(19)
(11)EP 3 163 849 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
10.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/24

(21)Application number: 14896452.1

(22)Date of filing:  07.08.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04M 1/03(2006.01)
H04R 1/40(2006.01)
H04M 1/60(2006.01)
H04R 3/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2014/083857
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/000292 (07.01.2016 Gazette  2016/01)

(54)

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SELECTING MAIN MICROPHONE

VERFAHREN UND VORRICHTUNG ZUR AUSWAHL EINES HAUPTMIKROFONS

PROCÉDÉ ET APPAREIL DE SÉLECTION DE MICROPHONE PRINCIPAL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.06.2014 CN 201410309043

(43)Date of publication of application:
03.05.2017 Bulletin 2017/18

(73)Proprietor: ZTE Corporation
Shenzhen, Guangdong 518057 (CN)

(72)Inventor:
  • LI, Jiuxing
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518057 (CN)

(74)Representative: Baudler, Ron 
Canzler & Bergmeier Patentanwälte Partnerschaft mbB Friedrich-Ebert-Straße 84
85055 Ingolstadt
85055 Ingolstadt (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2009/097407
CN-A- 101 043 223
CN-U- 203 522 835
US-A1- 2010 080 084
WO-A1-2014/037766
CN-A- 101 552 823
US-A1- 2009 190 769
US-A1- 2014 056 439
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to audio processing techniques, and in particular, to a method and apparatus for selecting a main microphone.

    Background



    [0002] At present, mobile terminals, such as mobile phones, have a number of microphones arranged thereon, including a single main microphone and multiple auxiliary microphones. The main microphone is primarily used to input a corresponding audio signal; and the auxiliary microphones are primarily used as noise-canceling microphones, earphone microphones, etc. Input methods for such single main microphone have the following defects: when a user is on a phone with a handset, once the main microphone is blocked by a human face or a finger, etc. or a direction and distance from the main microphone to a human mouth are not appropriate, the other party of the call cannot clearly hear the content of the call, and sometimes even cannot hear any sound. For example, if an input hole of the main microphone is arranged on the front of a display screen of a mobile phone, it is easy to be blocked by a face of a user who is accustomed to sticking the mobile phone to the human face; and if the input hole of the microphone is arranged on the left lower side or the right lower side of the mobile phone, it is easy to be blocked by a finger of the user who is accustomed to operating with a hand.

    [0003] In order to overcome this drawback, the current solution is to arrange the input hole of the main microphone in a position where it is not easy to be blocked as much as possible for operation habits and handhold gestures of users in different countries and regions. However, the method of changing a position where the main microphone is arranged to overcome the defect that the main microphone is easy to be blocked by the user during use cannot fundamentally solve the problem of poor call quality, let alone meeting operation habits and handgrip gestures of different users.

    [0004] WO 2009/097407 A1 discloses a mechanism that monitors secondary microphone signals, in a multi-microphone mobile device, to warn the user if one or more secondary microphones are covered while the mobile device is in use. In one example, smoothly averaged power estimates of the secondary microphones may be computed and compared against the noise floor estimate of a primary microphone. Microphone covering detection may be made by comparing the secondary microphone smooth power estimates to the noise floor estimate for the primary microphone. In another example, the noise floor estimates for the primary and secondary microphone signals may be compared to the difference in the sensitivity of the first and second microphones to determine if the secondary microphone is covered. Once detection is made, a warning signal may be generated and issued to the user.

    [0005] US 2009/190769 A1 discloses sound signal reception is improved by utilizing a plurality of microphones to capture sound signals which are then weighed to dynamically adjust signal quality. A first sound signal and a second sound signal are obtained from first and second microphones, respectively, where the first and second sound signals originate from one or more sound sources. A first signal characteristic (e.g., signal power, signal signal-to-noise ratio, etc.) is obtained for the first sound signal and a second signal characteristic is obtained for the second sound signal. The first and second sound signals are weighed or scaled based on their respective first and second signal characteristics. The weighed first and second sound signals are then combined to obtain an output sound signal.

    [0006] US 2014/056439 A1 discloses an electronic device and method thereof for selecting a mic by detecting voice signal strengths at respective microphones. The electronic device has first and second mics and is communicatively connected to a headset having a third mic. Voice signal strengths received at the respective first, second, and third mics are detected. A determination is made as to which one of the first, second, and third mics detects the greatest voice signal strength. All of the mics are disabled for communication except for the mic detecting the greatest voice signal strength.

    [0007] WO 2014/037766 A1 discloses an apparatus comprising: a detector configured to determine at least one microphone is impaired by analysing at least one audio signal from the at least one microphone; and an controller configured to determine an indicator based on the determination of the impairment of the at least one microphone; and configured to apply the indicator based on the determination of the impairment of the at least one microphone, such that the at least one audio signal is processed based on the indicator.

    Summary of the Invention



    [0008] In view of the above content, it is necessary to provide a method and apparatus for selecting a main microphone, which aims at achieving the purpose of improving call quality.

    [0009] In order to achieve the above purpose, the present invention provides a method according to claim 1, a mobile terminal according to claim 3, and a carrier according to claim 4. Further improvements and embodiments are provided in the dependent claims.

    [0010] Examples of the present invention can automatically select the optimal main microphone from at least two main microphones arranged on the terminal to improve the quality of the audio input so as to completely avoid the problem of poor call quality resulting from blocking or clogging of the input hole of the main microphone due to users' operation habits, and improve the call quality.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0011] 

    Fig. 1 is a diagram of various microphones on a mobile terminal provided with a plurality of main microphones according to an example of the present invention;

    Fig. 2 is a flowchart of a first example of a method for selecting a main microphone according to the present invention;

    Fig. 3 is a flowchart of a second example of a method for selecting a main microphone according to the present invention;

    Fig. 4 is a flowchart of a third example of a method for selecting a main microphone according to the present invention; and

    Fig. 5 is a functional block diagram of an example of an apparatus for selecting a main microphone according to the present invention.



    [0012] The implementations of the purposes, the functional features and the advantages of the examples of the present invention will be further described with reference to accompanying drawings.

    Detailed Description



    [0013] Specific implementations of the present invention will be described in detail below in combination with accompanying drawings. It should be illustrated that, examples in the present application and features in the examples can be combined with each other randomly without conflict.

    [0014] The terminal involved in the method and apparatus for selecting a main microphone according to the examples of the present invention has two or more main microphones arranged thereon, and the terminal can automatically select an optimal main microphone therefrom as an input for inputting a corresponding audio signal. With reference to Fig. 1, what is illustrated is a diagram of a distribution of various microphones on a mobile terminal provided with a plurality of main microphones according to an example of the present invention. The mobile terminal illustrated in Fig. 1 has three main microphones arranged thereon. The terminal involved in the method and apparatus for selecting a main microphone according to the examples of the present invention primarily adopts a switch toggling mode to achieve automatic selection of an optimal main microphone for inputting an audio signal. Only one main microphone inputs a corresponding audio signal at a time. The terminal analyzes and compares audio signals of different main microphones, judges to acquire an optimal main microphone, and selects the optimal main microphone as the audio input by toggling the switch. In the audio input process, the terminal selects a corresponding different main microphone as the audio input using the switch toggling according to a specific situation, thus completely avoiding the problem of poor call quality resulting from blocking or clogging of the input hole of the main microphone due to users' operation habits.

