(19)
(11)EP 3 182 852 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
20.06.2018 Bulletin 2018/25

(21)Application number: 15756518.5

(22)Date of filing:  18.08.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A43B 13/22  (2006.01)
A43B 13/14  (2006.01)
A43C 15/16  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2015/045615
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/028728 (25.02.2016 Gazette  2016/08)

(54)

FOOTWEAR WITH ELONGATED CLEATS

SCHUH MIT VERLÄNGERTEN STOLLEN

ARTICLE CHAUSSANT AVEC DES CRAMPONS ALLONGÉS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 22.08.2014 US 201414466440

(43)Date of publication of application:
28.06.2017 Bulletin 2017/26

(73)Proprietor: NIKE Innovate C.V.
Beaverton, OR 97005-6453 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • FRANCIS, Paul J.
    Beaverton, Oregon 97005-6453 (US)
  • WOLFE, Randall S.
    Beaverton, Oregon 97005-6453 (US)

(74)Representative: Beattie, Alex Thomas Stewart 
Forresters IP LLP Skygarden Erika-Mann-Strasse 11
80636 München
80636 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
DE-U1-202014 102 743
US-A- 5 943 794
US-A1- 2010 199 523
US-A1- 2013 326 911
US-A- 4 586 274
US-A1- 2005 155 254
US-A1- 2013 067 772
US-B1- 6 860 037
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to a sole for an article of footwear. More particularly, the present disclosure relates to a sole having elongated cleats.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] In order to increase traction to the ground, certain footwear, such as shoes, can include cleats on the shoe sole. However, certain cleats or arrangements of cleats can negatively affect the forward and lateral stability of one's feet on the ground, which can result in decreased performance during various activities, such as running. Accordingly, there is a need for footwear that can provide increased forward and lateral stability in addition to increased traction.

    [0003] US4586274 discloses an athletic shoe for use on artificial turf having an outer ground sole with cleats that project perpendicular from the surface of the sole, each cleat having a channel on one side extending to the projecting end of the cleat, the cleats being arranged on the sole so that the channel side of each cleat faces opposite to the most likely direction of force on the end of the cleat with respect to the sole during normal athletic activity of the wearer on artificial turf, whereas the side of the cleat opposite the channel is tapered so that the artificial turf fibers in the path of the cleat as it moves against and parallel to the artificial turf are gathered in the channel and the cleat slides along a gathered bunch of such turf fibers, bears upon the bunch of fibers so gathered and wipes the fibers of moisture in case they are wet; thereby providing a dry contact between the end of the cleat and the gathered bunch of fibers and so insures relatively high friction between the cleat and the turf fibers even when the turf is wet, whereas the cleat slides easily along the turf in the direction of the taper.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0004] The invention relates to a sole for an article of footwear as specified in appended independent claim 1. Preferred embodiments are specified in the dependent claims.

    [0005] One aspect is directed to a sole for an article of footwear that includes at least two elongated cleats. One of the elongated cleats is positioned on a medial side of a midline that extends from a toe end of the sole to a heel end of the sole, while the other elongated cleat is positioned on the lateral side of the midline. Both elongated cleats extend toward the toe end of the sole and toward the heel end of the sole such that the heel-ward end of each of the elongated cleats is closer to the midline than each corresponding toe-ward end of the elongated cleats. In addition, the sole includes a medial plurality of cleats positioned on the medial side of the midline such that the elongated cleat on the medial side is positioned between at least a portion of the medial plurality of cleats and the midline. Further, the sole includes a lateral plurality of cleats positioned on the lateral side of the midline such that the elongated cleat on the lateral side is positioned between the midline and at least a portion of the lateral plurality of cleats.

    [0006] Another aspect is directed toward a sole for an article of footwear that includes two elongated cleats. One of the elongated cleats is positioned on a medial side of a midline that extends from a toe end of the sole to a heel end of the sole, while the other elongated cleat is positioned on the lateral side of the midline. Both elongated cleats extend toward the toe end of the sole and toward the heel end of the sole such that the heel-ward end of each of the elongated cleats is closer to the midline than each corresponding toe-ward end of the elongated cleats. In addition, each of the elongated cleats is positioned at an angle of less than 20° relative to the midline.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING



    [0007] Aspects herein are described in detail with reference to the attached drawing figures, wherein:

    FIG. 1 depicts an exemplary article of footwear, in accordance with aspects herein;

    FIG. 2 depicts a bottom view of a sole for an article of footwear having two elongated cleats and a plurality of cleats, in accordance with aspects herein;

    FIG. 3 depicts a front perspective view of the sole depicted in FIG. 2, in accordance with aspects herein;

    FIG. 4 depicts a front perspective view of a portion of the toe-ward side of the sole depicted in FIG. 2, in accordance with aspects herein; and

    FIG. 5 depicts a front cross-sectional view along cutline 5 of the portion of the toe-ward side of the sole depicted in FIG. 4, in accordance with aspects herein.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0008] In general, aspects herein are directed toward an article of footwear, such as a shoe, having elongated cleats on the shoe sole. At least one elongated cleat can be positioned on each side of a midline that extends from the toe end to the heel end of the sole. The elongated cleats are oriented such that they generally extend toward a toe end and a heel end of the sole. In one aspect, the sole can include a plurality of cleats in addition to the elongated cleats. Shoes having the elongated cleats according to aspects herein can provide increased lateral and forward stability for the wearer's feet, in addition to providing increased ground traction.

