(19)
(11)EP 3 174 063 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 15825316.1

(22)Date of filing:  21.07.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G21C 3/324  (2006.01)
F16L 57/06  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2015/003644
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/013207 (28.01.2016 Gazette  2016/04)

(54)

CHANNEL BOX FOR A FUEL ASSEMBLY OF A BOILING WATER REACTOR

UMMANTELUNG FÜR EIN BRENNSTOFFBÜNDEL EINES SIEDEWASSERREAKTORS

ENVELOPPE POUR UN ASSEMBLAGE DE COMBUSTIBLE D'UN RÉACTEUR À EAU BOUILLANTE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 22.07.2014 JP 2014148523

(43)Date of publication of application:
31.05.2017 Bulletin 2017/22

(73)Proprietor: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
Minato-ku Tokyo 105-8001 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • SUYAMA, Shoko
    Tokyo 105-8001 (JP)
  • UKAI, Masaru
    Tokyo 105-8001 (JP)
  • UCHIHASHI, Masayuki
    Tokyo 105-8001 (JP)
  • HEKI, Hideaki
    Yokohama-shi Kanagawa 235-8523 (JP)

(74)Representative: AWA Sweden AB 
P.O. Box 11394
404 28 Göteborg
404 28 Göteborg (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- H0 383 808
JP-A- H08 143 377
JP-A- 2013 076 036
JP-A- 2013 210 372
US-A1- 2011 268 243
JP-A- H1 048 372
JP-A- 2008 501 977
JP-A- 2013 173 183
JP-A- 2013 529 298
US-A1- 2014 079 879
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD



    [0001] Embodiments described herein generally relate to a channel box.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] A pressurized water reactor nuclear power plant (PWR) is constituted by a circulation cycle of passing through a steam generator, a high-pressure turbine, a low-pressure turbine, a steam condenser, a feed water pump, and a feed water heater in sequence and returning again to the nuclear reactor. In the PWR, the steam generated in the steam generator drives the high-pressure turbine and the low-pressure turbine, thereby causing the generator to operate for power generation.

    [0003] In a boiling water reactor nuclear power plant (BWR), energy generated from the nuclear fission reaction of uranium in a nuclear reactor is used to boil cooling water, in which the nuclear reactor also serves as a steam generator. Uranium being the fuel is accommodated as a sintered body (fuel pellet) of uranium oxide in a fuel cladding tube, and the cooling water flows around the fuel cladding tube. A channel box is disposed to cover the surroundings of a plurality of fuel cladding tubes bundled, and is configured such that the cooling water efficiently flows around the fuel cladding tubes.

    [0004] Generally, for the channel box, a Sn-Fe-Cr-Zr alloy called a zircaloy 4 or a Sn-Fe-Cr-Ni-Zr alloy called a zircaloy 2 are used because of its excellent corrosion resistance and a low neutron absorption cross-section, and use of a Zr-Nb alloy or the like is also under discussion. These zirconium base alloys generate the following reaction with surrounding moisture at high temperature.

            Zr + 2H2O → ZrO2 + 2H2 ...     (1)



    [0005] Here, the reaction expressed in Expression (1) is an exoergic reaction, and the zirconium base alloy accelerates the oxidation reaction in Expression (1) by the heat generated by itself, and generation of hydrogen drastically increases at a high temperature of 900°C or higher. When the zirconium base alloy is exposed to such a high temperature in an environment where moisture exists in the nuclear reactor, a large amount of hydrogen is generated in a short time, and the hydrogen leaks out of the containment vessel, stays in the reactor building and possibly causes hydrogen explosion. For this reason, use of a ceramic material as the materials of the channel box is under discussion.

    RELEVANT REFERENCES


    Patent Reference



    [0006] 

    Reference 1: US Patent No. 6226342

    Reference 2: US 2011/0268243 A1



    [0007] US2014079879 discloses a method for producing a tubular body includes winding ceramic fibers to form an aggregate with the ceramic fibers. The aggregate has a tubular shape. Pyrolytic carbon is vapor deposited on the aggregate to form a fiber-reinforced carbonaceous substrate. The pyrolytic carbon positioned at least on an outer surface of the fiber-reinforced carbonaceous substrate is converted to CVR-SiC by reaction with an SiO gas to form an CVR-SiC layer. CVD-SiC is deposited on a surface of the CVR-SiC layer after forming the CVR-SiC layer. An amount of silicon decreases from a boundary region to an inside of the fiber-reinforced carbonaceous substrate.

    SUMMARY



    [0008] However, since the ceramic material exhibits brittle fracture, the resistance to the fracture is not always high. Besides, the ceramic material complexed with fibers is higher in resistance to fracture but lower in mechanical strength than the one complexed with no fibers.

    [0009] The channel box is required to have the following characteristics. First, the channel box suppresses generation of hydrogen due to the reaction with moisture in a serious accident of the nuclear reactor such as natural disaster such as tsunami or flood, and human disaster such as terror. Second, the channel box has such high strength, fracture toughness, and fracture energy as not to instantly break even if a load or a thermal shock exceeding a design basis is applied thereon.

    [0010] An object to be solved by the present invention is to provide a channel box suppressing generation of hydrogen due to a reaction with moisture, and achieving a balance among strength, fracture toughness, and fracture energy.

    [0011] A channel box according to the invention is defined in claim 1.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0012] 

    Fig. 1 is an external view illustrating a channel box in a first embodiment.

    Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view illustrating an example of a side wall part in the first embodiment.

    Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a first modification example of the side wall part in the first embodiment.

    Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a second modification example of the side wall part in the first embodiment.

    Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a third modification example of the side wall part in the first embodiment.

    Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a fourth modification example of the side wall part in the first embodiment.

    Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a fifth modification example of the side wall part in the first embodiment.

    Fig. 8 is a view illustrating a first modification example of the channel box in the first embodiment (in a non-separated state).

    Fig. 9 is a view illustrating the first modification example of the channel box in the first embodiment (in a separated state).

    Fig. 10 is a view illustrating a second modification example of the channel box in the first embodiment (in a non-separated state).

    Fig. 11 is a view illustrating the second modification example of the channel box in the first embodiment (in a separated state).

    Fig. 12 is a view illustrating a third modification example of the channel box in the first embodiment (in a non-separated state).

    Fig. 13 is a view illustrating the third modification example of the channel box in the first embodiment (in a separated state).

    Fig. 14 is an external view illustrating a channel box in a second embodiment.

    Fig. 15 is a view illustrating a first modification example of the channel box in the second embodiment (in a non-separated state).

    Fig. 16 is a view illustrating the first modification example of the channel box in the second embodiment (in a separated state).

    Fig. 17 is a view illustrating a second modification example of the channel box in the second embodiment (in a non-separated state).

    Fig. 18 is a view illustrating the second modification example of the channel box in the second embodiment (in a separated state).

    Fig. 19 is a view illustrating a third modification example of the channel box in the second embodiment (in a non-separated state).

    Fig. 20 is a view illustrating the third modification example of the channel box in the second embodiment (in a separated state).


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0013] Hereinafter, an embodiment of the present disclosure will be described referring to the drawings.

    [0014] Fig. 1 is an external view illustrating a channel box in a first embodiment.

