(19)
(11)EP 3 182 763 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
21.06.2017 Bulletin 2017/25

(21)Application number: 14900085.3

(22)Date of filing:  20.08.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04W 48/18  (2009.01)
H04W 76/02  (2009.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2014/084825
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/026102 (25.02.2016 Gazette  2016/08)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME

(71)Applicant: Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.
Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • CAO, Dengjing
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • CHEN, Jing
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Gill Jennings & Every LLP 
The Broadgate Tower 20 Primrose Street
London EC2A 2ES
London EC2A 2ES (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
  
      


    (54)METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR NETWORK ACCESS


    (57) The present invention relates to the field of wireless communications technologies, and discloses a network access method and apparatus, which are used to resolve a problem that a UE cannot use a voice service in an LTE network. The apparatus includes: a processor, configured to: when registration in a circuit switched domain fails, determine a ready-to-switch-network user equipment according to an IMS function support status of a user equipment UE, where the IMS function support status is used to indicate whether the user equipment supports IMS voice; and determine a target user equipment according to a communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment, where the communication configuration parameter is used to indicate a preferred service type of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment; and a transmitter, configured to send a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment determined by the processor, where the network switch indication is used to instruct the target user equipment to access a voice service access network. The present invention is mainly applied to a mobile terminal access process.




    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to the field of wireless communications technologies, and in particular, to a network access method and apparatus.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] At present, mobile communication networks include a GSM, a UMTS, and an LTE. Each network uses a private access network. For example, an access network of a GSM is a GERAN, an access network of a UMTS is a UTRAN, and an access network of an LTE is an E-UTRAN, where the GERAN and the UTRAN may be implemented by using a same set of network devices. To improve network use efficiency, network functions are classified according to network rates. For example, GSM and UMTS networks are used for voice services (such as making telephone calls), and an LTE network is used for data services (such as accessing the Internet). If a UE needs to perform a voice service after performing a data service, a network side enables, by using a CSFB technology, the UE to fall back to a circuit switched domain (circuit section, CS for short) of the GSM/UMTS, and the UE performs the voice service in the CS domain. If the network side or the UE cannot provide the CSFB technology, implementing the voice service in an LTE network, also known as a VoLTE technology or an IMS voice solution, is considered. In the VoLTE technology, an IMS network and an LTE network are used, where the IMS network is used to implement signaling processing functions such as call establishment, number analysis, or call clearing, while a voice data bearer is used to implement voice data bearing and transmission in the LTE network. A specific process is as follows:

    [0003] Step 1: A UE establishes an IMS PDN connection connecting the LTE and the IMS in series, and registers with the IMS network by using an established IMS PDN connection, so that the IMS network can implement signaling processing such as call establishment, number analysis, or call clearing.

    [0004] Step 2: The UE completes in the LTE, by using the established IMS PDN, signaling interaction that needs to be performed during a voice bearer establishment process, and establishes a voice bearer channel in the LTE.

    [0005] Step 3: After the voice bearer channel is established successfully, voice data transmission is performed in the LTE network by using the established voice bearer to implement the voice service.

    [0006] During implementation of the forgoing network access, the inventor finds that the prior art has at least the following problems.

    [0007] In an existing mobile terminal, there exists a case in which an underlying chip supports IMS voice, but an upper-layer service (such as software in the terminal) does not support IMS voice. For example, an underlying chip of a UE (such as iPhone 5 of Apple) supports IMS voice, but an upper-layer service does not support IMS voice. When the UE accesses a network, a UE mode configuration reported by the UE to the network side is voice centric "Voice Centric", and CS voice preferred, IMS PS Voice as secondary "CS voice preferred, IMS PS Voice as secondary". When the UE accesses an LTE to perform a voice service, if the network side supports a VoLTE technology but does not deploy CSFB, information in response to the terminal by the network is "registration in CS domain failed", and the network side prompts the terminal that the network side supports the VoLTE technology. After the UE receives the response, because the underlying chip of the UE supports IMS voice, the UE does not reselect a GERAN/UTRAN network, and the UE continues to camp on the LTE network (E-UTRAN) and prepares to implement the VoLTE technology. However, because the upper-layer service of the UE does not support IMS voice and the underlying chip cannot implement the VoLTE technology independently, the UE cannot implement VoLTE, that is, the UE cannot establish, in the LTE network, a voice bearer channel for performing voice service data transmission, causing unavailability of a voice service of the UE.

    SUMMARY



    [0008] Embodiments of the present invention provide a network access method and apparatus, which are used to resolve a problem that a UE cannot use a voice service in an LTE network.

    [0009] According to a first aspect, the present invention provides a network access apparatus, where the apparatus includes:

    a processor, configured to: when registration in a circuit switched domain fails, determine a ready-to-switch-network user equipment according to an IMS function support status of a user equipment UE, where the IMS function support status is used to indicate whether the user equipment supports IMS voice; and

    determine a target user equipment according to a communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment, where the communication configuration parameter is used to indicate a preferred service type of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment; and

    a transmitter, configured to send a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment determined by the processor, where the network switch indication is used to instruct the target user equipment to access a voice service access network.



    [0010] With reference to the first aspect, in a first possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the processor is further configured to:

    when registration in the circuit switched domain fails, if the user equipment supports an IMS function and does not establish an IMS bearer in a preset period, determine the user equipment as a ready-to-switch-network user equipment; or

    when registration in the circuit switched domain fails, if the user equipment does not support an IMS function, determine the user equipment as a ready-to-switch-network user equipment.



    [0011] With reference to the first aspect, in a second possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the processor is further configured to:

    acquire the communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment; and

    if the communication configuration parameter is voice centric Voice Centric, determine the ready-to-switch-network user equipment as a target device.



    [0012] With reference to the first aspect, in a third possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the transmitter is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in Connect state, send a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment by using a base station, where the detach request carries the preset cause value;
    alternatively,
    the apparatus further includes a receiver, where
    the receiver is configured to receive a tracking area update request Tracking Area Update Request sent by the target user equipment; and
    the transmitter is further configured to send a tracking area update reject response Tracking Area Update Reject to the target user equipment, where the tracking area update reject response carries the preset cause value.

    [0013] With reference to the first aspect, in the third possible implementation manner of the first aspect, a fourth possible implementation manner of the first aspect is further provided, and in the fourth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the transmitter is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, send Paging signaling to the target user equipment by using a base station;
    the receiver is further configured to receive a service request Service Request that is sent by the target user equipment according to the Paging signaling; and
    the processor is further configured to determine, according to the service request, that the target user equipment is in a connect state.

