(19)
(11)EP 3 187 259 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/49

(21)Application number: 14900599.3

(22)Date of filing:  27.08.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B01J 20/10  (2006.01)
B01J 37/08  (2006.01)
B01J 23/847  (2006.01)
B01J 35/10  (2006.01)
B01J 37/02  (2006.01)
B01J 23/08  (2006.01)
B01J 21/12  (2006.01)
C10G 29/04  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2014/085315
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/029387 (03.03.2016 Gazette  2016/09)

(54)

BIMETALLIC MERCAPTAN TRANSFER CATALYST USED IN LOW-TEMPERATURE MERCAPTAN REMOVAL OF LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS

BIMETALLISCHER MERCAPTANTRANSFERKATALYSATOR ZUR NIEDRIGTEMPERATUR-MERCAPTANENTFERNUNG VON FLÜSSIGERDÖLGAS

CATALYSEUR DE TRANSFERT DE MERCAPTAN BIMÉTALLIQUE UTILISÉ DANS L'ÉLIMINATION À BASSE TEMPÉRATURE DE MERCAPTANS CONTENUS DANS LE GAZ DE PÉTROLE LIQUÉFIÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
05.07.2017 Bulletin 2017/27

(73)Proprietors:
  • China National Petroleum Corporation
    Beijing 100007 (CN)
  • China University Of Petroleum (Beijing)
    Bei Jing 102249 (CN)
  • Beijing Cup Green Catalytic Technology Co., Ltd.
    Beijing 102200 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • BAO, Xiaojun
    Beijing 102249 (CN)
  • HUANG, Deqi
    Beijing 102249 (CN)
  • KE, Ming
    Beijing 102249 (CN)
  • WANG, Lei
    Beijing 102249 (CN)
  • YUAN, Pei
    Beijing 102249 (CN)
  • SHI, Gang
    Beijing 102249 (CN)

(74)Representative: Mehler Achler 
Patentanwälte Partnerschaft mbB Bahnhofstraße 67
65185 Wiesbaden
65185 Wiesbaden (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 033 710
CN-A- 101 619 231
US-A- 3 925 197
CN-A- 101 618 313
CN-A- 102 020 729
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst for sweetening liquefied petroleum gas at a low temperature, and to a method for preparing the same, which belongs to the technical field of petrochemical industry.

    Background Art



    [0002] Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), as one of important petroleum products produced by crude oil catalytic cracking units, contains a large quantity of propylene and C4-olefins, and can be separated and purified for use as a starting material for producing polyolefins as well as a starting material for etherification and alkylation processes for producing blending components of high-octane clean gasoline. However, LPG produced in catalytic cracking units contains a certain amount of sulfides as impurities, which may affect its subsequent processing and utilization. In particular, mercaptans contained in LPG (mainly methyl mercaptan and trace ethyl mercaptan) are toxic, malodorous and weakly acidic, and tend to cause corrosion of devices and poisoning of catalyst in the post-processing units. Accordingly, LPG sweetening has been necessary.

    [0003] The first widely-used LPG-sweetening technique is sweetening by catalytic oxidation, developed by Universal Oil Products (UOP) Company. The company disclosed the method in US2882224 in as early as 1958, now known as the Merox liquid-liquid extraction and oxidation sweetening process. The sulfonated cobalt phthalocyanine or poly(cobalt phthalocyanine) catalyst used specially for this process can promote oxidation of the thiolate ions, as extracted with an alkaline solution, by the oxygen in air to produce a disulfide, which can subsequently be separated so that the purpose of removing mercaptans from LPG can be achieved. The sulfonated cobalt phthalocyanine catalyst in the process is used while dissolved in the alkaline solution, and thus easy to be deactivated due to aggregation. Therefore, it is necessary to continuously inject fresh alkaline solutions, which gives rise to a short cycle period of the alkaline solution and large emission of waste alkaline solutions, bringing tremendous pressure on the environment.

    [0004] As regards the sweetening by catalytic oxidation, UOP has been committing itself to improving the stability of the catalyst, and reducing or avoiding use of caustic alkali to reduce pollution discharge. The technical solutions disclosed in US2988500, US3108081 and US4049572 were a series of improvements made by UOP to the catalytic oxidation sweetening process and the catalyst. However, a small amount of alkaline solution or alkaline aids are still necessarily used in the sweetening process of the methods disclosed in these patents, which is still disadvantageous to environmental protection.

    [0005] CN1706549A relates to a dual-functional catalyst and its preparation method, wherein the catalyst is a solid formed article having a manganese compound as an active component and showing catalytic activity in both t-butyl hydroperoxide decomposition and mercaptan conversion. The dual-functional catalyst can reduce the mercaptan sulfur in LPG to 0.1 µg/g or lower. However, since t-butyl hydroperoxide serves as an oxygenating agent, it not only provides reactive oxygen species upon decomposition, but also produces isobutanol remaining in the LPG product, thereby increasing the cost for subsequent separation and purification.

    [0006] Due to the above defects present in the catalytic oxidation method, an etherification sweetening method was developed later on. The etherification sweetening technique has been used in the sweetening process of fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) gasoline by virtue of its advantages such as mild reaction conditions, lower energy consumption, no pollution, and a high mercaptan removal efficiency. This method uses active olefins in the lighter fraction of a full-range FCC gasoline to react with mercaptans having low molecular weights to produce thioether compounds having higher boiling points, so that the low-molecular-weight mercaptans can be transferred from the light fraction to the heavy fraction so as to achieve the purpose of removing mercaptans from the light gasoline fraction, wherein the mercaptan conversion catalyst is a key factor of the technique.

    [0007] Currently, most mercaptan conversion catalysts use well-developed catalysts in other hydrotreatment processes, which have transitional metals as the major active components supported on an inert carrier such as Al2O3 and SiO2 for use. US5510568, owned by Chemical Research & Licensing Ltd., disclosed a process for removing mercaptans and hydrogen sulfide from cracked naphtha, in which the catalytic distillation column was loaded with supported Pd/Al2O3, which can catalyze the reaction of hydrogen sulfide and low-molecular-weight mercaptans with dienes in the naphtha to produce heavier sulfur compounds, which were further transferred into the C6+ fraction, and a sulfur-free light naphtha component was obtained from the top of the reaction distillation column. The catalyst had a Pd loading of 0.27-0.33 wt%. The feed stream had a mercaptan content of 100,000 ppm and a diene content of 0.254 wt%. The reaction took place together with distillation at 265 °F in the catalyst bed. After the reaction, the light naphtha fraction as an effluent of the top of the reactive distillation column had a mercaptan content of 6,000 ppm and a reduced diene content of 0.001 wt%. However, the Pd/Al2O3 catalyst requires a high operating temperature, and may easily cause saturation and polymerization of the reactively unsaturated olefins when LPG was used as a feed for mercaptan removal. Moreover, the catalyst is present in a reduced form during the reaction, and thus it is necessary to inject a large quantity of hydrogen gas into the reactor to keep Pd/Al2O3 in an activated state; and the reduced Pd-based catalyst is also sensitive to sulfides in the feed stream, and thus a high sulfur content may cause deactivation of Pd/Al2O3 catalyst, which affect its performance for mercaptan and diene removal.

