(19)
(11)EP 3 176 382 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 16201950.9

(22)Date of filing:  02.12.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F01D 11/22(2006.01)
F01D 25/24(2006.01)

(54)

HIGH RESPONSE TURBINE TIP CLEARANCE CONTROL SYSTEM

SCHNELL REAGIERENDES TURBINENSYSTEM ZUR REGELUNG DES SCHAUFELSPITZENSPIELS

SYSTÈME DE COMMANDE DE JEU D'EXTRÉMITÉ DE TURBINE À RÉACTIVITÉ ÉLEVÉE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 04.12.2015 US 201562263459 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.06.2017 Bulletin 2017/23

(73)Proprietor: United Technologies Corporation
Farmington, CT 06032 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • HUDSON, Eric A.
    Harwinton, CT 06791 (US)
  • KRAMER, Stephen K.
    Cromwell, CT 06416 (US)

(74)Representative: Dehns 
St. Bride's House 10 Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8JD
London EC4Y 8JD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 655 455
WO-A2-2014/186002
DE-U- 6 602 509
US-A1- 2007 020 095
US-A1- 2014 271 147
EP-B1- 0 879 462
DE-C- 846 342
US-A- 3 085 398
US-A1- 2013 209 240
US-A1- 2015 218 959
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD



    [0001] The present disclosure relates generally to active tip clearance control of gas turbine engines and, more particularly, to an actuation ring of a turbine section for changing tip clearance between a blade tip and a blade outer air seal.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Gas turbine engines typically include a fan section, a compressor section, a combustor section and a turbine section. The efficiency of the turbine section is affected by tip clearance between a blade tip and a blade outer air seal (BOAS). The BOAS is typically coupled to a case of the gas turbine engine. In response to acceleration of the gas turbine engine, the blade tips can expand outward due to increased heat and centrifugal force at a faster rate than the case expands outward. The tip clearance may be designed to be relatively large due to this rapid expansion of the blade tips relative to the BOAS. Thus, it is desirable to have systems and methods for active tip clearance control.

    [0003] A prior art turbine section having the features of the preamble of claim 1 is disclosed in US 2007/020095.

    SUMMARY



    [0004] The present invention provides a turbine section according to claim 1.

    [0005] Features of embodiments are recited in the dependent claims.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0006] The subject matter of the present invention is particularly pointed out and distinctly claimed in the concluding portion of the specification. A more complete understanding of the present disclosure, however, is best be obtained by referring to the detailed description and claims when considered in connection with the drawing figures, wherein like numerals denote like elements.

    FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of an exemplary gas turbine engine, in accordance with various embodiments;

    FIG. 2A is a drawing of an actuation system of a turbine section including an actuation ring and an actuator, in accordance with various embodiments;

    FIG. 2B is a drawing of another actuation system including an actuation ring and an actuator, in accordance with various embodiments;

    FIG. 2C is a drawing of another actuation system including an actuation ring and an actuator, in accordance with various embodiments;

    FIG. 3 illustrates a cross-sectional view of the actuation system of the turbine section of FIG. 1 including the actuation ring and the actuator, in accordance with various embodiments;

    FIG. 4 illustrates a cross-sectional view of the actuation system of FIG. 1 including the actuation ring coupled to a blade outer air seal (BOAS), in accordance with various embodiments;

    FIG. 5A is a drawing of an actuation system including an actuation ring having four sections and including four actuators, outside the scope of the present invention; and

    FIG. 5B is an enlarged view of a portion of the actuation system of FIG. 5A.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0007] The detailed description of examples and embodiments herein makes reference to the accompanying drawings, which show examples and embodiments by way of illustration and their best mode. While the embodiments are described in sufficient detail to enable those skilled in the art to practice the invention, it should be understood that other embodiments may be realized and that logical, chemical and mechanical changes may be made without departing from the scope of the invention. Thus, the detailed description herein is presented for purposes of illustration only and not of limitation. Any reference to singular includes plural embodiments, and any reference to more than one component or step may include a singular embodiment or step. Also, any reference to attached, fixed, connected or the like may include permanent, removable, temporary, partial, full and/or any other possible attachment option. Additionally, any reference to without contact (or similar phrases) may also include reduced contact or minimal contact.

