This invention relates to a power tool according to the preamble of claim 1. Such a power tool is disclosed by the internet disclosure WeAreTwoDoorsDown: "Features of the Triton TRA-001/TRC-001 Router", 29 January 2014 (2014-01-29), XP054977228, Retrieved from the Internet:URL:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rRykNbGE5zs [retrieved on 2017-03-21
]. The invention relates particularly, although not necessarily exclusively, to power tools of a form commonly known as a router with the tool being capable of performing work on a workpiece via a rotating cutting tool. The router can typically be mounted for use above or below a work surface on which the workpiece is located. When in the configuration of use above the work surface, the movement of the tool is typically guided by hand, or alternatively the workpiece on which the work is being performed can be moved with respect to the tool which is held in a fixed position and when the tool is in the second configuration of use the tool is typically attached to the workbench and the movement of the housing of the tool with respect to the work surface and work piece is performed by a winding mechanism.
The router is provided with a housing in which there is located a motor provided in connection with a shaft on which a tool holder and cutting tool are mounted. The shaft, tool holder and cutting tool are aligned along the longitudinal axis of the shaft so that the shaft, tool holder and cutting tool are rotated about said axis. A base plate is connected to the housing by extendable assemblies and the cutting tool extends through an aperture in the base to perform the cutting operation on the workpiece which lies to the opposite side of the base from the housing.
The use of routers is well known and the same are used in many numbers on a worldwide basis. However problems persist in the use of the same.
A known problem is being able to guide and position the router accurately with regard to the workpiece and/or the worktable or surface on which the same may be mounted. Typically, there is a need to be able to position the cutting tool accurately with regard to a datum in order that the work which is performed by the cutting tool is performed in the required location on the workpiece and it can also be desired that the same work can be performed on successive workpieces repeatedly and accurately. It is therefore important that the router can be accurately positioned and, once positioned, that the router is retained in that position. A further problem is that it can be difficult to fit the guide apparatus to the base of the router.
It is an aim of the present invention to provide a power tool which overcomes at least one or a combination of the above disadvantages.
According to the invention there is provided a power tool according to claim 1.
Typically the power tool can be selectively retained with the guide plate in one embodiment of use or the worksurface in another embodiment of use and this embodiment is most typically when the router is to be attached to the underside of the worksurface for use.
Preferably the pitch of the threaded engagement is such so as to allow the adjustment of the relative position of the shaft and locating head with respect to the base to be achieved with a relatively small number of turns of the gripping portion and thereby allow location and release of the base with either of the guide plate or worksurface to be achieved relatively quickly by the user whilst maintaining the required location force for safe use of the apparatus.
Preferred embodiments are:
In one embodiment the base is provided with a guide plate and a fence which acts as a means to position the base, and hence tool, with a workpiece on which work is to be performed.
In one embodiment engagement means are provided on the fence plate to allow measurement means to be located therewith and thereby allow the distance from the fence to the cutting tool to be accurately measured.
In one embodiment the measurement means are an analogue or digital calliper. Typically the measurement means can be selectively engaged and released with the engagement means. In one embodiment, by disengaging the fence from the guide plate, the fence and the measurement means can be rotated around 90 degrees and used as a standalone item to measure the distance between the point of a cutting tool and a datum surface, which is particularly of use when the tool is in an in use position on the underside of the work surface.
In another embodiment there is provided a measuring location system or trammel on the guide plate which allows an extended circular path to be achieved and the measuring system can be provided in at least two configurations to measure a first range of relatively small diameter and a second mode of use in order to measure a second range of relatively larger diameter. In one embodiment three configurations are possible.
In one embodiment the guide plate includes a first measurement scale for reference when the first range of measurement is required and a second measurement scale for reference when the second range of measurement is required.
Typically the first and second measurement scales are located on opposite sides of a slidable portion which can be adjusted to suit the required measurement. In one embodiment the slidable portion is located with the guide plate in a first configuration when the first mode of measurement is required and in a second configuration when the second mode of measurement is required.
In a further embodiment the guide plate is provided with a fence distance scale assembly which allows the distance of the fence from the tool centre.
In one embodiment a guide bush can be selectively located with the base via a base by rotational movement of engagement means about an axis. Typically, the engagement means comprise securing means to secure a locking component to the base or a component located with the base, whilst allowing rotation of the locking means.
