(19)
(11)EP 3 150 061 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
21.11.2018 Bulletin 2018/47

(21)Application number: 16190919.7

(22)Date of filing:  27.09.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A01F 15/08(2006.01)
A01D 85/00(2006.01)

(54)

HYDRAULIC SYSTEM WITH AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT AND METHOD FOR SUCH

HYDRAULISCHES SYSTEM MIT LANDWIRTSCHAFTLICHER AUSRÜSTUNG UND VERFAHREN DAFÜR

SYSTÈME HYDRAULIQUE POURVU D'UN ÉQUIPEMENT AGRICOLE ET PROCÉDÉ ASSOCIÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.09.2015 US 201562235456 P
29.04.2016 US 201615142790

(43)Date of publication of application:
05.04.2017 Bulletin 2017/14

(73)Proprietor: Deere & Company
Moline, IL 61265 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • Jones, Austin J
    Ottumwa, IA Iowa 52501 (US)
  • Anstey, Henry D
    Ottumwa, IA Iowa 52501-8822 (US)

(74)Representative: Holst, Sönke 
John Deere GmbH & Co. KG Mannheim Regional Center Global Intellectual Property Services John-Deere-Strasse 70
68163 Mannheim
68163 Mannheim (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 042 028
DE-A1- 2 851 117
US-A- 5 842 823
WO-A1-2013/049308
FR-A1- 2 679 732
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to a hydraulic alternating system for an agricultural baler.

    [0002] US 5843 823 A discloses a bale-accumulating trailer which is connectable to a baler for forming round bales of agricultural crop material. The trailer includes a fixed frame having a set of ground-engaging wheels, and a dumping frame pivotably mounted to the fixed frame for movement between a bale accumulating position and a bale dumping position in response to operation of a dumping cylinder assembly. A bale transfer mechanism functions to receive bales discharged from the baler and to place the formed bales onto the dumping frame. The bale transfer mechanism includes a carriage movable between a forward position and a rearward position in response to operation of a cylinder assembly. A bale receiver is mounted to the carriage, and is movable between a bale receiving position and an upright position in response to operation of a pair of cylinder assemblies. The bale receiver is positioned adjacent and below the discharge of the baler when the carriage is in its forward position, so that a bale from the baler is deposited on the bale receiver upon discharge from the baler. The formed bale is placed onto the dumping frame upon rearward movement of the carriage to a rearward position and movement of the bale receiver to an upright position.

    [0003] Bales carried by the dumping frame can then be deposited onto the ground by tilting the dumping frame relative to the fixed frame and moving the trailer forwardly.

    SUMMARY



    [0004] The present invention is directed to agricultural equipment including a hydraulic system as defined by claim 1. The agricultural equipment includes a baler coupled to an accumulator configured to support crop packages exiting the baler. The hydraulic system includes a selective control valve actuatable between a first position and a second position, a first hydraulic actuator operable to open and close a gate of the baler, and a second hydraulic actuator operable to move a crop package engagement member relative to the accumulator. The hydraulic system is configured such that in a first step the first hydraulic actuator opens the gate of the baler and the second hydraulic actuator moves the crop package engagement member in a first direction in response to movement of the selective control valve into the first position, in a second step the first hydraulic actuator closes the gate of the baler and the crop package engagement member remains in place in response to movement of the selective control valve into the second position, in a third step the first hydraulic actuator opens the gate of the baler and the second hydraulic actuator moves the crop package engagement member in a second direction opposite the first direction in response to movement of the selective control valve into the first position, and in a fourth step the first hydraulic actuator closes the gate of the baler and the crop package engagement member remains in place in response to movement of the selective control valve into the second position.

    [0005] The disclosure also provides a method of sorting product using a selective control valve actuated between a first position and a second position. The selective control valve is in hydraulic communication with a first hydraulic actuator operable to open and close a product barrier and in hydraulic communication with a second hydraulic actuator operable to move a product engagement member in opposing directions. The method includes moving the selective control valve into the first position, opening the product barrier via the first hydraulic actuator in response to moving the selective control valve into the
    first position, moving the selective control valve into the second position, closing the product barrier via the first hydraulic actuator in response to moving the selective control valve into the second position, moving the selective control valve again into the first position, opening the product barrier via the first hydraulic actuator in response to moving the selective control valve again into the first position, moving the product engagement member in a second direction opposite the first direction in response to moving the selective control valve again into the first position, moving the selective control valve again into the second position, and closing the product barrier via the first hydraulic actuator in response to moving the selective control valve again into the second position.

