(19)
(11)EP 3 168 236 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.09.2019 Bulletin 2019/36

(21)Application number: 15819249.2

(22)Date of filing:  08.07.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C07K 16/28  (2006.01)
A61P 35/00  (2006.01)
C12N 15/09  (2006.01)
A61K 39/395  (2006.01)
C07K 16/18  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2015/003444
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/006241 (14.01.2016 Gazette  2016/02)

(54)

ANTI-CANINE PD-1 ANTIBODY OR ANTI-CANINE PD-L1 ANTIBODY

ANTI-CANIN-PD-1-ANTIKÖRPER ODER ANTI-CANIN-PD-1L-ANTIKÖRPER

ANTICORPS ANTI-PD-1 CANIN OU ANTICORPS ANTI-PD-L1 CANIN


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 09.07.2014 JP 2014140982

(43)Date of publication of application:
17.05.2017 Bulletin 2017/20

(73)Proprietor: Nippon Zenyaku Kogyo Co., Ltd.
Koriyama-shi, Fukushima 963-0196 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • MIZUNO, Takuya
    Yamaguchi-shi Yamaguchi 753-8515 (JP)
  • SHOSU, Kazuha
    Yamaguchi-shi Yamaguchi 753-8515 (JP)

(74)Representative: Gill, Siân Victoria et al
Venner Shipley LLP 200 Aldersgate
London EC1A 4HD
London EC1A 4HD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2013/173223
  
  • NAOYA MAEKAWA ET AL: "Expression of PD-L1 on Canine Tumor Cells and Enhancement of IFN-[gamma] Production from Tumor-Infiltrating Cells by PD-L1 Blockade", PLOS ONE, vol. 9, no. 6, 10 June 2014 (2014-06-10), page e98415, XP055179324, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0098415
  • MEAEKAWA ET AL.: 'Expression of PD-L1 on canine tumor cells and enhancement of IFN-gamma production from tumor-infiltrating cells by PD-L1 blockade' PLOS ONE vol. 9, no. ISSUE, June 2014, page E98415, XP055179324
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present invention relates to an anti-canine PD-1 antibody, an agent suitable for inhibiting binding between a canine PD-1 and a canine PD-L1 containing such an antibody, an antibody for use in treating cancer in a dog expressing PD-L1, and a nucleic acid encoding such an antibody.

Background Art



[0002] In human, antibody medicines targeting immune checkpoint molecules, which are immunosuppressive molecules has lately drawn attention and many clinical trials thereof have been conducted. In particular, clinical trials for human cancer that target PD-1 (Programmed cell death 1) and PD-L1 (programmed cell death 1 ligand-1) have achieved excellent results and drawn attention as a next-generation cancer therapy (see non-Patent Documents 1 and 2).

[0003] PD-1 is a receptor on the surface of T cells. It has the function of suppressing activation of T cells and shown to have the function of suppressing the immune response against the self, etc. Such suppression of the immune response is achieved by binding of PD-L1, a ligand of PD-1, to PD-1. Cancer cells express PD-L1 and gain the ability to suppress the activation of T cells and evade immune response by binding of expressed PD-L1 to PD-1. Therefore, inhibiting binding between PD-1 and PD-L1 is considered to be effective in treating cancer.

[0004] So far, a cancer therapeutic agent comprising an anti-PD-Ll antibody as an active ingredient and having the effect of suppressing the proliferation of cancer cells in vivo (see Patent Document 1) and an anticancer agent comprising an anti-PD-1 antibody or an anti-PD-Ll antibody, functioning to restore the responsiveness of iNKT cells in which allergy has been induced by administration with an iNKT cell ligand (see Patent Document 2) have been proposed. Moreover, the development of anti-PD-1 antibodies as therapeutic agents for melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer, and renal cell cancer is in progress (see Non Patent Document 3).

[0005] The number of cancer cases of pets has been rapidly increased in these days due to the longevity of pets. Cancer therapies for pets, as well as those for humans, have progressed and the three major therapies of surgical, radiation, and chemical (anticancer agent) therapies have been performed positively.

[0006] In Japan, dogs are the most common household pets and approximately 13 million dogs are kept. Therefore, the number of cancer cases in dogs is increasing. For treating cancer of dogs, the aforementioned three major therapies employed conventionally have a limit and therapies targeting an immune checkpoint molecule such as PD-1 or PD-L1 are expected to be a new therapy that can be used instead of or along with the three major therapies. However, there has been a problem that antibody medicines for human PD-1 and PD-L1 are not effective in dogs. The development of antibodies against canine PD-1 and canine PD-L1 has been therefore demanded. However, studies on PD-1 and PD-L1 in dogs had not progressed: the expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 cDNAs in dogs was not confirmed and the production of antibodies recognizing canine PD-1 and PD-L1 was difficult.

Prior Art Documents


Patent Documents



[0007] 

Patent Document 1
Japanese unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2014-65748

Patent Document 2
Japanese unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2010-83863


Non-Patent Documents



[0008] 

Non Patent Document 1
YOKOYAMA, Isao, "Activated development of antibody medicines related to PD-1 (in Japanese)" March 6, 2013, Nikkei Medical online, Internet URL: http://medical.nikkeibp.co.jp/leaf/all/search/cancer/news/ 201303/529345.html (searched in June 23, 2014)

Non Patent Document 2
NONAKA, Nozomi, "Marked and sustained tumor response with combination of ipilimumab and anti-PD-1 antibody medicine nivolumab in half of advanced malignant melanoma (in Japanese)" May 17, 2013, Nikkei Medical online, Internet URL: http://medical.nikkeibp.co.jp/leaf/all/search/cancer/news/ 201305/530569.html (searched in June 23, 2014)

Non Patent Document 3
Suzanne L. et al., The New England Journal of Medicine Vol.366, No. 26: 2443-2454, 2012
Maekawa et al, PLOS One (June 2014), Vol 9, Issue 6, e98415 disclose the effective blocking of the binding of recombinant PD-1 with PD-L1-expressing cells by an antibovine PD-L1 monoclonal antibody.


Summary of the Invention


Object to be Solved by the Invention



[0009] Objects of the present invention are to provide an anti-canine PD-1 antibody, an agent suitable for inhibiting binding between a canine PD-1 and a canine PD-L1 containing such an antibody, an antibody for use in treating cancer in a dog expressing PD-L1, and a nucleic acid encoding such an antibody.

Means to Solve the Object



[0010] The inventors first succeeded in cloning of cDNAs of canine PD-1 and canine PD-L1 and determined their nucleotide and amino acid sequences. Canine PD-1 or canine PD-L1 expressing cell lines were then produced using the canine PD-1 or canine PD-L1 cDNA. The inventors then succeeded in producing rat monoclonal antibodies against canine PD-1 or canine PD-L1 using the cell lines. Furthermore, the inventors have found that the obtained rat monoclonal antibodies have the ability to inhibit binding between canine PD-1 and canine PD-L1.

