(19)
(11)EP 3 148 005 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.01.2021 Bulletin 2021/02

(21)Application number: 14897255.7

(22)Date of filing:  08.07.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04W 12/00(2021.01)
H01R 11/30(2006.01)
H04W 12/12(2021.01)
H04B 5/00(2006.01)
H04W 12/08(2021.01)
H04B 1/3816(2015.01)
G06K 7/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2014/081845
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/004582 (14.01.2016 Gazette  2016/02)

(54)

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONNECTION AND SEPARATION

VERFAHREN UND VORRICHTUNG FÜR VERBINDUNG UND TRENNUNG

PROCÉDÉ ET DISPOSITIF DE CONNEXION ET DE SÉPARATION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
29.03.2017 Bulletin 2017/13

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.
Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventor:
  • CHEN, Xi
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Pfenning, Meinig & Partner mbB 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Theresienhöhe 11a
80339 München
80339 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2008/136638
CN-Y- 201 243 339
JP-A- 2013 013 149
US-A1- 2004 087 339
US-B1- 8 406 810
CN-A- 103 904 483
GB-A- 2 398 706
US-A1- 2002 120 857
US-A1- 2011 192 857
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to the field of electronic design, and in particular, to a connection/disconnection method and apparatus.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] With rapid development of technologies, requirements of a user for various products are no longer reflected only in functionality. Requirements for product operation experience, artistry, and security in using a product are becoming higher.

    [0003] In the prior art, a card installed in a slot of an electronic device can be used normally in the electronic device no matter whether the card is authorized. In addition, a connection/disconnection structure between an existing electronic device and an electronic component interface is mostly mechanical, namely, the electronic device uses a mechanical lever to control connection/disconnection between the electronic device and the electronic component interface, so that a user can implement connection/disconnection between the electronic device and the electronic component interface by triggering the mechanical lever and further change a card installed in the slot of the electronic device. For example, the electronic device is connected to a subscriber identity module (SIM, Subscriber Identity Module) slot or a secure digital memory card (SD, Secure Digital Memory Card) slot by using a mechanical lever. By triggering the mechanical lever, the user may directly change a card installed in the slot of the electronic device. Examples of prior art can be found in US 2002/120857 or GB2398706.

    [0004] However, with the mechanical connection/disconnection structure, the user can change the card installed in the slot of the electronic device by only triggering the mechanical lever. Therefore, an unauthorized card can also be installed in the electronic device and used normally, which may lead to leakage of information in the electronic device and also low security of the electronic device.

    SUMMARY



    [0005] Embodiments of the present invention provide a connection/disconnection method and apparatus, so as to resolve a problem of low security of an electronic device in a current mechanical connection/disconnection technology and improve the security of the electronic device.

    [0006] To achieve the foregoing objective, the following technical solutions are used in the embodiments of the present invention as defined by the appended claims:
    According to a first aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides an electronic device, including a magnetic medium, a coil that encircles a side of the magnetic medium, and a processor connected to both ends of the coil, where
    the magnetic medium is configured to: when the electronic device detects connection of an electronic component, be magnetized by a first magnetic field generated by the electronic component, and be connected to the electronic component under an effect of a magnetic force of the first magnetic field, where the electronic component accommodates or is connected to a target connection component;
    the coil is configured to: under an effect of the first magnetic field, generate a first electric signal according to a change of a magnetic flux in the coil, where the first electric signal is used to drive the processor to determine whether identification information of the target connection component accommodated in or connected to the electronic component is the same as a preset identifier; and
    the processor is configured to detect the change of the magnetic flux; is configured to: if a change of the first electric signal meets a first preset model, determine whether the identification information of the target connection component is the same as the preset identifier; and is further configured to: if the identification information of the target connection component is different from the preset identifier, drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0007] In a first possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the processor is further configured to: if the identification information is the same as the preset identifier, generate a first control signal; and
    the coil is specifically configured to generate a second electric signal according to the first control signal, and generate a second magnetic field by using the second electric signal, where a magnetic force of the second magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be fixedly connected to the electronic device.

    [0008] With reference to the first possible implementation manner of the first aspect, in a second possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the processor is further configured to obtain instruction information, where the instruction information is used to drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device; and
    the processor is further configured to: after obtaining the instruction information, drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0009] With reference to the second possible implementation manner of the first aspect, in a third possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the processor is further configured to: after obtaining the instruction information, determine whether the instruction information is the same as instruction verification information; and
    that the processor is further configured to: after obtaining the instruction information, drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device includes:
    the processor is further configured to: if the instruction information is the same as the instruction verification information, drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0010] With reference to the first aspect or any possible implementation manner of the first possible implementation manner to the third possible implementation manner of the first aspect, in a fourth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the processor is specifically configured to: if the identification information is different from the preset identifier, generate a second control signal; and
    the coil is specifically configured to generate a third electric signal according to the second control signal, and generate the second magnetic field by using the third electric signal, where the magnetic force of the second magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0011] With reference to the fourth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, in a fifth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the processor is further configured to detect whether a change of the third electric signal meets a second preset model, and if the change of the third electric signal meets the second preset model, drive the coil to stop generating the third electric signal.

    [0012] With reference to the first aspect or any possible implementation manner of the first to fifth possible implementation manners of the first aspect, in a sixth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the target connection component is a data card or a memory card, and the identification information of the target connection component is a serial number or an identity ID of the target connection component.

    [0013] According to a second aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides an electronic component, including a permanent magnet apparatus that includes an electronic interface, where
    the permanent magnet apparatus is configured to generate a first magnetic field, where a magnetic force of the first magnetic field is used to: when the electronic component is being connected to an electronic device, drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device; and
    the electronic interface is configured to accommodate or be connected to a target connection component, where the target connection component is used by the electronic device to perform communication or used to perform data transmission with the electronic device.

    [0014] In a first possible implementation manner of the second aspect, the electronic interface is a slot, and the slot is rigidly connected to the permanent magnet apparatus.

    [0015] With reference to the second aspect or the first possible implementation manner of the second aspect, in a second possible implementation manner of the second aspect, the target connection component is a data card or a memory card.

    [0016] According to a third aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides user equipment, including at least an electronic device with any characteristic described in the first aspect and an electronic component with any characteristic described in the second aspect.

    [0017] According to a fourth aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides a connection/disconnection method, including:

    detecting, by an electronic device, a change of a magnetic flux of a first magnetic field in the electronic device, and generating a first electric signal according to the change of the magnetic flux, where the first magnetic field is generated by an electronic component, a magnetic force of the first magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device, and the electronic component accommodates or is connected to a target connection component;

    if a change of the first electric signal meets a first preset model, determining, by the electronic device, whether identification information of the target connection component is the same as a preset identifier; and

    if the identification information of the target connection component is different from the preset identifier, driving, by the electronic device, the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.



    [0018] In a first possible implementation manner of the fourth aspect, the method further includes:
    generating, by the electronic device, a second electric signal if the identification information is the same as the preset identifier, so that the electronic device generates a second magnetic field by using the second electric signal, where a magnetic force of the second magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be fixedly connected to the electronic device.

    [0019] With reference to the first possible implementation manner of the fourth aspect, in a second possible implementation manner of the fourth aspect, the method further includes:

    obtaining instruction information, where the instruction information is used to drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device; and

    driving, according to the instruction information, the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.



    [0020] With reference to the second possible implementation manner of the fourth aspect, in a third possible implementation manner of the fourth aspect, the method further includes:

    determining whether the instruction information is the same as instruction verification information; and

    the driving, according to the instruction information, the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device includes:
    if the instruction information is the same as the instruction verification information, driving the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.



    [0021] With reference to the fourth aspect or any possible implementation manner of the first possible implementation manner to the third possible implementation manner of the fourth aspect, in a fourth possible implementation manner of the fourth aspect, the target connection component is a data card or a memory card, and the identification information of the target connection component is a serial number or an identity ID of the target connection component.

    [0022] According to a fifth aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides an electronic device, including:

    a detection unit, configured to detect a change of a magnetic flux of a first magnetic field in the electronic device, where the first magnetic field is generated by an electronic component, a magnetic force of the first magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device, and the electronic component accommodates or is connected to a target connection component;

    a generation unit, configured to generate a first electric signal according to the change of the magnetic flux detected by the detection unit;

    a determining unit, configured to: if a change of the first electric signal generated by the generation unit meets a first preset model, determine whether identification information of the target connection component is the same as a preset identifier; and

    a driving unit, configured to: if the determining unit determines that the identification information of the target connection component is different from the preset identifier, drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.



    [0023] In a first possible implementation manner of the fifth aspect, the generation unit is further configured to generate a second electric signal if the determining unit determines that the identification information is the same as the preset identifier, so that the electronic device generates a second magnetic field by using the second electric signal, where a magnetic force of the second magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be fixedly connected to the electronic device.

    [0024] With reference to the first possible implementation manner of the fifth aspect, in a second possible implementation manner of the fifth aspect, the electronic device further includes an obtaining unit;
    the obtaining unit is configured to obtain instruction information, where the instruction information is used to drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device; and
    the driving unit is further configured to: drive, according to the instruction information obtained by the obtaining unit, the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0025] With reference to the second possible implementation manner of the fifth aspect, in a third possible implementation manner of the fifth aspect, the determining unit is further configured to determine whether the instruction information obtained by the obtaining unit is the same as instruction verification information; and
    the driving unit is specifically configured to: if the determining unit determines that the instruction information is the same as the instruction verification information, drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0026] With reference to the fifth aspect or any possible implementation manner of the first possible implementation manner to the third possible implementation manner of the fifth aspect, in a fourth possible implementation manner of the fifth aspect, the target connection component is a data card or a memory card, and the identification information of the target connection component is a serial number or an identity ID of the target connection component.

    [0027] According to a sixth aspect, an embodiment of the present invention provides an electronic component, including:

    a permanent magnet unit, configured to generate a first magnetic field, where a magnetic force of the first magnetic field is used to: when the electronic component is being connected to an electronic device, drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device; and

    an input/output unit, configured to be connected to a target connection component, where the target connection component is used by the electronic device to perform communication or used to perform data transmission with the electronic device.



    [0028] In a first possible implementation manner of the sixth aspect, the target connection component is a data card or a memory card.

    [0029] The embodiments of the present invention provide a connection/disconnection method and apparatus. An electronic device detects a change of a magnetic flux of a first magnetic field in the electronic device, and generates a first electric signal according to the change of the magnetic flux, where the first magnetic field is generated by an electronic component, a magnetic force of the first magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device, and the electronic component accommodates or is connected to a target connection component. From electromagnetic induction principles, it can be learned that the change of the magnetic flux of the first magnetic field in the electronic device may cause the electronic device to generate a first electric signal, where the first magnetic field is generated by the electronic component, and the change of the magnetic flux may cause a change of the first electric signal. If the change of the first electric signal meets a first preset model, the electronic device determines whether identification information of the target connection component is the same as a preset identifier, and if the identification information of the target connection component is different from the preset identifier, the electronic device drives the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0030] By using this solution, the electronic device completes, by means of program logic control, determining whether the target connection component accommodated in or connected to the electronic component has been authorized, namely, determining whether the identification information of the target connection component is the same as the preset identifier; if determining that the target connection component is not authorized, the electronic device drives the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device. In this way, it is ensured that an unauthorized target connection component cannot be normally used after the target connection component is connected to the electronic device, thereby improving security of the electronic device.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0031] To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention or in the prior art more clearly, the following briefly introduces the accompanying drawings required for describing the embodiments or the prior art. Apparently, the accompanying drawings in the following description show merely some embodiments of the present invention, and a person of ordinary skill in the art may still derive other drawings from these accompanying drawings without creative efforts.

    FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an electronic device according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of an electronic component according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of user equipment according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 4 is a schematic flowchart of a connection/disconnection method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of magnetizing a magnetic medium of an electronic device according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of generating a first electric signal by an electronic device according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of generating a second magnetic field by an electronic device according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 8 is a schematic flowchart of a connection/disconnection method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 9 is a schematic flowchart of a connection/disconnection method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 10 is a schematic flowchart of a connection/disconnection method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of an electronic device according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 12 is a schematic structural diagram of an electronic device according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

    FIG. 13 is a schematic structural diagram of an electronic component according to an embodiment of the present invention.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0032] The following clearly and completely describes the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. Apparently, the described embodiments are merely some but not all of the embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without creative efforts shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

    Embodiment 1



    [0033] This embodiment of the present invention provides an electronic device. As shown in FIG. 1, the electronic device may include a magnetic medium 10, a coil 11, a processor 12, an electronic component interface 13, a memory 14, and a system bus 15, where
    the coil 11 encircles a side of the magnetic medium 10, the processor 12 is connected to both ends of the coil 11, and connection and communication are implemented between the processor 12, the memory 14, and the electronic component interface 13 by using the system bus 15.

    [0034] The memory 14 may be a high-speed RAM (Random Access Memory, random access memory) memory, or may be a non-volatile memory (non-volatile memory) such as at least one disk memory. The memory 14 is configured to store a first electric signal generated by the electronic device, a first preset model, a second preset model, and the like.

    [0035] The electronic component interface 13 may be configured to be connected to an external electronic component, and enable the electronic device to perform communication or data transmission over the electronic component interface 13 by using a target connection component in the external electronic component. For example, by using the electronic component interface, the electronic device may read data on a memory card accommodated in a slot.

    [0036] It should be noted that the electronic device in the embodiment of the present invention may be any apparatus that includes a user interface, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention. For example, the electronic device may be a mobile phone on which no SIM card slot is installed, may be a mobile phone to which no headset is connected, or may be an electronic device without an anti-theft lock on an electronic exhibition booth.

    [0037] The electronic device may be a mobile phone (or referred to as a "cellular" phone), or may be a computer with a mobile terminal, such as a portable, pocket-sized, handheld, computer built-in, or in-vehicle mobile apparatus.

    [0038] Specifically, the magnetic medium 10 is configured to: when the electronic device detects connection of an electronic component, be magnetized by a first magnetic field generated by the electronic component, and be connected to the electronic component under an effect of a magnetic force of the first magnetic field, where the electronic component accommodates or is connected to a target connection component.

    [0039] The magnetic medium refers to a material in which a magnetization state changes under an effect of a magnetic field. Preferably, the magnetic medium 10 in the embodiment of the present invention may be an iron core. The iron core may be made of a soft iron or silicon steel material, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention. In addition, a shape characteristic of the magnetic medium 10 may be a cuboid, or may be a cylinder. The shape characteristic of the magnetic medium is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0040] In addition, the electronic component in the embodiment of the present invention may be a permanent magnet apparatus, or may be another apparatus with a permanent magnet characteristic. The electronic component includes an electronic interface. The electronic interface is connected to or accommodates a target connection component, and the electronic component can generate a first magnetic field.

    [0041] Specifically, when the electronic component is being connected to the body of the electronic device, a distance between the electronic component and the magnetic medium is becoming shorter, and the magnetic medium 10 is magnetized by the first magnetic field. A change of an internal state of the magnetic medium under an effect of the magnetic field is referred to as magnetization. That is, the internal state of the magnetic medium 10 changes under the effect of the first magnetic field. In addition, under the effect of the magnetic force of the first magnetic field, the magnetic medium 10 mutually attracts and is connected to the electronic component.

    [0042] For example, the magnetic medium in the electronic device is an iron core. The electronic component is a permanent magnet that includes an electronic interface, and therefore, when the permanent magnet is connected to the body of the electronic device, the iron core is magnetized by a magnetic field generated by the permanent magnet, and is connected to the permanent magnet.

    [0043] Specifically, the coil 11 is configured to: under the effect of the first magnetic field, generate a first electric signal according to a change of a magnetic flux in the coil, where the first electric signal is used to drive the processor 12 to determine whether identification information of the target connection component accommodated in or connected to the electronic component is the same as a preset identifier.

    [0044] The magnetic flux is a measure of magnitude of a magnetic field that passes through a given curved surface. Magnitude of a magnetic flux that passes through a plane may be figuratively depicted by a quantity of magnetic induction lines in the plane. In a same magnetic field, magnetic induction lines are denser in a place with a higher magnetic induction intensity.

    [0045] Understandably, that the coil 11 encircles the side of the magnetic medium includes a case in which the coil 11 encircles all sides of the magnetic medium 10. For example, if a shape of the magnetic medium 10 is a cylinder that includes two bases and a curved surface, the coil 11 may encircle the curved surface (side) of the cylinder, or may encircle the bases of the cylinder, or may encircle the curved surface and the bases of the cylinder. A manner of encircling the magnetic medium by the coil should meet an encircling manner of the coil in practical application, and is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0046] When the electronic component is being connected to the electronic device, the electronic component is becoming closer to the magnetic medium 10 under the effect of the magnetic force of the first magnetic field, and the magnetic flux of the first magnetic field in the coil 11 changes, where the first magnetic field is generated by the electronic component. From electromagnetic induction principles, it can be learned that a conductor in a changing magnetic flux may generate an electromotive force. That is, as the magnetic flux of the first magnetic field in the coil 11 changes, the coil 11 generates a first electric signal, and the first electric signal also changes with the magnetic flux.

    [0047] It should be noted that the first electric signal in the embodiment of the present invention may be a current or a voltage, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0048] Specifically, the processor 12 is configured to detect the change of the magnetic flux, and is configured to: if a change of the first electric signal meets a first preset model, determine whether the identification information of the target connection component is the same as the preset identifier.

    [0049] The processor 12 is further configured to: if the identification information of the target connection component is different from the preset identifier, drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0050] The target connection component in the embodiment of the present invention may be a data card, may be a memory card, or may be a chip in another intelligent electronic component, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention. The target connection component is a component used by the electronic device for communication or data transmission.

    [0051] For example, the target connection component is an SD card, a SIM card, a multimedia card (MMC, Multimedia Card), a mini SD card, a memory stick, a smart card, a micro SD card, or the like in the electronic device. The identification information of the target connection component may be a serial number of the target connection component, or may be an ID of the target connection component, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0052] In addition, the electronic component in the embodiment of the present invention accommodates or is connected to the target connection component by using an electronic interface. There is at least one target connection component, such as two or more than two, which is not specifically limited by the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0053] Preferably, the electronic interface of the electronic component is a slot. In this case, the target connection component is a data card (or a memory card), and therefore, the data card (or the memory card) may be disposed at a groove of the slot, and a size of the groove may fit a size of the data card (memory card).

    [0054] Specifically, no matter how many target connection components are included in the electronic component, processing that may be performed by the processor 12 on the target connection components are the same processing; and the processor 12 determines whether identification information of a target connection component is the same as a preset identifier, where the preset identifier is an identifier corresponding to the target connection component. So long as determining that the identifier of the target connection component is different from the preset identifier, the processor 12 drives the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0055] For example, if the electronic device is a mobile phone on which no SIM card is installed and the electronic component is a slot with a permanent magnet characteristic, the slot can accommodate a SIM card. Identification information of the SIM card is an international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI, International Mobile Subscriber Identification Number).

    [0056] Optionally, in an application scenario in which the mobile phone has only one slot port and the slot with a permanent magnet characteristic can accommodate only one SIM card, the processor in the mobile phone determines whether an international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI, International Mobile Subscriber Identification Number) of the SIM card accommodated in the slot is the same as a preset identifier. If the IMSI of the SIM card is different from the preset identifier, the processor drives the slot to be disconnected from the mobile phone, namely, the SIM accommodated in the slot cannot be used normally.

    [0057] Optionally, in an application scenario in which the mobile phone includes two slot ports, the slot with a permanent magnet characteristic can accommodate only one SIM card, and the mobile phone has two slots for accommodating a SIM card A and a SIM card B respectively, the processor in the mobile phone processes the two slots in the same way as the foregoing application scenario. When the processor in the mobile phone determines that an IMSI of the SIM card A is the same as a preset identifier thereof, the SIM card A can be used normally in the mobile phone. When the processor in the mobile phone determines that an IMSI of the SIM card B is different from a preset identifier thereof, the processor drives the slot, which accommodates the SIM card B, to be disconnected from the mobile phone, namely, the SIM card B cannot be used normally in the mobile phone.

    [0058] Optionally, in an application scenario in which the mobile phone includes one slot port and the slot with a permanent magnet characteristic can accommodate at least one SIM card, for example, the slot accommodates two SIM cards, the processor in the mobile phone separately determines whether IMSIs of the two SIM cards are the same as preset identifiers of the SIM cards. In a first possible implementation manner, if the IMSIs of both the SIM cards are the same as the preset identifiers, both the SIMs can be used normally in the mobile phone. In a second possible implementation manner, if the IMSI of one of the SIM cards is different from a preset identifier thereof, the processor in the mobile phone drives this slot to be disconnected from the mobile phone, so that neither of the SIM cards accommodated in the slot can be used normally. In a third possible implementation manner, if the IMSI of one of the SIM cards is different from a preset identifier thereof, the mobile phone may keep a state of connection between this slot and the mobile phone, and disables the SIM card whose IMSI is different from the preset identifier. That is, one of the SIM cards can be used normally, and the other SIM card cannot be used normally.

    [0059] Further, the processor 12 is further configured to: if the identification information is the same as the preset identifier, generate a first control signal.

    [0060] Further, the coil 11 is specifically configured to generate a second electric signal according to the first control signal, and generate a second magnetic field by using the second electric signal, where a magnetic force of the second magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be fixedly connected to the electronic device.

    [0061] Specifically, if the processor 12 determines that the identification information of the target connection component is the same as the preset identifier, it indicates that the target connection component can be used normally in the electronic device. Correspondingly, the processor generates a first control signal, which is used to drive the coil 11 to generate a second electric signal. Correspondingly, a second magnetic field may be generated by using the second electric signal generated by the coil 11. A magnetic force of the second magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be fixedly connected to the electronic device, namely, drive the electronic component to be more closely connected to the electronic device, which is equivalent to a lock-in state between the electronic component and the electronic device, thereby preventing a communications fault problem caused by a loose connection between the electronic component and the electronic device, and further improving usage security of the electronic device.

    [0062] It should be noted that the second electric signal in the embodiment of the present invention may be a current or a voltage, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0063] The magnetic force of the second magnetic field generated by using the second electric signal is used to drive the electronic component to be fixedly connected to the electronic device, the first electric signal is generated according to the change of the magnetic flux of the first magnetic field, and the magnetic force of the first magnetic field is also used to drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device. From the Lenz's law, it can be learned that the first electric signal and the second electric signal have a same direction.

    [0064] Further, the processor 12 is further configured to obtain instruction information, where the instruction information is used to drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0065] Preferably, the instruction information is information entered by a user by using an application on the electronic device, and the instruction information is used to drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device, and may be a secure digital password, or may be other related information such as a graphical password.

    [0066] The application refers to a computer program that is developed to complete one or more specific tasks and runs on an operating system. The application in the embodiment of the present invention is an application compatible with a system running on the electronic device.

    [0067] It should be noted that the system running on the electronic device may be an Android operating system, or may be another system such as an IOS, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention. Because the system running on the electronic device may be an Android operating system, or may be another system, a format of the application also changes with the system.

    [0068] For example, if the system running on the electronic device is an Android operating system, the application is an APK (Application Package File, application package file).

    [0069] The APK is an application installation file format on an Android operating system. Before being run on an Android device, code of an Android application needs to be compiled first, and then packed into a file identifiable by the Android operating system. This file format that can be identified and run by the Android operating system is APK. An APK file includes a compiled code file (.dex file), file resources (resources), file access (assets), certificates (certificates), and a manifest file (manifest file).

    [0070] For example, if the electronic device is a smartphone on which a SIM card is installed, an application A is installed on the smartphone, and secure digital password input is set in the application A, when a user uses the application A to enter a digital password that drives ejection of the SIM card slot of the mobile phone, the processor in the mobile phone obtains the digital password entered by the user.

    [0071] Further, the processor 12 is further configured to: after obtaining the instruction information, drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0072] Further, the processor 12 is further configured to: after obtaining the instruction information, determine whether the instruction information is the same as instruction verification information.

