(19)
(11)EP 3 172 398 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/26

(21)Application number: 15825395.5

(22)Date of filing:  25.07.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
E21B 33/043(2006.01)
E21B 33/076(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2015/042151
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/015035 (28.01.2016 Gazette  2016/04)

(54)

METHOD OF SUBSEA CONTAINMENT AND SYSTEM

VERFAHREN FÜR UNTERWASSEREINSCHLUSS UND SYSTEM

PROCÉDÉ DE CONFINEMENT SOUS-MARIN ET SYSTÈME ASSOCIÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 25.07.2014 US 201462029161 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
31.05.2017 Bulletin 2017/22

(73)Proprietor: Helix Energy Solutions Group, Inc.
Houston, Texas 77043 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • MILNE, Raymond
    The Woodlands, TX 77380 (US)
  • MCDANIELL, William
    The Woodlands, TX 77380 (US)

(74)Representative: D Young & Co LLP 
120 Holborn
London EC1N 2DY
London EC1N 2DY (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A2-2011/089443
US-A- 4 378 849
US-A- 5 944 111
US-A1- 2012 217 020
US-A- 4 053 023
US-A- 4 881 598
US-A1- 2012 217 020
US-A1- 2013 175 044
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    Technical Field of Invention:



    [0001] The invention disclosed and taught herein relates generally to a system and method for use in floating offshore environments including drilling rigs. The embodiments described below related generally to the design layout of equipment used on a subsea wellhead system or subsea tree system related to an environmental containment system for the same.

    Description of Related Art:



    [0002] In the offshore drilling environment, pollution from in-hole work being performed is an environmental concern. For example, in plugging and abandonment (P&A) operations, it is important to ensure contaminates such as hydrocarbons, oil based muds, and hazardous brines are not unintentionally released to the environment. When a well barrier is removed in open water operations, there is a chance that a small amount of trapped hydrocarbons or contaminates could be released into the ocean. This typically would not be associated with sustained flow from the well.

    [0003] Upper abandonments are typically performed with a riser based subsea blowout preventer stack (BOP) or Intervention Riser System (IRS). The riser is a conduit that enables tools and fluids to be passed from the surface rig to the subsea well. This provides a physical barrier to the environment. In some cases, the upper abandonment of a well entails the removal of the upper sections of tubing and casing strings. The outside diameter of these strings and associated hangers often prohibit the use of an IRS. The work can be performed without the use of a riser (riserless), but other means of environmental barriers must be used in place of the riser. Therefore, a need exists to provide method and system to meet this objective. Prior to performing an upper abandonment, the hydrocarbon bearing production zones will have been sealed with cement plugs. In current practice, at least two tested barriers will have been placed in full compliance with local regulations.
    US 2012/0217020 discloses a well containment system that comprises a blow out preventer, the blow out preventer defining a throughbore and including at least one well containment barrier adapted to seal the throughbore, at least one first seal adapted to seal against the lower end of a riser, and at least one second seal adapted to deal against the upper end of a downhole tubular wherein the at least one first seal is located above the at least one well containment barrier and the at least one second seal is located below the at least one well.
    WO 2011/089443 discloses an apparatus for recovery of sections of tubing and the tubing hanger, from a subsea well to enable the abandonment of a subsea well to be accomplished from a mono-hull vessel. The apparatus includes a dual gripper assembly adapted for onshore or offshore deployment is configured to handle oilfield tubulars and associated completion equipment and configured for attachment to a wellhead structure and subsequent reciprocation cycles whereby oilfield tubulars can be run-in hole or pulled to surface without requiring a riser. A cutter mechanism is disclosed for severing sections of tubular to form a clean cut end for attachment of a connection mandrel. The individually controllable gripping devices are operated such that during a reciprocation cycle at least one of the gripping devices is engaged around tubular body for supporting same, and the other is spaced from the tubular body sufficiently for said other gripping device to slide over the tubular body to be selectively re-positioned to take up a fresh gripping position on the same or a further tubular body. The respective gripping devices can be used to bring together tubulars to be connected using a connection mandrel or to manipulate a running and recovery tool, and to make up or break standard tool joints of wellbore tubulars. A method for pulling or running a completion is disclosed.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0004] The present invention relates to a method and system of subsea containment which includes the steps of lowering the running tool into a subsea containment system, wherein the subsea containment system comprises an annular preventer, engaging the running tool to a target by rotating the running tool, closing the annular preventer, pulling up the target, and circulating fluid about the target. In a preferred method, rotating or hydraulically functioning the running tool, cutting tubing, circulating the fluid at of the circulation line through the outlet, pulling the running tool out of the subsea containment system, and/or opening the annular preventer also performed. The target may be any item found in a subsea environment including a tubing hanger, a casing hanger, a tubing, a seal assembly a component of a wellhead, or a component of the downhole completion.