    [0009] FIG. 1 depicts an article of footwear 100 in accordance with various aspects herein. The article of footwear 100 has a general configuration suitable for various activities, such as walking, running, and the like. Exemplary articles of footwear may include athletic shoes, sandals, dress shoes, boots, loafers, and the like. The term "shoe" may be used herein for simplicity, in reference to various aspects of the articles of footwear. However, concepts described herein may be applied to a variety of other types of footwear.

    [0010] The shoe 100 can generally include an upper 102 and a sole 200. Although the upper 102 depicted in FIG. 1 is presented in a simplified fashion for exemplary purposes, in practice, the upper 102 may include a large number of individual parts that may be formed from different types of materials. Alternatively, the upper 102 may be primarily formed from a single manufacturing technique, such as weaving or knitting, to form two or more portions of the shoe upper 102. The components of the upper 102 may be joined together using a variety of adhesives, stitches, and/or other types of joining/bonding components.

    [0011] The sole 200 may include multiple components. For example, the sole 200 can include any combination of an insole, a midsole, and an outsole. As used herein, the term "sole" is defined as a sole having one or more of an insole, midsole, and outsole. An insole is typically an interior bottom of a shoe that sits directly beneath a person's foot under the footbed (commonly known as the sock liner). Insoles can be made from cellulosic paper board, synthetic nonwoven insole board, polymer-based materials, or the like.

    [0012] A midsole may be added underneath the insole for comfort; to control the shape, moisture, or smell of a shoe; or for managing defects in the natural shape of the foot or positioning of the foot during standing, walking, running, etc. Midsoles may be made or integrated from foam, foam-cushioning sheets, latex, ethylene-vinyl acetate ("EVA"), polyurethane, plastic, thermoplastic, or a blend thereof. In an exemplary aspect, midsoles may not be made entirely from one type of material. For instance, soles may comprise air or gel pockets for support and/or steel or plastic toes for protection. Other variations are also possible and will generally be understood and appreciated by those skilled in the art.

    [0013] An outsole may be connected to the bottom of a midsole. The outsole is, generally, the layer or layers of a shoe made for directly contacting the ground. Casual or athletic shoes usually have outsoles made from natural rubber, a plastic, or a synthetic material, such as polyurethane. The outsole may include a single piece of material or may be an assembly of separate pieces of different materials. Additionally, outsoles may include different fixtures for various purposes, such as cleats for traction. In particular, tread may be formed on outsoles in patterns to maximize gripping. For example, the tread of an outsole may include portions in circular, triangular, rectangular, pentagonal, hexagonal, octagonal, or other types of patterns.

    [0014] The shoe sole 200 may further have additional components, such as additional cushioning components (such as springs, air bags, and the like), functional components (such as motion control elements to address pronation or supination), protective elements (such as resilient plates to prevent damage to the foot from hazards on the floor or ground), and the like. While these and other components that may be present in the sole 200 are not specifically described in examples herein, such components may be present in the shoe 100 in accordance with aspects hereof.

    [0015] Turning now to FIG. 2, which depicts a bottom view of the sole 200 in accordance with aspects herein. The sole 200, generally, may include a lateral side 206 and a medial side 208. The lateral side 206 can include the portion of the sole 200 on the lateral side 206 of a sole midline 210 that extends from a toe end 228 to a heel end 230 of the sole 200. The medial side 208 can include the portion of the sole 200 on the medial side 208 of the sole midline 210.

    [0016] The sole 200 can also include a toe-ward side 212 and a heel-ward side 214. The toe-ward side 212 can include the portion of the sole 200 on the toe-ward side 212 of a transverse midline 216 that extends through a midpoint 218 of the sole midline 210 in a substantially perpendicular manner. The heel-ward side 214 can include the portion of the sole 200 on the heel-ward side 214 of the transverse midline 216.

    [0017] As seen in FIG. 2, the sole 200 may include an elongated cleat 300 positioned on the medial side 208 of the sole 200 (hereinafter referred to as the "medial elongated cleat") and another elongated cleat 400 positioned on the lateral side 206 of the sole 200 (hereinafter referred to as the "lateral elongated cleat"). The medial elongated cleat 300 and the lateral elongated cleat 400 can be positioned on the toe-ward side 212 of the transverse midline 216.

