(19)
(11)EP 3 171 833 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 15824449.1

(22)Date of filing:  08.07.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61F 5/37  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2015/039474
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/014245 (28.01.2016 Gazette  2016/04)

(54)

ARM IMMOBILIZATION APPARATUS

ARMIMMOBILISIERUNGSVORRICHTUNG

APPAREIL D'IMMOBILISATION DE BRAS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 23.07.2014 US 201414339227

(43)Date of publication of application:
31.05.2017 Bulletin 2017/22

(73)Proprietors:
  • Will, David M.
    New Albany, Ohio 43054 (US)
  • Will, Christin F.
    New Albany, Ohio 43054 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • Will, David M.
    New Albany, Ohio 43054 (US)
  • Will, Christin F.
    New Albany, Ohio 43054 (US)

(74)Representative: Hutchison, Craig McGregor 
Lawrie IP Limited 310 St Vincent Street
Glasgow G2 5RG
Glasgow G2 5RG (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A- 2 828 738
US-A- 5 358 470
US-A1- 2012 125 347
US-A1- 2013 237 893
US-A- 5 129 406
US-A- 6 110 133
US-A1- 2012 209 159
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS



    [0001] This application claims priority from U.S. Patent Application No. 14/339,227, filed on July 23, 2014.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] When a human sustains an injury to his or her arm, it may be common to stabilize the injured arm to permit it to properly heal. Such practice may be a result of the human body's natural response to injury, wherein blood flows to the damaged tissue to help prevent movement of the injured body part. This phenomena may commonly be known as swelling. Furthermore, the injury may result in pain, which may discourage many humans from attempting to move or otherwise use the injured body part.

    [0003] However, every person may not respond to pain in the same way. Moreover, some people may not feel pain when injured, while some injuries may not induce pain. Some people may feel pain, but not associate the pain with the injury. People with less than fully developed, or reduced, mental capacity may be especially susceptible to such dissociation with injury, pain, and the desire to refrain from moving or otherwise using an injured body part.

    [0004] Less than fully developed, or reduced, mental capacity may be a result of many factors, including without limitation, underdevelopment of the mental faculties, physical trauma, chemical imbalance, and disease. Common examples of people with less than fully developed, or reduced, mental capacity may include, without limitation, infants, head trauma victims, and individuals with intellectual disabilities (also known as mental retardation).

    [0005] People with less than fully developed, or reduced, mental capacity may be at a greater risk or re-injury due to their inability to self-regulate the movement or use of their injured body parts. Furthermore, less than fully developed, or reduced, mental capacity may preclude such people from understanding instructions provided to them by medical professionals. For example, an infant may not understand that he or she should not move an injured body part, and the infant may not understand directions instructing him or her to keep the injured body part immobilized.

    [0006] Devices have been developed that may aid patients in immobilizing their injured body parts. A common example is the triangular sling, which may be donned by a patient to immobilize an injured arm. A triangular sling wraps around the lower arm at one end, wraps around the neck at the other end, and is used to support the weight of the injured arm. However, a triangular sling may support the arm in the vertical axis only, and specifically, only in a direction opposite the force caused by the acceleration of gravity acting upon the mass of the injured arm. A triangular sling may thus provide little to no support horizontally, radially, or in a downward vertical direction. As a result, a patient who does not understand the importance of keeping the arm immobilized is not prevented by the triangular sling from moving the injured arm in these unrestrained directions. A patient who is permitted to move an injured body part may be more likely to either re-injure or slow the healing process of the injured body part.

    [0007] Another possible cause of the unrestrained mobility of an injured arm supported by a triangular sling is the relative ease with which the triangular sling may be removed. For example, a triangular sling merely rests around the neck of the patient, with nothing but friction and the weight of the injured arm holding it in place. Likewise, the distal end of the triangular sling merely rests around the lower arm of the patient, with nothing but friction and the weight of the injured arm holding the triangular sling in place. It may take little effort to remove a triangular sling donned in this manner. Furthermore, such a sling may inadvertently be disrupted such that it may no longer properly support and immobilize the injured arm.

    [0008] Thus, an injured arm may need to be properly immobilized, despite a patient's potential inability to willfully maintain such immobilization. What is needed is an apparatus to more securely and/or reliably immobilize a patient's arm. US 5,358,470 is considered to represent the closest prior art for the present invention, it discloses an assembly for restricting shoulder and upper arm motion, and further, for supporting a wrist to facilitate healing of a clavicle. The assembly generally includes an adjustable, elastic belt or abdominal harness, an adjustable shoulder strap, a support pad, a retainer assembly, and a wrist support. The shoulder strap is placed about an injured shoulder. Fasteners selectively restrain the support pad to the shoulder strap and the shoulder strap and the wrist support to the belt. (See Abstract and Col. 2:55-66 of US 5,358,470).

