(19)
(11)EP 3 179 109 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
23.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/39

(21)Application number: 16201305.6

(22)Date of filing:  30.11.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F04D 13/06(2006.01)
F04D 29/24(2006.01)

(54)

CENTRIFUGAL PUMP WITH INTEGRATED PERMANENT MAGNET MOTOR

KREISELPUMPE MIT INTEGRIERTEM PERMANENTMAGNETMOTOR

POMPE CENTRIFUGE À MOTEUR À AIMANTS PERMANENTS INTÉGRÉS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 08.12.2015 US 201514962244

(43)Date of publication of application:
14.06.2017 Bulletin 2017/24

(73)Proprietor: Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation
Charlotte, NC 28217 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • GIERAS, Jacek F.
    Glastonbury, CT 06033 (US)
  • ROZMAN, Gregory I.
    Myrtle Beach, SC 29577 (US)

(74)Representative: Dehns 
St. Bride's House 10 Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8JD
London EC4Y 8JD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
FR-A- 1 274 546
US-A- 3 194 165
US-B1- 6 227 817
GB-A- 1 569 842
US-A- 3 932 069
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] The present invention relates generally to motor-driven pumps, and more particularly to a centrifugal pump integrated with an axial-flux motor.

    [0002] Centrifugal pumps are used in a variety of fluid handling applications. Centrifugal pumps typically include a rotary impeller with a plurality of vanes or paddles that force fluid centrifugally outward and in a flow direction. Centrifugal pump impellers are ordinarily driven by a motor, either directly or via an attached gearbox. Directly driven centrifugal pumps most commonly include one or more axially in-line motors adjacent the pump, connected to the impeller via an intervening axial driveshaft. In some cases, one motor may drive other devices than the pump, necessitating a gearbox or a shared driveshaft. The motor and pump form a combined system that is often large and heavy, and includes many moving parts.

    [0003] US 6,227,817 relates to a magnetically-suspended centrifugal blood pump. US 3,932,069 relates to a variable reluctance motor pump. US 3,194,165 relates to an electric motor pump. It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a pump system that is lighter and smaller than those of the prior art, and to provide a more efficient method of pumping fluid.

    SUMMARY



    [0004] In one aspect, the present invention is directed toward a pump system as defined in the appended claim 1. The pump system comprising a fluid housing, a permanent magnet rotor, and an electric stator. The fluid housing has an axis, an axial inlet, and a radially outer outlet. The permanent magnet rotor is disposed on the axis, within the fluid housing, and has a plurality of perimetrically distributed fins that extend at least partly radially outward. The electric stator is disposed on the axis and within the fluid housing, and is situated adjacent the impeller fins of the permanent magnet rotor, separated from the impeller fins by an axial gap.

    [0005] In another aspect, the present invention is directed toward a method of pumping fluid as defined in the appended claim 12. The method comprising the steps of energizing field poles of a stator with alternating current, and driving a permanent magnet rotor via axial flux impingement from the energized stator on at least partially radially extending ferromagnetic fluid impeller fins. The stator is situated in an axial fluid path of a centrifugal pump housing. When energized, the ferromagnetic fluid impeller fins draw fluid axially through apertures in the stator, and forces fluid centrifugally outward and in a flow direction.

    [0006] The present summary is provided only by way of example, and not limitation. Other aspects of the present disclosure will be appreciated in view of the entirety of the present disclosure, including the entire text, claims, and accompanying figures.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0007] 

    FIG. 1 is a simplified cross-sectional view of an embodiment of a pump system including a centrifugal pump with an integrated axial flux permanent magnet motor.

    FIG. 2 is a side view of a rotor of the pump system of FIG. 1.

    FIG. 3 is a side view of a stator of the pump system of FIG 1.

    FIG. 4 is a simplified cross-sectional view of another embodiment of a pump system including a centrifugal pump with an integrated axial flux permanent magnet motor

    FIG. 5 is a side view of a rotor of the pump system of FIG. 4.



