(19)
(11)EP 3 156 426 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
18.09.2019 Bulletin 2019/38

(21)Application number: 15807338.7

(22)Date of filing:  10.06.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C08C 19/22  (2006.01)
C08K 3/36  (2006.01)
C08L 15/00  (2006.01)
C08K 3/04  (2006.01)
B60C 1/00  (2006.01)
C08K 5/5419  (2006.01)
C08K 5/31  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2015/066728
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/190519 (17.12.2015 Gazette  2015/50)

(54)

MODIFIED RUBBER FOR TYRE, RUBBER COMPOSITION FOR TYRE USING SAID MODIFIED RUBBER AND TYRE

MODIFIZIERTER KAUTSCHUK FÜR REIFEN, KAUTSCHUKZUSAMMENSETZUNG FÜR REIFEN MIT VERWENDUNG DES BESAGTEN MODIFIZIERTEN KAUTSCHUKS SOWIE REIFEN

CAOUTCHOUC MODIFIÉ POUR PNEUMATIQUE AINSI QUE COMPOSITION DE CAOUTCHOUC POUR PNEUMATIQUE METTANT EN UVRE CELUI-CI, ET PNEUMATIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 10.06.2014 JP 2014119357
13.02.2015 JP 2015026281

(43)Date of publication of application:
19.04.2017 Bulletin 2017/16

(73)Proprietor: Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Company, Inc.
Tokyo 100-8324 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • IWATA, Tomoki
    Tokyo 125-8601 (JP)
  • SAKAI, Haruka
    Tokyo 125-8601 (JP)
  • UERA, Kazuyoshi
    Tokyo 125-8601 (JP)

(74)Representative: Müller-Boré & Partner Patentanwälte PartG mbB 
Friedenheimer Brücke 21
80639 München
80639 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 0 921 136
WO-A1-98/44040
JP-A- H0 446 966
JP-A- H01 139 649
JP-A- S63 218 752
JP-A- 2009 215 440
US-A1- 2011 237 723
EP-A2- 0 922 713
WO-A1-2015/093391
JP-A- H01 139 649
JP-A- H11 236 585
JP-A- 2001 139 728
JP-A- 2009 215 440
US-A1- 2013 331 480
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a modified rubber for a tire, a rubber composition for a tire using the same, and a tire.

    [0002] Fillers are compounding agents to be mixed in a rubber for the purpose of reinforcement or bulking of the rubber, imparting a special function to the rubber, etc. Carbon black, a representative filler, not only contributes to enhancement of the physical properties (reinforcing effect), such as elastic modulus and breaking strength, of a rubber, but also has a function of imparting conductivity, etc.

    [0003] To obtain a reinforcing effect for rubbers similar to carbon black and obtain a rubber composition having low exothermicity, i.e., low loss characteristics, a method of using an inorganic filler such as silica is known, and has been applied, for example, to rubber compositions for environmentally friendly, fuel-efficient tires, etc.

    [0004]  In an inorganic filler-blended rubber composition, an inorganic filler, especially hydrophilic silica having a silanol group on the surface, blended therein agglomerates in the rubber composition due to its low affinity for a rubber, which is hydrophobic. Thus, it is required to enhance the affinity of silica for a rubber to enhance the reinforcing capability of silica and obtain an effect of low exothermicity. Known examples of such methods include use of a synthetic rubber the affinity of which for inorganic fillers is enhanced through end group modification with a polar group (see Patent Literature 1) and use of a synthetic rubber the affinity of which for inorganic fillers is enhanced through copolymerization of a polar group-containing monomer (see Patent Literature 2). Known examples of methods for modifying a natural rubber to introduce a polar group include a method in which a natural rubber is oxidized and then modified with a hydrazide compound having a polar group (see Patent Literature 3) and a method in which a silane coupling agent is added to a rubber composition containing a modified natural rubber having a polar group introduced and silica to further enhance the dispersibility of the silica (see Patent Literature 4).

    [0005] JP S63-218752 A describes an acrylate elastomer vulcanizable composition. EP 0 921 136 A1 describes nitrogen containing dispersant-viscosity improvers. EP 0 922 713 A1 describes nitrogen containing dispersant-viscosity improvers. JP H01-139649 A describes a composition for mold cleaning. JP 2009-215440 A describes an oxygen-absorbing resin composition. US 2011/0237723 A1 describes a curable composition and a cured product thereof. US 2013/0331480 A1 describes a rubber composition and a tire produced using the same, and a process of producing the rubber composition.

    Patent Literature 1:
    Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2010-209253

    Patent Literature 2:
    Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2011-038009

    Patent Literature 3:
    Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2009-108204

    Patent Literature 4:
    Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2011-246513



    [0006] However, public interest in environmental issues such as the carbon dioxide concentration in the air and the air pollution is expected to increase more and more in the future, and a technique is required to provide a modified rubber, a rubber composition containing the modified rubber and an inorganic filler such as silica and being excellent in low loss characteristics, and a tire each of which reduces the rolling resistance of a tire to provide fuel-efficient automobiles. Currently, such requirements have not been met sufficiently.

    [0007] The present invention was made in view of the above circumstances, and an object of the present invention is to provide a modified rubber capable of enhancing low loss characteristics and breaking strength when being added to a rubber composition.

    [0008] As a result of diligent research, the present inventors found that a modified rubber obtained by modifying a natural rubber and/or a synthetic rubber with a compound having a specific structure can solve the above problem, and thus completed the present invention.

