(19)
(11)EP 3 196 297 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/45

(21)Application number: 15841142.1

(22)Date of filing:  14.09.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C12N 5/077(2010.01)
C12N 5/10(2006.01)
C12N 5/071(2010.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2015/076072
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/043168 (24.03.2016 Gazette  2016/12)

(54)

METHOD FOR PRODUCING CARDIOMYOCYTE POPULATION FROM PLURIPOTENT STEM CELLS

VERFAHREN ZUR HERSTELLUNG EINER KARDIOMYOZYTENPOPULATION AUS PLURIPOTENTEN STAMMZELLEN

PROCÉDÉ DE PRODUCTION D'UNE POPULATION DE CARDIOMYOCYTES À PARTIR DE CELLULES SOUCHES PLURIPOTENTES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 16.09.2014 JP 2014188180

(43)Date of publication of application:
26.07.2017 Bulletin 2017/30

(73)Proprietor: Osaka University
Suita-shi, Osaka 565-0871 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • OCHI, Yukiko
    Suita-shi Osaka 565-0871 (JP)
  • SEKIGUCHI, Kiyotoshi
    Suita-shi Osaka 565-0871 (JP)
  • MIYAGAWA, Shigeru
    Suita-shi Osaka 565-0871 (JP)
  • SAWA, Yoshiki
    Suita-shi Osaka 565-0871 (JP)
  • SILTANEN, Antti Markus
    Suita-shi Osaka 565-0871 (JP)

(74)Representative: Witte, Weller & Partner Patentanwälte mbB 
Postfach 10 54 62
70047 Stuttgart
70047 Stuttgart (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2014/014119
JP-A- 2008 543 338
JP-A- 2014 511 139
WO-A2-2015/004539
JP-A- 2011 078 370
US-A1- 2013 330 825
  
  • Sherwin Ting ET AL: "Differentiation of Human Embryonic Stem Cells to Cardiomyocytes on Microcarrier Cultures" In: "Current Protocols in Stem Cell Biology", 1 May 2012 (2012-05-01), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA, XP055161437, ISBN: 978-0-47-015180-8 DOI: 10.1002/9780470151808.sc01d07s21, * the whole document *
  • PAUL W BURRIDGE ET AL: "Chemically defined generation of human cardiomyocytes", NATURE METHODS, vol. 11, no. 8, 15 July 2014 (2014-07-15), pages 855-860, XP055239845, ISSN: 1548-7091, DOI: 10.1038/nmeth.2999
  • KOCH-SCHNEIDEMANN S ET AL: "Attachment of Adult Rat Cardiomyocytes (ARC) on Laminin and Two Laminin Fragments", JOURNAL OF STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY, ACADEMIC PRESS, UNITED STATES, vol. 113, no. 2, 1 September 1994 (1994-09-01), pages 107-116, XP024798019, ISSN: 1047-8477, DOI: 10.1006/JSBI.1994.1037 [retrieved on 1994-09-01]
  • ZIOBER, B.L. ET AL.: 'Alternative Extracellular and Cytoplasmic Domains of the Integrin a7 Subunit Are Differentially Expressed During Development' J. BIOL. CHEM. vol. 268, no. 35, 1993, pages 26773 - 26783, XP055418138
  • LEUNG, E. ET AL.: 'A Novel Extracellular Domain Variant of the Human Integrin a7 Subunit Generated by Alternative Intron Splicing' BIOCHEM. BIOPHYS. RES. COMMUN. vol. 243, 1998, pages 317 - 325, XP055418167
  • MAITRA, N. ET AL.: 'Expression of a and beta integrins during terminal differentiation of cardiomyocytes' CARDIOVASCULAR RESEARCH vol. 47, 2000, pages 715 - 725, XP055418142
  • VON DER MARK, H. ET AL.: 'Alternative Splice Variants of alpha7beta1 Integrin Selectively Recognize Different Laminin Isoforms' J. BIOL. CHEM. vol. 277, no. 8, 2002, pages 6012 - 6016, XP055418145
  • RYOKO NISHIUCHI ET AL.: 'Saibo Secchaku Inshi no Seibutsugaku' TISSUE ENGINEERING 2007 27 June 2007, pages 88 - 95, XP008157427
  • NISHIUCHI R. ET AL.: 'Ligand-binding specificities of laminin-binding integrins: A comprehensive survey of laminin-integrin interactions using recombinant alpha3beta1, alpha6beta1, alpha7beta1 and alpha6beta4 integrins' MATRIX BIOLOGY vol. 25, no. 3, 2006, pages 189 - 197, XP027933625
  • TANIGUCHI, Y. ET AL.: 'The C-terminal Region of Laminin beta Chains Modulates the Integrin Binding Affinities of Laminins' J. BIOL. CHEM. vol. 284, no. 12, 20 March 2009, pages 7820 - 7831, XP055022477
  • MIYAZAKI T. ET AL.: 'Recombinant human laminin isoforms can support the undifferentiated growth of human embryonic stem cells' BIOCHEM. BIOPHYS. RES. COMMUN. vol. 375, no. 1, 2008, pages 27 - 32, XP024520467
  • SINGH, A. ET AL.: 'Adhesion strength-based, label-free isolation of human pluripotent stem cells' NATURE vol. 10, no. 5, 2013, pages 438 - 444, XP055418153
  • LEE, S.T. ET AL.: 'Development of three dimensional culture and expression of integrin heterodimers in human embryonic stem cells' ORGANOGENESIS vol. 9, no. 3, 2013, pages 143 - 148, XP055418160
  • YUKIKO IMANISHI ET AL.: 'Hito iPS Yurai Shinkin Saibo ni Okeru Laminin Mochiita Saibo Seiseiho no Kento' REGENERATIVE MEDICINE vol. 14, 01 February 2015, page 355, XP009501003
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present invention relates to a method for preparing a human pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocyte population.

BACKGROUND ART



[0002] Various methods have been reported for induced differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells into cardiomyocytes and include, for example, a method in which human pluripotent stem cells maintained on feeder cells are differentiated with activin A and BMP4 (bone morphogenetic protein 4) (Non Patent Literature 1 and 2), a method in which human pluripotent stem cells maintained on Matrigel are differentiated with Wnt3a, R-Spondin-1 and DKK1 (Non Patent Literature 3), and a method in which human pluripotent stem cells maintained on feeder cells are differentiated on a large scale in a bioreactor (Non Patent Literature 3).

[0003] When pluripotent stem cells are induced to differentiate into cardiomyocytes, the differentiation efficiency usually varies from lot to lot. In the case where such cardiomyocytes are used as a cell source for transplantation in regenerative medicine, if not meeting the purity criteria, they need to be purified. The ideal purity of human pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes for use in regenerative medicine is not necessarily 100%, and in fact, about 70% purity is better from a functional perspective according to the previous report (Non Patent Literature 4). Therefore, if human pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes with a purity of less than 70% can be enriched to a purity of about 70%, it will be of great significance in particular in the preparation of a cell source for transplantation in cell therapy. In addition, since it is difficult to achieve the same level of the efficiency of cardiomyocyte differentiation in every lot, the differences in the efficiency among lots probably affect the reproducibility of the results in new drug screening studies. Moreover, sensitive detection of the drug response of cardiomyocytes requires the minimization of the background noise from the cells other than cardiomyocytes.

[0004] Several methods have already been reported for the increase of the purity of cardiomyocytes after induced differentiation. These methods can be roughly classified into two categories. The methods in the first category utilize the cell's auxotrophy to eliminate cells other than cardiomyocytes. That is, they are methods in which a medium deprived of nutrients essential for the survival of cells other than cardiomyocytes is used for culture to eliminate these cells. For example, Patent Literature 1 describes a method for increasing the purity of cardiomyocytes, the method comprising using a medium with a low glucose concentration. However, this method causes great damage to cardiomyocytes in addition to other cells, which is matter of concern. Another problem is that the selection of cardiomyocytes requires a prolonged time (at least a few days) .

[0005] The methods in the second category utilize antibodies against cardiomyocyte-specific surface antigens or glycans to isolate cardiomyocytes. That is, they are methods using flow cytometry or magnetic beads. However, disadvantageously, in the case of using flow cytometry, the time required for cell isolation significantly increases in accordance with the increase in the required amount of the cells. In addition, the use of flow cytometry and magnetic beads cause a concern about the damage and contamination of the retrieved cells. Therefore, it is not realistic to employ these methods in the case requiring a large quantity of cells, for example, in the case of cell transplantation. Moreover, in these methods, the examination of whether or not residual antibodies or magnetic beads are present is essential and takes time and effort. If residual magnetic beads are detected in the isolated cells, the safety of the cells for transplantation is difficult to guarantee.

