(19)
(11)EP 3 174 548 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
22.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/30

(21)Application number: 15745185.7

(22)Date of filing:  30.07.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61K 38/01(2006.01)
A61K 35/612(2015.01)
A61P 3/04(2006.01)
A61P 3/10(2006.01)
A23L 33/18(2016.01)
A61K 35/60(2006.01)
A61K 36/02(2006.01)
A61P 3/08(2006.01)
A23L 33/13(2016.01)
A23L 17/20(2016.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2015/067451
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/016350 (04.02.2016 Gazette  2016/05)

(54)

MARINE PEPTIDES AND FISH NUCLEOTIDES, COMPOSITIONS AND USES THEREOF FOR REDUCING BLOOD GLUCOSE

MEERESPEPTIDE UND FISCHNUKLEOTIDE, ZUSAMMENSETZUNGEN UND VERWENDUNGEN DAVON ZUR REDUZIERUNG DER BLUTGLUCOSE

PEPTIDES MARINS ET NUCLEOTIDES DE POISSONS, COMPOSITIONS ET LEURS UTILISATIONS POUR LA REDUCTION DE LA GLYCEMIE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 31.07.2014 US 201462031855 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.06.2017 Bulletin 2017/23

(73)Proprietor: Firmenich SA
1211 Geneva 8 (CH)

(72)Inventors:
  • BJORGE, Oddvar
    N-6057 Ellingsoy (NO)
  • LIED, Einar
    N-5073 Bergen (NO)

(74)Representative: Rupp, Christian 
Mitscherlich PartmbB Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Sonnenstraße 33
80331 München
80331 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-03/026682
US-A1- 2011 039 768
NO-B1- 320 667
  
  • LINN A. VIKØREN ET AL: "A randomised study on the effects of fish protein supplement on glucose tolerance, lipids and body composition in overweight adults", BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, vol. 109, no. 04, 31 May 2012 (2012-05-31) , pages 648-657, XP055209341, ISSN: 0007-1145, DOI: 10.1017/S0007114512001717
  • ABETE I ET AL: "Obesity and metabolic syndrome: Potential benefit from specific nutritional components", NMCD. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES, MILAN, IT, vol. 21, 19 May 2011 (2011-05-19), pages B1-B15, XP028284538, ISSN: 0939-4753, DOI: 10.1016/J.NUMECD.2011.05.001 [retrieved on 2011-06-13]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

FIELD



[0001] Provided herein are fish products and by-products and their use in health, food, nutrition and medical treatment.

BACKGROUND



[0002] Postprandial blood glucose (or glycaemia), together with related hyperinsulinemia and lipidaemia, has been implicated in the development of chronic metabolic diseases like obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. There is evidence linking postprandial glycaemia or glycaemic variability to the development of these conditions or in the impairment in cognitive and exercise performance.

[0003] Data show that protein ingestion before a meal, when consumed with carbohydrate, reduces postprandial blood glucose; the blood sugar lowering effects have in particular been linked to dairy proteins such as whey proteins. A recent study comparing whey protein with whey protein hydrolysate showed that whey protein consumed before a meal reduces food intake, postprandial blood glucose and insulin, and the ratio of cumulative blood glucose to insulin area under the curves (AUCs) in a dose-dependent manner. In contrast whey protein hydrolysate did not contribute to blood glucose control neither by insulin-dependent nor insulin-independent mechanisms.

[0004] Scientific data also indicates that marine proteins have potential as functional food ingredients addressing several of the current health issues related to metabolic syndrome including persistent elevated blood sugar and diabetes-2, fat and protein anabolism and catabolism in relation to body composition management and to natural age dependent muscle wasting (sarcopenia).

[0005] Studies have also shown that marine peptide in combination with marine nucleotides may lower inflammation and stimulate gastrointestinal function.

[0006] Moreover, L. A. Vikøren et al. describes a study on overweight adults, wherein the effects of fish protein supplement on glucose and lipid metabolism were examined (L. A. Vikøren et al., "A randomised study on the effects of fish protein supplement on glucose tolerance, lipids and body composition in overweight adults", British Journal of Nutrition, 2013, vol. 109, p. 648-657).

[0007] US 2011/039768 A1 describes a fish protein hydrolysate containing molecules capable of exerting a satietogenic activity and of regulating food intake in humans and animals.

[0008] NO 320667 B1 discloses the use of fish protein hydrolysate for decreasing blood glucose level, and improving the general health.

[0009] WO 03/026682 A1 describes a composition based on fresh or conserved fish soft roe useful in manufacturing a preparation enhancing the serum immunoglobulin level, especially the IgG level, and thereby strengthens the immune system, stimulates growth and improves an individual's general state of health.

[0010] Furthermore, I. Abete et al. refers to the treatment of metabolic syndrome and thereby reviews some therapies known in the art. I. Abete et al. states that the consumption of some specific foods (legumes, fatty fish, vegetables and fruits, etc) with bioactive components within an energy-restricted diet is a promising approach to manage metabolic syndrome manifestations (I. Abete et al., "Obesity and metabolic syndrome: potential benefit from specific nutritional components", Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 2011, vol 21, p. B1-B15).

SUMMARY



[0011] The present invention provides a combination of a marine peptide and a fish nucleotide for use in the treatment of a condition selected from the group consisting of pre-diabetes and diabetes, by reducing postprandial concentrations of glucose in a subject's blood. Moreover, the combination is administered to the subject prior to or during a meal and the marine peptide is a fish protein hydrolysate. Further provided is the use of a combination of a marine peptide, which is a fish protein hydrolysate, and a fish nucleotide to reduce the postprandial concentration of glucose in a subject's blood comprising administering to the subject prior to or during a meal an effective amount of the combination.

[0012] Another aspect of the invention is a composition comprising a combination of isolated marine peptide and isolated fish nucleotides in a ratio of 10:1 by weight of the total weight of the combination. Moreover, the combination is provided in an amount effective to reduce blood levels of glucose in a subject and wherein the marine peptide is a fish protein hydrolysate.

[0013] In a further aspect, the invention provides a marine peptide in an amount of 20 mg to 25 mg per Kg of the body weight of the subject for use in the treatment of obesity. Furthermore, the marine peptide is administered with less than 10 % of a marine nucleotide, and moreover, the marine peptide is a fish protein hydrolysate.

[0014] In further embodiments of the invention, the treatment of obesity may be by increasing postprandial concentration of GLP-1 levels in a subject's blood, or by reducing postprandial concentrations of ghrelin levels in a subject's blood, or by providing a feeling of satiety to a subject.

[0015] The marine peptide for use in the treatment of obesity by increasing the Glucagon Like Protein - 1 (GLP-1) level in a subject's blood may comprise administering to the subject in need of having its GLP-1 levels reduced an effective amount of a marine peptide wherein the marine peptide is administered in the substantial absence of a marine nucleotide. Particularly, the marine peptide is administered to the subject prior to or during a meal.