    [0009] The present invention is as follows.
    1. [1] A modified rubber for a tire (A) obtained by reacting a natural rubber and/or a synthetic rubber with a compound represented by formula (1):

      wherein X is an acid to form a salt with a guanidine site, wherein the synthetic rubber is 1,4-polybutadiene, 1,2-polybutadiene, 1,4-polyisoprene, 3,4-polyisoprene, styrene-butadiene rubber, end-modified styrene-butadiene rubber, chloroprene rubber or nitrile rubber.
    2. [2] The modified rubber for the tire (A) according to [1], wherein the natural rubber and/or the synthetic rubber is mixed with the compound represented by the formula (1) and modified in the range of 20 to 180°C.
    3. [3]
      The modified rubber for the tire (A) according to [1] or [2], wherein the compound represented by the formula (1) is used at 0.01 to 10% by mass, based on an amount of the natural rubber and/or the synthetic rubber.
    4. [4]
      A rubber composition for a tire comprising: a modified rubber for a tire (A)
      obtained by modifying a natural rubber and/or a synthetic rubber with a compound represented by formula (1):

      wherein X is an acid to form a salt with a guanidine site; a filler containing an inorganic filler (B); and a silane coupling agent (C).
    5. [5]
      The rubber composition for the tire according to [4], wherein the inorganic filler (B) is silica.
    6. [6]
      The rubber composition for the tire according to [4] or [5], wherein the filler comprises carbon black.
    7. [7]
      The rubber composition for the tire according to any one of [4] to [6] comprising the modified rubber (A), wherein the rubber composition is obtained by mixing the compound represented by the formula (1), the natural rubber and/or the synthetic rubber, the filler containing an inorganic filler (B), and the silane coupling agent (C) together.
    8. [8]
      The rubber composition for the tire according to [7], wherein a temperature in mixing is in a range of 20 to 180°C.
    9. [9]
      The rubber composition for the tire according to [7] or [8], wherein a content of the compound represented by the formula (1) is 0.01 to 10% by mass, based on an amount of the natural rubber and/or the synthetic rubber.
    10. [10] A tire using the rubber composition according to any one of [4] to [9] for a tread of a tire member.


    [0010] The modified rubber according to the present invention enables providing a rubber composition and a tire which are excellent in low loss characteristics and breaking strength.

    [0011] Hereinafter, modes for carrying out the present invention (hereinafter, simply referred to as "one embodiment(s) of the present invention" or "the present embodiment(s)") will be described in detail. The embodiments of the present invention in the following are examples for describing the present invention, and it is not intended to limit the present invention to the following description. Appropriate modifications may be made in the practice of the present invention within the gist of the present invention.

    [0012] A modified rubber for a tire (A) according to one embodiment of the present invention (hereinafter, occasionally referred to as "modified rubber" simply) can be obtained by reacting a natural rubber and/or a synthetic rubber with the compound represented by the following formula (1):

    wherein X is an acid to form a salt with a guanidine site, wherein the synthetic rubber is 1,4-polybutadiene, 1,2-polybutadiene, 1,4-polyisoprene, 3,4-polyisoprene, styrene-butadiene rubber, end-modified styrene-butadiene rubber, chloroprene rubber or nitrile rubber.

    [0013] For a raw material rubber of the modified rubber (A) according to the present embodiment, a natural rubber, a synthetic rubber, or both of them may be used. Among them, a natural rubber is suitable because use of it provides the advantageous effect of the present embodiment significantly. The reason is that, in contrast to synthetic rubbers, into which a polar group can be introduced in polymerization in a simple manner, for example, as in the case of a synthetic rubber whose affinity for inorganic fillers has been enhanced through end modification with a polar group described in Patent Literature 1, a synthetic rubber whose affinity for inorganic fillers has been enhanced through copolymerization of a polar group-containing monomer described in Patent Literature 2, etc., natural rubbers cannot be applied with such approaches.

    [0014] For the natural rubber, a sheet rubber or a block rubber each obtained by coagulating and drying a natural rubber latex may be used as a raw material. Examples of sheet rubbers include, in accordance with the classification of "International Standards of Quality and Packing for Natural Rubber Grades" (commonly called "Green Book"), ribbed smoked sheets (RSS), which are obtained by smoking a sheet to dry, air-dried sheets (ADS), which are obtained by drying a sheet with hot air, and crepes, which are obtained by sufficiently washing a coagulate with water followed by drying with hot air, and further include TC rubbers (Technically Classified Rubber), SP rubbers (Super Processing Rubber), MG rubbers, PP crepes, softeners, and peptizer-containing rubbers. Examples of block rubbers include SMR (Standard Malaysian Rubber) from Malaysia, SIR from Indonesia, TTR from Thailand, SCR from Sri Lanka, and SSR from Singapore. One of these natural rubber raw materials may be used singly, or two or more thereof may be used in combination.

    [0015] Alternatively, a rubber obtained by coagulating a natural rubber latex after oxidation treatment may be used, and oxidation of a natural rubber latex can be performed by using a known method. For example, oxidation of a natural rubber latex can be performed by air-oxidizing a natural rubber latex dissolved in an organic solvent at a fraction of 1 to 30% by mass in the presence of a metal oxidation catalyst in accordance with Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 8-81505. As described in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 9-136903, oxidation can be performed by adding a carbonyl compound to a natural rubber latex. In the case that air oxidation is performed as an oxidizing method, air oxidation may be performed in the presence of a radical generator to promote air oxidation as described in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 9-136903. For example, a peroxide radical generator, a redox-type radical generator, an azo radical generator, or the like is suitably used for the radical generator.

