(19)
(11)EP 3 171 149 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.11.2019 Bulletin 2019/48

(21)Application number: 16185329.6

(22)Date of filing:  23.08.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G01M 7/02  (2006.01)

(54)

POSITIONER FOR ELECTRODYNAMIC SHAKER

POSITIONIERER FÜR ELEKTRODYNAMISCHEN RÜTTLER

POSITIONNEUR POUR AGITATEUR ÉLECTRODYNAMIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 18.11.2015 US 201514945150

(43)Date of publication of application:
24.05.2017 Bulletin 2017/21

(73)Proprietor: The Boeing Company
Chicago, IL 60606-2016 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • PROULX, Mark Phillip
    CHICAGO, IL Illinois 60606-2016 (US)

(74)Representative: Plasseraud IP 
66, rue de la Chaussée d'Antin
75440 Paris Cedex 09
75440 Paris Cedex 09 (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A1- 2013 340 528
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND


    FIELD



    [0001] The present disclosure generally relates to ground vibration testing of large flexible structures, such as aircraft. More specifically, the present disclosure generally relates to a system and method for the positioning and alignment of an adjustable electrodynamic shaker system with a test article or structure of an aircraft.

    DESCRIPTION OF THE RELATED ART



    [0002] Ground vibration testing of an aircraft is performed to determine the structural vibration properties (e.g., modal frequencies, vectors, damping) of the aircraft. These properties are then compared to values predicted by an analytical model, and the test results are used to refine the model to improve the model's fidelity. The model is subsequently used to assess the likelihood of flutter onset in response to applied aerodynamic forces. Once analysis is complete and the predictions show that flutter is unlikely, the aircraft is flown by pilots who attempt to induce a flutter response under a spectrum of load, airspeed, and altitude conditions. This spectrum encompasses the entire flight envelope as well as points outside of this envelope to demonstrate conclusively that the aircraft is free from flutter. During ground vibration testing, electrodynamic shakers may be coupled to the aircraft to provide excitation input (e.g., vibration) to the aircraft as described in US 2013/340528 A1 for instance. The dynamic response of the aircraft to the excitation input may be measured using sensors (e.g., accelerometers) mounted at various locations on the aircraft. The dynamic response may be analyzed and structural dynamic properties (e.g., frequencies, damping, and modal vectors) may be computed. These results are compared to values predicted by a structural dynamic analysis of the aircraft. The results of the comparison may be used to validate and/or refine the structural dynamic analysis model of a given aircraft.

    [0003] Aircraft ground vibration tests utilize electrodynamic shakers positioned and aligned with respect to designated points on the aircraft surface. The electrodynamic shaker is positioned and aligned such that the central axis of the electrodynamic shaker is perpendicular to the test surface. Positioning and aligning electrodynamic shakers is difficult in that they oftentimes weigh over 180 kg and may rest on elevated platforms exceeding 6 meters above the surface. Traditionally, a base of the electrodynamic shaker rests on the platform and is positioned in place via brute force before the position of the electrodynamic shaker is fine-tuned via a hammer. With such limitations, the positioning of the electrodynamic shaker is time consuming, ergonomically unfriendly, and risks damage to the aircraft and surroundings.

    [0004] Therefore, what is needed in the art is a system and method for precisely positioning an electrodynamic shaker system in a reduced amount of time under a test article of an aircraft and which minimizes the level of risk of damage to the aircraft and staff.

    SUMMARY



    [0005] The invention consists of an aircraft shaker as defined in claim 1 and a corresponding method for testing as defined in claim 14. Examples disclosed herein generally relate to methods and apparatus for the positioning and alignment of an electrodynamic shaker system relative to an excitation point on a structure to be tested. The electrodynamic shaker system includes a base plate, a support plate, and a locking mechanism. The base plate comprises a plurality of rollable ball transfer units coupled to the base plate. The support plate, supporting an electrodynamic shaker and trunnion thereon, is seated on the ball transfer units of the base plate such that the support plate may be aligned relative to the test article via the ball transfer units. Once the electrodynamic shaker system is in the desired location, a flexure of the electrodynamic shaker is precisely aligned with a test article. The electrodynamic shaker system disclosed utilizes no precision components and is tolerant of dust, dirt, and other environmental contaminants typically present in testing locations.

    [0006] In one example, an aircraft shaker system is disclosed. The aircraft shaker system includes a base plate, a support plate, and a locking mechanism. The base plate includes a plurality of holes bored therethrough and a plurality of ball transfer units disposed therein. The plurality of ball transfer units are coupled to the base plate via the holes and configured to roll. The support plate has an electrodynamic shaker mounted on a first surface. A second surface of the support plate is coupled to the base plate via at least one ball transfer unit. The support plate is configured to move relative to the base plate.