[0006] An ideal method for preparing cells to be used for transplantation through the purification of differentiated cells derived from human pluripotent stem cells needs to meet the following requirements: the purity and yield of differentiated cells is high; the safety for human recipients is guaranteed; and the prepared cells are capable of performing the desired functions in vivo after transplantation. More ideally, the preparation method can handle a large quantity of cells in a short period of time in a simple manner with causing less damage to the cells. However, in reality, previously reported methods are unsatisfactory for the preparation of clinically applicable cells. Therefore, strongly desired is the development of a novel method for preparing a large quantity of clinically applicable cells, i.e., safe and less damaged cells, in a simple manner.
Sherwin Ting et al: "Differential of Human Embryonic Stem Cells to Cardiomyocytes on Microcarrier Cultures" Current Protocols in Stem Cell Biology, May 2012, discloses an improved cardiomyocyte differentiation protocol where laminin-coated positively charged microcarriers with Neutral Mouse Laminin were used for culture of ESC-derived cardiomyocytes.
Paul W Burridge et al: "Chemically defined generation of human cardiomyocytes", Nature methods, vol 11, no. 8, 14 July 2014, pages 855-860, discloses that laminin-based matrices were most successful for both the support of pluripotent hiPSC growth and long-term adherence of cardiomyocytes using inter alia truncated forms of laminin 511. In addition, it discloses coating of 6-well plates with laminin 521 or truncated recombinant human laminin 511.
Further, US 2013/330825 A1 discloses that the efficiency of supporting cardiomyocyte differentiation from pluripotent cells can be improved using certain laminin isoform combinations of LN-411 and LN-521, LN-111 and LN-521, LN-421 and LN-521 or LN-211 and LN-521.

CITATION LIST


Patent Literature



[0007] Patent Literature 1: JP-A 2013-143968

Non Patent Literature



[0008] 

Non Patent Literature 1:
Yang L et al., Nature, 2008 May 22; 453(7194): 524-8, doi: 10.1038/nature06894, Epub 2008 Apr 23

Non Patent Literature 2:
Takahashi K et al., Cell, 2007 Nov 30; 131(5): 861-72

Non Patent Literature 3:
Kawamura M et al., Circulation, 2012 Sep 11; 126(11 Suppl 1): S29-37

Non Patent Literature 4:
Thavandiran N et al., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2013 Dec 3; 110 (49) : E4698-707, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1311120110, Epub 2013 Nov 19


SUMMARY OF INVENTION


TECHNICAL PROBLEM



[0009] An object of the present invention is to provide a method for preparing a clinically applicable, safe and less damaged cardiomyocyte population through a brief and simple procedure from a cell population obtained by induced differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells into cardiomyocytes.

SOLUTION TO PROBLEM



[0010] The present invention includes the following to achieve the above-mentioned object.
  1. [1] A method for preparing a cardiomyocyte population for transplantation therapy, the method comprising the steps of:
    1. (1) inducing human pluripotent stem cells to differentiate into cardiomyocytes,
    2. (2) bringing a cell population obtained by the induced differentiation into contact with a laminin fragment selected from the group consisting of laminin α2β1γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α2β2γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α1β1γ1 E8 fragment and laminin α1β2γ1 E8 fragment, and
    3. (3) retrieving cells adherent to the laminin fragment, wherein the contact of the cell population with the laminin fragment in step (2) is achieved by adding a cell suspension containing the cell population obtained in step (1) to a culture vessel having a culture surface coated with the laminin fragment, followed by a certain period of incubation; by adding a carrier coated with the laminin fragment to a cell suspension containing the cell population obtained in step (1), followed by a certain period of incubation; or by passing a cell suspension containing the cell population obtained in step (1) through a hollow fiber membrane having an inner surface coated with the laminin fragment, and
      wherein step (3) comprises removing cells not adherent to the laminin fragment and then detaching cells adherent to the laminin fragment using a cell detachment solution,
      wherein the contact in step (2) is continued for 15 minutes to 180 minutes.
  2. [2] The method according to the above [1], further comprising, after step (3), step (4) of culturing the cells retrieved in step (3),
    wherein step (3) comprises removing cells not adherent to the laminin fragment and keeping cells adherent to the laminin fragment as they are without detachment for continuous culture.
  3. [3] The method according to the above [1] to [2], wherein the step of eliminating undifferentiated cells from a cell population obtained by the induced differentiation is performed between steps (1) and (2) and comprises the substeps of:
    1. (A) bringing the cell population obtained by the induced differentiation into contact with a laminin fragment selected from the group consisting of laminin α5β1γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α5β2γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α3β1γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α3β2γ1 E8 fragment and laminin α3β3γ2 E8 fragment, and
    2. (B) retrieving cells not adherent to the laminin fragment, wherein the contact of the cell population with the laminin fragment in substep (A) is achieved by adding a cell suspension containing the cell population obtained in step (1) to a culture vessel having a culture surface coated with the laminin fragment, followed by a certain period of incubation; by adding a carrier coated with the laminin fragment to a cell suspension containing the cell population obtained in step (1), followed by a certain period of incubation; or by passing a cell suspension containing the cell population obtained in step (1) through a hollow fiber membrane having an inner surface coated with the laminin fragment, and
      wherein substep (B) comprises collecting cells contained in a collected medium and in a wash solution collected after washing the coated surface,
      wherein the contact in substep (A) is continued for 5 minutes to 30 minutes.
  4. [4] The method according to any one of the above [1] to [3], wherein the cardiomyocyte population has a cardiomyocyte purity of 60% to 80%.
  5. [5] The method according to any one of the above [1] to [4], wherein the laminin E8 fragment is used at a coating concentration of 0.1 µg/cm2 to 2 µg/cm2.

ADVANTAGEOUS EFFECTS OF INVENTION



[0011] According to the present invention, a clinically applicable, safe and less damaged cardiomyocyte population can be prepared through a brief and simple procedure from a cell population obtained by induced differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells into cardiomyocytes. In addition, according to the present invention, the purity of cardiomyocytes in a cell population obtained by induced differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells into cardiomyocytes can be increased through a brief and simple procedure.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0012] 

Fig. 1 shows the results of the examination of the effect of human laminin E8 fragments (511E8, 311E8 and 332E8) on the elimination of undifferentiated cells from a cell population obtained by induced differentiation of human iPS cells into cardiomyocytes.

Fig. 2 shows the results of the comparison of the specificity to undifferentiated cells between the human laminin 511E8 fragment and the human laminin 221E8 fragment.

Fig. 3 shows the results of the examination of the effect of human laminin E8 fragments (221E8, 211E8 and 511E8) on increasing the percentage of cardiomyocytes in a cell population obtained by induced differentiation of human iPS cells into cardiomyocytes, and also shows the results of the examination of the specificity of the human laminin E8 fragments to cardiomyocytes.

Fig. 4 shows the results of the examination of the percentage of cardiomyocytes in adherent cells collected over time after treatment with human laminin 221E8 fragment in a cell population obtained by induced differentiation of human iPS cells into cardiomyocytes.

Fig. 5 shows the results of the examination of the effect of various periods of treatment (contact) with human laminin E8 fragments (511E8, 221E8 and 211E8) on the elimination of undifferentiated cells from a cell population obtained by induced differentiation of human iPS cells into cardiomyocytes.

Fig. 6 shows the results of the examination of the effect of various periods of treatment (contact) with human laminin E8 fragments (511E8, 221E8 and 211E8) on the purification of cardiomyocytes in a cell population obtained by induced differentiation of human iPS cells into cardiomyocytes.

Fig. 7 shows the results of the examination of the effect of various coating concentrations of human laminin E8 fragments (511E8, 221E8 and 211E8) on the purification of cardiomyocytes in a cell population obtained by induced differentiation of human iPS cells into cardiomyocytes.

Fig. 8 shows the results of the comparison of the effects of 221E8 treatment and 511E8 treatment on the enrichment of cardiomyocytes in a cell population obtained by induced differentiation of human iPS cells into cardiomyocytes.

Fig. 9 shows the results of the comparison of the effects of 221E8 treatment and glucose-free medium treatment on the purification of cardiomyocytes in a cell population obtained by induced differentiation of human iPS cells into cardiomyocytes.


DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS


Method for Preparing Cardiomyocyte Population



[0013] The present invention provides a method for preparing a cardiomyocyte population (hereinafter referred to as "the preparation method of the present invention"). The preparation method of the present invention comprises at least the following steps (1), (2), and (3):
  1. (1) inducing human pluripotent stem cells to differentiate into cardiomyocytes,
  2. (2) bringing a cell population obtained by the induced differentiation into contact with a laminin fragment selected from the group consisting of laminin α2β1γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α2β2γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α1β1γ1 E8 fragment and laminin α1β2γ1 E8 fragment, and
  3. (3) retrieving cells adherent to the laminin fragment, wherein the contact of the cell population with the laminin fragment in step (2) is achieved by adding a cell suspension containing the cell population obtained in step (1) to a culture vessel having a culture surface coated with the laminin fragment, followed by a certain period of incubation; by adding a carrier coated with the laminin fragment to a cell suspension containing the cell population obtained in step (1), followed by a certain period of incubation; or by passing a cell suspension containing the cell population obtained in step (1) through a hollow fiber membrane having an inner surface coated with the laminin fragment, and
    wherein step (3) comprises removing cells not adherent to the laminin fragment and then detaching cells adherent to the laminin fragment using a cell detachment solution,
    wherein the contact in step (2) is continued for 15 minutes to 180 minutes..


[0014] Preferably, the preparation method of the present invention further comprises a step of eliminating undifferentiated cells from a cell population obtained by induced differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells into cardiomyocytes. Preferably, the step of eliminating undifferentiated cells is performed between steps (1) and (2). A human pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocyte population having a smaller number of residual undifferentiated cells is considered much safer for transplantation.

[0015] The preparation method of the present invention may further comprise, after step (3), step (4) of culturing the cells retrieved in step (3), wherein step (3) comprises removing cells not adherent to the laminin fragment and keeping cells adherent to the laminin fragment as they are without detachment for continuous culture.