[0011] Accordingly, the present invention provides:
  1. (1) An anti-canine PD-1 antibody that specifically binds to a canine PD-1 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 1, the anti-canine PD-1 antibody comprising:

    a heavy chain variable region comprising a CDR1 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 11, a CDR2 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 12, and a CDR3 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 13; and

    a light chain variable region comprising a CDR1 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 14, a CDR2 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 15, and a CDR3 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 16.

  2. (2) The anti-canine PD-1 antibody according to (1), comprising: a heavy chain variable region having the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 2 or an amino acid sequence having an identity of 95% or more with the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 2; and a light chain variable region having the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 3 or an amino acid sequence having an identity of 95% or more with the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 3.
  3. (3) An anti-canine PD-1 antibody that specifically binds to a canine PD-1 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 1, the anti-canine PD-1 antibody comprising: a heavy chain variable region comprising a CDR1 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 17, a CDR2 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 18, and a CDR3 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 19; and a light chain variable region comprising a CDR1 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 20, a CDR2 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 21, and a CDR3 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 22.
  4. (4) The anti-canine PD-1 antibody according to (3) comprising: a heavy chain variable region having the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 4 or an amino acid sequence having an identity of 95% or more with the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 4; and a light chain variable region having the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 5 or an amino acid sequence having an identity of 95% or more with the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 5.
  5. (5) An agent suitable for inhibiting binding between a canine PD-1 and a canine PD-L1 containing the antibody according to any one of (1) to (4) above.
  6. (6) The antibody according to any one of (1) to (4) above, for use in treating cancer in a dog expressing PD-L1.
  7. (7) A nucleic acid encoding the antibody according to any one of (1) to (4) above.

Effect of the Invention



[0012] Antibodies according to the present invention can recognize and bind to canine PD-1 and can be therefore used in expression and functional analyses of canine PD-1 and as an agent for inhibiting binding between canine PD-1 and canine PD-L1.

Brief Description of Drawings



[0013] 

Figure 1 illustrates the nucleotide sequence of canine PD-1 (hereinafter, also referred to as "cPD1") and the amino acid sequence that the nucleotide sequence encodes.

Figure 2 illustrates the nucleotide sequence of canine PD-L1 (hereinafter, also referred to as "cPDL1") and the amino acid sequence that the nucleotide sequence encodes.

Figure 3 (A) illustrates results of examination of binding between rat monoclonal antibodies against cPD1 and NRK/cPD1. Figure 3 (B) illustrates results of examination of binding between rat monoclonal antibodies against cPDL1 and NRK/cPDL1.

Figure 4 (A) illustrates a result of examination of binding between human PD-L1 (hPDL1) -hIg and NRK/cPD1. Figure 4 (B) illustrates a result of examination of binding between cPD1-hIg and NRK/cPDL1.

Figure 5 (A) illustrates results of examination of inhibition of binding between hPDL1-hIg and NRK/cPD1 by rat monoclonal antibodies against cPD1. Figure 5 (B) illustrates results of examination of inhibition of binding between cPD1-hIg and NRK/cPDL1 by rat monoclonal antibodies against cPDL1.

Figure 6 illustrates results of examination of inhibition of binding between cPD1-hIg and NRK/cPDL1 by rat monoclonal antibodies against cPD1.

Figure 7 illustrates results of adding a rat monoclonal antibody against PD-1 (anti-PD-1: 4F12-E6 or a rat monoclonal antibody against cPD-L1 (anti-PD-Ll: G11-6) to peripheral blood mononuclear cells; further adding concanavalin A (ConA) for stimulated culturing; and measuring canine IFN-γ in the obtained culture supernatant by ELISA.

Figure 8 illustrates results of culturing canine PBMCs in the presence of PMA/ionomycin or ConA; collecting the PBMCs; then analyzing PD-1 and PD-L1 expression in a CD3-positive fraction (T cells) by flow cytometry using a rat monoclonal antibody against cPD1 (4F12-E6) or a rat monoclonal antibody against cPDL1 (G11-6).

Figure 9 illustrates results of culturing CD14-positive monocytes separated from canine PBMCs using magnetic beads in the presence of IL-4 and GM-CSF for 6 days to induce immature dendritic cells; and analyzing PD-1 or PD-L1 expression in the immature dendritic cells (MHC Class II antibody positive) by flow cytometry using a rat monoclonal antibody against cPD1 (4F12-E6) or a rat monoclonal antibody against cPDL1 (G11-6).


Mode of Carrying Out the Invention



[0014] An anti-canine PD-1 antibody according to the present invention is not particularly limited as long as it is an anti-Canine PD-1 antibody that specifically binds to a canine PD-1 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 1, the anti-canine PD-1 antibody comprising: a heavy chain variable region comprising a CDR1 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 11, a CDR2 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 12, and a CDR3 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 13; and a light chain variable region comprising a CDR1 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 14, a CDR2 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 15, and a CDR3 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 16.

[0015] In some embodiments, the anti-canine PD-1 antibody comprises: a heavy chain variable region having the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 2 or an amino acid sequence having an identity of 95% or more with the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 2; and a light chain variable region having the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 3 or an amino acid sequence having an identity of 95% or more with the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 3. Such an anti-canine PD-1 antibody can recognize and bind to canine PD-1 and can be therefore used in expression and functional analyses of canine PD-1 and in inhibition of binding between canine PD-1 and canine PD-L1.

[0016] Other aspects of the anti-canine PD-1 antibody according to the present invention include an anti-canine PD-1 antibody that specifically binds to a canine PD-1 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 1, the anti-canine PD-1 antibody comprising: a heavy chain variable region comprising a CDR1 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 17, a CDR2 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 18, and a CDR3 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 19; and a light chain variable region comprising a CDR1 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 20, a CDR2 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 21, and a CDR3 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 22.

[0017] In some embodiments, the anti-canine PD-1 antibody comprises: a heavy chain variable region consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 4 or an amino acid sequence having an identity of 95% or more with the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 4; and a light chain variable region consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 5 or an amino acid sequence having an identity of 95% or more with the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 5. Such an anti-canine PD-1 antibody can recognize and bind to canine PD-1 and can be therefore used in expression and functional analyses of canine PD-1 and in inhibition of binding between canine PD-1 and canine PD-L1.

[0018] The type of the aforementioned anti-canine PD-1 antibodies (hereinafter, these are also collectively referred to as "the present anti-canine antibodies") is not particularly limited and includes a monoclonal antibody; a chimeric or caninized antibody produced as a recombinant protein from the sequence of a monoclonal antibody; and an antibody fragment consisting of a part(s) of antibody, such as F (ab')2, obtained by digesting antibody with pepsin, Fab, obtained by digesting antibody with papain, ScFv, in which a heavy chain variable region and a light chain variable region are connected by amino acid cross-linking, diabody, in which ScFvs are dimerized.

[0019] In the present invention, "an identity of 90% or more" means that the identity is 90% or more, preferably 93% or more, more preferably 95% or more, and further preferably 98% or more.

