(19)
(11)EP 3 163 926 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 15811063.5

(22)Date of filing:  26.06.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04W 12/06  (2009.01)
G06F 3/0488  (2013.01)
H04L 29/06  (2006.01)
G06F 21/32  (2013.01)
H04W 88/02  (2009.01)
H04M 1/673  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2015/006590
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/199501 (30.12.2015 Gazette  2015/52)

(54)

USER AUTHENTICATION METHOD AND SYSTEM USING VARIABLE KEYPAD AND BIOMETRIC IDENTIFICATION

BENUTZERAUTHENTIFIZIERUNGSVERFAHREN UND -SYSTEM MIT VARIABLER TASTATUR UND BIOMETRISCHER IDENTIFIKATION

PROCÉDÉ ET SYSTÈME D'AUTHENTIFICATION D'UTILISATEUR UTILISANT UN CLAVIER VARIABLE ET UNE IDENTIFICATION BIOMÉTRIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 26.06.2014 KR 20140079247

(43)Date of publication of application:
03.05.2017 Bulletin 2017/18

(73)Proprietor: Harexinfotech Inc.
Seoul 100-272 (KR)

(72)Inventor:
  • PARK, Kyung Yang
    Seoul 110-032 (KR)

(74)Representative: Brann AB 
P.O. Box 3690 Drottninggatan 27
103 59 Stockholm
103 59 Stockholm (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2010/005960
KR-A- 20110 119 521
KR-A- 20140 075 855
US-A1- 2003 182 558
KR-A- 20080 036 446
KR-A- 20130 042 802
KR-B1- 100 828 558
US-A1- 2012 140 993
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    [TECHNICAL FIELD]



    [0001] The present invention relate to a method and system for user authentication, and more particularly, to a user authentication method and system that receives biometric information and password position information corresponding to a password input order through a variable keypad, transmits the biometric information and the password position information to a server, and performs user authentication at the server.

    [BACKGROUND ART]



    [0002] In a modern society, a password needs to be entered for an electronic settlement based on a smartphone. Unlike cell phones, smartphones are vulnerable to hacking like general-purpose personal computers (PCs) because applications for smartphones can be developed by anyone.

    [0003] In particular, when a password is entered through a fixed keypad, password touch coordinates of a user may be revealed. In this case, the password itself may be leaked, so the user needs to pay special attention.

    [0004] In order to solve such a problem, an authentication method using a variable keypad was developed. In the variable keypad method, positions of input buttons of a keypad are changed every time a user performs a connection. Accordingly, the possibility that a password will be leaked is small, even when positions of input buttons of a keypad of a smartphone are stolen by a third party.

    [0005] A user cannot perform authentication when the user does not know the password itself.

    [0006] However, in a variable-keypad-based authentication method, the password itself is transmitted from a terminal to a server when authentication is requested. Accordingly, when a hacker hacks a password while the password is being transmitted, the hacker can find out the password itself, and this causes leakage of personal information and vulnerability in security.

    [0007] Also, when a third party that knows the password of a user itself pretends to be the user and performs user authentication, the authentication cannot be prevented from being successful.

    [0008] Prior art document US 2012/140993 A1 discloses secure biometric authentication from an insecure device, by prompting an individual to perform an action challenge.

    [0009] Prior art document WO 2010/005960 A1 discloses a method for information transmission that uses a virtual layout to encrypt security information.

    [DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION]


    [TECHNICAL PROBLEM]



    [0010] The present invention is intended to solve the above problems and is directed to providing a user authentication method and system that prevent password leakage and improve security by transmitting password position information from a mobile terminal to a user authentication server.

    [0011] Further, the present invention is directed to providing a user authentication method and system that further increase security by adding biometric information to an authenticator.

    [TECHNICAL SOLUTION]



    [0012] The invention provides a user authentication server according to claim 1, a mobile terminal according to claim 6 and a method for performing user authentication according to claim 8. Preferred embodiments are set out in the dependent claims.

    [ADVANTAGEOUS EFFECTS OF THE INVENTION]



    [0013] According to the present invention, a password itself that is input through a variable keypad is not transmitted to a user authentication server, but position information of the password corresponding to order in which the password is input by a user is transmitted. Accordingly, it is possible to improve security because a hacker cannot become aware of the password even though the hacker intercepts position information of the secret information that is being transmitted from a terminal to a server.

    [0014] Also, compared to a related art in which four digits of a password are just input and then changed in position, it is possible to further improve security because user authentication is performed through a password and biometric information.

    [0015] Subsequently, when the biometric information is iris information, it is possible to prevent theft or counterfeiting because an iris has individual characteristics for each person and further improve security in connection with a password because the iris is more complex and delicate than a fingerprint.

    [DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS]



    [0016] 

    FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing a user authentication system that uses both a password and biometric information according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 2 is a sequence diagram showing a user authentication method that uses both a password and biometric information according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 3A is a diagram showing a variable keypad that is generated first as an example of a variable keypad including encryption keys and a biometric authentication key that is generated such that positions of the encryption keys and the biometric authentication key are changed every time the variable keypad is generated according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 3B is a diagram showing a variable keypad that is generated second as an example of a variable keypad including encryption keys and a biometric authentication key that is generated such that positions of the encryption keys and the biometric authentication key are changed every time the variable keypad is generated according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 4A is a diagram showing a variable keypad in an x-y plane according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 4B is a diagram showing position information of a variable keypad in an x-y plane according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 5 is a diagram showing an example of transmitting password position information and biometric information from a mobile terminal to a user authentication server according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 6 is a flowchart showing an example of extracting a password from positions of encryption keys and performing user authentication according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 7 is a diagram showing an example of imaging an iris of a user and transmitting the iris image to a user authentication server according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 8 is a diagram showing an identifier corresponding to a variable keypad that is stored at an authentication server and a terminal according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 9 is a sequence diagram showing an example of encrypting and decrypting a temporary symmetry key, a public key of a user, and a private key of a user according to an embodiment of the present invention.


