(19)
(11)EP 3 199 280 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
20.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/21

(21)Application number: 16197512.3

(22)Date of filing:  07.11.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B23B 51/10(2006.01)
B23Q 11/00(2006.01)
B23Q 5/32(2006.01)

(54)

COUNTERSINKING DEVICE AND ASSOCIATED METHOD

SENKVORRICHTUNG UND ZUGEHÖRIGES VERFAHREN

DISPOSITIF DE FRAISAGE ET PROCÉDÉ ASSOCIÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 29.01.2016 US 201615010577

(43)Date of publication of application:
02.08.2017 Bulletin 2017/31

(73)Proprietor: The Boeing Company
Chicago, IL 60606-2016 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • MICKELSON, Derek
    HUNTINGTON BEACH, CA, 92647 (US)

(74)Representative: Plasseraud IP 
66, rue de la Chaussée d'Antin
75440 Paris Cedex 09
75440 Paris Cedex 09 (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A- 2 665 597
US-A- 2 706 917
US-A- 5 997 222
US-B2- 8 696 267
US-A- 2 669 887
US-A- 5 775 853
US-A- 6 036 409
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND


    Field of the Disclosure



    [0001] The present invention relates to portable countersinking device according to claim 1 and to a method according to claim 8 of countersinking a bore formed in a workpiece.

    Description of Related Art



    [0002] Large diameter holes for certain fasteners, such as sleeve bolts, can typically only be drilled in a workpiece by large automated equipment. These relatively large holes may also often require a countersink at the entrance of the hole. Due to, for example, tight required tolerances and awkward ergonomics of such a countersinking operation, the countersink may not be able to be effectively and consistently performed by an operator in a manual process, and generally requires some sort of portable, power-fed and guided (i.e. automated) tool to meet process requirements. Generally, conventional automated tools for performing a countersink operation are targeted at and configured for small diameters holes, and may not necessarily be applicable or scalable to countersink relatively large diameter holes in a workpiece. Since such large diameter holes are often formed in a similarly large workpiece, the associated countersink operation would preferably be accomplished with a portable tool having sufficient power to handle up to the largest diameter countersinks, and the flexibility of performing different machining processes that may be required by various different types of materials forming the workpiece (i.e., continuous control and adaptability).

    [0003] As such, there exists a need for a device and method directed to a countersinking device that addresses issues such as portability and automation, which may be lacking in conventional tools and processes.

    [0004] US599722 already discloses an apparatus and method for centering and alignment of cutter operations in countersinking, counterboring, or spotfacing of holes in metal or composite materials. US599722 discloses in particular a portable countersinking apparatus comprising a pilot guide including a collet arranged on a tube shaft equipped with an enlarged portion and a counterbore having a centering button nose.

    SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE



    [0005] The above and other needs are met by the present invention which, provides a portable countersinking device according to claim 1. Such a device comprises an internal bore positioner adapted to be received by a bore defined by a workpiece. A driver rod is engaged with the internal bore positioner and extends outwardly of the bore through a bore opening in a surface of the workpiece. A centering chuck is engaged about the driver rod, wherein the centering chuck is axially movable along the driver rod and is configured to engage the bore opening so as to cooperate with the internal bore positioner to align the driver rod along a longitudinal axis of the bore. A counterbore is engaged about the driver rod, opposite the centering chuck from the internal bore positioner. The counterbore is rotatable about the driver rod and is configured to be axially advanced along the driver rod to engage the bore opening and to countersink the bore. A countersink depth control arrangement is associated with the counterbore and is configured to cooperate therewith to countersink the bore to a predetermined depth.

    [0006] The present invention also provides a method according to claim 8 of forming a portable countersinking device. Such a method comprises engaging a driver rod with an internal bore positioner adapted to be received by a bore defined by a workpiece, wherein the driver rod is configured to extend from the internal bore positioner and outwardly of the bore through a bore opening in a surface of the workpiece. A centering chuck is engaged about the driver rod, wherein the centering chuck is axially movable along the driver rod and is configured to engage the bore opening so as to cooperate with the internal bore positioner to align the driver rod along a longitudinal axis of the bore. A counterbore is engaged about the driver rod, opposite the centering chuck from the internal bore positioner, wherein the counterbore is rotatable about the driver rod and is configured to be axially advanced along the driver rod to engage the bore opening and to countersink the bore. A countersink depth control arrangement is associated with the counterbore, wherein the countersink depth control element is configured to cooperate with the counterbore to countersink the bore to a predetermined depth.

