured to drive the transmission assembly, wherein the transmission assembly is configured to operate in a first operating mode when the motor is rotating in the first direction to provide at least one first wheel speed in the forward direction and the transmission assembly is configured to operate in a second operating mode when the motor is rotating in the second direction to provide at least one second wheel speed in the forward direction. EP 2 204 316 discloses power transmission apparatuses according to the preambles of claims 1 and 2.

    [0005] CN 202 481 239 describes a two-way driving device for bicycles which comprises a central shaft, a left bevel gear, a right bevel gear, a side bevel gear, a clutch block, a spring, a chain wheel and cranks, wherein the middle part of the central shaft is provided with a guide thread section, the clutch block is arranged on the guide thread section on the central shaft, the left bevel gear and the right bevel gear are respectively arranged on the left and right sides of the central shaft, the spring is arranged between the clutch block and the left bevel gear, the cranks are fixedly connected at two ends of the central shaft, the chain wheel is fixedly connected with the right bevel gear, and the side bevel gear is respectively meshed with the left bevel gear and the right bevel gear.

    [0006] Conventionally, a bicycle includes a pair of wheels, one chain, a pair of pedals, and a handle that allows a passenger to steer the front wheel. The pair of wheels are mounted with a driving sprocket and a driven sprocket, respectively, and are connected to each other via a chain.

    [0007] Thus, when the passenger steps on the pedals with two feet to rotate the pedals in the advancing direction of the bicycle, the rear wheel connected to the chain is adapted to advance in the advancing direction of the bicycle by a force applied via the rotated pedals.

    [0008] However, the conventional bicycle is provided with a power transmission apparatus for transmitting a power (e.g., a pair of sprockets and a chain that interconnects the sprockets), and the pedals shall always be rotated forward in order to ride the bicycle.

    [0009] In this regard, Korean Laid-Open Patent Application No. 10-2011-0039179 discloses a bicycle that is equipped with a power transmission apparatus configured to output a rotation power in the same direction regardless whether pedals are rotated either in the forward direction or in the reverse direction.

    [0010] In order to output the rotation power in the same direction regardless of the rotating direction of the pedals as disclosed, the bicycle includes a power transmission apparatus that is operated when the pedals are rotated forward, and a power transmission apparatus that is operated when the pedals are rotated reversely.

    [0011] That is, a pair of power transmission apparatuses are provided in which a chain of one of the power transmission apparatus is wrapped in an open type, and a chain of the other power transmission apparatus is wrapped in a cross type such that when the pedals are rotated in the advancing direction of the bicycle, the one power transmission apparatus is operated to make the bicycle travel forward, and when the pedals are rotated in the reversing direction of the bicycle, the other power transmission apparatus is operated to make the bicycle travel forward.

    [0012] However, the power transmission apparatuses applied to the bicycle have a problem in that since it is necessary to interpose a one-way clutch in order to keep a power transmission apparatus in the neutral state while the bicycle is traveling, the overall structures and sizes of the power transmission apparatuses are complicated and enlarged.

    Detailed Description of the Invention


    Technical Problem



    [0013] The present invention has been made in order to solve the above-mentioned problems, and an object of the present invention is to provide a power transmission apparatus that has a structure that is simplified so as to implement the apparatus with a compact size, and is capable of selectively converting a speed regardless of the input rotation direction to output a power in the same rotation direction.

    Technical Solution



    [0014] A power transmission apparatus according to one embodiment of the present invention includes: an input shaft including a male screw portion formed thereon; a pair of input gears formed on the input shaft to be freely rotatable with the male screw portion being interposed therebetween; an output gear formed to be rotatable in a state of being linked with the pair of input gears; and a power interrupting unit screw-coupled to the male screw portion of the input shaft, and configured to rectilinearly reciprocate along the input shaft by a rotation of the input shaft to be selectively engaged with any input gear of the pair of input gears so as to transmit a power.

    [0015] The pair of input gears are formed to have different diameters, and the input gear having a smaller diameter is linked with the output gear through an idle gear.

    [0016] The power interrupting unit includes a loader having a female screw portion formed on an inner peripheral surface thereof to be coupled with the male screw portion and configured to rectilinearly reciprocate along the input shaft, and a plurality of guide rods disposed along the inner peripheral surface of the loader and through the loader, opposite ends of the guide rods being in close contact with side faces of the input gears that face the loader to be slidable.

    [0017] The output gear may be formed in a cylindrical structure that accommodates therein the input gears and the input shaft formed with the power interrupting unit, and teeth may be formed on the inner peripheral surface of the output gear to be meshed and linked with the input gears accommodated in the output gear.

    [0018] The input shaft may be disposed within the output gear to be eccentric to a center of the output gear.

