(19)
(11)EP 3 186 470 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/49

(21)Application number: 15836314.3

(22)Date of filing:  26.08.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
E21B 17/20  (2006.01)
E21B 7/02  (2006.01)
E21B 19/22  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CA2015/050816
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/029311 (03.03.2016 Gazette  2016/09)

(54)

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR DOWNHOLE TOOL DEPLOYMENT FOR WELL DRILLING AND OTHER WELL OPERATIONS

VORRICHTUNG UND VERFAHREN FÜR BOHRLOCHWERKZEUGEINSATZ ZUM BOHRLOCHBOHREN UND FÜR ANDERE BOHRLOCHOPERATIONEN

APPAREIL ET PROCÉDÉS DE DÉPLOIEMENT D'OUTIL DE FOND DE TROU POUR FORAGE DE PUITS ET AUTRES OPÉRATIONS DE PUITS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 26.08.2014 US 201414468655

(43)Date of publication of application:
05.07.2017 Bulletin 2017/27

(73)Proprietor: Raptor Rig Inc.
Calgary, Alberta T2H 0C1 (CA)

(72)Inventor:
  • LAYDEN, Reginald Waye
    Calgary, Alberta T3B 5H6 (CA)

(74)Representative: HGF Limited 
1 City Walk
Leeds LS11 9DX
Leeds LS11 9DX (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
AU-A4- 2010 100 358
CA-A1- 2 533 725
CA-A1- 2 629 561
CA-A1- 2 820 157
US-A1- 2006 207 767
CA-A1- 2 533 725
CA-A1- 2 547 167
CA-A1- 2 657 826
US-A- 5 924 754
US-A1- 2006 283 588
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD



    [0001] The disclosure herein relates generally to devices and methods usable during well drilling and surface operations. More particularly, the disclosure herein relates to a rig incorporating a coiled tubing injector that engages downhole tools.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Historically, subterranean wells have been drilled by rotating a bit attached to the end of jointed pipe or tubing sections. The jointed pipe string is rotated from the surface, which rotation is transferred to the bit. As the rotating bit drills into the earth, additional sections or joints of pipe must be added to drill deeper. A significant amount of time and energy is consumed in adding and removing new sections of pipe to the drill string.

    [0003] Coiled tubing, such as described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,863,091, is available in virtually unlimited lengths and has been used for a variety of purposes in the exploration and production of hydrocarbons from subterranean wells. Coiled tubing is widely used in the oil and gas industry for a variety of purposes and applications, including, but not limited to, drilling, completion, and work over operations. For example, coiled tubing may be run into a subterranean well to produce hydrocarbons from the subterranean formation, to fracture or perforate the subterranean formation, to perform well data acquisition, introduce fluids, and to clean out the wellbore.

    [0004] Coiled tubing is typically supplied to the oilfield on a large spool or reel that contains thousands of feet of continuous, relatively thin-walled tubing that typically has an outside diameter between about 2.54 cm (1 inch)' to 11.43 cm (4.5 inches). During use, the tubing is spooled off the reel and onto a device or "gooseneck" that bends and guides the coiled tubing into another device, such as an injector head. The injector head functions to grip the tubing and mechanically force it into, and withdraw it from, the wellbore.

    [0005] Coiled tubing rigs primarily consist of an injector head for inserting and removing the coiled tubing from the wellhead, a spool reel for storing and transporting the coiled tubing, a power pack to power the injector head, and a control room to operate the machinery.

    [0006] A typical coiled tubing injector is comprised of two continuous chains, though more than two can be used. The chains are mounted on sprockets to form elongated loops that counter rotate. A drive system applies torque to the sprockets to cause them to rotate, resulting in rotation of the chains. In most injectors, chains are arranged in opposing pairs, with the pipe being held between the chains. Grippers carried by each chain come together on opposite sides of the tubing and are pressed against the tubing. The injector thereby continuously grips a length of the tubing as it is being moved in and out of the well bore. The "grip zone" or "gripping zone" refers to the zone in which grippers come into contact with a length of tubing passing through the injector.

    [0007] A drive system for a coiled tubing injector includes at least one motor. For larger injectors, intended to carry heavy loads, each chain will typically be driven by a separate motor. The motors are typically hydraulic, but electric motors can also be used. Each motor is coupled either directly to a drive sprocket on which a chain is mounted, or through a transmission to one or more drive sockets. Low speed, high torque motors are often the preferred choice for injectors that will be carrying heavy loads, for example long pipe strings or large diameter pipe. However, high speed, low torque motors coupled to drive sprockets through reduction gearing are also used.

    [0008] The coiled tubing injector head is conventionally positioned above the wellhead. In work over operations, for example, the injector head may be suspended above the wellbore by a crane or other device. A lubricator may be used to connect the injector head to the wellhead (including, for example, a blowout preventer) at the top of the wellbore to prevent the coiled tubing from buckling or otherwise deforming prior to entering the wellbore.

    [0009] Typically, coiled tubing operations are performed from a crane where the crane suspends the injector above the wellbore and the injector deploys the coiled tubing downhole. Further, in this configuration, lubricators are positioned between the wellbore and the injector in a substantially vertical manner. In these applications, the lubricators are often load-bearing themselves. Overhead loads can fall and pose a danger to people around the coiled tube injector.