    [0005] The present invention is described in terms of pulling a tubing hanger with a running tool, but those skilled in the art will recognize the advantages of this invention can be adapted to tubing, casing, single and multi-operations, and other aspects related to a subsea tree, tubing head, wellhead, or downhole equipment. Pulling casing strings and seal assemblies, circulating out mud or brines, cleaning tubing and casing, casing or tubing remediation, workover operations, and similar operations are considered to be within the scope of the invention.

    DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0006] 

    FIG. 1 shows a side, cross sectional diagram of a wellhead system.

    FIG. 2 shows a side, cross sectional diagram of a containment system stack up.

    FIG. 3 shows a side, cross sectional diagram of a containment system deployed to a wellhead system.

    FIG. 4 shows a side, cross sectional diagram of a running tool and work string.

    FIG. 5 shows a side, cross sectional diagram of a containment system with a running tool engaging a wellhead system.

    FIG. 6 shows a side, cross sectional diagram of a containment system in a preferred circulating mode.

    FIG. 7 shows a side, cross sectional diagram of a containment system in an alternate circulating mode.

    FIG. 8 shows a side, cross sectional diagram of a running tool and tubing hanger being lifted through a containment system.


    DESCRIPTION OF THE DISCLOSED EMBODIMENTS



    [0007] The drawings described above and the written description of specific structures and functions below are presented for illustrative purposes and not to limit the scope of what has been invented or the scope of the appended claims. Nor are the drawings drawn to any particular scale or fabrication standards, or intended to serve as blueprints, manufacturing parts list, or the like. Rather, the drawings and written description are provided to teach any person skilled in the art to make and use the inventions for which patent protection is sought. Those skilled in the art will appreciate that not all features of a commercial embodiment of the inventions are described or shown for the sake of clarity and understanding.

    [0008] Persons of skill in this art will also appreciate that the development of an actual, real-world commercial embodiment incorporating aspects of the inventions will require numerous implementation specific decisions to achieve the developer's ultimate goal for the commercial embodiment. Such implementation specific decisions may include, and likely are not limited to, compliance with system related, business related, government related and other constraints, which may vary by specific implementation, location and from time to time. While a developer's efforts might be complex and time consuming in an absolute sense, such efforts would nevertheless be a routine undertaking for those of skill in this art having the benefit of this disclosure.

    [0009] It should also be understood that the embodiments disclosed and taught herein are susceptible to numerous and various modifications and alternative forms. Thus, the use of a singular term, such as, but not limited to, "a" and the like, is not intended as limiting of the number of items. Similarly, any relational terms, such as, but not limited to, "top," "bottom," "left," "right," "upper," "lower," "down," "up," "side," and the like, used in the written description are for clarity in specific reference to the drawings and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention or the appended claims.

    [0010] The first operation after removing the IRS would be to pull the tubing and tubing hanger (upper completion). In order to confidently predict what lies behind the production casing it is necessary to remove the tubing and then use logging tools (or other means) to discover what is behind one steel barrier with accuracy. Immediately below the Tubing Hanger (TH) there is a possibility of trapped hydrocarbons which cannot be circulated out using conventional means. There is also potential in wells for hazardous mud or brines in the tubing/casing annulus.

    [0011] The accompanying drawings will help in showing how the containment system is deployed and operated. The purpose of the shear rams is to secure the well in the event of a Dynamic Positioning (DP) drive off or failure. The annular element forms a seal around the drill pipe which allows the fluids inside the well to be contained and circulated out in a controlled manner.

    [0012] As shown in FIG. 1, a wellhead system 10 includes a high pressure wellhead 12. The high pressure wellhead 12 is shown in contact with a conductor wellhead 14. A tubing hanger 16 is shown in the wellhead 12. The tubing hanger is shown in the wellhead for the purpose of simplicity, but could also be located in a subsea tree or tubing head spool (THS). While the invention is described with relation to engaging and removing a tubing hanger 16 with a running tool 68, any target that can be engaged with the running tool is considered to be within the scope of the invention. This may include the present invention is described in terms of pulling a running tool, but those skilled in the art will recognize the advantages of this invention can be adapted to any target including tubing, casing, single and multi-operations, and other aspects related to a subsea tree, tubing head, wellhead or downhole equipment. Pulling casing strings and seal assemblies, circulating out mud or brines, cleaning tubing and casing, casing or tubing remediation, workover operations, and similar operations are considered to be within the scope of the invention.