    [0007] Preferred embodiments of the present invention are defined in the dependent claims.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0008] Having thus described the disclosure in general terms, reference will now be made to the accompanying drawings, which are not necessarily drawn to scale, and wherein:

    FIG. 1 schematically illustrates a countersinking device, according to the present invention;

    FIG. 2 schematically illustrates a countersinking device, according to the present invention, in proximity to a workpiece;

    FIG. 3 schematically illustrates a countersinking device, according to the present invention, having first and centering chucks thereof engaged with a bore defined by the workpiece;

    FIG. 4 schematically illustrates a countersinking device, according to the present invention, having the internal bore positioner actuated within the bore to secure the countersinking device to the workpiece;

    FIG. 5 schematically illustrates a countersinking device, according to the present invention, having a rotating counterbore being axially advanced into the bore defined by the workpiece to countersink the bore;

    FIG. 6 schematically illustrates a countersinking device, according to the present invention, having the counterbore axially retracted from the bore defined by the workpiece and the internal bore positioner deactuated within the bore;

    FIG. 7 schematically illustrates a longitudinal cross-sectional view of a countersinking device, according to the present invention; and

    FIG. 8 schematically illustrates a method of forming a portable countersinking device, according to the present invention.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0009] The present invention now will be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings.

    [0010] As schematically illustrated in FIGS. 1-7, there is provided a portable countersinking device 100, comprising an internal bore positioner 200 adapted to be received by a bore 50 defined by a workpiece 75. A driver rod 300 is engaged with the internal bore positioner 200 and is configured to extend outwardly of the bore 50 through a bore opening 60 in a surface 70 of the workpiece 75. A centering chuck 400 is engaged about the driver rod 300. In particular instances, the centering chuck 400 is configure to be movable longitudinally or axially along the driver rod 300, and to engage the bore opening 60 so as to cooperate with the internal bore positioner 200 to align the driver rod 300 along a longitudinal axis 80 of the bore 50. A counterbore 500 is engaged about the driver rod 300, generally opposite to the centering chuck 400 from the internal bore positioner 200. The counterbore 500 is configured to be rotatable about the driver rod 300 and to be axially advanced along the driver rod 300 to engage the bore opening 60 and to countersink the bore 50. A countersink depth control arrangement is associated with the counterbore 500 and is configured to cooperate therewith to countersink the bore 50 to a predetermined depth.

    [0011] In some aspects, the internal bore positioner 200 comprises a collet 210 configured to be actuatable between a radially-contracted arrangement (see, e.g., FIGS. 1-3 and 6), for allowing the collet 210 to be inserted into and removed from the bore 50, and a radially-expanded arrangement (see, e.g., FIGS. 4 and 5), for securing the collet 210 at a selected depth within the bore 50. In some instances, the collet 210 is pneumatically actuatable between the radially-contracted arrangement and the radially-expanded arrangement via the driver rod 300. More particularly, in some instances, the collet 210 may have a generally (hollow) cylindrical configuration, including a plurality of longitudinally-extending and angularly-arranged gripping members 220 collectively defining the hollow cylinder. In addition, the driver rod 300 is configured to have a mandrel 600 coaxially engaged therewith. The mandrel 600 is received by and within the driver rod 300 and configured to be axially movable with respect thereto. The mandrel 600 may be axially movable with respect to the driver rod 300, between an axially-contracted position (see, e.g., FIGS. 4 and 5) and an axially-extended position (see, e.g., FIGS. 1-3 and 6) with respect to the driver rod 300. The mandrel 600 is axially movable, in response to a pneumatic actuator 650 (i.e., an air cylinder / solenoid) engaged with the driver rod 300, with the air pressure imparted thereby being operable on the mandrel 600 through the driver rod 300. The mandrel 600 is received by the collet 210 (i.e., within the gripping members 220 defining the hollow cylinder) such that, in the axially-extended position of the mandrel 600 with respect to the driver rod 300, the collet 210 is in the radially-contracted arrangement and, in the axially-contracted position of the mandrel 600 with respect to the driver rod 300, the collet 210 is in the radially-expanded arrangement.

    [0012] The countersinking device 100 further comprises a shroud 700 (i.e., a nosepiece) extending about the driver rod 300 and the counterbore 500. In addition, as shown, for example, in FIG. 7, a vacuum source 800 may be operably engaged with the shroud 700 via a vacuum port 750 defined by the shroud 700, wherein the vacuum source 800 is configured to cooperate with the vacuum port 750 to evacuate portions of the workpiece 75 removed by the counterbore 500 from the shroud 700. That is, a suction or vacuum provided by the vacuum source 800 is directed to interact with the shroud 700 via the vacuum port 750 to remove shavings, chips, etc. of the workpiece 75 removed by the counterbore 500 countersinking the bore 50. In particular aspects, the shroud 700 may be axially fixed with respect to the driver rod 300.