    [0016] According to the present invention, synthetic rubbers which can be used for a raw material of the modified rubber (A) are 1,4-polybutadiene, 1,2-polybutadiene, 1,4-polyisoprene, 3,4-polyisoprene, styrene-butadiene rubbers, end-modified styrene-butadiene rubbers, chloroprene rubbers, or nitrile rubbers.

    [0017] In the present embodiment, the above-described natural rubber, modified rubber, or both of them may be used. In other words, one of them may be used singly, or two or more thereof may be used in combination.

    [0018] A rubber modifier in the present embodiment is an aminoguanidine salt represented by formula (1):

    wherein X is an acid to form a salt with a guanidine site.

    [0019]  A modified rubber obtained by reacting the modifier with a rubber has a polar group such as an amino group, and thus affinity for a polar group of an inorganic filler, particularly in the case of silica, affinity for a silanol group on the surface of silica is enhanced, for example. As a result, the adhesion between the rubber and the inorganic filler is enhanced, and a molded rubber product having better low loss characteristics can be provided in manufacturing a molded rubber product such as a tire; however, the effect of the present embodiment is not limited thereto.

    [0020] X in the formula (1) can be an acid capable of forming a salt with a guanidine site, and the type of the acid is not limited. Examples thereof include organic acids (acetic acid, oxalic acid, p-toluenesulfonic acid, etc.) and inorganic acids (hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, hydroiodic acid, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, carbonic acid, sulfamic acid, perchloric acid, silicic acid, boric acid, phenylphosphinic acid, etc.). For a modifier containing a hydrazine site in the molecule and having a polar group such as an amino group, use of semicarbazide hydrochloride, thiosemicarbazide, or the like is contemplated, in addition to an aminoguanidine salt. However, semicarbazide hydrochloride corresponds to Category 3 in GHS classification for acute toxicity (oral) and is positive to specific bacterium strains (TA1535 and TA100) in an Ames test (Evaluation Report on Drugs for Animals, 2007), and thiosemicarbazide corresponds to Category 2 in GHS classification for acute toxicity (oral) and is designated as a poisonous substance in Poisonous and Deleterious Substances Control Act. Thus, they are highly poisonous and impracticable in light of handleability.

    [0021] On the other hand, aminoguanidine is a raw material for synthesis of medicines, dyes, photographic chemicals, gunpowder, etc., and in particular, its anti-glycation effect is widely known in the field of medicines. As the anti-glycation effect of aminoguanidine have been found inhibition of the in vitro formation of AGEs, inhibition of the crosslinking or polymerization of a protein, and prophylaxis of nephropathy, retinopathy, and neuropathy and an effect of preventing the progression of diabetes complications in an animal model of diabetes. Aminoguanidine carbonate is out of categories in GHS classification for acute toxicity (oral) and is negative in an Ames test, and thus is considered as a less poisonous compound.

    [0022] Aminoguanidine is highly basic because the positive charge of the conjugate acid is dispersion-stabilized by a plurality of nitrogen atoms present in the molecule, and thus is present as a complex (salt) with an acid in common cases. Examples of aminoguanidine salts include aminoguanidine carbonate (melting point: 162°C (decomposition)), aminoguanidine hydrochloride (melting point: 165°C), aminoguanidine hydroiodide (melting point: 115 to 118°C), aminoguanidine hydrobromide, aminoguanidine hemisulfate (melting point: 207°C), aminoguanidine nitrate (melting point: 145 to 147°C), aminoguanidine oxalate (melting point: 209°C), aminoguanidine phosphate (melting point: 144°C), aminoguanidine acetate, aminoguanidine sulfamate, aminoguanidine perchlorate, aminoguanidine silicate, aminoguanidine borate, and aminoguanidine phenylphosphinate.

    [0023] Next, a method for manufacturing the modified rubber according to the present embodiment will be described. The modified rubber according to the present embodiment is obtained, for example, by mixing a modifier as the compound represented by formula (1) and a rubber by using a mixer, an extruder, a kneader, or the like. It is preferred to mix by using a kneader from the viewpoint of enhancement of dispersibility. For adding the modifier into a mixer, an extruder, a kneader, or the like, any of a method of adding a powder of the compound directly, a method of adding a solution of the compound dissolved in a solvent, and a method of adding the compound in an emulsion solution may be used.

    [0024] Although reaction conditions for obtaining the modified rubber according to the present embodiment are not limited, the reaction temperature for a rubber and the modifier is preferably 20 to 180°C, and more preferably 50 to 160°C. Controlling the reaction temperature in such a temperature range enables sufficient mixing of a rubber and the modifier and further the decomposition of the modifier can be prevented. The kneading duration for a rubber is preferably controlled to 0.5 to 30 minutes at the above reaction temperature, and is more preferably 2 to 10 minutes. A kneading duration of 0.5 to 30 minutes allows a rubber and the modifier to react sufficiently without deterioration of productivity. Regarding to the reaction atmosphere, it is preferred to perform the reaction in the presence of oxygen, for example, in air. The reason is that a part of a rubber is oxidized through kneading in the presence of oxygen and the reactivity to the modifier is enhanced.

    [0025] Although the modified rubber according to the present embodiment can be obtained by mixing the modifier and a rubber at once by using an extruder, a kneader, or the like, an approach in which a rubber obtained by coagulating a natural rubber latex after oxidation treatment is used, and an approach in which a step of applying mechanical force to a raw material rubber, which is called mastication, is carried out before addition of the modifier to dissociate agglomerations (associations) of molecules and cleave the molecular chain for controlling the plasticity of the rubber to a plasticity which allows for easy processing are also preferably employed because the reactivity between the modifier and a rubber can be enhanced. In the step of mastication, a peptizer may be used.