    [0013] The tubing hanger 16 is in contact with a production casing hanger 20. The production casing hanger 20 is in contact with a production casing hanger seal assembly 18. The production casing hanger 20 is also in contact with an intermediate casing hanger 24. The intermediate casing hanger 24 is in contact with an intermediate casing hanger seal assembly 22.

    [0014] As shown, there is conductor casing 26, surface casing 28, intermediate casing 30, and production casing 32. Additionally there is production tubing 34.

    [0015] The tubing hanger 16 is in contact with the production tubing 34. The casing hanger 20 is in contact with the casing 32, while the casing hanger 24 is in contact with the casing 30 The high pressure wellhead 12 is in contact with casing 28 and the conductor wellhead is in contact with casing 26.

    [0016] FIG. 2 shows an embodiment of the containment system 40. As shown, the containment system 40 contains a re-entry mandrel 42. The re-entry mandrel 42 is connected to the rest of the containment system 40 by an annular preventer 44. The annular preventer 44 contains a sealing element 46.

    [0017] As shown, the containment system 40 contains an outlet 48. In order to ensure trapped pockets of contaminants and gases can be circulated out effectively, outlet should be located as close as possible to the sealing element 46 of the annular preventer 44. Downstream of the outlet, a series of valves (these valves could include a variety of types and actuation methods) may be included to serve as mechanical barriers.

    [0018] The outlet may be formed to be a receptacle for such devices as a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) hotstab or alternate subsea makeable connection. Alternatively, the outlet 48 along with outlet 58, could be routed to a common manifold with a series of valves (these valves could include a variety of types and actuation methods). This would enable a single connection point for a circulation line to surface.

    [0019] The containment system 40 preferably also contains a spool 50 in contact with the annular preventer 44 and could include such types of connector 52 not limited to wellhead or high angle release style. The spool piece would be interchangeable or possibly removed altogether depending on specific needs of an operation. The connector 52 connects to a re-entry mandrel 54. The re-entry mandrel profile would be identical to a wellhead or tree profile to enable a BOP stack to land on the re-entry mandrel 54 for well control contingency.

    [0020] The re-entry mandrel 54 is also connected to a dual shear seal ram block 62, which is shown as having a plurality of dual shear seal ram actuators 56. Another outlet 58 is shown formed in the dual ram block 62. Like the outlet 48, it could also be routed to a series of valves or to a common manifold. Downstream of the valves, the outlet could be formed an ROV hotstab or alternate subsea makeable connection. This outlet allows a user to monitor the pressure of the containment system 40 below the dual ram block 62 and could provide a means to test barriers below the shear rams

    [0021] Moreover, the containment system 40 may contain at least one wellhead connector 60. The connector is interchangeable in order to accommodate a variety of wellhead and tree systems.

    [0022] As shown in FIG. 3, the containment system 40 as disclosed in FIG. 2 is being shown being deployed. In this embodiment, the containment system 40 is deployed on a wellhead system 10. Alternatively it could be landed on a subsea tree or tubing head spool. In a typical deployment, the containment system can be deployed with a subsea construction crane or alternatively on drill pipe. Once it is landed on the wellhead or tree system. It is locked onto the tree or wellhead using an ROV or alternatively using a subsea control system utilizing a single type or combination of communication methods not limited to electric, hydraulic, fiber optic, or acoustic signals.

    [0023] A line 66 to the surface is connected to outlet 58 or alternate manifold and a lower shear ram 64 is put in a closed position. The line 66 is preferably a suitable length of coiled tubing but may alternatively be jointed pipe or other means of hose or rigid conduit. The wellhead system or tree is pressure tested using the line 66 to surface. Alternatively, the wellhead or tree may be tested using a dedicated test line in the umbilical or via ROV hotstab or alternate subsea makeable connection. Umbilical(s) containing a variety of cables and hoses used for fluid supply, electric power, and communication would also extend to surface. The umbilical could be self-supporting or clamped to pipe, buoyancy modules, or wire in order to support its weight.