    [0007] In one example, an aircraft shaker system is disclosed. The aircraft shaker system includes a base plate and a support plate. The base plate includes a plurality of holes bored therethrough and a plurality of electrically actuated ball transfer units disposed therein. The support plate supports an aircraft shaker. The support plate is configured to be seated on and moveable relative to the base plate when the ball transfer units are electrically actuated.

    [0008] In one example, a method for testing the excitation of a structure is disclosed. The method includes electrically actuating a plurality of ball transfer units coupled to a base plate and positioning a support plate relative to the base plate via the plurality of ball transfer units until a desired location is reached. The method further includes positioning a shaker via a trunnion until a desired location is reached and securing a flexure axis of the shaker normal to the structure. The method also includes de-energizing the plurality of ball transfer units.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0009] 

    Figure 1 schematically illustrates a perspective view of an aircraft shaker system positioned under an aircraft, according to one example.

    Figure 2 schematically illustrates an enlarged perspective view of the aircraft shaker system of Figure 1.

    Figure 3 schematically illustrates a top view of the aircraft shaker system of Figure 2.

    Figure 4A schematically illustrates a perspective view of a ball transfer unit of the aircraft shaker system of Figure 2.

    Figure 4B schematically illustrates a perspective view of an electrically actuated ball transfer unit of the aircraft shaker system of Figure 2.

    Figure 5 schematically illustrates a perspective view of a locking mechanism of the aircraft shaker system of Figure 2.

    Figure 6 schematically illustrates operations of a method for testing the excitation of a structure, according to one example.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0010] Examples disclosed herein generally relate to methods and apparatus for the positioning and alignment of an electrodynamic shaker system relative to an excitation point on a structure to be tested. The electrodynamic shaker system includes a base plate, a support plate, and a locking mechanism. The base plate comprises a plurality of rollable ball transfer units coupled to the base plate. The support plate, supporting an electrodynamic shaker and trunnion thereon, is seated on the ball transfer units of the base plate such that the support plate may be aligned relative to the test article via the ball transfer units. Once the electrodynamic shaker system is in the desired location, a flexure of the electrodynamic shaker may be precisely aligned with a test article. The electrodynamic shaker system disclosed utilizes no precision components and is tolerant of dust, dirt, and other environmental contaminants typically present in testing locations.

    [0011] Figure 1 is a perspective view of an aircraft 10 having an aircraft shaker system 100 positioned thereon. In some examples, the aircraft shaker system 100 is positioned and/or aligned under or with a test article, for example an aircraft wing 12. During testing and/or operation the aircraft shaker system 100 is coupled to a test article of the aircraft 10, such as the aircraft wing 12, in order to communicate forces and vibrations to the aircraft 10 and/or aircraft wing 12.

    [0012] The aircraft shaker system 100 may rest on a platform 102. In some examples, the platform 102 may elevate the aircraft shaker system 100 to decrease the distance between the aircraft shaker system 100 and the test article. In other examples, the platform 102 may be adjustable or fixed in height above the ground.

    [0013] Figure 2 illustrates an enlarged view of the aircraft shaker system 100 of Figure 1. The aircraft shaker system 100 includes a base plate 104. The base plate 104 may be coupled to the platform 102, such that the platform 102 supports the base plate 104. In some examples, the base plate 104 may comprise sections of base plates 104 which may be coupled together to form a larger base plate 104. In some examples, the base plate 104 may comprise an aluminum material, a metal material, a steel material, and/or alloys or mixtures thereof.

    [0014] The base plate 104 includes a plurality of holes 106 bored therein. The holes 106 may be bored entirely through the base plate 104 and/or partially through the base plate 104. The holes 106 are spaced apart and form a grid pattern. In some examples, the holes 106 may be spaced apart such that, for example, there are between about one and about twenty-five holes 106 per foot of base plate 104. It is contemplated, however, that the holes 106 may be formed in any suitable arrangement or pattern.

    [0015] The base plate further includes a plurality of ball transfer units 108. The ball transfer units 108 are coupled to the base plate 104 via the holes 106. In some examples, the ball transfer units 108 are inserted within the holes 106 of the base plate 104. In some examples, each ball transfer unit 108 is a locking ball transfer unit. The ball bearing 112 of each ball transfer unit 108 is configured to roll. In some examples, the ball transfer units 108 are electrically actuated ball transfer units 108. The electrically actuated ball transfer units 108 are configured to roll when electrically actuated and configured to resist movement when de-energized. As such, the electrically actuated ball transfer units 108 may be coupled to a power source 114 for energizing the ball transfer units 108. In some examples, each ball bearing 112 of each ball transfer unit 108 is electrically coupled to a power source 114.