    [0008] With reference to FIG. 1, a gas turbine engine 20 is provided. As used herein, "aft" refers to the direction associated with the tail (e.g., the back end) of an aircraft, or generally, to the direction of exhaust of the gas turbine engine. As used herein, "forward" refers to the direction associated with the nose (e.g., the front end) of an aircraft, or generally, to the direction of flight or motion. As utilized herein, radially inward refers to the negative R direction and radially outward refers to the R direction. An A-R-C axis is shown throughout the drawings to illustrate the relative position of various components.

    [0009] Gas turbine engine 20 may be a two-spool turbofan that generally incorporates a fan section 22, a compressor section 24, a combustor section 26 and a turbine section 28. Alternative engines include an augmentor section among other systems or features. In operation, fan section 22 drives air along a bypass flow-path B while compressor section 24 drives air along a core flow-path C for compression and communication into combustor section 26 then expansion through turbine section 28. Although depicted as a turbofan gas turbine engine 20 herein, it should be understood that the concepts described herein are not limited to use with turbofans as the teachings may be applied to other types of turbine engines including three-spool architectures and turboshaft or industrial gas turbines with one or more spools.

    [0010] Gas turbine engine 20 generally comprise a low speed spool 30 and a high speed spool 32 mounted for rotation about an engine central longitudinal axis A-A' relative to an engine static structure 36 via several bearing systems 38, 38-1, and 38-2. It should be understood that various bearing systems 38 at various locations may alternatively or additionally be provided, including for example, bearing system 38, bearing system 38-1, and bearing system 38-2.

    [0011] Low speed spool 30 generally includes an inner shaft 40 that interconnects a fan 42, a low pressure (or first) compressor section 44 and a low pressure (or first) turbine section 46. Inner shaft 40 is connected to fan 42 through a geared architecture 48 that can drive fan shaft 98, and thus fan 42, at a lower speed than low speed spool 30. Geared architecture 48 includes a gear assembly 60 enclosed within a gear housing 62. Gear assembly 60 couples inner shaft 40 to a rotating fan structure.

    [0012] High speed spool 32 includes an outer shaft 50 that interconnects a high pressure (or second) compressor section 52 and high pressure (or second) turbine section 54. A combustor 56 is located between high pressure compressor 52 and high pressure turbine 54. A mid-turbine frame 57 of engine static structure 36 is located generally between high pressure turbine 54 and low pressure turbine 46. Mid-turbine frame 57 supports one or more bearing systems 38 in turbine section 28. Inner shaft 40 and outer shaft 50 are concentric and rotate via bearing systems 38 about the engine central longitudinal axis A-A', which is collinear with their longitudinal axes. As used herein, a "high pressure" compressor or turbine experiences a higher pressure than a corresponding "low pressure" compressor or turbine.

    [0013] The core airflow C is compressed by low pressure compressor section 44 then high pressure compressor 52, mixed and burned with fuel in combustor 56, then expanded over high pressure turbine 54 and low pressure turbine 46. Mid-turbine frame 57 includes airfoils 59 which are in the core airflow path. Turbines 46, 54 rotationally drive the respective low speed spool 30 and high speed spool 32 in response to the expansion.

    [0014] Gas turbine engine 20 is a high-bypass ratio geared aircraft engine. The bypass ratio of gas turbine engine 20 may be greater than about six (6). The bypass ratio of gas turbine engine 20 may also be greater than ten (10:1). Geared architecture 48 may be an epicyclic gear train, such as a star gear system (sun gear in meshing engagement with a plurality of star gears supported by a carrier and in meshing engagement with a ring gear) or other gear system. Geared architecture 48 may have a gear reduction ratio of greater than about 2.3 and low pressure turbine 46 may have a pressure ratio that is greater than about five (5). The diameter of fan 42 may be significantly larger than that of the low pressure compressor section 44, and the low pressure turbine 46 may have a pressure ratio that is greater than about five (5:1). The pressure ratio of low pressure turbine 46 is measured prior to inlet of low pressure turbine 46 as related to the pressure at the outlet of low pressure turbine 46. It should be understood, however, that the above parameters are exemplary of various embodiments of a suitable geared architecture engine and that the present disclosure contemplates other turbine engines including direct drive turbofans.

    [0015] The next generation turbofan engines are designed for higher efficiency and use higher pressure ratios and higher temperatures in high pressure compressor 52 than are conventionally experienced. These higher operating temperatures and pressure ratios create operating environments that cause thermal loads that are higher than the thermal loads conventionally experienced, which may shorten the operational life of current components.