    [0008] While the above-identified figures set forth one or more embodiments of the present disclosure, other embodiments are also contemplated, as noted in the discussion. In all cases, this disclosure presents the invention by way of representation and not limitation. It should be understood that numerous other modifications and embodiments can be devised by those skilled in the art, which fall within the scope of the principles of the invention. The figures may not be drawn to scale, and applications and embodiments of the present invention may include features and components not specifically shown in the drawings.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0009] The present disclosure concerns a centrifugal pump with an integrated axial flux permanent magnet motor. Impeller fins of the pump double either as permanent magnets of the motor, or as ferromagnetic pole shoes affixed to perimetrically distributed magnetic sections on a backing disk. The pump and motor share a common housing and bearing assembly, allowing compact and lightweight construction of the combined structure, with fewer moving parts. Axial gap motor geometry allows for high power density and easy integration between pump and motor.

    [0010] FIG. 1 is a simplified cross-sectional view of pump system 10a, which is one embodiment of a combined permanent magnet motor and centrifugal fluid pump system. Pump system 10a comprises housing 12 with inlet 14 and outlet 16, rotor 18a, stator assembly 20, shaft 22 along shaft axis As, bearings 24, rotor backing disk 26, permanent magnet impeller fins 28, stator backing disk 30, and stator inlet passage 32.

    [0011] Housing 12 contains and supports all other components of pump system 10a, and defines a fluid flow path from inlet flow FI substantially aligned with shaft axis As at inlet 14 to a substantially tangential and radially outward outlet flow FO at outlet 16. Housing 12 can be constructed of any rigid, load-bearing material, such as structural steel or aluminum. In alternative embodiments, housing 12 can be formed of a fiberglass or polymer material. Shaft 22 is disposed within housing 12 along shaft axis As, and is rotatably supported on bearings 24. Bearings 24 can, for example, be ball or roller bearings. Rotor 18a is supported by rotor backing disk 26, which is a rotating rigid ferromagnetic support structure that extends radially outward from shaft 22. Stator backing disk 30 is similarly a stationary rigid ferromagnetic support structure that supports stator assembly 20, and is anchored to housing 12. In at least some embodiments, rotor backing disk 26 and/or stator backing disk 30 are formed of steel. In the depicted embodiment, stator backing disk 30 supports a front race of bearings 24 proximal to inlet 14, while housing 12 directly supports a rear race of axially distal bearings 24. A plurality of perimetrically distributed stator passages 32 extend through stator assembly 20 and stator backing disk 30, as described in greater detail with respect to FIG. 3, below.

    [0012] Rotor 18a is a rotating assembly including a plurality of perimetrically distributed, swept and/or angled permanent magnet impeller fins 28 that extend at least partially radially outward from shaft 22. When rotor 18a rotates, permanent magnet impeller fins 28 centrifugally force fluid radially outward towards outlet 16, drawing in fluid axially through stator passages 32 toward a resulting low-pressure region surrounding shaft 22. At least a portion of each permanent magnet impeller fin 28 is formed of a magnetic material such as SmCo, NdFeB, or other permanent magnet materials. In some embodiments, the entirety of each permanent magnet impeller fin 28 is formed of magnetic material. Rotor 18a includes an even number of permanent magnet impeller fins 28, and each permanent magnet impeller fin 28 is perimetrically adjacent to magnets of opposite magnetic polarity.

    [0013] During operation of pump system 10a, stator assembly 20 is energized with alternating current, generating a changing magnetic field at permanent magnet impeller fins 28 across axial gap g. Stator assembly 20 can, for instance, receive alternating current from an external power source or a conditioned onboard energy storage device (not shown). Magnetic flux created by stator assembly 20 drives rotor 18a, causing rotor backing disk 26 and permanent magnet impeller fins 28 to rotate about shaft axis As. Fluid enters housing 12 as substantially axial inlet flow FI through inlet 14. Inlet flow FI impinges on stator backing disk 30, and is drawn axially through stator passages 32 by rotation of rotor 18b. Fluid between stator assembly 20 and rotor 18b is driven centrifugally (i.e. radially and tangentially) outward towards outlet 16, creating suction that draws further fluid from inlet 14 through stator passages 32.

    [0014] Pump system 10a provides a compact centrifugal pump assembly with an integrated axial-flux motor. Pump system 10a consequently obviates any need for a separate motor and/or driveshaft, reducing total system weight, complexity, and size.