    [0019] A power transmission apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention includes: an input shaft including a male screw portion formed thereon; an input gear formed at a side of the input shaft to be freely rotatable; an output gear formed to be divided into an inner gear portion that is coupled to be rotatable in a state of being linked with the input gear, and an extension portion that extends from the inner gear portion in a direction of the input shaft, and is coupled to the input shaft to be freely rotatable; a power interrupting unit coupled to the male screw portion of the input shaft, and configured to rectilinearly move along the input shaft by a rotation of the input shaft to be selectively engaged with the input gear or the extension portion of the output gear so as to transmit a power.

    [0020] The input gear is linked with the inner gear portion through a planetary gear.

    [0021] The power interrupting unit includes a loader having a female screw portion formed on an inner peripheral surface thereof to be coupled with the male screw portion and configured to rectilinearly reciprocate along the input shaft, and a plurality of guide rods disposed along the inner peripheral surface of the loader and through the loader, in which the opposite ends of the guide rods being in close contact with side faces, that face the loader, of the input gear and the extension portion to be slidable.

    [0022] For each embodiment, the guide rod may be formed in divided structures that are connected to each other by an elastic member.

    Advantageous Effects



    [0023] According to the present invention, a power transmission apparatus may have a simplified structure to be implemented in a compact size, and may selectively convert a speed to output a power in the same direction regardless of an input rotation direction.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0024] 

    FIG. 1 is a partially-sectional perspective view illustrating a power transmission apparatus according to a first embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of FIG. 1;

    FIG. 3 is a schematic view taken along line A-A in FIG. 1, illustrating an assembly state of an output gear and a first input gear;

    FIG. 4 is a schematic view taken along line B-B in FIG. 1, illustrating an assembly state of the output gear, a second input gear, and an idle gear;

    FIG. 5 is a partially-sectional perspective view corresponding to FIG. 1, illustrating a state in which a loader is in contact with the second input gear to transmit a power; and

    FIG. 6 is a sectional view of a power transmission apparatus according to a second embodiment of the present invention.


    Mode for Carrying Out the Invention



    [0025] Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

    [0026] Prior to description, it is noted that among various embodiments, one embodiment will be representatively described in a manner in which constituent elements having the same configurations will be denoted by the same reference numerals, and for the other embodiments, only the different constructions will be described.

    [0027] FIGS. 1 to 5 illustrate a power transmission apparatus according to one embodiment of the present invention.

    [0028] As illustrated in the drawings, a power transmission apparatus 1 according to one embodiment of the present invention includes an input shaft 11, an output gear 21, a first input gear 31, a second input gear 41, an idle gear 51, and a power interrupting unit.

    [0029] The input shaft 11 has a rod shape having a predetermined length, and includes a male screw 13 formed on a region of an outer peripheral surface thereof. A pedal, a motor, or the like may be connected to the input shaft 11 to generate a rotation power. The input shaft 11 may be installed through the output gear 21 to be concentric to the center of the output gear 21, or to be eccentric to the center of the output gear 21.

    [0030] The output gear 21 has a ring shape with a hollow circular cross section, and includes a plurality of gear teeth 23 formed on the inner peripheral surface along the circumferential direction, thereby generally having a shape of an inner gear. In the present embodiment, it is illustrated that gear teeth 23 are formed at the opposite ends of the output gear 21, respectively. Without being limited thereto, however, the gear teeth 23 may be formed on the entire inner peripheral surface of the output gear 21. On the outer peripheral surface of the output gear 21, a sprocket on which a chain is mounted or a pulley on which a belt is mounted may be formed so as to output a power input from the input shaft 11.

    [0031] The first input gear 31 has a shape of an outer gear, and is rotatably supported on the input shaft 11 by a bearing 37. At this time, when the input shaft 11 is concentric to the center of the output gear 21, the input shaft 11 may be rotated in a state of being linked with the output gear 21 by the idle gear. On the contrary, when the input shaft 11 is made to be eccentric to the center of the output gear 21 rather than being concentric to the center of the output gear 21, the first input gear 31 may be rotated in a state of being directly engaged with the output gear 21. Meanwhile, a cam profile with an uneven shape is formed on a side face of the first input gear 31, which faces the loader 63 of the power interrupting unit to be described later. A guide rod 71a to be described later is in close contact with, or slides on, the cam profile of the first input gear 31.

    [0032] The second input gear 41 has a shape of an outer gear, and is disposed to be spaced apart from the first input gear 31 with a male screw portion 13 of the input shaft 11 being interposed therebetween. The second input gear 41 is rotatably supported on the input shaft 11 by a bearing 47. The diameter of the second input gear 41 is smaller than that of the first input gear 31. Meanwhile, a cam profile 45 with an uneven shape is formed on a side face of the second input gear 41, which faces the loader 63 of the power interrupting unit (e.g., on the side face of the second input gear 41 which is opposite to the first input gear 31). A guide rod 71b to be described later is in close contact with, or slides on, the cam profile 45 of the second input gear 41.

    [0033] The idle gear 51 has a shape of an outer gear and is interposed between the second input gear 41 and the output gear 21 to be rotated in the state of being meshed with the second input gear 41 and the output gear 21.