    [0016] Referring now to FIG. 2A, an actuation system 200 for use in high pressure turbine section 54 is shown. Actuation system 200 includes an actuation ring 202 and an actuator 204. Actuation ring 202 is coupled to one or more blade outer air seals (BOAS 302 of FIG. 4) of high pressure turbine section 54 and is used to adjust tip clearance between blade tips of turbine rotors and one or more BOASs in response to, for example, aircraft maneuvers and engine operating parameters (such as engine idle, takeoff, cruise) or the like.

    [0017] Actuation ring 202 circumferentially surrounds axis A-A' of FIG. 1 and can be actuated radially inward or radially outward using actuator 204. Actuator 204 may include any type of actuator capable of adjusting a circumference of actuation ring 202. As shown in FIG. 2A, actuator 204 includes a threaded actuator shaft. Actuation ring 202 has a first end 205 and a second end 207. First end 205 includes a first flange 206 having a first opening 210 and second end 207 includes a second flange 208 having a second opening 212. At least one of first opening 210 or second opening 212 may be threaded. First flange 206 and second flange 208 are separated by a gap 203. Actuator 204 is designed to extend through, and be received by, first opening 210 and second opening 212. Because actuator 204 includes the threaded actuator shaft, the size of gap 203 can increase or decrease in response to actuator 204 being rotated in a direction tangential to actuation ring 202.

    [0018] In response to the size of gap 203 decreasing, the circumference of actuation ring 202 decreases. Likewise, in response to the size of gap 203 increasing, the circumference of actuation ring 202 increases. In response to the circumference of actuation ring 202 increasing, the BOAS is moved radially outward and in response to the circumference of actuation ring 202 decreasing, the BOAS is moved radially inward.

    [0019] It is desirable for actuation ring 202 to remain symmetrical in response to being actuated. Stated differently, it is desirable for the shape of actuation ring 202 to remain circular and not become deformed in response to actuation. In order to achieve this effect, the thickness of actuation ring 202 varies about the circumference of actuation ring 202. In accordance with the present invention, actuation ring 202 has a first thickness 220 proximate gap 203 and has a second thickness 222 at a location distal to gap 203 relative to first thickness 220. Second thickness 222 is greater than first thickness 220. In response to an actuator being actuated, an actuation ring having an even thickness about its circumference may have a tendency to flex more at a portion of the actuation ring that is distal to a gap than at a portion that is proximal to the gap. Thus, in order to increase the likelihood of actuation ring 202 remaining symmetrical, second thickness 222 is greater than first thickness 220.

    [0020] The size of gap 203 may vary by at least one thousandth of an inch (0.0254 millimeters (mm)) and up to 0.75 inches (19.05 mm). The size of gap 203 may be selected based on parameters of the particular gas turbine engine, such as engine diameter and operating characteristics. For example, gap 203 of aircraft 20 of FIG. 1 may be 150 mils (3.81 mm). Stated differently, gap 203 has a first gap distance 224 and a second gap distance 226. In various embodiments, first gap distance 224 may be at least 1 mil (0.0254 mm) greater than second gap distance 226. When the size of gap 203 is changed by 150 mils (3.81 mm), any BOAS coupled to actuation ring 202 may be moved radially by 25 mils (0.64 mm). In various embodiments, this is a desirable amount of radial movement for actively controlling tip clearance between a BOAS and a turbine rotor. However, these distances may vary based on parameters of a particular gas turbine engine.

    [0021] Actuation ring 202 may also include a plurality of radial guides including a first radial guide 214, a second radial guide 216 and a third radial guide 218. The radial guides 214, 216, 218 may be used to assist in coupling actuation ring 202 to a BOAS and/or to a case of gas turbine engine 20 of FIG. 1. In various embodiments, each radial guide 214, 216, 218 may be coupled to a BOAS.

    [0022] With brief reference now to FIG. 2B, an alternative actuator, such as a cam actuator, may be used. The actuator may include a cam shaft 254 positioned between a first flange 252 and a second flange 250. In response to rotation of cam shaft 254, first flange 252 is forced away from second flange 250. In response to continued rotation of cam shaft 254, first flange 252 can again approach second flange 250.

    [0023] Referring now briefly to FIG. 2C, a gear actuator may also be used for actuating an actuation ring. The gear actuator can include a shiplap feature having a first extension, or flange, 272 and a second extension, or flange, 270. The second extension or flange 270 is positioned radially inward from the first extension or flange 272 to allow circumferential movement of the first extension or flange 272 relative to the second extension or flange 270. The first extension or flange 272 and the second extension or flange 270 may each include teeth. The gear actuator may include a gear shaft 274 also having teeth. In response to rotation of gear shaft 274, first extension or flange 272 and second extension or flange 270 may move circumferentially relative to each other.

