(19)
(11)EP 3 209 542 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
24.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/26

(21)Application number: 14808713.3

(22)Date of filing:  22.10.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B62J 27/00(2020.01)
B60R 21/017(2006.01)
A41D 13/018(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IB2014/065533
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/063109 (28.04.2016 Gazette  2016/17)

(54)

COUPLING-RELEASING DEVICE FOR AIRBAG ACTUATOR CABLE FOR VEHICLES WITH TWO OR MORE WHEELS

VERBINDE-/LÖSE-EINRICHTUNG FÜR KABEL EINES AIRBAGSTELLGLIEDES FÜR FAHRZEUGE MIT ZWEI ODER MEHR RÄDERN

DISPOSITIF DE RELÂCHEMENT D'ACCOUPLEMENT POUR CÂBLE D'ACTIONNEUR DE COUSSIN DE SÉCURITÉ GONFLABLE POUR VÉHICULES AVEC DEUX OU PLUSIEURS ROUES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
30.08.2017 Bulletin 2017/35

(73)Proprietor: Qooder SA
6833 Vacallo (CH)

(72)Inventors:
  • MARABESE, Riccardo
    21013 Gallarate (VA) (IT)
  • MORONI, Marco
    I-21050 Marnate (VA) (IT)

(74)Representative: Savoca, Agatino 
Jacobacci & Partners S.p.A. Corso Emilia, 8
10152 Torino
10152 Torino (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 668 999
CN-U- 202 190 774
JP-A- 2010 070 112
EP-A1- 2 673 184
DE-A1-102006 041 448
US-A1- 2008 178 370
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of the invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a coupling-releasing device for airbag actuator cable for vehicles having two or more wheels, said airbag being contained in a wearable jacket or coat.

    [0002] More in particular, the coupling-releasing device for airbag actuator cable according to the present invention also applies to motoscooters with two or more wheels, e.g. motoscooters with three or more wheels and at least two tilting wheels, in addition to two-wheel motorcycles.

    Description of the prior art



    [0003] Active and passive safety in the motorcycle field is increasingly more felt and has made enormous progress lately, to the extent that many innovations which were once prohibitively expensive are now widely common because the cost of such technologies is now sufficiently low. Some examples include brake anti-locking systems (ABS), electronic control suspensions, highly ergonomic leather suits with protections made of specifically designed materials, and so on.

    [0004] In these technologies, full face helmets, protections and airbags for motorcycles in general have enormously contributed to improving passive safety.

    [0005] The object of the present invention relates to an airbag for motorcycles, in particular to a coupling and releasing device of the actuating cable of a mechanically actuated airbag contained in a garment.

    [0006] It is also known that mechanically actuated and electronically actuated airbags exist in the motorcycle field.

    [0007] Mechanically actuated airbags comprise one or more bags folded inside a wearable jacket which are inflated with gas when required after having pulled a cable with a traction force beyond a predetermined threshold value.

    [0008] The jacket provided with airbag is thus provided with a specific cable which must be secured to the motorcycle by the user; in case of accident, the rider falls and moves away from the motorcycle, the cable will be pulled and will fire the inflatable protection device, which fully inflates in approximately 80 thousands of a second.

    [0009] System operation is thus simple and now well tested, however it is not very popular on the market, and this is because the users find annoying having a cable which ties them to the motorcycle. Motorcyclists have the impression of being restricted in their movements but above all fear to forget the cable connected to the vehicle when they want to get off, thus causing an involuntary, undesired firing of the airbag, with the evident consequences also in terms of time needed to restore the airbag and of costs for recharging the airbag gas, in addition to the annoyance caused by the temporary unavailability of the jacket and its protection.

    [0010] Electronically actuated airbags which do not require the traction of a cable to be fired have thus appear on the market: in this type of device, the airbag is electronically actuated by a dedicated system.Obviously, in this case, the system requires the use of accelerometers, batteries for storing electricity and other components, which, in addition to further increasing the weight of the jacket, also increase its costs; the batteries have the drawback of needing to be periodically recharged, thus limiting the possibility to use the jacket by users if they forget to recharge the batteries before the next use.

    [0011] Consequently, for the reasons illustrated above, electronically actuated airbags are not very common because of their cost and the need to keep them in the correct operating condition, whereas mechanically actuated airbags are seldom used because of the need to have a cable connecting the airbag jacket to the vehicle, which is perceived as an obstacle to freedom of movements, particularly when getting on and getting off the vehicle: indeed, the user must remember to release a carabiner, which connects the airbag actuating cable to a dedicated ring integral with the vehicle, manually.