[0016] Moreover, a marine peptide for use in the treatment of obesity by reducing postprandial concentrations of ghrelin levels in a subject's blood may comprise administering to the subject in need of having its ghrelin levels an effective amount of a marine peptide wherein the marine peptide is administered in the substantial absence of a marine nucleotide. Particularly, the marine peptide is administered to the subject prior to or during a meal.

[0017] Furthermore, a marine peptide for use in the treatment of obesity by providing a feeling of satiety to a subject may comprise administering to the subject in need thereof 20 to 25 mg per Kg of body weight of a subject a marine peptide wherein the marine peptide is provided in the substantial absence of a marine nucleotide.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0018] For the descriptions herein and the appended claims, the singular forms "a", "an" and "the" include plural referents unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. Thus, for example, reference to "a compound" refers to more than one compound. Also, the use of "or" means "and/or" unless stated otherwise. Similarly, "comprise," "comprises," "comprising" "include," "includes," and "including" are interchangeable and not intended to be limiting.

[0019] Provided herein also is an embodiment comprising a combination of a marine peptide and a fish nucleotide for use in the treatment of a condition selected from the group consisting of pre-diabetes and diabetes, by reducing postprandial concentrations of glucose in a subject's blood comprising administering to the subject an effective amount of a combination of a marine peptide and a fish nucleotide sufficient to reduce the glucose concentration in the subject's blood wherein the combination is administered to the subject prior to or during a meal. Moreover, the marine peptide is a fish protein hydrolysate.

[0020] In one embodiment the subject is an animal, more particularly a mammal.

[0021] In one embodiment, the subject is a human.

[0022] In one embodiment the subject is in need of glucose reduction.

[0023] In one embodiment, the GLP-1 levels in a subject's blood are raised, particularly where the subject is in need of such increase.

[0024] In one embodiment, a combination of a marine peptide and a fish nucleotide for use in the treatment of a condition selected from the group consisting of pre-diabetes and diabetes is provided comprising administering an effective amount of a combination of a marine peptide and a fish nucleotide to a subject having an HbA1C (glycated hemoglobin) level equal to or greater than 6 for a period of time sufficient to reduce the HbA1C level, particularly where the HbA1C level is greater than 6.5, more particularly wherein the HbA1C level is greater than 7.

[0025] In one embodiment, a combination of a marine peptide and a fish nucleotide for use in the treatment of a condition selected from the group consisting of pre-diabetes and diabetes is provided comprising administering an effective amount of a combination of a marine peptide and a fish nucleotide to a subject for a period of time sufficient to reduce the subject's insulin resistance, particularly where the subject is in need of such reduction.

[0026] In one embodiment, provided herein is a combination of a marine peptide and a fish nucleotide for use in the treatment of a condition selected from the group consisting of pre-diabetes and diabetes for managing the glucose levels in a subject.

[0027] In one embodiment, a pharmaceutical preparation is provided comprising a combination of a marine peptide and a fish nucleotide in an amount sufficient for the treatment, to a subject in need of such treatment, of a condition selected from the group consisting of pre-diabetes, diabetes or obesity.

[0028] In one embodiment, a dietary supplement is provided comprising a combination of a marine peptide and a fish nucleotide in an amount sufficient for the maintenance, in a subject, of blood sugar levels and/or weight health.

[0029] In one embodiment, a food, more particularly a functional food, is provided comprising a combination of a marine peptide and a fish nucleotide in an amount sufficient for the maintenance, in a subject, of blood sugar levels.

[0030] In one embodiment, a food, more particularly a functional food, is provided comprising a combination of a marine peptide and a fish nucleotide in an amount sufficient for the maintenance, in a subject, of glucose blood levels.

[0031] In one embodiment, a combination of a marine peptide and a fish nucleotide for use in the treatment of a condition selected from the group consisting of pre-diabetes and diabetes is provided comprising administering a food, more particularly a functional food, comprising a combination of a marine peptide and a fish nucleotide in an amount effective to manage of glucose levels in a subject.

[0032] Further provided is a marine peptide for use in the treatment of obesity by increasing the Glucagon Like Protein - 1 (GLP-1) level in a subject's blood, which may comprise administering to the subject in need of having its GLP-1 levels reduced an effective amount of a marine peptide wherein the marine peptide is administered in the substantial absence of a marine nucleotide. Particularly, the marine peptide is administered to the subject prior to or during a meal.

[0033] Further provided herein is a marine peptide for use in the treatment of obesity by reducing postprandial concentrations of ghrelin levels in a subject's blood comprising administering to the subject in need of having its ghrelin levels an effective amount of a marine peptide wherein the marine peptide is administered in the substantial absence of a marine nucleotide. Particularly, the marine peptide is administered to the subject prior to or during a meal.

[0034] In one embodiment, provided herein is a marine peptide for use in the treatment of obesity by increasing postprandial concentrations of GLP-1 levels in a subject's blood comprising administering to the subject in need thereof a 20 mg to 25 mg per Kg of the body weight of the subject. Particularly, the marine peptide is administered to the subject prior to or during a meal.

[0035] In one aspect of the invention, a marine peptide in an amount of 20 mg to 25 mg per Kg of the body weight of the subject for use in the treatment of obesity by reducing postprandial concentrations of ghrelin levels in a subject's blood comprising administering to the subject in need of having its ghrelin levels reduced. Particularly, the marine peptide is administered to the subject prior to or during a meal. Moreover, the the marine peptide is a fish protein hydrolysate.

[0036] In one embodiment, provided herein is a marine peptide in an amount of 20 mg to 25 mg per Kg of the body weight of the subject for use in the treatment of obesity by providing a feeling of satiety to a subject comprising administering to the subject in need thereof,. Particularly, the marine peptide is administered for a time sufficient to provide a feeling of satiety to the subject. In a further embodiment, the marine peptide for use in the treatment of obesity by providing a feeling of satiety in a subject is provided in the substantial absence of a marine nucleotide, particularly less than 10%, more particularly less than 5%, more particularly less than 1%, more particularly less than 0.1%, even more particularly no marine nucleotide.

[0037] In one embodiment, a dietary supplement is provided comprising a marine peptide in an amount sufficient for the maintenance, in a subject, of GLP-1 levels wherein the supplement is provided in the substantial absence of a marine nucleotide. In one embodiment, a dietary supplement is provided comprising a marine peptide in amount sufficient for the maintenance, in a subject, of ghrelin levels wherein the supplement is provided in the substantial absence of a marine nucleotide.

[0038] In one embodiment a food, more particularly a functional food, is provided comprising a marine peptide in an amount sufficient for the maintenance, in a subject, of GLP-1 levels wherein the food, more particularly a functional food, is provided in the substantial absence of a marine nucleotide. In one embodiment a food, more particularly a functional food, is provided comprising a marine peptide in an amount sufficient for the maintenance, in a subject, of ghrelin blood levels.