    [BEST MODE]



    [0017] These and other objects, advantages and features of the present invention, and implementation methods thereof will be clarified through following embodiments described with reference to the accompanying drawings.

    [0018] The present invention may, however, be embodied in different forms and should not be construed as being limited to the embodiments set forth herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will fully convey the objects, configurations, and effects of the present invention to those skilled in the art. The scope of the present invention is defined by the appended claims.

    [0019] The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing embodiments only and is not intended to limit the present invention. As used herein, the singular forms "a," "an" and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. The terms "comprises" and/or "comprising," when used in this specification, specify the presence of stated elements, steps, operations, and/or components, but do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other elements, steps, operations, and/or components.

    [0020] Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

    [0021] FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing a user authentication system that uses both a password and biometric information according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0022] As shown in FIG. 1, a user authentication server 200 that uses a password and biometric information includes a variable keypad generation unit 210, an authentication unit 220, and an authentication information storage unit 230.

    [0023] The variable keypad generation unit 210 generates a variable keypad including encryption keys and a biometric authentication key. In this case, positions of the encryption keys and the biometric authentication key are changed every time the variable keypad is generated.

    [0024] The authentication unit 220 provides information regarding the generated variable keypad (that is, key button arrangement information) to a mobile terminal 100 that is located at a remote position.

    [0025] As another example, a method of generating a plurality of variable keypads in advance, assigning an identifier to each of the variable keypads, sharing the identifier with a mobile terminal, and transmitting only the identifier of the variable keypad as variable keypad information every time authentication takes place may be applied.

    [0026] The authentication unit 220 receives biometric information and position information of encryption keys corresponding to order in which the encryption keys are input by a user from a mobile terminal 100 and performs user authentication based on the received biometric information and position information.

    [0027] For example, the authentication unit 220 receives biometric information and position information of encryption keys corresponding to order in which the encryption keys are input by a user (referring to FIG. 4A, 4, 3, 1, and 2 on the keypad corresponding to (0.5, 2.5), (3.5, 3.5), (1.5, 3.5), and (2.5, 3.5)) from a mobile terminal (e.g., a smartphone) and performs user authentication based on the received biometric information and position information.

    [0028] The authentication unit 220 stores position information and input order of encryption keys corresponding to a password every time a variable keypad is generated. When the authentication unit 220 receives biometric information and position information of encryption keys corresponding to order in which the encryption keys are input by a user from the mobile terminal 100, the authentication unit 220 performs user authentication by comparing the received biometric information, position information, and input order with position information of encryption keys, input order of encryption keys, and biometric information of users that are prestored.

    [0029] For example, referring to FIG. 4A, when a password is 4312, position information of the password (i.e., encryption keys) corresponds to (0.5, 2.5), (3.5, 3.5), (1.5, 3.5), and (2.5, 3.5), and input order of the password is the same as that described above.

    [0030] In this case, as an additional embodiment, the authentication unit 220 may receive biometric information (e.g., fingerprint information) recognized in an area (1.5, 2.5) of a biometric authentication key in addition to its position information and may perform user authentication on the basis of the information.

    [0031] The authentication unit 220 stores the above-described information for authentication in the authentication information storage unit every time a variable keypad is generated and provides the authentication information to the mobile terminal 100.

    [0032] The position information of the password corresponding to the order in which the encryption keys are input by the user, which is received by the authentication unit 220 from the mobile terminal 100, corresponds to (0.5, 2.5), (3.5, 3.5), (1.5, 3.5), and (2.5, 3.5). Also, when position information of a password, its input order, and fingerprint information are received from the mobile terminal 100, the authentication unit 220 may perform authentication by comparing the received position information, input order, and fingerprint information with authentication information including the position information (0.5, 2.5), (3.5, 3.5), (1.5, 3.5), and (2.5, 3.5), the input order, and the fingerprint information of the user that are stored in the authentication information storage unit 230.

    [0033] According to an embodiment of the present invention, a fingerprint, an iris, voice, blood vessels (vein), or the like may be used as the biometric information.

    [0034] When the biometric information is a fingerprint, the authentication unit 220 compares points of feature points of a fingerprint received from the mobile terminal 100 with positions of feature points of a fingerprint stored in the authentication information storage unit 230, compiles statistics from the comparison, calculates a score using the statistics, and determines that the fingerprints are the same when the calculated score is greater than or equal to a predetermined threshold value (e.g., 80%).

    [0035] Fingerprint recognition technology is a technology for emitting light to a fingerprint and recognizing and reading ridges of the fingerprint using the reflected light. This technology is widely utilized because quick scanning is performed when a user puts his or her finger on a surface of a scanner.

    [0036] Fingerprint recognition technology is a technology for identifying individuals by finding a unique fingerprint pattern for each person, scanning bifurcations, ridge lengths, and ridge endings to obtain features for each fingerprint in the form of coordinates, and comparing the coordinates with the prestored data.

    [0037] An input apparatus for fingerprint recognition is classified into an optical type in which a prism, hologram, or the like is used and a non-optical type in which heat or pressure of a finger or electric field or ultrasonic waves are detected.

    [0038] Compared to other biometric recognition technologies, fingerprint recognition technology has advantages in that a sensor and a semiconductor that are used to store and identify fingerprints are inexpensive, development of the technology is relatively fast, and the technology is applicable to various applications.

    [0039] Fingerprint recognition has advantages of having a relatively high recognition rate (that is, an error rate of 0.5% or less) and a fast verification speed of 1 second or less. Also, fingerprint recognition has advantages in terms of adoptability, convenience, and reliability.

    [0040] Also, when fingerprint recognition is used, users feel less burdened in comparison to any other biometric recognition technologies. Also, an apparatus for fingerprint recognition occupies a very small space.

    [0041] When the biometric information is voice, the authentication unit 220 extracts a characteristic from voice received from the mobile terminal 100 to generate a reference pattern, compares the generated reference pattern with a reference pattern stored in the authentication information storage unit 230 to measure similarity therebetween, and determines that the received voice is the same as that stored in the authentication information storage unit 230 when the measured similarity is greater than or equal to a predetermined threshold value (e.g., 80%).