    [0015] A channel box 10 in the first embodiment has a tubular portion 11 in a circular tubular shape. The channel box 10 in the first embodiment is to cover a fuel assembly for a boiling water type power reactor (BWR), and has functions of ensuring a reactor coolant flow path, guiding a control rod, and fixing and protecting a fuel rod.

    [0016] Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view illustrating an example of a side wall part of the tubular portion 11 in the channel box 10 in the first embodiment. As illustrated in Fig. 2, the side wall part is composed of, for example, a first layer 21, an intermediate layer 22, and a second layer 23 in order from the outside. The first layer 21 contains silicon carbide as a major component. The intermediate layer 22 is composed of a solid lubricant. The second layer 23 has silicon carbide fibers, and silicon carbide complexed with the silicon carbide fibers.

    [0017] The constituent of the channel box 10 in the first embodiment is basically silicon carbide, thereby suppressing radioactivation in use. Further, the constituent of the channel box 10 in the first embodiment is basically silicon carbide, thereby suppressing generation of hydrogen due to the reaction with moisture even if the channel box 10 comes into contact with moisture in a serious accident of a nuclear reactor.

    [0018] Further, the channel box 10 in the first embodiment has a structure in which the first layer 21 made of silicon carbide and the second layer 23 made of silicon carbide complexed with silicon carbide fibers via the intermediate layer 22 being an interface that weakens the bonding force, thereby achieving a balance among strength, fracture toughness, and fracture energy at a high order.

    [0019] Specifically, the first layer 21 made of silicon carbide ensures the strength, and the second layer 23 made of silicon carbide complexed with silicon carbide fibers ensures the fracture toughness and the fracture energy. In particular, the arrangement of the first layer 21 and the second layer 23 via the intermediate layer 22 being an interface that weakens the bonding force functionally separates the first layer 21 and the second layer 23, effectively expressing their functions. Thus, the first layer 21 made of silicon carbide sufficiently ensures the strength required in normal time, and the second layer 23 made of silicon carbide complexed with silicon carbide fibers suppresses fracture when a load or a thermal shock exceeding a design basis is applied in a serious accident of a nuclear reactor.

    [0020] Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a first modification example of the side wall part. The side wall part may have the second layer 23, the intermediate layer 22, and the first layer 21 in order from the outside. Any of the first layer 21 and the second layer 23 may be disposed on the outside, and basically the same effect can be obtained.

    [0021] Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a second modification example, falling under the scope of the invention, of the side wall part, and Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a third modification example, also falling under the scope of the invention, of the side wall part. As illustrated in Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, the number of layers in total of the number of first layers 21 and the number of second layers 23 may be three. Also in the case where the number of layers in total of the number of first layers 21 and the number of second layers 23 is three, basically the same effect as the case where the number of layers in total of the number of first layers 21 and the number of second layers 23 is two can be obtained.

    [0022] Note that in the case where the number of layers in total of the number of first layers 21 and the number of second layers 23 is three, any of the first layer 21 and the second layer 23 may be on the outside, but are preferably alternately disposed in order from the outside. Further, in the case where the number of layers in total of the number of first layers 21 and the number of second layers 23 is three, preferably, the intermediate layer 22 is disposed between each first layer 21 and each second layer 23.

    [0023] Specifically, in the case where the number of layers in total of the number of first layers 21 and the number of second layers 23 is three, preferably, the first layer 21, the intermediate layer 22, the second layer 23, the intermediate layer 22, and the first layer 21 are disposed in order from the outside as illustrated in Fig. 4, or the second layer 23, the intermediate layer 22, the first layer 21, the intermediate layer 22, and the second layer 23 are disposed in order from the outside as illustrated in Fig. 5.

    [0024] Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a fourth modification example, falling under the scope of the invention, of the side wall part, and Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a fifth modification example, also falling under the scope of the invention, of the side wall part. As illustrated in Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, the number of layers in total of the number of first layers 21 and the number of second layers 23 may be four. Also in the case where the number of layers in total of the number of first layers 21 and the number of second layers 23 is four, basically the same effect as the case where the number of layers in total of the number of first layers 21 and the number of second layers 23 is two or three can be obtained.

    [0025] Note that in the case where the number of layers in total of the number of first layers 21 and the number of second layers 23 is four, any of the first layer 21 and the second layer 23 may be on the outside, but are preferably alternately disposed in order from the outside. Further, in the case where the number of layers in total of the number of first layers 21 and the number of second layers 23 is four, preferably, the intermediate layer 22 is disposed between each first layer 21 and each second layer 23.

    [0026] Specifically, in the case where the number of layers in total of the number of first layers 21 and the number of second layers 23 is four, preferably, the first layer 21, the intermediate layer 22, the second layer 23, the intermediate layer 22, the first layer 21, the intermediate layer 22, and the second layer 23 are disposed in order from the outside as illustrated in Fig. 6, or the second layer 23, the intermediate layer 22, the first layer 21, the intermediate layer 22, the second layer 23, the intermediate layer 22, and the first layer 21 are disposed in order from the outside as illustrated in Fig. 7.

    [0027] Here, the number of layers in total of the number of first layers 21 and the number of second layers 23 is not necessarily limited to not less than two nor more than four, but is preferably not less than two nor more than four from the viewpoint of productivity or the like.

    [0028] The average thickness of the first layer 21 and the average thickness of the second layer 23 are preferably in the following ranges according to the stacked structure. When the average thickness of the first layer 21 is larger than the following range or when the average thickness of the second layer 23 is smaller than the following range, the fracture toughness and the fracture energy are likely to decrease. Contrarily, when the average thickness of the first layer 21 is smaller than the following range or when the average thickness of the second layer 23 is larger than the following range, the strength is likely to decrease. Note that the average thickness in this description is measured by a non-destructive inspection such as X-ray or a destructive inspection such as cutting and cross-section observation.

    [0029] When the first layer 21 (as a 1st layer) and the second layer 23 (as a 2nd layer) are provided in order from the outside as illustrated in Fig. 2, a ratio (T12/T11) between an average thickness (T11) of the first layer 21 being the 1st layer and an average thickness (T12) of the second layer 23 being the 2nd layer is preferably not less than 0.25 nor more than 1.

    [0030] When the second layer 23 (as a 1st layer) and the first layer 21 (as a 2nd layer) are provided in order from the outside as illustrated in Fig. 3, a ratio (T22/T21) between an average thickness (T21) of the second layer 23 being the 1st layer and an average thickness (T22) of the first layer 21 being the 2nd layer is preferably not less than 1 nor more than 4.

    [0031] When the first layer 21 (as a 1st layer), the second layer 23 (as a 2nd layer), and the first layer 21 (as a 3rd layer) are provided in order from the outside as illustrated in Fig. 4, a ratio (T32/T31) between an average thickness (T31) of the first layer 21 being the 1st layer and an average thickness (T32) of the second layer 23 being the 2nd layer is preferably not less than 0.5 nor more than 2, and a ratio (T33/T31) between the average thickness (T31) of the first layer 21 being the 1st layer and an average thickness (T33) of the first layer 21 being the 3rd layer is preferably not less than 0.5 nor more than 2.

    [0032] When the second layer 23 (as a 1st layer), the first layer 21 (as a 2nd layer), and the second layer 23 (as a 3rd layer) are provided in order from the outside as illustrated in Fig. 5, a ratio (T42/T41) between an average thickness (T41) of the second layer 23 being the 1st layer and an average thickness (T42) of the first layer 21 being the 2nd layer is preferably not less than 1 nor more than 4, and a ratio (T43/T41) between the average thickness (T41) of the second layer 23 being the 1st layer and an average thickness (T43) of the second layer 23 being the 3rd layer is preferably not less than 0.5 nor more than 2.