    [0073] Further, the processor 12 is further configured to: if the instruction information is the same as the instruction verification information, drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0074] Specifically, after obtaining the instruction information, the processor 12 performs determining on the instruction information, and determines whether the instruction information is the same as preset instruction verification information, and if the instruction information is the same as the preset instruction verification information, drives the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0075] For example, if the electronic device is a smartphone on which a SIM card is installed, an application A is installed on the smartphone, and secure digital password input is set in the application A, when a user uses the application A to enter a digital password that drives ejection of the SIM card slot of the mobile phone, the processor in the mobile phone obtains the digital password entered by the user. When determining that the digital password entered by the user is the same as a preset digital password, the processor drives the slot to be disconnected from the smartphone, namely, drives ejection of the slot out of the smartphone.

    [0076] Further, the processor 12 is specifically configured to: if the identification information is different from the preset identifier, generate a second control signal.

    [0077] Specifically, if the identification information is different from the preset identifier or if the instruction information is the same as the instruction verification information, the processor 12 generates a second control signal, and the electronic component is disconnected from the electronic device under an effect of the second control signal.

    [0078] In this application scenario, compared with a disadvantage in the prior art that leakage of information in an electronic device may be caused by a fact that a user can change a card in the electronic device by only triggering a mechanical lever, the electronic device in the embodiment of the present invention can complete disconnection only after receiving the instruction information that is entered by the user and used to drive the electronic device to be disconnected from the electronic component and after identifying the instruction information successfully, so that the user can change the target connection component accommodated in or connected to the electronic component, thereby better protecting security of the information in the electronic device.

    [0079] Further, the coil 11 is specifically configured to generate a third electric signal according to the second control signal, and generate the second magnetic field by using the third electric signal, where the magnetic force of the second magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0080] Further, the processor 12 is further configured to detect whether a change of the third electric signal meets a second preset model, and if the change of the third electric signal meets the second preset model, drive the coil 11 to stop generating the third electric signal.

    [0081] Specifically, in order to verify whether the electronic component is already disconnected from the electronic device or detect whether a distance between the electronic component and the electronic device already meets requirements, the processor 12 in the electronic device needs to detect whether the change of the third electric signal meets the second preset model, and if the change of the third electric signal meets the second preset model, drives the coil 11 to stop generating the third electric signal, thereby avoiding a problem of large power consumption of the electronic device.

    [0082] It should be noted that the second preset model in the embodiment of the present invention may be a coordinates diagram of the change of the third electric signal, or may be a line graph of a change rate of the third electric signal, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0083] Further, the target connection component is a data card or a memory card, and the identification information of the target connection component is a serial number or an identity ID of the target connection component.

    [0084] This embodiment of the present invention provides an electronic device. The electronic device detects a change of a magnetic flux of a first magnetic field in the electronic device, and generates a first electric signal according to the change of the magnetic flux, where the first magnetic field is generated by an electronic component, a magnetic force of the first magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device, and the electronic component accommodates or is connected to a target connection component. From electromagnetic induction principles, it can be learned that the change of the magnetic flux of the first magnetic field in the electronic device may cause the electronic device to generate a first electric signal, where the first magnetic field is generated by the electronic component, and the change of the magnetic flux may cause a change of the first electric signal. If the change of the first electric signal meets a first preset model, the electronic device determines whether identification information of the target connection component is the same as a preset identifier, and if the identification information of the target connection component is different from the preset identifier, the electronic device drives the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0085] By using this solution, the electronic device completes, by means of program logic control, determining whether the target connection component accommodated in or connected to the electronic component has been authorized, namely, determining whether the identification information of the target connection component is the same as the preset identifier; if determining that the target connection component is not authorized, the electronic device drives the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device. In this way, it is ensured that an unauthorized target connection component cannot be normally used after the target connection component is connected to the electronic device, thereby improving security of the electronic device.

    Embodiment 2



    [0086] As shown in FIG. 2, this embodiment of the present invention provides an electronic component, which may include a permanent magnet apparatus 21 that includes an electronic interface 20, where the electronic interface 20 is physically connected to the permanent magnet apparatus 21.

    [0087] Specifically, the permanent magnet apparatus 21 is configured to generate a first magnetic field, where a magnetic force of the first magnetic field is used to: when the electronic component is being connected to an electronic device, drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device.

    [0088] The permanent magnet apparatus 21 in the embodiment of the present invention may be a permanent magnet, or may be another apparatus with a permanent magnet characteristic, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0089] The permanent magnet apparatus 21 in the embodiment of the present invention uses a material that can keep constant magnetism once magnetized, and that may be an alloy permanent magnet material, or may be a ferrite permanent magnet material, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention. In addition, a shape characteristic of the permanent magnet apparatus 21 is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention, and the shape may be a cylinder, or may be a cuboid.

    [0090] Because the permanent magnet apparatus 21 in the embodiment of the present invention has performance of a permanent magnet, an electron layout in the permanent magnet apparatus 21 takes on a specific direction, and is reflected by regular molecular currents to the outside, so that a first magnetic field is generated.

    [0091] Further, the electronic interface 20 is configured to accommodate or be connected to a target connection component, where the target connection component is used by the electronic device to perform communication or used to perform data transmission with the electronic device.

    [0092] The target connection component in the embodiment of the present invention may be a data card, may be a memory card, or may be a chip in another intelligent electronic component, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention. The target connection component is a component used by the electronic device for communication or data transmission.

    [0093] For example, the target connection component is an SD card, a SIM card, a multimedia card (MMC, Multimedia Card), a mini SD card, a memory stick, a smart card, a micro SD card, or the like in the electronic device.

    [0094] It should be noted that the electronic interface 20 in the embodiment of the present invention may accommodate or be connected to at least one target connection component.

    [0095] Preferably, the electronic interface 20 is a slot, and the slot is rigidly connected to the permanent magnet apparatus 21.

    [0096] The rigid connection means that between two connected components, when one component generates a shift or is under a force, the other component connected to it does not generate any shift or does not deform relatively as against this component. For example, the two connected components are connected into a whole by means of mechanical connection such as welding and bolt connection.

    [0097] For example, if the electronic interface is a slot and the target connection component is a SIM card, the slot may accommodate one or more SIM cards.

    [0098] The embodiment of the present invention provides an electronic component, and the electronic component includes a permanent magnet apparatus that includes an electronic interface, and the permanent magnet apparatus is configured to generate a first magnetic field, where a magnetic force of the first magnetic field is used to: when the electronic component is being connected to an electronic device, drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device. According to this solution, the electronic component includes the permanent magnet apparatus, and the permanent magnet apparatus can implement connection/disconnection between the electronic component and the electronic device by means of a magnetic force.

    Embodiment 3



    [0099] As shown in FIG. 3, this embodiment of the present invention provides user equipment, which includes at least an electronic device 1 and an electronic component 1. When the electronic component 1 is connected to the electronic device 1, electromagnetic induction (represented by dashed lines in FIG. 3) exists between the electronic device 1 and the electronic component.

    [0100] The electronic device 1 includes an electronic device with any characteristic described in Embodiment 1, and the electronic component 1 includes an electronic component with any characteristic described in Embodiment 2.

    [0101] The embodiment of the present invention provides user equipment, and the user equipment includes at least an electronic device and an electronic component. Specifically, the electronic device detects a change of a magnetic flux of a first magnetic field in the electronic device, where the first magnetic field is generated by the electronic component, and generates a first electric signal according to the change of the magnetic flux, where a magnetic force of the first magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device, and the electronic component accommodates or is connected to a target connection component. From electromagnetic induction principles, it can be learned that the change of the magnetic flux of the first magnetic field in the electronic device may cause the electronic device to generate a first electric signal, where the first magnetic field is generated by the electronic component, and the change of the magnetic flux may cause a change of the first electric signal. If the change of the first electric signal meets a first preset model, the electronic device determines whether identification information of the target connection component is the same as a preset identifier, and if the identification information of the target connection component is different from the preset identifier, the electronic device drives the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0102] By using this solution, the electronic device completes, by means of program logic control, determining whether the target connection component accommodated in or connected to the electronic component has been authorized, namely, determining whether the identification information of the target connection component is the same as the preset identifier; if determining that the target connection component is not authorized, the electronic device drives the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device. In this way, it is ensured that an unauthorized target connection component cannot be normally used after the target connection component is connected to the electronic device, thereby improving security of the electronic device.

    Embodiment 4



    [0103] This embodiment of the present invention provides a connection/disconnection method. As shown in FIG. 4, the disconnection method includes:
    S101. An electronic device detects a change of a magnetic flux of a first magnetic field in the electronic device, and generates a first electric signal according to the change of the magnetic flux, where the first magnetic field is generated by an electronic component.

    [0104] A magnetic force of the first magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device, and the electronic component accommodates or is connected to a target connection component.

    [0105] The electronic device in the embodiment of the present invention may be any apparatus that includes a user interface, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention. For example, the electronic device may be a mobile phone on which no SIM card slot is installed, may be a mobile phone to which no headset is connected, or may be an electronic device without an anti-theft lock on an electronic exhibition booth.

    [0106] The electronic device may be a mobile phone (or referred to as a "cellular" phone), or may be a computer with a mobile terminal, such as a portable, pocket-sized, handheld, computer built-in, or in-vehicle mobile apparatus.

    [0107] The electronic component in the embodiment of the present invention may be a permanent magnet apparatus, or may be another apparatus with a permanent magnet characteristic. The electronic component includes an electronic interface. The electronic interface is connected to or accommodates a target connection component, and the electronic component can generate a first magnetic field. When the electronic component is being connected to the electronic device, a magnetic force of the first magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device.

    [0108] Specifically, because an electron layout inside the permanent magnet apparatus in the embodiment of the present invention takes on a specific direction, and is reflected by regular molecular currents to the outside, so that a first magnetic field is generated. The permanent magnet apparatus has performance of a permanent magnet, and uses a material that can keep constant magnetism once magnetized, and that may be an alloy permanent magnet material, or may be a ferrite permanent magnet material, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention. In addition, a shape characteristic of the permanent magnet apparatus is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention, and the shape may be a cylinder, or may be a cuboid.

    [0109] It should be noted that distribution locations of poles of the first magnetic field generated by the electronic component in the embodiment of the present invention are not limited by the embodiment of the present invention. Optionally, one end that is of the electronic component and disposed opposite the electronic device is a north (N) pole, and the other end is a south (S) pole; or, one end disposed opposite the electronic device is a south (S) pole, and the other end is a north (N) pole.

    [0110] Specifically, when the electronic component is being connected to the electronic device, the electronic device can detect the change of the magnetic flux of the first magnetic field in the electronic device, and generates a first electric signal according to the change of the magnetic flux.

    [0111] The magnetic flux is a measure of magnitude of a magnetic field that passes through a given curved surface. Magnitude of a magnetic flux that passes through a plane may be figuratively depicted by a quantity of magnetic induction lines in the plane. In a same magnetic field, magnetic induction lines are denser in a place with a higher magnetic induction intensity. When the electronic component is being connected to the electronic device, the electronic component is becoming closer to the electronic device under an effect of the magnetic force of the first magnetic field, and the magnetic flux of the first magnetic field in the electronic device changes, where the first magnetic field is generated by the electronic component. From electromagnetic induction principles, it can be learned that a conductor in a changing magnetic flux may generate an electromotive force. That is, as the magnetic flux of the first magnetic field in the electronic device changes, the electronic device generates a first electric signal, and the first electric signal also changes with the magnetic flux.

    [0112] Further, the electronic device in the embodiment of the present invention includes a magnetic medium, a coil that encircles a side of the magnetic medium, and a processor.

    [0113] The magnetic medium refers to a material in which a magnetization state changes under an effect of a magnetic field. The magnetic medium in the embodiment of the present invention may be an iron core. The iron core may use a soft iron or silicon steel material, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0114] Specifically, when the electronic component is being connected to the electronic device, the magnetic medium is magnetized by the first magnetic field under the effect of the first magnetic field, and is connected to the electronic component under the effect of the magnetic force of the first magnetic field.

    [0115] For example, as shown in FIG. 5, a permanent magnet apparatus in an electronic component is of a cuboid shape, the left end of the permanent magnet apparatus is a north pole (N pole), and the right end is a south pole (S) pole. In FIG. 5, E represents the permanent magnet apparatus. Distribution of a first magnetic field generated by the permanent magnet apparatus is represented by arrowed solid lines in FIG. 5, A represents an electronic device, c represents a magnetic medium, and a represents a coil. When the permanent magnet apparatus approaches the electronic device, the magnetic medium c is magnetized by the first magnetic field generated by the permanent magnet apparatus E. In this case, the pole (namely, the right end of the magnetic medium) disposed opposite the permanent magnet module in the magnetic medium c is the S pole. Under an effect of a magnetic force of the first magnetic field, the magnetic medium is connected to the permanent magnet apparatus.

