(19)
(11)EP 3 199 325 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/49

(21)Application number: 15843153.6

(22)Date of filing:  08.09.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B29C 49/46  (2006.01)
B29C 49/10  (2006.01)
B29C 49/58  (2006.01)
B29C 49/16  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2015/004572
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/047067 (31.03.2016 Gazette  2016/13)

(54)

BLOW MOLDING APPARATUS

BLASFORMMASCHINE

APPAREIL DE MOULAGE PAR SOUFFLAGE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 24.09.2014 JP 2014193728

(43)Date of publication of application:
02.08.2017 Bulletin 2017/31

(73)Proprietor: Discma AG
8050 Zürich (CH)

(72)Inventors:
  • TOYODA, Tamotsu
    Tokyo 136-8531 (JP)
  • MORIKAMI, Shigeki
    Isehara-shi Kanagawa 259-1103 (JP)
  • OKUYAMA, Yuichi
    Isehara-shi Kanagawa 259-1103 (JP)

(74)Representative: Lavoix 
2, place d'Estienne d'Orves
75441 Paris Cedex 09
75441 Paris Cedex 09 (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2005/044540
JP-A- 2005 069 250
JP-A- 2005 529 002
US-A1- 2013 074 979
WO-A1-2013/096609
JP-A- 2005 528 184
JP-A- 2014 128 911
US-A1- 2013 106 027
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a blow molding apparatus that blow-molds a preform of a bottomed cylindrical shape into a container of a predetermined shape and more particularly relates to one that uses a liquid as a pressurized fluid for performing blow molding.

    Background



    [0002] Containers made of a resin as represented by bottles made of oriented polypropylene (OPP) and bottles made of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) (PET bottles) are used in various usages such as for beverages, for food, and for cosmetics. Such containers are generally formed into a predetermined shape by heating a preform made of the resin formed into a bottomed cylindrical shape by injection molding or the like to a temperature where a stretching effect can be expressed and, in this state, using a blow molding apparatus to perform biaxial stretch blow molding.

    [0003] As the blow molding apparatus, one is known that uses a pressurized liquid instead of pressurized air as a pressurized fluid to be supplied into the preform. In this situation, by using as the liquid for pressurization a content liquid such as a beverage, a cosmetic, or a drug that is to be ultimately filled in the container, a process of filling the container with the content liquid can be omitted to simplify a production process thereof and a configuration of the blow molding apparatus.

    [0004] For example, patent literature 1 describes a blow molding apparatus having: a mold for blow molding to which a preform heated to a stretchable temperature is mounted; a blow nozzle that mates with an open tube portion of the preform mounted to the mold; a filling head that extends along an axial direction of the blow nozzle and is provided at one end with a liquid supply channel connected to the blow nozzle and a liquid introduction channel that extends orthogonally to this liquid supply channel and is connected to this liquid supply channel; and a pressurized liquid supply unit such as a servo plunger that is connected to the liquid introduction channel and supplies a pressurized liquid to this liquid introduction channel; wherein the preform is molded into a bottle of a shape conforming to a cavity of the mold by supplying the liquid supplied from the pressurized liquid supply unit into the preform via the blow nozzle and stretching the preform in a horizontal direction (radial direction) while stretching the preform in a vertical direction (axial direction) by a stretching rod.

    Patent Literature



    [0005] 

    Patent Literature 1: JP 2014-128911A

    Patent Literature 2: US2013/074979A1

    Patent Literature 3: US2013/106027A1.


    Summary


    Technical Problem



    [0006] In the above blow molding apparatus, the liquid supply channel provided in the filling head is provided extending in a perpendicular direction along the axial direction of the blow nozzle while the liquid introduction channel is provided extending in a direction orthogonal to the liquid supply channel-that is, a horizontal direction; the liquid supplied from the pressurized liquid supply unit to the liquid introduction channel is supplied from the liquid introduction channel to the liquid supply channel with a flow direction thereof bent. In such a configuration, a flow rate of the liquid at an outer-peripheral-side portion of this bend becomes greater than a flow rate of the liquid at an inner-peripheral-side portion of this bend; therefore, there is a problem where a flow rate of the liquid flowing in the liquid supply channel-that is, the liquid supplied from the blow nozzle into the preform-differs from one side to another in a radial direction thereof and eccentricity and uneven thickness arise in the blow-molded bottle.

