(19)
(11)EP 3 156 256 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 16190109.5

(22)Date of filing:  22.09.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B60C 5/14  (2006.01)
B60C 15/06  (2006.01)

(54)

PNEUMATIC TIRE

LUFTREIFEN

PNEUMATIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 14.10.2015 JP 2015202734

(43)Date of publication of application:
19.04.2017 Bulletin 2017/16

(73)Proprietor: SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES LIMITED
Kobe-shi, Hyogo-ken (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • OSAWA, Takuya
    Kobe-shi, Hyogo 651-0072 (JP)
  • UEDA, Kenji
    Kobe-shi, Hyogo-ken, Hyogo 651-0072 (JP)

(74)Representative: Manitz Finsterwald Patent- und Rechtsanwaltspartnerschaft mbB 
Martin-Greif-Strasse 1
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 350 639
KR-A- 20130 009 974
EP-A1- 2 910 391
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] This application claims priority on Patent Application No. 2015-202734 filed in JAPAN on October 14, 2015.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    Field of the Invention



    [0002] The present invention relates to pneumatic tires.

    Description of the Related Art



    [0003] A pneumatic tire is mounted on a rim and used. When the tire is mounted on a rim, fastening force is generated mainly with respect to the rim by cores of beads and portions that are inward of the cores in the radial direction. When the tire is mounted on the rim, portions of the tire around the beads and the rim contact with each other to obtain airtightness. The tire mounted on the rim is inflated with air. The tire inflated with air is used.

    [0004] JP2014-94694 (US2015/0283865) discloses a tire in which cushion layers are disposed in portions that are inward of bead cores in the radial direction. The cushion layers allow reduction in variation of fastening force in the tire mounted on a rim. The tire is excellent in fittability to a rim. JP2010-12829 discloses a tire in which a radius of curvature of bead heels is increased, and an air seal is filled between the bead heels and a rim. The tire is excellent in airtightness.

    [0005] For a pneumatic tire, both improvement of fittability to a rim and improvement of airtightness are required. The tire disclosed in JP2014-94694 is excellent in fittability to a rim. An air seal is filled between the bead heels of the tire and the rim, whereby airtightness can be improved. However, an air seal is necessary for airtightness. Filling of the air seal causes increase of time and labor for mounting of the tire on a rim.

    [0006] An object of the present invention is to provide a pneumatic tire that is excellent in both fittability to a rim and airtightness.

    [0007] EP 1 350 639 A1 discloses a pneumatic tire according to the preamble of claim 1.

    [0008] In EP 2 910 391 A1 a pneumatic tire is disclosed, having a pair of beads, a carcass, chafers, an insulation and cushion layers.

    [0009] A method for producing a pneumatic tire is disclosed in KR 2013 0009974 A.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0010] A pneumatic tire according to the present invention includes: a pair of beads including cores; a carcass extended, along inner sides of a tread and sidewalls, on and between one of the beads and the other of the beads; chafers, disposed near the beads, which are brought into contact with a rim; an inner liner disposed inward of the carcass in an axial direction; and an insulation disposed between the carcass and the inner liner in the axial direction. The chafers include bottom surfaces that are brought into contact with the rim in portions inward of the cores in a radial direction, when the tire is mounted to a rim. The insulation includes insulation lower portions disposed between the cores and the bottom surfaces of the chafers in the radial direction. The inner liner includes inner liner lower portions disposed between the cores and the bottom surfaces of the chafers in the radial direction.

    [0011] The inner liner lower portions extend from portions that are axially inward of the cores to portions that are axially outward thereof.

    [0012] Preferably, a contour of a bead heel is formed into an arc shape. Pr represents a radially outer end of the arc shape. In this case, the inner liner lower portions extend outward of the outer end Pr in the radial direction, in portions that are axially outward of the cores.

    [0013] Preferably, a contour of a bead heel is formed into an arc shape. A radius R of curvature of the arc shape is greater than or equal to 7 mm, and not greater than 15 mm.

    [0014] Preferably, a compressive elastic modulus Eβ of the insulation is less than a compressive elastic modulus Eγ of the inner liner.

    [0015] Preferably, the compressive elastic modulus Eβ of the insulation is higher than or equal to 2.5 (MPa), and not higher than 3.0 (MPa). The compressive elastic modulus Eγ of the inner liner is higher than or equal to 3.5 (MPa), and not higher than 5.0 (MPa).

    [0016] Preferably, a thickness L, in the radial direction, from the bottom surface of each chafer to a bottom surface of a corresponding one of the cores is greater than or equal to 4 mm, and not greater than 8 mm.

    [0017] Preferably, when the tire is mounted on a rim, a ratio of a change amount in fastening force to a change amount in an amount of compressive deformation is greater than or equal to 1.5 (kN/mm), and not greater than 2 (kN/mm) in a case where the fastening force is from 3 (kN) to 4 (kN) .

    [0018] Preferably, each core is formed by a bead wire being wound in a circumferential direction. The bead wire is wound so as to overlap in both the radial direction and the axial direction.

    [0019] Preferably, the tire includes cushion layers. The cushion layers are layered inward of the cores in the radial direction and outward of the insulation lower portions in the radial direction. A compressive elastic modulus Eα of the cushion layers is less than each of a compressive elastic modulus Eβ of the insulation and a compressive elastic modulus Eγ of the inner liner.

    [0020] Preferably, the compressive elastic modulus Eα of the cushion layers is higher than or equal to 1.0 (MPa), and not higher than 2.0 (MPa).

    [0021] Preferably, in portions that are inward of the cores in the radial direction, a thickness Lα of each cushion layer is greater than a thickness Lβ of each insulation lower portion, and the thickness Lβ of each insulation lower portion is greater than a thickness Lγ of each inner liner lower portion.

    [0022] Preferably, in portions that are inward of the cores in the radial direction, a ratio of a thickness Lα of each cushion layer to a thickness L, in the radial direction, from the bottom surface of a corresponding one of the chafers to a bottom surface of a corresponding one of the cores, is greater than or equal to 0.5.

    [0023] In the tire according to the present invention, the inner liner lower portions and the insulation lower portions are layered inward of the cores in the radial direction. Therefore, variation in fastening force F with respect to a rim is reduced. The tire is excellent in fittability to a rim. In the tire, the inner liner lower portions are disposed inward of the cores in the radial direction. Therefore, the tire is excellent in airtightness.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0024] 

    FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a part of a pneumatic tire according to one embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 2 is a partially enlarged view of the tire shown in FIG. 1;

    FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a core shown in FIG. 1; and

    FIG. 4 is a partially enlarged cross-sectional view of a pneumatic tire according to another embodiment of the present invention.


    DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0025] The following will describe in detail the present invention based on preferred embodiments with reference where appropriate to the accompanying drawing.

    [0026] FIG. 1 illustrates a part of a pneumatic tire 2. In FIG. 1, the up-down direction represents the radial direction of the tire 2, the right-left direction represents the axial direction of the tire 2, and the direction orthogonal to the surface of the drawing sheet represents the circumferential direction of the tire 2. The tire 2 has a shape which is symmetric about the equator plane of the tire 2 except for a tread pattern, which is not illustrated.

    [0027] The tire 2 includes a tread 4, a pair of sidewalls 6, a pair of clinches 8, a pair of beads 10, a carcass 12, a belt 14, a band 16, an inner liner 18, an insulation 20, and a pair of chafers 22. The tire 2 is of a tubeless type. The tire 2 is mounted to, for example, passenger cars.