    [0008] Since nickel as a transitional metal has strong hydrogenation activity and sulfur-poisoning resistance and lower production cost than the noble metal palladium, it has been widely applied in hydrodesulfurization catalysts. US5851383 discloses a process for mercaptan removal by thioetherification and selective hydrogenation of diene from a light hydrocarbon stream. A supported monometallic Ni/Al2O3 catalyst used in the process can catalyze both thioetherification of mercaptans and selective hydrogenation of dienes, such a catalyst had an elemental Ni content of 15-35 wt% and was loaded in a fixed bed reactor. The feed stream containing mercaptans and dienes were contacted with the Ni/Al2O3 in the fixed bed reactor, and operated at a temperature of 125°C and pressure of 4.1 MPa. After the reaction, the product was separated in a rectifying column to obtain a light component in the upper section of the distillation column, having a mercaptan removal rate of 100% and a butadiene removal rate of 99%. However, this patent did not disclose a method for preparing the catalyst and the physical-chemical properties of the catalyst. In addition, the nickel-based catalyst required a high reaction temperature, which may easily cause polymerization of the highly unsaturated hydrocarbons in the feed stream.

    [0009] US 3,925,197 discloses a process for fixed bed hydrodesulphurization at hydrogen partial pressure of at least 80 and at most 180 bar of residual hydrocarbon oils having a total vanadium and nickel content of at most 120 ppmw. A catalyst is applied comprising 0.5 - 20 wt% nickel and/or cobalt and 2.5 - 60 wt% molybdenum and/or tungsten on an alumina or a silicaalumina carrier.

    [0010] EP 2 0033 710 A1 discloses a hydrodesulphurization process that desulphurizes a hydrocarbon stream that can minimize olefin saturation and can minimize recombination of sulfur into mercaptans.

    [0011] LPG contains a large quantity of highly reactive olefins which are easily saturated and polymerized at a high temperature. Thus, saturation and polymerization of these olefins can be avoided and the energy consumption can be reduced if the operation is conducted at a low temperature. Therefore, it may be very necessary to develop a mercaptan conversion catalyst which has high activity and high stability at a low temperature.

    Summary of the invention



    [0012] In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention aims at providing a bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst for sweetening LPG at a low temperature and a method for preparing the same. The catalyst can achieve mercaptan conversion at a low temperature to efficiently remove mercaptans without causing saturation and polymerization of olefins.

    [0013] To achieve the above purpose, the present invention provides a method for preparing a bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst for sweetening LPG at a low temperature, comprising steps of:
    1. (1) mixing 60-80 parts by mass of aluminum hydroxide xerogel and 20-40 parts by mass of silica xerogel uniformly, adding thereto a pore-forming agent and an aqueous nitric acid solution, followed by mixing and kneading, and then extruding the resultant mixture to produce a formed article;
    2. (2) air-drying the formed article by placing it at room temperature for 8-15 hours, drying it at 90-120°C for 3-5 hours, then calcinating it for 3-8 hours by elevating the temperature to 450-620°C at a heating rate of 2-4°C/min, and subsequently crushing and screening the resultant to produce short-rod-like particles having a size of 4-6 mm, thereby producing an Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier; and
    3. (3) loading bimetallic active components, vanadium and nickel, separately onto the Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier by using an incipient wet impregnation method, and then drying and calcinating it to obtain the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst for sweetening LPG at a low temperature, wherein the low temperature sweetening treatment of LPG is carried out at a reaction temperature of 55-150°C.


    [0014] In the above preparation method, preferably, in step (1) the pore-forming agent is used in an amount of 3-5 wt% with respect to the total mass of the mixture of the aluminum hydroxide xerogel and the silica xerogel, the aqueous nitric acid solution is used in an amount of 70-80 wt% with respect to the total mass of the mixture of the aluminum hydroxide xerogel and the silica xerogel, and the aqueous nitric acid solution has a concentration of 5-10 wt%, on a mass percentage basis.

    [0015] In the above preparation method, preferably, the Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier has a specific surface area of 150-330 m2/g and a pore size of 4-12 nm.

    [0016] In the above preparation method, preferably, step (3) further comprises:
    1. i) adding a solution containing a soluble salt of vanadium dropwise onto the Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier, then allowing it to age by placing it at room temperature for 6-12 hours, drying it at 90-120°C for 3-5 hours, and calcinating it at 420-550°C for 3-6 hours, so as to obtain a catalyst intermediate; and
    2. ii) adding a solution containing a soluble salt of nickel dropwise onto the catalyst intermediate, then allowing it to age by placing it at room temperature for 6-12 hours, drying it at 90-120°C for 3-5 hours, and calcinating it at 420-550°C for 3-6 hours, so as to obtain the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst for sweetening LPG at a low temperature, wherein the low temperature sweetening treatment of LPG is carried out at a reaction temperature of 55-150°C.


    [0017] In step (3), after adding the solution containing a soluble salt of vanadium/nickel dropwise onto the carrier/intermediate, stirring is continuously performed to mix uniformly the impregnation solution and the carrier/intermediate.

    [0018] In the above preparation method, preferably, the soluble salt of vanadium includes one or a combination of more of ammonium metavanadate, sodium metavanadate, potassium metavanadate, vanadium acetylacetonate and sodium orthovanadate.

    [0019] In the above preparation method, preferably, the soluble salt of nickel includes one or a combination of more of nickel nitrate, nickel chloride, nickel sulfate, nickel acetate, nickel oxalate and nickel acetylacetonate.

    [0020] In the above preparation method, preferably, the total content of the bimetallic active components, measured on the basis of the weight of oxides, is 10-40 wt%, more preferably 12-30 wt%, of the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst for sweetening LPG at a low temperature, wherein the low temperature sweetening treatment of LPG is carried out at a reaction temperature of 55-150°C.

    [0021] In the above preparation method, preferably, the molar ratio of vanadium to nickel is (0.1-0.8): 1.

    [0022] In the preparation process, the concentrations of the solution containing a soluble salt of vanadium and the solution containing a soluble salt of nickel may be adjusted according to the above content in mass percentage and the molar ratio.

    [0023] In the above preparation method, preferably, in step (1), the extruded formed article is a clover-shaped long-rod-like formed article having a diameter of 1-3 mm, or a cylindrical long-rod-like formed article having a diameter of 1-3 mm, wherein the terms "clover-shaped" and "cylindrical" refer to the shape of the cross section.

    [0024] In the above preparation method, the pore forming agent used may be a frequently used pore forming agent in the art, preferably sesbania powder.

    [0025] The present invention also provides a bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst for sweetening LPG at a low temperature, wherein the low temperature sweetening treatment of LPG is carried out at a reaction temperature of 55-150°C, which is prepared by the above preparation method. The total content of the bimetallic active components, measured on the basis of the weight of oxides, is 10-40 wt% of the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst. The bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst comprises an Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier, wherein the molar ratio of vanadium to nickel is (0.10.8):1.

    [0026] The present invention also provides the use of the said bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst for sweetening LPG at a low temperature in low-temperature sweetening treatment of liquefied petroleum gas, wherein the low temperature sweetening treatment of LPG is carried out at a reaction temperature of 55-150°C.

    [0027] According to a specific embodiment of the present invention, preferably, when using the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst provided in the present invention to perform low-temperature sweetening treatment of LPG, the sweetening treatment is carried out at a reaction pressure of 1.0-4.0 MPa, a liquid volume hourly space velocity of 2-6 h-1, and a volume ratio of hydrogen gas to LPG of 2-8:1.

    [0028] Upon calcination, the active metals are deposited in an oxidized form on the carrier. Preferably, prior to use, the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst is subjected to pre-sulfidation in which sulfur-containing hydrocarbons are used to convert the active metal oxides into their metal sulfide form, and the sulfur-containing hydrocarbons are mixed gas of hydrogen gas and hydrogen sulfide containing 6-10 wt% of hydrogen sulfide, or a straight-run naphtha containing 1-4 wt% of carbon disulfide or dimethyl disulfide.