    [0015] An example of the present invention provides a first method example for selecting a main microphone. As shown in Fig. 2, the method for selecting a main microphone according to the present invention includes the following steps:
    In step S01, a working state parameter of the main microphone arranged on a terminal is monitored.

    [0016] In the examples of the present invention, if an audio/video call function on the terminal is enabled, for example, a phone call on the terminal is connected or video/voice is put through, or an application on the terminal which uses a main microphone function is opened, for example, a recording function is started on the terminal, the terminal monitors the working state parameter of the main microphone arranged on the terminal.

    [0017] In the examples of the present invention, at least two main microphones are arranged on the terminal, and after an audio/video call on the terminal is enabled or an application on the terminal which uses a main microphone function is opened, the terminal monitors a working state parameter of each main microphone. Herein, the working state parameter includes audio input signal strength inputted using the main microphone. In order to improve the accuracy of the working state parameter of the main microphone monitored by the terminal, optionally, an average value of audio input signal strength of the microphone within a preset time length may be used as the audio input signal strength.

    [0018] In step S02, it is judged whether the working state parameter satisfies a preset rule; if the working state parameter satisfies the preset rule, step S03 is performed; and if the working state parameter does not satisfy the preset rule, step S04 is performed.

    [0019] In step S03, a main microphone satisfying the preset rule is selected as an audio input.

    [0020] In step S04, a user is prompted that an audio input signal is abnormal.

    [0021] The terminal judges whether the working state parameter of each main microphone satisfies the preset rule. In the examples of the present invention, the preset rule includes: a default rule of the system and a user-defined rule, or rules which are customized by the technical personnel for various terminals when the terminals leave the factory, etc. The examples of the present invention do not specifically limit the specific content of the above-described preset rules. For example, the terminal judges whether the audio input signal strength corresponding to each main microphone is less than a preset sound intensity value. In the examples of the present invention, the preset sound intensity value can be understood as: the sound intensity inputted by using the main microphone is the lowest intensity value which can be recognized and processed by the terminal; or the sound intensity inputted by using the main microphone is the optimal intensity value which can be recognized and processed by the terminal. As types of various terminals are different and specific hardware configurations thereof are also different, the examples of the present invention do not limit a specific value of the preset sound intensity value.

    [0022] When the terminal judges that there is a working state parameter satisfying the preset rule among the working state parameters of the main microphones arranged on the terminal, the terminal selects a main microphone which satisfies the preset rule as an audio input. When the terminal judges that all the working state parameters of the main microphones arranged on the terminal are working state parameters which do not satisfy the preset rule, the terminal prompts the user that the audio input signal is abnormal. For example, the terminal transmits prompt information that the audio input is abnormal in a suitable manner, to prompt the user that there is currently no sound input or the sound input is abnormal.

    [0023] In the examples of the present invention, the terminal monitors a working state parameter of a main microphone arranged on a terminal; judges whether the working state parameter satisfies a preset rule; and prompts a user that an audio input signal is abnormal or selects a main microphone satisfying the preset rule as an audio input according to a judgment result. The examples of the present invention have the beneficial effects of automatically selecting the optimal main microphone from at least two main microphones arranged on the terminal, which improves the quality of the audio input, thereby completely avoiding the problem of poor call quality resulting from blocking or clogging of the input hole of the main microphone due to users' operation habits, and further improving the call quality.

    [0024] In the examples of the present invention, for a terminal provided with a plurality of main microphones, when a call function on the terminal is started, for example, a phone call of the terminal is connected, or another application requiring to use a main microphone is opened, the terminal judges whether a function of selecting a main microphone is supported by itself. If the terminal does not support the function of selecting a main microphone, the terminal performs a corresponding operation according to a preset main microphone. Alternatively, when the terminal supports the function of selecting a main microphone, and a user selects a default main microphone of the system as an audio input, the terminal selects a main microphone in the manner as illustrated in Fig. 3.

    [0025] With reference to Fig. 3, what is illustrated is a flowchart of a second example of a method for selecting a main microphone according to the present invention. As shown in Fig. 3, the method for selecting a main microphone includes the following steps.

    [0026] In step S11, one main microphone in at least two main microphones arranged on a terminal is preset as an audio input, and audio input signal strength of the preset main microphone is monitored.

    [0027] In the examples of the present invention, one of at least two main microphones arranged on the terminal is preset by the terminal as the audio input by default. After an audio/video call on the terminal is enabled or an application on the terminal which uses a main microphone function is opened, the terminal monitors a working state parameter of the preset main microphone. Herein, the working state parameter includes audio input signal strength inputted using the preset main microphone. In order to improve the accuracy of the working state parameter of the preset main microphone monitored by the terminal, optionally, an average value of audio input signal strength of the preset microphone within a preset time length is used as the audio input signal strength.

    [0028] In an alternative example, the terminal prompts the user whether to select to use the default preset main microphone in the at least two main microphones arranged on the terminal as an input in a main microphone selection mode. If a selection of using the default preset main microphone as an input triggered by the user is received, the terminal inputs a corresponding audio signal using the default preset main microphone. Alternatively, if a call function on the terminal is started, for example, a telephone of the terminal is connected, or another application requiring to use the primary microphone is opened, the terminal judges whether a multi-microphone automatic switch function is supported by itself. If the terminal does not support the multi-selection main microphone function, the terminal performs a corresponding operation according to the preset main microphone i.

    [0029] In step S12, it is judged whether the audio input signal strength of the preset main microphone is less than a preset sound intensity value; if the audio input signal strength of the preset main microphone is less than the preset sound intensity value, step S13 is performed; and if the audio input signal strength of the preset main microphone is greater than or equal to the preset sound intensity value, step S14 is performed.

    [0030] In step S13, a user is prompted that an audio input signal is abnormal.

    [0031] In step S14, the preset main microphone is used as an audio input.

    [0032] When the terminal uses the default preset main microphone as the audio input, the terminal judges whether the audio input signal strength of the preset main microphone is less than the preset sound intensity value; if the audio input signal strength of the preset main microphone is less than the preset sound intensity value, the terminal prompts the user that, when the preset main microphone is used for inputting an audio, the audio input signal thereof is abnormal. For example, the terminal transmits prompt information that the audio input is abnormal in a suitable manner, so as to prompt the user that there is currently no sound input or the sound input is abnormal. If the audio input signal strength of the preset main microphone is greater than or equal to the preset sound intensity value, the terminal continues to use the preset main microphone as the audio input.

    [0033] For example, the terminal monitors and collects an audio input signal of the default preset main microphone i once every a preset time length T2 and calculates corresponding audio input strength of the preset main microphone i within the input time length T0 to acquire a corresponding average sound intensity value V3. The terminal judges whether the average sound intensity value V3 within the preset time length T0 is less than the preset sound intensity value V0. If V3 < V0, a module on the terminal corresponding to audio processing generates interruption, and thus the terminal transmits prompt information that the audio input is abnormal in a suitable manner, to prompt the user that there is currently no sound input or the sound input is abnormal. If V3≥ V0, the terminal continues to use the main microphone i which is currently used for inputting as a normal main microphone for inputting.