    [0013] As disclosed, the collet 210 is configured to cooperate with the mandrel 600 and the driver rod 300 such that the collet 210 in the radially-contracted arrangement (i.e., with the mandrel 600 in the axially-extended position with respect to the driver rod 300) is insertable into the bore 50 defined by the workpiece. In some instances, the collet 210 may be inserted into the bore 50 until the shroud 700 engages the surface 70 of the workpiece 75. Further, the centering chuck 400, disposed between the internal bore positioner 200 and the counterbore 500, and when engaged with the counterbore 500 disposed within the shroud 700, may extend axially toward the internal bore positioner 200 to a greater extent than the shroud 700. That is, the centering chuck 400, when normally engaged with the counterbore 500, extends outwardly of the shroud 700 toward the collet 210. The centering chuck 400 is engaged with and serially disposed with respect to the counterbore 500, and is rotatable therewith about the driver rod 300, to thereby be configured as a countersink pilot. As such, when the collet 210 is inserted into the bore 50 until the shroud 700 engages the surface 70 of the workpiece 75, the centering chuck 400 proceeds the shroud 700 to engage the bore 50 (see, e.g., FIGS. 3 and 4). The first and centering chucks 200, 400 thus cooperates to align the driver rod 300 along a longitudinal axis 80 of the bore 50.

    [0014] Accordingly, upon actuation of the pneumatic actuator 650, the collet 210, which is inserted into the bore 50 such that the shroud 700 engages the surface 70 of the workpiece 75, and such that the centering chuck 400 (i.e., countersink pilot) engages the bore 50, radially expands to the radially-expanded arrangement in response to the mandrel 600 being moved toward the axially-contracted position. The collet 210 being expanded into the radially-expanded arrangement thus causes the angularly-arranged gripping members 220 collectively defining the hollow cylinder to expand radially outward to engage or grip the wall of the bore 50. In particular instances, the second positioning member 400 may be sized to the dimension (i.e., diameter) of the bore 50, or may be a tapered or radially expanding member. Accordingly, both the first and centering chucks 200, 400 are configured to align the driver rod 300 along a longitudinal axis 80 of the bore 50, prior to the initiation of the countersink process via the countersink member 500. In addition, the throw (i.e., the range of axial movement) of the mandrel 600 with respect to the driver rod 300, further draws or advances the shroud 700 toward the collet 210 (i.e., in response to axial movement of the mandrel 300 to the axially-contracted position to actuate the collet 210 to the radially-expanded position) such that the shroud 700 is securely engaged with and held against the surface 70 of the workpiece 75. In this manner, for example, the shroud 700 may serve to support the surface 70 of the workpiece 75 about the bore 50 so as to lessen the risk of deformation of the surface 70 about the bore during the countersinking process. The secure arrangement with the workpiece 75, realized through cooperation between the internal bore positioner 200, the driver rod 300, the centering chuck 400, and the shroud 700, may thus provide improved positioning and guiding of the counterbore 500 to countersink the bore 50.

    [0015] A drive element 825 may further be operably engaged with the counterbore 500, wherein the drive element 825 is configured to rotate the counterbore 500 (i.e., using a servo-driven spindle for accurate control of spindle rotational speed, with stall warning and load monitoring capabilities) about the driver rod 300 (i.e., the elongate remember 300 remains stationary and does not rotate about the longitudinal axis 80) and to axially advance the counterbore 500 (i.e., using a servo axial feed device for precise feed rate and axial position control) along the driver rod 300 (at least partially guided by the centering chuck 400), such that the counterbore 500 engages and countersinks the bore 50 about the surface 70 of the workpiece 75 to a preselected depth. In some aspects, a drive element controller 900 may be arranged in communication with the drive element 825. In particular instances, the drive element 825 may be further configured to rotate and axially advance the counterbore 500 with respect to the workpiece 75, in response to rotational speed and feed rate parameters, for example, associated with the workpiece 75, wherein such parameters are communicated to the drive element 825 by the drive element controller 900. That is, for a particular workpiece 75 comprised of a particular material, the drive element controller 900 may be programmed to rotate the counterbore 500 at a certain rotational speed (i.e., rpm) and to advance the counterbore 500 into the workpiece 75 at a certain rate (i.e., feed rate). One skilled in the art will appreciate, however, that the rotational speed and feed rate may vary depending on many different factors and thus are not necessarily required to be constant, but could alternately be variable (i.e., the rotational speed or feed rate could vary depending on the depth of the counterbore 500 within the workpiece 75).