    [0024] Referring now to FIGS. 2A and 3, a cross-sectional view along section B-B' of actuation system 200 positioned within a case 300 of high pressure turbine section 54 is shown. A forward BOAS support 308 and an aft BOAS support 310 are each coupled to case 300. As shown in FIG. 3, actuation ring 202 is positioned between forward BOAS support 308 and aft BOAS support 310. Actuation ring 202 is shown with a U-shaped cross-section, however, one skilled in the art will realize that an actuation ring can have a different shape cross-section without departing from the scope of the disclosure. In various embodiments, it may be preferable for an actuation ring to define an opening, such as the empty space with the U-shape of actuation ring 202, in order to reduce weight.

    [0025] First flange 206 is shown at a radially outward end of actuation ring 202. First opening 210 is shown within first flange 206 and actuator 204 is shown extending through first flange 206 via first opening 210. Second flange 208 is circumferentially aligned with first flange 206 such that second opening 212 also receives actuator 204.

    [0026] Referring now to FIGS. 2A and 4, a cross-sectional view of actuation system 200 along section D-D' is shown with actuation ring 202 being coupled to case 300. In that regard, actuation ring 202 is coupled between a forward BOAS support 408 and an aft BOAS support 410. A BOAS 302 is coupled to case 300 via forward BOAS support 408 and aft BOAS support 410. A connector 402 extends through actuation ring 202 and couples actuation ring 202 to BOAS 302. A compressible feature 404, such as a spring, is positioned between connector 402 and actuation ring 202 and is compressed in response to a compression force between connector 402 and actuation ring 202. A tip clearance 424 is shown between a blade tip 420 of a turbine blade 426 and BOAS 302. In response to actuation ring 202 being actuated radially inward, BOAS 302 is forced radially inward towards blade tip 420 of turbine blade 426, thus reducing a distance of tip clearance 424 in the radial direction.

    [0027] Although the thickness of actuation ring 202 is designed to reduce uneven flexing of actuation ring 202, actuation ring 202 may not remain symmetrical in response to being actuated. In order to compensate for this potential uneven flexing, compressible feature 404 is included to at least partially counteract the effects of the distorted actuation ring 202 on BOAS 302. For example, if forward side of actuation ring 202 along section D-D' is actuated more than aft section of actuation ring 202 along section D-D', compressible feature 404 compresses more on the forward side of connector 402 than on the aft side of connector 402. As a result, BOAS 302 remains radially aligned with blade tip 420. In an example outside the scope of the present invention, without compressible feature 404, circumferential variation may exist among the various BOAS' that make up the entire outer diameter flowpath of high pressure turbine system 54 and/or BOAS 302 may form an angle with blade tip 420 such that an aft side of BOAS 302 is closer to blade tip 420 than a forward side of BOAS 302.

    [0028] Forward BOAS support 408, or any other component of case 300, may include a radial guide acceptor 215 that is configured to receive first radial guide 214. For example, radial guide acceptor 215 may include a notch or cavity. As actuation ring 202 is positioned within case 300, radial guide acceptor 215 may be aligned with first radial guide 214. In response to radial guide acceptor 215 being aligned with first radial guide 214, radial guide acceptor 215 may receive first radial guide 214. In response to radial guide acceptor 215 receiving first radial guide 214, radial guide acceptor 215 may resist movement of actuation ring 202 relative to forward BOAS support 408.

    [0029] High pressure turbine section 54 is designed such that a BOAS gap 422 exists between forward BOAS support 408 and BOAS 302 as well as between aft BOAS support 410 and BOAS 302. In response to BOAS 302 being actuated relative to case 300, BOAS 302 is also actuated radially relative to forward BOAS support 408 and/or aft BOAS support 410. BOAS gap 422 allows this radial movement of BOAS 302 relative to forward BOAS support 408 and aft BOAS support 410 with limited force being applied from BOAS 302 to forward BOAS support 408 and aft BOAS support 410, thus extending the operable life of the components. In response to actuation ring 202 being actuated radially outward, actuation ring 202, and thus connector 402 via compressible feature 404, is moved radially outward. Because connector 402 is coupled to BOAS 302, BOAS 302 also moves radially outward relative to case 300. In response, BOAS gap 422 is reduced in size. Thus, it is desirable for BOAS gap 422 to have a distance relatively similar to the maximum distance that BOAS 302 can be actuated relative to case 300.