[0020] Examples of nucleic acids encoding the present anti-canine antibodies, for example, a nucleic acid encoding the aforementioned anti-canine PD-1 antibody include a nucleic acid comprising a nucleic acid encoding an amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 2 or an amino acid sequence having an identity of 95% or more with the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 2 and a nucleic acid encoding an amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 3 or an amino acid sequence having an identity of 95% or more with the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 3; wherein the antibody produced from the nucleic acid specifically binds to a canine PD-1 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 1. Specific examples include a nucleic acid comprising the nucleotide sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 35 and the nucleotide sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 36. Other examples include a nucleic acid comprising a nucleic acid encoding the amino acid sequences of CDR1-3 of the heavy chain variable region set forth in SEQ ID NOs: 11-13 and a nucleic acid encoding the amino acid sequences of CDR1-3 of the light chain variable region set forth in SEQ ID NOs: 14-16

[0021] Other aspects of the nucleic acid encoding the aforementioned anti-canine PD-1 antibody include a nucleic acid comprising a nucleic acid encoding the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 4 or an amino acid sequence having an identity of 95% or more with the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 4 and a nucleic acid encoding an amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 5 or an amino acid sequence having an identity of 95% or more with the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 5; wherein the antibody produced from the nucleic acid specifically binds to a canine PD-1 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 1. Specific examples include a nucleic acid comprising the nucleotide sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 37 and the nucleotide sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 38. Other examples include a nucleic acid comprising a nucleic acid encoding the amino acid sequences of CDR1-3 of the heavy chain variable region set forth in SEQ ID NOs: 17-19 and a nucleic acid encoding the amino acid sequences of CDR1-3 of the light chain variable region set forth in SEQ ID NOs: 20-22.

[0022] An expression vector of a nucleic acid encoding the aforementioned anti-canine PD-1 antibody can be produced by incorporating a nucleic acid encoding the aforementioned anti-canine PD-1 antibody into a vector. The vector to be used as the expression vector is a vector capable of expressing a nucleic acid encoding the aforementioned anti-canine PD-1 and can be a plasmid vector or a phage vector.

[0023] The aforementioned monoclonal antibody can be produced according to a conventional protocol. For example, it can be produced as a recombinant antibody by expressing a gene encoding one of the present anti-canine antibodies by the gene recombination technique. Methods for producing a recombination antibody include, for example, a method involving incorporating a gene encoding one of the present anti-canine antibodies into an expression vector; introducing the expression vector into host cells such as a mammalian cell line such as Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, Escherichia coli, fungal cells, insect cells, and plant cells; and producing the recombinant antibody in the host cells (see Peter J. Delves, ANTIBODY PRODUCTION ESSENTIAL TECHNIQUES, WILEY, 1997). The nucleotide sequence of the gene encoding one of the present anti-canine antibodies to be incorporated into an expression vector can be optimized in codon sequence for the host cells to be used for the expression.

[0024] Moreover, a transgenic animal, such as a mouse, a cow, a goat, a sheep, a chicken, or a pig, in which a gene encoding one of the present anti-canine antibodies is incorporated can be created by a transgenic animal-creation technique and the antibody can be produced in a large amount in blood, milk, or the like of the transgenic animal.

[0025] Furthermore, the aforementioned monoclonal antibody can be produced by administering cells expressing a protein consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 1 or 6 as an antigen to a non-human animal such as a mouse or a rat and screening for cellular clones that produce one of the present anti-canine antibodies by a cell fusion technique (the hybridoma technique (see Kohler G, et al., Nature 256: 495-497, 1975)), the trioma technique, the human B-cell hybridoma technique (see Danuta Kozbor, et al., Immunology Today 4, 72-79, 1983), and the EBV-hybridoma technique (see Cole et al., MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES AND CANCER THERAPY: 77-96, Alan R.Liss, Inc., 1985)).

[0026] The aforementioned caninized antibody can be produced, for example, by replacing the constant regions of an antibody having heavy chain and light chain variable regions with constant regions of a canine antibody. The constant regions of the canine antibody can be those of known canine antibodies.

[0027] The produced present anti-canine antibody can be purified by Protein A or Protein G column chromatography, ion exchange chromatography, hydrophobic chromatography, ammonium sulfate precipitation, gel filtration, affinity chromatography, or the like.

[0028] An agent for inhibiting binding between a canine PD-1 and a canine PD-L1 containing one of the anti-canine antibodies is not particularly limited as long as it contains one of the present anti-canine antibodies and can comprise a plurality of types of anti-canine PD-1 antibodies. Such an agent for inhibiting binding inhibits binding between a canine PD-1 and a canine PD-L1 and can be therefore used as an agent for treating cancer in a dog expressing PD-L1. The inhibition of binding according to the present invention includes inhibition of binding both in vivo and in vitro.

[0029] The aforementioned agent for inhibiting binding can comprise a pharmaceutically acceptable additive usually used in the formulation, such as an excipient, a binder, a lubricant, a disintegrator, a preservative, a tonicity adjusting agent, a stabilizer, a dispersant, an antioxidant, a colorant, a flavor agent, or a buffer. The aforementioned agent for inhibiting binding can be administered into a dog in a mode of administration, such as the oral administration as well as the parenteral administration by injection or drip infusion, application, suppository, or intranasal spray, and can be formulated into any form as appropriate.

[0030] Examples of the amount of a present antibody comprised in the aforementioned agent for inhibiting binding include 0.0001-50% by weight and preferable examples include 0.001-5% by weight.

[0031] The method for inhibiting binding between a canine PD-1 and a canine PD-L1 comprising using one of the present anti-canine antibodies is not particularly limited as long as one of the present anti-canine antibodies is used and a plurality of types of anti-canine PD-1 antibodies can be used.

[0032] The present invention will be described more specifically with Examples below. However, the technical scope of the present invention is not limited to these illustrations.

[0033] Primers to be used in PCR in the following Examples are listed in Table 1.
[Table 1]
Primer nameNucleotide sequence (5' to 3')SEQ ID No:DirectionPurpose
YTM1142 CCTTTCCGCTCACACCTCT 43 F to amplify the full length of cPD1
YTM1143 GGCTCCTGGTGGACAGTCT 44 R
YTM1144 CGGTGGTCACTTCAGAACG 45 F to amplify the full length of cPDL1
YTM1145 TGCTGAACTCAAACCACAGG 46 R
M13(-20) GTAAAACGACGGCCAG 47 F sequence reaction
M13 reverse CAGGAAACAGCTATGAC 48 R sequence reaction
YTM1167 GTCGATGTCATGATCTTTATAATCAGGGGGCCACAGGCC 51 R Addition of 1st FLAG tag to cPD1
YTM1168 GTCGATGTCATGATCTTTATAATCTGTCTCTTCAAATTG 52 R Addition of 1st FLAG tag to cPDL1
YTM838 GTCGATGTCATGATCTTTATAATCGTCGATGTCATG 53 R Addition of 2nd FLAG tag
YTM1150 GGGCATTCCAGAAAGATGAG 54 F to amplify the full length of hPDL1
YTM1151 CCCATTCCTTCCTCTTGTCA 55 R
YTM1153 ACTAGACTCCCCTGACAGG 56 F to amplify the extracellular domain of cPD1
YTM1154 CGGGATCCCTGCAACTGGCCGCT 57 R
YTM1157 ATTTACTGTCACGGTTCCC 58 F to amplify the extracellular domain of hPDL1
YTM1158 CGAGATCTAGTCCTTTCATTTGGAGG 59 R
YTM166 GGCCACGCGTCGACTAGTACGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG 62 F to amplify the V region of rat heavy and light chains
YTM170 GGCCACGCGTCGACTAC 63 F
YTM171 TGCCATCAATCTTCCACTTGACA 60 R
YTM172 AAYTTTCTTGTCCACCTTGG 61 R
YTM173 GTTGTTCAWGARGCACACGACTGAGGCA 64 R
YTM174 AATAGCCCTTGACCAGGCAT 65 R
YTM1224 AGGATGATGTCTTATGAACAA 66 R
F, forward; R, reverse; Bold types indicate restriction enzyme sites and underlines indicate FLAG coding region.