    [0034] The power interrupting unit is screw-coupled to the male screw portion 13, and selectively comes in contact with, or moves away from, the first input gear 31 and the second input gear 41 according to the screw movement of the male screw portion 13 so as to selectively transmit the power of the input shaft 11 to the first input gear 31 and the second input gear 41.

    [0035] The power interrupting unit includes a loader 63 and guide rods 71a and 71b.

    [0036] The loader 63 has a ring shape of a hollow circular cross section, and is screw-coupled to the male screw portion 13 of the input shaft 11 to reciprocate along the axial direction of the input shaft 11. On the inner peripheral surface of the loader 63, a female screw portion 65 is formed to be screw-coupled to the male screw portion 13. In addition, along the circumference of the inner peripheral surface of the loader 63, a plurality of through-holes 67, each of which has a circular shape in a cross section, are formed through the loader 63 to be parallel to the axial direction of the input shaft 11.

    [0037] In addition, on the opposite side faces of the loader 63, which respectively face the first input gear 31 and the second input gear 41, cam profiles 69 are formed, which have uneven shapes to be matched with the cam profiles formed on the first and second input gears 31 and 41, respectively.

    [0038] Accordingly, when the cam profile 69 of the loader 63, which faces the first input gear 31, is matched with the cam profile of the first input gear 31 such that the loader 63 and the first input gear 31 come in contact with each other, the loader 63 and the second input gear 41 are spaced apart from each other such that a power transmitted to the loader 63 from the input shaft 11 is transmitted to the first input gear 31, but is not transmitted to the second input gear 41. In addition, when the cam profile 69 of the loader 63, which faces the second input gear 41, is matched with the cam profile 45 of the second input gear 41 such that the loader 63 and the second input gear 41 come in contact with each other, the loader 63 and the first input gear 31 are spaced apart from each other such that a power transmitted to the loader 63 from the input shaft 11 is transmitted to the second input gear 41, but is not transmitted to the first input gear 31.

    [0039] The guide rods 71a and 71b are provided through the loader 63 to guide the rectilinear reciprocating motion of the loader 63. Each of the guide rods 71a and 71b is a rod having a circular shape in cross section, and the rods 71a and 71b are arranged along the inner peripheral surface of the loader 63 and are coupled through the through-holes 67 of the loader 63, respectively.

    [0040] Meanwhile, the guide rods 71a and 71b in this embodiment are formed in a pair. The free end of the guide rod 71a, which faces the first input gear 31, is in close contact with, or slides on the cam profile of the first input gear 31, and the free end of the guide rod 71b, which faces the second input gear 41, is in close contact with, or slides on the cam profile 45 of the second input gear 41.

    [0041] In addition, between the pair of guide rods 71a and 71b, a spring 75 is provided to provide an elastic force so as to cause the guide rods 71a and 71b to come in close contact with the cam profiles of the first and second input gears 31 and 41, respectively. The spring 75 is inserted into the through-hole 67 of the loader 63 and serves to guide the loader 63 in order to facilitate the movement of the loader 63 when the loader 63 has a weak inertia during the reciprocating of the loader 63.

    [0042] Here, the guide rods 71a and 71b may be provided in the form of a single rod, rather than being divided into a pair. In addition, the guide rods 71a and 71b may be formed outside the loader 63, rather than being directly formed in the loader 63. When the guide rods 71a and 71b are formed outside the loader 63, the guide rods 71a and 71b may be modified into, or substituted with, various structures to which an elastic member is applied.

    [0043] Meanwhile, reference numerals 81a and 81b, which are not described above, denote a pair of covers that cover the opposite openings of the output gear 21. On the planar face of each of the covers 81a and 81b, a bearing 83 is provided on which the input shaft 11 is rotatably supported, and on the outer periphery of each of the covers 81a and 81b, a bearing 85 is provided that rotatably supports each of the covers 81a and 81b on the inner periphery of the output gear 21. In addition, the cover 81b located adjacent to the idle gear 51 is provided with a bearing 87 that rotatably supports the idle gear 51.

    [0044] Next, descriptions will be made on the operation of the power transmission apparatus 1 according to one embodiment of the present invention, which is implemented with the above-described configuration.

    [0045] First, descriptions will be made on a process of transmitting the power of the input shaft 11 to the output gear 21 through the first input gear 31, for example, a process of transmitting the power in a first mode.

    [0046] In a neutral state where the loader 63 is positioned in a space between the first input gear 31 and the second input gear 41, the input shaft 11 is rotated in a first direction so as to cause the loader 63 to move toward the first input gear 31, as illustrated in FIG. 1.

    [0047] As the male screw portion 13 executes a screw turning by the rotation of the input shaft 11, the female screw portion 65 of the loader 63 executes a screw motion to rectilinearly move toward the first input gear 31. At this time, the loader 63 is guided to rectilinearly move by the guide rods 71a and 71b.