[0016] In the step of eliminating undifferentiated cells, known methods for eliminating undifferentiated cells can preferably be used. The known methods for eliminating undifferentiated cells include the method described in WO 2012/056997, the method described in WO 2012/147992, the method described in WO 2012/133674, the method described in WO 2012/012803 (JP-W 2013-535194), the method described in WO 2012/078153 (JP-W 2014-501518), the method described in JP-A 2013-143968 and Cell Stem Cell Vol. 12 January 2013, Page 127-137, and the method described in PNAS 2013 Aug 27; 110(35): E3281-90.

[0017] In the preparation method of the present invention, the method used in the step of eliminating undifferentiated cells preferably comprises the following substeps (A) and (B):
  1. (A) bringing the cell population obtained by the induced differentiation into contact with a laminin fragment selected from the group consisting of laminin α5β1γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α5β2γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α3β1γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α3β2γ1 E8 fragment and laminin α3β3γ2 E8 fragment, and
  2. (B) retrieving cells not adherent to the laminin fragment, wherein the contact of the cell population with the laminin fragment in substep (A) is achieved by adding a cell suspension containing the cell population obtained in step (1) to a culture vessel having a culture surface coated with the laminin fragment, followed by a certain period of incubation; by adding a carrier coated with the laminin fragment to a cell suspension containing the cell population obtained in step (1), followed by a certain period of incubation; or by passing a cell suspension containing the cell population obtained in step (1) through a hollow fiber membrane having an inner surface coated with the laminin fragment, and
    wherein substep (B) comprises collecting cells contained in a collected medium and in a wash solution collected after washing the coated surface,
    wherein the contact in substep (A) is continued for 5 minutes to 30 minutes.


[0018] The "cardiomyocyte population" obtained by the preparation method of the present invention means a cardiomyocyte-containing cell population obtained by induced differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells. The "cardiomyocyte population" contains both mature cardiomyocytes and cardiac progenitor cells. The "cardiomyocyte population" may contain cells other than cardiomyocytes. Examples of the cells other than cardiomyocytes include cells of various stages in the differentiation process of human pluripotent stem cells towards cardiomyocytes. In addition, vascular endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells derived by differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells, and other cells may also be contained in the "cardiomyocyte population". The obtained cardiomyocyte population can preferably be used as a cardiomyocyte population for transplantation therapy in the clinical setting. For example, it can be used for preparation of cardiomyocyte sheets for transplantation and for direct injection into the heart via a catheter or a needle. In addition, the obtained cardiomyocyte population is very useful also as cells for research, such as new drug screening and embryological studies.

[0019] Examples of the human pluripotent stem cells used in the preparation method of the present invention include ES cells (embryonic stem cells), iPS cells (induced pluripotent stem cells), mGS cells (multipotent germ stem cells) and hybridomas of ES cells and somatic cells. Preferred are ES cells and iPS cells, and more preferred are iPS cells. The pluripotent stem cells are preferably stem cells humans. The use of human pluripotent stem cells in the preparation method of the present invention enables the preparation of a cardiomyocyte population safe for humans.

[0020] Laminin is a heterotrimeric molecule consisting of three subunits termed α, β and γ chains. Five kinds of α chains (α1 to α5), three kinds of β chains (β1 to β3) and three kinds of γ chains (γ1 to γ3) are known, and various combinations of these chains result in at least 12 kinds of laminin isoforms. The laminin fragment used in step (2) of the preparation method of the present invention is preferably a laminin fragment having binding specificity to integrins expressed on the surface of cardiomyocytes.

[0021] Laminin-binding integrins include integrin α3β1, integrin α6β1, integrin α6β4 and integrin α7β1 (Hynes et al., Cell Vol. 110, 673-687, 2002). These integrins have respective localized expression patterns in the living body, and integrin α7β1 is known to be selectively expressed in muscle tissues. Integrin α7β1 has two isoforms, namely, α7X1β1 and α7X2β1, which result from alternative splicing of the α7 chain, and cardiomyocytes and skeletal muscle cells are reported to dominantly express α7X2β1 (Israeli-Rosenberg et al., Circ Res. 2014; 114: 572-586). Among the laminin isoforms, laminin α2β1γ1, laminin α2β2γ1, laminin α1β1γ1 and laminin α1β2γ1 reportedly have high binding specificity to integrin α7X2β1 (Taniguchi et al., The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 7820-7831, 2009). Therefore, the laminin fragment used in step (2) is preferably laminin α2β1γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α2β2γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α1β1γ1 E8 fragment or laminin α1β2γ1 E8 fragment due to the high binding specificity to integrin α7X2β1. Hereinafter, laminin α2β1γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α2β2γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α1β1γ1 E8 fragment and laminin α1β2γ1 E8 fragment are referred to as laminin 211 E8 fragment, laminin 221 E8 fragment, laminin 111 E8 fragment and laminin 121 E8 fragment, respectively.

[0022] The laminin fragment used in substep (A) of the step of eliminating undifferentiated cells from a cell population obtained by the induced differentiation in the preparation method of the present invention is preferably a laminin fragment having binding specificity to integrins expressed on the surface of undifferentiated human pluripotent stem cells. Pluripotent stem cells, in particular human pluripotent stem cells are known to more highly express α6β1 integrin than other integrins (Miyazaki T et al., Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 375: 27-32, 2008). Among the laminin isoforms, laminin α5β1γ1, laminin α5β2γ1 and laminin α3β3γ2 reportedly have high binding specificity to integrin α6β1 (Nishiuchi et al., Matrix Biol., 25: 189-197, 2006). Therefore, the laminin fragment used in substep (A) is preferably laminin α5β1γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α5β2γ1 E8 fragment or laminin α3β3γ2 E8 fragment due to the high binding specificity to integrin α6β1. In addition, the present inventors have confirmed that laminin α3β1γ1 E8 fragment and laminin α3β2γ1 E8 fragment, each of which has the α3 chain as with laminin α3β3γ2, also have high binding specificity to integrin α6β1. Therefore, these two laminin fragment isoforms can also preferably be used in substep (A). Hereinafter, laminin α5β1γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α5β2γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α3β3γ2 E8 fragment, laminin α3β1γ1 E8 fragment and laminin α3β2γ1 E8 fragment are referred to as laminin 511 E8 fragment, laminin 521 E8 fragment, laminin 332 E8 fragment, laminin 311 E8 fragment and laminin 321, respectively.

[0023] The laminin fragment used in the preparation method of the present invention may be a laminin fragment having integrin binding activity. That is a laminin fragment consisting of α, β and γ chains of which one or more are fragments shorter than the corresponding full-length chains. The laminin fragment is preferably a heterotrimeric laminin fragment. The integrin binding activity of the laminin fragment can be confirmed by, for example, a solid-phase binding assay using the integrin of interest. The heterotrimer formation of the laminin fragment can be confirmed from, for example, the number of bands detected by SDS-PAGE.

[0024] A preferable example of the laminin fragment having integrin binding activity is a laminin E8 fragment (hereinafter referred to as "laminin E8"). The laminin E8 is a heterotrimeric fragment obtained by elastase digestion of mouse laminin 111 and was identified as a fragment having a strong cell-adhesive activity (Edgar D et al., J. Cell Biol., 105: 589-598, 1987). Elastase digestion of laminins other than mouse laminin 111 could presumably produce fragments corresponding to the mouse laminin 111E8, but there is no report on isolation or identification of such laminin E8 fragments. Therefore, the laminin E8 used in the present invention does not have to be an elastase-digested product of laminins, and may be any laminin fragment having a cell-adhesive activity, structure and molecular weight equivalent to those of the mouse laminin 111E8.

[0025] The origin of the laminin fragment is not particularly limited, and laminin fragments of various organisms can be used. Preferred are laminins or laminin fragments of mammals, including but not limited to humans, mice, rats, cattle and pigs. Particularly preferred is a human laminin fragment. For the preparation of a cardiomyocyte population safe for humans, it is recommended that no xenogeneic components are used in the preparation process, and therefore, a human laminin fragment is preferably used.

[0026] The method for producing the laminin fragment is not particularly limited. For example, the laminin fragment can be obtained by digestion of a full-length laminin with a protease such as elastase, followed by isolation and purification of the fragment of interest. Alternatively, the laminin fragment can be produced as a recombinant protein. In terms of production quantity, quality uniformity, production cost, etc., it is preferred that the laminin and the laminin fragment are produced as a recombinant protein.

[0027]  The recombinant laminin and the recombinant laminin fragment can be produced by appropriate known recombinant techniques, for example, by preparing DNAs encoding full-length or partial-length laminin α, β and γ chains, inserting the DNAs into separate expression vectors, cointroducing the three resulting expression vectors into appropriate host cells, and purifying the expressed trimeric protein by a known method. Examples of the method for producing of the recombinant laminin fragment (laminin E8) include, but are not limited to, the method of Ido et al. (Hiroyuki Ido et al., The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 282, 11144-11154, 2007).

