(19)
(11)EP 3 183 729 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
02.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/36

(21)Application number: 15750069.5

(22)Date of filing:  14.08.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G10L 19/24(2013.01)
G10L 19/16(2013.01)
G10L 19/04(2013.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2015/068778
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/026788 (25.02.2016 Gazette  2016/08)

(54)

SWITCHING OF SAMPLING RATES AT AUDIO PROCESSING DEVICES

SCHALTEN VON ABTASTRATEN BEI AUDIOVERARBEITUNGSVORRICHTUNGEN

COMMUTATION DE FRÉQUENCES D'ÉCHANTILLONNAGE AU NIVEAU DES DISPOSITIFS DE TRAITEMENT AUDIO


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 18.08.2014 EP 14181307

(43)Date of publication of application:
28.06.2017 Bulletin 2017/26

(60)Divisional application:
20185071.6

(73)Proprietor: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
80686 München (DE)

(72)Inventors:
  • DÖHLA, Stefan
    91058 Erlangen (DE)
  • FUCHS, Guillaume
    91088 Bubenreuth (DE)
  • GRILL, Bernhard
    90607 Rückersdorf (DE)
  • MULTRUS, Markus
    90469 Nürnberg (DE)
  • PIETRZYK, Grzegorz
    90411 Nürnberg (DE)
  • RAVELLI, Emmanuel
    91098 Erlangen (DE)
  • SCHNELL, Markus
    90409 Nürnberg (DE)

(74)Representative: Zinkler, Franz et al
Schoppe, Zimmermann, Stöckeler Zinkler, Schenk & Partner mbB Patentanwälte Radlkoferstrasse 2
81373 München
81373 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 3 132 443
EP-A2- 2 613 316
WO-A1-2012/103686
EP-A2- 0 890 943
WO-A1-2008/031458
  
  • "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); LTE; Audio codec processing functions; Extended Adaptive Multi-Rate - Wideband (AMR-WB+) codec; Transcoding functions (3GPP TS 26.290 version 11.0.0 Release 11)", TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION, EUROPEAN TELECOMMUNICATIONS STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ETSI), 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS ; FRANCE, vol. 3GPP SA 4, no. V11.0.0, 1 October 2012 (2012-10-01), XP014075402,
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description


[0001] The present invention is concerned with speech and audio coding, and more particularly to an audio encoder device and an audio decoder device for processing an audio signal, for which the input and output sampling rate is changing from a preceding frame to a current frame. The present invention is further related to methods of operating such devices as well as to computer programs executing such methods.

[0002] Speech and audio coding can get the benefit of having a multi-cadence input and output, and of being able to switch instantaneously and seamlessly for one to another sampling rate. Conventional speech and audio coders use a single sampling rate for a determine output bit-rate and are not able to change it without resetting completely the system. It creates then a discontinuity in the communication and in the decoded signal.

[0003] On the other hand, adaptive sampling rate and bit-rate allow a higher quality by selecting the optimal parameters depending usually on both the source and the channel condition. It is then important to achieve a seamless transition, when changing the sampling rate of the input/output signal.

[0004] Moreover, it is important to limit the complexity increase for such a transition. Modern speech and audio codecs, like the upcoming 3GPP EVS over LTE network, will need to be able to exploit such a functionality.

[0005] Efficient speech and audio coders need to be able to change their sampling rate from a time region to another one to better suit to the source and to the channel condition. The change of sampling rate is particularly problematic for continuous linear filters, which can only be applied if their past states show the same sampling rate as the current time section to filter.

[0006] More particularly predictive coding maintains at the encoder and decoder over time and frame different memory states. In code-excited linear prediction (CELP) these memories are usually the linear prediction coding (LPC) synthesis filter memory, the de-emphasis filter memory and the adaptive codebook. A straightforward approach is to reset all memories when a sampling rate change occurs. It creates a very annoying discontinuity in the decoded signal. The recovery can be very long and very noticeable.

[0007] Fig. 1 shows a first audio decoder device according to prior art. With such an audio decoder device it is possible to switch to a predictive coding seamlessly when coming from a non-predictive coding scheme. This may be done by an inverse filtering of the decoded output of non-predictive coder for maintaining the filter states needed by predictive coder. It is done for example in AMR-WB+ and USAC for switching from a transform-based coder, TCX, to a speech coder, ACELP. However, in both coders, the sampling rate is the same. The inverse filtering can be applied directly on the decoded audio signal of TCX. Moreover, TCX in USAC and AMR-WB+ transmits and exploits LPC coefficient also needed for the inverse filtering. The LPC decoded coefficients are simply re-used in the inverse filtering computation. It is worth to note that the inverse filtering is not needed if switching between two predictive coders using the same filters and the same sampling-rate.

[0008] Fig. 2 shows a second audio decoder device according to prior art In case the two coders have a different sampling rate, or in case when switching within the same predictive coder but with different sampling rates, the inverse filtering of the preceding audio frame as illustrated in Fig. 1 is no more sufficient. A straightforward solution is to resample the past decoded output to the new sampling rate and then compute the memory states by inverse filtering. If some of the filter coefficients are sampling rate dependent as it is the case for the LPC synthesis filter, one need to do an extra analysis of the resampled past signal. For getting the LPC coefficients at the new sampling rate fs_2 the autocorrelation function is recomputed and the Levinson-Durbin algorithm applied on the resampled past decoded samples. This approach is computationally very demanding and can hardly be applied in real implementations.
Document EP 3 132 443 A1 discloses a method for transition between frames with different internal sampling rates. Linear predictive (LP) filter parameters are converted from a sampling rate S1 to a sampling rate S2. A power spectrum of a LP synthesis filter is computed, at the sampling rate S1, using the LP filter parameters. The power spectrum of the LP synthesis filter is modified to convert it from the sampling rate S1 to the sampling rate S2. The modified power spectrum of the LP synthesis filter is inverse transformed to determine autocorrelations of the LP synthesis filter at the sampling rate S2. The autocorrelations are used to compute the LP filter parameters at the sampling rate S2.

[0009] The problem to be solved is to provide an improved concept for switching of sampling rates at audio processing devices.
In a first aspect the problem is solved by an audio decoder device for decoding a bitstream as defined in claim 1.

[0010] The term "decoded audio frame" relates to an audio frame currently under processing whereas the term "preceding decoded audio frame" relates to an audio frame, which was processed before the audio frame currently under processing.
The present invention allows a predictive coding scheme to switch its intern sampling rate without the need to resample the whole buffers for recomputing the states of its filters. By resampling directly and only the necessary memory states, a low complexity is maintained while a seamless transition is still possible.
According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the one or more memories comprise an adaptive codebook memory configured to store an adaptive codebook memory state for determining one or more excitation parameters for the decoded audio frame, wherein the memory state resampling device is configured to determine the adaptive codebook state for determining the one or more excitation parameters for the decoded audio frame by resampling a preceding adaptive codebook state for determining of one or more excitation parameters for the preceding decoded audio frame and to store the adaptive codebook state for determining of the one or more excitation parameters for the decoded audio frame into the adaptive codebook memory.
The adaptive codebook memory state is, for example, used in CELP devices.

[0011] For being able to resample the memories, the memory sizes at different sampling rates must be equal in terms of time duration they cover. In other words, if a filter has an order of M at the sampling rate fs_2, the memory updated at the preceding sampling rate fs_1 should cover at least M*(fs_1)/(fs_2) samples.
As the memory is usually proportional to the sampling rate in the case for the adaptive codebook, which covers about the last 20ms of the decoded residual signal whatever the sampling rate may be, there is no extra memory management to do.

[0012] According to the invention the one or more memories comprise a synthesis filter memory configured to store a synthesis filter memory state for determining one or more synthesis filter parameters for the decoded audio frame, wherein the memory state resampling device is configured to determine the synthesis memory state for determining the one or more synthesis filter parameters for the decoded audio frame by resampling a preceding synthesis memory state for determining of one or more synthesis filter parameters for the preceding decoded audio frame and to store the synthesis memory state for determining of the one or more synthesis filter parameters for the decoded audio frame into the synthesis filter memory.
The synthesis filter memory state may be a LPC synthesis filter state, which is used, for example, in CELP devices.

[0013] If the order of the memory is not proportional to the sampling rate, or even constant whatever the sampling rate may be, an extra memory management has to done for being able to cover the largest duration possible. For example, the LPC synthesis state order of AMR-WB+ is always 16. At 12.8 kHz, the smallest sampling rate it covers 1.25ms although it represents only 0.33ms at 48kHz. For being able to resample the buffer at any of the sampling rate between 12.8 and 48kHz, the memory of the LPC synthesis filter state has to be extended from 16 to 60 samples, which represents 1.25 ms at 48kHz.

[0014] The memory resampling can be then described by the following pseudo-code: mem_syn_r_size_old = (int)(1.25*fs_1/1000); mem_syn_r_size_new = (int)(1.25*fs_2/1000); mem_syn_r+L_SYN_MEM-mem_syn_r_size_new= resamp(mem_syn_r+L_SYN_MEM-mem_syn_r_size_old, mem_syn_r_size_old, mem_syn_r_size_new); where resamp(x,I,L) outputs the input buffer x resampled from I to L samples. L_SYN_MEM is the largest size in samples that the memory can cover. In our case it is equal to 60 samples for fs_2<=48kHz. At any sampling rate, mem_syn_r has to be updated with the last L_SYN_MEM output samples. For(i=0 ;i<L_SYM_MEM ;i++) mem_syn_r[i]=y[L_frame-L_SYN_MEM+i] ; where y[] is the output of the LPC synthesis filter and L_frame the size of the frame at the current sampling rate.

[0015] However the synthesis filter will be performed by using the states from mem_syn_r[L_SYN_MEM-M] to mem_syn_r[L_SYN_MEM-1].

[0016] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the memory resampling device is configured in such way that the same synthesis filter parameters are used for a plurality of subframes of the decoded audio frame.

[0017] The LPC coefficients of the last frame are usually used for interpolating the current LPC coefficients with a time granularity of 5ms. If the sampling rate is changing, the interpolation cannot be performed. If the LPC are recomputed, the interpolation can be performed using the newly recomputed LPC coefficients. In the present invention, the interpolation cannot be performed directly. In one embodiment, the LPC coefficients are not interpolated in the first frame after a sampling rate switching. For all 5 ms subframe, the same set of coefficients is used.

[0018] According to preferred embodiment of the invention the memory resampling device is configured in such way that the resampling of the preceding synthesis filter memory state is done by transforming the synthesis filter memory state for the preceding decoded audio frame to a power spectrum and by resampling the power spectrum.

[0019] In this embodiment, if the last coder is also a predictive coder or if the last coder transmits a set of LPC as well, like TCX, the LPC coefficients can be estimated at the new sampling rate fs_ 2 without the need to redo a whole LP analysis. The old LPC coefficients at sampling rate fs_1 are transformed to a power spectrum which is resampled. The Levinson-Durbin algorithm is then applied on the autocorrelation deduced from the resampled power spectrum.

[0020] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the one or more memories comprise a de-emphasis memory configured to store a de-emphasis memory state for determining one or more de-emphasis parameters for the decoded audio frame, wherein the memory state resampling device is configured to determine the de-emphasis memory state for determining the one or more de-emphasis parameters for the decoded audio frame by resampling a preceding de-emphasis memory state for determining of one or more de-emphasis parameters for the preceding decoded audio frame and to store the de-emphasis memory state for determining of the one or more de-emphasis parameters for the decoded audio frame into the de-emphasis memory.

[0021] The de-emphasis memory state is, for example, also used in CELP.

[0022] The de-emphasis has usually a fixed order of 1, which represents 0.0781 ms @ 12.8 kHz. This duration is covered by 3.75 samples @ 48 kHz. A memory buffer of 4 samples is then needed if we adopt the method presented above. Alternatively, one can use an approximation by bypassing the resampling state. It can be seen a very coarse resampling, which consists of keeping the last output samples whatever the sampling rate difference. The approximation is most of time sufficient and can be used for low complexity reasons.

[0023] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the one or more memories are configured in such way that a number of stored samples for the decoded audio frame is proportional to the sampling rate of the decoded audio frame.

[0024] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the memory resampling device is configured in such way that the resampling is done by linear interpolation.

[0025] The resampling function resamp() can be done with any kind of resampling methods. In time domain, a conventional LP filter and decimation/oversampling is usual. In a preferred embodiment one may adopt a simple linear interpolation, which is enough in terms of quality for resampling filter memories. It allows saving even more complexity. It is also possible to do the resampling in the frequency domain. In the last approach, one doesn't need to care about the block artefacts as the memory is only the starting state of a filter.

[0026] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the memory state resampling device is configured to retrieve the preceding memory state for one or more of said memories from the memory device.

[0027] The present invention can be applied when using the same coding scheme with different intern sampling rates. For example it can be the case when using a CELP with an intern sampling rate of 12.8 kHz for low bit-rates when the available bandwidth of the channel is limited and switching to 16 kHz intern sampling rate for higher bit-rates when the channel conditions are better.

[0028] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the audio decoder device comprises an inverse-filtering device configured for inverse-filtering of the preceding decoded audio frame at the preceding sampling rate in order to determine the preceding memory state of one or more of said memories, wherein the memory state resampling device is configured to retrieve the preceding memory state for one or more of said memories from the inverse-filtering device.

[0029] These features allow implementing the invention for such cases, wherein the preceding audio frame is processed by a non-predictive decoder.

[0030] In this embodiment of the present invention no resampling is used before the inverse filtering. Instead the memory states themselves are resampled directly. If the previous decoder processing the preceding audio frame is a predictive decoder like CELP, the inverse decoding is not needed and can be bypassed since the preceding memory states are always maintained at the preceding sampling rate.