    [0048] Subsequently, the cam profiles of the loader 63 and the first input gear 31 are matched with each other to be in contact with each other. As a result, the power of the input shaft 11 is transmitted to the first input gear 31 via the loader 63, and the power transmitted to the first input gear 31 is output to the outside through the output gear 21.

    [0049] At this time, because the cam profiles 69 and 45 of the loader 63 and the second input gear 41 are spaced apart from each other without being matched with each other, the power of the input shaft 11 is not transmitted to the second input gear 41, and the idle gear 51, which is rotated by being engaged with the output gear 21 and the second input gear 41, which rotated by being engaged with the idle gear 51, idle with respect to the input shaft 11. In addition, the free end of the guide rod 71b, which faces the second input gear 41, slides on the cam profile 45 of the second input gear 41.

    [0050] Next, descriptions will be made on a process of transmitting the power of the input shaft 11 to the output gear 21 through the second input gear 41, for example, a process of transmitting the power in a second mode.

    [0051] In a state where the loader 63 is positioned in a space between the first input gear 31 and the second input gear 41, the input shaft 11 is rotated in a second direction, which is opposite to the first direction, so as to cause the loader 63 to move toward the second input gear 41, as illustrated in FIG. 5.

    [0052] As the male screw portion 13 executes a screw turning by the rotation of the input shaft 11, the female screw portion 65 of the loader 63 executes a screw motion to rectilinearly move toward the second input gear 41. At this time, the loader 63 is guided to rectilinearly move by the guide rods 71a and 71b.

    [0053] Subsequently, the cam profiles 69 and 45 of the loader 63 and the second input gear 41 are matched with each other to be in contact with each other. As a result, the power of the input shaft 11 is transmitted to the second input gear 41 via the loader 63, and the power transmitted to the second input gear 41 is output to the outside via the idle gear 51 and through the output gear 21.

    [0054] At this time, the output gear 21 rotates in the same rotation direction as the first mode, but the rotating speed of the output gear 21 is relatively low compared to that in the first mode. At this time, because the cam profiles of the loader 63 and the first input gear 31 are spaced apart from each other without being matched with each other, the power of the input shaft 11 is not transmitted to the first input gear 31, and the first input gear 31 engaged with the output gear 21 to be rotated idles with respect to the input shaft 11. In addition, the free end of the guide rod 71a, which faces the first input gear 31, slides on the cam profile of the first input gear 31.

    [0055] Meanwhile, the power transmission apparatus 1 according to one embodiment of the present invention also structurally serves as a one-way clutch.

    [0056] For example, when the output gear 21 is rotated at a faster speed than the input shaft 11 in the state where the loader 63 is matched with the first input gear 31 so that the power of the input shaft 11 is transmitted to the output gear 21 through the first input gear 31, the female screw portion 65 of the loader 63 is rotated faster than the male screw portion 13 of the input shaft 11. Thus, the loader 63 is moved toward the second input gear 41 to be spaced apart from the first input gear 31, and as a result, the power of the input shaft 11 is not transmitted to the first and second input gears 31 and 41 so that the power transmission apparatus becomes the neutral state.

    [0057] When the loader 63 is rotated faster than the first input gear 31 again in the neutral state, the loader 63 is moved toward the first input gear 31 so that the cam profiles of the loader 63 and the first input gear 31 are matched with, and come in contact with, each other, thereby outputting the power of the input shaft 11 via the loader 63 and the first input gear 31 and through the output gear 21.

    [0058] Meanwhile, because the one-way clutch function between the loader 63 and the second input gear 41 is the same as the above-mentioned one-way clutch function between the loader 63 and the first input gear 31, the descriptions of the specific mutual relationships between the loader 63 and the second input gear 41 will be omitted.

    [0059] Accordingly, in the power transmission apparatus 1 according to one embodiment of the present invention, when the output gear 21 is rotated faster than the input shaft 11, the power transmission apparatus 1 becomes the neutral state so that the power of the input shaft 11 is not transmitted to the output gear 21.

    [0060] FIG. 6 illustrates a sectional view of a power transmission apparatus according to a second embodiment of the present invention. As illustrated in the drawing, unlike that of the above-described first embodiment, the power transmission apparatus 101 according to the second embodiment of the present invention includes an input shaft 111 that is disposed therethrough to be concentric to an output shaft 121, and a male screw portion 113 that is formed in one region of the outer peripheral surface of the input shaft 111.

    [0061] The output shaft 121 has a hollow cylindrical shape, and includes an inner gear portion 123 having a plurality of gear teeth 125 that are formed on the inner peripheral surface of one side of the inner gear portion 123 along the circumferential direction, and an extension portion 127 that are formed to extend along an axial direction from the inner gear portion 123.

    [0062] The extension portion 127 is formed to extend while forming a step of which the diameter is reduced from the inner gear portion 123. Meanwhile, a cam portion 131, which is formed with a cam profile 133 having an uneven shape, is provided on the inner face of the extension portion 127 that faces a loader 163 of a power interrupting unit to be described later. A guide rod 171a to be described later is in close contact with, or slides on, the cam profile 133 of the cam portion 131.