[0028] Information regarding the nucleotide sequences of the genes encoding α, β and γ chains which constitute laminins of major mammals and the amino acid sequences of these chains can be obtained from known databases (e.g., GenBank). The accession numbers of the constituent chains of laminins of major mammals including humans are shown in Table 1. Information regarding the nucleotide and amino acid sequences of the constituent chains of laminins of other organisms can also be obtained from known databases (e.g., GenBank).
[Table 1]
 Amino acid sequenceNucleotide sequence
Human laminin α1 chain NP_005550 NM_005559
Human laminin α2 chain NP _000417 NM_000426
Human laminin α3 chain NP_000218 NM_000227
Human laminin α4 chain NP_002281 NM_002290
Human laminin α5 chain NP_005551 NM_005560
Human laminin β1 chain NP_002282 NM_002291
Human laminin β2 chain NP_002283 NM_002292
Human laminin β3 chain NP_000219 NM_000228
Human laminin γ1 chain NP_002284 NM_002293
Human laminin γ2 chain NP_005553 NM_005562
Human laminin γ3 chain NP_006050 NM_006059
Mouse laminin α5 chain NP_001074640 NM_001081171
Mouse laminin β1 chain NP_032508 NM_008482
Mouse laminin y1 chain NP_034813 NM_010683
Rat laminin α5 chain NP_001178538 NM_001191609
Rat laminin β1 chain NP_001100191 NM_001106721
Rat laminin γ1 chain NP_446418 NM_053966


[0029] Laminin E8 is a trimeric fragment composed of a C-terminal fragment of the α chain lacking globular domains 4 and 5 (hereinafter referred to as "α chain E8"), a C-terminal fragment of the β chain (hereinafter referred to as "β chain E8"), and a C-terminal fragment of the γ chain (hereinafter referred to as "γ chain E8"), and the molecular weight of the trimer is about 150 to 170 kDa. The α chain E8 generally consists of about 770 amino acids, of which about 230 amino acids from the N-terminus are involved in the trimer formation. The β chain E8 generally consists of about 220 to 230 amino acids. The γ chain E8 generally consists of about 240 to 250 amino acids. The glutamic acid residue at the third position from the C-terminus of the γ chain E8 is essential for the integrin binding activity of laminin E8 (Hiroyuki Ido et al., The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 282, 11144-11154, 2007).

[0030] In step (1) of the present invention, known methods for induced differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells into cardiomyocytes can preferably be used. Examples of the known methods include a method in which human pluripotent stem cells maintained on feeder cells are differentiated with activin A and BMP4 (bone morphogenetic protein 4) (Non Patent Literature 1 and 2), a method in which human pluripotent stem cells maintained on Matrigel are differentiated with Wnt3a, R-Spondin-1 and DKK1 (Non Patent Literature 3), a method in which human pluripotent stem cells maintained on feeder cells are differentiated on a large scale in a bioreactor (Non Patent Literature 3), and a method in which maintenance culture and subsequent induced differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells are carried out using only chemically defined supplemental factors (WO 2014/078414). In particular, for the preparation of a cardiomyocyte population for human transplantation, for example, the above-mentioned method described in WO 2014/078414, a method in which human pluripotent stem cells maintained on human laminin 511E8 are differentiated into cardiomyocytes (JP-A 2011-078370) and the like are suitable.

[0031] In step (2) and substep (A) of the present invention, there is no particular limitation on the method for bringing a cardiomyocyte population obtained by the induced differentiation in step (1) into contact with a laminin fragment thereof. For example, the culture surface of a culture vessel, such as a culture dish, is coated with the laminin fragment thereof, and a cell suspension containing the cardiomyocyte population obtained by induced differentiation is added to the culture vessel and then incubated for a certain period of time. In another example, a carrier, such as beads, is coated with the laminin fragment thereof, added to a cell suspension containing the cardiomyocyte population obtained by induced differentiation, and then incubated for a certain period of time. In yet another example, the inner surface of a hollow fiber membrane used as a carrier is coated with the laminin fragment thereof, and a cell suspension containing the cardiomyocyte population obtained by induced differentiation is passed through the hollow fiber membrane.

[0032] In step (2) and substep (A), the coating concentration of the laminin fragment is not particularly limited, and an appropriate coating concentration that attains the purpose of step (2) or substep (A) is selected. For example, the coating concentration is preferably selected from the range of about 0.1 to 2.0 µg/cm2. In the case where laminin E8 fragment is used in the preparation method of the present invention, the coating concentration of the laminin E8 fragment in step (2) and substep (A) is particularly not limited, but is preferably about 0.1 to 2.0 µg/cm2, more preferably about 0.25 to 1.0 µg/cm2, still more preferably about 0.5 to 1.0 µg/cm2.

[0033] In step (2) and substep (A), there is no particular limitation on the period for which the cells are in contact with the laminin fragment (period of laminin treatment), and an appropriate period that attains the purpose of step (2) or substep (A) is selected according to the coating concentration used. In the case where laminin E8 fragment is used in the preparation method of the present invention, the period of the contact of the cells with the laminin E8 fragment in step (2) is particularly not limited, but is preferably about 15 to 180 minutes, more preferably about 15 to 120 minutes, still more preferably about 15 to 60 minutes, yet still more preferably about 25 to 60 minutes. The period of the contact of the cells with the laminin E8 fragment in substep (A) is also not particularly limited, but is preferably about 30 minutes or less, more preferably about 5 to 30 minutes, still more preferably about 5 to 15 minutes.

[0034] In step (3) of the present invention, there is no particular limitation on the method for retrieving cells adherent to the laminin fragment, and an appropriate known method for detaching adherent cells can be selected. For example, after removing non-adherent cells, an EDTA solution is added onto a surface coated with the laminin fragment, or a carrier coated with the laminin fragment is added to an EDTA solution. The adherent cells are detached by pipetting or the like and then collected. Alternatively, a trypsin solution can be used for the detachment of the cells instead of the EDTA solution. In the case where step (3) is followed by step (4) of culturing the retrieved cells, step (3) may consist of only removing non-adherent cells.

[0035] In substep (B) of the present invention, there is no particular limitation on the method for retrieving cells not adherent to the laminin fragment. For example, in the case where a culture vessel coated with the laminin fragment is used, for example, the medium is collected from the culture vessel, the coated surface is washed a few times with PBS or the like, and the collected medium and wash solution are subjected to centrifugation or the like to collect the cells contained therein. In the case where a carrier coated with the laminin fragment is added to a cell suspension, for example, the carrier is separated from the cell suspension, and the cell suspension free from the carrier is subjected to centrifugation or the like to collect the cells remaining therein. In the case where a hollow fiber membrane coated with the laminin fragment is used, for example, a cell suspension passed through the hollow fiber membrane is collected, and subjected to centrifugation or the like to collect the non-adherent cells.

[0036] In the preparation method of the present invention, in the case where step (3) is followed by step (4) of culturing the cells retrieved in step (3), the culture method is not particularly limited, and can be selected from known cell culture methods as appropriate. Preferred is a culture method suitable for cardiomyocytes. For example, the cells can be cultured in the same culture vessel coated with a laminin fragment thereof as used in step (2). In a possible embodiment of step (3), the non-adherent cells after the completion of the laminin treatment are removed, a fresh medium is added to the cells adherent on the plate, and the cells kept on the plate are subjected to culture in step (4). The period of the culture is not particularly limited, and an appropriate period that is acceptable for the maintenance of a cardiomyocyte population with the desired cardiomyocyte purity is selected.

[0037] The purity of cardiomyocytes (the percentage of cardiomyocytes) in the cardiomyocyte population obtained by the preparation method of the present invention needs to be at least 10% or more, and is preferably 30% or more. More preferred is 50% to 90%, and still more preferred is 60% to 80%. The purity of cardiomyocytes (the percentage of cardiomyocytes) in the cardiomyocyte population can be determined as, for example, the percentage of cardiac troponin T-positive cells in the cardiomyocyte population as measured by flow cytometry or the like.

[0038] There is no particular limitation on the percentage of undifferentiated cells in the cardiomyocyte population obtained by the preparation method of the present invention. In the preparation method of the present invention, it is preferable that the step of eliminating undifferentiated cells is performed between steps (1) and (2). In this case, the number of undifferentiated cells in the cardiomyocyte population can be reduced as compared with in the case where the step of eliminating undifferentiated cells is not performed. In particular, in the case where substeps (A) and (B) are employed in the step of eliminating undifferentiated cells, undifferentiated cells can be eliminated without damage to the cardiomyocyte population. The percentage of undifferentiated cells in the cardiomyocyte population can be determined as, for example, the percentage of BC2LCN-positive cells in the cardiomyocyte population as measured by flow cytometry or the like.

[0039] The preparation method of the present invention is characterized by bringing a cell population obtained by induced differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells into cardiomyocytes into contact with a laminin fragment and subsequently retrieving cells adherent to the laminin fragment. The preparation method of the present invention is advantageous over other preparation methods in terms of the following. Firstly, the procedure is simple and very brief. In conventional preparation methods, the selection of cardiomyocytes utilizes the difference in the metabolic pathway between cardiomyocytes and other cells, in particular, between cardiomyocytes and cells remaining undifferentiated. For this reason, the selection procedure requires a long period of time (at least a few days). Such a selection procedure is greatly stressful to cells and inevitably compromises the viability of the selected cells. In the preparation method of the present invention, however, the selection procedure requires only a few minutes to a few hours and is considerably less stressful to cells. Secondly, since the selection of the cells of interest utilizes integrin-mediated cell adhesion to substrates, the viability of the cells is expected to be improved rather than compromised. In fact, integrin-dependent cell adhesion to laminins is known to prevent cell apoptosis and maintain cell survival, and also known to activate intracellular signaling pathways that promote cell growth (Gu J et al., The Journal of Biological Chemistry 277: 19922-19928, 2002). Therefore, the preparation method of the present invention is greatly advantageous in that a cardiomyocyte population obtained by induced differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells can be selected in a short time while maintained in a highly viable state, unlike the conventional preparation methods. Moreover, it is easy to successively repeat the procedure of step (2) or a series of the procedures of steps (2) and (3) in the preparation method of the present invention. Such a successive repetition of the procedure can readily result in an increased cardiomyocyte purity in the cardiomyocyte population. As described above, the cardiomyocyte population obtained by the preparation method of the present invention is very highly safe and also highly viable, and therefore, is very excellent for transplantation.