    [0029] According to a specific embodiment of the present invention, the sulfidation described above may be carried out in a hydrodesulfurization reactor, preferably, at a pre-sulfidation temperature of 270-450°C.

    [0030] The bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst prepared according to the preparation method provided according to the present invention has a proper specific surface area and more metal active sites, and has advantages of simple preparation, efficient mercaptan conversion even at a low temperature, and no saturation and polymerization of mono-olefins. Moreover, the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst exhibits superior mercaptan conversion performance in LPG sweetening, has strong adaptability to starting materials, and can also nearly completely remove trace carbonyl sulfide contained in LPG. The catalyst provided according to the present invention has prominent low-temperature catalytic activity and excellent catalytic stability, as compared to catalysts in the prior art.

    Detailed Description of Preferred Embodiments



    [0031] The technical solutions of the present invention will now be further described in details in order to provide a clearer understanding of the technical features, purposes and advantageous effects of the present invention, while the description is not to be construed as limitations to the implementable scope of the present invention.

    Example 1



    [0032] This Example provides a bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst which was prepared by steps of:
    1. (1) mixing 30 g of aluminum hydroxide xerogel and 20 g of silica xerogel uniformly, then adding 2 g of sesbania powder to the resultant mixture and mixing them uniformly, further adding dropwise 37.5 g of an aqueous nitric acid solution having a concentration of 5 wt% and kneading the resultant mixture uniformly, and forming a cylindrical formed article having a diameter of 3 mm by an extruder;
    2. (2) air-drying the cylindrical formed article produced in step (1) by placing it at room temperature for 14 hours, drying it at 100°C for 5 hours, then calcinating it for 6 hours by elevating the temperature to 480°C at a heating rate of 2°C/min, and subsequently crushing and screening the resultant to produce short-rod-like particles having a size of about 5 mm, thereby producing an Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier;
    3. (3) separately loading bimetallic active components, vanadium and nickel, by using an incipient wet impregnation method, comprising:

      weighing out 2.64 g of ammonium metavanadate and dissolving it in 16.0 g of an oxalic acid solution having a concentration of 20 wt% to formulate a solution containing the active metal vanadium, adding the solution slowly dropwise onto 20 g of the Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier produced above under continuous stirring to mix the impregnation solution and the carrier uniformly, then placing it at room temperature for 12 hours, subsequently drying it at 120°C for 4 hours, and finally calcinating it for 4 hours in a muffle furnace by elevating the temperature to 430°C at a heating rate of 2°C/min, to obtain a catalyst intermediate;

      weighing out 13.98 g of nickel nitrate hexahydrate and dissolving it in 16.0 g of deionized water to formulate a solution of nickel nitrate, adding the solution dropwise onto the catalyst intermediate under continuous stirring to mix the impregnation solution and the intermediate uniformly, then placing it at room temperature for 12 hours, subsequently drying it at 120°C for 4 hours, and finally calcinating it at 430°C for 4 hours, to obtain the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst A.


    Example 2



    [0033] This Example provides a bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst which was prepared by steps of:
    1. (1) mixing 35 g of aluminum hydroxide xerogel and 15 g of silica xerogel uniformly, then adding 2 g of sesbania powder to the resultant mixture and mixing them uniformly, further adding dropwise 37.5 g of an aqueous nitric acid solution having a concentration of 5 wt% and kneading the resultant mixture uniformly, and forming a cylindrical formed article having a diameter of 3 mm by an extruder;
    2. (2) air-drying the extruded formed article produced in step (1) by placing it at room temperature for 14 hours, drying it at 100°C for 5 hours, then calcinating it for 4 hours by elevating the temperature to 520°C at a heating rate of 2°C/min, and subsequently crushing and screening the resultant to produce short-rod-like particles having a size of about 5 mm, thereby producing an Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier;
    3. (3) separately loading bimetallic active components, vanadium and nickel, by using an incipient wet impregnation method, comprising:

      weighing out 2.64 g of ammonium metavanadate and dissolving it in 16.0 g of an oxalic acid solution having a concentration of 20 wt% to formulate a solution containing the active metal vanadium, adding the solution dropwise onto 20 g of the Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier produced above under continuous stirring to mix the impregnation solution and the carrier uniformly, then placing it at room temperature for 12 hours, subsequently drying it at 120°C for 4 hours, and finally calcinating it for 4 hours in a muffle furnace by elevating the temperature to 480°C at a heating rate of 2°C/min, to obtain a catalyst intermediate;

      weighing out 13.98 g of nickel nitrate hexahydrate and dissolving it in 16.0 g of deionized water to formulate a solution of nickel nitrate, adding the solution dropwise onto the catalyst intermediate under continuous stirring to mix the impregnation solution and the intermediate uniformly, then placing it at room temperature for 12 hours, subsequently drying it at 120°C for 4 hours, and finally calcinating it at 480°C for 4 hours, to obtain the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst B.


    Example 3



    [0034] This Example provides a bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst which was prepared by steps of:
    1. (1) mixing 40 g of aluminum hydroxide xerogel and 10 g of silica xerogel uniformly, then adding 2 g of sesbania powder to the resultant mixture and mixing them uniformly, further adding dropwise 37.5 g of an aqueous nitric acid solution having a concentration of 5 wt% and kneading the resultant mixture uniformly, and forming a cylindrical formed article having a diameter of 3 mm by an extruder;
    2. (2) air-drying the extruded formed article produced in step (1) by placing it at room temperature for 14 hours, drying it at 100°C for 5 hours, then calcinating it for 4 hours by elevating the temperature to 560°C at a heating rate of 2°C/min, and subsequently crushing and screening the resultant to produce short-rod-like particles having a size of about 5 mm, thereby producing an Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier;
    3. (3) seprately loading bimetallic active components, vanadium and nickel, by using an incipient wet impregnation method, comprising:

      weighing out 2.64 g of ammonium metavanadate and dissolving it in 16.0 g of an oxalic acid solution having a concentration of 20 wt% to formulate a solution containing the active metal vanadium, adding the solution dropwise onto 20 g of the Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier produced above under continuous stirring to mix the impregnation solution and the carrier uniformly, then placing it at room temperature for 12 hours, subsequently drying it at 120°C for 4 hours, and finally calcinating it for 4 hours in a muffle furnace by elevating the temperature to 520°C at a heating rate of 2°C/min to obtain a catalyst intermediate;

      weighing out 13.98 g of nickel nitrate hexahydrate and dissolving it in 16.0 g of deionized water to formulate a solution of nickel nitrate, adding the solution dropwise onto the catalyst intermediate under continuous stirring to mix the impregnation solution and the intermediate uniformly, then placing it at room temperature for 12 hours, subsequently drying it at 120°C for 4 hours, and finally calcinating it at 520°C for 4 hours, to obtain the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst C.