    [0042] Voice recognition technology recognizes information through a unique voice pattern of each person. Voice recognition technology removes noise, finds a unique vocal range of each person, and identifies individuals on the basis of the unique vocal range.

    [0043] Accordingly, in order to initially utilize voice recognition technology, voice necessarily needs to be recorded while there is almost no ambient noise.

    [0044] When the biometric information is acquired using a vein recognition technology, the authentication unit 220 scans blood vessels in the back of a hand to obtain a position of a less deformed blood vessel as specific coordinates and performs recognition. Vein recognition technology is a technology that was developed in South Korea. Vein recognition technology uses a principle in which when infrared light is emitted to a finger, the infrared light cannot pass through red blood cells, and thus only blood vessels are imaged as dark regions by a camera.

    [0045] Vein recognition technology has a great advantage in that infrared light utilized in this technology is harmless to humans. That is, vein recognition technology is a technology for finding the number and angles of venous branches that are entangled like highways and quickly reading the venous branches.

    [0046] Other biometric information includes a face, a palm print, hand geometry, a thermal image, a signature, a vein, typing keystroke dynamics, and retina.

    [0047] The authentication information storage unit 230 stores passwords and biometric information of mobile terminal users.

    [0048] Also, the authentication information storage unit 230 stores authentication information including encryption keys (passwords) of variable keypads generated by the variable keypad generation unit 210, position information of the encryption keys, and biometric information.

    [0049] The mobile terminal 100 includes a variable keypad 110, a display unit 120, a control unit 130, and a camera unit 140.

    [0050] Here, the mobile terminal 100 includes a smartphone, a cell phone, a tablet PC, a notebook, a mobile credit card payment terminal, an automatic teller machine (ATM) of a bank, a kiosk installed in a pharmacy, a government office, etc., or the like.

    [0051] The variable keypad 110 is generated such that positions of encryption keys and a biometric authentication key input from a user are changed every time the variable keypad 110 is generated. That is, originally, the variable keypad generation unit 210 of the user authentication server 200 generates a variable keypad, and the variable keypad 110 of the mobile terminal 100 serves to show the generated variable keypad to a user on the basis of information on the keypad generated by the user authentication server 200.

    [0052] The display unit 120 displays information on the variable keypad 110 that is generated such that positions of encryption keys and a biometric authentication key are changed every time the variable keypad 110 is generated.

    [0053] The control unit 130 receives the information on the variable keypad from the user authentication server 200 and transmits position information of encryption keys, order in which the encryption keys are input, and biometric information, all of which are acquired, to the user authentication server 200.

    [0054] The camera unit 140 captures an image of the front of a user. Here, the camera unit 140 is equipped with an iris recognition system and may include a function of transforming a complex iris pattern into a series of digital codes by using a mathematical technique called "wavelet transformation."

    [0055] FIG. 2 is a sequence diagram showing a user authentication method that uses both a password and biometric information according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0056] As shown in FIG. 2, first, the method includes generating a variable keypad including encryption keys and a biometric authentication key (S110). In this case, positions of the encryption keys and the biometric authentication key are changed every time the variable keypad is generated.

    [0057] Next, the method includes transmitting the generated variable keypad to a mobile terminal (SI20).

    [0058] Subsequently, the method includes receiving biometric information and position information of the encryption keys corresponding to order in which the encryption keys are input by a user from the mobile terminal 100 (S130).

    [0059] Last, the method includes performing user authentication on the basis of the received biometric information and position information corresponding to the input order (S140).

    [0060] According to an embodiment of the present invention, position information of some of the encryption keys may be used when the user authentication is performed.

    [0061] For example, when a password is 4312, a user does not need to input all four digits of the password and may input the first two digits 4 and 3, the last two digits 1 and 2, or the first and third digits.

    [0062] When the first two digits 4 and 3 are input, positions of the password are (0.5, 2.5) and (3.5, 3.5), as shown in FIG. 4.

    [0063] Accordingly, the user authentication is performed on the basis of positions (0.5, 2.5) and (3.5, 3.5) of the password, its input order, and biometric information (e.g., fingerprint information, iris information, etc.).

    [0064] When user authentication is performed on the basis of position information of some encryption keys, it is possible to increase calculation speed because the amount of data required to perform the authentication is smaller than that of position information of all encryption keys, and also it is possible to improve user convenience because the number of encryption keys that should be input is smaller than the entire number of encryption keys.

    [0065] FIGS. 3A and 3B are diagrams showing a variable keypad that is generated first and a variable keypad that is generated second, respectively, as an example of a variable keypad including encryption keys and a biometric authentication key that is generated such that positions of the encryption keys and the biometric authentication key are changed every time the variable keypad is generated according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0066] As shown in FIGS. 3A and 3B, positions of encryption keys and biometric authentication key Bio on a variable keypad are changed every time the variable keypad is generated.

    [0067] FIGS. 4A and 4B are diagrams showing a variable keypad in an x-y plane according to an embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 4B is a diagram showing position information of a variable keypad in an x-y plane according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0068] As shown in FIG. 4A, a user enters a password (e.g., 4312) and presses a biometric information input button Bio through a mobile terminal 100.

    [0069] For example, position information of the password may be set as a coordinate value in an x-y plane. Also, the position information of the password may be set as a coordinate value of a pixel. This is merely an example, and the position information of the password can be transformed into another format.

    [0070] Position information corresponding to the password of 4312 includes (0.5, 2.5), (3.5, 3.5), (1.5, 3.5), and (2.5, 3.5), and order of the position information such as password input order from 4 to 3 to 1 to 2 also has a significant meaning.

    [0071] When a user presses the biometric information input button Bio, a fingerprint input scanning sensor is activated at a position where the input button is pressed and acquires a fingerprint image of the user.

