(19)
(11)EP 3 151 232 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 16191053.4

(22)Date of filing:  28.09.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G09G 3/3233  (2016.01)
G09G 3/3266  (2016.01)

(54)

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (OLED) DISPLAY

ORGANISCHE LICHTEMITTIERENDE DIODENANZEIGE (OLED)

AFFICHAGE À DIODES ÉLECTROLUMINESCENTES ORGANIQUES (DELO)


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.09.2015 KR 20150138255

(43)Date of publication of application:
05.04.2017 Bulletin 2017/14

(73)Proprietor: LG Display Co., Ltd.
Seoul 150-721 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • PARK, Youngju
    Seoul 133-725 (KR)
  • YOON, Sungwook
    Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 10496 (KR)

(74)Representative: Viering, Jentschura & Partner mbB Patent- und Rechtsanwälte 
Am Brauhaus 8
01099 Dresden
01099 Dresden (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2016/032545
US-A1- 2014 333 513
US-A1- 2014 198 136
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to an active matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) display.

    Discussion of the Related Art



    [0002] A Flat Panel Display (FPD) is widely used for a desktop monitor, a laptop, a Personal Distal Assistant (PDA), and any other mobile computer or mobile phone terminal, because the FPD is effective in achieving miniaturization and lightness. The FPD includes a Liquid Crystal Display (LCD), a Plasma Display Panel (PDP), a Field Emission Display (FED), and an Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) display.

    [0003] The OLED display has a fast response speed and a wide viewing angle, and is able to produce brightness with high luminous efficiency. A self-luminous OLED is in a structure shown in FIG. 1. An OLED includes, an anode electrode, a cathode electrode, and organic compound layers formed between the anode electrode and the cathode electrode. The organic compound layers include a Hole Injection layer (HIL), a Hole transport layer (HTL), an Emission layer (EML), an Electron transport layer (ETL), and an Electron Injection layer (EIL). Once a driving voltage is applied to the anode electrode and the cathode electrode, a hole having passed the HTL and an electron having passed the ETL are moved to the EML to thereby form an exciton. As a result, the EML generates visible lights.

    [0004] Generally, an OLED display uses a scan transistor, which is turned on by a scan signal, to apply a data voltage to a gate electrode of a driving transistor, and enables an OLED to emit light using the data voltage supplied to the driving transistor. In addition, the OLED display uses an emission control signal to perform switching of the driving transistor and a high-potential voltage input terminal.

    [0005] Driving circuits generating a scan signal and an emission control signal may be formed in a Gate In Panel (GIP) method in a bezel area of a display panel. Recently, methods for reducing the bezel area have been studied to satisfy users' demands. However, it is difficult to reduce the size of the bezel area because of a GIP circuit.

    [0006] US 2014/0333513 A1 is entitled "Organic light emitting display device and driving method thereof' and seeks to prevent ghost/shadow images after a large luminance difference between successive frames (paragraphs 0008/0009). Neighboring pixels PX1[1], PX2[1] arranged in adjacent rows (Figures 1 and 2) may be connected to two first scan lines GWL[1], GWL[2], respectively, and commonly connected to a same second scan line GIL[1] (paragraph 0011). The neighboring pixels may be commonly connected to a same light emission control line EML[1] (paragraph 0012). Scan signals GW[1...n], GI[1...m] are generated by a scan driver (30) (paragraphs 0041, 0048/0049), and emission control signals EM[1...m] are generated by a light emission control driver (40) (paragraphs 0041, 0050). As the first pixel PX1[1] and the second pixel PX2[1] share the second scan signal GI[1] and the light emission control signal EM[1], the circuit configuration of the scan driver and the emission control driver is effectively simplified, and thus a dead space of the OLED display may be substantially reduced (paragraph 0060).

    [0007] US 2014/0198136 A1 is entitled "Pixel circuit of an organic light emitting display device and organic light emitting display device including the same" and deals with a bidirectional scan technique that selectively performs a first unidirectional scan from top to bottom or a second unidirectional scan from bottom to top (paragraph 0007). The prior art document addresses the problem that the conventional use of two shift registers to perform the bidirectional scan increases the size of the scan driving unit and, thus, the size of a bezel of the OLED device (paragraph 0008). It discloses structural and operational details of a single shift register (Figure 2) that may be used to perform the bidirectional scans (paragraphs 0065...0072). The single shift register (e.g. Figure 2, numeral 230) seems to provide a first scan signal Sj to neighboring pixels Pxj, Px(j+1), and seems to provide second scan signals S(j-1), S(j+1) sequentially, in accordance with the scan direction selected, to the neighboring pixels.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0008] An Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) display according to the present disclosure includes pixels and a shift register which drives transistors arranged in the pixels. The shift register applies first scan signals at the same time to pixels arranged along two adjacent horizontal lines. A second scan signal stage applies second scan signals sequentially to pixels arranged along two adjacent horizontal lines. An emission control signal stage generates emission control signals which are to be applied to fourth and fifth transistors.

    [0009] An Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) display according to various embodiments comprises: pixels; and a shift register configured to drive transistors arranged in the pixels, wherein each of the pixels comprises: a driving transistor including a gate electrode connected to a node A, a drain electrode connected to a node B, and a source electrode connected to a node C, and configured to control a driving current supplied to an OLED connected to a node D; a first transistor connected between the nodes A and B and including a gate electrode which is configured to receive a first scan signal; a second transistor connected between the node D and an initialization voltage input terminal and including a gate electrode which is configured to receive the first scan signal; a third transistor connected between a data line and the node C and including a gate electrode which is configured to receive a second scan signal; a capacitor (Cst) connected between node A and node D; a fourth transistor connected between the node B and a high-potential voltage input terminal and including a gate electrode which is configured to receive a first emission control signal; and a fifth transistor connected between the nodes C and D and including a gate electrode which is configured to receive a second emission control signal, and wherein the shift register comprises: a first scan signal stage configured to apply the first scan signal at the same time to pixels arranged along two adjacent horizontal lines; a second scan signal stage configured to apply second scan signals sequentially to the pixels arranged along the two adjacent horizontal lines; and an emission control signal stage configured to generate the first and second emission control signals which are to be applied to the fourth and fifth transistors.

    [0010] In one or more embodiments, in an initialization period, the first and second transistors are configured to initialize the node A to a high-potential voltage and the node D to an initialization voltage in response to the first scan signal.

    [0011] In one or more embodiments, in a sampling period subsequently following the initialization period, the first transistor is configured to be turned on in response to the first scan signal, the third transistor is configured to be turned on in response to the second scan signal, and, in turn, a drain and a source of the driving transistor are diode-connected.

    [0012] In one or more embodiments, the shift register is for driving pixels arranged along a j-th horizontal line and a (j+ 1)-th horizontal line, the lines which are adjacent to each other, and comprises: a j-th first scan signal stage configured to apply a j-th first scan signal to first and second transistors arranged along the j-th horizontal line and the (j+l)-th horizontal line (j indicates a natural number); a j-th second scan signal stage configured to apply a j-th second scan signal to a third transistor arranged along the j-th horizontal line; a j-th emission control stage configured to apply a j-th emission control signal to a fifth transistor arranged along the j-th horizontal line; a (j+1)-th emission control signal stage configured to apply a (j+1)-th emission control signal to a fourth transistor arranged along the j-th horizontal line and to a fifth transistor arranged along the (j+1)-th horizontal line; and a (j+2)-th emission control signal stage configured to apply a (j+2)-th emission control signal to a fourth transistor arranged along the (j+1)-th horizontal line.

    [0013] In one or more embodiments, in an initialization period and a sampling period of the pixels arranged along the j-th horizontal line and in an initialization period and a sampling period of the pixels arranged along the (j+1)-th horizontal line, the j-th first scan signal stage is configured to output the j-th first scan signal for turning on the first and second transistors of each pixel arranged along the jth and (j+1)th horizontal lines.