    [0028] The tread 4 has a shape that projects outward in the radial direction. The tread 4 forms a tread surface 24 that can contact with a road surface. The tread surface 24 has grooves 26 formed therein. A tread pattern is formed by the grooves 26. The tread 4 has a base layer and a cap layer, which are not shown. The cap layer is layered outward of the base layer in the radial direction. The base layer is formed of a crosslinked rubber excellent in adhesiveness. A typical base rubber of the base layer is a natural rubber. The cap layer is formed of a crosslinked rubber excellent in wear resistance, heat resistance, and grip performance.

    [0029] The sidewalls 6 extend almost inward from the ends, respectively, of the tread 4 in the radial direction. The outer ends, in the radial direction, of the sidewalls 6 are joined to the tread 4. The inner ends, in the radial direction, of the sidewalls 6 are jointed to the clinches 8. The sidewalls 6 are formed of a crosslinked rubber excellent in cut resistance and weather resistance. The sidewalls 6 prevent damage to the carcass 12.

    [0030] The clinches 8 are disposed almost inward of the sidewalls 6, respectively, in the radial direction. The clinches 8 are disposed outward of the beads 10 and the carcass 12 in the axial direction. The clinches 8 are formed of a crosslinked rubber excellent in wear resistance. The clinches 8 are brought into contact with flanges of a rim.

    [0031] The beads 10 are disposed inward of the clinches 8, respectively, in the axial direction. Each bead 10 includes a core 28, and an apex 30 that extends outward from the core 28 in the radial direction. The core 28 is ring-shaped, and includes a non-stretchable wound wire. A typical material of the wire is steel. The apex 30 is tapered outward in the radial direction. The apex 30 is formed of a highly hard crosslinked rubber.

    [0032] The carcass 12 includes a carcass ply 32. The carcass ply 32 is extended, along the tread 4 and the sidewalls 6, on and between the beads 10 on both sides. The carcass ply 32 is turned up around each core 28 from the inner side toward the outer side in the axial direction. By the carcass ply being turned up, the carcass ply 32 includes a main portion 32a and turned-up portions 32b. By the carcass ply being turned up, the carcass ply 32 is layered inward of each core 28 in the radial direction.

    [0033] The carcass ply 32 is formed of multiple cords aligned with each other, and a topping rubber, which is not shown. An absolute value of an angle of each cord relative to the equator plane is 75° to 90°. In other words, the carcass 12 forms a radial structure. The cords are formed of an organic fiber. Preferable examples of the organic fiber include polyester fibers, nylon fibers, rayon fibers, polyethylene naphthalate fibers, and aramid fibers. The carcass 12 may be formed of two or more carcass plies.

    [0034] The belt 14 is disposed inward of the tread 4 in the radial direction. The belt 14 is layered over the carcass 12. The belt 14 reinforces the carcass 12. The belt 14 includes an inner layer 33 and an outer layer 35. As is apparent from FIG. 1, the width of the inner layer 33 is slightly greater than the width of the outer layer 35 in the axial direction. Each of the inner layer 33 and the outer layer 35 is formed of multiple cords aligned with each other, and a topping rubber, which are not shown. Each cord is tilted relative to the equator plane. An absolute value of the tilt angle is greater than or equal to 10° and not greater than 35° in general. A direction in which the cords of the inner layer 33 are tilted relative to the equator plane is opposite to a direction in which the cords of the outer layer 35 are tilted relative to the equator plane. The material of the cords is preferably steel. An organic fiber may be used for the cords. The width, in the axial direction, of the belt 14 is preferably greater than or equal to 0.7 times the maximum width of the tire 2. The belt 14 may have three or more layers.

    [0035] The band 16 is disposed outward of the belt 14 in the radial direction. The width of the band 16 is greater than the width of the belt 14 in the axial direction. The band 16 is formed of a cord and a topping rubber, which are not shown. The cord is helically wound. The band 16 has a so-called jointless structure. The cord extends substantially in the circumferential direction. An angle of the cord relative to the circumferential direction is less than or equal to 5°, and more preferably less than or equal to 2°. The belt 14 is held by the cord, thereby reducing lifting of the belt 14. The cord is formed of an organic fiber. Preferable examples of the organic fiber include nylon fibers, polyester fibers, rayon fibers, polyethylene naphthalate fibers, and aramid fibers.

    [0036] The belt 14 and the band 16 form a reinforcing layer. The reinforcing layer may be formed by the belt 14 only. The reinforcing layer may be formed by the band 16 only.

    [0037] The inner liner 18 is disposed inward of the sidewalls 6 in the axial direction. The inner liner 18, which is inward of the sidewalls 6 in the axial direction, is disposed inward of the carcass 12 in the axial direction. The inner liner 18 forms an inner side surface of the tire 2. The inner liner 18 is formed of a crosslinked rubber excellent in airtightness. A typical base rubber of the inner liner 18 is isobutylene-isoprene-rubber or halogenated isobutylene-isoprene-rubber. The inner liner 18 maintains internal pressure of the tire 2.

    [0038] The insulation 20 is disposed inward of the sidewalls 6 in the axial direction. The insulation 20 is disposed between the carcass 12 and the inner liner 18 in a portion that is inward of the sidewalls 6 in the axial direction. The insulation 20 is layered over the carcass 12 and the inner liner 18. The insulation 20 is formed of a crosslinked rubber excellent in adhesiveness. The insulation 20 is firmly joined to the carcass 12, and is firmly joined also to the inner liner 18. The insulation 20 inhibits separation of the inner liner 18. The insulation 20 need not be extended to a center region, in the axial direction, of the tread 4. In the center region, in the axial direction, of the tread 4, the inner liner 18 and the carcass 12 may be joined to each other. The insulation 20 may be extended along shoulder regions of the tread 4, the sidewalls 6, and the beads 10.

    [0039] The chafers 22 are disposed near the beads 10, respectively. The chafers 22 have bottom surfaces 22a that contact with a seat surface of a rim when the tire 2 is mounted on the rim. By this contact, portions near the beads 10 are protected. The chafers 22 are formed of a fabric and a rubber impregnated into the fabric. The chafers 22 may be integrated with the clinches 8, respectively. A material of the chafers 22 may be the same as the material of the clinches 8.

    [0040] As shown in FIG. 2, inner liner lower portions 18a are disposed inward of the cores 28 in the radial direction. The inner liner lower portions 18a are disposed between the cores 28 and the bottom surfaces 22a of the chafers 22 in the radial direction. Each inner liner lower portion 18a extends from a portion axially inward of the core 28 to a portion axially outward of the core 28. The inner liner lower portions 18a are layered between the insulation 20 and the chafers 22 in the radial direction. Each inner liner lower portion 18a extends outward of the core 28 in the axial direction. The inner liner lower portion 18a further extends radially outward in a portion that is outward of the core 28 in the axial direction. Ends 18e of the inner liner lower portions 18a that extend outward in the radial direction are disposed between the cores 28 and the chafers 22 in the axial direction. In the tire 2 that has the clinches 8 and the chafers 22 integrated with each other, the ends 18e of the inner liner lower portions 18a are disposed between the cores 28 and the clinches 8 in the axial direction.