    [0015] FIG. 2 is a schematic side view of rotor 18a of the pump system 10a, and illustrates shaft 24, rotor backing disk 26, and permanent magnet impeller fins 28. As described above with respect to FIG. 1, rotor backing disk 26 rides shaft 22, and permanent rotor fins 28 are affixed to rotor backing disk 26. Permanent magnet rotor fins 28 can, for example, be attached to rotor backing disk 26 via pins, bolts, or screws. Rotor 18a rotates under electromagnetic torque applied via permanent magnet impeller fins 28 when stator assembly 20 is energized. Rotor backing disk 26 is formed of a ferromagnetic material such as steel. As noted above, permanent magnet impeller fins 28 are formed partially or entirely of a permanent magnetic material such as SmCo, NdFeB, or other permanent magnet materials. Rotor 18a includes an even number of permanent magnet impeller fins 28 (eight, in the illustrated embodiment), which are angled or swept in a flow direction, and evenly perimetrically distributed about shaft axis As. Permanent magnet impeller fins 28 serve both as fins of a circumferential pump impeller, and as poles (vanes) of an axial-flux permanent magnet motor. Each permanent magnet impeller fin 28 has magnetic polarization substantially equal in magnitude and opposite in orientation to closest circumferential neighbors.

    [0016] FIG. 3 is a side view of stator assembly 20 of the pump system 10a, illustrating stator passages 32, stator cores 34, and stator windings 36. Stator cores 34 are rigid ferromagnetic blocks affixed to stator backing disk 30 (see FIG. 1), e.g. via bolts, pins, screws, and/or adhesive. Each stator core 34 is surrounded by stator windings 36 of conductive material. Stator windings 36 are energized with alternating current to drive rotor 18a. Stator windings 36 can, for example, be formed of wire wound about stator cores 34, or of additively manufactured winding structures formed integrally atop stator cores 34.

    [0017] Stator assembly 20 comprises an even number of distinct poles each formed of a stator core 34 surrounded by windings 36. In general, where Nc is the number of stator cores (poles) equal to the number of coils:

    where m is the number of stator phases, B is the number of permanent magnet impeller fins 28, GCD(Nc, B) is the greatest common divisor of Nc and B, and where k is a positive integer. Thus, once an even number B of permanent magnet impeller fins 28 is selected based on desired pumping behavior, the number Nc of stator cores is correspondingly partially determined.

    [0018] Stator passages 32 pass entirely axially through stator cores 34, and allow suction from rotor 18a to carry fluid from inlet 14 to rotor 18a (see FIG. 1). In some embodiments, each stator core 34 is disposed with a corresponding stator passage 32. In other embodiments, only some stator cores 34 have stator passages 32. Stator passages 32 can be evenly perimetrically distributed about shaft axis As, either by providing each stator core 34 with a stator passage 32, or by selecting stator cores 34 for stator passages 32 in a perimetrically balanced fashion. Although stator passages 32 are illustrated as circular in cross-section, any cross-section is possible. Generally, the shape, number, and distribution of stator passages 32 can be selected to minimize pressure losses of fluid passing through stator passages 32 to rotor 18a. To protect against exposure to fluid pumped by pump system 10a, stator assembly 20 can be surrounded by a fluid sealing layer or laminate.

    [0019] FIGs. 4 and 5 illustrate aspects of pump system 10b, which is an alternative embodiment to pump system 10a. FIG. 4 is a simplified cross-sectional view of pump system 10b paralleling FIG. 1, and illustrates housing 12 (with inlet 14 and outlet 16), stator assembly 20, shaft 22 along shaft axis As, bearings 24, rotor backing disk 26, stator backing disk 30, and stator inlet passage 32, as described above with respect to FIG. 1. FIG. 4 further illustrates rotor 18b in place of rotor 18a of pump system 10a. Rotor 18b operates similarly to rotor 18a, but includes permanent magnet sections 38 and pole shoe impeller fins 40 instead of permanent magnet impeller fins 28. FIG. 4 is a schematic side view of rotor 18b paralleling FIG. 2, above.