    [0014] In one or more embodiments, in a sampling period of the pixels arranged along the j-th horizontal line, the j-th second scan signal stage outputs the j-th second scan signal for turning on the third transistor.

    [0015] In one or more embodiments, in an initialization period and a sampling period of the pixels arranged along the j-th horizontal line, the j-th emission control signal stage outputs the j-th emission control signal for turning off the fifth transistor.

    [0016] In one or more embodiments, the shift register is for driving pixels arranged along a j-th horizontal line and a (j+1)-th horizontal line, the lines which are adjacent to each other, and comprises; a j-th first scan signal stage configured to apply a j-th first scan signal to first and second transistors arranged along the j-th horizontal line and the (j+1)-th horizontal line; a j-th second scan signal stage configured to apply a j-th second scan signal to a third transistor arranged along the j-th horizontal line; a (j+1)-th second scan signal stage configured to apply a (j+1)-th second scan signal to a third transistor arranged along the (j+1)-th horizontal line; a j-th first emission control signal stage configured to apply a j-th first emission control signal to a fifth transistor arranged along the j-th horizontal line; a j-th second emission control signal stage configured to apply a j-th second emission control signal to a fourth transistor arranged along the j-th horizontal line; a (j+1)-th first emission control signal stage configured to apply a (j+1)-th first emission control signal to a fifth transistor arranged along the (j+1)-th horizontal line; and a (j+1)-th second emission control signal stage configured to apply a (j+1)-th second emission control signal to a fourth transistor arranged along the (j+1)-th horizontal line.

    [0017] In one or more embodiments, in an initialization period and a sampling period of the pixels arranged along the j-th horizontal line and in an initialization period and a sampling period of the pixels arranged along the (j+1)-th horizontal line, the j-th first scan signal stage is configured to output the j-th first scan signal for turning on the first and second transistors of each pixel arranged along the jth and (j+1)th horizontal lines.

    [0018] In one or more embodiments, in an initialization period and a sampling period of the pixels arranged along the j-th horizontal line, the j-th first emission control signal stage is configured to output the j-th first emission control signal for turning off the fifth transistor.

    [0019] In one or more embodiments, in a sampling period of the pixels arranged along the j-th horizontal line, the j-th second emission control signal stage is configured to output the j-th second emission control signal for turning off the fourth transistor.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0020] The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention. In the drawings:

    FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating a principle of how an Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) emits light;

    FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating an OLED display according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;

    FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating a shift register according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;

    FIG. 4 is a diagram illustrating a structure of a pair of adjacent pixels;

    FIG. 5 is a diagram illustrating a data signal and a gate signal applied to pixels shown in FIG. 4.

    FIGS. 6A, 6B, and 6C are equivalent circuits of a pixel according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;

    FIG. 7 is a diagram illustrating a pixel structure according to another embodiment of the present disclosure;

    FIG. 8 is a diagram illustrating a shift register according to another embodiment of the present disclosure; and

    FIG. 9 is a diagram illustrating a data signal and a gate signal applied to pixels shown in FIG. 7.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS



    [0021] Hereinafter, the embodiments disclosed in the present specification will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, and the same or similar elements are denoted by the same reference numerals even though they are depicted in different drawings and redundant descriptions thereof will be omitted. In embodiments of the present disclosure, transistors of a pixel are all implemented as N-type transistors. However, aspects of the present disclosure are not limited thereto, and the transistors may be implemented as P-type transistors.

    [0022] FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating an Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) display according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

    [0023] Referring to FIG. 2, the OLED display according an embodiment of the present disclosure includes a display panel 100 in which pixels P are arranged in matrix. a data driver 120, a gate driver 130 and 140, and a timing controller 110.

    [0024] The display panel 100 includes a display portion 100A in which the pixels P are arranged to display an image, and a non-display portion 100B in which a shift register 140 is arranged and which does not display an image.

    [0025] A plurality of pixels P is included, and an image is displayed based on gray scales displayed by the pixels P. The pixels P are arranged along the first horizontal line HL1 to an n-th horizontal line HL[n].

    [0026] Each of the pixels P is connected to a data line DL arranged along a column line, and to a gate line GL arranged along a horizontal line HL. As illustrated in FIG. 4, the gate line GL includes a first scan line SL1, a second scan line SL2, and an emission control signal line EML. In addition, each of the pixels P includes an OLED, a driving transistor DT, and first to fifth transistors T1 to T5, and a storage capacitor Cst. Each of the transistors DT and T1 to T5 may be implemented as an oxide Thin Film Transistor (TFT) including an oxide semiconductor layer. However, aspects of the present disclosure are not limited thereto, and the semiconductor layer of a transistor may be formed of an amorphous silicon semiconductor or an oxide semiconductor.

    [0027] The timing controller 110 is configured to control operation timing of the data driver 120 and the gate driver 130 and 140. To this end, the timing controller 110 realigns digital video data RGB, which is received from the outside, to fit the resolution of the display panel 100, and supplies the realigned digital video data RGB to the data driver 120. In addition, the timing controller 110 generates a control signal DDC for controlling operation timing of the data driver 120, and a gate control signal GDC for controlling operation timing of the gate driver 130 and 140, based on timing signals, such as a vertical synchronizing signal Vsync, a horizontal synchronizing signal Hsync, a dot clock signal DCLK, and a data enable signal DE.

    [0028] The data driver 120 is configured to drive data lines DL. To this end, based on the data control signal DDC, the data driver 120 converts digital video data RGB, which is received from the timing controller 110, into an analog data voltage, and supplies the analog data voltage to the data lines DL.

    [0029] The gate driver 130 and 140 includes a level shifter 130 and a shift register 140. The level shifter 130 is formed as an Integrated Circuit (IC) on a Printed Circuit Board (PCB) (not shown) connected to the display panel 100. The shift register 140 is formed on the non-display portion 100B of the display panel 100 by using a Gate In Panel (GIP) scheme.

    [0030] The level shifter 130 performs level shifting of the clock signals CLK and a start signal VST under the control of the timing control, and supplies the level-shifted clock signals CLK and the level-shifted start signal VST. The shift register 140 is formed as a combination of multiple TFTs (hereinafter referred to simply as transistors) in the non-display portion 100B of the display panel 100 by using the GIP scheme. The shift register 140 is comprised of stages which shift scan signals and output the shifted scan signal in response to the clock signals CLK and the start signal VST.

    [0031] Referring to FIG. 3, there is shown a stage of the stage register 140 for driving pixels Pj arranged along a j-th horizontal line and pixels Pj+1 arranged along a (j+l)-th horizontal line. As shown in FIG. 4, the pixels arranged along the j-th horizontal line include a j-th emission control signal line EML[j] and a (j+1)-th emission control signal line EML[j+1].

    [0032] To drive the pixels arranged along the two adjacent two horizontal lines HLj and HL[j+1], the shift register 140 includes a j-th first scan signal stage SCAN1_STG[J], a j-th second scan signal stage SCAN2_STG[j], a (j+1)-th second scan signal stage SCAN2_STG[j+1], a j-th emission control signal stage EM_STG[j], and a (j+1)-th emission control signal stage EM_STG[j+1].

    [0033] The j-th first scan signal stage SCAN1_STG[j] generates a j-th first scan signal SCAN1[j], and applies the j-th first scan signal SCAN1[j] to a j-th first scan line SL1[j] arranged along a j-th horizontal line and to a first scan line SL1[j+1] arranged along a (j+1)-th horizontal line.