    [0063] In addition, unlike that of the above-described first embodiment, the power transmission apparatus 101 of the second embodiment includes one input gear 141.

    [0064] The input gear 141 has a shape of an outer gear, and is disposed to be spaced apart from the cam portion 131 of the extension portion 127 with a male screw portion 113 of the input shaft 111 being interposed therebetween. The input gear 141 is rotatably supported on the input shaft 111 by a bearing 147. Meanwhile, a cam profile 145 having an uneven shape is formed on a side face of the input gear 141, which faces the loader 163 of the power interrupting unit. A guide rod 171b is in close contact with, or slides on, the cam profile 145 of the input gear 141.

    [0065] A planetary gear 151 having a shape of an outer gear is interposed between the input gear 141 and the output shaft 121 to be rotated in the state of being meshed with the input gear 141 and the inner gear portion 123 of the output shaft 121.

    [0066] The power interrupting unit is screw-coupled to the male screw portion 113, and selectively comes in contact with or moves away from the cam portion 131 of the extension portion 127 and the input gear 141 according to the screw movement of the male screw portion 113 so as to selectively transmit the power of the input shaft 111 to the extension portion 127 and the input gear 141.

    [0067] The power interrupting unit includes a loader 163 configured to reciprocate while forming a female screw portion 165 on the inner peripheral surface thereof to be screw-coupled to the male screw portion 113, and guide rods 171a and 171b configured to guide the rectilinear reciprocating motion of the loader 163.

    [0068] The guide rods 171a and 171b are formed in a pair, and are coupled through through-holes 167 of the loader 163. Between the pair of guide rods 171a and 171b, a spring 175 is provided to provide an elastic force so as to cause the guide rods 171a and 171b to come in close contact with the extension portion 127 and the input gear 141, respectively. The free end of the guide rod 171a, which faces the cam portion 131, is in close contact with, or slides on the cam profile 133 of the cam portion 131. The free end of the guide rod 171b, which faces the input gear 141, is in close contact with, or slides on the cam profile 145 of the input gear 141.

    [0069] In addition, the power transmission apparatus 101 according to the second embodiment of the present invention includes a cover 181 configured to cover an opening that is located adjacent to the inner gear portion 123 of the output shaft 121. In addition, on a planar face of the cover 181, a bearing 183 is provided on which the input shaft 111 is rotatably supported, and on the outer periphery of the cover 181, a bearing 185 is provided that rotatably supports the cover 181 on the inner periphery of the output shaft 121. Further, the cover 181 is provided with a bearing 187 that rotatably supports the planetary gear 151.

    [0070] Here, reference numeral 189, which has not been described, denotes a bearing that is accommodated in the output shaft 121 to rotatably support the input shaft 111.

    [0071] Next, descriptions will be made on a power transmission process in a first mode in which, with the above-described configuration, the power of the input shaft 111 is transmitted to the extension portion 127 in the neutral state where the loader 163 is positioned in a space between the cam portion 131 of the extension portion 127 and the input gear 141.

    [0072] When the loader 163 is moved leftward in FIG. 6 for the convenience of description from the neutral state, for example, when the input shaft 111 is rotated in a first direction such that the loader 163 is moved toward the cam portion 131, as the male screw portion 113 performs a screw turning, the female screw portion 165 of the loader 163 is rectilinearly moved toward the cam portion 131 while performing a screw movement, and the respective cam profiles 169 and 133 of the loader 163 and the cam portion 131 are matched with each other to come in contact with each other. At this time, the loader 163 is guided to rectilinearly move by the guide rods 171a and 171b.

    [0073] Consequently, the power of the input shaft 111 is transmitted to the output shaft 121 via the loader 163 and the cam portion 131. At this time, because the respective cam profiles 169 and 145 of the loader 163 and the input gear 141 are spaced apart from each other without being matched with each other, the power of the input shaft 111 is not transmitted to the second input gear 141, and the planetary gear 151 rotated by being engaged with the inner gear portion 123 of the output shaft 121 and the input gear 141 rotated by being engaged with the idle gear 151 idle with respect to the input shaft 111. In addition, the free end of the guide rod 171b, which faces the second input gear 141, slides on the cam profile 145 of the input gear 141.

    [0074] Next, descriptions will be made on a power transmission process of a second mode in which the power of the input shaft 111 is transmitted to the input gear 141 when the power transmission unit 101 according to the second embodiment of the present invention is in the neutral state.

    [0075] When the loader 163 is moved rightward in FIG. 6 for the convenience of description from the neutral state, for example, when the input shaft 111 is rotated in a second direction, which is opposite to the first direction, so as to cause the loader 163 to move toward the cam portion 141, as the male screw portion 113 performs a screw turning, the female screw portion 165 of the loader 163 is rectilinearly moved toward the cam portion 141 while performing a screw movement, and the respective cam profiles 169 and 133 of the loader 163 and the cam portion 141 are matched with each other to come in contact with each other.

