(19)
(11)EP 3 173 591 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
31.05.2017 Bulletin 2017/22

(21)Application number: 15306856.4

(22)Date of filing:  24.11.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F01L 1/14(2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD

(71)Applicant: Aktiebolaget SKF
415 50 Göteborg (SE)

(72)Inventors:
  • HAUVESPRE, Benoit
    37230 SAINT ETIENNE DE CHIGNY (FR)
  • PERROTIN, Thomas
    37390 SAINT ROCH (FR)
  • VIAULT, Samuel
    37360 SAINT-ANTOINE DU ROCHER (FR)

(74)Representative: Tweedlie, Diane Harkness et al
SKF B.V. Kelvinbaan 16
3439 MT Nieuwegein
3439 MT Nieuwegein (NL)

  


(54)CAM FOLLOWER ROLLER DEVICE WITH SPACER


(57) The cam follower roller device comprises a tappet body (12) extending along an axis, an insert (18) mounted in the tappet body, a pin (14) mounted at least on said insert and a roller (16) mounted on said pin. The device further comprises a spacer (20) provided with a body (44) mounted axially against the insert and with retaining means (46), (48) cooperating with the insert for fixing said spacer to said insert.




Description


[0001] The present invention relates to the field of cam follower roller devices used in automotive or industrial applications.

[0002] One advantageous application of the invention is the use of the cam follower roller device in a fuel injection pump intended for an internal combustion engine, in particular of a motor vehicle. Another advantageous application of the invention is the use of the device in a rocker system intended for controlling valves of an internal combustion piston engine.

[0003] Such a cam follower roller device generally comprises an outer tappet body, a pin mounted on the tappet body and a roller movable in rotation relative to the pin around its axis. When the cam follower roller device is in service in a fuel injection pump, the roller collaborates with a cam synchronized with the internal combustion engine camshaft or crankshaft. The rotation of the camshaft, or crankshaft, leads to a periodic displacement of a piston of the pump that rests against the tappet body, to allow fuel to be delivered.

[0004] It is also known to provide the cam follower roller device with an insert as a stroke-transmission part mounted in the tappet body. EP-A1-2 853 738 describes a device comprising such an insert supporting the pin while the tappet body supports said insert.

[0005] Such a cam follower roller device is generally delivered as a preassembled unit to a motor vehicle manufacturer or system supplier. The axial length of the device may be adapted according to the application and the specification of the manufacturers or system suppliers. It is known to design a forged tappet body with adapted given dimensions for each application and for each manufacturer or system supplier.

[0006] One aim of the present invention is to provide a unitary cam follower roller device with an adaptive and cost-saving design.

[0007] In one embodiment, the cam follower roller device comprises a tappet body extending along an axis, an insert mounted in the tappet body, a pin mounted at least on said insert, and a roller mounted on said pin.

[0008] The device further comprises a spacer provided with a body mounted axially against the insert and with retaining means cooperating with the insert for fixing said spacer to said insert. Alternatively, the retaining means may cooperate with the tappet body for fixing said spacer to body.

[0009] Accordingly, the tappet body as well as the insert can have a standardized design for each application and for each manufacturer or system supplier. The length of the spacer is the only feature of the device to be adapted for the different applications and manufacturers or system suppliers. This leads to a reduction of the manufacturing costs. With a spacer provided with retaining means, the cam follower roller device constitutes a unitary assembly that can be handled and transported.

[0010] With such a device comprising the tappet body and the spacer separate from one another, the density of the material of the body of said spacer may advantageously be smaller than that of the material of said tappet body. Accordingly, the weight of the device can be limited.

[0011] Preferably, the body of the spacer is mounted axially against the insert on the side opposite to the pin and the roller. The spacer may axially protrude outwards with respect to the tappet body.