[0031] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the memory state resampling device is configured to retrieve the preceding memory state for one or more of said memories from of a further audio processing device. The further audio processing device may be, for example, a further audio decoder device or a home for noise generating device.
The present invention can be used in DTX mode, when the active frames are coded at 12.8 kHz with a conventional CELP and when the inactive parts are modeled with a 16 kHz noise generator (CNG).
The invention can be used, for example, when combining a TCX and an ACELP running at different sampling rates.
In a further aspect of the invention the problem is solved by a method for operating an audio decoder device for decoding a bitstream, as defined in claim 11.

[0032] In a further aspect of the invention the problem is solved by a Computer program as provided in claim 12.

[0033] In another aspect of the invention the problem is solved by an audio encoder device for encoding a framed audio signal, as provided in claim 13.

[0034] The invention is mainly focused on the audio decoder device. However it can also be applied at the audio encoder device. Indeed CELP is based on an Analysis-by-Synthesis principle, where a local decoding is performed on the encoder side. For this reason the same principle as described for the decoder can be applied on the encoder side. Moreover in case of a switched coding, e.g. ACELP/TCX, the transform-based coder may have to be able to update the memories of the speech coder even at the encoder side in case of coding switching in the next frame. For this purpose, a local decoder is used in the transformed-based encoder for updating the memories state of the CELP. It may be that the transformed-based encoder is running at a different sampling rate than the CELP and the invention can be then applied in this case.

[0035] It has to be understood that the synthesis filter device, the memory device, the memory state resampling device and the inverse-filtering device of the audio encoder device are equivalent to the synthesis filter device, the memory device, the memory state resampling device and the inverse filtering device of the audio decoder device as discussed above.

[0036] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the one or more memories comprise an adaptive codebook memory configured to store an adaptive codebook state for determining one or more excitation parameters for the decoded audio frame, wherein the memory state resampling device is configured to determine the adaptive codebook state for determining the one or more excitation parameters for the decoded audio frame by resampling a preceding adaptive codebook state for determining of one or more excitation parameters for the preceding decoded audio frame and to store the adaptive codebook state for determining of the one or more excitation parameters for the decoded audio frame into the adaptive codebook memory.

[0037] According to the invention the one or more memories comprise a synthesis filter memory configured to store a synthesis filter memory state for determining one or more synthesis filter parameters for the decoded audio frame, wherein the memory state resampling device is configured to determine the synthesis memory state for determining the one or more synthesis filter parameters for the decoded audio frame by resampling a preceding synthesis memory state for determining of one or more synthesis filter parameters for the preceding decoded audio frame and to store the synthesis memory state for determining of the one or more synthesis filter parameters for the decoded audio frame into the synthesis filter memory.

[0038] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the memory state resampling device is configured in such way that the same synthesis filter parameters are used for a plurality of subframes of the decoded audio frame. According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the memory resampling device is configured in such way that the resampling of the preceding synthesis filter memory state is done by transforming the preceding synthesis filter memory state for the preceding decoded audio frame to a power spectrum and by resampling the power spectrum.

[0039] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the one or more memories comprise a de-emphasis memory configured to store a de-emphasis memory state for determining one or more de-emphasis parameters for the decoded audio frame, wherein the memory state resampling device is configured to determine the de-emphasis memory state for determining the one or more de-emphasis parameters for the decoded audio frame by resampling a preceding de-emphasis memory state for determining of one or more de-emphasis parameters for the preceding decoded audio frame and to store the de-emphasis memory state for determining of the one or more de-emphasis parameters for the decoded audio frame into the de-emphasis memory.

[0040] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the one or more memories are configured in such way that a number of stored samples for the decoded audio frame is proportional to the sampling rate of the decoded audio frame.

[0041] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the memory resampling device is configured in such way that the resampling is done by linear interpolation.

[0042] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the memory state resampling device is configured to retrieve the preceding memory state for one or more of said memories from the memory device.

[0043] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the audio encoder device comprises an inverse-filtering device configured for inverse-filtering of the preceding decoded audio frame in order to determine the preceding memory state for one or more of said memories, wherein the memory state resampling device is configured to retrieve the preceding memory state for one or more of said memories from the inverse-filtering device.

[0044] Audio encoder device according to, wherein the memory state resampling device is configured to retrieve the preceding memory state for one or more of said memories from of a further audio encoder device.
In a further aspect of the invention the problem is solved by a method for operating an audio encoder device for encoding a framed audio signal, as provided in claim 23.

[0045] According to a number aspect of the invention the problem is solved by a computer program as defined in claim 24.

[0046] Preferred embodiments of the invention are subsequently discussed with respect to the accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1
illustrates an embodiment of an audio decoder device according to prior art in a schematic view;
Fig. 2
illustrates a second embodiment of an audio decoder device according to prior art in a schematic view;
Fig. 3
illustrates a first embodiment of an audio decoder device in a schematic view;
Fig. 4
illustrates more details of the first embodiment of an audio de-coder device according to the invention in a schematic view;
Fig. 5
illustrates a second embodiment of an audio decoder device in a schematic view;
Fig. 6
illustrates more details of the second embodiment of an audio decoder device in a schematic view;
Fig. 7
illustrates a third embodiment of an audio decoder device in a schematic view; and
Fig. 8
illustrates an embodiment of an audio encoder device according to the invention in a schematic view.


[0047] Fig. 1 illustrates an embodiment of an audio decoder device according to prior art in a schematic view.

[0048] The audio decoder device 1 according to prior art comprises:

a predictive decoder 2 for producing a decoded audio frame AF from the bitstream BS, wherein the predictive decoder 2 comprises a parameter decoder 3 for producing one or more audio parameters AP for the decoded audio frame AF from the bitstream BS and wherein the predictive decoder 2 comprises a synthesis filter device 4 for producing the decoded audio frame AF by synthesizing the one or more audio parameters AP for the decoded audio frame AF;

a memory device 5 comprising one or more memories 6, wherein each of the memories 6 is configured to store a memory state MS for the decoded audio frame AF, wherein the memory state MS for the decoded audio frame AF of the one or more memories 6 is used by the synthesis filter device 4 for synthesizing the one or more audio parameters AP for the decoded audio frame AF; and

an inverse filtering device 7 configured for reverse-filtering of a preceding decoded audio frame PAF having the same sampling rate SR as the decoded audio frame AF.



[0049] For synthesizing the audio parameters AP the synthesis filter 4 sends an interrogation signal IS to the memory 6, wherein the interrogation signal IS depends on the one or more audio parameters AP. The memory 6 returns a response signal RS which depends on the interrogation signal IS and on the memory state MS for the decoded audio frame AF.

[0050] This embodiment of a prior art audio decoder device allows to switch from a non-predictive audio decoder device to the predictive decoder device 1 shown in Fig. 1. However, it is required that the non-predictive audio decoder device and the predictive decoder device 1 are using the same sampling rate SR.
Fig. 2 illustrates a second embodiment of an audio decoder device 1 according to prior art in a schematic view. In addition to the features of the audio decoder device 1 shown in Fig. 1 the audio decoder device 1 shown in Fig. 2 comprises an audio frame resampling device 8, which is configured to resample a preceding audio frame PAF having a preceding sample rate PSR in order to produce a preceding audio frame PAF having a sample rate SR, which is a sample rate SR of the audio frame AF.

[0051] The preceding audio frame PAF having the sample rate SR is then analyzed by and parameter analyzer 9 which is configured to determine LPC coefficients LPCC for the preceding audio frame PAF having the sample rate SR. The LPC coefficients LPCC are then used by the inverse-filtering device 7 for inverse-filtering of the preceding audio frame PAF having the sample rate SR in order to determine the memory state MS for the decoded audio frame AF. This approach is computationally very demanding and can hardly be applied in a real implementation.

[0052] Fig. 3 illustrates a first embodiment of an audio decoder device in a schematic view. The audio decoder device 1 comprises:

a predictive decoder 2 for producing a decoded audio frame AF from the bitstream BS, wherein the predictive decoder 2 comprises a parameter decoder 3 for producing one or more audio parameters AP for the decoded audio frame AF from the bitstream BS and wherein the predictive decoder 2 comprises a synthesis filter device 4 for producing the decoded audio frame AF by synthesizing the one or more audio parameters AP for the decoded audio frame AF;

a memory device 5 comprising one or more memories 6, wherein each of the memories 6 is configured to store a memory state MS for the decoded audio frame AF, wherein the memory state MS for the decoded audio frame AF of the one or more memories 6 is used by the synthesis filter device 4 for synthesizing the one or more audio parameters AP for the decoded audio frame AF; and

a memory state resampling device 10 configured to determine the memory state MS for synthesizing the one or more audio parameters AP for the decoded audio frame AF, which has a sampling rate SR, for one or more of said memories 6 by resampling a preceding memory state PMS for synthesizing one or more audio parameters for a preceding decoded audio frame PAF, which has a preceding sampling rate PSR being different from the sampling rate SR of the decoded audio frame AF, for one or more of said memories 6 and to store the memory state MS for synthesizing of the one or more audio parameters AP for the decoded audio frame AF for one or more of said memories 6 into the respective memory.



[0053] For synthesizing the audio parameters AP the synthesis filter 4 sends an interrogation signal IS to the memory 6, wherein the interrogation signal IS depends on the one or more audio parameters AP. The memory 6 returns a response signal RS which depends on the interrogation signal IS and on the memory state MS for the decoded audio frame AF.
The term "decoded audio frame AF" relates to an audio frame currently under processing whereas the term "preceding decoded audio frame PAF" relates to an audio frame, which was processed before the audio frame currently under processing.

[0054] The present invention allows a predictive coding scheme to switch its intern sampling rate without the need to resample the whole buffers for recomputing the states of its filters. By resampling directly and only the necessary memory states MS, a low complexity is maintained while a seamless transition is still possible.
According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the memory state resampling device 10 is configured to retrieve the preceding memory state PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS for one or more of said memories 6 from the memory device 5.
The present invention can be applied when using the same coding scheme with different intern sampling rates PSR, SR. For example it can be the case when using a CELP with an intern sampling rate PSR of 12.8 kHz for low bit-rates when the available bandwidth of the channel is limited and switching to 16 kHz intern sampling rate SR for higher bit-rates when the channel conditions are better.

[0055] Fig. 4 illustrates an audio decoder device according to the invention in a schematic view. As shown in Fig. 4, the memory device 5 comprises a first memory 6a, which is an adaptive codebook 6a, a second memory 6b, which is a synthesis filter memory 6b, and a third memory 6c which is a de-emphasis memory 6c.

[0056] The audio parameters AP are fed to an excitation module 11 which produces an output signal OS which is delayed by a delay inserter 12 and sent to the adaptive codebook memory 6a as an interrogation signal ISa. The adaptive codebook memory 6a outputs a response signal RSa, which contains one or more excitation parameters EP, which are fed to the excitation module 11. The output signal OS of the excitation module 11 is further fed to the synthesis filter module 13, which outputs an output signal OS1. The output signal OS1 is delayed by a delay inserter 14 and sent to the synthesis filter memory 6b as an interrogation signal ISb. The synthesis filter memory 13 outputs a response signal RSb, which contains one or more synthesis parameters SP, which are fed to the synthesis filter memory 13.

[0057] Output signal OS1 of the synthesis filter module 13 is further fed to the de-emphasis module 15, which outputs that decoded audio frame AF at the sampling rate SR. The audio frame AF is further delayed by a delay inserter 16 and fit to the de-emphasis memory 6c as an interrogation signal ISc. The de-emphasis memory 6c outputs a response signal RSc, which contains one or more de-emphasis parameters DP which are fed to a de-emphasis module 15.
According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the one or more memories comprise 6a, 6b, 6c an adaptive codebook memory 6a configured to store an adaptive codebook memory state AMS for determining one or more excitation parameters EP for the decoded audio frame AF, wherein the memory state resampling device 10 is configured to determine the adaptive codebook memory state AMS for determining the one or more excitation parameters EP for the decoded audio frame AF by resampling a preceding adaptive codebook memory state PAMS for determining of one or more excitation parameters for the preceding decoded audio frame PAF and to store the adaptive codebook memory state AMS for determining of the one or more excitation parameters EP for the decoded audio frame AF into the adaptive codebook memory 6a.

[0058] The adaptive codebook memory state AMS is, for example, used in CELP devices.

[0059] For being able to resample the memories 6a, 6b, 6c, the memory sizes at different sampling rates SR, PSR must be equal in terms of time duration they cover. In other words, if a filter has an order of M at the sampling rate SR, the memory updated at the preceding sampling rate PSR should cover at least M*(PSR)/(SR) samples.
As the memory 6a is usually proportional to the sampling rate SR in the case for the adaptive codebook, which covers about the last 20ms of the decoded residual signal whatever the sampling rate SR may be, there is no extra memory management to do.

[0060] According to the invention the one or more memories 6a, 6b, 6c comprise a synthesis filter memory 6b configured to store a synthesis filter memory state SMS for determining one or more synthesis filter parameters SP for the decoded audio frame AF, wherein the memory state resampling device 1 is configured to determine the synthesis filter memory state SMS for determining the one or more synthesis filter parameters SP for the decoded audio frame AF by resampling a preceding synthesis memory state PSMS for determining of one or more synthesis filter parameters for the preceding decoded audio frame PAF and to store the synthesis memory state SMS for determining of the one or more synthesis filter parameters SP for the decoded audio frame AF into the synthesis filter memory 6b. The synthesis filter memory state SMS may be a LPC synthesis filter state, which is used, for example, in CELP devices.
If the order of the memory is not proportional to the sampling rate SR, or even constant whatever the sampling rate may be, an extra memory management has to done for being able to cover the largest duration possible. For example, the LPC synthesis state order of AMR-WB+ is always 16. At 12.8 kHz, the smallest sampling rate it covers 1.25ms although it represents only 0.33ms at 48kHz. For being able to resample the buffer any of the sampling rate between 12.8 and 48kHz, the memory of the LPC synthesis filter state has to be extended from 16 to 60 samples, which represents 1.25 ms at 48kHz.