[0039] In a particular embodiment, the maintenance of GLP-1 levels and/or ghrelin levels includes the management of hunger, satiety, body weight and/or obesity in a subject. Further disclosed is that the management of GLP-1 levels and/or ghrelin levels provides for the maintenance of a healthy body.

[0040] In one embodiment, a pharmaceutical preparation is provided comprising a marine peptide in an amount sufficient for the treatment of obesity.

[0041] Further provided is the use of a combination of a marine peptide and a fish nucleotide as described herein.

[0042] In one embodiment, the marine peptide is provided, when used in combination with a marine nucleotide, in an amount of from 5 mg to 50 mg per 1 Kg bodyweight of a subject, particularly 5 mg to 40 mg per Kg bodyweight, more particularly 10 mg to 30 mg per Kg bodyweight and even more particularly 20 mg per Kg bodyweight of the subject. In a more particular embodiment, the marine peptide, when used in combination with a marine nucleotide is provided in an amount of 10 mg per Kg bodyweight of the subject. In yet another embodiment, the marine peptide, when provided in combination with a marine nucleotide, is provided in an amount of 25 mg per Kg bodyweight of the subject.

[0043] In one embodiment, the marine nucleotide is provided in an amount of from 0.8 to 8 mg per Kg bodyweight of a subject, particularly 0.8 mg to 6 mg per Kg body weight, more particularly 2 to 6 per Kg bodyweight and even more particularly 4 mg per Kg bodyweight of the subject. In a more particularly embodiment the marine nucleotide is provided in an amount of 2 mg per Kg bodyweight of the subject. In a further embodiment, the marine nucleotide is provided in an amount of 3 mg per Kg bodyweight of the subject.

[0044] In one embodiment, a method is provided comprising administering a marine peptide in a unit dose in, at least, an amount selected from the group consisting of 25 mg, 50 mg, 75 mg, 100 mg, 125 mg, 150 mg, 175 mg, 200 mg, 225 mg, 250 mg, 275 mg, 300 mg, 325 mg, 350 mg, 400 mg, 425 mg, 450 mg, 475 mg, 500 mg, 1000 mg, 1500 mg 2000 mg, 2500 mg and 3000 mg. In a particular embodiment, the unit dose comprises a fish nucleotide in an amount of 10% of the weight of the marine peptide, particularly 15% of the weight of the marine peptide, more particularly 20% of the weight of the marine peptide and even more particularly about 25% of the weight of the marine peptide.

[0045] In one embodiment, the marine peptide is part of a food, more particularly a functional food, formulation where the quantity of marine peptides per serving is 200mg-2500mg.

[0046] In one embodiment, marine peptide and marine nucleotide, particularly the Sodium DNA can be present in ratio of 1:4 to 1:10 per serving of food, more particularly a functional food,. The level of marine nucleotides can vary from 20 to 250mg. In one embodiment, a method is provided comprising administering a marine nucleotide in a unit dose in, at least, an amount selected from the group consisting of 3 mg, 5 mg, 7.5 mg, 10 mg, 13 mg, 15 mg, 18 mg, 20 mg, 23 mg, 25 mg, 28 mg, 30 mg, 33 mg, 35 mg, 40 mg, 44 mg, 45 mg, 48 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg, 150 mg 200 mg, 250 mg and 300 mg. In a particular embodiment, the unit dose comprises a fish nucleotide in an amount of 10% of the weight of the marine peptide, particularly 15% of the weight of the marine peptide, more particularly 20% of the weight of the marine peptide and even more particularly 25% of the weight of the marine peptide.

[0047] In a further embodiment provided herein is a composition comprising a combination of isolated marine peptide and isolated fish nucleotides in a ratio of 10:1 to 2:1, particularly from 6.4:1 to 4:1, more particularly at 4:1 (the ratio of the marine peptides to fish nucleotides) by weight of the total weight of the combination.

[0048] Also provided herein is use of a marine peptide and a fish nucleotide to reduce postprandial concentrations of glucose in a subject's blood comprising administering to the subject an effective amount of a combination of a marine peptide and a fish nucleotide sufficient to reduce the glucose concentration in the subject's blood.

[0049] Disclosed herein are marine peptides, which may be obtained for example, but not limited to, marine algae, crustaceans and shellfish. The marine peptide of the invention is obtained from fish. Moreover, the marine peptide of the invention is a fish protein hydrolysate. Provided herein is marine peptide selected from the group consisting of fish, marine algae, crustaceans, and shellfish. In a particular embodiment, the marine peptide is a fish peptide. Isolated herein means for, marine peptide, marine protein hydrolysates generally processed from the marine source more particularly from fish. Isolated herein means, for fish nucleotides, fish DNA or fragments thereof and physiologically acceptable salts thereof, particularly a sodium salt. In one particular embodiment, isolated fish nucleotides comprise DNA extracted from fish soft roe. See for example Norwegian Patent Number 20014670. In a particular embodiment, the fish nucleotides comprise essentially pure DNA or fragments thereof, particularly fish nucleotides having less than 2% protein. Isolated is not meant to limit the ability in practicing embodiments herein to combine the isolated ingredients for example with fish or fish products in the preparation of a pharmaceutical product, a dietary supplement or a food, more particularly a functional food.

[0050] In one embodiment, provided herein is a process for making marine peptides comprising:
  1. a) mixing marine raw materials with water an and enzyme to form a marine material mixture; particularly an enzyme selected from endopeptidases;
  2. b) homogenizing the marine material mixture to form a homogenate;
  3. c) heating the homogenate for a time period of up to 45 minutes to form an incubate;
  4. d) deactivating the enzyme to form an incubate with deactivated enzymes;
  5. e) optionally separating the bones from the incubate to form an incubate having a water soluble protein rich fraction;
  6. f) Separating the water soluble and peptide rich fraction from the incubate to obtain a hydrolsysate peptide product;
  7. g) optionally filtering or ultrafiltering the hydrolsysate to remove micro-particles; and
  8. h) optionally spray drying the hydrolysate to form a free-flowing powder.


[0051] In one embodiment, the isolated marine peptide here means marine peptides wherein at least 70%, particularly, at least 75% and more particularly at least 85% of the peptides have a molecular weight of less than 5000 Dalton (Da). In another embodiment, 90% of the peptides have a molecular weight of less than 10000 (2) Da. In one embodiment the marine peptide comprises a water free protein content of 95%. In a particular embodiment the marine peptide has the peptide molecular weight profile as set forth in (Profile I):
Peptide (Molecular Weight (Da)Amount (Dried Weight Bases)
>20KDa 0-5%.
15KDa-20KDa 0-5%
10KDa-15KDa 0-5%
8KDa -10KDa 0-5%
6KDa -8KDa 0-5%
4KDa -6KDa 0-10%
2KDa -4KDa 0-15%
1KDa -2KDa 0-50%
0.5KDa-1KDa 0-50%
0.2KDa-0.5KDa 0-75%
<0.2KDa 0-75%.
The total amount of the peptides is 100% (dried weight basis).