    [0076] Consequently, the power of the input shaft 111 is transmitted to the output shaft 121 via the loader 163, the input gear 141, and the planetary gear 151. At this time, the output shaft 121 rotates in the same rotation direction as the first mode, but the rotating speed of the output shaft 121 is relatively low compared to that in the first mode. In addition, because the respective cam profiles 169 and 133 of the loader 163 and the cam portion 131 are spaced apart from each other without being matched with each other, the power of the input shaft 111 is not transmitted to the extension portion 127 of the output shaft 121. In addition, the free end of the guide rod 171a, which faces the cam portion 131, slides on the cam profile 133 of the cam portion 131.

    [0077] Meanwhile, because the one-way clutch operation of the power transmission apparatus 101 according to the second embodiment of the present invention is the same as the above-described operation of the power transmission apparatus 1 according to the first embodiment of the present invention, descriptions thereof will be omitted.

    [0078] As described above, according to the present invention, a power transmission apparatus may have a simplified structure to be implemented in a compact size, and may selectively convert a speed to output a power in the same direction regardless of an input rotation direction.

    [0079] In the above-described embodiments, it has been described that the technical idea of the present invention is applied to a power transmission apparatus of bicycle pedals, but, without being limited thereto, the technical idea is applicable to a power transmission apparatus using various power sources, such as a motor and an engine.

    [0080] It is evident to a person ordinarily skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the described embodiments, and various changes and modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the present invention such as defined by the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A power transmission apparatus (1) comprising:

    an input shaft (11) including a male screw portion formed thereon;

    a pair of input gears (31,41) formed on the input shaft to be freely rotatable with the male screw portion being interposed therebetween;

    an output gear (21) formed to be rotatable in a state of being linked with the pair of input gears; and

    a power interrupting unit screw-coupled to the male screw portion of the input shaft, and configured to rectilinearly reciprocate along the input shaft by a rotation of the input shaft to be selectively engaged with any input gear of the pair of input gears so as to transmit a power;
    wherein the power interrupting unit includes a loader (63) having a female screw portion (65) formed on an inner peripheral surface thereof to be coupled with the male screw portion (13), and configured to rectilinearly reciprocate along the input shaft (11), characterized in that the input gears of the pair of input gears are formed to have different diameters, and the input gear (41) of the pair of input gears which has a smaller diameter is linked with the output gear through an idle gear (51), and in that the power interrupting unit further includes a plurality of guide rods (71a, 71b) disposed along the inner peripheral surface of the loader and through the loader, opposite ends of the guide rods being in close contact with side faces of the input gears (31,41) that face the loader to be slidable.


     
    2. A power transmission apparatus (101) comprising:

    an input shaft (111) including a male screw portion formed thereon;

    an input gear (141) formed at a side of the input shaft to be freely rotatable;

    an output gear (121) formed to be divided into an inner gear portion (123) that is coupled to be rotatable in a state of being linked with the input gear, and an extension portion (127) that extends from the inner gear portion in a direction of the input shaft, and is coupled to the input shaft to be freely rotatable; and

    a power interrupting unit coupled to the male screw portion (113) of the input shaft, and configured to rectilinearly move along the input shaft by a rotation of the input shaft to be selectively engaged with the input gear or the extension portion of the output gear so as to transmit a power;
    wherein the input gear is linked with the inner gear portion through a planetary gear (151), and
    wherein the power interrupting unit includes a loader (163) having a female screw portion (165) formed on an inner peripheral surface thereof to be coupled with the male screw portion (113), and configured to rectilinearly reciprocate along the input shaft (111),
    characterized in that
    the power interrupting unit further includes a plurality of guide rods (171a, 171b) disposed along the inner peripheral surface of the loader and through the loader, opposite ends of the guide rods being in close contact with side faces, that face the loader, of the input gear (141) and the extension portion (127) to be slidable.


     
    3. The power transmission apparatus (1) of claim 1, wherein the output gear (21)is formed in a cylindrical structure that accommodates therein the input gears (31, 41) and the input shaft (11) formed with the power interrupting unit, and teeth (23) are formed on an inner peripheral surface of the output gear to be meshed and linked with the input gears accommodated in the output gear.
     
    4. The power transmission apparatus (1) of claim 1 or 3, wherein the input shaft (11) is disposed within the output gear (21) to be eccentric to a center of the output gear.
     
