(19)
(11)EP 3 168 514 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/45

(21)Application number: 15194778.5

(22)Date of filing:  16.11.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F16K 15/02(2006.01)
F16K 17/04(2006.01)

(54)

HYDRAULIC OVERPRESSURE VALVE AND HYDRAULIC MACHINE

HYDRAULISCHES ÜBERDRUCKVENTIL UND HYDRAULISCHE MASCHINE

SOUPAPE DE SURPRESSION HYDRAULIQUE ET MACHINE HYDRAULIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
17.05.2017 Bulletin 2017/20

(73)Proprietor: Danfoss Power Solutions ApS
6430 Nordborg (DK)

(72)Inventors:
  • Frederiksen, Mogens
    6470 Sydals (DK)
  • Hansen, Niels Bjarne
    6200 Aabenraa (DK)
  • Sevelsted, Nils E.
    6400 Sønderborg (DK)
  • Porskrog, Bendt
    6430 Nordborg (DK)
  • Bonde, Per
    6400 Sønderborg (DK)
  • Rasmussen, Helle Bonde
    6400 Sønderborg (DK)

(74)Representative: Keil & Schaafhausen Patentanwälte PartGmbB 
Friedrichstraße 2-6
60323 Frankfurt am Main
60323 Frankfurt am Main (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 851 589
DE-A1-102009 046 119
JP-A- H0 861 554
EP-A2- 0 308 618
DE-A1-102012 003 505
US-A- 5 597 008
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a hydraulic overpressure valve comprising a valve housing, a valve seat located in said valve housing and having a seat center and a seat center axis, a cone element moveable relative to said valve seat, said cone element having a cone protruding at least partly into said valve seat and having a cone center axis, and force generating means acting on said cone element in a direction towards said valve seat.

    [0002] Furthermore, the invention relates to a hydraulic machine comprising such an overpressure valve.

    [0003] Relevant prior art is disclosed in DE-A-10 2012 003 505, EP-A-308 618 and JP-H08-61554.

    [0004] Such a hydraulic overpressure valve is usually used to limit a hydraulic pressure in a hydraulic machine or a hydraulic system. When the hydraulic pressure increases to exceed a predetermined threshold value the cone element is loaded by the pressure against the force of the force generating means. When the force produced by the hydraulic pressure exceeds the force produced by the force generating means the cone element is moved away from the valve seat and the cone opens a passage so that hydraulic fluid can escape and the pressure in the system decreases. A pressure reducing valve operates in a similar manner. Therefore, the term overpressure valve incorporates a pressure reducing valve as well for this description. Such an overpressure valve has a tendency to be noisy. This is a problem in particular in hydraulic machines and hydraulic systems which are operated near a human operator, for example in a vehicle equipped with a hydraulic steering unit in which such an overpressure valve is built in.

    [0005] The problem underlying the present invention is to have an overpressure valve producing small noise.

    [0006] This object is solved with a hydraulic overpressure valve as defined in independent claim 1. Preferred embodiments are defined in the dependent claims.

    [0007] In such a construction the risk of producing excessive noise is reduced since the tendency of the cone element to swing is reduced as well. When the risk of swinging of the cone element is reduced, the risk that the cone hits the valve seat or the surrounding walls is generally reduced as well and therefore the production of noise can be kept small. In an ideal case, the valve does not make any noise. The valve housing can be an individual element or it can be part of a housing block of a hydraulic machine. The valve seat can as well be a separate or individual part or it may be part of the valve housing or of the machine block, i.e. a housing of a hydraulic machine, like a hydraulic steering unit.

    [0008] According to the invention a ring gap is provided between said cone element and said housing. The cone element is not guided in any way in the housing.

    [0009] According to the invention said cone is loaded with a lateral force perpendicular to said cone center axis. This lateral force acts on the cone element and via the cone element on the cone in a direction perpendicular to the cone center axis. This lateral force moves the cone element with its axis out of the center of the valve seat and prevents the formation of a swinging movement of the cone within the valve seat.

    [0010] According to the invention said lateral force is generated by said force generating means. The force generating means have two tasks. The one is to produce a restoring force moving the cone element back to the valve seat when the pressure has sufficiently decreased. The other task is to produce the lateral forces.

    [0011] According to the invention said force generating means comprise at least a spring. A spring is a rather simple means for producing the required forces.

    [0012] According to the invention an arrangement of said spring and said cone element is asymmetric with respect to said cone center axis. An asymmetric arrangement is a simple construction to produce the lateral forces on the cone element without additional spring elements.

    [0013] According to the invention said spring comprises two end faces, one of said two end faces resting against the first spring support area of said cone element and the other one of said two end faces resting against a second spring support area located in said valve housing, wherein at least one of said two end faces and said spring supporting areas deviates from a plane which is perpendicular to said seat center axis. In some prior art valves a spring is used in which the two end faces are machined to be parallel and they act on spring support areas which are parallel as well. Now this construction is amended to produce at least one location in which a "slanted force" is generated which is used to act on the cone element perpendicular to the seat center axis.