[0012] In one embodiment, the body of the spacer comprises an abutment surface mounted axially against the insert, the retaining means axially protruding with respect to said abutment surface. Each retaining means may comprise a lug provided with a hook axially disposed on the side opposite to the abutment surface with respect to the insert. Said hook may be obtained by plastic deformation.

[0013] In another embodiment, the retaining means of the spacer are formed on an outer surface of the body. The retaining means may comprise an outer thread cooperating with an inner thread formed on an inner surface of the tappet body.

[0014] The body and the retaining means may be formed in one part.

[0015] In one embodiment, the device further comprises a washer secured into the tappet body and mounted axially against the insert on the side opposite to the pin and the roller. Advantageously, the washer may be an elastic washer.

[0016] In one embodiment, the insert comprises a central core and at least two side tabs each comprising a receiving housing into which is mounted an end of the pin. The body of the spacer may be mounted into axial contact with the central core of the insert.

[0017] In one embodiment, the tappet body comprises axial blocking means for maintaining the pin into the receiving housings.

[0018] The present invention and its advantages will be better understood by studying the detailed description of specific embodiments given by way of non-limiting examples and illustrated by the appended drawings on which:
  • Figure 1 is a cross-section of a cam follower roller device according to a first example of the invention,
  • Figure 2 is a section on II-II of Figure 1,
  • Figure 3 is an exploded perspective view of the device of Figure 1,
  • Figure 4 is a perspective view of a spacer of a cam follower roller device according to a second example of the invention,
  • Figure 5 is a perspective view of a clip of the spacer of Figure 4,
  • Figure 6 is a cross-section of a cam follower roller device according to a third example of the invention,
  • Figure 7 is a perspective view of a spacer of the device of Figure 6 before a deformation step,
  • Figure 8 is a cross-section of a cam follower roller device according to a fourth example of the invention, and
  • Figure 9 is an exploded perspective view of the device of Figure 8.


[0019] As shown on Figures 1 to 3, a cam follower roller device 10 comprises an outer tappet housing or body 12 extending along an axis 12a, a shaft or pin 14 extending along an axis 14a perpendicular to the axis 12a, a roller 16 mounted on the pin and movable in rotation relative to said pin, and a stroke-transmission part or insert 18 mounted in said tappet body. The insert 18 supports the pin 14 while the tappet body 12 supports said insert. As will be described later, the device 10 further comprises a spacer 20 mounted axially against the insert 18 on the side opposite to the roller 16. In the disclosed embodiment, the roller 16 is directly mounted on the pin 14. Alternatively, a rolling bearing or a plain bearing may be radially interposed.

[0020] The tappet body 12 is made in one part. In the disclosed example, the body 12 has a tubular form. The tappet body 12 comprises a cylindrical axial outer surface and a cylindrical axial inner bore or surface. Said inner surface delimits a cavity 22 inside which are located the insert 18 and the pin 14. The roller 16 axially protrudes outwards with respect to an upper edge 12b of the tappet body 12. In the disclosed example, the tappet body 12 is deprived of any through-hole extending between the outer surface and the inner surface for mounting the pin 14.

[0021] The insert 18 is made in one part. The insert 18 may preferably be made of metal, by example steel, or be made of plastic material. The insert 18 is distinct from the tappet body 12. In the disclosed example, the insert 18 is entirely housed inside the cavity 22 delimited by the tappet body 12.

[0022] The insert 18 comprises a base part or a central core 24 and two side parts or lateral tabs 26, 28 extending from said core and facing each other. The tabs 26, 28 of the insert extend from the core 24 towards the upper edge 12b of the tappet body. The insert 18 has in cross-section a U-shape. The roller 16 is disposed between the tabs 26, 28. A concave recess 30, 32 is provided at the free end of each tab to receive the pin 14. Both recesses 30, 32 extend through the tabs 26, 28 along the axis 14a and have the same diameter. Recesses 30, 32 form receiving housings adapted to receive the ends of the pin 14. Each end of said pin 14 is supported by one of the two tabs 26, 28. The pin 14 is supported by the insert 18.