    [0012] The known type configuration includes no interaction between vehicle and airbag, nor between vehicle and airbag actuating cable: no system is provided to notify the airbag actuator cable condition (whether it is connected to the vehicle or not), and thus the airbag operating condition, to the user.

    [0013] Therefore, the known type configuration does not allow users to know whether the actuator cable is correctly connected to the vehicle when they get on and prepare to drive off, nor does it allow users to disconnect automatically when getting off the vehicle, thus preventing the accidental firing of the airbag.

    [0014] Examples of coupling releasing devices for airbag actuator cables for vehicles are known from EP 2673184 and US 2008/178370.

    [0015] A coupling-releasing device for an airbag actuator cable for a vehicle with two or more wheels according to the preamble of independent claim 1 is known from JP 2010 070112.

    [0016] It is the main task of the present invention to provide an airbag actuator cable coupling and releasing device for vehicles having two or more wheels adapted to solve the drawbacks which afflict systems of the known type.

    [0017] More specifically, the device according to the present invention in accordance with claim 1 allows the user to know the coupling condition of the airbag actuating cable to the vehicle at all times, thus avoiding undesired airbag actuation.

    [0018] Indeed, a frequent condition is the one in which the user having stopped the vehicle decides to get off and forgets to disconnect the airbag cable from the vehicle, thus causing an accidental deployment of the airbag.

    [0019] The device according to the present invention allows to solve this drawback because it provides specific automatic releasing system of the airbag cable from the vehicle when the vehicle is stationary and the user is about to get off.

    [0020] Advantageously, the device according to the present invention can detect the connected/not connected condition of the actuation cable for the driver's airbag and the passenger's airbag.

    [0021] Further features are described in the dependent claims.

    Brief description of the drawings



    [0022] Further objects and advantages of the present invention will be apparent in the detailed description of an embodiment shown by way of non-limiting example in the accompanying figure 1, which diagrammatically shows the coupling-releasing device for airbag actuator cable for motorcycles according to the present invention.

    Description of the preferred embodiment



    [0023] According to a preferred embodiment according to the present invention illustrated hereby way of non-limiting example, the coupling-releasing device for airbag actuator cable 1 for motorcycles comprises at least one coupling unit 2, controlled by actuating means 4 and adapted to retain and release the airbag actuator cable in selective manner. In general, as known in the prior art, the airbag is placed within a garment, typically a jacket, and an actuating cable connected to the airbag actuator ends with coupling means, typically a carabiner or the like. The airbag actuator cable and the coupling means of said cable are not part of the present invention.

    [0024] Hereinafter, the diagram in figure 1 shows a configuration of the device according to the present invention which comprises two coupling units, a first coupling unit 2 and a second coupling unit 2' (the present invention is not limited to the presence of one or two coupling units). One coupling unit may be positioned on the vehicle so as to be used by the driver, while the second unit will be advantageously positioned on the vehicle so as to be used by the passenger.

    [0025] Each coupling unit 2, 2' may advantageously comprise a supporting block and at least one moveable hook, preferably as shown in the diagram in figure 1, a pair of moveable hooks, 3 and 3' respectively, counterpoised and hinged so that the ends of each pair 3, 3' of said hooks may move reciprocally close or away, as diagrammatically shown in the drawing in figure 1. When the moveable hooks 3, 3' of one of said coupling units 2, 2' are in the reciprocally approached position, said coupling unit can retain the coupling means of said airbag actuator cable, while when the moveable hooks 3, 3' of one coupling unit 2, 2' are in reciprocally distanced position, said coupling unit is in an open configuration at which the coupling means of the cable are released.

    [0026] As mentioned, the device further comprises actuator means 4, 4', 4", which advantageously comprise an electric actuator 4 operatively connected by means of a wire 4', 4" or other equivalent system adapted to exert a traction on the hooks of said coupling unit 2, 2'.

    [0027] More in detail, in the preferred embodiment of the device 1 according to the present invention, each coupling unit 2, 2' comprises a pair of moveable hooks 3, 3', which are hinged to the supporting block and kept in the closing position by a contrast spring. Said electric actuator 4, comprising, for example, a piston having a given stroke, can pull the wire 4, 4', which exerts a traction force on said moveable hooks 3, which rotate, moving reciprocally away and positioning themselves in the opening position of the coupling unit.