    [0014] With reference to the first aspect, in the third possible implementation manner of the first aspect, a fifth possible implementation manner of the first aspect is further provided, and in the fifth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the transmitter is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in Connect state, send a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment;
    the receiver is further configured to receive an attach request Attach Request sent by the target user equipment; and
    the transmitter is further configured to send an attach reject Attach Reject to the target user equipment, where the attach reject carries the preset cause value;
    alternatively,
    the transmitter is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, send a Paging message to the target user equipment by using a base station, where the paging message is used to instruct the target user equipment to reset a network connection status;
    the receiver is further configured to receive an attach request Attach Request sent by the target user equipment; and
    the transmitter is further configured to send an attach reject Attach Reject to the target user equipment, where the attach reject carries the preset cause value;
    alternatively,
    the transmitter is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, send a Paging message to the target user equipment by using a base station;
    the receiver is further configured to receive a service request Service Request sent by the target user equipment;
    the transmitter is further configured to send a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment; and
    the receiver is further configured to receive a detach accept Detach Accept sent by the target user equipment.

    [0015] With reference to the first aspect, in the third possible implementation manner of the first aspect, a sixth possible implementation manner of the first aspect is further provided, and in the sixth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the transmitter is further configured to send a detach request to the target user equipment, where the detach request carries a user identifier field IMSI detach;
    the receiver is further configured to receive a tracking area update request Tracking Area Update Request sent by the target user equipment; and
    the transmitter is further configured to send a tracking area update reject response Tracking Area Update Reject to the target user equipment, where the tracking area update reject response carries the preset cause value.

    [0016] With reference to the first aspect, in the first aspect or in the first, second, third, fourth, fifth, or sixth possible implementation manner of the first aspect, a seventh possible implementation manner of the first aspect is further provided, and in the seventh possible implementation manner of the first aspect, the preset cause value is a reselect GERAN/UTRAN indication Reselect GERAN/UTRAN Indication.

    [0017] According to a second aspect, the present invention further provides a network access apparatus, where the apparatus includes:

    a ready-to-switch-network user equipment determining unit, configured to: when registration in a circuit switched domain fails, determine a ready-to-switch-network user equipment according to an IMS function support status of a user equipment UE, where the IMS function support status is used to indicate whether the user equipment supports IMS voice;

    a target user equipment determining unit, configured to determine a target user equipment according to a communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment determined by the ready-to-switch-network user equipment determining unit, where the communication configuration parameter is used to indicate a preferred service type of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment; and

    a sending unit, configured to send a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment determined by the target user equipment unit, where the network switch indication is used to instruct the target user equipment to access a voice service access network.



    [0018] With reference to the second aspect, in a first possible implementation manner of the second aspect, the ready-to-switch-network user equipment determining unit is further configured to:

    when registration in the circuit switched domain fails, if the user equipment supports an IMS function and does not establish an IMS bearer in a preset period, determine the user equipment as a ready-to-switch-network user equipment; or

    when registration in the circuit switched domain fails, if the user equipment does not support an IMS function, determine the user equipment as a ready-to-switch-network user equipment.



    [0019] With reference to the second aspect, in a second possible implementation manner of the second aspect, the target user equipment determining unit includes:

    an acquiring subunit, configured to acquire the communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment determined by the ready-to-switch-network user equipment determining unit; and

    a determining subunit, configured to: when the communication configuration parameter acquired by the acquiring subunit is voice centric Voice Centric, determine the ready-to-switch-network user equipment as a target device.



    [0020] With reference to the second aspect, in a third possible implementation manner of the second aspect, the sending unit is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in Connect state, send a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment by using a base station, where the detach request carries the preset cause value;
    alternatively,
    the apparatus further includes a receiving unit, where the receiving unit is configured to receive a tracking area update request Tracking Area Update Request sent by the target user equipment; and
    the sending unit is further configured to send a tracking area update reject response Tracking Area Update Reject to the target user equipment, where the tracking area update reject response carries the preset cause value.

    [0021] With reference to the second aspect, in the third possible implementation manner of the second aspect, a fourth possible implementation manner of the second aspect is further provided, and in the fourth possible implementation manner of the second aspect, the sending unit is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, send Paging signaling to the target user equipment by using a base station;
    the receiving unit is further configured to receive a service request Service Request that is sent by the target user equipment according to the Paging signaling; and
    the apparatus further includes a connect state determining unit, where the connect state determining unit is configured to determine, according to the service request received by the receiving unit, that the target user equipment is in a connect state.

    [0022] With reference to the second aspect, in the third possible implementation manner of the second aspect, a fifth possible implementation manner of the second aspect is further provided, and in the fifth possible implementation manner of the second aspect, the sending unit is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in Connect state, send a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment;
    the receiving unit is further configured to receive an attach request Attach Request sent by the target user equipment; and
    the sending unit is further configured to send an attach reject Attach Reject to the target user equipment, where the attach reject carries the preset cause value;
    alternatively,
    the sending unit is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, send a Paging message to the target user equipment by using a base station, where the paging message is used to instruct the target user equipment to reset a network connection status;
    the receiving unit is further configured to receive an attach request Attach Request sent by the target user equipment; and
    the sending unit is further configured to send an attach reject Attach Reject to the target user equipment, where the attach reject carries the preset cause value;
    alternatively,
    the sending unit is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, send a Paging message to the target user equipment by using a base station;
    the receiving unit is further configured to receive a service request Service Request sent by the target user equipment;
    the sending unit is further configured to send a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment; and
    the receiving unit is further configured to receive a detach accept Detach Accept sent by the target user equipment.

    [0023] With reference to the second aspect, in the third possible implementation manner of the second aspect, a sixth possible implementation manner of the second aspect is further provided, and in the sixth possible implementation manner of the second aspect, the sending unit is further configured to send a detach request to the target user equipment, where the detach request carries a user identifier field IMSI detach;
    the receiving unit is further configured to receive a tracking area update request Tracking Area Update Request sent by the target user equipment; and
    the sending unit is further configured to send a tracking area update reject response Tracking Area Update Reject to the target user equipment, where the tracking area update reject response carries the preset cause value.

    [0024] With reference to the second aspect, in the second aspect or in the first, second, third, fourth, fifth, or sixth possible implementation manner of the second aspect, a seventh possible implementation manner of the second aspect is further provided, and in the seventh possible implementation manner of the second aspect, the preset cause value is a reselect GERAN/UTRAN indication Reselect GERAN/UTRAN Indication.