    [0030] In response to an instruction to increase or decrease tip clearance 424, actuator 204 is controlled to change the circumference of actuation ring 202. This allows for a relatively quick response to a request to change tip clearance 424. For example, in various embodiments, the time between the request and the actual change of tip clearance 424 may be less than one second, or less than half of a second, or less than a quarter of a second, or less than a tenth of a second. This is desirable because blade tip 420 may rapidly expand as blade tip 420 increases in angular velocity relative to BOAS 302.

    [0031] Actuator 204 may be operatively coupled to and controlled by a controller. In various embodiments, this control may be performed by a feed-forward system. In various embodiments, however, actuator 204 may be controlled via a feedback system. In that regard, connector 402 may define a waveguide 416 and may include a sensor 418. In various embodiments, the sensor 418 may be a microwave sensor. Waveguide 416 may extend between sensor 418 and the radially inward end of BOAS 302. Sensor 418 may thus detect a distance between itself and blade tip 420, which can be used to determine tip clearance 424. A controller may then control actuation of actuator 204 based on the detected/determined tip clearance 424.

    [0032] Referring briefly to FIGS. 1 and 2A, actuation system 200 is shown as being utilized in high pressure turbine section 54. However, one skilled in the art will realize that an actuation system similar to actuation system 200 can be used in a low pressure turbine section 46 without departing from the scope of the disclosure. Furthermore, a similar actuation system can also be used in in a power turbine section of a turboshaft and/or an intermediate pressure turbine of a three spool gas turbine engine without departing from the scope of the disclosure.

    [0033] Referring now to FIG. 5A in an arrangement outside the scope of the present invention, an actuation system 500 includes an actuation ring 502 having two or more sections such as a first section 502A, a second section 502B, a third section 502C and a fourth section 502D. The sections of actuation ring 502 may be coupled together via two or more actuators 504, such as a first actuator 504A, a second actuator 504B, a third actuator 504C and a fourth actuator 504D. Thus, each section of actuation ring 502 may be actuated circumferentially relative to adjacent sections of actuation ring 502. For example, first section 502A may include a first flange 518 and second section 502B may include a second flange 520. Actuator 504B may be connected to at least one of first flange 518 or second flange 520. A gap 503 may exist between first section 502A and second section 502B. Second actuator 504B may be actuated to change the distance of gap 503. In response, BOAS 516 may move radially inward or radially outward relative to a case 520. BOAS 516 may be coupled to first section 502A via one or more radial guides 514, including a radial guide 514A.

    [0034] Actuation ring 502 may resist flexing more than actuation ring 202 of FIG. 2 because actuation ring 502 includes two or more sections that can move relative to each other. In response to movement of two or more sections, no section of actuation ring 502 will have as large of a portion that will flex as actuation ring 202 of FIG. 2. Thus, actuation ring 502 provides benefits over actuation ring 202 of FIG. 2.

    [0035] Referring now to FIGS. 5A and 5B, a shiplap feature may be included between each section of actuation ring 502. For example, first section 502A may include a shiplap slot 552 and second section 502B may include a shiplap finger 550. Shiplap finger 550 may be received by shiplap slot 552 such that first section 502A can move relative to second section 502B in response to actuation of second actuator 504B.


    Claims

    1. A turbine section (28) of a gas turbine engine (20), comprising:

    a turbine blade (426) having a blade tip (420);

    a blade outer air seal (BOAS) (302); and

    an actuation system (200) for tip clearance control, the actuation system (200) comprising:

    an actuation ring (202) having a first end (205) and a second end (207) separated by a gap (203);

    a blade outer air seal (BOAS) (302), wherein the actuation ring (202) is coupled to the BOAS (302); and

    an actuator (204) coupled to at least one of the first end (205) or the second end (207) and configured to adjust a distance (224, 226) of the gap (203) in the circumferential direction such that in response to the gap distance (224, 226) being reduced, the circumference of the actuation ring (202) is decreased, the BOAS (302) is moved radially inward and a tip clearance between the BOAS (302) and a blade tip (420) is reduced;

    wherein a BOAS gap (422) exists between the BOAS (302) and at least one of a forward BOAS support (308; 408) or an aft BOAS support (310; 410) to allow radial movement of the BOAS (302) relative to the at least one of the forward BOAS support (308; 408) or the aft BOAS support (310; 410); and characterised in that

    the actuation ring (202) has a first radial thickness (220) proximal to the gap (203) and a second radial thickness (222) distal to the gap (203) that is greater than the first thickness (220); and in that

    the actuation system (200) further comprises:

    a fastener (402) extending through the actuation ring (202), received by and coupled to the BOAS (302); and

    a compressible feature (404) positioned between the fastener (402) and the actuation ring (202) to compensate for uneven flexing of the actuation ring (202), such that counteracting compression of the compressible feature (404) causes the BOAS (302) to tend to remain radially aligned with the blade tip (420) during actuation of the actuation ring (202).


