(19)
(11)EP 3 186 906 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(21)Application number: 15836979.3

(22)Date of filing:  25.08.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04L 27/26(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2015/046719
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/033059 (03.03.2016 Gazette  2016/09)

(54)

DYNAMIC CONFIGURATION OF A FLEXIBLE ORTHOGONAL FREQUENCY DIVISION MULTIPLEXING PHY TRANSPORT DATA FRAME PREAMBLE

DYNAMISCHE KONFIGURATION EINER FLEXIBLEN OFDM-PHY-TRANSPORTDATENRAHMENPRÄAMBEL

CONFIGURATION DYNAMIQUE D'UN PRÉAMBULE DE TRAME DE DONNÉES DE TRANSPORT PHY DE MULTIPLEXAGE PAR RÉPARTITION ORTHOGONALE DE LA FRÉQUENCE SOUPLE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 25.08.2014 US 201462041478 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
05.07.2017 Bulletin 2017/27

(73)Proprietor: One Media, LLC
Hunt Valley, Maryland 21030 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • SHELBY, Kevin, A.
    Austin, TX 78733 (US)
  • SIMON, Michael, J.
    Frederick, MD 21701 (US)
  • EARNSHAW, Mark
    Kanata, ON K2K 2J8 (CA)
  • RAZA, Zahir, Jaffer
    Waterloo, ON N2L 3W8 (CA)

(74)Representative: Handley, Michael Robert 
Marks & Clerk LLP Fletcher House The Oxford Science Park Heatley Road
Oxford OX4 4GE
Oxford OX4 4GE (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A1- 2008 095 254
US-A1- 2009 073 944
US-A1- 2011 105 135
US-A1- 2013 018 934
US-B1- 6 289 000
US-A1- 2008 273 582
US-A1- 2010 220 664
US-A1- 2012 163 348
US-A1- 2013 208 679
  
  • LG ELECTRONICS: "S-SCH sequence design", 3GPP DRAFT; R1-070231 S-SCH SEQUENCE DESIGN, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, vol. RAN WG1, no. Sorrento, Italy; 20070110, 10 January 2007 (2007-01-10), XP050104270, [retrieved on 2007-01-10]
  • ERICSSON: "Scheduling Request in E-UTRAN", 3GPP DRAFT; R1-070471, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, vol. RAN WG1, no. Sorrento, Italy; 20070110, 10 January 2007 (2007-01-10), XP050104502, [retrieved on 2007-01-10]
  • SILVA C ERIC M ET AL: "Synchronization algorithms based on weighted CAZAC preambles for OFDM systems", 2013 13TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON COMMUNICATIONS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES (ISCIT), IEEE, 4 September 2013 (2013-09-04), pages 192-197, XP032514106, DOI: 10.1109/ISCIT.2013.6645848 [retrieved on 2013-10-23]
  • LGE ET AL: "Correction of PUCCH index generation formula", 3GPP DRAFT; R1-082915 36.211 CR0052R2 (REL-8, F) CORRECTION OF PUCCH INDEX GENERATION FORMULA, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, vol. TSG RAN, no. Jeju Island, South Korea; 20080818 - 20080822, 10 September 2008 (2008-09-10), XP050597023, [retrieved on 2008-09-10]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS



[0001] This application claims priority from US Patent Application No. 62/041478 filed on August 25, 2014.

FIELD OF DISCLOSURE



[0002] The present disclosure relates to the field of wireless communication, and more particularly, to mechanisms for dynamically constructing Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing ("OFDM") physical transport frame preambles, to enable robust signal detection and service discovery in broadcast networks.

BACKGROUND



[0003] In today's world, many electronic devices rely upon wireless connectivity for the reception of data from other connected devices. In a typical wireless deployment, there may be one or more wireless access points that transmit data, and one or more devices that receive data from the wireless access point(s).

[0004] In such a scenario, different devices may have different propagation channel characteristics, and these may affect their wireless data reception from the same wireless access point. For example, a device that is near the wireless access point and/or that has a fixed location (or is slowly moving) may have better propagation channel conditions than would a device that is moving at a high velocity and/or that is further away from the wireless access point. The first device may fall into a group of devices that can receive data encoded and transmitted with one set of parameters (such as a high Forward Error Correction (FEC) code rate, a high modulation level, and/or a smaller subcarrier spacing in an Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (hereinafter referred to as "OFDM") system, while the second device may fall into a group of devices that need data to be encoded and transmitted with a second set of parameters (such as a low FEC code rate, a low modulation level, and/or a wider subcarrier spacing in an OFDM system).

[0005] There are many scenarios where a large number of devices may all wish to receive identical data from a common source. One such example is broadcast television, where a large number of television sets in various homes all receive a common broadcast signal conveying a program of interest. In such scenarios, it is significantly more efficient to broadcast or multicast the data to such devices rather than individually signaling the same data to each device. However, programs with different quality levels (e.g. high definition video, standard definition video, etc.) may need to be transmitted to different groups of devices with different propagation channel characteristics. In other scenarios, it may be desirable to transmit device-specific data to a particular device, and the parameters used to encode and transmit that data may depend upon the device's location and/or propagation channel conditions.

[0006] As described above, different sets of transmitted data may need to be transmitted with different encoding and transmission parameters, either simultaneously or in a time-multiplexed fashion (or both). The amount of data to be transmitted in a particular data set and/or the encoding and transmission parameters for that data set may vary with time.

[0007] At the same time, the demand for high-speed wireless data continues to increase, and it is desirable to make the most efficient use possible of the available wireless resources (such as a certain portion of the wireless spectrum) on a potentially time-varying basis. LG ELECTRONICS: "S-SCH sequence design", 3GPP DRAFT; R1-070231 S-SCH SEQUENCE DESIGN, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, vol. RAN WG1, no. Sorrento, Italy; 20070110, 10 January 2007, ERICSSON: "Scheduling Request in E-UTRAN", 3GPP DRAFT; R1-070471, 3RD GENERATION PARTNERSHIP PROJECT (3GPP), MOBILE COMPETENCE CENTRE ; 650, ROUTE DES LUCIOLES ; F-06921 SOPHIA-ANTIPOLIS CEDEX ; FRANCE, vol. RAN WG1, no. Sorrento, Italy; 20070110, 10 January 2007 SILVA C ERIC M ET AL: "Synchronization algorithms based on weighted CAZAC preambles for OFDM systems",2013 13TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON COMMUNICATIONS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES (ISCIT), IEEE, 4 September 2013 (2013-09-04), pages 192-197 all make disclosures related to CAZAC.

