(19)
(11)EP 3 179 614 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
01.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/14

(21)Application number: 16202729.6

(22)Date of filing:  07.12.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H02K 21/48(2006.01)

(54)

MOTOR-GENERATOR WITH MULTIPLE STATOR WINDINGS

MOTORGENERATOR MIT MEHREREN STATORWICKLUNGEN

MOTEUR-GÉNÉRATEUR AVEC PLUSIEURS ENROULEMENTS DE STATOR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 07.12.2015 US 201514961194

(43)Date of publication of application:
14.06.2017 Bulletin 2017/24

(73)Proprietor: Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation
Charlotte, NC 28217-4578 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • GIERAS, Jacek F.
    Glastonbury, CT 06033 (US)
  • ROZMAN, Gregory I.
    Rockford, IL 61114 (US)

(74)Representative: Dehns 
St. Bride's House 10 Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8JD
London EC4Y 8JD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 565 337
WO-A1-2005/022725
JP-A- H0 974 701
EP-A2- 2 133 981
CN-B- 101 764 491
US-A1- 2013 154 449
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] The subject matter disclosed herein relates to motor-generators, and more particularly, to a motor-generator with a stator with multiple stator windings.

    [0002] Flywheel energy storage systems can be used to store energy that may be typically wasted and release energy as needed. Flywheel energy storage systems may utilize supplemental energy storage to increase functionality of the storage system. Often, utilizing multiple sources of energy within a flywheel energy storage system may result in a motor-generator that is large, complex, and cost prohibitive.

    [0003] Each of EP 1 565 337 A1, EP 2 133 981 A2, US 2013/154449 A1, JP H09 74701 A, WO 2005/022725 A1 and CN 101 764 491 B discloses a known motor/motor-generator.

    BRIEF SUMMARY



    [0004] According to a first example, a motor-generator according to claim 1 is provided.

    [0005] DELETED

    [0006] Technical function of the embodiments described above includes that the first stator winding is wound on the stator pole and the second stator winding is wound on the stator pole.

    [0007] Other aspects, features, and techniques of the embodiments will become more apparent from the following description taken in conjunction with the drawings.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0008] The subject matter is particularly pointed out and distinctly claimed in the claims at the conclusion of the specification. The foregoing and other features, and advantages of the embodiments are apparent from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which like elements are numbered alike in the FIGURES:

    FIG. 1 is a schematic view of one embodiment of an energy storage system;

    FIG. 2 is an electrical diagram view of the energy storage system of FIG. 1;

    FIG. 3A is a cross sectional view of one embodiment of a motor-generator for use with the energy storage system of FIG. 1;

    FIG. 3B is an elevation view of one embodiment of a stator for use with the motor-generator of FIG. 3A;

    FIG. 3C is an elevation view of one embodiment of a rotor for use with the motor-generator of FIG. 3A;

    FIG. 4A is a cross sectional view of one embodiment of a motor-generator for use with the energy storage system of FIG. 1;

    FIG. 4B is an elevation view of one embodiment of a stator for use with the motor-generator of FIG. 4A; and

    FIG. 4C is an elevation view of one embodiment of a rotor for use with the motor-generator of FIG. 4A.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0009] Referring now to the drawings, FIGS. 1 and 2 show an energy storage system 100. In the illustrated embodiment, the energy storage system 100 includes a wheel 102, a motor 104, a motor-generator 120, a flywheel 108, and a battery 114. In the illustrated embodiment, the energy storage system 100 can store energy from the wheel 102 and the battery 114, and release energy to the wheel 102 and the battery 114 to serve as an energy buffer to meet peak energy requirements. Advantageously, the energy storage system 100 can be used with vehicles to efficiently store and use energy and increase the battery life of the battery 114.

    [0010] In the illustrated embodiment, the energy storage system 100 can provide and receive kinetic energy from the wheel 102. In other embodiments, the wheel 102 can be representative of any load that can provide and receive kinetic energy from the energy storage system 100. In the illustrated embodiment, the wheel 102 is driven by a wheel motor 104. Further, the wheel motor 104 can function as a generator to convert kinetic energy from the wheel 102 to electrical energy for use with the energy storage system 100. In certain embodiments, the wheel motor 104 can be a traction motor. In the illustrated embodiment, the wheel motor 104 is a high voltage motor. Further, the wheel motor 104 can be an AC permanent magnet synchronous motor. Advantageously, the wheel motor 104 can be high efficiency and provide high power density.