    [0072] According to another embodiment, when a user presses the biometric information input button Bio, a fingerprint input window is shown in the form of a pop-up window. The fingerprint input window has a size of 2.5 cm x 2.5 cm. The size is enough to acquire fingerprints of fingers other than the index finger.

    [0073] The fingerprint input window is in the form of a touch screen. When a predetermined time passes after a user touches his or her finger, the fingerprint input scanning sensor is automatically activated, and thus the fingerprint input window acquires a fingerprint image of the user.

    [0074] FIG. 5 is a diagram showing an example of transmitting password position information and biometric information from a mobile terminal to a user authentication server.

    [0075] As shown in FIG. 5, a mobile terminal 100 transmits position information of a password, input order thereof, and biometric information (e.g., (0.5, 2.5), (3.5, 3.5), (1.5, 3.5), (2.5, 3.5), input order of the position information, and fingerprint information) to a user authentication server 200.

    [0076] FIG. 6 is a flowchart showing an example of extracting a password from positions of encryption keys and perform user authentication according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0077] That is, this case assumes that the password is prestored in the user authentication server 200. Use authentication is performed by receiving position information of a password from the mobile terminal 100, extracting the password from the received position information and input order thereof, and comparing the extracted password with the password stored in the authentication information storage unit 230.

    [0078] As shown in FIG. 6, the authentication unit 220 receives positions (e.g., (0.5, 2.5), (3.5, 3.5), (1.5, 3.5), (2.5, 3.5) and input order of the position information) of encryption keys corresponding to order in which the encryption keys are input by a member from the mobile terminal 100 and extract a password (e.g., 4312) input by the member (S142).

    [0079] The authentication unit 220 perform authentication by comparing the extracted password (e.g., 412) and received biometric information (e.g., fingerprint information, iris information or the like) with a password (e.g., 4312) and biometric information (e.g., fingerprint information, iris information, or the like) that are stored in the authentication information storage unit 230 (S144).

    [0080] FIG. 7 is a diagram showing an example of imaging an iris of a user and transmitting the iris image to a user authentication server 200 according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0081] As shown in FIG. 7, when biometric information is iris information, a variable keypad 110 acquires an input of an iris input indication button from a user.

    [0082] A control unit 130 controls a camera unit 140 to image an iris of a user in front.

    [0083] The camera unit 140 images an iris of a user according to an instruction of the control unit 130. The camera unit 140 includes a biometric identification module. When an iris is imaged, the biometric identification module checks whether a pupil is enlarged or reduced depending on incident light in order to determine whether the iris is an iris of a living person. Accordingly, it is possible to additionally improve security because it is fundamentally impossible to perform iris recognition on an eyeball of a dead person.

    [0084] The control unit 130 transmits the iris image to the user authentication server 200.

    [0085] A process in which the user authentication server 200 perform user authentication on the basis of the iris image received from the mobile terminal 100 will be described below.

    [0086] The authentication unit 220 of the user authentication server 200 extracts an identification feature from the iris image received from the mobile terminal 100.

    [0087] The user authentication server 200 measures similarity by comparing the extracted identification feature with an identification feature stored in the authentication information storage unit 230 and determines that the iris is the same as that stored in the authentication information storage unit 230 when the measured similarity is greater than or equal to a predetermined threshold value (e.g., 80%).

    [0088] A human iris is characterized by the fact that it is completely formed after 18 months of ages and does not change during a lifetime. Also, various types of people live in the world, but there are no people having the same iris pattern.

    [0089] Due to such unique characteristics of the irises, biometric recognition technology has higher security. Iris recognition technology separates an area of an iris and an area of a sclera with respect to a black pupil and then scans a pattern of the iris when an eye is scanned.

    [0090] An iris with about 266 measurable identification features is more complex and delicate than a fingerprint with about 40 identification features.

    [0091] FIG. 8 is a diagram showing an example of performing primary authentication through an identifier corresponding to a variable keypad according to an embodiment of the present invention. An identifier corresponding to a variable keypad that is stored in an authentication server at the left side of FIG. 8, and an identifier corresponding to a variable keypad that is stored in a terminal is shown at the right side of FIG. 8.

    [0092] As shown in FIG. 8, the authentication unit 220 generates a plurality of variable keypads and generates identifiers (indices) corresponding to the variable keypads. That is, when the user authentication server 200 generates variable keypads, the user authentication server 200 generates identifiers (index 1, index 2, and index 3) corresponding to variable keypad 1, variable keypad 2, and variable keypad 3 and provides variable keypad 1, variable keypad 2, and variable keypad 3 and their identifiers (index 1, index 2, and index 3) to the mobile terminal 100 in advance.

    [0093] In detail, every time a variable keypad is generated, the authentication unit 220 stores an identifier corresponding to the generated variable keypad in the authentication information storage unit 230.

    [0094] For example, when the variable keypad has number 1, an identifier corresponding to the variable keypad is index 1. The authentication unit 220 stores the identifier in the authentication information storage unit 230 and shares the identifier with a mobile terminal in advance.

    [0095] When an authentication request is received, the authentication unit 220 selects one of the stored identifiers and provides the selected identifier to the mobile terminal 100. The mobile terminal 100 selects a variable keypad to be used for authentication from among variable keypads that are provided in advance on the basis of the received identifier and displays the selected variable keypad on a screen thereof.

    [0096] The authentication unit 220 perform secondary authentication by comparing position information of encryption keys, input order thereof, position information of biometric authentication key, and biometric information of a member that are received from the mobile terminal 100 with position information of encryption keys, input order thereof, position information of biometric authentication key, and biometric information of a member that are stored in the authentication information storage unit 230.

    [0097] According to this embodiment, it is possible to further improve security because only an identifier instead of an arrangement structure of a variable keypad is transmitted to a mobile terminal.

    [0098] According to the present invention, a password itself that is input through a variable keypad is not transmitted to a user authentication server, but position information of the password corresponding to order in which the password is input by a user is transmitted. Accordingly, it is possible to improve security because a hacker cannot become aware of a password even when the hacker intercepts position information of secret information that is being transmitted from a terminal to a server.

