(19)
(11)EP 3 179 063 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 16198835.7

(22)Date of filing:  15.11.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F01L 1/352  (2006.01)
F01L 1/46  (2006.01)

(54)

VALVE TIMING CONTROL APPARATUS OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

VORRICHTUNG ZUR REGELUNG DER VENTILSTEUERZEIT EINES VERBRENNUNGSMOTORS

APPAREIL DE COMMANDE DE SYNCHRONISATION DE SOUPAPE DE MOTEUR À COMBUSTION INTERNE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 09.12.2015 KR 20150175301

(43)Date of publication of application:
14.06.2017 Bulletin 2017/24

(73)Proprietors:
  • Hyundai Motor Company
    Seoul 137-938 (KR)
  • Hitachi Automotive Systems, Ltd.
    Hitachinaka-shi Ibaraki (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • LEE, Hong Wook
    Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • HAN, Bonghoon
    Seoul (KR)
  • KIM, Jaechun
    Hwaseong-si, Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • KIM, Hyung Ick
    Seoul (KR)
  • YAMADA, Yoshihiko
    Tokyo (JP)
  • KATAYAMA, Manabu
    Tokyo (JP)
  • TSURUTA, Seiji
    Tokyo (JP)

(74)Representative: Viering, Jentschura & Partner mbB Patent- und Rechtsanwälte 
Am Brauhaus 8
01099 Dresden
01099 Dresden (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- 2002 061 727
US-A1- 2011 253 085
JP-A- 2012 189 050
US-A1- 2015 211 392
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a valve timing control apparatus of an internal combustion engine for controlling closing/opening timing of an intake valve and an exhaust valve.

    Description of Related Art



    [0002] In the related art, a valve timing control apparatus which may change and control a relative rotation phase of a camshaft with respect to a sprocket to which torque is transmitted in a crankshaft by using torque of an electrical motor, is disclosed.

    [0003] The valve timing control apparatus includes the electrical motor, a motor housing of which is synchronized with the crankshaft and rotated, and a deceleration mechanism that decelerates a rotational speed of the electrical motor to transmit it to the camshaft.

    [0004] The deceleration mechanism includes an eccentric shaft to which torque transmitted from a motor shaft, a ring shape member that is integrated with the sprocket and includes inner teeth of a waveform shape provided on an inner circumferential surface thereof, a plurality of rollers that are installed between respective inner teeth of the ring shape member and an outer wheel of a ball bearing, and a cage that is installed at the camshaft to form gaps between respective rollers and to allow all of the rollers to move in a radial direction.

    [0005] A plurality of rollers with different outer diameters are previously prepared, and then are selectively assembled according to a gap between an outer circumferential surface of the rollers and an inner surface of the inner teeth thereof to be an optimal gap.

    [0006] However, in the conventional valve timing control apparatus described above, the rollers having different outer diameters are selectively assembled such that the gap therebetween is adjusted, but since precision of the outer diameters of respective rollers precision is limited, it is difficult to accurately adjust the gap (backlash).

    [0007] Accordingly, torque variation caused at the camshaft due to a difference of the gap causes relatively strong impact sound between the outer circumferential surface of the respective rollers and the inner surface of the inner teeth, etc., thus quality thereof deteriorates. Such a valve timing control apparatus is disclosed in US 2011/0253085 A1.

    BRIEF SUMMARY



    [0008] Various aspects of the present invention are directed to providing a valve timing control apparatus of an internal combustion engine that may effectively reduce and suppress backlash and occurrence of impact sound between an outer circumferential surface of a roller and of an inner surface of inner teeth thereof.

    [0009] According to various aspects of the present invention, a valve timing control apparatus of an internal combustion engine may include a driving rotational body to which torque is transmitted from a crankshaft, a driven rotational body fixed to a camshaft to which torque is transmitted from the driving rotational body, an electric motor disposed between the driving rotational body and the driven rotational body and relatively rotating the driving rotational body and the driven rotational body when electric power is applied thereto, and a deceleration mechanism that decelerates a rotational speed of the electrical motor and transmit the decelerated rotational speed to the driven rotational body, in which the decelerator may include an eccentric rotational shaft that receives torque of the electrical motor and is eccentric-rotated, a bearing portion disposed at an outer circumference of the eccentric rotational shaft, an inner tooth formation part integrally disposed at at least one of the driving rotational body and the driven rotational body and to which a plurality of inner teeth are provided at an inner circumference of the inner tooth formation part, a plurality of power transmission bodies that are power-transmissibly disposed between an outer circumferential surface of an outer wheel of the bearing portion and the respective inner teeth of the inner tooth formation part, wherein an engaged portion of the inner tooth moves in a circumferential direction by eccentric rotation of the eccentric rotational shaft, and a maintaining member integrally disposed at a remaining one of the driving rotational body and the driven rotational body, separating respective power transmission bodies, and allowing the respective power transmission bodies to move in a radial direction, in which a recess portion may be formed at at least one of the outer circumference of the eccentric rotational shaft and an inner circumference of the bearing portion, and a pressing member that allows the power transmission body to generate power in a tooth bottom surface direction of the inner tooth through the bearing portion may be disposed at the recess portion.

    [0010] The pressing member may include a leaf spring bent in a circular arc shape.

    [0011] The recess portion may be formed with a length along a length direction in which opposite end portions of the leaf spring are freely stretchable.

    [0012] Opposite end portions of a length direction of the pressing member may contact a bottom surface of the recess portion, and a top portion of the circular arc shape may contacts an inner circumferential surface of an inner wheel of the bearing portion.

    [0013] The opposite end portions of the pressing member may be formed in a curved line shape outward a radial direction, and lower surfaces of the opposite end portions having the curved line shape may contact the bottom surface of the recess portion.

    [0014] The recess portion may be formed in a flat bottom shape.

    [0015] The recess portion may be formed in a "D" cut shape on an outer circumferential surface of the eccentric rotational shaft.

    [0016] The recess portion may be formed with a width ranging from opposite edges of a width direction of the inner wheel of the bearing portion to an inside portion.

    [0017] The bearing portion may include balls interposed between an inner wheel and an outer wheel of the bearing portion.

    [0018] The bearing portion may include a needle bearing having a plurality of rollers interposed between an inner wheel and an outer wheel of the bearing portion.

    [0019] The recess portion may be formed at an inner circumferential surface of an inner wheel of the bearing portion.

    [0020] The pressing member may be formed of a metal plate material, and include a rectangular plate-shaped main body and a curved line portion in which opposite end portions of a length direction of the rectangular plate-shaped main body are bent to have a curved shape at a radial directional outside.

    [0021] According to various aspects of the present invention, a valve timing control apparatus of an internal combustion engine may include a driving rotational body to which torque is transmitted from a crankshaft, a driven rotational body fixed to a camshaft to which torque is transmitted from the driving rotational body, an electric motor that is disposed between the driving rotational body and the driven rotational body and relatively rotates the driving rotational body and the driven rotational body when electric power is applied thereto, and a deceleration mechanism decelerating a rotational speed of the electrical motor and transmitting the decelerated rotational speed to the driven rotational body, in which the deceleration mechanism may include an eccentric rotational shaft receiving torque of the electrical motor and eccentrically-rotated, a bearing portion disposed at an outer circumference of the eccentric rotational shaft, an inner tooth formation part integrally disposed at one of the driving rotational body and the driven rotational body and of which a plurality of inner teeth are provided at an inner circumference of the inner tooth formation part, a plurality of power transmission bodies rotatably disposed between an outer circumferential surface of an outer wheel of the bearing portion and respective inner teeth of the inner tooth formation part, in which an engaged portion of the inner tooth may move in a circumferential direction by eccentric rotation of the eccentric rotational shaft, and a maintaining member integrally disposed at a remaining one of the driving rotational body and the driven rotational body, separating respective power transmission bodies, and allowing all the respective power transmission bodies to move in a radial direction, in which a groove portion may be formed at at least one of the outer circumference of the eccentric rotational shaft and an inner circumference of the bearing portion, and a pressing member that presses the power transmission body against a tooth bottom surface direction of the inner tooth through the bearing portion may be disposed at the groove portion.

    [0022] The groove portion may include a flat plane portion on which an outer circumferential surface of the eccentric rotational shaft is cut along a tangential direction.

    [0023] According to the valve timing control apparatus of the internal combustion engine of various embodiments of the present invention, it is possible to effectively suppress occurrence of impact sound between a roller and an inner tooth, etc.

    [0024] It is understood that the term "vehicle" or "vehicular" or other similar terms as used herein is inclusive of motor vehicles in general such as passenger automobiles including sports utility vehicles (SUV), buses, trucks, various commercial vehicles, watercraft including a variety of boats and ships, aircraft, and the like, and includes hybrid vehicles, electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, hydrogen-powered vehicles and other alternative fuel vehicles (e.g., fuel derived from resources other than petroleum). As referred to herein, a hybrid vehicle is a vehicle that has two or more sources of power, for example, both gasoline-powered and electric-powered vehicles.