[0023] The tappet body 12 further comprises means 34, 36 for axially blocking the pin 14 and the roller 16 relative to said body. The axial blocking means 34, 36 block the translation of pin 14 in a direction from a lower edge 12c of the tappet towards the upper edge 12b. The axial blocking means 34, 36 are integrally formed with the tappet body 12. In the illustrated example, these means 34, 36 are provided on the inner surface of the tappet body at the upper edge 12b. The axial blocking means 34, 36 delimit receiving housings each facing one of the receiving housings 30, 32 of the insert to delimit together cylindrical bores for the ends of the pin 14. Alternatively, it could be possible to provide a spacer comprising cylindrical through-holes made into the thickness of the lateral tabs and facing one another, the ends of the pin 14 being fixed in said through-holes. In the illustrated example, the tappet body 12 is made from synthetic material, such as polyamide for example. The tappet body 12 is advantageously formed by moulding. Alternatively, the tappet body 12 may be made of metal, for example in an economic way by cutting, stamping and folding.

[0024] The tappet body 12 also comprises two pairs of two axial ribs (not shown) provided on the inner surface of said body and which radially protrude inwards. The ribs of each pair extend axially one the axial blocking means 34, 36. The ribs of each pair are spaced apart one relative to another to delimit a space into which is located one of the tabs 26, 28 of the insert. Accordingly, each tab 26, 28 is located circumferentially between the two ribs of one pair. The ribs cooperate with the tabs 26, 28 to prevent the insert 18 from moving in the circumferential direction relative to the tappet body 12.

[0025] The device 10 further comprises an annular retaining washer 40 housed inside the cavity 22 delimited by the tappet body 12 and mounted into axial contact with the insert 18. The washer 40 enables to retain the unit formed by the insert 18, the pin 14 and the roller 16 into the tappet body 12. The washer 40 axially abuts against the insert 18 axially on the side opposite to the roller 14 and the pin 16. The washer 40 axially abuts against the core 24 of the insert. In the disclosed example, the washer 40 is an elastic washer, for instance a wavy washer, in order to exert a permanent axial preload on the insert 18. Alternatively, a flat washer may be provided. The washer 40 may be open in the circumferential direction.

[0026] A plurality of protrusions 42 are formed on the inner surface of the tappet body 12 and extends radially inwards to axially block the washer 40 into said body. The protrusions 42 are integrally formed with the tappet body 12. The protrusions 42 are regularly spaced apart in the circumferential direction. The washer 40 is in axial contact against the insert 18 on one side and in axial contact with the protrusions 42 of the tappet body on the other side. Alternatively, an annular protrusion may be provided on the inner surface of the tappet body 12.

[0027] In this example, the insert 18 is supported by the tappet body 12 with the aid of the washer 40. Alternatively, the insert 18 may be supported directly by the tappet body 12, without interposition of a washer, for example by forming radial protrusions on the inner surface of the tappet body which cooperate with the insert.

[0028] The spacer 20 axially bears against the insert 18 on the side opposite to the roller 16 and the pin 14. The spacer 20 axially bears against the core 24 of the insert. The spacer 20 extends into the cavity 22 delimited by the tappet body 12 and protrudes axially outwards with respect to the lower edge 12c of said body. The lower edge 12c and the upper edge 12 delimit axially the tappet body 12.

[0029] The spacer 20 comprises a main body 44 provided with an upper frontal radial surface 44a in axial contact with the insert 18, and more precisely with the core 24 of said insert. The upper radial surface 44a is mounted axially against a lower surface of the core 24. The body 44 also comprises a lower radial frontal surface 44b intended to come into contact with a movable element (not shown), such as a piston of a fuel injection pump. In the disclosed example, the body 44 has substantially a cylindrical form. Alternatively, the body 44 may have different shape, for example a U-shape. In another variant, the spacer 20 may further comprise an insert partly overmoulded into the main body 44 and delimiting the frontal surface intended to come into contact with the piston of a fuel injection pump.