    [0025] According to a third aspect, the present invention further provides a network access method, where the method includes:

    when registration in a circuit switched domain fails, determining a ready-to-switch-network user equipment according to an IMS function support status of a user equipment UE, where the IMS function support status is used to indicate whether the user equipment supports IMS voice;

    determining a target user equipment according to a communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment, where the communication configuration parameter is used to indicate a preferred service type of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment; and

    sending a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment, where the network switch indication is used to instruct the target user equipment to access a voice service access network.



    [0026] With reference to the third aspect, in a first possible implementation manner of the third aspect, the when registration in a circuit switched domain fails, determining a ready-to-switch-network user equipment according to an IMS function support status of a user equipment UE specifically includes:

    when registration in the circuit switched domain fails, if the user equipment supports an IMS function and does not establish an IMS bearer in a preset period, determining the user equipment as a ready-to-switch-network user equipment; or

    when registration in the circuit switched domain fails, if the user equipment does not support an IMS function, determining the user equipment as a ready-to-switch-network user equipment.



    [0027] With reference to the third aspect, in a second possible implementation manner of the third aspect, the determining a target user equipment according to a communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment specifically includes:

    acquiring the communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment; and

    if the communication configuration parameter is voice centric Voice Centric, determining the ready-to-switch-network user equipment as a target device.



    [0028] With reference to the third aspect, in a third possible implementation manner of the third aspect, the sending a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment, specifically includes:

    when the target user equipment is in Connect state, sending a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment by using a base station, where the detach request carries the preset cause value; or

    receiving a tracking area update request Tracking Area Update Request sent by the target user equipment; and

    sending a tracking area update reject response Tracking Area Update Reject to the target user equipment, where the tracking area update reject response carries the preset cause value.



    [0029] With reference to the third aspect, in the third possible implementation manner of the third aspect, a fourth possible implementation manner of the third aspect is further provided, and in the fourth possible implementation manner of the third aspect, before the sending a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment, the method further includes:

    when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, sending Paging signaling to the target user equipment by using a base station;

    receiving a service request Service Request that is sent by the target user equipment according to the Paging signaling; and

    determining, according to the service request, that the target user equipment is in a connect state.



    [0030] With reference to the third aspect, in the third possible implementation manner of the third aspect, a fifth possible implementation manner of the third aspect is further provided, and in the fifth possible implementation manner of the third aspect, the sending a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment specifically includes:

    when the target user equipment is in Connect state, sending a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment;

    receiving an attach request Attach Request sent by the target user equipment; and

    sending Attach Reject Attach Reject to the target user equipment, where the attach reject carries the preset cause value;

    alternatively, when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, sending a Paging message to the target user equipment by using a base station, where the paging message is used to instruct the target user equipment to reset a network connection status;

    receiving an attach request Attach Request sent by the target user equipment; and

    sending Attach Reject Attach Reject to the target user equipment, where the attach reject carries the preset cause value;

    alternatively, when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, sending a Paging message to the target user equipment by using a base station;

    receiving a service request Service Request sent by the target user equipment;

    sending a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment; and

    receiving a Detach Accept Detach Accept sent by the target user equipment.



    [0031] With reference to the third aspect, in the third possible implementation manner of the third aspect, a sixth possible implementation manner of the third aspect is further provided, and in the sixth possible implementation manner of the third aspect, the sending a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment specifically includes:

    sending a detach request to the target user equipment, where the detach request carries a user identifier field IMSI detach;

    receiving a tracking area update request Tracking Area Update Request sent by the target user equipment; and

    sending a tracking area update reject response Tracking Area Update Reject to the target user equipment, where the tracking area update reject response carries the preset cause value.



    [0032] With reference to the third aspect, in the third aspect or in the first, second, third, fourth, fifth, or sixth possible implementation manner of the third aspect, a seventh possible implementation manner of the third aspect is further provided, and in the seventh possible implementation manner of the third aspect, the preset cause value is a reselect GERAN/UTRAN indication Reselect GERAN/UTRAN Indication.

    [0033] According to the network access method and apparatus provided by the present invention, when registration in a circuit switched domain fails, a ready-to-switch-network user equipment can be determined according to an IMS function support status of a user equipment UE, and then a target user equipment can be determined according to a communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment; and a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value is sent to the target user equipment. In the prior art, when a UE fails to perform registration in a circuit switched domain, a network side returns "registration in CS domain failed" and prompts the UE that the network side supports a VoLTE technology. Because an underlying chip of the UE supports the VoLTE technology, the UE does not reselect a GERAN/UTRAN network, and the UE continues to camp on an LTE network (E-UTRAN) and prepares to implement the VoLTE technology, which causes unavailability of a voice service. Alternatively, because the UE cannot implement the VoLTE technology, a voice bearer channel for performing voice service data transmission cannot be established in an LTE network, which causes unavailability of a voice service of the UE. In the present invention, a network side can determine whether switching to another network is needed. When a UE fails to perform registration in a circuit switched domain, the network side determines the UE as a ready-to-switch-network UE, then determines the ready-to-switch-network UE as a target UE according to a preferred service type (voice centric or data centric) of the UE, and finally sends a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target UE, so that the UE switches to another network, that is, connects to a GSM/UMTS network, according to the network switch indication, and the UE can complete registration in a circuit switched domain of the GSM/UMTS network, thereby ensuring that a voice service of the UE can be normally used.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0034] To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention or in the prior art more clearly, the following briefly introduces the accompanying drawings required for describing the embodiments or the prior art. Apparently, the accompanying drawings in the following description show merely some embodiments of the present invention, and a person of ordinary skill in the art may still derive other drawings from these accompanying drawings without creative efforts.

    FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a first network access apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a second network access apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a third network access apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a fourth network access apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a fifth network access apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 6 is a flowchart of a first network access method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 7 is a flowchart of a second network access method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 8 is a flowchart of a third network access method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 9 is a flowchart of Scenario 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 10 is a flowchart of Scenario 2 according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 11 is a flowchart of a fourth network access method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 12 is a flowchart of Scenario 3 according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 13 is a flowchart of Scenario 4 according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 14 is a flowchart of Scenario 5 according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 15 is a flowchart of Scenario 6 according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

    FIG. 16 is a flowchart of a fifth network access method according to an embodiment of the present invention.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0035] The following clearly and completely describes the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. Apparently, the described embodiments are merely some but not all of the embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without creative efforts shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

    [0036] An embodiment of the present invention provides a network access apparatus, where the apparatus is disposed in a network server. As shown in FIG. 1, the apparatus includes a processor 11 and a transmitter 12, where the transmitter 12 is connected to the processor 11.