    [0018] Various properties of the medial elongated cleat 300 and the lateral elongated cleat 400 can provide increased lateral and/or forward stability for a wearer's feet. For example, as discussed below, in certain aspects, specific positions of the elongated cleats 300 and 400 on the sole 200 and/or the length of the elongated cleats 300 and 400 can provide increased lateral and/or forward stability.

    [0019] For increased forward stability, the medial elongated cleat 300 and the lateral elongated cleat 400 generally extend toward the toe end 228 and the heel end 230 of the sole 200. For example, the medial elongated cleat 300 can extend toward the toe end 228 and toward the heel end 230 of the sole 200 such that a heel-ward end 302 is closer to the midline 210 than a toe-ward end 304 of the medial elongated cleat 300. Similarly, the lateral elongated cleat 400 can extend toward the toe end 228 and the heel end 230 of the sole 200 such that a heel-ward end 402 of the lateral elongated cleat 400 is closer to the midline 210 than a toe-ward end 404 of the lateral elongated cleat 400.

    [0020] In certain aspects, the medial elongated cleat 300 and/or the lateral elongated cleat 400 can be positioned at an acute angle relative to the midline 210. For example, the medial elongated cleat 300 of FIG. 2 extends toward the toe end 228 and the heel end 230 of the sole 200 and is positioned such that the angle Am is at least about 5° and/or not more than about 40° relative to the midline 210. For enhanced forward and lateral stability, the angle Am can be less than about 20° relative to the midline 210. In the same or alternative aspects, the lateral elongated cleat 400 extends toward the toe end 228 and the heel end 230 of the sole 200 and is positioned such that the angle A1 is at least about 5° and/or not more than about 40° relative to the midline 210. Similarly, for enhanced lateral and forward stability, the angle A1 should be less than about 20° relative to the midline 210.

    [0021] In one or more aspects, the lateral elongated cleat 400 can have a length between a heel-ward end 402 and a toe-ward end 404 that is at least about 5% and/or not more than about 25% of the length of the midline 210. For enhanced forward stability, the length between a heel-ward end 402 and a toe-ward end 404 of the lateral elongated cleat 400 can be at least about 10% of the length of the midline 210. In the same or alternative aspects, the medial elongated cleat 300 can have length characteristics that are substantially similar to that of the lateral elongated cleat 400 discussed immediately above. In certain aspects, such as that depicted in FIG. 2, the medial elongated cleat 300 can have a length between the heel-ward end 302 and the toe-ward end 304 that is greater than the heel-ward end 402 to toe-ward end 404 length of the lateral elongated cleat 400.

    [0022] As can be seen in FIG. 2, the sole 200 can include a medial plurality of cleats 500 and a lateral plurality of cleats 600, in accordance with aspects hereof. The medial plurality of cleats 500 can be positioned on the medial side 208 of the midline 210 and the toe-ward side 212 of the transverse midline 216, while the lateral plurality of cleats 600 can be positioned on the lateral side 206 of the midline 210 and the toe-ward side 212 of the transverse midline 216. In certain aspects, such as that depicted in FIG. 2, at least a portion of the medial plurality of cleats 500 can be positioned along a perimeter region 220 of the sole 200. In such aspects, the medial elongated cleat 300 can be positioned between the midline 210 and at least a portion of the medial plurality of cleats 500. For example, the medial elongated cleat 300 can be positioned between the cleats 502 and 504 and the midline 210 to achieve a desired traction performance provided by this exemplary configuration.

    [0023] Like the medial plurality of cleats 500, at least a portion of the lateral plurality of cleats 600 of FIG. 2 can be positioned along the perimeter region 220 of the sole 200. In such aspects, the lateral elongated cleat 400 can be positioned between the midline 210 and at least a portion of the lateral plurality of cleats 600. For example, the lateral elongated cleat 400 can be positioned between the cleats 602 and 604 and the midline 210 to achieve a desired traction performance provided by this exemplary configuration.

    [0024] As discussed above, various properties of the medial elongated cleat 300 and/or the lateral elongated cleat 400 can provide increased lateral and forward stability to a wearer's feet. In addition, the size and position of the medial plurality of cleats 500 and the lateral plurality of cleats 600, relative to the size and position of the medial elongated cleat 300 and the lateral elongated cleat 400, respectively, can also provide increased lateral and forward stability. For example, the medial elongated cleat 300 can have a length between the heel-ward end 302 and the toe-ward end 304 that extends along at least two of the medial plurality of cleats 500. As shown in FIG. 2, the medial elongated cleat 300 extends along the length of the cleats 502 and 504 of the medial plurality of cleats 500. In the same or alternative aspects, the lateral elongated cleat 400 can have a length between the heel-ward end 402 and the toe-ward end 404 that extends along at least the cleats 602 and 604 of the lateral plurality of cleats 600.