    SUMMARY



    [0009] In one embodiment, an apparatus for immobilizing an injured arm of a patient is provided, the apparatus comprising: an anterior portion having an inferior portion and a superior portion; a posterior portion having an inferior portion and a superior portion; wherein the anterior portion is joined to the posterior portion at one or more of the left side, right side, left shoulder, and right shoulder of the patient, wherein at least one of the anterior portion and the posterior portion cover at least a portion of the torso of the patient, wherein the posterior inferior portion is of sufficient length to extend distally about the pelvis of the patient and overlap with at least a portion of the anterior inferior portion, wherein at least one of the anterior inferior portion and the posterior inferior portion include at least one fastening device, an anterior flap having a proximal end and a distal end, wherein the proximal end of the anterior flap is affixed to the anterior portion at about the anterior torso of the patient, wherein the distal end of the anterior flap includes at least one fastening device, wherein the anterior flap is of sufficient length to permit the distal end of the anterior flap to be pulled at least one shoulder of the patient; a posterior flap having a proximal end and a distal end, wherein the proximal end of the posterior flap is affixed to the posterior portion at about the posterior torso of the patient, wherein the distal end of the posterior flap includes at least one fastening device, and wherein the posterior flap is of sufficient length to permit the distal end of the posterior flap to be pulled over at least one shoulder of the patient.

    [0010] In another embodiment, an apparatus for immobilizing an injured arm of a patient is provided, the apparatus comprising: an anterior portion having an inferior portion and a superior portion; a posterior portion having an inferior portion and a superior portion; a left shoulder portion and a right shoulder portion; wherein the anterior portion is joined to the posterior portion at one or more of the left side, right side, left shoulder, and right shoulder of the patient, wherein at least one of the anterior portion and the posterior portion cover at least a portion of the torso of the patient, wherein the posterior inferior portion is of sufficient length to extend distally about the pelvis of the patient and meet or overlap with at least a portion of the anterior inferior portion, wherein at least one of the anterior inferior portion and the posterior inferior portion include at least one fastening device, wherein at least one of the left shoulder portion and the right shoulder portion include at least one fastening device; an anterior flap having a proximal end and a distal end, wherein the proximal end of the anterior flap is affixed to the anterior portion at about the anterior torso of the patient, wherein the distal end of the anterior flap includes at least one fastening device, and wherein the anterior flap is of sufficient length to permit the distal end of the anterior flap to be pulled over at least one of the shoulders of the patient.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0011] The accompanying figures, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of the specification, illustrate various example apparatuses and systems, and are used merely to illustrate various example embodiments. In the figures, like elements bear like reference numerals.

    FIG. 1 illustrates a front elevational view of an example arrangement of an arm immobilization apparatus.

    FIG. 2 illustrates a front elevational view of an example arrangement of an arm immobilization apparatus.

    FIG. 3 illustrates a sectional view of an example arrangement of an arm immobilization apparatus.

    FIG. 4 illustrates a rear elevational view of an example arrangement of an arm immobilization apparatus.

    FIG. 5 illustrates a front elevational view of an example arrangement of an arm immobilization apparatus.

    FIG. 6 illustrates a sectional view of an example arrangement of an arm immobilization apparatus.

    FIG. 7 illustrates a rear elevational view of an example arrangement of an arm immobilization apparatus.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0012] An apparatus may be used to immobilize the injured arm of a patient with less than fully developed, or reduced, mental capacity, or a patient who otherwise may not be relied upon to immobilize the injured arm. Such an arm immobilization apparatus may provide the patient with less freedom of movement about the torso and upper body appendages. This reduction in the patient's freedom of movement may be accomplished by at least partially enveloping the patient's torso in an arm immobilization apparatus that may be donned and secured around the injured arm without being easily and inadvertently or accidently removed. Such an arm immobilization apparatus may envelope the injured arm and secure it against the torso of the patient, thereby at least partially preventing the patient from moving the injured arm. Such an arm immobilization apparatus may be constructed from nearly any type of fabric commonly used to make clothing and other consumer goods, including without limitation, cotton, polyester, nylon, natural and synthetic fibers.

    [0013] FIG. 1 illustrates a front elevational view of one example arrangement of arm immobilization apparatus 100 as worn by an infant. An anterior flap 125 may be oriented to at least partially enclose an injured arm (not shown).