    [0025] The methods and apparatuses of the present invention have other features and advantages which will be apparent from or are set forth in more detail in the accompanying drawings, which are incorporated herein, and the following Detailed Description, which together serve to explain certain principles of the present invention.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0026] 

    FIG. 1 illustrates a longitudinal cross-sectional view of a valve timing control apparatus of an internal combustion engine according to various embodiments of the present invention.

    FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view illustrating main constituent members according to various embodiments of the present invention.

    FIG. 3 illustrates an enlarged view of portion "D" surrounded by a one-point chain line in FIG. 1.

    FIG. 4 illustrates a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 1.

    FIG. 5 illustrates an enlarged view of portion "E" surrounded by a one-point chain line in FIG. 4.

    FIG. 6 illustrates a leaf spring according to various embodiments of the present invention, wherein (A) illustrates a bird's eye view of the leaf spring, and (B) illustrates a side view thereof.

    FIG. 7 illustrates a cross-sectional view taken along line B-B of FIG. 1.

    FIG. 8 illustrates a cross-sectional view taken along line C-C of FIG. 1.



    [0027] It should be understood that the appended drawings are not necessarily to scale, presenting a somewhat simplified representation of various features illustrative of the basic principles of the invention. The specific design features of the present invention as disclosed herein, including, for example, specific dimensions, orientations, locations, and shapes will be determined in part by the particular intended application and use environment.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0028] Reference will now be made in detail to various embodiments of the present invention(s), examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings and described below. While the invention(s) will be described in conjunction with exemplary embodiments, it will be understood that the present description is not intended to limit the invention(s) to those exemplary embodiments. On the contrary, the invention(s) is/are intended to cover not only the exemplary embodiments, but also various alternatives, modifications, equivalents and other embodiments, which may be included within the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

    [0029] The valve timing control apparatus of various embodiments of the present invention is applied to an intake valve. As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the valve timing control apparatus includes a timing sprocket 1, which is a drive rotational body, rotated and driven by a crankshaft of the internal combustion engine, a camshaft 2 that is rotatably supported by a bearing 29 mounted on a cylinder head (01) and is rotated by torque from the timing sprocket 1, a cover member 3 disposed in front of the timing sprocket 1, and a phase changing mechanism 4 that is disposed between the timing sprocket 1 and the camshaft 2 to change a relative rotation phase of the timing sprocket 1 and the camshaft 2 according to a driving state of the internal combustion engine.

    [0030] The timing sprocket 1 is formed of an iron-based metal to have a cylindrical shape, and includes a sprocket main body 1a, gears 1b that are integrated with an outer circumference of the sprocket main body 1a and receive torque of the crankshaft through a timing chain; and an inner tooth formation part 19 that is extendedly integrated with a front end of the sprocket main body 1a.

    [0031] In the timing sprocket 1, one large diameter ball bearing 43 is interposed between driven members 9 described later as driven rotating bodies installed at the front end of the sprocket main body 1a and the camshaft 2, and the timing sprocket 1 and the camshaft 2 are supported to relatively rotate by the large diameter ball bearing 43.

    [0032] The large diameter ball bearing 43 includes an outer wheel 43a and an inner wheel 43b and a ball 43c interposed between the wheels 43a and 43b. The outer wheel 43a is fixed to an inner circumferential side of the sprocket main body 1a, while the inner wheel 43b is fixed to an outer circumferential side of a driven member 9.

    [0033] An outer wheel fixing part 60 of a circular groove shape is provided at the inner circumferential side of the sprocket main body 1a.

    [0034] The outer wheel fixing part 60 is formed to have a step shape such that the outer wheel 43a of the large diameter ball bearing 43 is press-inserted thereinto from an axis direction, and it is positioned at one side of the axis direction of the outer wheel 43a.

    [0035] The inner tooth formation part 19 is integrated with the sprocket main body 1a at the outer circumference of the sprocket main body 1a, and is formed to have a cylindrical shape extending toward the phase changing mechanism 4, and a plurality of inner teeth 19a with a waveform shape are formed at the inner circumference thereof.

    [0036] Further, a circular female thread formation part 6 integrated with a motor housing 5 described later is disposed in front of the inner tooth formation part 19.

    [0037] A circular supporting plate 61 is disposed at an opposite side of the inner tooth formation part 19 of the sprocket main body 1a. The supporting plate 61 is formed of a metal plate material so that an outer diameter thereof is substantially equal to that of the sprocket main body 1a and an inner diameter thereof the large diameter ball bearing 43 is smaller than that of the outer wheel 43a as shown in FIG. 1. A stopper protrusion 61b protruding inward a radial direction, that is, in a central axis direction is integrally formed at a predetermined position of an inner circumference surface 61a of the supporting plate 61.

    [0038] As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 7, the stopper protrusion 61b is substantially formed to have an arc shape, and a front end 61c thereof is formed to have a circular arc shape according to an inner circumferential surface of a circular arc shape of a stopper groove 2b described later. Further, six bolt insertion holes 61d into which each bolt 7 is inserted are through-formed in an outer circumferential portion of the supporting plate 61 in a circumferential direction by an equal interval.

    [0039] Six bolt insertion hole 1c and 61d are through-formed in respective outer circumferential portions of the sprocket main body 1a (the inner tooth formation part 19) and the supporting plate 61 in respective circumferential directions by an substantially equal interval. In addition, in the female thread formation part 6, six female thread holes 6a are formed at respective positions corresponding to the respective insertion holes 1c and 61d, and the timing sprocket 1, the supporting plate 61, and motor housing 5 are engaged and fastened together in an axis direction by six bolts 7 inserted into the six female thread holes 6a.

    [0040] The sprocket main body 1a and the inner tooth formation part 19 include a case of a deceleration mechanism 8 described later.

    [0041] The sprocket main body 1a, the inner tooth formation part 19, the supporting plate 61, and the female thread formation part 6 is formed to have the substantially same outer diameter.

    [0042] The cover member 3 is fixed to a chain cover 49, and the chain cover 49, as shown in FIG. 1, is disposed along a vertical direction to cover a chain wound on the timing sprocket 1 at the cylinder head 01 and a front end of the cylinder block. In addition, boss portions 49b are integrally formed at four circumferential directional positions of a ring-shaped wall 49a configuring an opening formed at a position corresponding to the phase changing mechanism 4, and female thread holes 49c are formed from the ring-shaped wall 49a to an inner region of the respective boss portions 49b.

    [0043] As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the cover member 3 is formed of an aluminum alloy material to have a cup shape to be disposed to cover an front end portion of the motor housing 5, and includes a convex cover main body 3a and a ring-shaped mounting flange 3b integrally formed at an outer circumferential edge of an opening side of the cover main body 3a. A cylindrical wall 3c is integrally formed at the outer circumferential portion of the cover main body 3a along an axis direction, and a holding and supporting (hereinafter, referred to as "maintaining") hole 3d is formed inside the cylindrical wall 3c, and a supporting body 28 described later is partially connected to an inner circumferential surface of the maintaining hole 3d.

    [0044] Four boss portions 3e are formed at the mounting flange 3b to be equally spaced (about 90 degree interval) apart from each other in a circumferential direction. As shown in FIG. 1, a bolt inserting hole 3f into which a spiral bolt 54 is inserted into and passes through each female thread hole 49d formed in the chain cover 49 is through-formed in the respective boss portions 3e, and the cover member 3 is fixed to the chain cover 49 by each bolt 54.

    [0045] An oil seal 50 of a large diameter is interposed between an inner circumferential surface of a step portion of the outer circumferential side of the cover main body 3a and the outer circumferential surface of the motor housing 5. The large diameter oil seal 50 is formed so that its transverse cross-section has a

    shape, a core is laid in a synthetic rubber base thereof, and a ring shape base of an outer circumferential side thereof is inserted into and fixed to a ring shaped step provided at an inner circumferential surface of the cover member 3.

    [0046] As shown in FIG. 1, the motor housing 5 includes a cylindrical housing main body 5a formed to have a barrel-shaped bottom by press-forming iron-based metal material and a sealing plate 11 for sealing a front opening of the housing main body 5a, and the sealing plate 11 includes a central metal plate and opposite side magnetic materials made of a synthetic resin with the metal plate therebetween.

    [0047] A circular plate shaped partition wall 5b is provided at a rear side of the housing main body 5a, and a large diameter axial insertion hole 5c which an eccentric shaft 39 described later is insert into and passes through is formed at a substantially central portion of the partition wall 5b, and a cylindrical extension protrusion 5d protruding in an axis direction of the camshaft 2 is integrally installed at an edge of the axial insertion hole 5c. The female thread formation part 6 is integrally formed at an outer circumferential side of a front surface of the partition wall 5b.

    [0048] The camshaft 2 includes two driving cams for each cylinder for opening and operating an intake valve at an outer circumference thereof, and a flange part 2a is integrally formed at a front side thereof.

    [0049] As shown in FIG. 1, the outer diameter of the flange part 2a is formed to be slightly greater than that of a fixing part 9a of the driven member 9 described later, and after assembling respective constituent components, the flange part 2a is disposed so that the outer circumferential portion of the front surface thereof contacts axial directional outside surface of the inner wheel 43b of the large diameter ball bearing 43. Further, the front surface of the flange part 2a is combined with the driven member 9 in an axis direction by a cam bolt 10 while directly contacting the driven member 9 in the axis direction.