    [0025] In order to decrease the weight of the sole 200 without sacrificing stability, the sole 200 may include an elongated void 700. In certain aspects, the elongated void 700 can extend through an outsole material 202 of the sole 200. In alternative aspects, the elongated void 700 can extend through an outsole material 202 and a midsole material 226 of the sole 200. As can be seen in FIG. 2, a medial edge 702 and a lateral edge 704 of the elongated void 700 can extend toward the toe end 228 and toward the heel end 230 of the sole 200, where both the lateral edge 704 and the medial edge 702 transect the transverse midline 216. The lateral edge 704 and the medial edge 702 converge to a point 708 at the heel-ward end 710 of the elongated void 700. The elongated void 700 can also include a toe-ward edge 706 to connect the medial edge 702 and the lateral edge 704 at the toe-ward end 712 of the void 700.

    [0026] In aspects, the position of the void 700 relative to the other features of the sole 200 can provide increased stability to a wearer's feet and structural stability to the sole 200. For example, the medial edge 702 of the void 700 can be substantially parallel to the toe-ward end 304 to heel-ward end 302 direction of extension of the medial elongated cleat 300. Similarly, the lateral edge 704 of the void 700 can be substantially parallel to the toe-ward end 404 to heel-ward end 402 direction of extension of the lateral elongated cleat 400.

    [0027] In certain aspects, the sole 200 can include at least one heel cleat (e.g., heel cleat 802 and/or heel cleat 804) positioned on the heel-ward side 214 of the transverse midline 216. In one or more aspects, the heel cleat 802 can be positioned on the medial side 208 of the sole midline 210, and the heel cleat 804 can be positioned on the lateral side 206 of the sole midline 210.

    [0028] FIG. 3 depicts a front perspective view of the sole 200 of FIG. 2, in accordance with aspects hereof. As can be seen in FIG. 3, the heel cleats 802 and 804 are structured differently than the medial plurality of cleats 500 and the lateral plurality of cleats 600. For example, in aspects, a distal surface 806 of the heel cleat 802 has a maximum width between a lateral-most edge 810 and a medial-most edge 812 that is greater than the maximum width between a medial-most edge and a lateral-most edge of the distal surface of each of the medial plurality of cleats 500 and the lateral plurality of cleats 600. As can be seen in FIG. 3, the maximum width between a medial-most edge 506 and a lateral-most edge 508 of the distal surface 510 of the medial cleat 502 is less than the maximum width of the distal surface 806 of the heel cleat 802. Likewise, the maximum width between a medial-most edge 606 and a lateral-most edge 608 of the distal surface 610 of the lateral cleat 602 is less than the maximum width of the distal surface 806 of the heel cleat 802. In the same or alternative aspects, the heel cleat 804 can include the same maximum width properties of its distal surface 808 as the heel cleat 802.

    [0029] As discussed above, the sole 200 can include an outsole material 202. In certain aspects, the sole 200 can include an outsole material 202 having varying levels of thickness. For example, as seen in FIG. 3, the sole 200 can include an outsole material 202 having the surfaces 222 and 224, where the surface 224 is at least partially recessed relative to the surface 222.

    [0030] FIG. 4 provides a close-up front perspective view of a portion of the toe-ward side 212 of the sole 200 to further illustrate additional features of the elongated cleats 300 and 400, in accordance with aspects hereof. The medial elongated cleat 300 includes a plurality of support elements 306 positioned on the medial facing edge 308 and on the lateral facing edge 310 of the medial elongated cleat 300. As depicted in FIG. 4, each of the plurality of support elements 306 can be positioned transverse to the direction of extension between the toe-ward end 304 and the heel-ward end 302 of the medial elongated cleat 300. In the same or alternative aspects, the lateral elongated cleat 400 can include a plurality of support elements 406 that are similar to the plurality of support elements 306 for the medial elongated cleat 300. For example, the plurality of support elements 406 can be positioned transverse to the direction of extension between the toe-ward end 404 and the heel-ward end 402 of the lateral elongated cleat 400.

    [0031] In one or more aspects, the support elements 306 can be integral with the medial elongated cleat 300. For example, the support elements 306 and the medial elongated cleat 300 can be made of one contiguous material, such as any of the materials described above with reference to the sole 200. In addition, the support elements 306 can be integral with an outsole material 202 of the sole 200. In the same or alternative aspects, the support elements 406 can be integral with the lateral elongated cleat 400 and/or an outsole material 202 of the sole 200.