    [0010] AU 2010100358 discloses a drilling rig that includes a transport trailer, including a first trailer for a coiled tubing reel and a second trailer for a tubing injector. The tubing injector is carried on a deployment arm and a top drive is carried on a pivotable mast.

    [0011] CA 2533725 discloses a transportable drilling rig that includes a base or substructure, a mast mounted on the base, and a top drive mounted on the mast for longitudinal movement therealong. A coiled tubing injector is mounted on the mast above the top drive. The top drive may engage and manipulate a component used in borehole operations while the coiled tubing injector is substantially inoperative. The coiled tubing injector may inject coiled tubing into an earth borehole while the top drive is substantially inoperative

    [0012] It is therefore advantageous to develop apparatuses and methods of transmitting coiled tubes downhole from a horizontal position. Further, without cranes, the injector is easier to move from wellhead to wellhead. In such applications, it is also advantageous to have a coil tubing lubricator substantially parallel to and near ground level with respect to the tubing for lubricating and assembly of downhole tools.

    SUMMARY



    [0013] Certain embodiments of the invention herein concern a coiled tubing service rig comprising: a mast having a long axis; a base structure for the mast, the mast pivotally mounted to the base structure, wherein the mast is able to pivot from a position substantially parallel to ground to substantially perpendicular to ground; a coiled tubing injector mounted to the mast and able to travel longitudinally along the mast from a position near to the base structure when the mast is perpendicular to the ground to a position away from the base structure when the mast is perpendicular to the ground, the coiled tubing injector further being able to rotate from a position substantially parallel to the long axis to a position substantially perpendicular to the long axis; and a pipe comprising at least one lubricator, the pipe having one end connected to the injector and another end not connected to the injector.

    [0014] In the embodiment according to the invention when the pipe is in a horizontal position, coiled tubing is capable of being passed through the injector in a horizontal position, through the lubricator and out the end of the lubricator oriented away from the tubing injector. In this embodiment, a downhole tool is capable of being attached to the coiled tubing.

    [0015] In certain embodiments, the coiled tubing is fed to the injector by a spool capable of rotation and positioned on a coiled tubing transporter trailer.

    [0016] Additionally, in certain embodiments, the pipe comprises a plurality of lubricators, each with a bottom end and a top end wherein the top end of one of the plurality of lubricators is connected to the bottom end of another one of the plurality of lubricators, the plurality of lubricators forming an elongated chain of lubricators with a top end of the elongated chain connected to the injector.

    [0017] Still further, concerning the injector, the injector moves to a position substantially away from the base structure, thereby causing the pipe to move to a vertical position. Likewise, the injector rotates from a position substantially perpendicular to the long axis to a position substantially parallel to the long axis as the injector moves away from the base structure.

    [0018] Additionally, the injector is capable of extending coiled tubing to the bottom of the elongated chain when the chain is either in a substantially parallel or substantially perpendicular position with respect to the ground.

    [0019] In further embodiments concerning the rig, when the mast is pivoted to a substantially parallel position with respect to the ground, the rig is capable of being transported on public roadways.

    [0020] Additionally, when the mast is perpendicular to the ground, the injector is capable of being in alignment with a wellbore or out of alignment with the wellbore. In such embodiments, the mast moves in a position of being in alignment with the wellbore to being out of alignment with the wellbore. In other embodiments, the injector moves in a position of being in alignment with the wellbore to a position of being out of alignment with the wellbore.

    [0021] Additional embodiments concern methods of assembling such a rig.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0022] In the detailed description of various embodiments usable within the scope of the present disclosure, presented below, reference is made to the accompanying drawings, in which:

    Fig. 1 depicts an isometric view of a mobile coiled tubing drilling and service rig usable within the scope of the present disclosure;

    Fig. 2 depicts an isometric view of an injector manipulating structure;

    Fig. 3 depicts an isometric view of a mobile coiled tubing drilling and service rig loading tools into a horizontally positioned lubricator;

    Fig. 4 depicts an isometric view of a lubricator and BOP storage;

    Fig. 5a depicts an isometric view of a coiled tubing transport trailer with the variable width drop in drum system telescoped to a width to accommodate a large capacity storage reel; and

    Fig. 5b depicts an isometric view of a coiled tubing transport trailer with variable width drop in drum system telescoped to a width suitable for legal highway transport.


    List of Reference Numerals



    [0023] 

    1 rig

    2 base structure

    3 lower mast assembly

    4 upper mast assembly

    5 raising assembly

    6 coiled tubing injector

    7 sliding frame

    9 slide frame

    12 slidable platforms

    13 coiled tubing transport trailer

    14 wheeled axles

    15 hydraulic cylinders

    18 well control equipment

    19 lubricators

    20 down hole tools

    21 horizontal lubricators

    22 lubricator stand

    23 down hole tool stand

    24 well control accumulators

    25 frame

    26 slide mechanism

    27 cross members

    28 coiled tubing reel support structures

    29 variable sized tubing reel

    30 support arms


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION


    Introduction



    [0024] We show the particulars shown herein by way of example and for purposes of illustrative discussion of the preferred embodiments of the present invention only. We present these particulars to provide what we believe to be the most useful and readily understood description of the principles and conceptual aspects of various embodiments of the invention. In this regard, we make no attempt to show structural details of the invention in more detail than is necessary for the fundamental understanding of the invention. We intend that the description should be taken with the drawings. This should make apparent to those skilled in the art how the several forms of the invention are embodied in practice.