    [0007] The present invention is made in view of such a problem and has as an object to provide a blow molding apparatus that can mitigate a difference in flow rates of a liquid supplied from a blow nozzle to a preform and prevent eccentricity and uneven thickness from arising in a blow-molded bottle.

    Solution to Problem



    [0008] A blow molding apparatus of the present invention is a blow molding apparatus that supplies a pressurized liquid to a preform of a bottomed-cylinder shape mounted in a mold for blow molding and molds this preform into a shape conforming to a cavity of the mold, having: a blow nozzle that mates with an open tube portion of the preform; a seal body that opens and closes the blow nozzle; a filling head that extends along an axial direction of the blow nozzle and is provided at one end with a liquid supply channel connected to the blow nozzle and a liquid introduction channel connected to the liquid supply channel from the side; and a pressurized liquid supply unit that is connected to the liquid introduction channel and supplies the pressurized liquid to this liquid introduction channel; wherein a spiral guide groove is provided around an axial center of the liquid supply channel in an inner peripheral surface of this liquid supply channel.

    [0009] In the blow molding apparatus of the present invention, preferably, the liquid introduction channel is orthogonal to the liquid supply channel.

    [0010] In the blow molding apparatus of the present invention, preferably, the seal body is formed with a diameter smaller than an inner diameter of the liquid supply channel and greater than an inner diameter of the blow nozzle, disposed inside the liquid supply channel, and can move along an axial direction of this liquid supply channel between a closed position of abutting the blow nozzle and closing this blow nozzle and an opened position of being separated from the blow nozzle and opening this blow nozzle, at least a portion of the seal body in the opened position being disposed on a radial-direction inner side of the guide groove.

    [0011] In the blow molding apparatus of the present invention, preferably, a liquid discharge channel connected to the liquid supply channel from the side is provided in the filling head between the liquid introduction channel and the guide groove and, when the seal body is in the closed position, liquid supplied from the pressurized liquid supply unit to the liquid supply channel via the liquid introduction channel is returned to the pressurized liquid supply unit through the liquid discharge channel.

    Advantageous Effects of Invention



    [0012] According to the present invention, a flow in a rotational direction can be imparted to the liquid flowing in the liquid supply channel by the spiral guide groove provided in the inner peripheral surface of the liquid supply channel to equalize a difference in flowrates of the liquid arising from one side to another in a radial direction of the liquid supply channel; therefore, a difference in flowrates of the liquid supplied from the blow nozzle to the preform can be mitigated and eccentricity and uneven thickness arising in a blow-molded bottle can be prevented.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0013] 

    [FIG.1] An explanatory diagram schematically illustrating a blow molding apparatus that is one embodiment of the present invention.

    [FIG.2] An enlarged cross-sectional view of a filling head illustrated in FIG.1.

    [FIG.3] A diagram illustrating a state where a pressurized liquid is supplied to a preform to perform blow molding.


    Description of Embodiments



    [0014] The present invention is illustrated and described more specifically with reference to the drawings.

    [0015] As illustrated in FIG.1, a blow molding apparatus that is one embodiment of the present invention has a mold 1 for blow molding. A cavity 2 of this mold 1 is of a bottle shape and is opened upward at an upper surface of the mold 1. While details are not illustrated, the mold 1 can be opened laterally; by opening the mold 1, a product where a blow-molded bottle is filled with a content liquid can be extracted from the mold 1.

    [0016] A preform PF that is blow-molded by this blow molding apparatus and is formed into a bottle can be mounted in the mold 1. As the preform PF, one formed in an overall bottomed-cylinder shape by a resin material such as polypropylene (PP) or polyethylene terephthalate (PET) where a cylindrical open tube portion PFb is integrally provided to an upper end of this main body portion PFa, which takes on a test-tube shape, and a neck ring PFc is integrally provided to a lower-end portion of the open tube portion PFb can be used. This preform PF has the main body portion PFa thereof disposed in the cavity 2 of the mold 1 along an axial center thereof and is mounted in the mold 1 in a state where the neck ring PFc abuts the upper surface of the mold 1 and the open tube portion PFb protrudes outside of the mold 1 (upward in FIG.1).

