(19)
(11)EP 3 159 953 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
14.08.2019 Bulletin 2019/33

(21)Application number: 14894880.5

(22)Date of filing:  18.06.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H01M 2/20  (2006.01)
B23K 26/32  (2014.01)
B23K 26/26  (2014.01)
B23K 26/244  (2014.01)
B23K 103/10  (2006.01)
H01M 2/26  (2006.01)
B23K 26/06  (2014.01)
B23K 26/28  (2014.01)
B23K 101/38  (2006.01)
B23K 103/12  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2014/066101
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/193986 (23.12.2015 Gazette  2015/51)

(54)

BATTERY PACK TAB WELDING METHOD

BATTERIEPACKLASCHENSCHWEISSVERFAHREN

PROCÉDÉ DE SOUDAGE DE LANGUETTE DE BLOC-BATTERIE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
26.04.2017 Bulletin 2017/17

(73)Proprietor: NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD.
Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa 221-0023 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • NAKAI, Masayuki
    Atsugi-shi Kanagawa 243-0123 (JP)

(74)Representative: Grünecker Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartG mbB 
Leopoldstraße 4
80802 München
80802 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 2 672 549
WO-A1-2011/120667
JP-A- H0 481 288
JP-A- 2010 092 598
JP-A- 2013 140 707
US-A1- 2011 064 993
WO-A1-2010/087472
WO-A1-2013/065523
JP-A- 2003 305 582
JP-A- 2012 123 946
US-A1- 2004 099 642
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to a battery pack tab welding method according to the preamble of claim 1 for welding tabs of a battery pack together.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] In the contact element for diverters of electrochemical cells known from WO 2011/120667 A1, at least two segments are electrically connected, wherein a first segment is configured to connect to a first current connector of electrochemical cells, and a second segment is configured to connect to a second current connector of electrochemical cells. The first segment and the first current connector, on the one hand, and the second segment and the second current connector, on the other hand, form a material combination which is adapted to a thermal joining process, respectively.

    [0003] As a battery pack comprising a plurality of battery cells, such a one as discussed in JP 2011 060623 A has been known. In the battery pack mentioned in JP 2011 060623 A, a plurality of battery cells having positive and negative electrode terminals formed of different metals are stacked, and adjacent electrode terminals are connected with each other by clad material metal plates.

    [0004] Additionally, there is also known a film sheathed battery to which a laminated film is used, as discussed in JP 2014 032924 A. The film sheathed battery described in JP 2014 032924 A is configured in a manner to draw positive and negative terminals (named as tabs) outward.

    [0005] In a structure where a plurality of film sheathed batteries of JP 2014 032924 A are stacked such that the positive terminal and the negative terminal are alternately aligned, if the positive terminal and the negative terminal of adjacent film sheathed batteries are connected through a clad material, the structure is provided to have a three-layer structure interposing a plate-like clad material between the positive terminal and the negative terminal. Accordingly, when attempting to connect both of the two terminals to the clad material by applying a laser only from the side of either one of the terminals, there has arisen a problem that the intensity of the laser becomes weakened before the laser reaches a bonding surface formed between the other terminal and the clad material due to dispersion of the laser beam and the like.

    [0006] The present invention was established based on the above-mentioned problem, and the object of which is to provide a battery pack tab welding method which can reliably bond tabs to the both surfaces of clad material.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0007] The above object is achieved according to the invention by means of a battery pack tab welding method having the features of claim 1. Advantageous embodiments are subject of the dependent claims.

    [0008] An embodiment resides in a battery pack tab welding method for welding a positive electrode tab and a negative electrode tab in a battery pack comprising a plurality of single cells stacked and each of which has positive and negative electrode tabs drawn outward and formed of metals different from each other in kind, the positive and negative electrode tabs being welded through a clad material comprising layers formed of the different kind of metals, respectively, the method comprising the steps of: aligning a positive electrode tab of a first single cell, a negative electrode tab of a second single cell adjacent to the first single cell, and a clad material so that the same kind of metals are in contact with each other; and applying a laser from one of directions crossing the principal surfaces of the positive electrode tab and the negative electrode tab and the clad material thereby bonding one of the tabs to the clad material, while applying another laser from the other direction thereby bonding the other of the tabs to the clad material.