    Example 4



    [0035] This Example provides a bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst which was prepared by steps of:
    1. (1) mixing 35 g of aluminum hydroxide xerogel and 15 g of silica xerogel uniformly, then adding 2 g of sesbania powder to the resultant mixture and mixing them uniformly, further adding dropwise 37.5 g of an aqueous nitric acid solution having a concentration of 5 wt% and kneading the resultant mixture uniformly, and forming a cylindrical formed article having a diameter of 3 mm by an extruder;
    2. (2) air-drying the extruded formed article produced in step (1) by placing it at room temperature for 14 hours, drying it at 100°C for 5 hours, then calcinating it for 4 hours by elevating the temperature to 520°C at a heating rate of 2°C/min, and subsequently crushing and screening the resultant to produce short-rod-like particles having a size of about 5 mm, thereby producing an Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier;
    3. (3) separately loading bimetallic active components, vanadium and nickel, by using an incipient wet impregnation method, comprising:

      weighing out 1.17 g of ammonium metavanadate and dissolving it in 16.0 g of an oxalic acid solution having a concentration of 20 wt% to formulate a solution containing the active metal vanadium, adding the solution dropwise onto 20 g of the Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier produced above under continuous stirring to mix the impregnation solution and the carrier uniformly, then placing it at room temperature for 12 hours, subsequently drying it at 120°C for 4 hours, and finally calcinating it for 4 hours in a muffle furnace by elevating the temperature to 480°C at a heating rate of 2°C/min to obtain a catalyst intermediate;

      weighing out 7.08 g of nickel nitrate hexahydrate and dissolving it in 16.0 g of deionized water to formulate a solution of nickel nitrate, adding the solution dropwise onto the catalyst intermediate under continuous stirring to mix the impregnation solution and the intermediate uniformly, then placing it at room temperature for 12 hours, subsequently drying it at 120°C for 4 hours, and finally calcinating it at 480°C for 4 hours, to obtain the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst D.


    Example 5



    [0036] This Example provides a bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst which was prepared by steps of:
    1. (1) mixing 35 g of aluminum hydroxide xerogel and 15 g of silica xerogel uniformly, then adding 2 g of sesbania powder to the resultant mixture and mixing them uniformly, further adding dropwise 37.5 g of an aqueous nitric acid solution having a concentration of 5 wt% and kneading the resultant mixture uniformly, and forming a cylindrical formed article having a diameter of 3 mm by an extruder;
    2. (2) air-drying the extruded formed article produced in step (1) by placing it at room temperature for 14 hours, drying it at 100°C for 5 hours, then calcinating it for 4 hours by elevating the temperature to 520°C at a heating rate of 2°C/min, and subsequently crushing and screening the resultant to produce short-rod-like particles having a size of about 5 mm, thereby producing an Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier;
    3. (3) separately loading bimetallic active components, vanadium and nickel, by using an incipient wet impregnation method, comprising:

      weighing out 3.96 g of ammonium metavanadate and dissolving it in 16.0 g of an oxalic acid solution having a concentration of 20 wt% to formulate a solution containing the active metal vanadium, adding the solution dropwise onto 20 g of the Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier produced above under continuous stirring to mix the impregnation solution and the carrier uniformly, then placing it at room temperature for 12 hours, subsequently drying it at 120°C for 4 hours, and finally calcinating it for 4 hours in a muffle furnace by elevating the temperature to 480°C at a heating rate of 2°C/min to obtain a catalyst intermediate;

      weighing out 9.98 g of nickel nitrate hexahydrate and dissolving it in 16.0 g of deionized water to formulate a solution of nickel nitrate, adding the solution slowly dropwise onto the catalyst intermediate under continuous stirring to mix the impregnation solution and the intermediate uniformly, then placing it at room temperature for 12 hours, subsequently drying it at 120°C for 4 hours, and finally calcinating it at 480°C for 4 hours, to obtain the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst E.


    Example 6



    [0037] This Example provides a bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst which was prepared by steps of:
    1. (1) mixing 35 g of aluminum hydroxide xerogel and 15 g of silica xerogel uniformly, then adding 2 g of sesbania powder to the resultant mixture and mixing them uniformly, further adding dropwise 37.5 g of an aqueous nitric acid solution having a concentration of 5 wt% and kneading the resultant mixture uniformly, and forming a cylindrical formed article having a diameter of 3 mm by an extruder;
    2. (2) air-drying the extruded formed article produced in step (1) by placing it at room temperature for 14 hours, drying it at 100°C for 5 hours, then calcinating it for 4 hours by elevating the temperature to 520°C at a heating rate of 2°C/min, and subsequently crushing and screening the resultant to produce short-rod-like particles having a size of about 5 mm, thereby producing an Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier;
    3. (3) separately loading bimetallic active components, vanadium and nickel, by using an incipient wet impregnation method, comprising:

      weighing out 3.47 g of ammonium metavanadate and dissolving it in 16.0 g of an oxalic acid solution having a concentration of 20 wt% to formulate a solution containing the active metal vanadium, adding the solution dropwise onto 20 g of the Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier produced above under continuous stirring to mix the impregnation solution and the carrier uniformly, then placing it at room temperature for 12 hours, subsequently drying it at 120°C for 4 hours, and finally calcinating it for 4 hours in a muffle furnace by elevating the temperature to 480°C at a heating rate of 2°C/min to obtain a catalyst intermediate;

      weighing out 16.83 g of nickel nitrate hexahydrate and dissolving it in 16.0 g of deionized water to formulate a solution of nickel nitrate, adding the solution dropwise onto the catalyst intermediate under continuous stirring to mix the impregnation solution and the intermediate uniformly, then placing it at room temperature for 12 hours, subsequently drying it at 120°C for 4 hours, and finally calcinating it at 480°C for 4 hours, to obtain the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst F.


    Example 7



    [0038] This Example provides a bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst which was prepared by steps of:
    1. (1) mixing 35 g of aluminum hydroxide xerogel and 15 g of silica xerogel uniformly, then adding 2 g of sesbania powder into the resultant mixture and mixing them uniformly, further adding dropwise 37.5 g of an aqueous nitric acid solution having a concentration of 5 wt% and kneading the resultant mixture uniformly, and forming a cylindrical formed article having a diameter of 3 mm by an extruder;
    2. (2) air-drying the extruded formed article produced in step (1) by placing it at room temperature for 14 hours, drying it at 100°C for 5 hours, then calcinating it for 4 hours by elevating the temperature to 520°C at a heating rate of 2°C/min, and subsequently crushing and screening the resultant to produce short-rod-like particles having a size of about 5 mm, thereby producing an Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier;
    3. (3) separately loading bimetallic active components, vanadium and nickel, by using an incipient wet impregnation method, comprising:

      weighing out 2.75 g of sodium metavanadate and dissolving it in 16.0 g of an oxalic acid solution having a concentration of 20 wt% to formulate a solution containing the active metal vanadium, adding the solution dropwise onto 20 g of the Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier produced above under continuous stirring to mix the impregnation solution and the carrier uniformly, then placing it at room temperature for 12 hours, subsequently drying it at 120°C for 4 hours, and finally calcinating it for 4 hours in a muffle furnace by elevating the temperature to 480°C at a heating rate of 2°C/min to obtain a catalyst intermediate;

      weighing out 11.42 g of nickel chloride hexahydrate and dissolving it in 16.0 g of deionized water to formulate a solution of nickel chloride, adding the solution dropwise onto the catalyst intermediate under continuous stirring to mix the impregnation solution and the intermediate uniformly, then placing it at room temperature for 12 hours, subsequently drying it at 120°C for 4 hours, and finally calcinating it at 480°C for 4 hours, to obtain the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst G.