    [0011] In the illustrated embodiment, the wheel motor 104 can be electrically connected to the motor-generator 120 via an AC/DC/AC converter 106. In certain embodiments, the AC/DC/AC converter 106 is a three phase, four quadrant converter. In the illustrated embodiment, the AC/DC/AC converter 106 can facilitate bidirectional power transfer to the wheel 102 and from the wheel 102. During a drive mode, power flows to the wheel motor 104 and AC/DC/AC converter 106 operates as a rectifier at the motor-generator 120 side and as an inverter as the wheel motor 104 side as kinetic energy from the flywheel 108 is transferred as kinetic energy of the wheel 102. During braking or other regenerative operations, the AC/DC/AC converter 106 operates as a rectifier at the wheel motor 104 side and as an inverter at the motor-generator 120 side as kinetic energy from the wheel 102 is transferred to the flywheel 108 by facilitating generation operations of the wheel motor 104.

    [0012] In the illustrated embodiment, the battery 114 can introduce stored chemical energy into the energy storage system 100. The battery 114 can further store and provide energy to the wheel 102. In certain embodiments, the battery 114 may provide energy, but may not provide adequate transient response for immediate power demands as may be required with certain applications, such as vehicles. Therefore, in certain embodiments, the battery 114 can provide energy to the flywheel 108 for use by the energy storage system 100 which may then be rapidly deployed as needed. In the illustrated embodiment, the battery 114 can be representative of any suitable energy source.

    [0013] In the illustrated embodiment, the battery 114 is electrically connected to the motor-generator 120 via a bidirectional DC/DC converter 112 and a bidirectional AC/DC converter 110. In the illustrated embodiment, the DC/DC converter 112 controls output from the battery 114 to limit output current or alternatively boost battery 114 voltage. Further, the DC/DC converter 112 can be utilized to recharge the battery 114 by using energy from the flywheel 108. In the illustrated embodiment, the AC/DC converter 110 can control the speed and torque of the flywheel 108 while the AC/DC converter functions as an inverter. Further, the AC/DC converter 110 can function as a rectifier as energy stored in the flywheel 108 is sent to the battery 114.

    [0014] In the illustrated embodiment, the motor-generator 120 is connected to the flywheel 108 either directly, by a gearbox or by a linkage. The flywheel 108 can provide energy storage by storing and releasing kinetic energy to either the wheel motor 104 or the battery 114. The energy storage parameters of the flywheel 108 are determined by the moment of inertia and the rotational speed of the flywheel 108.

    [0015] The motor-generator 120 can receive electrical energy from the wheel motor 104 and the battery 114 to provide kinetic energy to the flywheel 108. Further the motor-generator 120 can provide electrical energy to the wheel motor 104 and the battery 104 from the kinetic energy of the flywheel 108. As shown in FIG. 2, the motor-generator 120 can include a low voltage coil winding 130 and a high voltage coil winding 140 to allow electrical connections to both the low voltage/low power battery 114 and the high voltage/high power wheel motor 104 simultaneously. Advantageously, the motor-generator 120 can allow for the energy storage system 100 to operate at two voltage levels, similar to a traditional electrical transformer, by allowing energy to be introduced and removed by both the low voltage coil winding 130 and the high voltage coil winding 140. The motor-generator 120 can be used in any suitable application, including, but limited to vehicles such as hybrid or full electric vehicles.

    [0016] Referring to FIGS. 3A-3C the motor-generator 320 is shown. In the illustrated embodiment, the motor-generator 320 includes a stator 329, a low voltage coil winding 330, a high voltage coil winding 340, and a rotor 322. The motor-generator 320 is an axial flux motor-generator wherein magnetic flux travels axially along the centerline between the stator 329 and the rotor 322. In certain embodiments, the motor-generator 320 is a synchronous AC motor-generator.