    [0034] The j-th second scan signal stage SCAN2_STG[j] generates a j-th second scan signal SCAN2[j], and applies the j-th second scan signal SCAN2[j] to a j-th second scan line SL2[j] arranged along the j-th horizontal line.

    [0035] The (j+1)-th second scan signal stage SCAN2_STG[j+1] generates a (j+1)-th second scan signal SCAN[j+1], and applies the (j+1)-th second scan signal SCAN[j+1] to a second scan line SL2[j+1] arranged along a (j+1)-th horizontal line.

    [0036] The j-th emission control signal stage EM[j] generates a j-th emission control EM[j], and applies the j-th emission control EM[j] to a j-th emission control signal line EML[j] arranged along the j-th horizontal line and to a (j-1)-th emission control signal line EML[J-1] arranged along a (j-1)-th horizontal line.

    [0037] As such, a first scan signal is applied to the pixels Pj and Pj+1 arranged along a pair of two adjacent horizontal lines, so it is possible to drive pixels arranged along n number of horizontal lines using n/2 number of the first scan signal stages. That is, it is possible to reduce the entire area of the shift register 140 and thus reduce even a bezel area of the non-display portion 100B.

    [0038] FIG. 4 is a diagram showing a pixel structure according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. FIG. 5 is a waveform diagram showing a data signal and a gate signal applied to a pixel shown in FIG. 4.

    [0039] Referring to FIG. 4, each pixel PXL arranged on a j-th pixel line (j indicates a natural number) includes an OLED, a driving transistor DT, first to fifth transistors T1 to T5, and a storage capacitor Cst.

    [0040] The OLED emits light by a driving current supplied from the driving transistor DT. As shown in FIG. 1, multiple organic compound layers are formed between an anode electrode and a cathode electrode of the OLED. The organic compound layers include Hole Injection layers (HIL), Hole transport layers (HTL), Emission layers (EML), Electron transport layers (ETL), and Electron Injection layers (EIL). The anode electrode of the OLED is connected to a node D, and a cathode electrode of the OLED is connected to an input terminal of low-potential driving voltage ELVSS.

    [0041] The driving transistor DT uses its gate-source voltage Vgs to control a driving current applied to the OLED. The driving transistor DT includes a gate electrode connected to a node A, a drain electrode connected to a node B, and a source electrode connected to a node C.

    [0042] The first transistor T1 is connected between the node A and the node B, and turned on/off in accordance with a first scan signal SCAN1. The first transistor T1 includes a gate electrode connected to the j-th first scan line SL1 [j] to which the first scan signal SCAN1 is applied, a drain electrode connected to the node B, and a source electrode connected to the node A.

    [0043] The second transistor T2 is connected between the node D and an input terminal of an initialization voltage Vinit, and turned on/off in accordance with a j-th first scan signal SCAN1 [j]. The second transistor T2 includes a gate electrode connected to the j-th first scan line SL[j] to which the j-th first scan signal SCAN1 [j] is applied, a drain electrode connected to the node D, and a source electrode connected to the input terminal of the initialization voltage Vinit.

    [0044] The third transistor T3 is connected between a data line DL and the node C, and turned on/off in accordance with a j-th second scan signal SCAN2[j]. The third transistor T3 includes a gate electrode connected to the j-th second scan line SL2[j] to which the second scan signal SCAN2[j] is applied, a drain electrode connected to the data line DL, and a source electrode connected to the node C.

    [0045] The fourth transistor T4 is connected between an input terminal of the high-potential voltage VDD and the node B, and turned on/off in accordance with a (j+1)-th emission control signal EM[j+1]. The fourth transistor T4 includes a gate electrode connected to a (j+1)-th emission control signal line EML[j+1] to which a (j+1)-th emission control signal EM1[j+1] is applied, a drain electrode connected to the input terminal of the high-potential voltage VDD, and a source electrode connected to the node B.

    [0046] The fifth transistor T5 is connected between the node D and the node C, and turned on/off in accordance with a j-th emission control signal EM2[j]. The fifth transistor T5 includes a gate electrode connected to the j-th emission control signal line EML[j] to which the j-th emission control signal EM[j] is applied, a drain electrode connected to the node C, and a source electrode connected to the node D.

    [0047] The storage capacitor Cst is connected between the node A and the node D.

    [0048] Following are descriptions about operation of a pixel P in the above-described structure. FIG. 5 is a waveform diagram showing signals EM, SCAN, and DATA applied to the pixel shown in FIG. 4. In the drawings, a j-th horizontal period jH indicates a scanning period of pixels P arranged along a j-th horizontal line HLj.

    [0049] FIGS. 6A to 6C are equivalent circuits of a pixel P in an initialization period Pi, a sampling period Ps, and an emission period Pe. In FIGS. 6A to 6C, a solid line indicates an activated element or current path, and a dotted line indicates an inactivated element or current path.

    [0050] As shown in FIG. 5, one frame period may be divided into: the initialization period Pi for initializing the node A and the node D; the sampling period Ps for sampling a threshold voltage of the driving transistor and storing the sampled threshold voltage in the node A; and the emission period Pe for programing a gate-source voltage of the driving transistor DT, including the sampled threshold voltage, and driving the OLED to emit light by a driving current which is according to the programmed gate-source voltage.

    [0051] The present disclosure initializes pixels arranged along the j-th horizontal line HLj in a (j-1)-th horizontal period [j-1]H, so that a j-th horizontal period jH may be spent only for sampling operation. If the sampling period Ps is secured long enough, it is possible to more accurately sample a threshold voltage of the driving transistor DT.

    [0052] Following are descriptions about operation of pixels arranged along the j-th horizontal line HLj.

    [0053] During the initialization period Pi, a j-th first scan signal SCAN1 [j] and a (j+1)-th emission control signal EM1[j+1] are applied at on level, and a j-th second scan signal SCAN2[j] and a j-th emission control signal EM[j] are applied at off level. In the initialization period Pi, the first and second transistors T1 and T2 are turned on in response to the j-th first scan signal SCAN1 [j], and the fourth transistor T4 is turned on in response to the (j+1)-th emission control signal EM1 [j+1]. Accordingly, the node A is initialized to the high-potential voltage VDD, and the node D is initialized to the initialization voltage Vinit. The reason that the nodes A and D are initialized before sampling operation is to prevent unnecessary emission of the OLED. To this end, the initialization voltage Vinit is selected from a voltage range sufficiently lower than a driving voltage of the OLED. That is, the initialization voltage Vinit may be set to be equal to or lower than the low-potential voltage VSS.

    [0054] During the sampling period Ps, the j-th first scan signal SCAN1 [j] and the j-th second scan signal SCAN1 [j] are applied with on level, and the j-th emission control signal EM[j] and the (j+1)-th emission control signal EM[j+1] are applied with off level. In the sampling period Ps, the first and second transistors T1 and T2 are turned on in response to the j-th first scan signal SCAN1 [j], and the third transistor T3 is turned on in response to the j-the second scan signal SCAN2[j]. Accordingly, the driving transistor DT is diode-connected (which means that a gate electrode and a drain electrode of the driving transistor DT are short-circuited, so the driving transistor DT acts as a diode), and a data voltage Vdata[j] is applied to the node C. Here, a sufficiently low voltage Vdata[j]<VDD-Vth is applied as the data voltage Vdata[j], so that the driving transistor DT may be turned on in the sampling period Ps. In the sampling period Ps, a current Ids flows between the drain electrode and the source electrode of the driving transistor DT, and the potential of the node A is reduced by the current Ids to Vdata[j]+Vth which is the sum of the data voltage Vdata[j] and a threshold voltage of the driving transistor DT.

    [0055] The emission period Pe is the rest of one frame period, except for the initialization period Pi and the sampling period Ps. The j-th first scan signal SCAN1 [j] and the j-th second scan signal SCAN2[j] are applied at off level in the emission period Pe, and the j-th emission control signal EM[j] and the (j+1)-th emission control signal EM[j+1] are applied at on level after one horizontal period 1H has elapsed from the beginning in time of the emission period Pe.