    Example 8



    [0039] This Example provides a bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst which was prepared by steps of:
    1. (1) mixing 35 g of aluminum hydroxide xerogel and 15 g of silica xerogel uniformly, then adding 2 g of sesbania powder into the resultant mixture and mixing them uniformly, further adding dropwise 37.5 g of an aqueous nitric acid solution having a concentration of 5 wt% and kneading the resultant the mixture uniformly, and forming a cylindrical formed article having a diameter of 3 mm by an extruder;
    2. (2) air-drying the extruded formed article produced in step (1) by placing it at room temperature for 14 hours, drying it at 100°C for 5 hours, then calcinating it for 4 hours by elevating the temperature to 520°C at a heating rate of 2°C/min, and subsequently crushing and screening the resultant to produce short-rod-like particles having a size of about 5 mm, thereby producing an Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier;
    3. (3) separately loading bimetallic active components, vanadium and nickel, by using an incipient wet impregnation method, comprising:

      weighing out 1.32 g of ammonium metavanadate and 1.56 g of potassium metavanadate and dissolving them in 16.0 g of an oxalic acid solution having a concentration of 20 wt% to formulate a solution containing the active metal vanadium, adding the solution dropwise onto 20 g of the Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier produced above under continuous stirring to mix the impregnation solution and the carrier uniformly, then placing it at room temperature for 12 hours, subsequently drying it at 120°C for 4 hours, and finally calcinating it for 4 hours in a muffle furnace by elevating the temperature to 480°C at a heating rate of 2°C/min to obtain a catalyst intermediate;

      weighing out 5.71 g of nickel chloride hexahydrate and 5.98 g of nickel acetate tetrahydrate and dissolving them in 16.0 g of deionized water to formulate a solution containing nickel, adding the solution slowly onto the catalyst intermediate under continuous stirring to mix the impregnation solution and the intermediate uniformly, then placing it at room temperature for 12 hours, subsequently drying it at 120°C for 4 hours, and finally calcinating it at 480°C for 4 hours, to obtain the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst H.


    Comparative Example 1



    [0040] This Example provides a catalyst which was prepared by steps of:
    1. (1) adding 2 g of sesbania powder to 50 g of aluminum hydroxide xerogel and mixing them uniformly, further adding dropwise 37.5 g of an aqueous nitric acid solution having a concentration of 5 wt% and kneading the resulting mixture, and forming a cylindrical formed article having a diameter of 3 mm by an extruder;
    2. (2) air-drying the extruded formed article produced in step (1) by placing it at room temperature for 14 hours, drying it at 100°C for 5 hours, then calcinating it for 4 hours by elevating the temperature to 520°C at a heating rate of 2°C/min, and subsequently crushing and screening the resultant to produce short-rod-like particles having a size of about 5 mm, thereby producing an Al2O3 carrier;
    3. (3) separately loading bimetallic active components, vanadium and nickel, by using an incipient wet impregnation method, comprising:

      weighing out 2.64 g of ammonium metavanadate and dissolving it in 16.0 g of an oxalic acid solution having a concentration of 20 wt% to formulate a solution containing the active metal vanadium, adding the solution dropwise onto 20 g of the Al2O3 carrier produced above under continuous stirring to mix the impregnation solution and the carrier uniformly, then placing it at room temperature for 12 hours, subsequently drying it at 120°C for 4 hours, and finally calcinating it for 4 hours in a muffle furnace by elevating the temperature to 480°C at a heating rate of 2°C/min to obtain a catalyst intermediate;

      weighing out 13.98 g of nickel nitrate hexahydrate and dissolving it in 16.0 g of deionized water to formulate a solution of nickel nitrate, adding the solution dropwise onto the catalyst intermediate under continuous stirring to mix the impregnation solution and the intermediate uniformly, then placing it at room temperature for 12 hours, subsequently drying it at 120°C for 4 hours, and finally calcinating it at 480°C for 4 hours, to obtain the catalyst I.


    Comparative Example 2



    [0041] This Example provides a catalyst which was prepared by steps of:
    1. (1) mixing 35 g of aluminum hydroxide xerogel and 15 g of silica xerogel uniformly, then adding 2 g of sesbania powder to the resultant mixture and mixing them uniformly, further adding dropwise 37.5 g of an aqueous nitric acid solution having a concentration of 5 wt% and kneading the resultant mixture uniformly, and forming a cylindrical formed article having a diameter of 3 mm by an extruder;
    2. (2) air-drying the extruded formed article produced in step (1) by placing it at room temperature for 14 hours, drying it at 100°C for 5 hours, then calcinating it for 4 hours by elevating the temperature to 520°C at a heating rate of 2°C/min, and subsequently crushing and screening the resultant to produce short-rod-like particles having a size of about 5 mm, thereby producing an Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier;
    3. (3) loading the bimetallic active component vanadium by using an incipient wet impregnation method, comprising:
      weighing out 2.24 g of ammonium metavanadate and dissolving it in 16.0 g of an oxalic acid solution having a concentration of 20 wt% to formulate a solution containing the active metal vanadium, adding the solution dropwise onto 20 g of the Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier produced above under continuous stirring to mix the impregnation solution and the carrier uniformly, then placing it at room temperature for 12 hours, subsequently drying it at 120°C for 4 hours, and finally calcinating it for 4 hours in a muffle furnace by elevating the temperature to 480°C at a heating rate of 2°C/min, to obtain the catalyst J.

    Comparative Example 3



    [0042] This Example provides a catalyst which was prepared by steps of:
    1. (1) mixing 35 g of aluminum hydroxide xerogel and 15 g of silica xerogel uniformly, then adding 2 g of sesbania powder to the resultant mixture and mixing them uniformly, further adding dropwise 37.5 g of an aqueous nitric acid solution having a concentration of 5 wt% and kneading the resultant mixture uniformly, and forming a cylindrical formed article having a diameter of 3 mm by an extruder;
    2. (2) air-drying the extruded formed article produced in step (1) by placing it at room temperature for 14 hours, drying it at 100°C for 5 hours, then calcinating it for 4 hours by elevating the temperature to 520°C at a heating rate of 2°C/min, and subsequently crushing and screening the resultant to produce short-rod-like particles having a size of about 5 mm, thereby producing an Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier;
    3. (3) loading the bimetallic active component nickel by using an incipient wet impregnation method, comprising:
      weighing out 12.67 g of nickel nitrate hexahydrate and dissolving it in 16.0 g of deionized water to formulate a solution of nickel nitrate, adding the solution dropwise onto the Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier produced above under continuous stirring to mix the impregnation solution and the carrier uniformly, then placing it at room temperature for 12 hours, subsequently drying it at 120°C for 4 hours, and finally calcinating it at 480°C for 4 hours, to obtain the catalyst K.


    [0043] The catalysts A to K as produced by the above Examples and Comparative Examples were evaluated by using a fixed bed microreactor, in which the loading amount of catalyst was 4.0 g, and both ends of the bed were filled with quartz sand when the catalyst was loaded.

    [0044] Prior to the reaction, the catalysts need pre-sulfidation, in which a straight-run gasoline was used as the pre-sulfidation oil, CS2 was used as the sulfidation agent at a concentration of 2.0 wt% in the straight-run gasoline (on a mass percentage basis), the pre-sulfidation oil was run under a volume hourly space velocity of 1.5 h-1, the pre-sulfidation pressure was 2.0 MPa, and the volume ratio of hydrogen to oil was 250. The pre-sulfidation process was as follows: performing sulfidation at 230°C for 3h, at 270°C for 3 h, at 300°C for 4h, at 320°C for 4 h, and at 340°C for 2 h, with a heating rate of 1°C/min during the sulfidation.

    [0045] After the pre-sulfidation of the catalysts, LPG starting materials were fed when the temperature decreased to a reaction temperature, and under the condition of a temperature of 80°C, a pressure of 2.5 MPa, a volume hourly space velocity of 3.0 h-1 and a hydrogen-to-oil volume ratio of 6, the reaction was carried out stably for 20 hours and was sampled every 5 hours for analysis.

    [0046] The content of sulfides in the sample was measured using a gas chromatography installed with a sulfur chemiluminescence detector (GC-SCD), and the conversion of sulfides was calculated. The results are listed in Table 1 (A comparison of reaction performance of the catalysts between Examples and Comparative Examples). The starting material used was LPG, which was measured to have a methyl mercaptan content of 164.39 µg/g, an ethyl mercaptan content of 85.6 µg/g, and a carbonyl sulfide content of 28.95 µg/g.