    [0026] If the modifier, a rubber, a filler containing an inorganic filler, a silane coupling agent, and compounding agents appropriately selected as necessary are blended and mixed together by using a mixer, an extruder, a kneader, or the like, a modified rubber is partly formed in the rubber composition. This approach is more preferred than the approach in which the modifier and a rubber are mixed together from the viewpoint of working efficiency. This operation provides a rubber composition according to one embodiment of the present invention.

    [0027] The amount of the modifier as the compound represented by formula (1) to be used in manufacturing the modified rubber according to the present embodiment is preferably 0.01 to 10% by mass, and more preferably 0.1 to 3% by mass, based on the amount of the rubber component (natural rubber and/or synthetic rubber) because a small number of polar groups evenly introduced into each rubber molecule enhance the affinity of the modified rubber obtained for a filler such as silica and carbon black without lowering processability, and thus a rubber composition having excellent low loss characteristics is provided. In the case that a natural rubber and a synthetic rubber are used in combination, the amount of the compound here refers to the amount based on the total amount of the natural rubber and the synthetic rubber.

    [0028] A rubber composition for a tire according to one embodiment of the present invention (hereinafter, occasionally referred to as "rubber composition" simply) preferably contains the modified rubber (A), a filler containing an inorganic filler (B), and a silane coupling agent (C).

    [0029] The inorganic filler (B) in the present embodiment refers to an inorganic compound containing at least one selected from silicon, oxides or hydroxides of typical metals or transition metals and hydrates thereof, and carbonates of these metals.

    [0030]  Specifically, the inorganic filler (B) is not limited as long as it is an inorganic filler used in the art. Carbon black to be described later is not included in the inorganic filler (B) here, and does not fall under the inorganic filler (B). Inorganic fillers are roughly classified into reinforcing fillers such as silica having an active surface and surface-treated clay and non-reinforcing fillers such as calcium carbonate, clay, and talc. Specific examples of the inorganic filler (B) include silica, calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate, aluminum oxide, aluminum hydroxide, aluminum silicate (clay), magnesium silicate (talc), calcium silicate, and zinc oxide. In view of interaction with the modified rubber, it is preferred to use any of the reinforcing fillers, and silica is more preferred among them. The silica is not limited, and wet silica (hydrated silicic acid), dry silica (silicic anhydride), or the like may be used.

    [0031] In the case that silica is used, the BET specific surface area is preferably 40 to 350 m2/g. If the BET specific surface area of silica is within the range, the particle diameter of the silica becomes appropriate, which leads to enhancement of the tensile strength and reduction of hysteresis loss. The BET specific surface area can be measured in accordance with JIS Z8830: 2013.

    [0032]  In addition to the above inorganic filler (B), carbon black may be added as a filler to be used for the rubber composition according to the present embodiment to enhance the reinforcing effect. Here, carbon black is a filler different from the above inorganic filler (B), and should be clearly discriminated from the inorganic filler (B). Examples of carbon black include those of various grades GPF, FEF, SRF, HAF, ISAF, and SAF.

    [0033] The total content of the inorganic filler (B) and carbon black in the rubber composition according to the present embodiment is not limited, but preferably 5 to 100 parts by mass, and more preferably 20 to 80 parts by mass, based on 100 parts by mass of other organic components of the rubber composition such as the modified rubber (A) to obtain a sufficient loss-reduction effect and reinforcing effect without deterioration of processability.

    [0034] The silane coupling agent (C) in the present embodiment is not limited, and examples thereof include bis-(3-triethoxysilylpropyl) tetrasulfide, bis-(3-trimethoxysilylpropyl) tetrasulfide, bis-(3-methyldimethoxysilylpropyl) tetrasulfide, bis-(2-triethoxysilylethyl) tetrasulfide, bis-(3-triethoxysilylpropyl) disulfide, bis-(3-trimethoxysilylpropyl) disulfide, bis-(3-triethoxysilylpropyl) trisulfide, 3-hexanoylthiopropyltriethoxysilane, 3-octanoylthiopropyltriethoxysilane, 3-decanoylthiopropyltriethoxysilane, 3-lauroylthiopropyltriethoxysilane, 2-hexanoylthioethyltriethoxysilane, 2-octanoylthioethyltriethoxysilane, 2-decanoylthioethyltriethoxysilane, 2-lauroylthioethyltriethoxysilane, 3-hexanoylthiopropyltrimethoxysilane, 3-octanoylthiopropyltrimethoxysilane, 3-decanoylthiopropyltrimethoxysilane, 3-lauroylthiopropyltrimethoxysilane, 2-hexanoylthioethyltrimethoxysilane, 2-octanoylthioethyltrimethoxysilane, 2-decanoylthioethyltrimethoxysilane, 2-lauroylthioethyltrimethoxysilane, 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane, 3-mercaptopropyltriethoxysilane, 3-mercaptopropylmethyldimethoxysilane, 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, γ-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane, γ-glycidoxypropylmethyldiethoxysilane, 3-trimethoxysilylpropyl-N,N-dimethylthiocarbamoyl tetrasulfide, 3-trimethoxysilylpropylbenzothiazolyl tetrasulfide, and 3-trimethoxysilylpropylmethacryloyl monosulfide. The content is preferably 1 to 20 parts by mass, based on 100 parts by mass of the inorganic filler.

    [0035] In addition to the modified rubber, a rubber, the filler containing an inorganic filler, and the silane coupling agent, compounding agents commonly used in the rubber industry, such as an antioxidant, a softener, a vulcanization accelerator, a vulcanization-accelerating aid, and vulcanizing agent, may be appropriately selected and blended in the rubber composition according to the present embodiment, without interfering with the object of the present embodiment. For these compounding agents, commercial products can be suitably used.