SUMMARY



[0008] According to a first aspect, there is provided a method of communicating between a transmitting device and a receiving device according to Claim 1. According to a second aspect, there is provided a method of operating a receiving device to communicate with a transmitting device according to Claim 12. According to a third aspect, there is provided a transmitting device according to Claim 17. Details of embodiments are provided in the dependent claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0009] In the accompanying drawings, structures are illustrated that, together with the detailed description provided below, describe exemplary embodiments of the claimed invention. Like elements are identified with the same reference numerals. It should be understood that elements shown as a single component may be replaced with multiple components, and elements shown as multiple components may be replaced with a single

[0010] component. The drawings are not to scale and the proportion of certain elements may be exaggerated for the purpose of illustration.

Figure 1 illustrates an example broadcast network.

Figure 2 illustrate an example broadcast frame.

Figure 3 illustrates example broadcast frame dimensions.

Figure 4 is an example system for originating an example frame control channel.

Figures 5A-5B, respectively, illustrate example frame control compositions.

Figure 6 illustrates an example PN sequence generator.

Figure 7 illustrates example frame control subcarrier mapping.

Figure 8 illustrates example field termination signaling.

Figure 9 illustrates an example frame including partitions.

Figure 10 an example method for operating a transmitting device.

Figure 11 illustrates an example method for operating a receiving device.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0011] Described herein is an extensible PHY layer signaling framework, and in particular an associated preamble signal design to enable robust detection and service discovery, system synchronization, and receiver configuration. The PHY relies on a preamble sent as an integral part of every transmit frame to allow for sync/detection and system configuration. As will be described, the preamble design includes a flexible signaling approach to convey frame configuration and content control information to the broadcast receiver. The signal design describes the mechanism by which signal parameters are modulated on the physical medium. The signaling protocol describes the specific encoding used to communicate parameter selections governing the transmit frame configuration. This enables reliable service discovery while providing extensibility to accommodate evolving signaling needs from a common frame structure. Specifically, the design of the preamble enables universal signal discovery independent of channel bandwidth. The preamble also enables reliable detection in the presence of a variety of channel impairments such as time dispersion and multipath fading, Doppler shift, and carrier frequency offset. In addition, multiple service contexts are accessible based on mode detection during signal discovery enabling broad flexibility in system configuration. The preamble also facilitates extensibility to accommodate ongoing evolution in service capability based on hierarchical signaling structure. Moreover, reusable bit-fields interpreted based on the detected service mode/type enable bit-efficient signaling despite the level of extensibility afforded.

[0012] Figure 1 illustrates an example broadcast network 100 that uses the example preamble design described herein. The broadcast network 100 may include a plurality of base stations 101a, 101b...101n, illustratively suggested by base stations BS1, BS2, ..., BSN (hereinafter referred to as base stations 101). A broadcast gateway ("BG") 102 may couple to the base stations 101 through any of a variety of communication media. For example, in one embodiment, the broadcast gateway 102 may couple to the base stations 101 via the Internet, or more generally, via a computer network. Each base station 101 wirelessly transmits information to one or more user devices 103. (Each user device UD is denoted by a solid block circle.) Some of the user devices 103 may be fixed devices such as televisions and desktop computers. Other ones of the user devices 103 may be nomadic devices such as tablet computers or laptop computers. Other ones of the user devices 103 may be mobile devices such as mobile phones, automobile-based devices, aircraft-based devices, etc.

[0013] An operator ("Op) 104 of the broadcast network 100 may access the broadcast gateway 102 (e.g., via the Internet), and provide network configuration or operating instructions to the gateway 102. For example, the operator 104 may provide information such as one or more of the following items: an expected distribution of user device mobility for one or more of the base stations; the cell size of one or more of the base stations; a selection of whether the broadcast network or a subset of the network is to be operated as a single frequency network (SFN) or a multi-frequency network (MFN); a specification of how different services (e.g., television content streams) are to be assigned to different types of user devices; and identification of portions of bandwidth the broadcast network will not be using over corresponding periods of time.

[0014] The broadcast gateway 102 may determine transmission control information for one or more base stations 101 of the broadcast network 100 based on the network configuration or operating instructions. For a given base station, the broadcast gateway 102 may determine: transmission sample rate; number of partitions; sizes of the partitions; FFT size and cyclic prefix size for each partition. The broadcast gateway 102 may send the transmission control information to the base stations 101 so the base stations 101 may construct and transmit frames according to the transmission control information. In other embodiments, the gateway 102 may itself generate frames to be transmitted by each gateway 102 and send the frames to the base stations 101. In yet other embodiments, the gateway 102 may generate low level instructions (e.g., physical layer instructions) for the construction of frames to the base stations 101, and send those instructions to the base stations 101, which may simply generate frames based on the instructions.

Frame Structure



[0015] Figure 2 illustrates an example broadcast frame 200. The frame 200 occupies a specified duration independent of the underlying frame configuration to facilitate coordination with surrounding wireless transports. In this example, the frame 200 has a time duration of one second. However, it should be appreciated that the frame 200 may have other suitable time durations. In one example, the frame length may be dynamically signaled. The broadcast frame 200 can be divided into preamble 204 and payload 206 regions followed by an optional auxiliary termination signal (ATS) field 208. In the example shown, the preamble 204 and ATS 208 regions are indicated by the shaded areas at the beginning and end of the frame 202. The relative lengths in time (horizontal axis) and numbers of symbols for each region are not shown to scale in this example diagram.