    [0032] In aspects, each of the plurality of support elements 406 can contact the outer surface 204 of an outsole material 202 and at least a portion of the elongated cleat 400. For example, as seen in FIG. 4, the support element 408 can contact the outer surface 204 of the outsole material 202 while in contact with the medial facing side 410 of the lateral elongated cleat 400. The support element 408 can extend up the medial facing side 410 of the lateral elongated cleat 400 such that the distal end 412 of the support element 408 is positioned below the distal surface 414 of the lateral elongated cleat 400. In addition, a portion of the plurality of support elements 406 can contact the lateral facing side 416 of the lateral elongated cleat 400 and extend up a portion of the lateral facing side 416, as described above with reference to the support element 408. In the same or alternative aspects, each of the plurality of support elements 306 can contact and extend up a portion of a side (medial facing 308 or lateral facing 310) of the medial elongated cleat 300, as described above with reference to the support element 408.

    [0033] In certain aspects, the thickness of the medial elongated cleat 300 and/or the lateral elongated cleat 400 can be less than the thickness of the plurality of cleats 500 and/or 600. For example, the distal surface 414 of the lateral elongated cleat 400 can have a maximum width between a lateral facing edge 418 and a medial facing edge 420 that is less than the maximum width of the distal surface between a medial-most edge and a lateral-most edge of each of the lateral plurality of cleats 600 and/or the medial plurality of cleats 500. As best seen in FIG. 5, which depicts a cross-sectional view along the cutline 5 illustrated in FIG. 4, the lateral elongated cleat 400 has a maximum width between a lateral facing edge 418 and a medial facing edge 420 that is less than the maximum width of the distal surface 610 between the medial-most edge 606 and the lateral most-edge 608 of the lateral cleat 602.

    [0034] In certain aspects, the maximum width of the distal surface 312 of the medial elongated cleat 300 is less than the maximum width of the distal surface of each of the medial plurality of cleats 500 and/or the lateral plurality of cleats 600. For example, as shown in FIG. 4, the medial elongated cleat 300 has a distal surface 312 with a maximum width between the lateral facing edge 314 and the medial-facing edge 316 that is less than the maximum width of the distal surface 510 between a medial-most edge 506 and a lateral-most edge 508 of the cleat 502. This difference in width between the elongated cleats and the plurality of cleats, in exemplary aspects, provides an advantageous traction profile effective for an exemplary intended use of the footwear.

    [0035] As discussed above, in various aspects, the sole 200 can include an outsole material 202. In such aspects, the medial elongated cleat 300 and/or the lateral elongated cleat 400 can extend outward from an outer surface 204 of the outsole material 202. For example, as can be seen in FIG. 5 that depicts a cross-sectional view along cutline 5 of FIG. 4, the lateral elongated cleat 400 can extend outward from the outer surface 204 of the outsole material 202, in accordance with aspects hereof. Further, in such aspects, the medial elongated cleat 300 and/or the lateral elongated cleat 400 can be integral with the outer surface 204 of the outsole material 202. For example, as seen in FIG. 5, the lateral elongated cleat 400 and at least the outsole material 202 can be one contiguous material.

    [0036] In aspects not depicted in the figures, a medial elongated cleat, e.g., the medial elongated cleat 300, and a lateral elongated cleat, e.g., the lateral elongated cleat 400, can be present on a sole of a shoe, e.g., the sole 200 of the shoe 100, in the absence of additional cleats, such as the medial plurality of cleats 500 and the lateral plurality of cleats 600. In such aspects, the medial elongated cleat and/or the lateral elongated cleat can have the same properties and parameters as discussed above with reference to FIGS. 2-5.

    [0037] From the foregoing, it will be seen that aspects herein are well adapted to attain all the ends and objects hereinabove set forth together with other advantages which are obvious and which are inherent to the structure.


    Claims

    1. A sole (200) for an article of footwear (100), the sole (200) comprising: a medial plurality of cleats (500) positioned on a medial side (208) of a sole midline (210) that extends from a toe end (228) to a heel end (230) of the sole (200); a first elongated cleat (300) extending toward the toe end (228) and the heel end (230) of the sole (200) between at least a portion of the medial plurality of cleats (500) and the sole midline (210) such that a heel-ward end (302) of the first elongated cleat (300) is closer to the sole midline (210) than a toe-ward end (304) of the first elongated cleat (300); a lateral plurality of cleats (600) positioned on a lateral side of the sole midline (210); and a second elongated cleat (400) extending toward the toe end (228) and the heel end (230) of the sole (200) between at least a portion of the lateral plurality of cleats (600) and the sole midline (210) such that a heel-ward end (402) of the second elongated cleat (400) is closer to the sole midline (210) than a toe-ward end (404) of the second elongated cleat (400), wherein the first elongated cleat (300) comprises a plurality of support elements (306) positioned on a medial facing edge (308) and a lateral facing edge (310) of the first elongated cleat (300), and wherein each of the plurality of support elements (306) is positioned transverse to the direction of extension between the toe-ward end (304) and the heel-ward end (302) of the first elongated cleat (300).
     