    [0025] We mean and intend that the following explanations are controlling in any future construction unless clearly and unambiguously modified in the following examples or when application of the meaning renders any construction meaningless or essentially meaningless. In cases where the construction of the term would render it meaningless or essentially meaningless, we intend that the definition should be taken from Webster's Dictionary 3rd Edition.

    [0026] The term "downhole" means the wellbore at the surface to the deepest part of the drilled well when drilled vertically or diagonally or directionally.

    [0027] The terms "bottom", "lower", and "lowest" refer to the direction towards or to the deepest part of the drilled well when drilled vertically, diagonally or directionally.

    [0028] This disclosure deviates from the current practice of using coiled tubing in oil and gas applications. Conventional coiled tubing service or drilling work is performed using an injector, a load bearing scaffolding to suspend the injector over a well bore, and sections of lubricator. Alternate methods include the use of a crane and load bearing lubricators to suspend the injector over the well bore instead of scaffolding, or a mast and load bearing lubricators to suspend the injector over the wellbore. The inventions disclosed herein dispense with the conventional use of a crane over a wellbore with an injector overhead. Further, the inventions disclosed herein dispense with load bearing lubricators positioned in a vertical direction and positioned in between the injector and the wellbore.

    [0029] In conventional applications, an injector is mounted on a series of lubricators mounted vertically in-line with a well bore for deploying downhole tools into the wellbore. In these conventional applications, the tools are threadably connected to the coiled tubing and traveled vertically into the wellbore by actuating the injector. The wellbore is often under pressure and the lubricators in this case are usually sealed to the wellhead and the injector to prevent the venting of well bore pressure.

    [0030] In these conventional applications, when the injector is mounted on scaffolding, the scaffolding must be of sufficient height to allow the total length of lubricators to be assembled below the injector in the space between the injector and the wellhead. The lubricators are typically assembled to the bottom of the injector in small sections, typically 3.048 m (ten feet) or less.

    [0031] With the injector suspended from a crane, the lubricators are assembled to the injector in small sections as the injector is traveled vertically by the crane to accommodate the addition of more lubricator sections. Again, in these conventional configurations, coiled tubing is traveled in the sections of lubricators by the injector until it exits the sections of lubricators at the bottom. Sections of downhole tools are assembled vertically to the coiled tubing. The coiled tubing is traveled vertically up into the lubricators to draw the section of tool into the lubricator. Another section of tool is assembled to the first section of tool and this is repeated as number of times as necessary to insert as many sections of tools as can be accommodated in the length of lubricators. In these conventional methods, with the injector suspended from a crane and mounted to sections of lubricator mounted to well control equipment on the top of a well bore, the lubricator and the well control equipment is in axial compression potentially up to the pulling capacity of the injector in addition to the weight of the injector and lubricators. The series of lubricators and tools can remain suspended vertically from the injector while the crane travels the injector to an adjacent well bore.

    [0032] However, in all these conventional systems, the disadvantage of suspending the injector from a crane remains. More specifically the axial compressive loading is placed upon the lubricators and well control equipment. Further, the scaffolding must be disassembled, moved to the next well and then reassembled. Further, the coiled tubing, if mounted on its own platform separated from the injector, must be spooled onto a reel and removed from engagement with the injector for separate transport. Likewise, the amount of coiled tubing transportable is limited by the maximum transport dimensions and weights allowable by law.

    [0033] In conventional systems, in order to transport the amount of coiled tubing required for the longest reach well bore, the trailer sometimes needs to transport more than is needed for other well bores. This requires the reel trailer to obtain permits for transport. Permits are time consuming to obtain and expensive. In fact, the reel trailer is required to obtain permits even when traveling empty with no coiled tubing.

    [0034] A coiled tubing transport trailer could telescope from a highway legal width with either a narrow coiled tubing storage reel or no storage reel to a width sufficient to accommodate a large capacity coiled tubing storage reel.

    [0035] The embodiments of the present disclosure pertain to a combination of a coiled tube injector which is movable and integrated into a trailer such that setup and removal of scaffolding is no longer required. This saves time and money. Likewise, the present disclosure pertains to a second movable unit, namely a coiled tubing trailer.

    [0036] In the embodiments concerning the coiled tube injector which is integrated into a trailer, the trailer further comprises a mast system onto which the telescoping injector is mounted.

    [0037] Typically, the mast system is able to move from a substantially horizontal position wherein it can be transported on the trailer to a substantially vertical position wherein it is generally in line with a wellbore shaft drilled in a vertical position.

    [0038] However, the movable mast is able to move to an angle which is either 0 degrees with respect to the wellbore or 90 degrees with respect to the wellbore shaft as necessary.

    [0039] In specific embodiments regarding the mast system, the mast system can be a set length. However it is contemplated that in many embodiments the mast system will decrease in length or increase in length in a telescoping manner. This can be done through a hydraulic or mechanical actuator to extend or contract two or more sections of mast.

    [0040] In alternative embodiments, sections of mast can be added on or removed manually until the mast reaches the desired length for operation.

    [0041] In many of the contemplated embodiments, when the mast is telescoping, the mast subsections are in line such that one part of the telescoping mast fits almost or completely inside another section of the telescoping mast, as one would see in a hand held telescope. In other embodiments, some or all sections are not in line, but are adjacent to one another. This principle is often used in the telescoping of forklifts and the like. Still further, in certain embodiments wherein different heights are desired, the mast parts do not slide within each other or adjacent to one another, but are extended and contracted by hydraulic arms such as is commonly seen on construction equipment such as a backhoe.