    [0041] Insulation lower portions 20a are disposed inward of the cores 28 in the radial direction. The insulation lower portions 20a are disposed between the cores 28 and the bottom surfaces 22a of the chafers 22 in the radial direction. Each insulation lower portion 20a extends from a portion axially inward of the core 28 to a portion axially outward of the core 28. The insulation lower portions 20a are layered between the carcass ply 32 and the inner liner lower portions 18a in the radial direction. The insulation lower portions 20a extend outward of the cores 28 in the axial direction. Ends 20e of the insulation lower portions 20a are disposed outward of the cores 28 in the axial direction.

    [0042] When the tire 2 is mounted on a rim, the bottom surfaces 22a of the chafers 22 contact with a seat surface of the rim, and outer surfaces 8a of the clinches 8 contact with flanges of the rim. The bottom surfaces 22a are contact surfaces, of the tire 2, which contact with the rim seat. The outer surfaces 8a are contact surfaces, of the tire 2, which contact with the rim flanges. The tire 2 has bead heels which are disposed between the contact surfaces that contact with the rim seat and the contact surfaces that contact with the rim flanges. In the tire 2, the bead heels are formed in the lower portions of the clinches 8.

    [0043] In FIG. 2, an arrow R represents a radius of curvature of a contour of each bead heel. The contour of the bead heel is a part of a contour of the outer surface 8a of the clinch 8. The contour of the bead heel is formed into an arc shape. The outer surface 8a is smoothly continuous with the bottom surface 22a of the chafer 22 in a radially inward portion. Reference numeral Pr represents a radially outer end of the arc shape having the radius R of curvature. In the outer surface 8a, a portion radially inward of the outer end Pr and a portion radially outward of the outer end Pr, form a smoothly continuous surface.

    [0044] In FIG. 2, a double-headed arrow Tr represents a minimum thickness at each bead heel. The thickness Tr is measured as a distance from the outer surface (outer surface 8a) having the radius R of curvature, to the outer side surface of the carcass ply 32. The thickness Tr is measured along a straight line orthogonal to the outer surface of the bead heel.

    [0045] In FIG. 2, a double-headed arrow L represents a thickness, in the radial direction, from the core 28 to the chafer 22. The thickness L represents a distance from a bottom surface 28a of the core 28 to the bottom surface 22a of the chafer 22. A double-headed arrow Lβ represents a thickness, in the radial direction, of the insulation lower portion 20a. A double-headed arrow Lγ represents a thickness, in the radial direction, of the inner liner lower portion 18a. The thickness L, the thickness Lβ, and the thickness Lγ are measured, in the radial direction, on the cross-section shown in FIG. 2. An alternate long and short dash line L1 represents a straight line that extends in the radial direction. The straight line L1 passes through the central position, in the axial direction, of the bottom surface 28a. The thickness L, the thickness Lβ, and the thickness Lγ are measured along the straight line L1.

    [0046] FIG. 3 is an enlarged view illustrating the cross-section of the core 28 shown in FIG. 1. The core 28 includes a non-stretchable wire 34, and a coating rubber 36 that covers the outer circumference of the wire 34. The wire 34 is wound in the circumferential direction. In the core 28, the number of the wires 34 wound in the circumferential direction is one. However, the number of wires wound in the circumferential direction may be greater than or equal to two. A typical material of the wire 34 is steel. In FIG. 3, the up-down direction represents the radial direction of the tire 2, and the right-left direction represents the axial direction thereof. In the core 28, the wire 34 is wound so as to overlap in both the radial direction and the axial direction.

    [0047] In FIG. 3, a double-headed arrow a1 represents a distance, in the radial direction, between one portion of the wire 34 and another portion, of the wire 34, which overlaps the one portion of the wire 34. The distance a1 is measured as a distance, in the radial direction, between the outer circumferential surface of the one portion of the wire 34 and the outer circumferential surface of the other portion of the wire 34. The distance a1 is measured between the cross-section of the wire 34 disposed at the radially innermost position and the cross-section of the wire 34 disposed at a position that is immediately radially outward of the radially innermost wire 34. The distance a1 is calculated as an average value of the distances calculated on the cross-sections of a plurality of portions, of the wire 34, aligned in the axial direction. A double-headed arrow a2 represents a distance, in the axial direction, between one portion of the wire 34 and another portion, of the wire 34, which overlaps the one portion of the wire 34. The distance a2 is measured as a distance, in the axial direction, between the outer circumferential surface of the one portion of the wire 34 and the outer circumferential surface of the other portion of the wire 34. The distance a2 is calculated as an average value of the distances on the cross-sections of a plurality of portions, of the wire 34, aligned in the axial direction. Portions over the distance a1 and the distance a2 are filled with the coating rubber 36.

    [0048] The bottom surfaces 22a, shown in FIG. 2, of the chafers 22 contact with a seat surface of a rim when the tire 2 is mounted on the rim. The carcass ply 32, the insulation lower portions 20a, the inner liner lower portions 18a, and the chafers 22 are compressively deformed between the bottom surfaces 28a of the cores 28 and the seat surface of the rim. Due to the compressive deformation, the thickness L shown in FIG. 2 becomes a thickness L'. At this time, an amount of compressive deformation δ is calculated as a distance obtained by subtracting the thickness L' from the thickness L. Due to the compressive deformation, a fastening force F is generated in the beads 10.

    [0049] In the tire 2, the inner liner lower portions 18a and the insulation lower portions 20a are compressively deformed in portions that are inward of the cores 28 in the radial direction. A compressive elastic modulus Eβ of the insulation 20 and a compressive elastic modulus Eγ of the inner liner 18 are each less than each of a compressive elastic modulus Eδ of the clinch 8 and a compressive elastic modulus Eε of the chafer 22. In the tire 2, the insulation lower portions 20a and the inner liner lower portions 18a are disposed inward of the cores 28 in the radial direction. The insulation lower portions 20a and the inner liner lower portions 18a are each deformed more easily than the clinches 8 and the chafers 22. When the insulation lower portions 20a and the inner liner lower portions 18a are provided, a change amount in the fastening force F is small relative to a change amount in the amount of compressive deformation δ. Thus, even when a change amount in the amount of compressive deformation δ is great, a change amount in the fastening force F is small. Even when variation in difference between the diameter of the rim and the diameter of the core 28 is relatively great, variation in the fastening force F is reduced.

    [0050] In the tire 2, the insulation 20 is layered outward of the inner liner 18 in the axial direction. The insulation 20 and the inner liner 18 are extended inward of the cores 28 in the radial direction, and the insulation lower portions 20a are layered outward of the inner liner lower portions 18a in the radial direction. For the tire 2, a new member for reducing variation in the fastening force F need not be additionally provided. The inner liner lower portions 18a and the insulation lower portions 20a are formed in the inner liner 18 and the insulation 20 that extend along the carcass ply 32, and are thus positioned, with ease, in portions inward of the cores 28 in the radial direction. For the tire 2, reduction in productivity is inhibited.

    [0051] In the tire 2, the inner liner lower portions 18a extend outward of the cores 28 in the axial direction. When the tire 2 is mounted on a rim, the inner liner lower portions 18a are pressed against the seat surface of the rim by the cores 28. Both the inner liner lower portions 18a and the chafers 22 are pressed against the seat surface of the rim. The inner liner lower portions 18a contribute to improvement of airtightness of the tire 2.