[0016] The preamble 204 can be further subdivided into frame control 210 (hereinafter referred to as "PFCCH") and content control 212 (herein after referred to as "PCCCH") regions. Responsibilities of the two regions can be summarized as follows. The PFCCH 210 is used to signal the frame configuration to a receive terminal. It describes the signal design and the underlying signaling protocol. Frame configuration may include a combination of one or more of the length of the preamble, the length of the frame, the signal bandwidth and sampling rate, the modulation and coding applied to PCCCH 210, and the presence of ATS. The PFCCH 210 further provides initial synchronization and establishes the frame operating mode. The PFCCH 210 also enables channel estimation and initial carrier frequency offset (CFO) estimation.

[0017] The PCCCH 212 is used to signal payload configuration to the receiver. In particular, the PCCCH 212 describes the contents of the payload region including the number of partitions and the signal dimensions, such as the FFT size and CP duration, applied in each partition. The PCCCH 212 also signals the mapping of data streams to each partition including the modulation, coding scheme, and interleaver depth.

[0018] Detection of a particular preamble sets the context by which the remaining preamble symbols are interpreted. For example, use of the spectrum by a broadband service would map to a separate context signaled in the broadcast preamble as "private". The broadband operator may choose to define other fields to advertise to the broadcast users. For example, filed may define how long the transport will be occupied and in what signal bandwidth. The broadcast receiver is otherwise instructed to ignore the present frame as belonging to a service context other than that which the broadcast device is equipped to receive.

[0019] It should be appreciated that in order for reliable detection in the presence of a variety of channel impairments, certain service requirements may be necessary. For example, to lower the probability of missed detection ("MD") and false alarm ("FA") in additive white Gaussian Noice ("AWGN") and of multipath fading, a maximum Doppler shift and delay spread tolerance may be imposed. In one example, the maximum Doppler shift given an FFT with 3 kHz sub-carrier spacing may be 288 MPH (463 KPH) @ 700MHz or 96 MPH (154 KPH) @ 2100MHz. In one example, the delay spread tolerance may be 167 µs, or 31 MI (50 KM). It should be appreciated that Doppler tolerance can be increased for a given carrier frequency by skipping subcarriers (i.e. inserting zeroes) at the same spacing to preserve signal bandwidth at the expense of detection reliability and signaling capacity.

PFCCH



[0020] The PFCCH 210 provides a universal service entry point for the broadcast receiver. It employs a fixed configuration known to all receive devices. In particular, the PFCCH 210 configuration may include a sampling rate, signal bandwidth, subcarrier spacing, and guard interval known to all receive devices. The PFCCH 210 is initiated with a synchronization symbol positioned at the start of each frame period to enable service discovery, coarse synchronization and initial channel estimation. Parameters governing the frame structure including the symbol configuration used in PCCCH 212 are signaled in the remaining PFCCH 210 symbol periods.

[0021] To minimize receiver complexity, PFCCH 210 may be sampled at a fixed frequency. In one example, PFCCH may be sampled at 6.144 Ms/s. The signal is confined to a minimum bandwidth to enable reception by any receiver independent of the assigned channel bandwidth. In one example, the signal may be confined to a minimum 4.5 MHz bandwidth. Figure 3 illustrates example dimension 302 of a PFCCH 210. The FFT dimension 304 is selected to ensure the required subcarrier spacing. A Cyclic Prefix (CP) 306 is inserted to ensure adequate delay spread tolerance between preamble symbols. Thus, in the example illustrated:



[0022] Figure 4 illustrates as system 400 for originating a PFCCH 210. A PFCCH 210 originates with a Zadoff-Chu ("ZC") sequence 402 modulated in the frequency domain by a pseudo-noise ("PN") sequence 404, with a sequence generator 410. The PN-sequence phase-rotates individual complex subcarriers retaining the desirable Constant Amplitude Zero Autocorrelation Waveform ("CAZAC") properties of the original ZC-sequence, illustrated in Figure 5A. The added phase rotation is intended to provide greater signal separation between cyclic shifts of the same root sequence suppressing spurious auto-correlation responses observed using a ZC-sequence without the addition of PN-sequence modulation, illustrated in Figure 5B.

[0023] The ZC constitutes a CAZAC sequence exhibiting excellent detection properties characterized by ideal cyclic autocorrelation. For example, the correlation with a cyclic shifted version of itself returns a delta function. The ZC-sequence is defined by a root, q, and cyclic shifts of the root sequence in the frequency domain producing a corresponding lag in the time domain.



[0024] Cyclic shifts of the root sequence can be derived by replacing n in the above equation Equ(2) with some value n-m, where m represents the intended time shift. The root sequence corresponds to m=0. The resulting sequence is computed as:



[0025] The PN-sequence serves in suppressing spurious off-peak responses observed in some sequence roots. The addition of a PN-sequence provides a reliable means to distinguish the initial symbol intended for sync detection from subsequent symbols in the PFCCH 210. The natural progression of the PN-sequence, reset at the start of the preamble, eliminates the potential for correlation with delayed replicas of the sync detect symbol. It also minimizes the possibility of false detection in the event the initial preamble symbol is missed due to burst noise, shadowing, or a deep channel fade.

[0026] Figure 6 illustrates an example sequence generator 410. The PN-sequence generator 410 is derived from a Linear Feedback Shift Register (LFSR) 602. Its operation is governed by a generator polynomial 604 specifying the taps in the LFSR feedback path followed by a mask 606 specifying the elements that contribute to the sequence output 608. Specification of the generator polynomial, mask and initial state of the registers represent a seed. For example a seed = f(g, m, rinit).

[0027] Referring again to Figure 4, the system 400 includes a sub-carrier mapping module 412 for mapping output of the sequence generator 410 to the Inverse Fast Fourier Transform ("IFFT") 408 input. A CP module 406 is configured to add a CP to the IFFT 408 output.

[0028] In one example, the PN sequence is mapped to Quadrature Phase Shift Keying ("QPSK") symbols providing {±π/4, ±3π/4} rotations per subcarrier relative to the root ZC sequence at the IFFT 408 input modulating the real and imaginary signal components (i.e. I, Q) independently. In one example, Binary Phase-shift Keying ("BPSK") modulation can be used as well, providing {0,π} rotations with presumably less separation given that I and Q-signals are no longer modulated independently.