    2. The sole (200) according to claim 1, wherein the first elongated cleat (300) has a length between the heel-ward end (302) and the toe-ward end (304) that extends along at least two of the medial plurality of cleats (500).
     
    3. The sole (200) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the second elongated cleat (400) has a length between the heel-ward end (402) and the toe-ward end (404) that is at least 10% of the length of the sole midline (210).
     
    4. The sole (200) according to any preceding claim, wherein the first elongated cleat (300) has a length between the heel-ward end (302) and the toe-ward end (304) that is greater than the length between the heel-ward end (402) and the toe-ward end (404) of the second elongated cleat (400).
     
    5. The sole (200) according to any preceding claim, wherein the first and second elongated cleats (300, 400) are positioned on a toe-ward side of a transverse midline (216) that extends substantially perpendicular to the sole midline (210) through a midpoint (218) of the sole midline (210).
     
    6. The sole (200) according to any preceding claim, wherein the first elongated cleat (300) comprises a distal surface (312) having a maximum width between a lateral facing edge (314) and a medial facing edge (316), wherein each of the medial plurality of cleats (500) comprises a distal surface (510) having a maximum width between a medial-most edge (506) and a lateral-most edge (508), wherein the maximum width of the first elongated cleat distal surface (312) is less than the maximum width of the distal surface (510) of each of the medial plurality of cleats (500).
     
    7. The sole (200) according to claim 1, further comprising at least one heel cleat (802, 804), the heel cleat (802, 804) positioned on a heel-ward side of a transverse midline (216) that extends substantially perpendicular to the sole midline (210) through a midpoint (218) of the sole midline (210).
     
    8. The sole (200) according to claim 7, wherein the heel cleat (802, 804) comprises a distal surface (806) having a maximum width between a medial-most edge (606) and a lateral-most edge (608), wherein each of the medial plurality of cleats (500) and the lateral plurality of cleats (600) comprises a distal surface (510, 610) having a maximum width between a medial-most edge (506, 606) and a lateral-most edge (508, 608), wherein the maximum width of the heel cleat distal surface (806)is greater than the maximum width of the distal surface (506, 606) of each of the lateral plurality of cleats and the medial plurality of cleats (500).
     
    9. The sole (200) according to any preceding claim, further comprising an outsole material, wherein the first and second elongated cleats (300, 400) extend outward from an outer surface of the outsole material, and wherein the first and second elongated cleats (300, 400) are integral with the outer surface of the outsole material.
     
    10. The sole (200) according to any preceding claim, wherein each of the plurality of support elements (306) contacts and extends up a portion of a side of the first elongated cleat (300) such that a distal end of each of the plurality of support elements contacts the side of the first elongated cleat (300) below a distal surface of the first elongated cleat (300).
     
    11. The sole (200) according to any preceding claim, wherein each of the plurality of support elements (306) is integral with the first elongated cleat (300).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Sohle (200) für einen Schuh (100), wobei die Sohle (200) Folgendes umfasst: eine mediale Mehrzahl von Stollen (500), die auf einer medialen Seite (208) einer Sohlenmittellinie (210), die sich von einem Zehenende (228) zu einem Fersenende (230) der Sohle (200) erstreckt, positioniert sind; einen ersten verlängerten Stollen (300), der sich hin zu dem Zehenende (228) und dem Fersenende (230) der Sohle (200) zwischen mindestens einem Abschnitt der medialen Mehrzahl von Stollen (500) und der Sohlenmittellinie (210) erstreckt, so dass ein fersenwärtiges Ende (302) des ersten verlängerten Stollens (300) näher zur Sohlenmittellinie (210) als ein zehenwärtiges Ende (304) des ersten verlängerten Stollens (300) ist; eine laterale Mehrzahl von Stollen (600), die auf einer lateralen Seite der Sohlenmittellinie (210) positioniert sind; und einen zweiten verlängerten Stollen (400), der sich hin zu dem Zehenende (228) und dem Fersenende (230) der Sohle (200) zwischen mindestens einem Abschnitt der lateralen Mehrzahl von Stollen (600) und der Sohlenmittellinie (210) erstreckt, so dass ein fersenwärtiges Ende (402) des zweiten verlängerten Stollens (400) näher zur Sohlenmittellinie (210) als ein zehenwärtiges Ende (404) des zweiten verlängerten Stollens (400) ist, worin der erste verlängerte Stollen (300) eine Mehrzahl von Tragelementen (306) umfasst, die an einer medialen Stirnkante (308) und einer lateralen Stirnkante (310) des ersten verlängerten Stollens (300) positioniert sind, und worin jedes der Mehrzahl von Tragelementen (306) transversal zur Erstreckungsrichtung zwischen dem zehenwärtigen Ende (304) und dem fersenwärtigen Ende (302) des ersten verlängerten Stollens (300) positioniert ist.
     