    [0009] According to an embodiment, a clad material is interposed between two tabs and a laser is applied from both sides of the tabs; therefore it is possible to reliably bond each of the tabs to the clad material.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0010] 

    [Fig. 1] A perspective view showing a general structure of a laminate type lithium ion secondary battery as an example of a single cell.

    [Fig. 2] A perspective view for showing a first embodiment of a battery pack tab welding method according to the present invention.

    [Fig. 3] A schematic view of the battery pack as shown in Fig. 2.

    [Fig. 4] A view illustrating a method for welding the tabs to the clad material of Fig. 2.

    [Fig. 5A]-[Fig. 5D] Views for showing irradiation tracks of laser beams applied from both sides.

    [Fig. 6] A perspective view for showing a second embodiment of a battery pack tab welding method according to the present invention.

    [Fig. 7] A schematic view of the battery pack as shown in Fig. 6.

    [Fig. 8] A perspective view for showing a third embodiment of a battery pack tab welding method according to the present invention.

    [Fig. 9] A schematic view of the battery pack as shown in Fig. 8.


    MODE(S) FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION



    [0011] Referring now to Figs. 1 to 4, an embodiment of a battery pack according to the present invention will be discussed. Fig. 1 shows a general structure of a laminate type lithium ion secondary battery 1 as an example of a film sheathed battery to which a battery pack tab welding method according to the present invention is applied. This secondary battery 1 (hereinafter referred to as merely "a single cell") is used as a single cell constituting a lithium ion battery pack for electric-powered vehicles, for example.

    [0012] As shown in Fig. 1, single cell 1 is accommodated and sealed in a rectangularly-shaped laminate film sheath material 4 composed of upper and lower two sheets of laminated films 4a, 4b, in a state where positive electrode tab 2 as a positive side electrode terminal and negative electrode tab 3 as a negative side electrode terminal are drawn outward. Incidentally, tabs 2 and 3 correspond to positive-side and negative-side collectors housed inside single cell 1, respectively, and formed of different kinds of metals. For example, positive electrode tab 2 is formed of aluminum while negative electrode tab 3 is formed of copper. By stacking a plurality of the thus configured flat single cells 1 and then bonding the tabs 2, 3, a battery pack is provided.

    [0013] Fig. 2 is a view of battery pack 5A obtained by stacking a plurality of single cells 1 in such a manner as to arrange positive electrode tab 2 and negative electrode tab 3 alternately with each other in the stacking direction. The stacked two or more single cells 1 each are named as first single cell 1A, second single cell 1B, third single cell 1C etc. in order from above. In an example as shown in Fig. 2, negative electrode tab 3 of first single cell 1A is bonded to positive electrode tab 2 of second single cell 1B through clad material 6, and additionally, negative electrode tab 3 of second single cell 1B is bonded to positive electrode tab 2 of third single cell 1C through clad material 6. The bonding of tabs 2 and 3 is sequentially repeated in the stacking direction in a zigzag manner, thereby configuring series battery pack 5A. As clad material 6, a plate-like one obtained by integrally laminating aluminum and copper layers corresponding to the metal materials of tabs 2, 3 is employed.

    [0014] Fig. 3 is a schematic view showing a connecting state in a tab alignment on one side of four single cells 1A to 1D of series battery pack 5A of Fig. 2. As shown in Fig. 3, negative electrode tab 3 of first single cell 1A is shaped bent downward to form bent portion 3a, and flange portion 3b is provided generally horizontally extending from bent portion 3a. Positive electrode tab 2 of adjacent second single cell 1B is shaped bent upward to form bent portion 2a, and flange portion 2b is provided generally horizontally extending from bent portion 2a. Then, flange portion 3b of negative electrode tab 3 and flange portion 2b of positive electrode tab 2 are bonded to each other through clad material 6.