    [0014] Anterior flap 125 may be configured to be operatively connected to a posterior flap 165 at a position superior to the shoulder of the infant by at least one fastening device 137,177.

    [0015] An anterior inferior portion 120 may be operatively connected to a posterior inferior portion 160 at a position inferior to the pelvis of the patient by at least one fastening device 122,162.

    [0016] FIG. 2 illustrates a front elevational view of arm immobilization apparatus 100, which may include an anterior portion 110 having a superior portion 115 and inferior portion 120. Superior portion 115 and inferior portion 120 may be operatively connected. Superior portion 115 and inferior portion 120 may be integrally connected. Superior portion 115 and inferior portion 120 may be removably connected.

    [0017] Anterior flap 125 may include a proximal end 130 and a distal end 135. Proximal end 130 of anterior flap 125 may be integrally, or removably, affixed to anterior portion 110 at about the anterior torso of the patient.

    [0018] Distal end 135 of anterior flap 125 may include at least one fastening device 137. Anterior flap 125 may be of sufficient length to permit distal end 135 of anterior flap 125 to be pulled over either shoulder of the patient. Anterior flap 125 may be of sufficient length to permit distal end 135 of anterior flap 125 to be pulled over both shoulders of the patient.

    [0019] Arm immobilization apparatus 100 may include left shoulder portion 140 and right shoulder portion 145.

    [0020] FIG. 3 illustrates a sectional view of arm immobilization apparatus 100 taken about section 3-3 in FIG. 2. Arm immobilization apparatus 100 may have an anterior portion 110 and a posterior portion 150.

    [0021] Anterior portion 110 may include anterior flap 125 having at least one fastening device 137. Anterior flap 125 may be affixed to anterior portion 110 at about the anterior of the torso of a patient (not shown). Anterior portion 110 may also include inferior portion 120 having at least one fastening device 122.

    [0022] Posterior portion 150 may include a posterior flap 165 having at least one fastening device 177. Posterior flap 165 may be affixed to posterior portion 150 at about the posterior of the torso of the patient (not shown). Posterior portion 150 may also include inferior portion 160 having at least one fastening device 162.

    [0023] Both anterior flap 125 and posterior flap 165 may be configured to permit at least one fastening device 137 to be operatively connected to at least one fastening device 177 at a position superior to either, or both, of the patent's shoulders. Both anterior inferior portion 120 and posterior inferior portion 160 may be configured to permit at least one fastening device 122 to be operatively connected to at least one fastening device 162 at a position inferior to the pelvis of a patient.

    [0024] FIG. 4 illustrates a rear elevational view of arm immobilization apparatus 100, which may include posterior portion 150 having a superior portion 155 and inferior portion 160.

    [0025] Superior portion 155 and inferior portion 160 may be operatively connected. Superior portion 155 and inferior portion 160 may be integrally connected. Superior portion 155 and inferior portion 160 may be removably connected.

    [0026] Posterior flap 165 may include proximal end 170 and a distal end 175. Proximal end 170 of posterior flap 165 may be affixed to posterior portion 150 at about the posterior torso of the patient.

    [0027] Distal end 175 of posterior flap 165 may include at least one fastening device 177. Posterior flap 165 may be of sufficient length to permit distal end 175 of posterior flap 165 to be pulled over at least one of the shoulders of the patient. Posterior flap 165 may be of sufficient length to permit distal end 175 of posterior flap 165 to be pulled over both of the shoulders of the patient.

    [0028] Anterior portion 110 may be joined to posterior portion 150 at one or more of the left side, right side, left shoulder, and right shoulder of the patient. Anterior portion 110 and posterior portion 150 may be integrally connected. Anterior portion 110 and posterior portion 150 may be removably connected.

    [0029] At least one of anterior portion 110 and posterior portion 150 may cover at least a portion of the torso of the patient. Posterior inferior portion 160 may be of sufficient length to extend distally about the pelvis of the patient and meet, or overlap, with at least a portion of anterior inferior portion 120.

    [0030] At least one of anterior inferior portion 120 and posterior inferior portion 160 may include at least one fastening device 122,162. At least one fastening device 122 of anterior inferior portion 120 may be operatively connected to at least one fastening device 162 of posterior inferior portion 160 when posterior inferior portion 160 is extended distally about the pelvis of the patient and oriented to meet, or overlap, with at least a portion of anterior inferior portion 120. At least one fastening device 122,162 may be configured to removably attach at least one of one another, anterior inferior portion 120, or posterior inferior portion 160.