    [0056] In the emission period Pe, the fourth transistor T4 is turned on in response to the (j+1)-th emission control signal EM[j+1], thereby connecting the high-potential voltage VDD to the drain electrode of the driving transistor DT. In addition, in the emission period Pe, the fifth transistor T5 is turned on in response to the j-th emission control signal EM[j], thereby causing the potential of the nodes C and D to be equal to an operation voltage Voled of the OLED.

    [0057] In the emission period Pe, the potential of the node D is changed from the initialization voltage Vinit to the operation voltage Voled of the OLED. In the emission period Pe, the node A is floating and coupled to the node D through the storage capacitor Cst. As a result, the potential of the node A is also changed from the voltage Vdata[j]+Vth set in the sampling period Ps to the variation in the potential of the node D Voled-Vinit. That is, the potential of the node C and node D are set to "Voled", and accordingly the gate-source voltage Vgs, which is the gate voltage Vg of the driving transistor DT subtracted by the source voltage Vs thereof, is programmed to be "Vdata[j]+Vth-Vinit."

    [0058] The relation function regarding a driving current Ioled flowing in the OLED in the emission period Pe is expressed as in Equation 1 as below. The OLED emits light by the driving current, thereby producing a desired gray scale.



    [0059] In Equation 1, k denotes a proportional factor that is determined by electron mobility of the driving transistor DT, parasitic capacitance, and a channel capacity.

    [0060] The expression of the driving current Ioled is k/2(Vgs-Vth)2, but the gate-source voltage Vgs programmed in the emission period Pe already includes a threshold voltage component Vth of the driving transistor DT. Thus, as shown in Equation 1, the threshold voltage component Vth of the transistor DT is removed from the expression of the driving current Ioled. In this manner, any influence of variation in the threshold voltage Vth cannot affect the driving current Ioled.

    [0061] Meanwhile, another factor deteriorating luminance uniformity of an OLED display is deviation of IP drop per location. The deviation of IP drop causes deviation to high-potential voltage VDD applied to each pixel. However, the present disclosure does not include a high potential voltage component VDD in the expression of the driving voltage Ioled, so that any influence of the deviation of IP drop cannot affect the driving current Ioled.

    [0062] FIG. 7 is a diagram illustrating a pixel structure according to another embodiment of the present disclosure, and FIG. 8 is a diagram illustrating a shift register for driving a pixel P shown in FIG. 7.

    [0063] In the above embodiments, the fourth transistor T4 receives an emission control signal generated in a rear-end stage. That is, a (j+1)-th emission control signal EM[j+1] is applied to the fourth transistors of pixels arranged along a j-th horizontal line, and to the fifth transistors of pixels arranged along a (j+1)-th horizontal line. One horizontal period immediately after the end of a sampling period of the j-th horizontal line corresponds to a sampling period of the (j+1)-th horizontal line. In the sampling period of the (j+1)-th horizontal line, a fifth transistor T5 has to be maintained turned-off, so an emission period of the j-th horizontal line starts one horizontal period after the sampling period ends. On contrary, in the pixel structure shown in FIG. 7, an emission control signal is applied to each individual pixel arranged along each horizontal line, and thus, an emission period starts immediately after a sampling period ends.

    [0064] Referring to FIGS. 7 and 8, a pixel structure according to another embodiment of the present disclosure, and a shift register for driving the pixel are described in the following. In

    [0065] FIGS. 7 and 8, constituent elements, components or structures substantially identical to those shown in the aforementioned examples are indicated by the same reference numerals, and detailed descriptions thereof are herein omitted.

    [0066] In FIG. 7, the fourth transistors T4 of pixels Pj arranged along a j-th horizontal line are turned on or off by a j-th second emission control signal EM2[j]. The fifth transistors T5 of the pixels Pj arranged along the j-th horizontal line are turned on or off by a j-th first emission control signal EM1[j]. Referring to FIG. 8, the j-th first emission control signal EM1[j] is generated in a j-th first emission control stage EMl_STG[j], and the j-th second emission control signal EM2[j] is generated in a j-th second emission control signal stage EM2_STG[j].

    [0067] FIG. 9 is a diagram illustrating timing of signals EM, SCAN, and DATA applied to a pixel P shown in FIG. 7. A method for driving the pixel P shown in FIG. 7 using the signals shown in FIG. 9 is substantially identical to the above-described embodiments.

    [0068] That is, in the initialization period Pi of pixels Pj arranged along a j-th horizontal line, a first scan signal SCAN1 [j] is used to turn on the first and second transistors T1 and T2, thereby initializing the node A and the node D.

    [0069] In the sampling period Ps, the first scan signal SCAN1 [j] and a j-th second scan signal SCAN2[j] are used to cause the driving transistor DT to be diode-connected.

    [0070] In the emission period Pe, a j-th first emission control signal EM1[j] and a j-th second emission control signal EM2[j] are used to set the nodes C and D to a driving voltage of the OLED and then supply a current to the OLED.

    [0071] Although embodiments have been described with reference to a number of illustrative embodiments thereof, it should be understood that numerous other modifications and embodiments can be devised by those skilled in the art that will fall within the scope of the appended claims. In addition to variations and modifications in the component parts and/or arrangements, alternative uses will also be apparent to those skilled in the art.


    Claims

    1. An Organic Light Emitting Diode display comprising:

    pixels (P); and

    a shift register (140) configured to drive transistors (DT, T1 ... T5) arranged in the pixels (P),

    wherein each of the pixels (P) comprises:

    a driving transistor (DT) including a gate electrode connected to a node A (A), a drain electrode connected to a node B (B), and a source electrode connected to a node C (C), and configured to control a driving current supplied to an organic light emitting diode (OLED) connected to a node D (D);

    a first transistor (T1) connected between the nodes A and B and including a gate electrode which is configured to receive a first scan signal (Scan1(j));

    a second transistor (T2) connected between the node D (D) and an initialization voltage input terminal (Vini) and including a gate electrode which is configured to receive the first scan signal (Scan1(j));

    a third transistor (T3) connected between a data line and the node C (C) and including a gate electrode which is configured to receive a second scan signal (Scan2(j); Scan(j+1));

    a capacitor (Cst) connected between node A and node D;

    a fourth transistor (T4) connected between the node B (B) and a high-potential voltage input terminal (VDD) and including a gate electrode which is configured to receive a first emission control signal (EM(j+1)); and

    a fifth transistor (T5) connected between the nodes C and D and including a gate electrode which is configured to receive a second emission control signal (EM(j)), and

    wherein the shift register (140) comprises:

    a first scan signal stage (SCANl_STG(j)) configured to apply the first scan signal (Scan1(j)) at the same time to pixels (Pj, Pj+1) arranged along two adjacent horizontal lines (HLj, HL(j+1));

    a second scan signal stage (SCAN2_STG(j), SCAN2_STG(j+1)) configured to apply second scan signals (Scan2(j), Scan2(j+1)) sequentially to the pixels (Pj, Pj+1) arranged along the two adjacent horizontal lines (HLj, HL(j+1)); and

    an emission control signal stage (EM_STG(j+1), EM_STG(j)) configured to generate the first and second emission control signals (EM(j+1), EM(j)) which are to be applied to the fourth and fifth transistors (T4, T5).


     
    2. The Organic Light Emitting Diode display of claim 1, wherein in an initialization period (Pi), the first and second transistors (T1, T2) are configured to initialize the node A (A) to a high-potential voltage (VDD) and the node D (D) to an initialization voltage (Vini) in response to the first scan signal (Scanl(j)).
     