    [0015] Fig. 4 is a view illustrating a method for welding each of positive electrode tab 2 of second single cell 1B and the negative electrode tab 3 of first single cell 1A as show in Fig. 3 to clad material 6. First of all, clad material 6 is inserted between positive electrode tab 2 of second single cell 1B and the negative electrode tab 3 of first single cell 1A, followed by superimposing them on each other. When placing clad material 6, aluminum layer 6a of clad material 6 is faced toward the side of positive electrode tab 2 while copper layer 6b of clad material 6 is faced toward the side of negative electrode tab 3; in other words, clad material 6 is so disposed between positive electrode tab 2 and negative electrode tab 3 that the same kind of metals are in contact with each other. Thereafter, with a laser welder (not illustrated), focal point F2 is aimed at interface 8 formed between negative electrode tab 3 and clad material 6 (i.e. copper layer 6b), followed by applying laser L2 thereto from the side of negative electrode tab 3. This laser irradiation is performed along the direction perpendicular to the principal surfaces of tabs 2, 3 and that of clad material 6. More specifically, focal point F2 is aimed at interface 8 formed between negative electrode tab 3 and clad material 6 and then laser L2 is applied thereto, followed by running laser L2 in the direction parallel with the principal surface to achieve a linear laser welding along interface 8. Thus, negative electrode tab 3 and copper layer 6b of clad material 6 are bonded to each other. Next, upon turning the workpiece upside down or changing the location of the laser welder, focal point F1 is aimed at interface 7 formed between positive electrode tab 2 and clad material 6 (i.e. aluminum layer 6a), followed by applying laser L1 thereto from the side of positive electrode tab 2. This laser irradiation is performed along the direction perpendicular to the principal surfaces of tabs 2, 3 and that of clad material 6 and in the direction opposite to the direction of the initial laser (L2) irradiation. More specifically, focal point F1 is aimed at interface 7 formed between positive electrode tab 2 and clad material 6 and then laser L1 is applied thereto, followed by running laser L1 in the direction parallel with the principal surface to achieve a linear laser welding along interface 7. Thus, positive electrode tab 2 and aluminum layer 6a of clad material 6 are bonded to each other. In the above-mentioned example, laser irradiation is carried out under a condition of stacking a plurality of single cells 1A, 1B where positive electrode tab 2 and negative electrode tab 3 and clad material 6 are so overlaid that the same kind of metals are brought into contact with each other.

    [0016] Incidentally, irradiation of laser L1 from the side of positive electrode tab 2 and irradiation of laser L2 from the side of negative electrode tab 3 may be performed simultaneously by using two laser welder on both sides.

    [0017] Moreover, it is also possible to bond either one of positive electrode tab 2 and negative electrode tab 3 of each single cell to clad material 6 and then stack a plurality of such single cells and then bond the other of positive electrode tab 2 and negative electrode tab 3 to clad material 6. In this case, a plurality of single cells 1A may mutually independently be subjected to bonding between negative electrode tab 3 (copper: a higher melting point side) and clad material 6, followed by stacking the single cells A, and then bonding between positive electrode tab 2 (aluminum: a lower melting point side) and clad material 6 may successively be performed. Since bonding between positive electrode tab 2 and clad material 6 (which bonding can be attained at a low melting point and a short bonding time) is successively performed in the state of aligning a plurality of single cells 1A (each of which has already completed the bonding between negative electrode tab 3 and clad material 6) in the stacking direction, the time required for stacking operation can be shortened and the production efficiency can be improved.

    [0018] By applying laser from both the side of positive electrode tab 2 and the side of negative electrode tab 3, it becomes possible to strongly bond positive electrode tab 2 to clad material 6 at interface 7 formed therebetween while strongly bonding negative electrode tab 3 to clad material 6 at interface 8 formed therebetween.