    [0036] The type of the antioxidant is not limited, and examples thereof include naphthylamine antioxidants, p-phenylenediamine antioxidants, hydroquinone derivative antioxidants, bis-, tris-, and polyphenol antioxidants, diphenylamine antioxidants, quinoline antioxidants, monophenol antioxidants, thiobisphenol antioxidants, hindered phenol antioxidants. From the viewpoint of a higher antioxidizing effect, amine antioxidants such as p-phenylenediamine antioxidants and diphenyl amine antioxidants are preferred. Examples of diphenyl amine antioxidants include 4,4'-(α-methylbenzyl)diphenylamine, 4,4'-(α,α-dimethylbenzyl)diphenylamine, p-(p-toluene-sulfonylamido)diphenylamine, and 4,4'-dioctyldiphenylamine. Among them, 4,4'-(α-methylbenzyl)diphenylamine is the most preferred from the viewpoint of an even higher antioxidizing effect. Examples of p-phenylenediamine antioxidants include N,N'-diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine, N-isopropyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine, N,N'-di-2-naphthyl-p-phenylenediamine, N-cyclohexyl-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine, N-phenyl-N'-(3-methacryloyloxy-2-hydroxypropyl)-p-phenylenediamine, N,N'-bis(1-methylheptyl)-p-phenylenediamine, N,N'-bis(1,4-dimethylpentyl)-p-phenylenediamine, N,N'-bis(1-ethyl-3-methylpentyl)-p-phenylenediamine, and N-(1,3-dimethylbutyl)-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine. Among them, N-(1,3-dimethylbutyl)-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine is the most preferred from the viewpoint of an even higher antioxidizing effect and cost. The content of the antioxidant in the rubber composition is preferably 0.1 to 5% by mass, based on the amount of the rubber component of the rubber composition.

    [0037] The type of the softener is not limited, and examples thereof include mineral oil softeners derived from petroleum and coal tar, vegetable oil softeners derived from fatty oils and pine trees, and synthetic resin softeners.

    [0038] The type of the vulcanization accelerator is not limited, and examples thereof include thiazole vulcanization accelerators such as mercaptobenzothiazole and di-2-benzothiazolyl disulfide; sulfenamide vulcanization accelerators such as N-cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazolylsulfenamide, N,N'-dicyclohexyl-2-benzothiazolylsulfenamide, and N'-tert-butyl-2-benzothiazolylsulfenamide; and guanidine vulcanization accelerators such as diphenylguanidine. One of these vulcanization accelerators may be used singly, or two or more thereof may be used in combination. The content is preferably 0.1 to 5 parts by mass, based on 100 parts by mass of the rubber component. The vulcanization-accelerating aid is not limited, and examples thereof include stearic acid and zinc oxide.

    [0039] Regarding the type of the vulcanizing agent, vulcanizing agents commonly used in the art may be appropriately used, and examples thereof include sulfur and peroxides. Among them, sulfur is preferred. The content of the vulcanizing agent is preferably 0.1 to 5 parts by mass, and more preferably 0.5 to 3 parts by mass, based on 100 parts by mass of the rubber component. If the lower limit of the content of the vulcanizing agent is the above value or more, sufficient vulcanization can be achieved. If the upper limit of the content of the vulcanizing agent is the above value or less, what is called scorch time is not too shortened and failure such as burning of a rubber during kneading can be effectively prevented.

    [0040] A tire according to one embodiment of the present invention includes the above rubber composition, and in particular it is preferred to use the rubber composition for the tread. A tire using the rubber composition for the tread is excellent in fuel efficiency. The tire according to the present embodiment is not limited except that the rubber composition is used for any of the members of the tire, and can be manufactured by using a conventional method. Examples of gas to be used for filling the tire include, in addition to normal air and air having an adjusted oxygen partial pressure, inert gasses such as nitrogen, argon, and helium.

    Examples



    [0041] Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in more detail with reference to Examples and Comparative Examples, but the present invention is never limited to the following Examples.

    (Synthesis Example 1) Synthesis of aminoguanidine phosphate (2)



    [0042] 



    [0043] To a 50 mL eggplant flask, 4.03 g (30 mmol) of aminoguanidine carbonate (manufactured by Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.) was added and 4 g of water was added thereto, and the resultant was then stirred with a magnetic stirrer. Subsequently, 3.43 g (30 mmol) of 85% phosphoric acid was added dropwise thereto. Thereafter, the reaction solution was added dropwise to 150 mL of methanol. Immediately, a white solid precipitated. The white solid precipitated was collected by filtration, washed with methanol, and then vacuum-dried at 50°C for 18 hours to afford 3.74 g (22 mmol) of a white solid. Elemental analysis was performed for the solid obtained with the carbon/hydrogen/nitrogen simultaneous determination apparatus CHN coder MT-6 (manufactured by YANACO Co., Ltd.), and the result was as follows. Calc.: C, 6.98; H, 5.27; N, 32.56. Found: C, 6.82; H, 5.25; N, 32.13. Thus, it was confirmed to be aminoguanidine phosphate. The mole yield was 73%. The melting point was measured with the micro melting point measurement apparatus BY-1 (manufactured by YAZAWA Kagaku Co., Ltd.) to be 143 to 144°C.