    [0116] Further, as a distance between the magnetic medium and the permanent magnet apparatus changes, the magnetic flux of the first magnetic field in the coil also changes accordingly. From electromagnetic induction principles, it can be learned that a conductor in a changing magnetic flux may generate an electromotive force. That is, as the magnetic flux in the coil changes, the coil generates a first electric signal.

    [0117] The first electric signal may be a current or a voltage, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention. Specifically, a direction of the current or a positive or negative pole of the voltage may be determined according to the Lenz's law.

    [0118] For example, as shown in FIG. 6, the left end of a permanent magnet apparatus E is an N pole, and the right end is an S pole. Distribution of a first magnetic field generated by the permanent magnet apparatus is represented by arrowed solid lines in FIG. 6, A represents an electronic device, c represents a magnetic medium, and a represents a coil. When the permanent magnet apparatus E approaches the electronic device A, the magnetic medium c is magnetized, and the right end of the magnetic medium is the S pole. As a distance between the permanent magnet apparatus E and the electronic device A changes, a magnetic flux of the first magnetic field in the coil a changes. The changed magnetic flux triggers the coil a to generate a first electric signal. In FIG. 6, arrowed dashed lines represent the first magnetic field in the coil, and a current represents the first electric signal. From the Lenz's law, it can be learned that a direction of the current is the direction indicated on the coil in FIG. 6.

    [0119] S102. If a change of the first electric signal meets a first preset model, the electronic device determines whether identification information of a target connection component is the same as a preset identifier.

    [0120] The first electric signal generated by the electronic device changes with the magnetic flux. When the change of the first electric signal meets the first preset model, the electronic device determines whether the identification information of the target connection component is the same as the preset identifier.

    [0121] The target connection component in the embodiment of the present invention may be a data card, may be a memory card, or may be a chip in another intelligent electronic component, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention. The target connection component is a component used by the electronic device for communication or data transmission.

    [0122] For example, the target connection component is an SD card, a SIM card, a multimedia card (MMC, Multimedia Card), a mini SD card, a memory stick, a smart card, a micro SD card, or the like in the electronic device. The identification information of the target connection component may be a serial number of the target connection component, or may be an ID of the target connection component, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0123] In addition, the electronic component in the embodiment of the present invention accommodates or is connected to the target connection component by using an electronic interface. There is at least one target connection component, such as two or more than two, which is not specifically limited by the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0124] Preferably, the electronic interface of the electronic component is a slot. In this case, the target connection component is a data card (or a memory card), and therefore, the data card (or the memory card) may be disposed at a groove of the slot, and a size of the groove may fit a size of the data card (memory card).

    [0125] Specifically, no matter how many target connection components are included in the electronic component, processing that may be performed by the electronic device on the target connection components are the same processing; and the electronic device determines whether identification information of a target connection component is the same as a preset identifier, where the preset identifier is an identifier corresponding to the target connection component.

    [0126] It may be understood that when the distance between the electronic device and the electronic component is becoming shorter, the change of the magnetic flux of the first magnetic field in the electronic device may increase from zero to a maximum value, and then decrease from the maximum value to zero. As the magnetic flux changes, the change of the first electric signal may also take on a specific change trend. When the change trend of the first electric signal meets the first preset model, it indicates that the electronic component is fully connected to the electronic device.

    [0127] It should be noted that the first preset model in the embodiment of the present invention may be a coordinates diagram of the change of the first electric signal, or may be a line graph of a change rate of the first electric signal, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0128] Specifically, if the change of the first electric signal meets the first preset model, the electronic device reads the identification information of the target connection component, and then compares the read identification information with a pre-stored preset identifier. If the read identification information is the same as the preset identifier, it indicates that the target connection component is an authorized target connection component; conversely, it indicates that the target connection component is not authorized.

    [0129] For example, if the electronic device is a mobile phone on which no SIM card is installed, the electronic component is a slot with a permanent magnet characteristic, and the slot can accommodate a SIM card, the mobile phone may read and detect an IMSI in the SIM card. If a pre-stored first preset IMSI is 460030912121001 and the IMSI of the SIM card accommodated in the slot that is connected to the mobile phone is 460030912121012, the mobile phone compares the read IMSI with the pre-stored first preset IMSI after reading the IMSI 460030912121012 of the SIM card. 460030912121012 is different from 460030912121001, and therefore, the SIM cannot be normally used by the connected mobile phone, namely, is an unauthorized card.

    [0130] If the identification information of the target connection component is the same as the preset identifier, the electronic device keeps connected to the electronic component; and if the identification information of the target connection component is different from the preset identifier, the electronic device performs S103.

    [0131] S103. If the identification information of the target connection component is different from the preset identifier, the electronic device drives the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0132] Specifically, if the electronic device determines that the identification information of the target connection component is different from the preset identifier, it indicates that the target connection component is an unauthorized or invalid target connection component, and therefore, the processor in the electronic device generates a second control signal. Under an effect of the second control signal, the electronic device is disconnected from the electronic component, thereby avoiding that an unauthorized target connection component is connected to the electronic device and is used normally, and ensuring security of the electronic device.

    [0133] Further, the coil generates a third electric signal according to the second control signal, and generates a second magnetic field by using the third electric signal, where a magnetic force of the second magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0134] The third electric signal may be a current or a voltage, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention. Specifically, a direction of the current or a positive or negative pole of the voltage may be determined according to the Lenz's law.

    [0135] It may be understood that because the magnetic force of the second magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device, according to same-pole repelling in a magnetic field, it can be learned that pole distribution of the second magnetic field is as follows: Poles that are of the electronic component and disposed opposite the electronic device have same magnetism.

    [0136] For example, as shown in FIG. 7, pole distribution of a permanent magnet apparatus is that the left end is an N pole, and the right end is an S pole. In FIG. 7, E represents the permanent magnet apparatus. Distribution of a first magnetic field is represented by arrowed solid lines, A represents an electronic device, c represents a magnetic medium, and a represents a coil. After generating a second control signal, a processor drives the coil to generate a third electric signal. In FIG. 7, a current is used to represent the third electric signal, and a direction of the current is the direction indicated on the coil in FIG. 7. From a phenomenon that a current generates a magnetic field, it can be learned that after the coil generates the third electric signal, a second magnetic field may be generated around the coil. According to the Lenz's law, it can be determined that poles of the second magnetic field are as follows: The right end is an N pole, and the left end is an S pole. Distribution of the second magnetic field is represented by arrowed dashed lines in FIG. 7. Because the right end of the second magnetic field is the N pole and the left end of the first magnetic field is the N pole, the electronic component is disconnected from the electronic device under an effect of a magnetic force.

    [0137] Further, in order to determine whether the electronic component is fully disconnected from the electronic device, the electronic device further needs to detect whether a change of the third electric signal in the coil meets a second preset model, and if the change of the second electric signal meets the second preset model, the electronic device drives the coil to stop generating the third electric signal.

    [0138] The second preset model in the embodiment of the present invention may be a coordinates diagram of the change of the third electric signal, or may be a line graph of a change rate of the third electric signal, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0139] This embodiment of the present invention provides a connection/disconnection method. An electronic device detects a change of a magnetic flux of a first magnetic field in the electronic device, and generates a first electric signal according to the change of the magnetic flux, where the first magnetic field is generated by an electronic component, a magnetic force of the first magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device, and the electronic component accommodates or is connected to a target connection component. From electromagnetic induction principles, it can be learned that the change of the magnetic flux of the first magnetic field in the electronic device may cause the electronic device to generate a first electric signal, where the first magnetic field is generated by the electronic component, and the change of the magnetic flux may cause a change of the first electric signal. If the change of the first electric signal meets a first preset model, the electronic device determines whether identification information of the target connection component is the same as a preset identifier, and if the identification information of the target connection component is different from the preset identifier, the electronic device drives the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0140] By using this solution, the electronic device completes, by means of program logic control, determining whether the target connection component accommodated in or connected to the electronic component has been authorized, namely, determining whether the identification information of the target connection component is the same as the preset identifier; if determining that the target connection component is not authorized, the electronic device drives the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device. In this way, it is ensured that an unauthorized target connection component cannot be normally used after the target connection component is connected to the electronic device, thereby improving security of the electronic device.

    Embodiment 5



    [0141] This embodiment of the present invention provides a connection/disconnection method. As shown in FIG. 8, the connection/disconnection method includes:
    S201. An electronic device detects a change of a magnetic flux of a first magnetic field in the electronic device, and generates a first electric signal according to the change of the magnetic flux, where the first magnetic field is generated by an electronic component.

    [0142] A magnetic force of the first magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device, and the electronic component accommodates or is connected to a target connection component.

    [0143] The electronic device in the embodiment of the present invention may be any apparatus that includes a user interface, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention. For example, the electronic device may be a mobile phone on which no SIM card slot is installed, may be a mobile phone to which no headset is connected, or may be an electronic device without an anti-theft lock on an electronic exhibition booth.

    [0144] The electronic device may be a mobile phone (or referred to as a "cellular" phone), or may be a computer with a mobile terminal, such as a portable, pocket-sized, handheld, computer built-in, or in-vehicle mobile apparatus.

    [0145] The electronic component in the embodiment of the present invention may be a permanent magnet apparatus, or may be another apparatus with a permanent magnet characteristic. The electronic component includes an electronic interface. The electronic interface is connected to or accommodates a target connection component, and the electronic component can generate a first magnetic field. When the electronic component is being connected to the electronic device, a magnetic force of the first magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device.

    [0146] Specifically, because an electron layout inside the permanent magnet apparatus in the embodiment of the present invention takes on a specific direction, and is reflected by regular molecular currents to the outside, so that a first magnetic field is generated. The permanent magnet apparatus has performance of a permanent magnet, and uses a material that can keep constant magnetism once magnetized, and that may be an alloy permanent magnet material, or may be a ferrite permanent magnet material, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention. In addition, a shape characteristic of the permanent magnet apparatus is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention, and the shape may be a cylinder, or may be a cuboid.

    [0147] It should be noted that distribution locations of poles of the first magnetic field generated by the electronic component in the embodiment of the present invention are not limited by the embodiment of the present invention. Optionally, one end that is of the electronic component and disposed opposite the electronic device is a north (N) pole, and the other end is a south (S) pole; or, one end disposed opposite the electronic device is a south (S) pole, and the other end is a north (N) pole.

    [0148] Specifically, when the electronic component is being connected to the electronic device, the electronic device can detect the change of the magnetic flux of the first magnetic field in the electronic device, and generates a first electric signal according to the change of the magnetic flux.

    [0149] When the electronic component is being connected to the electronic device, the electronic component is becoming closer to the electronic device under an effect of the magnetic force of the first magnetic field, and the magnetic flux of the first magnetic field in the electronic device changes, where the first magnetic field is generated by the electronic component. From electromagnetic induction principles, it can be learned that a conductor in a changing magnetic flux may generate an electromotive force. That is, as the magnetic flux of the first magnetic field in the electronic device changes, the electronic device generates a first electric signal, and the first electric signal also changes with the magnetic flux.

    [0150] Further, the electronic device in the embodiment of the present invention includes a magnetic medium, a coil that encircles a side of the magnetic medium, and a processor.

    [0151] The magnetic medium refers to a material in which a magnetization state changes under an effect of a magnetic field. The magnetic medium in the embodiment of the present invention may be an iron core. The iron core may use a soft iron or silicon steel material, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0152] Specifically, when the electronic component is being connected to the electronic device, the magnetic medium is magnetized by the first magnetic field under the effect of the first magnetic field, and is physically connected to the electronic component under the effect of the magnetic force of the first magnetic field.

    [0153] Further, as a distance between the magnetic medium and the permanent magnet apparatus changes, the magnetic flux of the first magnetic field in the coil also changes accordingly. From electromagnetic induction principles, it can be learned that a conductor in a changing magnetic flux may generate an electromotive force. That is, as the magnetic flux in the coil changes, the coil generates a first electric signal.