    [0017] Referring to FIGS. 3A and 3B, in the illustrated embodiment, the stator 329 includes a low voltage coil winding 330 and a high voltage coil winding 340. In the illustrated embodiment, the low voltage coil winding 330 and the high voltage coil winding 340 are two distinct windings that are both wound on the same stator pole 328. Advantageously, the low voltage coil winding 330 and the high voltage coil winding 340 are configured for use in an axial flux motor-generator 320 to allow the low voltage coil winding 330 to be disposed axially from the high voltage coil winding 340 along the stator pole 328, as best shown in FIG. 3A. In the illustrated embodiment, the low voltage coil winding 330 is wrapped around the stator pole 328. In the illustrated embodiment, the low voltage coil winding 330 is a concentrated-parameter coil to allow for enough space for both independent windings 330,340. In certain embodiments, the low voltage coil winding 330 can include 12 coils, which can facilitate the use of three-phase power. In other embodiments, the low voltage coil winding 330 can include any number of coils in multiples of three or any other suitable number of coils which can facilitate the use of three-phase power. In certain embodiments, the low voltage coil winding 330 may experience voltage ranging from 20 to 40 VDC after rectification. In certain embodiments, the low voltage coil winding 330 may experience any suitable DC voltage after rectification. In the illustrated embodiment, the low voltage coil winding 330 is formed from a material and geometry to be suitable for use with the expected voltage and power.

    [0018] In the illustrated embodiment, the high voltage coil winding 340 is wrapped around the same stator pole 328 as the low voltage coil winding 330. In the illustrated embodiment, the high voltage coil winding 340 is a concentrated-parameter coil to allow for enough space for both independent windings 330,340. In certain embodiments, the high voltage coil winding 340 can include 12 coils, which can facilitate the use of three-phase power. In other embodiments, the high voltage coil winding 340 can include any number of coils in multiples of three or any other suitable number of coils which can facilitate the use of three-phase power. In certain embodiments, the high voltage coil winding 340 may experience voltage ranging from 270 to 800 VDC after rectification. In certain embodiments, the high voltage coil winding 340 may experience any suitable DC voltage after rectification. In the illustrated embodiment, the high voltage coil winding 340 is formed from a material and geometry to be suitable for use with the expected voltage and power.

    [0019] In the illustrated embodiment, the energy storage system 100 can have independent control over each coil winding 330,340. In certain embodiments, the coil windings 330,340 can be utilized to provide redundant control and operation of the motor-generator 320. In certain embodiments, the magnetic coupling between the low voltage coil winding 330 and the high voltage coil winding 340 functions as a transformer by facilitating the step up or step down of voltage via the magnetic coupling there between.

    [0020] Referring to FIGS. 3A and 3C the rotors 322 of the motor-generator 320 are shown. In the illustrated embodiment, the rotors 322 are twin disk shaped rotors axially aligned along the centerline of the stator 329. During operation, axial flux between the stator 329 and the rotor 322 facilitates operation of the motor-generator 320. In the illustrated embodiment, one rotor 322 is disposed axially adjacent the low voltage coil winding 330 portion of the stator 329 and another rotor 322 is disposed opposite the first rotor and is disposed axially adjacent the high voltage coil winding 340 portion of the stator 329.

    [0021] In the illustrated embodiment, the rotors 322 include a rotor backing plate 326 and a permanent magnet 324. In the illustrated embodiment, the rotors 322 are coupled to the flywheel 108 to send and receive kinetic energy therefrom. In certain embodiments, the mass of the rotor 322 can be utilized or supplement the energy storage function of the flywheel 108. In certain embodiments, the rotor 322 can be integrated with the flywheel 108. In other embodiments, the mass of the rotor 322 can be utilized as the flywheel 108.

    [0022] In the illustrated embodiment, the rotors 322 include permanent magnets 324. In other embodiments, the rotors 322 can be wound field rotors utilized with brushless exciters.

    [0023] Referring to FIGS. 4A-4C another embodiment of the motor-generator 420 is shown wherein the second and third digits of the reference numerals of FIGS. 4A-4C correspond to the second and third digits of the reference numerals of FIGS. 3A-3C. In the illustrated embodiment, the motor-generator 420 includes a single rotor 422 and a ferromagnetic ring 421. In the illustrated embodiment, the motor-generator 420 includes a single rotor 422 axially aligned with the centerline of the stator 429. In the illustrated embodiment, the single rotor 422 is axially adjacent to the high voltage coil winding 440. In other embodiments, the single rotor 422 is disposed at any suitable location. In the illustrated embodiment, the ferromagnetic ring 421 is affixed to the stator 429 to create a return path for the flux of the low voltage coil winding 330 and the high voltage coil winding 440. In the illustrated embodiment, the ferromagnetic ring 421 allows for a single rotor 422 to be utilized with multiple coil windings 430,440.