    [0014] According to the invention one of said end faces and said spring support areas is slanted relative to said plane. This means that the force generated by the spring has one component which is directed towards the valve seat and one component which is directed perpendicular to the seat center axis. This is a simple way to produce the lateral force.

    [0015] In a preferred embodiment which can be used additionally to the slanted end faces and/or spring support areas is that at least one of said end faces and said spring support areas has a form different from a plane. When, for example, the spring is in form of a screw spring and the end face is not in form of a plane, the spring contacts the cone element not along the entire circumference of the spring so that a force from the spring to the cone element is in the same way not transmitted uniformly over the entire circumference of the spring. When the force is not uniform over the entire circumference of the spring the cone element can change the orientation with respect to the seat center and the seat center axis. This change of the orientation can be relatively small. It is sufficient when a small lateral force is produced.

    [0016] In a preferred embodiment at least one of said end faces and said spring support areas has a recess area. The recess area forms a gap in which no force is transferred from the spring to the cone element.

    [0017] In a preferred embodiment said recess area is grinded. Grinding is a relative simple method for producing the recess area.

    [0018] In a preferred embodiment said recess area extends in circumferential direction over less than 180°, preferably over 100° or less and in particular over 50° ± 20°. This is sufficient to allow the cone element to tilt a bit more to move with the cone center axis outside the seat center axis.

    [0019] The present invention relates to a hydraulic machine comprising such a hydraulic overpressure valve. In this case the hydraulic machine can be operated with low noise.

    [0020] In a preferred embodiment said hydraulic machine is a hydraulic steering unit. The hydraulic steering unit is generally used in a vehicle which is man operated. The comfort feeling of the driver is increased.

    [0021] Preferred embodiments of the invention will now be described in more detail with reference to the drawing, wherein:
    Fig. 1
    shows a first embodiment of a hydraulic overpressure valve,
    Fig. 2
    shows a second embodiment of a hydraulic overpressure valve and
    Fig. 3
    shows a third example of a hydraulic overpressure valve without slanted regions.


    [0022] Fig. 1 shows schematically an overpressure valve 1 comprising a housing 2 and a valve seat 3 located in said valve housing 2. The valve seat 3 has a seat axis 4 running through a seat center.

    [0023] A cone element 5 comprises a cone 6. The cone 6 protrudes partly into the valve seat 3. The cone element 5 has a cone axis which is not shown separately.

    [0024] Force generating means comprising a spring 7 act onto the cone element 5 in a direction towards the valve seat 3. The spring 7 is located between the cone element 5 and a plug 8 which is mounted in the housing 2. The respective parts are shown exploded for the sake of clarity.

    [0025] A ring gap 9 is provided between the cone element 5 and the housing 2. The cone element 5 and the cone 6 are not guided.

    [0026] The spring 7 comprises a first end face 10 and a second end face 11. When the parts shown are assembled correctly, the spring 7 contacts a first spring support area 12 on the cone element 5 and a second spring support area 13 on the plug 8.

    [0027] In the embodiment of the hydraulic overpressure valve 1 shown in Fig. 1 the two end faces 10, 11 form an angle with a theoretical plane which is perpendicular to the seat axis 4. In other words, the end faces 10, 11 are not perpendicular to the seat axis 4.

    [0028] This has the effect that the cone element 5 is loaded with a greater force on the left hand side (as shown in Fig. 1) than on the right hand side so that when the cone element 5 is lifted from the valve seat 3 and the cone is moved in a direction out of the valve seat 3 there is a lateral force acting on the cone element moving the cone center axis out of the seat center axis.

    [0029] The inclination of the end faces 10, 11 is in reality not as big as that shown in Fig. 1. Fig. 1 shows a large angle for the sake of clarity.

    [0030] The spring with the slanted end faces 10, 11 produces a lateral force which is perpendicular to the cone center axis to press and move the cone element 5 out of a center position with respect to the valve seat 3. This is simple be realized by means of an asymmetric construction of the arrangement of spring 7 and cone element 5.

    [0031] Basically it would be sufficient to have only one of the end faces 10, 11 slanted.

    [0032] The two end faces 10, 11 are slanted or inclined in opposite directions.

    [0033] Fig. 2 shows a second embodiment in which the elements described in connection with Fig. 1 are designated with the same reference numerals. In this embodiment the two end faces 10, 11 of the spring 7 are parallel to each other and are perpendicular to the seat axis 4.

    [0034] In order to produce the lateral forces onto the cone element 5 the spring support areas 12, 13 are inclined with respect a plane which is perpendicular to the seat axis 4 producing the same effect as the inclined end faces 10, 11 shown in Fig. 1.