    [0017] A nozzle unit 10 is provided on an upper side of the mold 1 so as to be able to move in a vertical direction relative to the mold 1. This nozzle unit 10 is of a configuration where a cartridge-shaped filling unit 12 is mounted to a lower end of a support body 11, the filling unit 12 being provided with a filling head 13, a blow nozzle 14, and a holding member 15. For example, the filling head 13, which is made of a steel material, is formed cylindrically overall and is mounted to the lower end of the support body 11 by a screw connection so as to be detachable. As illustrated in FIG.2, the filling head 13 has a liquid supply channel 13a therein. The liquid supply channel 13a extends straight vertically along an axial direction of the mold 1, and a cross-sectional shape thereof is circular.

    [0018] A liquid introduction channel 13b connected to the liquid supply channel 13a from the side thereof is provided in the filling head 13. In the illustrated situation, the liquid introduction channel 13b extends in a direction orthogonal to the liquid supply channel 13a, connecting to the liquid supply channel 13a at one end thereof; another end thereof is opened to an outer peripheral surface of a sidewall of the filling head 13.

    [0019] Furthermore, a liquid discharge channel 13c connected to the liquid supply channel 13a from the side thereof is provided in the filling head 13. In the illustrated situation, the liquid discharge channel 13c is orthogonal to the liquid supply channel 13a on a lower side of the liquid introduction channel 13b and extends to a side in a radial direction opposite from the liquid introduction channel 13b, connecting to the liquid supply channel 13a at one end thereof; another end thereof is opened to the outer peripheral surface of the sidewall of the filling head 13.

    [0020] The blow nozzle 14 is provided with an annular nozzle mounting portion 14a and a cylindrical nozzle main body portion 14b protruding downward from the nozzle mounting portion 14a. The blow nozzle 14 is disposed coaxially with the liquid supply channel 13a at one end (lower end in the illustrated situation) of this liquid supply channel 13a, and an axial direction of the nozzle main body portion 14b thereof also matches an axial direction of the preform PF in a state of being mounted in the mold 1.

    [0021] An upper surface of the nozzle mounting portion 14a of the blow nozzle 14 facing a side of the liquid supply channel 13a is a conical seal surface 14c inclined downward diametrically; the nozzle main body portion 14b is opened to an axial center of this seal surface 14c and communicated to the liquid supply channel 13a.

    [0022] The holding member 15 is formed in a ring shape that houses the blow nozzle 14 on an inner side thereof and is installed to a lower end of the filling head 13 by a mounting ring 16, which is screwed to an outer periphery of the filling head 13. A ring-shaped spacer block 17 is locked on an inner-side lower-end side of the holding member 15; the blow nozzle 14 is fixed to the lower end of the filling head 13 by the nozzle mounting portion 14a being interposed between this spacer block 17 and the lower end of the filling head 13.

    [0023] The nozzle unit 10 can move vertically relative to the mold 1; when the nozzle unit 10 is lowered to a lower end, the nozzle main body portion 14b of the blow nozzle 14 mates with an inner side of the open tube portion PFb of the preform PF mounted in the mold 1 and the neck ring PFc is interposed between a lower end of the holding member 15 and the upper surface of the mold 1 such that the preform PF is held in a perpendicular mounting posture relative to the mold 1.

    [0024] A seal body 21 for opening and closing the blow nozzle 14 is disposed inside the liquid supply channel 13a. The seal body 21 is formed in a short cylindrical shape of a diameter smaller than an inner diameter of the liquid supply channel 13a and greater than an inner diameter of the nozzle main body portion 14b of the blow nozzle 14, and a tapered abutting surface 21a is provided at a lower-end surface thereof. The abutting surface 21a has an incline angle identical to that of the seal surface 14c provided to the blow nozzle 14; the seal body 21 can close the blow nozzle 14 by the abutting surface 21a closely contacting the seal surface 14c.

    [0025] A shaft body 22 of an elongated cylindrical-rod shape is disposed inside the liquid supply channel 13a along an axial center thereof. This shaft body 22 is supported by the support body 11 and can move in a vertical direction relative to the support body 11 and the filling head 13. The seal body 21 is fixed coaxially to a lower end of the shaft body 22 and can move vertically along an axial direction of the liquid supply channel 13a inside the liquid supply channel 13a together with the shaft body 22. When the shaft body 22 moves to a lower stroke end, the seal body 21 enters a closed position, the abutting surface 21a thereof abutting the seal surface 14c of the blow nozzle 14 such that the blow nozzle 14-that is, the nozzle main body portion 14b-is closed by the seal body 21. Meanwhile, when the seal body 21 moves upward together with the shaft body 22 such that this seal body 21 enters an opened position, the abutting surface 21a thereof separates from the seal surface 14c of the blow nozzle 14 such that the blow nozzle 14-that is, the nozzle main body portion 14b-is opened, communicating the liquid supply channel 13a and the nozzle main body portion 14b.

