(19)
(11)EP 3 184 169 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(21)Application number: 15833235.3

(22)Date of filing:  07.08.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B01J 23/44(2006.01)
B01J 35/04(2006.01)
F01N 3/035(2006.01)
F01N 3/28(2006.01)
B01D 53/94(2006.01)
F01N 3/023(2006.01)
F01N 3/10(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2015/072470
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/027698 (25.02.2016 Gazette  2016/08)

(54)

OXIDATION CATALYST FOR DIESEL ENGINES

OXIDATIONSKATALYSATOR FÜR DIESELMOTOREN

CATALYSEUR D'OXYDATION POUR MOTEURS DIESEL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 19.08.2014 JP 2014166914

(43)Date of publication of application:
28.06.2017 Bulletin 2017/26

(73)Proprietors:
  • Yanmar Co., Ltd.
    Osaka-shi, Osaka 530-8311 (JP)
  • Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    London EC4A 4AB (GB)

(72)Inventors:
  • KAWABE Ken
    Osaka-shi Osaka 530-8311 (JP)
  • HOSHINO Shohei
    Osaka-shi Osaka 530-8311 (JP)
  • SHIBATA Masahito
    Sakura-shi Tochigi 329-1412 (JP)
  • HASHIMOTO Yoshihito
    Sakura-shi Tochigi 329-1412 (JP)

(74)Representative: Jostarndt Patentanwalts-AG 
Philipsstrasse 8
52068 Aachen
52068 Aachen (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 3 034 166
WO-A1-2012/101505
JP-A- 2001 259 423
JP-A- 2008 264 636
JP-A- 2012 217 938
WO-A1-2011/061321
JP-A- 2001 205 051
JP-A- 2003 200 049
JP-A- 2010 179 204
JP-A- 2013 536 756
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to an oxidation catalyst for a diesel engine.

    Background Art



    [0002] Conventionally, as a catalyst purifying exhaust gas from a diesel engine, an oxidation catalyst oxidizing carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbon (HC), and nitrogen monoxide (NO) in the exhaust gas is used. The oxidation catalyst is made by applying a carrier including porous oxide such as alumina to a member of ceramic or metal so as to form a catalyst layer. The catalyst layer including precious metal such as platinum (Pt) and palladium (Pd) is known, see JP2012217938.

    [0003] In the oxidation catalyst, for exhibiting characteristics of platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd) and the like so as to improve performance of the oxidation catalyst, in consideration of temperature at each part of the catalyst and components of the exhaust gas, the oxidation catalyst in which different materials are arranged in upstream and downstream sides of a substrate is developed. For example, an art described in the Patent Literature 1 is so.

    [0004] However, in the oxidation catalyst described in the Patent Literature 1, the carrier in which amounts of Pt and Pd are adjusted corresponding to characteristics of the exhaust gas must be applied to a predetermined position. Namely, blending of a plurality of catalysts arranged in each part of the substrate must be performed for the diesel engine connected to the oxidation catalyst, whereby it is disadvantageous because production cost is increased.

    Prior Art Reference


    Patent Literature



    [0005] Patent Literature 1: the Japanese Patent Laid Open Gazette 2009-101252

    Disclosure of Invention


    Problems to Be Solved by the Invention



    [0006] The present invention is provided for the above problem, and the purpose of the present invention is to provide an oxidation catalyst for a diesel engine which can reduce production cost while maintaining performance of the oxidation catalyst.

    Means for Solving the Problems



    [0007] The problems to be solved by the present invention have been described above, and subsequently, the means of solving the problems will be described below.

    [0008] According to the present invention, there is provided an apparatus according to the features of claim 1.

    [0009] According to the present invention, a plurality of passages having a hexagonal section against the flow direction of the exhaust gas are formed in the substrate.

    [0010] According to the present invention, the substrate is a partial type soot filter.

    Effect of the Invention



    [0011] The present invention configured as the above brings the following effects.

    [0012] According to the present invention, HC and CO are removed by oxidation promotion effect of Pt and Pd included in the upstream-side catalyst layer, whereby the oxidation promotion effect of Pt is not lowered even when the amount of Pt included in the downstream-side inner catalyst layer is reduced. It is not necessary to produce characteristics of the upstream-side catalyst layer and the downstream-side inner catalyst layer corresponding to the characteristics of the exhaust gas. Accordingly, production cost can be reduced while maintaining the performance of the oxidation catalyst.

