(19)
(11)EP 3 210 384 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
20.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/21

(21)Application number: 14904335.8

(22)Date of filing:  20.10.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04N 21/238  (2011.01)
H04W 72/12  (2009.01)
H04W 28/02  (2009.01)
H04L 29/06  (2006.01)
H04L 12/805  (2013.01)
H04L 12/853  (2013.01)
H04N 21/44  (2011.01)
H04N 21/262  (2011.01)
H04N 21/61  (2011.01)
H04N 21/647  (2011.01)
H04L 12/867  (2013.01)
H04L 12/835  (2013.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/SE2014/051234
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/064308 (28.04.2016 Gazette  2016/17)

(54)

NETWORK NODE AND METHOD FOR HANDLING A PROCESS OF CONTROLLING A DATA TRANSFER RELATED TO VIDEO DATA OF A VIDEO STREAMING SERVICE

NETZWERKKNOTEN UND VERFAHREN ZUR HANDHABUNG EINES VERFAHRENS ZUR STEUERUNG EINER DATENÜBERTRAGUNG IM ZUSAMMENHANG MIT VIDEODATEN EINES VIDEO-STREAMING-DIENSTS

NOEUD DE RÉSEAU, ET PROCÉDÉ DE GESTION D'UN PROCESSUS DE COMMANDE D'UN TRANSFERT DE DONNÉES CONCERNANT DES DONNÉES VIDÉO D'UN SERVICE DE DIFFUSION DE VIDÉO EN CONTINU


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
30.08.2017 Bulletin 2017/35

(73)Proprietor: Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson (publ)
164 83 Stockholm (SE)

(72)Inventors:
  • WANG, Min
    977 53 Luleå (SE)
  • HANNU, Hans
    976 31 Luleå (SE)

(74)Representative: Zacco Sweden AB 
P.O. Box 5581
114 85 Stockholm
114 85 Stockholm (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 882 249
US-A1- 2012 263 120
US-A1- 2009 285 196
  
  • MA HAIYANG ET AL: "Access point centric scheduling for dash streaming in multirate 802.11 wireless network", 2014 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MULTIMEDIA AND EXPO (ICME), IEEE, 14 July 2014 (2014-07-14), pages 1-6, XP032639126, DOI: 10.1109/ICME.2014.6890283 [retrieved on 2014-09-03]
  • GUIBIN TIAN ET AL: "Towards agile and smooth video adaptation in dynamic HTTP streaming", EMERGING NETWORKING EXPERIMENTS AND TECHNOLOGIES, ACM, 2 PENN PLAZA, SUITE 701 NEW YORK NY 10121-0701 USA, 10 December 2012 (2012-12-10), pages 109-120, XP058010426, DOI: 10.1145/2413176.2413190 ISBN: 978-1-4503-1775-7
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] Embodiments herein relate to a network node and a method therein. In particular, it relates to handling a process of controlling a data transfer related to video data of a video streaming service from a server to a wireless device.

BACKGROUND



[0002] Wireless devices for communication such as terminals are also known as e.g. User Equipments (UE), mobile terminals, wireless terminals and/or mobile stations. Wireless devices are enabled to communicate wirelessly in a cellular communications network or wireless communication system, sometimes also referred to as a cellular radio system or cellular networks. The communication may be performed e.g. between two wireless devices, between a wireless device and a regular telephone and/or between a wireless device and a server, such as server providing video streaming service, via a Radio Access Network (RAN) and possibly one or more core networks, comprised within the cellular communications network.

[0003] Wireless devices may further be referred to as mobile telephones, cellular telephones, computers, or surf plates with wireless capability, just to mention some further examples. The wireless devices in the present context may be, for example, portable, pocket-storable, hand-held, computer-comprised, or vehicle-mounted mobile devices, enabled to communicate voice and/or data, via the RAN, with another entity, such as another wireless device or a server.