    [0019] Furthermore, in the method for welding tabs 2, 3 to clad material 6 as shown in Fig. 4, first focal point F1 (i.e. a point welded by laser L1) and second focal point F2 (i.e. a point welded by laser L2) are disposed so as not to coincide with each other when viewed in perspective from the side of either one of tabs. With this, it is possible to suppress the event that a compound is formed from different kinds of metals in the interior of the clad material thereby bringing about the generation of brittle metal or the increase of conductive resistance. Namely, if one location is irradiated with laser for a long period of time, different kinds of metals are melted concurrently to form a compound therebetween, so that the fear of brittle metal generation or conductive resistance increase should arise; however, by so disposing the point welded by laser L1 and the point welded by laser L2 as not to coincide with each other as discussed above, it becomes possible to avoid such an event.

    [0020] In general, a tab formed of a highly heat-conductive metal (e.g. copper) does not melt at low temperatures, and therefore required to be subjected to laser irradiation at relatively high temperatures. However, when laser irradiation is conducted at high temperatures, heat generated by the laser irradiation may adversely reach the interior of single cell 1. Hence a high temperature laser irradiation is preferably performed at a position as far as possible from the main body of single cell 1. In the case of displacing the point welded by laser L1 and the point welded by laser L2 from each other as mentioned above, it is preferable to conduct a laser irradiation on a tab formed of a highly heat-conductive metal at a location relatively close to the main body of single cell 1 while conducting a laser irradiation on the other tab formed of a a low heat-conductive metal at a location relatively far from the main body of single cell 1. In the example as shown in Fig. 3, laser L1 is applied to aluminum positive electrode tab 2 at a location closer to the main body of single cell 1 since aluminum has a heat conductivity higher than that of copper, and on the other hand, laser L2 is applied to copper negative electrode tab 3 at a location farther from the main body of single cell 1 than laser L1.

    [0021] Fig. 5A to Fig. 5C are views illustrating some examples of irradiation tracks of laser beams obtained by employing the battery pack tab welding method according to the present invention. Fig. 5D is a view illustrating an example of irradiation tracks of laser beams obtained by employing a battery pack tab welding method not encompassed by the present invention. In Fig. 5A to Fig. 5D, though the irradiation tracks of laser beams are indicated by solid lines and broken lines, these lines do not mean that the laser irradiation is carried out continuously or interruptedly but merely illustrate the laser beam tracks schematically. The solid lines indicate irradiation track 9 of laser L1 applied from one side while the broken lines indicate irradiation track 10 of laser L2 applied from the other side. Incidentally, clad material 6 disposed between positive electrode tab 2 and negative electrode tab 3 is omitted from Fig. 5 in order to simplify the drawings.

    [0022] In Fig. 5A, irradiation track 9 of laser L1 and irradiation track 10 of laser L2 are drawn linearly and substantially parallel with each other. In Fig. 5B, irradiation track 9 of laser L1 and irradiation track 10 of laser L2 are shaped into the letter V, and substantially parallel with each other. In Fig. 5C, irradiation track 9 of laser L1 and irradiation track 10 of laser L2 are elliptically shaped and create a double circle where irradiation track 9 is disposed outside irradiation track 10. Additionally, in Fig. 5D, irradiation track 9 of laser L1 and irradiation track 10 of laser L2 are drawn linearly and intersect with each other so as to take the shape of the letter X. However, irradiation track 9 of laser L1 and irradiation track 10 of laser L2 are not limited to the examples as shown in Figs. 5A to 5D and can take any other embodiments unless irradiation track 9 of laser L1 and irradiation track 10 of laser L2 are located coincident with each other. Irradiation track 9 of laser L1 and irradiation track 10 of laser L2 of Fig. 5 overlaps at their intersection, but this brings about no substantial problem because the major portions of them are not overlapped. However, from the viewpoint of controlling the conductive resistance, it is preferable that irradiation track 9 of laser L1 and irradiation track 10 of laser L2 are not overlapped even at a part thereof.