    [0154] The first electric signal may be a current or a voltage, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention. Specifically, a direction of the current or a positive or negative pole of the voltage may be determined according to the Lenz's law.

    [0155] For example, as shown in FIG. 6, the left end of a permanent magnet apparatus E is an N pole, and the right end is an S pole. Distribution of a first magnetic field generated by the permanent magnet apparatus is represented by arrowed solid lines in FIG. 6, A represents an electronic device, c represents a magnetic medium, and a represents a coil. When the permanent magnet apparatus E approaches the electronic device A, the magnetic medium c is magnetized, and the right end of the magnetic medium is the S pole. As a distance between the permanent magnet apparatus E and the electronic device A changes, a magnetic flux of the first magnetic field in the coil a changes. The changed magnetic flux triggers the coil a to generate a first electric signal. In FIG. 6, arrowed dashed lines represent the first magnetic field in the coil, and a current represents the first electric signal. From the Lenz's law, it can be learned that a direction of the current is the direction indicated on the coil in FIG. 6.

    [0156] S202. If a change of the first electric signal meets a first preset model, the electronic device determines whether identification information of a target connection component is the same as a preset identifier.

    [0157] The first electric signal generated by the electronic device changes with the magnetic flux. When the change of the first electric signal meets the first preset model, the electronic device determines whether the identification information of the target connection component is the same as the preset identifier.

    [0158] The target connection component in the embodiment of the present invention may be a data card, may be a memory card, or may be a chip in another intelligent electronic component, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention. The target connection component is a component used by the electronic device for communication or data transmission.

    [0159] For example, the target connection component is an SD card, a SIM card, a multimedia card (MMC, Multimedia Card), a mini SD card, a memory stick, a smart card, a micro SD card, or the like in the electronic device. The identification information of the target connection component may be a serial number of the target connection component, or may be an ID of the target connection component, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0160] In addition, the electronic component in the embodiment of the present invention accommodates or is connected to the target connection component by using an electronic interface. There is at least one target connection component, such as two or more than two, which is not specifically limited by the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0161] Preferably, the electronic interface of the electronic component is a slot. In this case, the target connection component is a data card (or a memory card), and therefore, the data card (or the memory card) may be disposed at a groove of the slot, and a size of the groove may fit a size of the data card (memory card).

    [0162] Specifically, no matter how many target connection components are included in the electronic component, processing that may be performed by the electronic device on the target connection components are the same processing; and the electronic device determines whether identification information of a target connection component is the same as a preset identifier, where the preset identifier is an identifier corresponding to the target connection component.

    [0163] It may be understood that when the distance between the electronic device and the electronic component is becoming shorter, the change of the magnetic flux of the first magnetic field in the electronic device may increase from zero to a maximum value, and then decrease from the maximum value to zero. As the magnetic flux changes, the change of the first electric signal may also take on a specific change trend. When the change trend of the first electric signal meets the first preset model, it indicates that the electronic component is fully connected to the electronic device.

    [0164] It should be noted that the first preset model in the embodiment of the present invention may be a coordinates diagram of the change of the first electric signal, or may be a line graph of a change rate of the first electric signal, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0165] Specifically, if the change of the first electric signal meets the first preset model, the electronic device reads the identification information of the target connection component, and then compares the read identification information with a pre-stored preset identifier. If the read identification information is the same as the preset identifier, it indicates that the target connection component is an authorized target connection component; conversely, it indicates that the target connection component is not authorized.

    [0166] S203. If the identification information of the target connection component is different from the preset identifier, the electronic device drives the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0167] Specifically, if the electronic device determines that the identification information of the target connection component is different from the preset identifier, it indicates that the target connection component is an unauthorized or invalid target connection component, and therefore, the processor in the electronic device generates a second control signal. Under an effect of the second control signal, the electronic device is disconnected from the electronic component, thereby avoiding that an unauthorized target connection component is connected to the electronic device and is used normally, and ensuring security of the electronic device.

    [0168] Further, the coil generates a third electric signal according to the second control signal, and generates a second magnetic field by using the third electric signal, where a magnetic force of the second magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0169] The third electric signal may be a current or a voltage, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention. Specifically, a direction of the current or a positive or negative pole of the voltage may be determined according to the Lenz's law.

    [0170] It may be understood that because the magnetic force of the second magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device, according to same-pole repelling in a magnetic field, it can be learned that pole distribution of the second magnetic field is as follows: Poles that are of the electronic component and disposed opposite the electronic device have same magnetism.

    [0171] For example, as shown in FIG. 7, pole distribution of a permanent magnet apparatus is that the left end is an N pole, and the right end is an S pole. In FIG. 7, E represents the permanent magnet apparatus. Distribution of a first magnetic field is represented by arrowed solid lines, A represents an electronic device, c represents a magnetic medium, and a represents a coil. After generating a second control signal, a processor drives the coil to generate a third electric signal. In FIG. 7, a current is used to represent the third electric signal, and a direction of the current is the direction indicated on the coil in FIG. 7. From a phenomenon that a current generates a magnetic field, it can be learned that after the coil generates the third electric signal, a second magnetic field may be generated around the coil. According to the Lenz's law, it can be determined that poles of the second magnetic field are that the right end is the N pole, and the left end is the S pole. Distribution of the second magnetic field is represented by arrowed dashed lines in FIG. 7. Because the right end of the second magnetic field is the N pole and the left end of the first magnetic field is the N pole, the electronic component is disconnected from the electronic device under an effect of a magnetic force.

    [0172] Further, in order to determine whether the electronic component is fully disconnected from the electronic device, the electronic device further needs to detect whether a change of the third electric signal in the coil meets a second preset model, and if the change of the second electric signal meets the second preset model, the electronic device drives the coil to stop generating the third electric signal.

    [0173] The second preset model in the embodiment of the present invention may be a coordinates diagram of the change of the third electric signal, or may be a line graph of a change rate of the third electric signal, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0174] Specifically, no matter how many target connection components are included in the electronic component, processing that may be performed by the electronic device on the target connection components are the same processing; and the electronic device determines whether identification information of a target connection component is the same as a preset identifier, where the preset identifier is an identifier corresponding to the target connection component. So long as determining that the identifier of the target connection component is different from the preset identifier, the electronic device drives the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0175] For example, if the electronic device is a mobile phone on which no SIM card is installed and the electronic component is a slot with a permanent magnet characteristic, the slot can accommodate a SIM card. Identification information of the SIM card is an international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI, International Mobile Subscriber Identification Number).

    [0176] Optionally, in an application scenario in which the mobile phone has only one slot port and the slot with a permanent magnet characteristic can accommodate only one SIM card, the processor in the mobile phone determines whether an international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI, International Mobile Subscriber Identification Number) of the SIM card accommodated in the slot is the same as a preset identifier. If the IMSI of the SIM card is different from the preset identifier, the processor drives the slot to be disconnected from the mobile phone, namely, the SIM accommodated in the slot cannot be used normally.

    [0177] Optionally, in an application scenario in which the mobile phone includes two slot ports, the slot with a permanent magnet characteristic can accommodate only one SIM card, and the mobile phone has two slots for accommodating a SIM card A and a SIM card B respectively, the processor in the mobile phone processes the two slots in the same way as the foregoing application scenario. When the processor in the mobile phone determines that an IMSI of the SIM card A is the same as a preset identifier thereof, the SIM card A can be used normally in the mobile phone. When the processor in the mobile phone determines that an IMSI of the SIM card B is different from a preset identifier thereof, the processor drives the slot, which accommodates the SIM card B, to be disconnected from the mobile phone, namely, the SIM card B cannot be used normally in the mobile phone.

    [0178] Optionally, in an application scenario in which the mobile phone includes one slot port and the slot with a permanent magnet characteristic can accommodate at least one SIM card, for example, the slot accommodates two SIM cards, the processor in the mobile phone separately determines whether IMSIs of the two SIM cards are the same as preset identifiers of the SIM cards. In a first possible implementation manner, if the IMSIs of both the SIM cards are the same as the preset identifiers, both the SIMs can be used normally in the mobile phone. In a second possible implementation manner, if the IMSI of one of the SIM cards is different from a preset identifier thereof, the processor in the mobile phone drives this slot to be disconnected from the mobile phone, so that neither of the SIM cards accommodated in the slot can be used normally. In a third possible implementation manner, if the IMSI of one of the SIM cards is different from a preset identifier thereof, the mobile phone may keep a state of connection between this slot and the mobile phone, and disables the SIM card whose IMSI is different from the preset identifier. That is, one of the SIM cards can be used normally, and the other SIM card cannot be used normally.

    [0179] S204. If the identification information of the target connection component is the same as the preset identifier, the electronic device keeps a state of connection to the electronic component.

    [0180] Specifically, if the electronic device determines that the identification information of the target connection component is the same as the preset identifier, it indicates that the target connection component is an authorized or valid target connection component, and therefore, the target connection component can be used normally after connecting to the electronic device, so that the electronic device keeps a state of connection to the electronic component.

    [0181] Further, as shown in FIG. 9, after the electronic device determines that the identification information of the target connection component is the same as the preset identifier, namely, after the electronic device completes S204, the electronic device may further complete S205. Specifically:
    S205. The electronic device generates a second electric signal, so that the electronic device generates a second magnetic field by using the second electric signal, where a magnetic force of the second magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be fixedly connected to the electronic device.

    [0182] Specifically, in order to make closer connection between the electronic device and the electronic component and prevent a communications fault problem caused by a loose connection between the electronic component and the electronic device, after the electronic device determines that the identification information of the target connection component is the same as the preset identifier, the electronic device generates a second electric signal that is used to make the electronic device be fixedly connected to the electronic component. The coil in the electronic device generates the second electric signal, and generates a second magnetic field by using the second electric signal. A magnetic force of the second magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be fixedly connected to the electronic device, namely, drive the electronic component to be more closely connected to the electronic device, which is equivalent to a lock-in state between the electronic component and the electronic device, thereby improving usage security of the electronic device.

    [0183] It should be noted that the second electric signal in the embodiment of the present invention may be a current or a voltage, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0184] The magnetic force of the second magnetic field generated by using the second electric signal is used to drive the electronic component to be fixedly connected to the electronic device, the first electric signal is generated according to the change of the magnetic flux of the first magnetic field, and the magnetic force of the first magnetic field is also used to drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device. From the Lenz's law, it can be learned that the first electric signal and the second electric signal have a same direction.

    [0185] It should be noted that S205 is an optional step. After the electronic device determines that the identification information of the target connection component is the same as the preset identifier, the electronic device and the electronic component may be further enabled to be fixedly connected to each other, or this step may not be performed, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0186] Further, as shown in FIG. 10, after the electronic device determines that the identification information of the target connection component is the same as the preset identifier, namely, after the electronic device completes S204, the electronic device may further complete S206 to S209. Specifically:
    S206. The electronic device obtains instruction information, where the instruction information is used to drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0187] Specifically, in the embodiment of the present invention, when a state of connection is kept between the electronic device and the electronic component, if a user proactively wants to disconnect the electronic component from the electronic device, the user uses the electronic device to enter instruction information that is used to drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device. Correspondingly, the electronic device obtains the instruction information.

    [0188] The instruction information entered by the user is information entered by the user by using an application on the electronic device, and the instruction information is used to drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device, and may be a secure digital password, or may be other related information such as a graphical password.

    [0189] The application refers to a computer program that is developed to complete one or more specific tasks and runs on an operating system. The application in the embodiment of the present invention is an application compatible with a system running on the electronic device.

    [0190] It should be noted that the system running on the electronic device may be an Android operating system, or may be another system such as an IOS, which is not limited by the embodiment of the present invention. Because the system running on the electronic device may be an Android operating system, or may be another system, a format of the application also changes with the system.

    [0191] For example, if the system running on the electronic device is an Android operating system, the application is an APK (Application Package File, application package file).

    [0192] The APK is an application installation file format on an Android operating system. Before being run on an Android device, code of an Android application needs to be compiled first, and then packed into a file identifiable by the Android operating system. This file format that can be identified and run by the Android operating system is APK. An APK file includes a compiled code file (.dex file), file resources (resources), file access (assets), certificates (certificates), and a manifest file (manifest file).