    [0028] Advantageously, said coupling units 2, 2' further comprise closing means of the moveable hooks 3, 3', which cause the moveable hooks 3, 3' to snap closed when an end of the airbag cable is inserted in the coupling unit, as known in the prior art for the locks commonly used, for example to lock the saddle of motoscooters.

    [0029] In general, in the case of vehicles with three or four wheels, of which at least two tilting, parking means are provided, in particular a parking lever or tiling system lock is provided. When wanting to get off the vehicle, the user must necessarily apply the lock to prevent the vehicle from inclining and falling to the ground. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in which the device is applied to vehicles with two or more wheels, said coupling-releasing device 1 for airbag actuating cable comprises a second micro switch 7 operatively connected to said electric motor 4, to said parking lever 6 and to at least one of the first micro switches 5, 5' operatively connected to said coupling unit 2.

    [0030] The described circuit allows the device 1 according to the present invention to operate said coupling units 2, 2' as a function of the position of the parking lever 6. More specifically, according to the diagram in figure 1, when the parking lever 6 is placed in the position corresponding to the locking of the tilting system of the vehicle, the second micro switch 7 is closed, thus sending an electric signal to said actuator means 4, 4', 4" which determine the opening by means of said first micro switches 5, 5', of said coupling units 2, 2'.

    [0031] In traditional two-wheel motorcycles, in which there is no parking lever or tilting system lock, the device according to the present invention as described hereto may be advantageously connected to other parking means, such as the side or center stand of the vehicle. In particular, with reference to the diagram in figure 1, the second micro switch 7 will be operatively connected to said stand instead of the lever 6 shown in the diagram.

    [0032] The operation of the device is the same as illustrated hereto: when the user parks the vehicle and operates the side or center stand to get off and move away from the vehicle, the second micro switch 7 detects the stand down condition and sends an electric signal to the actuating means 4, 4', 4" to determine the automatic opening of the coupling units 2, 2' so that the airbag cable coupling means are freed and the cable is released from the vehicle in automatic manner without the user needing to perform any other action.

    [0033] Preferably, an electric device (not shown in the diagram in figure 1) automatically reactivates the alarms when the cable is coupled into a coupling-releasing unit again, so as to reset the possible exclusion settings of the alarms operated manually by the user in automatic manner.

    [0034] In an alternative embodiment with respect to the one shown in figure 1, the device may advantageously release the cable in automatic manner as soon as the engine is stopped, by means of an operating connection to the ignition key block.

    [0035] Again with reference to the diagram in figure 1, the device according to the present invention, used either on vehicles with two or more wheels (and thus operatively connected to the parking lever), or on two-wheel vehicles (and thus operatively connected to the stand), may advantageously include further signaling means 20, 20', 30 of the operating condition of one or more said coupling units 2, 2'.

    [0036] More specifically, said signaling means of the operating condition of the coupling unit may comprise visual signals and auditory signals. Advantageously, said signaling means comprise a first working light 20 adapted to signal the operating condition of the unit of the first coupling unit 2 intended to be engaged by the driver, and a second warning light 20' adapted to signal the operating condition of the second coupling unit 2' intended to be used by the passenger. Said signaling means may further comprise auditory alarms, in particular an auditory alarm 30 adapted to signal the operating condition of one or both coupling units 2, 2' in auditory manner.

    [0037] Preferably, said auditory alarm 30 is adapted to signal the operating condition of the driver's coupling unit 2.

    [0038] According to a preferred embodiment of the device according to the present invention shown in figure 1, said signaling means 20, 20', 30 are advantageously connected to the ignition key block 40 of the vehicle, in addition to the first micro switches 5, 5' operatively associated with said first 2 and second 2' coupling unit.

    [0039] The operation of the signaling means 20, 20', 30 is thus subordinated to the activation of the ignition key by the user: when the user turns the key to start the vehicle, even before the engine starts, but simply by powering the dashboard, the signaling means 20, 20', 30 receive current and are capable of detecting, by means of the first micro switches 5, 5', the operating condition of the coupling unit. If the user has not yet inserted the airbag cable coupling means of the coupling unit causing the mechanical closing, the signaling means 20, 20', 30 signal the uncoupled condition to the driver, by lighting the warning light 20, 20' on the dashboard and if present with the activation of the auditory signal 30.