    [0052] When the tire 2 is mounted on a rim, the bottom surfaces 22a of the chafers 22 contact with the seat surface of the rim. When the tire 2 is inflated with air, the bottom surfaces 22a slide on the seat surface of the rim and move toward flanges of the rim, due to air pressure. The outer surfaces 8a of the clinches 8 are then pressed against the flanges of the rim. Thus, the tire 2 is mounted on the rim.

    [0053] In the tire 2 in which the radius R of curvature at the bead heel is great, the bottom surfaces 22a easily move toward the flanges of the rim. The tire 2 having such a structure is easily mounted on the rim. In other words, the tire 2 in which the radius R of curvature at the bead heel is great, is excellent in fittability to a rim. Meanwhile, the tire 2 in which the radius R of curvature is excessively great, is likely to become poor in airtightness. Therefore, in general, the radius of curvature at the bead heel is defined so as to be less than or equal to 6.5 mm for tires for passenger cars.

    [0054] The tire 2 has the inner liner lower portions 18a, and is thus excellent in airtightness. In the tire 2, even if the radius R of curvature is increased as compared to that for a conventional tire, airtightness can be sufficiently exhibited without using an air seal. In the tire 2, by increase of the radius R of curvature, fittability to a rim can be improved. In this viewpoint, the radius R of curvature is preferably greater than or equal to 7 mm, more preferably greater than or equal to 8 mm, and particularly preferably greater than or equal to 9 mm. Meanwhile, from the viewpoint of airtightness, the radius R of curvature is preferably not greater than 15 mm, more preferably not greater than 13 mm, and particularly preferably not greater than 11 mm.

    [0055] Further, in a case where the tire 2 in which the radius R of curvature is great, is mounted on a rim, deformation of the bead heels is reduced. Reduction in deformation of the bead heels leads to reduction in deformation of the inner liner lower portions 18a and reduction in deformation of the insulation lower portions 20a. Damage to the inner liner lower portions 18a and the insulation lower portions 20a is inhibited. In the tire 2 in which the radius R of curvature is great, even when the inner liner lower portions 18a and the insulation lower portions 20a, which are softer as compared to the clinches 8 and the chafers 22, are disposed inward of the cores 28 in the radial direction, durability is excellent.

    [0056] Further, the tire 2 in which the thickness Tr at the bead heel is great, is excellent in airtightness. In this viewpoint, the thickness Tr at the bead heel is preferably greater than or equal to 1 mm. Meanwhile, the tire 2 in which the thickness Tr is small, is excellent in fittability to a rim. In this viewpoint, the thickness Tr is preferably not greater than 3 mm.

    [0057] In the tire 2, the ends 18e of the inner liner 18 are disposed outward of the cores 28 in the axial direction. The end 18e is disposed outward of the outer end Pr in the radial direction. In other words, the inner liner lower portion 18a extends outward of the outer end Pr in the radial direction. The inner liner lower portions 18a are also pressed against flanges of a rim by the cores 28. From the viewpoint of airtightness of the tire 2, the inner liner lower portion 18a preferably extends outward of the outer end Pr in the radial direction. In the same viewpoint, the inner liner lower portion 18a preferably extends outward of the bottom surface 28a of the core 28 in the radial direction.

    [0058] In the tire 2, the insulation lower portions 20a are disposed between: the cores 28 in which an amount of deformation is small; and the inner liner 18 in which an amount of deformation is great as compared to that of the core 28. The insulation 20 is formed of a crosslinked rubber excellent in adhesiveness. The insulation 20 inhibits separation of the inner liner lower portions 18a. In the tire 2, variation in the fastening force F due to difference between the diameter of a rim and the diameter of the core 28 is reduced, and durability is also excellent.

    [0059] In the tire 2, the compressive elastic modulus Eβ of the insulation 20 is less than the compressive elastic modulus Eγ of the inner liner 18. The insulation lower portions 20a are greatly deformed to reduce deformation of the inner liner lower portions 18a. Thus, separation of the inner liner lower portions 18a is inhibited. The tire 2 is excellent in durability of the inner liner 18. Airtightness of the tire 2 is stable over a long time period.

    [0060] From the viewpoint of durability, the compressive elastic modulus Eβ of the insulation 20 is preferably higher than or equal to 2.5 (MPa). From the viewpoint of reducing variation in the fastening force F, the compressive elastic modulus Eβ is preferably not higher than 3.0 (MPa). Further, from the viewpoint of durability, the compressive elastic modulus Eγ of the inner liner 18 is preferably higher than or equal to 3.5 (MPa). From the viewpoint of reducing variation in the fastening force F, the compressive elastic modulus Eγ of the inner liner 18 is preferably not higher than 5.0 (MPa).

    [0061] In the tire 2 in which the thickness L is great in a portion inward of the core 28 in the radial direction, when the tire 2 is mounted on a rim, permanent set is small. In the tire 2, the fastening force F is stable over a long time period. In the tire 2, airtightness is stable over a long time period. In this viewpoint, the thickness L is preferably greater than or equal to 4.0 mm. Meanwhile, in the tire 2 in which the thickness L is excessively great, an amount of compressive deformation δ for obtaining a predetermined fastening force F is increased. It is difficult to obtain a sufficient fastening force F when the tire 2 is mounted on a rim. In the tire 2, fittability to a rim is likely to become poor. In this viewpoint, the thickness L is preferably not greater than 8 mm.

    [0062] In general, in a tire for passenger cars, the fastening force F is from 2 (kN) to 5 (kN) when the tire is mounted on a rim. In particular, when the fastening force F is from 3 (kN) to 4 (kN), a change amount in the fastening force F is reduced relative to a change amount in an amount of compressive deformation δ, whereby variation in the fastening force F can be reduced. Reduction of variation in the fastening force F contributes to improvement of fittability. Reduction of variation in the fastening force F contributes to inhibition of separation from a rim. In this viewpoint, when the fastening force F is from 3 (kN) to 4 (kN), a ratio (dF/dδ) of a change amount dF in the fastening force F to a change amount dδ in an amount of compressive deformation δ is preferably less than or equal to 2 (kN/mm). Meanwhile, when the ratio (dF/dδ) is excessively small, an amount of compressive deformation δ for obtaining a sufficient fastening force F becomes excessively great. In this viewpoint, the ratio (dF/dδ) is preferably not less than 1.5 (kN/mm).

    [0063] In the tire 2, the compressive elastic modulus Eγ and the thickness Lγ of the inner liner 18, and the compressive elastic modulus Eβ and the thickness Lβ of the insulation 20 are adjusted, whereby the ratio (dF/dδ) can be easily adjusted.

    [0064] In each core 28 of the tire 2, the wire 34 is wound so as to overlap in both the radial direction and the axial direction. Deformation of the core 28 in which the wire 34 overlaps in both the radial direction and the axial direction, is small. In the tire 2 in which deformation of the core 28 is small, when the insulation lower portions 20a and the inner liner lower portions 18a are provided, an effect of reducing variation in the fastening force F is particularly easily exhibited.

    [0065] In the tire 2 in which the distances a1 and a2 are small, deformation of the core 28 is reduced. In the tire 2 in which the distances a1 and a2 are small, the effect by the insulation lower portions 20a and the inner liner lower portions 18a is great. In this viewpoint, the distance a1 is preferably less than or equal to 0.8 mm, and more preferably less than or equal to 0.6 mm. Meanwhile, the distance a2 is preferably less than or equal to 0.8 mm, and more preferably less than or equal to 0.6 mm.