    [0193] S207. The electronic device determines whether the instruction information is the same as instruction verification information.

    [0194] Specifically, if the electronic device determines that the identification information of the target connection component is the same as the preset identifier, after the electronic device obtains the instruction information of the user, the electronic device reads and detects the instruction information, namely, the electronic device determines whether the instruction information is the same as the instruction verification information.

    [0195] For example, if the electronic device is a smartphone on which a SIM card is installed, an application A is installed on the smartphone, and secure digital password input is set in the application A, when the user uses the application A to enter a digital password that drives ejection of the SIM card slot of the mobile phone, the processor in the mobile phone determines whether the digital password entered by the user is the same as the instruction verification information.

    [0196] Further, the electronic device compares the read instruction information with the pre-stored instruction verification information. If the instruction information read by the electronic device is the same as the instruction verification information, the instruction information entered by the user is identified successfully, and the electronic device performs S208; or, if the instruction information read by the electronic device is different from the instruction verification information, the instruction information entered by the user is identified unsuccessfully, and the electronic device performs S209.

    [0197] S208. If the instruction information is the same as the instruction verification information, the electronic device drives the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0198] If the electronic device successfully identifies the instruction information entered by the user, it indicates that the electronic device is used by the user, and the user proactively wants to eject the target connection component; therefore, the electronic device drives the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0199] Specifically, after identifying the instruction information successfully, the electronic device generates a third electric signal, and generates a second magnetic field by using the third electric signal, where a magnetic force of the second magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device, thereby avoiding that an unauthorized target connection component is connected to the electronic device and is used normally, and ensuring security of the electronic device.

    [0200] In the prior art, a user can implement connection/disconnection between an electronic device and an electronic component by only triggering a mechanical lever, and further implement changing a target connection component in the electronic device; in the embodiment of the present invention, however, disconnection between an electronic component and an electronic device can be implemented only after the electronic device receives instruction information entered by a user and used to drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device and only after the electronic device identifies the instruction information. In this way, when the user does not enter correct instruction information, the user is unable to change a target connection component in the electronic device, thereby improving security of information in the electronic device.

    [0201] Further, in the prior art, if the target connection component is a data card or a memory card, when needing to take out the card in the electronic device, the user generally requires an additional tool (such as an ejector pin) to take out the card in the electronic device. Such a tool is generally small-sized and is generally not carried by the user along, which makes the user often feel much inconvenient when the user wants to take out the card in the electronic device; in the embodiment of the present invention, however, disconnection between the electronic device and the electronic component is implemented by means of program logic control, and the user no longer requires an additional tool for taking out the card in the electronic device, which facilitates operation of the user.

    [0202] S209. If the instruction information is different from the instruction verification information, the electronic device keeps a state of connection to the electronic component.

    [0203] If the electronic device does not successfully identify the instruction information entered by the user, a state of connection is still kept between the electronic device and the electronic component, so that the user is unable to change the target connection component in the electronic device, and security of information in the electronic device is improved.

    [0204] For example, if instruction verification information of a mobile phone of a user A is a secure verification code, in a scenario in which the mobile phone is stolen, a thief can take out a SIM in the mobile phone of the user A only by entering the secure verification code.

    [0205] This embodiment of the present invention provides a connection/disconnection method. An electronic device detects a change of a magnetic flux of a first magnetic field in the electronic device, and generates a first electric signal according to the change of the magnetic flux, where the first magnetic field is generated by an electronic component, a magnetic force of the first magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device, and the electronic component accommodates or is connected to a target connection component. From electromagnetic induction principles, it can be learned that the change of the magnetic flux of the first magnetic field in the electronic device may cause the electronic device to generate a first electric signal, where the first magnetic field is generated by the electronic component, and the change of the magnetic flux may cause a change of the first electric signal. If the change of the first electric signal meets a first preset model, the electronic device determines whether identification information of the target connection component is the same as a preset identifier, and if the identification information of the target connection component is different from the preset identifier, the electronic device drives the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0206] By using this solution, the electronic device completes, by means of program logic control, determining whether the target connection component accommodated in or connected to the electronic component has been authorized, namely, determining whether the identification information of the target connection component is the same as the preset identifier; if determining that the target connection component is not authorized, the electronic device drives the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device. In this way, it is ensured that an unauthorized target connection component cannot be normally used after the target connection component is connected to the electronic device, thereby improving security of the electronic device.

    Embodiment 6



    [0207] As shown in FIG. 11, this embodiment of the present invention provides an electronic device 1, which includes:

    a detection unit 10, configured to detect a change of a magnetic flux of a first magnetic field in the electronic device, where the first magnetic field is generated by an electronic component, a magnetic force of the first magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device, and the electronic component accommodates or is connected to a target connection component;

    a generation unit 11, configured to generate a first electric signal according to the change of the magnetic flux detected by the detection unit 10;

    a determining unit 12, configured to: if a change of the first electric signal generated by the generation unit 11 meets a first preset model, determine whether identification information of the target connection component is the same as a preset identifier; and

    a driving unit 13, configured to: if the determining unit 12 determines that the identification information of the target connection component is different from the preset identifier, drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.



    [0208] Further, the generation unit 11 is further configured to generate a second electric signal if the identification information is the same as the preset identifier, so that the electronic device generates a second magnetic field by using the second electric signal, where a magnetic force of the second magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be fixedly connected to the electronic device.

    [0209] Further, as shown in FIG. 12, the electronic device further includes an obtaining unit 14.

    [0210] The obtaining unit 14 is configured to obtain instruction information, where the instruction information is used to drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0211] Further, the driving unit 13 is further configured to: drive, according to the instruction information obtained by the obtaining unit 14, the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0212] Further, the determining unit 12 is further configured to determine whether the instruction information obtained by the obtaining unit 14 is the same as instruction verification information.

    [0213] Further, the driving unit 13 is specifically configured to: if the determining unit 12 determines that the instruction information is the same as the instruction verification information, drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0214] Further, the target connection component is a data card or a memory card, and the identification information of the target connection component is a serial number or an identity ID of the target connection component.

    [0215] The embodiment of the present invention provides an electronic device, which includes a detection unit, a generation unit, a determining unit, and a driving unit. The electronic device detects a change of a magnetic flux of a first magnetic field in the electronic device, and generates a first electric signal according to the change of the magnetic flux, where the first magnetic field is generated by an electronic component, a magnetic force of the first magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device, and the electronic component accommodates or is connected to a target connection component. From electromagnetic induction principles, it can be learned that the change of the magnetic flux of the first magnetic field in the electronic device may cause the electronic device to generate a first electric signal, where the first magnetic field is generated by the electronic component, and the change of the magnetic flux may cause a change of the first electric signal. If the change of the first electric signal meets a first preset model, the electronic device determines whether identification information of the target connection component is the same as a preset identifier, and if the identification information of the target connection component is different from the preset identifier, the electronic device drives the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.

    [0216] By using this solution, the electronic device completes, by means of program logic control, determining whether the target connection component accommodated in or connected to the electronic component has been authorized, namely, determining whether the identification information of the target connection component is the same as the preset identifier; if determining that the target connection component is not authorized, the electronic device drives the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device. In this way, it is ensured that an unauthorized target connection component cannot be normally used after the target connection component is connected to the electronic device, thereby improving security of the electronic device.

    Embodiment 7



    [0217] As shown in FIG. 13, this embodiment of the present invention provides an electronic component 2, which includes:

    a permanent magnet unit 20, configured to generate a first magnetic field, where a magnetic force of the first magnetic field is used to: when the electronic component is being connected to an electronic device, drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device; and

    an input/output unit 21, configured to be connected to a target connection component, where the target connection component is used by the electronic device to perform communication or used to perform data transmission with the electronic device.



    [0218] Further, the target connection component is a data card or a memory card.

    [0219] The embodiment of the present invention provides an electronic component, and the electronic component includes a permanent magnet unit and an input/output unit. The permanent magnet unit is configured to generate a first magnetic field, where a magnetic force of the first magnetic field is used to: when the electronic component is being connected to an electronic device, drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device. According to this solution, the electronic component includes the permanent magnet unit, and the permanent magnet apparatus can implement connection/disconnection between the electronic component and the electronic device by means of a magnetic force.

    [0220] It may be clearly understood by a person skilled in the art that, for the purpose of convenient and brief description, division of the foregoing functional modules is taken as an example for illustration. In actual application, the foregoing functions can be allocated to different functional modules and implemented according to a requirement, that is, an inner structure of an apparatus is divided into different functional modules to implement all or some of the functions described above. For a detailed working process of the foregoing system, apparatus, and unit, reference may be made to a corresponding process in the foregoing method embodiments, and details are not described herein again.

    [0221] In the several embodiments provided in the present application, it should be understood that the disclosed system, apparatus, and method may be implemented in other manners. For example, the described apparatus embodiment is merely exemplary. For example, the module or unit division is merely logical function division and may be other division in actual implementation. For example, a plurality of units or components may be combined or integrated into another system, or some features may be ignored or not performed. In addition, the displayed or discussed mutual couplings or direct couplings or communication connections may be implemented by using some interfaces. The indirect couplings or communication connections between the apparatuses or units may be implemented in electronic, mechanical, or other forms.

    [0222] The units described as separate parts may or may not be physically separate, and parts displayed as units may or may not be physical units, may be located in one position, or may be distributed on a plurality of network units. Some or all of the units may be selected according to actual needs to achieve the objectives of the solutions of the embodiments.

    [0223] In addition, functional units in the embodiments of the present invention may be integrated into one processing unit, or each of the units may exist alone physically, or two or more units are integrated into one unit. The integrated unit may be implemented in a form of hardware, or may be implemented in a form of a software functional unit.

    [0224] When the integrated unit is implemented in the form of a software functional unit and sold or used as an independent product, the integrated unit may be stored in a computer-readable storage medium. Based on such an understanding, the technical solutions of the present invention essentially, or the part contributing to the prior art, or all or some of the technical solutions may be implemented in the form of a software product. The computer software product is stored in a storage medium and includes several instructions for instructing a computer device (which may be a personal computer, a server, or a network device) or a processor (processor) to perform all or some of the steps of the methods described in the embodiments of the present invention. The foregoing storage medium includes: any medium that can store program code, such as a USB flash drive, a removable hard disk, a read-only memory (ROM, Read-Only Memory), a random access memory (RAM, Random Access Memory), a magnetic disk, or an optical disc.

    [0225] The foregoing descriptions are merely specific implementation manners of the present invention, but are not intended to limit the protection scope of the present invention. Any variation or replacement readily figured out by a person skilled in the art within the technical scope disclosed in the present invention shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. An electronic device, comprising a magnetic medium (10), a coil (11) that encircles a side of the magnetic medium (10), and a processor (12) connected to both ends of the coil (11), wherein
    the magnetic medium (10) is configured to: when the electronic device detects connection of an electronic component, be magnetized by a first magnetic field generated by the electronic component, and be connected to the electronic component under an effect of a magnetic force of the first magnetic field, wherein the electronic component accommodates or is connected to a target connection component;
    the coil (11) is configured to: under an effect of the first magnetic field, generate a first electric signal according to a change of a magnetic flux in the coil (11), wherein the first electric signal is used to drive the processor (12) to determine whether identification information of the target connection component accommodated in or connected to the electronic component is the same as a preset identifier; and
    the processor (12) is configured to detect the change of the magnetic flux; and is further configured to: if a change of the first electric signal induced by the magnetic flux meets a first preset model, wherein the first preset model is a coordinates diagram of the change of the first electric signal, or a line graph of a change rate of the first electric signal, determine whether the identification information of the target connection component is the same as the preset identifier; and is further configured to: if the identification information of the target connection component is different from the preset identifier, drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device; wherein
    the processor (12) is specifically configured to: if the identification information is different from the preset identifier, generate a second control signal; and
    the coil (11) is specifically configured to generate a third electric signal according to the second control signal, and generate the second magnetic field by using the third electric signal, wherein the magnetic force of the second magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device; and wherein
    the processor (12) is further configured to detect whether a change of the third electric signal meets a second preset model, wherein the second preset model is a coordinates diagram of the change of the first electric signal, or a line graph of a change rate of the first electric signal, and if the change of the third electric signal meets the second preset model, drive the coil (11) to stop generating the third electric signal.
     