    [0016] The depth of the countersink in the workpiece 75 may be determined in different manners. For example, the countersink depth control arrangement may comprise a sensor 850 (see, e.g., FIG. 7) configured to determine that the centering chuck 400 has advanced into the bore 50, in association with the counterbore 500, to engage the internal bore positioner 200. The engagement between the first and centering chucks 200, 400 may be sensed by the sensor 850 as, for example, an increased axial load or a decreased rotational load on the drive element 825. In other instances, the sensor 850 may be configured to determine the axial extent to which the counterbore 500 has been advanced (without necessarily determining any engagement between the first and centering chucks 200, 400). In any instance, once the predetermined or preselected depth of the countersink is attained by the counterbore 500, the sensor 850 may be configured to direct the drive element 825 to axially retract the counterbore 500 along the driver rod 300, for example, to within the shroud 700.

    [0017] Once the countersink process is completed and the counterbore 500 retracted, the collet 210 can be returned to the radially-contracted arrangement by actuating the mandrel 600 to the axially-extended position with respect to the driver rod 300, wherein the entire countersinking device can then be removed from the countersunk bore 50 (see, e.g., FIG. 6).

    [0018] FIG. 8 schematically illustrates a method of forming a portable countersinking device. Such a method comprises engaging a driver rod with an internal bore positioner, adapted to be received by a bore defined by a workpiece, wherein the driver rod is configured to extend from the internal bore positioner and outwardly of the bore through a bore opening in a surface of the workpiece (Block 950). A centering chuck is engaged about the driver rod, wherein the centering chuck is axially movable along the driver rod and is configured to engage the bore opening so as to cooperate with the internal bore positioner to align the driver rod along a longitudinal axis of the bore (Block 960). A counterbore is engaged about the driver rod, opposite the centering chuck from the internal bore positioner, wherein the counterbore is rotatable about the driver rod and is configured to be axially advanced along the driver rod to engage the bore opening and to countersink the bore (Block 970). A countersink depth control arrangement is associated with the counterbore, the countersink depth control element being configured to cooperate with the counterbore to countersink the bore to a predetermined depth (Block 980).

    [0019] The present invention thus provides a portable countersinking device and associated method which may allow the realization of improved ergonomics for an operator in a countersinking process requiring portable and automated tools. Such an invention also removes the need for manual feeding or rotation of the counterbore by the operator. The portability of the disclosed device, combined with the automation of the process, allows increased and improved control of the countersinking process which, in turn, provides improved process quality and consistency at increased cycle speeds. Accordingly, less rework is required.


    Claims

    1. A portable countersinking device (100), comprising:

    an internal bore positioner (200) adapted to be received by a bore (50) defined by a workpiece (75), wherein the internal bore positioner (200) comprises a collet (210) configured to be actuatable between a contracted arrangement, for allowing the collet to be inserted into and removed from the bore (50), and an expanded arrangement, for securing the collet at a selected depth within the bore;

    a driver rod (300) engaged with the internal bore positioner and extending outwardly of the bore through a bore opening (60) in a surface of the workpiece;

    a centering chuck (400) engaged about the driver rod, the centering chuck being axially movable along the driver rod and being configured to engage the bore opening so as to cooperate with the internal bore positioner to align the driver rod along a longitudinal axis (80) of the bore;

    a counterbore (500) engaged about the driver rod, opposite the centering chuck from the internal bore positioner, the counterbore being rotatable about the driver rod and configured to be axially advanced along the driver rod to engage the bore opening and to countersink the bore; and

    a countersink depth control arrangement associated with the counterbore and configured to cooperate therewith to countersink the bore to a predetermined depth,

    a mandrel (600) coaxially engaged with the driver rod (300), the mandrel being axially movable between a contracted position and an extended position with respect to the driver rod by a pneumatic actuator (650) engaged therewith, the mandrel being received by the collet (210) such that, in the extended position of the mandrel, the collet is in the contracted arrangement and, in the contracted position of the mandrel, the collet is in the expanded arrangement,

    a shroud (700) extending about the driver rod (300) and the counterbore (500), wherein the shroud is configured to be advanced toward the collet (210) in response to axial movement of the mandrel (600) to the contracted position to actuate the collet to the expanded position.