    [0034] If the terminal judges that the terminal itself supports a multi-selection main microphone function, the terminal uses a default main microphone k as the microphone for inputting in an automatic switch mode and prompts a user whether to use the current main microphone k as the microphone for inputting. If the terminal receives an operation instruction of selecting the default main microphone k as an input triggered by the user, the terminal inputs a corresponding audio signal using the default main microphone. Further, the terminal monitors and collects an audio input signal of the main microphone k once every a preset time length T2 and calculates corresponding audio input strength of the main microphone k within the input time length T0 to acquire a corresponding average sound intensity value V4. The terminal judges whether the average sound intensity value V4 within the preset time length T0 is less than the preset sound intensity value V0. If V4 < V0, a module on the terminal corresponding to audio processing generates interruption, and thus the terminal transmits prompt information that the audio input is abnormal in a suitable manner, to prompt the user that there is currently no sound input or the sound input is abnormal. If V4≥ V0, the terminal continues to use the main microphone i which is currently used for inputting as a normal main microphone for inputting.

    [0035] In the example of the present invention, the terminal presets one of at least two main microphones arranged on the terminal as the audio input, and monitors audio input signal strength of the preset main microphone; judges whether the audio input signal strength of the preset main microphone is less than a preset sound intensity value; if so, prompts the user that the audio input signal is abnormal; and if not, continues to use the preset main microphone as an audio input. This has beneficial effects of directly using the preset main microphone as the audio input, which omits the operation of selecting a main microphone for inputting an audio. The example of the present invention selects whether to use the default preset main microphone as an input according to the operation of the user, which improves the man-machine interaction.

    [0036] In the example of the method for selecting a main microphone according to the present invention, for the terminal provided with multiple main microphones, when the terminal is in a main microphone selection mode and the user does select to use the default preset main microphone of the system as the audio input, the terminal automatically selects and switches to the optimal main microphone as a main microphone for inputting an audio signal by toggling a switch according to voice collection situations of various main microphones.

    [0037] With reference to Fig. 4, what is illustrated is a flowchart of a third example of a method for selecting a main microphone according to the present invention. As shown in Fig. 4, the method for selecting a main microphone according to the present invention includes the following steps.

    [0038] In step S21, audio input signal strength of at least two main microphones arranged on a terminal is monitored.

    [0039] In the example of the present invention, when the selection of the optimal main microphone is performed, the terminal controls various main microphones to input audio signals alternately, and at the same time, the terminal monitors audio input signal strength of the various main microphones. In a cycle in which all the main microphones arranged on the terminal alternately input audio signals, an input time for a single main microphone is a preset time length T1. The terminal receives the audio signals for the preset length T1 alternately inputted through the various main microphones. In the present example, the audio signals received by the terminal include a processed audio signal, which for example removes a noise due to switch toggling, and the processed audio signal is propagated as a normal signal, so as not to affect normal audio input of the terminal during toggling.

    [0040] In step S22, the audio input signal strength of the at least two main microphones is calculated to acquire a main microphone with the maximum strength.

    [0041] The terminal calculates the audio input signal strength of the various main microphones to acquire a main microphone with the maximum strength. In an alternative example, the terminal may calculate the audio input signal strength of the various the main microphones in the following manner.

    [0042] The terminal calculates sound intensity average values corresponding to the audio signals alternately inputted through the various main microphones in a preset m cycles to acquire the maximum sound intensity average value V1 and a main microphone j corresponding to the maximum sound intensity average value V1.

    [0043] After the terminal receives the audio signals alternately inputted through the various main microphones for a preset time length T1 in the m cycles, the terminal respectively calculates the sound intensity average values corresponding to the audio signals alternately inputted through the various main microphones in the above m cycles. The terminal finds the maximum sound intensity average value V1 from the acquired sound intensity average values corresponding to the various main microphones, and at the same time, finds a main microphone corresponding to the maximum sound intensity average value V1, and denotes the main microphone corresponding to the maximum sound intensity average value V1 as the main microphone j.

    [0044] In step S23, it is judged whether the audio input signal strength of the main microphone with the maximum strength is less than a preset sound intensity value; if the audio input signal strength of the main microphone with the maximum strength is less than the preset sound intensity value, step S24 is performed; and if the audio input signal strength of the main microphone with the maximum strength is greater than or equal to the preset sound intensity value, step S25 is performed.

    [0045] In step S24, a user is prompted that the audio input signal is abnormal.

    [0046] In step S25, the main microphone with the maximum strength is used as the first main microphone for inputting an audio.

    [0047] The terminal judges whether the acquired maximum sound intensity average value V1 is less than the preset sound intensity value. In the examples of the present invention, the preset sound intensity value includes: a default sound intensity value of the system and a user-defined sound intensity value, or sound intensity values which are customized by the technical personnel for various terminals when the terminals leave the factory, etc. The examples of the present invention do not specifically limit the specific values of the above-described preset sound intensity values. When the terminal judges that the maximum sound intensity average value V1 is greater than or equal to the preset sound intensity value, the terminal uses the main microphone j for inputting an audio; and when the terminal judges that the maximum sound intensity average value V1 is less than the preset sound intensity value, the terminal transmits prompt information that the audio input is abnormal in a suitable manner, to prompt the user that there is currently no sound input or the sound input is abnormal.

    [0048] In an alternative example of the present invention, the terminal judging whether the maximum sound intensity average value V1 is less than the preset sound intensity value includes the following manners:
    If before the number of cycles m≥ T0/(NT1), the terminal acquires at least one maximum sound intensity average value V1 greater than or equal to a preset sound intensity value V0, that is, before m≥ T0/(NT1), the terminal acquires at least one maximum sound intensity average value V1≥ V0, then the terminal uses the main microphone j for inputting an audio, herein T0 is an input time T0 for a main microphones to normally input audio data, and N is the total number of the various main microphones arranged on the terminal.

    [0049] If before the number of cycles m≥ T0/(NT1), all the maximum sound intensity average values V1 acquired by the terminal are less than the preset sound intensity value V0, then the terminal considers that the current audio input is abnormal, and a corresponding module on the terminal for audio processing generates interruption, and thus the terminal transmits prompt information that the audio input is abnormal in a suitable manner, to prompt the user that there is currently no sound input or the sound input is abnormal.

    [0050] In the example of the present invention, if a current call of the terminal ends, for example, the telephone is hang up, or an application using the main microphone is closed, the terminal records a corresponding optimal main microphone k when it is closed, and uses the main microphone k as a default main microphone of the terminal in an automatic switch mode of the next time.

    [0051] In the example of the present invention, in order to ensure the quality of the audio signal input, when the optimal main microphone j is used as the normal audio input, the terminal monitors the audio input of the main microphone j at a preset time interval so that when the input sound intensity of the main microphone j is poor, the microphone j is switched to another main microphone with the optimal sound intensity input.

    [0052] When the terminal judges that the maximum sound intensity average value V1 is greater than or equal to the preset sound intensity value, after the main microphone j is used for inputting an audio, the terminal monitors and collects an audio signal inputted through the main microphone j at the preset time interval T2 and calculates sound intensity V2 corresponding to the audio signal inputted through the main microphone j within the preset time length T0; judges whether a relationship between the sound intensity V2 and the preset sound intensity value V0 satisfies V2≥ V0; if V2≥ V0, continues to use the main microphone j for inputting an audio; and if V2 < V0, returns to perform step S21 to monitor audio input signal strength of at least two main microphones arranged on the terminal so that the terminal reselects the optimal main microphone.