    [0026] The shaft body 22 is hollow, and a stretching rod 23 is mounted on an inner side thereof so as to be able to slide. The stretching rod 23 can move in an axial direction relative to the shaft body 22, and a lower end thereof can protrude from a lower end of the seal body 21. The stretching rod 23 can stretch the preform PF in a vertical direction (axial direction) by moving downward toward an inside of the cavity 2 of the mold 1 from the lower end of the seal body 21.

    [0027] Note that a portion of the seal body 21 that guides the stretching rod 23 is preferably made of a polyether ether ketone (PEEK) resin.

    [0028] As illustrated in FIG.2, a guide groove 24 is provided in an inner peripheral surface of the liquid supply channel 13a provided in the filling head 13. The guide groove 24 has a substantially semicircular cross-sectional shape and is formed in a spiral shape extending over a plurality of revolutions along the inner peripheral surface of the liquid supply channel 13a around the axial center of the liquid supply channel 13a. The guide groove 24 can impart to a liquid L flowing inside the liquid supply channel 13a from a side of the liquid introduction channel 13b to a side of the blow nozzle 14 a flow in a rotational direction around the axial center of this liquid supply channel 13a-that is, a spiral flow. Note that the cross-sectional shape of the guide groove 24 is not limited to a semicircle and can be various shapes such as a rectangular shape.

    [0029] In the present embodiment, the guide groove 24 is provided in the inner peripheral surface at a portion between a portion where the liquid supply channel 13a connects to the liquid discharge channel 13c and a portion where the liquid supply channel 13a connects to the blow nozzle 14. Moreover, the seal body 21 is configured such that when the closed position is entered into, at least one portion of this seal body 21 is disposed on a radial-direction inner side of the guide groove 24 and at least one portion of an outer peripheral surface of this seal body 21 opposes the guide groove 24. Therefore, when the seal body 21 enters the opened position and the blow nozzle 14 is opened, the liquid L supplied from the liquid introduction channel 13b to the liquid supply channel 13a flows in a ring-shaped flow path between the outer peripheral surface of the seal body 21 and the inner peripheral surface of the liquid supply channel 13a; the guide groove 24 is provided in the inner peripheral surface of the liquid supply channel 13a in this ring-shaped flow path. By this, the flow in the rotational direction can be efficiently imparted to the liquid L flowing inside the liquid supply channel 13a by the guide groove 24.

    [0030] As illustrated in FIG.1, a plunger pump 31 and a liquid circulation unit 32 as a pressurized liquid supply unit are connected to the nozzle unit 10.

    [0031] The plunger pump 31 is provided with a cylinder 31a and a plunger 31b mounted in this cylinder 31a so as to be able to move along an axial direction; a discharge port thereof is connected to the liquid introduction channel 13b of the filling head 13 by a supply pipe P1. In the illustrated situation, the plunger pump 31 is of a servo-plunger type provided with an electric motor (servo motor) 31c as a drive source; the plunger 31b is driven by the electric motor 31c and actuates in the axial direction in the cylinder 31a. Moreover, the plunger pump 31 can supply the pressurized liquid L to the liquid introduction channel 13b by the plunger 31b actuating.

    [0032] The liquid circulation unit 32 has a function of adjusting the liquid L to a predetermined temperature while newly replenishing the liquid L from a replenishing pipe R1, supplying the liquid L to the plunger pump 31 through an intermediate pipe R2, and circulating the liquid L between the plunger pump 31 and the liquid supply channel 13a while adjusting the liquid L to a predetermined temperature. That is, the liquid circulation unit 32 can, when a state is entered into where the seal body 21 is in the closed position and the blow nozzle 14 is closed, return the liquid L supplied from the plunger pump 31 to the liquid supply channel 13a via the liquid introduction channel 13b to the plunger pump 31 through the liquid discharge channel 13c, a discharge pipe R3 connected thereto, and the intermediate pipe R2. By this, the liquid L supplied from the plunger pump 31 to the liquid supply channel 13a via the liquid introduction channel 13b can be circulated in a circulation path CR, which includes the liquid circulation unit 32 and the plunger pump 31, and a temperature of the liquid L supplied to the liquid supply channel 13a can be continuously maintained at a predetermined temperature.