    [0042] In the inventive embodiment regarding the coiled tubing injector, the injector is operatively attached to the mast system. In these embodiments, the coiled tubing injector is rotatable with respect to the mast system such that it is able to drive coiled tubing perpendicular, diagonal or parallel to the mast system. The manner in which the tubing injector rotates can be any manner. Certain ways the tubing injector can rotate is through a gear mechanism, a hydraulic mechanism or a pneumatic mechanism. Alternatively, the tubing injector can be rotated to the desired position by a worker and secured at the desired angle by anchoring pins, bolts, screws and the like.

    [0043] In still further embodiments concerning the coiled tubing injector, the tubing injector is slidably disposed along the mast system. The tubing injector in certain embodiments moves along a track, rail, pipe or the like which is itself positioned along the mast system. Upon movement, the tubing injector is secured via micro breaks, pneumatic mechanisms, hydraulic mechanisms and the like. In other embodiments, after movement of the tubing injector, the injector is re-secured through the use of bolts, pins, screws, clamps and the like.

    [0044] Still further, the tubing injector in certain embodiments is slidably disposed to be in line or out of line with the wellbore shaft. In such embodiments, the direction that the tubing injector pushes the tubing is parallel to the upraised mast system. In some instances this is not in line with the lubricators which are typically below the tubing injector or the shaft of the wellbore. In other instances, the upper end of the lubricator string is attached to the injector. In this case, both the lubricators and injector move relative to the wellbore shaft. Although the tubing injector is often slidably disposed in such a manner, the disclosure herein also contemplates that the tubing injector can be moved from one position to another and then secured to the mast by mechanisms previously discussed. As seen in Fig. 2, the injector is on a sliding frame. Further, as seen in Fig. 2, the sliding frame is capable of bending up to 90 degrees to further push the injector out of line with the wellbore. Also, by moving the sliding frame and the injector, when the mast is collapsed back onto a trailer, the injector can be out of the way to facilitate transport.

    [0045] Certain embodiments concern the lubricator for the coiled tubing. In many embodiments, the mast system is in a substantially perpendicular system to the ground and a parallel position to the shaft of the wellbore. When in this aforementioned position, coiled tubing is pushed through the tubing injector, through the lubricator and into the wellbore.

    [0046] However, an aspect of the invention disclosed herein concerns a lubricator in conjunction with the mast system wherein the lubricator is initially in a horizontal position which is generally parallel to the ground. In this embodiment, the lubricator sections are attached together and one end is operatively attached to the injector or the mast. In the embodiments concerning the horizontal lubricator, the coiled tubing is pushed through the injector and into the lubricator sections. At the far end of the lubricators (away from the injector) downhole tools can be attached to the coiled tubing. After attachment and the tools have been drawn into the lubricator, the injector and lubricators are raised to the vertical position as discussed above. The raising method is generally accomplished by moving the injector up the mast and by telescoping the mast for additional vertical travel while the injector, the lubricators, the coiled tubing in the lubricators and the wellbore tool (or tools) rotate to be in a position in line or at least parallel to the wellbore.

    [0047] An advantage of this configuration is the allowance of the attachment of downhole tools in a horizontal position, which can be safer than having workers assemble downhole tools overhead where there is a risk of dropping and injuring workers. Still further, in typical arrangements, the lubricator sections and the downhole tools must be assembled in steps rather than the lubricator being assembled all at once. This in part is due to the inability of attaching downhole tools to the coiled tubing when the bottom end of a fully assembled lubricator in a vertical position is close to or abutting the ground.

    [0048] Further embodiments of the invention concern the mast mechanism and the counterweight often needed to support the force applied to the rig during operations wherein coiled tubing is lowered into the wellbore or raised from the wellbore. In these embodiments, the counterweight is an accumulator which is generally positioned at the opposite end of the trailer from the mast. Regulations in North America tend to require that the counterweight or accumulator be positioned away from the wellbore such that it does not interfere with emergency operations such as the use of a blow-out preventer. With the accumulator as part of the trailer, the accumulator can move toward the mast when upright or away from the mast to provide the proper counterbalance. Additionally, the accumulator, in certain embodiments, can slidably extend or otherwise extend from the end of the trailer opposite the mast. Still further, in certain embodiments, the accumulator can travel outside of the frame of the trailer such that it is to the left or right of the trailer.

    [0049] Still further, when referring to the coiled tubing transporter, in many embodiments, the coiled tubing transporter is on a tractor trailer such as one that would be pulled by a truck such as a commercial 18 wheeler or in certain cases a pickup truck or other work truck. It is generally envisioned that the trailer would be one capable of being transported on public roads in most embodiments so as to be able to get to wellbores that are located a great distance from one another. However, due to the size of the spool onto which the coiled tubing is placed, special permits are sometimes required as the spool can be wider than what is normally allowed for transportation on public roads. An advantage of the coiled tubing transporter system is that it possesses a drop in drum system such that at the site, the trailer can be widened to accept the spool so that it can rotate and the coiled tubing can be fed into the wellbore.