[0052] In one embodiment, the Molecular Weight Range of the peptides (KDa) - are, each independently, on a dried weight basis as follows (Profile 2):
Peptide (Molecular Weight)Amount (Dried Weight Basis)
>20KDa at <0.1%
15KDa-20KDa at <0.1
10KDa-15KDa at <0.1
8KDa -10KDa at 0.1
6KDa -8KDa at 0.5%
4KDa -6KDa at 1.9
2KDa -4KDa at 6.3
1KDa -2KDa at 13.0
0.5KDa-1KDa at 18.5
0.2KDa-0.5KDa at 23.8
<0.2KDa at 24.0
Free AA 0-20%, particularly at 3.5
EAA/NEAA ratio 0.4-0.9, particularly at 0.7


[0053] In one embodiment, the sum of the branched chain amino acid is greater than or equal to 15.31 % on a total amino acids basis.

[0054] In one embodiment, the indispensable amino acids or essential amino acids are 36.70% of the total amino acids.

[0055] In one embodiment, the marine peptide is as described in Norwegian Patent Number 20040450.

[0056] The process for making marine peptides typically begins with fresh or fresh frozen fish muscle tissue which is minced and mixed with water at a ratio 1:1 in an incubator (e.g., but not limited to a 1-20 m3 volume incubator). The temperature is raised to 50-55 °C while the mixture stirred preferably at 50-80 rpm. An enzyme cocktail consisting of a mixture of proteases and peptidases is added (e.g., Protamex® from NOVOZYMES, Denmark) to the mixture and the temperature is brought to 50 to 55°C and the homogenate formed is incubated for 45 min at 50-55 °C at pH 6-8, preferably at 6-7. Then the temperature is raised to 85-90 °C and kept at that temperature for 10-15 min to inactivate the enzymes. The incubate is passed through a sieve to remove bones and debris, then the soluble fraction is separated from the indigestible/insoluble material using centrifugation after which the peptide rich soluble fraction is dehydrated into a concentrate, which is used for spray-drying into a powder.

[0057] The amino acid profile of the marine peptides made as set out above is provided in Table I.
Table 1
Amino acid profile in terms of dry matter
Amino acidsTotal amino acid (mg/g)Free amino acids (mg/g)Percent (%) of total amino acids
    
Indispensible IDAA   
Histidine 13,5 0,26 1,93
Threonine 30,9 1,20 3,88
Methionine 22,1 2,30 10,41
Phenylalanine 23,2 2,75 11,85
Valine 36,9 1,94 5,26
Isoleucine 30,1 1,91 6,35
Leucine 60,3 6,35 10,53
Lysin 71,3 1,36 1,91
Tryptofan 6,0 0,48 8,00
       
Total IDAA 367,0 18,55 5,05
Sum BCAA 153,1 10,21 6,66
       
Dispensible DAA   
Aspartic acid 73,32 1,18 1,49
Asparagine - 0,38 -
Glutamic acid 125,0 5,30 4,24
Glutamine - 0,78 -
Hydroxyproline 1,0 0,08 8,00
Serine 36,0 1,11 3,08
Glycine 50,9 1,22 2,40
Alanine 47,8 3,26 6,82
Proline 29,7 0,49 1,65
Tyrosine 22,7 1,43 6,30
Arginine 51,1 1,47 2,88
Cystin na 0,01 -
       
Total DAA 521 16,96 3,25
Taurin 6,6 6,60 100
       
Sum amino acids 737,8 35,26 4,77
  0,70 1,09  


[0058] The chemical composition of the marine peptides made as described above is provided in Table 2.
Table 2
Chemical composition
Proximal comp (%) 
Protein (Nx6.25) > 88,0
Total fat < 0,2
Carbohydrates 0
Water < 3,0
Ash 10,0
   
Minerals (%) 
Salt (NaCl) 0,1
Sodium 1,7
Chloride 0,07
   
Heavy metals (ppm) 
Lead 0,1
Cadmium 0,03
Mercury 0,11
Arsen 49,0


[0059] Arsen present as organic bound and non-toxic.

[0060] The microbiological profile of the marine peptides made as described above is provided in Table 3.
Table 3
Microbiology
Microbiology (per gram powder) 
Total count (30 dgr C) 100
Enterobacteriace (37 dgr C) 0
E. coli (44,5 dgr C) 0
Staphylococcus, coagulase pos 0
ASR-Clostridium (37 dgr C) 50
ASR-Clostridium (37 dgr C) - 2 days 50
Salmonella spp Neg/25 g
   
   
Listeria monocytogenes 0
Mould < 10
Yeast < 10


[0061] The molecular weight distribution of the marine peptid hydrolysate of the marin peptides made as set forth above is provided in Table 4.
Table 4
Molecular weight distribution of marine protein hydrolysate
Molecular weight DistributionAmino acid moietiesg/100 g soluble peptidesg/100 g dry matter
Chromatography   
       
> 20.000 Da   < 0,1 0
20.000-15.000 Da   < 0,1 0
15.000-10.000 Da   < 0,1 0
10.000-8.000 Da 88-71 0,1 0,09
8.000-6.000 Da 70-53 0,6 0,54
6.000-4.000 Da 52-36 2,1 1,89
4.000-2.000 Da 35-18 7,2 6,48
2.000-1.000 Da 17-10 14,8 13,32
1.000-500 Da 9-5 21,0 18,90
500-200 Da 4-2 27,0 24,30
< 200 Da <2 27,2 24,48
       
Calculated values   
Free amino acids   5,1 4,59
Dipeptides     19.89
 
Molecular weight DistributionAmino acid moietiesg/100 g soluble peptidesg/100 g dry matter
> 10.000 Da > 88 0,1 0
< 10.000 Da < 88 99,9 90,0
< 2.000 Da < 17 90,0 81,0
< 1.000 Da < 9 75,2 67,7


[0062] The following was used for calculations for the results set forth in :

Average MW amino acid = 132

Average MW amino acid when present in a peptide = 113,5

Smallest possible dipeptide present = Glycyl-Glycine = MW 132

Largest possible dipeptide present = Tryptyl-Tryptophan = MW 390



[0063] Still in a further embodiment, provided herein is a unit dose having an effective amount of a marine peptide and a fish nucleotide.

[0064] In some embodiments, the marine peptide and/or fish nucleotide is administered in a single dosage form, i.e., a dosage form, or in two or more dosage forms. As used herein, "dosage form" refers to the physical form for the route of administration. The term "dosage form" can refer to any traditionally used or medically accepted administrative forms, such as oral administrative forms, intravenous administrative forms, or intraperitoneal administrative forms. In some embodiments, the marine peptide and/or fish nucleotide is administered in a single dose, i.e., a unit dose. As used herein, a "unit dose" refers to an amount of marine peptide and/or fish nucleotide administered to a subject in a single dose, e.g., in a gel capsule. The term "unit dose" can also refer to a single dosage form of a single unit of a suitable solid, liquid, syrup, beverage, or food, more particularly a functional food, item, for example, but not limited to, those used to deliver pharmaceutical, dietary supplements and food, more particularly a functional food, wherein the total dose of marine peptide and/or fish nucleotide is administered within a short period of time, e.g., within 1 minute, 2 minutes, 3 minutes, 5 minutes, 10 minutes, 20 minutes, or 30 minutes of a first portion of a dose. So for example if the dose form is a food, more particularly a functional food,, it may be part of any food product with 200-2000mg per serving of food, more particularly a functional food, where the serving is defined by the manufacturer/regulator based on the type of food, more particularly a functional food; for example it may be sprinkled onto the food and eaten with the meal with the above mentioned level per serving.