    [0024] The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the embodiments. While the description of the present embodiments has been presented for purposes of illustration and description, it is not intended to be exhaustive or limited to the embodiments in the form disclosed. Many modifications, variations, alterations or substitutions not hereto described will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art without departing from the scope of the embodiments. Additionally, while various embodiments have been described, it is to be understood that aspects may include only some of the described embodiments. Accordingly, the embodiments are not to be seen as limited by the foregoing description, but are only limited by the scope of the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A motor-generator (320), comprising:

    a stator (329) disposed along a centerline including a stator pole (328), a first stator winding (340) and a second stator winding (330), wherein the first stator winding (340) is wound on the stator pole (328) and the second stator winding (330) is wound on the stator pole (328); and

    at least one rotor (322) axially disposed from the stator (329) along the centerline;

    wherein the first stator winding (340) is a high voltage stator winding,

    wherein the second stator winding (330) is a low voltage stator winding; and characterized in that

    the motor-generator (320) is an axial flux motor-generator, wherein the first stator winding (340) is axially adjacent to the second stator winding (330) along the stator pole (328).


     
    2. The motor-generator of claim 1, wherein the first stator winding (340) is a first concentrated parameter stator winding (330) and the second stator winding is a second concentrated parameter stator winding .
     
    3. The motor-generator of claim 1 or 2, wherein the motor-generator (320) is a synchronous AC motor-generator.
     
    4. The motor-generator of any preceding claim, wherein the first stator winding (340) has a first operating voltage and the second stator winding (330) has a second operating voltage.
     
    5. The motor-generator of any preceding claim, wherein the first stator winding (340) and the second stator winding (330) are in magnetic communication.
     
    6. The motor-generator of any preceding claim, wherein the at least one rotor (322) includes a first rotor axially disposed from the stator (329) along the centerline and a second rotor axially disposed from the stator (329) along the centerline opposite the first rotor, and wherein one of said first and second rotors is adjacent the low voltage coil winding and the other of said first and second rotors is adjacent to the high voltage coil winding.
     
    7. The motor-generator of any preceding claim, further comprising a ferromagnetic ring coupled to the stator (329), wherein the ferromagnetic ring is disposed opposite the at least one rotor (322).
     
    8. An energy storage system (100), comprising:

    a flywheel (108); and

    a motor-generator (120; 320) according to claim 1,

    wherein the at least one rotor (322) of the motor-generator (120; 320) is operatively coupled to the flywheel (108).


     
    9. The energy storage system of claim 8, wherein the flywheel (108) is integrally formed with the at least one rotor (322).
     
    10. The energy storage system of claim 8 or 9, wherein the first stator winding (340) is operatively coupled to a high voltage circuit.
     
    11. The energy storage system of claim 8, 9 or 10, wherein the first stator winding (340) is operatively coupled to a high voltage motor (104).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Motorgenerator (320), umfassend:

    einen Stator (329), der entlang einer Mittellinie angeordnet ist, die einen Statorpol (328), eine erste Statorwicklung (340) und eine zweite Statorwicklung (330) beinhaltet, wobei die erste Statorwicklung (340) um den Statorpol (328) gewickelt ist und die zweite Statorwicklung (330) um den Statorpol (328) gewickelt ist; und

    mindestens einen Rotor (322), der axial von dem Stator (329) entlang der Mittellinie angeordnet ist;

    wobei die erste Statorwicklung (340) eine Hochspannungsstatorwicklung ist,

    wobei die zweite Statorwicklung (330) eine Niederspannungsstatorwicklung ist; und
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    der Motorgenerator (320) ein Axialflussmotor-Generator ist, wobei die erste Statorwicklung (340) entlang des Statorpols (328) axial an die zweite Statorwicklung (330) angrenzt.


     
    2. Motorgenerator nach Anspruch 1, wobei die erste Statorwicklung (340) eine erste Statorwicklung (330) mit konzentriertem Parameter ist und die zweite Statorwicklung eine zweite Statorwicklung mit konzentriertem Parameter ist.
     
    3. Motorgenerator nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei der Motorgenerator (320) ein synchroner Wechselstrom-Motorgenerator ist.
     
    4. Motorgenerator nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die erste Statorwicklung (340) eine erste Betriebsspannung aufweist und die zweite Statorwicklung (330) eine zweite Betriebsspannung aufweist.
     
    5. Motorgenerator nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die erste Statorwicklung (340) und die zweite Statorwicklung (330) in magnetischer Verbindung stehen.
     