[0061] The memory resampling can be then described by the following pseudo-code: mem_syn_r_size_old = (int)(1.25*PSR/1000); mem_syn_r_size_new = (int)(1.25*SR /1000); mem_syn_r+L_SYN_MEM-mem_syn_r_size_new= resamp(mem_syn_r+L_SYN_MEM-mem_syn_r_size_old, mem_syn_r_size_old, mem_syn_r_size_new); where resamp(x,I,L) outputs the input buffer x resampled from I to L samples. L_SYN_MEM is the largest size in samples that the memory can cover. In our case it is equal to 60 samples for SR<=48kHz. At any sampling rate, mem_syn_r has to be updated with the last L_SYN_MEM output samples. For(i=0 ;i<L_SYM_MEM ;i++) mem_syn_r[i]=y[L_frame-L_SYN_MEM+i]; where y[] is the output of the LPC synthesis filter and L_frame the size of the frame at the current sampling rate.

[0062] However the synthesis filter will be performed by using the states from mem_syn_r[L_SYN_MEM-M] to mem_syn_r[L_SYN_MEM-1].

[0063] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the memory resampling device 10 is configured in such way that the same synthesis filter parameters SP are used for a plurality of subframes of the decoded audio frame AF.

[0064] The LPC coefficients of the last frame PAF are usually used for interpolating the current LPC coefficients with a time granularity of 5ms. If the sampling rate is changing from PSR to SR, the interpolation cannot be performed. If the LPC are recomputed, the interpolation can be performed using the newly recomputed LPC coefficients. In the present invention, the interpolation cannot be performed directly. In one embodiment, the LPC coefficients are not interpolated in the first frame AF after a sampling rate switching. For all 5 ms subframe, the same set of coefficients is used.

[0065] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the memory resampling device 10 is configured in such way that the resampling of the preceding synthesis filter memory state PSMS is done by transforming the preceding synthesis filter memory state PSMS for the preceding decoded audio frame PAF to a power spectrum and by resampling the power spectrum.

[0066] In this embodiment, if the last coder is also a predictive coder or if the last coder transmits a set of LPC as well, like TCX, the LPC coefficients can be estimated at the new sampling rate RS without the need to redo a whole LP analysis. The old LPC coefficients at sampling rate PSR are transformed to a power spectrum which is resampled. The Levinson-Durbin algorithm is then applied on the autocorrelation deduced from the resampled power spectrum.

[0067] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the one or more memories 6a, 6b, 6c comprise a de-emphasis memory 6c configured to store a de-emphasis memory state DMS for determining one or more de-emphasis parameters DP for the decoded audio frame AF, wherein the memory state resampling device 10 is configured to determine the de-emphasis memory state DMS for determining the one or more de-emphasis parameters DP for the decoded audio frame AF by resampling a preceding de-emphasis memory state PDMS for determining of one or more de-emphasis parameters for the preceding decoded audio frame PAF and to store the de-emphasis memory state DMS for determining of the one or more de-emphasis parameters DP for the decoded audio frame AF into the de-emphasis memory 6c.
The de-emphasis memory state is, for example, also used in CELP.

[0068] The de-emphasis has usually a fixed order of 1, which represents 0.0781 ms at 12.8 kHz. This duration is covered by 3.75 samples at 48 kHz. A memory buffer of 4 samples is then needed if we adopt the method presented above. Alternatively, one can use an approximation by bypassing the resampling state. It can be seen a very coarse resampling, which consists of keeping the last output samples whatever the sampling rate difference. The approximation is most of time sufficient and can be used for low complexity reasons.

[0069] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the one or more memories 6; 6a, 6b, 6c are configured in such way that a number of stored samples for the decoded audio frame AF is proportional to the sampling rate SR of the decoded audio frame AF.

[0070] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the memory state resampling device 10 is configured in such way that the resampling is done by linear interpolation.

[0071] The resampling function resamp() can be done with any kind of resampling methods. In time domain, a conventional LP filter and decimation/oversampling is usual. In a preferred embodiment one may adopt a simple linear interpolation, which is enough in terms of quality for resampling filter memories. It allows saving even more complexity. It is also possible to do the resampling in the frequency domain. In the last approach, one doesn't need to care about the block artefacts as the memory is only the starting state of a filter.

[0072] Fig. 5 illustrates a second embodiment of an audio decoder device in a schematic view.

[0073] The audio decoder device 1 comprises an inverse-filtering device 17 configured for inverse-filtering of the preceding decoded audio frame PAF at the preceding sampling rate PSR in order to determine the preceding memory state PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS of one or more of said memories6; 6a, 6b, 6c, wherein the memory state resampling device is configured to retrieve the preceding memory state for one or more of said memories from the inverse-filtering device.
These features allow implementing the invention for such cases, wherein the preceding audio frame PAF is processed by a non-predictive decoder.

[0074] In this embodiment no resampling is used before the inverse filtering. Instead the memory states MS themselves are resampled directly. If the previous decoder processing the preceding audio frame PAF is a predictive decoder like CELP, the inverse decoding is not needed and can be bypassed since the preceding memory states PMS are always maintained at the preceding sampling rate PSR.

[0075] Fig. 6 illustrates more details of the second embodiment in a schematic view.
As shown in Fig. 6 the inverse-filtering device 17 comprises a pre-emphasis module 18, and delay inserter 19, a pre-emphasis memory 20, an analyzes filter module 21, a further delay inserter 22, and an analyzes filter memory 23, a further delay inserter 24, and an adaptive codebook memory 25.
The preceding decoded audio frame PAF at the preceding sampling rate PSR is fed to the pre-emphasis module 18 as well as to the delay inserter 19, from which is fed to the pre-emphasis memory 20. The so established preceding de-emphasis memory state PDMS at the preceding sampling rate is then transferred to the memory state resampling device 10 and to the pre-emphasis module 18.
The output signal of the pre-emphasis module 18 is fed to the analyzes filter module 21 and to the delay inserter 22, from which it is set to the analyzes filter memory 23. By doing so the preceding synthesis memory state PSMS at the preceding sampling rate PSR is established. The preceding synthesis memory state PSMS is then transferred to the memory state resampling device 10 and to the analysis filter module 21.
Furthermore, the output signal of the analyzes filter module 21 is set to the delay inserter 24 and go to the adaptive codebook memory 25. By this the preceding adaptive codebook memory state PAMS at the preceding sampling rate PSR may be established the preceding adaptive codebook memory state PAMS may then be transferred to the memory state resampling device 10.

[0076] Fig. 7 illustrates a third embodiment of an audio decoder device in a schematic view.

[0077] The memory state resampling device 10 is configured to retrieve the preceding memory state PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS for one or more of said memories 6 from of a further audio processing device 26.
The further audio processing device 26 may be, for example, a further audio decoder 26 device or a home for noise generating device.
The present invention can be used in DTX mode, when the active frames are coded at 12.8 kHz with a conventional CELP and when the inactive parts are modeled with a 16 kHz noise generator (CNG).

[0078] The invention can be used, for example, when combining a TCX and an ACELP running at different sampling rates.

[0079] Fig. 8 illustrates an embodiment of an audio encoder device according to the invention in a schematic view.

[0080] The audio encoder device is configured for encoding a framed audio signal FAS. The audio encoder device 27 comprises:

a predictive encoder 28 for producing an encoded audio frame EAF from the framed audio signal FAS, wherein the predictive encoder 28 comprises a parameter analyzer 29 for producing one or more audio parameters AP for the encoded audio frame EAV from the framed audio signal FAS and wherein the predictive encoder 28 comprises a synthesis filter device 4 for producing a decoded audio frame AF by synthesizing one or more audio parameters AP for the decoded audio frame AF, wherein the one or more audio parameters AP for the decoded audio frame AF are the one or more audio parameters AP for the encoded audio frame EAV;

a memory device 5 comprising one or more memories 6, wherein each of the memories 6 is configured to store a memory state MS for the decoded audio frame AF, wherein the memory state MS for the decoded audio frame AF of the one or more memories 6 is used by the synthesis filter 4 device for synthesizing the one or more audio parameters AP for the decoded audio frame AF; and

a memory state resampling device 10 configured to determine the memory state MS for synthesizing the one or more audio parameters AP for the decoded audio frame AF, which has a sampling rate SR, for one or more of said memories 6 by resampling a preceding memory state PMS for synthesizing one or more audio parameters for a preceding decoded audio frame PAF,

which has a preceding sampling rate PSR being different from the sampling rate SR of the decoded audio frame AF, for one or more of said memories 6 and to store the memory state MS for synthesizing of the one or more audio parameters AP for the decoded audio frame AF for one or more of said memories 6 into the respective memory 6.



[0081] The invention is mainly focused on the audio decoder device 1. However it can also be applied at the audio encoder device 27. Indeed CELP is based on an Analysis-by-Synthesis principle, where a local decoding is performed on the encoder side. For this reason the same principle as described for the decoder can be applied on the encoder side. Moreover in case of a switched coding, e.g. ACELP/TCX, the transform-based coder may have to be able to update the memories of the speech coder even at the encoder side in case of coding switching in the next frame. For this purpose, a local decoder is used in the transformed-based encoder for updating the memories state of the CELP. It may be that the transformed-based encoder is running at a different sampling rate than the CELP and the invention can be then applied in this case.

[0082] For synthesizing the audio parameters AP the synthesis filter 4 sends an interrogation signal IS to the memory 6, wherein the interrogation signal IS depends on the one or more audio parameters AP. The memory 6 returns a response signal RS which depends on the interrogation signal IS and on the memory state MS for the decoded audio frame AF.

[0083] It has to be understood that the synthesis filter device 4, the memory device 5, the memory state resampling device 10 and the inverse-filtering device 17 of the audio encoder device 27 are equivalent to the synthesis filter device for, the memory device 5, the memory state resampling device 10 and the inverse filtering device 17 of the audio decoder device 1 as discussed above. According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the memory state resampling device 10 is configured to retrieve the preceding memory state PMS for one or more of said memories 6 from the memory device 5. According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the one or more memories 6a, 6b, 6c comprise an adaptive codebook memory 6a configured to store an adaptive codebook state AMS for determining one or more excitation parameters EP for the decoded audio frame AF, wherein the memory state resampling device 10 is configured to determine the adaptive codebook state AMS for determining the one or more excitation parameters EP for the decoded audio frame AF by resampling a preceding adaptive codebook memory state PAMS for determining of one or more excitation parameters EP for the preceding decoded audio frame PAF and to store the adaptive codebook memory state AMS for determining of the one or more excitation parameters EP for the decoded audio frame AF into the adaptive codebook memory 6a. See Fig 4 and explanations above related to Fig. 4.

[0084] According to the invention the one or more memories 6a, 6b, 6c comprise a synthesis filter memory 6b configured to store a synthesis filter memory state SMS for determining one or more synthesis filter parameters SP for the decoded audio frame AF, wherein the memory state resampling device 10 is configured to determine the synthesis memory state SMS for determining the one or more synthesis filter parameters SP for the decoded audio frame AF by resampling a preceding synthesis memory state PSMS for determining of one or more synthesis filter parameters for the preceding decoded audio frame PAF and to store the synthesis memory state SMS for determining of the one or more synthesis filter parameters SP for the decoded audio frame AF into the synthesis filter memory 6b. See Fig 4 and explanations above related to Fig.4.

[0085] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the memory state resampling device 10 is configured in such way that the same synthesis filter parameters SP are used for a plurality of subframes of the decoded audio frame AF. See Fig 4 and explanations above related to Fig. 4.

[0086] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the memory resampling device 10 is configured in such way that the resampling of the preceding synthesis filter memory state PSMS is done by transforming the preceding synthesis filter memory state PSMS for the preceding decoded audio frame PAF to a power spectrum and by resampling the power spectrum. See Fig 4 and explanations above related to Fig. 4.

[0087] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the one or more memories 6; 6a, 6b, 6c comprise a de-emphasis memory 6c configured to store a de-emphasis memory state DMS for determining one or more de-emphasis parameters DP for the decoded audio frame AF, wherein the memory state resampling device 10 is configured to determine the de-emphasis memory state DMS for determining the one or more de-emphasis parameters DP for the decoded audio frame AF by resampling a preceding de-emphasis memory state PDMS for determining of one or more de-emphasis parameters for the preceding decoded audio frame PAF and to store the de-emphasis memory state DMS for determining of the one or more de-emphasis parameters DP for the decoded audio frame AF into the de-emphasis memory 6c. See Fig 4 and explanations above related to Fig. 4.

[0088] According to preferred embodiment of the invention the one or more memories 6a, 6b, 6c are configured in such way that a number of stored samples for the decoded audio frame AF is proportional to the sampling rate SR of the decoded audio frame. See Fig 4 and explanations above related to Fig. 4.

[0089] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the memory resampling device 10 is configured in such way that the resampling is done by linear interpolation. See Fig 4 and explanations above related to Fig. 4. According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the audio encoder device 27 comprises an inverse-filtering device 17 configured for inverse-filtering of the preceding decoded audio frame PAF in order to determine the preceding memory state PMS for one or more of said memories 6, wherein the memory state resampling device 10 is configured to retrieve the preceding memory state PMS for one or more of said memories 6 from the inverse-filtering device 17. See Fig 5 and explanations above related to Fig. 5.