    [0066] In the present invention, the compressive elastic modulus Eβ and the compressive elastic modulus Eγ are measured in compliance with JISK6254. A test piece of each crosslinked rubber is prepared. The test piece is used to measure the compressive elastic modulus. The test piece is compressed at a speed of 10 (mm/min) until strain reaches 25%, and the force is immediately removed at a speed of 10 (mm/min). This operation is repeatedly performed four times, and a relationship between compressive force and strain is obtained. The compressive elastic modulus Eβ and the compressive elastic modulus Eγ are obtained according to the relationship between compressive force and strain obtained in the fourth operation.

    [0067] In the present invention, the dimensions and angles of the components of the tire 2 are measured in a state where the tire 2 is mounted on a normal rim, and inflated with air to a normal internal pressure, unless otherwise specified. During the measurement, no load is applied to the tire 2. In the description herein, the normal rim represents a rim that is specified according to the standard with which the tire 2 complies. The "standard rim" in the JATMA standard, the "Design Rim" in the TRA standard, and the "Measuring Rim" in the ETRTO standard are included in the normal rim. In the description herein, the normal internal pressure represents an internal pressure that is specified according to the standard with which the tire 2 complies. The "maximum air pressure" in the JATMA standard, the "maximum value" recited in "TIRE LOAD LIMITS AT VARIOUS COLD INFLATION PRESSURES" in the TRA standard, and the "INFLATION PRESSURE" in the ETRTO standard, are included in the normal internal pressure.

    [0068] FIG. 4 illustrates a pneumatic tire 38 according to another embodiment of the present invention. In the present embodiment, for the tire 38, components different from those of the tire 2 will be described. Description of the same components as in the tire 2 is not given. In the present embodiment, for the tire 38, the same components as in the tire 2 will be described by using the same reference numeral as used for the tire 2.

    [0069] In FIG. 4, the up-down direction represents the radial direction of the tire 38, the right-left direction represents the axial direction of the tire 38, and the direction orthogonal to the surface of the drawing sheet represents the circumferential direction of the tire 38. The tire 38 has cushion layers 40. The tire 38 has an inner liner 42 and an insulation 44 instead of the inner liner 18 and the insulation 20. The other components of the tire 38 are the same as those of the tire 2.

    [0070] The cushion layers 40 are disposed inward of the cores 28 in the radial direction. In the radial direction, the cushion layers 40 are disposed between the carcass ply 32 and insulation lower portions 44a. The cushion layers 40 are layered over the carcass ply 32 and the insulation lower portions 44a. Each cushion layer 40 extends from a portion inward of the innermost end of the core 28, to a portion outward of the outermost end of the core 28, in the axial direction. The cushion layers 40 are formed of a soft crosslinked rubber. In the tire 38, a compressive elastic modulus Eα of the cushion layer 40 is less than each of a compressive elastic modulus Eβ of the insulation 44 and a compressive elastic modulus Eγ of the inner liner 42.

    [0071] The inner liner 42 is disposed inward of the sidewalls 6 in the axial direction. The inner liner 42, which is inward of the sidewalls 6 in the axial direction, is disposed inward of the carcass 12 in the axial direction. Inner liner lower portions 42a are disposed inward of the cores 28 in the radial direction. The inner liner lower portions 42a are disposed between the cores 28 and the bottom surfaces 22a of the chafers 22 in the radial direction. The inner liner lower portions 42a extend from portions that are axially inward of the cores 28 toward portions that are axially outward of the cores 28. The inner liner lower portions 42a are layered between the insulation 44 and the chafers 22 in the radial direction. The inner liner lower portions 42a extend outward of the cores 28 in the axial direction. The inner liner lower portions 42a further extend radially outward in portions that are axially outward of the cores 28. Ends 42e of the inner liner lower portions 42a that extend outward in the radial direction are disposed between the cores 28 and the chafers 22 in portions that are axially outward of the cores 28.

    [0072] The insulation 44 is disposed inward of the sidewalls 6 in the axial direction. The insulation 44, which is inward of the sidewalls 6 in the axial direction, is disposed inward of the carcass 12 in the axial direction. The insulation 44 is layered over the carcass 12 and the inner liner 42 in the axial direction. The insulation lower portions 44a are disposed inward of the cores 28 in the radial direction. The insulation lower portions 44a are disposed between the cores 28 and the bottom surfaces 22a of the chafers 22 in the radial direction. The insulation lower portions 44a extend from portions that are axially inward of the cores 28 toward portions that are axially outward of the cores 28. The insulation lower portions 44a are layered over the cushion layers 40 and the inner liner lower portions 42a in the radial direction. The insulation lower portions 44a extend outward of the cores 28 in the axial direction. Ends 44e of the insulation lower portions 44a are disposed outward of the cores 28 in the axial direction.

    [0073] In FIG. 4, a double-headed arrow Lα represents a thickness, in the radial direction, of the cushion layer 40. An alternate long and short dash line L2 represents a straight line that extends in the radial direction. The straight line L2 passes through the central position, in the axial direction, of the bottom surface 28a. The thickness Lα is measured along the straight line L2. For the tire 38, the thickness L, the thickness Lβ, and the thickness Lγ are measured along the straight line L2, similarly to the thickness Lα.

    [0074] In the tire 38, the cushion layers 40 are disposed inward of the cores 28 in the radial direction, whereby a change amount in the fastening force F is small relative to a change amount in an amount of compressive deformation δ. Thus, even if the amount of compressive deformation δ is greatly changed, a change amount in the fastening force F is small. Also in the tire 38 for which variation in difference between the diameter of a rim and the diameter of the core 28 is relatively great, variation in the fastening force F is reduced.

    [0075] From the viewpoint of durability, a compressive elastic modulus Eα of the cushion layer 40 is preferably higher than or equal to 1.0 (MPa). Meanwhile, from the viewpoint of reducing variation in the fastening force F, the compressive elastic modulus Eα of the cushion layer 40 is preferably not higher than 2.0 (MPa). The compressive elastic modulus Eα is obtained in a manner similar to the manner for the compressive elastic modulus Eβ and the compressive elastic modulus Eγ.

    [0076] In the tire 38, the compressive elastic modulus Eα is less than each of the compressive elastic modulus Eβ and the compressive elastic modulus Eγ. The compressive elastic modulus Eβ is less than the compressive elastic modulus Eγ. The cushion layers 40 are greatly deformed to reduce deformation of the insulation lower portions 44a. Thus, separation of the insulation lower portions 44a is inhibited. The tire 38 is excellent in durability of the insulation 44. Further, even if the cushion layers 40 are greatly deformed, and the insulation lower portions 44a are deformed, deformation of the inner liner lower portions 42a is reduced. Thus, separation of the inner liner lower portions 42a is inhibited. The tire 38 is excellent in durability of the inner liner 42. In the tire 38, airtightness is stable over a long time period. In this viewpoint, the compressive elastic modulus Eα is preferably less than the compressive elastic modulus Eβ, and the compressive elastic modulus Eβ is preferably less than the compressive elastic modulus Eγ.

    [0077] From the viewpoint of improvement of durability of the insulation 44 and the inner liner 42, the thickness Lα of the cushion layer 40 is preferably greater than the thickness Lβ of the insulation lower portion 44a in a portion inward of the core 28 in the radial direction. The thickness Lβ of the insulation lower portion 44a is preferably greater than the thickness Lγ of the inner liner lower portion 42a.