    [0024] It is useful to have accumulator bottles of sufficient capacity to operate all of the hydraulic functions in the containment system 40. The accumulators are filled with hydraulic control fluid from either a surface or subsea hydraulic power unit (HPU). Compressed gas in the accumulator bottle provides the energy to operate various hydraulically actuated equipment. Alternatively, some equipment could be actuated electrically or by intervention with an ROV.

    [0025] FIG 4. shows a running tool 68 on a work string 70 that can be use with the containment system 40. The running tool can be actuated using a combination of but not limited to hydraulic, electric, or mechanical means. The running tool on a work string 70 is deployed in open water and can then be lowered into the containment system 40 when at depth as shown in FIG. 5. The circulation line 66 can be moved to outlet 48 below the annular preventer 44. Alternatively, as previously stated, the circulation line might also be terminated at a manifold common to both outlet 48 and outlet 58.

    [0026] The running tool 68 can then be lowered to engage the tubing hanger in the wellhead system 10 or other target. In a preferred embodiment, an active heave compensator is engaged until the running tool 68 engages the tubing hanger 16 of wellhead system 10 or other target. The annular preventer 44 is then closed and the running tool 68 can be rotated or otherwise actuated to fully engage the tubing hanger 16 of the wellhead system 10 or other target. It is preferable that the workstring in contact with the annular preventer sealing element 46 is clean, smooth, and coated with grease. When using a tool that requires control lines from surface, it is preferred to use a slick ported joint in order to provide a smooth sealing surface for the sealing element 46.

    [0027] As shown in FIG. 6, the running tool 68 can be pulled up by the work string 70 until a free path to circulate fluids is formed around the tubing hanger 16. During the circulation process, a section of pipe that can be sheared in case of emergency must be across the shear plane of the dual rams 56. If height constraints or other constraints prohibit circulation while the running tool 68 or tubing hanger 16 is below the shear rams, the work string can be raised until both are above the shear rams and below the annular preventer. A variety of spool sizes can be used to accommodate specific height constraints. The annular preventer 44 remains closed at bottom 72 about the work string 70. The work string 70 can be used to circulate water or other fluids through the tubing and annulus with returns being routed through the circulation line 66 connected to the outlet 48 to clean the tubing hanger 16 and production tubing 34. Circulation can continue until the returns are acceptably clean.

    [0028] FIG. 7 shows the running tool 68 being pulled up out of the containment system 40. After returns are acceptably clean, The pump can be shut down. It is expected that a flow check of the circulation line would be performed to ensure fluids originating in the well or formation are not flowing. Assuming there is no flow, the annular preventer 44 can be opened and the work string 70, running tool 68, tubing hanger 16, and cut production tubing 34 of the wellhead system 10 can be brought to the surface.

    [0029] Following removal of the upper completion, specialized logging tools can be used to log the interval of interest in the production casing. Rig Up and run a Cast Iron Bridge Plug (CIBP) or other means of cement support and set above the cut tubing in the production casing 32. Then the user can pick up and Run in Hole with drill pipe or coiled tubing to the top of the cement support. In a preferred embodiment, a minimum volume of cement, as designated by local regulations, can be mixed and pumped in place on top of the CIBP. The drill pipe or coiled tubing can then be recovered to the surface.

    [0030] Those skilled in the art will recognize the benefits of the invention may be used on more than pulling the tubing hanger and tubing. It is envisioned that the present invention may be used on pulling a casing hanger with seal assembly and casing. Casing hangers and casing will usually be set inside the wellhead or inside another string of casing.

    [0031] When it has been determined where the casing can be cut and successfully pulled, deploy a tool or series of tools designed to cut and pull casing, casing hangers, and casing seal assemblies. This series of events can be performed in single or multiple trips. A work string is deployed to depth with a cutting tool, casing seal assembly pulling tool (CSAPT), a casing spear, or any combination of these or other tools. In some cases, the tools and equipment used will dictate the order of events for cutting and pulling a casing string, casing hanger, and a casing hanger seal assembly. The tools would be actuated by a variety of mechanical, electrical, or hydraulic means.