[0090] For details of the inverse-filtering device 17 see Fig 6 and explanations above related to Fig. 6.

[0091] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the memory state resampling device 10 is configured to retrieve the preceding memory state PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS for one or more of said memories 6; 6a, 6b, 6c from of a further audio processing device. See Fig 7 and explanations above related to Fig. 7.

[0092] With respect to the decoder and encoder and the methods of the described embodiments the following is mentioned:
Although some aspects have been described in the context of an apparatus, it is clear that these aspects also represent a description of the corresponding method, where a block or device corresponds to a method step or a feature of a method step. Analogously, aspects described in the context of a method step also represent a description of a corresponding block or item or feature of a corresponding apparatus.

[0093] Depending on certain implementation requirements, embodiments of the invention can be implemented in hardware or in software. The implementation can be performed using a digital storage medium, for example a floppy disk, a DVD, a CD, a ROM, a PROM, an EPROM, an EEPROM or a FLASH memory, having electronically readable control signals stored thereon, which cooperate (or are capable of cooperating) with a programmable computer system such that the respective method is performed.
Some embodiments according to the invention comprise a data carrier having electronically readable control signals, which are capable of cooperating with a programmable computer system, such that one of the claimed methods described herein is performed.
Generally, embodiments of the present invention can be implemented as a computer program product with a program code, the program code being operative for performing one of the claimed methods when the computer program product runs on a computer. The program code may for example be stored on a machine readable carrier.
Other embodiments comprise the computer program for performing one of the methods described herein, stored on a machine readable carrier or a non-transitory storage medium.
In other words, an embodiment of the inventive method is, therefore, a computer program having a program code for performing one of the claimed methods described herein, when the computer program runs on a computer.
A further embodiment of the inventive methods is, therefore, a data carrier (or a digital storage medium, or a computer-readable medium) comprising, recorded thereon, the computer program for performing one of the claimed methods described herein.
A further embodiment of the inventive method is, therefore, a data stream or a sequence of signals representing the computer program for performing one of the claimed methods described herein. The data stream or the sequence of signals may for example be configured to be transferred via a data communication connection, for example via the Internet.

[0094] A further embodiment comprises a processing means, for example a computer, or a programmable logic device, configured to or adapted to perform one of the methods described herein.

[0095] A further embodiment comprises a computer having installed thereon the computer program for performing one of the methods described herein.
In some embodiments, a programmable logic device (for example a field programmable gate array) may be used to perform some or all of the functionalities of the methods described herein. In some embodiments, a field programmable gate array may cooperate with a microprocessor in order to perform one of the methods described herein. Generally, the methods are advantageously performed by any hardware apparatus.

[0096] While this invention has been described in terms of several embodiments, there are alterations, permutations, and equivalents which may fall within the scope of this invention. It should also be noted that there are many alternative ways of implementing the methods and compositions of the present invention, which is defined by the appended claims.

Reference signs:



[0097] 
1
audio decoder device
2
predictive decoder
3
parameter decoder
4
synthesis filter device
5
memory device
6
memory
7
inverse-filtering device
8
audio frame resampling device
9
parameter analyzer
10
memory state resampling device
11
excitation module
12
delay inserter
13
synthesis filter module
14
delay inserter
15
de-emphasis module
16
delay inserter
17
inverse-filtering device
18
pre-emphasis module
19
delay inserter
20
pre-emphasis memory
21
analyzes filter module
22
delay inserter
23
analyzes filter memory
24
delay inserter
25
adaptive codebook memory
26
further decoder
27
audio encoder device
28
predictive encoder
29
parameter analyzer
BS
bitstream
AF
decoded audio frame
AP
audio parameter
MS
memory state for the audio frame
SR
sampling rate
PAF
preceding decoded audio frame
IS
interrogation signal
RS
response signal
PSR
preceding sampling rate
LPCC
linear prediction coding coefficient
PMS
preceding memory state
AMS
adaptive codebook memory state
EP
excitation parameter
PAMS
preceding adaptive codebook memory state
OS
output signal of the excitation module
SMS
synthesis filter memory state
SP
synthesis filter parameter
PSMS
preceding synthesis filter memory state
OS1
output signal of the synthesis filter
DMS
de-emphasis memory state
DP
de-emphasis parameter
PDMS
preceding de-emphasis memory state
FAS
framed audio signal
EAF
encoded audio frame



Claims

1. An audio decoder device for decoding a bitstream (BS), the audio decoder device (1) comprising:

a predictive decoder (2) for producing a decoded audio frame (AF) from the bitstream (BS), wherein the predictive decoder (2) comprises a parameter decoder (3) for producing one or more audio parameters (AP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) from the bitstream (BS) and wherein the predictive decoder (2) comprises a synthesis filter device (4) for producing the decoded audio frame (AF) by synthesizing the one or more audio parameters (AP) for the decoded audio frame (AF);

a memory device (5) comprising one or more memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c), wherein each of the memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) is configured to store a memory state (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) for the decoded audio frame (AF), wherein the memory state (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) for the decoded audio frame (AF) of the one or more memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) is used by the synthesis filter device (4) for synthesizing the one or more audio parameters (AP) for the decoded audio frame (AF); and

a memory state resampling device (10) configured to determine the memory state (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) for synthesizing the one or more audio parameters (AP) for the decoded audio frame (AF), which has a sampling rate (SR), for one or more of said memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) by resampling a preceding memory state (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) for synthesizing one or more audio parameters for a preceding decoded audio frame (PAF), which has a preceding sampling rate (PSR) being different from the sampling rate (SR) of the decoded audio frame (AF), for one or more of said memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) and to store the memory state (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) for synthesizing of the one or more audio parameters (AP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) for one or more of said memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) into the respective memory (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) ;

wherein the one or more memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) comprise a synthesis filter memory (6b) configured to store a synthesis filter memory state (SMS) for determining one or more synthesis filter parameters (SP) for the decoded audio frame (AF), wherein a memory state resampling device (10) is configured to determine the synthesis filter memory state (SMS) for determining the one or more synthesis filter parameters (SP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) by resampling a preceding synthesis memory state (PSMS) for determining of one or more synthesis filter parameters for the preceding decoded audio frame (PAF) and to store the synthesis memory state (SMS) for determining of the one or more synthesis filter parameters (SP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) into the synthesis filter memory (6b);

wherein a number of samples in the preceding synthesis memory state (PSMS) is calculated according to the formula mem_syn_r_size_old = (int)(TI*fs_1);

wherein a number of samples in the synthesis memory state (SMS) is calculated according to the formula mem_syn_r_size_new = (int)(TI*fs_2);

wherein mem_syn_r_size_old is the number of samples in the preceding synthesis memory state (PSMS), wherein mem_syn_r_size_new is the number of samples in the synthesis memory state (SMS), wherein fs_1 is the preceding sampling rate (PSR), wherein fs_2 is the sampling rate (SR), wherein TI is a largest possible duration to be covered by the preceding syntheses memory state (PSMS) and by the syntheses memory state SMS).


 
2. Audio decoder device according to claim 1, wherein the one or more memories comprise (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) an adaptive codebook memory (6a) configured to store an adaptive codebook memory state (AMS) for determining one or more excitation parameters (EP) for the decoded audio frame (AF), wherein the memory state resampling device (10) is configured to determine the adaptive codebook memory state (AMS) for determining the one or more excitation parameters (EP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) by resampling a preceding adaptive codebook memory state (PAMS) for determining of one or more excitation parameters for the preceding decoded audio frame (PAF) and to store the adaptive codebook memory state (AMS) for determining of the one or more excitation parameters (EP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) into the adaptive codebook memory (6a).
 
3. Audio decoder device according to claim 1, wherein the memory resampling device (10) is configured in such way that the same synthesis filter parameters (SP) are used for a plurality of subframes of the decoded audio frame (AF).
 
4. Audio decoder device according to claim 1, wherein the memory resampling device (10) is configured in such way that the resampling of the preceding synthesis memory state (PSMS) is done by transforming the preceding synthesis memory state (PSMS) for the preceding decoded audio frame (PAF) to a power spectrum and by resampling the power spectrum.
 
5. Audio decoder device according to claim 1, wherein the one or more memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) comprise a de-emphasis memory (6c) configured to store a de-emphasis memory state (DMS) for determining one or more de-emphasis parameters (DP) for the decoded audio frame (AF), wherein the memory state resampling device (10) is configured to determine the de-emphasis memory state (DMS) for determining the one or more de-emphasis parameters (DP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) by resampling a preceding de-emphasis memory state (PDMS) for determining of one or more de-emphasis parameters for the preceding decoded audio frame (PAF) and to store the de-emphasis memory state (DMS) for determining of the one or more de-emphasis parameters (DP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) into the de-emphasis memory (6c).
 
6. Audio decoder device according to claim 1, wherein the one or more memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) are configured in such way that a number of stored samples for the decoded audio frame (AF) is proportional to the sampling rate (SR) of the decoded audio frame (AF).
 
7. Audio decoder device according to claim 1, wherein the memory state resampling device (10) is configured in such way that the resampling is done by linear interpolation.
 
8. Audio decoder device according to claim 1, wherein the memory state resampling device (10) is configured to retrieve the preceding memory state (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) for one or more of said memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) from the memory device (5).
 
9. Audio decoder device according to claim 1, wherein the audio decoder device (1) comprises an inverse-filtering device (17) configured for inverse-filtering of the preceding decoded audio frame (PAF) at the preceding sampling rate (PSR) in order to determine the preceding memory state (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) of one or more of said memories(6; 6a, 6b, 6c), wherein the memory state resampling device is configured to retrieve the preceding memory state for one or more of said memories from the inverse-filtering device.
 
10. Audio decoder device according to claim 1, wherein the memory state resampling device is configured to retrieve the preceding memory state (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) for one or more of said memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) from a further audio processing device (26).
 
11. Method for operating an audio decoder device (1) for decoding a bitstream (BS), the method comprising the steps of:

producing a decoded audio frame (AF) from the bitstream (BS) using a predictive decoder (2), wherein the predictive decoder (2) comprises a parameter decoder (3) for producing one or more audio parameters (AP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) from the bitstream (BS) and wherein the predictive decoder (2) comprises a synthesis filter device (4) for producing the decoded audio frame (AF) by synthesizing the one or more audio parameters (AP) for the decoded audio frame (AF);

providing a memory device (5) comprising one or more memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c), wherein each of the memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) is configured to store a memory state (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) for the decoded audio frame (AF), wherein the memory state (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) for the decoded audio frame (AF) of the one or more memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) is used by the synthesis filter device (4) for synthesizing the one or more audio parameters (AP) for the decoded audio frame (AF);

determining the memory state (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) for synthesizing the one or more audio parameters (AP) for the decoded audio frame (AF), which has a sampling rate (SR), for one or more of said memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) by resampling a preceding memory state (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) for synthesizing one or more audio parameters for a preceding decoded audio frame (PAF), which has a preceding sampling rate (PSR) being different from the sampling rate (SR) of the decoded audio frame (AF), for one or more of said memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c); and

storing the memory state (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) for synthesizing of the one or more audio parameters (AP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) for one or more of said memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) into the respective memory;

storing a synthesis filter memory state (SMS) for determining one or more synthesis filter parameters (SP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) in a synthesis filter memory (6b) of the one or more memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c);

determining, by using a memory state resampling device (10), the synthesis filter memory state (SMS) for determining the one or more synthesis filter parameters (SP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) by resampling a preceding synthesis memory state (PSMS) for determining of one or more synthesis filter parameters for the preceding decoded audio frame (PAF);

storing, by using the memory state resampling device (10), the synthesis memory state (SMS) for determining of the one or more synthesis filter parameters (SP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) into the synthesis filter memory (6b);

wherein a number of samples in the preceding synthesis memory state (PSMS) is calculated according to the formula mem_syn_r_size_old = (int)(TI*fs_1);

wherein a number of samples in the synthesis memory state (SMS) is calculated according to the formula mem_syn_r_size_new = (int)(TI*fs_2);

wherein mem_syn_r_size_old is the number of samples in the preceding synthesis memory state (PSMS), wherein mem_syn_r_size_new is the number of samples in the synthesis memory state (SMS), wherein fs_1 is the preceding sampling rate (PSR), wherein fs_2 is the sampling rate (SR), wherein TI is a largest possible duration to be covered by the preceding syntheses memory state (PSMS) and by the syntheses memory state (SMS).