    2. Sohle (200) nach Anspruch 1, worin der erste verlängerte Stollen (300) eine Länge zwischen dem fersenwärtigen Ende (302) und dem zehenwärtigen Ende (304) aufweist, die sich entlang mindestens zweier der medialen Mehrzahl von Stollen (500) erstreckt.
     
    3. Sohle (200) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, worin der zweite verlängerte Stollen (400) eine Länge zwischen dem fersenwärtigen Ende (402) und dem zehenwärtigen Ende (404) aufweist, die mindestens 10 % der Länge der Sohlenmittellinie (210) beträgt.
     
    4. Sohle (200) nach einem vorhergehenden Anspruch, worin der erste verlängerte Stollen (300) eine Länge zwischen dem fersenwärtigen Ende (302) und dem zehenwärtigen Ende (304) aufweist, die größer als die Länge zwischen dem fersenwärtigen Ende (402) und dem zehenwärtigen Ende (404) des zweiten verlängerten Stollens (400) ist.
     
    5. Sohle (200) nach einem vorhergehenden Anspruch, worin der erste und der zweite verlängerte Stollen (300, 400) auf einer zehenwärtige Seite einer transversalen Mittellinie (216), die sich im Wesentlichen senkrecht zur Sohlenmittellinie (210) durch einen Mittelpunkt (218) der Sohlenmittellinie (210) erstreckt, positioniert sind.
     
    6. Sohle (200) nach einem vorhergehenden Anspruch, worin der erste verlängerte Stollen (300) eine distale Oberfläche (312) mit einer maximalen Breite zwischen einer lateralen Stirnkante (314) und einer medialen Stirnkante (316) umfasst, worin jeder der medialen Mehrzahl von Stollen (500) eine distale Oberfläche (510) mit einer maximalen Breite zwischen einer medialsten Kante (506) und einer lateralsten Kante (508) umfasst, worin die maximale Breite der distalen Oberfläche (312) des ersten verlängerten Stollens weniger als die maximale Breite der distalen Oberfläche (510) jedes der medialen Mehrzahl von Stollen (500) ist.
     
    7. Sohle (200) nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend mindestens einen Fersenstollen (802, 804), wobei der Fernstollen (802, 804) auf einer fersenwärtigen Seite einer transversalen Mittellinie (216), die sich im Wesentlichen senkrecht zur Sohlenmittellinie (210) durch einen Mittelpunkt (218) der Sohlenmittellinie (210) erstreckt, positioniert ist.
     
    8. Sohle (200) nach Anspruch 7, worin der Fersenstollen (802, 804) eine distale Oberfläche (806) mit einer maximalen Breite zwischen einer medialsten Kante (606) und einer lateralsten Kante (608) umfasst, worin jeder der medialen Mehrzahl von Stollen (500) und der lateralen Mehrzahl von Stollen (600) eine distale Oberfläche (510, 610) mit einer maximalen Breite zwischen einer medialsten Kante (506, 606) und einer lateralsten Kante (508, 608) umfasst, worin die maximale Breite der distalen Oberfläche (806) des Fersenstollens größer als die maximale Breite der distalen Oberfläche (506, 606) jedes der lateralen Mehrzahl von Stollen und der medialen Mehrzahl von Stollen (500) ist.
     
    9. Sohle (200) nach einem vorhergehenden Anspruch, ferner umfassend ein Außensohlenmaterial, worin sich der erste und der zweite verlängerte Stollen (300, 400) auswärts von einer Außenfläche des Außensohlenmaterials erstrecken und worin der erste und der zweite verlängerte Stollen (300, 400) integral mit der Außenfläche des Außensohlenmaterials sind.
     
    10. Sohle (200) nach einem vorhergehenden Anspruch, worin jedes der Mehrzahl von Tragelementen (306) einen Abschnitt einer Seite des ersten verlängerten Stollens (300) berührt und sich dort aufwärts erstreckt, so dass ein distales Ende jedes der Mehrzahl von Tragelementen die Seite des ersten verlängerten Stollens (300) unterhalb einer distalen Oberfläche des ersten verlängerten Stollens (300) berührt.
     