    [0032] Once there is indication that the casing 32 is cut, the operator can shut down the pump and flow check the well. The operator would then pick up a combination of the tools, casing seal assembly, casing hanger, and casing string. Similarly to what is shown in FIG. 6, the tool 68 can be pulled up by the work string 70 until a free path to circulate fluids is formed around the casing hanger 20. During the circulation process, a section of pipe that can be sheared in case of emergency must be across the shear plane of the dual rams 56. If height constraints or other constraints prohibit circulation while the running tool 68 or casing hanger 20 is below the shear rams, the work string can be raised until both are above the shear rams and below the annular preventer. A variety of spool sizes can be used to accommodate specific height constraints. The annular preventer 44 remains closed at bottom 72 about the work string 70. The work string 70 can be used to circulate water or other fluids through the casing 32 and annulus with returns being routed through the circulation line 66 connected to the outlet 48 to clean the casing hanger 20 and casing 32. Circulation can continue until the returns are acceptably clean.

    [0033] Upon successful flow check. The sealing element 46 can be opened. The operator can pick up on the drill string and pull the cut casing 32 to surface. Once the casing is clear of the wellhead deploy the Cement bond log (CBL) and log the interval of interest in the intermediate casing.

    [0034] As previously stated, the present invention is described in terms of pulling a running tool, but those skilled in the art will recognize the advantages of this invention can be adapted to tubing, casing, single and multi-operations, and other aspects related to a wellhead system. Pulling casing strings and seal assemblies, circulating out mud or brines, cleaning tubing and casing, casing or tubing remediation, workover operations, and similar operations are considered to be within the scope of the invention.

    [0035] While the invention has been described with reference to one or more particular embodiments, those skilled in the art will recognize that many changes may be made thereto without departing from the scope of the description.


    Claims

    1. A method of subsea containment which comprises the steps of:

    (a) lowering a running tool (68) into a subsea containment system (40), wherein the subsea containment system comprises an annular preventer (44);

    (b) engaging the running tool to a target by rotating the running tool;

    (c) closing the annular preventer;

    (d) pulling up the target; and

    (e) circulating fluid about the target.


     
    2. The method of Claim 1 further comprising the step of cutting tubing after step (c).
     
    3. The method of Claim 1, wherein the subsea containment system further comprises an outlet (48) and a circulation line (66), wherein step (e) further comprises circulating the fluid out of the circulation line through the outlet.
     
    4. The method of Claim 1 further comprising the step of opening the annular preventer after step (e).
     
    5. The method of Claim 1 further comprising the step of pulling the running tool out of the subsea containment system after step (e).
     
    6. The method of Claim 1 wherein the target is a tubing hanger (16) or a casing hanger (20) or a tubing or a component of a wellhead or a component of a downhole completion.
     
    7. A subsea containment system (40) comprising:

    an annular preventer (44) capable of being closed;

    a running tool (68) capable of engaging a target and being pulled up; and

    a circulation path in the subsea containment system;

    wherein the running tool is capable of engaging the target by rotating the running tool, and wherein the circulation path is about the target when the running tool is pulled up and the annular preventer is closed.
     
    8. The subsea containment system of Claim 7 further comprising
    an outlet (48); and
    a circulation line (66) in connection with the outlet.
     
    9. The subsea containment system of Claim 8 wherein the outlet comprises a hotstab or alternate subsea makeable connection.
     
    10. The subsea containment system of Claim 7 further comprising a dual ram (62).
     
    11. The subsea containment system of Claim 7 further comprising a work string (70) connected to the running tool.
     
    12. The subsea containment system of Claim 7 wherein the target is a tubing hanger (16) or a casing hanger (20) or a casing seal assembly or a component of a downhole completion.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zum Unterwassereinschluss, das die Schritte umfasst:

    (a) Absenken eines Laufwerkzeugs (68) in ein Unterwassereinschlusssystem (40), wobei das Unterwassereinschlusssystem einen ringförmigen Verhinderer (44) umfasst;

    (b) In-Eingriff-bringen des Laufwerkzeugs mit einem Ziel, indem das Laufwerkzeug gedreht wird;

    (c) Schließen des ringförmigen Verhinderers;

    (d) Hochziehen des Ziels; und

    (e) Zirkulieren von Fluid um das Ziel herum.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend den Schritt des Schneidens der Verrohrung nach Schritt (c).
     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Unterwassereinschlusssystem ferner einen Auslass (48) und eine Zirkulationsleitung (66) umfasst, wobei Schritt (e) ferner Zirkulieren des Fluids aus der Zirkulationsleitung heraus durch den Auslass hindurch umfasst.
     
    4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend den Schritt des Öffnens des ringförmigen Verhinderers nach Schritt (e).
     