    [0099] Also, compared to the related art in which four digits of a password are just input and changed in position, it is possible to further improve security because user authentication is performed through a password and biometric information.

    [0100] Also, it is possible to reduce the amount of data that is transmitted and also increase user convenience by transmitting only some security information from a mobile terminal to a user authentication server.

    [0101] FIG. 9 is a sequence diagram showing an example of encrypting and decrypting a temporary symmetry key, a public key of a user, and a private key of a user according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0102] As shown in FIG. 9, the authentication unit 220 generates a temporary symmetry key (210) and transmits the generated temporary symmetry key to the mobile terminal 100 (S220).

    [0103] The mobile terminal 100 encrypts a message with the temporary symmetry key received from the authentication unit 220 and generates ciphertext (S230).

    [0104] Subsequently, the mobile terminal 100 encrypts the temporary symmetry key with a public key of user A to generate E-KEY (S240) and transmits the ciphertext and the E-KEY to the authentication unit 220 (S250).

    [0105] The authentication unit 220 decrypts the E-KEY received from the mobile terminal 100 with a private key of user A to restore the temporary symmetry key (S260) and decrypts the ciphertext with the temporary symmetry key to restore the message (S270).

    [0106] Subsequently, the authentication unit 220 extracts positions of encryption keys, input order of the encryption keys, and biometric information from the restored message and performs user authentication by comparing the extracted information with prestored authentication information.

    [0107] According to another embodiment of the present invention, the user authentication may be performed with only the biometric information.

    [0108] By using the biometric information, it is possible to improve user convenience because a user does not need to remember a password, improve security because there is no risk of leakage of a password, and also fundamentally prevent a possibility of a password being stolen by a third party on-line.

    [0109] Also, from a seller's standpoint in electronic commerce, when biometric information is used, it is difficult for a customer to commit fraud or deception, and also it is possible to reduce cost and keep an account secret or the like.

    [0110] Also, from a public standpoint, it is possible to facilitate detection of fraud and reduce risk of misuse or abuse of information regarding other people.

    [0111] The above-described subject matter of the present invention is to be considered illustrative and not restrictive, and it should be understood that numerous other modifications and embodiments can be devised by those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the claims. Accordingly, the embodiments of the present invention are to be considered descriptive and not restrictive of the present invention.


    Claims

    1. A user authentication server (200) that uses both a password and biometric information, the user authentication server (200) comprising:

    a variable keypad generation unit (210) configured to generate a variable keypad (110) including keys for enabling a user of a mobile terminal (100) to enter a password, and a biometric authentication key for enabling the user of the mobile terminal (100) to generate biometric information, wherein positions of the keys and the biometric authentication key are changed every time the keypad (110) is generated;

    an authentication information storage unit (230) configured to store authentication information of mobile terminal users (100); and

    an authentication unit (220) configured to perform user authentication by providing information on the generated variable keypad (110) to the mobile terminal (100) located at a remote position and comparing biometric information and position information of the keys that form the password corresponding to the order in which the keys are input that are received from the mobile terminal (100) with the authentication information stored in the authentication information storage unit (230).


     
    2. The user authentication server (200) of claim 1, wherein the authentication unit (220) extracts the password input by the user from the position information of the keys corresponding to the order in which the keys are input by the user and performs user authentication by comparing the extracted password and the received biometric information with the authentication information stored in the authentication information storage unit (230).
     
    3. The user authentication server (200) of claim 1, wherein the authentication unit (220) stores the position information and the input order of the keys corresponding to the password every time the variable keypad (110) is generated, and when the authentication unit (220) receives the biometric information and the position information of the keys corresponding to the order in which the keys are input by the user from the mobile terminal (100), the authentication unit (220) performs user authentication by comparing the received biometric information, position information, and input order with the position information of the keys, the input order of the keys, and the biometric information that are stored.
     
    4. The user authentication server (200) of claim 1, wherein the authentication unit (220) stores an identifier corresponding to the variable keypad each time the variable keypad is generated, provides the stored identifier to the mobile terminal (100), when an identifier is received from the mobile terminal (100), performs primary authentication by comparing the received identifier with the stored identifier, and performs secondary authentication when the first authentication is successfully performed by comparing the position information of the keys, the input order thereof, and the biometric information of the user that are received from the mobile terminal (100) with the position information of the keys, the input order thereof, and the biometric information of the user that are stored in the authentication information storage unit (230).
     
    5. The user authentication server (200) of claim 1, wherein the authentication unit (220) generates a temporary symmetry key every time the variable keypad is generated, provides the generated temporary symmetry key to the mobile terminal (100), when the mobile terminal encrypts a message including the position information of the keys, the input order of the keys, and the biometric information with the temporary symmetry key and encrypts the temporary symmetry key with a public key of the user, receives the encrypted message and the encrypted temporary symmetry key from the mobile terminal (100), decrypts the encrypted temporary symmetry key with a private key of the user, decrypts the message with the decrypted temporary symmetry key, extracts the position information of the keys, the input order of the keys, and the biometric information from the message, and performs user authentication by comparing the extracted position information, input order, and biometric information with the position information of the keys, the input order of the keys, and the biometric information that are prestored.
     
    6. A mobile terminal (100) capable of user authentication, the mobile terminal (100) comprising:

    a display unit (120) configured to display information on a variable keypad (110) including keys, for enabling a user of a mobile terminal (100) to enter a password, and further including a biometric authentication key used by the user of the mobile terminal (100) to generate biometric information, wherein positions of the keys and of the biometric authentication key are changed every time the variable keypad (110) is generated; and

    a control unit (130) configured to receive the information on the variable keypad (110) from a user authentication server (200) and deliver position information of the keys, that form the password, corresponding to the order in which the keys are input, and the biometric information to the user authentication server (200) through the variable keypad (110).