[0030] The spacer 20 further comprises lugs 46, 48 extending axially from the body 44 towards the pin 14 and the roller 16. Each lug 46, 48 extends axially from the upper frontal radial surface 44a of the body. Each lug 46, 48 protrudes axially with respect to said frontal radial surface 44a. Each lug 46, 48 extends through a space delimited radially between a flat side of the core 24 of the spacer and the washer 40. In the disclosed example, the spacer comprises two lugs. Alternatively, it could be possible to foresee three or more lugs.

[0031] Each lug 46, 48 is provided with a hook 50, 52 in order to form axial retaining means of the spacer relative to the insert 18. Each hook 50, 52 extends radially inwards the associated lug 46, 48. Each hook 50, 52 protrudes radially from the upper end of associated lug 46, 48. Each hook 50, 52 axially faces an upper surface of the core 24 of the insert. A slight axial gap may be provided between each hook 50, 52 and the core 24. Alternatively, each hook 50, 52 may axially bear against the insert 18. Each hook 50, 52 is axially disposed on the side opposite to the body 44 of the spacer with respect to the core 24 of the insert. Each hook 50, 52 is axially disposed on the side of the roller 16 and the pin 14 with respect to the core 24.

[0032] The spacer 20 may preferably be made of plastic material, for instance PA 6.6, or be made of metallic material such as aluminium. In the disclosed example, the spacer 20 is formed in one part by moulding. Preferably, the density of the material of the body 44 of the spacer is smaller than that of the material of the tappet body 12 in order to limit the weight of the device 10. In the disclosed example, the spacer 20 is made in one part. Alternatively, the spacer 20 may comprise two or more parts.

[0033] The device 10 is assembled as follows. In a first step, the insert 18, the pin 14 and the roller 16 are introduced inside the tappet body 12. The insert 18 is introduced from the lower edge 12c until the pin 14 axially bears against the blocking means 34, 36. In a second step, the spacer 20 is secured to the insert 18 with a simple axial pushing movement. The lugs 46, 48 are elastically deformable in radial direction to enable the clipping of the spacer 20 on the insert 18. The lugs 46, 48 enable to axially retain the spacer relative to the insert 18.

[0034] In the first disclosed example, the lugs 46, 48 provided with the hooks 50, 52 and the body 12 are formed in one part. In the second example illustrated on Figure 4, in which identical parts are given identical references, the spacer 20 only differs in that two separate clips 56, 58 are secured to the body 44. Each clip 56, 58 axially protrudes with respect to the upper frontal radial surface 44a of the body. Each clip 56, 58 is inserted into a through-hole (not referenced) formed on the radial surface 44a of the body. Each of the clips 56, 58 may be made by folding and cutting a metal sheet blank. Since the two clips 56, 58 are identical in this example, only one of them will be described here.

[0035] As shown more clearly on Figure 5, the clip 56 is made in one part. The clip 56 comprises a lug 56a protruding with respect to the upper frontal radial surface 44a of the body (Figure 4) and provided with a bended hook 56b. The hook 56b extends the lug 56a towards the radial surface 44a of the body. The hook 56b extends the upper end of the lug 56a. The clip 56 also comprises a wing 56c extending the lower end of the lug 56a and designed to secure said clip and the spacer 20.

[0036] The third example illustrated on Figure 6, in which identical parts are given identical references, differs from the first example in that each lug 46, 48 of the spacer comprises a hook 60, 62 obtained by local plastic deformation of said lug. Each hook 60, 62 extends radially the associated lug 46, 48. Each hook 60, 62 is provided at the free end of the associated lug 46, 48. Each hook 60, 62 axially bears against the upper surface of the core 24 of the insert. In this example, two through-holes 64, 66 are formed into the thickness of the tappet body 12 on each side for tool insertion.