[0034] The NRK cells, a rat kidney cell line, and the HEK293T cells, a human kidney cell line, used in the following Examples were maintained in the DMEM medium supplemented with 10% FBS, 100 units/ml penicillin, 100 µg/ml streptomycin, and 55 µM 2-mercaptoethanol. These cell lines were used after culturing at a CO2 gas concentration of 5%, and 37°C in a humidified incubator.

Examples


Example 1


[Production of rat monoclonal antibody against cPD1 or cPDL1]


1. cDNA cloning of cPD1 or cPDL1


(Designing of primers)



[0035] The forward primer (YTM1142: SEQ ID NO: 43) and the reverse primer (YTM1143: SEQ ID NO: 44) for amplifying cDNA of cPD1 are designed based on the sequence of NCBI (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/guide/) Accession No. XM_543338 and the forward primer (YTM1144: SEQ ID NO: 45) and the reverse primer (YTM1145: SEQ ID NO: 46) for amplifying cDNAs of cPDL1 were designed based on the sequence of NCBI Accession No. XM_005615936.1. None of the sequences of Accession No. XM_543338 and Accession No. XM_005615936.1 were found in the genes whose expression is confirmed in a dog.

(PCR reaction)



[0036] cPD1 and cPDL1 genes were amplified using the aforementioned primer pairs, thymic cDNA in a normal dog as template, KOD-Plus-Neo (Toyobo Co. Ltd.), according to the attached protocol. The PCR was conducted with pre-denaturation at 94°C for 2 minutes; then 35 cycles of denaturation at 98°C for 10 seconds, annealing at 58°C for 30 seconds, and extension 68°C for 60 seconds; and a final extension at 68°C for 10 minutes.

(Insertion into vector and nucleotide sequencing)



[0037] The PCR products prepared as described above were gel-purified and inserted at the SmaI site in the pBluescript SK (-) vector to produce constructed vectors comprising cPD1 or cPDL1 gene as the insert (pBS-cPD1, pBS-cPDL1). The nucleotide sequences of the constructed vectors were determined using a forward primer (M13(-20): SEQ ID NO: 47) and a reverse primer (M13 reverse: SEQ ID NO: 48), BigDye (registered trademark) Termination v3.1 Cycle Sequencing Kit (Perkin-Elmer), and ABI Prism (registered trademark) 377 automatic DNA sequencer (Applied Biosystems). The nucleotide sequence of the obtained cPD1 and the amino acid sequence encoded by the nucleotide sequence are shown in Figure 1. The nucleotide sequence of cPDL1 and the amino acid sequence encoded by the nucleotide sequence is shown in Figure 2. The nucleotide sequence of cPD1 is shown SEQ ID NO: 49, the amino acid sequence thereof in SEQ ID NO: 1, the nucleotide sequence of cPDL1 in SEQ ID NO: 50, and the amino acid sequence thereof in SEQ ID NO: 6.

2. Production of rat monoclonal antibody


(Construction of cPD1 or cPDL1 expression vector)



[0038] The retroviral vectors that overexpress cPD1 or cPDL1 protein were constructed. To add two FLAG tag sequences at the C-terminus of cPD1 and cPDL1 sequences, primary PCR was first conducted using pBS-cPD1 as template, a forward primer (YTM1142: SEQ ID NO: 43), and a reverse primer (YTM1167: SEQ ID NO: 51) comprising a FLAG tag sequence at the C-terminus of the cPD1 sequence for the amplification of cPD1, or pBS-cPDL1 as template, a forward primer (YTM1144: SEQ ID NO: 45), and a reverse primer (YTM1168: SEQ ID NO: 52) comprising a FLAG tag sequence at the C-terminus of the cPDL1 sequence for the amplification of cPDL1.

[0039] The second PCR was then conducted using each 1st PCR product as template, a forward primer same as that in the primary PCR, and a reverse primer (YTM838: SEQ ID NO: 53) comprising a double FLAG tag sequence that anneals with the 1st FLAG tag sequence. Each obtained PCR product was inserted at EcoRI and the NotI sites in the pMxs-IP vector to produce pMx-IP-cPD1-FL and pMx-IP-cPDL1-FL#9.

(Production of transfected cell)



[0040] NRK cells are transfected with pMx-IP-cPD1-FL or pMx-IP-cPDL1-FL#9 by a common transfection technique to produce the NRK cells that stability express cPD1 and the NRK cells that stability express cPDL1. NRK cells (3.5 × 105 cells) were first plated in a 6 well dish 1 day before the transfection. The transfection of cells was conducted using Lipofectamine 2000 (Invitrogen) according to the attached protocol. Cells after the transfection were incubated for 48 hours and then cultured in the presence of 7.5 µg/ml puromycin (Sigma-Aldrich) to obtain stable transfected cells to produce the NRK cell that stability expressing cPD1 (NRK/cPD1) and the NRK cells stability expressing cPDL1 (NRK/cPDL1).

[0041] Stable expression of cPD1 and cPDL1 in the NRK/cPD1 and NRK/cPDL1 was confirmed by immunofluorescence using the anti-FLAG M2 antibody (1:1,000 dilution, Sigma-Aldrich) as the primary antibody and IgG-Dylight (registered trademark) 488-labelled anti-mouse (Biolegend) as the secondary antibody.