    [0050] As shown in FIG. 7, a stopper concave groove 2b in which the stopper convex portion 61b of the supporting plate 61 puts is formed at the outer circumference of the flange part 2a along a circumferential direction. The stopper concave groove 2b is formed as a circular arc shape of a predetermined length in the circumferential direction, and respective opposite side edges of the rotated stopper protrusion 61b directly contacts respective facing edges 2c and 2d of the circumferential direction in a range of the length range such that a relative rotational position of the maximum retarded or advanced position of the camshaft 2 with respect to the timing sprocket 1 is limited.

    [0051] In addition, the stopper convex portion 61b is disposed to be further spaced apart from the camshaft 2 than a portion fixed to the outer wheel 43a of the large diameter ball bearing 43 of the supporting plate 61 in an axis direction, and the fixing part 9a of the driven member 9 is disposed in a non-contact state in the axis direction. Accordingly, interference between the stopper convex portion 61b and the fixing part 9a may be sufficiently suppressed.

    [0052] The stopper convex portion 61b and the stopper concave groove 2b form a stopper mechanism.

    [0053] As shown in FIG. 1, a cross-section of a head portion 10a of the cam bolt 10 supports the inner wheel of the small diameter ball bearing 37 from an axis direction, and a male thread 10c screwed into a female thread formed from the end side of the camshaft 2 to an inner axis direction is formed at the outer circumference of the axial portion 10b thereof.

    [0054] As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the driven member 9 is integrally formed of an iron-based metal, and includes a circular disc-shaped fixing part 9a formed at a rear side thereof (the side of the camshaft 2), a cylindrical portion 9b protruding from an inner circumferential front surface of the fixing part 9a to an axis direction, and a maintaining mechanism 41, a cylindrical maintaining member that is integrally formed at the outer circumferential portion of the fixing part 9a to maintain a plurality of rollers 48.

    [0055] The rear surface of the fixing part 9a contacts the front surface of the flange part 2a of the camshaft 2 such that the fixing part 9a is press-fixed to the flange part 2a in an axis direction by an axial force of the cam bolt 10.

    [0056] As shown in FIG. 1, an insertion hole 9c into which the axial portion 10b of the cam bolt 10 is insert is through-formed in the central portion of the cylindrical portion 9b, and a needle bearing 38 which is a bearing member is installed at the outer circumferential side of the cylindrical portion 9b.

    [0057] The maintaining mechanism 41, as shown in FIG. 1, is bent to have an "L" shape from the front side of the outer circumferential portion of the fixing part 9a, and it is formed as a cylindrical shape protruding in the same direction as the cylindrical portion 9b.

    [0058] A cylindrical front end portion 41a of the maintaining mechanism 41 extends and protrudes in a direction of the partition wall 5b of a motor housing main body 5a through a circular concave receiving space 44 formed between the female thread formation part 6 and the extension protrusion 5d. Moreover, as shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 4, a plurality of roller maintaining holes 41b with a substantially rectangular shape for rotatably maintaining the plurality of rollers 48 are respectively provided at an equal interval positions in a circumferential direction of the cylindrical front end portion 41a. The roller maintaining holes 41b allow the respective rollers 48 to move in a radial direction and limit them to move in a circumferential direction, and the number of them is one less than that of gears of the inner teeth 19a of the inner tooth formation part 19.

    [0059] An inner wheel fixing part 63 in which the inner wheel 43b of the large diameter ball bearing 43 is fixedly press-inserted while setting an axis directional position is notch-formed between the outer circumferential portion of the fixing part 9a and a lower combining portion of the maintaining mechanism 41.

    [0060] The phase changing mechanism 4 mainly includes the electrical motor 12 disposed at the frond side of cylindrical portion 9b of the driven member 9 and the deceleration mechanism for decelerating a rotational speed of the electrical motor 12 and then transmitting it to the camshaft 2.

    [0061] As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the electrical motor 12 is a brush DC motor, and includes the motor housing 5 that is a yoke integrally rotating together with the timing sprocket 1, a motor output shaft 13 rotatably installed inside the motor housing 5, a pair of semicircular arc shaped permanent magnets 14 and 15 which are stators fixed to the inner circumferential surface of the motor housing 5, and a stator fixed to the maintaining plate 11.

    [0062] The motor output shaft 13 is formed as a stepped cylindrical shape to serve as an armature, and includes a large diameter portion 13a of the side of the camshaft 2 and a small diameter portion 13b of the side of the maintaining body 28, through a stepped portion 13c formed at a substantially central position of an axis direction. The large diameter portion 13a is integrally formed with an eccentric rotational shaft 39 in which an iron-core rotor 17 is fixedly press-inserted into an outer circumference thereof and in which some of the deceleration mechanism 8 is formed at a rear side thereof.

    [0063] A circular ring member 20 is fixedly press-inserted into the outer circumference of the small diameter portion 13b, and a commutator 21 is fixedly press-inserted into an outer circumferential surface of the circular ring member 20 in an axial direction, such that the axial directional position is determined by an outer surface of the stepped portion 13c. The outer diameter of the circular ring member 20 is substantially equal to that of the large diameter portion 13a, and a length of the axial direction thereof is slightly shorter than that of the small diameter portion 13b.

    [0064] A stopper 55 for preventing lubricant that is supplied to the motor output shaft 13 and the eccentric shaft 39 to lubricate bearings 37 and 38 from being leaked to the outside is fixedly pressed-inserted into the inner circumferential surface of the small diameter portion 13b.

    [0065] The iron-core rotor 17 is formed of a magnetic material having a plurality of magnetic poles, and includes a bobbin of which a wire of a coil 18 is wound on slots of an outer circumferential side.

    [0066] The commutator 21 is formed of a circular ring shaped conductive material, and a coil wire drawn out of the coil 18 is electrically connected to segments divided by the number of poles of the iron-core rotor 17. That is, an end of the coil wire is inserted into a flap portion formed at the inner circumferential side to be electrically connected.

    [0067] The permanent magnets 14 and 15 are wholly formed as a cylindrical shape to have a plurality of magnetic poles in a circumferential direction, and an axial directional position is offset-disposed in front of a fixed position of the iron-core rotor 17. That is, axial directional centers of the permanent magnets 14 and 15, as shown in FIG. 1, are offset-disposed from an axial center of the iron-core rotor 17 to the stator. Accordingly, edges of the permanent magnets 14 and 15 are overlapped with the commutator 21 and first brushes 25a and 25b of the stator described later in a radial direction.

    [0068] As shown in FIG. 8, the stator forms some of the sealing plate 11, and includes a circular plate shaped resin plate 22 integrally installed at the inner circumferential side, a pair of resin holders 23a and 23b installed inside the resin plate 22, a pair of first switching brushes 25a and 25b that are slidably accommodated inside the respective resin holders 23a and 23b along a diameter direction and each end surface of which resiliently contacts the outer circumferential surface of the commutator 21 from the radial direction by spring force of the coil springs 24a and 24b, dual circular ring shaped power supplying slip rings 26a and 26b fixedly laid in front surfaces of the resin holders 23a and 23b in a state in which each outer end surface thereof is exposed, and pig tail harnesses 27a and 27b for electively connecting the respective first brushes 25a and 25b and the respective slip rings 26a and 26b.

    [0069] The outer circumferential portion of the sealing plate 11 is fixedly positioned in a concave stepped portion formed at the front side inner circumference of the motor housing 5 by caulking, and an axial insertion hole 11a through which one side of the motor output shaft 13 is inserted and penetrates is through-formed in a central position of the sealing plate 11.

    [0070] The maintaining body 28 integrally molded with a synthetic resin material is fixed to the cover main body 3a. The maintaining body 28, as shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, is formed to have a substantially "L" shape which is laterally viewed, and includes a substantially cylindrical brush maintaining 28a inserted into the maintaining hole 3d, a connector 28b disposed on the brush maintaining portion 28a, a bracket 28c that integrally protrudes from one lateral surface of the brush maintaining portion 28a and is fixedly bolted to the cover main body 3a, and a pair of power supplying terminals 31 and 31 mostly laid inside the maintaining body 28.

    [0071] The brush maintaining portion 28a substantially extends in a horizontal direction (an axis direction), and a pair of angled barrel shaped brush guiding portion are respectively fixed in a fixing hole of a circular cylinder shape with a pair of bottoms which are formed to be parallel to upper and lower inner positions therein (inner and outer circumferential sides with respect to an axial core of the motor housing 5). A pair of power supplying brushes 30a and 30b, the front surfaces of which contact the respective power supplying slip rings 26a and 26b in an axial direction, are slidably maintained inside the respective brush guiding portions in an axial direction. The respective power supplying brushes 30a and 30b are formed as an angled barrel shape to have a predetermined axial directional length, and they forms some of a power supplying mechanism together with the respective power supplying slip rings 26a and 26b.