[0065] In one embodiment, the unit dose is delivered via a unit dosage form such as tablets, capsules, cachets, pellets, pills, gelatin capsules, powders, and granules. In a particularly embodiment provided herein is a capsule and or table that comprises 500 mg of a marine peptide and 50 mg of a marine nucleotide.

[0066] In one embodiment, 1500 mg, more particularly 2000 mg of a marine peptide is provided in a single dosage unit of a beverage. In one embodiment, 150, more particularly 200 mg of a marine nucleotide is provided in a single dosage unit of a beverage.

[0067] In some embodiments, the subject to be treated can be administered at least one unit dose per day. In some embodiments, the dosage forms can be taken in a single application or multiple applications per day. For example, if four capsules are taken daily, each capsule comprising 500 mg marine peptide and/or fish nucleotide, then all four capsules could be taken once daily, or 2 capsules could be taken twice daily, or 1 capsule could be taken every 6 hours. Various amounts of marine peptide and/or fish nucleotide can be in a unit dose. In some embodiments, the unit dose comprises 25 mg, 50 mg, 75 mg, 100 mg, 125 mg, 150 mg, 175 mg, 200 mg, 225 mg, 250 mg, 275 mg, 300 mg, 325 mg, 350 mg, 400 mg, 425 mg, 450 mg, 475 mg, 500 mg, 1000 mg, 1500 mg 2000 mg, 2500 mg and 3000 mg.

[0068] The term "administering" or "administration" of a composition herein refers to the application of the composition, e.g., oral or parenteral (e.g., transmucosal, intravenous, intramuscular, subcutaneous, rectal, intravaginal, or via inhalation) to the subject. Administering would also include the act of prescribing a composition described herein to a subject by a medical professional. Administering can also include the act of labeling a composition, i.e., instructing a subject to administer a composition, in a manner as provided herein for treatment. By way of example, administration may be by parenteral, subcutaneous, intravenous (bolus or infusion), intramuscular, or intraperitoneal routes. Dosage forms for these modes of administration may include conventional forms, either as liquid solutions or suspensions, solid forms suitable for solution or suspension in liquid prior to injection, or as emulsions.

[0069] In a particularly embodiment a route of administration is oral administration. In a particular embodiment the marine peptide and/or fish nucleotide is administered to individuals in the form of nutritional supplements, foods, pharmaceutical formulations, or beverages, particularly foods, beverages, or nutritional supplements, more particularly, foods and beverages, more particularly foods. A particular type of food is a functional or medical food (e.g., a food which is in a formulation to be consumed or administered externally under the supervision of a physician and which is intended for the specific dietary management of a disease or condition for which distinctive nutritional requirements, based on recognized scientific principles, are established by medical evaluation).

[0070] Dietary supplements is interchangeable with nutritional supplements and may include a food preparation.

[0071] The marine peptide and/or fish nucleotide can be formulated in a dosage form. These dosage forms can include, but are not limited to, tablets, capsules, cachets, pellets, pills, gelatin capsules, powders, and granules. Parental dosage forms which include, but are not limited to, solutions, suspensions, emulsions, coated particles, and dry powder comprising an effective amount of the marine peptide and/or fish nucleotide as taught in this invention. In some embodiments, the dosage form can be inserted or mixed into a food substance. Various substances are known in the art to coat particles, including cellulose derivatives, e.g., microcrystalline cellulose, methyl cellulose, carboxymethyl cellulose; polyalkylene glycol derivatives, e.g., polyethylene glycol; talc, starch, methacrylates, etc. In some embodiments, the dosage form is a capsule, wherein the capsule is filled with a solution, suspension, or emulsion comprising the marine peptide and/or fish nucleotide. It is also known in the art that the active ingredients can be contained in such formulations with pharmaceutically acceptable excipients such as diluents, fillers, disintegrants, binders, lubricants, surfactants, hydrophobic vehicles, water soluble vehicles, emulsifiers, buffers, humectants, moisturizers, solubilizers, preservatives, flavorants, taste-masking agents, sweeteners, and the like. Suitable excipients can include, e.g., vegetable oils (e.g., corn, soy, safflower, sunflower, or canola oil). In some embodiments, the preservative can be an antioxidant, e.g., sodium sulfite, potassium sulfite, metabisulfite, bisulfites, thiosulfates, thioglycerol, thiosorbitol, cysteine hydrochloride, alpha-tocopherol, and combinations thereof.

[0072] The examples provided below are not limiting and are for illustrative purposes only.

EXAMPLES


Example 1



[0073] A double blinded study comprising 12 healthy male test persons was performed with four (4) different diets as described below:
  1. 1. Diet A: (control diet) casein (30%) + plus carbohydrate (55% maltodextrins) + fat (11% medium chain triglyceride (MCT)); i.e. 30 g of protein from casein per 100 g of diet.
  2. 2. Diet B: control diet in which 10% of the casein is replaced by marine peptide (marine protein hydrolysate) in terms of crude protein (N x 6,25); i.e. the protein fraction in the diet is composed of 3.2% of protein from marine peptides and 26.7% of protein from casein.
  3. 3. Diet C: control diet in which 10 % of the casein is replaced by whey peptide (whey peptide hydrolysate) in terms of crude protein (N x 6,25) i.e. 3.2 g of protein from whey peptide and 26.8 g of protein from casein.
  4. 4. Diet D: control diet in which 10% of the casein is replaced by marine peptide (marine protein hydrolysate) in terms of crude protein (N x 6,25); i.e. the protein fraction in the diet is composed of 3.2% (3.2 g per 100 g of Diet) of protein from marine peptides and 26.7% of protein from case plus supplementation of 0.5 % (0.5 g per 100 g diet) of nucleotides from marine DNA (fish soft roe powder. No adjustments in dietary nitrogen were made due to the small amount of DNA added.


[0074] Test subjects were instructed to rest in bed after ingesting the test diet; blood samples were drawn no later than 5 min before ingesting the diets, and at 20 min intervals for 120 min following ingestion the test diets. The diets were taken within a period of 5 min.

[0075] The subjects took all diets ideally in a random order. Diet B, C and D were given in amounts equivalent to 20 mg of peptide/kg bodyweight/dose and compared to equal intake of control Diet A in terms of energy and protein.