    [0020] Pump system 10b and rotor 18b operate substantially similarly to pump system 10a and rotor 18a, save that rotor 18b has no permanent magnet impeller fins 28. Instead, a plurality of trapezoidal or truncated arcuate permanent magnet sections 38 are affixed to rotor backing plate 26, e.g. via screws and/or adhesive. Permanent magnet sections 38 can be uncontoured, flat plates of magnetic material such as SmCo and/or NdFeB, with the number and polarization of permanent magnet sections 38 matching permanent magnet impeller fins 28, described above. Permanent magnet sections 38 do not primarily serve as impeller fins. Instead, pole shoe impeller fins 40 are affixed directly to permanent magnet sections 38, and extend axially therefrom towards gap g. Pole shoe impeller fins 40 are formed of a ferromagnetic material such as steel, and serve both as fluid impeller elements and as a flux paths for magnetic flux between stator assembly 20 and permanent magnet sections 38 of rotor 18b. Pole shoe impeller fins 40 can, for example, be secured in immediate contact with permanent magnet sections 38 via pins, screws, or other fasteners that attach to permanent magnet sections 38, or that extend through permanent magnet sections 38 into rotor backing plate 26. In the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 5, each permanent magnet section 38 is separated from adjacent permanent magnet sections 38 by a circumferential gap c. This gap can be filled with non-ferromagnetic material.

    [0021] Pump systems 10a and 10b provide a compact, efficient motor arrangement integral with pumping apparatus, thereby obviating any need for a separate motor, driveshaft, or gearbox to drive rotors 18a and 18b.

    Discussion of Possible Embodiments



    [0022] The following are non-exclusive descriptions of possible embodiments of the present invention.

    [0023] A pump system comprising: a fluid housing with an axis, an axial inlet, and a radially outer outlet; a permanent magnet rotor disposed on the axis, within the fluid housing, and having a plurality of perimetrically distributed impeller fins that extend at least partially radially outward; and an electric stator disposed on the axis, within the fluid housing, adjacent the impeller fins of the permanent magnet rotor, and separated from the impeller fins by an axial gap.

    [0024] The pump system of the preceding paragraph can optionally include, additionally and/or alternatively, any one or more of the following features, configurations and/or additional components:

    [0025] A further embodiment of the foregoing pump system, wherein the permanent magnet rotor comprises a radially extending ferromagnetic backing disk that supports the impeller fins.

    [0026] A further embodiment of the foregoing pump system, wherein the ferromagnetic backing disk is formed of steel.

    [0027] According to the present invention each of the impeller fins comprises a permanent magnet.

    [0028] A further embodiment of the foregoing pump system, wherein perimetrically adjacent impeller fins comprise permanent magnets of opposite polarity.

    [0029] A further embodiment of the foregoing pump system, wherein the permanent magnet is formed of a material selected from the group consisting of SmCo and NdFeB.

    [0030] A further embodiment of the foregoing pump system, wherein the entirety of each impeller is formed of a permanent magnet material.

    [0031] A further embodiment of the foregoing pump system, wherein the permanent magnet rotor further comprises a plurality of perimetrically distributed permanent magnet sections of alternating polarity, disposed axially between the backing disk and the impeller fins.

    [0032] Alternatively, according to the present invention impeller fins are ferromagnetic pole shoes that directly each abut a single permanent magnet section.

    [0033] A further embodiment of the foregoing pump system, wherein each permanent magnet section comprises an arcuate or trapezoidal permanent magnet not abutting any adjacent permanent magnet section.

    [0034] A further embodiment of the foregoing pump system, wherein the electric stator is surrounded by a fluid-sealing laminate.

    [0035] A further embodiment of the foregoing pump system, wherein the electric stator includes a plurality of axially-oriented stator passages disposed to carry fluid from the axial inlet to the permanent magnet rotor.

    [0036] A further embodiment of the foregoing pump system, wherein the electric stator comprises a plurality of perimetrically distributed poles, each having a ferromagnetic core surrounding by a plurality of windings.

    [0037] A further embodiment of the foregoing pump system, wherein the perimetrically an axially-oriented stator passage is disposed through at least some of the ferromagnetic cores.

    [0038] A further embodiment of the foregoing pump system, wherein the axially-oriented stator passages are evenly perimetrically distributed about the axis.