    [0037] The processor 11 is configured to: when registration in a circuit switched domain fails, determine a ready-to-switch-network user equipment according to an IMS function support status of a user equipment UE, where the IMS function support status is used to indicate whether the user equipment supports IMS voice; and
    determine a target user equipment according to a communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment, where the communication configuration parameter is used to indicate a preferred service type of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment.

    [0038] The transmitter 12 is configured to send a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment determined by the processor 11, where the network switch indication is used to instruct the target user equipment to access a voice service access network.

    [0039] Further, the processor 11 is further configured to:

    when registration in the circuit switched domain fails, if the user equipment supports an IMS function and does not establish an IMS bearer in a preset period, determine the user equipment as a ready-to-switch-network user equipment; or

    when registration in the circuit switched domain fails, if the user equipment does not support an IMS function, determine the user equipment as a ready-to-switch-network user equipment.



    [0040] Further, the processor 11 is further configured to:

    acquire the communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment; and

    if the communication configuration parameter is voice centric Voice Centric, determine the ready-to-switch-network user equipment as a target device.



    [0041] Further, the transmitter 12 is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in Connect state, send a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment by using a base station, where the detach request carries the preset cause value.

    [0042] Alternatively,
    as shown in FIG. 2, the apparatus further includes a receiver 13, and the receiver 13 is connected to the processor 11. The processor 11 instructs the receiver 13 to receive information, and the processor 11 instructs the transmitter 12 to send information.

    [0043] The receiver 13 is configured to receive a tracking area update request Tracking Area Update Request sent by the target user equipment.

    [0044] The transmitter 12 is further configured to send a tracking area update reject response Tracking Area Update Reject to the target user equipment, where the tracking area update reject response carries the preset cause value.

    [0045] Further, the transmitter 12 is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, send Paging signaling to the target user equipment by using a base station.

    [0046] The receiver 13 is further configured to receive a service request Service Request that is sent by the target user equipment according to the Paging signaling.

    [0047] The processor 11 is further configured to determine, according to the service request, that the target user equipment is in a connect state.

    [0048] Further, the transmitter 12 is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in Connect state, send a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment.

    [0049] The receiver 13 is further configured to receive an attach request Attach Request sent by the target user equipment.

    [0050] The transmitter 12 is further configured to send an attach reject Attach Reject to the target user equipment, where the attach reject carries the preset cause value.

    [0051] Alternatively,
    the transmitter 12 is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, send a Paging message to the target user equipment by using a base station, where the paging message is used to instruct the target user equipment to reset a network connection status.

    [0052] The receiver 13 is further configured to receive an attach request Attach Request sent by the target user equipment.

    [0053] The transmitter 12 is further configured to send an attach reject Attach Reject to the target user equipment, where the attach reject carries the preset cause value.

    [0054] Alternatively,
    the transmitter 12 is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, send a Paging message to the target user equipment by using a base station.

    [0055] The receiver 13 is further configured to receive a service request Service Request sent by the target user equipment.

    [0056] The transmitter 12 is further configured to send a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment.

    [0057] The receiver 13 is further configured to receive a detach accept Detach Accept sent by the target user equipment.

    [0058] Further, the transmitter 12 is further configured to send a detach request to the target user equipment, where the detach request carries a user identifier field IMSI detach.

    [0059] The receiver 13 is further configured to receive a tracking area update request Tracking Area Update Request sent by the target user equipment.

    [0060] The transmitter 12 is further configured to send a tracking area update reject response Tracking Area Update Reject to the target user equipment, where the tracking area update reject response carries the preset cause value.

    [0061] Further, the preset cause value is a reselect GERAN/UTRAN indication Reselect GERAN/UTRAN Indication.

    [0062] An embodiment of the present invention provides a network access apparatus. As shown in FIG. 3, the apparatus includes a ready-to-switch-network user equipment determining unit 31, a target user equipment determining unit 32, and a sending unit 33, which are connected in sequence.

    [0063] The ready-to-switch-network user equipment determining unit 31 is configured to: when registration in a circuit switched domain fails, determine a ready-to-switch-network user equipment according to an IMS function support status of a user equipment UE, where the IMS function support status is used to indicate whether the user equipment supports IMS voice.

    [0064] The target user equipment determining unit 32 is configured to determine a target user equipment according to a communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment determined by the ready-to-switch-network user equipment determining unit 31, where the communication configuration parameter is used to indicate a preferred service type of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment.

    [0065] The sending unit 33 is configured to send a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment determined by the target user equipment unit 32, where the network switch indication is used to instruct the target user equipment to access a voice service access network.

    [0066] Further, the ready-to-switch-network user equipment determining unit 31 is further configured to:

    when registration in the circuit switched domain fails, if the user equipment supports an IMS function and does not establish an IMS bearer in a preset period, determine the user equipment as a ready-to-switch-network user equipment; or

    when registration in the circuit switched domain fails, if the user equipment does not support an IMS function, determine the user equipment as a ready-to-switch-network user equipment.



    [0067] Further, as shown in FIG. 4, the target user equipment determining unit 32 specifically includes:

    an acquiring subunit 321, configured to acquire the communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment determined by the ready-to-switch-network user equipment determining unit 31; and

    a determining subunit 322, configured to: when the communication configuration parameter acquired by the acquiring subunit 321 is voice centric Voice Centric, determine the ready-to-switch-network user equipment as a target device.



    [0068] Further, the sending unit 33 is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in Connect state, send a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment by using a base station, where the detach request carries the preset cause value.

    [0069] Alternatively,
    as shown in FIG. 5, the apparatus further includes a receiving unit 51, where the receiving unit 51 is configured to receive a tracking area update request Tracking Area Update Request sent by the target user equipment.

    [0070] The sending unit 33 is further configured to send a tracking area update reject response Tracking Area Update Reject to the target user equipment, where the tracking area update reject response carries the preset cause value.

    [0071] Further, the sending unit 33 is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, send Paging signaling to the target user equipment by using a base station.

    [0072] The receiving unit 51 is further configured to receive a service request Service Request that is sent by the target user equipment according to the Paging signaling.

    [0073] The apparatus further includes a connect state determining unit, where the connect state determining unit is configured to determine, according to the service request received by the receiving unit 51, that the target user equipment is in a connect state.