    3. The Organic Light Emitting Diode display of claim 2, wherein, in a sampling period (Ps) subsequently following the initialization period (Pi), the first transistor (T1) is configured to be turned on in response to the first scan signal (Scan1), the third transistor (T3) is configured to be turned on in response to the respective second scan signal (Scan2(j), Scan2(j+1)), and, in turn, a drain and a source of the driving transistor (DT) are diode-connected.
     
    4. The Organic Light Emitting Diode display of claim 1, wherein the shift register (140) is for driving pixels (Pj) arranged along a j-th horizontal line (HLj) and a (j+1)-th horizontal line (HL(j+1)), which are adjacent to each other and wherein j indicates a natural number, and comprises:

    a j-th first scan signal stage (SCANl_STG(j)) configured to apply a j-th first scan signal (Scan1(j)) to first and second transistors (T1, T2) arranged along the j-th horizontal line (HLj) and the (j+1)-th horizontal line (HL(j+1));

    a j-th second scan signal stage (SCAN2_STG(j)) configured to apply a j-th second scan signal (Scan2(j)) to a third transistor (T3) arranged along the j-th horizontal line (HLj);

    a j-th emission control stage (EM_STG(j)) configured to apply a j-th emission control signal (EM(j)) to a fifth transistor (T5) arranged along the j-th horizontal line (HLj);

    a (j+1)-th emission control signal stage (EM_STG(j+1)) configured to apply a (j+1)-th emission control signal (EM(j+1)) to a fourth transistor (T4) arranged along the j-th horizontal line (HLj) and to a fifth transistor (T5) arranged along the (j+1)-th horizontal line (HL(j+1)); and

    a (j+2)-th emission control signal stage (EM_STG(j+2)) configured to apply a (j+2)-th emission control signal (EM(j+2)) to a fourth transistor (T4) arranged along the (j+1)-th horizontal line (HL(j+1)).


     
    5. The Organic Light Emitting Diode display of claim 4, wherein, in an initialization period (Pi) and a sampling period (Ps) of the pixels (Pj) arranged along the j-th horizontal line (HLj) and in an initialization period (Pi) and a sampling period (Ps) of the pixels (Pj+1) arranged along the (j+1)-th horizontal line (HL(j+1)), the j-th first scan signal stage (SCAN1_STG(j)) is configured to output the j-th first scan signal (Scan1(j)) for turning on the first and second transistors (T1, T2) of each pixel (Pj, Pj+1) arranged along the jth and (j+1)th horizontal lines (HLj, HL(j+1)).
     
    6. The Organic Light Emitting Diode display of claim 4 or 5, wherein in a sampling period (Ps) of the pixels (Pj) arranged along the j-th horizontal line (HLj), the j-th second scan signal stage (SCAN2_STG(j)) is configured to output the j-th second scan signal (Scan2(j)) for turning on the third transistor (T3).
     
    7. The Organic Light Emitting Diode display of any one of claims 4 to 6, wherein, in an initialization period (Pi) and a sampling period (Ps) of the pixels (Pj) arranged along the j-th horizontal line, the j-th emission control signal stage (EM_STG(j)) outputs the j-th emission control signal (EM(j)) for turning off the fifth transistor (T5).
     
    8. The Organic Light Emitting Diode display of claim 1, wherein the shift register (140) is for driving pixels (Pj, Pj+1) arranged along a j-th horizontal line (HLj) and a (j+l)-th horizontal line (HL(j+1)), which are adjacent to each other and wherein j indicates a natural number, and comprises;
    a j-th first scan signal stage (SCAN1_STG(j)) configured to apply a j-th first scan signal (Scan1(j)) to first and second transistors (T1, T2) arranged along the j-th horizontal line (HLj) and the (j+1)-th horizontal line (HL(j+ 1));
    a j-th second scan signal stage (SCAN2_STG(j)) configured to apply a j-th second scan signal (Scan2(j)) to a third transistor (T3) arranged along the j-th horizontal line (HLj);
    a (j+1)-th second scan signal stage (SCAN2_STG(j+1)) configured to apply a (j+1)-th second scan signal (Scan2(j+1)) to a third transistor (T3) arranged along the (j+1)-th horizontal line (HL(j+1);
    a j-th first emission control signal stage (EM1_STG(j)) configured to apply a j-th first emission control signal (EM1(j)) to a fifth transistor (T5) arranged along the j-th horizontal line (HLj);
    a j-th second emission control signal stage (EM2_STG(j)) configured to apply a j-th second emission control signal (EM2(j) to a fourth transistor (T4) arranged along the j-th horizontal line (HLj);
    a (j+1)-th first emission control signal stage (EMl_STG(j+1)) configured to apply a (j+1)-th first emission control signal (EM1(j+1)) to a fifth transistor (T5) arranged along the (j+1)-th horizontal line (HL(j+1)); and
    a (j+1)-th second emission control signal stage (EM2_STG(j+1)) configured to apply a (j+1)-th second emission control signal (EM2(j+1)) to a fourth transistor (T4) arranged along the (j+1)-th horizontal line (HL(j+1)).
     
    9. The Organic Light Emitting Diode display of claim 8, wherein, in an initialization period (Pi) and a sampling period (Ps) of the pixels (Pj) arranged along the j-th horizontal line (HLj) and in an initialization period (Pi) and a sampling period (Ps) of the pixels (Pj+1) arranged along the (j+1)-th horizontal line (HL(j+1)), the j-th first scan signal stage (SCANl_STG(j)) is configured to output the j-th first scan signal (Scan1(j)) for turning on the first and second transistors (T1, T2) of each pixel (Pj, Pj+1) arranged along the jth and (j+1)th horizontal lines (HLj, HL(j+1)).
     
    10. The Organic Light Emitting Diode display of claim 8 or 9, wherein, in an initialization period (Pi) and a sampling period (Ps) of the pixels (Pj) arranged along the j-th horizontal line, the j-th first emission control signal stage (EM1_STG(j)) is configured to output the j-th first emission control signal (EM1(j)) for turning off the fifth transistor (T5).
     
    11. The Organic Light Emitting Diode display of any one of claims 8 to 10, wherein, in a sampling period (Ps) of the pixels (Pj) arranged along the j-th horizontal line (HLj), the j-th second emission control signal stage (EM2_STG(j)) is configured to output the j-th second emission control signal (EM2(j)) for turning off the fourth transistor (T4).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Eine Organische-lichtemittierende-Diode-Anzeige, aufweisend:

    Pixel (P); und

    ein Verschieberegister (140), das dazu eingerichtet ist, Transistoren (DT, T1 ... T5), die in den Pixeln (P) angeordnet sind, anzusteuern,

    wobei jedes der Pixel (P) aufweist:

    einen Ansteuerungstransistor (DT), der eine mit einem Knoten A (A) verbundene Gate-Elektrode, eine mit einem Knoten B (B) verbundene Drain-Elektrode und eine mit einem Knoten C (C) verbundene Source-Elektrode aufweist und dazu eingerichtet ist, einen Ansteuerungsstrom, der einer mit einem Knoten D (D) verbundenen organischen lichtemittierenden Diode (OLED) zugeführt wird, zu steuern;

    einen ersten Transistor (T1), der zwischen den Knoten A und den Knoten B geschaltet ist und eine Gate-Elektrode, die dazu eingerichtet ist, ein erstes Abtastsignal (Scan1(j)) zu empfangen, aufweist;

    einen zweiten Transistor (T2), der zwischen den Knoten D (D) und einen Initialisierungsspannung-Eingabeanschluss (Vini) geschaltet ist und eine Gate-Elektrode, die dazu eingerichtet ist, das erste Abtastsignal (Scan1(j)) zu empfangen, aufweist;