    (Synthesis Example 2) Synthesis of aminoguanidine oxalate (3)



    [0044] 



    [0045] To a 50 mL eggplant flask, 3.98 g (29 mmol) of aminoguanidine carbonate (manufactured by Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.) was added and 18 g of water was added thereto, and the resultant was then stirred with a magnetic stirrer. Subsequently, 2.63 g (29 mmol) of oxalic acid was added thereto in small portions, and the resultant was stirred until bubble formation ceased. A white solid precipitated was collected by filtration, washed with methanol, and then vacuum-dried at 50°C for 18 hours to afford 3.39 g (21 mmol) of a white solid. Elemental analysis was performed for the solid obtained with the carbon/hydrogen/nitrogen simultaneous determination apparatus CHN coder MT-6 (manufactured by YANACO Co., Ltd.), and the result was as follows. Calc.: C, 21.96; H, 4.91; N, 34.14. Found: C, 21.78; H, 4.75; N, 34.22. Thus, it was confirmed to be aminoguanidine oxalate. The mole yield was 71%. The melting point was measured with the micro melting point measurement apparatus BY-1 (manufactured by YAZAWA Kagaku Co., Ltd.) to be 211 to 212°C.

    (Example 1)



    [0046] In a Labo Plastmill (manufactured by Toyo Seiki Seisaku-sho, Ltd.) with the inside of the mixer heated to 30°C, 41.4 g of a natural rubber coagulate (RSS #1, manufactured by Kato Sansho Co., Ltd.) was placed and kneaded at a rotational frequency of 60 rpm, for 4 minutes with the lid closed and for 1 minute with the lid opened. When the temperature of the rubber increased to reach 80°C due to shear heating, 0.828 g of aminoguanidine hydrochloride (manufactured by Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.) was placed therein, and the resultant was further kneaded for 3 minutes to obtain a modified rubber 1. Then, the temperature of the rubber had reached 85°C.

    [0047] In 200 g of a 2:1 mixed solvent of acetone and methanol, 9.0 g of the modified rubber 1 was heated to reflux for 2 hours to extract unreacted aminoguanidine hydrochloride. After the solvent was distilled away under reduced pressure, the residue was subjected to quantitative analysis by using liquid chromatography, and the result showed that 0.030 g of 1-methylethylideneaminoguanidine hydrochloride, a condensation product of aminoguanidine hydrochloride and acetone, was contained. In other words, the amount of unreacted aminoguanidine hydrochloride extracted was 0.022 g and 87% of aminoguanidine hydrochloride added reacted with the natural rubber. Thus, it was found that the amount of addition of aminoguanidine in the modified rubber 1 was 1.7% by mass, based on the amount of the solid rubber component of the natural rubber raw material.

    (Reference Example 1)



    [0048] In a Labo Plastmill with the inside of the reactor heated to 30°C, 41.4 g of a natural rubber coagulate (RSS #1) was placed and kneaded at a rotational frequency of 60 rpm, for 4 minutes with the lid closed and for 1 minute with the lid opened. After the temperature of the rubber reached 80°C due to shear heating, the rubber was further kneaded for 3 minutes to obtain an unmodified rubber 1. Then, the temperature of the rubber had reached 85°C.

    (Examples 2, Comparative Example 1)



    [0049] In accordance with a composition listed in Table 1, the modified rubber 1, or the unmodified rubber 1 was first kneaded with silica, a silane coupling agent, zinc oxide, and stearic acid with a Labo Plastmill at 140°C for 5 minutes, and the resultant was then cooled to 55°C. Sulfur and a vulcanization accelerator were placed therein, and the resultant was kneaded at 90°C for 3 minutes to prepare a rubber composition. Subsequently, the rubber composition was vulcanized with a pressing machine (manufactured by KITAGAWA SEIKI Co., Ltd.) at 145°C and 10 MPa for 38 to 41 minutes to obtain a vulcanized rubber composition. The components used are shown below.

    (Examples 3 to 6, Comparative Example 2)



    [0050] In accordance with a composition listed in Table 2, a natural rubber coagulate, silica, a silane coupling agent, zinc oxide, stearic acid, and one of modifiers 1 to 4 were first kneaded together with a Labo Plastmill at 140°C for 5 minutes, and the resultant was then cooled to 50°C. Sulfur and a vulcanization accelerator were placed therein, and the resultant was kneaded at 90°C for 3 minutes to prepare a rubber composition. Subsequently, the rubber composition was vulcanized with a pressing machine (manufactured by KITAGAWA SEIKI Co., Ltd.) at 145°C and 10 MPa for 27 to 39 minutes to obtain a vulcanized rubber composition. The components used are as follows.
    Natural rubber: RSS #1
    Silica: product name "Nipsil AQ" (BET specific surface area = 207 m2/g, manufactured by Tosoh Silica Corporation)
    Silane coupling agent: bis(3-triethoxysilylpropyl) tetrasulfide (manufactured by Evonic Japan Co., Ltd.) Zinc oxide (manufactured by Wako Pure Chemical Industries, Ltd.)
    Stearic acid (manufactured by Wako Pure Chemical Industries, Ltd.)
    Sulfur (manufactured by Hosoi Chemical Industry Co., Ltd., 250 µm)
    Vulcanization accelerator (CBS) : N-cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazolylsulfenamide (manufactured by Wako Pure Chemical Industries, Ltd.)
    Vulcanization accelerator (DPG) : diphenylguanidine (manufactured by Wako Pure Chemical Industries, Ltd.)

    Modifier 1: aminoguanidine hydrochloride (manufactured by Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.)

    Modifier 2: aminoguanidine carbonate (manufactured by Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.)