    [0047] As can be seen from the results given in Table 1, catalysts A to H each showed a strong ability to remove methyl mercaptan and ethyl mercaptan contained in the starting materials when the starting material LPG passed through the catalyst bed at 80°C. As for the two mercaptans contained in LPG, catalysts A to H prepared in the Examples showed optimal conversion efficiency for methyl mercaptan, all at 98% or more, and showed a suboptimal conversion ability for ethyl mercaptan, yet the best mercaptan conversion among which was still greater than 98%. In particular, the catalysts prepared in the Examples also showed a remarkable removing effect on a trace amount of carbonyl sulfide contained in LPG, with the highest removing rate being 99% or more. The composition of the Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier and the calcination temperature thereof (catalysts A to C and I) had a certain effect on the mercaptan conversion performance of the catalyst products. The catalysts prepared with Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide as the carrier showed better mercaptan conversion performance than the catalyst prepared with Al2O3 alone as the carrier, because addition of SiO2 facilitates formation of Si-Al bonds so that additional acidic sites are generated, which promote low-temperature activation of mercaptans. Calcination temperatures affect the number and intensity of acidic sites on the composite oxide carrier to different degrees, which results in difference in mercaptan conversion performance of the catalyst products.
    Table 1: Comparison of reaction performance of the catalysts in Examples and Comparative Examples
    ExamplesCatalystsConcentration of sulfocompound in the product (µg/g)
    Methyl mercaptanEthyl mercaptanCarbonyl sulfide
    1 A 0.45 2.94 0.71
    2 B <0.1 1.12 0.13
    3 C 0.24 2.13 0.46
    4 D 2.38 6.22 1.52
    5 E 1.64 5.84 1.24
    6 F 0.13 1.69 0.17
    7 G 0.30 2.72 0.61
    8 H 0.17 1.97 0.20
    Comparative Example 1 I 0.72 3.16 0.74
    Comparative Example 2 J 4.14 12.26 1.78
    Comparative Example 3 K 48.68 37.5 6.96


    [0048] In addition, as can be seen from Table 1, the loading amounts of V2O5 and NiO, the V/Ni molar ratio, and the types of the starting materials all have certain effects on the mercaptan conversion efficiency of the catalysts. A low total loading amount of active metal (catalyst D) and an improper V/Ni molar ratio (catalyst E) are both unfavorable to formation of active centers, thereby decreasing the mercaptan conversion ability of catalysts. Among the catalysts in the above Examples, catalyst B showed the best mercaptan conversion performance, with a methyl mercaptan conversion of >99.9%, an ethyl mercaptan conversion of 98.69%, and a carbonyl sulfide conversion of 94.75%.

    [0049] As can be seen from the evaluation results of the catalysts in the Comparative Examples, the catalyst supporting V2O5 alone and the catalyst supporting NiO alone both had reduced mercaptan conversion performance, in which the catalyst supporting V2O5 showed the worst sweetening performance with a methyl mercaptan conversion of only 70.39%, an ethyl mercaptan conversion of only 56.19% and a carbonyl sulfide conversion of only 75.96%. As such, the synergistic effect between the metals V and Ni is the key factor for a bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst to have superior mercaptan conversion performance.

    [0050] In summary, the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst prepared according to the preparation method provided in accordance with the present invention has a proper specific surface area and number of active center sites, and has advantages of simple preparation, efficient mercaptan conversion even at a low temperature, and no saturation and polymerization of mono-olefins. Moreover, the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst exhibits superior mercaptan conversion performance, has strong adaptability to starting materials, and can also nearly completely remove trace amount of carbonyl sulfide contained in LPG. The catalyst provided in accordance with the present invention has prominent low-temperature catalytic activity and excellent catalytic stability, as compared to catalysts in the prior art.


    Claims

    1. A method for preparing a bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst for sweetening liquefied petroleum gas at a low temperature, comprising the following steps:

    (1) mixing 60-80 parts by mass of aluminum hydroxide xerogel and 20-40 parts by mass of silica xerogel uniformly, adding a pore-forming agent and an aqueous nitric acid solution thereto, followed by mixing and kneading, and then extruding the resultant to produce a formed article;

    (2) air-drying the formed article by placing it at room temperature for 8-15 hours, drying it at 90-120°C for 3-5 hours, then calcinating it for 3-8 hours by elevating the temperature to 450-620°C at a heating rate of 2-4°C/min, and subsequently crushing and screening the resultant to produce short-rod-like particles having a size of 4-6 mm, thereby producing an Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier; and

    (3) loading bimetallic active components, vanadium and nickel, separately onto the Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier by using an incipient wet impregnation method, and then drying and calcinating it to obtain the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst for sweetening LPG at a low temperature, wherein the low temperature sweetening treatment of LPG is carried out at a reaction temperature of 55-150°C.


     
    2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the pore-forming agent is used in an amount of 3-5 wt% with respect to the total mass of the mixture of the aluminum hydroxide xerogel and the silica xerogel, the aqueous nitric acid solution is used in an amount of 70-80 wt% with respect to the total mass of the mixture of the aluminum hydroxide xerogel and the silica xerogel, and the aqueous nitric acid solution has a concentration of 5-10 wt%, on a mass percentage basis.
     
    3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier has a specific surface area of 150-330 m2/g and a pore size of 4-12 nm.
     
    4. The method according to claim 1, wherein step (3) comprises:

    i) adding a solution containing a soluble salt of vanadium dropwise onto the Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier, then placing it at room temperature for 6-12 hours, drying it at 90-120°C for 3-5 hours, and calcinating it at 420-550°C for 3-6 hours, to obtain a catalyst intermediate; and

    ii) adding a solution containing a soluble salt of nickel dropwise onto the catalyst intermediate, then placing it at room temperature for 6-12 hours, drying it at 90-120°C for 3-5 hours, and calcinating it at 420-550°C for 3-6 hours, to obtain the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst for sweetening LPG at a low temperature.


     
    5. The method according to claim 4, wherein the soluble salt of vanadium includes one or a combination of more of ammonium metavanadate, sodium metavanadate, potassium metavanadate, vanadium acetylacetonate and sodium orthovanadate,.
     
    6. The method according to claim 4, wherein the soluble salt of nickel includes one or a combination of more of nickel nitrate, nickel chloride, nickel sulfate, nickel acetate, nickel oxalate and nickel acetylacetonate.
     
    7. The method according to claim 1, wherein the total content of the bimetallic active components, measured on the basis of the weight of oxides, is 10-40 wt% of the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst for sweetening LPG at a low temperature.
     
    8. The method according to claim 7, wherein the total content of the bimetallic active components, measured on the basis of the weight of oxides, is 12-30 wt% of the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst for sweetening LPG at a low temperature.
     
    9. The method according to claim 1, wherein the molar ratio of vanadium to nickel is (0.1-0.8):1.
     
    10. The method according to claim 1, wherein, in step (1), the extruded formed article is a clover-shaped long-rod-like formed article having a diameter of 1-3 mm, or a cylindrical long-rod-like formed article having a diameter of 1-3 mm.
     
    11. A bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst for sweetening LPG at a low temperature, wherein the low temperature sweetening treatment of LPG is carried out at a reaction temperature of 55-150°C, which is prepared by the method according to claim 1; wherein the total content of the bimetallic active components, measured on the basis of the weight of oxides, is 10-40 wt% of the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst;
    wherein the said bimetallic active components are nickel and vanadium loaded onto an Al2O3-SiO2 composite oxide carrier,
    wherein the molar ratio of vanadium to nickel is (0.1-0.8):1.
     