    [0013] According to the present invention, HC and CO are removed by the oxidation promotion effect of Pt and Pd included in the upstream-side catalyst layer, and Pt is arranged intensively in the fixed range of the downstream-side outer catalyst layer so as to improve the oxidation efficiency, whereby the oxidation promotion effect of Pt is not lowered even when the amount of Pt included in the downstream-side inner catalyst layer is reduced. It is not necessary to produce the upstream-side catalyst layer and the downstream-side inner catalyst layer corresponding to the characteristics of the exhaust gas. Accordingly, production cost can be reduced while maintaining the performance of the oxidation catalyst.

    [0014] According to the present invention, the catalyst can be applied uniformly to the substrate easily. Accordingly, production cost can be reduced while maintaining the performance of the oxidation catalyst.

    [0015] According to the present invention, the catalyst layer is adopted to not only the substrate having the through hole but also the partial type soot filter. Accordingly, production cost can be reduced while maintaining the performance of the oxidation catalyst.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0016] 

    [Fig. 1] Fig. 1 is a schematic drawing of an entire configuration of an exhaust purifier.

    [Fig. 2] Fig. 2(a) is a perspective view of an embodiment of an oxidation catalyst for a diesel engine according to the present invention. Fig. 2(b) is a perspective view of another embodiment of the oxidation catalyst for a diesel engine according to the present invention.

    [Fig. 3] Fig. 3 is a schematic drawing of Fig. 2(a), Fig. 2(b) and Fig. 4 viewed from arrows Z.

    [Fig. 4] Fig. 4 is a perspective view of an embodiment of a partial type soot filter according to the present invention.

    [Fig. 5] Fig. 5 is a graph of conversion efficiency of a catalyst layer of the present invention and a conventional catalyst layer.

    [Fig. 6] Fig. 6 is a graph of inlet temperature required for post ignition of the catalyst layer of the present invention and the conventional catalyst layer.

    [Fig. 7] Fig. 7 is a graph of slip of HC at the time of DPF regeneration of the catalyst layer of the present invention and the conventional catalyst layer.

    [Fig. 8] Fig. 8(a) is a graph of the conversion efficiency of the catalyst layer used in the present invention corresponding to amount of catalyst metal. Fig. 8(b) is a graph of the conversion efficiency of the catalyst layer used in the present invention corresponding to size of a downstream-side outer catalyst layer.

    [Fig. 9] Fig. 9(a) is a schematic drawing of combination of catalysts of the conventional catalyst layer required for production of each diesel engine. Fig. 9(b) is a schematic drawing of combination of catalysts of the catalyst layer used in the present invention required for production of each diesel engine.


    Detailed Description of the Invention



    [0017] Referring to Figs. 1 to 3, an exhaust purifier 1 is explained. In this embodiment, an "upstream side" means an upstream side in a flow direction of fluid, and a "downstream side" means a downstream side in the flow direction of the fluid.

    [0018] As shown in Fig. 1, the exhaust purifier 1 purifies exhaust gas discharged from a diesel engine 20. The exhaust purifier 1 is provided in an exhaust pipe 21 connected to the diesel engine 20. The exhaust purifier 1 has a casing 2, a soot filter 3, an oxidation catalyst 4 and the like.

    [0019] The casing 2 guides the exhaust gas to the soot filter 3 and the oxidation catalyst 4 arranged therein. The exhaust pipe 21 is connected to one of ends of the casing 2, and the other end of the casing 2 is opened to the outside via the exhaust pipe 21. Namely, the casing 2 is provided in a middle part of the exhaust pipe 21 connected to the diesel engine 20, and is configured as an exhaust passage in which the exhaust gas from the diesel engine 20 flows from the one side (upstream side) to the other side (downstream side) (see a black arrow in Fig. 1).

    [0020] The soot filter 3 removes particulates (soot including carbon, highly boiling hydrocarbon component (SOF) and the like) in the exhaust gas. The soot filter 3 is arranged inside the casing 2. For example, the soot filter 3 includes a porous wall such as ceramic formed lattice-like. The soot filter 3 is configured so as to make the exhaust gas guided by the casing 2 pass through the porous wall. When the exhaust gas pass through the porous wall, the soot filter 3 collects particulates in the exhaust gas. As a result, the particulates are removed from the exhaust gas.