    [0050] During transportation, if the spool is narrow enough to allow for transportation on public roadways, the spool axis can remain perpendicular to the long axis of the length of the trailer. The trailer can be considered to have a long axis which is the length of the trailer and a short axis which is the width of the trailer. The length and width of the trailer should be understood to be measured in a manner typical with normal multi-wheel trailers capable of traveling on public roads.

    [0051] If the spool is not narrow enough to allow for transportation on public roadways, a crane can lift the spool and rotate it such that the spool axis is parallel to the long axis of the trailer. In this manner the spool can be moved from one wellbore to another on public roads.

    [0052] An advantage of the adjustable drop in drum system is that when a trailer is not carrying a spool, the trailer can become narrower such that no special permits are needed due to oversized or wide load problems on public roads. Another advantage is that if the axis of the spool is narrow enough to fit without any or much expanding of the trailer, transport of the trailer does not require the aforementioned permits.

    [0053] Another aspect of the present invention concerning the trailer herein and the slidable platforms as seen in Fig. 1, is that the entire rig is skiddable from well to well. This allows the mast to move up to several meters from one wellbore to another. Additionally, because the invention in the common configuration is on a trailer, the rig can be trucked. In either application, the rig can be moved with a substantial length of lubricator attached to the injector.

    EXAMPLES



    [0054] The following examples are included to demonstrate preferred embodiments of the invention. It should be appreciated by those of skill in the art that the techniques disclosed in the examples which follow represent techniques discovered by the inventors to function well in the practice of the invention, and thus can be considered to constitute preferred modes for its practice. The following Examples are offered by way of illustration and not by way of limitation.

    [0055] Referring now to FIG. 1, The coiled tubing drilling and service rig (1), hereafter referred to as the coil rig, comprises a base structure (2), a lower mast assembly (3), a upper mast assembly (4), a raising assembly (5), a coiled tubing injector (6), hereafter referred to as an injector

    [0056] The base structure (2) is shown having a generally flat rectangular surface, adapted to support and the mast assembly (3, 4), which is depicted as above the base structure. The base structure (2) is also shown having a means for mobility of the rig (1) associated therewith, which is depicted as a plurality of wheeled axles (14) which can include a corresponding suspension system (not shown) and similar components to allow the coil rig (1) to be pulled by a standard truck (not shown) or similar vehicle, in the manner of a mobile trailer. However, the embodiments also conceive of a rig of the present invention which does not have wheeled axels. For example, if the rig is used for offshore applications, wheeled axels would likely not be included. In the embodiment depicted, the base structure (2) includes an apparatus for stabilizing the drill rig (1) during operations. As seen in Fig. 1, the base structure (2) possesses a plurality of support arms (30) which, in this depiction, are movable to contact the ground to provide leverage and/or stability to the drill rig (1). For convenience, the stabilizing arms are depicted as fitted with hydraulic cylinders (15) that travel the coil rig (1) vertically. The cylinders in this embodiment are depicted as being outfitted with slidable platforms (12) that enable the coil rig (1) to travel in any direction for proper alignment with the well bore.

    [0057] Further, in Fig. 1, the embodiment depicts the mast (3,4) being pivotally mounted to the support structure (2). In this depiction, the lifting assembly (5) is able to pivot the mast (3,4) from a substantial horizontal position to a substantially vertical position. Further, in this depiction, the upper mast (4) travels vertically along axis of the lower mast (3). More specifically, in this depiction, the upper mast (4) telescopes upward and downward in relation to the lower mast (3).

    [0058] Well control accumulators (24), as depicted in Fig. 1, are mounted on a frame (25) which transposes the accumulator from a transport position to a position outside the well control zone.

    [0059] Now referring to Fig. 2, the injector (6) is mounted on a sliding frame (7) which allows the injector to travel laterally inline and out of line with the well bore. The sliding frame (7) is also able to fold up to 90 degrees around the mast such that it can further rotate the injector or move the injector in place for transport. The injector (6) travels vertically on a slide frame (9) via a hydraulic cylinder (not shown) or other systems such as cable systems and the like to allow engagement of the lubricators with the well control equipment (not shown). The injector (6) pivots on sleeve (not shown) to orientate from a substantially vertical position to a substantially horizontal position.

    [0060] Referring to Fig. 3. The injector (6) is shown in a substantially horizontal position for loading of downhole tools (20) into the substantial horizontal lubricators (21). The lubricators are support by a lubricator stand (22) as depicted in this figure. The downhole tools (20) are supported by a downhole tool stand (23) which clamps the downhole tools (20) and manipulates them in vertical and horizontal direction to engage the coil tubing. As further depicted in Fig. 3, the lubricators are connected to the injector (6). When the injector (6) is pulled up to the mast, the lubricators are in a vertical position and the downhole tools and coiled tubing can be lowered into the wellbore. Further, the coiled tubing can continue to be lubricated as it is fed into the wellbore after the lubricators are in the vertical position.

    [0061] Referring to Fig. 4, the lubricators (19) are stored vertical on the support structure (2), and the well control equipment (18) is stored vertically on the support structure (2). The injector (not shown) when transposed laterally out of alignment with the well bore is now able to pick up stored lubricators (19) and well control equipment (18) from the support structure (2).

    [0062] Referring to Fig. 5a, the coiled tubing transport trailer (13) supports the slide mechanism (26a, 26b,26c,26d) which travels laterally along the axis of cross members (27a, 27b) to increase the width between the coiled tubing reel support structures (28a) and (28b) to provide sufficient space to accommodate a variable sized tubing reel (29). The slide mechanism (26a,26b,26c,26d) may be fitted with a hydraulic cylinder or other means known to those skilled in the art to provide motive power for the lateral transition.