    [0072] Penetration holes into which pig tail harnesses described later are inserted are through-formed in lower bottom walls of the pair of fixing holes, and a space S meeting the respective penetration holes is formed outside the bottom walls.

    [0073] The space S is formed to have a circular shape, and a depth thereof is set to have a size that the respective pig tail harnesses 33 and 33 may be bent for a moving distance to be absorbed when the respective power supplying brushes 30a and 30b backwardly move in the brush guiding portion. Moreover, the space S is sealed so that liquid therein is leaked by a circular shaped cap 36, an axial directional opening of which is formed of a synthetic resin material such as the maintaining body 28.

    [0074] The pair of power supplying terminals 31 and 31 are vertically parallel to each other, and are formed to have a crank shape, and terminals 31a and 31a of one side (a lower side) thereof are disposed to be exposed from the outer surfaces of the bottom walls, while terminals 31b and 31b of the other side (an upper side) thereof protrude to an inserting and combining groove 28d of the connector 28b. Further, the other side terminals 31b and 31b are connected to an external control unit through an external insertion terminal or harness.

    [0075] The respective power supplying brushes 30a and 30b, as shown in FIG. 1 and

    [0076] FIG. 2, are formed to have a substantially rectangular shape, and are pressed by spring force of a pair of second coil springs 32a and 32b resiliently mounted between respective rear surfaces thereof and edges (that is, inner surfaces of the bottom walls) of the respective fixing holes in a direction of the slip rings 26a and 26b.

    [0077] A pair of external pre-baking modifiable pig tail harnesses is installed between the rear side of the power supplying brushes 30a and 30b and the one side terminals 31a and 31a.

    [0078] A seal member 34, which seals the brush maintaining portion 28a by resiliently contacting the front surface of the cylindrical wall 3b when the brush maintaining portion 28a is inserted into and penetrates through the maintaining hole 3c, is maintained in an insertion mounting groove of a circular ring shape formed at the outer circumference of the base of the brush maintaining portion 28a.

    [0079] As shown in FIG. 2, a bolt insertion hole 28e is through-formed in a substantially central positon of the bracket 28c. The bolt insertion hole 28e, as a spiral bolt is inserted into an external female thread hole formed in the cover main body 3a, allows all the maintaining body 28 to be fixed to the cover main body 3a.

    [0080] The motor output shaft 13 and the eccentric shaft 39 are rotatably supported by the small diameter ball bearing 37 formed at the thin barrel shaped outer circumferential surface integrally formed at the front side of the cylindrical portion 9b of the driven member 9, and the needle bearing 38 installed at the outer circumferential surface of the cylindrical portion 9b of the driven member 9 to be disposed at the axial directional lateral surface of the small diameter ball bearing 37.

    [0081] The needle bearing 38 includes a cylindrical retainer 38a press-inserted into the inner circumferential surface of the eccentric shaft 39, and a plurality of needle rollers 38b rotatably maintained inside the retainer 38a. The needle rollers 38b rollably move on the outer circumferential surface of the cylindrical portion 9b of the driven member 9.

    [0082] The inner wheel of the small diameter ball bearing 37 is fixedly interposed between the front edge of the cylindrical portion 9b of the driven member 9 and a head 10a of the cam bolt 10, while the outer wheel thereof is fixedly press-inserted into an inner circumferential surface of a step enlargement shape of the eccentric shaft 39 and directly contact a stepped edge formed at the inner circumferential surface of the step enlargement shape of the eccentric shaft 39 such that an axial direction thereof is positioned.

    [0083] An oil seal 46 (a small diameter seal member) for preventing lubricant of the motor housing 5 of the electrical motor 12 to be leaked inside the case of the deceleration mechanism 8 is installed between the outer circumferential surface of the motor output shaft 13 (the eccentric shaft 39) and the inner circumferential surface of the extension protrusion 5d of the motor housing 5.

    [0084] The control unit detects an engine state and controls the engine depending on various signals of a crank position sensor or an airflow meter, a coolant temperature sensor, an accelerator position sensor, etc., and is electrically connected to the coil 18 to control rotation of a motor output shaft 13 so as to control a relative rotation phase with respect to the timing sprocket 1 of the camshaft 2 through the deceleration mechanism 8.

    [0085] As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 4, the deceleration mechanism 8 mainly includes the eccentric shaft 39 of a cylindrical shape that eccentrically rotates, an intermediate diameter ball bearing 47 installed at the outer circumference of the eccentric shaft 39, a plurality of the rollers 48 installed at the outer circumference of the intermediate diameter ball bearing 47, the maintaining mechanism 41 for maintaining the respective rollers 48 in a front movement direction while allowing them to move in a radial direction, and the driven member 9 integrally combined with the maintaining mechanism 41.

    [0086] As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 4, the eccentric shaft 39 is formed to extendedly protrude from the outer edge of the large diameter portion 13a of the motor output shaft 13, and the outer diameter thereof is substantially equal to that of the large diameter portion 13a of the motor output shaft 13, and a cam surface 39a of a circular ring groove shape is provided in the outer circumferential surface thereof.

    [0087] An axial center (Y) of the outer diameter of the cam surface 39a become slightly eccentric from an axial center (X) of the motor output shaft 13 to the radial direction as a thickness of the circumferential direction thereof varies, and a recess portion 40 (accommodating a pressing member) as a groove portion provided from a minimum thickness portion 39b to an maximum thickness portion of an opposite side of the radial direction is formed, and a leaf spring 42 which is the pressing member is accommodated in the recess portion 40.

    [0088] Specifically, the recess portion 40, as shown in FIGS. 1, 3, and 4, is long cut in a rectangular shape along the tangent direction of the outer circumferential portion of the maximum thickness portion of the eccentric shaft 39 to have a "D" shape (that is, a crescent shape), and its bottom surface 40a is formed to have a flat shape.

    [0089] As shown in FIG. 3, a width (W) of the recess portion 40 is smaller by W1 than that of an outer wheel 47a of the intermediate diameter ball bearing 47 described later, and the recess portion 40 is formed at a center of a width of the outer wheel 47a, that is, the recess portion 40 is disposed in an inner region between opposite edges of the outer wheel 47a.

    [0090] As shown in FIG. 6, the leaf spring 42 is formed by bending a substantially rectangular steel plate in a circular arc shape, the opposite end portions 42a and 42b of a length direction contacting the bottom surface 40a of the recess portion 40 are bent in a reverse curve shape, and a circular arc shaped top portion 42c is disposed at a central portion of a length direction.

    [0091] Further, a width (W3) of the leaf spring 42 is slightly smaller than that of the recess portion 40, and when the leaf spring 42 is elastically changed in a stretched direction, it is formed so that its opposite edges 42d and 42e do not interfere with width directional opposite inside surfaces of the recess portion 4. Further, a length (L) of the leaf spring 42 is formed to be sufficiently smaller than that of the recess portion 40, and may be elastically changed in a freely stretched direction in the recess portion 40.

    [0092] In a state in which the leaf spring 42 is set to recess portion 40, lower edges the opposite end portions 42a and 42b previously contacts the bottom surface 40a of the recess portion 40, while the top portion 42c face the inner circumferential surface of the inner wheel 47a of the intermediate diameter ball bearing 47 with a slight clearance therebetween.

    [0093] The intermediate diameter ball bearing 47, as shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 3, includes an inner wheel 47a and an outer wheel 47b disposed to be substantially overlapped with each other at a radial directional position of the needle bearing 38, and a ball 47c interposed between the wheels 47a and 47b.

    [0094] As shown in FIG. 4, an inner circumferential portion of the inner wheel 47a is not press-inserted into the outer circumference of cam surface 39a of the eccentric shaft 39, and a minute clearance (C) for ensuring spring force of the leaf spring 40 is provided in the inner wheel 47a, and its front edge directly contacts a stepped edge 39b of the large diameter portion 13a of the motor output shaft 13, while its rear edge directly contacts a snap ring 53 fixedly inserted into a front side of the cam surface 39a, thus an axial direction of the inner wheel 47a is position together with the stepped edge 39b and the inner wheel 47a is controlled to not be deviated from the cam surface 39a.

    [0095] The outer wheel 47b is not fixed in the axial direction, but is in a free state. That is, one surface of the outer wheel 47b which is disposed at the axial directional side of the electrical motor 12 does not contact any surface, and the other surface thereof is provided with a first clearance (C1) between inner surfaces of the corresponding maintaining mechanism 41, thus the outer wheel 47b is in a free state. Moreover, the outer circumferential surface of the outer wheel 47b directly movably contacts the outer circumferential surface of each roller 48, and a second clearance (C2) of a circular ring shape is formed at the outer circumferential side of the outer wheel 47b, thus all the intermediate diameter ball bearing 47 may eccentrically move in the radial direction by the second clearance (C2) according to eccentric rotation of the eccentric shaft 39.

    [0096] Although the outer diameter of the outer wheel 47b of the ball bearing 47 is substantially equal to that of the outer wheel of a typical general ball bearing, a radial directional thickness (t) of the inner wheel 47a is greater than that of the inner wheel of the typical ball bearing. Accordingly, the inner wheel thickness (t) is set to be greater than the radial directional thickness (t1) of the outer wheel 47b.