    einen dritten Transistor (T3), der zwischen eine Datenleitung und den Knoten C (C) geschaltet ist und eine Gate-Elektrode, die dazu eingerichtet ist, ein zweites Abtastsignal (Scan2(j); Scan(j+1)) zu empfangen, aufweist;

    einen Kondensator (Cst), der zwischen den Knoten A und den Knoten D geschaltet ist;

    einen vierten Transistor (T4), der zwischen den Knoten B (B) und einen Hohes-Potential-Spannungseingabeanschluss (VDD) geschaltet ist und eine Gate-Elektrode, die dazu eingerichtet ist, ein erstes Emissionssteuersignal (EM(j+1)) zu empfangen, aufweist;

    einen fünften Transistor (T5), der zwischen die Knoten C und D geschaltet ist und eine Gate-Elektrode, die dazu eingerichtet ist, ein zweites Emissionssteuersignal (EM(j)) zu empfangen, aufweist, und

    wobei das Verschieberegister (140) aufweist:

    eine erste Abtastsignalstufe (SCAN1_STG(j)), die dazu eingerichtet ist, das erste Abtastsignal (Scan1(j)) gleichzeitig an Pixel (Pj, Pj+1), die entlang zweier benachbarter horizontaler Zeilen (HLj, HL(j+1)) angeordnet sind, anzulegen;

    eine zweite Abtastsignalstufe (SCAN2_STG(j), SCAN2_STG(j+1)), die dazu eingerichtet ist, zweite Abtastsignale (Scan2(j), Scan2(j+1)) nacheinander an die Pixel (Pj, Pj+1), die entlang der beiden benachbarten horizontalen Zeilen (HLj, HL(j+1)) angeordnet sind, anzulegen; und

    eine Emissionssteuersignalstufe (EM_STG(j+1), EM_STG(j)), die dazu eingerichtet ist, das erste Emissionssteuersignal (EM(j+1)) und das zweite Emissionssteuersignal (EM(j)), die an den vierten Transistor (T4) und den fünften Transistor (T5) angelegt werden sollen, zu erzeugen.


     
    2. Die Organische-lichtemittierende-Diode-Anzeige gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei in einem Initialisierungszeitraum (Pi) der erste Transistor (T1) und der zweite Transistor (T2) dazu eingerichtet sind, in Antwort auf das erste Abtastsignal (Scan1(j)) den Knoten A (A) auf eine Hohes-Potential-Spannung (VDD) und den Knoten D (D) auf eine Initialisierungsspannung (Vini) zu initialisieren.
     
    3. Die Organische-lichtemittierende-Diode-Anzeige gemäß Anspruch 2, wobei, in einem Abtastzeitraum(Ps), der auf den Initialisierungszeitraum (Pi) nachfolgt, der erste Transistor (T1) dazu eingerichtet ist, in Antwort auf das erste Abtastsignal (Scan1) eingeschaltet zu werden, der dritte Transistor (T3) dazu eingerichtet ist, in Antwort auf das entsprechende zweite Abtastsignal (Scan2(j), Scan2(j+1)) eingeschaltet zu werden, und ein Drain und eine Source des Ansteuerungstransistors (DT) im Gegenzug als Diode verbunden werden.
     
    4. Die Organische-lichtemittierende-Diode-Anzeige gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das Verschieberegister (140) zum Ansteuern von Pixeln (Pj) ist, die entlang einer j-ten horizontalen Zeile (HLj) und einer (j+1)-ten horizontalen Zeile (HL(j+1)) angeordnet sind, die zueinander benachbart sind und wobei j eine natürliche Zahl angibt, und aufweist:

    eine j-te erste Abtastsignalstufe (SCAN1_STG(j)), die dazu eingerichtet ist, an den ersten Transistor (T1) und den zweiten Transistor (T2), die entlang der j-ten horizontalen Zeile (HLj) und der (j+1)-ten horizontalen Zeile (HL(j+1)) angeordnet sind, ein j-tes erstes Abtastsignal (Scanl(j)) anzulegen;

    eine j-te zweite Abtastsignalstufe (SCAN2_STG(j)), die dazu eingerichtet ist, an einen dritten Transistor (T3), der entlang der j-ten horizontalen Zeile (HLj) angeordnet ist, ein j-tes zweites Abtastsignal (Scan2(j)) anzulegen;

    eine j-te Emissionssteuerstufe (EM_STG(j)), die dazu eingerichtet ist, an einen fünften Transistor (T5), der entlang der j-ten horizontalen Zeile (HLj) angeordnet ist, ein j-tes Emissionssteuersignal (EM(j)) anzulegen;

    eine (j+1)-te Emissionssteuersignalstufe (EM_STG(j+1)), die dazu eingerichtet ist, an einen vierten Transistor (T4), der entlang der j-ten horizontalen Zeile (HLj) angeordnet ist, und einen fünften Transistor (T5), der entlang der (j+1)-ten horizontalen Zeile (HL(j+1)) angeordnet ist, ein (j+1)-tes Emissionssteuersignal (EM(j+1)) anzulegen; und

    eine (j+2)-te Emissionssteuersignalstufe (EM_STG(j+2)), die dazu eingerichtet ist, an einen vierten Transistor (T4), der entlang der (j+1)-ten horizontalen Zeile (HL(j+1)) angeordnet ist, ein (j+2)-tes Emissionssteuersignal (EM(j+2)) anzulegen.


     
    5. Die Organische-lichtemittierende-Diode-Anzeige gemäß Anspruch 4, wobei, in einem Initialisierungszeitraum (Pi) und einem Abtastzeitraum (Ps) der Pixel (Pj), die entlang der j-ten horizontalen Zeile (HLj) angeordnet sind, und in einem Initialisierungszeitraum (Pi) und einem Abtastzeitraum (Ps) der Pixel (Pj+1), die entlang der (j+1)-ten horizontalen Zeile (HL(j+1)) angeordnet sind, die j-te erste Abtastsignalstufe (SCAN1_STG(j)) dazu eingerichtet ist, das j-te erste Abtastsignal (Scanl(j)) zum Einschalten des ersten Transistors (T1) und des zweiten Transistors (T2) von jedem Pixel (Pj, Pj+1), die entlang der j-ten horizontalen Zeile (HLj) und der (j+1)-ten horizontalen Zeile (HL(j+1)) angeordnet sind, auszugeben.
     
    6. Die Organische-lichtemittierende-Diode-Anzeige gemäß Anspruch 4 oder 5, wobei in einem Abtastzeitraum (Ps) der Pixel (Pj), die entlang der j-ten horizontalen Zeile (HLj) angeordnet sind, die j-te zweite Abtastsignalstufe (SCAN2_STG(j)) dazu eingerichtet ist, das j-te zweite Abtastsignal (Scan2(j)) zum Einschalten des dritten Transistors (T3) auszugeben.
     
    7. Die Organische-lichtemittierende-Diode-Anzeige gemäß einem der Ansprüche 4 bis 6, wobei, in einem Initialisierungszeitraum (Pi) und einem Abtastzeitraum (Ps) der Pixel (Pj), die entlang der j-ten horizontalen Zeile angeordnet sind, die j-te Emissionssteuersignalstufe (EM_STG(j)) das j-te Emissionssteuersignal (EM(j)) zum Ausschalten des fünften Transistors (T5) ausgibt.
     