     
    2. The turbine section (28) of claim 1, wherein the actuation ring (202) includes a first flange (206; 252) at the first end (205) and a second flange (208; 250) at the second end (207) and wherein the actuator (204) is coupled to the first flange (206; 252) and the second flange (208; 250) and is configured to adjust the gap distance (224; 226) by changing a circumferential position of the first flange (206; 252) relative to the second flange (208; 252).
     
    3. The turbine section (28) of claim 1 or 2, wherein the first end (205) of the actuation ring (202) includes a first extension (272) having teeth, the second end (207) of the actuation ring (202) includes a second extension (270) having teeth positioned radially inward from the first extension (272), and the actuator (202) is a gear actuator comprising a gear shaft (274) having teeth positioned radially between the first and second extension (272, 270) to allow circumferential movement of the first end (205) relative to the second end (207) in response to rotation of the gear shaft (274).
     
    4. The turbine section (28) of any preceding claim, wherein the actuation ring (202) has a U-shaped cross section in a radial plane, having sides and a base, the sides orientated radially outward of the base.
     
    5. The turbine section (28) of any preceding claim, further comprising a sensor (418) coupled to the fastener and wherein the fastener defines a waveguide (416) such that the sensor (418) can detect data corresponding to the tip clearance via the waveguide (416).
     
    6. The turbine section (28) of claim 5, wherein the sensor (418) is a microwave sensor.
     
    7. The turbine section (28) of any preceding claim, wherein the actuation ring (202) further includes at least one radial guide (214) received by a radial guide acceptor (215) of at least one of the forward BOAS support (308; 408) or the aft BOAS support (310; 410), wherein a first radial guide (214) is an axial protrusion extending forward from the actuator ring (202) and the radial guide acceptor (215) is a notch or cavity in the forward BOAS support (308; 408) that is aligned with the first radial guide (214), and movement of the actuation ring (202) relative to the forward BOAS support (308; 408) is resisted in response to the radial guide acceptor (215) receiving the first radial guide (214).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Turbinenabschnitt (28) eines Gasturbinentriebwerks (20), Folgendes umfassend:

    eine Turbinenlaufschaufel (426), die eine Laufschaufelspitze (420) aufweist;

    eine äußere Laufschaufelluftdichtung (BOAS) (302); und

    ein Betätigungssystem (200) zum Regeln eines Schaufelspitzenspiels, wobei das Betätigungssystem (200) Folgendes umfasst:

    einen Betätigungsring (202), der ein erstes Ende (205) und ein zweites Ende (207) aufweist, die durch einen Spalt (203) separiert sind;

    eine äußere Laufschaufelluftdichtung (BOAS) (302), wobei der Betätigungsring (202) an die BOAS (302) gekoppelt ist; und

    einen Betätiger (204), der an mindestens eines von dem ersten Ende (205) oder dem zweiten Ende (207) gekoppelt ist und dazu konfiguriert ist, eine Distanz (224, 226) des Spalts (203) in der Umfangsrichtung so anzupassen, dass als Reaktion darauf, dass die Spaltdistanz (224, 226) reduziert wird, der Umfang des Betätigungsrings (202) verringert wird, die BOAS (302) radial nach innen bewegt wird und ein Schaufelspitzenspiel zwischen der BOAS (302) und einer Laufschaufelspitze (420) reduziert wird;

    wobei ein BOAS-Spalt (422) zwischen der BOAS (302) und mindestens einer von einer vorderen BOAS-Halterung (308; 408) oder einer hinteren BOAS-Halterung (310; 410) existiert, um ein radiales Bewegen der BOAS (302) in Bezug auf die mindestens eine von der vorderen BOAS-Halterung (308; 408) oder der hinteren BOAS-Halterung (310; 410) zuzulassen; und dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    der Betätigungsring (202) eine erste radiale Dicke (220) proximal zu dem Spalt (203) aufweist und eine zweite radiale Dicke (222) distal zu dem Spalt (203) aufweist, die größer ist als die erste Dicke (220); und dadurch, dass