    [0033] When the first layer 21 (as a 1st layer), the second layer 23 (as a 2nd layer), the first layer 21 (as a 3rd layer), and the second layer 23 (as a 4th layer) are provided in order from the outside as illustrated in Fig. 6, the following configuration is preferable. A ratio (T52/T51) between an average thickness (T51) of the first layer 21 being the 1st layer and an average thickness (T52) of the second layer 23 being the 2nd layer is preferably not less than 0.3 nor more than 1. A ratio (T53/T51) between the average thickness (T51) of the first layer 21 being the 1st layer and an average thickness (T53) of the first layer 21 being the 3rd layer is preferably not less than 0.3 nor more than 3. Aratio (T54/T51) between the average thickness (T51) of the first layer 21 being the 1st layer and an average thickness (T54) of the second layer 23 being the 4th layer is preferably not less than 0.3 nor more than 2.

    [0034] When the second layer 23 (as a 1st layer), the first layer 21 (as a 2nd layer), the second layer 23 (as a 3rd layer), and the first layer 21 (as a 4th layer) are provided in order from the outside as illustrated in Fig. 7, the following configuration is preferable. A ratio (T62/T61) between an average thickness (T61) of the second layer 23 being the 1st layer and an average thickness (T62) of the first layer 21 being the 2nd layer is preferably not less than 1 nor more than 3. A ratio (T63/T61) between the average thickness (T61) of the second layer 23 being the 1st layer and an average thickness (T63) of the second layer 23 being the 3rd layer is preferably not less than 1 nor more than 2. Aratio (T64/T61) between the average thickness (T61) of the second layer 23 being the 1st layer and an average thickness (T64) of the first layer 21 being the 4th layer is preferably not less than 1 nor more than 2.

    [0035] Generally, the length of the tubular portion 11 in an axial direction is preferably not less than 1 m nor more than 4 m. Further, the average thickness of the side wall part is preferably 2 mm or more regardless of the number of layers in total of the number of first layers 21 and the number of second layers 23. An average thickness of the side wall part of 2 mm or more easily ensures the strength of the channel box 10. Besides, a larger average thickness of the side wall part more easily ensures the strength but is more likely to lead to radioactivation, and therefore the average thickness of the side wall part is preferably 5 mm or less and more preferably 4 mm or less.

    [0036] Next, the layers in the side wall part will be concretely described.

    [0037] The first layer 21 is provided mainly to ensure the strength of the channel box 10. The first layer 21 is made of silicon carbide not complexed with silicon carbide fibers. The first layer 21 is made of silicon carbide not complexed with silicon carbide fibers, and therefore can provide sufficient strength.

    [0038] The first layer 21 is preferably made of only silicon carbide because of suppressing generation of hydrogen due to the reaction with moisture, radioactivation and the like and providing sufficient strength, but may partially contain another component as necessary and within a limit. Examples of the other component include boron, carbon, silicon, aluminum, titanium, iron, chromium, nickel, zirconium, vanadium, and calcium. The content of the other component is preferably 10 mass% or less of the whole first layer 21, more preferably 5 mass% or less, and furthermore preferably 2 mass% or less.

    [0039] The average thickness of the first layer 21 is preferably 50 µm or more regardless of the number of layers in total of the number of first layers 21 and the number of second layers 23. An average thickness of the first layer 21 of 50 µm or more easily ensures the strength of the channel box 10. The average thickness of the first layer 21 is more preferably 100 µm or more regardless of the number of layers in total of the number of first layers 21 and the number of second layers 23.

    [0040] The average thickness of the first layer 21 is preferably adjusted as necessary according to the number of first layers 21 in the side wall part. Basically, it is preferable that the average thickness of the first layer 21 becomes larger with a smaller number of first layers 21 in the side wall part. For example, in the case where the number of first layers 21 in the side wall part is one, the average thickness of the first layer 21 is more preferably 500 µm or more, and furthermore preferably 1000 µm or more from the viewpoint of ensuring the strength of the channel box 10.

    [0041] Note that a larger average thickness of the first layer 21 is more preferable from the viewpoint of ensuring the strength of the channel box 10, and is not always limited from such a viewpoint. However, the average thickness of the side wall part is generally about 2 mm to 5 mm, and therefore the upper limit of the average thickness of the first layer 21 is preferably adjusted to make the average thickness of the side wall part to about 2 mm to 5 mm. In this event, it is preferable to take into consideration the number of layers in total of the number of first layers 21 and the number of second layers 23 and the ratio between the above-described average thicknesses of the first layer 21 and the number of second layer 23.

    [0042] The second layer 23 is provided to prevent fracture of the whole channel box 10 by suppressing progress of fracture of the first layer 21 in a serious accident of the nuclear reactor such as natural disaster such as tsunami or flood, or human disaster such as terror, namely, in the case where a load or a thermal shock exceeding the design basis is applied thereon.

    [0043] The second layer 23 has silicon carbide fibers, and silicon carbide complexed with the silicon carbide fibers. Thus, for example, the second layer 23 undergoes ductile fracture and is combined with a layer such as the first layer 21 that undergoes brittle fracture, and thereby can suppress progress of the fracture.

    [0044] In the second layer 23, for example, a matrix is composed of silicon carbide, and silicon carbide fibers are disposed in the matrix composed of silicon carbide. Note that a space between the silicon carbide fibers does not need to be completely filled with the matrix composed of silicon carbide but may have pores.

    [0045] Also the matrix in the second layer 23 is preferably made of only silicon carbide because of suppressing generation of hydrogen due to the reaction with moisture, radioactivation and the like and providing sufficient strength, but may partially contain another component as necessary and within a limit. Examples of the other component include boron nitride, carbon, mica-based mineral, aluminum oxide, boron, silicon, aluminum, titanium, iron, chromium, nickel, zirconium, vanadium, and calcium. The content of the other component is preferably 10 mass% or less of the whole matrix, more preferably 5 mass% or less, and furthermore preferably 2 mass% or less.

    [0046] As the silicon carbide fiber in the second layer 23, generally, the one having a fiber diameter of 5 µm to 150 µm is preferably used. When the fiber diameter is 5 µm or more, improvement in the characteristics due to complex with the silicon carbide fibers becomes remarkable. When the fiber diameter is 150 µm or less, generation of excessive stress on the boundary surface between the matrix and the silicon carbide fibers is suppressed to suppress the fracture of the matrix. The fiber diameter is more preferably 5 µm to 100 µm, and furthermore preferably 5 µm to 15 µm.

    [0047] The silicon carbide fiber in the second layer 23 is preferably a long fiber. Note that the long fiber only needs to be a continuous fiber, and is not always limited in fiber length. A longer continuous silicon carbide fiber is more preferable because of increasing the fracture toughness and the fracture energy.

    [0048] Generally, the silicon carbide fibers in a state of a fiber bundle made by bundling about 100 to 10000 silicon carbide fibers are disposed in the matrix composed of silicon carbide. In the second layer 23, preferably, such fiber bundles continue. For example, in the second layer 23, preferably, one continuous fiber bundle constitutes the whole. In such a case, in particular, the fracture toughness and the fracture energy increase.