    12. Use of the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst according to claim 11 in the low-temperature sweetening treatment of LPG;
    wherein the low-temperature sweetening treatment of LPG is carried out at a reaction temperature of 55-150°C.
     
    13. The use according to claim 12, wherein the low-temperature sweetening treatment of LPG is carried out at a reaction pressure of 1.0-4.0 MPa, a liquid volume hourly space velocity of 2-6 h-1, and a volume ratio of hydrogen gas to LPG of 2-8:1.
     
    14. The use according to claim 12, wherein, prior to use, the bimetallic mercaptan conversion catalyst is subjected to pre-sulfidation in which sulfur-containing hydrocarbons are used to convert active metal oxides into their metal sulfide form, and the sulfur-containing hydrocarbons are mixed gas of hydrogen gas and hydrogen sulfide containing 6-10 wt% of hydrogen sulfide, or a straight-run naphtha containing 1-4 wt% of carbon disulfide or dimethyl disulfide.
     
    15. The use according to claim 14, wherein the temperature for the pre-sulfidation is 270-450°C.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zum Herstellen eines bimetallischen Merkaptanumwandungskatalysators zum Süßen (Sweetening) von Flüssiggas (Liquified Petroleum Gas) bei einer niedrigen Temperatur, umfassend die folgenden Schritte:

    (1) gleichmäßiges Mischen von 60-80 Massenanteilen Aluminiumhydroxid-Xerogel und 20-40 Massenanteilen Silica-Xerogel, Hinzufügen eines porenbildenden Mittels und einer wässrigen Salpetersäurelösung, gefolgt von einem Mischen und Kneten und dann Extrudieren des Ergebnisses, um einen Formgegenstand zu produzieren;

    (2) Lufttrocknen des Formgegenstands durch dessen Platzierung bei Raumtemperatur für 8-15 Stunden, Trocknen bei 90-120°C für 3-5 Stunden und dann Kalzinieren für 3-8 Stunden durch Anheben der Temperatur auf 450-620°C bei einer Heizrate von 2-4°C pro Minute, und anschließendes Brechen und Sieben des Ergebnisses, um kurzstabförmige Partikel mit einer Größe von 4-6 mm herzustellen, wodurch ein Al2O3-SiO2-Verbundoxidträger produziert wird;

    (3) getrenntes Laden von bimetallischen Aktivkomponenten, Vanadium und Nickel, auf den Al2O3-SiO2-Verbundoxidträger durch Verwenden eines einsetzenden Nassimprägnierungsverfahrens und dann Trocknen und Kalzinieren dessen, um den bimetallischen Merkaptanumwandlungskatalysator zum Süßen von Flüssiggas bei einer niedrigen Temperatur zu erhalten, wobei die Niedrigtemperatursüßungsbehandlung von Flüssiggas bei einer Reaktionstemperatur von 55-150°C durchgeführt wird.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das porenbildende Mittel in einer Menge von 3-5 Gew.-% in Bezug auf die Gesamtmasse des Gemischs aus Aluminiumhydroxid-Xerogel und Silica-Xerogel verwendet wird, wobei die wässrige Salpeterlösung in einer Menge von 70-80 Gew.-% in Bezug auf die Gesamtmasse der Mischung aus Aluminiumhydroxid-Xerogel und Silica-Xerogel verwendet wird, und wobei die wässrige Salpetersäurelösung eine Konzentration von 5-10 Gew.-% auf einer Massenprozentbasis aufweist.
     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Al2O3-SiO2-Verbundoxidträger eine spezifische Oberfläche von 150-330 m2/g und eine Porengröße von 4-12 nm hat.
     
    4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei Schritt (3) umfasst:

    i) tropfenweises Hinzufügen einer Lösung, die ein lösliches Salz aus Vanadium umfasst, zu dem Al2O3-SiO2-Verbundoxidträger, dann Platzieren desselben bei Raumtemperatur für 6-12 Stunden, Trocknen desselben bei 90-120°C für 3-5 Stunden und Kalzinieren desselben bei 420-550°C für 3-6 Stunden, um ein Katalysatorzwischenprodukt zu erhalten; und

    ii) tropfenweises Hinzufügen einer Lösung, die ein lösliches Salz aus Nickel umfasst, zu dem Katalysatorzwischenprodukt, dann Platzieren desselben bei Raumtemperatur für 6-12 Stunden, Trocknen desselben bei 90-120°C für 3-5 Stunden und Kalzinieren desselben bei 420-550°C für 3-6 Stunden, um den bimetallischen Merkaptanumwandlungskatalysator zum Süßen von Flüssiggas bei einer niedrigen Temperatur zu erhalten.


     
    5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei das lösliche Salz aus Vanadium eines oder eine Kombination aus mehreren aus Ammoniummetavanadat, Natriummetavanadat, Kaliummetavanadat, Vanadiumacetylacetonat und Natriumorthovanadat beinhaltet.
     
    6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei das lösliche Salz aus Nickel eines oder eine Kombination aus mehreren aus Nickelnitrat, Nickelchlorid, Nickelsulfat, Nickelacetat, Nickeloxalat und Nickelacetylacetonat beinhaltet.
     
    7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der gesamte Inhalt der bimetallischen Aktivkomponenten, gemessen auf Basis des Gewichts der Oxide, 10-40 Gew.-% des bimetallischen Merkaptanumwandlungskatalysators zum Süßen von Flüssiggas bei einer niedrigen Temperatur umfasst.
     
    8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, wobei der gesamte Inhalt der bimetallischen Aktivkomponenten, gemessen auf Basis des Gewichts der Oxide, 12-30 Gew.-% des bimetallischen Merkaptanumwandlungskatalysators zum Süßen von Flüssiggas bei einer niedrigen Temperatur umfasst.
     
    9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Molverhältnis von Vanadium zu Nickel (0,1-0,8):1 ist.
     
    10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei in Schritt (1) der extrudierte Formgegenstand ein kleeförmiger langstabförmiger Formgegenstand mit einem Durchmesser von 1-3 mm oder ein zylindrischer langstabförmiger Formgegenstand mit einem Durchmesser von 1-3 mm ist.
     
    11. Ein bimetallischer Merkaptanumwandlungskatalysator zum Süßen von Flüssiggas bei einer niedrigen Temperatur, wobei die Niedrigtemperatursüßungsbehandlung von Flüssiggas bei einer Reaktionstemperatur von 50-150°C durchgeführt wird, welcher durch das Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 hergestellt wird, wobei der gesamte Inhalt der bimetallischen Aktivkomponenten, gemessen auf Basis des Gewichts der Oxide, 10-40 Gew.-% des bimetallischen Merkaptanumwandlungskatalysators beträgt,
    wobei die bimetallischen Aktivkomponenten Nickel und Vanadium sind, die auf den Al2O3-SiO2-Verbundoxidträger geladen werden, wobei das Molverhältnis von Vanadium zu Nickel (0,1-0,8):1 ist.
     
    12. Verwendung des bimetallischen Merkaptanumwandlungskatalysators nach Anspruch 11 in einer Niedrigtemperatursüßungsbehandlung von Flüssiggas, wobei die Niedrigtemperatursüßungsbehandlung von Flüssiggas bei einer Reaktionstemperatur von 55-150°C durchgeführt wird.
     