[0040] The laminin fragments that can be used in step (2) of the preparation method of the present invention, namely laminin 211 E8 fragment, laminin 221 E8 fragment, laminin 111 E8 fragment and laminin α121 E8 fragment, have binding specificity not only to cardiomyocytes but also to skeletal muscle cells. For this reason, in the case where step (1) is changed to the step of inducing human pluripotent stem cells to differentiate into skeletal muscle cells, a method for preparing skeletal muscle cells can be provided.

[0041] Moreover, in the case where different types of laminin fragments are used depending on the type of the cells of interest in step (2) of the preparation method of the present invention, various types of cells derived by differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells can be selected in a cell adhesion dependent manner using substrates coated with appropriate laminin fragments. Specifically, hepatic progenitor cells derived by differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells reportedly adhere to laminin 111 in an integrin α6β1 dependent manner (Takayama K. et al., Stem Cell Reports 1: 322-335, 2013) . Also reported is transient expression of laminin 111 in regenerating livers (Kikkawa Y et al., Experimental Cell Research 305: 99-109, 2005). These findings indicate that hepatic progenitor cells derived by differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells can be selected and purified using substrates coated with laminin 111 E8 fragment. That is, in the case where step (1) is changed to the step of inducing human pluripotent stem cells to differentiate into hepatic progenitor cells and laminin 111 E8 fragment is used in step (2) in the preparation method of the present invention, a method for preparing hepatic progenitor cells can be provided.

EXAMPLES



[0042] Hereinafter, the present invention will be illustrated in detail by examples, but the present invention is not limited thereto.

Experimental Materials and Methods


(1) Human laminin E8s



[0043] Five kinds of human laminin E8s were used in the experiments shown below and were human laminin 511E8, human laminin 332E8, human laminin 311E8, human laminin 221E8 and human laminin 211E8. Hereinafter in the examples, human laminin 511E8, human laminin 332E8, human laminin 311E8, human laminin 221E8 and human laminin 211E8 are abbreviated as 511E8, 332E8, 311E8, 221E8 and 211E8, respectively.

[0044] The 511E8 used was a purchased product, iMatrix-511 (trade name, Nippi Inc.). The laminin E8s other than 511E8 were produced according to the methods described in Ido et al. (Hiroyuki Ido et al., The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 282, 11144-11154, 2007) and Taniguchi et al. (Yukimasa Taniguchi et al., The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 7820-7831, 2009). The specific procedure was as follows. An expression vector for the human α3 chain E8 fragment (containing the 6×His tag in the N-terminal region), an expression vector for the human α2 chain E8 fragment (containing the 6×His tag in the N-terminal region), an expression vector for the human β3 chain E8 fragment (containing the HA tag in the N-terminal region), an expression vector for the human β2 chain E8 fragment (containing the HA tag in the N-terminal region), an expression vector for the human β1 chain E8 fragment (containing the HA tag in the N-terminal region), an expression vector for the human γ2 chain E8 fragment (containing the FLAG tag in the N-terminal region) and an expression vector for the human γ1 chain E8 fragment (containing the FLAG tag in the N-terminal region) were prepared. Appropriate combinations of the prepared expression vectors for the α, β and γ chains were separately transfected into human embryonic kidney 293 cells. After 72 hours of culture, the culture media were collected and subjected to affinity chromatography using Ni-NTA agarose and ANTI-FLAG M2 Affinity Gel for the purification of the laminin E8s of interest.

(2) Coating of Culture Plates with Laminin E8s



[0045] The culture plates used were 6-well or 12-well multiwell plates (BD Falcon). The laminin E8s of interest were diluted to desired concentrations in PBS, and added in a volume of 1 mL (6-well) or 0.4 mL (12-well) per well. After 2 hours or more of incubation at 37°C, the laminin solution was removed and the coated surface was washed twice with PBS. The coating of the culture plates was performed just before use. Six-well multiwell plates were used in Examples 1 to 4 and 9, and 12-well multiwell plates were used in Examples 5 to 8.

(3) Induced Differentiation of Human iPS Cells into Cardiomyocytes



[0046] The human iPS cell line 253G1 was purchased from RIKEN. Myocardial differentiation was performed in a reactor according to the method described in Matsuura et al. (Matsuura K et al., Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2012 Aug 24; 425(2): 321-7, doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2012.07.089. Epub 2012 Jul 25). The specific procedure was as follows. Undifferentiated 253G1 cells were cultured on mitomycin-C-treated MEFs in Primate ES medium (ReproCELL Inc.) supplemented with 5 ng/mL bFGF, which was used as a medium for maintenance of undifferentiated state. The undifferentiated 253G1 cells on ten 10-cm culture dishes were collected with the addition of a cell detachment solution (ReproCELL Inc.) and suspended in 100 mL of mTeSR medium (STEMCELL Technologies) supplemented with 10 µM Y27632 (ROCK inhibitor). The cell suspension was transferred to a vessel in a bioreactor system (ABLE Corporation) and agitation culture was started. One day later, Y27632 was eliminated from the medium. One day after the onset of the agitation culture, the medium was replaced with StemPro-34 (Life Technologies). Three days after the onset of the agitation culture, 0.5 ng/mL BMP4 was added to the medium. Four days after the onset of the agitation culture, 10 ng/mL BMP4, 5 ng/mL bFGF and 3 ng/mL activin A were added to the medium. Seven days after the onset of the agitation culture, 4 µM IWR-1 was added to the medium. Nine days after the onset of the agitation culture, 5 ng/mL VEGF and 10 ng/mL bFGF were added to the medium. The agitation culture was further continued, and 16 to 18 days after the onset of the agitation culture, the cells were collected.

(4) Preparation of Cell Suspension after Induced Differentiation



[0047] After the induced differentiation of the 253G1 cells into cardiomyocytes, clumps of the cells were dissociated with the addition of a 0.05% trypsin-EDTA solution (Life Technologies) . The cells were filtered through a 70-µm mesh filter, and a cell suspension was prepared. The cell suspension was centrifuged at 1500 rpm for 5 minutes. The pellet was suspended in PBS and the suspension was centrifuged at 1500 rpm for 5 minutes again. The pellet was suspended at 200,000 cells/mL in medium (DMEM supplemented with 1% bovine serum albumin).

(5) Laminin Treatment



[0048] The cell suspension was added in a volume of 3 mL (600,000 cells) to each well of the 6-well multiwell plate coated with the laminin E8s of interest. Alternatively, the cell suspension was added in a volume of 1.2 mL (240,000 cells) to each well of the 12-well multiwell plate coated with the laminin E8s of interest. After a certain period of treatment (contact period), non-adherent cells and adherent cells were separately collected. The specific procedure was as follows. The culture supernatant was collected, the culture surface was washed with PBS, and the wash solution was collected. The culture surface was washed again with PBS and the wash solution was collected. The cells contained in the culture supernatant and the wash solutions collected twice were called non-adherent cells. Onto the culture surface washed twice with PBS, an EDTA solution was added and the cells were detached by pipetting to collect the cells. The culture surface was washed with PBS and the wash solution was collected. The cells detached with EDTA and the cells contained in the collected wash solution were called adherent cells.

[0049] The non-adherent cells and the adherent cells were separately centrifuged (at 1500 rpm for 5 minutes), and the supernatants were removed. The pellets were stained with anti-cardiac troponin T (for detection of cardiomyocytes) or BC2LCN (for detection of undifferentiated cells) and analyzed by flow cytometry or immunostaining.

Example 1: Elimination of Undifferentiated Cells from Cell Suspension using 511E8, 311E8 and 332E8



[0050] After the induced differentiation of the 253G1 cells into cardiomyocytes, the cells were treated with 511E8, 311E8 or 332E8 for 30 minutes. After that, non-adherent cells and adherent cells were separately collected. Each of the laminin E8s was used at 5-graded concentrations of 0, 1, 2.5, 5 and 10 µg/mL (0, 0.1, 0.25, 0.5 and 1 µg/cm2). The percentages of BC2LCN-positive cells (the percentages of undifferentiated cells) in the collected non-adherent cells and in the collected adherent cells were evaluated by flow cytometry.

[0051] The results are shown in Fig. 1. The percentages of undifferentiated cells are shown in the upper row, and the numbers of the collected cells are shown in the lower row. In the figure, LN511 stands for 511E8, LN311 stands for 311E8, and LN332 stands for 332E8. The percentage of undifferentiated cells before the laminin treatment was 1.7%, but the percentage of undifferentiated cells in the non-adherent cells collected after the laminin E8 treatment decreased in a laminin E8 concentration dependent manner regardless of the type of the laminin E8. In particular, in the case of the treatment with 511E8, the reduction in the percentage of undifferentiated cells was observed even at low concentrations, and the percentage of undifferentiated cells at a coating concentration of 0.5 µg/cm2 was as low as 0.8%. The number of the collected non-adherent cells was reduced by the treatment with any of the laminin E8s in a concentration dependent manner.