    8. Die Organische-lichtemittierende-Diode-Anzeige gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das Verschieberegister (140) zum Ansteuern von Pixeln (Pj, Pj+1) ist, die entlang einer j-ten horizontalen Zeile (HLj) und einer (j+1)-ten horizontalen Zeile (HL(j+1)) angeordnet sind, die zueinander benachbart sind und wobei j eine natürliche Zahl angibt, und aufweist:

    eine j-te erste Abtastsignalstufe (SCAN1_STG(j)), die dazu eingerichtet ist, an den ersten Transistor (T1) und den zweiten Transistor (T2), die entlang der j-ten horizontalen Zeile (HLj) und der (j+1)-ten horizontalen Zeile (HL(j+1)) angeordnet sind, ein j-tes erstes Abtastsignal (Scanl(j)) anzulegen;

    eine j-te zweite Abtastsignalstufe (SCAN2_STG(j)), die dazu eingerichtet ist, an einen dritten Transistor (T3), der entlang der j-ten horizontalen Zeile (HLj) angeordnet ist, ein j-tes zweites Abtastsignal (Scan2(j)) anzulegen;

    eine (j+1)-te zweite Abtastsignalstufe (SCAN2_STG(j+1)), die dazu eingerichtet ist, an einen dritten Transistor (T3), der entlang der (j+1)-ten horizontalen Zeile (HL(j+1)) angeordnet ist, ein (j+l)-tes zweites Abtastsignal (Scan2(j+1)) anzulegen;

    eine j-te erste Emissionssteuersignalstufe (EM1_STG(j)), die dazu eingerichtet ist, an einen fünften Transistor (T5), der entlang der j-ten horizontalen Zeile (HLj) angeordnet ist, ein j-tes erstes Emissionssteuersignal (EM1(j)) anzulegen;

    eine j-te zweite Emissionssteuersignalstufe (EM2_STG(j)), die dazu eingerichtet ist, an einen vierten Transistor (T4), der entlang der j-ten horizontalen Zeile (HLj) angeordnet ist, ein j-tes zweites Emissionssteuersignal (EM2(j)) anzulegen;

    eine (j+1)-te erste Emissionssteuersignalstufe (EM1_STG(j+1)), die dazu eingerichtet ist, an einen fünften Transistor (T5), der entlang der (j+1)-ten horizontalen Zeile (HL(j+1)) angeordnet ist, ein (j+1)-tes erstes Emissionssteuersignal (EM1(j+1)) anzulegen;

    eine (j+1)-te zweite Emissionssteuersignalstufe (EM2_STG(j+1)), die dazu eingerichtet ist, an einen vierten Transistor (T4), der entlang der (j+1)-ten horizontalen Zeile (HL(j+1)) angeordnet ist, ein (j+1)-tes zweites Emissionssteuersignal (EM2(j+1)) anzulegen.


     
    9. Die Organische-lichtemittierende-Diode-Anzeige gemäß Anspruch 8, wobei, in einem Initialisierungszeitraum (Pi) und einem Abtastzeitraum (Ps) der Pixel (Pj), die entlang der j-ten horizontalen Zeile (HLj) angeordnet sind, und in einem Initialisierungszeitraum (Pi) und einem Abtastzeitraum (Ps) der Pixel (Pj+1), die entlang der (j+1)-ten horizontalen Zeile (HL(j+1)) angeordnet sind, die j-te erste Abtastsignalstufe (SCAN1_STG(j)) dazu eingerichtet ist, das j-te erste Abtastsignal (Scanl(j)) zum Einschalten des ersten Transistors (T1) und des zweiten Transistors (T2) jedes Pixels (Pj, Pj+1), die entlang der j-ten horizontalen Zeile (HLj) und der (j+1)-ten horizontalen Zeile (HL(j+1)) angeordnet sind, auszugeben.
     
    10. Die Organische-lichtemittierende-Diode-Anzeige gemäß Anspruch 8 oder 9, wobei, in einem Initialisierungszeitraum (Pi) und einem Abtastzeitraum (Ps) der Pixel (Pj), die entlang der j-ten horizontalen Zeile (HLj) angeordnet sind, die j-te erste Emissionssteuersignalstufe (EM1_STG(j)) dazu eingerichtet ist, das j-te erste Emissionssteuersignal (EM(j)) zum Ausschalten des fünften Transistors (T5) auszugeben.
     
    11. Die Organische-lichtemittierende-Diode-Anzeige gemäß einem der Ansprüche 8 bis 10, wobei, in einem Abtastzeitraum (Ps) der Pixel (Pj), die entlang der j-ten horizontalen Zeile (HLj) angeordnet sind, die j-te zweite Emissionssteuersignalstufe (EM2_STG(j)) dazu eingerichtet ist, das j-te zweite Emissionssteuersignal (EM2(j)) zum Ausschalten des vierten Transistors (T4) auszugeben.
     


    Revendications

    1. Affichage à diodes électroluminescentes organiques, comprenant :

    des pixels (P) ; et

    un registre à décalage (140) configuré afin de commander des transistors (DT, T1... T5) agencés dans les pixels (P),

    où chacun des pixels (P) comprend :

    un transistor de commande (DT) comprenant une électrode de grille connectée à un nœud A (A), une électrode de drain connectée à un nœud B (B), et une électrode de source connectée à un nœud C (C), et configuré afin de commander un courant de commande fourni à une diode électroluminescente organique (OLED) connectée à un nœud D (D) ;

    un premier transistor (T1) connecté entre les nœuds A et B, et comprenant une électrode de grille qui est configurée afin de recevoir un premier signal de balayage (Scanl(j)) ;

    un deuxième transistor (T2) connecté entre le noeud D (D) et une borne d'entrée de tension d'initialisation (Vini), et comprenant une électrode de grille qui est configurée pour recevoir le premier signal de balayage (Scanl(j)) ;

    un troisième transistor (T3) connecté entre une ligne de données et le nœud C (C), et comprenant une électrode de grille qui est configurée pour recevoir un second signal de balayage (Scan2(j) ; Scan(j+1)) ;

    un condensateur (Cst) connecté entre le nœud A et le nœud D ;

    un quatrième transistor (T4) connecté entre le nœud B (B) et une borne d'entrée de tension à potentiel élevé (VDD), et comprenant une électrode de grille qui est configurée pour recevoir un premier signal de commande d'émission (EM(j+1)) ; et

    un cinquième transistor (T5) connecté entre les nœuds C et D, et comprenant une électrode de grille qui est configurée pour recevoir un second signal de commande d'émission (EM(j)), et

    où le registre à décalage (140) comprend :

    un premier étage de signal de balayage (SCANl_STG(j)) configuré pour appliquer le premier signal de balayage (Scanl(j)) en même temps aux pixels (Pj, Pj+1) agencés le long de deux lignes horizontales adjacentes (HLj, HL(j+1)) ;

    un second étage de signal de balayage (SCAN2_STG(j), SCAN2_STG(j+1)) configuré pour appliquer le second signal de balayage (Scan2(j), Scan2(j+1)) séquentiellement aux pixels (Pj, Pj+1) agencés le long de deux lignes horizontales adjacentes (HLj, HL(j+1)) ; et

    un étage de signal de contrôle d'émission (EM_STG (j+1), EM_STG (j)) configuré pour générer un premier et un second signal de commande d'émission (EM(j+1), EM(j)) qui doivent être appliqués aux quatrième et cinquième transistors (T4, T5).


     
    2. Affichage à diodes électroluminescentes organiques selon la revendication 1, où au cours d'une période d'initialisation (Pi), les premier et deuxième transistors (T1, T2) sont configurés pour initialiser le nœud A (A) à une tension à potentiel élevé (VDD), et le nœud D (D) à une tension d'initialisation (Vini), en réponse au premier signal de balayage (Scan1(j)).
     
    3. Affichage à diodes électroluminescentes organiques selon la revendication 2, où, au cours d'une période d'échantillonnage (Ps) qui suit la période d'initialisation (Pi), le premier transistor (T1) est configuré afin d'être rendu passant en réponse au premier signal de balayage (Scanl), le troisième transistor (T3) est configuré afin d'être rendu passant en réponse au second signal de balayage respectif (Scan2(j), Scan2(j+1)), et, tour à tour, le drain et la source du transistor de commande (DT) sont connectés par une diode.
     