    [0006] In yet another aspect, the disclosure provides a hydraulic circuit including a selective control valve actuatable between a first position and a second position, a first hydraulic actuator operable to open and close a product barrier, and a second hydraulic actuator operable to move a product engagement member. The hydraulic circuit is configured such that in a first step the first hydraulic actuator opens the product barrier and the second hydraulic actuator moves the product engagement member in a first direction in response to movement of the selective control valve into the first position, in a second step the first hydraulic actuator closes the product barrier and the product engagement member remains in place in response to movement of the selective control valve into the second position, in a third step the first hydraulic actuator opens the product barrier and the second hydraulic actuator moves the product engagement member in a second direction opposite the first direction in response to movement of the selective control valve into the first position, and in a fourth step the first hydraulic actuator closes the product barrier and the product engagement member remains in place in response to movement of the selective control valve into the second position.

    [0007] Other aspects of the disclosure will become apparent by consideration of the detailed description and accompanying drawings.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0008] 

    FIG. 1 is a perspective view of agricultural equipment including a vehicle coupled to an agricultural baler and an accumulator according to an embodiment of the disclosure.

    FIG. 2 is a top perspective view of the accumulator of FIG. 1.

    FIG. 3 is a bottom partial perspective view of the accumulator of FIG. 1.

    FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a hydraulic system coupled to the agricultural equipment of FIG. 1.

    FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of the hydraulic system of FIG. 4 in a first configuration when a gate of the baler opens and a first crop package exits the baler.

    FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the baler and the accumulator with the first crop package located in a middle position on the accumulator.

    FIG. 7 is a perspective view of the baler and the accumulator with the first crop package located in a first side position on the accumulator.

    FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of the hydraulic system of FIG. 4 in a second configuration when the gate of the baler closes after the first crop package exits the baler.

    FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of the hydraulic system of FIG. 4 in a third configuration when the gate of the baler opens and a second crop package exits the baler.

    FIG. 10 is a perspective view of the baler and the accumulator with the second crop package located in the middle position on the accumulator.

    FIG. 11 is a perspective view of the baler and the accumulator with the second crop package located in a second side position on the accumulator.

    FIG. 12 is a schematic diagram of the hydraulic system of FIG. 4 in a fourth configuration when the gate of the baler closes after the second crop package exits the baler.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0009] Before any embodiments of the disclosure are explained in detail, it is to be understood that the disclosure is not limited in its application to the details of construction and the arrangement of components set forth in the following description or illustrated in the accompanying drawings. The disclosure is capable of supporting other embodiments and of being practiced or of being carried out in various ways.

    [0010] FIG. 1 illustrates certain agricultural equipment 10 including a tractor 14, a baler 18, and a crop package accumulator 22. The baler 18 (e.g., a crop packaging system) and the accumulator 22 (e.g., a crop package handling system) are both coupled to the tractor 14 to move the baler 18 and the accumulator 22 during an agricultural process (e.g., through an agricultural field). The tractor 14 also supplies operational power in the form of hydraulic, electrical, and/or mechanical power to the baler 18 and the accumulator 22. For example, a portion of a hydraulic control system is located within a cab 30 of the tractor 14 to actuate and operate components of the baler 18 and the accumulator 22, as discussed in detail below.

    [0011] The illustrated baler 18 is configured to produce cylindrical crop packages, e.g., round bales, from an agricultural field. For example, the baler 18 may produce crop packages from hay, corn stalks, and the like. In other embodiments, the baler 18 may produce cuboid crop packages, e.g., square bales. In the illustrated embodiment, the baler 18 includes a baler frame 38 to which a baler gate or a crop product barrier 42 is pivotally coupled about a first axis 46. The illustrated gate 42 is positionable between a closed position (FIG. 1) and an open position (FIG. 6) by gate hydraulic actuators 50, e.g., hydraulic cylinders. In other embodiments, the gate 42 may translate or slide between the closed position and the open position.

    [0012] With continued reference to FIGS. 1 and 2, the illustrated accumulator 22 is coupled to the baler frame 38 such that the baler 18 and the accumulator 22 are supported by common axles and related structure, e.g., wheels 54, although the accumulator can have its own dedicated axles, wheels, and other supporting structure. An accumulator frame 58 is pivotably coupled relative to the baler frame 38 about a second axis 62 and includes a middle frame portion 66, a first side frame portion 70, and a second side frame portion 74. The illustrated portions 66, 70, 74 define a bale carriage area 76 configured to support the crop packages (not shown in FIGS. 1 and 2). The middle frame portion 66 is positioned between the side frame portions 70, 74 with the side frame portions 70, 74 slidably extendable relative to the middle frame portion 66 parallel to a first direction arrow 78 and a second direction arrow 82. In other embodiments, the side frame portions 70, 74 may pivot relative to the middle frame portion 66 about an axis generally perpendicular to the second axis 62, e.g., the side frame portions 70, 74 fold into the middle frame portion 66, to achieve lateral movement of the side frame portions 70, 74.