    [0021] The oxidation catalyst 4 oxidizes carbon monoxide (hereinafter, simply referred to as "CO"), hydrocarbon (hereinafter, simply referred to as "HC"), and nitrogen monoxide (hereinafter, simply referred to as "NO") in the exhaust gas discharged from the diesel engine 20. The oxidation catalyst 4 is arranged upstream the soot filter 3. A predetermined range of a substrate 8 is coated with a catalyst carrier including catalyst metal, and dried and baked at predetermined temperature and time so as to configure the oxidation catalyst 4.

    [0022] The substrate 8 of the oxidation catalyst 4 shown in Fig. 3 is an optional material generally used for an exhaust gas purification catalyst, for example, a ceramic material having heat resistance such as cordierite (2MgO·2Al2O3·5SiO2), alumina, zirconia, and silicon carbide and a metal material including metal foil of stainless steel and the like, formed to be a structure having many through holes.

    [0023] The carrier including catalyst metal of the oxidation catalyst 4 is an optional metal oxide generally used as a catalyst carrier, for example, a metal oxide selected from a group including alumina (Al2O3), zirconia (ZrO2), seria (CeO2), silica (SiO2), titania (TiO2) and combination thereof.

    [0024] In the exhaust purifier 1 configured as the above, the exhaust gas from the diesel engine 20 is supplied via the exhaust pipe 21 to the casing 2. The exhaust purifier 1 oxidizes CO, HC and NO included in the exhaust gas by making the supplied exhaust gas pass through the oxidation catalyst 4 (see a white arrow in Fig. 3). Furthermore, the exhaust purifier 1 collects particulates included in the supplied exhaust gas by the soot filter 3.

    [0025] Next, referring Figs. 2 to 9, the oxidation catalyst 4 of the exhaust purifier 1 is explained concretely.

    [0026] The oxidation catalyst 4 shown in Fig. 2 is flow-through type. Any one of the flow-through type which is a through substrate having a lattice-like section as shown in Fig. 2(a) or a through substrate having a hexagonal section as shown in Fig. 2(b) may be used. A plurality of passages are configured in the through substrate. The passages may have various sectional shapes. Preferably, each of the passages of the through substrate has a hexagonal section.

    [0027] The soot filter 3 shown in Fig. 4 is partial type. The partial type soot filter 3 is known in the technical field (see WO 01/80978 or EP1057519). The typical partial type soot filter has a plurality of channels and a plurality of walls which are boundaries of the plurality of the channels. Each of the channels has at least one opening end, and preferably has two opening ends.

    [0028] The partial type soot filter has an element collecting particulates. The typical collecting element is a plurality of deviations provided in the plurality of the walls. Each of the walls may have any deviation or one or more deviations. Each of the deviations acts as an obstacle concerning particle matters in the exhaust gas flowing through the substrate. Each of the deviations has a flap or a wing-like shape, and the typical deviation is directed (with a certain angle) outward from a wall surface of the deviation. Preferably, each of the deviations is connected to an opening of a wall of the carrier. Each opening in the wall can make the exhaust gas flow from one channel to an adjacent channel.

    [0029] A catalyst layer of the present invention is adopted to the flow-through type oxidation catalyst 4 or the partial type soot filter 3. A group including at least one of the soot filter 3 and the oxidation catalyst 4 to which the catalyst layer of the present invention is defined as an oxidation catalyst for a diesel engine of the present invention. The catalyst layer of the present invention is formed so as to be composed of an upstream-side catalyst layer 5, a downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 and a downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7. Below, the case in which the catalyst layer of the present invention is adopted to the oxidation catalyst 4 is explained.

    [0030] The upstream-side catalyst layer 5 shown in Fig. 3 is formed at an upstream side of the exhaust gas in the substrate 8 including cordierite and the like. In the upstream-side catalyst layer 5, a carrier including alumina and the like is coated by the substrate 8 with a wash-coat method or the like. The coated upstream-side catalyst layer 5 is dried at predetermined temperature and time. Similarly, the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 is formed at a downstream side of the exhaust gas in the substrate 8. Furthermore, the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 is formed on a surface of the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 (upper side of the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6). The oxidation catalyst 4 in which the upstream-side catalyst layer 5, the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 and the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 are formed at the predetermined positions of the substrate 8 is baked at predetermined temperature and time.