[0037] The device 10 is assembled as follows. In a first step, the insert 18, the pin 14 and the roller 16 are introduced inside the tappet body 12. In a second step, the spacer 20 is mounted in axial contact against the insert 18. At this step, the lugs 46, 48 of the spacer are deprived of hooks as illustrated on Figure 7.

[0038] Then, in a third step, each hook 60, 62 is formed by plastic deformation of the free end of the associated lug 46, 48. The deformation is achieved by upsetting some of the material of each lug 46, 48 in order to cause the material to creep axially against the insert 18 and radially outwards. Thus causes an interference in shape preventing the spacer 20 from moving axially with respect to the insert 18. The deformation is obtained by radial pushing with a tool inserted into the through-holes 64, 66 of the tappet body. Each hook 60, 62 may be formed by hot-riveting or by ultrasonic bonding.

[0039] In the previous examples, the axial retention of the spacer 20 is obtained by cooperation with the insert 18 in order to obtain a single unit. In the fourth example illustrated on Figures 8 and 9, in which identical parts are given identical references, the body 44 of the spacer comprises an outer thread 70 formed on its outer surface and meshing with an inner thread 72 formed on the inner surface of the tappet body 12, here near to the lower edge 12c of the tappet body. In this example, the spacer 20 is secured to the tappet body 12. Similarly to the previous examples, the spacer 20 axially bears against the insert 18.


Claims

1. Cam follower roller device comprising a tappet body (12) extending along an axis, an insert (18) mounted in the tappet body, a pin (14) mounted at least on said insert and a roller (16) mounted on said pin, characterized in that the device further comprises a spacer (20) provided with a body (44) mounted axially against the insert and with retaining means (46, 48; 56, 58; 70) cooperating with the insert, or with the tappet body (12), for fixing said spacer to said insert, or to said tappet body.
 
2. Device according to claim 1, wherein the density of the material of the body (44) of the spacer is smaller than that of the material of the tappet body (12).
 
3. Device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the body (44) of the spacer is mounted axially against the insert (18) on the side opposite to the pin (14) and the roller (16).
 
4. Device according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the spacer (20) axially protrudes outwards with respect to the tappet body (12).
 
5. Device according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the body (44) of the spacer comprises an abutment surface (44a) mounted axially against the insert (18), the retaining means (46, 48; 56, 58) axially protruding with respect to said abutment surface.
 
6. Device according to claim 5, wherein each retaining means comprise a lug (46, 48; 56, 58) provided with a hook (50, 52; 56b; 60, 62) axially disposed on the side opposite to the abutment surface (44a) with respect to the insert (18).
 
7. Device according to claim 6, wherein said hook is obtained by plastic deformation.
 
8. Device according to any of the preceding claims 1 to 4, wherein the retaining means (70) of the spacer are formed on an outer surface of the body (44).
 
9. Device according to claim 8, wherein the retaining means comprises an outer thread (70) cooperating with an inner thread (72) formed on an inner surface of the tappet body (12).
 
10. Device according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the body (44) and the retaining means (46, 48; 70) are formed in one part.
 
11. Device according to any of the preceding claims, further comprises a washer (40) secured into the tappet body (12) and mounted axially against the insert (18) on the side opposite to the pin (14) and the roller (16).
 
12. Device according to claim 11, wherein the washer (40) is an elastic washer.
 
13. Device according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the insert (18) comprises a central core (24) and at least two side tabs (26, 28) each comprising a receiving housing (30, 32) into which is mounted an end of the pin (14).
 
14. Device according to claim 13, wherein the body (44) of the spacer is mounted into axial contact with the central core (24) of the insert.
 
15. Device according to claim 13 or 14, wherein the tappet body (12) comprises axial blocking means (34, 36) for maintaining the pin (14) into the receiving housings (30, 32).
 




Drawing



















Search report









Search report




Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description