    [0013] With reference to FIGS. 2 and 3, a bale moving mechanism 86 (e.g., a crop package engagement member) is illustrated as a plate member oriented substantially perpendicular to the second axis 62, is slidably coupled to the middle frame portion 66, and is slidable in the directions 78, 82. In other words, the bale moving mechanism 86 is movable in two opposing directions (e.g., left and right or up and down). The illustrated bale moving mechanism 86 includes a base 90 that extends below a platform 94 (shown in FIG. 1 but not shown in FIG. 2 for clarity of other components associated with the accumulator 22) of the middle frame portion 66, and is fixedly coupled to a linkage 98, e.g., a roller chain. In other embodiments, the linkage 98 may be another flexible linkage, e.g., a cable, rope, or the like. Both ends 102 (FIG. 3) of the linkage 98 are fixed relative to crop package hydraulic actuators 106, e.g., hydraulic cylinders, each including a sprocket 110 that engages the linkage 98. For example, a first crop package hydraulic actuator 106a is coupled to a first sprocket 110a, and a second crop package hydraulic actuator 106b is coupled to a second sprocket 110b. In the illustrated embodiment, the sprockets 110a, 110b uniformly move together in either direction 78, 82 via engagement between the linkage 98 and the sprockets 110a, 110b. Accordingly, extension of a hydraulic actuator 106a, 106b moves the sprocket 110a, 110b attached thereto in a first direction 78, which pulls the linkage 98 and therefore the base 90 and bale moving mechanism 86 in the same direction, and extension of the other hydraulic actuator 106b, 106a moves the sprocket 110b, 110a attached thereto in an opposite direction 82, which pulls the linkage 98 and therefore the base 90 and bale moving mechanism 86 in the same (opposite) direction 82. In other embodiments, the crop package hydraulic actuators 106a, 106b may be one hydraulic actuator that is able to move the sprockets 110a, 110b in either direction 78, 82.

    [0014] With reference to FIG. 4, a hydraulic control system or hydraulic circuit 26 is illustrated as a closed loop system. In the illustrated embodiment, the hydraulic control system 26 is operable by hydraulic fluid; however, in other embodiments, the control system 26 may be pneumatically operable. A hydraulic pump 114 and a hydraulic reservoir 118, which are associated with the tractor 14, are fluidly coupled to a first selective control valve 122. The first selective control valve 122 is positionable in three positions such that the pump 114 and the reservoir 118 are coupled to the control valve 122 in a first position 122a (FIG. 4), a second position 122b (FIG. 5), and a third position 122c (FIG. 8). The control valve 122 is operable by a user located within the tractor cab 30. In other embodiments, the control valve 122 may be automatically actuated (e.g., by electric sensors). In addition, the control valve 122 is fluidly coupled to the gate hydraulic actuators 50 by a first hydraulic line 126, fluidly coupled to the first crop package hydraulic actuator 106a (second line 130), and fluidly coupled to the second crop package hydraulic actuator 106b (third line 134), further described below.

    [0015] The first selective control valve 122 is directly coupled to a second selective control valve 138 by a fourth hydraulic line 142 including a check valve 146 and a fifth hydraulic line 150 including a first relief check valve 154. The fifth hydraulic line 150 is in fluid communication with the first hydraulic line 126 and is in selective communication with the second hydraulic line 130 and the third hydraulic line 134. The first relief check valve 154 functions as a conventional check valve (e.g., allowing fluid to flow in only one direction) until a predetermined fluidic pressure acts against the first relief check valve 154 causing fluid to bypass the first relief check valve 154 utilizing a first hydraulic relief line 158. In particular, the first relief check valve 154 is spring biased to a predetermined fluidic pressure threshold. In the illustrated embodiment, the predetermined fluidic pressure is adjustable dependent upon specific applications of the hydraulic control system 26.

    [0016] The second selective control valve 138 is fluidly coupled to the fourth and the fifth hydraulic lines 142, 150 in a first position 138a (FIG. 5) and a second position 138b (FIG. 9). In particular, the second selective control valve 138 is operable between the two positions 138a, 138b by hydraulic switching actuators 162a, 162b, e.g., pilot-operated valves or cam spool valves.

    [0017] An override mechanism 164 is located fluidly between the second selective control valve 138 and the crop package hydraulic actuators 106. The illustrated override mechanism 164 includes a first control valve 168 having a relief line 172 and a second control valve 176 having a relief line 180. The first and the second control valves 168, 176 allow hydraulic fluid to flow in only one direction after a predetermined fluidic pressure is reached. In the illustrated embodiment, the first control valve 168 is operable to allow fluid to flow from the second hydraulic line 130 to the third hydraulic line 134 via the relief line 172, and the second control valve 176 is operable to allow fluid to flow from the third hydraulic line 134 to the second hydraulic line 130 via the relief line 180. In other embodiments, the override mechanism 164 may be omitted thereby fluidly decoupling the second and the third hydraulic lines 130, 134 between the second selective control valve 138 and the hydraulic actuators 106a, 106b.