    [0035] It is possible to combine the two embodiments of Fig. 1 and 2, i.e. to have one or two inclined end faces 10, 11 and one or two spring support areas 12, 13. In this case the end face 10 and the corresponding spring support area 12 should be inclined in opposite directions and the end face 11 and the spring support area 13 should be inclined in opposite directions as well. The inclination of the spring support areas 12, 13 is opposite as well.

    [0036] Fig. 3 shows another example of a hydraulic overpressure valve in which elements which have been described in connection with Fig. 1 and 2 are designated with the same reference numerals.

    [0037] The asymmetric construction of the arrangement of spring 7 and cone element 5 is realized in this case by a recess area 14 formed in the end face 10 of spring 7. This recess area 14 can be produced by grinding. The recess area 14 extends in circumferential direction over less than 180°, preferably over 100° or less. In a particular preferred embodiment it extends over 50°± 20°.

    [0038] When such a recess area 14 is provided, the corresponding end face 10 does no longer have the form of a plane. The plane is disturbed by the recess area 14.

    [0039] Although not shown, it is possible that both end faces 10, 11 are provided with a recess area 14.

    [0040] It can also be the case that a recess area is provided in the spring support areas 12, 13 in such a way that the spring 7 does not contact the cone element 5 or the plug 8 in the recess area 14.

    [0041] Such a hydraulic overpressure valve can preferably be used in a hydraulic machine, in particular in a hydraulic steering unit. It can be used to reduce or limit a full hydraulic pressure or to reduce or limit a pilot pressure.


    Claims

    1. Hydraulic overpressure valve (1) comprising a valve housing (2), a valve seat (3) located in said valve housing and having a seat center and a seat center axis (4), a cone element (5) movable relatively to said valve seat (3), said cone element (5) having a cone (6) protruding at least partly into said valve seat (3) and having a cone center; axis, and force generating means acting on said cone element (5) in a direction towards said valve seat (3), wherein said cone (6) is movable along a path of movement in which said cone center axis is kept outside said seat center axis (4), a ring gap (9) is provided between said cone element (5) and said housing (2), said cone (6) is loaded with a lateral force perpendicular to said cone center; axis, said lateral force is generated by said force generating means, said force generating means comprise at least a spring (7), an arrangement of said spring (7) and said cone element (5) is asymmetric with respect to said cone center axis, and said spring (7) comprises two ends faces (10, 11), one of said two end faces (10, 11) resting against a first spring support area (12) of said cone element (5) and the other one of said two end faces (10, 11) resting against a second spring support area (13) located in said valve housing (2), characterized in that at least one of said two end faces (10, 11) and said spring supporting areas (12, 13) deviates from a plane which is perpendicular to said seat center axis (4), and said end faces (10, 11) are slanted relative to said plane in opposite directions and/or said spring support areas (12, 13) are slanted relative to said plane in opposite directions.
     
    2. Valve according to claim 1, characterized in that at least one of said end faces (10, 11) and said spring support areas (12, 13) has a form different from a plane.
     
    3. Valve according to claim 2, characterized in that at least one of said end faces (10, 11) and said spring support areas (12, 13) has a recess area (14).
     
    4. Valve according to claim 3, characterized in that said recess area (14) is grinded.
     
    5. Valve according to claim 3 or 4, characterized in that said recess area (14) extends in circumferential direction over less than 180°, preferably over 100° or less and in particular over 50° ± 20°.
     
    6. Hydraulic machine comprising a hydraulic overpressure valve (1) according to any of claims 1 to 5.
     
    7. Hydraulic machine according to claim 6, characterized in that said hydraulic machine is a hydraulic steering unit.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Hydraulisches Überdruckventil (1), das ein Ventilgehäuse (2), einen Ventilsitz (3), der in dem Ventilgehäuse angeordnet ist und eine Sitzmitte und eine Sitzmittelachse (4) aufweist, ein relativ zu dem Ventilsitz (3) bewegbares Konuselement (5), wobei das Konuselement (5) einen Konus (6) aufweist, der zumindest teilweise in den Ventilsitz (3) hineinragt und eine Konusmittelachse aufweist, und eine Krafterzeugungseinrichtung, die auf das Konuselement (5) in eine Richtung auf den Ventilsitz (3) zu wirkt, aufweist, wobei der Konus (6) entlang einer Bewegungsbahn beweglich ist, in der die Konusmittelachse außerhalb der Sitzmittelachse gehalten wird, ein Ringspalt (9) zwischen dem Konuselement (5) und dem Gehäuse (2) vorgesehen ist, der Konus (6) mit einer Seitenkraft senkrecht zur Konusmittelachse belastet ist, wobei die Seitenkraft durch die Krafterzeugungseinrichtung erzeugt wird, die Krafterzeugungseinrichtung mindestens eine Feder (7) aufweist, wobei eine Anordnung der Feder (7) und des Konuselements (5) in Bezug auf die Konusmittelachse asymmetrisch ist, und die Feder (7) zwei Stirnseiten (10, 11) aufweist, wobei eine der beiden Stirnseiten (10, 11) an einem ersten Federabstützbereich (12) des Konuselements (5) und die andere der beiden Stirnseiten (10, 11) an einer zweiten Federabstützfläche (13) anliegt, die in dem Ventilgehäuse (2) angeordnet ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass mindestens eine der beiden Stirnseiten (10, 11) und der Federabschnittsbereich (12, 13) von einer Ebene abweicht, die senkrecht zur Sitzmittelachse (4) verläuft, und die Stirnseiten (10, 11) gegenüber der Ebene in entgegengesetzten Richtungen geneigt sind und/oder die Federabstützbereiche (12, 13) gegenüber der Ebene in entgegengesetzten Richtungen geneigt sind.
     