    [0040] When the user inserts the end of the airbag cable provided with coupling means in one of the two coupling units 2, 2', the closing condition of the moveable hooks 3, 3' is detected by the first micro switches 5, 5' and the corresponding signaling means are deactivated.

    [0041] Advantageously, further switches 40, 40' may be provided which may be actuated manually by the user and operatively associated with said signaling means 20, 20', 30.

    [0042] More in detail, a first switch 40 may be associated with said first warning light 20 adapted to signal the operating condition of the first coupling unit 2 used by the driver, and a second switch 40' may be associated with said second warning light 20' adapted to signal the operating condition of the second coupling unit 2'. Possibly, one of the two warning lights, according to the diagram in figure 1, the first warning light 20 may be also associated with said auditory signaling means 30.

    [0043] By means of said switches, the user may manually deactivate the visual and auditory alarms which signal the no airbag cable coupling condition to the coupling units 2, 2'. By means of this function, the user may decide, for example, to deactivate the signaling means of the operating condition associated with the second coupling unit (the passenger's) if the driver is traveling alone, or may deactivate the signaling means associated with the driver's own coupling unit 2 to use the vehicle without wearing the jacket provided with airbag, the signaling means being reactivated automatically when the cable is coupled again and remain operative until the driver decides to deactivate them again.

    [0044] According to an alternative embodiment of the device according the present invention, the coupling and releasing units 2, 2' may be operated directly from the ignition key block 40 by means of the actuator 4: in this manner, the releasing and coupling units 2, 2' open automatically when the user turns the key to the off position.

    [0045] Many changes, modifications, variations and other uses and applications of the subject invention will be apparent to a person skilled in the art after having considered the description and the accompanying drawings which illustrate preferred embodiments thereof. Such changes, modifications, variations and other uses and applications which do not differ from the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims and form an integral part of the text are covered by the present invention.


    Claims

    1. A coupling-releasing device (1) for an airbag actuator cable for a vehicles with two or more wheels, comprising at least one coupling unit (2, 2') adapted to be installed on board a of the vehicle, said at least one coupling unit (2, 2') being operable between a closed configuration for retaining an end of the airbag actuator cable and an open configuration for releasing said end of the airbag actuator cable,
    characterized in that it further comprises
    at least one electric actuator (4) operatively connected to said at least one coupling unit (2, 2') to operate said at least one coupling unit (2, 2') between said closed configuration and said open configuration, and
    at least one micro switch (7) which is adapted to detect the position of parking means of the vehicle and is configured to send an electric signal to said at least one electric actuator (4) to operate said at least one coupling unit (2, 2') from said closed configuration to said open configuration when a parked condition of the vehicle is detected by said at least one micro switch (7).
     
    2. A device (1) according to claim 1, wherein said at least one coupling unit (2, 2') comprises at least one supporting block adapted to be installed on board a of the vehicle and at least one hook (3, 3') moveable between a closed position adapted to retain said end of the airbag actuator cable and an open position adapted to release said end of the airbag actuator cable.
     
    3. A device (1) according to claim 2, wherein said at least one moveable hook (3, 3') is provided with closing means adapted to take said at least one moveable hook (3, 3') to the closed position in automatic manner when said end of the airbag actuator cable is inserted by the user into said at least one coupling unit (2, 2').
     
    4. A device (1) according to claim 3, wherein each of said at least one coupling units (2, 2') comprises a pair of counterpoised moveable hooks (3, 3') hinged so that the ends of each pair of said hooks (3, 3') are moveable reciprocally towards and away from each other, and wherein said closing means comprise a contrast spring for maintaining said pair of hooks (3, 3') in said closed position.
     
    5. A device (1) according to claim 4, wherein said at least one electric actuator (4) is connected by means of at least one wire (4, 4') to said moveable hooks (3, 3') and is configured to exert a traction force sufficient to overcome the action of said contrast spring on said hooks (3, 3'), thus taking said hooks (3, 3') to the open position.
     
    6. A device (1) according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein it further comprises signalling means (20, 20', 30) for signalling the operating condition of said at least one coupling unit (2, 2').
     
    7. A device (1) according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein said signalling means comprise visual signals (20, 20') and auditory signals (30).
     
    8. A device (1) according to one or more of the preceding claims, comprising a first coupling unit (2) intended to be used by the driver and a second coupling unit (2') intended to be used by the passenger.
     