(Production of rat monoclonal antibody)



[0042] To produce rat monoclonal antibodies against cPD1 or cPDL1, the NRK/cPD1 or NRK/cPDL1 (in 500 µl of the DMEM medium, 1 × 107 cells) produced as described above was emulsified with an equal amount of Titer Max (registered trademark) Gold (CytRx) and administered subcutaneously to the footpad of hindleg in 7 week-old Sprague-Dawley rat (Kudo Co. Ltd.). Lymph node cells in the pople were isolated 2 weeks after administration and fused with P3U1 cells. More specifically, lymph node monocytes (1 × 108 cells) and P3U1 cells (2 × 107 cells) were mixed and washed twice with the serum-free RPMI1640 medium. The supernatant was removed and cells were then incubated at 37°C for 2 minutes. 0.5 ml of polyethyleneglycol 1500 (Roche Diagnostics) at 37°C and then 9 ml of the serum-free RPMI1640 medium at 37°C were added and the suspension was centrifuged at room temperature at 900 rpm for 5 minutes. The supernatant was removed and the cells were then suspended in 36 ml of the GIT medium (Wako Pure Chemical Industries) comprising 10% FBS and hypoxanthine-aminopterin-thymidine (HAT: Life Technologies) and cultured in a humidified incubator at CO2 gas concentration of 5% and 37°C for 1 hour. 4 ml of the BM-Condimed H1 medium (Roche Diagnostics) was added and the cells were plated and cultured in four 96 well tissue culture plates (100 µl/well). After culturing to obtain colonies, NRK cell-positive hybridomas expressing cPD1 or cPDL1 were identified by ELISA or flow cytometry and the hybridomas were cloned by limiting dilution. The hybridomas 3B7-D9 and 4F12-E6 were obtained as NRK cell-positive hybridomas expressing cPD1 and the hybridomas H7-9 and G11-6 as NRK cell-positive hybridomas expressing cPDL1. Hereinafter, the antibody produced by the hybridoma 3B7-D9 is also referred to as "3B7-D9," the antibody produced by the hybridoma 4F12-E6 as "4F12-E6," the antibody produced by the hybridoma H7-9 as "H7-9," and the antibody produced by the hybridoma G11-6 as "G11-6." The hybridomas 3B7-D9, 4F12-E6, H7-9, and G11-6 are kept in the Joint Faculty of Veterinary Medicine at Yamaguchi University and available under a certain condition.

Example 2


[Confirmation of anti-cPD1 or anti-cPDL1 antibody]


(Antibody concentration and cell number)



[0043] The binding between a rat monoclonal antibody against cPD1, 3B7-D9 or 4F12-E6, and NRK/cPD1 produced as described above and the binding of a rat monoclonal antibody against cPDL1, H7-9 or G11-6 and NRK/cPDL1 produced as described above were examined by the flow cytometry analysis described below. Concentrations of each rat monoclonal antibody were 0, 0.04, 0.156, 0.625, 2.5, and 10 µg/ml and NRK/cPD1 (2 × 105 cells) or NRK/cPDL1 (2 × 105 cells) were used.

(Flow cytometry analysis)



[0044] The staining of the cell lines to be used in the flow cytometry analysis was conducted according to the method described in the following documents (Mizuno et al., J Vet Med Sci, 71(12): 1561-1568, 2009). The respective purified rat monoclonal antibodies against cPD1 or cPDL1 were used as the primary antibodies and anti-rat IgG-PE (Southern biotech) was used as the secondary antibody. The samples were analyzed using BD AccuriC6 (BD Bioscience) and the obtained results were analyzed by FlowJo software (Treestar).

(Results)



[0045] The results are shown in Figure 3. Figure 3(A) illustrates results of the examination of binding between rat monoclonal antibodies against cPD1 (anti-cPD1 mAb) and NRK/cPD1 and Figure 3(B) illustrates results of examination of binding between rat monoclonal antibodies against cPDL1 (anti-cPD-Ll mAb) and NRK/cPDL1. The abscissa indicates the fluorescence intensity of the fluorescent labeled secondary antibody against the produced antibody and the ordinate indicates the concentration of each rat monoclonal antibody. It was confirmed that any of the rat monoclonal antibodies increased the fluorescence intensity, the rat monoclonal antibodies against cPD1, 3B7-D9 and 4F12-E6 bound with NRK/cPD1, and the rat monoclonal antibodies against cPDL1, H7-9 and G11-6 bound with NRK/cPDL1, as shown in Figure 3. Accordingly, it was demonstrated that 3B7-D9 and 4F12-E6 are anti-cPD1 antibodies and H7-9 and G11-6 are anti-cPDL1 antibodies.

Example 3


[Test of inhibition of binding between PD-1 and PD-L1 with rat monoclonal antibody]


1. Production of fusion protein between cPD1 and human IgFc region and fusion protein between human PD-L1 (hPDL1) and human IgFc region


(Construction of hPDL1 expression plasmid)



[0046] To construct hPDL1 expression plasmid, hPDL1 was amplified using cDNA derived from the human Burkitt lymphoma cell line (Raji) as template, a forward primer (YTM1150: SEQ ID NO: 54) and a reverse primer (YTM1151: SEQ ID NO: 55). The amplification by the PCR was conducted in a way similar to that described for Example 1. The amplified PCR product was introduced at the SmaI site in the pBluescript SK (-) vector. This plasmid was digested with EcoRI and NotI, the obtained fragments were ligated at the EcoRI and NotI sites in the pMxs-IP vector to produce the hPDL1 expression plasmid, pMx-IP-hPDL1#21.

(Production of fusion protein-expression vector)



[0047] A vector expressing a fusion protein between the extracellular region of cPD1 or hPDL1 and a human IgG2 Fc region was constructed. To produce such an expression vector, the extracellular region of cPD1 was amplified by conducting PCR using pMx-IP-cPD1-FL produced in Example 1 as template, a forward primer (YTM1153: SEQ ID NO: 56), and a reverse primer (YTM1154: SEQ ID NO: 57). The extracellular region of hPDL1 was amplified by conducting PCR using pMx-IP-hPDL1#21 produced as described above as template, a forward primer (YTM1157: SEQ ID NO: 58), and a reverse primer (YTM1158: SEQ ID NO: 59). The PCR products cPD1 were respectively digested with BamHI for cPD1 and BglII for hPDL1 and cloned at the EcoRV and BgIII sites in the pFUSE-hIgG2-Fc2 vector (Invivogen) to produce a vector expressing a fusion protein with the extracellular region of cPD1 and the human IgG2 Fc region (pFUSE-cPD1-hIg#2) and a vector expressing a fusion protein of the extracellular region of hPDL1 and the human IgG2 Fc region (pFUSE-hPDL1-hIg#9).

(Production and purification of fusion protein)



[0048] The HEK293T cell line was transfected with the vector pFUSE-cPD1-hIg#2, pFUSE-hPDL1-hIg#9, produced as described above, or the empty vector pFUSE-hIgG2-Fc2. 2 × 106 HEK293T cells were first plated in four 10 cm dishes 1 day before the transfection. 7.5 µg of each vector and 375 µl of OPTI-MEM comprising 30 µl of 1 mg/ml PEI Max were then mixed and incubated at room temperature for 15 minutes, and added to the cells. 24 hours after the transfection, medium was replaced into the serum-free GIT medium (Wako Pure Chemical Industries) and the cells were further cultured for 48 hours. Supernatant was collected from each of the transfected cells on Day 4 and Day 8 and purified with rProtein A agarose (GE healthcare). Salts were then removed from the soluble protein by dialysis to produce the fusion protein of the extracellular region of cPD1 and the hIgG2 Fc region (cPD1-hIg) and the fusion protein of the extracellular region of hPDL1 and the hIgG2 Fc region (hPDL1-hIg). The purity of the fusion proteins was checked by SDS - PAGE and Western blotting.