    [0053] In the example of the present invention, in order to avoid that the main microphone j acquired using the technical scheme of the example described in Fig. 4 is not the optimal main microphone due to erroneous judgment by the terminal or a change in the usage environment of the terminal, after every interval of a time length T2, the terminal monitors and collects an audio signal inputted through the main microphone j, calculates sound intensity V2 corresponding to the audio signal inputted through the main microphone j within the preset time length T0; if V2 ≥ V0, the terminal does not perform any main microphone switch operation, and continues to use the main microphone j as a normal main microphone for inputting; and if V2 < V0, the terminal performs the technical scheme disclosed in the example described in Fig. 4, to reselect an optimal main microphone.

    [0054] In the example of the present invention, the terminal monitors audio input signal strength of at least two main microphones arranged on the terminal; calculates the audio input signal strength of the at least two main microphones to acquire a main microphone with the maximum strength; and judges whether audio input signal strength of the main microphone with the maximum strength is less than a preset sound intensity value; and if so, prompts the user that the audio input signal is abnormal; and if not, uses the main microphone with the maximum strength as a first main microphone for inputting an audio. Compared with the existing technology, the example of the present invention has the beneficial effects of automatically selecting the optimal main microphone by setting positions of separate main microphones on the terminal according to different operation habits of users in different countries and regions, which improves the quality of the audio input, thereby completely avoiding the problem of poor call quality resulting from blocking or clogging of the input hole of the main microphone due to users' operation habits, and improving the call quality. In addition, the example of the present invention monitors whether a selected main microphone is still the optimal main microphone at a preset time interval, which ensures that the optimal microphone is always used as an input when the terminal uses the main microphone, thereby ensuring the quality of the audio input of the terminal.

    [0055] The example of the present invention further provide an apparatus example for selecting a main microphone. As shown in Fig. 5, the apparatus for selecting a main microphone according to the present invention includes a monitoring module 01 and a processing module 02.

    [0056] The monitoring module 01 is configured to monitor a working state parameter of the main microphone arranged on a terminal.

    [0057] In the examples of the present invention, if an audio/video call function on the terminal is enabled, for example, a phone on the terminal is turned on or video/voice is turned on, or an application on the terminal which uses a main microphone function is opened, for example, a recording function is started on the terminal, then the monitoring module 01 monitors the working state parameter of the main microphone arranged on the terminal.

    [0058] In the examples of the present invention, at least two main microphones are arranged on the terminal, and after an audio/video call on the terminal is enabled or an application on the terminal which uses a main microphone function is opened, the monitoring module 01 monitors a working state parameter of each main microphone. Herein, the working state parameter includes audio input signal strength inputted using the main microphone. In order to improve the accuracy of the working state parameter of the main microphone monitored by the monitoring module 01, optionally, an average value of audio input signal strength of the microphone within a preset time length is used by monitoring module 01 as the audio input signal strength.

    [0059] The processing module 02 is configured to judge whether the working state parameter satisfies a preset rule; and prompt a user that an audio input signal is abnormal or select a main microphone satisfying the preset rule as an audio input according to a judgment result.

    [0060] The processing module 02 judges whether the working state parameter of each main microphone satisfies the preset rule. In the examples of the present invention, the preset rule includes a default rule of the system and a user-defined rule, or rules which are customized by the technical personnel for various terminals when the terminals leave the factory. The examples of the present invention do not specifically limit the specific content of the above-described preset rules. For example, the processing module 02 judges whether the audio input signal strength corresponding to each main microphone is less than a preset sound intensity value. In the examples of the present invention, the preset sound intensity value can be understood that sound intensity inputted using the main microphone is the lowest intensity value which can be recognized and processed by the terminal; or the sound intensity inputted using the main microphone is the optimal intensity value which can be recognized and processed by the terminal. As types of various terminals are different and specific hardware configurations thereof are also different, the examples of the present invention do not limit a specific value of the preset sound intensity value.

    [0061] When the processing module 02 judges that there is a working state parameter satisfying the preset rule among the working state parameters of the main microphones arranged on the terminal, the processing module 02 selects a main microphone which satisfies the preset rule as an audio input. When the processing module 02 judges that all the working state parameters of the main microphones arranged on the terminal are working state parameters which do not satisfy the preset rule, the processing module 02 prompts the user that the audio input signal is abnormal. For example, the processing module 02 transmits prompt information that the audio input is abnormal in a suitable manner, to prompt the user that there is currently no sound input or the sound input is abnormal.

    [0062] In the examples of the present invention, the terminal monitors a working state parameter of a main microphone arranged on a terminal; judges whether the working state parameter satisfies a preset rule; and prompts a user that an audio input signal is abnormal or selects a main microphone satisfying the preset rule as an audio input according to a judgment result. The examples of the present invention have the beneficial effects of automatically selecting the optimal main microphone from at least two main microphones arranged on the terminal, which improves the quality of the audio input, thereby completely avoiding the problem of poor call quality resulting from blocking or clogging of the input hole of the main microphone due to users' operation habits, and further improving the call quality.

    [0063] In the examples of the apparatus for selecting a main microphone according to the present invention, for a terminal provided with a plurality of main microphones, when a call function on the terminal is started, for example, a phone call of the terminal is connected, or another application requiring to use a main microphone is opened, the terminal judges whether a function of selecting a main microphone is supported by itself. If the terminal does not support the function of selecting a main microphone, the terminal performs a corresponding operation according to a preset main microphone. Alternatively, when the terminal supports the function of selecting a main microphone, and a user selects a default main microphone of the system as an audio input, the terminal selects a main microphone in the manner described below.

    [0064] With reference to Fig. 5, in the apparatus for selecting a main microphone according to the example of the present invention, the monitoring module 01 is further configured to preset a main microphone in at least two main microphones arranged on a terminal as an audio input, and monitor audio input signal strength of the preset main microphone.

    [0065] In the examples of the present invention, one of at least two main microphones are arranged on the terminal is preset by the terminal as the audio input by default. After an audio/video call on the terminal is enabled or an application on the terminal which uses a main microphone function is opened, the monitoring module 01 monitors a working state parameter of the preset main microphone. Herein, the working state parameter includes audio input signal strength inputted using the preset main microphone. In order to improve the accuracy of the working state parameter of the preset main microphone monitored by the terminal, optionally, an average value of audio input signal strength of the preset microphone within a preset time length is used as the audio input signal strength.

    [0066] In an alternative example, the monitoring module 01 prompts the user whether to select to use the default preset main microphone in the at least two main microphones arranged on the terminal as an input in a main microphone selection mode. If a selection of using the default preset main microphone as an input triggered by the user is received, the monitoring module 01 inputs a corresponding audio signal using the default preset main microphone. Alternatively, if a call function on the terminal is started, for example, a phone call of the terminal is connected, or another application requiring to use the main microphone is opened, the monitoring module 01 judges whether a multi-microphone automatic switch function is supported by itself. If the terminal does not support the multi-selection main microphone function, the monitoring module 01 performs a corresponding operation according to the preset main microphone i.