    [0031] In this case, the oxidation catalyst 4 is configured so that lengths of the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 and the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 in the flow direction of the exhaust gas are not less than half of the whole length of the oxidation catalyst 4 in the flow direction of the exhaust gas. Concretely, when the upstream-side catalyst layer 5 and the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 are formed so as to be adjacent to each other, the oxidation catalyst 4 is set so that a ratio of a length of the upstream-side catalyst layer 5 and the length of the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 X:Y is within a range from 1:9 to 5:5. By forming the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 within the fixed range as the above, oxidation can be promoted efficiently.

    [0032] A carrier of the upstream-side catalyst layer 5 includes Pt and Pd as catalyst metal at a predetermined ratio (For example, a ratio of 2:1 to 4:1 and 1.8 to 2.4g/L of an amount of platinum is suitable. However, a ratio of 1:2 to 10:1 and 0.1 to 3.0g/L of the amount of platinum is permitted). A carrier of the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 includes Pt and Pd as catalyst metal at a predetermined ratio (for example, 1:1). A carrier of the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 includes only Pt as catalyst metal at an optional ratio within a predetermined range. Namely, the oxidation catalyst 4 is configured so that only the upstream-side catalyst layer 5 and the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 include Pd.

    [0033] An amount of Pt included in the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 is set optionally within the predetermined range corresponding to characteristics of the exhaust gas as mentioned above. On the other hand, amounts of Pt and Pd included in the upstream-side catalyst layer 5 and the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 is set predetermined amounts always regardless of the amount of Pt included in the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7. Namely, the oxidation catalyst 4 is configured so that only the amount of Pt included in the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 is changed corresponding to the characteristics of the exhaust gas.

    [0034] In the oxidation catalyst 4 configured as the above, when the exhaust gas reaches the upstream-side catalyst layer 5, CO included in the exhaust gas is oxidized to CO2 and HC is oxidized to H2O and CO2 by oxidation promotion effect of Pt and Pd included in the upstream-side catalyst layer 5. Namely, the upstream-side catalyst layer 5 removes CO and HC, which obstruct oxidation promotion effect of Pt of the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7, from the exhaust gas. In the oxidation catalyst 4, when the exhaust gas from which CO and HC are removed reaches the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 and the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7, NO included in the exhaust gas is oxidized to NO2 by oxidation promotion effect of Pt included in the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7.

    [0035] Namely, in the oxidation catalyst 4, CO and HC are removed by the upstream-side catalyst layer 5, and Pt is contained intensively in the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 so as to improve conversion efficiency of NO to NO2. Accordingly, as shown in Fig. 5, the oxidation catalyst 4 according to the present invention maintains equivalent conversion efficiency to conversion efficiency of a conventional oxidation catalyst 10 with fewer amount of Pt than that of the conventional oxidation catalyst 10.

    [0036] In the oxidation catalyst 4, the upstream-side catalyst layer 5 includes Pd so as to improve ignition performance at the time of post ignition. Namely, in the oxidation catalyst 4, an inlet temperature of the oxidation catalyst 4 required for the post ignition is lowered. Accordingly, as shown in Fig. 6, the oxidation catalyst 4 according to the present invention can perform the post ignition with lower amount of Pt than that of the conventional oxidation catalyst 10 at equivalent temperature to temperature required by the post ignition of the conventional oxidation catalyst 10.

    [0037] Furthermore, in the oxidation catalyst 4, the upstream-side catalyst layer 5 includes Pd so as to improve conversion efficiency of HC to H2O and CO2. Namely, in the oxidation catalyst 4, a slip amount of HC is lowered. Accordingly, as shown in Fig. 7, in the oxidation catalyst 4 according to the present invention, equivalent slip amount of HC to slip amount of the conventional oxidation catalyst 10 is maintained with lower amount of Pt than that of the conventional oxidation catalyst 10.

    [0038]  In the oxidation catalyst 4, as shown in Fig. 8(a), when the amount of Pt included in the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 is increased, the conversion efficiency of NO to NO2 is improved. Similarly, in the oxidation catalyst 4, as shown in Fig. 8(b), when the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 is enlarged, the conversion efficiency of NO to NO2 is improved. Namely, in the oxidation catalyst 4, by increasing the amount of Pt included in the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7, the oxidation catalyst 4 can be miniaturized. Accordingly, the oxidation catalyst 4 can be arranged in a smaller space.