    [0074] Further, the sending unit 33 is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in Connect state, send a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment.

    [0075] The receiving unit 51 is further configured to receive an attach request Attach Request sent by the target user equipment.

    [0076] The sending unit 33 is further configured to send an attach reject Attach Reject to the target user equipment, where the attach reject carries the preset cause value.

    [0077] Alternatively,
    the sending unit 33 is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, send a Paging message to the target user equipment by using a base station, where the paging message is used to instruct the target user equipment to reset a network connection status.

    [0078] The receiving unit 51 is further configured to receive an attach request Attach Request sent by the target user equipment.

    [0079] The sending unit 33 is further configured to send an attach reject Attach Reject to the target user equipment, where the attach reject carries the preset cause value.

    [0080] Alternatively,
    the sending unit 33 is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, send a Paging message to the target user equipment by using a base station.

    [0081] The receiving unit 51 is further configured to receive a service request Service Request sent by the target user equipment.

    [0082] The sending unit 33 is further configured to send a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment.
    The receiving unit 51 is further configured to receive a detach accept Detach Accept sent by the target user equipment.

    [0083] Further, the sending unit 33 is further configured to send a detach request to the target user equipment, where the detach request carries a user identifier field IMSI detach.

    [0084] The receiving unit 51 is further configured to receive a tracking area update request Tracking Area Update Request sent by the target user equipment.

    [0085] The sending unit 33 is further configured to send a tracking area update reject response Tracking Area Update Reject to the target user equipment, where the tracking area update reject response carries the preset cause value.

    [0086] Further, the preset cause value is a reselect GERAN/UTRAN indication Reselect GERAN/UTRAN Indication.

    [0087] An embodiment of the present invention provides a network access method. As shown in FIG. 6, the method is applied to a network server, where the network server is, for example, a mobility management entity (Mobility Management Entity, MME for short). The method is executed in the foregoing apparatus, and the method includes:

    [0088] Step 601: When registration in a circuit switched domain fails, determine a ready-to-switch-network user equipment according to an IMS function support status of a user equipment UE.

    [0089] The circuit switched domain is a circuit switched domain in a GSM/UMTS network, and this circuit switched domain is used to provide a voice service for a user equipment. The IMS function support status is used to indicate whether the user equipment supports IMS voice. If the user equipment supports IMS voice, the user equipment is capable of establishing a voice service call bearer in an LTE network by using an IMS network, thereby implementing a voice call in the LTE network.

    [0090] Step 602: Determine a target user equipment according to a communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment.

    [0091] The communication configuration parameter is used to indicate a preferred service type of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment. In the 3GPP protocol, there are two preferred service types of a user equipment: voice centric (Voice centric) and data centric (Data centric). Voice centric (Voice centric) means that a voice service is preferred, and a data service such as Internet access is also allowed; and generally, a device using voice centric as a preferred service type is a mobile phone. A service for a voice centric user equipment is defined as ensuring that a voice service is always available. If a UE cannot acquire a CSFB voice function or cannot acquire an IMS voice function in an LTE network due to reasons of the UE or a network, the UE reselects a GERAN/UTRAN to access, and after the reselection, the UE acquires a voice service directly in a CS domain of the GERAN/UTRAN network. For a data centric user equipment, if a voice service cannot be acquired, the UE continues to camp on the LTE network, so as to ensure that a data service is always available.

    [0092] Step 603: Send a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment, where the network switch indication is used to instruct the target user equipment to access a voice service access network.

    [0093] The preset cause value is a reselect GERAN/UTRAN indication (Reselect GERAN/UTRAN Indication). As stipulated in the existing protocol, when a UE receives a reselect GERAN/UTRAN indication, the UE disconnects a connection from a current network, and re-establishes a connection with a GERAN/UTRAN network.

    [0094] According to the network access method provided by the present invention, when registration in a circuit switched domain fails, a ready-to-switch-network user equipment can be determined according to an IMS function support status of a user equipment UE, and then a target user equipment can be determined according to a communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment; and a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value is sent to the target user equipment. In the prior art, when a UE fails to perform registration in a circuit switched domain, a network side returns "registration in CS domain failed" and prompts the UE that the network side supports a VoLTE technology. Because an underlying chip of the UE supports the VoLTE technology, the UE does not reselect a GERAN/UTRAN network, and the UE continues to camp on an LTE network (E-UTRAN) and prepares to implement the VoLTE technology, which causes unavailability of a voice service. Alternatively, because the UE cannot implement the VoLTE technology, a voice bearer channel for performing voice service data transmission cannot be established in an LTE network, which causes unavailability of a voice service of the UE. In the present invention, a network side can determine whether switching to another network is needed. When a UE fails to perform registration in a circuit switched domain, the network side determines the UE as a ready-to-switch-network UE, then determines the ready-to-switch-network UE as a target UE according to a preferred service type (voice centric or data centric) of the UE, and finally sends a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target UE, so that the UE switches to another network, that is, connects to a GSM/UMTS network, according to the network switch indication, and the UE can complete registration in a circuit switched domain of the GSM/UMTS network, thereby ensuring that a voice service of the UE can be normally used.

    [0095] An embodiment of the present invention further provides a network access method. As a specific description of the method shown in FIG. 6, as shown in FIG. 7, step 601 of when registration in a circuit switched domain fails, determining a ready-to-switch-network user equipment according to an IMS function support status of a user equipment UE may be implemented in the following manner:

    Step 601a: When registration in the circuit switched domain fails, if the user equipment supports an IMS function and does not establish an IMS bearer in a preset period, determine the user equipment as a ready-to-switch-network user equipment.

    Step 601 may also be implemented in another manner:

    Step 601b: When registration in the circuit switched domain fails, if the user equipment does not support an IMS function, determine the user equipment as a ready-to-switch-network user equipment.



    [0096] Parameters used for determining whether a user equipment is a ready-to-switch-network user equipment are listed in Table 1.
    IMS function support statusIMS bearer establishment status
    Supported IMS bearer not established in a preset period
    Not supported None


    [0097] When a user equipment supports an IMS function and does not establish an IMS bearer in a preset period, or when a user equipment does not support an IMS function, the user equipment is determined as a ready-to-switch-network user equipment.

    [0098] According to the network access method provided by this embodiment of the present invention, a ready-to-switch-network user equipment can be determined according to an IMS function support status and an IMS bearer establishment status, thereby ensuring that a server can determine a user equipment that needs to switch to another network.