     
    2. The device of Claim 1, wherein the collet (210) is pneumatically actuatable between the contracted arrangement and the expanded arrangement via the driver rod (300).
     
    3. The device of Claim 1, comprising a vacuum source (800) operably engaged with the shroud (700) via a vacuum port (750) defined thereby, the vacuum source being configured to cooperate with the vacuum port to evacuate portions of the workpiece (75) removed by the counterbore (500) from the shroud.
     
    4. The device of any of Claims 1-3, wherein the centering chuck (400) is engaged with and serially disposed with respect to the counterbore (500), and is rotatable therewith about the driver rod (300).
     
    5. The device of any of Claims 1-4, comprising a drive element (825) operably engaged with the counterbore (500), the drive element being configured to rotate the counterbore about the driver rod (300) and to axially advance the counterbore along the driver rod.
     
    6. The device of Claim 5, wherein the countersink depth control arrangement comprises a sensor (850) configured to direct the drive element (825) to axially retract the counterbore (500) along the driver rod (300) in response to determining that the centering chuck (400) has advanced into the bore (50), in association with the counterbore, to engage the internal bore positioner (200).
     
    7. The device of any of Claims 5-6, comprising a drive element controller (900) in communication with the drive element (825), the drive element being configured to rotate and axially advance the counterbore (500) in response to rotational speed and feed rate parameters associated with the workpiece (75) and communicated to the drive element by the drive element controller.
     
    8. A method of countersinking a bore (50) formed in a workpiece (75), comprising:

    inserting an internal bore positioner (200) into the bore to be countersunk;

    advancing a centering chuck (400) into the bore along a driver rod (300) extending from the internal bore positioner;

    engaging the driver rod (300) with a collet (210) configured to be pneumatically actuatable between a contracted arrangement, for allowing the collet to be inserted into and removed from the bore and an expanded arrangement, for securing the collet at a selected depth within the bore via the driver rod;

    advancing a counterbore (500) along the driver rod to engage the workpiece surrounding the bore; and

    rotating the counterbore to form the counter sink in the workpiece until a preselected countersink depth is achieved,

    wherein engaging a driver rod with a collet comprises coaxially engaging a mandrel (600) with the driver rod (300) such that the mandrel is axially movable between a contracted position and an extended position with respect to the driver rod by a pneumatic actuator (650) engaged therewith, the mandrel (600) being received by the collet (210) such that, in the extended position of the mandrel, the collet is in the contracted arrangement and, in the contracted position of the mandrel, the collet is in the expanded arrangement

    engaging a shroud (700) with and to extend about the driver rod (300) and the counterbore, wherein the shroud (700) is configured to be advanced toward the collet in response to axial movement of the mandrel (600) to the contracted position to actuate the collet to the expanded position.


     
    9. The method of claim 8, further comprising expanding the collet to secure the collet within the bore upon insertion into the bore to a preselected depth.
     
    10. The method of any of claims 8-9, wherein a shroud (700) is extendible along the driver rod (300), further comprising extending the shroud along the driver rod so as to engage the workpiece (75) and evacuating particles removed from the workpiece by the counterbore (500).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Tragbare Senkvorrichtung (100), aufweisend:

    eine Innenbohrungs-Positioniervorrichtung (200), die zur Aufnahme durch eine von einem Werkstück (75) definierte Bohrung (50) ausgelegt ist, wobei die Innenbohrungs-Positioniervorrichtung (200) eine Spannhülse (210) aufweist, die so ausgebildet ist, dass sie zwischen einer eingefahrenen Anordnung, in der die Spannhülse in die Bohrung (50) eingeführt und aus ihr entfernt werden kann, und einer ausgefahrenen Anordnung zum Befestigen der Spannhülse in einer ausgewählten Tiefe in der Bohrung betätigbar ist;

    eine Mitnehmerstange (300), die mit der Innenbohrungs-Positioniervorrichtung in Eingriff steht und sich aus der Bohrung durch eine Bohrungsöffnung (60) in einer Oberfläche des Werkstücks heraus erstreckt;

    ein Zentrierfutter (400), das die Mitnehmerstange umgreift, wobei das Zentrierfutter in Achsrichtung entlang der Mitnehmerstange verschiebbar und dazu ausgebildet ist, die Bohrungsöffnung zum Zusammenwirken mit der Innenbohrungs-Positioniervorrichtung so in Eingriff zu nehmen, dass die Mitnehmerstange an der Längsachse (80) der Bohrung ausgerichtet wird;