    [0033] Three magnetic circulation-path on-off valves V1, V2, V3 are provided in the circulation path CR; predetermined pipes are opened and closed by the circulation-path on-off valves V1, V2, V3 in correspondence with each process of blow molding.

    [0034] An extra-opening pressurizing air space S is partitioned and formed surrounding an outer periphery of the open tube portion PFb of the preform PF mounted in the mold 1. A configuration can also be such that a pressurized air supply unit (not illustrated) is connected to this extra-opening pressurizing air space S and, by increasing an internal pressure of the extra-opening pressurizing air space S by pressurized air supplied from the pressurized air supply unit, diameter-enlargement deformation of the open tube portion PFb during blow molding is prevented and a sealing force between the open tube portion PFb and the blow nozzle 14 is increased.

    [0035] With a blow molding apparatus of the present invention of such a configuration, by opening the blow nozzle 14 by moving the seal body 21 to the opened position in a state where the circulation-path on-off valves V2, V3 are closed to stop circulation of the liquid L along the circulation path CR, the liquid L supplied from the plunger pump 31 to the liquid supply channel 13a via the liquid introduction channel 13b can be supplied (filled) into the preform PF through the nozzle main body portion 14b of the blow nozzle 14 to blow mold the preform PF into a shape conforming to the cavity 2 of the mold 1. Moreover, by stretching the preform PF in the vertical direction (axial direction) by the stretching rod 23 before (or at the same time as) supplying the liquid L to the preform PF, biaxial stretch blow molding can be performed for the preform PF.

    [0036] As described above, the liquid introduction channel 13b provided in the filling head 13 is connected from the side to the liquid supply channel 13a provided coaxially with the nozzle main body portion 14b of the blow nozzle 14; therefore, the liquid L supplied from the plunger pump 31 to the liquid introduction channel 13b during blow molding is supplied from the liquid introduction channel 13b to the liquid supply channel 13a with the flow direction thereof bent. Because of this, a flowrate of the liquid L at an outer-peripheral-side portion of this bend is greater than a flowrate of the liquid L at an inner-peripheral-side portion, and a flowrate of the liquid L flowing inside the liquid supply portion 13a differs from one side (left side in FIG.3) to another side (right side in FIG.3) in a radial direction thereof. However, with the blow molding apparatus of the present invention, the spiral guide groove 24 is provided in the inner peripheral surface of the liquid supply channel 13a to impart to the liquid L flowing in the liquid supply channel 13a the flow in the rotational direction around the axial center of the liquid supply channel 13a; therefore, the difference in the flowrates of the liquid L arising due to the liquid introduction channel 13b being provided bent relative to the liquid supply channel 13a can be equalized. Therefore, with the liquid L supplied from the liquid supply channel 13a to the preform PF through the blow nozzle 14 as well, a difference in flowrates thereof can be mitigated. By this, the preform PF can be stretched evenly in a forward direction of the radial direction around the axial center thereof by the pressurized liquid L supplied from the open tube portion PFb and an eccentricity where an axial direction of the blow-molded bottle is shifted or an uneven thickness where a thickness of the blow-molded bottle differs in a circumferential direction can be prevented from arising.

    [0037] Furthermore, by configuring such that at least a portion of the seal body 21 in the opened position is disposed on the radial-direction inner side of the guide groove 24, the liquid L can be flowed along the guide groove 24 in a narrow, ring-shaped flow path between the outer peripheral surface of the seal body 21 and the inner peripheral surface of the liquid supply channel 13a; therefore, the flow in the rotational direction can be efficiently imparted by this guide groove 24. By this, the difference in the flowrates of the liquid L supplied from the liquid supply channel 13a to the preform PF through the blow nozzle 14 can be further effectively mitigated and eccentricity or uneven thickness being imparted to the blow-molded bottle can be reliably prevented.

    [0038] Furthermore, by a configuration where the liquid discharge channel 13c for returning to the plunger pump 31 and circulating the liquid L is connected to the liquid supply channel 13a between the liquid introduction channel 13b and the guide groove 24, even in a situation where a configuration of circulating the liquid L is adopted, by providing the guide groove 24 in a vicinity of the blow nozzle 14, the difference in the flowrates of the liquid L supplied from the liquid supply channel 13a to the preform PF through the blow nozzle 14 can be effectively mitigated.