    [0016] The aircraft shaker system 100 further includes a support plate 120. In some examples, the support plate 120 may comprise an aluminum material, a metal material, a steel material, and/or alloys or mixtures thereof. The support plate has a first surface 122 and a second surface 124, the second surface 124 being opposite the first surface 122. The first surface 122 and/or the second surface 124 may be smooth, milled, roughened, machined, matte, polished, and/or textured. The support plate 120 rests on, and/or is seated on, the base plate 104 such that the support plate 120 is coupled to the base plate 104 via at least one ball transfer unit 108. The support plate 120 is configured to move relative to the base plate 104 via the ball transfer units 108 in the X-direction, the Y-direction, and/or in a rotational (yaw) direction R. In some examples, the support plate 120 is moveable relative to the base plate 104 when the electrically actuated ball transfer units 108 are electrically actuated and/or energized. In some examples, the support plate 120 may be circular. However, it is contemplated that the support plate may be of any suitable shape and/or thickness. In some examples, the support plate 120 may comprise sections of support plates 120 which may be coupled together to form a larger support plate 120 suitable for easy transportation.

    [0017] In some examples, a trunnion 130 is coupled to the support plate 120 such that the trunnion 130 rests on the first surface 122 of the support plate 120. In some examples, the trunnion 130 may be coupled to the support plate 120 via a nut and bolt connection, a welded connection, a screwed connection, and/or any other suitable connection means. The trunnion may comprise an aluminum material, a steel material, a metal material and/or alloys or mixtures thereof.

    [0018] The trunnion 130 supports an electrodynamic shaker 140 therein, such that the electrodynamic shaker 140 is adjustably coupled to the trunnion 130. In some examples, the trunnion 130 may have an A-frame shape for supporting the electrodynamic shaker 140 therein. The trunnion 130 has at least one pivot point 132 for allowing the electrodynamic shaker 140 supported within the trunnion 130 to be rotated about an axis A of the electrodynamic shaker 140. In some examples, the trunnion 130 may include a locking mechanism (not shown) for locking the electrodynamic shaker 140 in place within the trunnion 130 such that the electrodynamic shaker 140 cannot rotate about axis A while supported within the trunnion 130. In some examples, the electrodynamic shaker 140 may be coupled to the first surface 122 of the support plate 120.

    [0019] The electrodynamic shaker 140 includes a flexure 144 coupled to a shaker arm 142 of the electrodynamic shaker 140. The flexure 144 includes a first end 146 and a second end 148. The first end 146 is opposite the second end 148. The first end 146 is coupled to the shaker arm 142. The second end 148 is positioned normal to the structure (e.g., test article) of the aircraft 10, such as the aircraft wing 12. Furthermore, the second end 148 is coupled to the structure (e.g., test article) by abutting the second end 148 of the flexure 144 with the structure. The shaker arm 142 may induce a desired frequency in the structure with which it is coupled. In some examples, a medium (not shown) may be disposed between the second end 148 of the flexure 144 and the structure or test article in order to protect the structure or test area from damage (e.g., scratching).

    [0020] The aircraft shaker system 100 further includes a locking mechanism 150. The locking mechanism 150 includes at least one moveable clamping mechanism 152. In some examples, the locking mechanism 150 may be a weld table toggle clamp. The clamping mechanism 152 secures the support plate 120 with the base plate 104 once the support plate 120 is in place under the appropriate test article of the aircraft 10. The clamping mechanism 152 of the locking mechanism may couple the support plate 120 to the base plate 104 such that the support plate 120 cannot move via the ball transfer units 108 relative to the base plate 104. The clamping mechanism 152 couples the support plate 120 to the base plate 104 via the application of a force normal to the first surface 122 of the support plate 120 such that the support plate 120 exerts a normal force upon the base plate 104 via the ball transfer units 108, thus resisting movement of the support plate 120 relative to the base plate 104. The locking mechanism 150 further includes at least one pin 154 (See, Figure 5) for coupling the locking mechanism 150 to the base plate 104. As such, the pin 154 is inserted into at least one hole 106 of the base plate 104 to secure the support plate 120 with the base plate 104 via the locking mechanism 150. It is contemplated that, although four locking mechanisms 150 are shown in Figure 2, any number of locking mechanisms 150 may be utilized within the aircraft shaker system 100.