[0004] A cellular communications network covers a geographical area which is divided into cell areas, wherein each cell area being served by a base station, e.g. a Radio Base Station (RBS), which sometimes may be referred to as e.g. eNodeB (eNB), NodeB, B node, Base Transceiver Station (BTS), or AP (Access Point), depending on the technology and terminology used. The base stations may be of different classes such as e.g. macro eNodeB, home eNodeB or pico base station, based on transmission power and thereby also cell size. A cell is the geographical area where radio coverage is provided by the base station at a base station site. One base station, situated on the base station site, may serve one or several cells. Further, each base station may support one or several communication technologies. The base stations communicate over the air interface operating on radio frequencies with the wireless devices within range of the base stations also referred to as transmitter-receiver pairs. In the context of this disclosure, the expression Downlink (DL) is used for the transmission path from the base station to a wireless device. The expression Uplink (UL) is used for the transmission path in the opposite direction i.e. from the wireless device to the base station.

[0005] In 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Long Term Evolution (LTE), base stations, which may be referred to as eNodeBs or even eNBs, may be directly connected to one or more core networks.

[0006] Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) is a third generation mobile communication system, which evolved from the GSM, and is intended to provide improved mobile communication services based on Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) access technology. UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN) is essentially a radio access network using wideband code division multiple access for terminals. The 3GPP has undertaken to evolve further the UTRAN and GSM based radio access network technologies.

[0007] 3GPP LTE radio access standard has been written in order to support high bitrates and low latency both for uplink and downlink traffic. All data transmission is in LTE is controlled by the radio base station.

[0008] Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP (DASH), also known as Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG)-DASH, has been adopted by 3GPP targeting to unify behaviors of different adaptive streaming video services and vendors. HTTP is the abbreviation for Hypertext Transfer Protocol. A general mobile network media flow of DASH, or any other HTTP Adaptive Streaming (HAS) video solution in a mobile network is exemplified in Figure 1. The video server may be incorporated in normal web servers with storage of video representation with different codec rates. The client e.g. in a wireless device sends a first video request with an initial rate, typically a low rate to a video server, followed by a bundle of video frames comprising video data transmitted from the media server also referred to as a video server. The bundle of video frames, also called video segment, is composed of the subsequent frames in an interval of several seconds.

[0009] It is typically the client that performs the bit rate adaptation to match an estimated available network bandwidth also sometimes referred to as estimated throughput. The client bit rate adaptation has the benefit that the client may directly keep track of the variation of the downloading rate and the playback buffer. The rate adaptation may be triggered for each video segment hence the size of the video segments influences the frequency of the rate adaptation. A requested video clip starts to play when a given level of the playback buffer is filled. The playback is frozen if the buffer is underrun, i.e. empty, and re-started when enough pending video is received this is referred to as re-buffering.

[0010] A utility maximization problem that separately takes into account different utility functions for HAS video and data flows have been discussed. This showed that the utility maximization may be achieved through an algorithm, Adaptive Guaranteed Bit Rate (AGBR), wherein target bit rates are calculated for each HAS flow and passed on to an underlying minimum rate proportional fair scheduler that schedules resources across all the flows.

[0011] In "Improving Fairness for Adaptive http video Streaming" by B. Villa et al, an analysis of a suggested method for improving fairness among competing adaptive video streams is provided. The metrics used as fairness indicators are differences in achieved average rate and stability among the competing streams. The method analyzed is based on changing a fixed and equal video segment request rate (T) of each stream, to either a per session unique or random request rate.

[0012] This scheme is helpful for distributing to video users in time by having different segment request rates, and therefore may give a positive impact on the utilization of a link, and help the video users. However, it does not work so well in high load situations.

[0013] Streaming video over mobile networks, such as LTE, is increasing and more content providers are appearing on the market. Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP is one standardized solution for providing rate adaptive video streaming. One problem that users watching video are experience is buffer underrun which causes the video playback to freeze. Another problem is that the streaming video users are taking too much of the shared resources from other data applications, i.e. there is an unfair situation that may occur. This depends on the type of congestion control algorithms in the streaming video and the other data servers, and how the transmission network is configured to treat the different flows.