    [0018] The illustrated hydraulic control system 26 also includes a switching valve 166, which is similar to a switching valve disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 4,488,476, incorporated herein by reference. In particular, the switching valve 166 includes a first inlet aperture 170a, a second inlet aperture 170b, a first outlet aperture 174a, and a second outlet aperture 174b with a mechanically actuated check valve 148 associated with the first and the second outlet apertures 174a, 174b. A translating switching member 178 is operable to selectively block fluid communication between one of the outlet apertures 174a, 174b and the first inlet aperture 170a. In addition, the translating switching member 178 selectively engages one of the mechanically actuated check valves 148 to allow for opposite fluid flow through the check valve 148. The first outlet aperture 174a is directly coupled to the first hydraulic switching actuator 162a by a sixth hydraulic line 182, and the second outlet aperture 174b is directly coupled to the second hydraulic switching actuator 162b by a seventh hydraulic line 186.

    [0019] In addition, the first inlet aperture 170a is directly coupled to the fifth hydraulic line 150 by an eighth hydraulic line 190. The second inlet aperture 170b is in fluid communication with the sixth hydraulic line 182 via a ninth hydraulic line 194 and is in fluid communication with the seventh hydraulic line 186 via a tenth hydraulic line 198. The ninth and the tenth hydraulic lines 194, 198 both include a check valve 146 and an orifice valve 202, with the orifice valve 202 located fluidly between the check valve 146 and the second inlet aperture 170b. In other embodiments, the orifice valves 202 may be located on the other side of the check valve 146. Furthermore, an eleventh hydraulic line 206 including a second relief check valve 210 having a second hydraulic relief line 214 fluidly couples the gate hydraulic actuators 50 and the switching valve 166. The illustrated second relief check valve 210 is similar to the first relief check valve 154. The eleventh hydraulic line 206 is also in fluid communication with fourth hydraulic line 142, the ninth hydraulic line 194, and the tenth hydraulic line 198.

    [0020] In operation, as the tractor 14 pulls the baler 18 and the accumulator 22 through the agricultural field, a first crop package begins to form within the baler 18. As the first crop package is forming, the first selective control valve 122 is coupled to the hydraulic pump 114 and the hydraulic reservoir 118 in the first position 122a (FIG. 4). As such, the pump 114 and the reservoir 118 are decoupled from the first hydraulic line 126 and the fourth hydraulic line 142. Once the baler 18 completes the formation of the first crop package, the baler electrically conveys a signal to the cab 30 indicating to the operator of the tractor 14 to actuate the gate 42 to the open position.

    [0021] With reference to FIGS. 5 and 6, the operator accordingly actuates from the cab 30 the first selective control valve 122 into the second position 122b (e.g., a first step of operation of the hydraulic control system 26), which fluidly couples the pump 114 to the gate hydraulic actuators 50 by the first hydraulic line 126, providing hydraulic pressure to the gate hydraulic actuators 50 to raise the gate 42 to the open position. For reference, hydraulic fluidic pressure provided by the pump 114 is illustrated in solid lines and indicated as "high pressure" within FIGS. 5, 8, 9, and 12. Hydraulic fluid that is pushed out of the gate hydraulic actuators 50 travels to the reservoir 118 through the eleventh and the fourth hydraulic lines 206, 142. For reference, hydraulic fluid traveling into the reservoir 118 is illustrated in dashed lines and indicated as "low pressure" within FIGS. 5, 8, 9, and 12. Concurrently, hydraulic fluid travels through the fifth hydraulic line 150 until the hydraulic fluid reaches the first relief check valve 154. As the gate 42 raises, hydraulic pressure within the fifth hydraulic line 150 is less than the predetermined pressure threshold of the first relief check valve 154. When the gate 42 is in the fully open position, e.g., gate hydraulic actuators 50 are fully extended, the first crop package or product 34a exits the baler 18 and moves to the middle frame portion 66.

    [0022] When the gate hydraulic actuators 50 are fully extended, hydraulic pressure within the fifth hydraulic line 150 increases such that the pressure therein exceeds the predetermined pressure threshold of the first relief check valve 154. Referring again to FIG. 5, hydraulic fluid travels through the first hydraulic relief line 158 to the second selective control valve 138 via the fifth hydraulic line 150 and to the switching valve 166 via the eighth hydraulic line 190 and into inlet 170a. From the switching valve 166, the hydraulic fluid travels through the outlet apertures 174a, 174b to equally pressurize the hydraulic switching actuators 162a, 162b such that the second selective control valve 138 remains in the first position 138a. In the first position 138a, hydraulic fluid travels through the second hydraulic line 130 to the first crop package hydraulic actuator 106a to fully extend and move the sprocket 110a in the direction 78. Accordingly, the bale moving mechanism 86 also moves in the direction 78 to move the first crop package 34a to the first side portion 70 of the bale carriage area 76 (FIG. 7). The second crop package hydraulic actuator 106b also moves in the direction 78 during extension of the first crop package hydraulic actuator 106a by the first sprocket 110a pushing the second sprocket 110b in the direction 78 via the linkage 98. Consequently, hydraulic fluid is pushed through the third and the fourth hydraulic lines 134, 142 to the reservoir 118. In other embodiments, the first crop package hydraulic actuator 106a may not fully extend in the direction 78, but rather, the first crop package hydraulic actuator 106a, and ultimately the bale moving mechanism 86, may stop at one or more positions in the direction 78 that are before the fully extended position of the first crop package hydraulic actuator 106a.