[0029] A PFCCH symbol 210 is configured to maximize use of the available signal bandwidth. The subcarrier mapping is additionally constrained to permit use of a prime-length ZC sequence. Therefore:



[0030] The outputs of the complex sequence generator 410 are mapped by the sub-carrier mapping module 412 to the IFFT 408 input on either side of the DC subcarrier. Given an odd length sequence, one additional subcarrier is mapped to the negative frequencies such that an equal number of subcarriers are mapped to negative and positive frequencies where positive frequencies include DC.

[0031] The IFFT 408 output is cyclically extended by the CP module 406 to account for channel delay spread. The CP length is selected to exceed the maximum expected delay spread tolerance. Thus:



[0032] Figure 7 illustrates an example progression through PFCCH 410 symbol contents to the PCCCH 412 contents of preamble 204. The first transmitted PFCCH symbol 708 provides sync detection and mode selection. It is also used for channel estimation. In one example, Sync detection is based on correlation to one of many prescribed roots of the ZC sequence (zero cyclic shift). In one example, the detected root sequence, including PN-modulation, determines the service type/mode carried in the frame. For example, service type/mode may include ONE Media Standalone Transmission, ONE Media Transmission under configuration control of a Broadcast Management Exchange (BMX), ONE Media BMX Beacon, Private Use, or another suitable service type/mode. The root sequence might additionally identify separate service classes, operating modes, transmitters/service operators, and so on.

[0033] In one example, channel estimation is performed at the receiver based on cross correlation with a local copy of the detected root sequence, including PN-modulation. The channel estimate is used in compensating for channel effects, time dispersion in particular, prior to decoding the remaining PCCCH symbols 412.

[0034] Cyclic shifts of the detected root sequence are applied in symbols 710 following initial sync detection, i.e. secondary symbol periods, to convey the frame configuration. In one example, observed or estimated cyclic shift is mapped to an assigned bit-field, the meaning of which is specific to a current symbol period, such as proximity to the sync detect symbol, interpreted relative to the context set by the detected service mode.

[0035] In one example, the interpretation in a secondary symbol period might additionally depend on the context set in a preceding symbol period. For instance, the transmitter might subdivide the permissible cyclic shifts in a given symbol period to establish separate contexts thereby extending the signaling hierarchy to multiple levels below the detected service type.

[0036] In one example, parameters signaled in the secondary symbol periods may include one or more of frame count, frame duration, signal bandwidth employed in PCCCH as well as the frame payload, the PCCCH FFT size and CP length, the PCCCH modulation, and code rate.

[0037] In one example, delayed correlation with the CP is computed per secondary symbol to refine frequency offset estimates, compensation for which is applied in the next symbol period.

[0038] As illustrated in Figure 9, the sequence transmitted in the final symbol period is inverted (i.e. rotated 180°) signaling the end of PFCCH 410. In one example, the final PFCCH 410 symbol includes a cyclic shift as needed to convey parameter selection as described above. In one example, inverting the phase of the sequence provides an efficient means to indicate the start of PCCCH 412 in the next symbol period while permitting the length of PFCCH 410 to be extended to increase signaling capacity as needed.

PCCCH



[0039] The PCCCH 412 contains information necessary for a terminal to decode the frame payload and extract portions or programs of interest. In one example, the PCCCH 412 includes the number of frame partitions.

[0040] In one example, the PCCCH 412 includes, for each partition, physical resources allocated to that partition. This may include the number of OFDM symbols allocated to that partition, as well as which particular symbols are allocated to that partition. It should be appreciated that distinct partition may be interleaved with each other. The PCCCH 412 may also include, for each partition, FFT size and Cyclic prefix length. In one example, the PCCCH 412 may also include the number of partitions in the frame.

[0041] In one example, the PCCCH 412 includes, for each service data stream, service associated with that stream, physical resources allocated to that stream, modulation used for that stream, and transport block size in bytes.

[0042] In one example, the PCCCH 412 includes the presence/absence of an Auxiliary Termination Symbol (ATS) used to allow for transmitter ID, position/location information, discontinuous reception, and so on.

[0043] It should be appreciated that PCCCH is carried using conventional OFDM symbols, the bandwidth, FFT size, and CP length of which are set in accordance with the parameter settings communicated as part of PFCCH.

[0044] The modulation, code rate, and pilot density are also set according to parameters sent in PFCCH. The intent is to provision signaling in a manner that just exceeds the reliability of the payload symbols. For example, there is no benefit in using QPSK with a very low code rate for signaling given a frame that contains a 256-QAM payload sent with a relatively high code rate (i.e. minimal redundancy). Instead, higher order modulation and a higher code rate are used for signaling as well to minimize overhead.

[0045] In one example, partitioning PCCCH is introduced to account for the potential to encounter different channel conditions, potentially for different service deployments. Different channel conditions may include, for example, mobile vs. fixed as well as the possibility of mixing mobile and fixed in the same transport.

[0046] Figure 9 illustrates an example frame 900 including the PFCCH 210 and the PCCCH 212 divided into partitions 902. Reception under slow mobility, such as pedestrian speeds, is plagued by flat fading characterized by significant signal attenuation across all frequencies for brief periods of time. A deep fade can last tens of microseconds (µs) compromising data integrity for whole symbol periods regardless of the assigned modulation order and code rate. The data loss has potential to affect signaling as well as data reception. PFCCH 210 benefits from substantial signal processing gain providing robustness at SNR levels well below the requirements for payload data reception. On the other hand, PCCCH 212 is closer in composition to the frame payload making it equally vulnerable to this kind of fading. Thus, dividing PCCCH 212 into partitions 902 enables different methods of encoding to address different deployment scenarios.

[0047] It should be appreciated that, in one example, partitioning as signaled in PFCCH improves time diversity increasing the reliability of PCCCH reception.

[0048] In one example, benign channels (Fixed/Ricean) employ one method of Coding, Modulation, and Time Diversity and pedestrian channels (Raleigh/Flat Fading) would employ an alternate method of Coding, Modulation, and Time Diversity.

[0049] In one example, a scheduler is responsible for provisioning.