    einen Senker (500), der die Mitnehmerstange auf der der Innenbohrungs-Positioniervorrichtung entgegengesetzten Seite des Zentrierfutters umgreift, wobei der Senker um die Mitnehmerstange drehbar ist und zum axialen Vorschieben entlang der Mitnehmerstange ausgebildet ist, um die Bohrungsöffnung in Eingriff zu nehmen und die Bohrung anzusenken; und

    eine Senktiefen-Steueranordnung, die mit dem Senker verbunden und zum Zusammenwirken mit ihm ausgebildet ist, um die Bohrung auf eine vorbestimmte Tiefe anzusenken,

    einen Dorn (600), der mit der Mitnehmerstange (300) koaxial in Eingriff steht, wobei der Dorn in Achsrichtung mittels eines mit ihm in Eingriff stehenden pneumatischen Aktuators (650) zwischen einer eingefahrenen Stellung und einer ausgefahrenen Stellung in Bezug auf die Mitnehmerstange verschiebbar ist, wobei der Dorn so in der Spannhülse (210) aufgenommen ist, dass sich die Spannhülse in der ausgefahrenen Stellung des Dorns in der eingefahrenen Anordnung und in der eingefahrenen Stellung des Dorns in der ausgefahrenen Anordnung befindet,

    eine Verkleidung (700), die sich um die Mitnehmerstange (300) und den Senker (500) erstreckt, wobei die Verkleidung dazu ausgebildet ist, als Reaktion auf die axiale Bewegung des Dorns (600) in die eingefahrene Stellung, um die Spannhülse in die ausgefahrene Stellung zu bringen, zur Spannhülse (210) hin vorgeschoben zu werden.


     
    2. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Spannhülse (210) pneumatisch zwischen einer eingefahrenen Anordnung und einer ausgefahrenen Anordnung gegenüber der Mitnehmerstange (300) betätigbar ist.
     
    3. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, die eine Vakuumquelle (800) aufweist, die über einen durch sie definierten Vakuumport (750) mit der Verkleidung (700) wirkverbunden ist, wobei die Vakuumquelle zum Zusammenwirken mit dem Vakuumport ausgebildet ist, um vom Senker (500) entfernte Teile des Werkstücks (75) aus der Verkleidung zu saugen.
     
    4. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1-3, wobei das Zentrierfutter (400) mit dem Senker (500) im Eingriff steht und in Reihe zu diesem angeordnet sowie mit ihm um die Mitnehmerstange (300) drehbar ist.
     
    5. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1-4, die ein mit dem Senker (500) im Wirkeingriff stehendes Antriebselement (825) aufweist, wobei das Antriebselement zum Drehen des Senkers um die Mitnehmerstange (300) und zum axialen Vorschub des Senkers entlang der Mitnehmerstange ausgebildet ist.
     
    6. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Senktiefen-Steueranordnung einen Sensor (850) aufweist, der dazu ausgebildet ist, das Antriebselement (825) zum axialen Einziehen des Senkers (500) entlang der Mitnehmerstange (300) zu veranlassen, wenn festgestellt wird, dass das Zentrierfutter (400) in Verbindung mit dem Senker in die Bohrung (50) vorgeschoben wurde, um die Innenbohrungs-Positioniervorrichtung (200) in Eingriff zu nehmen.
     
    7. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 5-6, die eine mit dem Antriebselement (825) in Verbindung stehende Antriebselementsteuerung (900) aufweist, wobei das Antriebselement zum Drehen und zum axialen Vorschub des Senkers (500) als Reaktion auf die mit dem Werkstück (75) verbundenen Parameter Drehzahl und Vorschubrate, die dem Antriebselement von der Antriebselementsteuerung mitgeteilt werden, ausgebildet ist.
     
    8. Verfahren zum Ansenken einer in einem Werkstück (75) gebildeten Bohrung (50), das Folgendes umfasst:

    Einführen einer Innenbohrungs-Positioniervorrichtung (200) in die anzusenkende Bohrung;

    Vorschieben eines Zentrierfutters (400) entlang einer sich von der Innenbohrungs-Positioniervorrichtung erstreckenden Mitnehmerstange (300) in die Bohrung;

    Ergreifen der Mitnehmerstange (300) mit einer Spannhülse (210), die so ausgebildet ist, dass sie pneumatisch zwischen einer eingefahrenen Anordnung, in der die Spannhülse in die Bohrung eingeführt und aus ihr entfernt werden kann, und einer ausgefahrenen Anordung zum Befestigen der Spannhülse über die Mitnehmerstange in einer ausgewählten Tiefe in der Bohrung betätigbar ist;