[0076] All blood samples were analyzed for blood glucose and insulin. Samples collected at -5 min (i.e. 0 time), 60 and 100 min were be analyzed for the hormones GLP-1 and ghrelin. Samples for GLP-1 analysis were collected in tubes containing GLP-1 protease inhibitor as a stabilizer.

[0077] The diets were taken as fluid meals. A powder composed of casein, maltodextrins (DE 20-21) from corn, vegetable fat (MCT fat powder), and supplemented with either (1) fish protein hydrolysates made of fish fillet from Atlantic cod, (2) whey protein hydrolysates or (3) fish protein hydrolysates plus marine nucleotides in the form of sodium-DNA extracted from soft roe of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) was dissolved in water to form a creamy drink before ingestion. Mixing ratio: 1 g powder plus 4 ml cold water.

[0078] The dietary distribution of protein, fat and carbohydrate is 30, 11 and 55 %, respectively; the energy content was 4.4 Kcal/gram dry matter. The diets were given a natural strawberry flavor to level out any taste differences between diets.

[0079] All diets were given
  • in amounts equivalent to 20 mg of peptide/kg bodyweight, consequently the amount given was adjusted to the test person's body weight.

Day 1



[0080] The Subjects were fasting and were not allowed to eat any breakfast before this visit and come to clinic in the morning. Vital sign and a pre-ingestion blood sample were taken. After the diet was ingested blood samplings were taken at the following time points: 20 min, 40 min, 60 min, 80 min, 100 min, and 120 min.

Day 3



[0081] The Subjects were fasting and were instructed to not eat breakfast before this visit. A pre-ingestion blood sample was taken. After the diet was ingested blood was taken at the following time points: 20 min, 40 min, 60 min, 80 min, 100 min, and 120 min.

Day 5



[0082] The Subjects were fasting and were instructed to not eat breakfast before this visit. A pre-ingestion blood sample was taken. After the diet has been ingested blood is taken at the following time points: 20 min, 40 min, 60 min, 80 min, 100 min, and 120 min.

Day 7



[0083] The Subjects were fasting and were instructed to not eat breakfast before this visit. A pre-ingestion blood sample was taken. After the diet was ingested blood was taken at the following time points: 20 min, 40 min, 60 min, 80 min, 100 min, and 120 min.

Results



[0084] The area under the curve is calculated by taking the average response of all 12 participants and using the sum of positive responses in terms of mmol glucose per L blood exceeding the baseline (0 on the y-axis in the figure) without including the negative values (i.e. values below the baseline representing the rebound effect of insulin) and the following results were obtained:
  1. 1. Control diet: 5.2 mmol/L
  2. 2. Whey Peptide diet: 5.2 mmol/L
  3. 3. Marine Peptide diet: 4.6 mmol/L
  4. 4. Marine Peptide + Marine Nucleotides diet: 4.2 mmol/L


[0085] Comparison between diets:
  1. 1. Control diet vs Whey peptide diet: No difference
  2. 2. Control diet vs Marine Peptide diet: 13 % reduction in postprandial blood glucose response in favor of Marine Peptides
  3. 3. Whey peptide diet vs Marine Peptide diet: 13 % reduction in postprandial blood glucose response in favor of Marine Peptides
  4. 4. Control diet vs Marine Peptide + Marine Nucleotide diet: 19 % reduction in postprandial blood glucose response in favor of Marine Peptides + Marine Nucleotides.


[0086] It was also found that:
Marine Peptides lowered the postprandial blood glucose peak by 0.7 and 0.8 mmol/L, respectively, as compared to the Control and the Whey Peptide diets corresponding to 33 and 35 %, respectively.

GLP and Ghrelin



[0087] The concentration of Ghrelin was measured at 4 different times following the ingestion of the diet; assuming a Ghrelin negative peak at 60 min postprandialy the analysis showed:
  1. 1. Control diet: -14,3 ng/L
  2. 2. Whey Peptide (WPH) diet: - 21,2 ng/L
  3. 3. Marine Peptide diet: - 26,6 ng/L
  4. 4. Marine Peptide + Marine Nucleotides diet: - 3,5 ng/L


[0088] The concentration of Ghrelin is inversely related to the feeling of hunger, consequently the lower the concentration of ghrelin in blood the stronger is the feeling of satiety. The data shows that marine peptides strongly affect the secretion of Ghrelin, and is assumed to also affect the feeling of satiety. The result for the marine peptide alone was shown to be higher than for whey peptide. The combination of marine peptide and marine nucleotide did not show a response.

[0089] The concentration of GLP-1 was measured at four different times following the ingestion of the test diet; assuming a GLP-1 peak at 60 min postprandialy the analysis showed:
  1. 1. Control diet 0.76 ng/i
  2. 2. Whey Peptide (WPH) diet: 0,28 ng/L
  3. 3. Marine Peptide diet: 0,99 ng/L
  4. 4. Marine Peptide + Marine Nucleotides diet: 0,61 ng/L


[0090] GLP-1 has a variety of functions in the body, among them participating in the management of hunger and safety. Increased GLP-1 concentration of the blood lowers the feeling of hunger and prolongs the feeling of satiety.

[0091] The data shows that marine peptide supplementation affects the secretion of GLP-1, and superior to that of WPH. The stronger response of marine peptides on the GLP-secretion it is assumed will affect the feeling of satiety. Supplementation with a combination of marine peptides and marine nucleotides did not have any effect on the GLP-1 secretion.


Claims

1. A combination of a marine peptide and a fish nucleotide for use in the treatment of a condition selected from the group consisting of pre-diabetes and diabetes, by reducing postprandial concentrations of glucose in a subject's blood wherein the combination is administered to the subject prior to or during a meal and wherein the marine peptide is a fish protein hydrolysate.
 
2. The combination for use as recited in claim 1 wherein the subject is a human.
 
3. The combination for use as recited in claim 1 or 2 wherein the subject is in need of such reduction.
 
4. The combination for use as recited claims 1-3 wherein the marine peptide is provided in an amount of 5 mg to 50 mg per Kg bodyweight of the subject.
 
5. The combination for use as recited in claim 4 wherein the marine peptide is provided in an amount of 20 mg per Kg bodyweight of the subject.
 
6. The combination for use as recited in claims 1-5 wherein the combination is administered to the subject for a period of time sufficient to reduce the subject's insulin resistance.
 
7. The combination for use as recited in claims 1-5 wherein the combination is administered to a subject having an HbA1C level equal to or greater than 6 for a period of time to reduce the HbA1C level.
 
8. The combination for use as recited in claim 7 wherein the HbA1C level is greater than 6.5.
 
9. The combination for use as recited in claim 8 wherein the HbA1C level is greater than 7.
 
10. The combination for use as recited according to any one of claims 1-9 wherein the combination is provided as a food for the management of glucose levels in the subject.
 
11. The combination for use as recited in any one of claims 1-9 wherein the combination is provided in a dietary supplement for the maintenance of blood sugar levels.
 