    [0023] Should hydraulic pressure within the first crop package hydraulic actuator 106a become too great, e.g., if a force is obstructing movement of the bale moving mechanism 86, the override mechanism 164 enables hydraulic fluid within the second hydraulic line 130 to release excess pressure to the third hydraulic line 134 via the first control valve 168. As such, hydraulic pressure within the first crop package hydraulic actuator 106a does not exceed a maximum hydraulic pressure.

    [0024] The operator then actuates the first selective control valve 122 into the third position 122c to index the hydraulic control system 26 into the configuration illustrated in FIG. 8 (e.g., a second step of operation of the hydraulic control system 26). As such, the pump 114 is directly coupled to the eleventh hydraulic line 206 to convey hydraulic fluid to the gate hydraulic actuators 50 to close the gate 42 (FIG. 1). Once the gate 42 fully closes, the hydraulic pressure within the eleventh hydraulic line 206 increases until it exceeds the predetermined hydraulic pressure of the second relief check valve 210 to convey hydraulic fluid through the second hydraulic relief line 214 to the switching valve 166. The hydraulic fluid pushes the switching member 178 towards the first inlet aperture 170a such that the seventh hydraulic line 186 is not in fluid communication with the eighth hydraulic line 190, but the sixth hydraulic line 182 is in fluid communication with the eighth hydraulic line 190. Specifically, as the switching member 178 translates towards the first inlet aperture 170a, the switching member 178 engages the check valve 148, associated with the first outlet aperture 174a, to allow hydraulic fluid to flow opposite of the allowed flow direction of the check valve 148.

    [0025] Hydraulic fluid travels through the check valve 146 and the orifice valve 202, e.g., the tenth hydraulic line 198, to the second hydraulic switching actuator 162b to move the second selective control valve 138 into the second position 138b. In turn, hydraulic fluid is pushed out of the first hydraulic switching actuator 162a. The orifice valve 202, associated with the ninth hydraulic line 194, provides enough back pressure within the hydraulic lines 182, 194 such that hydraulic fluid pressurized from the pump 114 does not move past the check valve 146, and the hydraulic fluid pushed out of the first hydraulic switching actuator 162a is allowed to flow through the switching valve 166 and into the reservoir 118.

    [0026] The operator again actuates the first selective control valve 122 back into the first position 122a, as shown in FIG. 4 (e.g., a third step of operation of the hydraulic control system 26). The baler 18 is now operable to form a second crop package 34b. Once the baler 18 completes the formation of the second crop package 34b, the baler electrically conveys a signal to the cab 30 indicating to the operator of the tractor 14 to again actuate the gate 42 to the open position (FIG. 10).

    [0027] The operator again actuates the first selective control valve 122 back into the second position 122b to index the hydraulic control system 26 into the configuration as illustrated in FIG. 9 (e.g., a fourth step in operation of the hydraulic control system 26). The hydraulic control system 26 operates in a similar manner to what has been previously described in view of FIG. 5 and the first step of operation. In particular, the pump 114 fully opens the gate hydraulic actuators 50, the second crop package 34b exits the baler 18 and onto the middle frame portion 66, and hydraulic pressure travels through the switching valve 166 to equalize the pressure of the hydraulic switching actuators 162. However, because the second selective control valve 138 is in the second position 138b, hydraulic fluid now travels to the second crop package hydraulic actuator 106b. As such, the second sprocket 110b, the bale moving mechanism 86, and the first sprocket 110a move in the direction 82 to push the second crop package 34b to the second side portion 74 (FIG. 11).

    [0028] Should hydraulic pressure within the second crop package hydraulic actuator 106b become too great, e.g., if a force is obstructing movement of the bale moving mechanism 86, the override mechanism 164 enables hydraulic fluid within the third hydraulic line 134 to release excess pressure to the second hydraulic line 130 via the second control valve 176. As such, hydraulic pressure within the second crop package hydraulic actuator 106b does not exceed a maximum hydraulic pressure.