    [0049] Note that the fibers included in the second layer 23 are preferably composed of only silicon carbide fibers because of suppressing generation of hydrogen due to the reaction with moisture, radioactivation and the like and providing sufficient strength, but may partially contain other fibers as necessary and within a limit. Examples of the other fibers include carbon, alumina, and the like. The content of the other fibers is preferably 10 mass% or less of the whole fibers in the second layer 23, more preferably 5 mass% or less, and furthermore preferably 2 mass% or less.

    [0050] The silicon carbide fibers are preferably contained by 20 vol% or more in the whole volume of the second layer 23. Here, the volume of the second layer 23 includes the volume of the pores in addition to the volumes of the matrix composed of silicon carbide and the silicon carbide fibers. Further, when a lubricant layer is provided on the surface of the silicon carbide fibers as will be described later, the volume of the silicon carbide fibers includes the volume of the lubricant layer.

    [0051] A content of the silicon carbide fibers of 20 vol% or more is preferable because of making the second layer 23 more likely to undergo ductile fracture. Further, the content of the silicon carbide fibers is preferably 40 vol% or less in the whole volume of the second layer 23. When the content of the silicon carbide fibers is 40 vol% or less, the strength of the second layer 23 itself is also easily ensured.

    [0052] On the surface of the silicon carbide fibers in the second layer 23, a covering layer is preferably provided which becomes an interface that weakens the bonding force. Provision of the covering layer is preferable because of improving the peeling and sliding between the silicon carbide fibers and the matrix to make the second layer 23 more likely to undergo ductile fracture. The interface weakening the bonding force is preferably boron nitride, graphite, mica-based mineral or the like. The covering layer, when made of those materials, improves, in particular, the peeling and sliding between the silicon carbide fibers and the matrix.

    [0053] An average thickness of the covering layer is preferably 100 nm or more. A thickness of 100 nm or more is preferable because of improving the sliding between the matrix and the silicon carbide fibers to make the second layer 23 more likely to undergo ductile fracture. Further, the average thickness of the covering layer is preferably 1 µm or less. When the thickness is 1 µm or less, a decrease in the strength of the second layer 23 is suppressed.

    [0054] The average thickness of the second layers 23 is preferably 300 µm or more regardless of the number of layers in total of the number of first layers 21 and the number of second layers 23. When the average thickness of the second layers 23 is 300 µm or more, progress of fracture of the first layer 21 can be effectively suppressed also when it undergoes fracture.

    [0055] The average thickness of the second layer 23 is preferably decided appropriately according to the number of second layers 23 in the side wall part. Basically, it is preferable that the average thickness of the second layer 23 becomes larger with a smaller number of second layers 23 in the side wall part. For example, in the case where the number of second layers 23 in the side wall part is one, the average thickness of the second layer 23 is more preferably 500 µm or more, and furthermore preferably 1000 µm or more from the viewpoint of suppressing the progress of fracture.

    [0056] Note that a larger average thickness of the second layer 23 is more preferable from the viewpoint of suppressing the progress of fracture, and is not always limited from such a viewpoint. However, the average thickness of the side wall is generally about 2 mm to 5 mm, and therefore the upper limit of the average thickness of the second layer 23 is preferably adjusted to make the average thickness of the side wall part to about 2 mm to 5 mm. In this event, it is preferable to take into consideration the number of layers in total of the number of first layers 21 and the number of second layers 23 and the ratio between the above-described average thicknesses of the first layer 21 and the second layer 23.

    [0057] The intermediate layer 22 is disposed between the first layer 21 and the second layer 23, and has a solid lubricant. The intermediate layer 22 disposed between the first layer 21 and the second layer 23 functionally separates the first layer 21 and the second layer 23, effectively expressing their functions. The intermediate layer 22 disposed between the first layer 21 and the second layer 23 suppresses development of a crack occurring in the first layer 21 as it is into the second layer 23. This achieves a balance among strength, fracture toughness, and fracture energy at a higher order than that in the case where the first layer 21 and the second layer 23 are directly bonded to each other.

    [0058] The interface weakening the bonding force in the intermediate layer 22 is preferably boron nitride, graphite, mica-based mineral or the like. The intermediate layer 22 made of those materials functionally satisfactorily separates, in particular, the first layer 21 and the second layer 23.

    [0059] The intermediate layer 22 is made of, for example, only a solid lubricant. When the intermediate layer 22 is made of only the solid lubricant, the average thickness of the intermediate layer 22 is preferably 7.5 µm or more. When the thickness is 7.5 µm or more, the first layer 21 and the second layer 23 are functionally sufficiently separated, effectively expressing their functions. When the intermediate layer 22 is made of only the solid lubricant, the average thickness of the intermediate layer 22 is preferably 80 µm or less. When the average thickness is 80 µm or less, the proportion of the intermediate layer 22 low in strength in the side wall part decreases, thus suppressing a decrease in the strength of the channel box 10.

    [0060] Here, the bonding force of the intermediate layer 22, even when too strong or too weak, inhibits effective expression of the functions of the first layer 21 and the second layer 23. For example, when the bonding force of the intermediate layer 22 is too strong, a crack occurring in the first layer 21 develops as it is into the second layer 23, resulting in difficulty in suppressing the development of the crack. On the other hand, when the bonding force of the intermediate layer 22 is too weak, the whole strength of all of the first layer 21, the intermediate layer 22, and the second layer 23 is likely to decrease. Thus, the above-described average thickness of the intermediate layer 22 is preferable.

    [0061] The intermediate layer 22 is not limited to the above-described one having a single layer structure made of only the solid lubricant, but may be the one having a stacked structure. An example of the one having the stacked structure is the one in which a second intermediate layer having silicon carbide is disposed between a pair of first intermediate layers each having the solid lubricant. The stacked structure is preferable because of suppressing excessive sliding on the intermediate layer 22.

    [0062] Examples of the stacked structure of a first intermediate layer (A) made of a solid lubricant and a second intermediate layer (B) made of silicon carbide include a three-layer structure such as A/B/A, and a five-layer structure such as A/B/A/B/A. Note that as is clear from the above, in the case of the stacked structure of the first intermediate layer (A) made of a solid lubricant and the second intermediate layer (B) made of silicon carbide, the first intermediate layer (A) made of a solid lubricant is preferably disposed at both ends.

    [0063] In the case where the intermediate layer 22 has the stacked structure, the average thickness of the intermediate layer 22 is preferably 7.5 µm or more. When the average thickness is 7.5 µm or more, the first layer 21 and the second layer 23 are functionally separated, sufficiently expressing their functions. In the case where the intermediate layer 22 has the stacked structure, the average thickness of the intermediate layer 22 is preferably 140 µm or less. When the average thickness is 140 µm or less, the proportion of the intermediate layer 22 low in strength in the side wall part decreases, thus suppressing a decrease in the strength of the channel box 10.

    [0064] The wide wall part is basically composed of the first layer 21, the intermediate layer 22, and the second layer 23, but may be provided with another layer as necessary.

    [0065] An example of the other layer is a protective layer provided at least one surface selected from the outside and the inside of the side wall part. When the protective layer is provided, generation of hydrogen due to the reaction with moisture is further suppressed.