    [0097] Accordingly, since the outer diameter of the inner wheel 47a is formed to be essentially greater than the conventional typical case, the number of the balls 47c disposed is greater than the number of the conventional typical ball bearing.

    [0098] Each roller 48 is formed of an iron-based metal, and it is configured to move in the radial direction according to the eccentric movement of the intermediate diameter ball bearing 47, to decelerate in the inner tooth 19a of the inner tooth formation part 19, to be guided in the circumferential direction by the opposite edges of roller maintaining hole 41b of the maintaining mechanism 41, and then to oscillate and move in the radial direction.

    [0099] Further, in a state in which each roller 48 is accommodated in the roller maintaining hole 41b of the maintaining mechanism 41, when the roller 48 is interposed between the inner tooth 19a of the inner tooth formation part 19 and the outer wheel 47b of the intermediate diameter ball bearing 47, as shown in FIG. 5, a minute radial clearance (C3) is provided between the outer surface of the roller 48 and the inner surface of the inner tooth 19a, and a minute cage clearance (C4) is provided between the outside of the roller 48 and one lateral surface 41c facing the roller maintaining hole 41b. The clearances (C3, C4) need to ensure an initial operational responsiveness of the roller 48 during the change operation of the deceleration mechanism 8.

    [0100] The inside of the case of the deceleration mechanism 8 is configured so that a lubricant supplying unit may supply lubricant thereto. The lubricant supplying unit is provided inside the bearing 29 of the cylinder head 01, and includes an oil supplying path through which lubricant is supplied from an external main oil gallery, an oil supplying hole 51 that is formed in the inner axial direction of the camshaft 2 and communicates with the oil supplying path through a ring shaped groove 51b, as shown in FIG. 1, and the small diameter oil hole 52 that penetrates in the inner axial direction of the driven member 9, one side of which is opened to the oil supplying hole 51, and the other side of which is opened closely to the needle bearing 38 and the intermediate diameter ball bearing 47, wherein the lubricant supplied therein is discharged from three oil discharging holes of the large diameter formed to penetrate through the driven member 9.

    [0101] The lubricant is supplied to the receiving space 44 by the lubricant supplying unit and is stayed therein so as to lubricate the intermediate diameter ball bearing 47 and the rollers 48, and the lubricant supplying unit supplies the lubricant inside the motor output shaft 13 of the eccentric shaft 39 so as to lubricate the needle bearing 38, the small diameter ball bearing 37, etc.. The small diameter oil seal 46 prevents the lubricant stayed in the receiving space 44 from being leaked from the motor housing 5.

    [Operation of various embodiments of the present invention]



    [0102] When the crankshaft of the engine is rotated and driven, the timing sprocket 1 is rotated through the timing chain 42, and then torque thereof is transmitted to the motor housing 5, that is, the electrical motor 12 through the inner tooth formation part 19 and the female thread formation part 6, thus the electrical motor 12 is rotated in synchronization. In this case, torque of the inner tooth formation part 19 is transmitted from the respective rollers 48 to the camshaft 2 through the maintaining mechanism 41 and the driven member 9. Accordingly, the intake valve is opened or closed by the cam of the camshaft 2.

    [0103] While the engine is started and then operates, the control unit supplies current to the coil 18 of the electrical motor 12 through the terminals 31 and 31, the pig tail harnesses 33 and 33, the power supplying brushes 30a and 30b, and the slip rings 26a and 26b. Accordingly, the motor output shaft 13 is rotated and driven, and its torque is decelerated by the deceleration mechanism 8 to be transmitted to the camshaft 2.

    [0104] That is, when the eccentric shaft 39 eccentric-rotates according to the rotation of the motor output shaft 13, the roller 48 is guided in the radial direction in the roller maintaining hole 41b of the maintaining mechanism 41 for each rotation of the motor output shaft 13, and sequentially moves from one inner tooth 19a of the inner tooth formation part 19 to an adjacent inner tooth 19a to rotate in the circumferential direction to be contacted. The motor output shaft 13 is decelerated and rotated by the rotating connection of the respective rollers 48, and the decelerated torque is transmitted to the driven member 9. In this case, the deceleration ratio may be arbitrarily set based on the number of the rollers 48.

    [0105] Accordingly, the camshaft 2 relatively forward-rotates with respect to the timing sprocket 1 such that the relative rotation phase is changed, thus the closing/opening timing of the intake valve is changed and controlled in advance or retardation.

    [0106] The maximum position limit (angular position limit) of the forward relative rotation of the camshaft 2 with respect to the timing sprocket 1 is performed by each side of the stopper convex portion 61b directly contacting one of the surfaces 2c and 2d that face the stopper groove 2b.

    [0107] That is, the driven member 9 rotates in the same direction as the rotating direction of the timing sprocket 1 according to the eccentric rotation of the eccentric shaft 39, such that one lateral surface of the stopper protrusion 61b contacts one facing surface 1c of the stopper concave groove 2b, 1c, thus further rotating in the same direction is limited. Accordingly, the relative rotation phase of the camshaft 2 with respect to the timing sprocket 1 is changed to the maximum in advance.

    [0108] Meanwhile, the driven member 9 rotates reversely to the rotating direction of the timing sprocket 1, such that the other lateral surface of the stopper protrusion 61b contacts the other facing surface 2d of the stopper concave groove 2b, 1c, thus further rotating is limited. Accordingly, the relative rotation phase of the camshaft 2 with respect to the timing sprocket 1 is changed to the maximum in retardation.

    [0109] As a result, the closing/opening timing of the intake valve is changed to the maximum in advance or retardation, thus fuel efficiency or power of the engine may be improved.

    [0110] In various embodiments of the present invention, when the eccentric shaft 39 rotates according to the rotation of the motor output shaft 13 of the electrical motor 12, the intermediate diameter ball bearing 47 is entirely pressed slightly in the radial direction while resiliently contacting the inner circumferential surface of the inner wheel 47a of the intermediate diameter ball bearing 47 in the radial direction by the spring force of the leaf spring 42 positioned at the maximum thickness portion through the recess portion 40. Accordingly, the roller 48 is upwardly lifted in an arrow direction of FIG. 5, thereby reducing the radial clearance (C3) (backlash).

    [0111] As described above, by reducing radial clearance (C3), it is possible to reduce the rotating directional clearance (C4), thus interference between the roller 48 and the inner surface of the inner tooth 19a is suppressed, and vibration and impact sound may be greatly reduced. Accordingly, it is possible to prevent quality of the deceleration mechanism 8 from deteriorating.

    [0112] Although the clearances (C3 and C4) is reduced by the spring force of the leaf spring 42, since the clearances are not structurally reduced but reduced by the elastic force of the leaf spring 43, the operational responsiveness of the deceleration mechanism 8 is not affected.

    [0113] Further, in the present exemplary embodiment, since it is unnecessary to previously prepare many rollers 48 having different outer diameters as in the conventional art, production costs of the rollers 48 may be reduced. Further, since the process of reassembling the rollers 48 is unnecessary, assembling efficiency and costs may be improved.

    [0114] Since the top portion 42c of the leaf spring 42 elastically contacts the inner circumferential surface of the inner wheel 47a, the corresponding contact points are automatically arranged to be spaced apart from the recess portion 40 and the inner wheel 47a to the maximum distance.

    [0115] In addition, when the leaf spring 42 is elastically changed, since the freely stretchable opposite end portions 42a and 42b in the recess portion 40 limit no movement and contact according to the flat bottom surface 40a of the concave portion 40, it is possible to obtain a stable spring weight.

    [0116] Further, since the radial directional thickness (t) of the inner wheel 47a of the intermediate diameter ball bearing 47 is greater than the radial directional thickness (t1) of the outer wheel 47b, the number of the balls 47c between the inner wheel 47a and the outer wheel 47b may be greater than that of the balls of the typical ball bearing, thus it is possible to distribute the weight applied to the ball bearing 47 to the respective balls 47c during operating. Accordingly, since the load of the ball bearing 47 decreases, deterioration of durability may be suppressed.

    [0117] In addition, since it is possible to substantially reduce the total outer diameter including the inner wheel 47a and the outer wheel 47b of the ball bearing 47, the radial directional size of the apparatus may be sufficiently reduced. Therefore, the apparatus may be down-sized.

    [0118] According to various embodiments of the present invention, it is possible to increase the number of balls 47c by further increasing the radial direction thickness (t) of the inner wheel 47a of the ball bearing 47 depending on the size and specification of the apparatus. Accordingly, it is possible to reduce the load by distributing the weight.

    [0119] In addition, the oil seal 46 is disposed to be close to one lateral surface of the inner wheel 47a of the ball bearing 47, thus it is possible to limit the oil seal 46 to unnecessarily move in the direction of the camshaft 2.

    [0120] Further, the recess portion 40 (the pressing member accommodation portion) may be preferably formed to be long cut to have the rectangular shape along the tangential direction of the outer circumferential portion of the maximum thickness portion of the eccentric shaft 39, and the axial directional one side of the recess portion 40 may be preferably opened.