    [0039] A further embodiment of the foregoing pump system, wherein: the stator has a number m of phases; the plurality of impeller fins includes an even number B of impeller fins; and the plurality of perimetrically distributed poles includes a number Nc of poles (coils), such that Nc is an integer multiple of m times the greatest common divisor of Nc and B.

    [0040] A method of pumping fluid according to the appended claim 12, the method also comprising: energizing field poles of a stator situated in an axial fluid path of a centrifugal pump housing with alternating current; and driving a permanent magnet rotor via axial flux impingement from the energized stator on at least partially radially extending ferromagnetic fluid impeller fins, such that the fluid is: drawn axially through apertures in the stator; and forced centrifugally outward and in a radial flow direction by the ferromagnetic fluid impeller fins.

    [0041] The method of the preceding paragraph can optionally include, additionally and/or alternatively, any one or more of the following features, configurations and/or additional components:

    [0042] A further embodiment of the foregoing method, wherein the permanent magnet rotor is driven via flux impingement on permanent magnets that form the fluid impeller fins.

    [0043] A further embodiment of the foregoing method, wherein the permanent magnet rotor is driven via flux impingement on pole shoes that form the fluid impeller fins, and extend from perimetrically distributed, alternating permanent magnet poles.

    [0044] A further embodiment of the foregoing method, wherein the apertures in the stator are perimetrically distributed apertures through ferromagnetic cores of the field poles of the stator.

    Summation



    [0045] Any relative terms or terms of degree used herein, such as "substantially", "essentially", "generally", "approximately" and the like, should be interpreted in accordance with and subject to any applicable definitions or limits expressly stated herein. In all instances, any relative terms or terms of degree used herein should be interpreted to broadly encompass any relevant disclosed embodiments as well as such ranges or variations as would be understood by a person of ordinary skill in the art in view of the entirety of the present disclosure, such as to encompass ordinary manufacturing tolerance variations, incidental alignment variations, alignment or shape variations induced by thermal, rotational or vibrational operational conditions, and the like.

    [0046] While the invention has been described with reference to an exemplary embodiment(s), it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made without departing from the scope of the invention. In addition, many modifications may be made to adapt a particular situation or material to the teachings of the invention without departing from the essential scope thereof. Therefore, it is intended that the invention not be limited to the particular embodiment(s) disclosed, but that the invention will include all embodiments falling within the scope of the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A pump system (10a) comprising:

    a fluid housing (12) with an axis, an axial inlet (14), and a radially outer outlet (16);

    a permanent magnet rotor (18a) disposed on the axis, within the fluid housing, and having a plurality of perimetrically distributed impeller fins (28) that extend at least partially radially outward; and

    an electric stator (20) disposed on the axis, within the fluid housing, adjacent the impeller fins of the permanent magnet rotor, and separated from the impeller fins by an axial gap;

    the pump system being characterised in that each of the impeller fins (28) comprises a permanent magnet, or
    in that the impeller fins (28) are ferromagnetic pole shoes that directly each abut a single permanent magnet section.
     
    2. The pump system of claim 1, wherein the permanent magnet rotor (18a) comprises a radially extending ferromagnetic backing disk (26) that supports the impeller fins.
     
    3. The pump system of claim 2, wherein the ferromagnetic backing disk (26) is formed of steel.
     
    4. The pump system of claim 1, wherein perimetrically adjacent impeller fins comprise permanent magnets of opposite polarity; and/or wherein the permanent magnet is formed of a material selected from the group consisting of SmCo and NdFeB; and/or wherein the entirety of each impeller is formed of a permanent magnet material.
     
    5. The pump system of claim 2, wherein the permanent magnet rotor (18a) further comprises a plurality of perimetrically distributed permanent magnet sections of alternating polarity, disposed axially between the backing disk and the impeller fins.
     
    6. The pump system of claim 5, wherein each permanent magnet section comprises an arcuate or trapezoidal permanent magnet not abutting any adjacent permanent magnet section.
     
    7. The pump system of claim 1, wherein the electric stator (20) is surrounded by a fluid-sealing laminate.
     
    8. The pump system of claim 1, wherein the electric stator (20) includes at least one axially-oriented stator passage disposed to allow passage of fluid from the axial inlet to the axial gap.
     