    [0031] At least one fastening device 137 of distal end 135 of anterior flap 125 may be configured to be operatively connected to at least one fastening device 177 of distal end 175 of posterior flap 165 at a position superior to at least one of the shoulders of the patient. At least one fastening device 137 of distal end 135 of anterior flap 125 may be configured to be operatively connected to at least one fastening device 177 of distal end 175 of posterior flap 165 at a position superior to both of the shoulders of the patient. At least one fastening device 137, 177 may be configured to removably attach at least one of one another, distal end 135, or distal end 175.

    [0032] FIG. 5 illustrates a front elevational view of one example arrangement of an arm immobilization apparatus 200. Arm immobilization apparatus 200 may include an anterior portion 210 having a superior portion 215 and an inferior portion 220. Superior portion 215 may include an anterior flap 225.

    [0033] Anterior flap 225 may include a proximal end 230 and a distal end 235. Proximal end 230 of anterior flap 225 may be affixed to anterior portion 210 at about the anterior torso of the patient. Distal end 235 of anterior flap 225 may include at least one fastening device 237.

    [0034] Anterior flap 225 may be of sufficient length to permit distal end 235 of anterior flap 225 to be pulled over either shoulder of the patient. Anterior flap 225 may be configured to permit distal 235 end of anterior flap 225 to be pulled over both shoulders of the patient.

    [0035] Arm immobilization apparatus 200 may include anterior portion 210 having superior portion 215 and inferior portion 220, and may include posterior portion 250 (not shown) having a superior portion 255 (not shown) and an inferior portion 260.

    [0036] Anterior portion 210 may be integrally or removably joined to posterior portion 250 at one or more of the left side, right side, left shoulder, and right shoulder of the patient. At least one of anterior portion 210 and posterior portion 250 may cover at least a portion of the torso of the patient.

    [0037] Posterior inferior portion 260 may be of sufficient length to extend distally about the pelvis of the patient and overlap with at least a portion of anterior inferior portion 220. At least one of anterior inferior portion 220 and posterior inferior portion 260 may include at least one fastening device 222,262 configured to permit at least one fastening device 222 of anterior inferior portion 220 to be operatively connected to at least one fastening device 262 of posterior inferior portion 260 when posterior inferior portion 260 is extended distally about the pelvis of the patient. Posterior inferior portion 260 may be oriented to meet, or overlap, with at least a portion of anterior inferior portion 220.

    [0038] Arm immobilization apparatus 200 may include left shoulder portion 240 and right shoulder portion 245. At least one of left shoulder portion 240 and right shoulder portion 245 may include at least one fastening device 242,247.

    [0039] Anterior flap 225 may include proximal end 230 and distal end 235, and proximal end 230 of anterior flap 225 may be affixed to anterior portion 210 at about the anterior torso of the patient. Distal end 235 of anterior flap 225 may include at least one fastening device 237. Anterior flap 225 may be of sufficient length to permit distal end 235 of anterior flap 225 to be pulled over at least one of the shoulders of the patient. At least one fastening device 237 of distal end 235 of anterior flap 225 may be configured to be operatively connected to at least one fastening device 242,247 of at least one of left shoulder portion 240 and right shoulder portion 245. Anterior flap 225 may be configured to permit at least one fastening device 237 to be operatively connected to at least one fastening device 242, while simultaneously permitting at least one fastening device 237 to be operatively connected to at least one fastening device 247.

    [0040] FIG. 6 illustrates a sectional view of one example arrangement of arm immobilization apparatus 200 taken about section 6-6 in FIG. 5. Arm immobilization apparatus 200 may include anterior portion 210 and posterior portion 250. Anterior portion 210 may include anterior flap 225 having at least one fastening device 237. Anterior flap 225 may be affixed to anterior portion 210 at about the anterior of the torso of a patient (not shown). Anterior portion 210 may also include inferior portion 220 having at least one fastening device 222. Posterior portion 250 may include inferior portion 260 having at least one fastening device 262.

    [0041] Anterior flap 225 may be configured to permit at least one fastening device 237 to be operatively connected to at least one fastening device (not shown) at a position superior to either of the patent's shoulders. Anterior flap 225 may be configured to permit at least one fastening device 237 to be operatively connected to at least one fastening device (not shown) at a position superior to at least one of the patent's shoulders.

    [0042] Anterior inferior portion 220 and posterior inferior portion 260 may be configured to permit at least one fastening device 222 to be operatively connected to at least one fastening device 262 at a position inferior to the pelvis of a patient.