    [0099] An embodiment of the present invention further provides a network access method. As a specific description of the method shown in FIG. 6, as shown in FIG. 8, step 602 of determining a target user equipment according to a communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment may be implemented in the following manners:

    Step 801: Acquire the communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment.
    The communication configuration parameter is used to indicate a preferred service type of a user equipment, such as voice centric Voice Centric or data centric Data Centric.

    Step 802: If the communication configuration parameter is voice centric Voice Centric, determine the ready-to-switch-network user equipment as a target device.



    [0100] When the configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment is voice centric, it needs to be ensured that a voice service of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment remains normal, and therefore the ready-to-switch-network user equipment is determined as a target device.

    [0101] If the configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment is data centric, it needs to be ensured that a data service (such as a mobile network data transmission service) of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment remains normal, and the ready-to-switch-network user equipment does not need to be determined as a target device.

    [0102] According to the network access method provided by this embodiment of the present invention, a target device can be determined from ready-to-switch-network user equipments according to a configuration parameter, thereby improving network access accuracy.

    [0103] An embodiment of the present invention further provides a network access method. As a specific description of the method shown in FIG. 6, step 603 of sending a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment may be implemented in the following manner:
    1. 1) When the target user equipment is in Connect state, send a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment by using a base station, where the detach request carries the preset cause value.


    [0104] Alternatively,

    2.1) Receive a tracking area update request Tracking Area Update Request sent by the target user equipment; and

    2.2) Send a tracking area update reject response Tracking Area Update Reject to the target user equipment, where the tracking area update reject response carries the preset cause value.


    Scenario 1:



    [0105] As shown in FIG. 9, when a user equipment is in a connect state:

    [0106] Step 901: An MME sends a detach request Detach Request to the UE by using a base station eNB, where the detach request carries a reselect GERAN/UTRAN indication Reselect GERAN/UTRAN Indication.

    Scenario 2:



    [0107] As shown in FIG. 10, when a user equipment is in a connect state:

    Step 1001: The UE sends a tracking area update request Tracking Area Update Request to an MME, and the MME receives the tracking area update request.

    Step 1002: The MME sends a tracking area update reject response Tracking Area Update Reject to the UE, where the tracking area update reject response carries a reselect GERAN/UTRAN indication Reselect GERAN/UTRAN Indication.



    [0108] An embodiment of the present invention further provides a network access method. As a further description of the method shown in FIG. 6, as shown in FIG. 11, before step 603 of sending a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment, the method further includes:

    Step 1101: When the target user equipment is in an Idle state, send Paging signaling to the target user equipment.
    The target user equipment enters a connect state after receiving the Paging signaling.

    Step 1102: Receive a service request Service Request that is sent by the target user equipment according to the Paging signaling.

    Step 1103: Determine, according to the service request, that the target user equipment is in a connect state.


    Scenario 3:



    [0109] As shown in FIG. 12, when a user equipment is in an Idle state:

    Step 1201: An MME sends Paging signaling to the UE by using a base station eNB.

    Step 1202: The UE sends a service request Service Request to the MME.

    Step 1203: The MME determines that the UE is in a connect state according to the received service request.



    [0110] According to the network access method provided by this embodiment of the present invention, an MME can instruct, by using paging signaling, a user to switch from an IDLE state to a connect state.

    [0111] Further, when a UE is in an idle state, a paging request is not delivered, and the UE is instructed to reselect a GERAN/UTRAN network only after the UE re-initiates a service request or a periodic TAU request, thereby reducing overheads for delivering paging by a network side.

    [0112] An embodiment of the present invention further provides a network access method. As a specific description of the method shown in FIG. 6, step 603 of sending a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment may be implemented in the following manners:
    1. 1) When the target user equipment is in Connect state, send a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment.
    2. 2) Receive an attach request Attach Request sent by the target user equipment.
    3. 3) Send an attach reject Attach Reject to the target user equipment, where the attach reject carries the preset cause value.

    Scenario 4:



    [0113] As shown in FIG. 13, when a user equipment is in a connect state:

    Step 1301: An MME sends a detach request Detach Request to the UE, where the detach request carries a relocation request reattach required.

    Step 1302: The UE sends a detach accept Detach Accept to the MME as a response.

    Step 1303: The UE sends an attach request Attach Request to the MME.

    Step 1304: The MME sends an attach reject Attach Reject to the UE, where the attach reject carries a reselect GERAN/UTRAN indication Reselect GERAN/UTRAN Indication.



    [0114] Alternatively, step 603 of sending a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment may also be implemented in the following manners:
    1. 1) When the target user equipment is in an Idle state, send a Paging message to the target user equipment, where the paging message is used to instruct the target user equipment to reset a network connection status.
    2. 2) Receive an attach request Attach Request sent by the target user equipment.
    3. 3) Send an attach reject Attach Reject to the target user equipment, where the attach reject carries the preset cause value.

    Scenario 5:



    [0115] As shown in FIG. 14, when a user equipment is in an idle state:

    Step 1401: An MME sends a Paging message to the target user equipment by using a base station eNB, where a paging identifier carried by the paging message is PS+IMSI, so as to instruct the UE to clear current user status information before accessing a network by means of receiving a request Attach Request.

    Step 1402: The UE sends an attach request Attach Request to the MME.

    Step 1403: The MME sends an attach reject Attach Reject to the UE, where the attach reject carries a reselect GERAN/UTRAN indication Reselect GERAN/UTRAN Indication.



    [0116] Alternatively, step 603 of sending a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment may also be implemented in the following manner:
    1. 1) When the target user equipment is in an Idle state, send a Paging message to the target user equipment.
    2. 2) Receive a service request Service Request sent by the target user equipment.
    3. 3) Send a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment.
    4. 4) Receive a detach accept Detach Accept sent by the target user equipment.

    Scenario 6:



    [0117] As shown in FIG. 15, when a UE is in an Idle state:

    Step 1501: An MME sends a Paging message to the UE by using a base station, The paging message is used to instruct the target user equipment to reset a network connection status. A paging identifier carried by the paging message is PS+S-TMSI, and is used to instruct the UE to access a network normally.

    Step 1502: The UE sends a service request Service Request to the MME.

    Step 1503: The MME sends a detach request Detach Request to the UE.

    Step 1504: The UE sends a detach accept Detach Accept to the MME.



    [0118] According to the network access method provided by this embodiment of the present invention, when a UE is in an idle state, different paging identifiers can be carried in paging messages, so as to enable the UE to access a network in manners corresponding to the paging identifiers.