    [0021] The aircraft shaker system 100 further includes a vibration suppression mechanism 160. In one example, the vibration suppression mechanism 160 is located between the platform 102 and the base plate 104. The vibration suppression mechanism 160 damps, isolates, and/or cancels the vibrations caused by the electrodynamic shaker 140 such that the vibrations are reduced before transferring to the platform 102. Suppressing the vibrations generated by the electrodynamic shaker 140 assists with avoiding fatigue and/or failure of the aircraft shaker system 100 as well as to enhance user or operator comfort level. In some examples, the vibration suppression mechanism 160 may be a spring system and/or a damper system which do not require an external power source or sensors to detect vibration. The damper system may be a viscoelastic material, for example, rubber, to dissipate kinetic energy. In other examples, the vibration suppression mechanism 160 may be a pad for absorbing transferred vibrations from the electrodynamic shaker 140 through the aircraft shaker system 100. In some examples, the vibration suppression mechanism 160 may be an active vibration suppression system which is electrically controlled and relies on a feedback circuit (not shown) comprising a vibration measuring sensor (e.g., an accelerometer) (not shown), a controller (not shown), and a power source (not shown). The vibration suppression mechanism 160 reduces and/or eliminates vibration transfer from the electrodynamic shaker 140 through the aircraft shaker system 100 by compensating for unbalance in the aircraft shaker system 100.

    [0022] Figure 3 illustrates a top view of the aircraft shaker system 100 of Figure 2. As shown in Figure 3, the holes 106 in the base plate 104 may be spaced apart in a grid formation. It is contemplated, however, that the holes 106 in the base plate 104 may be arranged in any suitable formation, such as, for example, a circular formation. Furthermore, as shown in Figure 3, the holes 106 may extend through the base plate 104. However, it is contemplated that, in other examples, the holes 106 may not extend all the way through the base plate 104.

    [0023] Figure 4A illustrates a perspective view of a ball transfer unit 108 of the aircraft shaker system 100, according to one example. In some examples, each ball transfer unit 108 may be a flange mounted ball transfer unit 108. In some examples, each ball transfer unit 108 may be a locking ball transfer unit 108. Each ball transfer unit 108 comprises a housing 110 and a ball bearing 112. The housing 110 is shaped such that the housing 110 may be at least partially inserted into the holes 106 of the base plate 104. The ball bearing 112 is disposed within the housing 110. The ball bearing 112 partially extends out of the housing 110 such that the ball bearing 112 can support an object, such as the support plate 120, thereon. Each ball bearing 112 may comprise a metal material, a combination of metal materials, a synthetic material, and/or a plastic material. Each housing 110 may comprise a metal material, a combination of metal materials, a synthetic material, and/or a plastic material. In some examples, each ball bearing 112 utilized may be selectively locked such that only certain chosen ball bearings may be restrained from rolling.

    [0024] Figure 4B illustrates a perspective view of another example of a ball transfer unit 108 of the aircraft shaker system 100. The ball transfer unit 108 of Figure 4B is an electrically actuated ball transfer units 108. The electrically actuated ball transfer units 108 are configured to roll when electrically actuated and configured to resist movement when de-energized. Once de-energized the electrically actuated ball transfer units 108 inhibit movement of the support plate 120, thus inhibiting movement of the electrodynaimc shaker 140. Each ball transfer unit 108 comprises a housing 110 and a ball bearing 112. The housing 110 is shaped such that the housing 110 may be at least partially inserted into the holes 106 of the base plate 104. The ball bearing 112 is disposed within the housing 110. The ball bearing 112 partially extends out of the housing 110 such that the ball bearing 112 can support an object, such as the support plate 120, thereon. Each ball bearing 112 may comprise a metal material, a combination of metal materials, a synthetic material, and/or a plastic material. Each housing 110 may comprise a metal material, a combination of metal materials, a synthetic material, and/or a plastic material. In some examples, each electrically actuated ball transfer units 108 utilized may be selectively locked such that only certain selected electrically actuated ball transfer units 108 may roll or may be restrained from rolling.

    [0025] It is further contemplated that the ball transfer units 108 may utilize other sources of energy to actuate and/or de-actuate. For example, the ball transfer units 108 may be pneumatically actuated and de-actuated, fluidly actuated and de-actuated, and/or hydraulically actuated and de-actuated.

    [0026] Figure 5 illustrates a perspective view of an exemplary locking mechanism 150 of the aircraft shaker system 100. The locking mechanism 150 includes at least one movable clamping mechanism 152 and at least one pin 154 for coupling the locking mechanism 150 to the base plate 104. The pin 154 extends vertically outward from the locking mechanism 150 such that the pin 154 can be inserted into the holes 106 of the base plate 104. In some examples, the pin 154 may be inserted partially into the holes 106 of the base plate 104 such that the pin 154 does not extend the length of the hole 106. However, in other examples, the pin 154 may extend the length of the hole 106 or a length greater than that of the length of the hole 106. The pin 154 allows the locking mechanism 150 to be coupled to the base plate 104. The pin 154 may swivel within the hole 106 such that the clamping mechanism 152 may clamp down on a desired area of the support plate 120. In some examples, the pin 154 may be have a lock (not shown) for locking the pin 154 into the hole 106. The lock of the pin 154 may be locked, thus securing the pin 154 within the hole 106, but applying pressure to a toggle of the clamping mechanism 152. In some examples, the locking mechanism 150 may be a weld table toggle clamp and/or a table mount C-clamp. In other examples, the locking mechanism may provide push down clamping.