Typically said locking means has a portion which when in the engaging position extends inwardly beyond the periphery of the aperture to a greater extent than the remainder of the locking means so as to secure the bush component in position.
Typically a plurality of engagement means are provided at spaced locations around the periphery of the aperture.
In one embodiment the guide plate includes apertures for the receipt of retaining means to allow the power tool to be engaged therewith and datum tabs to contact with the power tool to ensure the accurate location of the power tool with the guide plate when held in position by the retaining means.
In one embodiment a fence is engaged with the guide plate, said fence including measurement means to allow the distance from the fence to the cutting tool of the power tool to be measured. In another embodiment a measuring location system or trammel is provided for use in at least two modes, a first mode to measure a first range of circles of relatively small diameter and a second mode to measure a second range of circles of relatively larger diameter.
Specific embodiments are now described with reference to the accompanying drawings; wherein
Figures 1a-c illustrate a perspective, elevation and plan views of first and second embodiments of a router tool in accordance with one embodiment of the invention; and
Figures 2a-d illustrate an embodiment for the attachment of a bush guide with the base;
Figures 3a-e illustrate an embodiment of the invention for the attachment of the router base to the guide plate;
Figures 4a-d illustrate an embodiment of a fence rule attachment means;
Figure 5 illustrate an embodiment of a fence distance scale;
Figures 6a-d illustrate the guide and
Figures 7a-j illustrate an embodiment of a trammel circle cutting measuring system.
Referring firstly to Figures 1a-b there is illustrated a router power tool 2 in accordance with the invention in one configuration of use and, in Figure 1c, the router power tool is shown in a second configuration of use. The router can be used in two main positions. The first position is that shown in the Figures in which the same is located on and above a work surface on which a workpiece for which the tool is to be used is located. In an alternative position the router can be turned through 180 degrees so that the base 8 is attached to the underside of the work surface so that effectively the router is used upside down and is located below the work surface.
In one configuration the base 8 may be attached to a guide plate 4 as shown in Figure 1c, or may be attached directly to the work surface such as that provided as part of a workcentre of the type disclosed in the applicant's patent application GB2517640
and the contents of which are incorporated herein, or may be used in a freestanding mode as illustrated in Figures 1a-b.
The router includes a housing 6 which is connected to the base 8 by first and second extendable members 10,12 so as to be movable in relation thereto as indicated by arrows 14,16. From the underside 18 of the housing extends a shaft 20, which at its free end includes a tool holder 22. The tool holder receives a tool 24 and the shaft, tool holder and tool are rotated about axis 26 by connection of the shaft with a motor (not shown) located within the housing 6.
The tool passes through an aperture 28 in the base in order to engage and perform the work on the workpiece. The tool also includes first and second handles 30,32 which are located on the housing 6 on opposing sides of the same and typically at or adjacent to the first and second extendable assemblies 10,12 respectively. The handles are provided so as to allow the housing to be moved downwardly towards the base and generally to allow control of the tool in use.
Turning now to Figures 2a-d there is illustrated the base 8 in section about its centre in Figure 2a and a first base component 8a is shown in location in Figure 2a. The component 8a can be engaged with the base 8 as shown in Figure 2a and is shown separated from the same in Figures 2b-d for ease of illustration. A bush 34 is shown in an in-use position with the component 8a in Figures 2a-c and a released position in Figure 2d. It can be seen that when in the in use position, the bush 34 provides a guide aperture 36 for the cutting tool and the same sits in the aperture 28 which is reduced in size by the location therewith of the base component 8a. As the bush 34 may be selectively used, and also there will typically be a range of bushes with different sizes of guide apertures 36 for selective use depending on the size of cutting tool 24 in use at that time, there is a need to be able to move the bush 34 between the in use position and the removed position frequently. Also, as the bush 34 acts as a guide for the cutting tool when in use, the location of the same is required to be accurate whilst, at the same time requiring the minimum time and effort to engage and release the same. This is achieved by providing first and second engagement means 38,40 which are secured to the base component 8a by screws 42 and which include locking means 44 which have a portion 46 which, when rotated to overlie the aperture 28, engage with the bush 34 as shown in Figure 2b and serve to retain the same in the in use position. To release the bush, the locking portion can be rotated so that the portion 46 is removed from the aperture as shown in Figure 2c and the bush can then be released. In order to further improve the release, the bush may be provided with indents 50 as shown in Figure 2d which are located to match with the location of the engagement means 38, 40. A further advantage is that as the component 8a is located axially of the aperture 28, so, as the bush is accurately located by the engagement means the centre axis 37 of the guide aperture 36 in the bush will be located along the axis 26 of the aperture 28 and cutting tool 24 shown in Figure 1b so that accuracy of cut can be ensured.