    Modifier 3: aminoguanidine phosphate obtained in Synthesis Example 1

    Modifier 4: aminoguanidine oxalate obtained in Synthesis Example 2



    [0051] For the vulcanized rubber composition, exothermicity and tensile breaking strength were measured and evaluated by using the following methods. The results are shown in Tables 1 and 2.

    (1) Exothermicity



    [0052] The loss tangent (tan δ) of the vulcanized rubber composition was measured with a dynamic viscoelastometer (DMS6100 manufactured by Seiko Instruments Inc.) at a temperature of 50°C, a strain of 0.05%, and a frequency of 10 Hz, and represented by an index number in Table 1 and Table 2, assuming the value for Comparative Example 1 as 100 in Table 1 and assuming the value for Comparative Example 2 as 100 in Table 2. A smaller index number corresponds to lower tan δ, and indicates that the rubber composition has low exothermicity.

    (2) Tensile breaking strength



    [0053] The vulcanized rubber composition was subjected to a tensile test to measure the tensile breaking strength in accordance with JIS K6251:2010, and represented by an index number, assuming the value for Comparative Example 1 as 100 in Table 1 and assuming the value for Comparative Example 2 as 100 in Table 2. A larger index number corresponds to a larger tensile breaking strength.
    [Table 1]
     Example 2Comparative Example 1
    Modified rubber 1 100 -
    Unmodified rubber 1 - 100
    Silica 50 50
    Silane coupling agent 5 5
    Zinc oxide 3 3
    Stearic acid 1 1
    Sulfur 1.75 1.75
    Vulcanization accelerator (CBS) 1 1
    Vulcanization accelerator (DPG) 0.5 0.5
    Exothermicity 73 100
    Tensile breaking strength 111 100
    In Table 1, each component of a formulation is in part by mass.

    [0054] From Table 1, it was at least found that the rubber composition in Example 2 has better low exothermicity and larger tensile breaking strength than a rubber composition in Comparative Example 1 obtained from a mixture with a diene rubber not modified with an aminoguanidine salt.
    [Table 2]
     Example 3Example 4Example 5Example 6Comparative Example 2
    Natural rubber 100 100 100 100 100
    Silica 50 50 50 50 50
    Silane coupling agent 5 5 5 5 5
    Zinc oxide 3 3 3 3 3
    Stearic acid 1 1 1 1 1
    Sulfur 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75 1.75
    Vulcanization accelerator (CBS) 1 1 1 1 1
    Vulcanization accelerator (DPG) 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
    Modifier 1 2.0 - - - -
    Modifier 2 - 1.0 - - -
    Modifier 3 - - 1.0 - -
    Modifier 4 - - - 1.0 -
    Exothermicity 68 72 75 92 100
    Tensile breaking strength 107 112 107 103 100
    In Table 2, each component of a formulation is in part by mass.

    [0055] From Table 2, it was at least found that the rubber composition in each of Examples 3 to 6 has better low exothermicity and larger tensile breaking strength than the rubber composition in Comparative Example 2, which was obtained from a mixture with no aminoguanidine salt added.

    [0056]  The present application is based on a Japanese patent application filed with the Japan Patent Office on Jun. 10, 2014 (Japanese Patent Application No. 2014-119357) and a Japanese patent application filed with the Japan Patent Office on Feb. 13, 2015 (Japanese Patent Application No. 2015-026281), and the contents are incorporated herein by reference.

    [0057] The modified rubber for a tire (A), and rubber composition for a tire according to the present invention can be used as a material for various members of a tire including a tread.


    Claims

    1. A modified rubber for a tire (A) obtained by reacting a natural rubber and/or a synthetic rubber with a compound represented by formula (1):

    wherein X is an acid to form a salt with a guanidine site, wherein the synthetic rubber is 1,4-polybutadiene, 1,2-polybutadiene, 1,4-polyisoprene, 3,4-polyisoprene, styrene-butadiene rubber, end-modified styrene-butadiene rubber, chloroprene rubber or nitrile rubber.
     
    2. The modified rubber for the tire (A) according to claim 1, wherein the natural rubber and/or the synthetic rubber is mixed with the compound represented by the formula (1) and modified in the range of 20 to 180°C.
     
    3. The modified rubber for the tire (A) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the compound represented by the formula (1) is used at 0.01 to 10% by mass, based on an amount of the natural rubber and/or the synthetic rubber.
     
    4. A rubber composition for the tire comprising: a modified rubber for a tire (A) obtained by modifying a natural rubber and/or a synthetic rubber with a compound represented by formula (1):

    wherein X is an acid to form a salt with a guanidine site; a filler containing an inorganic filler (B); and a silane coupling agent (C).
     
    5. The rubber composition for a tire according to claim 4, wherein the inorganic filler (B) is silica.
     
    6. The rubber composition for the tire according to claim 4 or 5, wherein the filler comprises carbon black.
     
    7. The rubber composition for the tire according to any one of claims 4 to 6 comprising the modified rubber (A), wherein the rubber composition is obtained by mixing the compound represented by the formula (1), the natural rubber and/or the synthetic rubber, the filler containing an inorganic filler (B), and the silane coupling agent (C) together.
     
    8. The rubber composition for the tire according to claim 7, wherein a temperature in mixing is in a range of 20 to 180°C.
     
    9. The rubber composition for the tire according to claim 7 or 8, wherein a content of the compound represented by the formula (1) is 0.01 to 10% by mass, based on an amount of the natural rubber and/or the synthetic rubber.
     