    [0043] FIG. 7 illustrates a rear elevational view of one example arrangement of arm immobilization apparatus 200, which may include posterior portion 250 having superior portion 255 and inferior portion 260.

    [0044] Anterior portion 210 may be integrally or removably joined to posterior portion 250 at one or more of the left side, right side, left shoulder, and right shoulder of the patient. At least one of anterior portion 210 and posterior portion 250 may cover at least a portion of the torso of the patient.

    [0045] Posterior inferior portion 260 may be of sufficient length to extend distally about the pelvis of the patient and meet, or overlap, with at least a portion of anterior inferior portion 220. At least one of anterior inferior portion 220 and posterior inferior portion 260 may include at least one fastening device 222,262 configured to permit at least one fastening device 222 of anterior inferior portion 220 to be operatively connected to at least one fastening device 262 of posterior inferior portion 260 when posterior inferior portion 260 is extended distally about the pelvis of the patient and oriented to meet, or overlap, with at least a portion of anterior inferior portion 220.

    [0046] At least one fastening device 237 of distal end 235 of anterior flap 225 may be configured to be operatively connected to the at least one fastening device 242,247 of left shoulder portion 240 and/or right shoulder portion 245, respectively, at a position superior to at least one of the shoulders of the patient. At least one fastening device 237 of distal end 235 of anterior flap 225 may be operatively connected to the at least one fastening device 242,247 of left shoulder portion 240 and right shoulder portion 245, respectively, at a position superior to both of the shoulders of the patient.

    [0047] Any of the fastening devices described herein may be at least one of a fastening device from a group consisting of a snap, a tie, a hook and loop fastener, a button, a hole, a zipper, an adhesive, a magnet, a clasp, a pin, a safety pin, a hook, a frog, a toggle, a drawstring, a lace, a stud, an eyelet, a rivet, a socket, a grommet, a clip, a strap, a buckle, a slide, a chain, a clamp, a ring, a cord, and a bar.

    [0048] Any of the fastening devices described herein may be singular devices (e.g., one fastening device at each stated location), or a plurality of devices. Fastening devices described herein, such as for example fastening device 177, or 242, may include a single fastening device or a plurality of fastening devices. Fastening devices may include a pair of fastening devices oriented adjacent or near one another so as to spread the force of the fastened articles about the pair of fastening devices. Fastening devices may include two or more fastening devices oriented adjacent or near one another so as to spread the force of the fastened articles about the pair of fastening devices.

    [0049] In one embodiment, at least one of anterior flap 125, posterior flap 165, anterior flap 225, left shoulder portion 240, and right shoulder portion 245 may be reinforced with a reinforcement material. At least one of anterior flap 125, posterior flap 165, anterior flap 225, left shoulder portion 240, and right shoulder portion 245 may be reinforced to avoid stretching. At least one of anterior flap 125, posterior flap 165, anterior flap 225, left shoulder portion 240, and right shoulder portion 245 may be reinforced to avoid tearing or any other failure. At least one of anterior flap 125, posterior flap 165, anterior flap 225, left shoulder portion 240, and right shoulder portion 245 may be reinforced with a reinforcement material, including, for example, a mesh, cordage, straps, an additional layer of material, a substrate, and the like.

    [0050] In one embodiment, at least one of left shoulder portion 140, right shoulder portion 145, left shoulder portion 240, and right shoulder portion 245 may include a padding material. The padding material may be configured to at least one of: reduce pressure on the patient's shoulder, spread force over a patient's shoulder, reduce chafing, reduce bunching, reduce strain of the material, reduce pinching of the patient's shoulder or neck, reduce abrasion of the patient's shoulder or neck, and the like.

    [0051] In one embodiment, at least one of anterior flap 125, posterior flap 165, posterior portion 150, and posterior portion 250 may include additional fastening devices oriented to fasten at least one of anterior flap 125, posterior flap 165, posterior portion 150, and posterior portion 250 under a patient's arm. The fastening devices oriented under the patient's arm may be in addition to those described above extending superior to the patient's shoulder. The fastening devices oriented under the patient's arm may act to further immobilize the patient's arm. The fastening devices oriented under the patient's arm may act to spread force from the patient's shoulder.