    [0023] Fig. 6 is a view for showing a second embodiment of a battery pack tab welding method according to the present invention, in which battery pack 5B provided by stacking a plurality of single cells 1 such that a pair of positive electrode tabs 2, 2 and a pair of negative electrode tabs 3, 3 are aligned in the stacking direction alternately with each other is illustrated. As shown in Fig. 6, negative electrode tab 3 of first single cell 1A is connected to positive electrode tab 2 of fourth single cell 1D through clad material 6, and additionally, negative electrode tab 3 of second single cell 1B is connected to negative electrode tab 3 of first single cell 1A while positive electrode tab 2 of third single cell 1C is connected to positive electrode tab 2 of fourth single cell 1D through clad material 6. Such a connection among tabs 2, 2, 3, and 3 are also adopted to negative electrode tabs 3, 3 of third and fourth single cells 1C, 1D and positive electrode tabs 2, 2 of fifth and sixth single cells 1E, 1F and sequentially repeated in the stacking direction in a zigzag manner, thereby configuring battery pack 5B where arrangements each of which consists of two single cells connected in parallel are connected in series.

    [0024] Fig. 7 is a schematic view showing a connecting state in a tab alignment on one side of four single cells 1A to 1D of battery pack 5B of Fig. 6. In the example as shown in Fig. 7, negative electrode tab 3 of first single cell 1A and positive electrode tab 2 of fourth single cell 1D are shaped bent to form bent portions 3a, 2a and flange portions 3b, 2b, respectively, in a similar matter to the method as shown in Fig. 3, and bonded to each other at their flange portions 3b, 2b through clad material 6. Moreover, negative electrode tab 3 of second single cell 1B is bent in the same direction as negative electrode tab 3 of first single cell 1A is bent, thereby forming bent portion 3a. Then, bent portion 3a of negative electrode tab 3 of second single cell 1B is connected to bent portion 3a of negative electrode tab 3 of first single cell 1A. Meanwhile, positive electrode tab 2 of third single cell 1C is bent in the same direction as positive electrode tab 2 of fourth single cell 1D is bent, thereby forming bent portion 2a. Then, bent portion 2a of positive electrode tab 2 of third single cell 1C is connected to bent portion 2a of positive electrode tab 2 of fourth single cell 1A.

    [0025] Fig. 8 is a view for showing a third embodiment of a battery pack tab welding method according to the present invention, in which battery pack 5C provided by stacking a plurality of single cells 1 such that a pair of positive electrode tabs 2, 2 and a pair of negative electrode tabs 3, 3 are aligned in the stacking direction alternately with each other is illustrated. In the example as shown in Fig. 8, negative electrode tab 3 of first single cell 1A is connected to positive electrode tab 2 of third single cell 1C and positive electrode tab 2 of fourth single cell 1D through U-shaped clad material 6, and additionally, negative electrode tab 3 of second single cell 1B is connected to negative electrode tab 3 of first single cell 1A. Such a connection among tabs 2, 2, 3, and 3 are also adopted to negative electrode tabs 3, 3 of third and fourth single cells 1C, 1D and positive electrode tabs 2, 2 of fifth and sixth single cells 1E, 1F and sequentially repeated in the stacking direction in a zigzag manner, thereby configuring battery pack 5C where arrangements each of which consists of two single cells connected in parallel are connected in series like the example as shown in Fig 6.