12. The combination for use as recited in any one of claims 1-9 wherein the fish nucleotide is provided in an amount equal to 25% of the weight of the marine peptide.
 
13. A marine peptide in an amount of 20 mg to 25 mg per Kg of the body weight of the subject for use in the treatment of obesity wherein the marine peptide is administered with less than 10 % of a marine nucleotide, and wherein the marine peptide is a fish protein hydrolysate.
 
14. The marine peptide for use as recited in claim 13, by increasing postprandial concentration of GLP-1 levels in a subject's blood, wherein the marine peptide is administered to the subject prior to or during a meal.
 
15. The marine peptide for use as recited in claim 13, by reducing postprandial concentrations of ghrelin levels in a subject's blood.
 
16. The marine peptide for use as recited in claim 13, by providing a feeling of satiety to a subject.
 
17. The marine peptide for use as recited in claims 13 - 16 wherein the subject is a human.
 
18. The marine peptide for use as recited according to claim 14 wherein the marine peptide is provided as a dietary supplement for the maintenance of GLP-1 levels in the subject.
 
19. The marine peptide for use as recited according to claim 14 wherein the marine peptide is provided as a food for the management of GLP-1 levels in the subject.
 
20. The marine peptide for use as recited according to claim 15 wherein the marine peptide is provided as a dietary supplement for the maintenance of ghrelin levels in a subject.
 
21. The marine peptide for use as recited according to claim 15 wherein the marine peptide is provided as a food for the management of ghrelin levels in a subject.
 
22. The marine peptide for use as recited according to any one of claims 13 - 16 wherein the marine peptide is provided as a pharmaceutical preparation for the treatment of obesity.
 
23. The marine peptide for use as recited in any one of claims 13-16 wherein the marine peptide is provided in a dietary supplement for the maintenance of a healthy body.
 
24. The marine peptide for use as recited in any one of claims 20-22 wherein the peptide is administered as at least one unit dose in an amount selected from the group consisting of 25 mg, 50 mg, 75 mg, 100 mg, 125 mg, 150 mg, 175 mg, 200 mg, 225 mg, 250 mg, 275 mg, 300 mg, 325 mg, 350 mg, 400 mg, 425 mg, 450 mg, 475 mg, 500 mg, 1000 mg, 1500 mg 2000 mg, 2500 mg and 3000 mg.
 
25. A composition comprising a combination of isolated marine peptide and isolated fish nucleotides in a ratio of 10: 1 by weight of the total weight of the combination wherein the combination is provided in an amount effective to reduce blood levels of glucose in a subject and wherein the marine peptide is a fish protein hydrolysate.
 


Ansprüche

1. Kombination eines Meerespeptids und eines Fischnukleotids zur Verwendung bei der Behandlung eines Leidens ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Prädiabetes und Diabetes durch Verringern postprandialer Glucosekonzentrationen im Blut eines Individuums, wobei die Kombination dem Individuum vor oder während einer Mahlzeit verabreicht wird und wobei es sich bei dem Meerespeptid um ein Fischproteinhydrolysat handelt.
 
2. Kombination zur Verwendung gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei es sich bei dem Individuum um einen Menschen handelt.
 
3. Kombination zur Verwendung gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei das Individuum eine solche Verringerung benötigt.
 
4. Kombination zur Verwendung gemäß Anspruch 1-3, wobei das Meerespeptid in einer Menge von 5 mg bis 50 mg pro kg Körpergewicht des Individuums bereitgestellt wird.
 
5. Kombination zur Verwendung gemäß Anspruch 4, wobei das Meerespeptid in einer Menge von 20 mg pro kg Körpergewicht des Individuums bereitgestellt wird.
 
6. Kombination zur Verwendung gemäß Anspruch 1-5, wobei die Kombination dem Individuum über einen zur Reduzierung der Insulinresistenz des Individuums hinreichenden Zeitraum verabreicht wird.
 
7. Kombination zur Verwendung gemäß Anspruch 1-5, wobei die Kombination einem Individuum mit einem HbA1C-Spiegel gleich oder größer 6 über einen Zeitraum zur Senkung des HbA1C-Spiegels verabreicht wird.
 
8. Kombination zur Verwendung gemäß Anspruch 7, wobei der HbA1C-Spiegel größer 6,5 ist.
 
9. Kombination zur Verwendung gemäß Anspruch 8, wobei der HbA1C-Spiegel größer 7 ist.
 
10. Kombination zur Verwendung nach einem der Ansprüche 1-9, wobei die Kombination als Lebensmittel zur Kontrolle der Glucosespiegel bei dem Individuum bereitgestellt wird.
 
11. Kombination zur Verwendung gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1-9, wobei die Kombination in einem Nahrungsergänzungsmittel zur Aufrechterhaltung von Blutzuckerspiegeln bereitgestellt wird.
 
12. Kombination zur Verwendung gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1-9, wobei das Fischnukleotid in einer Menge bereitgestellt wird, die 25% des Gewichts des Meerespeptids entspricht.
 
13. Meerespeptid in einer Menge von 20 mg bis 25 mg pro kg des Körpergewichts des Individuums zur Verwendung bei der Behandlung von Fettleibigkeit, wobei das Meerespeptid mit weniger als 10 % eines Meeresnukleotids verabreicht wird und wobei es sich bei dem Meerespeptid um ein Fischproteinhydrolysat handelt.
 
14. Meerespeptid zur Verwendung gemäß Anspruch 13, durch Erhöhen postprandialer GLP-1-Konzentrationsniveaus im Blut eines Individuums, wobei das Meerespeptid dem Individuum vor oder während einer Mahlzeit verabreicht wird.
 
15. Meerespeptid zur Verwendung gemäß Anspruch 13, durch Verringern postprandialer Ghrelin-Konzentrationsniveaus im Blut eines Individuums.
 
16. Meerespeptid zur Verwendung gemäß Anspruch 13, durch Bereitstellen eines Sättigungsgefühls bei einem Individuum.
 
17. Meerespeptid zur Verwendung gemäß Anspruch 13 - 16, wobei es sich bei dem Individuum um einen Menschen handelt.
 
18. Meerespeptid zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 14, wobei das Meerespeptid als Nahrungsergänzungsmittel zur Aufrechterhaltung von GLP-1-Spiegeln bei dem Individuum bereitgestellt wird.
 
19. Meerespeptid zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 14, wobei das Meerespeptid als Lebensmittel zur Kontrolle von GLP-1-Spiegeln bei dem Individuum bereitgestellt wird.
 
20. Meerespeptid zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 15, wobei das Meerespeptid als Nahrungsergänzungsmittel zur Aufrechterhaltung von Ghrelinspiegeln bei einem Individuum bereitgestellt wird.
 
21. Meerespeptid zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 15, wobei das Meerespeptid als Lebensmittel zur Kontrolle von Ghrelinspiegeln bei einem Individuum bereitgestellt wird.
 