Example 2: Specificity of 511E8 to Undifferentiated Cells



[0052] After the induced differentiation of the 253G1 cells into cardiomyocytes, the cells were treated with 511E8 at a coating concentration of 0.5 µg/cm2 or with 221E8 at a coating concentration of 1 µg/cm2 for 30 minutes. After that, non-adherent cells and adherent cells were separately collected. The percentages of BC2LCN-positive cells (the percentages of undifferentiated cells) in the collected non-adherent cells and in the collected adherent cells were evaluated by flow cytometry.

[0053] The results are shown in Fig. 2. In the figure, LN511 stands for 511E8 and LN221 stands for 221E8. The percentage of undifferentiated cells before the treatment was 2.5%, but the percentage of undifferentiated cells in the non-adherent cells collected after the treatment with 511E8 at 0.5 µg/cm2 was 1.6%, which was lower than the level before the treatment. Meanwhile, the percentage of undifferentiated cells in the adherent cells was 3.7%, which was higher than the level before the treatment. On the other hand, the percentages of undifferentiated cells in the non-adherent cells and in the adherent cells collected after the treatment with laminin 221 at 1 µg/cm2 were each 2.7%.

Example 3: Isolation of Cardiomyocytes using 221E8, 211E8 and 511E8 and Specificity of These Laminin E8s to Cardiomyocytes



[0054] After the induced differentiation of the 253G1 cells into cardiomyocytes, the cells were treated with 221E8, 211E8 or 511E8 for 30 minutes. After that, non-adherent cells and adherent cells were separately collected. Each of the laminin E8s was used at 5-graded coating concentrations of 0, 0.25, 0.5, 1 and 2 µg/cm2. The percentages of cardiac troponin T-positive cells (the percentage of cardiomyocytes) in the collected non-adherent cells and in the collected adherent cells were evaluated by flow cytometry.

[0055] The results are shown in Fig. 3. The percentages of cardiac troponin T-positive cells (the percentage of cardiomyocytes) are shown in the upper row, and the numbers of the collected cells are shown in the lower row. In the figure, LN221 stands for 221E8, LN211 stands for 211E8, and LN511 stands for 511E8. The percentage of cardiomyocytes before the laminin treatment was 18.5%. The percentage of cardiomyocytes in the non-adherent cells collected after the laminin E8 treatment was almost comparable to the level before the treatment regardless of the type of the laminin E8, but the percentage of cardiomyocytes in the adherent cells collected after the treatment with 221E8 or 211E8 was higher than the level before the treatment. On the other hand, there was no great difference in the percentages of cardiomyocytes between the adherent cells and the non-adherent cells collected after the treatment with 511E8 . The number of the collected adherent cells was increased by the treatment with any of the laminin E8s in a concentration dependent manner.

Example 4: Time-course Changes in Number of Adherent Cells and in Percentage of Cardiomyocytes upon 221E8 Treatment



[0056] After the induced differentiation of the 253G1 cells into cardiomyocytes, the cells were treated with 221E8 at a coating concentration of 1 µg/cm2, and adherent cells were collected over time. The number of the collected cells and the percentage of cardiomyocytes (the percentage of cardiac troponin T-positive cells) in the collected cells were evaluated by flow cytometry.

[0057] The results are shown in Figs. 4A, 4B and 4C. Fig. 4A shows the number of the adherent cells after 15, 20, 25 and 30 minutes of the treatment with 221E8, Fig. 4B shows the number of the adherent cells after 0.5, 1, 8 and 24 hours of the treatment with 221E8 (the results of an experiment independent from that in Fig. 4A), and Fig. 4C shows the percentage of cardiomyocytes in the adherent cells after 15, 20, 25, 30 and 60 minutes of the treatment with 221E8. The percentage of cardiomyocytes at a contact time point of 0 min is the percentage of cardiomyocytes before the treatment with 221E8. The number of the adherent cells increased over time from 15 to 30 minutes after the onset of the treatment with 221E8 (Fig. 4A). The number of the adherent cells continued to increase gradually from 1 to 8 hours after the onset of the treatment, and then tended to decrease until 24 hours after the onset of the treatment (Fig. 4B). The percentage of cardiomyocytes before the treatment with 221E8 was 16.1%. The percentage of cardiomyocytes increased to 35.9% after 15 minutes of the treatment with 221E8, and from then on, tended to decrease over time (Fig. 4C).

Example 5: Elimination of Undifferentiated Cells from Cell Suspension using 511E8, 211E8 and 221E8



[0058] After the induced differentiation of the 253G1 cells into cardiomyocytes, the cells were treated with 511E8, 211E8 or 221E8 at a coating concentration of 1 µg/cm2, and non-adherent cells were collected at 15, 30, 60 and 120 minutes from the onset of the treatment. The number of the collected non-adherent cells and the relative amount of undifferentiated cells (the relative amount of BC2LCN-positive cells) were evaluated by flow cytometry. The relative amount of undifferentiated cells was expressed as a ratio relative to the percentage of undifferentiated cells before the treatment, that is, as a value obtained by division of the percentage of BC2LCN-positive cells after the treatment by the percentage of BC2LCN-positive cells before the treatment.

[0059] The results are shown in Figs. 5A and 5B. Fig. 5A shows the time-course changes in the relative amount of undifferentiated cells in the non-adherent cells, and Fig. 5B shows the number of the non-adherent cells at each collection time point. In the figures, LN511 stands for 511E8, LN221 stands for 221E8, and LN211 stands for 211E8. As shown in Fig. 5A, the relative amount of undifferentiated cells after the treatment with 211E8 or 221E8 was about 1 or more at each collection time point, but the relative amount of undifferentiated cells after the treatment with 511E8 was less than 1 at each collection time point. These results show that the treatment with 511E8 is effective for the elimination of undifferentiated cells from the cell suspension. As shown in Fig. 5B, the number of the collected non-adherent cells decreased in a contact period dependent manner regardless of the type of the laminin, but the number of the non-adherent cells after the contact with 511E8 remarkably decreased after 30 minutes or more of the contact. These results indicate that the period of the contact of the cells with the laminin E8 in substep (A) in the step of eliminating undifferentiated cells is preferably 30 minutes or less, more preferably 15 minutes or less in view of the time-course change in the relative amount of undifferentiated cells and the time-course change in the number of the non-adherent cells.

Example 6: Purification of Cardiomyocytes using 511E8, 211E8 and 221E8: Examination of Treatment Period


(1) Changes in Relative Amount of Cardiomyocytes and in Number of Adherent Cells with Variation in Treatment Period (Contact Period)



[0060] After the induced differentiation of the 253G1 cells into cardiomyocytes, the cells were treated with 511E8, 211E8 or 221E8 at a coating concentration of 1 µg/cm2, and adherent cells were collected at 15, 30, 60 and 120 minutes from the onset of the treatment. The number of the collected adherent cells and the relative amount of cardiomyocytes (the relative amount of cardiac troponin T-positive cells) were evaluated by flow cytometry. The relative amount of cardiomyocytes was expressed as a ratio relative to the percentage of cardiomyocytes before the treatment, that is, as a value obtained by division of the percentage of cardiac troponin T-positive cells after the treatment by the percentage of cardiac troponin T-positive cells before the treatment.

[0061] The results are shown in Figs. 6A and 6B. Fig. 6A shows the time-course changes in the relative amount of cardiomyocytes in the adherent cells, and Fig. 6B shows the number of the adherent cells at each collection time point. In the figures, LN511 stands for 511E8, LN221 stands for 221E8, and LN211 stands for 211E8. As shown in Fig. 6A, the relative amount of cardiomyocytes after the treatment with 511E8 was about 1 at each collection time point, but the relative amount of cardiomyocytes after the treatment with 211E8 or 221E8 was more than 1 at each collection time point. These results show that the treatment with 211E8 or 221E8 and the subsequent collection of the adherent cells were effective for increasing the purity of cardiomyocytes. As shown in Fig. 6B, the number of the adherent cells collected after the treatment with 211E8 or 221E8 increased in a time dependent manner until 60 minutes after the onset of the treatment (contact). These results indicate that the period of the contact of the cells with the laminin E8 in step (2) in the preparation method of the present invention is preferably about 30 to 60 minutes.

Example 7: Purification of Cardiomyocytes using 511E8, 211E8 and 221E8: Examination of Laminin E8 Coating Concentration



[0062] After the induced differentiation of the 253G1 cells into cardiomyocytes, the cells were treated with 511E8, 211E8 or 221E8 at 4-graded coating concentrations of 0.25, 0.5, 1 and 2 µg/cm2, and adherent cells were collected at 30 minutes from the onset of the treatment. The number of the collected adherent cells and the relative amount of cardiomyocytes (the relative amount of cardiac troponin T-positive cells) were evaluated by flow cytometry. The relative amount of cardiomyocytes was expressed as a ratio relative to the percentage of cardiomyocytes before the treatment, that is, as a value obtained by division of the percentage of cardiac troponin T-positive cells after the treatment by the percentage of cardiac troponin T-positive cells before the treatment.