    [0039] The present invention is not limited to the above embodiment, and it is needless to say that various modifications are possible within a range that does not depart from the spirit thereof.

    [0040] For example, in the above embodiment, the liquid introduction channel 13b is configured to extend in the direction orthogonal to the axial direction of the liquid supply channel 13a; however, the present invention is not limited thereto, and the liquid introduction channel 13b can also be configured to extend in a direction inclining at any angle no less than 0 degrees and less than 90 degrees relative to the axial direction of the liquid supply channel 13a.

    [0041] Furthermore, in the above embodiment, only one guide groove 24 is provided in the inner peripheral surface of the liquid supply channel 13a; however, a configuration can also be adopted where a plurality of guide grooves 24 is provided. In this situation, the plurality of guide grooves 24 can be provided in an aspect of multiple threads.

    [0042] Furthermore, in the above embodiment, the pressurized liquid supply unit is the plunger pump 31 of the servo-plunger type where the plunger 31b is driven by the electric motor 31c; however, the pressurized liquid supply unit is not limited thereto and can also be a plunger pump 31 of a configuration driven by another drive mechanism such as a hydraulic cylinder or an air cylinder. Moreover, as the pressurized liquid supply unit, a pump or the like of another format other than the plunger pump 31 can also be used. Furthermore, in the above embodiment, the liquid L is configured to be circulated by the circulation path CR; however, the present invention is not limited thereto, and the liquid L can also be configured to not be circulated as long as this is a configuration where the pressurized liquid L can be supplied from the plunger pump 31 into the preform PF through the liquid introduction channel 13b, the liquid supply channel 13a, and the blow nozzle 14.

    [0043] Furthermore, a configuration can also be adopted where the preform PF is stretched to inflate in both the vertical direction (axial direction) and a horizontal direction (radial direction) by a pressure alone of the liquid L supplied from the plunger pump 31, without using the stretching rod 23, to be made into a bottle of a shape conforming to the cavity 2 of the mold 1.

    [0044] Furthermore, as the preform PF, one of a shape where the main body portion PFa and the open tube portion PFb are had but no neck ring PFc is provided can also be used. Moreover, a material of the preform PF is not limited to polypropylene and can also be another resin material such as polyethylene terephthalate.

    Reference Signs List



    [0045] 

    1 Mold

    2 Cavity

    10 Nozzle unit

    11 Support body

    12 Filling unit

    13 Filling head

    13a Liquid supply channel

    13b Liquid introduction channel

    13c Liquid discharge channel

    14 Blow nozzle

    14a Nozzle mounting portion

    14b Nozzle main body portion

    14c Seal surface

    15 Holding member

    16 Mounting ring

    17 Spacer block

    21 Seal body

    21a Abutting surface

    22 Shaft body

    23 Stretching rod

    24 Guide groove

    31 Plunger pump (pressurized liquid supply unit)

    31a Cylinder

    31b Plunger

    31c Electric motor

    32 Liquid circulation unit

    PF Preform

    PFa Main body portion

    PFb Open tube portion

    PFc Neck ring

    L Liquid

    P1 Supply pipe

    R1 Replenishing pipe

    R2 Intermediate pipe

    R3 Discharge pipe

    CR Circulation path

    V1 Circulation-path on-off valve

    V2 Circulation-path on-off valve

    V3 Circulation-path on-off valve

    S Extra-opening pressurizing air space




    Claims

    1. A blow molding apparatus for supplying a pressurized liquid to a preform (PF) of a bottomed-cylinder shape mounted in a mold (1) for blow molding, and for molding this preform into a shape conforming to a cavity (2) of the mold, comprising:

    a blow nozzle (14) that mates with an open tube portion of the preform;

    a seal body (21) that opens and closes the blow nozzle (14);

    a filling head (13) that extends along an axial direction of the blow nozzle (14) and is provided at one end with a liquid supply channel (13a) connected to the blow nozzle (14) and a liquid introduction channel (13b) connected to the liquid supply channel (13a) from the side; and

    a pressurized liquid supply unit that is connected to the liquid introduction channel (13b) and supplies the pressurized liquid to this liquid introduction channel (13b);

    characterized in that a spiral guide groove (24) is provided around an axial center of the liquid supply channel (13a) in an inner peripheral surface of this liquid supply channel.