2. Test of binding between PD-1 and PD-L1



[0049] As a preliminary examination of the tests of inhibition of PD-1 and PD-L1 with rat monoclonal antibodies described later, the binding between hPDL1-hIg and NRK/cPD1 or the binding between cPD1-hIg and NRK/cPDL1 was examined in a way similar to the aforementioned flow cytometry analysis. Concentrations of hPDL1-hIg and cPD1-hIg were 0, 0.04, 0.156, 0.625, 2.5, 10, and 40 µg/ml and NRK/cPD1 (2 × 105 cells) or NRK/cPDL1 (2 × 105 cells) was used. The results are shown in Figure 4. Figure 4(A) illustrates a result of examination of binding between hPDL1-hIg and NRK/cPD1 and Figure 4(B) illustrates a result of examination of binding between cPD1-hIg and NRK/cPDL1. The abscissa indicates the fluorescence intensity of the fluorescent labeled secondary antibody produced against the fusion protein, and the ordinate indicates the concentration of hPDL1-hIg or cPD1-hIg. It was demonstrated that hPDL1-hIg binds to NRK/cPD1 and cPD1-hIg binds to NRK/cPDL1 as shown in Figure 4.

3. Test of inhibition of binding between PD-1 and PD-L1 with rat monoclonal antibody


(Flow cytometry analysis)



[0050] The following (1) to (3) were examined: (1) whether the rat monoclonal antibodies against cPD1 inhibit binding between hPDL1-hIg and NRK/cPD1 by having NRK/cPD1 interacted with a rat monoclonal antibody against cPD1 (3B7-D9, 4F12-E6) and then having hPDL1-hIg interacted with them; (2) whether the rat monoclonal antibodies against cPDL1 inhibit binding between cPD1-hIg and NRK/cPDL1 by having NRK/cPDL1 interacted with a rat monoclonal antibody against cPDL1 (H7-9, G11-6) and then having cPD1-hIg interacted with them; or (3) Whether the rat monoclonal antibodies against cPD1 inhibit binding between cPD1-hIg and NRK/cPDL1 by having a rat monoclonal antibody against cPD1 (3B7-D9, 4F12-E6) interacted with cPD1-hIg and then having NRK/cPDL1 interacted with the mixed reactant. The inhibition of binding between PD-1 and PD-L1 with each antibody was examined in a way similar to the aforementioned flow cytometry analysis. Concentrations of each rat monoclonal antibody were 0, 0.04, 0.156, 0.625, 2.5, and 10 µg/ml, the concentration of hPDL1-hIg and cPD1-hIg was 40 µg/ml, and NRK/cPD1 (2 × 105 cells) or NRK/cPDL1 (2 × 105 cells) was used.

(Results)



[0051] The results are shown in Figures 5 and 6. Figure 5(A) illustrates results of examination of inhibition of binding between hPDL1-hIg and NRK/cPD1 by rat monoclonal antibodies against cPD1; Figure 5(B) illustrates results of examination of inhibition of binding between cPD1-hIg and NRK/cPDL1 by rat monoclonal antibodies against cPDL1; and Figure 6 illustrates results of examination of inhibition of binding between cPD1-hIg and NRK/cPDL1 by rat monoclonal antibodies against cPD1. The abscissa indicates the fluorescence intensity of the fluorescent labeled secondary antibody against the produced antibody, the left ordinate indicates the concentration of each rat monoclonal antibody, and the right ordinate indicates the presence (+) or the absence (-) of hPDL1-hIg or cPD1-hIg. It was demonstrated that the rat monoclonal antibodies against cPD1, 3B7-D9, 4F12-E6 inhibit the binding between hPDL1-hIg and NRK/cPD1 and the binding between cPD1-hIg and NRK/cPDL1 and the rat monoclonal antibodies against cPDL1, H7-9 and G11-6 inhibit the binding between cPD1-hIg and NRK/cPDL1, as shown Figures 5(A), (B), and 6.

Example 4


[Determination of nucleotide sequences of heavy chain and light chain of rat monoclonal antibody]



[0052] Total RNA was isolated from each hybridoma cell line obtained in Example 1. The nucleotide sequence of the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgG2a) and the nucleotide sequence of the κ light chain comprising all variable regions and 5 'region of the constant regions were obtained by the 5 ' RACE PCR technique.

[0053] The isolated RNA was first reverse-transcribed using the reverse transcriptase Superscript (registered trademark) III. As a primer, YTM171 (SEQ ID NO: 60) was used for the amplification of the light chain and YTM172 (SEQ ID NO: 61) for the amplification of the heavy chain. After the reverse transcription reaction, polyC was added by TdT enzymatic reaction and then the primary PCR was conducted using a forward primer (YTM166: SEQ ID NO: 62) and a reverse primer (YTM171: SEQ ID NO: 60) for the amplification of the light chain and a forward primer (YTM166: SEQ ID NO: 62) and a reverse primer (YTM172: SEQ ID NO: 61) for the amplification of the heavy chain. The PCR products were gel-purified and the nested PCR was conducted using a forward primer (YTM170: SEQ ID NO: 63) and a reverse primer (YTM173: SEQ ID NO: 64), or a forward primer (YTM170: SEQ ID NO: 63) and a reverse primer (YTM174: SEQ ID NO: 65) to amplify all variable regions of the light chain or the heavy chain. In hybridomas 3B7-D9 and G11-6, YTM1224 (SEQ ID NO: 42) was used, instead of YTM171 as a primer in 5' RACE and the primary PCR. The nested PCR products were cloned into the pBluescript SK (-) vector and their nucleotide sequences and the amino acid sequences encoded by the nucleotide sequence were determined.

[0054] The nucleotide sequence of the heavy chain variable region of 3B7-D9 is set forth in SEQ ID NO: 35, the amino acid sequence in SEQ ID NO: 2, the nucleotide sequence of the light chain variable region in SEQ ID NO: 36, and the amino acid sequence in SEQ ID NO: 3. The nucleotide sequence of the heavy chain variable region of 4F12-E6 is set forth in SEQ ID NO: 37, the amino acid sequence in SEQ ID NO: 4, the nucleotide sequence of the light chain variable region in SEQ ID NO: 38, and the amino acid sequence in SEQ ID NO: 5. The nucleotide sequence of the heavy chain variable region of H7-9 is set forth in SEQ ID NO: 39, the amino acid sequence in SEQ ID NO: 7, the nucleotide sequence of the light chain variable region in SEQ ID NO: 40, and the amino acid sequence in SEQ ID NO: 8. The nucleotide sequence of the heavy chain variable region of G11-6 is set forth in SEQ ID NO: 41, the amino acid sequence in SEQ ID NO: 9, the nucleotide sequence of the light chain variable region in SEQ ID NO: 42, and the amino acid sequence in SEQ ID NO: 10.