[0050] In one example, the encoding shows a signal that is compact in time and spans the centermost frequencies of the band. This kind of signaling may be well suited for fixed reception where the potential to encounter flat fading is nearly non-existent. In another example, an alternate encoding may spread the signal over a larger number of symbol periods occupying resources placed at the band edges, perhaps alternating per symbol period for additional frequency diversity. This arrangement may be better suited for mobile reception where multiple symbol periods may be compromised due to flat fading. The likelihood of signal recovery may be greatly improved given the added time and frequency diversity.

[0051] Any of the various embodiments described herein may be realized in any of various forms, e.g., as a computer-implemented method, as a computer-readable memory medium, as a computer system, etc. A system may be realized by one or more custom-designed hardware devices such as Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs), by one or more programmable hardware elements such as Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs), by one or more processors executing stored program instructions, or by any combination of the foregoing.

[0052] In some embodiments, a non-transitory computer-readable memory medium may be configured so that it stores program instructions and/or data, where the program instructions, if executed by a computer system, cause the computer system to perform a method, e.g., any of the method embodiments described herein, or, any combination of the method embodiments described herein, or, any subset of any of the method embodiments described herein, or, any combination of such subsets.

[0053] In some embodiments, a computer system may be configured to include a processor (or a set of processors) and a memory medium, where the memory medium stores program instructions, where the processor is configured to read and execute the program instructions from the memory medium, where the program instructions are executable to implement any of the various method embodiments described herein (or, any combination of the method embodiments described herein, or, any subset of any of the method embodiments described herein, or, any combination of such subsets). The computer system may be realized in any of various forms. For example, the computer system may be a personal computer (in any of its various realizations), a workstation, a computer on a card, an application-specific computer in a box, a server computer, a client computer, a hand-held device, a mobile device, a wearable computer, a sensing device, a television, a video acquisition device, a computer embedded in a living organism, etc. The computer system may include one or more display devices. Any of the various computational results disclosed herein may be displayed via a display device or otherwise presented as output via a user interface device.


Claims

1. A method for operating a transmitting device to communicate with a receiving device, the method comprising, at the transmitting device:

a) selecting (1002) a root index value from a set of root index values;

b) generating (1004) a frequency domain Constant Amplitude Zero Auto-Correlation, CAZAC, sequence based on the selected root index value;

c) modulating (1006) the frequency domain, CAZAC, sequence by a pseudo-noise, PN, sequence to generate a complex sequence;

d) mapping the complex sequence to a plurality of subcarriers to generate an Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing, OFDM, symbol;

e) transmitting the OFDM symbol as an initial OFDM symbol of a preamble of a frame to the receiving device; and

f) generating subsequent OFDM symbols of the preamble using steps b) to d), the generating of subsequent OFDM symbols of the preamble further comprising, at step b):

applying respective cyclic shifts to the frequency domain CAZAC sequence, wherein each of the respective cyclic shifts is selected from a set of cyclic shifts based on respective frame configuration information to be signaled; and

transmitting the subsequent OFDM symbols in the preamble of the frame,

wherein a natural progression of the PN sequence is reset at a start of the preamble of a new frame.


 
2. The method of claim 1, wherein the initial OFDM symbol comprises a frame control symbol configured to provide initial synchronization.
 
3. The method of any preceding claim, wherein the CAZAC sequence includes a Zadoff-Chu (ZC) sequence.
 
4. The method of any preceding claim, wherein the selected root index value of the frequency domain CAZAC sequence indicates a service type provided by the frame, from a set of service types.
 
5. The method of any preceding claim, wherein the subsequent OFDM symbols in the preamble of the frame comprise content control symbols configured to describe the contents of the frame.
 
6. The method of any preceding claim, further comprising applying a phase inversion operation to at least one of the subsequent OFDM symbols prior to transmitting the subsequent OFDM symbols.
 
7. The method of any preceding claim, wherein frame configuration information signaled by an OFDM symbol of the subsequent OFDM symbols is based on prior frame configuration information signaled by a prior OFDM symbol of the subsequent OFDM symbols, the OFDM symbol being after the prior OFDM symbol among the subsequent OFDM symbols.
 
8. The method of any preceding claim, further comprising generating the PN sequence using a linear feedback shift register.
 
9. The method of any preceding claim, further comprising:
applying a phase inversion operation to at least one of the subsequent OFDM symbols when the at least one of the subsequent OFDM symbols corresponds to a last OFDM symbol of the frame preamble.
 
10. The method of any preceding claim, further comprising:
applying an Inverse Fast Fourier Transform (IFFT) to the plurality of subcarriers to generate the initial OFDM symbol.
 
11. The method of any preceding claim generating the frequency domain, CAZAC, sequence comprises using the selected root index value selected from the set of root index values including prime and non-prime root index values.
 
12. A method for operating a receiving device to communicate with a transmitting device, the method comprising:

the receiving device receiving (1102) a set of samples of a signal transmitted by the transmitting device;

the receiving device correlating (1104) the set of samples against each of a plurality of frequency domain Constant Amplitude Zero Auto-Correlation, CAZAC, sequences modulated by pseudo-noise, PN, sequences to detect an initial Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing, OFDM, symbol of a preamble of a frame of the transmitted signal, wherein the plurality of frequency domain CAZAC sequences correspond respectively to distinct root index values and the PN sequences are based on PN seed values;

the receiving device identifying a particular frequency domain CAZAC sequence from among the plurality of frequency domain CAZAC sequences, the particular frequency domain CAZAC sequence corresponding to a maximal correlation response;

the receiving device obtaining subsequent OFDM symbols of the preamble based on the particular frequency domain CAZAC sequence, wherein the subsequent OFDM symbols include symbol data sets; and

the receiving device, for each of the symbol data sets, determining a corresponding cyclic shift relative to the particular frequency domain CAZAC sequence,

wherein a natural progression of the PN sequences is reset at a start of the preamble of a new frame.


 
13. The method of claim 12, wherein the plurality of frequency domain CAZAC sequences each includes a Zadoff-Chu sequence.
 