    [0067] The processing module 02 is further used to:
    judge whether the audio input signal strength of the preset main microphone is less than a preset sound intensity value; if the audio input signal strength of the preset main microphone is less than the preset sound intensity value, prompt a user that an audio input signal is abnormal; and if the audio input signal strength of the preset main microphone is greater than or equal to the preset sound intensity value, use the preset main microphone as an audio input.

    [0068] When the monitoring module 01 uses the default preset main microphone as the audio input, the processing module 02 judges whether the audio input signal strength of the preset main microphone is less than the preset sound intensity value; if the audio input signal strength of the preset main microphone is less than the preset sound intensity value, the processing module 02 prompts the user that, when the preset main microphone is used for inputting an audio, the audio input signal thereof is abnormal. For example, the processing module 02 transmits prompt information that the audio input is abnormal in a suitable manner, so as to prompt the user that there is currently no sound input or the sound input is abnormal. If the audio input signal strength of the preset main microphone is greater than or equal to the preset sound intensity value, the processing module 02 continues to use the preset main microphone as the audio input.

    [0069] For example, the monitoring module 01 monitors and collects an audio input signal of the default preset main microphone i once every a preset time length T2 and the processing module 02 calculates corresponding audio input strength of the preset main microphone i within the input time length T0 to acquire a corresponding average sound intensity value V3. The processing module 02 judges whether the average sound intensity value V3 within the preset time length T0 is less than the preset sound intensity value V0. If V3 < V0, a module on the terminal corresponding to audio processing generates interruption, and thus the processing module 02 transmits prompt information that the audio input is abnormal in a suitable manner, to prompt the user that there is currently no sound input or the sound input is abnormal. If V3≥ V0, the processing module 02 continues to use the main microphone i which is currently used for inputting as a normal main microphone for inputting.

    [0070] If the monitoring module 01 judges that the terminal supports a multi-selection main microphone function, the monitoring module 01 uses a default main microphone k as the microphone for inputting in an automatic switch mode and prompts a user whether to use the current main microphone k as the microphone for inputting. If the monitoring module 01 receives a user-triggered operation instruction of selecting the default main microphone k as an input, the monitoring module 01 inputs a corresponding audio signal using the default main microphone. Further, the processing module 02 monitors and collects an audio input signal of the main microphone k once every a preset time length T2 and calculates corresponding audio input strength of the main microphone k in the input time length T0 to acquire a corresponding average sound intensity value V4. The processing module 02 judges whether the average sound intensity value V4 within the preset time length T0 is less than the preset sound intensity value V0. If V4 < V0, a module on the terminal corresponding to audio processing generates interruption, and thus the processing module 02 transmits prompt information that the audio input is abnormal in a suitable manner, to prompt the user that there is currently no sound input or the sound input is abnormal. If V4≥ V0, the processing module 02 continues to use the main microphone i which is currently used for inputting as a normal main microphone for inputting.

    [0071] In the example of the present invention, the terminal presets one of at least two main microphones arranged on the terminal as the audio input, and monitors audio input signal strength of the preset main microphone; judges whether the audio input signal strength of the preset main microphone is less than a preset sound intensity value; if so, prompts the user that the audio input signal is abnormal; and if not, continues to use the preset main microphone as an audio input. This has beneficial effects of directly using the preset main microphone as the audio input, which omits the operation of selecting a main microphone for inputting an audio. The example of the present invention selects whether to use the default preset main microphone as an input according to the operation of the user, which improves the man-machine interaction.

    [0072] Also with reference to Fig. 5, in the example of the apparatus for selecting a main microphone according to the present invention, for the terminal provided with multiple main microphones, when the terminal is in a main microphone selection mode and the user does select to use the default preset main microphone of the system as the audio input, the terminal automatically selects and switches to the optimal main microphone as a main microphone for inputting an audio signal by toggling a switch according to voice collection situations of various main microphones.

    [0073] Also with reference to Fig. 5, in the apparatus for selecting a main microphone according to the present invention, as shown in Fig. 5, the monitoring module 01 is further configured to:
    monitor audio input signal strength of at least two main microphones arranged on a terminal.

    [0074] In the example of the present invention, when the selection of the optimal main microphone is performed, the terminal controls various main microphones to input audio signals alternately, and at the same time, the monitoring module 01 monitors audio input signal strength of the various main microphones. In a cycle in which all the main microphones arranged on the terminal alternately input audio signals, an input time for a single main microphone is a preset time length T1. The monitoring module 01 receives the audio signals for the preset length T1 alternately inputted through the various main microphones. In the present example, the audio signals received by the monitoring module 01 include a processed audio signal, which for example removes a noise due to switch toggling, and the processed audio signal is propagated as a normal signal, so as not to affect normal audio input of the terminal during toggling.

    [0075] The processing module 02 is further configured to:
    calculate the audio input signal strength of the at least two main microphones to acquire a main microphone with the maximum strength; judge whether audio input signal strength of the main microphone with the maximum strength is less than a preset sound intensity value; if the audio input signal strength of the main microphone with the maximum strength is less than the preset sound intensity value, prompt a user that the audio input signal is abnormal; and if the audio input signal strength of the main microphone with the maximum strength is greater than or equal to the preset sound intensity value, use the main microphone with the maximum strength as the first main microphone for inputting an audio.

    [0076] The processing module 02 calculates the audio input signal strength of the various main microphones to acquire a main microphone with the maximum strength. In an alternative example, the processing module 02 may calculate the audio input signal strength of the various main microphones in the following manner.

    [0077] The processing module 02 calculates sound intensity average values corresponding to the audio signals inputted alternately through the various main microphones in a preset m cycles to acquire the maximum sound intensity average value V1 and a main microphone j corresponding to the maximum sound intensity average value V1.

    [0078] After the processing module 02 receives the audio signals inputted alternately through the various main microphones within a preset time length T1 in the m cycles, the processing module 02 respectively calculates the sound intensity average values corresponding to the audio signals alternately inputted through the various main microphones in the above-described m cycles. The processing module 02 finds the maximum sound intensity average value V1 from the acquired sound intensity average values corresponding to the various main microphones, and at the same time, finds a main microphone corresponding to the maximum sound intensity average value V1, and denotes the main microphone corresponding to the maximum sound intensity average value V1 as the main microphone j.

    [0079] The processing module 02 judges whether the acquired maximum sound intensity average value V1 is less than the preset sound intensity value. In the examples of the present invention, the preset sound intensity value includes: a default sound intensity value of the system and a user-defined sound intensity value, or sound intensity values which are customized by the technical personnel for various terminals when the terminals leave the factory, etc. The examples of the present invention do not specifically limit the specific values of the above-described preset sound intensity values. When the processing module 02 judges that the maximum sound intensity average value V1 is greater than or equal to the preset sound intensity value, the processing module 02 uses the main microphone j for inputting an audio; and when the processing module 02 judges that the maximum sound intensity average value V1 is less than the preset sound intensity value, the processing module 02 transmits prompt information that the audio input is abnormal in a suitable manner, to prompt the user that there is currently no sound input or the sound input is abnormal.

    [0080] In an alternative example of the present invention, the processing module 02 judging whether the maximum sound intensity average value V1 is less than the preset sound intensity value includes the following manners.