    [0063] Referring to Fig. 5b, the coiled tubing transport trailer (13) supports the slide mechanism (26a, 26b, 26c, 26d) which travels laterally along the axis of cross members (27a, 27b) to decrease the width between the coiled tubing reel support structures (28a) and (28b) to reduce the width of the coiled tubing transport trailer (13) to highway legal transport width and/or to accommodate smaller reel sizes.


    Claims

    1. A coiled tubing service rig (1) comprising:

    A. a mast (3, 4) having a long axis; and

    B. a base structure (2) for the mast (3, 4), the mast (3, 4) pivotally mounted to the base structure (2), wherein the mast (3, 4) is able to pivot from a position substantially parallel to ground to substantially perpendicular to ground;

    C. a coiled tubing injector (6), while operatively mounted to the mast (3, 4), is able to

    (i) travel longitudinally along the mast (3, 4) from a position near to the base structure (2) when the mast (3, 4) is perpendicular to the ground to a position away from the base structure (2) when the mast (3, 4) is perpendicular to the ground, and

    (ii) rotate from a position substantially parallel to the long axis to a position substantially perpendicular to the long axis; and

    D. a pipe comprising at least one lubricator (19), the pipe further having one end being connected to the coiled tubing injector (6) and another end not connected to the coiled tubing injector (6),

    characterized in that, while the coiled tubing injector (6) is operatively mounted to the mast and when the pipe is in a parallel position with respect to the ground, a coiled tubing is capable of being passed through the coiled tubing injector (6) in a horizontal position, through the lubricator (19) and out the end of the lubricator (19) oriented away from the coiled tubing injector (6).
     
    2. The rig of claim 1, wherein a downhole tool (20) is capable of being attached to the coiled tubing at or near the end of the pipe which is not connected to the coiled tubing injector (6).
     
    3. The rig of claim 2, wherein a movement of the coiled tubing injector (6) to a position substantially away from the base structure (2) causes the pipe to move to a vertical position.
     
    4. The rig of claim 3, wherein the movement of the coiled tubing injector (6) causes the coiled tubing injector (6) to rotate from a position substantially perpendicular to the long axis of the mast (3, 4) to a position substantially parallel to the long axis of the mast (3, 4).
     
    5. The rig of claim 1, wherein the pipe comprises a plurality of lubricators (19), each with a bottom end and a top end, wherein the top end of one of the plurality of lubricators (19) is connected to the bottom end of another one of the plurality of lubricators (19), the plurality of lubricators (19) forming an elongated chain of lubricators (19) with a top end of the elongated chain connected to the coiled tubing injector (6).
     
    6. The rig of claim 5, wherein the coiled tubing injector (6) is capable of extending the coiled tubing to the bottom of the elongated chain when the elongated chain is either in a substantially vertical or substantially horizontal position.
     
    7. The rig of claim 1, wherein the coiled tubing is fed to the coiled tubing injector (6) by a spool capable of rotation and positioned on a coiled tubing transporter trailer.
     
    8. The rig of claim 7, wherein the coiled tubing transporter trailer (13) has length axis and a width, and wherein at least part of the coiled tubing transporter trailer (13) is capable of increasing in the width to accommodate the spool or decreasing in the width when the spool is not present.
     
    9. The rig of claim 1, wherein the mast (3, 4) is connected to a trailer and wherein when the mast (3, 4) is pivoted to a substantially horizontal position the rig is capable of being transported on public roadways.
     
    10. The rig of claim 1, wherein when mast (3, 4) is perpendicular to the ground, the coiled tubing injector (6) is capable of being in alignment with a wellbore or out of alignment with the wellbore.
     
    11. A method of assembling a coiled tubing rig (1) comprising obtaining a rig of claim 1, the method further comprising:

    A. moving the coiled tubing injector (6) to a position near the base structure (2) when the mast (3, 4) is in a position perpendicular to the ground;

    B. assembling a pipe with the at least one lubricator (19) in a position parallel to the ground;

    C. connecting one end of the pipe to the coiled tubing injector (6);

    D. running the coiled tubing through the coiled tubing injector (6) and out another end of the pipe;

    E. connecting a downhole tool (20) to the coiled tubing;

    F. moving the coiled tubing injector (6) to a position away from the base structure (2); wherein when the coiled tubing injector (6) moves to a position away from the base structure (2), the pipe moves to a position perpendicular to the ground;

    G. lowering the downhole tool (20) and the coiled tubing into a wellbore.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Wickelrohr-Servicegestell (1), umfassend:

    A. einen Mast (3, 4) mit einer langen Achse; und

    B. eine Grundstruktur (2) für den Mast (3, 4), wobei der Mast (3, 4) schwenkbar an der Grundstruktur (2) befestigt ist, wobei der Mast (3, 4) von einer Position im Wesentlichen parallel zum Boden bis im Wesentlichen senkrecht zum Boden geschwenkt werden kann;

    C. einen Wickelrohr-Injektor (6), der, wenn er betriebsfähig an dem Mast (3, 4) montiert ist, zu Folgendem in der Lage ist