14. The method of claim 12 or claim 13, wherein the root index value selected for the particular frequency domain CAZAC sequence indicates a service type for the frame.
 
15. The method of any of claims 12 to 14 , further comprising the receiving device, for each of the symbol data sets, determining a corresponding cyclic shift relative to the particular frequency domain CAZAC sequence, wherein corresponding frame configuration information is based at least in part on the corresponding cyclic shift and the particular frequency domain CAZAC sequence.
 
16. The method of any of claims 12 to 15, wherein frame configuration information signaled by an OFDM symbol of the subsequent OFDM symbols is based on prior frame configuration information signaled by a prior OFDM symbol of the subsequent OFDM symbols, the OFDM symbol of the subsequent OFDM symbols being after the prior OFDM symbol of the subsequent OFDM symbols.
 
17. A transmitting device, comprising:

a memory storing program instructions; and

a processor, upon executing the program instructions, configured to implement the steps of claim 1.


 
18. The transmitting device of claim 17, wherein the root index value includes a non-prime value.
 
19. The transmitting device of claim 17 or claim 18, wherein the processor, upon executing the program instructions, is further configured to:

apply an Inverse Fast Fourier Transform (IFFT) to the subcarrier values to generate the initial OFDM symbol; and

transmit the initial OFDM symbol to a receiving device.


 
20. The transmitting device of any of claims 17 to 19, wherein the CAZAC sequence includes a Zadoff-Chu (ZC) sequence.
 
21. The transmitting device of any of claims 17 to 20, wherein the processor, upon executing the instructions, is further configured to:
invert the second complex sequence when the subsequent OFDM symbol corresponds to a last OFDM symbol of the frame preamble.
 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren zum Betreiben einer Übertragungsvorrichtung, um mit einer Empfangsvorrichtung zu kommunizieren, wobei das Verfahren an der Übertragungsvorrichtung Folgendes umfasst:

a) Auswählen (1002) eines Root-Indexwerts aus einem Satz von Root-Indexwerten;

b) Erzeugen (1004) einer Null-Autokorrelationsfolge konstanter Amplitude, CAZAC, in der Frequenzdomäne, basierend auf dem ausgewählten Root-Indexwert;

c) Modulieren (1006) der CAZAC-Folge in der Frequenzdomäne durch eine Pseudo-Noise, PN, Folge, um eine komplexe Folge zu erzeugen;

d) Zuordnen der komplexen Folge zu einer Mehrzahl von Unterträgern, um ein orthogonales Frequenzmultiplex, OFDM, Symbol zu erzeugen;

e) Übertragen des OFDM-Symbols als anfängliches OFDM-Symbol einer Präambel eines Rahmens an die Empfangsvorrichtung; und

f) Erzeugen von nachfolgenden OFDM-Symbolen der Präambel unter Verwendung der Schritte b) bis d), wobei das Erzeugen von nachfolgenden OFDM-Symbolen der Präambel im Schritt b) Folgendes umfasst:

Anwenden von entsprechenden zyklischen Verschiebungen auf die CAZAC-Folge in der Frequenzdomäne, wobei jede der entsprechenden zyklischen Verschiebungen aus einem Satz von zyklischen Verschiebungen, basierend auf entsprechenden zu signalisierenden Rahmenkonfigurationsinformationen, ausgewählt wird; und

Übertragen der nachfolgenden OFDM-Symbole in der Präambel des Rahmens,

wobei eine natürliche Progression der PN-Folge beim Starten der Präambel eines neuen Rahmens zurückgesetzt wird.


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das anfängliche OFDM-Symbol ein Rahmensteuersymbol umfasst, welches konfiguriert ist, um eine anfängliche Synchronisierung bereitzustellen.
 
3. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die CAZAC-Folge eine Zadoff-Chu-(ZC)-Folge umfasst.
 
4. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der ausgewählte Root-Indexwert der CAZAC-Folge in der Frequenzdomäne einen Diensttyp, welcher durch den Rahmen bereitgestellt wird, aus einem Satz von Diensttypen, angibt.
 
5. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die nachfolgenden OFDM-Symbole in der Präambel des Rahmens Inhaltssteuersymbole umfassen, welche konfiguriert sind, um die Inhalte des Rahmens zu beschreiben.
 
6. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend das Anwenden einer Phasenumkehroperation auf mindestens eines der nachfolgenden OFDM-Symbole vor der Übertragung der nachfolgenden OFDM-Symbole.
 
7. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Rahmenkonfigurationsinformationen, welche durch einen OFDM-Symbol der nachfolgenden OFDM-Symbole, signalisiert werden, auf vorgehende Rahmenkonfigurationsinformationen basieren, welche durch ein vorgehendes OFDM-Symbol der nachfolgenden OFDM-Symbole signalisiert werden, wobei das OFDM-Symbol nach dem vorgehenden OFDM-Symbol unter den nachfolgenden OFDM-Symbole liegt.
 
8. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend das Erzeugen der PN-Folge unter Verwendung eines linearen Feedback-Schieberegisters.
 
9. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend:
Anwenden einer Phasenumkehroperation auf mindestens eines der nachfolgenden OFDM-Symbole, wenn das mindestens eine der nachfolgenden OFDM-Symbole einem letzten OFDM-Symbol der Präambel des Rahmens entspricht.
 
10. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend:
Anwenden einer inversen schnellen Fourier-Transformation (IFFT) auf die Mehrzahl von Unterträgern, um das anfängliche OFDM-Symbol zu erzeugen.
 
11. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Erzeugen der CAZAC-Folge in der Frequenzdomäne das Verwenden des ausgewählten Root-Indexwertes umfasst, welcher aus dem Satz von Root-Indexwerten ausgewählt wird, welcher Prim- und Nichtprim-Root-Indexwerte umfasst.
 