    6. Motorgenerator nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der mindestens eine Rotor (322) einen ersten Rotor, der axial vom Stator (329) entlang der Mittellinie angeordnet ist, und einen zweiten Rotor, der axial vom Stator (329) entlang der Mittellinie gegenüber dem ersten Rotor angeordnet ist, beinhaltet, und wobei einer des ersten und des zweiten Rotors an die Niederspannungsspulenwicklung angrenzt und der andere des ersten und des zweiten Rotors an die Hochspannungsspulenwicklung angrenzt.
     
    7. Motorgenerator nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend einen ferromagnetischen Ring, der an den Stator (329) gekoppelt ist, wobei der ferromagnetische Ring gegenüber dem mindestens einen Rotor (322) angeordnet ist.
     
    8. Energiespeichersystem (100), umfassend:

    ein Schwungrad (108); und

    einen Motorgenerator (120; 320) nach Anspruch 1,

    wobei der mindestens eine Rotor (322) des Motorgenerators (120; 320) betriebsfähig an das Schwungrad (108) gekoppelt ist.


     
    9. Energiespeichersystem nach Anspruch 8, wobei das Schwungrad (108) mit dem mindestens einen Rotor (322) integral ausgebildet ist.
     
    10. Energiespeichersystem nach Anspruch 8 oder 9, wobei die erste Statorwicklung (340) betriebsfähig an eine Hochspannungsschaltung gekoppelt ist.
     
    11. Energiespeichersystem nach Anspruch 8, 9 oder 10, wobei die erste Statorwicklung (340) betriebsfähig an einen Hochspannungsmotor (104) gekoppelt ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Moteur-générateur (320), comprenant :

    un stator (329) disposé le long d'une ligne centrale comprenant un pôle de stator (328), un premier enroulement de stator (340) et un second enroulement de stator (330), dans lequel le premier enroulement de stator (340) est enroulé sur le pôle de stator (328) et le second enroulement de stator (330) est enroulé sur le pôle de stator (328) ; et

    au moins un rotor (322) disposé axialement à partir du stator (329) le long de la ligne centrale ;

    dans lequel le premier enroulement de stator (340) est un enroulement de stator haute tension,

    dans lequel le second enroulement de stator (330) est un enroulement de stator basse tension ; et
    caractérisé en ce que

    le moteur-générateur (320) est un moteur-générateur à flux axial, dans lequel le premier enroulement de stator (340) est axialement adjacent au second enroulement de stator (330) le long du pôle de stator (328).


     
    2. Moteur-générateur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le premier enroulement de stator (340) est un premier enroulement de stator à paramètres concentrés (330) et le second enroulement de stator est un second enroulement de stator à paramètres concentrés.
     
    3. Moteur-générateur selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le moteur-générateur (320) est un moteur-générateur à courant alternatif synchrone.
     
    4. Moteur-générateur selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans lequel le premier enroulement de stator (340) a une première tension de fonctionnement et le second enroulement de stator (330) a une seconde tension de fonctionnement.
     
    5. Moteur-générateur selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans lequel le premier enroulement de stator (340) et le second enroulement de stator (330) sont en communication magnétique.
     
    6. Moteur-générateur selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans lequel l'au moins un rotor (322) comprend un premier rotor disposé axialement à partir du stator (329) le long de la ligne centrale et un second rotor disposé axialement à partir du stator (329) le long de la ligne centrale opposé au premier rotor, et
    dans lequel l'un desdits premier et second rotors est adjacent à l'enroulement de bobine basse tension et l'autre desdits premier et second rotors est adjacent à l'enroulement de bobine haute tension.
     
    7. Moteur-générateur selon une quelconque revendication précédente, comprenant en outre un anneau ferromagnétique couplé au stator (329), dans lequel l'anneau ferromagnétique est disposé à l'opposé de l'au moins un rotor (322).
     
    8. Système de stockage d'énergie (100), comprenant :

    un volant (108) ; et

    un moteur-générateur (120 ; 320) selon la revendication 1,

    dans lequel l'au moins un rotor (322) du moteur-générateur (120 ; 320) est couplé de manière fonctionnelle au volant (108).


     
    9. Système de stockage d'énergie selon la revendication 8, dans lequel le volant (108) est formé d'un seul tenant avec l'au moins un rotor (322).
     
    10. Système de stockage d'énergie selon la revendication 8 ou 9, dans lequel le premier enroulement de stator (340) est couplé de manière fonctionnelle à un circuit haute tension.
     
    11. Système de stockage d'énergie selon la revendication 8, 9 ou 10, dans lequel le premier enroulement de stator (340) est couplé de manière fonctionnelle à un moteur haute tension (104).
     




    Drawing

















    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description