Turning now to Figures 3a-e there is illustrated the provision of retaining means to locate the base 8 of the router with the guide plate 4. The retaining means 52 comprise a gripping portion 54 which is provided with an internal threaded formation 56 which receives a shaft 58 on which a locating head 60 is formed or attached. The shaft 58 is formed as is shown in this case and with reference to Figure 3b, as two parts, a first part 61 in threaded engagement with formation 56 and a second part 63 in which the locating head is formed and which is in threaded engagement with the first part 61.
Typically the locating head 60 can be moved to a number of positions by rotation of the gripping portion 54. In Figure 3c the locating head 60 is shown in a fully retracted position in which the same is withdrawn into an aperture 64 in the base 8 so that the same does not protrude beyond the underside 66 of the base 8 and the base can therefore be positioned directly onto a workpiece. Figure 3d shows the locating head 60 in a fully extended position and thereby allows the same to be moved into, typically a keyhole aperture 62, in the guide plate 4 and the guide plate to be positioned in the gap between the underside 66 of the base 8 and the top face 68 of the locating head 60. When in position, the gripping portion 54 can then be rotated to draw the locating head 60 towards the base 8 and thereby tighten the guide plate 4 and base 8 together for use as illustrated in Figure 3e.
It should be appreciated that the same attachment apparatus and method can be used when a work surface is substituted in position instead of the guide plate 4 and the router is positioned in an inverted position on the underside of the worksurface.
The provision of the threaded pitch between the internal threaded formation 56 and the shaft 58 being relatively high reduces the number of turns of the gripping portion 54 which are required to move the locating head between the positions shown in Figures 3c-e and so make the change of the condition more quickly achievable than with conventional mechanisms.
Referring to Figures 6a-d there is illustrated the manner in which the base 8 can be located with the guide plate 4 in accordance with the invention. Figures 6a and b illustrate the base 8 and tool having been placed on the guide plate 4 with the locating head of the engagement means 52 being positioned in the wider part of the keyhole slots 62 on the guide plate 4 as illustrated in Figure 6b.
It is shown that the guide plate 4 includes first and second datum tabs 84, 86 which protrude upwardly from the guide plate and against which the base is required to contact to provide an accurate datum location for the same with respect to the guide plate. This is achieved by, when the apparatus is in the condition also illustrated in Figure 3d, sliding the base to move the locating heads 60 into the narrower portions 90 of the keyhole slots 62 in the direction of arrow 88 and also to contact the datum tabs 84, 86 and take up the positon shown in Figures 6c and d. In this position the side wall of the base 8 contacts the tabs 84, 86 and the engagement means 52 can then be tightened to retain the locating heads 60 in the slots 62 and retain the tool in position with respect to the guide plate 4 as illustrated in Figure 3e. It will also be seen in Figure 6d that the aperture 28 which passes through the base is axially located on the same axis 26 as the aperture 92 in the guide plate.
In one embodiment the guide plate 4 is provided with a fence 66 which acts as a means to position the guide plate 4 and hence tool 24 thereto with respect to an edge of, for example, the workpiece on which the work is to be performed as shown in Figures 4a-d and Figure 7j. Engagement means 120 are provided on the fence to allow measurement means in the form of a rule 68 as shown in Figures 4a and b, or callipers 70 to be located therewith and thereby allow the distance from the fence to the cutting tool to be accurately measured.
As is shown in Figures 4a and c, the measurement means can be used in a first position with the fence in position on the guide plate so to measure the distance between the fence 66 and the cutting tool 24. Alternatively the fence 66 and measurement means can be removed from the guide plate 4 and rotated around 90 degrees as shown in Figures 4b and d and used to measure the distance from the point of the cutting tool 24 and the work surface which is particularly of use when the tool is in an in use position on the underside of the work surface.