 
12. Computer program, when running on a processor, executing the method according to the preceding claim.
 
13. An audio encoder device for encoding a framed audio signal (FAS), the audio encoder device (27) comprising:

a predictive encoder (28) for producing an encoded audio frame (EAF) from the framed audio signal (FAS), wherein the predictive encoder (28) comprises a parameter analyzer (29) for producing one or more audio parameters (AP) for the encoded audio frame (EAV) from the framed audio signal (FAS) and wherein the predictive encoder (28) comprises a synthesis filter device (4) for producing a decoded audio frame (AF) by synthesizing one or more audio parameters (AP) for the decoded audio frame (AF), wherein the one or more audio parameters (AP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) are the one or more audio parameters (AP) for the encoded audio frame (EAV);

a memory device (5) comprising one or more memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c), wherein each of the memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) is configured to store a memory state (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) for the decoded audio frame (AF), wherein the memory state (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) for the decoded audio frame (AF) of the one or more memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) is used by the synthesis filter (4) device for synthesizing the one or more audio parameters (AP) for the decoded audio frame (AF); and

a memory state resampling device (10) configured to determine the memory state (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) for synthesizing the one or more audio parameters (AP) for the decoded audio frame (AF), which has a sampling rate (SR), for one or more of said memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) by resampling a preceding memory state (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) for synthesizing one or more audio parameters for a preceding decoded audio frame (PAF), which has a preceding sampling rate (PSR) being different from the sampling rate (SR) of the decoded audio frame (AF), for one or more of said memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) and to store the memory state (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) for synthesizing of the one or more audio parameters (AP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) for one or more of said memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) into the respective memory (6; 6a, 6b, 6c);

wherein the one or more memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) comprise a synthesis filter memory (6b) configured to store a synthesis filter memory state (SMS) for determining one or more synthesis filter parameters (SP) for the decoded audio frame (AF), wherein the memory state resampling device (10) is configured to determine the synthesis filter memory state (SMS) for determining the one or more synthesis filter parameters (SP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) by resampling a preceding synthesis memory state (PSMS) for determining of one or more synthesis filter parameters for the preceding decoded audio frame (PAF) and to store the synthesis memory state (SMS) for determining of the one or more synthesis filter parameters (SP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) into the synthesis filter memory (6b);

wherein a number of samples in the preceding synthesis memory state (PSMS) is calculated according to the formula mem_syn_r_size_old = (int)(TI*fs_1);

wherein a number of samples in the synthesis memory state (SMS) is calculated according to the formula mem_syn_r_size_new = (int)(TI*fs_2);

wherein mem_syn_r_size_old is the number of samples in the preceding synthesis memory state (PSMS), wherein mem_syn_r_size_new is the number of samples in the synthesis memory state (SMS), wherein fs_1 is the preceding sampling rate (PSR), wherein fs_2 is the sampling rate (SR), wherein TI is a largest possible duration to be covered by the preceding syntheses memory state (PSMS) and by the syntheses memory state (SMS).


 
14. Audio encoder device according to claim 13, wherein the one or more memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) comprise an adaptive codebook memory (6a) configured to store an adaptive codebook state (AMS) for determining one or more excitation parameters (EP) for the decoded audio frame (AF), wherein the memory state resampling device (10) is configured to determine the adaptive codebook state (AMS) for determining the one or more excitation parameters (EP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) by resampling a preceding adaptive codebook memory state (PAMS) for determining of one or more excitation parameters (EP) for the preceding decoded audio frame (PAF) and to store the adaptive codebook memory state (AMS) for determining of the one or more excitation parameters (EP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) into the adaptive codebook memory (6a).
 
15. Audio encoder device according to claim 13, wherein the memory state resampling device (10) is configured in such way that the same synthesis filter parameters (SP) are used for a plurality of subframes of the decoded audio frame (AF).
 
16. Audio encoder device according to claim 13, wherein the memory resampling device (10) is configured in such way that the resampling of the preceding synthesis memory state (PSMS) is done by transforming the preceding synthesis memory state (PSMS) for the preceding decoded audio frame (PAF) to a power spectrum and by resampling the power spectrum.
 
17. Audio encoder device according to claim 13, wherein the one or more memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) comprise a de-emphasis memory (6c) configured to store a de-emphasis memory state (DMS) for determining one or more de-emphasis parameters (DP) for the decoded audio frame (AF), wherein the memory state resampling device (10) is configured to determine the de-emphasis memory state (DMS) for determining the one or more de-emphasis parameters (DP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) by resampling a preceding de-emphasis memory state (PDMS) for determining of one or more de-emphasis parameters for the preceding decoded audio frame (PAF) and to store the de-emphasis memory state (DMS) for determining of the one or more de-emphasis parameters (DP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) into the de-emphasis memory (6c).
 
18. Audio encoder device according to claim 13, wherein the one or more memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) are configured in such way that a number of stored samples for the decoded audio frame (AF) is proportional to the sampling rate (SR) of the decoded audio frame.
 
19. Audio encoder device according to claim 13, wherein the memory resampling device (10) is configured in such way that the resampling is done by linear interpolation.
 
20. Audio encoder device according to claim 13, wherein the memory state resampling device (10) is configured to retrieve the preceding memory state (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) for one or more of said memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) from the memory device (5).
 
21. Audio encoder device according to claim 13, wherein the audio encoder device (27) comprises an inverse-filtering device (17) configured for inverse-filtering of the preceding decoded audio frame (PAF) in order to determine the preceding memory state (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) for one or more of said memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c), wherein the memory state resampling device (10) is configured to retrieve the preceding memory state (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) for one or more of said memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) from the inverse-filtering device (17).
 
22. Audio encoder device according to claim 13, wherein the memory state resampling device (10) is configured to retrieve the preceding memory state (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) for one or more of said memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) from of a further audio processing device.
 
23. Method for operating an audio encoder device (27) for encoding a framed audio signal, the method comprising the steps of:

producing an encoded audio frame (EAF) from the framed audio signal (FAS) using a predictive encoder (28), wherein the predictive encoder (28) comprises a parameter analyzer (29) for producing one or more audio parameters (AP) for the encoded audio frame (EAF) from the framed audio signal (FAS) and wherein the predictive encoder (28) comprises a synthesis filter device (4) for producing a decoded audio frame (AF) by synthesizing one or more audio parameters (AP) for the decoded audio frame, wherein the one or more audio parameters (AP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) are the one or more audio parameters (AP) for the encoded audio frame (EAV);

providing a memory device (5) comprising one or more memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c), wherein each of the memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) is configured to store a memory state (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) for the decoded audio frame (AF), wherein the memory state (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) for the decoded audio frame (AF) of the one or more memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) is used by the synthesis filter device (4) for synthesizing the one or more audio parameters (AP) for the decoded audio frame (AF);

determining the memory state (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) for synthesizing the one or more audio parameters (AP) for the decoded audio frame (AF), which has a sampling rate (SR), for one or more of said memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) by resampling a preceding memory state (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) for synthesizing one or more audio parameters for a preceding decoded audio frame (PAF), which has a preceding sampling rate (PSR) being different from the sampling rate (SR) of the decoded audio frame (AF), for one or more of said memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c); and

storing the memory state (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) for synthesizing of the one or more audio parameters (AP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) for one or more of said memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) into the respective memory (6; 6a, 6b, 6c);

storing a synthesis filter memory state (SMS) for determining one or more synthesis filter parameters (SP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) in a synthesis filter memory (6b) of the one or more memories (6; 6a, 6b, 6c);

determining, by using a memory state resampling device (10), the synthesis filter memory state (SMS) for determining the one or more synthesis filter parameters (SP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) by resampling a preceding synthesis memory state (PSMS) for determining of one or more synthesis filter parameters for the preceding decoded audio frame (PAF);

storing, by using the memory state resampling device (10), the synthesis memory state (SMS) for determining of the one or more synthesis filter parameters (SP) for the decoded audio frame (AF) into the synthesis filter memory (6b);

wherein a number of samples in the preceding synthesis memory state (PSMS) is calculated according to the formula mem_syn_r_size_old = (int)(TI*fs_1);

wherein a number of samples in the synthesis memory state (SMS) is calculated according to the formula mem_syn_r_size_new = (int)(TI*fs_2);

wherein mem_syn_r_size_old is the number of samples in the preceding synthesis memory state (PSMS), wherein mem_syn_r_size_new is the number of samples in the synthesis memory state (SMS), wherein fs_1 is the preceding sampling rate (PSR), wherein fs_2 is the sampling rate (SR), wherein TI is a largest possible duration to be covered by the preceding syntheses memory state (PSMS) and by the syntheses memory state (SMS).


 
24. Computer program, when running on a processor, executing the method according to the preceding claim.
 


Ansprüche

1. Eine Audiodecodiervorrichtung zum Decodieren eines Bitstroms (BS), wobei die Audiodecodiervorrichtung (1) folgende Merkmale aufweist:

einen prädiktiven Decodierer (2) zum Erzeugen eines decodierten Audiorahmens (AF) aus dem Bitstrom (BS), wobei der prädiktive Decodierer (2) einen Parameterdecodierer (3) zum Erzeugen eines oder mehrerer Audioparameter (AP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) aus dem Bitstrom (BS) aufweist und wobei der prädiktive Decodierer (2) eine Synthesefiltervorrichtung (4) zum Erzeugen des decodierten Audiorahmens (AF) durch Synthetisieren des einen oder der mehreren Audioparameter (AP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) aufweist;

eine Speichervorrichtung (5), die einen oder mehrere Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) aufweist, wobei jeder der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) dazu konfiguriert ist, einen Speicherzustand (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) zu speichern, wobei der Speicherzustand (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) des einen oder der mehreren Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) durch die Synthesefiltervorrichtung (4) zum Synthetisieren des einen oder der mehreren Audioparameter (AP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) verwendet wird; und

eine Speicherzustandsneuabtastvorrichtung (10), die dazu konfiguriert ist, den Speicherzustand (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) zum Synthetisieren des einen oder der mehreren Audioparameter (AP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF), der eine Abtastrate (SR) aufweist, für einen oder mehrere der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) durch Neuabtasten eines vorhergehenden Speicherzustands (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) zum Synthetisieren eines oder mehrerer Audioparameter für einen vorhergehenden decodierten Audiorahmen (PAF), der eine vorhergehende Abtastrate (PFR) aufweist, die sich von der Abtastrate (SR) des decodierten Audiorahmens (AF) unterscheidet, für einen oder mehrere der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) zu bestimmen und den Speicherzustand (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) zum Synthetisieren des einen oder der mehreren Audioparameter (AP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) für einen oder mehrere der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) in den jeweiligen Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) zu speichern;

wobei der eine oder die mehreren Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) einen Synthesefilterspeicher (6b) aufweisen, der dazu konfiguriert ist, einen Synthesefilterspeicherzustand (SMS) zum Bestimmen eines oder mehrerer Synthesefilterparameter (SP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) zu speichern, wobei eine Speicherzustandsneuabtastvorrichtung (10) dazu konfiguriert ist, den Synthesefilterspeicherzustand (SMS) zum Bestimmen des einen oder der mehreren Synthesefilterparameter (SP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) durch Neuabtasten eines vorhergehenden Synthesespeicherzustands (PSMS) zum Bestimmen eines oder mehrerer Synthesefilterparameter für den vorhergehenden decodierten Audiorahmen (PAF) zu bestimmen und den Synthesespeicherzustand (SMS) zum Bestimmen des einen oder der mehreren Synthesefilterparameter (SP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) in den Synthesefilterspeicher (6b) zu speichern;

wobei eine Anzahl von Abtastwerten in dem vorhergehenden Synthesespeicherzustand (PSMS) gemäß der Formel mem_syn_r_size_old = (int)(TI*fs_1) berechnet wird;

wobei eine Anzahl von Abtastwerten in dem Synthesespeicherzustand (SMS) gemäß der Formel mem_syn_r_size_new = (int)(TI*fs_2) berechnet wird;

wobei mem_syn_r_size_old die Anzahl von Abtastwerten in dem vorhergehenden Synthesespeicherzustand (PSMS) ist, wobei mem_syn_r_size_new die Anzahl von Abtastwerten in dem Synthesespeicherzustand (SMS) ist, wobei fs_1 die vorhergehende Abtastrate (PSR) ist, wobei fs_2 die Abtastrate (SR) ist, wobei TI eine größtmögliche Dauer ist, die durch den vorhergehenden Synthesespeicherzustand (PSMS) und durch den Synthesespeicherzustand (SMS) abgedeckt werden soll.


 
2. Audiodecodiervorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 1, bei der der eine oder die mehreren Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) einen Adaptives-Codebuch-Speicher (6a) aufweisen, der dazu konfiguriert ist, einen Adaptives-Codebuch-Speicherzustand (AMS) zum Bestimmen eines oder mehrerer Anregungsparameter (EP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) zu speichern, wobei die Speicherzustandsneuabtastvorrichtung (10) dazu konfiguriert ist, den Adaptives-Codebuch-Speicherzustand (AMS) zum Bestimmen des einen oder der mehreren Anregungsparameter (EP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) durch Neuabtasten eines vorhergehenden Adaptives-Codebuch-Speicherzustands (PAMS) zum Bestimmen eines oder mehrerer Anregungsparameter für den vorhergehenden decodierten Audiorahmen (PAF) zu bestimmen und den Adaptives-Codebuch-Speicherzustand (AMS) zum Bestimmen des einen oder der mehreren Anregungsparameter (EP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) in den Adaptives-Codebuch-Speicher (6a) zu speichern.
 
3. Audiodecodiervorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 1, bei der die Speicherneuabtastvorrichtung (10) derart konfiguriert ist, dass dieselben Synthesefilterparameter (SP) für eine Mehrzahl von Teilrahmen des decodierten Audiorahmens (AF) verwendet werden.
 
4. Audiodecodiervorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 1, bei der die Speicherneuabtastvorrichtung (10) derart konfiguriert ist, dass das Neuabtasten des vorhergehenden Synthesespeicherzustands (PSMS) durch Umwandeln des vorhergehenden Synthesespeicherzustands (PSMS) für den vorhergehenden decodierten Audiorahmen (PAF) in ein Leistungsspektrum und durch Neuabtasten des Leistungsspektrums erfolgt.
 
5. Audiodecodiervorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 1, bei der der eine oder die mehreren Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) einen Entzerrungsspeicher (6c) aufweisen, der dazu konfiguriert ist, einen Entzerrungsspeicherzustand (DMS) zum Bestimmen eines oder mehrerer Entzerrungsparameter (DP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) zu speichern, wobei die Speicherzustandsneuabtastvorrichtung (10) dazu konfiguriert ist, den Entzerrungsspeicherzustand (DMS) zum Bestimmen des einen oder der mehreren Entzerrungsparameter (DP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) durch Neuabtasten eines vorhergehenden Entzerrungsspeicherzustands (PDMS) zum Bestimmen eines oder mehrerer Entzerrungsparameter für den vorhergehenden decodierten Audiorahmen (PAF) zu bestimmen und den Entzerrungsspeicherzustand (DMS) zum Bestimmen des einen oder der mehreren Entzerrungsparameter (DP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) in den Entzerrungsspeicher (6c) zu speichern.
 
6. Audiodecodiervorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 1, bei der der eine oder die mehreren Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) derart konfiguriert sind, dass eine Anzahl gespeicherter Abtastwerte für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) proportional zu der Abtastrate (SR) des decodierten Audiorahmens (AF) ist.
 
7. Audiodecodiervorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 1, bei der die Speicherzustandsneuabtastvorrichtung (10) derart konfiguriert ist, dass das Neuabtasten anhand einer linearen Interpolation erfolgt.
 
8. Audiodecodiervorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 1, bei der die Speicherzustandsneuabtastvorrichtung (10) dazu konfiguriert ist, den vorhergehenden Speicherzustand (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) für einen oder mehrere der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) aus der Speichervorrichtung (5) wiederzugewinnen.
 
9. Audiodecodiervorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die Audiodecodiervorrichtung (1) eine Inversfiltervorrichtung (17) aufweist, die zum Inversfiltern des vorhergehenden decodierten Audiorahmens (PAF) bei der vorhergehenden Abtastrate (PSR) konfiguriert ist, um den vorhergehenden Speicherzustand (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) eines oder mehrerer der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) zu bestimmen, wobei die Speicherzustandsneuabtastvorrichtung dazu konfiguriert ist, den vorhergehenden Speicherzustand für einen oder mehrere der Speicher aus der Inversfiltervorrichtung wiederzugewinnen.
 
10. Audiodecodiervorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 1, bei der die Speicherzustandsneuabtastvorrichtung dazu konfiguriert ist, den vorhergehenden Speicherzustand (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) für einen oder mehrere der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) aus einer weiteren Audioverarbeitungsvorrichtung (26) wiederzugewinnen.
 
11. Verfahren zum Betreiben einer Audiodecodiervorrichtung (1) zum Decodieren eines Bitstroms (BS), wobei das Verfahren folgende Schritte aufweist:

Erzeugen eines decodierten Audiorahmens (AF) aus dem Bitstrom (BS) unter Verwendung eines prädiktiven Decodierers (2), wobei der prädiktive Decodierer (2) einen Parameterdecodierer (3) zum Erzeugen eines oder mehrerer Audioparameter (AP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) aus dem Bitstrom (BS) aufweist und wobei der prädiktive Decodierer (2) eine Synthesefiltervorrichtung (4) zum Erzeugen des decodierten Audiorahmens (AF) durch Synthetisieren des einen oder der mehreren Audioparameter (AP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) aufweist;

Bereitstellen einer Speichervorrichtung (5), die einen oder mehrere Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) aufweist, wobei jeder der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) dazu konfiguriert ist, einen Speicherzustand (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) zu speichern, wobei der Speicherzustand (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) des einen oder der mehreren Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) durch die Synthesefiltervorrichtung (4) zum Synthetisieren des einen oder der mehreren Audioparameter (AP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) verwendet wird;

Bestimmen des Speicherzustands (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) zum Synthetisieren des einen oder der mehreren Audioparameter (AP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF), der eine Abtastrate (SR) aufweist, für einen oder mehrere der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) durch Neuabtasten eines vorhergehenden Speicherzustands (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) zum Synthetisieren eines oder mehrerer Audioparameter für einen vorhergehenden decodierten Audiorahmen (PAF), der eine vorhergehende Abtastrate (PFR) aufweist, die sich von der Abtastrate (SR) des decodierten Audiorahmens (AF) unterscheidet, für einen oder mehrere der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c); und

Speichern des Speicherzustands (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) zum Synthetisieren des einen oder der mehreren Audioparameter (AP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) für einen oder mehrere der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) in den jeweiligen Speicher;

Speichern eines Synthesefilterspeicherzustands (SMS) zum Bestimmen eines oder mehrerer Synthesefilterparameter (SP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) in einen Synthesefilterspeicher (6b) des einen oder der mehreren Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c);

Bestimmen, durch Verwendung einer Speicherzustandsneuabtastvorrichtung (10), des Synthesefilterspeicherzustands (SMS) zum Bestimmen des einen oder der mehreren Synthesefilterparameter (SP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) durch Neuabtasten eines vorhergehenden Synthesespeicherzustands (PSMS) zum Bestimmen eines oder mehrerer Synthesefilterparameter für den vorhergehenden decodierten Audiorahmen (PAF);

Speichern, durch Verwendung der Speicherzustandsneuabtastvorrichtung (10), des Synthesespeicherzustands (SMS) zum Bestimmen des einen oder der mehreren Synthesefilterparameter (SP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) in den Synthesefilterspeicher (6b);

wobei eine Anzahl von Abtastwerten in dem vorhergehenden Synthesespeicherzustand (PSMS) gemäß der Formel mem_syn_r_size_old = (int)(TI*fs_1) berechnet wird;

wobei eine Anzahl von Abtastwerten in dem Synthesespeicherzustand (SMS) gemäß der Formel mem_syn_r_size_new = (int)(TI*fs_2) berechnet wird;

wobei mem_syn_r_size_old die Anzahl von Abtastwerten in dem vorhergehenden Synthesespeicherzustand (PSMS) ist, wobei mem_syn_r_size_new die Anzahl von Abtastwerten in dem Synthesespeicherzustand (SMS) ist, wobei fs_1 die vorhergehende Abtastrate (PSR) ist, wobei fs_2 die Abtastrate (SR) ist, wobei TI eine größtmögliche Dauer ist, die durch den vorhergehenden Synthesespeicherzustand (PSMS) und durch den Synthesespeicherzustand (SMS) abgedeckt werden soll.


 
12. Computerprogramm, das, wenn es auf einem Prozessor abläuft, das Verfahren gemäß dem vorhergehenden Anspruch ausführt.
 
13. Eine Audiocodiervorrichtung zum Codieren eines in einen Rahmen gefassten Audiosignals (FAS), wobei die Audiocodiervorrichtung (27) folgende Merkmale aufweist:

einen prädiktiven Codierer (28) zum Erzeugen eines codierten Audiorahmens (EAF) aus dem in einen Rahmen gefassten Audiosignal (FAS), wobei der prädiktive Codierer (28) einen Parameteranalysator (29) zum Erzeugen eines oder mehrerer Audioparameter (AP) für den codierten Audiorahmen (EAV) aus dem in einen Rahmen gefassten Audiosignal (FAS) aufweist und wobei der prädiktive Codierer (28) eine Synthesefiltervorrichtung (4) zum Erzeugen eines decodierten Audiorahmens (AF) durch Synthetisieren eines oder mehrerer Audioparameter (AP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) aufweist, wobei der eine oder die mehreren Audioparameter (AP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) der eine oder die mehreren Audioparameter (AP) für den codierten Audiorahmen (EAV) sind;

eine Speichervorrichtung (5), die einen oder mehrere Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) aufweist, wobei jeder der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) dazu konfiguriert ist, einen Speicherzustand (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) zu speichern, wobei der Speicherzustand (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) des einen oder der mehreren Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) durch die Synthesefiltervorrichtung (4) zum Synthetisieren des einen oder der mehreren Audioparameter (AP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) verwendet wird; und

eine Speicherzustandsneuabtastvorrichtung (10), die dazu konfiguriert ist, den Speicherzustand (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) zum Synthetisieren des einen oder der mehreren Audioparameter (AP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF), der eine Abtastrate (SR) aufweist, für einen oder mehrere der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) durch Neuabtasten eines vorhergehenden Speicherzustands (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) zum Synthetisieren eines oder mehrerer Audioparameter für einen vorhergehenden decodierten Audiorahmen (PAF), der eine vorhergehende Abtastrate (PFR) aufweist, die sich von der Abtastrate (SR) des decodierten Audiorahmens (AF) unterscheidet, für einen oder mehrere der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) zu bestimmen und den Speicherzustand (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) zum Synthetisieren des einen oder der mehreren Audioparameter (AP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) für einen oder mehrere der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) in den jeweiligen Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) zu speichern;

wobei der eine oder die mehreren Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) einen Synthesefilterspeicher (6b) aufweisen, der dazu konfiguriert ist, einen Synthesefilterspeicherzustand (SMS) zum Bestimmen eines oder mehrerer Synthesefilterparameter (SP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) zu speichern, wobei die Speicherzustandsneuabtastvorrichtung (10) dazu konfiguriert ist, den Synthesefilterspeicherzustand (SMS) zum Bestimmen des einen oder der mehreren Synthesefilterparameter (SP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) durch Neuabtasten eines vorhergehenden Synthesespeicherzustands (PSMS) zum Bestimmen eines oder mehrerer Synthesefilterparameter für den vorhergehenden decodierten Audiorahmen (PAF) zu bestimmen und den Synthesespeicherzustand (SMS) zum Bestimmen des einen oder der mehreren Synthesefilterparameter (SP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) in den Synthesefilterspeicher (6b) zu speichern;

wobei eine Anzahl von Abtastwerten in dem vorhergehenden Synthesespeicherzustand (PSMS) gemäß der Formel mem_syn_r_size_old = (int)(TI*fs_1) berechnet wird;

wobei eine Anzahl von Abtastwerten in dem Synthesespeicherzustand (SMS) gemäß der Formel mem_syn_r_size_new = (int)(TI*fs_2) berechnet wird;

wobei mem_syn_r_size_old die Anzahl von Abtastwerten in dem vorhergehenden Synthesespeicherzustand (PSMS) ist, wobei mem_syn_r_size_new die Anzahl von Abtastwerten in dem Synthesespeicherzustand (SMS) ist, wobei fs_1 die vorhergehende Abtastrate (PSR) ist, wobei fs_2 die Abtastrate (SR) ist, wobei TI eine größtmögliche Dauer ist, die durch den vorhergehenden Synthesespeicherzustand (PSMS) und durch den Synthesespeicherzustand (SMS) abgedeckt werden soll.


 
14. Audiocodiervorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 13, bei der der eine oder die mehreren Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) einen Adaptives-Codebuch-Speicher (6a) aufweisen, der dazu konfiguriert ist, einen Adaptives-Codebuch-Speicherzustand (AMS) zum Bestimmen eines oder mehrerer Anregungsparameter (EP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) zu speichern, wobei die Speicherzustandsneuabtastvorrichtung (10) dazu konfiguriert ist, den Adaptives-Codebuch-Speicherzustand (AMS) zum Bestimmen des einen oder der mehreren Anregungsparameter (EP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) durch Neuabtasten eines vorhergehenden Adaptives-Codebuch-Speicherzustands (PAMS) zum Bestimmen eines oder mehrerer Anregungsparameter (EP) für den vorhergehenden decodierten Audiorahmen (PAF) zu bestimmen und den Adaptives-Codebuch-Speicherzustand (AMS) zum Bestimmen des einen oder der mehreren Anregungsparameter (EP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) in den Adaptives-Codebuch-Speicher (6a) zu speichern.
 
15. Audiocodiervorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 13, bei der die Speicherneuabtastvorrichtung (10) derart konfiguriert ist, dass dieselben Synthesefilterparameter (SP) für eine Mehrzahl von Teilrahmen des decodierten Audiorahmens (AF) verwendet werden.
 
16. Audiocodiervorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 13, bei der die Speicherneuabtastvorrichtung (10) derart konfiguriert ist, dass das Neuabtasten des vorhergehenden Synthesespeicherzustands (PSMS) durch Umwandeln des vorhergehenden Synthesespeicherzustands (PSMS) für den vorhergehenden decodierten Audiorahmen (PAF) in ein Leistungsspektrum und durch Neuabtasten des Leistungsspektrums erfolgt.
 
17. Audiocodiervorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 13, bei der der eine oder die mehreren Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) einen Entzerrungsspeicher (6c) aufweisen, der dazu konfiguriert ist, einen Entzerrungsspeicherzustand (DMS) zum Bestimmen eines oder mehrerer Entzerrungsparameter (DP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) zu speichern, wobei die Speicherzustandsneuabtastvorrichtung (10) dazu konfiguriert ist, den Entzerrungsspeicherzustand (DMS) zum Bestimmen des einen oder der mehreren Entzerrungsparameter (DP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) durch Neuabtasten eines vorhergehenden Entzerrungsspeicherzustands (PDMS) zum Bestimmen eines oder mehrerer Entzerrungsparameter für den vorhergehenden decodierten Audiorahmen (PAF) zu bestimmen und den Entzerrungsspeicherzustand (DMS) zum Bestimmen des einen oder der mehreren Entzerrungsparameter (DP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) in den Entzerrungsspeicher (6c) zu speichern.
 
18. Audiocodiervorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 13, bei der der eine oder die mehreren Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) derart konfiguriert sind, dass eine Anzahl gespeicherter Abtastwerte für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) proportional zu der Abtastrate (SR) des decodierten Audiorahmens ist.
 
19. Audiocodiervorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 13, bei der die Speicherzustandsneuabtastvorrichtung (10) derart konfiguriert ist, dass das Neuabtasten anhand einer linearen Interpolation erfolgt.
 
20. Audiocodiervorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 13, bei der die Speicherzustandsneuabtastvorrichtung (10) dazu konfiguriert ist, den vorhergehenden Speicherzustand (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) für einen oder mehrere der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) aus der Speichervorrichtung (5) wiederzugewinnen.
 
21. Audiocodiervorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 13, wobei die Audiocodiervorrichtung (27) eine Inversfiltervorrichtung (17) aufweist, die zum Inversfiltern des vorhergehenden decodierten Audiorahmens (PAF) konfiguriert ist, um den vorhergehenden Speicherzustand (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) für einen oder mehrere der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) zu bestimmen, wobei die Speicherzustandsneuabtastvorrichtung dazu konfiguriert ist, den vorhergehenden Speicherzustand (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) für einen oder mehrere der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) aus der Inversfiltervorrichtung (17) wiederzugewinnen.
 
22. Audiocodiervorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 13, bei der die Speicherzustandsneuabtastvorrichtung (10) dazu konfiguriert ist, den vorhergehenden Speicherzustand (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) für einen oder mehrere der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) aus einer weiteren Audioverarbeitungsvorrichtung wiederzugewinnen.
 
23. Verfahren zum Betreiben einer Audiocodiervorrichtung (27) zum Codieren eines in einen Rahmen gefassten Audiosignals, wobei das Verfahren folgende Schritte aufweist:

Erzeugen eines codierten Audiorahmens (EAF) aus dem in einen Rahmen gefassten Audiosignal (FAS) unter Verwendung eines prädiktiven Codierers (28), wobei der prädiktive Codierer (28) einen Parameteranalysator (29) zum Erzeugen eines oder mehrerer Audioparameter (AP) für den codierten Audiorahmen (EAF) aus dem in einen Rahmen gefassten Audiosignal (FAS) aufweist und wobei der prädiktive Codierer (28) eine Synthesefiltervorrichtung (4) zum Erzeugen des decodierten Audiorahmens (AF) durch Synthetisieren eines oder mehrerer Audioparameter (AP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) aufweist, wobei der eine oder die mehreren Audioparameter (AP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) der eine oder die mehreren Audioparameter (AP) für den codierten Audiorahmen (EAV) sind;

Bereitstellen einer Speichervorrichtung (5), die einen oder mehrere Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) aufweist, wobei jeder der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) dazu konfiguriert ist, einen Speicherzustand (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) zu speichern, wobei der Speicherzustand (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) des einen oder der mehreren Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) durch die Synthesefiltervorrichtung (4) zum Synthetisieren des einen oder der mehreren Audioparameter (AP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) verwendet wird;

Bestimmen des Speicherzustands (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) zum Synthetisieren des einen oder der mehreren Audioparameter (AP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF), der eine Abtastrate (SR) aufweist, für einen oder mehrere der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) durch Neuabtasten eines vorhergehenden Speicherzustands (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) zum Synthetisieren eines oder mehrerer Audioparameter für einen vorhergehenden decodierten Audiorahmen (PAF), der eine vorhergehende Abtastrate (PFR) aufweist, die sich von der Abtastrate (SR) des decodierten Audiorahmens (AF) unterscheidet, für einen oder mehrere der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c); und

Speichern des Speicherzustands (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) zum Synthetisieren des einen oder der mehreren Audioparameter (AP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) für einen oder mehrere der Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) in den jeweiligen Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c);

Speichern eines Synthesefilterspeicherzustands (SMS) zum Bestimmen eines oder mehrerer Synthesefilterparameter (SP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) in einen Synthesefilterspeicher (6b) des einen oder der mehreren Speicher (6; 6a, 6b, 6c);

Bestimmen, durch Verwendung einer Speicherzustandsneuabtastvorrichtung (10), des Synthesefilterspeicherzustands (SMS) zum Bestimmen des einen oder der mehreren Synthesefilterparameter (SP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) durch Neuabtasten eines vorhergehenden Synthesespeicherzustands (PSMS) zum Bestimmen eines oder mehrerer Synthesefilterparameter für den vorhergehenden decodierten Audiorahmen (PAF);

Speichern, durch Verwendung der Speicherzustandsneuabtastvorrichtung (10), des Synthesespeicherzustands (SMS) zum Bestimmen des einen oder der mehreren Synthesefilterparameter (SP) für den decodierten Audiorahmen (AF) in den Synthesefilterspeicher (6b);

wobei eine Anzahl von Abtastwerten in dem vorhergehenden Synthesespeicherzustand (PSMS) gemäß der Formel mem_syn_r_size_old = (int)(TI*fs_1) berechnet wird;

wobei eine Anzahl von Abtastwerten in dem Synthesespeicherzustand (SMS) gemäß der Formel mem_syn_r_size_new = (int)(TI*fs_2) berechnet wird;

wobei mem_syn_r_size_old die Anzahl von Abtastwerten in dem vorhergehenden Synthesespeicherzustand (PSMS) ist, wobei mem_syn_r_size_new die Anzahl von Abtastwerten in dem Synthesespeicherzustand (SMS) ist, wobei fs_1 die vorhergehende Abtastrate (PSR) ist, wobei fs_2 die Abtastrate (SR) ist, wobei TI eine größtmögliche Dauer ist, die durch den vorhergehenden Synthesespeicherzustand (PSMS) und durch den Synthesespeicherzustand (SMS) abgedeckt werden soll.


 
24. Computerprogramm, das, wenn es auf einem Prozessor abläuft, das Verfahren gemäß dem vorhergehenden Anspruch ausführt.
 


Revendications

1. Dispositif décodeur audio pour décoder un flux de bits (BS), le dispositif décodeur audio (1) comprenant:

un décodeur prédictif (2) destiné à produire une trame audio décodée (AF) à partir du flux de bits (BS), dans lequel le décodeur prédictif (2) comprend un décodeur de paramètres (3) destiné à produire un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) à partir du flux de bits (BS), et dans lequel le décodeur prédictif (2) comprend un dispositif de filtre de synthèse (4) destiné à produire la trame audio décodée (AF) en synthétisant les un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF);

un dispositif de mémoire (5) comprenant une ou plusieurs mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c), où chacune des mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) est configurée pour mémoriser un état de mémoire (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) pour la trame audio décodée (AF), où l'état de mémoire (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) des une ou plusieurs mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) est utilisé par le dispositif de filtre de synthèse (4) pour synthétiser les un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF); et

un dispositif de ré-échantillonnage d'état de mémoire (10) configuré pour déterminer l'état de mémoire (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) pour synthétiser les un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) qui présente une fréquence d'échantillonnage (SR) pour une ou plusieurs desdites mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) en ré-échantillonnant un état de mémoire précédent (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, RDMS), pour synthétiser un ou plusieurs paramètres audio pour une trame audio décodée précédente (PAF) qui présente une fréquence d'échantillonnage précédente (PSR) qui est différente de la fréquence d'échantillonnage (SR) de la trame audio décodée (AF) pour une ou plusieurs desdites mémoires (6;

6a, 6b, 6c), et pour mémoriser l'état de mémoire (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) pour synthétiser les un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) pour une ou plusieurs desdites mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) dans la mémoire respective (6; 6a, 6b, 6c);

dans lequel les une ou plusieurs mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) comprennent une mémoire de filtre de synthèse (6b) configurée pour mémoriser un état de mémoire de filtre de synthèse (SMS) pour déterminer un ou plusieurs paramètres de filtre de synthèse (SP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF), dans lequel un dispositif de ré-échantillonnage d'état de mémoire (10) est configuré pour déterminer l'état de mémoire de filtre de synthèse (SMS) pour déterminer les un ou plusieurs paramètres de filtre de synthèse (SP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) en ré-échantillonnant un état de mémoire de synthèse précédent (PSMS) pour déterminer un ou plusieurs paramètres de filtre de synthèse pour la trame audio décodée précédente (PAF), et pour mémoriser l'état de mémoire de synthèse (SMS) pour déterminer les un ou plusieurs paramètres de filtre de synthèse (SP) pour la trame audio (AF) décodée dans la mémoire de filtre de synthèse (6b);

dans lequel un nombre d'échantillons dans l'état de mémoire de synthèse précédent (PSMS) est calculé selon la formule mem_syn_r_size_old = (int)(TI*fs_1);

dans lequel un nombre d'échantillons dans l'état de mémoire de synthèse (SMS) est calculé selon la formule mem_syn_r_size_new = (int)(TI*fs_2);

où mem_syn_r_size_old est le nombre d'échantillons dans l'état de mémoire de synthèse précédent (PSMS), où mem_syn_r_size_new est le nombre d'échantillons dans l'état de mémoire de synthèse (SMS), où fs_1 est la fréquence d'échantillonnage précédente (PSR), où fs_2 est la fréquence d'échantillonnage (SR), où TI est une durée la plus longue possible à couvrir par l'état de mémoire de synthèse précédent (PSMS) et par l'état de mémoire de synthèse SMS).


 
2. Dispositif décodeur audio selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les une ou plusieurs mémoires comprennent (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) une mémoire de livre de codes adaptatif (6a) configurée pour mémoriser un état de mémoire de livre de codes adaptatif (AMS) pour déterminer un ou plusieurs paramètres d'excitation (EP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF), dans lequel le dispositif de ré-échantillonnage d'état de mémoire (10) est configuré pour déterminer l'état de mémoire de livre de codes adaptatif (AMS) pour déterminer les un ou plusieurs paramètres d'excitation (EP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) en ré-échantillonnant un état de mémoire de livre de codes adaptatif précédent (PAMS) pour déterminer un ou plusieurs paramètres d'excitation pour la trame audio décodée précédente (PAF), et pour mémoriser l'état de mémoire de livre de codes adaptatif (AMS) pour déterminer les un ou plusieurs paramètres d'excitation (EP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) dans la mémoire de livre de codes adaptatif (6a).
 
3. Dispositif décodeur audio selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le dispositif de ré-échantillonnage de mémoire (10) est configuré de sorte que les mêmes paramètres de filtre de synthèse (SP) soient utilisés pour une pluralité de sous-trames de la trame audio décodée (AF).
 
4. Dispositif décodeur audio selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le dispositif de ré-échantillonnage de mémoire (10) est configuré de sorte que le ré-échantillonnage de l'état de mémoire de synthèse précédent (PSMS) soit effectué en transformant l'état de mémoire de synthèse précédent (PSMS) pour la trame audio décodée précédente (PAF) en un spectre de puissances et en ré-échantillonnant le spectre de puissances.
 
5. Dispositif décodeur audio selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les une ou plusieurs mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) comprennent une mémoire de désaccentuation (6c) configurée pour mémoriser un état de mémoire de désaccentuation (DMS) pour déterminer un ou plusieurs paramètres de désaccentuation (DP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF), dans lequel le dispositif de ré-échantillonnage d'état de mémoire (10) est configuré pour déterminer l'état de mémoire de désaccentuation (DMS) pour déterminer les un ou plusieurs paramètres de désaccentuation (DP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) en ré-échantillonnant un état de mémoire de désaccentuation précédent (PDMS) pour déterminer un ou plusieurs paramètres de désaccentuation pour la trame audio décodée précédente (PAF), et pour mémoriser l'état de mémoire de désaccentuation (DMS) pour déterminer un ou plusieurs paramètres de désaccentuation (DP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) dans la mémoire de désaccentuation (6c).
 
6. Dispositif décodeur audio selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les une ou plusieurs mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) sont configurées de sorte qu'un nombre d'échantillons mémorisés pour la trame audio décodée (AF) soit proportionnel à la fréquence d'échantillonnage (SR) de la trame audio décodée (AF).
 
7. Dispositif décodeur audio selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le dispositif de ré-échantillonnage d'état de mémoire (10) est configuré de sorte que le ré-échantillonnage soit effectué par interpolation linéaire.
 
8. Dispositif décodeur audio selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le dispositif de ré-échantillonnage d'état de mémoire (10) est configuré pour récupérer l'état de mémoire précédent (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) pour une ou plusieurs desdites mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) du dispositif de mémoire (5).
 
9. Dispositif décodeur audio selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le dispositif décodeur audio (1) comprend un dispositif de filtrage inverse (17) configuré pour filtrer de manière inverse la trame audio décodée précédente (PAF) à la fréquence d'échantillonnage précédente (PSR) pour déterminer l'état de mémoire précédent (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) d'une ou plusieurs desdites mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c), dans lequel le dispositif de ré-échantillonnage d'état de mémoire est configuré pour récupérer l'état de mémoire précédent pour une ou plusieurs desdites mémoires du dispositif de filtrage inverse.
 
10. Dispositif décodeur audio selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le dispositif de ré-échantillonnage d'état de mémoire est configuré pour récupérer l'état de mémoire précédent (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) pour une ou plusieurs desdites mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) d'un autre dispositif de traitement audio (26).
 