    [0066] The protective layer preferably contains at least one kind selected from silicon carbide and alumina. The protective layer containing at least one kind selected from silicon carbide and alumina further suppresses generation of hydrogen due to the reaction with moisture. In particular, the protective layer preferably contains at least one kind selected from silicon carbide and alumina by 98 mass% or more. The protective layer containing at least one kind selected from silicon carbide and alumina by 98 mass% or more furthermore suppresses generation of hydrogen due to the reaction with moisture.

    [0067] The average thickness of the protective layer is preferably 10 µm or more. When the average thickness is 10 µm or more, the effect of suppressing generation of hydrogen due to the reaction with moisture becomes remarkable. The average thickness of the protective layer is preferably less than 50 µm. With an average thickness of the protective layer of merely about 50 µm, generation of hydrogen due to the reaction with moisture is sufficiently suppressed, and an average thickness of less than 50 µm leads to better productivity of the protective layer.

    [0068] Next, a method of manufacturing the channel box 10 in the embodiment will be described.

    [0069] The channel box 10 can be manufactured, for example, by sequentially stacking the first layer 21, the intermediate layer 22, the second layer 23 and so on in a predetermined order on the outside surface using a mold having the outside shape similar to the inside shape of the channel box 10, and then removing the mold by pulling out the mold. Note that the taking-out of the mold is not always performed after forming all of the layers but may be performed at a middle stage as long as the shape can be maintained.

    [0070] The first layer 21, the intermediate layer 22, the covering layer, and the protective layer are preferably formed by the CVD method (Chemical Vapor Deposition) or the PVD method (Physical Vapor Deposition), and particularly preferably formed by the CVD method. The second layer 23 is preferably formed by the CVI method (Chemical Vapor Infiltration).

    [0071] The formation of the second layer 23 by the CVI method is performed as follows for instance. First, a fiber bundle made by bundling a plurality of silicon carbide fibers is formed by the filament winding method, the braiding method, a method of stacking woven fabric or non-woven fabric or the like to manufacture a fiber base having a tubular shape such as a circular tubular shape, a square tubular shape, or the like.

    [0072] In the case of the filament winding method, the fiber bundle is wound in an axial direction, a circumferential direction, a bias direction and the like on the base of the mold or the like to form the fiber base in the tubular shape. In this case, the fiber bundle preferably continues in the whole second layer 23.

    [0073] In the case of the braiding method, the fiber bundle is braided into the tubular shape to surround the base of the mold or the like from one end portion to the other end portion in the axial direction of the base of the mold or the like to form the fiber base in a predetermined shape.

    [0074] In the case of the method of stacking woven fabric or non-woven fabric, the fiber bundle is made into a fabric and the fabric is stacked to be wound around the base of the mold or the like to form the fiber base in the tubular shape. Examples of the fabric include plane weave fabric, stain fabric and so on.

    [0075] After manufacturing the fiber base in the tubular shape, the CVD reaction is caused in voids of fine pores of the fiber base to grow the matrix component, thereby filling the voids of fine pores. This forms the second layer 23.

    [0076] Next, a modification example of the channel box 10 in the first embodiment will be described.

    [0077] Fig. 8 and Fig. 9 are views illustrating a first modification example of the channel box 10 in the first embodiment. Here, Fig. 8 illustrates a non-separated state, and Fig. 9 illustrates a separated state. The channel box 10 may be divided into two or more parts in the circumferential direction. For example, as illustrated in the drawings, the channel box 10 may be divided by a plane including a center axis into two parts such as a first circumferentially divided body 12 and a second circumferentially divided body 13 and may be constituted by combining them. Further, though not illustrated, the channel box 10 may be divided into three or more parts in the circumferential direction.

    [0078] Fig. 10 and Fig. 11 are views illustrating a second modification example of the channel box 10 in the first embodiment. Here, Fig. 10 and Fig. 11 are views illustrating the channel box 10 divided into two parts in the axial direction, Fig. 10 illustrates a non-separated state, and Fig. 11 illustrates a separated state. As illustrated in Fig. 10 and Fig. 11, the channel box 10 may be divided into two parts such as a first axially divided body 14 and a second axially divided body 15 and may be constituted by combining them in the axial direction.

    [0079] Fig. 12 and Fig. 13 are views illustrating a third modification example of the channel box 10 in the first embodiment. Here, Fig. 12 and Fig. 13 are views illustrating the channel box 10 divided into three parts in the axial direction, Fig. 12 illustrates a non-separated state, and Fig. 13 illustrates a separated state. As illustrated in Fig. 12 and Fig. 13, the channel box 10 maybe divided into three parts such as a first axially divided body 16, a second axially divided body 17, and a third axially divided body 18 and may be constituted by combining them in the axial direction.

    [0080] Note that the channel box 10 in the first embodiment may be divided into four or more parts in the axial direction. Further, when the channel box 10 in the first embodiment is divided in the axial direction, the length in the axial direction of each of the divided parts is generally preferably 1 m or more.

    [0081] Next, a channel box 10 in a second embodiment will be described.

    [0082] Fig. 14 is an external view illustrating a channel box 10 in the second embodiment. The channel box 10 in the second embodiment has a tubular portion 31 in a square tubular shape.

    [0083] Note that the stacked structure of the side wall part of the channel box 10 in the second embodiment can employ the stacked structure of the side wall part of the channel box 10 in the first embodiment, and therefore its description will be omitted.

    [0084] Fig. 15 and Fig. 16 are views illustrating a first modification example of the channel box in the second embodiment. Here, Fig. 15 illustrates a non-separated state, and Fig. 16 illustrates a separated state. The channel box 10 in the second embodiment may also be divided into two or more parts in the circumferential direction. For example, as illustrated in the drawings, the channel box 10 maybe divided by a plane including a diagonal line into two parts such as a first circumferentially divided body 32 and a second circumferentially divided body 33 and may be constituted by combining them. Further, though not illustrated, the channel box 10 may be divided into three or more parts in the circumferential direction.

    [0085] Fig. 17 and Fig. 18 are views illustrating an example of the dividing method in the axial direction of the channel box 10 in the second embodiment. Here, Fig. 17 and Fig. 18 are views illustrating the channel box 10 divided into two parts in the axial direction, Fig. 17 illustrates a non-separated state, and Fig. 18 illustrates a separated state. As illustrated in Fig. 17 and Fig. 18, the channel box 10 may be divided into two parts such as a first axially divided body 34 and a second axially divided body 35 and may be constituted by combining them in the axial direction.

    [0086] Fig. 19 and Fig. 20 are views illustrating another example of the dividing method in the axial direction of the channel box 10 in the second embodiment. Here, Fig. 19 and Fig. 20 are views illustrating the channel box 10 divided into three parts in the axial direction, Fig. 19 illustrates a non-separated state, and Fig. 20 illustrates a separated state. As illustrated in Fig. 19 and Fig. 20, the channel box 10 may be divided into three parts such as a first axially divided body 36, a second axially divided body 37, and a third axially divided body 38 and may be constituted by combining them in the axial direction.

    [0087] Note that the channel box 10 in the second embodiment may be divided into four or more parts in the axial direction. Further, when the channel box 10 in the second embodiment is divided in the axial direction, the length in axial direction of each of the divided parts is generally preferably 1 m or more.