    2. Ventil nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass mindestens eine der Stirnseiten (10, 11) und der Federabstützbereiche (12, 13) eine von einer Ebene verschiedene Form aufweisen.
     
    3. Ventil nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass mindestens eine der Stirnseiten (10, 11) und der Federabschnittsbereiche (12, 13) einen Ausnehmungsbereich (14) aufweist.
     
    4. Ventil nach Anspruch 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Ausnehmungsbereich (14) geschliffen ist.
     
    5. Ventil nach Anspruch 3 oder 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sich der Ausnehmungsbereich (14) in Umfangsrichtung über weniger als 180°, vorzugsweise über 100° oder weniger, insbesondere über 50° ± 20° erstreckt.
     
    6. Hydraulische Maschine mit einem hydraulischen Überdruckventil (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5.
     
    7. Hydraulische Maschine nach Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die hydraulische Maschine eine hydraulische Lenkeinheit ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Soupape de surpression hydraulique (1) comprenant un logement de soupape (2), un siège de soupape (3) situé dans ledit logement de soupape et ayant un centre de soupape et un axe central de siège (4), un élément de cône (5) mobile par rapport audit siège de soupape (3), ledit élément de cône (5) ayant un cône (6) faisant saillie au moins partiellement jusque dans ledit siège de soupape (3) et ayant un axe central de cône et un moyen de génération de force agissant sur ledit élément de cône (5) dans une direction vers ledit siège de soupape (3), dans lequel ledit cône (6) est mobile le long d'un trajet de mouvement dans lequel ledit axe central de cône est maintenu hors dudit axe central de siège (4), un espace annulaire (9) est prévu entre ledit élément de cône (5) et ledit logement (2), ledit cône (6) est chargé avec une force latérale perpendiculaire audit axe central de cône, ladite force latérale est générée par ledit moyen de génération de force, ledit moyen de génération de force comprend au moins un ressort (7), un agencement dudit ressort (7) et dudit élément de cône (5) est asymétrique par rapport audit axe central de cône, et ledit ressort (7) comprend deux faces d'extrémité (10, 11), l'une desdites deux faces d'extrémité (10, 11) reposant contre une première zone de support (12) de ressort dudit élément de cône (5) et l'autre desdites deux faces d'extrémité (10, 11) reposant contre une seconde zone de support (13) de ressort située dans ledit logement de soupape (2), caractérisée en ce qu'au moins une desdites deux faces d'extrémité (10, 11) et desdites zones de support (12, 13) de ressort dévie d'un plan qui est perpendiculaire audit axe central de siège (4), et lesdites faces d'extrémité (10, 11) sont en biseau par rapport audit plan dans des directions opposées et/ou lesdites zones de support (12, 13) sont en biseau par rapport audit plan dans des directions opposées.
     
    2. Soupape selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce qu'au moins une desdites faces d'extrémité (10, 11) et desdites zones de support (12, 13) de ressort a une forme différente d'un plan.
     
    3. Soupape selon la revendication 2, caractérisée en ce qu'au moins une desdites faces d'extrémité (10, 11) et desdites zones de support (12, 13) de ressort a une zone en creux (14).
     
    4. Soupape selon la revendication 3, caractérisée en ce que ladite zone en creux (14) est meulée.
     
    5. Soupape selon la revendication 3 ou 4, caractérisée en ce que ladite zone en creux (14) s'étend dans une direction circonférentielle sur moins de 180°, de préférence sur plus de 100° ou moins et en particulier plus de 50° ± 20°.
     
    6. Machine hydraulique comprenant une soupape de surpression hydraulique (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5.
     
    7. Machine hydraulique selon la revendication 6, caractérisée en ce que ladite machine hydraulique est une unité de pilotage hydraulique.
     




    Drawing








    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description