    2. The electronic device according to claim 1, wherein
    the processor (12) is further configured to: if the identification information is the same as the preset identifier, generate a first control signal; and
    the coil (11) is specifically configured to generate a second electric signal according to the first control signal, and generate a second magnetic field by using the second electric signal, wherein a magnetic force of the second magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be fixedly connected to the electronic device.
     
    3. The electronic device according to claim 2, wherein
    the processor (12) is further configured to obtain instruction information, wherein the instruction information is used to drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device; and
    the processor (12) is further configured to: after obtaining the instruction information, drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.
     
    4. The electronic device according to claim 3, wherein
    the processor (12) is further configured to: after obtaining the instruction information, determine whether the instruction information is the same as instruction verification information; and
    that the processor (12) is further configured to: after obtaining the instruction information, drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device comprises:
    the processor (12) is further configured to: if the instruction information is the same as the instruction verification information, drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.
     
    5. The electronic device according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein
    the target connection component is a data card or a memory card, and the identification information of the target connection component is a serial number or an identity ID of the target connection component.
     
    6. User equipment, comprising at least the electronic device according to any one of claims 1 to 5 and an electronic component, the electronic component comprising a permanent magnet apparatus (21) that comprises an electronic interface (20), wherein
    the permanent magnet apparatus (21) is configured to generate a first magnetic field, wherein a magnetic force of the first magnetic field is used to: when the electronic component is being connected to an electronic device, drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device; and
    the electronic interface (20) is configured to be connected to a target connection component, wherein the target connection component is used by the electronic device to perform communication or used to perform data transmission with the electronic device.
     
    7. The user equipment according to claim 6, wherein
    the electronic interface is a slot, and the slot is rigidly connected to the permanent magnet apparatus.
     
    8. The user equipment according to claim 6 or 7, wherein
    the target connection component is a data card or a memory card.
     
    9. A connection/disconnection method, comprising:

    detecting (S101), by an electronic device, a change of a magnetic flux of a first magnetic field in the electronic device, and generating by a coil (11) of the electronic device a first electric signal according to the change of the magnetic flux in the coil (11), wherein the first magnetic field is generated by an electronic component, a magnetic force of the first magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be connected to the electronic device, and the electronic component is connected to a target connection component;

    if a change of the first electric signal induced by the magnetic flux meets a first preset model, wherein the first preset model is a coordinates diagram of the change of the first electric signal, or a line graph of a change rate of the first electric signal, determining (S102), by the electronic device, whether identification information of the target connection component is the same as a preset identifier; and

    if the identification information of the target connection component is different from the preset identifier, driving (S103), by the electronic device, the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device;

    wherein the driving the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device comprises:

    generating, by the coil (11), a third electric signal according to the second control signal, and generating the second magnetic field by using the third electric signal, wherein the magnetic force of the second magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device; and

    detecting , by the electronic device, whether a change of the third electric signal meets a second preset model, wherein the second preset model is a coordinates diagram of the change of the first electric signal, or a line graph of a change rate of the first electric signal, and if the change of the third electric signal meets the second preset model, driving the coil to stop generating the third electric signal.


     
    10. The connection/disconnection method according to claim 9, wherein the method further comprises:
    generating (S205), by the electronic device, a second electric signal if the identification information is the same as the preset identifier, so that the electronic device generates a second magnetic field by using the second electric signal, wherein a magnetic force of the second magnetic field is used to drive the electronic component to be fixedly connected to the electronic device.
     
    11. The connection/disconnection method according to claim 10, wherein the method further comprises:

    obtaining instruction information (S206), wherein the instruction information is used to drive the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device; and

    driving (S208), according to the instruction information, the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.


     
    12. The connection/disconnection method according to claim 11, wherein the method further comprises:

    determining (S207) whether the instruction information is the same as instruction verification information; and

    the driving (S208), according to the instruction information, the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device comprises:
    if the instruction information is the same as the instruction verification information, driving (S208)the electronic component to be disconnected from the electronic device.


     
    13. The connection/disconnection method according to any one of claims 9 to 12, wherein the target connection component is a data card or a memory card, and the identification information of the target connection component is a serial number or an identity ID of the target connection component.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Elektronische Vorrichtung, die ein magnetisches Medium (10), eine Spule (11), die eine Seite des magnetischen Mediums (10) umgibt, und einen mit beiden Enden der Spule (11) verbundenen Prozessor (12) umfasst,
    wobei das magnetische Medium (10) für Folgendes ausgelegt ist: wenn die elektronische Vorrichtung eine Verbindung einer elektronischen Komponente erkennt, durch ein erstes Magnetfeld magnetisiert zu werden, das von der elektronischen Komponente erzeugt wird, und unter einem Effekt einer Magnetkraft des ersten Magnetfelds mit der elektronischen Komponente verbunden zu werden, wobei die elektronische Komponente eine Zielverbindungskomponente beherbergt oder damit verbunden ist;
    die Spule (11) für Folgendes ausgelegt ist: unter einem Effekt des ersten Magnetfelds ein erstes elektrisches Signal gemäß einer Änderung eines Magnetflusses in der Spule (11) zu erzeugen, wobei das erste elektrische Signal verwendet wird, um den Prozessor (12) anzusteuern, um zu bestimmen, ob Identifikationsinformationen der Zielverbindungskomponente, die in der elektronischen Komponente beherbergt oder damit verbunden ist, mit einem voreingestellten Identifikator identisch sind; und
    der Prozessor (12) dazu ausgelegt ist, die Änderung des Magnetflusses zu erkennen; und ferner für Folgendes ausgelegt ist: falls eine Änderung des ersten elektrischen Signals, induziert durch den Magnetfluss, ein erstes Vorgabemodell erfüllt, wobei das erste Vorgabemodell ein Koordinatendiagramm der Änderung des ersten elektrischen Signals oder ein Liniendiagramm einer Änderungsrate des ersten elektrischen Signals ist, Bestimmen, ob die Identifikationsinformationen der Zielverbindungskomponente mit dem voreingestellten Identifikator identisch sind; und ferner für Folgendes ausgelegt ist: falls die Identifikationsinformationen der Zielverbindungskomponente von dem voreingestellten Identifikator abweichen, Ansteuern der elektronischen Komponente, um von der elektronischen Vorrichtung getrennt zu werden; wobei
    der Prozessor (12) speziell für Folgendes ausgelegt ist: falls die Identifikationsinformationen von dem voreingestellten Identifikator abweichen, ein zweites Steuersignal zu erzeugen; und
    die Spule (11) speziell dazu ausgelegt ist, ein drittes elektrisches Signal gemäß dem zweiten Steuersignal zu erzeugen, und das zweite Magnetfeld durch Verwenden des dritten elektrischen Signals zu erzeugen, wobei die Magnetkraft des zweiten Magnetfelds verwendet wird, um die elektronische Komponente anzusteuern, um von der elektronischen Vorrichtung getrennt zu werden; und wobei
    der Prozessor (12) ferner dazu ausgelegt ist zu erkennen, ob eine Änderung des dritten elektrischen Signals ein zweites Vorgabemodell erfüllt, wobei das zweite Vorgabemodell ein Koordinatendiagramm der Änderung des ersten elektrischen Signals oder ein Liniendiagramm einer Änderungsrate des ersten elektrischen Signals ist, und falls die Änderung des dritten elektrischen Signals das zweite Vorgabemodell erfüllt, die Spule (11) anzusteuern, um die Erzeugung des dritten elektrischen Signals zu stoppen.
     
    2. Elektronische Vorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei
    der Prozessor (12) ferner für Folgendes ausgelegt ist: falls die Identifikationsinformationen mit dem voreingestellten Identifikator identisch sind, Erzeugen eines ersten Steuersignals; und
    die Spule (11) speziell dazu ausgelegt ist, ein zweites elektrisches Signal gemäß dem ersten Steuersignal zu erzeugen, und ein zweites Magnetfeld durch Verwenden des zweiten elektrischen Signals zu erzeugen, wobei eine Magnetkraft des zweiten Magnetfelds verwendet wird, um die elektronische Komponente anzusteuern, um fest mit der elektronischen Vorrichtung verbunden zu werden.
     
    3. Elektronische Vorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 2, wobei
    der Prozessor (12) ferner dazu ausgelegt ist, Anweisungsinformationen zu erhalten, wobei die Anweisungsinformationen verwendet werden, um die elektronische Komponente anzusteuern, um von der elektronischen Vorrichtung getrennt zu werden; und
    der Prozessor (12) ferner für Folgendes ausgelegt ist: nach dem Erhalten der Anweisungsinformationen die elektronische Komponente anzusteuern, um von der elektronischen Vorrichtung getrennt zu werden.
     
    4. Elektronische Vorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 3, wobei
    der Prozessor (12) ferner für Folgendes ausgelegt ist: nach dem Erhalten der Anweisungsinformationen zu bestimmen, ob die Anweisungsinformationen mit den Anweisungsverifizierungsinformationen identisch sind; und
    dass der Prozessor (12) ferner für Folgendes ausgelegt ist: nach dem Erhalten der Anweisungsinformationen, Ansteuern der elektronischen Komponente, um von der elektronischen Vorrichtung getrennt zu werden, Folgendes umfasst:
    der Prozessor (12) ist ferner für Folgendes ausgelegt: falls die Anweisungsinformationen mit den Anweisungsverifizierungsinformationen identisch sind, Ansteuern der elektronischen Komponente, um von der elektronischen Vorrichtung getrennt zu werden.
     
    5. Elektronische Vorrichtung gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei die Zielverbindungskomponente eine Datenkarte oder eine Speicherkarte ist, und die Identifikationsinformationen der Zielverbindungskomponente eine Seriennummer oder eine Identitätskennung der Zielverbindungskomponente ist.
     
    6. Benutzergerät, das mindestens die elektronische Vorrichtung gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5 und eine elektronische Komponente umfasst, wobei die elektronische Komponente eine Permanentmagnetvorrichtung (21) umfasst, die eine elektronische Schnittstelle (20) aufweist, wobei die Permanentmagnetvorrichtung (21) dazu ausgelegt ist, ein erstes Magnetfeld zu erzeugen, wobei eine Magnetkraft des ersten Magnetfelds für Folgendes verwendet wird: wenn die elektronische Komponente mit einer elektronischen Vorrichtung verbunden ist, Ansteuern der elektronischen Komponente, mit der elektronischen Vorrichtung verbunden zu werden; und
    die elektronische Schnittstelle (20) dazu ausgelegt ist, mit einer Zielverbindungskomponente verbunden zu werden, wobei die Zielverbindungskomponente von der elektronischen Vorrichtung verwendet wird, um Kommunikation durchzuführen, oder verwendet wird, um Datenübertragung mit der elektronischen Vorrichtung durchzuführen.
     
    7. Benutzergerät gemäß Anspruch 6, wobei
    die elektronische Schnittstelle ein Steckplatz ist und der Steckplatz starr mit der Permanentmagnetvorrichtung verbunden ist.
     
    8. Benutzergerät gemäß Anspruch 6 oder 7, wobei
    die Zielverbindungskomponente eine Datenkarte oder eine Speicherkarte ist.
     