    [0121] Meanwhile, since the opposite end portions of the length direction of the pressing member contacts the bottom surface of the recess portion and the top portion of the circular arc shape appropriately contacts the inner circumferential surface of the inner wheel of the bearing portion, such that the top portion of the pressing member appropriately contacts the inner circumferential surface of the inner wheel of the bearing portion, the corresponding contact points are automatically arranged to be spaced apart from the recess portion and the inner wheel of the bearing portion to the maximum distance.

    [0122] The opposite end portions of the pressing member may be formed to have a curved line shape outward the radial direction, and the bottom surfaces of the curve shaped opposite end portions may contact the bottom surface of the recess portion.

    [0123] The recess portion is formed to have the bottom of the flat shape, thus when the pressing member is elastically changed, since the opposite end portions of the pressing member easily contact the flat bottom, it is possible to obtain a stable spring weight.

    [0124] Since the recess portion is formed to have the "D" cut shape at the outer circumferential surface of the eccentric rotational shaft, machining operation is facilitated by simply forming the recess portion to have the bottom of the flat "D" cut shape.

    [0125] The recess portion is formed so that the width thereof ranges from the opposite edges of the width direction of the inner wheel of the bearing portion to the inside of the inner wheel.

    [0126] The balls may be interposed between the inner wheel and the outer wheel of the bearing portion, and a plurality of rollers may be interposed between the inner wheel and the outer wheel of the bearing portion.

    [0127] The recess portion may be formed at the inner circumferential surface of the inner wheel of the bearing portion; and the pressing member is formed of the metal plate material, and includes the substantially rectangular plate shaped main body and the curved line portion in which the opposite end portions of the length direction of the plate shaped main body is bent in the curved shape at the radial directional outside.

    [0128] For convenience in explanation and accurate definition in the appended claims, the terms "upper" or "lower", "inner" or "outer" and etc. are used to describe features of the exemplary embodiments with reference to the positions of such features as displayed in the figures.

    [0129] The foregoing descriptions of specific exemplary embodiments of the present invention have been presented for purposes of illustration and description. They are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise forms disclosed, and obviously many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teachings. The exemplary embodiments were chosen and described in order to explain certain principles of the invention and their practical application, to thereby enable others skilled in the art to make and utilize various exemplary embodiments of the present invention, as well as various alternatives and modifications thereof. It is intended that the scope of the invention be defined by the Claims appended hereto and their equivalents.


    Claims

    1. A valve timing control apparatus of an internal combustion engine, comprising:

    a driving rotational body (1) to which torque is transmitted from a crankshaft;

    a driven rotational body (9) fixed to a camshaft (2) to which torque is transmitted from the driving rotational body (1);

    an electric motor (12) disposed between the driving rotational body (1) and the driven rotational body (9) and relatively rotating the driving rotational body (1) and the driven rotational body (9) when electric power is applied thereto; and

    a deceleration mechanism (8) that decelerates a rotational speed of the electrical motor (12) and transmit the decelerated rotational speed to the driven rotational body (9),

    wherein the decelerator includes:

    an eccentric rotational shaft (39) that receives torque of the electrical motor (12) and is eccentric-rotated;

    a bearing portion (47) disposed at an outer circumference of the eccentric rotational shaft (39);

    an inner tooth formation part (19) integrally disposed at at least one of the driving rotational body (1) and the driven rotational body (9) and to which a plurality of inner teeth (19a) are provided at an inner circumference of the inner tooth formation part (19);

    a plurality of power transmission bodies (48) that are power-transmissibly disposed between an outer circumferential surface of an outer wheel (47b) of the bearing portion (47) and the respective inner teeth (19a) of the inner tooth formation part (19), wherein an engaged portion of the inner tooth (19a) moves in a circumferential direction by eccentric rotation of the eccentric rotational shaft (39); and

    a maintaining member (41) integrally disposed at a remaining one of the driving rotational body (1) and the driven rotational body (9), separating respective power transmission bodies (48), and allowing the respective power transmission bodies (48) to move in a radial direction,

    wherein a recess portion (40) is formed at at least one of the outer circumference of the eccentric rotational shaft (39) and an inner circumference of the bearing portion (47), and a pressing member (42) that allows the power transmission body (48) to generate power in a tooth bottom surface direction of the inner tooth (19a) through the bearing portion (47) is disposed at the recess portion (40).


     
    2. The valve timing control apparatus of the internal combustion engine of claim 1, wherein the pressing member (42) includes a leaf spring bent in a circular arc shape.
     
    3. The valve timing control apparatus of the internal combustion engine of claim 2, wherein the recess portion (40) is formed with a length along a longitudinal direction in which opposite end portions (42a, 42b) of the leaf spring (42) are freely stretchable.
     
    4. The valve timing control apparatus of the internal combustion engine of claim 3, wherein opposite end portions (42a, 42b) of a longitudinal direction of the pressing member (42) contact a bottom surface of the recess portion (40), and a top portion (42c) of the circular arc shape contacts an inner circumferential surface of an inner wheel (47a) of the bearing portion (47).
     
    5. The valve timing control apparatus of the internal combustion engine of claim 3 or 4, wherein the opposite end portions (42a, 42b) of the pressing member are formed in a curved line shape outward a radial direction, and lower surfaces of the opposite end portions (42a, 42b) having the curved line shape contact the bottom surface of the recess portion (40).
     
    6. The valve timing control apparatus of the internal combustion engine of any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the recess portion (40) is formed in a flat bottom shape.
     
    7. The valve timing control apparatus of the internal combustion engine of any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the recess portion (40) is formed in a "D" cut shape on an outer circumferential surface of the eccentric rotational shaft (39).
     
    8. The valve timing control apparatus of the internal combustion engine of any one of claims 4 to 7, wherein the recess portion (40) is formed with a width (W) ranging from opposite edges of a width direction of the inner wheel of the bearing portion (47) to an inside portion.
     
    9. The valve timing control apparatus of the internal combustion engine of any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the bearing portion (47) includes balls (47c) interposed between an inner wheel (47a) and an outer wheel (47b) of the bearing portion (40).
     
    10. The valve timing control apparatus of the internal combustion engine of any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the bearing portion (47) includes a needle bearing having a plurality of rollers interposed between an inner wheel and an outer wheel of the bearing portion.
     
    11. The valve timing control apparatus of the internal combustion engine of claim 1 or 2, wherein the recess portion (40) is formed at an inner circumferential surface of an inner wheel (47a) of the bearing portion (40).
     
    12. The valve timing control apparatus of the internal combustion engine of any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the pressing member (42) is formed of a metal plate material, and includes a rectangular plate-shaped main body and a curved line portion in which opposite end portions (42d, 42e) of a longitudinal direction of the rectangular plate-shaped main body are bent to have a curved shape at a radial directional outside.
     
    13. A valve timing control apparatus of an internal combustion engine, comprising:

    a driving rotational body (1) to which torque is transmitted from a crankshaft;

    a driven rotational body (9) fixed to a camshaft (2) to which torque is transmitted from the driving rotational body (1);

    an electric motor (12) that is disposed between the driving rotational body (1) and the driven rotational body (9) and relatively rotates the driving rotational body (1) and the driven rotational body (9) when electric power is applied thereto; and

    a deceleration mechanism (8) decelerating a rotational speed of the electrical motor (12) and transmitting the decelerated rotational speed to the driven rotational body (9),

    wherein the deceleration mechanism (8) includes:

    an eccentric rotational shaft (39) receiving torque of the electrical motor (12) and eccentrically-rotated;

    a bearing portion (47) disposed at an outer circumference of the eccentric rotational shaft (39);

    an inner tooth formation part (19) integrally disposed at one of the driving rotational body (1) and the driven rotational body (9) and of which a plurality of inner teeth (19a) are provided at an inner circumference of the inner tooth formation part (19);

    a plurality of power transmission bodies (48) rotatably disposed between an outer circumferential surface of an outer wheel (47b) of the bearing portion (47) and respective inner teeth (19a) of the inner tooth formation part (19), wherein an engaged portion of the inner tooth (19a) moves in a circumferential direction by eccentric rotation of the eccentric rotational shaft (39); and

    a maintaining member (41) integrally disposed at a remaining one of the driving rotational body (1) and the driven rotational body (9), separating respective power transmission bodies (48), and allowing all the respective power transmission bodies (48) to move in a radial direction,

    wherein a groove portion (40) is formed at at least one of the outer circumference of the eccentric rotational shaft (39) and an inner circumference of the bearing portion (47), and a pressing member (42) that presses the power transmission body (48) against a tooth bottom surface direction of the inner tooth (19a) through the bearing portion (47) is disposed at the groove portion (40) .