    das Betätigungssystem (200) ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    ein Befestigungselement (402), das sich durch den Betätigungsring (202) erstreckt, durch die BOAS (302) empfangen wird und an diese gekoppelt ist; und

    ein komprimierbares Bestandteil (404), das zwischen dem Befestigungselement (402) und dem Betätigungsring (202) positioniert ist, um ein ungleichmäßiges Verbiegen des Betätigungsrings (202) zu kompensieren, sodass eine entgegenwirkende Komprimierung des komprimierbaren Bestandteils (404) dazu führt, dass die BOAS (302) dazu tendiert, während einer Betätigung des Betätigungsrings (202) radial an der Laufschaufelspitze (420) ausgerichtet zu bleiben.


     
    2. Turbinenabschnitt (28) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Betätigungsring (202) einen ersten Flansch (206; 252) an dem ersten Ende (205) und einen zweiten Flansch (208; 250) an dem zweiten Ende (207) beinhaltet und wobei der Betätiger (204) an den ersten Flansch (206; 252) und an den zweiten Flansch (208; 250) gekoppelt ist und dazu konfiguriert ist, die Spaltdistanz (224; 226) durch Verändern einer Umfangsposition des ersten Flansch (206; 252) in Bezug zu dem zweiten Flansch (208; 252) anzupassen.
     
    3. Turbinenabschnitt (28) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei das erste Ende (205) des Betätigungsrings (202) eine erste Erweiterung (272) beinhaltet, die Zähne aufweist, wobei das zweite Ende (207) des Betätigungsrings (202) eine zweite Erweiterung (270) beinhaltet, die Zähne aufweist, die radial innen von der ersten Erweiterung (272) positioniert sind, und der Betätiger (202) ein Getriebebetätiger ist, der eine Getriebewelle (274) umfasst, die Zähne aufweist, die radial zwischen der ersten und der zweiten Erweiterung (272, 270) positioniert sind, um eine Umfangsbewegung des ersten Endes (205) in Bezug auf das zweite Ende (207) als Reaktion auf eine Rotation der Getriebewelle (274) zuzulassen.
     
    4. Turbinenabschnitt (28) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Betätigungsring (202) einen U-förmigen Querschnitt in einer radialen Ebene aufweist, die Seiten und eine Basis aufweist, wobei die Seiten von der Basis radial nach außen gerichtet sind.
     
    5. Turbinenabschnitt (28) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner einen Sensor (418) umfassend, der an das Befestigungselement gekoppelt ist und wobei das Befestigungselement eine Wellenführung (416) definiert, sodass der Sensor (418) über die Wellenführung (416) Daten erkennen kann, die dem Spitzenspiel entsprechen.
     
    6. Turbinenabschnitt (28) nach Anspruch 5, wobei der Sensor (418) ein Mikrowellensensor ist.
     
    7. Turbinenabschnitt (28) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Betätigungsring (202) ferner mindestens eine Radialführung (214) beinhaltet, die durch eine Radialführungsaufnahme (215) von mindestens einer von der vorderen BOAS-Halterung (308; 408) oder der hinteren BOAS-Halterung (310; 410) aufgenommen wird, wobei die erste Radialführung (214) ein axialer Vorsprung ist, der sich von dem Betätigungsring (202) nach vorne erstreckt und die Radialführungsaufnahme (215) eine Aussparung oder ein Hohlraum in der vorderen BOAS-Halterung (308; 408) ist, die an der ersten Radialführung (214) ausgerichtet ist, und einem Bewegen des Betätigungsrings (202) in Bezug auf die vordere BOAS-Halterung (308; 408) widerstanden wird, als Reaktion darauf, dass die Radialführungsaufnahme (215) die erste Radialführung (214) aufnimmt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Section de turbine (28) d'un moteur à turbine à gaz (20), comprenant :

    une aube de turbine (426) ayant une extrémité d'aube (420) ;

    un joint d'étanchéité à l'air extérieur d'aube (BOAS) (302) ; et

    un système d'actionnement (200) pour la commande de jeu d'extrémité, le système d'actionnement (200) comprenant :

    une bague d'actionnement (202) ayant une première extrémité (205) et une seconde extrémité (207) séparées par un interstice (203) ;