    [0029] The operator then actuates the first selective control valve 122 into the third position 122c to index the hydraulic control system 26 into the configuration as illustrated in FIG. 12 (e.g., a fifth step of operation of the hydraulic control system 26). The configuration of the hydraulic control system 26 illustrated in FIG. 12 is similar to the configuration of the hydraulic control system 26 illustrated in FIG. 8 (e.g., the second step of operation) with the gate 42 in the closed position. However, as hydraulic fluid moves the switching member 178 towards the first inlet aperture 170a, the switching valve 166 indexes to provide fluid communication between the first inlet aperture 170a and the second outlet aperture 174b, but does not provide fluid communication between the first inlet aperture 170a and the first outlet aperture 174a. In particular, the switching member 178 engages the check valve 148, associated with the second outlet aperture 174b, to allow hydraulic fluid to flow opposite of the allowed flow direction of the check valve 148.

    [0030] Hydraulic fluid travels through the check valve 146 and the orifice valve 202, e.g., the ninth hydraulic line 194, to the first hydraulic switching actuator 162a to move the second selective control valve 138 into the first position 138a. In turn, hydraulic fluid is pushed out of the second hydraulic switching actuator 162b. The orifice valve 202, associated with the tenth hydraulic line 198, provides enough back pressure within the hydraulic lines 186, 198 such that hydraulic fluid pressurized from the pump 114 does not move past the check valve 146, and the hydraulic fluid pushed out of the second hydraulic switching actuator 162b is allowed to flow through the switching valve 166 and into the reservoir 118.

    [0031] The operator of the tractor 14 can optionally remove the first and the second crop packages 34a, 34b from the accumulator 22 by pivoting the baler frame 38 about the second axis 62 to allow the crop packages 34a, 34b to roll out of the bale carriage area 76. In other embodiments, the baler 18 may formulate a third crop package that can be located within the middle frame portion 66 before the operator decides to remove the crop packages 34 from the accumulator 22.

    [0032] Although a particular accumulator is disclosed in this application, some embodiments of the disclosure can be applied to other accumulators that operate in similar or different manners. For example, the present disclosure can be utilized in any accumulator that moves crop packages of any shape in at least two different directions during accumulation of the crop packages. Also, the present disclosure can be utilized with any baler having an actuator (e.g., hydraulic actuator) for operating the gate or other mechanism of the baler.


    Claims

    1. Agricultural equipment (10) including a baler (18) coupled to an accumulator (22) configured to support crop packages exiting the baler (18), the agricultural equipment further including a hydraulic system comprising:

    a selective control valve (122) actuatable between a first position (122b) and a second position (122c);

    a first hydraulic actuator (50) operable to open and close a gate (42) of the baler (18); and

    a second hydraulic actuator (106) operable to move a crop package engagement member (86) relative to the accumulator (22), the hydraulic system being configured such that

    in a first step the first hydraulic actuator (50) opens the gate (42) of the baler (18) and the second hydraulic actuator (106) moves the crop package engagement member (85) in a first direction in response to movement of the selective control valve (122) into the first position (122b),

    characterised in that the hydraulic system is further configured such that in a second step the first hydraulic actuator (50) closes the gate (42) of the baler (18) and the crop package engagement member (86) remains in place in response to movement of the selective control valve (122) into the second position (122c),

    in a third step the first hydraulic actuator (50) opens the gate (42) of the baler (18) and the second hydraulic actuator (106) moves the crop package engagement member (86) in a second direction opposite the first direction in response to movement of the selective control valve (122) into the first position (122b), and

    in a fourth step the first hydraulic actuator (50) closes the gate (42) of the baler (18) and the crop package engagement member (86) remains in place in response to movement of the selective control valve (122) into the second position (122c), wherein

    the selective control valve (122) is a first selective control valve, and the hydraulic system further comprises a switching valve (166) operable to switch a second selective control valve (138) between a first position (138a) and a second position (138b), wherein

    when the first selective control valve (122) is in the first position (122b) and the second selective control valve (138) is in the first position (138a), the hydraulic system is configured to perform the first step and wherein

    when the first selective control valve (122) is in the first position (122b) and the second selective control valve (138) is in the second position (138b), the hydraulic system is configured to perform the third step.


     
    2. Agricultural equipment (10) of claim 1, wherein the selective control valve (122) is actuable in a third position (122a), and wherein when the selective control valve (122) is in the third position (122a), the hydraulic system is not configured to move the gate (50) of the baler (18) and the crop package engagement member (86).
     
    3. Agricultural equipment (10) of claim 2, wherein the selective control valve (122) is actuated in the third position (122a) between the second step and the third step for the baler (18) to create a crop package.
     
    4. Agricultural equipment (10) of one of the claims 1 to 3, wherein when the first selective control valve (122) is in the second position (122c) and the second selective control valve (138) is in one of the first position (138a) and the second position (138b), the hydraulic system is configured to perform one of the second step and the fourth step.
     