    [0039] The substrate 8 of the oxidation catalyst 4 is shaped so as to have the hexagonal section against the flow direction of the exhaust gas, whereby the catalyst can be applied uniformly to the substrate 8 easily. Accordingly, production cost can be reduced while maintaining the performance of the oxidation catalyst 4.

    [0040] Next, referring to Fig. 9, combination of the oxidation catalyst 4 and the diesel engine is explained.

    [0041] The oxidation catalyst 4 is configured so as to exhibit performance corresponding to the diesel engine by changing kind and amount of the catalyst metal included in the substrate following characteristics of the exhaust gas. As shown in Fig. 9(a), in the case of the oxidation catalyst 10 including a surface side catalyst 11 and an inner side catalyst 12 and difference kinds of the catalyst metal are arranged in each of the catalyst, the kinds and amounts of the catalyst metal arranged in the surface side catalyst 11 and the inner side catalyst 12 are determined for the diesel engine connected thereto, and the oxidation catalyst 10 is produced through processes such as preparation, coating, drying and baking.

    [0042] Concretely, when the oxidation catalyst 10 is produced for diesel engines A, B and C, it is necessary to prepare a surface side catalyst layer 11a and an inner side catalyst layer 12a as an oxidation catalyst 10A for the diesel engine A. It is necessary to prepare a surface side catalyst layer 11b and an inner side catalyst layer 12b with blending of the catalyst different from that of the catalyst layers of the oxidation catalyst 10A as an oxidation catalyst 10B for the diesel engine B. It is necessary to prepare a surface side catalyst layer 11c and an inner side catalyst layer 12c with blending of the catalyst different from that of the catalyst layers of the oxidation catalyst 10A and the oxidation catalyst 10B as an oxidation catalyst 10C for the diesel engine C. Accordingly, it is necessary to prepare total 6 catalyst layers.

    [0043] However, amounts of CO and HC included in the exhaust gas are influenced a little by the characteristics of the diesel engine. Accordingly, the oxidation efficiency of the oxidation catalyst 4 is not lowered without changing the kinds and amounts of the catalyst metal of the upstream-side catalyst layer 5 whose target includes oxidation of CO and HC included in the exhaust gas for each diesel engine. In the oxidation catalyst 4, the upstream-side catalyst layer 5 is formed upstream the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6, and the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 is formed in the surface of the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6. Accordingly, in comparison with the upstream-side catalyst layer 5 and the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7, the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 is hard to contact the exhaust gas and has low contribution rate to the performance of the oxidation catalyst 4. Namely, in the oxidation catalyst 4, the oxidation efficiency is not lowered without changing the kinds and amounts of the catalyst metal of the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 whose contribution rate to the performance is low.

    [0044] Furthermore, the catalyst metal included in the oxidation catalyst 4 contributes to improvement of post ignition performance. Namely, the contribution rate to the post ignition performance of the upstream-side catalyst layer 5 which contacts firstly HC by post injection depends strongly on the kinds and amounts of the catalyst metal included in the upstream-side catalyst layer 5. The downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 and the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 are heated by oxidation heat of HC generated in the upstream-side catalyst layer 5 so that their oxidation speed is increased. Namely, the contribution rate of the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 and the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 to the post ignition performance does not depend on the kinds and amounts of the catalyst metal included in the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 and the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7. The post injection is performed at substantially the same condition regardless of the kinds of the diesel engines A, B and C. Accordingly, in the oxidation catalyst 4, the post ignition performance is not lowered without changing the kinds and amounts of the catalyst metal of the upstream-side catalyst layer 5, the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 and the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 for the diesel engines A, B and C.

    [0045] On the other hand, an amount of NO included in the exhaust gas is influenced greatly by the characteristics of the diesel engine. Namely, in the oxidation catalyst 4, the oxidation efficiency is changed by changing the amount of Pt which is the catalyst metal of the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 whose target is oxidation of NO included in the exhaust gas. Accordingly, in the oxidation catalyst 4, the amount of Pt included in the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 is set optionally within a predetermined range corresponding to the characteristics of the exhaust gas. Namely, in the oxidation catalyst 4, only the amount of Pt included in the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 is changed corresponding to the characteristics of the diesel engine, and the upstream-side catalyst layer 5 and the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 are common regardless of the characteristics of the diesel engine.