    [0081] If before the number of cycles m≥ T0/(NT1), the processing module 02 acquires at least one maximum sound intensity average value V1 that is greater than or equal to a preset sound intensity value V0, that is, before m≥ T0/(NT1), the processing module 02 acquires at least one maximum sound intensity average value V1≥ V0, the processing module 02 uses the main microphone j for inputting an audio, wherein T0 is an input time T0 for a main microphones to normally input audio data, and N is the total number of the various main microphones arranged on the terminal.

    [0082] If before the number of cycles m≥ T0/(NT1), all the maximum sound intensity average values V1 acquired by the processing module 02 are less than the preset sound intensity value V0, the processing module 02 considers that the current audio input is abnormal, and a corresponding module on the terminal for audio processing generates interruption, and thus the processing module 02 transmits prompt information that the audio input is abnormal in a suitable manner, to prompt the user that there is currently no sound input or the sound input is abnormal.

    [0083] In the example of the present invention, if a current call of the terminal ends, for example, the telephone is hang up, or an application using the main microphone is closed, the processing module 02 records a corresponding optimal main microphone k when it is closed, and uses the main microphone k as a default main microphone of the terminal in an automatic switch mode for the next time.

    [0084] In the example of the present invention, in order to ensure the quality of the audio signal input, when the optimal main microphone j is used as the normal audio input, the processing module 02 monitors the audio input of the main microphone j at a preset time interval so that, when the input sound intensity of the main microphone j is poor, the microphone j is switched to another main microphone with the optimal sound intensity input.

    [0085] When the processing module 02 judges that the maximum sound intensity average value V1 is greater than or equal to the preset sound intensity value, after the main microphone j is used for inputting an audio, the monitoring module 01 monitors and collects an audio signal of the main microphone j at the preset time interval T2 and processing module 02 calculates sound intensity V2 corresponding to the audio signal inputted through the main microphone j within the preset time length T0; judges whether a relationship between the sound intensity V2 and the preset sound intensity value V0 satisfies V2≥ V0; if V2≥ V0, the processing module 02 continues to use the main microphone j for inputting an audio; and if V2 < V0, the monitoring module 01 continues to monitor audio input signal strength of at least two main microphones arranged on the terminal so that the processing module 02 reselects the optimal main microphone.

    [0086] In the example of the present invention, in order to avoid that the acquired main microphone j is not the optimal main microphone due to erroneous judgment by the terminal or a change in the usage environment of the terminal, after every interval of a time length T2, the monitoring module 01 monitors and collects an audio signal inputted through the main microphone j, the processing module 02 calculates sound intensity V2 corresponding to the audio signal inputted through the main microphone j within the preset time length T0; if V2≥ V0, the processing module 02 does not perform any main microphone switch operation, and continues to use the main microphone j as a normal main microphone for inputting; and if V2 < V0, the processing module 02 reselects an optimal main microphone.

    [0087] In the example of the present invention, the terminal monitors audio input signal strength of at least two main microphones arranged on the terminal; calculates the audio input signal strength of the at least two main microphones to acquire a main microphone with the maximum strength; and judges whether audio input signal strength of the main microphone with the maximum strength is less than a preset sound intensity value; and if so, prompts the user that the audio input signal is abnormal; and if not, uses the main microphone with the maximum strength as a first main microphone for inputting an audio. Compared with the existing technology, the example of the present invention has the beneficial effects of automatically selecting the optimal main microphone by setting positions of separate main microphones on the terminal according to different operation habits of users in different countries and regions, which improves the quality of the audio input, thereby completely avoiding the problem of poor call quality resulting from blocking or clogging of the input hole of the main microphone due to users' operation habits, and improving the call quality. In addition, the example of the present invention monitors whether a selected main microphone is still the optimal main microphone at a preset time interval, which ensures that the optimal microphone is always used as an input when the terminal uses the main microphone, thereby ensuring the quality of the audio input of the terminal.

    [0088] It is to be illustrated that the terms "comprising" "including" or any other variations thereof herein are intended to encompass a non-exclusive inclusion, so that a process, method, article, or apparatus that includes a serial of elements includes not only those elements, but also includes other elements not expressly listed, or may also include elements inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus. In the absence of further limitations, the elements defined by the phrase "including one of' do not preclude the presence of additional identical elements in the process, method, article, or apparatus that includes the elements.

    [0089] Serial numbers of the examples of the present invention described above are merely for purposes of illustration and are not intended to distinguish good examples from bad examples.

    [0090] It will be apparent to those skilled in the art from the foregoing description of the implementations that the methods according to the above-described examples can be implemented via software plus the necessary general-purpose hardware platform, and of course can also be implemented by hardware, but in many cases, the former is a better implementation. Based on this understanding, the technical solutions of the present invention can be embodied, in essence or as a contribution to the existing technology, in the form of a software product stored in a storage medium (such as ROM/RAM, a magnetic disk, an optical disc), which includes a number of instructions for causing a terminal device (which may be a mobile phone, a computer, a server, or a network device, etc.) to perform the methods described in the various examples of the present invention.

    [0091] The above description is merely preferred examples of the present invention and is not intended to limit the patent scope thereof.

    Industrial applicability



    [0092] The examples of the present invention can automatically select the optimal main microphone from at least two main microphones arranged on the terminal to improve the quality of the audio input so as to completely avoid the problem of poor call quality resulting from blocking or clogging of the input hole of the main microphone due to users' operation habits, and improve the call quality.


    Claims

    1. A method for selecting a main microphone, comprising:

    monitoring a working state parameter of one or more main microphones arranged on a mobile terminal having at least two main microphones (S01), the mobile terminal comprising a switch to select a main microphone for inputting an audio signal such that only one main microphone inputs a corresponding audio signal at a time; the mobile terminal being configured to select one main microphone as the audio input by toggling the switch;

    judging whether the working state parameter satisfies a preset rule (S02); and

    prompting a user that an audio input signal is abnormal (S04) if the working state parameter does not satisfy the preset rule, and selecting a main microphone satisfying the preset rule as an audio input (S03) if the working state parameter satisfies the preset rule;

    wherein the working state parameter comprises audio input signal strength; and said judging whether the working state parameter satisfies a preset rule (S02) comprises judging whether the audio input signal strength is greater than or equal to a preset sound intensity value, wherein the preset sound intensity value comprises a default sound intensity value of a system or a user-defined sound intensity value;

    characterized in that

    said monitoring a working state parameter of one or more main microphones arranged on the mobile terminal (S01) comprises: monitoring audio input signal strength of at least two main microphones arranged on the mobile terminal (S21);

    said judging whether the working state parameter satisfies a preset rule (S02) further comprises: calculating the audio input signal strength of the at least two main microphones to acquire a first main microphone with maximum audio input signal strength (S22); and judging whether audio input signal strength of the first main microphone is greater than or equal to the preset sound intensity value (S23); and

    said prompting a user that an audio input signal is abnormal (S04) if the working state parameter does not satisfy the preset rule and selecting a main microphone satisfying the preset rule as an audio input (S03) if the working state parameter satisfies the preset rule further comprises: if the audio input signal strength of the first main microphone is less than the preset sound intensity value, prompting the user that the audio input signal is abnormal (S24); and if the audio input signal strength of the first main microphone is greater than or equal to the preset sound intensity value, selecting the first main microphone as an audio input (S25);

    wherein said calculating the audio input signal strength of the at least two main microphones to acquire a first main microphone with maximum audio input signal strength comprises:

    controlling the at least two main microphones to alternately input an audio signal for a first preset time length and receiving the audio signals;

    calculating various sound intensity average values corresponding to the audio signals which are alternatively inputted within a preset number of cycles by the at least two main microphones to acquire a maximum value among the sound intensity average values; and

    wherein said judging whether audio input signal strength of the first main microphone is greater than or equal to the preset sound intensity value comprises judging whether at least one maximum value which is greater than or equal to the preset sound intensity value is acquired before the preset number of cycles reaches a set value;

    wherein the set value is a ratio of an input time of normal input audio data of a main microphone to a product corresponding to main microphones, and the product corresponding to main microphones is a product of a total number of the main microphones and the first preset time length.