    9. The pump system of claim 1, wherein the electric stator (20) comprises a plurality of perimetrically distributed poles, each having a ferromagnetic core surrounding by a plurality of windings.
     
    10. The pump system of claim 8, wherein the at least one axially-oriented stator passage is disposed through at least some of the ferromagnetic cores, and wherein the at least one axially-oriented stator passage is evenly perimetrically distributed about the axis.
     
    11. The pump system of claim 8, wherein:

    the electric stator (20) has a number m of phases;

    the plurality of impeller fins (28) includes an even number B of impeller fins; and

    the plurality of perimetrically distributed poles includes a number Nc of poles equal to a number of stator coils, such that Nc is an integer multiple of m times the greatest common divisor of Nc and B.


     
    12. A method of pumping fluid, the method comprising:

    energizing field poles of a stator situated in an axial fluid path of a centrifugal pump housing with alternating current; and

    driving a permanent magnet rotor via axial flux impingement from the energized stator on at least partially radially extending ferromagnetic fluid impeller fins, the method being characterised in that each of the impeller fins (28) comprises a permanent magnet, or in that the impeller fins (28) are ferromagnetic pole shoes that directly each abut a single permanent magnet section, such that the fluid is:

    drawn axially through at least one aperture in the stator; and

    forced centrifugally outward and in a radial flow direction by the ferromagnetic fluid impeller fins.


     
    13. The method of claim 12, wherein the permanent magnet rotor is driven via flux impingement on permanent magnets that form the fluid impeller fins; or wherein the permanent magnet rotor is driven via flux impingement on the pole shoes that form the fluid impeller fins, and extend from perimetrically distributed, alternating permanent magnet poles.
     
    14. The method of claim 12, wherein the at least one aperture is a plurality of apertures in the stator that are perimetrically distributed through ferromagnetic cores of the field poles of the stator.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Pumpensystem (10a), das Folgendes umfasst:

    ein Fluidgehäuse (12) mit einer Achse, einem axialen Einlass (14) und einem radial äußeren Auslass (16);

    einen Permanentmagnetrotor (18a), der auf der Achse, innerhalb des Fluidgehäuses, angeordnet ist und der eine Vielzahl von umfangsmäßig verteilten Laufradlamellen (28) aufweist, die sich mindestens teilweise radial nach außen erstrecken; und

    einen elektrischen Stator (20), der auf der Achse, innerhalb des Fluidgehäuses, benachbart zu den Laufradlamellen des Permanentmagnetrotors angeordnet ist und durch einen axialen Zwischenraum von den Laufradlamellen getrennt ist; wobei das Pumpensystem dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass jede der Laufradlamellen (28) einen Permanentmagneten umfasst, oder

    dass die Laufradlamellen (28) ferromagnetische Polschuhe sind, die jeweils direkt an einen einzelnen Permanentmagnetabschnitt anstoßen.


     
    2. Pumpensystem nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Permanentmagnetrotor (18a) eine sich radial erstreckende ferromagnetische Unterlegscheibe (26) umfasst, die die Laufradlamellen abstützt.
     
    3. Pumpensystem nach Anspruch 2, wobei die ferromagnetische Unterlegscheibe (26) aus Stahl ausgebildet ist.
     
    4. Pumpensystem nach Anspruch 1, wobei umfangsmäßig benachbarte Laufradlamellen Permanentmagneten von entgegengesetzter Polarität umfassen; und/oder wobei der Permanentmagnet aus einem Material ausgebildet ist, das aus der Gruppe bestehend aus SmCo und NdFeB ausgewählt ist; und/oder wobei die Gesamtheit von jedem Laufrad aus einem Permanentmagnetmaterial ausgebildet ist.
     
    5. Pumpensystem nach Anspruch 2, wobei der Permanentmagnetrotor (18a) ferner eine Vielzahl von umfangsmäßig verteilten Permanentmagnetabschnitten von abwechselnder Polarität umfasst, die axial zwischen der Unterlegscheibe und den Laufradlamellen angeordnet sind.
     
    6. Pumpensystem nach Anspruch 5, wobei jeder Permanentmagnetabschnitt einen bogenförmigen oder trapezförmigen Permanentmagneten umfasst, der an keinen benachbarten Permanentmagnetabschnitt anstößt.
     