     
    2. The blow molding apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the liquid introduction channel is orthogonal to the liquid supply channel.
     
    3. The blow molding apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the seal body is formed with a diameter smaller than an inner diameter of the liquid supply channel and greater than an inner diameter of the blow nozzle, disposed inside the liquid supply channel, and can move along an axial direction of this liquid supply channel between a closed position of abutting the blow nozzle and closing this blow nozzle and an opened position of being separated from the blow nozzle and opening this blow nozzle, at least a portion of the seal body in the opened position being disposed on a radial-direction inner side of the guide groove.
     
    4. The blow molding apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the seal body is formed with a diameter smaller than an inner diameter of the liquid supply channel and greater than an inner diameter of the blow nozzle, disposed inside the liquid supply channel, and can move along an axial direction of this liquid supply channel between a closed position of abutting the blow nozzle and closing this blow nozzle and an opened position of being separated from the blow nozzle and opening this blow nozzle, at least a portion of the seal body in the opened position being disposed on a radial-direction inner side of the guide groove.
     
    5. The blow molding apparatus according to any of claims 1 to 4, wherein a liquid discharge channel connected to the liquid supply channel from the side is provided in the filling head between the liquid introduction channel and the guide groove and, when the seal body is in the closed position, liquid supplied from the pressurized liquid supply unit to the liquid supply channel via the liquid introduction channel is returned to the pressurized liquid supply unit through the liquid discharge channel.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Blasformvorrichtung zum Zuführen einer unter Druck stehenden Flüssigkeit zu einem Vorformling (PF) eines in einer Form (1) angebrachten bodenseitig geschlossenen Zylinderformkörpers zum Blasformen und zum Formen des Vorformlings (PF) in eine Ausformung, die einem Hohlraum (2) der Form entspricht, umfassend:

    eine Blasdüse (14), die mit einem offenen Rohrabschnitt des Vorformlings zusammenfügbar ist,

    einen Dichtungskörper (21), der die Blasdüse (14) öffnet und schließt,

    einen Füllkopf (13), der sich entlang einer axialen Richtung der Blasdüse (14) erstreckt und an einem Ende mit einem mit der Blasdüse (14) verbundenen Flüssigkeitszufuhrkanal (13a) und einem mit dem Flüssigkeitszufuhrkanal (13a) von der Seite verbundenen Flüssigkeitseinleitungskanal (13b) versehen ist, und

    eine unter Druck stehende Flüssigkeitsversorgungseinheit, die mit dem Flüssigkeitseinleitungskanal (13b) verbunden ist und die unter Druck stehende Flüssigkeit dem Flüssigkeitseinleitungskanal (13b) zuführt;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass eine spiralförmige Führungsrille (24) um eine axiale Mitte des Flüssigkeitszufuhrkanals (13a) an einer inneren Umfangsfläche des Flüssigkeitszufuhrkanals vorgesehen ist.


     
    2. Blasformvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Flüssigkeitseinleitungskanal senkrecht zum Flüssigkeitszuführkanal ist.
     
    3. Blasformvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Dichtungskörper mit einem Durchmesser, der kleiner als ein Innendurchmesser des Flüssigkeitszufuhrkanals und größer als ein Innendurchmesser der Blasdüse ist, ausgebildet ist, innerhalb des Flüssigkeitszufuhrkanals angeordnet ist und entlang einer axialen Richtung des Flüssigkeitszufuhrkanals bewegbar ist zwischen einer mit der Blasdüse in Anschlag befindlichen geschlossenen Position, in welcher die Blasdüse geschlossen ist, und einer von der Blasdüse getrennten geöffneten Position, in welcher die Blasdüse geöffnet ist, wobei mindestens ein Teil des Dichtungskörpers in der geöffneten Position an einer Innenseite der Führungrille in einer radialen Richtung angeordnet ist.
     
    4. Blasformvorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, wobei der Dichtungskörper mit einem Durchmesser, der kleiner als ein Innendurchmesser des Flüssigkeitszufuhrkanals und größer als ein Innendurchmesser der Blasdüse ist, ausgebildet ist, innerhalb des Flüssigkeitszufuhrkanals angeordnet ist und entlang einer axialen Richtung des Flüssigkeitszufuhrkanals bewegbar ist zwischen einer mit der Blasdüse in Anschlag befindlichen geschlossenen Position, in welcher die Blasdüse geschlossen ist, und einer von der Blasdüse getrennten geöffneten Position, in welcher die Blasdüse geöffnet ist, wobei mindestens ein Teil des Dichtungskörpers in der geöffneten Position an einer Innenseite der Führungrille in einer radialen Richtung angeordnet ist.
     