    13. Verwendung nach Anspruch 12, wobei die Niedrigtemperatursüßungsbehalndlung von Flüssiggas bei einem Reaktionsdruck von 1,0-4,0 MPa, einer Raumgeschwindigkeit des Flüssigkeitsvolumens auf Stundenbasis von 2-6 h-1, und einem Volumenverhältnis von Wasserstoffgas zu Flüssiggas von 2-8:1 durchgeführt wird.
     
    14. Verwendung nach Anspruch 12, wobei der bimetallische Merkaptanumwandlungskatalysator vor dem Verwenden einer Vorsulfidierung unterzogen wird, in welcher schwefelhaltige Kohlenwasserstoffe verwendet werden, um aktive Metalloxide in ihre Metallsulfidform umzuwandeln, und wobei die schwefelhaltigen Kohlenwasserstoffe gemischtes Gas aus Wasserstoffgas und Schwefelwasserstoffen, die 6-10 Gew.-% Schwefelwasserstoff oder Direktnaphtha (straight-run naphtha), das 1-4 Gew.-% Kohlenstoffdisulfid oder Dimethyldisulfid umfasst, sind.
     
    15. Verwendung nach Anspruch 14, wobei die Temperatur zur Vorsulfidierung 270-450°C ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de préparation d'un catalyseur de conversion de mercaptan bimétallique pour l'adoucissement de gaz de pétrole liquéfié à basse température, comprenant les étapes suivantes :

    (1) mélange de 60 à 80 parties en masse de xerogel d'hydroxyde d'aluminium et de 20 à 40 parties en masse de xerogel de silice uniformément, ajout d'un agent porogène et d'une solution aqueuse d'acide nitrique à ceux-ci, suivi par mélange et malaxage, puis par extrusion de la résultante pour produire un article formé ;

    (2) séchage à l'air de l'article formé en le plaçant à température ambiante pendant 8 à 15 heures, son séchage à 90 à 120 °C pendant 3 à 5 heures, puis sa calcination pendant 3 à 8 heures par hausse de la température à 450 à 620 °C à une cadence de chauffage de 2 à 4°C/min, et ultérieurement broyage et criblage de la résultante pour produire des particules de type courtes tiges ayant une taille de 4 à 6 mm, produisant ainsi un support d'oxyde composite d'Al2O3-SiO2 ; et

    (3) chargement de composants actifs bimétalliques, de vanadium et de nickel, séparément sur le support d'oxyde composite Al2O3-SiO2 par l'utilisation d'un procédé d'imprégnation humide naissante, puis séchage et sa calcination pour obtenir le catalyseur de conversion de mercaptan bimétallique pour l'adoucissement de GPL à basse température, dans lequel le traitement d'adoucissement à basse température du GPL est réalisé à une température de réaction de 55 à 150 °C.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'agent porogène est utilisé en une quantité de 3 à 5 % en poids par rapport à la masse totale du mélange du xerogel d'hydroxyde d'aluminium et du xerogel de silice, la solution aqueuse d'acide nitrique est utilisée en une quantité de 70 à 80 % en poids par rapport à la masse totale du mélange du xerogel d'hydroxyde d'aluminium et du xerogel de silice, et la solution aqueuse d'acide nitrique a une concentration de 5 à 10 % en poids, sur une base de pourcentage en masse.
     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le support d'oxyde composite Al2O3-SiO2 a une surface spécifique de 150 à 330 m2/g et une taille de pore de 4 à 12 nm.
     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'étape (3) comprend :

    i) l'ajout d'une solution contenant un sel soluble de vanadium goutte à goutte sur le support d'oxyde composite Al2O3-SiO2, puis son placement à température ambiante pendant 6 à 12 heures, son séchage à 90 à 120 °C pendant 3 à 5 heures, et sa calcination à 420 à 550 °C pendant 3 à 6 heures, pour obtenir un intermédiaire de catalyseur ; et

    ii) l'ajout d'une solution contenant un sel soluble de nickel goutte à goutte sur l'intermédiaire de catalyseur, puis son placement à température ambiante pendant 6 à 12 heures, son séchage à 90 à 120 °C pendant 3 à 5 heures, et sa calcination à 420 à 550 °C pendant 3 à 6 heures, pour obtenir le catalyseur de conversion de mercaptan bimétallique pour l'adoucissement du GPL à basse température.


     
    5. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel le sel soluble de vanadium comporte un ou une combinaison de plusieurs parmi le métavanadate d'ammonium, le métavanadate de sodium, le métavanadate de potassium, l'acétylacétonate de vanadium et l'orthovanadate de sodium.
     
    6. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel le sel soluble de nickel comporte un ou une combinaison de plusieurs parmi le nitrate de nickel, le chlorure de nickel, le sulfate de nickel, l'acétate de nickel, l'oxalate de nickel et l'acétylacétonate de nickel.
     
    7. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la teneur totale des composants actifs bimétalliques, mesurée sur la base du poids des oxydes, est de 10 à 40 % en poids du catalyseur de conversion de mercaptan bimétallique pour l'adoucissement du GPL à basse température.
     
    8. Procédé selon la revendication 7, dans lequel la teneur totale des composants actifs bimétalliques, mesurée sur la base du poids des oxydes, est de 12 à 30 % en poids du catalyseur de conversion de mercaptan bimétallique pour l'adoucissement du GPL à basse température.
     
    9. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le rapport molaire vanadium sur nickel est de (0,1 à 0,8):1.
     
    10. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel, dans l'étape (1), l'article formé extrudé est un article formé de type longue tige en forme de trèfle ayant un diamètre de 1 à 3 mm, ou un article formé de type longue tige cylindrique ayant un diamètre de 1 à 3 mm.
     
    11. Catalyseur de conversion de mercaptan bimétallique pour l'adoucissement de GPL à basse température, dans lequel le traitement d'adoucissement à basse température du GPL est réalisé à une température de réaction de 55 à 150 °C,
    qui est préparé par le procédé selon la revendication 1 ;
    dans lequel la teneur totale des composants actifs bimétalliques, mesurée sur la base du poids des oxydes, est de 10 à 40 % en poids du catalyseur de conversion de mercaptan bimétallique ;
    dans lequel lesdits composants actifs bimétalliques sont du nickel et du vanadium chargés sur un support d'oxyde composite Al2O3-SiO2,
    dans lequel le rapport molaire vanadium sur nickel est de (0,1 à 0,8):1.
     
    12. Utilisation du catalyseur de conversion de mercaptan bimétallique selon la revendication 11, dans le traitement d'adoucissement à basse température du GPL;
    dans laquelle le traitement d'adoucissement à basse température du GPL est réalisé à une température de réaction de 55 à 150 °C.
     
    13. Utilisation selon la revendication 12, dans laquelle le traitement d'adoucissement à basse température du GPL est réalisé à une pression de réaction de 1,0 à 4,0 MPa, à une vitesse spatiale horaire en volume liquide de 2 à 6 h-1, et à un rapport volumique hydrogène gazeux sur GPL de 2 à 8:1.
     
    14. Utilisation selon la revendication 12, dans laquelle, avant utilisation, le catalyseur de conversion de mercaptan bimétallique est soumis à une pré-sulfuration dans laquelle des hydrocarbures contenant du soufre sont utilisés pour convertir des oxydes métalliques actifs en leur forme sulfure métallique, et les hydrocarbures contenant du soufre sont un gaz mixte d'hydrogène gazeux et de sulfure d'hydrogène contenant 6 à 10 % en poids de sulfure d'hydrogène, ou un naphta de distillation directe contenant 1 à 4 % en poids de disulfure de carbone ou de disulfure de diméthyle.
     
    15. Utilisation selon la revendication 14, dans laquelle la température pour la pré-sulfuration est de 270 à 450 °C.
     




    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description