    Vorschieben eines Senkers (500) auf der Mitnehmerstange, um das die Bohrung umgebende Werkstück in Eingriff zu nehmen; und

    Drehen des Senkers zum Ausbilden einer Senkung im Werkstück, bis eine vorbestimmte Senktiefe erreicht ist,

    wobei das Ergreifen einer Mitnehmerstange durch eine Spannhülse das koaxiale Ergreifen eines Dorns (600) mit der Mitnehmerstange (300) umfasst, so dass der Dorn durch einen mit ihm in Eingriff stehenden pneumatischen Aktuator (650) axial zwischen einer eingefahrenen Stellung und einer ausgefahrenen Stellung in Bezug auf die Mitnehmerstange betätigbar ist, wobei der Dorn (600) so von der Spannhülse (210) aufgenommen ist, dass sich die Spannhülse in der ausgefahrenen Stellung des Dorns in der eingefahrenen Anordnung befindet und sich die Spannhülse in der eingefahrenen Stellung des Dorns in der ausgefahrenen Anordnung befindet,

    Ineingriffbringen einer Verkleidung (700) mit und Erstrecken um die Mitnehmerstange (300) und den Senker, wobei die Verkleidung (700) dazu ausgebildet ist, als Reaktion auf eine axiale Bewegung des Dorns (600) zum Bringen der Spannhülse in die ausgefahrene Stellung, zur Spannhülse hin vorgeschoben zu werden.


     
    9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8, das weiterhin das Ausfahren der Spannhülse zum Befestigen der Spannhülse in der Bohrung umfasst, wenn diese bis zu einer vorausgewählten Tiefe in die Bohrung eingeführt ist.
     
    10. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 8-9, wobei eine Verkleidung (700) entlang der Mitnehmerstange (300) verlängerbar ist und das weiterhin das Verlängern der Verkleidung entlang der Mitnehmerstange umfasst, um das Werkstück (75) in Eingriff zu nehmen und vom Werkstück durch den Senker (500) entfernte Partikel abzusaugen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de fraisage portable (100), comprenant :

    un positionneur d'alésage interne (200) adapté pour être reçu par un alésage (50) défini par une pièce à usiner (75), dans lequel le positionneur d'alésage interne (200) comprend une pince (210) configurée pour être actionnable entre un agencement contracté, permettant à la pince d'être insérée dans et retirée de l'alésage (50), et un agencement déployé, immobilisant la pince au niveau d'une profondeur sélectionnée à l'intérieur de l'alésage ;

    une tige d'entraînement (300) en prise avec le positionneur d'alésage interne et s'étendant vers l'extérieur de l'alésage à travers une ouverture d'alésage (60) dans une surface de la pièce à usiner ;

    un cylindre de centrage (400) en prise autour de la tige d'entraînement, le cylindre de centrage étant axialement mobile le long de la tige d'entraînement et étant configuré pour venir en prise avec l'ouverture d'alésage de façon à coopérer avec le positionneur d'alésage interne pour aligner la tige d'entraînement le long d'un axe longitudinal (80) de l'alésage ;

    une fraise à lamer et à chambrer (500) en prise autour de la tige d'entraînement, opposée au cylindre de centrage à partir du positionneur d'alésage interne, la fraise à lamer et à chambrer étant rotative autour de la tige d'entraînement et configurée pour être axialement avancée le long de la tige d'entraînement pour venir en prise avec l'ouverture d'alésage et pour fraiser l'alésage ; et

    un agencement de commande de profondeur de la fraisure associé à la fraise à lamer et à chambrer et configuré pour coopérer avec celle-ci pour fraiser l'alésage jusqu'à une profondeur prédéterminée,

    un mandrin (600) en prise de manière coaxiale avec la tige d'entraînement (300), le mandrin étant axialement mobile entre une position contractée et une position étendue par rapport à la tige d'entraînement par un actionneur pneumatique (650) en prise avec celui-ci, le mandrin étant reçu par la pince (210) de telle sorte que, dans la position étendue du mandrin, la pince soit dans l'agencement contracté et, dans la position contractée du mandrin, la pince soit dans l'agencement déployé,

    un épaulement (700) s'étendant autour de la tige d'entraînement (300) et de la fraise à lamer et à chambrer (500), dans lequel l'épaulement est configuré pour être avancé vers la pince (210) en réponse à un déplacement axial du mandrin (600) jusqu'à la position contractée pour actionner la pince jusqu'à la position déployée.


     
    2. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la pince (210) est actionnable de manière pneumatique entre l'agencement contracté et l'agencement déployé via la tige d'entraînement (300).
     