    [0046] Concretely, as shown in Fig. 9(b), when the oxidation catalyst 4 is produced for the diesel engines A, B and C, it is necessary to prepare an upstream-side catalyst layer 5α, a downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6β and a downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7a as an oxidation catalyst 4A for the diesel engine A. It is necessary to prepare the upstream-side catalyst layer 5α and the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6β with the same blending of the catalyst as the upstream-side catalyst layer 5α and the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6β of the oxidation catalyst 4A and a downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7b with different blending of the catalyst from the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7a of the oxidation catalyst 4A as an oxidation catalyst 4B for the diesel engine B. It is necessary to prepare the upstream-side catalyst layer 5α and the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6β with the same blending of the catalyst as the upstream-side catalyst layer 5α and the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6β of the oxidation catalyst 4A (the oxidation catalyst 4B) and a downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7c with different blending of the catalyst from the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7a of the oxidation catalyst 4A and the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7b of the oxidation catalyst 4B as an oxidation catalyst 4C for the diesel engine C. Accordingly, it is necessary to prepare total 5 kinds of the catalyst. Accordingly, in the oxidation catalyst 4, the upstream-side catalyst layer 5α and the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6β are common regardless of the kinds of the diesel engines so that number of the required catalysts is reduced though number of the catalyst layers is increased from the oxidation catalyst 10.

    [0047] As the above, the oxidation catalyst for the diesel engine including the three catalyst layers having at least one of Pt and Pd is composed of the upstream-side catalyst layer 5, the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 and the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 concerning the flow direction of the exhaust gas. The upstream-side catalyst layer 5 and the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 include Pt and Pd and the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 includes Pt. The amounts of Pt and Pd included in the upstream-side catalyst layer 5 and the amounts of Pt and Pd included in the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 are fixed, and the amount of Pt included in the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 is set so as to make the oxidation efficiency not less than the predetermined value.

    [0048] According to the configuration, HC and CO are removed by the oxidation promotion effect of Pt and Pd included in the upstream-side catalyst layer 5, whereby the oxidation promotion effect of Pt is not lowered even when the amount of Pt included in the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 is reduced. It is not necessary to produce the upstream-side catalyst layer 5 and the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 corresponding to the characteristics of the exhaust gas of the diesel engine 20. Accordingly, production cost can be reduced while maintaining the performance of the oxidation catalyst 4.

    [0049] As the above, the oxidation catalyst for the diesel engine including the three catalyst layers having at least one of Pt and Pd is composed of the upstream-side catalyst layer 5, the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 and the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 concerning the flow direction of the exhaust gas. The upstream-side catalyst layer 5 and the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 include Pt and Pd and the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 includes Pt. The amounts of Pt and Pd included in the upstream-side catalyst layer 5 and the amounts of Pt and Pd included in the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 are fixed, and the amount of Pt included in the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 is set so as to make the oxidation efficiency not less than the predetermined value. The length of the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 in the flow direction of the exhaust gas is not less than half of the whole length of the oxidation catalyst 4 in the flow direction of the exhaust gas.

    [0050] According to the configuration, HC and CO are removed by the oxidation promotion effect of Pt and Pd included in the upstream-side catalyst layer 5, and Pt is arranged intensively in the fixed range of the downstream-side outer catalyst layer 7 so as to improve the oxidation efficiency, whereby the oxidation promotion effect of Pt is not lowered even when the amount of Pt included in the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 is reduced. It is not necessary to produce the upstream-side catalyst layer 5 and the downstream-side inner catalyst layer 6 corresponding to the characteristics of the exhaust gas of the diesel engine. Accordingly, production cost can be reduced while maintaining the performance of the oxidation catalyst 4.

    Industrial Applicability



    [0051] The present invention can be used for an art of an oxidation catalyst for a diesel engine.

    Description of Notations



    [0052] 
    3
    soot filter
    4
    oxidation catalyst
    5
    upstream-side catalyst layer
    6
    downstream-side inner catalyst layer
    7
    downstream-side outer catalyst layer
    8
    substrate