    [0027] Figure 6 schematically illustrates operation of a method 600 for testing the excitation of structure, according to one example described herein. In some examples, the structure may be an aircraft 10. At operation 610, a plurality of ball transfer units coupled to a base plate are electrically actuated. Electrically actuating the plurality of ball transfer units includes providing power to each or some of the plurality of ball transfer units from a power source.

    [0028] At operation 620, a support plate is positioned relative to the base plate via the plurality of ball transfer units until a desired location is reached. The support plate may move relative to the base plate by rolling over the base plate via the ball transfer units. The ball transfer units allow for the movement of the support plate by supporting the support plate as the support plate moves.

    [0029] At operation 630, a shaker is positioned via a trunnion until a desired direction is reached. The shaker may be positioned about an axis of the shaker, for example a horizontal axis or yaw axis of the shaker. In some examples, the shaker may be tilted relative to the trunnion such that a vertical axis of the shaker is perpendicular to the structure being tested. A flexure of the shaker may be extended from the shaker toward the structure. In some examples, the shaker may be an electrodynamic shaker.

    [0030] At operation 640, the flexure of the shaker is secured normal to the structure being tested. Securing the flexure axis of the shaker normal to the structure allows for shaker to excite the structure. The shaker may be operatively connected to a power source. The shaker may be controlled via a controller operatively connected to the shaker.

    [0031] At operation 650, the plurality of ball transfer units are de-energized. De-energizing the plurality of ball transfer units fixes the support plate relative to the base plate to stabilize the support plate. In some examples, the support plate may be secured to the base plate via a clamp mechanism. The clamp mechanism further prevents movement of the support plate relative to the base plate.

    [0032] Additionally, in some examples, the support plate 120 is coupled to the base plate 104 via the clamping mechanism 152, thus securing the support plate 120 with the base plate 104 once the support plate 120 is in place under the appropriate location of the test article. In some examples, the clamping mechanism 152 couples the support plate 120 to the base plate 104 such that the support plate 120 cannot move via the ball transfer units 108 relative to the base plate 104.

    [0033] In some examples, after the support plate 120 is locked into place via the locking mechanism 150, the flexure 144 is deployed and attached to the test article. If the position of the flexure 144 is not correct the locking mechanism 150 is released and the ball transfer units 108 are energized in order to refine the position of the flexure 144.

    [0034] Furthermore, the shaker is operated to excite the structure. Operating the shaker includes inducing a desired frequency to the structure via the flexure axis. During application of the excitation energy to the structure, data may be recorded to enable analysis of the dynamic properties of the structure. Once testing of the structure is complete power may be removed from the shaker. Furthermore, the flexure may be retracted from the structure.

    [0035] In some examples, after testing of the structure is complete, the ball transfer units may be electrically actuated in order to move the support plate relative to the base plate and move the shaker to a new test location and/or to a storage location. Additionally, in some examples, where a platform supports the base plate, the support plate, the trunnion, and the shaker, the platform may be raised, lowered, and/or moved to properly and efficiently position the shaker relative to the next structure to be tested.

    [0036] Benefits of the present disclosure include an easily positionable and alignable aircraft shaker system that provides a reduction in time and manpower when fine tuning the location of the aircraft shaker relative to the structure to be tested. Also, the aircraft shaker is quickly secured into position with easily-actuated clamps, thus further reducing the total time required. Achieving a more precise test location for the shaker in less time provides a cost reduction as well as a minimization in time required to test each structure. Furthermore, ergonomical and safety benefits to staff and technicians are realized by the gliding movement of the aircraft shaker system. Other benefits include a safe work environment, a decrease in the number of tools required, a reduction in potential for foreign object damage, thus reducing costs and improving safety, and a reduction in the probability of damage to the aircraft and surroundings. Additional benefits include that precision components are not required to position and use the shaker system thereby minimizing potential harm from dust, dirt, and other environmental contaminants typically present in test facilities, such as in aircraft hangars.

    [0037] It should be noted, while reference is made throughout the disclosure to an aircraft or aircraft structure for ground vibration testing utilizing an electrodynamic shaker, it is contemplated that the present disclosure may be utilized for vibration testing or other ground testing needs with respect to various flexible structures of various sizes.