    9. A device (1) according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein said signalling means are operatively connected to the ignition key block (40) of the vehicle.
     
    10. A device (1) according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein said at least one electric actuator (4) is operatively connected to the ignition key block (40) of the vehicle.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verbinde-/Löse-Einrichtung für Kabel eines Airbagstellglieds für ein Fahrzeug mit zwei oder mehr Rädern, mit wenigstens einer Kupplungseinheit (2, 2'), die für eine Installation an Bord des Fahrzeugs angepasst ist, wobei die wenigstens eine Kupplungseinheit (2, 2') zwischen einer geschlossenen Konfiguration zum Halten eines Endes des Kabels des Airbagstellglieds und einer offenen Konfiguration zum Lösen des Endes des Kabels des Airbagstellglieds betreibbar ist,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie weiterhin Folgendes umfasst:

    wenigstens ein elektrisches Stellglied (4), das mit der wenigstens einen Kupplungseinheit (2, 2') wirkverbunden ist, um die wenigstens eine Kupplungseinheit (2, 2') zwischen der geschlossenen Konfiguration und der offenen Konfiguration zu betreiben, und

    wenigstens einen Mikroschalter (7), der dazu angepasst ist, die Position einer Parkeinrichtung des Fahrzeugs zu erfassen, und der dazu konfiguriert ist, ein elektrisches Signal an das wenigstens eine elektrische Stellglied (4) zum Betreiben der wenigstens einen Kupplungseinheit (2, 2') aus der geschlossenen Konfiguration in die offene Konfiguration zu senden, wenn ein Parkzustand des Fahrzeugs von dem wenigstens einen Mikroschalter (7) erfasst wird.


     
    2. Vorrichtung (1) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die wenigstens eine Kupplungseinheit (2, 2') Folgendes umfasst: wenigstens einen Trägerblock, der für eine Installation an Bord des Fahrzeugs angepasst ist, und wenigstens einen Haken (3, 3'), der zwischen einer geschlossenen Position, die zum Halten des Endes des Kabels des Airbagstellglieds angepasst ist, und einer offenen Position, die zum Lösen des Endes des Kabels des Airbagstellglieds angepasst ist, bewegt werden kann.
     
    3. Vorrichtung (1) nach Anspruch 2, wobei der wenigstens eine bewegliche Haken (3, 3') mit Schließeinrichtungen versehen ist, die dazu angepasst sind, den wenigstens einen beweglichen Haken (3, 3') automatisch in die geschlossene Position zu bringen, wenn das Ende des Kabels des Airbagstellglieds von dem Benutzer in die wenigstens eine Kupplungseinheit (2, 2') eingeführt wird.
     
    4. Vorrichtung (1) nach Anspruch 3, wobei jede der wenigstens einen Kupplungseinheit (2, 2') ein Paar von gegenläufigen beweglichen Haken (3, 3') umfasst, die gelenkig verbunden sind, so dass die Enden jedes Paares von Haken (3, 3') wechselseitig voneinander weg und aufeinander zu beweglich sind, und wobei die Schließeinrichtungen eine Kontrastfeder zum Aufrechterhalten des Paares von Haken (3, 3') in der geschlossenen Position umfassen.
     
    5. Vorrichtung (1) nach Anspruch 4, wobei das wenigstens eine elektrische Stellglied (4) über wenigstens ein Kabel (4, 4') mit den beweglichen Haken (3, 3') verbunden ist und dazu konfiguriert ist, eine Zugkraft auszuüben, die ausreichend ist, um die Kraft der Kontrastfeder auf den Haken (3, 3') zu überwinden, wodurch die Haken (3, 3') in die offene Position gebracht werden.
     
    6. Vorrichtung (1) nach einem oder mehreren der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei sie weiterhin Signaleinrichtungen (20, 20', 30) zum Signalisieren des Betriebszustands der wenigstens einen Kupplungseinheit (2, 2') umfasst.
     
    7. Vorrichtung (1) nach einem oder mehreren der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Signaleinrichtungen visuelle Signale (20, 20') und auditive Signale (30) umfassen.
     
    8. Vorrichtung (1) nach einem oder mehreren der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, die eine erste Kupplungseinheit (2) umfasst, die von dem Fahrer verwendet werden soll, und eine zweite Kupplungseinheit (2'), die von dem Beifahrer verwendet werden soll.
     
    9. Vorrichtung (1) nach einem oder mehreren der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Signaleinrichtungen mit dem Zündschlüsselblock (40) des Fahrzeugs wirkverbunden sind.
     