     
    14. The valve timing control apparatus of the internal combustion engine of claim 13, wherein the groove portion (40) includes a flat plane portion on which an outer circumferential surface of the eccentric rotational shaft (39) is cut along a tangential direction.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Eine Ventil-Steuerzeitvorrichtung für eine Brennkraftmaschine, aufweisend:

    einen Antriebsdrehkörper (1), zu welchem ausgehend von einer Kurbelwelle Drehmoment übertragen wird,

    einen Abtriebsdrehkörper (9), welcher an einer Nockenwelle (2) fixiert ist, zu welcher ausgehend vom Antriebsdrehkörper (1) Drehmoment übertragen wird,

    einen Elektromotor (12), welcher zwischen dem Antriebsdrehkörper (1) und dem Abtriebsdrehkörper (9) angeordnet ist und den Antriebsdrehkörper (1) und den Abtriebsdrehkörper (9) relativ dreht, wenn auf diesen elektrische Energie aufgebracht wird, und

    einen Abbremsmechanismus (8), welcher eine Drehzahl des Elektromotors (12) senkt und die gesenkte Drehzahl zum Abtriebsdrehkörper (9) überträgt,

    wobei der Abbremser aufweist:

    eine Exzenter-Drehwelle (39), welche vom Elektromotor (12) Drehmoment empfängt und exzentrisch gedreht wird,

    einen Lagerabschnitt (47), welcher an einem Außenumfang der Exzenter-Drehwelle (39) angeordnet ist,

    einen Innenzahn-Formteil (19), welcher an zumindest einem vom Antriebsdrehkörper (1) und vom Abtriebsdrehkörper (9) einstückig angeordnet ist und an welchem eine Mehrzahl von Innenzähnen (19a) an einem Innenumfang des Innenzahn-Formteils (19) bereitgestellt ist,

    eine Mehrzahl von Leistungsübertragungskörpern (48), welche leistungsübertragungsmäßig zwischen einer Außenumfangsfläche eines Außenrads (47b) des Lagerabschnitts (47) und dem jeweiligen Innenzahn (19a) des Innenzahn-Formteils (19) angeordnet ist, wobei sich ein Eingriffsabschnitt des Innenzahns (19a) in einer Umfangsrichtung durch die Exzenterdrehung der Exzenter-Drehwelle (39) bewegt, und

    einen Halterteil (41), welcher an einem verbleibenden vom Antriebsdrehkörper (1) und vom Abtriebsdrehkörper (9) einstückig angeordnet ist, die jeweiligen Leistungsübertragungskörper (48) separiert und es den jeweiligen Leistungsübertragungskörpern (48) erlaubt, sich in einer Radialrichtung zu bewegen,

    wobei ein Ausschnittabschnitt (40) an zumindest einem von einem Außenumfang der Exzenter-Drehwelle (39) und einem Innenumfang vom Lagerabschnitt (47) geformt ist und ein Druckelement (42), welches es dem Leistungsübertragungskörper (48) erlaubt, Leistung in einer Zahnfußflächenrichtung des Innenzahns (19a) durch den Lagerabschnitt (47) zu generieren, am Aussparungsabschnitt (40) angeordnet ist.


     
    2. Die Ventil-Steuerzeitvorrichtung der Brennkraftmaschine gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das Druckelement (42) eine Blattfeder aufweist, welche in einer Kreisbogengestalt gebogen ist.
     
    3. Die Ventil-Steuerzeitvorrichtung der Brennkraftmaschine gemäß Anspruch 2, wobei der Aussparungsabschnitt (40) mit einer Länge entlang einer Längsrichtung geformt ist, in welcher sich entgegengesetzte Endabschnitte (42a, 42b) der Blattfeder frei strecken können.
     
    4. Die Ventil-Steuerzeitvorrichtung der Brennkraftmaschine gemäß Anspruch 3, wobei entgegengesetzte Endabschnitte (42a, 42b) einer Längsrichtung des Druckelements (42) eine Bodenfläche des Aussparungsabschnitts (40) kontaktieren und ein oberer Abschnitt (42c) der Kreisbogengestalt eine Innenumfangsfläche eines Innenrads (47a) des Lagerabschnitts (47) kontaktiert.
     
    5. Die Ventil-Steuerzeitvorrichtung der Brennkraftmaschine gemäß Anspruch 3 oder 4, wobei die entgegengesetzten Endabschnitte (42a, 42b) des Druckelements in einer Radialrichtung auswärts in einer gekrümmten Liniengestalt geformt sind und untere Flächen der entgegengesetzten Endabschnitte (42a, 42b), welche die gekrümmte Liniengestalt haben, die Bodenfläche des Aussparungsabschnitts (40) kontaktieren.
     
    6. Die Ventil-Steuerzeitvorrichtung der Brennkraftmaschine gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei der Aussparungsabschnitt (40) mit einer flachen Bodengestalt geformt ist.
     
    7. Die Ventil-Steuerzeitvorrichtung der Brennkraftmaschine gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei der Aussparungsabschnitt (40) an einer Außenumfangsfläche der Exzenter-Drehwelle (39) in einer D-Schnittgestalt geformt ist.
     
    8. Die Ventil-Steuerzeitvorrichtung der Brennkraftmaschine gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 4 bis 7, wobei der Aussparungsabschnitt (40) mit einer Breite (W) geformt ist, die von in einer Breitenrichtung des inneren Rads des Lagerabschnitts (47) entgegengesetzten Rändern zu einem Innenabschnitt reicht.
     
    9. Die Ventil-Steuerzeitvorrichtung der Brennkraftmaschine gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, wobei der Lagerabschnitt (47) Kugeln (47c) aufweist, welche zwischen einem Innenrad (47a) und einem Außenrad (47b) des Lagerabschnitts (40) angeordnet sind.
     
    10. Die Ventil-Steuerzeitvorrichtung der Brennkraftmaschine gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, wobei der Lagerabschnitt (47) ein Nadellager aufweist, welches eine Mehrzahl von Rollen zwischen einem Innenrad und einem Außenrad des Lagerabschnitts angeordnet hat.
     
    11. Die Ventil-Steuerzeitvorrichtung der Brennkraftmaschine gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei der Aussparungsabschnitt (40) an einer Innenumfangsfläche eines inneren Rads (47a) des Lageabschnitts (40) geformt ist.
     
    12. Die Ventil-Steuerzeitvorrichtung der Brennkraftmaschine gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei das Druckelement (42) aus einem Metallplattenmaterial geformt ist und einen Rechteck-Plattenform-Hauptkörper und einen gekrümmten Linienabschnitt aufweist, bei welchem entgegengesetzte Endabschnitte (42d, 42e) einer Längsrichtung des Rechteck-Plattenform-Hauptkörpers gebogen sind, um an einer Radialrichtung-Außenseite eine gekrümmte Gestalt zu haben.
     
    13. Eine Ventil-Steuerzeitvorrichtung für eine Brennkraftmaschine, aufweisend:

    einen Antriebsdrehkörper (1), zu welchem ausgehend von einer Kurbelwelle Drehmoment übertragen wird,

    einen Abtriebsdrehkörper (9), welcher an einer Nockenwelle (2) fixiert ist, zu welcher ausgehend vom Antriebsdrehkörper (1) Drehmoment übertragen wird,

    einen Elektromotor (12), welcher zwischen dem Antriebsdrehkörper (1) und dem Abtriebsdrehkörper (9) angeordnet ist und den Antriebsdrehkörper (1) und den Abtriebsdrehkörper (9) relativ dreht, wenn auf diesen elektrische Energie aufgebracht wird, und

    einen Abbremsmechanismus (8), welcher eine Drehzahl des Elektromotors (12) senkt und die gesenkte Drehzahl zum Abtriebsdrehkörper (9) überträgt,

    wobei der Abbremsmechanismus (8) aufweist:

    eine Exzenter-Drehwelle (39), welche vom Elektromotor (12) Drehmoment empfängt und exzentrisch gedreht wird,

    einen Lagerabschnitt (47), welcher an einem Außenumfang der Exzenter-Drehwelle (39) angeordnet ist,

    einen Innenzahn-Formteil (19), welcher an zumindest einem vom Antriebsdrehkörper (1) und vom Abtriebsdrehkörper (9) einstückig angeordnet ist und an welchem eine Mehrzahl von Innenzähnen (19a) an einem Innenumfang des Innenzahn-Formteils (19) bereitgestellt ist,

    eine Mehrzahl von Leistungsübertragungskörpern (48), welche leistungsübertragungsmäßig zwischen einer Außenumfangsfläche eines Außenrads (47b) des Lagerabschnitts (47) und dem jeweiligen Innenzahn (19a) des Innenzahn-Formteils (19) angeordnet ist, wobei sich ein Eingriffsabschnitt des Innenzahns (19a) in einer Umfangsrichtung durch die Exzenterdrehung der Exzenter-Drehwelle (39) bewegt, und

    einen Halterteil (41), welcher an einem verbleibenden vom Antriebsdrehkörper (1) und vom Abtriebsdrehkörper (9) einstückig angeordnet ist, die jeweiligen Leistungsübertragungskörper (48) separiert und es den jeweiligen Leistungsübertragungskörpern (48) erlaubt, sich in einer Radialrichtung zu bewegen,

    wobei ein Ausschnittabschnitt (40) an zumindest einem von einem Außenumfang der Exzenter-Drehwelle (39) und einem Innenumfang vom Lagerabschnitt (47) geformt ist und ein Druckelement (42),

    welches den Leistungsübertragungskörper (48) gegen eine Zahnfußflächenrichtung des Innenzahns (19a) durch den Lagerabschnitt (47) drückt, am Nutabschnitt (40) angeordnet ist.