    [0052] To the extent that the term "includes" or "including" is used in the specification or the claims, it is intended to be inclusive in a manner similar to the term "comprising" as that term is interpreted when employed as a transitional word in a claim. Furthermore, to the extent that the term "or" is employed (e.g., A or B) it is intended to mean "A or B or both." When the applicants intend to indicate "only A or B but not both" then the term "only A or B but not both" will be employed. Thus, use of the term "or" herein is the inclusive, and not the exclusive use. See Bryan A. Garner, A Dictionary of Modern Legal Usage 624 (2d. Ed. 1995). Also, to the extent that the terms "in" or "into" are used in the specification or the claims, it is intended to additionally mean "on" or "onto." To the extent that the term "substantially" is used in the specification or the claims, it is intended to take into consideration the degree of precision available or prudent in manufacturing. To the extent that the term "selectively" is used in the specification or the claims, it is intended to refer to a condition of a component wherein a user of the apparatus may activate or deactivate the feature or function of the component as is necessary or desired in use of the apparatus. To the extent that the term "operatively connected" is used in the specification or the claims, it is intended to mean that the identified components are connected in a way to perform a designated function. As used in the specification and the claims, the singular forms "a," "an," and "the" include the plural. Finally, where the term "about" is used in conjunction with a number, it is intended to include ± 10% of the number. In other words, "about 10" may mean from 9 to 11.

    [0053] As stated above, while the present application has been illustrated by the description of embodiments thereof, and while the embodiments have been described in considerable detail, it is not the intention of the applicants to restrict or in any way limit the scope of the appended claims to such detail. Additional advantages and modifications will readily appear to those skilled in the art, having the benefit of the present application. Therefore, the application, in its broader aspects, is not limited to the specific details, illustrative examples shown, or any apparatus referred to. Departures may be made from such details, examples, and apparatuses without departing from the scope of the general inventive concept.


    Claims

    1. An apparatus (100) for immobilizing an injured arm of a patient, comprising:

    an anterior portion (110) having an inferior portion (120) and a superior portion (115);

    a posterior portion (150) having an inferior portion (160) and a superior portion (155);

    wherein the anterior portion (110) is joined to the posterior portion (150) at one or more of a left side, right side, left shoulder, and right shoulder of the patient,

    wherein at least one of the anterior portion (110) and the posterior portion (150) cover at least a portion of a torso of the patient,

    wherein at least one of the anterior inferior portion (120) and the posterior inferior portion (160) include at least one fastening device (122, 162),

    an anterior flap (125) having a proximal end (130) and a distal end (135),

    wherein the proximal end (130) of the anterior flap (125) is affixed to the anterior portion (110) at about the anterior torso of the patient,

    wherein the distal end (135) of the anterior flap (125) includes at least one fastening device (137),

    characterised in that:

    the posterior inferior portion (160) is of sufficient length to extend distally about a pelvis of the patient and overlap with at least a portion of the anterior inferior portion (120),

    the anterior flap (125) is of sufficient length to permit the distal end (135) of the anterior flap (125) to be pulled over at least one shoulder of the patient;

    the apparatus further comprises a posterior flap (165) having a proximal end (170) and a distal end (175),

    the proximal end (170) of the posterior flap (165) is affixed to the posterior portion (150) at about the posterior torso of the patient,

    the distal end (175) of the posterior flap (165) includes at least one fastening device (177), and

    the posterior flap (165) is of sufficient length to permit the distal end (175) of the posterior flap (165) to be pulled over at least one shoulder of the Patient, in use.


     
    2. The apparatus (100) of claim 1, wherein the at least one fastening device (137) of the distal end (135) of the anterior flap (125) is configured to be operatively connected to the at least one fastening device (177) of the distal end (175) of the posterior flap (165) at a position superior to at least one shoulder of the patient, in use.
     
    3. The apparatus (100) of claim 1, wherein each of the anterior inferior portion (120) and the posterior inferior portion (160) includes at least one fastening device (122, 162), and wherein the at least one fastening device (122, 162) is configured to permit the at least one fastening device (122) of the anterior inferior portion (120) to be operatively connected to the at least one fastening device (162) of the posterior inferior portion (160) when the posterior inferior portion (160) is extended distally about the pelvis of the patient and oriented to meet or overlap with at least a portion of the anterior inferior portion (120).
     
    4. The apparatus (100) of claim 1, wherein the distal end (135) of the anterior flap (125) and the distal end (175) of the posterior flap (165) are each configured to be operatively connected over both shoulders of the patient, in use.
     
    5. The apparatus (100) of claim 1, wherein the at least one fastening device (122, 162, 137, 177) is at least one of: a snap, a tie, a hook and loop fastener, a button, a hole, a zipper, an adhesive, a magnet, a clasp, a pin, a safety pin, a hook, a frog, a toggle, a drawstring, a lace, a stud, an eyelet, a rivet, a socket, a grommet, a clip, a strap, a buckle, a slide, a chain, a clamp, a ring, a cord, and a bar.
     