    (i) Bewegen in Längsrichtung entlang des Masts (3, 4) von einer Position in der Nähe der Grundstruktur (2), wenn der Mast (3, 4) senkrecht zum Boden ist, in eine Position weg von der Grundstruktur (2), wenn der Mast (3, 4) senkrecht zum Boden ist, und

    (ii) Drehen von einer Position im Wesentlichen parallel zur Längsachse in eine Position im Wesentlichen senkrecht zur Längsachse; und

    D. ein Rohr, umfassend mindestens eine Schmiereinheit (19), wobei ein Ende des Rohrs ferner mit dem Wickelrohr-Injektor (6) verbunden ist und ein anderes Ende nicht mit dem Wickelrohr-Injektor (6) verbunden ist,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass, während der Wickelrohr-Injektor (6) betriebsfähig an dem Mast montiert ist und wenn das Rohr in einer parallelen Position in Bezug auf den Boden ist, ein Wickelrohr durch den Wickelrohr-Injektor (6) in einer horizontalen Position, durch die Schmiereinheit (19) und aus dem Ende der Schmiereinheit (19) ausgerichtet weg von dem Wickelrohr-Injektor (6) geführt werden kann.
     
    2. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei ein Bohrlochwerkzeug (20) an dem Wickelrohr an oder nahe dem Ende des Rohrs, das nicht mit dem Wickelrohr-Injektor (6) verbunden ist, angebracht werden kann.
     
    3. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, wobei eine Bewegung des Wickelrohr-Injektors (6) in eine Position im Wesentlichen weg von der Grundstruktur (2) bewirkt, dass das Rohr in eine vertikale Position bewegt wird.
     
    4. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 3, wobei die Bewegung des Wickelrohr-Injektors (6) bewirkt, dass der Wickelrohr-Injektor (6) von einer Position im Wesentlichen senkrecht zur Längsachse des Masts (3, 4) in eine Position im Wesentlichen parallel zur Längsachse des Masts (3, 4) gedreht wird.
     
    5. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Rohr eine Vielzahl von Schmiereinheiten (19) umfasst, jeweils mit einem unteren Ende und einem oberen Ende, wobei das obere Ende von einer der Vielzahl von Schmiereinheiten (19) mit dem unteren Ende einer anderen der Vielzahl von Schmiereinheiten (19) verbunden ist, wobei die Vielzahl von Schmiereinheiten (19) eine längliche Kette von Schmiereinheiten (19) bildet, wobei ein oberes Ende der länglichen Kette mit dem Wickelrohr-Injektor (6) verbunden ist.
     
    6. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 5, wobei der Wickelrohr-Injektor (6) das Wickelrohr zu dem Boden der länglichen Kette zu erstrecken, wenn die längliche Kette entweder in einer im Wesentlichen vertikalen oder im Wesentlichen horizontalen Position ist.
     
    7. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Wickelrohr dem Wickelrohr-Injektor (6) durch eine Spule zugeführt wird, die gedreht werden kann und auf einem Wickelrohr-Transportanhänger positioniert ist.
     
    8. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 7, wobei der Wickelrohr-Transportanhänger (13) eine Längsachse und eine Breite aufweist, und wobei mindestens ein Teil des Wickelrohr-Transportanhängers (13) in der Lage ist, die Breite zu vergrößern, um die Spule aufzunehmen, oder die Breite zu verringern, wenn die Spule nicht vorhanden ist.
     
    9. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Mast (3, 4) mit einem Anhänger verbunden ist und wobei, wenn der Mast (3, 4) in eine im Wesentlichen horizontale Position geschwenkt ist, die Vorrichtung auf öffentlichen Straßen transportiert werden kann.
     
    10. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei, wenn der Mast (3, 4) senkrecht zum Boden ist, der Wickelrohr-Injektor (6) in Ausrichtung mit einem Bohrloch oder nicht in Ausrichtung mit dem Bohrloch sein kann.
     
    11. Verfahren zum Zusammensetzen eines Wickelrohgestells (1), umfassend ein Erlangen eines Gestells nach Anspruch 1, das Verfahren ferner umfassend:

    A. Bewegen des Wickelrohr-Injektors (6) in eine Position in der Nähe der Grundstruktur (2), wenn der Mast (3, 4) in einer Position senkrecht zum Boden ist;

    B. Zusammensetzen eines Rohrs mit der mindestens einen Schmiereinheit (19) in einer Position parallel zum Boden;

    C. Verbinden eines Endes des Rohrs mit dem Wickelrohr-Injektor (6);

    D. Führen des Wickelrohrs durch den Wickelrohr-Injektor (6) und aus dem anderen Ende des Rohrs heraus;

    E. Verbinden eines Bohrlochwerkzeugs (20) mit dem Wickelrohr;

    F. Bewegen des Wickelrohr-Injektors (6) in eine Position weg von der Grundstruktur (2); wobei, wenn der Wickelrohr-Injektor (6) in eine Position weg von der Grundstruktur (2) bewegt wird, das Rohr in eine Position senkrecht zum Boden bewegt wird;

    G. Absenken des Bohrlochwerkzeugs (20) und des Wickelrohrs in ein Bohrloch.


     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil de forage d'entretien à tubes spiralés (1) comprenant :

    A. un mât (3, 4) possédant un axe long ; et

    B. une structure de base (2) pour le mât (3, 4), le mât (3, 4) étant monté pivotant sur la structure de base (2), ledit mât (3, 4) pouvant pivoter à partir d'une position sensiblement parallèle au sol jusqu'à une position sensiblement perpendiculaire au sol ;