    EXAMPLES


    (Example 1)



    [0088] As the carbon mold, the one having the outside shape similar to the inside shape of the channel box was prepared. After the carbon mold was placed in a furnace, a layer made of silicon carbide (hereinafter, described as a SiC layer) having an average thickness of 1.2 mm was formed on the side surface thereof by the CVD method. Here, as a source gas in forming the SiC layer, SiCl4 and C3H8 were used. Further, the temperature in forming the SiC layer was set to 1300°C to 1400°C and the pressure was set to 4 Pa to 40 Pa.

    [0089] Further, a layer made of boron nitride (hereinafter, described as a BN layer) having an average thickness of 10 µm to 50 µm was formed on the SiC layer. As a source gas in forming the BN layer, BCl3 and NH3 were used. Further, the temperature in forming the BN layer was set to 1750°C to 1850°C and the pressure was set to 50 Pa to 500 Pa. Thereafter, the carbon mold on which the SiC layer and the BN layer were formed was taken out of the furnace.

    [0090] Separately, eight satin cloths were prepared using long silicon carbide fibers (manufactured by Nippon Carbon Co., Ltd., tradename: Hi-Nicaron S) having a diameter of 12 µm with graphite having an average thickness of about 1 µm formed on the surface thereof by the CVD method. The eight satin cloths were wound while being stacked on the above-described BN layer of the carbon mold into a fiber base.

    [0091] Further, a matrix containing silicon carbide as a major component was formed in the voids of the fine pores of the fiber base using SiCl4 and C3H8 as the source gas under the conditions of a temperature of 1300°C to 1400°C and a pressure of 4 Pa to 40 Pa, thereby forming a layer (hereinafter, described as a SiC/SiC layer) having an average thickness of 1 mm and made of silicon carbide complexed with silicon carbide fibers. The proportion of the silicon carbide fibers in the SiC/SiC layer is in a rage of 20 vol% to 40 vol%.

    [0092] Thereafter, the carbon mold was removed to thereby manufacture a channel box having a tubular portion in which the SiC/SiC layer, the BN layer, and the SiC layer were disposed from the outside. Here, the SiC layer corresponds to the first layer, the BN layer corresponds to the intermediate layer, and the SiC/SiC layer corresponds to the second layer. Further, the length of the channel box is 2.3 mm.

    (Example 2)



    [0093] On the SiC/SiC layer in the channel box in Example 1, a protective layer made of silicon carbide having an average thickness of 10 µm to 50 µm was formed by the CVD method. Here, as a source gas in forming the protective layer, SiCl4 and C3H8 were used. Further, the temperature in forming the protective layer was set to 1300°C to 1400°C and the pressure was set to 4 Pa to 40 Pa.

    (Comparative Example 1)



    [0094] A channel box having a side wall part made of only a zirconium base alloy layer was manufactured. Note that the thickness of the zirconium base alloy layer was set to 2.3 mm.

    (Comparative Example 2)



    [0095] A channel box having a side wall part made of only a SiC layer was manufactured. Note that the formation of the SiC layer was performed similarly to the formation of the SiC layer in the channel box in Example 1. Further, the average thickness of the SiC layer was set to 2.3 mm.

    (Comparative Example 3)



    [0096] A channel box having a side wall part made of only a SiC/SiC layer was manufactured. Note that the formation of the SiC/SiC layer was performed similarly to the formation of the SiC/SiC layer in the channel box in Example 1. Further, the average thickness of the SiC/SiC layer was set to 2.3 mm.

    (Comparative Example 4)



    [0097] A channel box having a tubular portion in which the SiC/SiC layer and the SiC layer were disposed from the outside was manufactured. Note that this channel box was manufactured similarly to the channel box in Example 1 except that the BN layer was not formed. Further, the average thicknesses of the SiC/SiC layer and the SiC layer were the same as the average thicknesses of the SiC/SiC layer and the SiC layer in Example 1.

    [0098] Next, the channel boxes in Examples 1, 2, and Comparative Examples 1 to 4 were subjected to a strength test, a high-temperature steam oxidation test, and a thermal shock test by the following methods. These test results are listed in Table 1.

    (Strength Test)



    [0099] A bending test conventionally performed on the channel box made of zirconium base alloy, was carried out on the channel boxes in examples and comparative examples. In the table, the evaluation criteria are as follows.

    "a": having a strength of about twice the conventional requirement specification

    "b": satisfying the conventional requirement specification

    "c": not satisfying the conventional requirement specification

    "d": not at all satisfying the conventional requirement specification


    (Thermal Shock Test)



    [0100] The channel boxes in examples and comparative examples were heated to 1200°C and then put in water, and subjected to observation of shape change. In the table, the evaluation criteria are as follows.

    "a": shape is completely kept

    "b": shape is kept

    "c": shape is partially not kept

    "d": shape is not kept


    (High-temperature Steam Oxidation Test)



    [0101] The high-temperature steam oxidation test was carried out by keeping the channel boxes in examples and comparative examples in a steam atmosphere at 1300°C for 48 hours. In the table, the evaluation criteria are as follows.

    "a": generation of hydrogen is not observed

    "b": the generation amount of hydrogen satisfies the requirement specification

    "c": the generation amount of hydrogen does not satisfy the requirement specification

    "d": the generation amount of hydrogen do not at all satisfy the requirement specification

    Table 1
     Layer StructureStrength TestThermal Shock TestHigh-Temperature Steam Oxidation Test
    Example 1 Sic Layer, Bn Layer, Sic/Sic Layer b b b
    Example 2 Sic Layer, Bn Layer, Sic/Sic Layer, Protective Layer b b a
    Comparative Example 1 Zirconium Base Alloy Layer b b d
    Comparative Example 2 Sic Layer a d b
    Comparative Example 3 Sic/Sic Layer d a b
    Comparative Example 4 Sic Layer, Sic/Sic Layer c c b


    [0102] As is clear from Table 1, in the channel box in Comparative Example 1 composed of only the zirconium base alloy layer, generation of hydrogen is observed. Further, the channel box in Comparative Example 2 composed of only the SiC layer is insufficient in resistance against the thermal shock. Further, the channel box in Comparative Example 3 composed of only the SiC/SiC layer does not have a sufficient strength. Further, the channel box in Comparative Example 4 composed of the SiC layer having no BN layer and the SiC/SiC layer is insufficient in strength and resistance against the thermal shock.

    [0103] On the other hand, the channel box in Example 1 composed of the SiC/SiC layer and the SiC layer stacked via the BN layer suppresses generation of hydrogen and is sufficient in strength and resistance against the thermal shock. Further, the channel box in Example 2 having the protective layer suppresses, in particular, generation of hydrogen.

    [0104] According to the above-described embodiments, there is provided a channel box suppressing generation of hydrogen due to the reaction with moisture, and achieving a balance among strength, fracture toughness, and fracture energy at a high order.

    [0105] While certain embodiments of the present invention have been described, these embodiments have been presented by way of example only, and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention. Indeed, the novel embodiments described herein may be embodied in a variety of other forms. Various omissions, substitutions, changes and modifications may be made to the embodiments described herein without departing from the scope of the present invention as defined in the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A channel box for a fuel assembly of a boiling water reactor nuclear power plant (BWR), comprising
    a tubular portion (11) including:

    a first tubular layer (21) containing silicon carbide as a major component;

    a second tubular layer (23) in parallel to and surrounding or surrounded by the first tubular layer and containing silicon carbide fibers and silicon carbide complexed with the silicon carbide fibers;

    characterized in that

    an intermediate tubular layer (22) is disposed between the tubular layers and contains

    a solid lubricant of at least one selected from graphite and mica-based mineral and functionally separates

    the first layer and the second layer effectively to express their functions, wherein the intermediate tubular layer includes:

    a pair of first intermediate tubular layers each containing the solid lubricant, and

    a second intermediate tubular layer disposed between the first intermediate layers and containing silicon carbide.