    [0119] An embodiment of the present invention further provides a network access method. As a specific description of the method shown in FIG. 6, as shown in FIG. 16, step 603 of sending a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment includes:

    Step 1601: Send a detach request to the target user equipment, where the detach request carries a user identifier field IMSI detach.

    Step 1602: Receive a tracking area update request Tracking Area Update Request sent by the target user equipment.

    Step 1603: Send a tracking area update reject response Tracking Area Update Reject to the target user equipment, where the tracking area update reject response carries the preset cause value.



    [0120] According to this embodiment of the present invention, a detach request is sent to the UE to enable the UE to perform a combined tracking area update, and then a reject is returned to the UE to instruct the UE to reselect a network. As stipulated in the protocol, a UE with a CSFB capability, if already registered as EPS Attach or SMS Only, returns a response by means of IMSI Detach. However, currently, during implementation, there exists a UE that does not comply with protocol specifications for implementation. According to this embodiment of the present invention, a detach request can be sent to a target user equipment, and after a TAU request sent by the target user equipment is received, a tracking area update reject response carrying a preset cause value can be sent to the target user equipment.

    [0121] It should be noted that, in this embodiment of the present invention, the preset cause value is a reselect GERAN/UTRAN indication Reselect GERAN/UTRAN Indication.

    [0122] It may be clearly understood by a person skilled in the art that, for the purpose of convenient and brief description, division of the foregoing function modules is taken as an example for illustration. In actual application, the foregoing functions can be allocated to different function modules and implemented according to a requirement, that is, an inner structure of an apparatus is divided into different function modules to implement all or some of the functions described above. For a detailed working process of the foregoing system, apparatus, and unit, reference may be made to a corresponding process in the foregoing method embodiments, and details are not described herein again.

    [0123] The foregoing descriptions are merely specific implementation manners of the present invention, but are not intended to limit the protection scope of the present invention. Any variation or replacement readily figured out by a person skilled in the art within the technical scope disclosed in the present invention shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.


    Claims

    1. A network access apparatus, wherein the apparatus comprises:

    a processor, configured to: when registration in a circuit switched domain fails, determine a ready-to-switch-network user equipment according to an IMS function support status of a user equipment UE, wherein the IMS function support status is used to indicate whether the user equipment supports IMS voice; and

    determine a target user equipment according to a communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment, wherein the communication configuration parameter is used to indicate a preferred service type of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment; and

    a transmitter, configured to send a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment determined by the processor, wherein the network switch indication is used to instruct the target user equipment to access a voice service access network.


     
    2. The network access apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the processor is further configured to:

    when registration in the circuit switched domain fails, if the user equipment supports an IMS function and does not establish an IMS bearer in a preset period, determine the user equipment as a ready-to-switch-network user equipment; or

    when registration in the circuit switched domain fails, if the user equipment does not support an IMS function, determine the user equipment as a ready-to-switch-network user equipment.


     
    3. The network access apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the processor is further configured to:

    acquire the communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment; and

    if the communication configuration parameter is voice centric Voice Centric, determine the ready-to-switch-network user equipment as a target device.


     
    4. The network access apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the transmitter is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in Connect state, send a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment by using a base station, wherein the detach request carries the preset cause value;
    alternatively,
    the apparatus further comprises a receiver, wherein
    the receiver is configured to receive a tracking area update request Tracking Area Update Request sent by the target user equipment; and
    the transmitter is further configured to send a tracking area update reject response Tracking Area Update Reject to the target user equipment, wherein the tracking area update reject response carries the preset cause value.
     
    5. The network access apparatus according to claim 4, wherein the transmitter is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, send Paging signaling to the target user equipment by using a base station;
    the receiver is further configured to receive a service request Service Request that is sent by the target user equipment according to the Paging signaling; and
    the processor is further configured to determine, according to the service request, that the target user equipment is in a connect state.
     
    6. The network access apparatus according to claim 4, wherein the transmitter is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in Connect state, send a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment;
    the receiver is further configured to receive an attach request Attach Request sent by the target user equipment; and
    the transmitter is further configured to send an attach reject Attach Reject to the target user equipment, wherein the attach reject carries the preset cause value;
    alternatively,
    the transmitter is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, send a Paging message to the target user equipment by using a base station, wherein the paging message is used to instruct the target user equipment to reset a network connection status;
    the receiver is further configured to receive an attach request Attach Request sent by the target user equipment; and
    the transmitter is further configured to send an attach reject Attach Reject to the target user equipment, wherein the attach reject carries the preset cause value;
    alternatively,
    the transmitter is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, send a Paging message to the target user equipment by using a base station;
    the receiver is further configured to receive a service request Service Request sent by the target user equipment;
    the transmitter is further configured to send a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment; and
    the receiver is further configured to receive a detach accept Detach Accept sent by the target user equipment.
     
    7. The network access apparatus according to claim 4, wherein the transmitter is further configured to send a detach request to the target user equipment, wherein the detach request carries a user identifier field IMSI detach;
    the receiver is further configured to receive a tracking area update request Tracking Area Update Request sent by the target user equipment; and
    the transmitter is further configured to send a tracking area update reject response Tracking Area Update Reject to the target user equipment, wherein the tracking area update reject response carries the preset cause value.
     
    8. The network access apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the preset cause value is a reselect GERAN/UTRAN indication Reselect GERAN/UTRAN Indication.
     
    9. A network access apparatus, wherein the apparatus comprises:

    a ready-to-switch-network user equipment determining unit, configured to: when registration in a circuit switched domain fails, determine if a user equipment is a ready-to-switch-network user equipment according to an IMS function support status of the user equipment UE, wherein the IMS function support status is used to indicate whether the user equipment supports IMS voice;

    a target user equipment determining unit, configured to determine a target user equipment according to a communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment determined by the ready-to-switch-network user equipment determining unit, wherein the communication configuration parameter is used to indicate a preferred service type of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment; and

    a sending unit, configured to send a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment determined by the target user equipment unit, wherein the network switch indication is used to instruct the target user equipment to access a voice service access network.


     
    10. The network access apparatus according to claim 9, wherein the ready-to-switch-network user equipment determining unit is further configured to:

    when registration in the circuit switched domain fails, if the user equipment supports an IMS function and does not establish an IMS bearer in a preset period, determine the user equipment as a ready-to-switch-network user equipment; or

    when registration in the circuit switched domain fails, if the user equipment does not support an IMS function, determine the user equipment as a ready-to-switch-network user equipment.