    5. The power transmission apparatus (1, 101) of claim 1 or 2, wherein each guide rod (71a, 71b, 171a, 171b) is formed in divided structures that are connected to each other by an elastic member.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Kraftübertragungsvorrichtung (1), umfassend:

    eine Eingangswelle (11) mit einem darauf ausgebildeten Außengewindeteil;

    ein Paar von Eingangszahnrädern (31, 41), die auf der Eingangswelle frei drehbar ausgebildet sind, wobei der Außengewindeabschnitt dazwischen angeordnet ist;

    ein Ausgangszahnrad (21), das so ausgebildet ist, dass es in einem Zustand drehbar ist, in dem es mit dem Paar von Eingangszahnrädern verbunden ist; und

    eine Kraftunterbrechungseinheit, die mit dem Außengewindeabschnitt der Eingangswelle schraubengekoppelt und so konfiguriert ist, dass sie sich durch eine Drehung der Eingangswelle geradlinig entlang der Eingangswelle hin- und herbewegt, um selektiv mit einem beliebigen Eingangszahnrad des Paares von Eingangszahnrädern in Eingriff gebracht zu werden, um so eine Kraft zu übertragen;
    wobei die Kraftunterbrechungseinheit eine Ladevorrichtung (63) mit einem Innengewindeabschnitt (65) aufweist, der an einer inneren Umfangsfläche davon ausgebildet ist, um mit dem Außengewindeabschnitt (13) gekoppelt zu werden, und so konfiguriert ist, dass er sich entlang der Eingangswelle (11) geradlinig hin- und herbewegt, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    die Eingangszahnräder des Paares von Eingangszahnrädern unterschiedliche Durchmesser haben und das Eingangszahnrad (41) des Paares von Eingangszahnrädern, das einen kleineren Durchmesser hat, mit dem Ausgangszahnrad über ein Leerlaufzahnrad (51) verbunden ist,
    und dass die Kraftunterbrechungseinheit ferner eine Vielzahl von Führungsstangen (71a, 71b) umfasst, die entlang der inneren Umfangsfläche der Ladevorrichtung und durch die Ladevorrichtung hindurch angeordnet sind, wobei die gegenüberliegenden Enden der Führungsstangen in engem Kontakt stehen mit den Seitenflächen der Eingangszahnräder (31, 41), die der Ladevorrichtung gegenüberliegen, um verschiebbar zu sein.


     
    2. Kraftübertragungsvorrichtung (101), umfassend:

    eine Eingangswelle (111) mit einem darauf ausgebildeten Außengewindeteil;

    ein Eingangszahnrad (141), das an einer Seite der Eingangswelle frei drehbar ausgebildet ist;

    ein Ausgangszahnrad (121), das so ausgebildet ist, dass es aufgeteilt ist in einen inneren Zahnradabschnitt (123), der so gekoppelt ist, dass er in einem Zustand, in dem er mit dem Eingangszahnrad verbunden ist, drehbar ist, und in einen Verlängerungsabschnitt (127), der sich von dem inneren Zahnradabschnitt in einer Richtung der Eingangswelle erstreckt und frei drehbar mit der Eingangswelle gekoppelt ist; und

    eine Kraftunterbrechungseinheit, die mit dem Außengewindeabschnitt (113) der Eingangswelle gekoppelt und so konfiguriert ist, dass sie sich durch eine Drehung der Eingangswelle geradlinig entlang der Eingangswelle bewegt, um wahlweise mit dem Eingangszahnrad oder dem Verlängerungsabschnitt des Ausgangszahnrads in Eingriff zu kommen, um so eine Kraft zu übertragen;
    wobei das Eingangszahnrad mit dem inneren Zahnradteil über ein Planetengetriebe (151) verbunden ist, und
    wobei die Kraftunterbrechungseinheit eine Ladevorrichtung (163) mit einem Innengewindeabschnitt (165) aufweist, der an einer inneren Umfangsfläche davon ausgebildet ist, um mit dem Außengewindeabschnitt (113) gekoppelt zu werden, und so konfiguriert ist, dass er sich entlang der Eingangswelle (111) geradlinig hin- und herbewegt,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    die Kraftunterbrechungseinheit ferner eine Vielzahl von Führungsstangen (171a, 171b) aufweist, die entlang der inneren Umfangsfläche der Ladevorrichtung und durch die Ladevorrichtung hindurch angeordnet sind, wobei die gegenüberliegenden Enden der Führungsstangen in engem Kontakt mit den der Ladevorrichtung zugewandten Seitenflächen des Eingangszahnrads (141) und des Verlängerungsabschnitts (127) stehen, um verschiebbar zu sein.


     
    3. Kraftübertragungsvorrichtung (1) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Ausgangszahnrad (21) in einer zylindrischen Struktur ausgebildet ist, die darin die Eingangszahnräder (31, 41) und die mit der Kraftunterbrechungseinheit ausgebildete Eingangswelle (11) aufnimmt, und Zähne (23) auf einer inneren Umfangsfläche des Ausgangszahnrads ausgebildet sind, die mit den im Ausgangszahnrad aufgenommenen Eingangszahnrädern in Eingriff gebracht und verbunden werden.
     
    4. Kraftübertragungsvorrichtung (1) nach Anspruch 1 oder 3, wobei die Eingangswelle (11) innerhalb des Ausgangszahnrads (21) exzentrisch zu einem Mittelpunkt des Ausgangszahnrads angeordnet ist.
     