    6. The apparatus (100) of claim 1, wherein the at least one fastening device (122, 162, 137, 177) is a snap.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Eine Vorrichtung (100) zur Ruhigstellung eines verletzten Arms eines Patienten, bestehend aus:

    einem vorderen Abschnitt (110) mit einem unteren Abschnitt (120) und
    einem oberen Abschnitt (115);
    einem hinteren Abschnitt (150) mit einem unteren Abschnitt (160) und einem oberen Abschnitt (155);

    wobei der vordere Abschnitt (110) mit dem hinteren Abschnitt (150) an einer oder mehreren Stellen mit der linken Seite, rechten Seite, linken Schulter und rechten Schulter des Patienten verbunden wird,
    wobei mindestens entweder der vordere Abschnitt (110) oder der hintere Abschnitt (150) mindestens einen Teil des Torsos des Patienten abdeckt,

    wobei mindestens der vordere untere Abschnitt (120) oder der hintere obere Abschnitt (160) mit mindestens einem Befestigungsmittel (122, 162) versehen ist,
    ein vorderer Überschlag (125) mit einem proximalen Ende (130) und einem distalen Ende (135),

    wobei das proximale Ende (130) des vorderen Überschlags (125) am vorderen Abschnitt (110) auf Höhe des vorderen Torsos des Patienten befestigt wird,
    wobei das distale Ende (135) des vorderen Überschlags (125) mit mindestens einem Befestigungsmittel (137) versehen ist,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass:

    der hintere untere Abschnitt (160) ausreichend lang ist, um
    distal um ein Becken des Patienten gelegt zu werden und mit mindestens einem Teil des vorderen untere Abschnitts (120) überlappt,

    der vordere Überschlag (125) ausreichend lang ist, damit das distale Ende (135) des vorderen Überschlags (125) über mindestens eine Schulter des Patienten gezogen werden kann;

    die Vorrichtung umfasst des Weiteren
    einen hinteren Überschlag (165) mit einem
    proximalen Ende (170) und einem distalen Ende (175),

    das proximale Ende (170) des hinteren Überschlags (165) wird am hinteren Abschnitt (150) auf Höhe des vorderen Torsos des Patienten befestigt, das distale Ende (175) des hinteren Überschlags (165) umfasst mindestens
    ein Befestigungsmittel (177), und

    der hintere Überschlag (165) ist ausreichend lang, damit das distale Ende (175) des hinteren Überschlags (165) bei Gebrauch über mindestens eine Schulter des Patienten gezogen werden kann.


     
    2. Die Vorrichtung (100) aus Anspruch 1, wobei mindestens ein Befestigungsmittel (137) am distalen Ende (135) des vorderen Überschlags (125) so konfiguriert ist, dass es mit mindestens einem Befestigungsmittel verbunden werden kann (177) am distalen Endes (175) des hinteren Überschlags (165) bei Gebrauch an einer Position oberhalb von mindestens einer Schulter des patienten gezogen werden kann.
     
    3. Die Vorrichtung (100) aus Anspruch 1, wobei entweder der vordere
    untere Abschnitt (120) oder der hintere untere Abschnitt (160) mindestens mit einem Befestigungsmittel (122, 162) versehen ist, und wobei dieses Befestigungsmittel (122, 162) so konfiguriert ist, dass mindestens ein Befestigungsmittel (122) des vorderen unteren Abschnitts (120) mit mindestens einem Befestigungsmittel (162) des hinteren unteren Abschnitts (160) verbunden werden kann, wenn der hintere untere Abschnitt (160) distal um das Becken des Patienten gelegt wird und so ausgerichtet ist, dass er an mindestens einem Teil des vorderen unteren Abschnitts (120) angelegt werden kann oder diesen überlappt.
     
    4. Die Vorrichtung (100) aus Anspruch 1, wobei das distale Ende (135) des vorderen Überschlags (125) und das distale Ende (175) des hinteren Überschlags (165) jeweils so konfiguriert sind, dass sie im Gebrauch über beide Schultern des Patienten verbunden werden können.
     
    5. Die Vorrichtung (100) aus Anspruch 1, wobei mindestens ein efestigungsmittel (122, 162, 137, 177) von mindestens folgender Art ist: Druckknopf, Bindung, Klettverschluss, Knopf, Loch, Reißverschluss, Klebstoff, Magnet, Verschluss, Nadel, Sicherheitsnadel, Haken, Posamentenverschluss, Knebelknopf, Kordelzug, Spitze, Bolzen, Öse, Niete, Buchse, Tülle, Clip, Riemen, Schnalle, Schieber, Kette, Klemme, Ring, Schnur oder/und Stange.
     