    [0038] The descriptions of the various examples of the present invention have been presented for purposes of illustration, but are not intended to be exhaustive or limited to the examples disclosed. Many modifications and variations will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art without departing from the scope and spirit of the described examples. The terminology used herein was chosen to best explain the principles of the examples, the practical application or technical improvement over technologies found in the marketplace, or to enable others of ordinary skill in the art to understand the examples disclosed herein.

    [0039] In the following, reference is made to examples presented in this disclosure. However, the scope of the present disclosure is not limited to specific described examples. Instead, any combination of the following features and elements, whether related to different examples or not, is contemplated to implement and practice contemplated examples. Furthermore, although examples disclosed herein may achieve advantages over other possible solutions or over the prior art, whether or not a particular advantage is achieved by a given example is not limiting of the scope of the present disclosure. Thus, the following aspects, features, examples and advantages are merely illustrative and are not considered elements or limitations of the appended claims except where explicitly recited in a claim(s).

    [0040] While the foregoing is directed to examples of the present invention, other and further examples of the invention may be devised without departing from the basic scope thereof, and the scope thereof is determined by the claims that follow.


    Claims

    1. An aircraft shaker system (100), comprising:

    a base plate (104), comprising:

    a plurality of holes (106) bored therethrough; and

    a plurality of electrically actuated ball transfer units (108) disposed therein; and

    a support plate (120) for supporting an aircraft shaker, wherein the support plate (120) is configured to be seated upon and moveable relative to the base plate (104) when the ball transfer units (108) are electrically actuated, wherein said support plate (120) is configured to move relative to the base plate (104) via said ball transfer units (108) in a X-direction, a Y-direction and in a rotational direction (R).


     
    2. The aircraft shaker system of claim 1, further comprising:
    at least one locking mechanism (150) for securing the support plate (120) with the base plate (104) when the ball transfer units (108) are de-energized.
     
    3. The aircraft shaker system (100) of claim 2, wherein the locking mechanism (150) is a moveable toggle clamp for securing the support plate (120) with the base plate (104).
     
    4. The aircraft shaker system (100) of claim 2 or claim 3, wherein each locking mechanism (150) is coupled to the base plate (104) via at least one hole (106).
     
    5. The aircraft shaker system (100) of any one of the preceding claims, wherein each ball transfer unit (108) comprises:

    a housing positioned within the hole (106); and

    a ball bearing (112) within the housing, wherein the ball bearing (112) is electrically coupled to a power source (114), and wherein the ball bearing (112) partially extends out of the housing.


     
    6. The aircraft shaker system (100) of any one of the preceding claims, further comprising a vibration suppression mechanism (160).
     
    7. The aircraft shaker system (100) of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the plurality of holes (106) are spaced apart in a grid formation.
     
    8. The aircraft shaker system (100) of any one of the preceding claims, further comprising:

    a locking mechanism (150); and

    wherein the locking mechanism (150) comprises at least one moveable clamping mechanism (152) for securing the support plate (120) with the base plate (104).


     
    9. The aircraft shaker system (100) of claim 8, wherein the at least one moveable clamping mechanism (152) is coupled to the base plate (104) via at least one hole (106).
     
    10. The aircraft shaker system (100) of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the ball transfer units (108) comprise locking ball transfer units (108).
     
    11. The aircraft shaker system (100) of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the support plate (120) further comprises a trunnion (130) adjustably coupled to the electrodynamic shaker and coupled to the support plate (120).
     
    12. The aircraft shaker system (100) of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the base plate (104) and the support plate (120) comprise an aluminum material, a steel material, or alloys or mixtures thereof.
     
    13. The aircraft shaker system (100) of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the support plate (120) includes a milled surface that is coupled to the base plate (104).
     
    14. A method for testing the excitation of a structure using the apparatus according to any preceding claims, comprising:

    electrically actuating a plurality of ball transfer units (108) coupled to a base plate (104), wherein said base plate includes a plurality of holes (106) bored therethrough and said plurality of ball transfer units (108) is disposed therein;

    positioning a support plate (120) relative to the base plate (104) via the plurality of ball transfer units (108) until a desired location is reached, wherein said support plate (120) is configured to move relative to the base plate (104) via said ball transfer units (108) in a X-direction, a Y-direction and in a rotational direction (R);

    positioning a shaker via a trunnion until (130) a desired location is reached;

    securing a flexure (144) of the shaker normal to the structure; and

    de-energizing the plurality of ball transfer units (108).