    C. un injecteur à tube spiralé (6) qui, tout en étant monté de manière fonctionnelle sur le mât (3, 4), est capable de

    (i) se déplacer longitudinalement le long du mât (3, 4) à partir d'une position proche de la structure de base (2) lorsque le mât (3, 4) est perpendiculaire au sol jusqu'à une position éloignée de la structure de base (2) lorsque le mât (3, 4) est perpendiculaire au sol, et

    (ii) tourner à partir d'une position sensiblement parallèle à l'axe long jusqu'à une position sensiblement perpendiculaire à l'axe long ; et

    D. un conduit comprenant au moins un dispositif de lubrification (19), le conduit possédant en outre une extrémité raccordée à l'injecteur à tube spiralé (6) et une autre extrémité non raccordée à l'injecteur à tube spiralé (6),

    caractérisé en ce que, tandis que l'injecteur de tube spiralé (6) est monté de manière fonctionnelle sur le mât et lorsque le conduit est dans une position parallèle
    par rapport au sol, un tube spiralé peut passer à travers l'injecteur de tube spiralé (6) dans une position horizontale, à travers le dispositif de lubrification (19) et hors de l'extrémité du dispositif de lubrification (19) orienté au loin de l'injecteur à tube spiralé (6).
     
    2. Appareil de forage selon la revendication 1, un outil de fond de trou (20) étant capable d'être fixé au tube spiralé au niveau ou à proximité de l'extrémité du conduit qui n'est pas raccordée à l'injecteur à tube spiralé (6).
     
    3. Appareil de forage selon la revendication 2, un déplacement de l'injecteur à tube spiralé (6) vers une position sensiblement éloignée de la structure de base (2) entraînant le déplacement du conduit vers une position verticale.
     
    4. Appareil de forage selon la revendication 3, ledit déplacement de l'injecteur à tube spiralé (6) entraînant la rotation de l'injecteur à tube spiralé (6) à partir d'une position sensiblement perpendiculaire à l'axe long du mât (3, 4) jusqu'à une position sensiblement parallèle à l'axe long du mât (3, 4).
     
    5. Appareil de forage selon la revendication 1, ledit conduit comprenant une pluralité de dispositifs de lubrification (19), chacun avec une extrémité inférieure et une extrémité supérieure, ladite extrémité supérieure de l'un de la pluralité de dispositifs de lubrification (19) étant raccordée à l'extrémité inférieure d'un autre de la pluralité de dispositifs de lubrification (19), la pluralité de dispositifs de lubrification (19) formant une chaîne allongée de dispositifs de lubrification (19) avec une extrémité supérieure de la chaîne allongée raccordée à l'injecteur à tube spiralé (6).
     
    6. Appareil de forage selon la revendication 5, ledit injecteur à tube spiralé (6) étant capable d'étendre le tube spiralé jusqu'au bas de la chaîne allongée lorsque la chaîne allongée est dans une position sensiblement verticale ou une position sensiblement horizontale.
     
    7. Appareil de forage selon la revendication 1, ledit tube spiralé étant fourni à l'injecteur de tube spiralé (6) par une bobine capable de rotation et positionnée sur une remorque de transport de tube spiralée.
     
    8. Appareil de forage selon la revendication 7, ladite remorque de transport de tube spiralée (13) possédant un axe de longueur et une largeur, et au moins une partie de la remorque de transport de tube spiralée (13) étant capable d'augmenter en largeur pour recevoir la bobine ou de diminuer en largeur quand la bobine n'est pas présente.
     
    9. Appareil de forage selon la revendication 1, ledit mât (3, 4) étant raccordé à une remorque et lorsque le mât (3, 4) pivote dans une position sensiblement horizontale, ledit appareil de forage étant capable d'être transporté sur des routes publiques.
     
    10. Appareil de forage selon la revendication 1, lorsque le mât (3, 4) est perpendiculaire au sol, ledit injecteur à tube spiralé (6) étant capable d'être en alignement avec un puits de forage ou de ne pas être en alignement avec le puits de forage.
     
    11. Procédé d'assemblage d'un appareil de forage à tube spiralé (1) comprenant l'obtention d'un appareil de forage selon la revendication 1, le procédé comprenant en outre :

    A. le déplacement de l'injecteur à tube spiralé (6) vers une position proche de la structure de base (2) lorsque le mât (3, 4) est dans une position perpendiculaire au sol ;

    B. l'assemblage d'un conduit avec le au moins un dispositif de lubrification (19) dans une position parallèle au sol ;

    C. le raccordement d'une extrémité du conduit à l'injecteur à tube spiralé (6) ;

    D. le passage du tube spiralé à travers l'injecteur à tube spiralé (6) et hors d'une autre extrémité du conduit ;

    E. le raccordement d'un outil de fond de trou (20) au tube spiralé ;

    F. le déplacement de l'injecteur à tube spiralé (6) vers une position éloignée de la structure de base (2) ; lorsque l'injecteur à tube spiralé (6) se déplace vers une position éloignée de la structure de base (2), ledit conduit se déplaçant vers une position perpendiculaire au sol ;

    G. l'abaissement de l'outil de fond de trou (20) et du tube spiralé dans un puits de forage.


     




    Drawing





















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description




    Non-patent literature cited in the description