22. Meerespeptid zur Verwendung nach einem der Ansprüche 13 - 16, wobei das Meerespeptid als pharmazeutisches Präparat zur Behandlung von Fettleibigkeit bereitgestellt wird.
 
23. Meerespeptid zur Verwendung gemäß einem der Ansprüche 13-16, wobei das Meerespeptid in einem Nahrungsergänzungsmittel zur Erhaltung eines gesunden Körpers bereitgestellt wird.
 
24. Meerespeptid zur Verwendung gemäß einem der Ansprüche 20-22, wobei das Peptid als wenigstens eine Einheitsdosis in einer Menge ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus 25 mg, 50 mg, 75 mg, 100 mg, 125 mg, 150 mg, 175 mg, 200 mg, 225 mg, 250 mg, 275 mg, 300 mg, 325 mg, 350 mg, 400 mg, 425 mg, 450 mg, 475 mg, 500 mg, 1000 mg, 1500 mg 2000 mg, 2500 mg und 3000 mg verabreicht wird.
 
25. Zusammensetzung, umfassend eine Kombination von isoliertem Meerespeptid und isoliertem Fischnukleotid in einem Gewichtsverhältnis von 10:1 des Gesamtgewichts der Kombination, wobei die Kombination in einer wirksamen Menge zur Reduzierung von Blutglucosespiegeln bei einem Individuum bereitgestellt wird und wobei es sich bei dem Meerespeptid um ein Fischproteinhydrolysat handelt.
 


Revendications

1. Combinaison d'un peptide marin et d'un nucléotide de poisson destinée à être utilisée dans le traitement d'une condition choisie dans le groupe constitué par un pré-diabète et un diabète, en réduisant les concentrations postprandiales en glucose dans le sang d'un sujet, la combinaison étant administrée au sujet avant ou au cours d'un repas et dans laquelle le peptide marin est un hydrolysat de protéines de poisson.
 
2. Combinaison destinée à être utilisée tel que cité dans la revendication 1, dans laquelle le sujet est un être humain.
 
3. Combinaison destinée à être utilisée tel que cité dans les revendications 1 ou 2, dans laquelle le sujet nécessite une telle réduction.
 
4. Combinaison destinée à être utilisée tel que cité dans les revendications 1 à 3, dans laquelle le peptide marin est fourni en une quantité de 5 mg jusqu'à 50 mg par kg de poids corporel du sujet.
 
5. Combinaison destinée à être utilisée tel que cité dans la revendication 4, dans laquelle le peptide marin est fourni en une quantité de 20 mg par kg de poids corporel du sujet.
 
6. Combinaison destinée à être utilisée tel que cité dans les revendications 1 à 5, la combinaison étant administrée au sujet pendant une durée suffisante pour réduire la résistance du sujet à l'insuline.
 
7. Combinaison destinée à être utilisée tel que cité dans les revendications 1 à 5, la combinaison étant administrée à un sujet ayant un taux de HbA1C supérieur ou égal à 6 pendant une durée pour réduire le taux de HbA1C.
 
8. Combinaison destinée à être utilisée tel que cité dans la revendication 7, dans laquelle le taux de HbA1C est supérieur à 6,5.
 
9. Combinaison destinée à être utilisée tel que cité dans la revendication 8, dans laquelle le taux de HbA1C est supérieur à 7.
 
10. Combinaison destinée à être utilisée tel que cité selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, la combinaison étant fournie sous forme d'aliment destiné à la gestion des taux de glucose chez le sujet.
 
11. Combinaison destinée à être utilisée tel que cité dans l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, la combinaison étant fournie sous forme d'un complément alimentaire destiné au maintien des taux de sucre dans le sang.
 
12. Combinaison destinée à être utilisée tel que cité dans l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, dans lequel le nucléotide de poisson est fourni en une quantité égale à 25% du poids du peptide marin.
 
13. Peptide marin en une quantité de 20 mg jusqu'à 25 mg par kg de poids corporel du sujet destiné à être utilisé dans le traitement de l'obésité, le peptide marin étant administré avec moins de 10% d'un nucléotide marin, et le peptide marin étant un hydrolysat de protéines de poisson.
 
14. Peptide marin destiné à être utilisé tel que cité dans la revendication 13, en augmentant la concentration postprandiale des taux de GLP-1 dans le sang d'un sujet, le peptide marin étant administré au sujet avant ou au cours d'un repas.
 
15. Peptide marin destiné à être utilisé tel que cité dans la revendication 13, en réduisant les concentrations postprandiales des taux de ghréline dans le sang d'un sujet.
 
16. Peptide marin destiné à être utilisé tel que cité dans la revendication 13, en apportant une sensation de satiété à un sujet.
 
17. Peptide marin destiné à être utilisé tel que cité dans les revendications 13 à 16, dans lequel le sujet est un être humain.
 
18. Peptide marin destiné à être utilisé tel que cité selon la revendication 14, le peptide marin étant fourni sous forme d'un complément alimentaire destiné au maintien des taux de GLP-1 chez le sujet.
 
19. Peptide marin destiné à être utilisé tel que cité selon la revendication 14, le peptide marin étant fourni sous forme d'un aliment destiné à la gestion des taux de GLP-1 chez le sujet.
 
20. Peptide marin destiné à être utilisé tel que cité selon la revendication 15, le peptide marin étant fourni sous forme d'un complément alimentaire destiné au maintien des taux de ghréline chez un sujet.
 
21. Peptide marin destiné à être utilisé tel que cité selon la revendication 15, le peptide marin étant fourni sous forme d'un aliment destiné à la gestion des taux de ghréline chez un sujet.
 
22. Peptide marin destiné à être utilisé tel que cité selon l'une quelconque des revendications 13 à 16, le peptide marin étant fourni sous forme d'une préparation pharmaceutique destinée au traitement de l'obésité.
 
23. Peptide marin destiné à être utilisé tel que cité dans l'une quelconque des revendications 13 à 16, le peptide marin étant fourni dans un complément alimentaire destiné au maintien d'un corps en bonne santé.
 
24. Peptide marin destiné à être utilisé tel que cité dans l'une quelconque des revendications 20 à 22, le peptide étant administré sous forme d'au moins une dose unitaire en une quantité choisie dans le groupe constitué par 25 mg, 50 mg, 75 mg, 100 mg, 125 mg, 150 mg, 175 mg, 200 mg, 225 mg, 250 mg, 275 mg, 300 mg, 325 mg, 350 mg, 400 mg, 425 mg, 450 mg, 475 mg, 500 mg, 1000 mg, 1500 mg 2000 mg, 2500 mg et 3000 mg.
 
25. Composition comprenant une combinaison d'un peptide marin isolé et de nucléotides de poisson isolés en un rapport de 10:1 en poids du poids total de la combinaison, la combinaison étant fournie en une quantité efficace pour réduire les taux sanguins de glucose chez un sujet, et dans laquelle le peptide marin est un hydrolysat de protéines de poisson.
 






Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description