     
    15. The method of claim 14, further comprising:

    securing the support plate (120) with the base plate (104) via a clamp mechanism; and

    activating the shaker.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Luftfahrzeugrüttler-System (100), das aufweist:

    eine Basisplatte (104) mit mehreren Löchern (106), die durch sie hindurch gebohrt sind; und mit mehreren elektrisch angesteuerten Kugeltransfereinheiten (108), die darin angeordnet sind; und

    eine Trägerplatte (120) zum Tragen eines Luftfahrzeugrüttlers, wobei die Trägerplatte (120) konfiguriert ist, auf und relativ bewegbar zu der Basisplatte (104) angeordnet zu werden, wenn die Kugeltransfereinheiten (108) elektrisch angesteuert werden, wobei die Trägerplatte (120) konfiguriert ist, sich mittels der Kugeltransfereinheiten (108) in eine X-Richtung, eine Y-Richtung und in eine Rotationsrichtung (R) relativ zu der Basisplatte (104) zu bewegen.


     
    2. Luftfahrzeugrüttler-System (100) nach Anspruch 1, das ferner aufweist:
    mindestens einen Sperrmechanismus (150) zum Verriegeln der Trägerplatte (120) mit der Basisplatte (104), wenn die Kugeltransfereinheiten (108) deaktiviert sind.
     
    3. Luftfahrzeugrüttler-System (100) nach Anspruch 2, wobei der Sperrmechanismus (150) eine bewegliche Knebelklemme zum Verriegeln der Trägerplatte (120) mit der Basisplatte (104) ist.
     
    4. Luftfahrzeugrüttler-System (100) nach Anspruch 2 oder Anspruch 3, wobei jeder Sperrmechanismus (150) über mindestens ein Loch (106) mit der Basisplatte (104) gekoppelt ist.
     
    5. Luftfahrzeugrüttler-System (100) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei jede Kugeltransfereinheit (108) aufweist:

    ein innerhalb des Lochs (106) angeordnetes Gehäuse; und

    ein Kugellager (112) in dem Gehäuse, wobei das Kugellager (112) elektrisch mit einer Energiequelle (114) gekoppelt ist und wobei das Kugellager (112) sich teilweise aus dem Gehäuse heraus erstreckt.


     
    6. Luftfahrzeugrüttler-System (100) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, das ferner einen Schwingungsunterdrückungsmechanismus (160) aufweist.
     
    7. Luftfahrzeugrüttler-System (100) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die mehreren Löcher (106) in einer Gitterformation beabstandet zueinander angeordnet sind.
     
    8. Luftfahrzeugrüttler-System (100) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, das ferner aufweist:

    einen Sperrmechanismus (150); und

    wobei der Sperrmechanismus (150) mindestens einen beweglichen Klemmmechanismus (152) zum Verriegeln der Trägerplatte (120) mit der Basisplatte (104) aufweist.


     
    9. Luftfahrzeugrüttler-System (100) nach Anspruch 8, wobei der mindestens eine bewegliche Klemmmechanismus (152) über mindestens ein Loch (106) mit der Basisplatte (104) gekoppelt ist.
     
    10. Luftfahrzeugrüttler-System (100) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Kugeltransfereinheiten (108) sperrende Kugeltransfereinheiten (108) aufweisen.
     
    11. Luftfahrzeugrüttler-System (100) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Trägerplatte (120) ferner einen Zapfen (130) aufweist, der mit dem elektrodynamischen Rüttler einstellbar gekoppelt ist und mit der Trägerplatte (120) gekoppelt ist.
     
    12. Luftfahrzeugrüttler-System (100) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Basisplatte (104) und die Trägerplatte (120) ein Aluminiummaterial, ein Stahlmaterial oder Legierungen oder Gemische davon aufweisen.
     
    13. Luftfahrzeugrüttler-System (100) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Trägerplatte (120) eine bearbeitete Oberfläche aufweist, die mit der Basisplatte (104) gekoppelt ist.
     
    14. Verfahren zum Testen der Anregung einer Struktur unter Verwendung der Vorrichtung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, die aufweist:

    elektrisches Ansteuern mehrerer mit einer Basisplatte (104) gekoppelter Kugeltransfereinheiten (108), wobei die Basisplatte mit mehreren Löchern (106) durchbohrt ist und die mehreren Kugeltransfereinheiten (108) darin angeordnet sind;

    Positionieren einer Trägerplatte (120) relativ zu der Basisplatte (104) mittels der mehreren Kugeltransfereinheiten (108) bis eine gewünschte Position erreicht ist, wobei die Trägerplatte (120) konfiguriert ist, sich mittels der Kugeltransfereinheiten (108) in eine X-Richtung, eine Y-Richtung und in eine Rotationsrichtung (R) relativ zu der Basisplatte (104) zu bewegen;

    Positionieren eines Rüttlers mittels eines Zapfens (130) bis eine gewünschte Position erreicht ist;

    Befestigen einer Biegung (144) des Rüttlers senkrecht zu der Struktur; und

    Deaktivieren der mehreren Kugeltransfereinheiten (108).