[0063] The results are shown in Figs. 7A and 7B. Fig. 7A shows the relative amount of cardiomyocytes in the adherent cells at each coating concentration, and Fig. 7B shows the number of the adherent cells at each coating concentration. In the figures, LN511 stands for 511E8, LN221 stands for 221E8, and LN211 stands for 211E8. As shown in Fig. 7A, the relative amount of cardiomyocytes after the treatment with 511E8 was about 1 at each coating concentration, but the relative amount of cardiomyocytes after the treatment with 211E8 or 221E8 was more than 1 at each coating concentration. These results show that the treatment with 211E8 or 221E8 and the subsequent collection of the adherent cells were effective for increasing the purity of cardiomyocytes. As shown in Fig. 7B, the number of the adherent cells collected after the treatment with 211E8 increased in a coating concentration dependent manner within the range up to 0.5 µg/cm2, and the number of the adherent cells collected after the treatment with 221E8 increased in a coating concentration dependent manner within the range up to 2 µg/cm2. These results indicate that the coating concentration of the laminin E8 in step (2) in the preparation method of the present invention is preferably about 0.5 to 2 µg/cm2.

Example 8: Confirmation of Effect of 221E8 on Enrichment of Cardiomyocytes



[0064] After the induced differentiation of the 253G1 cells into cardiomyocytes, the cells were treated with 511E8 or 221E8 at a coating concentration of 1 µg/cm2 for 30 minutes. After that, adherent cells were collected and the percentage of cardiomyocytes (the percentage of cardiac troponin T-positive cells) in the collected adherent cells was measured by flow cytometry. In a separate experiment, after the 30-minute treatment, non-adherent cells were removed, adherent cells were cultured for 3 days on a plate coated with 1 µg/cm2 511E8 or 221E8, and immunostained for detection of cardiac troponin T-positive cells. The cells were also stained with DAPI for nuclear counterstaining.

[0065] The results are shown in Fig. 8. The flow cytometry charts are shown in the upper row, the fluorescence microscopic images of nuclear staining are shown in the middle row, and the fluorescence microscopic images of cardiac troponin T-positive cells are shown in the lower row. As shown in Fig. 8, the percentage of cardiomyocytes before the treatment was 43%, but the percentage of cardiomyocytes in the adherent cells collected after the treatment with 511E8 was 26%, which was lower than the level before the treatment. On the other hand, the percentage of cardiomyocytes in the adherent cells collected after the treatment with laminin 221E8 was 67%, which was higher than the level before the treatment. When the adherent cells after the treatment with 511E8 or 221E8 were cultured, the number of nuclear stained cells in the case of the treatment with 221E8 was smaller than that in the case of the treatment with 511E8, but most of the nuclear stained cells in the former case were cardiac troponin T-positive cells. On the other hand, cells other than cardiac troponin T-positive cells were abundant in the case of the treatment with 511E8. These results show that the treatment with 221E8 is effective for enrichment of cardiomyocytes.

Example 9: Comparison of Effects of 221E8 Treatment and Glucose-free Medium Treatment on Purification of Cardiomyocytes



[0066] After the induced differentiation of the 253G1 cells into cardiomyocytes, that is, after the cells differentiated in a 16- to 18-day culture were collected according to the method described in section (3) of the above "Experimental Materials and Methods", the cells were divided into 2 aliquots. One aliquot was treated with glucose-free medium, and the other was treated with 221E8.

[0067] The treatment with glucose-free medium followed the method of Tohyama et al. (Shugo Tohyama et al., Cell Stem Cell, 12, 127-137, 2013). Specifically, after the induced differentiation, the resulting embryoid bodies were not pretreated with trypsin-EDTA but directly cultured in glucose-free medium (i.e., glucose-free DMEM medium (Life Technologies)) supplemented with 4 mM lactic acid (Wako Pure Chemical Industries, Ltd.) for 6 days. As a control, the cells were cultured using a usual medium (DMEM containing 1% bovine serum albumin) instead of the glucose-free medium. The medium was replaced 3 hours after the onset of the culture, and replaced again 3 days after the onset of the culture. After the 6-day culture, the embryoid bodies were dissociated into cells with 0.05% trypsin-EDTA, and the cells were collected.

[0068] As a 221E8-treated group, the embryoid bodies after the induced differentiation were dissociated into cells with 0.05% trypsin-EDTA, and the cells were cultured on a plate coated with 1 µg/cm2 221E8. As a control, the cells were cultured on a plate coated with fetal bovine serum instead of 221E8. Three hours after the onset of the treatment, non-adherent cells were removed. After addition of a fresh medium, adherent cells were kept cultured on the plate, i.e., the plate coated with 1 µg/cm2 221E8 or the plate coated with fetal bovine serum, for 6 days. After 3 days of the culture, the medium was replaced. After the 6-day culture, the cells were collected by 0.05% trypsin-EDTA treatment.

[0069] The percentage of cardiac troponin T-positive cells (the percentage of cardiomyocytes) and the percentage of BC2LCN-positive cells (the percentage of undifferentiated cells) in the cells collected after the 6-day culture in each group were evaluated by flow cytometry.

[0070] The results are shown in Figs. 9A, 9B and 9C. Fig. 9A shows the number of the collected cells, Fig. 9B shows the percentage of cardiomyocytes, and Fig. 9C shows the percentage of undifferentiated cells. In the figures, the glucose-free medium group (no-glu) is shown in black bars, the 221E8 treatment group is shown in hatched bars, and their control groups are shown in white bars.

[0071] As shown in Fig. 9A, the number of the collected cells was about 100,000 in the glucose-free medium group and in its control group, in both of which the embryoid bodies directly had been cultured, but the 221E8 treatment group and its control group, in both of which adhesion culture had been performed, showed a remarkably higher number of the collected cells, which was 1 million or more. These results show that the 221E8 treatment is less cytotoxic than the glucose-free medium treatment and is also effective for the maintenance of cardiomyocytes.

[0072] As shown in Fig. 9B, the percentage of cardiomyocytes before the treatment was 42.1% (represented by the horizontal line in the graph of Fig. 9B). The percentage of cardiomyocytes after the 6-day culture was 25.6% in the control group for the glucose-free medium culture (usual embryoid body culture), but the glucose-free medium group showed a higher percentage of cardiomyocytes, which was 38.7%. Meanwhile, the percentage of cardiomyocytes after the 6-day culture was 42.6% in the control group for the 221E8 treatment (usual adhesion culture), but the 221E8 treatment group showed a higher percentage of cardiomyocytes, which was 57.2%. The percentages of cardiomyocytes both in the glucose-free medium group and in the 221E8 treatment group were higher than those in the corresponding control groups, and in particular, the percentage of cardiomyocytes in the 221E8 treatment group was remarkably higher than that before the treatment.

[0073] As shown in Fig. 9C, the percentage of undifferentiated cells after the 6-day culture was 13.8% in the control group for the glucose-free medium culture (usual embryoid body culture), but was 0.5% in the glucose-free medium group. Meanwhile, the percentage of undifferentiated cells after the 6-day culture was 1.4% in the control group for the 221E8 treatment (usual adhesion culture), but was 0.4% in the 221E8 treatment group. The relative degree of elimination of undifferentiated cells based on the percentage of undifferentiated cells in the control group was higher in the glucose-free medium treatment than that in the 221E8 treatment, but the percentage of undifferentiated cells after the treatment was 0.4% to 0.5% in both cases. Therefore, both the treatments were almost comparable in the viewpoint of the residual ratio of undifferentiated cells.

[0074] The above results reveal that the 221E8 treatment showed a considerably larger number of the collected cells than that in the glucose-free medium treatment, a remarkably higher percentage of cardiomyocytes than that before the treatment, and a percentage of undifferentiated cells comparable to that in the glucose-free medium treatment. Therefore, the 221E8 treatment was shown to be considerably more efficient for the purification of cardiomyocytes than the glucose-free medium treatment. That is, the present invention was shown to be superior to the method using glucose-free medium in purifying cardiomyocytes.


Claims

1. A method for preparing a cardiomyocyte population for transplantation therapy, the method comprising the steps of:

(1) inducing human pluripotent stem cells to differentiate into cardiomyocytes,

(2) bringing a cell population obtained by the induced differentiation into contact with a laminin fragment selected from the group consisting of laminin α2β1γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α2β2γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α1β1γ1 E8 fragment and laminin α1β2γ1 E8 fragment, and

(3) retrieving cells adherent to the laminin fragment,
wherein the contact of the cell population with the laminin fragment in step (2) is achieved by adding a cell suspension containing the cell population obtained in step (1) to a culture vessel having a culture surface coated with the laminin fragment, followed by a certain period of incubation; by adding a carrier coated with the laminin fragment to a cell suspension containing the cell population obtained in step (1), followed by a certain period of incubation; or by passing a cell suspension containing the cell population obtained in step (1) through a hollow fiber membrane having an inner surface coated with the laminin fragment, and
wherein step (3) comprises removing cells not adherent to the laminin fragment and then detaching cells adherent to the laminin fragment using a cell detachment solution,
wherein the contact in step (2) is continued for 15 minutes to 180 minutes.


 
2. The method according to claim 1, further comprising, after step (3), step (4) of culturing the cells retrieved in step (3),
wherein step (3) comprises removing cells not adherent to the laminin fragment and keeping cells adherent to the laminin fragment as they are without detachment.
 