    [0026] Fig. 9 is a schematic view showing a connecting state in a tab alignment on one side of four single cells 1A to 1D of battery pack 5C of Fig. 8. As shown in Fig. 9, negative electrode tab 3 of first single cell 1A is shaped bent downward to form bent portion 3a. This bent portion 3a has end portion 3c at its one end side, and end portion 3c has U-shaped portion 3d opening toward the side opposite to the main body of single cell 1. This U-shaped portion 3d is connected to both positive electrode tab 2 of third single cell 1C and positive electrode tab 2 of fourth single cell 1D, through clad material 6 so shaped like the letter U as to follow the shape of U-shaped portion 3d. Moreover, negative electrode tab 3 of second single cell 1B is bent in the same direction as negative electrode tab 3 of first single cell 1A is bent, thereby forming bent portion 3a. This bent portion 3a of negative electrode tab 3 of second single cell 1B is connected to bent portion 3a of negative electrode tab 3 of first single cell 1A.

    [0027] Though in the above-mentioned embodiments a lithium ion secondary battery is adopted as an example of a film sheathed battery and a tab welding method for the lithium ion secondary battery is discussed, a battery targeted by the present invention is not necessarily limited to the film sheathed battery.


    Claims

    1. A battery pack tab welding method for welding a positive electrode tab (2) and a negative electrode tab (3) in a battery pack (5A) comprising a plurality of single cells (1, 1A to 1D) stacked and each of which has positive and negative electrode tabs (2, 3) drawn outward and formed of metals different from each other in kind, the positive electrode tab (2) of a first single cell (1A) and the negative electrode tab (3) of a second single cell (1B) adjacent to the first single cell (1A) being welded through a clad material (6) comprising a two-layer structure formed of the different kind of metals, the method being characterized by comprising the steps of:

    aligning the positive electrode tab (2) of the first single cell (1A), the negative electrode tab (3) of the second single cell (1B), and the clad material (6) so that the two-layer structure of the clad material (6) is sandwiched between and in contact with the positive and negative electrode tabs (2, 3) to make the same kind of metals of the clad material (6) and each tab (2, 3) in contact with each other;

    applying a laser (L1) from a side of one of the tabs (2, 3) in a direction crossing the principal surfaces of the one of the tabs (2, 3) and the clad material (6), thereby bonding the one of the tabs (2, 3) to the clad material (6) at a first focal point (F1) of the laser, aimed at an interface (7) formed between the one of the tabs (2, 3) and the clad material (6); and

    applying another laser (L2) from a side of the other of the tabs (2, 3) in another direction crossing the principal surfaces of the other of the tabs (2, 3) and the clad material (6), thereby bonding the other of the tabs (2, 3) to the clad material (6) at a second focal point (F2), aimed at an interface (8) formed between the other of the tabs (2, 3) and the clad material (6), said second focal point (F2) being offset from the first focal point (F1) when viewed in a direction where the positive and negative electrode tabs (2, 3) and the clad material (6) are stacked.


     
    2. A battery pack tab welding method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the laser (L1, L2) is applied in the state of stacking the plurality of single cells (1, 1A to 1D) where the positive electrode tab (2), the negative electrode tab (3) and the clad material (6) are so superimposed that the same kind of metals are in contact with each other.
     
    3. A battery pack tab welding method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the laser irradiation on either one of the positive electrode tab (2) and the negative electrode tab (3) formed of a higher heat-conductive metal is conducted at a focal point (F1) closer to the main body of the single cell (1, 1A to 1D) than a focal point (F2) of the laser irradiation on the other tab (2, 3) formed of a lower heat-conductive metal.
     
    4. A battery pack tab welding method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the plurality of single cells (1, 1A to 1D) are stacked after bonding one of the positive electrode tab (2) and the negative electrode tab (3) to the clad material (6), and then the other of the positive electrode tab (2) and the negative electrode tab (3) is bonded to the clad material (6).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Akku-Streifenschweißverfahren zum Schweißen einer positiven Elektrodenfahne (2) und einer negativen Elektrodenfahne (3) in einem Akku (%A), der eine Vielzahl von Einzelzellen (1, 1A bis 1D) aufweist, die gestapelt sind und jeweils positive und negative Elektrodenfahnen (2, 3) aufweisen, die nach außen geführt und aus Metallen unterschiedlicher Art ausgebildet sind, wobei die positive Elektrodenfahne (2) einer ersten Einzelzelle (1A) und die negative Elektrodenfahne (3) einer zweiten Einzelzelle (1B), die benachbart der ersten Einzelzelle (1A) ist, durch ein Ummantelungsmaterial (6) verschweißt werden, das eine aus verschiedenen Metallen gebildete Zweischichtstruktur aufweist, wobei das Verfahren durch die folgenden Schritte gekennzeichnet ist:

    Ausrichten der positiven Elektrodenfahne (2) der ersten Einzelzelle (1A), der negativen Elektrodenfahne (3) der zweiten Einzelzelle (18) und des Ummantelungsmaterials (6), so dass die Zweischichtstruktur des Ummantelungsmaterials (6) zwischen den positiven und negativen Elektrodenfahnen (2, 3) sandwichartig angeordnet ist und mit diesen in Kontakt steht, um die gleiche Art von Metallen aus dem Ummantelungsmaterial (6) und jedem Streifen (2, 3) in Kontakt miteinander zu bringen;

    Anwenden eines Lasers (L 1) von einer Seite einer der Fahnen (2, 3) in einer Richtung, die die Hauptflächen der einen der Fahnen (2, 3) und des Ummantelungsmaterials (6) kreuzt, wodurch die eine der Fahnen (2, 3) mit dem Ummantelungsmaterial (6) an einem ersten Brennpunkt (F1) des Lasers verbunden wird, der auf eine Grenzfläche (7) gerichtet ist, die zwischen der einen der Fahnen (2, 3) und dem Ummantelungsmaterial (6) ausgebildet ist; und

    Anwenden eines weiteren Lasers (L2) von einer Seite der anderen Fahnen (2, 3) in einer weiteren Richtung, die die Hauptflächen der anderen Fahnen (2, 3) und des Ummantelungsmaterials (6) kreuzt, wodurch die andere der Fahnen (2, 3) mit dem Ummantelungsmaterial (6) an einem zweiten Brennpunkt (F2) verbunden wird, der auf eine Grenzfläche (8) gerichtet ist, die zwischen der anderen der Fahnen (2, 3) und dem Ummantelungsmaterial (6) ausgebildet ist, wobei der zweite Brennpunkt (F2) gegenüber dem ersten Brennpunkt (F1) in einer Richtung versetzt ist, in der die positiven und negativen Elektrodenfahnen (2, 3) und das Ummantelungsmaterial (6) gestapelt sind.


     
    2. Akku-Fahnenschweißverfahren nach Anspruch 1, bei dem der Laser (L1, L2) in dem Zustand des Stapelns der Mehrzahl von Einzelzellen (1, 1A bis 1D) angewendet wird, wobei die positive Elektrodenfahne (2) die negative Elektrodenfahne (3) und das Ummantelungsmaterial (6) so übereinandergelegt werden, dass die gleiche Art von Metallen miteinander in Kontakt stehen.
     
    3. Akku-Fahnenschweißverfahren nach Anspruch 1, bei dem die Laserbestrahlung entweder auf die positive Elektrodenfahne (2) oder die negative Elektrodenfahne (3), die aus einem stärker wärmeleitenden Metall ausgebildet sind, in einem Brennpunkt (F1) ausgeführt werden, der näher an dem Hauptkörper der Einzelzelle (1, 1A bis 1D) gelegen ist als ein Brennpunkt (F2) der Laserbestrahlung auf der anderen Fahne (2, 3), die aus einem weniger wärmeleitenden Metall ausgebildet ist.
     