As shown in Figure 5, the guide plate 4 is provided with a fence 66 and a distance scale which includes scale markings 72 which show the distance to the centre of the tool 24 and which can be read in conjunction with the markers 74 located in line with the fence 66 so as to indicate the position of the fence with respect to the scale.
Figures 7a-j illustrate the manner in which measuring means can be used accurately when the base 8 and tool is in the accurate datum position shown in Figures 6c-d.
In Figures 7a-c the apparatus measurement location system is shown in a first configuration of use to provide measurement in a first mode on a first smaller dimension range, Figures 7d-f show the same apparatus in a second configuration of use to provide a second mode of measurement of a medium dimension range and Figures 7g-i show the same apparatus in a third configuration of use to provide a third mode of measurement on a larger dimension range. The apparatus as described therefore allows an extensive measurement range to be achieved using the apparatus in different configurations. In this example the three modes allow the following measurement diameter ranges to be achieved
Mode 1-Small range 55.4- 229 mm
Mode 2-Medium range 218mm - 300mm
Mode 3 - Large range 279mm - 526.7mm
Figure 7j illustrates the underside of the guide plate 4 and illustrates the measuring location system or trammel which allows an extended circle cutting measurement range to be achieved by allowing an increase in the radius of circle which can be scribed by the measurement apparatus on the workpiece. The measuring system includes a sliding portion 76 which is provided in two parts a first part 79 which underlies the guide plate and a second part 81 which lies on the top surface 68 of the guide plate. The first and second parts 79, 81 can be selectively positioned in order to provide the three configurations of use along the axis 78 and can be moved as indicated by arrow 102 whilst the base 8 is located in the datum position against the tabs 84, 86 as previously described. The sliding portion 76 part 79 includes an aperture 100 in which a screw, pen, pencil or other scribing or marking implement can be secured so that the tip of the same is exposed on the underside 77 of the guide plate so that when the guide plate is rotated about an axis a circular path to be followed by the router tool can be accurately marked on the workpiece (not shown) which underlies the guide plate. The diameter of the scribed circular path can be measured and set using the apparatus in the manner now described with respect to Figures 7a-i.
Figures 7a,c,d,f,g,i illustrate the top face 68 of guide plate 4 and Figures 7b,e and h illustrate the underside 77. The guide plate 4 includes a measurement scale 94 for reference when the first and second range of measurements is required and a measurement scale 96 for reference when the third larger range of measurement is required. The respective measurement scales are located on opposite sides of the slidable portion 76 and on the top surface 68.
To provide the apparatus in the first configuration a locating member 102 is placed through the aperture 104 marked S on the part 79 and into the aperture marked S/L on the part 81. The edge 106 of the slidable portion 76 is then used to read the scale 94 and the slidable portion can then be moved to the required position. When the required position is reached the slidable portion 76 is locked in position by the nut 108 being tightened on the locating member 102 and guide plate and the circle with the desired diameter can then be scribed.
To provide the second configuration as shown in Figures 7d-f the locating member 102 is located through the aperture marked M/L in the part 79 and through the aperture marked M in the part and thereby alters the relative position of the parts 79,81. Furthermore a different edge, edge 108 is used to read the scale 94. Again the slidable portion 76 can be moved to the required position and, when reached, the slidable portion 76 is locked and the circular path with the desired diameter can then be scribed.
To provide the third configuration as shown in Figures 7g-i the relative positions of the parts 79 and 81 are again changed. In this case the member 102 is placed through the aperture marked M/L in the part 79 and through the aperture marked S/L in the part 81 and the part 76 can be sliding moved with the edge 110 being used.to refer to the scale 96 to bring the portion 76 to the required position and then the same can be locked in position and the circular path scribed.