[0055] Furthermore, the amino acid sequences of CDRs of each heavy chain variable region and light chain variable region were identified by comparing the sequence with the amino acid sequences of known antibodies. The amino acid sequences of the CDR1-3 of the heavy chain variable region of 3B7-D9 are set forth in SEQ ID NOs: 11-13 and the amino acid sequences of the CDR1-3 of the light chain variable region in SEQ ID NOs: 14-16, respectively. The amino acid sequences of the CDR1-3 of the heavy chain variable region of 4F12-E6 are set forth in SEQ ID NOs: 17-19 and the amino acid sequences of the CDR1-3 of the light chain variable region in SEQ ID NOs: 20-22, respectively. The amino acid sequences of the CDR1-3 of the heavy chain variable region of H7-9 are set forth in SEQ ID NOs: 23-25 and the amino acid sequences of the CDR1-3 of the light chain variable region in SEQ ID NOs: 26-28, respectively. The amino acid sequences of the CDR1-3 of the heavy chain variable region of G11-6 are set forth in SEQ ID NOs: 29-31 and the amino acid sequences of the CDR1-3 of the light chain variable region in SEQ ID NOs: 32-34, respectively.

Example 5


[Enhancement of IFN-γ production]



[0056] Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were collected from 3 dogs (A, B, and C), PBMCs were transferred into 96 well round bottom plates at 2 × 105 per well, isotype (rat IgG2a: eBioscience), a rat monoclonal antibody against PD-1 (anti-PD-1: 4F12-E6), or rat monoclonal antibody against cPDL1 (anti-PD-Ll: G11-6) was added to a concentration of 10 µg/ml, and concanavalin A (ConA) was added to 5 µg/ml. The cells were cultured with stimulation for 3 days and canine IFN-γ in the obtained culture supernatant was measured by the canine IFN-gamma DuoSet ELISA (R & D). The results are shown in Figure 7.

[0057] IFNγ produced by ConA stimulation exhibited a tendency of produced and enhanced in the presence of the anti-PD-1, 4F12-E6 and the anti-PD-Ll, G11-6, as shown in Figure 7. This suggested the possibility that expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 is enhanced by ConA stimulation in canine T cells and binding of the PD-L1 to the PD-1 prevents excessive activation of T cells and also suggested that the obtained PD-1 and PD-L1 antibodies can inhibit the interaction between PD-1 and PD-L1 molecules expressed on canine cells.

Example 6


[PD-1 or PD-L1 expression induced in the presence of PMA (Phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate)/ionomycin (iono) or ConA]



[0058] Canine PBMCs were cultured in the presence of PMA/ionomycin or ConA for 3 days, PBMCs were collected, and PD-1 and PD-L1 expression in a CD3-positive fraction (T cells) was then analyzed by flow cytometry using a rat monoclonal antibody against cPD1 (4F12-E6) or a rat monoclonal antibody against cPDL1 (G11-6). The results are shown in Figure 8.

[0059] It was demonstrated that activated canine T cells are induced to express both PD-1 and PD-L1 expression, as shown in Figure 8. It was shown that the PD-1 or PD-L1 expression in T cells can be thus examined by using an antibody according to the present invention and that, in other words, expression of PD-1 and/or PD-L1 expressed on the surface of canine cells can be examined.

Example 7


[Induction of PD-1 or PD-L1 expression in the presence of IL-4 or GM-CSF]



[0060] Immature dendritic cells were induced by culturing CD14-positive monocytes separated from canine PBMCs using magnetic beads in the presence of IL-4 and GM-CSF for 6 days. The cells were confirmed to be immature dendritic cells by the simultaneous staining of MHC Class II antibodies (eBioscience). Figure 9 illustrates results of analyzing PD-1 and PD-L1 expression in the obtained immature dendritic cells by flow cytometry using a rat monoclonal antibody against cPD1 (4F12-E6) or a rat monoclonal antibody against cPDL1 (G11-6).

[0061] It was confirmed that PD-1 is not expressed, but PDL-1 is expressed, as shown in Figure 9. It was demonstrated that PD-1 or PD-L1 expression in immature dendritic cells can be thus examined using an antibody according to the present invention.

Industrial Applicability



[0062] Rat monoclonal antibodies obtained according to the present invention can recognize and bind to canine PD-1 and be therefore used in expression and functional analyses of canine PD-1 and as an agent for inhibiting binding between canine PD-1 and canine PD-L1.

SEQUENCE LISTING



[0063] 

<110> NIPPON ZENYAKU KOGYO CO., LTD.

<120> Antibody against caninePD-1 or caninePD-L1

<130> ZQ1507-PCT

<150> JP2014-140982
<151> 2014-07-09

<160> 66

<170> PatentIn version 3.1

<210> 1
<211> 288
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<220>
<223> cPD1 aa

<220>
<223> Inventor: Mizuno, Takuya Inventor: Shosu, Kazuha

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ggcaccaagc tggaattgaa a   381

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caggaaacag ctatgac   17

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<223> YTM1153 primer

<400> 56
actagactcc cctgacagg   19

<210> 57
<211> 23
<212> DNA
<213> artificial

<220>
<223> YTM1154 primer

<400> 57
cgggatccct gcaactggcc gct   23

<210> 58
<211> 19
<212> DNA
<213> artificial

<220>
<223> YTM1157 primer

<400> 58
atttactgtc acggttccc   19

<210> 59
<211> 26
<212> DNA
<213> artificial

<220>
<223> YTM1158 primer

<400> 59
cgagatctag tcctttcatt tggagg   26

<210> 60
<211> 23
<212> DNA
<213> artificial

<220>
<223> YTM171 primer

<400> 60
tgccatcaat cttccacttg aca   23

<210> 61
<211> 20
<212> DNA
<213> artificial

<220>
<223> YTM172 primer

<400> 61
aaytttcttg tccaccttgg   20

<210> 62
<211> 36
<212> DNA
<213> artificial

<220>
<223> YTM166 primer

<400> 62
ggccacgcgt cgactagtac gggggggggg gggggg   36

<210> 63
<211> 17
<212> DNA
<213> artificial

<220>
<223> YTM170 primer

<400> 63
ggccacgcgt cgactac   17

<210> 64
<211> 28
<212> DNA
<213> artificial

<220>
<223> YTM173 primer

<400> 64
gttgttcawg argcacacga ctgaggca   28

<210> 65
<211> 20
<212> DNA
<213> artificial

<220>
<223> YTM174 primer

<400> 65
aatagccctt gaccaggcat   20

<210> 66
<211> 21
<212> DNA
<213> artificial

<220>
<223> YTM1224 primer

<400> 66
aggatgatgt cttatgaaca a   21




Claims

1. An anti-canine PD-1 antibody that specifically binds to a canine PD-1 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 1, the anti-canine PD-1 antibody comprising:

a heavy chain variable region comprising a CDR1 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 11, a CDR2 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 12, and a CDR3 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 13; and

a light chain variable region comprising a CDR1 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 14, a CDR2 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 15, and a CDR3 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 16.


 
2. The anti-canine PD-1 antibody according to claim 1, wherein the anti-canine PD-1 antibody comprises a heavy chain variable region having the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 2 or an amino acid sequence having an identity of 95% or more with the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 2; and a light chain variable region having the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 3 or an amino acid sequence having an identity of 95% or more with the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 3.
 
3. An anti-canine PD-1 antibody that specifically binds to a canine PD-1 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 1, the anti-canine PD-1 antibody comprising:

a heavy chain variable region comprising a CDR1 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 17, a CDR2 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 18, and a CDR3 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 19; and

a light chain variable region comprising a CDR1 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 20, a CDR2 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 21, and a CDR3 consisting of the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 22.