    4. Akku-Fahnenschweißverfahren nach Anspruch 1, bei dem die Vielzahl von Einzelzellen (1, 1A bis 1D) gestapelt wird, nachdem eine der positiven Elektrodenfahnen (2) und der negativen Elektrodenfahnen (3) mit dem Ummantelungsmaterial (6) verbunden wurden, und anschließend die andere der positiven Elektrodenfahne (2) und der negativen Elektrodenfahne (3) mit dem Ummantelungsmaterial (6) verbunden wird.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de soudage de languettes de bloc-batterie permettant de souder une languette d'électrode positive (2) et une languette d'électrode négative (3) dans un bloc-batterie (5A) comprenant une pluralité d'éléments simples (1, 1A à 1D) empilés, dont chacun possède des languettes d'électrodes positive et négative (2, 3) étirées vers l'extérieur et formées de métaux de types différents l'un de l'autre, la languette d'électrode positive (2) d'un premier élément simple (1A) et la languette d'électrode négative (3) d'un second élément simple (1B), adjacent au premier élément simple (1A), étant soudées par l'intermédiaire d'un matériau de gainage (6) comprenant une structure en deux couches formée des différents types de métaux, le procédé étant caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend les étapes suivantes :

    l'alignement de la languette d'électrode positive (2) du premier élément simple (1A), de la languette d'électrode négative (3) du second élément simple (1B) et du matériau de gainage (6) de sorte à ce que la structure en deux couches du matériau de gainage (6) soit intercalée entre les languettes d'électrodes positive et négative (2, 3) et en contact avec celles-ci afin de faire en sorte que les types de métaux identiques du matériau de gainage (6) et chaque languette (2, 3) soient en contact les uns avec les autres,

    l'application d'un rayonnement laser (L1) depuis un côté de l'une des languettes (2, 3) dans une direction croisant les surfaces principales de ladite première des languettes (2, 3) et du matériau de gainage (6), ce qui soude ainsi l'une des languettes (2, 3) au matériau de gainage (6) au niveau d'un premier point de convergence (F1) du laser visé au niveau d'une interface (7) formée entre la première des languettes (2, 3) et le matériau de gainage (6), et

    l'application d'un autre rayonnement laser (L2) depuis un côté de l'autre des languettes (2, 3) dans une autre direction croisant les surfaces principales de l'autre des languettes (2, 3) et du matériau de gainage (6), ce qui soude ainsi l'autre des languettes (2, 3) au matériau de gainage (6) au niveau d'un second point de convergence (F2) visé au niveau d'une interface (8) formée entre l'autre des languettes (2, 3) et le matériau de gainage (6), ledit second point de convergence (F2) étant décalé du premier point de convergence (F1) lorsqu'on le regarde dans la direction dans laquelle les languettes d'électrodes positive et négative (2, 3) et le matériau de gainage (6) sont empilés.


     
    2. Procédé de soudage de languettes de bloc-batterie selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le rayonnement laser (L1, L2) est appliqué lorsque les différents éléments simples (1, 1A à 1D) sont empilés alors que la languette d'électrode positive (2), la languette d'électrode négative (3) et le matériau de gainage (6) sont superposés de sorte à ce que les mêmes types de métaux soient en contact l'un avec l'autre.
     
    3. Procédé de soudage de languettes de bloc-batterie selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'exposition au rayonnement laser sur l'une ou l'autre de la languette d'électrode positive (2) et de la languette d'électrode négative (3), formées d'un métal de conduction thermique supérieure, est réalisée au niveau d'un point de convergence (F1) plus proche du corps principal de l'élément simple (1, 1A à 1D) que d'un point de convergence (F2) de l'exposition au rayonnement laser sur l'autre languette (2, 3) formée d'un métal de conduction thermique inférieure.
     
    4. Procédé de soudage de languettes de bloc-batterie selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les différents éléments simples (1, 1A à 1D) sont empilés après avoir soudé l'une de la languette d'électrode positive (2) et de la languette d'électrode négative (3) au matériau de gainage (6) ; et puis l'autre de la languette d'électrode positive (2) et de la languette d'électrode négative (3) est soudée au matériau de gainage (6).
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description