    5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend den Schritt des Herausziehens des Laufwerkzeugs aus dem Unterwassereinschlusssystem nach Schritt (e).
     
    6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Ziel ein Pumprohrhänger (16) oder ein Futterrohrhänger (20) oder eine Verrohrung oder eine Komponente eines Bohrkopfes oder eine Komponente einer Bohrlochkomplettierung ist.
     
    7. Unterwassereinschlusssystem (40), umfassend:

    einen ringförmigen Verhinderer (44), der geschlossen werden kann;

    ein Laufwerkzeug (68), welches in Eingriff mit einem Ziel kommen und hochgezogen werden kann; und

    einen Zirkulationspfad in dem Unterwassereinschlusssystem;

    wobei das Laufwerkzeug in der Lage ist, in Eingriff mit dem Ziel zu kommen, indem das Laufwerkzeug gedreht wird, und

    wobei der Zirkulationspfad um das Ziel herum führt, wenn das Laufwerkzeug hochgezogen wird und der ringförmige Verhinderer geschlossen wird.


     
    8. Unterwassereinschlusssystem nach Anspruch 7, ferner umfassend:

    einen Auslass (48); und

    eine Zirkulationsleitung (66) in Verbindung mit dem Auslass.


     
    9. Unterwassereinschlusssystem nach Anspruch 8, wobei der Auslass ein Hotstab-Verbindungsstück oder eine alternative unter Wasser herstellbare Verbindung umfasst.
     
    10. Unterwassereinschlusssystem nach Anspruch 7, ferner umfassend eine Doppelramme (62).
     
    11. Unterwassereinschlusssystem nach Anspruch 7, ferner umfassend einen Arbeitsstrang (70), der mit dem Laufwerkzeug verbunden ist.
     
    12. Unterwassereinschlusssystem nach Anspruch 7, wobei das Ziel ein Pumprohrhänger (16) oder ein Futterrohrhänger (20) oder eine Verrohrungsdichtungsanordnung oder eine Komponente einer Bohrlochkomplettierung ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de confinement sous-marin, comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    (a) abaisser un outil de pose (68) dans un système de confinement sous-marin (40), le système de confinement sous-marin comprenant un obturateur annulaire (44) ;

    (b) mettre en contact l'outil de pose avec une cible en faisant tourner l'outil de pose ;

    (c) fermer l'obturateur annulaire ;

    (d) remonter la cible ; et

    (e) faire circuler un fluide autour de la cible.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre l'étape consistant à couper un tube de production après l'étape (c).
     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le système de confinement sous-marin comprend en outre une sortie (48) et un tube de circulation (66), l'étape (e) consistant en outre à faire circuler le fluide hors du tube de circulation par la sortie.
     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre l'étape consistant à ouvrir l'obturateur annulaire après l'étape (e).
     
    5. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre l'étape consistant à remonter l'outil de pose hors du système de confinement sous-marin après l'étape (e) .
     
    6. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la cible est une suspension de tubes de production (16) ou une suspension de tubage (20) ou un tube de production ou un composant d'une tête de puits ou un composant d'une complétion en fond de trou.
     
    7. Système de confinement sous-marin (40), comprenant :

    un obturateur annulaire (44) pouvant être fermé ;

    un outil de pose (68) pouvant entrer en contact avec une cible et pouvant être remonté ; et

    une voie de circulation dans le système de confinement sous-marin ;

    l'outil de pose pouvant entrer en contact avec la cible en faisant tourner l'outil de pose, et

    la voie de circulation étant autour de la cible quand l'outil de pose est remonté et l'obturateur annulaire est fermé.


     
    8. Système de confinement sous-marin selon la revendication 7, comprenant en outre :

    une sortie (48) ; et

    un tube de circulation (66) raccordé à la sortie.


     
    9. Système de confinement sous-marin selon la revendication 8, dans lequel la sortie comprend un tube de guidage ou un raccord alternatif pouvant être utilisé sous la mer.
     
    10. Système de confinement sous-marin selon la revendication 7, comprenant en outre un double vérin (62).
     
    11. Système de confinement sous-marin selon la revendication 7, comprenant en outre une colonne de travail (70) raccordée à l'outil de pose.
     
    12. Système de confinement sous-marin selon la revendication 7, dans lequel la cible est une suspension de tubes de production (16) ou une suspension de tubage (20) ou un ensemble joint de tubage ou un composant d'une complétion en fond de trou.
     




    Drawing


























    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description