3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, further comprising, between steps (1) and (2), a step of eliminating undifferentiated cells from a cell population obtained by the induced differentiation, the step of eliminating undifferentiated cells comprising the substeps of:

(A) bringing the cell population obtained by the induced differentiation into contact with a laminin fragment selected from the group consisting of laminin α5β1γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α5β2γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α3β1γ1 E8 fragment, laminin α3β2γ1 E8 fragment and laminin α3β3γ2 E8 fragment, and

(B) retrieving cells not adherent to the laminin fragment,
wherein the contact of the cell population with the laminin fragment in substep (A) is achieved by adding a cell suspension containing the cell population obtained in step (1) to a culture vessel having a culture surface coated with the laminin fragment, followed by a certain period of incubation; by adding a carrier coated with the laminin fragment to a cell suspension containing the cell population obtained in step (1), followed by a certain period of incubation; or by passing a cell suspension containing the cell population obtained in step (1) through a hollow fiber membrane having an inner surface coated with the laminin fragment, and
wherein substep (B) comprises collecting cells contained in a collected medium and in a wash solution collected after washing the coated surface,
wherein the contact in substep (A) is continued for 5 minutes to 30 minutes.


 
4. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the cardiomyocyte population has a cardiomyocyte purity of 60% to 80%.
 
5. The method according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the laminin E8 fragment is used at a coating concentration of 0.1 µg/cm2 to 2 µg/cm2.
 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren zur Herstellung einer Kardiomyozyten-Population für eine Transplantationstherapie, wobei das Verfahren die folgenden Schritte umfasst

(1) Induzieren der Differenzierung menschlicher pluripotenter Stammzellen zu Kardiomyozyten,

(2) Inkontaktbringen einer durch die induzierte Differenzierung erhaltenen Zellpopulation mit einem Laminin-Fragment, das ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Laminin α2β1γ1 E8-Fragment, Laminin α2β2γ1 E8-Fragment, Laminin α1β1γ1 E8-Fragment und Laminin α1β2γ1 E8-Fragment, und

(3) Gewinnung von Zellen, die an das Laminin-Fragment anhaften,
wobei der Kontakt der Zellpopulation mit dem Laminin-Fragment in Schritt (2) durch Zugabe einer Zellsuspension erreicht wird, die die in Schritt (1) erhaltene Zellpopulation enthält, zu einem Kulturgefäß mit einer Kulturoberfläche, die mit dem Laminin-Fragment beschichtet ist, gefolgt von einer bestimmten Inkubationsdauer; durch Zugabe eines mit dem Lamininfragment beschichteten Trägers zu einer Zellsuspension, die die in Schritt (1) erhaltene Zellpopulation enthält, gefolgt von einer bestimmten Inkubationsdauer; oder durch Hindurchleiten einer Zellsuspension, die die in Schritt (1) erhaltene Zellpopulation enthält, durch eine Hohlfasermembran mit einer mit dem Lamininfragment beschichteten inneren Oberfläche, und
wobei Schritt (3) das Entfernen von Zellen umfasst, die nicht an dem Laminin-Fragment anhaften, und dann das Ablösen von Zellen, die an dem Laminin-Fragment anhaften, unter Verwendung einer Zellablösungslösung,
wobei der Kontakt in Schritt (2) für 15 Minuten bis 180 Minuten besteht.


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend nach Schritt (3) den Schritt (4) der Kultivierung der in Schritt (3) gewonnenen Zellen,
wobei Schritt (3) das Entfernen von Zellen, die nicht an dem Laminin-Fragment anhaften, und das Beibehalten von Zellen, die an dem Laminin-Fragment anhaften, wie sie sind, ohne Ablösung umfasst.
 
3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, weiterhin umfassend zwischen den Schritten (1) und (2) einen Schritt der Besieitigung undifferenzierter Zellen aus einer Zellpopulation, die durch die induzierte Differenzierung erhalten wurde, wobei der Schritt der Beseitigung undifferenzierter Zellen die Unterschritte umfasst:

(A) Inkontaktbringen der durch die induzierte Differenzierung erhaltenen Zellpopulation mit einem Laminin-Fragment, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Laminin α5β1γ1 E8-Fragment, Laminin α5β2γ1 E8-Fragment, Laminin α3β1γ1 E8-Fragment, Laminin α3β2γ1 E8-Fragment und Laminin α3β3γ2 E8-Fragment, und

(B) Gewinnung von Zellen, die nicht an das Laminin-Fragment anhaften,
wobei der Kontakt der Zellpopulation mit dem Laminin-Fragment in Unterschritt (A) durch Zugabe einer Zellsuspension erreicht wird, die die in Schritt (1) erhaltene Zellpopulation enthält, zu einem Kulturgefäß mit einer Kulturoberfläche, die mit dem Laminin-Fragment beschichtet ist, gefolgt von einer bestimmten Inkubationsdauer; durch Zugabe eines mit dem Lamininfragment beschichteten Trägers zu einer Zellsuspension, die die in Schritt (1) erhaltene Zellpopulation enthält, gefolgt von einer bestimmten Inkubationsdauer; oder durch Hindurchleiten einer Zellsuspension, die die in Schritt (1) erhaltene Zellpopulation enthält, durch eine Hohlfasermembran mit einer mit dem Lamininfragment beschichteten inneren Oberfläche, und
wobei Teilschritt (B) das Sammeln von Zellen umfasst, die in einem gesammelten Medium und in einer nach dem Waschen der beschichteten Oberfläche gesammelten Waschlösung enthalten sind,
wobei der Kontakt in Teilschritt (A) für 5 Minuten bis 30 Minuten besteht.


 
4. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die Kardiomyozyten-Population eine Kardiomyozyten-Reinheit von 60% bis 80% aufweist.
 
5. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, bei dem das Laminin E8-Fragment mit einer Beschichtungskonzentration von 0,1 µg/cm2 bis 2 µg/cm2 verwendet wird.
 


Revendications

1. Procédé de préparation d'une population de cardiomyocytes pour thérapie par greffe, le procédé comprenant les étapes de :

(1) induction de cellules souches pluripotentes humaines pour qu'elles se différencient en cardiomyocytes,

(2) mise en contact d'une population de cellules obtenue par la différenciation induite avec un fragment de laminine choisi dans le groupe constitué des fragment de laminine α2β1γ1 E8, fragment de laminine α2β2γ1 E8, fragment de laminine α1β1γ1 E8 et fragment de laminine α1β2γ1 E8, et

(3) récupération des cellules adhérant au fragment de laminine,
dans lequel le contact de la population de cellules avec le fragment de laminine dans l'étape (2) est obtenu par ajout d'une suspension de cellules contenant la population de cellules obtenue dans l'étape (1) à une cuve de culture comportant une surface de culture revêtue avec le fragment de laminine, suivi d'une certaine période d'incubation ; par ajout d'un support revêtu avec le fragment de laminine à une suspension de cellules contenant la population de cellules obtenue dans l'étape (1), suivi d'une certaine période d'incubation ; ou par passage d'une suspension de cellules contenant la population de cellules obtenue dans l'étape (1) à travers une membrane à fibres creuses comportant une surface interne revêtue avec le fragment de laminine, et
dans lequel l'étape (3) comprend le retrait des cellules n'adhérant pas au fragment de laminine, puis le détachement des cellules adhérant au fragment de laminine au moyen d'une solution de détachement de cellules,
dans lequel le contact dans l'étape (2) est maintenu pendant 15 minutes à 180 minutes.


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre, après l'étape (3), l'étape (4) de culture des cellules récupérées dans l'étape (3),
dans lequel l'étape (3) comprend le retrait des cellules n'adhérant pas au fragment de laminine et le maintien des cellules adhérant au fragment de laminine telles qu'elles sont sans détachement.
 
3. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2, comprenant en outre, entre les étapes (1) et (2), une étape d'élimination des cellules non différenciées d'une population de cellules obtenue par la différenciation induite, l'étape d'élimination des cellules non différenciées comprenant les sous-étapes de :

(A) mise en contact de la population de cellules obtenue par la différenciation induite avec un fragment de laminine choisi dans le groupe constitué des fragment de laminine α5β1γ1 E8, fragment de laminine α5β2γ1 E8, fragment de laminine α3β1γ1 E8, fragment de laminine α3β2γ1 E8 et fragment de laminine α3β3γ2 E8, et

(B) récupération des cellules n'adhérant pas au fragment de laminine,
dans lequel le contact de la population de cellules avec le fragment de laminine dans la sous-étape (A) est obtenu par ajout d'une suspension de cellules contenant la population de cellules obtenue dans l'étape (1) à une cuve de culture comportant une surface de culture revêtue avec le fragment de laminine, suivie d'une certaine période d'incubation ; par ajout d'un support revêtu avec le fragment de laminine à une suspension de cellules contenant la population de cellules obtenue dans l'étape (1), suivi d'une certaine période d'incubation ; ou par passage d'une suspension de cellules contenant la population de cellules obtenue dans l'étape (1) à travers une membrane à fibres creuses comportant une surface interne revêtue avec le fragment de laminine, et
dans lequel la sous-étape (B) comprend la collecte des cellules contenues dans un milieu collecté et dans une solution de lavage collectée après lavage de la surface revêtue,
dans lequel le contact dans la sous-étape (A) est maintenu pendant 5 minutes à 30 minutes.


 
4. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel la population de cardiomyocytes a une pureté de cardiomyocytes de 60 % à 80 %.
 
5. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel le fragment de laminine E8 est utilisé à une concentration de revêtement de 0,1 µg/cm2 à 2 µg/cm2.
 




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Cited references

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