    un joint d'étanchéité à l'air extérieur d'aube (BOAS) (302), dans laquelle la bague d'actionnement (202) est couplée au BOAS (302) ; et

    un actionneur (204) couplé à au moins l'une de la première extrémité (205) ou de la seconde extrémité (207) et configuré pour régler une distance (224, 226) de l'interstice (203) dans la direction circonférentielle de sorte qu'en réponse à la réduction de la distance d'interstice (224, 226), la circonférence de la bague d'actionnement (202) est réduite, le BOAS (302) est déplacé radialement vers l'intérieur et un jeu d'extrémité entre le BOAS (302) et une extrémité d'aube (420) est réduit ;

    dans laquelle un interstice de BOAS (422) existe entre le BOAS (302) et au moins l'un d'un support avant de BOAS (308 ; 408) ou d'un support arrière de BOAS (310 ; 410) pour permettre un mouvement radial du BOAS (302) par rapport à l'au moins un du support avant de BOAS (308 ; 408) ou du support arrière de BOAS (310 ; 410) ; et caractérisée en ce que

    la bague d'actionnement (202) a une première épaisseur radiale (220) proche de l'interstice (203) et une seconde épaisseur radiale (222) distale par rapport à l'interstice (203) qui est supérieure à la première épaisseur (220) ; et en ce que

    le système d'actionnement (200) comprend en outre :

    un élément de fixation (402) s'étendant à travers la bague d'actionnement (202), reçu par et couplé au BOAS (302) ; et

    un élément compressible (404) positionné entre l'élément de fixation (402) et la bague d'actionnement (202) pour compenser la flexion inégale de la bague d'actionnement (202), de sorte que la compression antagoniste de l'élément compressible (404) amène à ce que le BOAS (302) a tendance à rester aligné radialement avec l'extrémité d'aube (420) lors de l'actionnement de la bague d'actionnement (202).


     
    2. Section de turbine (28) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la bague d'actionnement (202) comprend une première bride (206 ; 252) à la première extrémité (205) et une seconde bride (208 ; 250) à la seconde extrémité (207) et dans laquelle l'actionneur (204) est couplé à la première bride (206 ; 252) et à la seconde bride (208 ; 250) et est configuré pour régler la distance d'interstice (224 ; 226) en modifiant une position circonférentielle de la première bride (206 ; 252) par rapport à la seconde bride (208 ; 252).
     
    3. Section de turbine (28) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle la première extrémité (205) de la bague d'actionnement (202) comprend une première extension (272) ayant des dents, la seconde extrémité (207) de la bague d'actionnement (202) comprend une seconde extension (270) ayant des dents positionnées radialement vers l'intérieur depuis la première extension (272), et l'actionneur (202) est un actionneur à engrenages comprenant un arbre de transmission (274) ayant des dents positionnées radialement entre la première et la seconde extension (272, 270) pour permettre un mouvement circonférentiel de la première extrémité (205) par rapport à la seconde extrémité (207) en réponse à la rotation de l'arbre de transmission (274).
     
    4. Section de turbine (28) selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans laquelle la bague d'actionnement (202) a une section transversale en forme de U dans un plan radial, ayant des côtés et une base, les côtés étant orientés radialement vers l'extérieur de la base.
     
    5. Section de turbine (28) selon une quelconque revendication précédente, comprenant en outre un capteur (418) couplé à l'élément de fixation et dans laquelle l'élément de fixation définit un guide d'onde (416) de sorte que le capteur (418) peut détecter des données correspondant au jeu d'extrémité au moyen du guide d'onde (416).
     
    6. Section de turbine (28) selon la revendication 5, dans laquelle le capteur (418) est un capteur à micro-ondes.
     
    7. Section de turbine (28) selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans laquelle la bague d'actionnement (202) comprend en outre au moins un guide radial (214) reçu par un accepteur de guide radial (215) d'au moins l'un du support avant de BOAS (308 ; 408) ou du support arrière de BOAS (310 ; 410), dans laquelle un premier guide radial (214) est une saillie axiale s'étendant vers l'avant à partir de la bague d'actionnement (202) et l'accepteur de guide radial (215) est une encoche ou une cavité dans le support avant de BOAS (308 ; 408) qui est aligné avec le premier guide radial (214), et une résistance est opposée au mouvement de la bague d'actionnement (202) par rapport au support avant de BOAS (308 ; 408) en réponse à la réception par l'accepteur de guide radial (215) du premier guide radial (214).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description