    [0078] Further, in the tire 38 in which a ratio (Lα/L) of the thickness Lα of the cushion layer 44 to the thickness L is great, change of the fastening force F relative to compressive deformation is reduced. In this viewpoint, the ratio (Lα/L) is preferably greater than or equal to 0.5, and more preferably greater than or equal to 0.6. Meanwhile, when the thickness Lα of the cushion layer 44 is increased, an amount of compressive deformation δ for obtaining a predetermined fastening force F is increased. It is difficult to obtain a sufficient fastening force F when the tire 38 is mounted on a rim. In this viewpoint, the ratio (Lα/L) is preferably not greater than 0.8.

    [0079] When the tire 38 in which the radius R of curvature is great, is mounted on a rim, deformation of the bead heel is reduced. In the tire 38, deformation of the cushion layers 44, the inner liner lower portions 42a, and the insulation lower portions 44a is reduced. The tire 38 in which the radius R of curvature is great, is excellent in durability although, in the tire 38, the cushion layers 44, the inner liner lower portions 42a, and the insulation lower portions 44a, which are softer than the clinches 8 and the chafers 22, are disposed inward of the cores 28 in the radial direction.

    [0080] In the tire 38, the compressive elastic modulus Eγ and the thickness Lγ of the inner liner 42, the compressive elastic modulus Eβ and the thickness Lβ of the insulation 44, and the compressive elastic modulus Eα and the thickness Lα of the cushion layer 40, are adjusted, whereby the ratio (dF/dδ) of a change amount dF in the fastening force F to a change amount dδ in an amount of compressive deformation δ can be easily adjusted.

    EXAMPLES



    [0081] Hereinafter, effects of the present invention will become apparent according to examples. However, the present invention should not be restrictively construed based on the description of examples.

    [Example 1]



    [0082] A tire having the structure shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 was prepared. In the tire, the thickness L, the compressive elastic modulus Eβ of the insulation, the compressive elastic modulus Eγ of the inner liner, and the radius R of curvature of the bead heel were as indicated in Table 1. In the table, "present" for "inner liner lower portion" means that the inner liner lower portions were disposed inward of the cores in the radial direction. Meanwhile, "absent" means that the inner liner lower portions were not disposed inward of the cores in the radial direction.

    [Comparative example 1]



    [0083] A commercially available tire was prepared. In the tire, inner liner lower portions were not disposed inward of the cores in the radial direction. The other structure of the tire was the same as in example 1.

    [Comparative example 2]



    [0084] A tire of comparative example 2 was obtained in the same manner as for comparative example 1 except that the radius R of curvature of the bead heel was as indicated in Table 1.

    [Examples 2 to 4]



    [0085] Tires of examples 2 to 4 were each obtained in the same manner as for example 1 except that the thickness L and the radius R of curvature of the bead heel were as indicated in Table 2.

    [Comparative examples 3 to 4]



    [0086] Tires of comparative examples 3 to 4 were each obtained in the same manner as for comparative example 1 except that the thickness L and the radius R of curvature of the bead heel were as indicated in Table 2.

    [Example 5]



    [0087] A tire having the structure shown in FIG. 4 was prepared. The tire had cushion layers. In the tire, the thickness L, a ratio (Lα/L) of the thickness Lα of the cushion layer to the thickness L, the compressive elastic modulus Eα of the cushion layer, the compressive elastic modulus Eβ of the insulation, the compressive elastic modulus Eγ of the inner liner, and the radius R of curvature of the bead heel, were as indicated in Table 3.

    [Example 6]



    [0088] A tire of example 6 was obtained in the same manner as for example 5 except that the ratio (Lα/L) was as indicated in Table 3.

    [Example 7]



    [0089] A tire of example 7 was obtained in the same manner as for example 5 except that the compressive elastic modulus Eα of the cushion layer was as indicated in Table 3.

    [Example 8]



    [0090] A tire of example 8 was obtained in the same manner as for example 5 except that the compressive elastic modulus Eγ of the inner liner was as indicated in Table 3.

    [Evaluation for fittability]



    [0091] For the tires, a bead-expansion force tester manufactured by Hofmann Maschinen- und Anlagenbau GmbH was used to measure fastening force. Fastening force in the case of the diameter of a rim being greater than the diameter of a normal rim by a predetermined amount and fastening force in the case of the diameter of a rim being less than the diameter of a normal rim by a predetermined amount, were measured. A difference in fastening force due to the diameters of the rims being different was calculated. The magnitude of the difference in fastening force of the tire of comparative example 1 is set as 100, and the magnitude of the difference in the fastening force of each of the other tires is represented as an index. The greater the index is, the less the difference in a change amount of the fastening force is. The greater the index is, the better the evaluation is. The results are indicated as a change amount in fastening force in Tables 1 to 3.

    [Fittability]



    [0092] The tires were mounted on normal rims. Each tire was inflated with air, and air pressure was measured when the bead of the tire was moved over a hump of the rim. Air pressure measured for comparative example 1 is set as 100, and air pressure of each of the other tires is represented as an index. The greater the index is, the lower air pressure is. The greater the index is, the better the evaluation is. The results are indicated as fittability in Tables 1 to 3.

    [Airtightness]



    [0093] The tires were left as they were for three months under a condition that an initial pressure was 200 (kPa), the temperature was room temperature of 21°C, and no load was applied. The internal pressure of each tire was measured every four days. When Pt (kPa) represents a measurement pressure, Po (kPa) represents an initial pressure, and t represents the number of days that elapsed, α was obtained by regression by using the following equation.



    [0094] The obtained α and t=30 (days) were used, and a pressure reduction ratio β (%/month) per one month was calculated by using the following equation.



    [0095] Indexes based on the pressure reduction ratio β (%/month) for comparative example 1 being 100, were obtained. The results thereof are indicated as airtightness in Tables 1 to 3. The greater the index is, the less air leakage is. The greater the index is, the better the evaluation is.

    [Productivity]



    [0096] Productivity of the tires was evaluated based on adhesion of a rubber member disposed inward of the core in the radial direction. The results are indicated as productivity in Tables 1 to 3. "Good" in the evaluation indicates that productivity is the same as or better than that of comparative example 1. "Not good" indicates that productivity is reduced as compared to that of comparative example 1.
    Table 1 Evaluation result
     Comp. ex. 1Ex. 1Comp. ex. 2
    Thickness L (mm) 3 3 3
    Ratio (Lα/L) - - -
    Eα (MPa) - - -
    Eβ (MPa) 3 3 3
    Eγ (MPa) 3.5 3.5 3.5
    Radius R of curvature (mm) 6 6 10
    Inner liner lower portion absent present absent
    Change amount in fastening force 100 105 100
    Fittability 100 105 110
    Airtightness 100 110 100
    Productivity good good good
    Table 2 Evaluation result
     Ex. 4Ex. 2Ex. 3Comp. ex. 3Comp. ex. 4
    Thickness L (mm) 4 4 4 4 4
    Ratio (Lα/L) - - - - -
    Eα (MPa) - - - - -
    Eβ (MPa) 3 3 3 3 3
    Eγ (MPa) 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
    Radius R of curvature (mm) 7 10 15 6 16
    Inner liner lower portion present present present absent absent
    Change amount in fastening force 120 120 120 110 110
    Fittability 105 115 120 100 105
    Airtightness 110 110 105 100 90
    Productivity good good good good not good
    Table 3 Evaluation result
     Ex. 6Ex. 5Ex. 7Ex. 8
    Thickness L (mm) 4 4 4 4
    Ratio (Lα/L) 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.6
    Eα (MPa) 1.5 1.5 4 1.5
    Eβ (MPa) 3 3 3 3
    Eγ (MPa) 3.5 3.5 3.5 2
    Radius R of curvature (mm) 10 10 10 10
    Inner liner lower portion present present present present
    Change amount in fastening force 125 140 115 118
    Fittability 118 130 110 120
    Airtightness 110 110 110 110
    Productivity good good good good


    [0097] As indicated in Tables 1 to 3, the evaluation for the tires of examples is higher than the evaluation for the tires of comparative examples. This evaluation result clearly indicates that the present invention is superior.