    7. Pumpensystem nach Anspruch 1, wobei der elektrische Stator (20) von einem fluidabdichtenden Laminat umgeben ist.
     
    8. Pumpensystem nach Anspruch 1, wobei der elektrische Stator (20) mindestens einen axial ausgerichteten Statordurchlass beinhaltet, der dazu angeordnet ist, den Durchfluss von Fluid aus dem axialen Einlass zu dem axialen Zwischenraum zu ermöglichen.
     
    9. Pumpensystem nach Anspruch 1, wobei der elektrische Stator (20) eine Vielzahl von umfangsmäßig verteilten Polen umfasst, die jeweils einen ferromagnetischen Kern aufweisen, der von einer Vielzahl von Wicklungen umgeben ist.
     
    10. Pumpensystem nach Anspruch 8, wobei der mindestens eine axial ausgerichtete Statordurchlass durch mindestens einige der ferromagnetischen Kerne angeordnet ist und wobei der mindestens eine axial ausgerichtete Statordurchlass gleichmäßig umfangsmäßig um die Achse verteilt ist.
     
    11. Pumpensystem nach Anspruch 8, wobei:

    der elektrische Stator (20) eine Anzahl m von Phasen aufweist;

    die Vielzahl von Laufradlamellen (28) eine gerade Zahl B von Laufradlamellen beinhaltet; und

    die Vielzahl von umfangsmäßig verteilten Polen eine Anzahl Nc von Polen beinhaltet, die gleich einer Anzahl von Statorspulen ist, sodass Nc ein Ganzzahlmehrfaches von m Mal dem größten gemeinsamen Teiler von Nc und B ist.


     
    12. Verfahren zum Pumpen von Fluid, wobei das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

    Speisen von Feldpolen eines Stators, der sich in einem axialen Fluidpfad eines zentrifugalen Pumpengehäuses befindet, mit Wechselstrom; und

    Antreiben eines Permanentmagnetrotors über ein Auftreffen eines axialen Flusses aus dem gespeisten Stator auf mindestens teilweise sich radial erstreckende ferromagnetische Fluidlaufradlamellen, wobei das Verfahren dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass jede der Laufradlamellen (28) einen Permanentmagneten umfasst oder dass die Laufradlamellen (28) ferromagnetische Polschuhe sind, die jeweils direkt an einen einzelnen Permanentmagnetabschnitt anstoßen, sodass das Fluid:

    axial durch mindestens eine Öffnung in dem Stator gezogen wird; und

    zentrifugal nach außen und in eine radiale Strömungsrichtung durch die ferromagnetischen Fluidlaufradlamellen gedrängt wird.


     
    13. Verfahren nach Anspruch 12, wobei der Permanentmagnetrotor über ein Auftreffen eines Flusses auf Permanentmagneten angetrieben wird, die die Fluidlaufradlamellen ausbilden; oder wobei der Permanentmagnetrotor über ein Auftreffen eines Flusses auf die Polschuhe angetrieben wird, die die Fluidlaufradlamellen ausbilden und sich von umfangsmäßig verteilten, abwechselnden Permanentmagnetpolen erstrecken.
     
    14. Verfahren nach Anspruch 12, wobei die mindestens eine Öffnung eine Vielzahl von Öffnungen in dem Stator ist, die umfangsmäßig durch ferromagnetische Kerne der Feldpole des Stators verteilt sind.
     


    Revendications

    1. Système de pompe (10a) comprenant :

    un boîtier de fluide (12) avec un axe, une entrée axiale (14) et une sortie radialement extérieure (16) ;

    un rotor à aimants permanents (18a) disposé sur l'axe, à l'intérieur du boîtier de fluide, et ayant une pluralité d'ailettes de roue réparties de façon périmétrique (28) qui s'étendent au moins partiellement radialement vers l'extérieur ; et

    un stator électrique (20) disposé sur l'axe, à l'intérieur du boîtier de fluide, adjacent aux ailettes de roue du rotor à aimants permanents, et séparé des ailettes de roue par un espace axial ; le système de pompe étant caractérisé en ce que chacune des ailettes de roue (28) comprend un aimant permanent, ou

    en ce que les ailettes de roue (28) sont des pièces polaires ferromagnétiques qui viennent directement en butée contre une seule section à aimants permanents.