    5. Agricultural equipment (10) of one of the claims 1 to 4, further comprising an orifice valve (202) fluidly between the switching valve (166) and the second selective control valve (138).
     
    6. Agricultural equipment (10) of one of the claims 1 to 5, further comprising a first relief check valve (154) fluidly between the switching valve (166) and the first hydraulic actuator (50).
     
    7. Agricultural equipment (10) of one of the claims 1 to 6, further comprising a second relief check valve (210) fluidly between the first hydraulic actuator (50) and the second selective control valve (138).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Landwirtschaftliches Gerät (10), enthaltend eine Ballenpresse (18), die mit einem Sammler (22) gekoppelt ist, der eingerichtet ist, Erntegutpakete zu stützen, die aus die Ballenpresse (18) austreten, wobei das landwirtschaftliche Gerät ferner ein Hydrauliksystem enthält, umfassend:

    ein selektives Steuerventil (122), das zwischen einer ersten Position (122b) und einer zweiten Position (122c) betätigt werden kann;

    ein erstes hydraulisches Betätigungselement (50), das betriebsfähig ist, ein Tor (42) der Ballenpresse (18) zu öffnen und zu schließen; und

    ein zweites hydraulisches Betätigungselement (106), das betriebsfähig ist, ein Erntegutpaketeingriffsbauteil (86) relativ zum Sammler (22) zu bewegen, wobei das hydraulische System so eingerichtet ist, dass

    in einem ersten Schritt in Antwort auf eine Bewegung des selektiven Steuerventils (122) in die erste Position (122b) in eine erste Richtung das erste hydraulische Betätigungselement (50) das Tor (42) der Ballenpresse (18) öffnet und das zweite hydraulische Betätigungselement (106) das Erntegutpaketeingriffsbauteil (85) bewegt,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das hydraulische System ferner so eingerichtet ist, dass in einem zweiten Schritt in Antwort auf eine Bewegung des selektiven Steuerventils (122) in die zweite Position (122c) das erste hydraulische Betätigungselement (50) das Tor (42) der Ballenpresse (18) schließt und das Erntegutpaketeingriffsbauteil (86) an Ort und Stelle bleibt,

    in einem dritten Schritt in Antwort auf ein Bewegung des selektiven Steuerventils (122) in die erste Position (122b) das erste hydraulische Betätigungselement (50) das Tor (42) der Ballenpresse (18) öffnet und das zweite hydraulische Betätigungselement (106) das Erntegutpaketeingriffsbauteil (86) in eine zweite Richtung, entgegen der ersten Richtung, bewegt, und

    in einem vierten Schritt in Antwort auf eine Bewegung des selektiven Steuerventils (122) in die zweite Position (122c) das erste hydraulische Betätigungselement (50) das Tor (42) der Ballenpresse (18) schließt und das Erntegutpaketeingriffsbauteil (86) an Ort und Stelle bleibt, wobei

    das selektive Steuerventil (122) ein erstes selektives Steuerventil ist, und das Hydrauliksystem ferner umfasst

    ein Umschaltventil (166), das betriebsfähig ist, ein zweites selektives Steuerventil (138) zwischen einer ersten Position (138a) und einer zweiten Position (138b) umzuschalten, wobei

    wenn das erste selektive Steuerventil (122) in der ersten Position (122b) ist und das zweite selektive Steuerventil (138) in der ersten Position (138a) ist, das Hydrauliksystem eingerichtet ist den ersten Schritt auszuführen und wobei

    wenn das erste selektive Steuerventil (122) in der ersten Position (122b) ist und das zweite selektive Steuerventil (138) in der zweiten Position (138b) ist, das Hydrauliksystem eingerichtet ist, den dritten Schritt auszuführen.


     
    2. Landwirtschaftliches Gerät (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das selektive Steuerventil (122) in eine dritte Position (122a) betätigt werden kann, und wobei, wenn das selektive Steuerventil (122) in der dritten Position (122a) ist, das Hydrauliksystem nicht eingerichtet ist, das Tor (50) der Ballenpresse (18) und das Erntegutpaketeingriffsbauteil (86) zu bewegen.
     
    3. Landwirtschaftliches Gerät (10) nach Anspruch 2, wobei das selektive Steuerventil (122) in der dritten Position (122a) zwischen dem zweiten Schritt und dem dritten Schritt betätigt wird, damit die Ballenpresse (18) ein Erntegutpaket erzeugt.
     
    4. Landwirtschaftliches Gerät (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei, wenn das erste selektive Steuerventil (122) in der zweiten Position (122c) ist und das zweite selektive Steuerventil (138) in einer der ersten Position (138a) und der zweiten Position (138b) ist, das Hydrauliksystem eingerichtet ist, einen des zweiten Schritts und des vierten Schritts auszuführen.
     
    5. Landwirtschaftliches Gerät (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, ferner umfassend ein Drosselventil (202), das strömungstechnisch zwischen dem Wechselventil (166) und dem zweiten selektiven Steuerventil (138) liegt.
     