     
    14. Die Ventil-Steuerzeitvorrichtung der Brennkraftmaschine gemäß Anspruch 13, wobei der Nutabschnitt (40) einen Flache-Ebene-Abschnitt aufweist, bei welchem eine Außenumfangsfläche der Exzenter-Drehwelle (39) entlang einer Tangentialrichtung geschnitten ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil de synchronisation de soupapes d'un moteur à combustion interne, comprenant :

    un corps rotatif d'entraînement (1) auquel un couple est transmis par un vilebrequin ;

    un corps rotatif entraîné (9) fixé à un arbre à cames (2), auquel un couple est transmis par le corps rotatif d'entraînement (1) ;

    un moteur électrique (12) disposé entre le corps rotatif d'entraînement (1) et le corps rotatif entraîné (9) et mettant en rotation relative le corps rotatif d'entraînement (1) et le corps rotatif entraîné (9) lorsqu'une énergie électrique y est appliquée ; et

    un mécanisme de décélération (8) qui décélère une vitesse de rotation du moteur électrique (12) et qui transmet la vitesse de rotation décélérée au corps rotatif entraîné (9),

    le décélérateur comprenant :

    un arbre rotatif excentrique (39) qui reçoit un couple du moteur électrique (12) et qui tourne de manière excentrique ;

    une portion de palier (47) disposée au niveau d'une circonférence externe de l'arbre rotatif excentrique (39) ;

    une partie de formation de dents internes (19) disposée d'une seule pièce au niveau d'au moins un parmi le corps rotatif d'entraînement (1) et le corps rotatif entraîné (9) et sur laquelle une pluralité de dents internes (19a) sont disposées, sur une circonférence interne de la partie de formation de dents internes (19) ;

    une pluralité de corps de transmission de puissance (48) qui sont disposés, avec une transmission de puissance, entre une surface circonférentielle externe d'une roue externe (47b) de la portion de palier (47) et les dents internes (19a) respectives de la partie de formation de dents internes (19), une portion emboîtée de la dent interne (19a) se déplaçant dans une direction circonférentielle grâce à al rotation excentrique de l'arbre rotatif excentrique (39) ; et

    un élément de maintien (41), disposé d'une seule pièce au niveau de l'élément restant parmi le corps rotatif d'entraînement (1) et le corps rotatif entraîné (9), séparant les corps de transmission de puissance (48) respectifs et permettant aux corps de transmission de puissance (48) respectifs de se déplacer dans une direction radiale,

    une portion en retrait (40) étant formée sur au moins une parmi la circonférence externe de l'arbre rotatif excentrique (39) et une circonférence interne de la portion de palier (47), et un élément de pression (42), qui permet au corps de transmission de puissance (48) de générer de la puissance dans une direction de surface inférieure de dent de la dent interne (19a) par l'intermédiaire de la portion de palier (47), étant disposé au niveau de la portion en retrait (40).


     
    2. Appareil de contrôle de synchronisation de soupapes du moteur à combustion interne selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'élément de pression (42) comprend un ressort à lame plié en forme d'arc de cercle.
     
    3. Appareil de contrôle de synchronisation de soupapes du moteur à combustion interne selon la revendication 2, dans lequel la portion en retrait (40) est formé avec une longueur le long d'une direction longitudinale dans laquelle les portions d'extrémité opposées (42a, 42b) du ressort à lame (42) sont étirables librement.
     
    4. Appareil de contrôle de synchronisation de soupapes du moteur à combustion interne selon la revendication 3, dans lequel les portions d'extrémité opposées (42a, 42b) d'une direction longitudinale de l'élément de pression (42) sont en contact avec une surface inférieure de la portion en retrait (40) et une portion supérieure (42c) de la forme d'arc de cercle est en contact avec une surface circonférentielle interne d'une roue interne (47a) de la portion de palier (47).
     
    5. Appareil de contrôle de synchronisation de soupapes du moteur à combustion interne selon la revendication 3 ou 4, dans lequel les portions d'extrémité opposées (42a, 42b) de l'élément de pression présentent la forme d'une ligne courbée vers l'extérieur dans une direction radiale et les surfaces inférieures des portions d'extrémité opposées (42a, 42b) présentant la forme d'une ligne courbe sont en contact avec la surface inférieure de la portion en retrait (40).
     
    6. Appareil de contrôle de synchronisation de soupapes du moteur à combustion interne selon l'une des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel la portion en retrait (40) présente une forme de fond plate.
     
    7. Appareil de contrôle de synchronisation de soupapes du moteur à combustion interne selon l'une des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel la portion en retrait (40) présente une forme de coupe en « D » sur une surface circonférentielle externe de l'arbre rotatif excentrique (39).
     
    8. Appareil de contrôle de synchronisation de soupapes du moteur à combustion interne selon l'une des revendications 4 à 7, dans lequel la portion en retrait (40) est formée avec une largeur (W) allant des bords opposés d'une direction de la largeur de la roue interne de la portion de palier (47) vers une portion intérieure.
     
    9. Appareil de contrôle de synchronisation de soupapes du moteur à combustion interne selon l'une des revendications 1 à 8, dans lequel la portion de palier (47) comprend des billes (47c) intercalées entre une roue interne (47a) et une roue externe (47b) de la portion de palier (40).
     
    10. Appareil de contrôle de synchronisation de soupapes du moteur à combustion interne selon l'une des revendications 1 à 8, dans lequel la portion de palier (47) comprend un palier à aiguilles comprenant une pluralité de rouleaux intercalés entre une coure interne et une roue externe de la portion de palier.
     
    11. Appareil de contrôle de synchronisation de soupapes du moteur à combustion interne selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel la portion en retrait (40) est formée au niveau d'une surface circonférentielle interne d'une roue interne (47a) de la portion de palier (40).
     
    12. Appareil de contrôle de synchronisation de soupapes du moteur à combustion interne selon l'une des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel l'élément de pression (42) est constitué d'un matériau en forme de plaque métallique et comprend un corps principal en forme de plaque rectangulaire et une portion à ligne courbe, les portions d'extrémité opposées (42d, 42e) d'une direction longitudinale du corps principal en forme de plaque rectangulaire étant pliées de façon à présenter une forme courbe à l'extérieur dans la direction radiale.
     
    13. Appareil de contrôle de synchronisation de soupapes d'un moteur à combustion interne comprenant :

    un corps rotatif d'entraînement (1) auquel un couple est transmis par un vilebrequin ;

    un corps rotatif entraîné (9) fixé à un arbre à cames (2), auquel un couple est transmis par le corps rotatif d'entraînement (1) ;

    un moteur électrique (12), qui est disposé entre le corps rotatif d'entraînement (1) et le corps rotatif entraîné (9) et qui met en rotation relative le corps rotatif d'entraînement (1) et le corps rotatif entraîné (9) lorsqu'une énergie électrique y est appliquée ; et

    un mécanisme de décélération (8) qui décélère une vitesse de rotation du moteur électrique (12) et qui transmet la vitesse de rotation décélérée au corps rotatif entraîné (9),

    le mécanisme de décélération (8) comprenant :

    un arbre rotatif excentrique (39) qui reçoit un couple du moteur électrique (12) et qui tourne de manière excentrique ;

    une portion de palier (47) disposée au niveau d'une circonférence externe de l'arbre rotatif excentrique (39) ;

    une partie de formation de dents internes (19) disposée d'une seule pièce au niveau d'un parmi le corps rotatif d'entraînement (1) et le corps rotatif entraîné (9) et dont une pluralité de dents internes (19a) sont disposées sur une circonférence interne de la partie de formation de dents internes (19) ;

    une pluralité de corps de transmission de puissance (48) disposés de manière rotative entre une surface circonférentielle externe d'une roue externe (47b) de la portion de palier (47) et les dents internes (19a) respectives de la partie de formation de dents internes (19), une portion emboîtée de la dent interne (19a) se déplaçant dans une direction circonférentielle grâce à la rotation excentrique de l'arbre rotatif excentrique (39) ; et

    un élément de maintien (41), disposé d'une seule pièce au niveau de l'élément restant parmi le corps rotatif d'entraînement (1) et le corps rotatif entraîné (9), séparant les corps de transmission de puissance (48) respectifs et permettant aux corps de transmission de puissance (48) respectifs de se déplacer dans une direction radiale,

    une portion de gorge (40) étant formée sur au moins une parmi la circonférence externe de l'arbre rotatif excentrique (39) et une circonférence interne de la portion de palier (47) et un élément de pression (42), qui presse le corps de transmission de puissance (48) contre une direction de la surface de fond de dent de la dent interne (19a) par l'intermédiaire de la portion de palier (47), étant disposé au niveau de la portion de gorge (40).


     
    14. Appareil de contrôle de synchronisation de soupapes du moteur à combustion interne selon la revendication 13, dans lequel la portion de gorge (40) comprend une portion plane sur laquelle une surface circonférentielle externe de l'arbre rotatif excentrique (39) est découpé le long d'une direction tangentielle.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description