     
    2. The channel box according to claim 1,
    wherein the second tubular layer includes a covering layer covering sides of the silicon carbide fibers.
     
    3. The channel box according to claim 2,
    wherein the covering layer contains at least one selected from boron nitride, graphite, and mica-based mineral.
     
    4. The channel box according to any one of claims 1 to 3,
    wherein the first tubular layer is a chemical vapor deposition layer, and the second tubular layer is a chemical vapor infiltration layer.
     
    5. The channel box according to any one of claims 1 to 4,
    wherein the silicon carbide fibers in the second tubular layer has a tubular shape of winded fibers, braided fibers, or stacked woven or non-woven fabric.
     
    6. The channel box according to any one of claims 1 to 5,
    wherein the tubular portion further includes a protective tubular layer disposed on an outer side of the tubular portion and containing 98 mass% or more of at least one selected from silicon carbide and alumina.
     
    7. The channel box according to claim 6,
    wherein the protective tubular layer has an average thickness of 10 µm or more and 50 µm or less.
     
    8. The channel box according to any one of claims 1 to 7,
    wherein the first, intermediate, and second tubular layers are disposed in order from an outer side to an inner side of the tubular portion.
     
    9. The channel box according to claim 8,
    wherein the tubular portion further includes a plurality of the intermediate tubular layers and a plurality of the first tubular layers,
    wherein the first, intermediate, second, intermediate, first tubular layers are disposed in order from the outer side to the inner side of the tubular portion.
     
    10. The channel box according to claim 9,
    wherein the tubular portion further includes a plurality of the second tubular layers,
    wherein the first, intermediate, second, intermediate, first, intermediate, second tubular layers are disposed in order from the outer side to the inner side of the tubular portion.
     
    11. The channel box according to any one of claims 1 to 7,
    wherein the second, intermediate, and first tubular layers are disposed in order from an outer side to an inner side of the tubular portion.
     
    12. The channel box according to claim 11,
    wherein the tubular portion further includes a plurality of the intermediate tubular layers and a plurality of the second tubular layers,
    wherein the second, intermediate, first, intermediate, second tubular layers are disposed in order from the outer side to the inner side of the tubular portion.
     
    13. The channel box according to claim 12,
    wherein the tubular portion further includes a plurality of the first tubular layers,
    wherein the second, intermediate, first, intermediate, second, intermediate, first tubular layers are disposed in order from the outer side to the inner side of the tubular portion.
     
    14. The channel box according to any one of claims 1 to 13,
    wherein the tubular portion is divided into a plurality of parts in a circumferential direction.
     
    15. The channel box according to any one of claims 1 to 14,
    wherein the tubular portion has a length in an axial direction of 1 m or more and 4 m or less.
     
    16. The channel box according to any one of claims 1 to 15,
    wherein the tubular portion is divided into a plurality of parts in an axial direction.
     
    17. The channel box according to any one of claims 1 to 16,
    wherein the tubular portion has an average thickness of 2 mm or more and 4 mm or less.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Ummantelung für ein Brennstoffbündel eines Siedewasserreaktors eines Kernkraftwerks (BWR), die umfasst:
    einen rohrförmigen Abschnitt (11), der umfasst:

    eine erste rohrförmige Schicht (21), die Siliziumcarbid als einen Hauptbestandteil enthält;

    eine zweite rohrförmige Schicht (23) parallel zu der ersten rohrförmigen Schicht und diese umgebend oder von dieser umgeben und die Siliziumkarbidfasern und mit den Siliziumkarbidfasern komplexiertes Siliziumkarbid enthält;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass:

    eine rohrförmige Zwischenschicht (22) zwischen den rohrförmigen Schichten angeordnet ist und einen festen Schmierstoff aus mindestens einem enthält, das aus Graphit und glimmerbasiertem Mineral ausgewählt ist, und das die erste Schicht und die zweite Schicht wirksam funktional trennt, um ihre Funktionen auszudrücken, wobei die rohrförmige Zwischenschicht umfasst:

    ein Paar von ersten rohrförmigen Zwischenschichten, die jeweils den festen Schmierstoff enthalten, und

    eine zweite rohrförmige Zwischenschicht, die zwischen den ersten Zwischenschichten angeordnet ist und Siliziumkarbid enthält.


     
    2. Ummantelung nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei die zweite rohrförmige Schicht eine Deckschicht umfasst, die Seiten der Siliziumkarbidfasern bedeckt.
     
    3. Ummantelung nach Anspruch 2,
    wobei die Deckschicht mindestens eines enthält, das unter Bornitrid, Graphit und glimmerbasiertem Mineral ausgewählt ist.
     
    4. Ummantelung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3,
    wobei die erste rohrförmige Schicht eine chemische Gasphasenabscheidungsschicht ist und die zweite rohrförmige Schicht eine chemische Gasphasen-Infiltrationsschicht ist.
     
    5. Ummantelung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4,
    wobei die Siliziumkarbidfasern in der zweiten rohrförmigen Schicht eine rohrförmige Form aus gewundenen Fasern, geflochtenen Fasern oder gestapeltem Gewebe oder Vlies aufweisen.
     
    6. Ummantelung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5,
    wobei der rohrförmige Abschnitt ferner eine rohrförmige Schutzschicht umfasst, die an einer Außenseite des rohrförmigen Abschnitts angeordnet ist und 98 Ma% oder mehr von mindestens einem enthält, das aus Siliziumkarbid und Aluminiumoxid ausgewählt ist.
     
    7. Ummantelung nach Anspruch 6,
    wobei die rohrförmige Schutzschicht eine durchschnittliche Dicke von 10 µm oder mehr und 50 µm oder weniger aufweist.
     
    8. Ummantelung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7,
    wobei die erste und die zweite rohrförmige Zwischenschicht in der Reihenfolge von einer Außenseite zu einer Innenseite des rohrförmigen Abschnitts angeordnet sind.
     
    9. Ummantelung nach Anspruch 8,
    wobei der rohrförmige Abschnitt ferner mehrere von den rohrförmigen Zwischenschichten und mehrere von den ersten rohrförmigen Schichten umfasst,
    wobei die erste und die zweite Zwischenschicht und die erste rohrförmige Schicht in der Reihenfolge von der Außenseite zur Innenseite des rohrförmigen Abschnitts angeordnet sind.
     
    10. Ummantelung nach Anspruch 9,
    wobei der rohrförmige Abschnitt ferner mehrere von den zweiten rohrförmigen Schichten umfasst,
    wobei die erste Zwischenschicht, die zweite Zwischenschicht, die erste Zwischenschicht und die zweite rohrförmige Schicht in der Reihenfolge von der Außenseite zur Innenseite des rohrförmigen Abschnitts angeordnet sind.
     
    11. Ummantelung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7,
    wobei die zweite Zwischenschicht und die erste rohrförmige Schicht in der Reihenfolge von einer Außenseite zu einer Innenseite des rohrförmigen Abschnitts angeordnet sind.
     