1. A power tool (2) which includes a housing (6) and a base (8), said housing mounted to be moveable with respect to and spaced from the base, said housing including a motor to rotate a shaft (58) which includes, at its free end, a tool holder (22) for a cutting tool (24), said shaft extending from the housing such that the tool holder (22) can be located at or adjacent to the base and said housing is connected to the base by at least one extendable assembly (10,12), said cutting tool (24) provided to be movable through an aperture (28) in the base to contact with and perform work on a workpiece located on the side of the base (8) opposing the side at which the housing (6) is located and said base is selectively locatable with a work surface or a guide plate (4) component to act as a guide for the tool and said base is selectively locatable via at least one engagement means (38,40) provided on the power tool and which is movable between a first, engaging, position and a second release position said engagement means including a gripping portion (54) which is provided with an internal threaded formation or portion (56) to receive a shaft (58) with which a locating head (60) is formed or attached, said locating head provided to be received in an aperture or passage (62) formed on the guide plate (4) or worksurface and the shaft (58) passes through an aperture (64) in the base (8) and into the internal threaded formation (56) of the gripping portion (54) which is located on the opposite side of the base (8) from the locating head (60), and the locating head (60) is moved to a number of positions by rotation of the gripping portion (54), characterised in that the shaft (58) is formed as two parts, a first part (61) in threaded engagement with internal threaded formation (56) and a second part (63) in which the locating head is formed and which is in threaded engagement with the first part (61).
2. A power tool according to claim 1 wherein the base (8) is engaged with the guide plate (4) and a fence (66) is selectively engageable therewith to position the base with respect to a workpiece on which work is to be performed.
3. A power tool according to claim 1 wherein a guide bush (34) is selectively locatable with the base (8) via a rotational movement of engagement means (38,40) about an axis, said engagement means comprise securing means to secure a locking component to the base or a component located with the base, whilst allowing rotation of the locking means (44) which include a portion (46) which, when in the engaging position, extends inwardly beyond the periphery of the aperture to a greater extent than the remainder of the locking means so as to secure the bush component in position.
1. Elektrowerkzeug (2), das ein Gehäuse (6) und eine Basis (8) beinhaltet, wobei das genannte Gehäuse so montiert ist, dass es mit Bezug auf die Basis und im Abstand davon beweglich ist, wobei das genannte Gehäuse einen Motor zum Drehen einer Welle (58) beinhaltet, die an ihrem freien Ende einen Werkzeughalter (22) für ein Schneidwerkzeug (24) aufweist, wobei sich die genannte Welle von dem Gehäuse erstreckt, so dass der Werkzeughalter (22) an oder neben der Basis positioniert werden kann und das genannte Gehäuse durch wenigstens eine verlängerbare Baugruppe (10, 12) mit der Basis verbunden ist, wobei das genannte Schneidwerkzeug (24) so ausgelegt ist, dass es durch eine Öffnung (28) in der Basis bewegt werden kann, um mit einem Werkstück in Kontakt zu kommen und Arbeiten daran durchzuführen, das sich auf der Seite der Basis (8) gegenüber der Seite befindet, an der sich das Gehäuse (6) befindet, und die genannte Basis selektiv mit einer Werkstückoberfläche oder einer Komponente einer Führungsplatte (4) positioniert werden kann, um als Führung für das Werkzeug zu dienen, und die genannte Basis selektiv über wenigstens ein an dem Elektrowerkzeug vorgesehenes Eingriffsmittel (38, 40) positioniert werden kann, und die zwischen einer ersten Eingriffsposition und einer zweiten Löseposition beweglich ist, wobei das genannte Eingriffsmittel einen Griffteil (54) aufweist, der mit einer/m Innengewindeformation oder Teil (56) zum Aufnehmen einer Welle (58) versehen ist, mit der ein Positionierungskopf (60) ausgebildet oder angebracht ist, wobei der genannte Positionierungskopf zum Aufnehmen in einer/m Öffnung oder Kanal (62) vorgesehen ist, ausgebildet an der Führungsplatte (4) oder der Werkstückoberfläche, und die Welle (58) durch eine Öffnung (64) in der Basis (8) und in die Innengewindeformation (56) des Griffteils (54) passiert, die sich auf der gegenüberliegenden Seite der Basis (8) von dem Positionierungskopf (60) befindet, und der Positionierungskopf (60) durch Drehen des Griffteils (54) in eine Reihe von Positionen bewegt wird,
dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
die Welle (58) aus zwei Teilen gebildet ist, einem ersten Teil (61) im Schraubeingriff mit einer Innengewindeformation (56) und einem zweiten Teil (63), in dem der Positionierungskopf ausgebildet ist und der in Schraubeingriff mit dem ersten Teil (61) ist.