    6. Die Vorrichtung (100) aus Anspruch 1, wobei mindestens eines der Befestigungsmittel (122, 162, 137, 177) eine Schnalle ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil (100) destiné à immobiliser un bras blessé d'un patient, comprenant :

    une partie antérieure (110) ayant une partie inférieure (120) et une partie supérieure (115) ;
    une partie postérieure (150) ayant une partie inférieure (160) et une partie supérieure (155) ;

    dans lequel la partie antérieure (110) est reliée à la partie postérieure (150) au niveau d'un ou de plusieurs du côté gauche, du côté droit, de l'épaule gauche,
    et de l'épaule droite du patient,
    dans lequel au moins une de la partie antérieure (110) et de la partie postérieure (150) couvre au moins une partie du torse du patient,

    dans lequel au moins une de la partie antérieure inférieure (120) et de la partie postérieure inférieure (160) comprend au moins un dispositif de fixation (122, 162),
    un rabat antérieur (125) ayant une extrémité proximale (130) et une extrémité distale (135),

    dans lequel l'extrémité proximale (130) du rabat antérieur (125) est fixée à la partie antérieure (110) à peu près au niveau de la partie antérieure du torse du patient,
    dans lequel l'extrémité distale (135) du rabat antérieur (125) comprend au moins un dispositif de fixation (137),
    caractérisé en ce que :

    la partie postérieure inférieure (160) est d'une longueur suffisante pour s'étendre de manière distale autour du pelvis du patient et chevaucher au moins une partie de la partie antérieure inférieure (120),

    le rabat antérieur (125) est d'une longueur suffisante pour permettre à l'extrémité distale (135) du rabat antérieur (125) d'être tirée au-dessus d'au moins une épaule du patient ;

    l'appareil comprenant
    en outre un rabat postérieur (165) ayant une
    extrémité proximale (170) et une extrémité distale (175),

    l'extrémité proximale (170) du rabat postérieur (165) étant fixée à la partie postérieure (150) à peu près au niveau de la partie postérieure du torse du patient, l'extrémité distale (175) du rabat postérieur (165) comprenant au moins un dispositif de fixation (177), et

    le rabat postérieur (165) étant d'une longueur suffisante pour permettre à l'extrémité distale (175) du rabat postérieur (165) d'être tirée au-dessus d'au moins une épaule du patient pendant son utilisation.


     
    2. Appareil (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le ou les dispositifs de fixation (137) de l'extrémité distale (135) du rabat antérieur (125) sont conçus pour être reliés de manière opérationnelle au ou aux dispositifs de fixation (177) de l'extrémité distale (175) du rabat postérieur (165) au niveau d'une position supérieure à au moins une épaule du patient pendant son utilisation.
     
    3. Appareil (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel chacune de la partie antérieure inférieure (120) et de la partie postérieure inférieure (160) comprend au moins un dispositif de fixation (122, 162) et dans lequel le ou les dispositifs de fixation (122, 162) sont conçus pour permettre au ou aux dispositifs de fixation (122) de la partie antérieure inférieure (120) d'être reliés de manière opérationnelle au ou aux dispositifs de fixation (162) de la partie postérieure inférieure (160) lorsque la partie postérieure inférieure (160) s'étend de manière distale autour du pelvis du patient et est orientée pour atteindre ou chevaucher au moins une partie de la partie antérieure inférieure (120).
     
    4. Appareil (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'extrémité distale (135) du rabat antérieur (125) et l'extrémité distale (175) du rabat postérieur (165) sont chacune conçues pour être reliées de manière opérationnelle au-dessus des deux épaules du patient pendant son utilisation.
     
    5. Appareil (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le ou les dispositifs de fixation (122, 162, 137, 177) sont au moins un des éléments suivants : un bouton-pression, une attache, une fermeture auto-agrippante, un bouton, un trou, une fermeture à glissière, un adhésif, un aimant, un fermoir, une goupille, une goupille de sûreté, un crochet, un brandebourg, une genouillère, un lacet, un goujon, un Ĺ“illet, un rivet, une douille, un passe-fil, une agrafe, une sangle, une boucle, une glissière, une chaîne, un collier, une bague, une corde et une barre.
     
    6. Appareil (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le ou les dispositifs de fixation (122, 162, 137, 177) sont un ou des boutons-pressions.
     




    Drawing
























    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description




    Non-patent literature cited in the description