    [0098] The above-described tires are widely applicable as pneumatic tires that are mounted on rims and used.

    [0099] The foregoing description is in all aspects illustrative, and various modifications can be devised without departing from the essential features of the invention as defined in the claims.


    Claims

    1. A pneumatic tire (2) comprising:

    a pair of beads (10) including cores (28);

    a carcass (12) extended, along inner sides of a tread (4) and sidewalls (6), on and between one of the beads (10) and the other of the beads (10);

    chafers (22), disposed near the beads(10), which are brought into contact with a rim, when the tire is mounted to a rim;

    an inner liner (18, 42) disposed inward of the carcass (12) in an axial direction; and

    an insulation (20) disposed between the carcass (12) and the inner liner (18, 42) in the axial direction,
    wherein

    the chafers (22) include bottom surfaces (22a) that are brought into contact with the rim in portions inward of the cores (28) in a radial direction,

    the insulation (20) includes insulation lower portions (20a) disposed between the cores (28) and the bottom surfaces (22a) of the chafers (22) in the radial direction, and

    the inner liner (18, 42) includes inner liner lower portions (18a, 42a) disposed between the cores (28) and the bottom surfaces (22a) of the chafers (22) in the radial direction, characterized in that
    the inner liner lower portions (18a, 42a) extend from portions that are axially inward of the cores (28) to portions that are axially outward thereof.


     
    2. The tire (2) according to claim 1, wherein
    a contour of a bead heel is formed into an arc shape, and
    when Pr represents a radially outer end of the arc shape,
    the inner liner lower portions (18a, 42a) extend outward of the outer end Pr in the radial direction, in portions that are axially outward of the cores (28).
     
    3. The tire (2) according to claim 1, wherein
    a contour of a bead heel is formed into an arc shape, and
    a radius R of curvature of the arc shape is greater than or equal to 7 mm, and not greater than 15 mm.
     
    4. The tire (2) according to claim 1, wherein a compressive elastic modulus Eβ of the insulation (20) is less than a compressive elastic modulus Eγ of the inner liner (18, 42).
     
    5. The tire (2) according to claim 4, wherein
    the compressive elastic modulus Eβ of the insulation (20) is higher than or equal to 2.5 (MPa), and not higher than 3.0 (MPa), and
    the compressive elastic modulus Eγ of the inner liner (18, 42) is higher than or equal to 3.5 (MPa), and not higher than 5.0 (MPa).
     
    6. The tire (2) according to claim 1, wherein
    each core (28) is formed by a bead wire (34) being wound in a circumferential direction, and
    the bead wire (34) is wound so as to overlap with itself in both the radial direction and the axial direction.
     
    7. The tire (2) according to claim 1, comprising cushion layers (40), wherein
    the cushion layers (40) are layered inward of the cores (28) in the radial direction and outward of the insulation lower portions (20a) in the radial direction, and
    a compressive elastic modulus Eα of the cushion layers (40) is less than each of a compressive elastic modulus Eβ of the insulation (20) and a compressive elastic modulus Eγ of the inner liner (18, 42).
     
    8. The tire (2) according to claim 7, wherein the compressive elastic modulus Eα of the cushion layers (40) is higher than or equal to 1.0 (MPa), and not higher than 2.0 (MPa).
     
    9. The tire (2) according to claim 7, wherein
    in portions that are inward of the cores (28) in the radial direction,
    a thickness Lα of each cushion layer (40) is greater than a thickness Lβ of each insulation lower portion (20a), and
    the thickness Lβ of each insulation lower portion (20a) is greater than a thickness Lγ of each inner liner lower portion (18a, 42a).
     
    10. The tire (2) according to claim 7, wherein, in portions that are inward of the cores (28) in the radial direction, a ratio of a thickness Lα of each cushion layer (40) to a thickness L, in the radial direction, from the bottom surface (22a) of a corresponding one of the chafers (22) to a bottom surface (28a) of a corresponding one of the cores (28), is greater than or equal to 0.5.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Luftreifen (2), umfassend:

    ein Paar Wülste (10) mit Kernen (28);

    eine Karkasse (12), die sich entlang von Innenseiten von einer Lauffläche (4) und von Seitenwänden (6) auf und zwischen einem der Wülste (10) und dem anderen der Wülste (10) erstreckt;

    Wulstbänder (22), die in der Nähe der Wülste (10) angeordnet sind und mit einer Felge in Kontakt gebracht sind, wenn der Reifen auf eine Felge aufgezogen ist;

    einen Innerliner (18, 42), der in einer axialen Richtung innen von der Karkasse (12) angeordnet ist; und

    eine Isolierung (20), die in der axialen Richtung zwischen der Karkasse (12) und dem Innerliner (18, 42) angeordnet ist, wobei

    die Wulstbänder (22) Unterseitenflächen (22a) umfassen, die in Abschnitten in einer radialen Richtung innen von den Kernen (28) mit der Felge in Kontakt gebracht werden,

    die Isolierung (20) untere Isolierungsabschnitte (20a) umfasst, die in der radialen Richtung zwischen den Kernen (28) und den Unterseitenflächen (22a) der Wulstbänder (22) angeordnet sind, und

    der Innerliner (18, 42) untere Innerlinerabschnitte (18a, 42a) umfasst, die in der radialen Richtung zwischen den Kernen (28) und den Unterseitenflächen (22a) der Wulstbänder (22) angeordnet sind,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die unteren Innerlinerabschnitte (18a, 42a) sich von Abschnitten, die sich axial innen von den Kernen (28) befinden, zu Abschnitten erstrecken, die sich axial außen von diesen befinden.


     
    2. Reifen (2) nach Anspruch 1, wobei

    eine Kontur einer Wulstferse in einer Bogenform ausgebildet ist, und

    wenn Pr ein radial äußeres Ende der Bogenform darstellt,

    die unteren Innerlinerabschnitte (18a, 42a) sich von dem äußeren Ende Pr in der radialen Richtung in Abschnitten, die sich axial außen von den Kernen (28) befinden, nach außen erstrecken.


     
    3. Reifen (2) nach Anspruch 1, wobei

    eine Kontur einer Wulstferse in einer Bogenform ausgebildet ist, und

    der Krümmungsradius R der Bogenform größer als oder gleich 7 mm und nicht größer als 15 mm ist.


     
    4. Reifen (2) nach Anspruch 1, wobei ein Druckelastizitätsmodul Eβ der Isolierung (20) kleiner ist als ein Druckelastizitätsmodul Eγ des Innenliners (18, 42).
     