12. Verfahren zum Betreiben einer Empfangsvorrichtung, um mit einer Übertragungsvorrichtung zu kommunizieren, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

Empfangen (1102), durch die Empfangsvorrichtung, eines Satzes von Abtastwerten eines Signals, welches durch die Übertragungsvorrichtung übertragen wird;

Korrelieren (1104), durch die Empfangsvorrichtung, des Satzes von Abtastwerten gegenüber jedem einer Mehrzahl von Null-Autokorrelationsfolgen konstanter Amplitude, CAZAC, in der Frequenzdomäne, welche durch Pseudo-Noise, PN, Folgen moduliert werden, um ein anfängliches orthogonales Frequenzmultiplex, OFDM, Symbol einer Präambel eines Rahmens des übertragenen Signals zu detektieren, wobei die Mehrzahl von CAZAC-Folgen in der Frequenzdomäne jeweils unterschiedlichen Root-Indexwerten entspricht und die PN-Folgen auf PN-Startwerten basieren;

Identifizieren, durch die Empfangsvorrichtung, einer besonderen CAZAC-Folge in der Frequenzdomäne aus der Mehrzahl von CAZAC-Folgen in der Frequenzdomäne, wobei die besondere CAZAC-Folge in der Frequenzdomäne einer maximalen Korrelationsantwort entspricht;

Erhalten, durch die Empfangsvorrichtung, von nachfolgenden OFDM-Symbolen der Präambel, basierend auf der besonderen CAZAC-Folge in der Frequenzdomäne, wobei die nachfolgenden OFDM-Symbole Symboldatensätze umfassen; und

Bestimmen, durch die Empfangsvorrichtung, für jeden der Symboldatensätze, einer entsprechenden zyklischen Verschiebung relativ zu der besonderen CAZAC-Folge in der Frequenzdomäne,

wobei eine natürliche Progression der PN-Folgen beim Starten der Präambel eines neuen Rahmens zurückgesetzt wird.


 
13. Verfahren nach Anspruch 12, wobei die Mehrzahl von CAZAC-Folgen in der Frequenzdomäne jeweils eine Zadoff-Chu-Folge umfasst.
 
14. Verfahren nach Anspruch 12 oder Anspruch 13, wobei der Root-Indexwert, welcher für die besondere CAZAC-Folge in der Frequenzdomäne ausgewählt wird, einen Diensttyp für den Rahmen angibt.
 
15. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 12 bis 14, ferner umfassend das Bestimmen, durch die Empfangsvorrichtung, für jeden der Symboldatensätze, einer entsprechenden zyklischen Verschiebung relativ zu der besonderen CAZAC-Folge in der Frequenzdomäne, wobei entsprechende Rahmenkonfigurationsinformationen mindestens teilweise auf der entsprechenden zyklischen Verschiebung und der besonderen CAZAC-Folge in der Frequenzdomäne basieren.
 
16. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 12 bis 15, wobei die Rahmenkonfigurationsinformationen, welche durch ein OFDM-Symbol der nachfolgenden OFDM-Symbole signalisiert werden, auf vorgehenden Rahmenkonfigurationsinformationen basieren, welche durch ein vorgehendes OFDM-Symbol der nachfolgenden OFDM-Symbole signalisiert werden, wobei das OFDM-Symbol der nachfolgenden OFDM-Symbole nach dem vorgehenden OFDM-Symbol der nachfolgenden OFDM-Symbole liegt.
 
17. Übertragungsvorrichtung, umfassend:

einen Speicher, welcher Programmanweisungen speichert; und

einen Prozessor, welcher so konfiguriert ist, dass er beim Ausführen der Programmanweisungen die Schritte nach Anspruch 1 implementiert.


 
18. Übertragungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 17, wobei der Root-Indexwert einen Nichtprimwert umfasst.
 
19. Übertragungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 17 oder Anspruch 18, wobei der Prozessor ferner so konfiguriert ist, dass er beim Ausführen der Programmanweisungen Folgendes ausführt:

Anwenden einer inversen schnellen Fourier-Transformation (IFFT) auf die Unterträgerwerte, um das anfängliche OFDM-Symbol zu erzeugen; und

Übertragen des anfänglichen OFDM-Symbols an eine Empfangsvorrichtung.


 
20. Übertragungsvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 17 bis 19, wobei die CAZAC-Folge eine Zadoff-Chu-(ZC)-Folge umfasst.
 
21. Übertragungsvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 17 bis 20, wobei der Prozessor ferner so konfiguriert ist, dass er beim Ausführen der Anweisungen, Folgendes ausführt:
Umkehren der zweiten komplexen Folge, wenn das nachfolgende OFDM-Symbol einem letzten OFDM-Symbol der Präambel des Rahmens entspricht.
 


Revendications

1. Procédé pour faire fonctionner un dispositif d'émission pour communiquer avec un dispositif de réception, le procédé comprenant, au niveau du dispositif d'émission :

a) la sélection (1002) d'une valeur d'index de racine parmi un jeu de valeurs d'index de racine ;

b) la génération (1004) d'une séquence d'autocorrélation zéro d'amplitude constante, CAZAC, du domaine des fréquences sur la base de la valeur d'index de racine sélectionnée ;

c) la modulation (1006) de la séquence de CAZAC du domaine des fréquences au moyen d'une séquence de pseudo-bruit, PN, pour générer une séquence complexe ;

d) la cartographie de la séquence complexe vers une pluralité de sous-porteuses pour générer un symbole de multiplexage par répartition orthogonale de la fréquence, OFDM ;

e) l'émission du symbole OFDM en tant que symbole OFDM initial d'un préambule d'une trame sur le dispositif de réception ; et

f) la génération de symboles OFDM subséquents du préambule en utilisant les étapes b) à d), la génération de symboles OFDM subséquents du préambule comprenant en outre, au niveau de l'étape b) :

l'application de décalages cycliques respectifs à la séquence de CAZAC du domaine des fréquences, dans lequel chacun des décalages cycliques respectifs est sélectionné parmi un jeu de décalages cycliques sur la base d'informations de configuration de trame respective qui doit être signalée ; et

l'émission des symboles OFDM subséquents dans le préambule de la trame ;

dans lequel une progression naturelle de la séquence de PN est réinitialisée au niveau d'un début du préambule d'une nouvelle trame.


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le symbole OFDM initial comprend un symbole de commande de trame qui est configuré pour assurer une synchronisation initiale.
 
3. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications qui précèdent, dans lequel la séquence de CAZAC inclut une séquence de Zadoff-Chu (ZC).
 
4. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications qui précèdent, dans lequel la valeur d'index de racine sélectionnée de la séquence de CAZAC du domaine des fréquences indique un type de services qui est assuré par la trame, pris parmi un jeu de types de services.
 
5. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications qui précèdent, dans lequel les symboles OFDM subséquents dans le préambule de la trame comprennent des symboles de commande de contenu qui sont configurés pour décrire le contenu de la trame.
 
6. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications qui précèdent, comprenant en outre l'application d'une opération d'inversion de phase à au moins l'un des symboles OFDM subséquents avant l'émission des symboles OFDM subséquents.
 
7. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications qui précèdent, dans lequel les informations de configuration de trame qui sont signalées au moyen d'un symbole OFDM des symboles OFDM subséquents sont basées sur des informations de configuration de trame antérieures qui sont signalées au moyen d'un symbole OFDM antérieur des symboles OFDM subséquents, le symbole OFDM étant après le symbole OFDM antérieur parmi les symboles OFDM subséquents.
 
8. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications qui précèdent, comprenant en outre la génération de la séquence de PN en utilisant un registre à décalage à rétroaction linéaire.
 
9. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications qui précèdent, comprenant en outre :
l'application d'une opération d'inversion de phase à au moins l'un des symboles OFDM subséquents lorsque l'au moins un des symboles OFDM subséquents correspond à un dernier symbole OFDM du préambule de trame.
 
10. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications qui précèdent, comprenant en outre :
l'application d'une transformation de Fourier rapide inverse (IFFT) à la pluralité de sous-porteuses pour générer le symbole OFDM initial.
 
11. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications qui précèdent, dans lequel la génération de la séquence de CAZAC du domaine des fréquences comprend l'utilisation de la valeur d'index de racine sélectionnée qui est sélectionnée parmi le jeu de valeurs d'index de racine qui inclut des valeurs d'index de racine importantes et non importantes.
 
12. Procédé pour faire fonctionner un dispositif de réception pour communiquer avec un dispositif d'émission, le procédé comprenant :

la réception (1102) par le dispositif de réception d'un jeu d'échantillons d'un signal qui est émis par le dispositif d'émission ;

la corrélation (1104) par le dispositif de réception du jeu d'échantillons vis-à-vis de chacune d'une pluralité de séquences d'autocorrélation zéro d'amplitude constante, CAZAC, du domaine des fréquences qui sont modulées au moyen de séquences de pseudo-bruit, PN, pour détecter un symbole de multiplexage par répartition orthogonale de la fréquence, OFDM, initial d'un préambule d'une trame du signal émis, dans lequel la pluralité de séquences de CAZAC du domaine des fréquences correspondent respectivement à des valeurs d'index de racine distinctes et les séquences de PN sont basées sur des valeurs de germe de PN ;

l'identification, par le dispositif de réception, d'une séquence de CAZAC particulière du domaine des fréquences parmi la pluralité de séquences de CAZAC du domaine des fréquences, la séquence de CAZAC particulière du domaine des fréquences correspondant à une réponse de corrélation maximum ;

l'obtention, par le dispositif de réception, de symboles OFDM subséquents du préambule sur la base de la séquence de CAZAC particulière du domaine des fréquences, dans lequel les symboles OFDM subséquents incluent des jeux de données de symbole ; et

la détermination par le dispositif de réception, pour chacun des jeux de données de symbole, d'un décalage cyclique correspondant par rapport à la séquence de CAZAC particulière du domaine des fréquences ;

dans lequel une progression naturelle des séquences de PN est réinitialisée au niveau d'un début du préambule d'une nouvelle trame.


 
13. Procédé selon la revendication 12, dans lequel la pluralité de séquences de CAZAC du domaine des fréquences incluent chacune une séquence de Zadoff-Chu (ZC).
 
14. Procédé selon la revendication 12 ou la revendication 13, dans lequel la valeur d'index de racine qui est sélectionnée pour la séquence de CAZAC particulière du domaine des fréquences indique un type de services pour la trame.
 
15. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 12 à 14, comprenant en outre la détermination par le dispositif de réception, pour chacun des jeux de données de symbole, d'un décalage cyclique correspondant par rapport à la séquence de CAZAC particulière du domaine des fréquences, dans lequel les informations de configuration de trame correspondantes sont basées au moins en partie sur le décalage cyclique correspondant et sur la séquence de CAZAC particulière du domaine des fréquences.
 
16. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 12 à 15, dans lequel les informations de configuration de trame qui sont signalées au moyen d'un symbole OFDM des symboles OFDM subséquents sont basées sur des informations de configuration de trame antérieures qui sont signalées au moyen d'un symbole OFDM antérieur des symboles OFDM subséquents, le symbole OFDM des symboles OFDM subséquents étant après le symbole OFDM antérieur des symboles OFDM subséquents.
 
17. Dispositif d'émission, comprenant :

une mémoire qui stocke des instructions de programme ; et

un processeur qui est configuré de telle sorte que, suite à l'exécution des instructions de programme, il met en œuvre les étapes selon la revendication 1.


 
18. Dispositif d'émission selon la revendication 17, dans lequel la valeur d'index de racine inclut une valeur non importante.
 
19. Dispositif d'émission selon la revendication 17 ou la revendication 18, dans lequel le processeur est en outre configuré de telle sorte que, suite à l'exécution des instructions de programme :

il applique une transformation de Fourier rapide inverse (IFFT) aux valeurs de sous-porteuse pour générer le symbole OFDM initial ; et

il émet le symbole OFDM initial sur un dispositif de réception.


 
20. Dispositif d'émission selon l'une quelconque des revendications 17 à 19, dans lequel la séquence de CAZAC inclut une séquence de Zadoff-Chu (ZC).
 
21. Dispositif d'émission selon l'une quelconque des revendications 17 à 20, dans lequel le processeur est en outre configuré de telle sorte que, suite à l'exécution des instructions :
il inverse la seconde séquence complexe lorsque le symbole OFDM subséquent correspond à un dernier symbole OFDM du préambule de trame.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description