    4. Affichage à diodes électroluminescentes organiques selon la revendication 1, où le registre à décalage (140) est destiné à commander les pixels (Pj) agencés le long d'une j-ème ligne horizontale (HLj) et d'une (j+1)ème ligne horizontale (HL(j+1)), qui sont adjacentes l'une à l'autre, et où j représente un nombre entier naturel, et comprend :

    un j-ème premier étage de signal de balayage (SCAN1_STG (j)) configuré afin d'appliquer un j-ème premier signal de balayage (Scanl(j)) aux premier et deuxième transistors (T1, T2) agencés le long de la j-ème ligne horizontale et de la (j+1)ème ligne horizontale (HL(j+1)) ;

    un j-ème second étage de signal de balayage (SCAN2_STG (j)) configuré pour appliquer un j-ème second signal de balayage (Scan2(j)) à un troisième transistor (T3) agencé le long de la j-ème ligne horizontale (HLj) ;

    un j-ème étage de signal de commande d'émission (EM_STG(j)) configuré pour appliquer un j-ème signal de commande d'émission (EM(j)) à un cinquième transistor (T5) agencé le long de la j-ème ligne horizontale (HLj) ;

    un (j+1)ème étage de signal de commande d'émission (EM_STG(j+1)) configuré pour appliquer un (j+1)ème signal de commande d'émission (EM(j+1)) à un quatrième transistor (T4) agencé le long de la j-ème ligne horizontale, et à un cinquième transistor (T5) agencé le long de la (j+1)ème ligne horizontale (HL(j+1)) ; et

    un (j+2)ème étage de signal de commande d'émission (EM_STG(j+2)) configuré pour appliquer un (j+2)ème signal de commande d'émission (EM(j+2)) à un quatrième transistor (T4) agencé le long de la (j+1)ème ligne horizontale (HL(j+1)).


     
    5. Affichage à diodes électroluminescentes organiques selon la revendication 4, où, au cours d'une période d'initialisation (Pi) et d'une période d'échantillonnage (Ps) des pixels (Pj) agencés le long de la j-ème ligne horizontale (HLj), et au cours d'une période d'initialisation (Pi) et d'une période d'échantillonnage (Ps) des pixels (Pj+1) agencés le long de la (j+1)ème ligne horizontale (HL(j+1)), le j-ème premier étage de balayage (SCAN1_STG(j)) est configuré pour délivrer en sortie le j-ème premier signal de balayage (Scan1(j)) afin de rendre passants les premier et deuxième transistors (T1, T2) de chaque pixel (Pj, Pj+1) agencés le long des j-ème et (j+1)ème lignes horizontales (HLj, HL(j+1).
     
    6. Affichage à diodes électroluminescentes organiques selon la revendication 4 ou 5, où au cours d'une période d'échantillonnage (Ps) des pixels (Pj) agencé le long de la j-ème ligne horizontale (HLj), le j-ème second étage de signal de balayage (SCAN2_STG(j)) est configuré pour délivrer en sortie le j-ème second signal de balayage (Scan2(j)) afin de rendre passant le troisième transistor (T3).
     
    7. Affichage à diodes électroluminescentes organiques selon l'une quelconque des revendications 4 à 6, où, au cours d'une période d'initialisation (Pi) et d'une période d'échantillonnage (Ps) des pixels (Pj) agencés le long de la j-ème ligne horizontale, le j-ème étage de signal de commande d'émission (EM_STG(j)) délivre en sortie le j-ème signal de commande d'émission (EM(j)) afin de rendre bloqué le cinquième transistor (T5).
     
    8. Affichage à diodes électroluminescentes organiques selon la revendication 1, où le registre à décalage (140) est destiné à commander les pixels (Pj, Pj+1) agencés le long d'une j-ème ligne horizontale (HLj) et d'une (j+1)ème ligne horizontale (HL(j+1)), qui sont adjacentes l'une à l'autre, et où j représente un nombre entier naturel, et comprend :

    un j-ème premier étage de signal de balayage (SCAN1_STG(j)) configuré pour appliquer un j-ème premier signal de balayage (Scanl(j)) aux premier et deuxième transistors (T1, T2) agencés le long de la j-ème ligne horizontale et de la (j+1)ème ligne horizontale (HL(j+1)) ;

    un j-ème second étage de signal de balayage (SCAN2_STG(j)) configuré pour appliquer un j-ème second signal de balayage (Scan2 (j)) à un troisième transistor (T3) agencé le long de la j-ème ligne horizontale (HLj) ;

    un (j+1)ème second étage de signal de balayage (SCAN2_STG(j+1)) configuré pour appliquer un (j+1)ème second signal de balayage (Scan2(j+1)) à un troisième transistor (T3) agencé le long de la (j+1)ème ligne horizontale (HL(j+1)) ;

    un j-ème premier étage de signal de commande d'émission (EM1_STG(j)) configuré pour appliquer un j-ème premier signal de commande d'émission (EM1(j)) à un cinquième transistor (T5) agencé le long de la j-ème ligne horizontale (HLj) ;

    un j-ème second étage de signal de commande d'émission (EM2_STG(j)) configuré pour appliquer un j-ème second signal de commande d'émission (EM2(j)) à un quatrième transistor (T4) agencé le long de la j-ème ligne horizontale (HLj) ;

    un (j+1)ème premier étage de signal de commande d'émission (EMl_STG(j+1)) configuré pour appliquer un (j+1)ème premier signal de commande d'émission (EM1(j+1)) à un cinquième transistor (T5) agencé le long de la (j+1)ème ligne horizontale (HL(j+1)) ; et

    un (j+1)ème second étage de signal de commande d'émission (EM2_STG(j+1)) configuré pour appliquer un (j+1)ème second signal de commande d'émission (EM2(j+1)) à un quatrième transistor (T4) agencé le long de la (j+1)ème ligne horizontale (HL(j+1)).


     
    9. Affichage à diodes électroluminescentes organiques selon la revendication 8, où, au cours d'une période d'initialisation (Pi) et d'une période d'échantillonnage (Ps) des pixels (Pj) agencés le long de la j-ème ligne horizontale (HLj), et au cours d'une période d'initialisation (Pi) et d'une période d'échantillonnage (Ps) des pixels (Pj+1) agencés le long de la (j+1)ème ligne horizontale (HL(j+1)), le j-ème premier étage de balayage (SCAN1_STG(j)) est configuré pour délivrer en sortie le j-ème premier signal de balayage (Scan1(j)) afin de rendre passants les premier et deuxième transistors (T1, T2) de chaque pixel (Pj, Pj+1) agencés le long des j-ème et (j+1)ème lignes horizontales (HLj, HL(j+1)).
     
    10. Affichage à diodes électroluminescentes organiques selon la revendication 8 ou 9, où, au cours d'une période d'initialisation (Pi) et d'une période d'échantillonnage (Ps) des pixels (Pj) agencés le long de la j-ème ligne horizontale, le j-ème premier étage de signal de commande d'émission (EM1_STG(j)) est configuré pour délivrer en sortie le j-ème premier signal de commande d'émission (EM1(j)) afin de rendre bloqué le cinquième transistor (T5).
     
    11. Affichage à diodes électroluminescentes organiques selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 à 10, où au cours d'une période d'échantillonnage (Ps) des pixels (Pj) agencés le long de la j-ème ligne horizontale (HLj), le j-ème second étage de signal de commande d'émission (EM2_STG(j)) est configuré pour délivrer en sortie le j-ème second signal de commande d'émission (EM2(j)) afin de rendre bloqué le quatrième transistor (T4).
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description