    9. Verbindungs-/Trennungsverfahren, das Folgendes umfasst:

    Erkennen (S101), durch eine elektronische Vorrichtung, einer Änderung eines Magnetflusses eines ersten Magnetfelds in der elektronischen Vorrichtung, und Erzeugen, durch eine Spule (11) der elektronischen Vorrichtung, eines ersten elektrischen Signals gemäß der Änderung des Magnetflusses in der Spule (11),

    wobei das erste Magnetfeld durch eine elektronische Komponente erzeugt wird, eine Magnetkraft des ersten Magnetfelds verwendet wird, die elektronische Komponente anzusteuern, um mit der elektronischen Vorrichtung verbunden zu werden, und die elektronische Komponente mit einer Zielverbindungskomponente verbunden ist;

    falls eine Änderung des ersten elektrischen Signals, induziert durch den Magnetfluss, ein erstes Vorgabemodell erfüllt, wobei das erste Vorgabemodell ein Koordinatendiagramm der Änderung des ersten elektrischen Signals oder ein Liniendiagramm einer Änderungsrate des ersten elektrischen Signals ist, Bestimmen (S102), durch die elektronische Vorrichtung, ob Identifikationsinformationen der Zielverbindungskomponente mit einem voreingestellten Identifikator identisch sind; und

    falls die Identifikationsinformationen der Zielverbindungskomponente von dem voreingestellten Identifikator abweichen, Ansteuern (S103), durch die elektronische Vorrichtung, der elektronischen Komponente, um von der elektronischen Vorrichtung getrennt zu werden;

    wobei das Ansteuern der elektronischen Komponente, um von der elektronischen Vorrichtung getrennt zu werden, Folgendes umfasst:

    Erzeugen, durch die Spule (11), eines dritten elektrischen Signals gemäß dem zweiten Steuersignal, und Erzeugen des zweiten Magnetfelds durch Verwenden des dritten elektrischen Signals, wobei die Magnetkraft des zweiten Magnetfelds verwendet wird, um die elektronische Komponente anzusteuern, um von der elektronischen Vorrichtung getrennt zu werden; und

    Erkennen, durch die elektronische Vorrichtung, ob eine Änderung des dritten elektrischen Signals ein zweites Vorgabemodell erfüllt, wobei das zweite Vorgabemodell ein Koordinatendiagramm der Änderung des ersten elektrischen Signals oder ein Liniendiagramm einer Änderungsrate des ersten elektrischen Signals ist, und falls die Änderung des dritten elektrischen Signals das zweite Vorgabemodell erfüllt, Ansteuern der Spule, um die Erzeugung des dritten elektrischen Signals zu stoppen.


     
    10. Verbindungs-/Trennungsverfahren gemäß Anspruch 9, wobei das Verfahren ferner Folgendes umfasst:
    Erzeugen (S205), durch die elektronische Vorrichtung, eines zweiten elektrischen Signals, falls die Identifikationsinformationen mit dem voreingestellten Identifikator identisch sind, so dass die elektronische Vorrichtung ein zweites Magnetfeld durch Verwenden des zweiten elektrischen Signals erzeugt, wobei eine Magnetkraft des zweiten Magnetfelds verwendet wird, um die elektronische Komponente anzusteuern, um fest mit der elektronischen Vorrichtung verbunden zu werden.
     
    11. Verbindungs-/Trennungsverfahren gemäß Anspruch 10, wobei das Verfahren ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    Erhalten von Anweisungsinformationen (S206), wobei die Anweisungsinformationen verwendet werden, um die elektronische Komponente anzusteuern, um von der elektronischen Vorrichtung getrennt zu werden; und

    Ansteuern (S208), gemäß den Anweisungsinformationen, der elektronischen Komponente, um von der elektronischen Vorrichtung getrennt zu werden.


     
    12. Verbindungs-/Trennungsverfahren gemäß Anspruch 11, wobei das Verfahren ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    Bestimmen (S207), ob die Anweisungsinformationen mit den Anweisungsverifizierungsinformationen identisch sind; und

    das Ansteuern (S208), gemäß den Anweisungsinformationen, der elektronischen Komponente, um von der elektronischen Vorrichtung getrennt zu werden, Folgendes umfasst:
    falls die Anweisungsinformationen mit den Anweisungsverifizierungsinformationen identisch sind, Ansteuern (S208) der elektronischen Komponente, um von der elektronischen Vorrichtung getrennt zu werden.


     
    13. Verbindungs-/Trennungsverfahren gemäß einem der Ansprüche 9 bis 12, wobei die Zielverbindungskomponente eine Datenkarte oder eine Speicherkarte ist, und die Identifikationsinformationen der Zielverbindungskomponente eine Seriennummer oder eine Identitätskennung der Zielverbindungskomponente ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif électronique, comprenant un support magnétique (10), une bobine (11) qui entoure un côté du support magnétique (10), et un processeur (12) connecté aux deux extrémités de la bobine (11), dans lequel
    le support magnétique (10) est configuré pour : lorsque le dispositif électronique détecte la connexion d'un composant électronique, être aimanté par un premier champ magnétique généré par le composant électronique, et être connecté au composant électronique sous l'effet d'une force magnétique du premier champ magnétique, le composant électronique logeant ou étant connecté à un composant de connexion cible ;
    la bobine (11) est configurée pour: sous l'effet du premier champ magnétique, générer un premier signal électrique en fonction d'une variation d'un flux magnétique dans la bobine (11), le premier signal électrique étant utilisé pour piloter le processeur (12) pour qu'il détermine si une information d'identification du composant de connexion cible logé dans le composant électronique ou connecté à celui-ci est identique à un identifiant prédéfini ; et
    le processeur (12) est configuré pour détecter la variation du flux magnétique ; et est également configuré pour : si une variation du premier signal électrique induit par le flux magnétique satisfait à un premier modèle prédéfini, le premier modèle prédéfini étant un diagramme de coordonnées de la variation du premier signal électrique, ou un graphique linéaire d'une vitesse de variation du premier signal électrique, déterminer si l'information d'identification du composant de connexion cible est identique à l'identifiant prédéfini ; et est également configuré pour : si l'information d'identification du composant de connexion cible est différente de l'identifiant prédéfini, piloter le composant électronique pour qu'il se déconnecte du dispositif électronique ; dans lequel
    le processeur (12) est spécifiquement configuré pour: si l'information d'identification est différente de l'identifiant prédéfini, générer un deuxième signal de commande ; et
    la bobine (11) est spécifiquement configurée pour générer un troisième signal électrique en fonction du deuxième signal de commande, et générer le deuxième champ magnétique au moyen du troisième signal électrique, la force magnétique du deuxième champ magnétique servant à piloter le composant électronique pour qu'il se déconnecte du dispositif électronique ; et dans lequel
    le processeur (12) est également configuré pour détecter si une variation du troisième signal électrique satisfait à un deuxième modèle prédéfini, le deuxième modèle prédéfini étant un diagramme de coordonnées de la variation du premier signal électrique, ou un graphique linéaire d'une vitesse de variation du premier signal électrique, et si la variation du troisième signal électrique satisfait au deuxième modèle prédéfini, piloter la bobine (11) de façon à arrêter la génération du troisième signal électrique.
     
    2. Dispositif électronique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le processeur (12) est également configuré pour : si l'information d'identification est identique à l'identifiant prédéfini, générer un premier signal de commande ; et la bobine (11) est spécifiquement configurée pour générer un deuxième signal électrique en fonction du premier signal de commande, et générer un deuxième champ magnétique au moyen du deuxième signal électrique, une force magnétique du deuxième champ magnétique servant à piloter le composant électronique pour qu'il se connecte de façon fixe au dispositif électronique.
     
    3. Dispositif électronique selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le processeur (12) est également configuré pour obtenir une information d'instruction, l'information d'instruction servant à piloter le composant électronique pour qu'il se déconnecte du dispositif électronique ; et
    le processeur (12) est également configuré pour : après l'obtention de l'information d'instruction, piloter le composant électronique pour qu'il se déconnecte du dispositif électronique.
     
    4. Dispositif électronique selon la revendication 3, dans lequel le processeur (12) est également configuré pour : après l'obtention de l'information d'instruction, déterminer si l'information d'instruction est identique à une information de vérification d'instruction ; et
    le fait que le processeur (12) soit également configuré pour : après l'obtention de l'information d'instruction, piloter le composant électronique pour qu'il se déconnecte du dispositif électronique, comprend l'étape suivante :
    le processeur (12) est également configuré pour : si l'information d'instruction est identique à l'information de vérification d'instruction, piloter le composant électronique pour qu'il se déconnecte du dispositif électronique.
     
    5. Dispositif électronique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel le composant de connexion cible est une carte de données ou une carte mémoire, et l'information d'identification du composant de connexion cible est un numéro de série ou une identité ID du composant de connexion cible.
     
    6. Équipement d'utilisateur, comprenant au moins le dispositif électronique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5 et un composant électronique, le composant électronique comprenant un appareil à aimant permanent (21) qui comprend une interface électronique (20), dans lequel
    l'appareil à aimant permanent (21) est configuré pour générer un premier champ magnétique, une force magnétique du premier champ magnétique étant utilisée pour :

    lorsque le composant électronique est connecté à un dispositif électronique, piloter le composant électronique pour qu'il se connecte au dispositif électronique ; et

    l'interface électronique (20) est configurée pour être connectée à un composant de connexion cible, le composant de connexion cible étant utilisé par le dispositif électronique pour effectuer une communication ou utilisé pour effectuer une transmission de données avec le dispositif électronique.


     
    7. Équipement d'utilisateur selon la revendication 6, dans lequel l'interface électronique est un logement de connexion, le logement de connexion étant connecté de façon rigide à l'appareil à aimant permanent.
     
    8. Équipement d'utilisateur selon la revendication 6 ou 7, dans lequel le composant de connexion cible est une carte de données ou une carte mémoire.
     
    9. Procédé de connexion/déconnexion, comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    détecter (S101), par un dispositif électronique, une variation d'un flux magnétique d'un premier champ magnétique dans le dispositif électronique, et générer, par une bobine (11) du dispositif électronique,

    un premier signal électrique en fonction d'une variation d'un flux magnétique dans la bobine (11),

    le premier champ magnétique étant généré par un composant électronique, une force magnétique du premier champ magnétique servant à piloter le composant électronique pour qu'il se connecte au dispositif électronique, et le composant électronique étant connecté à un composant de connexion cible ;

    si une variation du premier signal électrique induit par le flux magnétique satisfait à un premier modèle prédéfini, le premier modèle prédéfini étant un diagramme de coordonnées de la variation du premier signal électrique, ou un graphique linéaire d'une vitesse de variation du premier signal électrique, déterminer (S102), par le dispositif électronique, si l'information d'identification du composant de connexion cible est identique à un identifiant prédéfini ; et

    si l'information d'identification du composant de connexion cible est différente de l'identifiant prédéfini, piloter (S103), par le dispositif électronique, le composant électronique pour qu'il se déconnecte du dispositif électronique ;

    le pilotage du composant électronique pour qu'il se déconnecte du dispositif électronique comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    générer, par la bobine (11), un troisième signal électrique en fonction du deuxième signal de commande, et générer le deuxième champ magnétique au moyen du troisième signal électrique, la force magnétique du deuxième champ magnétique servant à piloter le composant électronique pour qu'il se déconnecte du dispositif électronique ; et

    détecter, par le dispositif électronique, si une variation du troisième signal électrique satisfait à un deuxième modèle prédéfini, le deuxième modèle prédéfini étant un diagramme de coordonnées de la variation du premier signal électrique, ou un graphique linéaire d'une vitesse de variation du premier signal électrique, et si la variation du troisième signal électrique satisfait au deuxième modèle prédéfini, piloter la bobine de façon à arrêter la génération du troisième signal électrique.


     
    10. Procédé de connexion/déconnexion selon la revendication 9, le procédé comprenant également l'étape consistant à :
    générer (S205), par le dispositif électronique, un deuxième signal électrique si l'information d'identification est identique à l'identifiant prédéfini, afin que le dispositif électronique génère un deuxième champ magnétique au moyen du deuxième signal électrique, une force magnétique du deuxième champ magnétique servant à piloter le composant électronique pour qu'il se connecte de façon fixe au dispositif électronique.
     
    11. Procédé de connexion/déconnexion selon la revendication 10, le procédé comprenant également les étapes consistant à :

    obtenir une information d'instruction (S206), l'information d'instruction servant à piloter le composant électronique pour qu'il se déconnecte du dispositif électronique ; et

    piloter (S208), en fonction de l'information d'instruction, le composant électronique pour qu'il se déconnecte du dispositif électronique.


     
    12. Procédé de connexion/déconnexion selon la revendication 11, le procédé comprenant également l'étape consistant à :

    déterminer (S207) si l'information d'instruction est identique à une information de vérification d'instruction ; et

    le pilotage (S208), en fonction de l'information d'instruction, du composant électronique pour qu'il se déconnecte du dispositif électronique comprenant l'étape consistant à :
    si l'information d'instruction est identique à l'information de vérification d'instruction, piloter (S208) le composant électronique pour qu'il se déconnecte du dispositif électronique.


     
    13. Procédé de connexion/déconnexion selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 12, dans lequel le composant de connexion cible est une carte de données ou une carte mémoire, et l'information d'identification du composant de connexion cible est un numéro de série ou une identité ID du composant de connexion cible.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description