    10. Vorrichtung (1) nach einem oder mehreren der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das wenigstens eine elektrische Stellglied (4) mit dem Zündschlüsselblock (40) des Fahrzeugs wirkverbunden ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de libération d'accouplement (1) pour un câble d'actionnement de coussin de sécurité gonflable pour un véhicule à deux roues ou plus, comprenant au moins une unité d'accouplement (2, 2') adaptée pour être installée à bord du véhicule, ladite au moins une unité d'accouplement (2, 2') étant actionnable entre une configuration fermée pour retenir une extrémité du câble d'actionnement de coussin de sécurité gonflable et une configuration ouverte pour libérer ladite extrémité du câble d'actionnement de coussin de sécurité gonflable,
    caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend en outre
    au moins un actionneur électrique (4) fonctionnellement connecté à ladite au moins une unité d'accouplement (2, 2') pour actionner ladite au moins une unité d'accouplement (2, 2') entre ladite configuration fermée et ladite configuration ouverte, et
    au moins un microrupteur (7) qui est adapté pour détecter la position de moyens de stationnement du véhicule et est configuré pour transmettre un signal électrique audit au moins un actionneur électrique (4) pour actionner ladite au moins une unité d'accouplement (2, 2') de ladite configuration fermée à ladite configuration ouverte lorsqu'un état stationné du véhicule est détecté par ledit au moins un microrupteur (7).
     
    2. Dispositif (1) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite au moins une unité d'accouplement (2, 2') comprend au moins un bloc de support adapté pour être installé à bord du véhicule et au moins un crochet (3, 3') mobile entre une position fermée adaptée pour retenir ladite extrémité du câble d'actionnement de coussin de sécurité gonflable et une position ouverte adaptée pour libérer ladite extrémité du câble d'actionnement de coussin de sécurité gonflable.
     
    3. Dispositif (1) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel ledit au moins un crochet mobile (3, 3') est pourvu de moyens de fermeture adaptés pour amener ledit au moins un crochet mobile (3, 3') à la position fermée de manière automatique lorsque ladite extrémité du câble d'actionnement de coussin de sécurité gonflable est insérée par l'utilisateur dans ladite au moins une unité d'accouplement (2, 2').
     
    4. Dispositif (1) selon la revendication 3, dans lequel chacune de ladite au moins une unité d'accouplement (2, 2') comprend une paire de crochets mobiles à contrepoids (3, 3') articulés de sorte que les extrémités de chaque paire desdits crochets (3, 3') soient mobiles en va-et-vient vers et en s'éloignant l'une de l'autre, et dans lequel lesdits moyens de fermeture comprennent un ressort de contre-poussée pour maintenir ladite paire de crochets (3, 3') dans ladite position fermée.
     
    5. Dispositif (1) selon la revendication 4, dans lequel ledit au moins un actionneur électrique (4) est connecté au moyen d'au moins un fil (4, 4') auxdits crochets mobiles (3, 3') et est configuré pour exercer une force de traction suffisante pour surmonter l'action dudit ressort de contre-poussée sur lesdits crochets (3, 3'), amenant ainsi lesdits crochets (3, 3') à la position ouverte.
     
    6. Dispositif (1) selon l'une ou plusieurs des revendications précédentes, dans lequel il comprend en outre des moyens de signalisation (20, 20', 30) pour signaler l'état de fonctionnement de ladite au moins une unité d'accouplement (2, 2').
     
    7. Dispositif (1) selon l'une ou plusieurs des revendications précédentes, dans lequel lesdits moyens de signalisation comprennent des signaux visuels (20, 20') et des signaux acoustiques (30).
     
    8. Dispositif (1) selon l'une ou plusieurs des revendications précédentes, comprenant une première unité d'accouplement (2) destinée à être utilisée par le conducteur et une seconde unité d'accouplement (2') destinée à être utilisée par le passager.
     
    9. Dispositif (1) selon l'une ou plusieurs des revendications précédentes, dans lequel lesdits moyens de signalisation sont fonctionnellement connectés au bloc de clé de contact (40) du véhicule.
     
    10. Dispositif (1) selon l'une ou plusieurs des revendications précédentes, dans lequel ledit au moins un actionneur électrique (4) est fonctionnellement connecté au bloc de clé de contact (40) du véhicule.
     




    Drawing








    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description