 
4. The anti-canine PD-1 antibody according to claim 3, wherein the anti-canine PD-1 antibody comprises a heavy chain variable region having the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 4 or an amino acid sequence having an identity of 95% or more with the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 4; and a light chain variable region having the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 5 or an amino acid sequence having an identity of 95% or more with the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 5.
 
5. An agent suitable for inhibiting binding between a canine PD-1 and a canine PD-L1 containing the antibody according to any one of claims 1 to 4.
 
6. The antibody according to any one of claims 1 to 4, for use in treating cancer in a dog expressing PD-L1.
 
7. A nucleic acid encoding the antibody according to any one of claims 1 to 4.
 


Ansprüche

1. Anti-Canin-PD-1-Antikörper, der sich spezifisch an ein Canin-PD-1 bindet, bestehend aus der Aminosäurensequenz, die in SEQ ID NR: 1 dargelegt wird, wobei der Anti-Canin-PD-1L-Antikörper Folgendes umfasst:

eine variable Region der schweren Kette, umfassend ein CDR1, bestehend aus der Aminosäurensequenz, die in SEQ ID NR: 11 dargelegt wird, ein CDR2, bestehend aus der Aminosäurensequenz, die in SEQ ID NR: 12 dargelegt wird, ein CDR3, bestehend aus der Aminosäurensequenz, die in SEQ ID NR: 13 dargelegt wird; und

eine variable Region der leichten Kette, umfassend ein CDR1, bestehend aus der Aminosäurensequenz, die in SEQ ID NR: 14 dargelegt wird, ein CDR2, bestehend aus der Aminosäurensequenz, die in SEQ ID NR: 15 dargelegt wird, ein CDR3, bestehend aus der Aminosäurensequenz, die in SEQ ID NR: 16 dargelegt wird.


 
2. Anti-Canin-PD-1-Antikörper nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Anti-Canin-PD-1-Antikörper eine variable Region der schweren Kette umfasst, die eine Aminosäurensequenz aufweist, die in SEQ ID NR: 2 dargelegt wird, oder eine Aminosäurensequenz, aufweisend eine Identität von 95 % oder mehr mit der Aminosäurensequenz, die in SEQ ID NR: 2 dargelegt wird; und eine variable Region der leichten Kette, die die Aminosäurensequenz aufweist, die in SEQ ID NR: 3 dargelegt wird, oder eine Aminosäurensequenz, aufweisend eine Identität von 95 % oder mehr mit der Aminosäurensequenz, die in SEQ ID NR: 3 dargelegt wird.
 
3. Anti-Canin-PD-1-Antikörper, der sich spezifisch an ein Canin-PD-1 bindet, bestehend aus der Aminosäurensequenz, die in SEQ ID NR: 1 dargelegt wird, wobei der Anti-Canin-PD-1L-Antikörper Folgendes umfasst:

eine variable Region der schweren Kette, umfassend ein CDR1, bestehend aus der Aminosäurensequenz, die in SEQ ID NR: 17 dargelegt wird, ein CDR2, bestehend aus der Aminosäurensequenz, die in SEQ ID NR: 18 dargelegt wird, und ein CDR3, bestehend aus der Aminosäurensequenz, die in SEQ ID NR: 19 dargelegt wird; und

eine variable Region der leichten Kette, umfassend ein CDR1, bestehend aus der Aminosäurensequenz, die in SEQ ID NR: 20 dargelegt wird, ein CDR2, bestehend aus der Aminosäurensequenz, die in SEQ ID NR: 21 dargelegt wird, und ein CDR3, bestehend aus der Aminosäurensequenz, die in SEQ ID NR: 22 dargelegt wird.


 
4. Anti-Canin-PD-1-Antikörper nach Anspruch 3, wobei der Anti-Canin-PD-1-Antikörper eine variable Region der schweren Kette umfasst, aufweisend die Aminosäuresequenz, die in SEQ ID NR: 4 dargestellt wird, oder eine Aminosäurensequenz, aufweisend eine Identität von 95 % oder mehr mit der Aminosäurensequenz, die in SEQ ID NR: 4 dargelegt wird; und eine variable Region der leichten Kette, die die Aminosäurensequenz aufweist, die in SEQ ID NR: 5 dargestellt wird oder eine Aminosäurensequenz, aufweisend eine Identität von 95 % oder mehr mit der Aminosäurensequenz, die in SEQ ID NR: 5 dargestellt wird.
 
5. Mittel, das zur Hemmung der Bindung zwischen einem Canin-PD-1 und einem Canin-PD-L1 geeignet ist, das den Antikörper nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4 beinhaltet.
 
6. Antikörper nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4 zur Verwendung bei der Behandlung von Krebs bei einem Hund, der PD-L1 exprimiert.
 
7. Antikörper kodierende Nukleinsäure nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4.
 


Revendications

1. Anticorps anti-PD-1 canin qui se lie spécifiquement à un PD-1 canin constitué par la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 1, l'anticorps anti-PD-1 canin comprenant :

une région variable de chaîne lourde comprenant une CDR1 constituée par la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 11, une CDR2 constituée par la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 12, et une CDR3 constituée par la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 13 ; et

une région variable de chaîne légère comprenant une CDR1 constituée par la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 14, une CDR2 constituée par la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 15, et une CDR3 constituée par la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 16.


 
2. Anticorps anti-PD-1 canin selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'anticorps anti-PD1 canin comprend une région variable de chaîne lourde ayant la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 2 ou une séquence d'acides aminés ayant une identité de 95 % ou plus avec la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 2 ; et une région variable de chaîne légère ayant la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 3 ou une séquence d'acides aminés ayant une identité de 95 % ou plus avec la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 3.
 
3. Anticorps anti-PD-1 canin qui se lie spécifiquement à un PD-1 canin constitué par la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 1, l'anticorps anti-PD-1 canin comprenant :

une région variable de chaîne lourde comprenant une CDR1 constituée par la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 17, une CDR2 constituée par la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 18, et une CDR3 constituée par la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 19 ; et

une région variable de chaîne légère comprenant une CDR1 constituée par la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 20, une CDR2 constituée par la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 21, et une CDR3 constituée par la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 22.


 
4. Anticorps anti-PD-1 canin selon la revendication 3, dans lequel l'anticorps anti-PD1 canin comprend une région variable de chaîne lourde ayant la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 4 ou une séquence d'acides aminés ayant une identité de 95 % ou plus avec la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 4 ; et une région variable de chaîne légère ayant la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 5 ou une séquence d'acides aminés ayant une identité de 95 % ou plus avec la séquence d'acides aminés décrite dans la SEQ ID NO : 5.
 
5. Agent adapté à l'inhibition entre un PD-1 canin et une PD-L1 canine contenant l'anticorps selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4.
 
6. Anticorps selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, destiné à être utilisé dans le traitement du cancer chez un chien exprimant la PD-L1.
 
7. Acide nucléique codant pour l'anticorps selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4.
 




Drawing
























REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description