    5. Kraftübertragungsvorrichtung (1, 101) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei jede Führungsstange (71a, 71b, 171a, 171b) in geteilten Strukturen ausgebildet ist, die durch ein elastisches Element miteinander verbunden sind.
     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil de transmission de puissance (1) comprenant :

    un arbre d'entrée (11) incluant une partie de vis mâle formée sur celui-ci ;

    une paire d'engrenages d'entrée (31, 41) formés sur l'arbre d'entrée pour pouvoir tourner librement avec la partie de vis mâle étant interposée entre ceux-ci ;

    un engrenage de sortie (21) formé pour pouvoir tourner dans un état de liaison avec la paire d'engrenages d'entrée ; et

    une unité d'interruption de puissance couplée par vissage à la partie de vis mâle de l'arbre d'entrée, et configurée pour aller et venir de manière rectiligne le long de l'arbre d'entrée par une rotation de l'arbre d'entrée pour entrer en prise sélectivement avec n'importe quel engrenage d'entrée de la paire d'engrenages d'entrée de manière à transmettre une puissance ;

    dans lequel l'unité d'interruption de puissance inclut un chargeur (63) ayant une partie de vis femelle (65) formée sur une surface périphérique interne de celui-ci pour être couplée à la partie de vis mâle (13), et configuré pour aller et venir de manière rectiligne le long de l'arbre d'entrée (11), caractérisé en ce que les engrenages d'entrée de la paire d'engrenages d'entrée sont formés pour avoir des diamètres différents, et l'engrenage d'entrée (41) de la paire d'engrenages d'entrée qui a un plus petit diamètre est relié à l'engrenage de sortie par un engrenage libre (51),

    et en ce que l'unité d'interruption de puissance inclut en outre une pluralité de tiges de guidage (71a, 71b) disposées le long de la surface périphérique interne du chargeur et à travers le chargeur, des extrémités opposées des tiges de guidage étant en contact étroit avec les faces latérales des engrenages d'entrée (31, 41) qui font face au chargeur pour pouvoir coulisser.


     
    2. Appareil de transmission de puissance (101) comprenant :

    un arbre d'entrée (111) incluant une partie de vis mâle formée sur celui-ci ;

    un engrenage d'entrée (141) formé au niveau d'un côté de l'arbre d'entrée pour pouvoir tourner librement ;

    un engrenage de sortie (121) formé pour être divisé en une partie d'engrenage interne (123) qui est couplée pour pouvoir tourner dans un état de liaison avec l'engrenage d'entrée, et une partie d'extension (127) qui s'étend de la partie d'engrenage interne dans une direction de l'arbre d'entrée, et est couplée à l'arbre d'entrée pour pouvoir tourner librement ; et

    une unité d'interruption de puissance couplée à la partie de vis mâle (113) de l'arbre d'entrée, et configurée pour se déplacer de manière rectiligne le long de l'arbre d'entrée par une rotation de l'arbre d'entrée pour entrer en prise sélectivement avec l'engrenage d'entrée, ou la partie d'extension de l'engrenage de sortie de manière à transmettre une puissance ;

    dans lequel l'engrenage d'entrée est relié avec la partie d'engrenage interne par un engrenage planétaire (151), et

    dans lequel l'unité d'interruption de puissance inclut un chargeur (163) ayant une partie de vis femelle (165) formée sur une surface périphérique interne de celui-ci pour être couplée avec la partie de vis mâle (113), et configuré pour aller et venir de manière rectiligne le long de l'arbre d'entrée (111),

    caractérisé en ce que l'unité d'interruption de puissance inclut en outre une pluralité de tiges de guidage (171a, 171b) disposées le long de la surface périphérique interne du chargeur et à travers le chargeur, des extrémités opposées des tiges de guidage étant en contact étroit avec les faces latérales, qui font face au chargeur, de l'engrenage d'entrée (141) et de la partie d'extension (127) pour pouvoir coulisser.


     
    3. Appareil de transmission de puissance (1) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'entraînement de sortie (21) est formé en une structure cylindrique qui reçoit dans celle-ci les engrenages d'entrée (31, 41) et l'arbre d'entrée (11) formé avec l'unité d'interruption de puissance, et des dents (23) sont formées sur une surface périphérique interne de l'entraînement de sortie pour s'engrener et être liées avec les engrenages d'entrée reçu dans l'engrenage de sortie.
     
    4. Appareil de transmission de puissance (1) selon la revendication 1 ou 3, dans lequel l'arbre d'entrée (11) est disposé au sein de l'engrenage de sortie (21) pour être excentré par rapport à un centre de l'engrenage de sortie.
     
    5. Appareil de transmission de pouvoir (1, 101) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel chaque tige de guidage (71a, 71b, 171a, 171b) est formée en structures divisées qui sont connectées les unes aux autres par un élément élastique.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description