     
    2. Système de pompe selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le rotor à aimants permanents (18a) comprend un disque de support ferromagnétique (26) s'étendant radialement qui supporte les ailettes de roue.
     
    3. Système de pompe selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le disque de support ferromagnétique (26) est constitué d'acier.
     
    4. Système de pompe selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les ailettes de roue adjacentes de façon périmétrique comprennent des aimants permanents de polarité opposée ; et/ou dans lequel l'aimant permanent est constitué d'un matériau choisi dans le groupe constitué de SmCo et NdFeB ; et/ou dans lequel l'intégralité de chaque roue est constituée d'un matériau à aimants permanents.
     
    5. Système de pompe selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le rotor à aimants permanents (18a) comprend en outre une pluralité de sections à aimants permanents répartis de façon périmétrique de polarité alternée, disposées axialement entre le disque de support et les ailettes de roue.
     
    6. Système de pompe selon la revendication 5, dans lequel chaque section à aimants permanents comprend un aimant permanent arqué ou trapézoïdal ne venant en butée contre aucune section à aimants permanents adjacente.
     
    7. Système de pompe selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le stator électrique (20) est entouré d'un stratifié étanche aux fluides.
     
    8. Système de pompe selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le stator électrique (20) comporte au moins un passage de stator orienté axialement disposé de manière à permettre le passage de fluide de l'entrée axiale à l'espace axial.
     
    9. Système de pompe selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le stator électrique (20) comprend une pluralité de pôles répartis de façon périmétrique, chacun ayant un noyau ferromagnétique entouré par une pluralité d'enroulements.
     
    10. Système de pompe selon la revendication 8, dans lequel l'au moins un passage de stator orienté axialement est disposé à travers au moins certains des noyaux ferromagnétiques, et dans lequel l'au moins un passage de stator orienté axialement est uniformément réparti de façon périmétrique autour de l'axe.
     
    11. Système de pompe selon la revendication 8, dans lequel :

    le stator électrique (20) a un nombre m de phases ;

    la pluralité d'ailettes de roue (28) comporte un nombre pair B d'ailettes de roue ; et

    la pluralité de pôles répartis de façon périmétrique comporte un nombre Nc de pôles égal à un nombre de bobines de stator, de sorte que Nc est un multiple entier de m fois le plus grand diviseur commun de Nc et B.


     
    12. Procédé de pompage de fluide, le procédé comprenant :

    l'excitation de pôles inducteurs d'un stator situé dans un trajet de fluide axial d'un boîtier de pompe centrifuge à courant alternatif ; et

    l'entraînement d'un rotor à aimants permanents par l'intermédiaire d'un impact de flux axial depuis le stator excité sur des ailettes de roue à fluide ferromagnétique s'étendant au moins partiellement radialement, le procédé étant caractérisé en ce que chacune des ailettes de roue (28) comprend un aimant permanent, ou en ce que les ailettes de roue (28) sont des pièces polaires ferromagnétiques qui viennent directement en butée contre une seule section à aimants permanents, de sorte que le fluide est :

    aspiré axialement à travers au moins une ouverture dans le stator ; et

    poussé vers l'extérieur par centrifugation et dans une direction d'écoulement radial par les ailettes de roue à fluide ferromagnétique.


     
    13. Procédé selon la revendication 12, dans lequel le rotor à aimants permanents est entraîné par l'intermédiaire d'un impact de flux sur des aimants permanents qui forment les ailettes de roue à fluide ; ou dans lequel le rotor à aimants permanents est entraîné par l'intermédiaire d'un impact de flux sur les pièces polaires qui forment les ailettes de roue à fluide, et s'étendent depuis les pôles à aimants permanents alternés répartis de façon périmétrique.
     
    14. Procédé selon la revendication 12, dans lequel l'au moins une ouverture est une pluralité d'ouvertures dans le stator qui sont réparties de façon périmétrique à travers des noyaux ferromagnétiques des pôles inducteurs du stator.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description