     
    7. The mobile terminal (100) of claim 6, further comprising a camera unit (140) configured to capture an image in front, wherein,
    when the biometric information is iris information and the variable keypad (110) acquires an input of an iris input indication button from the user, the control unit (130) controls the camera unit (140) to capture an image of an iris of the user in front and transmit the captured iris image to the user authentication server (200).
     
    8. A method of performing user authentication using both a password and biometric information by a user authentication server (200), the method comprising:

    generating (S110) a variable keypad (110) including keys for enabling a user of a mobile terminal (100) to enter a password, and a biometric authentication key used by the user of the mobile terminal (100) to generate biometric information, wherein positions of the keys and the biometric authentication key are changed every time the variable keypad (110) is generated;

    transmitting (S120) the generated variable keypad (110) to a mobile terminal (100);

    receiving (S130) biometric information and position information of the keys, that form the password, corresponding to the order in which the keys are input by a user from the mobile terminal (100); and

    performing (S140) user authentication based on the received biometric information and position information of the keys.


     
    9. The method of claim 8, wherein the performing of user authentication comprises performing user authentication based on position information of some of the keys.
     
    10. The method of claim 8, wherein the performing of user authentication comprises extracting a password input by the user from the position information of the keys corresponding to the order in which the keys are input by the user and performing user authentication by comparing the extracted password and the received biometric information with a password and biometric information stored in the authentication information storage unit.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Benutzerauthentifizierungsserver (200), der sowohl ein Passwort als auch biometrische Informationen verwendet, wobei der Benutzerauthentifizierungsserver (200) Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Einheit (210) zum Generieren einer variablen Tastatur, die konfiguriert ist, um eine variable Tastatur (110) zu generieren, die Tasten, um es einem Benutzer eines mobilen Endgeräts (100) zu ermöglichen, ein Passwort einzugeben, und eine biometrische Authentifizierungstaste, um es dem Benutzer des mobilen Endgeräts (100) zu ermöglichen, biometrische Informationen zu generieren, umfasst, wobei die Positionen der Tasten und der biometrischen Authentifizierungstaste jedes Mal geändert werden, wenn die Tastatur (110) generiert wird;

    eine Einheit (230) zum Speichern von Authentifizierungsinformationen, die konfiguriert ist, um Authentifizierungsinformationen von mobilen Endgerätebenutzern (100) zu speichern; und

    eine Authentifizierungseinheit (220), die konfiguriert ist, um eine Benutzerauthentifizierung auszuführen, indem sie dem mobilen Endgerät (100), das sich in einer entfernten Position befindet, Informationen an der generierten variablen Tastatur (110) bereitstellt und biometrische Informationen und Positionsinformationen der das Passwort bildenden Tasten, die der Reihenfolge entsprechen, in der die Tasten eingegeben werden, die von dem mobilen Endgerät (100) empfangen werden, mit den Authentifizierungsinformationen, die in der Einheit (230) zum Speichern von Authentifizierungsinformationen gespeichert sind, vergleicht.


     
    2. Benutzerauthentifizierungsserver (200) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Authentifizierungseinheit (220) das Passwort, das durch den Benutzer eingegeben wird, aus den Positionsinformationen der Tasten, die der Reihenfolge entsprechen, in denen die Tasten durch den Benutzer eingegeben werden, entnimmt und eine Benutzerauthentifizierung ausführt, indem sie das entnommene Passwort und die empfangenen biometrischen Informationen mit den Authentifizierungsinformationen, die in der Einheit (230) zum Speichern von Authentifizierungsinformationen gespeichert sind, vergleicht.
     
    3. Benutzerauthentifizierungsserver (200) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Authentifizierungseinheit (220) die Positionsinformationen und die Eingabereihenfolge der Tasten, die dem Passwort entsprechen, jedes Mal speichert, wenn die variable Tastatur (110) generiert wird, und wenn die Authentifizierungseinheit (220) die biometrischen Informationen und die Positionsinformationen der Tasten, die der Reihenfolge entsprechen, in der die Tasten durch den Benutzer eingegeben werden, von dem mobilen Endgerät (100) empfängt, die Authentifizierungseinheit (220) eine Benutzerauthentifizierung ausführt, indem sie die empfangenen biometrischen Informationen, die Positionsinformationen und die Eingabereihenfolge mit den Positionsinformationen der Tasten, der Eingabereihenfolge der Tasten und den biometrischen Informationen, die gespeichert sind, vergleicht.
     
    4. Benutzerauthentifizierungsserver (200) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Authentifizierungseinheit (220) eine Kennung, die der variablen Tastatur entspricht, jedes Mal speichert, wenn die variable Tastatur generiert wird, die gespeicherte Kennung dem mobilen Endgerät (100) bereitstellt, wenn eine Kennung von dem mobilen Endgerät (100) empfangen wird, eine primäre Authentifizierung ausführt, indem sie die empfangene Kennung mit der gespeicherten Kennung vergleicht, und eine sekundäre Authentifizierung ausführt, wenn die erste Authentifizierung erfolgreich ausgeführt wird, indem sie die Positionsinformationen der Tasten, ihre Eingabereihenfolge und die biometrischen Informationen des Benutzers, die von dem mobilen Endgerät (100) empfangen werden, mit den Positionsinformationen der Tasten, der Eingabereihenfolge derselben und den biometrischen Informationen des Benutzers, die in der Einheit (230) zum Speichern von Authentifizierungsinformationen gespeichert sind, vergleicht.
     