     
    11. The network access apparatus according to claim 9, wherein the target user equipment determining unit comprises:

    an acquiring subunit, configured to acquire the communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment determined by the ready-to-switch-network user equipment determining unit; and

    a determining subunit, configured to: when the communication configuration parameter acquired by the acquiring subunit is voice centric Voice Centric, determine the ready-to-switch-network user equipment as a target device.


     
    12. The network access apparatus according to claim 9, wherein the sending unit is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in Connect state, send a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment by using a base station, wherein the detach request carries the preset cause value;
    alternatively,
    the apparatus further comprises a receiving unit, wherein the receiving unit is configured to receive a tracking area update request Tracking Area Update Request sent by the target user equipment; and
    the sending unit is further configured to send a tracking area update reject response Tracking Area Update Reject to the target user equipment, wherein the tracking area update reject response carries the preset cause value.
     
    13. The network access apparatus according to claim 12, wherein
    the sending unit is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, send Paging signaling to the target user equipment by using a base station;
    the receiving unit is further configured to receive a service request Service Request that is sent by the target user equipment according to the Paging signaling; and
    the apparatus further comprises a connect state determining unit, wherein the connect state determining unit is configured to determine, according to the service request received by the receiving unit, that the target user equipment is in a connect state.
     
    14. The network access apparatus according to claim 12, wherein
    the sending unit is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in Connect state, send a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment;
    the receiving unit is further configured to receive an attach request Attach Request sent by the target user equipment; and
    the sending unit is further configured to send an attach reject Attach Reject to the target user equipment, wherein the attach reject carries the preset cause value;
    alternatively,
    the sending unit is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, send a Paging message to the target user equipment by using a base station, wherein the paging message is used to instruct the target user equipment to reset a network connection status;
    the receiving unit is further configured to receive an attach request Attach Request sent by the target user equipment; and
    the sending unit is further configured to send an attach reject Attach Reject to the target user equipment, wherein the attach reject carries the preset cause value;
    alternatively,
    the sending unit is further configured to: when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, send a Paging message to the target user equipment by using a base station;
    the receiving unit is further configured to receive a service request Service Request sent by the target user equipment;
    the sending unit is further configured to send a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment; and
    the receiving unit is further configured to receive a detach accept Detach Accept sent by the target user equipment.
     
    15. The network access apparatus according to claim 12, wherein
    the sending unit is further configured to send a detach request to the target user equipment, wherein the detach request carries a user identifier field IMSI detach;
    the receiving unit is further configured to receive a tracking area update request Tracking Area Update Request sent by the target user equipment; and
    the sending unit is further configured to send a tracking area update reject response Tracking Area Update Reject to the target user equipment, wherein the tracking area update reject response carries the preset cause value.
     
    16. The network access apparatus according to any one of claims 9 to 15, wherein the preset cause value is a reselect GERAN/UTRAN indication Reselect GERAN/UTRAN Indication.
     
    17. A network access method, wherein the method comprises:

    when registration in a circuit switched domain fails, determining a ready-to-switch-network user equipment according to an IMS function support status of a user equipment UE, wherein the IMS function support status is used to indicate whether the user equipment supports IMS voice;

    determining a target user equipment according to a communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment, wherein the communication configuration parameter is used to indicate a preferred service type of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment; and

    sending a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment, wherein the network switch indication is used to instruct the target user equipment to access a voice service access network.


     
    18. The network access method according to claim 17, wherein the when registration in a circuit switched domain fails, determining a ready-to-switch-network user equipment according to an IMS function support status of a user equipment UE specifically comprises:

    when registration in the circuit switched domain fails, if the user equipment supports an IMS function and does not establish an IMS bearer in a preset period, determining the user equipment as a ready-to-switch-network user equipment; or

    when registration in the circuit switched domain fails, if the user equipment does not support an IMS function, determining the user equipment as a ready-to-switch-network user equipment.


     
    19. The network access method according to claim 17, wherein the determining a target user equipment according to a communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment specifically comprises:

    acquiring the communication configuration parameter of the ready-to-switch-network user equipment; and

    if the communication configuration parameter is voice centric Voice Centric, determining the ready-to-switch-network user equipment as a target device.


     
    20. The network access method according to claim 17, wherein the sending a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment specifically comprises:

    when the target user equipment is in Connect state, sending a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment by using a base station, wherein the detach request carries the preset cause value; or

    receiving a tracking area update request Tracking Area Update Request sent by the target user equipment; and

    sending a tracking area update reject response Tracking Area Update Reject to the target user equipment, wherein the tracking area update reject response carries the preset cause value.


     
    21. The network access method according to claim 20, wherein before the sending a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment, the method further comprises:

    when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, sending Paging signaling to the target user equipment by using a base station;

    receiving a service request Service Request that is sent by the target user equipment according to the Paging signaling; and

    determining, according to the service request, that the target user equipment is in a connect state.


     
    22. The network access method according to claim 17, wherein the sending a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment specifically comprises:

    when the target user equipment is in Connect state, sending a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment;

    receiving an attach request Attach Request sent by the target user equipment; and

    sending Attach Reject Attach Reject to the target user equipment, wherein the attach reject carries the preset cause value;

    alternatively, when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, sending a Paging message to the target user equipment by using a base station, wherein the paging message is used to instruct the target user equipment to reset a network connection status;

    receiving an attach request Attach Request sent by the target user equipment; and

    sending Attach Reject Attach Reject to the target user equipment, wherein the attach reject carries the preset cause value;

    alternatively, when the target user equipment is in an Idle state, sending a Paging message to the target user equipment by using a base station;

    receiving a service request Service Request sent by the target user equipment;

    sending a detach request Detach Request to the target user equipment; and

    receiving a Detach Accept Detach Accept sent by the target user equipment.


     
    23. The network access method according to claim 17, wherein the sending a network switch indication carrying a preset cause value to the target user equipment specifically comprises:

    sending a detach request to the target user equipment, wherein the detach request carries a user identifier field IMSI detach;

    receiving a tracking area update request Tracking Area Update Request sent by the target user equipment; and

    sending a tracking area update reject response Tracking Area Update Reject to the target user equipment, wherein the tracking area update reject response carries the preset cause value.


     
    24. The network access method according to any one of claims 17 to 23, wherein the preset cause value is a reselect GERAN/UTRAN indication Reselect GERAN/UTRAN Indication.
     




    Drawing