11. Procédé permettant de faire fonctionner un dispositif de décodage audio (1) pour décoder un flux de bits (BS), le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à:

produire une trame audio décodée (AF) à partir du flux binaire (BS) à l'aide d'un décodeur prédictif (2), où le décodeur prédictif (2) comprend un décodeur de paramètres (3) pour produire un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) à partir du flux de bits (BS) et où le décodeur prédictif (2) comprend un dispositif de filtre de synthèse (4) pour produire la trame audio décodée (AF) en synthétisant les un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF);

prévoir un dispositif de mémoire (5) comprenant une ou plusieurs mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c), où chacune des mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) est configurée pour mémoriser un état de mémoire (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) pour la trame audio décodée (AF), où l'état de mémoire (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) des une ou plusieurs mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) est utilisé par le dispositif de filtre de synthèse (4) pour synthétiser les un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF);

déterminer l'état de la mémoire (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) pour synthétiser les un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) qui présente un fréquence d'échantillonnage (SR) pour une ou plusieurs desdites mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) en ré-échantillonnant un état de mémoire précédent (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) pour synthétiser un ou plusieurs paramètres audio pour une trame audio décodée précédente (PAF) qui présente une fréquence d'échantillonnage précédent (PSR) qui est différent de la fréquence d'échantillonnage (SR) de la trame audio décodée (AF) pour une ou plusieurs desdites mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c); et

mémoriser l'état de mémoire (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) pour synthétiser les un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) pour une ou plusieurs desdites mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) dans le mémoire respective;

mémoriser un état de mémoire de filtre de synthèse (SMS) pour déterminer un ou plusieurs paramètres de filtre de synthèse (SP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) dans une mémoire de filtre de synthèse (6b) des une ou plusieurs mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c);

déterminer, à l'aide d'un dispositif de ré-échantillonnage d'état de mémoire (10), l'état de mémoire de filtre de synthèse (SMS) pour déterminer les un ou plusieurs paramètres de filtre de synthèse (SP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) en ré-échantillonnant un état de mémoire de synthèse précédent (PSMS) pour déterminer un ou plusieurs paramètres de filtre de synthèse pour la trame audio décodée précédente (PAF);

mémoriser, à l'aide du dispositif de ré-échantillonnage d'état de mémoire (10), l'état de mémoire de synthèse (SMS) pour déterminer les un ou plusieurs paramètres de filtre de synthèse (SP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) dans la mémoire de filtre de synthèse (6b);

dans lequel un nombre d'échantillons dans l'état de mémoire de synthèse précédent (PSMS) est calculé selon la formule mem_syn_r_size_old = (int)(TI*fs_1);

dans lequel un nombre d'échantillons dans l'état de mémoire de synthèse (SMS) est calculé selon la formule mem_syn_r_size_new = (int) (TI*fs_2);

où mem_syn_r_size_old est le nombre d'échantillons dans l'état de mémoire de synthèse précédent (PSMS), où mem_syn_r_size_new est le nombre d'échantillons dans l'état de mémoire de synthèse (SMS), où fs_1 est la fréquence d'échantillonnage précédente (PSR), où fs_2 est la fréquence d'échantillonnage (SR), où TI est une durée la plus longue possible à couvrir par l'état de mémoire de synthèse précédent (PSMS) et par l'état de mémoire de synthèse SMS).


 
12. Programme d'ordinateur qui réalise, lorsqu'il est exécuté sur un processeur, le procédé selon la revendication précédente.
 
13. Dispositif codeur audio pour coder un signal audio divisé en trames (FAS), le dispositif codeur audio (27) comprenant:

un codeur prédictif (28) destiné à produire une trame audio codée (EAF) à partir du signal audio divisé en trames (FAS), où le codeur prédictif (28) comprend un analyseur de paramètres (29) destiné à produire un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio codée (EAV) à partir du signal audio divisé en trames (FAS) et où le codeur prédictif (28) comprend un dispositif de filtre de synthèse (4) destiné à produire une trame audio décodée (AF) en synthétisant un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF), où les un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) sont les un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio codée (EAV);

un dispositif de mémoire (5) comprenant une ou plusieurs mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c), où chacune des mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) est configurée pour mémoriser un état de mémoire (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) pour la trame audio décodée (AF), où l'état de mémoire (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) des une ou plusieurs mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) est utilisé par le dispositif de filtre de synthèse (4) pour synthétiser un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF); et

un dispositif de ré-échantillonnage d'état de mémoire (10) configuré pour déterminer l'état de mémoire (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) pour synthétiser un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) qui présente une fréquence d'échantillonnage (SR) pour une ou plusieurs desdites mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) en ré-échantillonnant un état de mémoire précédent (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) pour synthétiser un ou plusieurs paramètres audio pour une trame audio décodée précédente (PAF) qui présente une fréquence d'échantillonnage précédente (PSR) qui est différente de la fréquence d'échantillonnage (SR) de la trame audio décodée (AF) pour une ou plusieurs desdites mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c), et pour mémoriser l'état de mémoire (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) pour synthétiser les un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) pour une ou plusieurs desdites mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) dans la mémoire respective (6; 6a, 6b, 6c);

dans lequel les une ou plusieurs mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) comprennent une mémoire de filtre de synthèse (6b) configurée pour mémoriser un état de mémoire de filtre de synthèse (SMS) pour déterminer un ou plusieurs paramètres de filtre de synthèse (SP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF), dans lequel le dispositif de ré-échantillonnage d'état de mémoire (10) est configuré pour déterminer l'état de mémoire du filtre de synthèse (SMS) pour déterminer les un ou plusieurs paramètres de filtre de synthèse (SP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) en ré-échantillonnant un état de mémoire de synthèse précédent (PSMS) pour déterminer un ou plusieurs paramètres de filtre de synthèse pour la trame audio décodée précédente (PAF), et pour mémoriser l'état de mémoire de synthèse (SMS) pour déterminer les un ou plusieurs paramètres de filtre de synthèse (SP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) dans la mémoire de filtre de synthèse (6b);

dans lequel un nombre d'échantillons dans l'état de mémoire de synthèse précédent (PSMS) est calculé selon la formule mem_syn_r_size_old = (int)(TI*fs_1);

dans lequel un nombre d'échantillons dans l'état de mémoire de synthèse (SMS) est calculé selon la formule mem_syn_r_size_new = (int)(TI*fs_2);

où mem_syn_r_size_old est le nombre d'échantillons dans l'état de mémoire de synthèse précédent (PSMS), où mem_syn_r_size_new est le nombre d'échantillons dans l'état de mémoire de synthèse (SMS), où fs_1 est la fréquence d'échantillonnage précédente (PSR), où fs_2 est la fréquence d'échantillonnage (SR), où TI est une durée la plus longue possible à couvrir par l'état de mémoire de synthèse précédent (PSMS) et par l'état de mémoire de synthèse SMS).


 
14. Dispositif codeur audio selon la revendication 13, dans lequel les une ou plusieurs mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) comprennent une mémoire de livre de codes adaptatif (6a) configurée pour mémoriser un état de livre de codes adaptatif (AMS) pour déterminer un ou plusieurs paramètres d'excitation (EP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF), dans lequel le dispositif de ré-échantillonnage d'état de mémoire (10) est configuré pour déterminer l'état de livre de codes adaptatif (AMS) pour déterminer les un ou plusieurs paramètres d'excitation (EP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) en ré-échantillonnant un état de mémoire de livre de codes adaptatif précédent (PAMS) pour déterminer un ou plusieurs paramètres d'excitation (EP) pour la trame audio décodée précédente (PAF), et pour mémoriser l'état de mémoire du livre de codes adaptatif (AMS) pour déterminer les un ou plusieurs paramètres d'excitation (EP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) dans la mémoire de livre de codes adaptatif (6a).
 
15. Dispositif codeur audio selon la revendication 13, dans lequel le dispositif de ré-échantillonnage d'état de mémoire (10) est configuré de sorte que les mêmes paramètres de filtre de synthèse (SP) soient utilisés pour une pluralité de sous-trames de la trame audio décodée (AF).
 
16. Dispositif codeur audio selon la revendication 13, dans lequel le dispositif de ré-échantillonnage de mémoire (10) est configuré de sorte que le ré-échantillonnage de l'état de mémoire de synthèse précédent (PSMS) soit effectué en transformant l'état de mémoire de synthèse précédent (PSMS) pour la trame audio décodée précédente (PAF) en un spectre de puissances et en ré-échantillonnant le spectre de puissances.
 
17. Dispositif codeur audio selon la revendication 13, dans lequel les une ou plusieurs mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) comprennent une mémoire de désaccentuation (6c) configurée pour mémoriser un état de mémoire de désaccentuation (DMS) pour déterminer un ou plusieurs paramètres de désaccentuation (DP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF), dans lequel le dispositif de ré-échantillonnage d'état de mémoire (10) est configuré pour déterminer l'état de mémoire de désaccentuation (DMS) pour déterminer les un ou plusieurs paramètres de désaccentuation (DP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) en ré-échantillonnant un état de mémoire de désaccentuation précédent (PDMS) pour déterminer les un ou plusieurs paramètres de désaccentuation pour la trame audio décodée précédente (PAF) et pour mémoriser l'état de mémoire de désaccentuation (DMS) pour déterminer les un ou plusieurs paramètres de désaccentuation (DP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) dans la mémoire de désaccentuation (6c).
 
18. Dispositif codeur audio selon la revendication 13, dans lequel les une ou plusieurs mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) sont configurées de sorte qu'un nombre d'échantillons mémorisés pour la trame audio décodée (AF) soit proportionnel à la fréquence d'échantillonnage (SR) de la trame audio décodée.
 
19. Dispositif codeur audio selon la revendication 13, dans lequel le dispositif de ré-échantillonnage de mémoire (10) est configuré de sorte que le ré-échantillonnage soit effectué par interpolation linéaire.
 
20. Dispositif codeur audio selon la revendication 13, dans lequel le dispositif de ré-échantillonnage d'état de mémoire (10) est configuré pour récupérer l'état de mémoire précédent (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) pour une ou plusieurs desdites mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) du dispositif de mémoire (5).
 
21. Dispositif codeur audio selon la revendication 13, dans lequel le dispositif codeur audio (27) comprend un dispositif de filtrage inverse (17) configuré pour filtrer de manière inverse la trame audio décodée précédente (PAF) pour déterminer l'état de mémoire précédent (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) pour une ou plusieurs desdites mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c), dans lequel le dispositif de ré-échantillonnage d'état de mémoire (10) est configuré pour récupérer l'état de mémoire précédent (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) pour une ou plusieurs desdites mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) du dispositif de filtrage inverse (17).
 
22. Dispositif codeur audio selon la revendication 13, dans lequel le dispositif de ré-échantillonnage d'état de mémoire (10) est configuré pour récupérer l'état de mémoire précédent (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) pour une ou plusieurs desdites mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) d'un autre dispositif de traitement audio.
 
23. Procédé permettant de faire fonctionner un dispositif codeur audio (27) pour coder un signal audio divisé en trames, le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à:

produire une trame audio codée (EAF) à partir du signal audio divisé en trames (FAS) à l'aide d'un codeur prédictif (28), dans lequel le codeur prédictif (28) comprend un analyseur de paramètres (29) pour produire un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio codée (EAF) à partir du signal audio divisé en trames (FAS), et dans lequel le codeur prédictif (28) comprend un dispositif de filtre de synthèse (4) pour produire une trame audio décodée (AF) en synthétisant un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio décodée, où les un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) sont les un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio codée (EAV);

prévoir un dispositif de mémoire (5) comprenant une ou plusieurs mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c), où chacune des mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) est configurée pour mémoriser un état de mémoire (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) pour la trame audio décodée (AF), où l'état de mémoire (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) des une ou plusieurs mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) est utilisé par le dispositif de filtre de synthèse (4) pour synthétiser les un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF);

déterminer l'état de la mémoire (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) pour synthétiser un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) qui présente une fréquence d'échantillonnage (SR) pour une ou plusieurs desdites mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) en ré-échantillonnant un état de mémoire précédent (PMS; PAMS, PSMS, PDMS) pour synthétiser un ou plusieurs paramètres audio pour une trame audio décodée précédente (PAF) qui présente une fréquence d'échantillonnage précédente (PSR) qui est différente de la fréquence d'échantillonnage (SR) de la trame audio décodée (AF) pour une ou plusieurs desdites mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c); et

mémoriser l'état de la mémoire (MS; AMS, SMS, DMS) pour synthétiser un ou plusieurs paramètres audio (AP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) pour une ou plusieurs desdites mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c) dans la mémoire respective (6; 6a, 6b, 6c);

mémoriser un état de mémoire de filtre de synthèse (SMS) pour déterminer un ou plusieurs paramètres de filtre de synthèse (SP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) dans une mémoire de filtre de synthèse (6b) des une ou plusieurs mémoires (6; 6a, 6b, 6c);

déterminer, à l'aide d'un dispositif de ré-échantillonnage d'état de mémoire (10), l'état de mémoire de filtre de synthèse (SMS) pour déterminer les un ou plusieurs paramètres de filtre de synthèse (SP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) en ré-échantillonnant un état de mémoire de synthèse précédent (PSMS) pour déterminer les un ou plusieurs paramètres de filtre de synthèse pour la trame audio décodée précédente (PAF);

mémoriser, à l'aide du dispositif de ré-échantillonnage d'état de mémoire (10), l'état de mémoire de synthèse (SMS) pour déterminer les un ou plusieurs paramètres de filtre de synthèse (SP) pour la trame audio décodée (AF) dans la mémoire de filtre de synthèse (6b);

dans lequel un nombre d'échantillons dans l'état de mémoire de synthèse précédent (PSMS) est calculé selon la formule mem_syn_r_size_old = (int)(TI*fs_1);

dans lequel un nombre d'échantillons dans l'état de mémoire de synthèse (SMS) est calculé selon la formule mem_syn_r_size_new = (int)(TI*fs_2);

où mem_syn_r_size_old est le nombre d'échantillons dans l'état de mémoire de synthèse précédent (PSMS), où mem_syn_r_size_new est le nombre d'échantillons dans l'état de mémoire de synthèse (SMS), où fs_1 est la fréquence d'échantillonnage précédente (PSR), où fs_2 est la fréquence d'échantillonnage (SR), où TI est une durée la plus longue possible à couvrir par l'état de mémoire de synthèse précédent (PSMS) et par l'état de mémoire de synthèse SMS).


 
24. Programme d'ordinateur réalisant, lorsqu'il est exécuté sur un processeur, le procédé selon la revendication précédente.
 




Drawing





























Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description