    6. Landwirtschaftliches Gerät (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, ferner umfassend ein erstes Überdruckprüfventil (154), das strömungstechnisch zwischen dem Wechselventil (166) und dem ersten hydraulischen Betätigungselement (50) liegt.
     
    7. Landwirtschaftliches Gerät (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, ferner umfassend ein zweites Überdruckprüfventil (210), das strömungstechnisch zwischen dem ersten hydraulischen Betätigungselement (50) und dem zweiten selektiven Steuerventil (138) liegt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Équipement agricole (10) comprenant une presse à balles (18) couplée à un accumulateur (22) configuré pour supporter des paquets de récolte sortant de la presse à balles (18), l'équipement agricole comprenant en outre un système hydraulique comprenant :

    une vanne de commande sélective (122) pouvant être actionnée entre une première position (122b) et une seconde position (122c);

    un premier actionneur hydraulique (50) pouvant être actionné pour ouvrir et fermer une porte (42) de la presse à balles (18); et

    un second actionneur hydraulique (106) pouvant être actionné pour déplacer un élément d'engagement de paquet de récolte (86) par rapport à l'accumulateur (22), le système hydraulique étant configuré de telle sorte que

    dans une première étape, le premier actionneur hydraulique (50) ouvre la porte (42) de la presse à balles (18) et le second actionneur hydraulique (106) déplace l'élément d'engagement du paquet de récolte (85) dans une première direction en réponse au mouvement de la vanne de commande sélective (122) dans la première position (122b),

    caractérisé en ce que le système hydraulique est en outre configuré de telle sorte que

    dans une seconde étape, le premier actionneur hydraulique (50) ferme la porte (42) de la presse à balles (18) et l'élément d'engagement du paquet de récolte (86) reste en place en réponse au mouvement de la vanne de commande sélective (122) dans la seconde position (122c),

    dans une troisième étape, le premier actionneur hydraulique (50) ouvre la porte (42) de la presse à balles (18) et le second actionneur hydraulique (106) déplace l'élément d'engagement du paquet de récolte (86) dans une seconde direction opposée à la première direction en réponse au mouvement de la vanne de commande sélective (122) dans la première position (122b), et

    dans une quatrième étape, le premier actionneur hydraulique (50) ferme la porte (42) de la presse à balles (18) et l'élément d'engagement du paquet de récolte (86) reste en place en réponse au mouvement de la vanne de commande sélective (122) dans la seconde position (122c), dans lequel

    la vanne de commande sélective (122) est une première vanne de commande sélective, et le système hydraulique comprend en outre les éléments suivants

    une vanne de commutation (166) pouvant être actionnée pour commuter une seconde vanne de commande sélective (138) entre une première position (138a) et une seconde position (138b), dans lequel

    lorsque la première vanne de commande sélective (122) est dans la première position (122b) et la seconde vanne de commande sélective (138) est dans la première position (138a), le système hydraulique est configuré pour effectuer la première étape et dans lequel

    lorsque la première vanne de commande sélective (122) est dans la première position (122b) et la seconde vanne de commande sélective (138) est dans la seconde position (138b), le système hydraulique est configuré pour effectuer la troisième étape.


     
    2. Équipement agricole (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la vanne de commande sélective (122) peut être actionnée dans une troisième position (122a), et dans lequel, lorsque la vanne de commande sélective (122) est dans la troisième position (122a), le système hydraulique n'est pas configuré pour déplacer la porte (50) de la presse à balles (18) et l'élément d'engagement du paquet de récolte (86).
     
    3. Équipement agricole (10) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel la vanne de commande sélective (122) est actionnée dans la troisième position (122a) entre la seconde étape et la troisième étape pour que la presse à balles (18) crée un paquet de récolte.
     
    4. Équipement agricole (10) selon l'une des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel, lorsque la première vanne de commande sélective (122) est dans la seconde position (122c) et la seconde vanne de commande sélective (138) est dans l'une des première position (138a) et seconde position (138b), le système hydraulique est configuré pour effectuer l'une des seconde et quatrième étapes.
     
    5. Équipement agricole (10) selon l'une des revendications 1 à 4, comprenant en outre une vanne d'orifice (202) fluidiquement entre la vanne de commutation (166) et la seconde vanne de commande sélective (138).
     
    6. Équipement agricole (10) selon l'une des revendications 1 à 5, comprenant en outre une première vanne de décharge anti-retour (154) fluidiquement entre la vanne de commutation (166) et le premier actionneur hydraulique (50).
     
    7. Équipement agricole (10) selon l'une des revendications 1 à 6, comprenant en outre une seconde vanne de décharge anti-retour (210) fluidiquement entre le premier actionneur hydraulique (50) et la seconde vanne de commande sélective (138).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description