     
    15. Verfahren nach Anspruch 14, die ferner aufweist:

    Verriegeln der Trägerplatte (120) mit der Basisplatte (104) mittels eines Klemmmechanismus; und

    Aktivieren des Rüttlers.


     


    Revendications

    1. Système de vibreur d'aéronef (100), comprenant :

    une plaque de base (104), comprenant :

    une pluralité de trous (106) alésés au travers ; et

    une pluralité d'unités de transfert à billes actionnées électriquement (108) disposées à l'intérieur ; et

    une plaque de support (120) pour supporter un vibreur d'aéronef, dans lequel la plaque de support (120) est configurée pour être assise sur et mobile par rapport à la plaque de base (104) lorsque les unités de transfert à billes (108) sont actionnées électriquement, dans lequel ladite plaque de support (120) est configurée pour se déplacer par rapport à la plaque de base (104) via lesdites unités de transfert à billes (108) dans une direction X, une direction Y et dans une direction de rotation (R).


     
    2. Système de vibreur d'aéronef selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :
    au moins un mécanisme de verrouillage (150) pour assujettir la plaque de support (120) avec la plaque de base (104) lorsque les unités de transfert à billes (108) sont désexcitées.
     
    3. Système de vibreur d'aéronef (100) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le mécanisme de verrouillage (150) est un crampon articulé mobile pour assujettir la plaque de support (120) avec la plaque de base (104).
     
    4. Système de vibreur d'aéronef (100) selon la revendication 2 ou la revendication 3, dans lequel chaque mécanisme de verrouillage (150) est couplé à la plaque de base (104) via au moins un trou (106).
     
    5. Système de vibreur d'aéronef (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel chaque unité de transfert à billes (108) comprend :

    un logement positionné au sein du trou (106) ; et

    un palier à billes (112) au sein du logement, dans lequel le palier à billes (112) est couplé électriquement à une source d'alimentation (114), et dans lequel le palier à billes (112) s'étend partiellement hors du logement.


     
    6. Système de vibreur d'aéronef (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre un mécanisme de suppression de vibration (160).
     
    7. Système de vibreur d'aéronef (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la pluralité de trous (106) sont espacés selon une formation en grille.
     
    8. Système de vibreur d'aéronef (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre :

    un mécanisme de verrouillage (150) ; et

    dans lequel le mécanisme de verrouillage (150) comprend au moins un mécanisme de cramponnage mobile (152) pour assujettir la plaque de support (120) avec la plaque de base (104).


     
    9. Système de vibreur d'aéronef (100) selon la revendication 8, dans lequel l'au moins un mécanisme de cramponnage mobile (152) est couplé à la plaque de base (104) via au moins un trou (106).
     
    10. Système de vibreur d'aéronef (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les unités de transfert à billes (108) comprennent des unités de transfert à billes de verrouillage (108).
     
    11. Système de vibreur d'aéronef (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la plaque de support (120) comprend en outre un tourillon (130) couplé de façon ajustable au vibreur électrodynamique et couplé à la plaque de support (120).
     
    12. Système de vibreur d'aéronef (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la plaque de base (104) et la plaque de support (120) comprennent un matériau d'aluminium, un matériau d'acier, ou des alliages ou mélanges de ceux-ci.
     
    13. Système de vibreur d'aéronef (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la plaque de support (120) inclut une surface meulée qui est couplée à la plaque de base (104).
     
    14. Procédé de mise à l'essai de l'excitation d'une structure à l'aide de l'appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant :

    l'actionnement électrique d'une pluralité d'unités de transfert à billes (108) couplées à une plaque de base (104), dans lequel ladite plaque de base inclut une pluralité de trous (106) alésés au travers et ladite pluralité d'unités de transfert à billes (108) est disposée à l'intérieur ;

    le positionnement d'une plaque de support (120) par rapport à la plaque de base (104) via la pluralité d'unités de transfert à billes (108) jusqu'à ce qu'un emplacement souhaité soit atteint, dans lequel ladite plaque de support (120) est configurée pour se déplacer par rapport à la plaque de base (104) via lesdites unités de transfert à billes (108) dans une direction X, une direction Y et dans une direction de rotation (R) ;

    le positionnement d'un vibreur via un tourillon (130) jusqu'à ce qu'un emplacement souhaité soit atteint ;

    l'assujettissement d'une flexure (144) du vibreur de façon normale à la structure ; et

    la désexcitation de la pluralité d'unités de transfert à billes (108).


     
    15. Procédé selon la revendication 14, comprenant en outre :

    l'assujettissement de la plaque de support (120) avec la plaque de base (104) via un mécanisme de crampon ; et

    l'activation du vibreur.


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description