    11. Sohle (200) nach einem vorhergehenden Anspruch, worin jedes der Mehrzahl von Tragelementen (306) integral mit dem ersten verlängerten Stollen (300) ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Une semelle (200) pour un article chaussant (100), la semelle (200) comprenant : une pluralité médiale de crampons (500) positionnés sur un côté médial (208) d'une ligne médiane de la semelle (210) qui s'étend d'une extrémité orteils (228) à une extrémité talon (230) de la semelle (200) ; un premier crampon allongé (300) s'étendant vers l'extrémité orteils (228) et l'extrémité talon (230) de la semelle (200) entre au moins une partie de la pluralité médiale de crampons (500) et la ligne médiane de semelle (210) de telle sorte qu'une extrémité vers le talon (302) du premier crampon allongé (300) est plus proche de la ligne médiane de la semelle (210) qu'une extrémité vers les orteils (304) du premier crampon allongé (300) ; une pluralité latérale de crampons (600) positionnés sur un côté latéral de la ligne médiane de la semelle (210) ; et un deuxième crampon allongé (400) s'étendant vers l'extrémité orteils (228) et l'extrémité talon (230) de la semelle (200) entre au moins une partie de la pluralité latérale de crampons (600) et la ligne médiane de la semelle (210) de telle sorte qu'une extrémité vers le talon (402) du deuxième crampon allongé (400) est plus proche de la ligne médiane de la semelle (210) qu'une extrémité vers les orteils (404) du deuxième crampon allongé (400), dans laquelle le premier crampon allongé (300) comprend une pluralité d'éléments de support (306) positionnés sur un bord tourné vers le milieu (308) et un bord tourné vers le côté (310) du premier crampon allongé (300), et dans laquelle chaque élément de support de la pluralité d'éléments de support (306) est positionné transversalement à la direction du prolongement entre l'extrémité vers les orteils (304) et l'extrémité vers le talon (302) du premier crampon allongé (300).
     
    2. La semelle (200) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le premier crampon allongé (300) a une longueur entre l'extrémité vers le talon (302) et l'extrémité vers les orteils (304) qui s'étend le long d'au moins deux crampons de la pluralité médiale de crampons (500).
     
    3. La semelle (200) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle le deuxième crampon allongé (400) a une longueur entre l'extrémité vers le talon (402) et l'extrémité vers les orteils (404) qui est au moins 10% de la longueur de la ligne médiane de la semelle (210).
     
    4. La semelle (200) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le premier crampon allongé (300) a une longueur entre l'extrémité vers le talon (302) et l'extrémité vers les orteils (304) qui est supérieure à la longueur entre l'extrémité vers le talon (402) et l'extrémité vers les orteils (404) du deuxième crampon allongé (400).
     
    5. La semelle (200) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle les premier et deuxième crampons allongés (300, 400) sont positionnés sur un côté vers les orteils d'une ligne médiane transversale (216) qui s'étend sensiblement perpendiculaire à la ligne médiane de la semelle (210) en passant par un point médian (218) de la ligne médiane de la semelle (210).
     
    6. La semelle (200) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le premier crampon allongé (300) comprend une surface distale (312) ayant une largeur maximum entre un bord tourné vers le côté (314) et un bord tourné vers le milieu (316), dans laquelle chaque crampon de la pluralité médiale de crampons (500) comprend une surface distale (510) ayant une largeur maximum entre un bord le plus médial (506) et un bord le plus latéral (508), dans laquelle la largeur maximum de la surface distale du premier crampon allongé (312) est inférieure à la largeur maximum de la surface distale (510) de chaque crampon de la pluralité médiale de crampons (500).
     
    7. La semelle (200) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre un ou plusieurs crampons de talon (802, 804), les crampons de talon (802, 804) étant positionnés sur un côté vers le talon d'une ligne médiane transversale (216) qui s'étend sensiblement perpendiculaire à la ligne médiane de la semelle (210) en passant par un point médian (218) de la ligne médiane de la semelle (210).
     
    8. La semelle (200) selon la revendication 7, dans laquelle le crampon de talon (802, 804) comprend une surface distale (806) ayant une largeur maximum entre un bord le plus médial (606) et un bord le plus latéral (608), dans laquelle chaque crampon de la pluralité médiale de crampons (500) et de la pluralité latérale de crampons (600) comprend une surface distale (510, 610) ayant une largeur maximum entre un bord le plus médial (506, 606) et un bord le plus latéral (508, 608), dans laquelle la largeur maximum de la surface distale du crampon de talon (806) est supérieure à la largeur maximum de la surface distale (506, 606) de chaque crampon de la pluralité latérale de crampons et de la pluralité médiale de crampons (500).
     
    9. La semelle (200) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre un matériau de semelle d'usure, dans laquelle les premier et deuxième crampons allongés (300, 400) s'étendent vers l'extérieur d'une surface extérieure du matériau de semelle d'usure, et dans laquelle les premier et deuxième crampons allongés (300, 400) sont intégrés à la surface extérieure du matériau de semelle d'usure.
     
    10. La semelle (200) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle chaque élément de support de la pluralité d'éléments de support (306) est en contact avec, et s'étend vers, une partie d'un côté du premier crampon allongé (300) de telle sorte qu'une extrémité distale de chaque élément de support de la pluralité d'éléments de support est en contact avec le côté du premier crampon allongé (300) au-dessous d'une surface distale du premier crampon allongé (300).
     
    11. La semelle (200) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle chaque élément de support de la pluralité d'éléments de support (306) est intégré au premier crampon allongé (300).
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description