     
    2. The method according to claim 1, wherein after using the first main microphone as the audio input, the method further comprises:

    monitoring and collecting an audio signal inputted through the first main microphone according to a preset time interval;

    calculating an average strength value corresponding to an audio signal inputted through the first main microphone within a second preset time length;

    when it is judged that the average strength value is greater than or equal to the preset sound intensity value, continuing to use the first main microphone for inputting an audio; and

    when it is judged that the average strength value is less than the preset sound intensity value, returning to perform monitoring audio input signal strength of the at least two main microphones arranged on the mobile terminal.


     
    3. A mobile terminal, comprising:

    one or more main microphones,

    a switch to select a main microphone for inputting an audio signal such that only one main microphone inputs a corresponding audio signal at a time; the mobile terminal being configured to select one main microphone as the audio input by toggling the switch, and

    a processing module configured to cause the mobile terminal to perform the method according to claim 1 or 2.


     
    4. A carrier carrying a computer program, the computer program comprising program instructions which, when executed by a mobile terminal according to claim 3, cause the mobile terminal to perform the method according to claim 1 or 2.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zur Auswahl eines Hauptmikrofons, umfassend:

    Überwachen eines Arbeitszustandsparameters eines oder mehrerer Hauptmikrofone, die auf einem mobilen Endgerät mit mindestens zwei Hauptmikrofonen (S01) eingerichtet sind, wobei das mobile Endgerät einen Schalter zum Auswählen eines Hauptmikrofons zum Eingeben eines Audiosignals umfasst, so dass nur ein Hauptmikrofon ein entsprechendes Audiosignal gleichzeitig eingibt; wobei das mobile Endgerät so konfiguriert ist, dass es durch Umschalten des Schalters ein Hauptmikrofon als den Audioeingang auswählt;

    Beurteilen, ob der Arbeitszustandsparameter eine voreingestellte Regel (S02) erfüllt; und

    Hinweisen eines Benutzers, dass ein Audioeingangssignal abnormal ist (S04), wenn der Arbeitszustandsparameter die voreingestellte Regel nicht erfüllt, und Auswählen eines Hauptmikrofons als Audioeingang (S03), das die voreingestellte Regel erfüllt, wenn der Arbeitszustandsparameter die voreingestellte Regel erfüllt;

    wobei der Arbeitszustandsparameter eine Audioeingangssignalstärke umfasst; und das Beurteilen, ob der Arbeitszustandsparameter eine voreingestellte Regel (S02) erfüllt, umfasst das Beurteilen, ob die Audioeingangssignalstärke größer oder gleich einem voreingestellten Schallintensitätswert ist, wobei der voreingestellte Schallintensitätswert einen voreingestellten Schallintensitätswert eines Systems oder einen benutzerdefinierten Schallintensitätswert umfasst;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    das Überwachen eines Arbeitszustandsparameters eines oder mehrerer Hauptmikrofone, die auf dem mobilen Endgerät (S01) eingerichtet sind, umfasst: das Überwachen der Audioeingangssignalstärke von mindestens zwei Hauptmikrofonen, die auf dem mobilen Endgerät (S21) eingerichtet sind;

    wobei das Beurteilen, ob der Arbeitszustandsparameter eine voreingestellte Regel (S02) erfüllt, ferner umfasst: Berechnen der Audio-Eingangssignalstärke der mindestens zwei Hauptmikrofone, um ein erstes Hauptmikrofon mit maximaler Audio-Eingangssignalstärke zu erlangen (S22); und Beurteilen, ob die Audio-Eingangssignalstärke des ersten Hauptmikrofons größer oder gleich dem voreingestellten Schallintensitätswert ist (S23); und

    das Hinweisen eines Benutzers, dass ein Audio-Eingangssignal abnormal ist (S04), wenn der Arbeitszustandsparameter die voreingestellte Regel nicht erfüllt, und das Auswählen eines Hauptmikrofons, das die voreingestellte Regel als Audio-Eingang erfüllt (S03), wenn der Arbeitszustandsparameter die voreingestellte Regel erfüllt, umfasst ferner: wenn die Audio-Eingangssignalstärke des ersten Hauptmikrofons geringer ist als der voreingestellte Schallintensitätswert, das Hinweisen des Benutzers, dass das Audio-Eingangssignal abnormal ist (S24); und wenn die Audio-Eingangssignalstärke des ersten Hauptmikrofons größer oder gleich dem voreingestellten Schallintensitätswert ist, Auswählen des ersten Hauptmikrofons als einen Audio-Eingang (S25);

    wobei das Berechnen der Audio-Eingangssignalstärke der mindestens zwei Hauptmikrofone zur Gewinnung eines ersten Hauptmikrofons mit maximaler Audio-Eingangssignalstärke umfasst:

    Steuern der mindestens zwei Hauptmikrofone, um abwechselnd ein Audiosignal für eine erste voreingestellte Zeitlänge einzugeben und die Audiosignale zu empfangen;

    Berechnen verschiedener Durchschnittswerte der Schallintensität, die den Audiosignalen entsprechen, die abwechselnd innerhalb einer voreingestellten Anzahl von Zyklen von den mindestens zwei Hauptmikrofonen eingegeben werden, um einen Maximalwert unter den Durchschnittswerten der Schallintensität zu erhalten; und

    wobei das Beurteilen, ob die Audio-Eingangssignalstärke des ersten Hauptmikrofons größer oder gleich dem voreingestellten Schallintensitätswert ist, das Beurteilen umfasst, ob mindestens ein Maximalwert, der größer oder gleich dem voreingestellten Schallintensitätswert ist, erfasst wird, bevor die voreingestellte Anzahl von Zyklen einen eingestellten Wert erreicht;

    wobei der eingestellte Wert ein Verhältnis einer Eingangszeit normaler Eingangsaudiodaten eines Hauptmikrofons zu einem Produkt ist, das Hauptmikrofonen entspricht, und das Produkt, das Hauptmikrofonen entspricht, ein Produkt einer Gesamtzahl der Hauptmikrofone und der zuerst voreingestellten Zeitlänge ist.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Verfahren nach der Verwendung des ersten Hauptmikrofons als Audioeingang weiter umfasst:

    Überwachen und Sammeln eines Audiosignals, das durch das erste Hauptmikrofon eingegeben wird, gemäß einem voreingestellten Zeitintervall;

    Berechnen eines durchschnittlichen Stärkewertes, der einem Audiosignal entspricht, das durch das erste Hauptmikrofon innerhalb einer zweiten voreingestellten Zeitlänge eingegeben wird;

    wenn beurteilt wird, dass der durchschnittliche Stärkewert größer oder gleich dem voreingestellten Schallintensitätswert ist, Fortsetzen der Verwendung des ersten Hauptmikrofons zum Eingeben eines Audiosignals; und

    wenn beurteilt wird, dass der durchschnittliche Stärkewert kleiner als der voreingestellte Schallintensitätswert ist, Zurückkehren zur Überwachung der Audioeingangssignalstärke der mindestens zwei Hauptmikrofone, die auf dem mobilen Endgerät eingerichtet sind.