    5. Benutzerauthentifizierungsserver (200) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Authentifizierungseinheit (220) jedes Mal einen temporären Symmetrieschlüssel generiert, wenn die variable Tastatur generiert wird, den generierten temporären Symmetrieschlüssel dem mobilen Endgerät (100) bereitstellt, wenn das mobile Endgerät eine Nachricht, welche die Positionsinformationen der Tasten, die Eingabereihenfolge der Tasten und die biometrischen Informationen umfasst, mit dem temporären Symmetrieschlüssel verschlüsselt und den temporären Symmetrieschlüssel mit einem öffentlichen Schlüssel des Benutzers verschlüsselt, die verschlüsselte Nachricht und den verschlüsselten temporären Symmetrieschlüssel von dem mobilen Endgerät (100) empfängt, den verschlüsselten temporären Symmetrieschlüssel mit einem privaten Schlüssel des Benutzers entschlüsselt, die Nachricht mit dem entschlüsselten temporären Symmetrieschlüssel entschlüsselt, die Positionsinformationen der Tasten, die Eingabereihenfolge der Tasten und die biometrischen Informationen aus der Nachricht entnimmt, und eine Benutzerauthentifizierung vornimmt, indem sie die entnommenen Positionsinformationen, die Eingabereihenfolge und die biometrischen Informationen mit den Positionsinformationen der Tasten, die Eingabereihenfolge der Tasten und den bereits gespeicherten biometrischen Informationen vergleicht.
     
    6. Mobiles Endgerät (100), das zur Benutzerauthentifizierung fähig ist, wobei das mobile Endgerät (100) Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Anzeigeeinheit (120), die konfiguriert ist, um Informationen an einer variablen Tastatur (110), die Tasten umfasst, anzuzeigen, um es einem Benutzer eines mobilen Endgeräts (100) zu ermöglichen, ein Passwort einzugeben, und ferner eine biometrische Authentifizierungstaste umfasst, die durch den Benutzer des mobilen Endgeräts (100) verwendet wird, um biometrische Informationen zu generieren, wobei die Positionen der Tasten und der biometrischen Authentifizierungstaste jedes Mal geändert werden, wenn die variable Tastatur (110) generiert wird; und

    eine Steuereinheit (130), die konfiguriert ist, um die Informationen an der variablen Tastatur (110) von einem Benutzerauthentifizierungsserver (200) zu empfangen und Positionsinformationen der das Passwort bildenden Tasten, die der Reihenfolge entsprechen, in der die Tasten eingegeben werden, und die biometrischen Informationen an den Benutzerauthentifizierungsserver (200) über die variable Tastatur (110) zu übermitteln.


     
    7. Mobiles Endgerät (100) nach Anspruch 6, ferner umfassend eine Kameraeinheit (140), die konfiguriert ist, um ein Bild davor aufzunehmen, wobei,
    wenn die biometrischen Informationen Irisinformationen sind und die variable Tastatur (110) eine Eingabe einer Schaltfläche zum Angeben einer Iriseingabe von dem Benutzer empfängt, die Steuereinheit (130) die Kameraeinheit (140) steuert, um ein Bild einer Iris des Benutzers davor aufzunehmen und das aufgenommene Irisbild an den Benutzerauthentifizierungsserver (200) zu senden.
     
    8. Verfahren zum Ausführen einer Benutzerauthentifizierung unter Verwendung sowohl eines Passworts als auch von biometrischen Informationen durch einen Benutzerauthentifizierungsserver (200), wobei das Verfahren folgende Schritte umfasst:

    Generieren (S110) einer variablen Tastatur (110), die Tasten umfasst, um es einem Benutzer eines mobilen Endgeräts (100) zu ermöglichen ein Passwort einzugeben, und eine biometrische Authentifizierungstaste umfasst, die durch den Benutzer des mobilen Endgeräts (100) verwendet wird, um biometrische Informationen zu generieren, wobei die Positionen der Tasten und der biometrische Authentifizierungstaste jedes Mal geändert werden, wenn die variable Tastatur (110) generiert wird;

    Senden (S120) der generierten variablen Tastatur (110) an ein mobiles Endgerät (100);

    Empfangen (S130) biometrischer Informationen und Positionsinformationen der das Passwort bildenden Tasten, die der Reihenfolge entsprechen, in der die Tasten durch einen Benutzer von dem mobilen Endgerät (100) aus eingegeben werden; und

    Ausführen (S140) einer Benutzerauthentifizierung basierend auf den empfangenen biometrischen Informationen und Positionsinformationen der Tasten.


     
    9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8, wobei das Ausführen der Benutzerauthentifizierung das Ausführen einer Benutzerauthentifizierung basierend auf Positionsinformationen einiger Tasten umfasst.
     
    10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8, wobei das Ausführen der Benutzerauthentifizierung das Entnehmen eines Passworts, das von dem Benutzer eingegeben wird, aus den Positionsinformationen der Tasten, die der Reihenfolge entsprechen, in der die Tasten durch den Benutzer eingegeben werden, und das Ausführen einer Benutzerauthentifizierung durch Vergleichen des entnommenen Passworts und der empfangenen biometrischen Informationen mit einem Passwort und biometrischen Informationen, die in der Einheit zum Speichern von Authentifizierungsinformationen gespeichert sind, umfasst.
     


    Revendications

    1. Serveur d'authentification d'utilisateur (200) qui utilise à la fois un mot de passe et des informations biométriques, le serveur d'authentification d'utilisateur (200) comprenant :

    une unité de génération de clavier variable (210) configurée pour générer un clavier variable (110) comprenant des touches pour permettre à un utilisateur d'un terminal mobile (100) de saisir un mot de passe et une touche d'authentification biométrique pour permettre à l'utilisateur du terminal mobile (100) de générer des informations biométriques, dans lequel des positions des touches et de la touche d'authentification biométrique sont changées chaque fois que le clavier (110) est généré ;

    une unité de stockage d'informations d'authentification (230) configurée pour stocker des informations d'authentification d'utilisateurs de terminal mobile (100) ; et

    une unité d'authentification (220) configurée pour effectuer une authentification d'utilisateur en fournissant des informations sur le clavier variable généré (110) au terminal mobile (100) situé au niveau d'une position distante et en comparant des informations biométriques et des informations de position des touches qui forment le mot de passe correspondant à l'ordre dans lequel les touches sont saisies, qui sont reçues à partir du terminal mobile (100), avec les informations d'authentification stockées dans l'unité de stockage d'informations d'authentification (230).