2. Elektrowerkzeug nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Basis (8) mit der Führungsplatte (4) im Eingriff ist und ein Gatter (66) selektiv damit in Eingriff gebracht werden kann, um die Basis mit Bezug auf ein Werkstück zu positionieren, an dem Arbeiten durchgeführt werden sollen.
3. Elektrowerkzeug nach Anspruch 1, wobei eine Führungsbuchse (34) selektiv mit der Basis (8) über eine Drehbewegung des Eingriffsmittels (38, 40) um eine Achse positioniert werden kann, wobei das genannte Eingriffsmittel Befestigungsmittel zum Befestigen einer Verriegelungskomponente an der Basis oder einer mit der Basis positionierten Komponente umfasst, während eine Rotation des Verriegelungsmittels (44) zugelassen wird, das einen Teil (46) beinhaltet, der, wenn er in der Eingriffsposition ist, einwärts über die Peripherie der Öffnung in einem größeren Ausmaß verläuft als der Rest des Verriegelungsmittels, um die Buchsenkomponente in ihrer Position zu befestigen.
1. Outil motorisé (2) qui inclut un logement (6) et une base (8), ledit logement étant monté pour être mobile par rapport à, et en espacement depuis, la base, ledit logement incluant un moteur pour faire tourner un arbre (58) qui inclut, au niveau de son extrémité libre, un porte-outils (22) pour un outil de coupe (24), ledit arbre s'étendant à partir du logement de telle sorte que le porte-outils (22) puisse être localisé au niveau de, ou en position adjacente à, la base et ledit logement est raccordé à la base par au moins un ensemble apte à s'étendre (10, 12), ledit outil de coupe (24) étant prévu pour être mobile à travers une ouverture (28) ménagée dans la base afin d'entrer en contact avec, et réaliser une tâche sur, une pièce à travailler localisée sur le côté de la base (8) à l'opposé du côté au niveau duquel le logement (6) est localisé et ladite base est apte à être localisée sélectivement avec un composant à surface de travail ou à plaque de guidage (4) pour servir de guide pour l'outil et ladite base est apte être localisée sélectivement par l'intermédiaire d'au moins un moyen de mise en prise (38, 40) prévu sur l'outil motorisé et qui est mobile entre une première position, de mise en prise, et une deuxième position de libération, ledit moyen de mise en prise incluant une portion de préhension (54) qui est munie d'une portion ou d'une formation à filetages internes (56) afin de recevoir un arbre (58) avec lequel une tête de repérage (60) est formée ou attachée, ladite tête de repérage étant prévue pour être reçue dans une ouverture ou un passage (62) formé sur la plaque de guidage (4) ou la surface de travail et l'arbre (58) passe à travers une ouverture (64) ménagée dans la base (8) et dans la formation à filetages internes (56) de la portion de préhension (54) qui est localisée sur le côté opposé de la base (8) par rapport à la tête de repérage (60), et la tête de repérage (60) est déplacée jusqu'à un certain nombre de positions en vertu de la rotation de la portion de préhension (54),
caractérisé en ce que
l'arbre (56) est formé en tant que deux parties, une première partie (61) en prise à filetage avec une formation à filetages internes (56) et une deuxième partie (63) dans laquelle la tête de repérage est formée et qui est en prise à filetage avec la première partie (61).
2. Outil motorisé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la base (8) est en prise avec la plaque de guidage (4) et une garde (66) est apte à être mise en prise sélectivement avec celle-ci afin de positionner la base par rapport à une pièce à travailler sur laquelle une tâche doit être réalisée.
3. Outil motorisé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une douille de guidage (34) est apte à être localisée sélectivement avec la base (8) par l'intermédiaire d'un mouvement de rotation d'un moyen de mise en prise (38, 40) autour d'un axe, ledit moyen de mise en prise comprend un moyen d'assujettissement pour assujettir un composant de verrouillage à la base ou un composant localisé avec la base, tout en permettant la rotation des moyens de verrouillage (44) qui incluent une portion (46) qui, lorsqu'elle se trouve dans la position de mise en prise, s'étend vers l'intérieur au-delà de la périphérie de l'ouverture suivant une portée plus grande que le restant des moyens de verrouillage de sorte à assujettir le composant à douille en position.