    5. Blasformvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei ein seitlich mit dem Flüssigkeitszuführkanal verbundener Flüssigkeitsauslasskanal in dem Füllkopf zwischen dem Flüssigkeitseinleitungskanal und der Führungsrille vorgesehen ist und, wenn sich der Dichtungskörper in der geschlossenen Position befindet, von der unter Druck stehenden Flüssigkeitsversorgungseinheit über den Flüssigkeitseinleitungskanal dem Flüssigkeitszuführkanal zugeführte Flüssigkeit über den Flüssigkeitseinleitungskanal an die unter Druck stehende Flüssigkeitsversorgungseinheit durch den Flüssigkeitsauslasskanal zurückgeführt wird.
     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil de moulage par soufflage pour amener un liquide sous pression à une préforme (PF) en forme de cylindre à fond, montée dans un moule (1) pour le moulage par soufflage, et pour mouler cette préforme en une forme se conformant à une cavité (2) du moule, comprenant :

    une buse de soufflage (14) qui se couple avec une partie de tube ouverte de la préforme ;

    un corps formant joint d'étanchéité (21) qui ouvre et ferme la buse de soufflage (14) ;

    une tête de remplissage (13) qui s'étend le long d'une direction axiale de la buse de soufflage (14) et est prévue au niveau d'une extrémité, avec un canal d'alimentation en liquide (13a) raccordé à la buse de soufflage (14) et un canal d'introduction de liquide (13b) raccordé au canal d'alimentation en liquide (13a) depuis le côté ; et

    une unité d'alimentation en liquide sous pression qui est raccordée au canal d'introduction de liquide (13b) et amène le liquide sous pression à ce canal d'introduction de liquide (13b) ;

    caractérisé en ce qu'une rainure de guidage en spirale (24) est prévue autour d'un centre axial du canal d'alimentation en liquide (13a) dans une surface périphérique interne de ce canal d'alimentation en liquide.


     
    2. Appareil de moulage par soufflage selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le canal d'introduction de liquide est orthogonal par rapport au canal d'alimentation en liquide.
     
    3. Appareil de moulage par soufflage selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le corps formant joint d'étanchéité est formé avec un diamètre inférieur à un diamètre interne du canal d'alimentation en liquide et supérieur à un diamètre interne de la buse de soufflage, disposé à l'intérieur du canal d'alimentation en liquide et peut se déplacer le long d'une direction axiale de ce canal d'alimentation en liquide entre une position fermée venant en butée contre la buse de soufflage et fermant cette buse de soufflage et une position ouverte destinée à être séparée de la buse de soufflage et ouvrant cette buse de soufflage, au moins une partie du corps formant joint d'étanchéité dans la position ouverte étant disposée sur un côté interne dans la direction radiale de la rainure de guidage.
     
    4. Appareil de moulage par soufflage selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le corps formant joint d'étanchéité est formé à avec un diamètre inférieur à un diamètre interne du canal d'alimentation en liquide et supérieur à un diamètre interne de la buse de soufflage, disposé à l'intérieur du canal d'alimentation en liquide, et peut se déplacer le long d'une direction axiale de ce canal d'alimentation en liquide entre une position fermée venant en butée contre la buse de soufflage et fermant cette buse de soufflage et une position ouverte pour être séparée de la buse de soufflage et ouvrant cette buse de soufflage, au moins une partie du corps formant joint d'étanchéité dans la position ouverte étant disposée sur un côté interne dans la direction radiale de la rainure de guidage.
     
    5. Appareil de moulage par soufflage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel un canal de décharge de liquide raccordé au canal d'alimentation en liquide depuis le côté, est prévu dans la tête de remplissage entre le canal d'introduction de liquide et la rainure de guidage, et lorsque le corps formant joint d'étanchéité est dans la position fermée, le liquide fourni de l'unité d'alimentation en liquide sous pression au canal d'alimentation en liquide via le canal d'introduction de liquide est ramené à l'unité d'alimentation en liquide sous pression par le canal de décharge de liquide.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description