    Claims

    1. An apparatus comprising a diesel engine and an exhaust system comprising an oxidation catalyst (4, 4a, 4B, 4C) which comprises a flow-through type substrate (8) having a plurality of passages configured therein and three catalyst layers (5, 6, 7, 5α, 6β, 7a, 7b, 7c) including at least one of Pt and Pd,
    wherein the oxidation catalyst (4, 4a, 4B, 4C) is composed of an upstream-side catalyst layer (5, 5α), a downstream-side inner catalyst layer (6, 6β) and a downstream-side outer catalyst layer (7, 7a, 7b, 7c) relative to a flow direction of exhaust gas, and
    the upstream-side catalyst layer (5, 5α) and the downstream-side inner catalyst layer (6, 6β) include Pt and Pd and the downstream-side outer catalyst layer (7, 7a, 7b, 7c) includes only Pt as catalyst metal, wherein a length of the downstream-side inner catalyst layer (6, 6β) and the downstream-side outer catalyst layer (7, 7a, 7b, 7c) are not less than half of the whole length of the flow-through type substrate and wherein the upstream-side catalyst layer (5, 5α) includes Pt and Pd at a ratio of 1:2 to 4:1 and 0.1 to 2.4 g/L of the amount of platinum.
     
    2. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the plurality of passages having a hexagonal section against the flow direction of the exhaust gas are formed in the substrate (8).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Vorrichtung, aufweisend einen Dieselmotor und ein Abgassystem aufweisend einen Oxidations-Katalysator (4, 4a, 4B, 4C), der ein Substrat (8) vom Durchflusstyp mit einer Vielzahl von in dessen Inneren gebildeten Kanälen und drei Katalysatorschichten (5, 6, 7, 5α, 6β, 7a, 7b, 7c) einschließlich Pt und/oder Pd,
    wobei der Oxidations-Katalysator (4, 4a, 4B, 4C) aus einer stromaufseitigen Katalysatorschicht (5, 5α), einer stromabseitigen inneren Katalysatorschicht (6, 6β) und einer stromabseitigen äußeren Katalysatorschicht (7, 7a, 7b, 7c) bezogen auf eine Strömungsrichtung von Abgas gebildet ist, und
    die stromaufseitige Katalysatorschicht (5, 5α) und die stromabseitige innere Katalysatorschicht (6, 6β) Pt und Pd und die stromabseitige äußere Katalysatorschicht (7, 7a, 7b, 7c) nur Pt als Katalysatormetall enthält, wobei eine Länge der stromabseitigen inneren Katalysatorschicht (6, 6β) und der stromabseitigen äußeren Katalysatorschicht (7, 7a, 7b, 7c) nicht weniger als die Hälfte der vollen Länge des Substrats vom Durchflusstyp sind, und wobei die stromaufseitige Katalysatorschicht (5, 5α) Pt und Pd in einem Verhältnis von 1:2 bis 4:1 und 0,1 bis 2,4 g/L der Platinmenge aufweist.
     
    2. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Vielzahl von Kanälen mit einem sechseckigen Querschnitt gegen die Strömungsrichtung des Abgases in dem Substrat (8) ausgebildet sind.
     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil comprenant un moteur diesel et un système d'échappement comprenant un catalyseur d'oxydation (4, 4a, 4B, 4C) qui comprend un substrat du type à écoulement traversant (8) ayant une pluralité de passages configurés en son sein et trois couches de catalyseur (5, 6, 7, 5α, 6β, 7a, 7b, 7c) incluant du Pt et/ou du Pd,
    dans lequel le catalyseur d'oxydation (4, 4a, 4B, 4C) est composé d'une couche de catalyseur côté amont (5, 5α), d'une couche de catalyseur interne côté aval (6, 6β) et d'une couche de catalyseur externe côté aval (7, 7a, 7b, 7c) par rapport à une direction d'écoulement de gaz d'échappement, et
    la couche de catalyseur côté amont (5, 5α) et la couche de catalyseur interne côté aval (6, 6β) incluent du Pt et du Pd et la couche de catalyseur externe côté aval (7, 7a, 7b, 7c) inclut seulement du Pt comme métal de catalyseur, dans lequel une longueur de la couche de catalyseur interne côté aval (6, 6β) et une longueur de la couche de catalyseur externe côté aval (7, 7a, 7b, 7c) ne sont pas inférieures à la moitié de la longueur totale du substrat du type à écoulement traversant et dans lequel la couche de catalyseur côté amont (5, 5α) inclut du Pt et du Pd selon un rapport de 1:2 à 4:1 et de 0,1 à 2,4 g/L de la quantité de platine.
     
    2. Appareil selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la pluralité de passages ayant une section hexagonale contre la direction d'écoulement du gaz d'échappement est formée dans le substrat (8).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description