    3. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, comprenant une source de vide (800) en prise de manière opérationnelle avec l'épaulement (700) via un orifice à vide (750) défini par celle-ci, la source de vide étant configurée pour coopérer avec l'orifice à vide pour évacuer des portions de la pièce à usiner (75) retirées par la fraise à lamer et à chambrer (500) de l'épaulement.
     
    4. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel le cylindre de centrage (400) est en prise avec et disposé en série par rapport à la fraise à lamer et à chambrer (500), et est rotatif avec celle-ci autour de la tige d'entraînement (300).
     
    5. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, comprenant un élément d'entraînement (825) en prise de manière opérationnelle avec la fraise à lamer et à chambrer (500), l'élément d'entraînement étant configuré pour faire tourner la fraise à lamer et à chambrer autour de la tige d'entraînement (300) et pour faire avancer axialement la fraise à lamer et à chambrer le long de la tige d'entraînement.
     
    6. Dispositif selon la revendication 5, dans lequel l'agencement de commande de profondeur de la fraisure comprend un capteur (850) configuré pour diriger l'élément d'entraînement (825) pour rétracter axialement la fraise à lamer et à chambrer (500) le long de la tige d'entraînement (300) en réponse à la détermination que le cylindre de centrage (400) a avancé dans l'alésage (50), en association avec la fraise à lamer et à chambrer, pour venir en prise avec le positionneur d'alésage interne (200).
     
    7. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 5 à 6, comprenant un dispositif de commande d'élément d'entraînement (900) en communication avec l'élément d'entraînement (825), l'élément d'entraînement étant configuré pour faire tourner et faire avancer axialement la fraise à lamer et à chambrer (500) en réponse à des paramètres de vitesse de rotation et de débit d'alimentation associés à la pièce à usiner (75) et communiqués à l'élément d'entraînement par le dispositif de commande d'élément d'entraînement.
     
    8. Procédé de fraisage d'un alésage (50) formé dans une pièce à usiner (75), comprenant :

    l'insertion d'un positionneur d'alésage interne (200) dans l'alésage devant être fraisé ;

    l'avancée d'un cylindre de centrage (400) dans l'alésage le long d'une tige d'entraînement (300) s'étendant à partir du positionneur d'alésage interne ;

    la mise en prise de la tige d'entraînement (300) avec une pince (210) configurée pour être actionnable de manière pneumatique entre un agencement contracté, permettant à la pince d'être insérée dans et retirée de l'alésage, et un agencement déployé, immobilisant la pince au niveau d'une profondeur sélectionnée à l'intérieur de l'alésage via la tige d'entraînement ;

    l'avancée d'une fraise à lamer et à chambrer (500) le long de la tige d'entraînement pour venir en prise avec la pièce à usiner entourant l'alésage ; et

    la rotation de la fraise à lamer et à chambrer pour former la fraisure dans la pièce à usiner jusqu'à ce qu'une profondeur de la fraisure présélectionnée soit atteinte,

    dans lequel la mise en prise d'une tige d'entraînement avec une pince comprend la mise en prise de manière coaxiale d'un mandrin (600) avec la tige d'entraînement (300) de telle sorte que le mandrin soit axialement mobile entre une position contractée et une position étendue par rapport à la tige d'entraînement par un actionneur pneumatique (650) en prise avec celui-ci, le mandrin (600) étant reçu par la pince (210) de telle sorte que, dans la position étendue du mandrin, la pince soit dans l'agencement contracté et, dans la position contractée du mandrin, la pince soit dans l'agencement déployé

    la mise en prise d'un épaulement (700) avec et pour s'étendre autour de la tige d'entraînement (300) et de la fraise à lamer et à chambrer,

    dans lequel l'épaulement (700) est configuré pour être avancé vers la pince en réponse à un déplacement axial du mandrin (600) jusqu'à la position contractée pour actionner la pince jusqu'à la position déployée.


     
    9. Procédé selon la revendication 8, comprenant en outre le déploiement de la pince pour immobiliser la pince à l'intérieur de l'alésage lors d'une insertion dans l'alésage jusqu'à une profondeur présélectionnée.
     
    10. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 à 9, dans lequel un épaulement (700) est extensible le long de la tige d'entraînement (300), comprenant en outre l'extension de l'épaulement le long de la tige d'entraînement de façon à venir en prise avec la pièce à usiner (75) et l'évacuation de particules retirées de la pièce à usiner par la fraise à lamer et à chambrer (500).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description