    12. Ummantelung nach Anspruch 11,
    wobei der rohrförmige Abschnitt ferner mehrere von den rohrförmigen Zwischenschichten und mehrere von den zweiten rohrförmigen Schichten umfasst,
    wobei die zweite Zwischenschicht, die erste Zwischenschicht und die zweite rohrförmige Schicht in der Reihenfolge von der Außenseite zur Innenseite des rohrförmigen Abschnitts angeordnet sind.
     
    13. Ummantelung nach Anspruch 12,
    wobei der rohrförmige Abschnitt ferner mehrere von den ersten rohrförmigen Schichten umfasst,
    wobei die zweite Zwischenschicht, die erste Zwischenschicht, die zweite Zwischenschicht und die erste rohrförmige Schicht in der Reihenfolge von der Außenseite zur Innenseite des rohrförmigen Abschnitts angeordnet sind.
     
    14. Ummantelung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 13,
    wobei der rohrförmige Abschnitt in einer Umfangsrichtung in mehrere Teile unterteilt ist.
     
    15. Ummantelung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 14,
    wobei der rohrförmige Abschnitt in einer axialen Richtung eine Länge von 1 m oder mehr und 4 m oder weniger aufweist.
     
    16. Ummantelung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 15,
    wobei der rohrförmige Abschnitt in einer axialen Richtung in mehrere Teile unterteilt ist.
     
    17. Ummantelung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 16,
    wobei der rohrförmige Abschnitt eine durchschnittliche Dicke von 2 mm oder mehr und 4 mm oder weniger aufweist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Boîtier de canaux pour un assemblage combustible d'une centrale nucléaire à réacteur à eau bouillante (BWR), comprenant :
    une portion tubulaire (11) incluant :

    une première couche tubulaire (21) contenant du carbure de silicium comme composant majeur ;

    une deuxième couche tubulaire (23) parallèle à la première couche tubulaire et entourant celle-ci ou entourée par celle-ci, et contenant des fibres de carbure de silicium et du carbure de silicium complexé avec les fibres de carbure de silicium ;

    caractérisé en ce que

    une couche tubulaire intermédiaire (22) est disposée entre les couches tubulaires et contient un lubrifiant solide d'au moins l'un sélectionné parmi du graphite et un minéral à base de mica et assure efficacement la séparation fonctionnelle de la première couche et la deuxième couche pour qu'elles réalisent leurs fonctions, dans lequel la couche tubulaire intermédiaire inclut :

    une paire de premières couches tubulaires intermédiaires, chacune d'elles contenant le lubrifiant solide, et

    une deuxième couche tubulaire intermédiaire disposée entre les premières couches intermédiaires et contenant du carbure de silicium.


     
    2. Boîtier de canaux selon la revendication 1,
    dans lequel la deuxième couche tubulaire inclut une couche de recouvrement recouvrant des côtés des fibres de carbure de silicium.
     
    3. Boîtier de canaux selon la revendication 2,
    dans lequel la couche de recouvrement contient au moins l'un sélectionné parmi ce qui suit : nitrure de bore, graphite, et minéral à base de mica.
     
    4. Boîtier de canaux selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3,
    dans lequel la première couche tubulaire est une couche de dépôt physique en phase vapeur, et la deuxième couche tubulaire est une couche d'infiltration chimique en phase vapeur.
     
    5. Boîtier de canaux selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4,
    dans lequel les fibres de carbure de silicium dans la deuxième couche tubulaire ont une forme tubulaire de fibres enroulées, de fibres tressées, ou de tissu tissé ou non-tissé empilé.
     
    6. Boîtier de canaux selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5,
    dans lequel la portion tubulaire inclut en outre une couche tubulaire de protection disposée sur un côté extérieur de la portion tubulaire et contenant au moins 98 % en masse d'au moins l'un sélectionné parmi du carbure de silicium et de l'alumine.
     
    7. Boîtier de canaux selon la revendication 6,
    dans lequel la couche tubulaire de protection a une épaisseur moyenne d'au moins 10 µm et d'au plus 50 µm.
     
    8. Boîtier de canaux selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7,
    dans lequel la première couche tubulaire, la couche tubulaire intermédiaire, et la deuxième couche tubulaire sont disposées dans l'ordre depuis un côté extérieur jusqu'à un côté intérieur de la portion tubulaire.
     
    9. Boîtier de canaux selon la revendication 8,
    dans lequel la portion tubulaire inclut en outre une pluralité des couches tubulaires intermédiaires et une pluralité des premières couches tubulaires,
    dans lequel la première couche tubulaire, la couche tubulaire intermédiaire, la deuxième couche tubulaire, la couche tubulaire intermédiaire, et la première couche tubulaire sont disposées dans l'ordre depuis le côté extérieur jusqu'au côté intérieur de la portion tubulaire.
     
    10. Boîtier de canaux selon la revendication 9,
    dans lequel la portion tubulaire inclut en outre une pluralité des deuxièmes couches tubulaires,
    dans lequel la première couche tubulaire, la couche tubulaire intermédiaire, la deuxième couche tubulaire, la couche tubulaire intermédiaire, la première couche tubulaire, la couche tubulaire intermédiaire, et la deuxième couche tubulaire sont disposées dans l'ordre depuis le côté extérieur jusqu'au côté intérieur de la portion tubulaire.
     
    11. Boîtier de canaux selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7,
    dans lequel la deuxième couche tubulaire, la couche tubulaire intermédiaire, et la première couche tubulaire sont disposées dans l'ordre depuis un côté extérieur jusqu'à un côté intérieur de la portion tubulaire.
     
    12. Boîtier de canaux selon la revendication 11,
    dans lequel la portion tubulaire inclut en outre une pluralité des couches tubulaires intermédiaires et une pluralité des deuxièmes couches tubulaires,
    dans lequel la deuxième couche tubulaire, la couche tubulaire intermédiaire, la première couche tubulaire, la couche tubulaire intermédiaire, et la deuxième couche tubulaire sont disposées dans l'ordre depuis le côté extérieur jusqu'au côté intérieur de la portion tubulaire.
     
    13. Boîtier de canaux selon la revendication 12,
    dans lequel la portion tubulaire inclut en outre une pluralité des premières couches tubulaires,
    dans lequel la deuxième couche tubulaire, la couche tubulaire intermédiaire, la première couche tubulaire, la couche tubulaire intermédiaire, la deuxième couche tubulaire, la couche tubulaire intermédiaire, et la première couche tubulaire sont disposées dans l'ordre depuis le côté extérieur jusqu'au côté intérieur de la portion tubulaire.
     
    14. Boîtier de canaux selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 13,
    dans lequel la portion tubulaire est divisée en une pluralité de parties dans un sens circonférentiel.
     
    15. Boîtier de canaux selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 14,
    dans lequel la portion tubulaire a une longueur dans un sens axial d'au moins 1 m et d'au plus 4 m.
     
    16. Boîtier de canaux selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 15,
    dans lequel la portion tubulaire est divisée en une pluralité de parties dans un sens axial.
     
    17. Boîtier de canaux selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 16,
    dans lequel la portion tubulaire a une épaisseur moyenne d'au moins 2 mm et d'au plus 4 mm.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description