    5. Reifen (2) nach Anspruch 4, wobei

    der Druckelastizitätsmodul Eß der Isolierung (20) größer als oder gleich 2,5 (MPa) und nicht größer als 3,0 (MPa) ist, und

    der Druckelastizitätsmodul Eγ des Innenliners (18, 42) größer als oder gleich 3,5 (MPa) und nicht größer als 5,0 (MPa) ist.


     
    6. Reifen (2) nach Anspruch 1, wobei

    jeder Kern (28) durch einen Wulstdraht (34) gebildet ist, der in einer Umfangsrichtung gewickelt ist, und

    der Wulstdraht (34) so gewickelt ist, dass er sich selbst sowohl in der radialen Richtung als auch in der axialen Richtung überlappt.


     
    7. Reifen (2) nach Anspruch 1, der Polsterschichten (40) umfasst, wobei

    die Polsterschichten (40) in der radialen Richtung innen von den Kernen (28) und in der radialen Richtung außen von den unteren Isolierungsabschnitten (20a) geschichtet sind, und

    ein Druckelastizitätsmodul Eα der Polsterschichten (40) kleiner ist als jeweils ein Druckelastizitätsmodul Eβ der Isolierung (20) und ein Druckelastizitätsmodul Eγ des Innerliners (18, 42).


     
    8. Reifen (2) nach Anspruch 7, wobei der Druckelastizitätsmodul Eα der Polsterschichten (40) größer als oder gleich 1,0 (MPa) und nicht größer als 2,0 (MPa) ist.
     
    9. Reifen (2) nach Anspruch 7, wobei

    in Abschnitten, die sich in der radialen Richtung innen von den Kernen (28) befinden,

    eine Dicke Lα jeder Polsterschicht (40) größer ist als eine Dicke Lβ jedes unteren Isolierungsabschnitts (20a), und

    die Dicke Lβ jedes unteren Isolierungsabschnitts (20a) größer ist als die Dicke Lγ jedes unteren Innerlinerabschnitts (18a, 42a).


     
    10. Reifen (2) nach Anspruch 7, wobei in Abschnitten, die sich in der radialen Richtung innen von den Kernen (28) befinden, ein Verhältnis einer Dicke Lα jeder Polsterschicht (40) zu einer Dicke L in der radialen Richtung von der Unterseitenfläche (22a) eines entsprechenden der Wulstbänder (22) zu einer Unterseitenfläche (28a) eines entsprechenden der Kerne (28) größer als oder gleich 0,5 ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Bandage pneumatique (2) comprenant :

    une paire de talons (10) incluant des âmes (28) ;

    une carcasse (12) s'étendant, le long de côtés intérieurs d'une bande de roulement (4) et de parois latérales (6), sur et entre l'un des talons (10) et l'autre des talons (10) ;

    des bandelettes de talon (22), disposées près des talons (10), qui sont amenées en contact avec une jante, quand le pneumatique est monté sur une jante ;

    une doublure intérieure (18, 42) disposée à l'intérieur de la carcasse (12) dans une direction axiale ; et

    une isolation (20) disposée entre la carcasse (12) et la doublure intérieure (18, 42) dans la direction axiale,
    dans lequel

    les bandelettes de talon (22) incluent des surfaces de fond (22a) qui sont amenées en contact avec la jante dans des portions à l'intérieur des âmes (28) dans une direction radiale,

    l'isolation (20) inclut des portions inférieures d'isolation (20a) disposées entre les âmes (28) et les surfaces de fond (22a) des bandelettes de talon (22) dans la direction radiale, et

    la doublure intérieure (18, 42) inclut des portions inférieures de doublure intérieure (18a, 42a) disposées entre les âmes (28) et les surfaces de fond (22a) des bandelettes de talon (22) dans la direction radiale, caractérisé en ce que

    les portions inférieures de doublure intérieure (18a, 42a) s'étendent depuis des portions qui sont axialement à l'intérieur des âmes (28) jusqu'à des portions qui sont axialement à l'extérieur de celles-ci.


     
    2. Pneumatique (2) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel un contour d'un arrière de talon est réalisé dans une forme d'arc, et quand Pr représente une extrémité radialement extérieure de la forme d'arc,
    les portions inférieures de doublure intérieure (18a, 42a) s'étendent vers l'extérieur de l'extrémité extérieure Pr dans la direction radiale, dans des portions qui sont axialement à l'extérieur des âmes (28).
     
    3. Pneumatique (2) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    un contour d'un arrière de talon est réalisé dans une forme d'arc, et
    un rayon R de courbure de la forme d'arc est supérieur ou égal à 7 mm et n'est pas supérieur à 15 mm.
     
    4. Pneumatique (2) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel un module d'élasticité en compression Eβ de l'isolation (20) est inférieur à un module d'élasticité en compression Eγ de la doublure intérieure (18, 42).
     
    5. Pneumatique (2) selon la revendication 4, dans lequel
    le module d'élasticité en compression Eβ de l'isolation (20) est supérieur ou égal à 2,5 (MPa) et n'est pas supérieur à 3,0 (MPa), et le module d'élasticité en compression Eγ de la doublure interne (18, 42) est supérieur ou égal à 3,5 (MPa) et n'est pas supérieur à 5,0 (MPa).
     
    6. Pneumatique (2) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    chaque âme (28) est formée par un fil de talon (34) qui est enroulé dans une direction circonférentielle, et
    le fil de talon (34) est enroulé de manière à se chevaucher lui-même à la fois dans la direction radiale et dans la direction axiale.
     
    7. Pneumatique (2) selon la revendication 1, comprenant des couches formant coussin (40), dans lequel
    les couches formant coussin (40) sont superposées à l'intérieur des âmes (28) dans la direction radiale et à l'extérieur des portions inférieures d'isolation (20a) dans la direction radiale, et
    un module d'élasticité en compression Eα des couches formant coussin (40) est inférieur à un module parmi un module d'élasticité en compression Eβ de l'isolation (20) et un module d'élasticité en compression Eγ de la doublure intérieure (18, 42).
     
    8. Pneumatique (2) selon la revendication 7, dans lequel le module d'élasticité en compression Eα des couches formant coussin (40) est supérieur ou égal à 1,0 (MPa) et n'est pas supérieur à 2,0 (MPa).
     
    9. Pneumatique (2) selon la revendication 7, dans lequel
    dans des portions qui sont à l'intérieur des âmes (28) dans la direction radiale,
    une épaisseur Lα de chaque couche formant coussin (40) est supérieure à une épaisseur Lβ de chaque portion inférieure d'isolation (20a), et
    l'épaisseur Lβ de chaque portion inférieure d'isolation (20a) est supérieure à une épaisseur Lγ de chaque portion inférieure de doublure intérieure (18a, 42a).
     
    10. Pneumatique (2) selon la revendication 7, dans lequel, dans des portions qui sont à l'intérieur des âmes (28) dans la direction radiale, un rapport d'une épaisseur La de chaque couche formant coussin (40) sur une épaisseur L, dans la direction radiale, depuis la surface de fond (22a) d'une bandelette de talon correspondante parmi les bandelettes de talon (22) jusqu'à une surface de fond (28a) d'une âme correspondante parmi les âmes (28), est supérieur ou égal à 0,5.
     




    Drawing















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description