     
    2. Serveur d'authentification d'utilisateur (200) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'unité d'authentification (220) extrait le mot de passe saisi par l'utilisateur des informations de position des touches correspondant à l'ordre dans lequel les touches sont saisies par l'utilisateur et effectue une authentification d'utilisateur en comparant le mot de passe extrait et les informations biométriques reçues avec les informations d'authentification stockées dans l'unité de stockage d'informations d'authentification (230).
     
    3. Serveur d'authentification d'utilisateur (200) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'unité d'authentification (220) stocke les informations de position et l'ordre de saisie des touches correspondant au mot de passe chaque fois que le clavier variable (110) est généré et, quand l'unité d'authentification (220) reçoit les informations biométriques et les informations de position des touches correspondant à l'ordre dans lequel les touches sont saisies par l'utilisateur à partir du terminal mobile (100), l'unité d'authentification (220) effectue une authentification d'utilisateur en comparant les informations biométriques, les informations de position et l'ordre de saisie reçus avec les informations de position des touches, l'ordre de saisie des touches et les informations biométriques qui sont stockés.
     
    4. Serveur d'authentification d'utilisateur (200) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'unité d'authentification (220) stocke un identificateur correspondant au clavier variable chaque fois que le clavier variable est généré, fournit l'identificateur stocké au terminal mobile (100), quand un identificateur est reçu à partir du terminal mobile (100), effectue une authentification primaire en comparant l'identificateur reçu avec l'identificateur stocké et effectue une authentification secondaire quand l'authentification primaire est réussie en comparant les informations de position des touches, leur ordre de saisie et les informations biométriques de l'utilisateur qui sont reçus à partir du terminal mobile (100) avec les informations de position des touches, leur ordre de saisie et les informations biométriques de l'utilisateur qui sont stockés dans l'unité de stockage d'informations d'authentification (230).
     
    5. Serveur d'authentification d'utilisateur (200) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'unité d'authentification (220) génère une clé de symétrie temporaire chaque fois que le clavier variable est généré, fournit la clé de symétrie temporaire générée au terminal mobile (100), quand le terminal mobile crypte un message incluant les informations de position des touches, l'ordre de saisie des touches et les informations biométriques avec la clé de symétrie temporaire et crypte la clé de symétrie temporaire avec une clé publique de l'utilisateur, reçoit le message crypté et la clé de symétrie temporaire cryptée à partir du terminal mobile (100), décrypte la clé de symétrie temporaire cryptée avec une clé privée de l'utilisateur, décrypte le message avec la clé de symétrie temporaire décryptée, extrait du message les informations de position des touches, l'ordre de saisie des touches et les informations biométriques, et effectue une authentification d'utilisateur en comparant les informations de position, l'ordre de saisie et les informations biométriques extraits avec les informations de position des touches, l'ordre de saisie des touches et les informations biométriques qui sont pré-stockés.
     
    6. Terminal mobile (100) capable d'une authentification d'utilisateur, le terminal mobile (100) comprenant :

    une unité d'affichage (120) configurée pour afficher des informations sur un clavier variable (110) comprenant des touches pour permettre à un utilisateur d'un terminal mobile (100) de saisir un mot de passe et comprenant en outre une touche d'authentification biométrique utilisée pour par l'utilisateur du terminal mobile (100) pour générer des informations biométriques, dans lequel des positions des touches et de la touche d'authentification biométrique sont changées chaque fois que le clavier variable (110) est généré ; et

    une unité de commande (130) configurée pour recevoir les informations sur le clavier variable (110) à partir d'un serveur d'authentification d'utilisateur (200) et délivrer des informations de position des touches, qui forment le mot de passe, correspondant à l'ordre dans lequel les touches sont saisies et les informations biométriques au serveur d'authentification d'utilisateur (200) par l'intermédiaire du clavier variable (110).


     
    7. Terminal mobile (100) selon la revendication 6, comprenant en outre une unité de caméra (140) configurée pour capturer une image en face, dans lequel
    quand les informations biométriques sont des informations d'iris et le clavier variable (110) acquiert une entrée d'un bouton d'indication de saisie d'iris provenant de l'utilisateur, l'unité de commande (130) commande l'unité de caméra (140) pour capturer une image d'un iris de l'utilisateur en face et transmettre l'image d'iris capturée au serveur d'authentification d'utilisateur (200).
     
    8. Procédé d'exécution d'une authentification d'utilisateur en utilisant à la fois un mot de passe et des informations biométriques par un serveur d'authentification d'utilisateur (200), le procédé comprenant :

    la génération (S110) d'un clavier variable (110) comprenant des touches utilisées pour permettre à un utilisateur d'un terminal mobile (100) de saisir un mot de passe et une touche d'authentification biométrique utilisée par l'utilisateur du terminal mobile (100) pour générer des informations biométriques, dans lequel des positions des touches et de la touche d'authentification biométrique sont changées chaque fois que le clavier variable (110) est généré ;

    la transmission (S120) du clavier variable (110) généré à un terminal mobile (100) ;

    la réception (S130) d'informations biométriques et d'informations de position des touches, qui forment le mot de passe, correspondant à l'ordre dans lequel les touches sont saisies par un utilisateur à partir du terminal mobile (100) ; et

    l'exécution (S140) d'une authentification d'utilisateur sur la base des informations biométriques et des informations de position des touches reçues.


     
    9. Procédé selon la revendication 8, dans lequel l'exécution d'une authentification d'utilisateur comprend l'exécution d'une authentification d'utilisateur sur la base d'informations de position de certaines des touches.
     
    10. Procédé selon la revendication 8, dans lequel l'exécution d'une authentification d'utilisateur comprend l'extraction d'un mot de passe saisi par l'utilisateur à partir des informations de position des touches correspondant à l'ordre dans lequel les touches sont saisies par l'utilisateur et l'exécution d'une authentification d'utilisateur en comparant le mot de passe extrait et les informations biométriques reçues avec un mot de passe et des informations biométriques stockés dans l'unité de stockage d'informations d'authentification.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description