     
    3. Mobiles Endgerät, bestehend aus:

    einem oder mehreren Hauptmikrofonen,

    einem Schalter zur Auswahl eines Hauptmikrofons zur Eingabe eines Audiosignals, so dass jeweils nur ein Hauptmikrofon ein entsprechendes Audiosignal eingibt; wobei das mobile Endgerät so konfiguriert ist, dass es durch Umschalten des Schalters ein Hauptmikrofon als Audioeingang auswählt, und

    ein Verarbeitungsmodul, das so konfiguriert ist, dass es das mobile Endgerät veranlasst, das Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2 durchzuführen.


     
    4. Träger, der ein Computerprogramm trägt, wobei das Computerprogramm Programmbefehle enthält, die, wenn sie von einem mobilen Endgerät nach Anspruch 3 ausgeführt werden, das mobile Endgerät dazu veranlassen, das Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2 durchzuführen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de sélection d'un microphone principal, comprenant :

    la surveillance d'un paramètre d'état de fonctionnement d'un ou plusieurs microphones principaux disposés sur un terminal mobile ayant au moins deux microphones principaux (S01), le terminal mobile comprenant un commutateur pour sélectionner un microphone principal pour l'entrée d'un signal audio de telle sorte qu'un seul microphone principal entre un signal audio correspondant à la fois ; le terminal mobile étant configuré pour sélectionner un microphone principal comme entrée audio en basculant le commutateur ;

    juger si le paramètre d'état de fonctionnement satisfait à une règle prédéfinie (S02) ; et

    l'indication à l'utilisateur qu'un signal d'entrée audio est anormal (S04) si le paramètre d'état de fonctionnement ne satisfait pas à la règle prédéfinie, et la sélection d'un microphone principal satisfaisant à la règle prédéfinie comme entrée audio (S03) si le paramètre d'état de fonctionnement satisfait à la règle prédéfinie ;

    dans lequel le paramètre d'état de fonctionnement comprend l'intensité du signal d'entrée audio ; et ledit jugement du fait que le paramètre d'état de fonctionnement satisfait à une règle prédéfinie (S02) comprend le jugement du fait que l'intensité du signal d'entrée audio est supérieure ou égale à une valeur d'intensité sonore prédéfinie, dans lequel la valeur d'intensité sonore prédéfinie comprend une valeur d'intensité sonore par défaut d'un système ou une valeur d'intensité sonore définie par l'utilisateur ;

    caractérisé en ce que

    ladite surveillance d'un paramètre d'état de fonctionnement d'un ou de plusieurs microphones principaux disposés sur le terminal mobile (S01) comprend : la surveillance de la puissance du signal d'entrée audio d'au moins deux microphones principaux disposés sur le terminal mobile (S21) ;

    ledit jugement du fait que le paramètre d'état de fonctionnement satisfait à une règle prédéfinie (S02) comprend en outre : le calcul de l'intensité du signal d'entrée audio des au moins deux microphones principaux pour acquérir un premier microphone principal avec une intensité maximale du signal d'entrée audio (S22) ; et le jugement du fait que l'intensité du signal d'entrée audio du premier microphone principal est supérieure ou égale à la valeur d'intensité sonore prédéfinie (S23) ; et

    dit le fait d'inviter un utilisateur à indiquer qu'un signal d'entrée audio est anormal (S04) si le paramètre d'état de fonctionnement ne satisfait pas à la règle préétablie et le fait de sélectionner un microphone principal satisfaisant à la règle préétablie comme entrée audio (S03) si le paramètre d'état de fonctionnement satisfait à la règle préétablie comprend en outre : si l'intensité du signal d'entrée audio du premier microphone principal est inférieure à la valeur d'intensité sonore préétablie, le fait d'inviter l'utilisateur à le faire le signal d'entrée audio est anormal (S24) ; et si l'intensité du signal d'entrée audio du premier microphone principal est supérieure ou égale à la valeur d'intensité sonore prédéfinie, sélectionnant le premier microphone principal comme entrée audio (S25) ;

    dans lequel ledit calcul de l'intensité du signal d'entrée audio des au moins deux microphones principaux pour acquérir un premier microphone principal avec une intensité maximale du signal d'entrée audio comprend :

    commander les au moins deux microphones principaux pour entrer alternativement un signal audio pendant une première durée prédéfinie et recevoir les signaux audio ;

    le calcul de diverses valeurs moyennes d'intensité sonore correspondant aux signaux audio qui sont alternativement entrés dans un nombre de cycles prédéfini par les au moins deux microphones principaux pour acquérir une valeur maximale parmi les valeurs moyennes d'intensité sonore ; et

    dans lequel ledit jugement du fait que l'intensité du signal d'entrée audio du premier microphone principal est supérieure ou égale à la valeur d'intensité sonore prédéfinie comprend le fait de juger si au moins une valeur maximale qui est supérieure ou égale à la valeur d'intensité sonore prédéfinie est acquise avant que le nombre prédéfini de cycles n'atteigne une valeur définie ;

    dans lequel la valeur de consigne est un rapport entre un temps d'entrée de données audio d'entrée normales d'un microphone principal et un produit correspondant aux microphones principaux, et le produit correspondant aux microphones principaux est un produit d'un nombre total de microphones principaux et de la première durée de temps prédéfinie.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle, après avoir utilisé le premier microphone principal comme entrée audio, le procédé comprend en outre :

    la surveillance et la collecte d'un signal audio entré par le premier microphone principal selon un intervalle de temps prédéfini ;

    le calcul d'une valeur d'intensité moyenne correspondant à un signal audio entré par le premier microphone principal dans un deuxième intervalle de temps prédéfini ;

    lorsqu'il est jugé que la valeur d'intensité moyenne est supérieure ou égale à la valeur d'intensité sonore prédéfinie, continuer à utiliser le premier microphone principal pour l'entrée d'un signal audio ; et

    lorsqu'il est jugé que la valeur moyenne de l'intensité est inférieure à la valeur d'intensité sonore préréglée, en retournant pour effectuer le contrôle de l'intensité du signal d'entrée audio des au moins deux microphones principaux disposés sur le terminal mobile.


     
    3. Un terminal mobile, comprenant:

    un ou plusieurs microphones principaux,

    un commutateur permettant de sélectionner un microphone principal pour l'entrée d'un signal audio, de sorte qu'un seul microphone principal entre un signal audio correspondant à la fois ; le terminal mobile étant configuré pour sélectionner un microphone principal comme entrée audio en basculant le commutateur, et

    un module de traitement configuré pour faire en sorte que le terminal mobile exécute le procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2.


     
    4. Un support transportant un programme informatique, le programme informatique comprenant des instructions de programme qui, lorsqu'elles sont exécutées par un terminal mobile selon la revendication 3, font en sorte que le terminal mobile exécute le procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description