    10. A tire using the rubber composition according to any one of claims 4 to 9 for a tread of a tire member.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Modifizierter Kautschuk für einen Reifen (A), erhalten durch Umsetzen eines Naturkautschuks und/oder eines synthetischen Kautschuks mit einer Verbindung, dargestellt durch Formel (1):

    wobei X eine Säure ist, um ein Salz mit einer Guanidinstelle zu bilden,
    wobei der synthetische Kautschuk 1,4-Polybutadien, 1,2-Polybutadien, 1,4-Polyisopren, 3,4-Polyisopren, StyrolButadien-Kautschuk, endmodifizierter Styrol-Butadien-Kautschuk, Chloropren-Kautschuk oder Nitrilkautschuk ist.
     
    2. Modifizierter Kautschuk für den Reifen (A) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Naturkautschuk und/oder der synthetische Kautschuk mit der durch die Formel (1) dargestellten Verbindung gemischt und im Bereich von 20 bis 180°C modifiziert wird.
     
    3. Modifizierter Kautschuk für den Reifen (A) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die durch die Formel (1) dargestellte Verbindung mit 0,01 bis 10 Massen-%, bezogen auf eine Menge des Naturkautschuks und/oder des Synthesekautschuks, verwendet wird.
     
    4. Kautschukzusammensetzung für den Reifen, umfassend: einen modifizierten Kautschuk für einen Reifen (A), erhalten durch Modifizieren eines Naturkautschuks und/oder eines synthetischen Kautschuks mit einer Verbindung, dargestellt durch die Formel (1):

    wobei X eine Säure ist, um ein Salz mit einer Guanidinstelle zu bilden; einen Füllstoff, der einen anorganischen Füllstoff (B) enthält; und ein SilanKopplungsmittel (C).
     
    5. Kautschukzusammensetzung für einen Reifen nach Anspruch 4, wobei der anorganische Füllstoff (B) Siliziumdioxid ist.
     
    6. Kautschukzusammensetzung für den Reifen nach Anspruch 4 oder 5, wobei der Füllstoff Ruß umfasst.
     
    7. Kautschukzusammensetzung für den Reifen nach einem der Ansprüche 4 bis 6, umfassend den modifizierten Kautschuk (A), wobei die Kautschukzusammensetzung erhalten wird durch das Zusammenmischen der durch die Formel (1) dargestellten Verbindung, des Naturkautschuks und/oder des synthetischen Kautschuks, des Füllstoffs, der einen anorganischen Füllstoff (B) enthält, und des Silan-Kopplungsmittels (C).
     
    8. Kautschukzusammensetzung für den Reifen nach Anspruch 7, wobei eine Temperatur beim Mischen in einem Bereich von 20 bis 180°C liegt.
     
    9. Kautschukzusammensetzung für den Reifen nach Anspruch 7 oder 8, wobei ein Gehalt der durch die Formel (1) dargestellten Verbindung 0,01 bis 10 Massen-%, bezogen auf eine Menge des Naturkautschuks und/oder des Synthesekautschuks, beträgt.
     
    10.  Reifen, verwendend die Gummimischung nach einem der Ansprüche 4 bis 9 für eine Lauffläche eines Reifenelements.
     


    Revendications

    1. Caoutchouc modifié pour pneumatique (A) obtenu par réaction de caoutchouc naturel et/ou de caoutchouc synthétique avec un composé représenté par la formule (1) :

    où X est un acide pour former un sel avec un site guanidine, où le caoutchouc synthétique est du 1,4-polybutadiène, du 1,2-polybutadiène, du 1,4-polyisoprène, du 3,4-polyisoprène, du caoutchouc styrène-butadiène, du caoutchouc styrène-butadiène à extrémités modifiées, du caoutchouc chloroprène ou du caoutchouc nitrile.
     
    2. Caoutchouc modifié pour pneumatique (A) selon la revendication 1, où le caoutchouc naturel et/ou le caoutchouc synthétique est mélangé au composé représenté par la formule (1) et modifié dans la plage allant de 20 à 180°C.
     
    3. Caoutchouc modifié pour pneumatique (A) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, où le composé représenté par la formule (1) est utilisé à 0,01 à 10% en masse, sur base de la quantité de caoutchouc naturel et/ou de caoutchouc synthétique.
     
    4. Composition de caoutchouc pour pneumatique comprenant : un caoutchouc modifié pour pneumatique (A) obtenu par modification de caoutchouc naturel et/ou de caoutchouc synthétique avec un composé représenté par la formule (1) :

    où X est un acide pour former un sel avec un site guanidine ; une charge contenant une charge inorganique (B), et un agent de couplage silane (C).
     
    5. Composition de caoutchouc pour pneumatique selon la revendication 4, où la charge organique est la silice.
     
    6. Composition de caoutchouc pour pneumatique selon la revendication 4 ou 5, où la charge comprend du noir de carbone.
     
    7. Composition de caoutchouc pour pneumatique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 4 à 6, comprenant le caoutchouc modifié (A), où la composition de caoutchouc est obtenue par mélange les uns avec les autres, le composé représenté par la formule (1), le caoutchouc naturel et/ou le caoutchouc synthétique, la charge contenant une charge inorganique (B) et l'agent de couplage silane (C).
     
    8. Composition de caoutchouc pour pneumatique selon la revendication 7, où la température lors du mélange se situe dans la plage allant de 20 à 180°C.
     
    9. Composition de caoutchouc pour pneumatique selon la revendication 7 ou 8, où la teneur en composé représenté par la formule (1) se situe dans l'intervalle allant de 0,01 à 10% en masse, sur base de la quantité de caoutchouc naturel et/ou de caoutchouc synthétique.
     
    10. Pneumatique utilisant la composition de caoutchouc selon l'une quelconque des revendications 4 à 9 pour une bande de roulement d'un pneumatique.
     




    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description