[0014] Network assisted rate adaptation, may optimize the issue of fairness between the video clients and between video and other traffic, especially in the RAN, which has been observed in existing research activities. However, the improved rate adaptation can only operate in the typical time unit of seconds, depending on the size of the video bundle which includes a couple of consecutive video frames, which are also called video segment or video chunks. The radio schedulers in 3rd Generation (3G) and 4th Generation (4G) mobile systems operate on a few milliseconds basis with, in case of a proportional fair scheduler, typically a fairness consideration based on transmitted bits and channel quality in the order of a few seconds. These two functions separately only solve parts of the problems of buffer underrun and unfairness.

[0015] An update frequency of the target bit rate is dependent on the playback time that the video segment consist of as it is the video client that request a new segment and the state of the art clients request the new segment when one or several segments has been played. This gives the characteristics of the pending video as in Figure 2 where a request is triggered when the pending video in the play-out buffer is 30 s. Figure 2 depicts an example of amount of pending video in the play-out buffer with respect to time.

[0016] Ma Hayang et Al "Access point centric scheduling for DASH streaming in multirate 802.11 wireless network", XP032639126, discloses a streaming scheduler for DASH streaming provided at a network node. An achievable transmission rate is calculated. The scheduler achieves a fair distribution by implementing weighted fair queuing among competing clients.

SUMMARY



[0017] It is therefore an object of embodiments herein to provide a way of improving the performance in a wireless communications network using video streaming service.

[0018] According to a first aspect of embodiments herein, the object is achieved by a method according to claim 1.

[0019] According to a second aspect of embodiments herein, the object is achieved by a network according to claim 8.

[0020] An advantage with embodiments herein is that a good balance between efficient system resource utilization, UE coverage improvement, UE user bit rate and QoE is achieved.

[0021] A further advantage with embodiments herein is that they provide efficiently and improve fairness by considering the network operational efficiency and the mitigating the effect of fast fading of the radio channel quality in the RAN.

[0022] A further advantage with embodiments herein is that they provide a complete control process for controlling the HAS video client and the transmission of data to particular users based on parameters and functions that the radio access network is actually using to decide to which users it will send data to in the next transmission time interval and/or occasion

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0023] Examples of embodiments herein are described in more detail with reference to attached drawings in which:
Figure 1
is a schematic block diagram illustrating a HAS video in a mobile network according to prior art.
Figure 2
is a diagram illustrating amount of pending video in a play-out buffer according to prior art.
Figure 3
is a schematic block diagram illustrating a wireless communications network.
Figure 4
is a flowchart depicting embodiments of a method in a network node.
Figure 5
is a schematic block diagram illustrating embodiments of a wireless communications network.
Figure 6
is a flowchart depicting embodiments in a wireless communications network.
Figure 7
is a schematic block diagram illustrating embodiments of a wireless communications network.
Figure 8
is a schematic block diagram illustrating embodiments of a wireless communications network.
Figure 9
is a flowchart depicting embodiments in a wireless communications network.
Figure 10
is a schematic block diagram illustrating embodiments of a wireless communications network.
Figure 11
is a flowchart depicting embodiments in a wireless communications network.
Figure 12
is a schematic block diagram illustrating embodiments of a wireless communications network.
Figure 13
is a schematic block diagram illustrating embodiments of a network node.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0024] Embodiments herein relate to handling a process of controlling a data transfer related to video data of a video streaming service from a server to a wireless device, Embodiments herein provides a solution that combines the characteristics of HAS services, e.g. client behavior, and RAN, and may comprise four control units, outer- and inner rate control loops, segment size control and pending video control, which may all be connected to existing RAN control functionality.

[0025] Figure 3 depicts a wireless communications network 100 in which embodiments herein may be implemented. The wireless communications network 100 is a radio network such as an LTE, a WCDMA, a Wimax, WiFi, Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) or any radio network or system.

[0026] A plurality of network nodes operates in the wireless communications network 100, whereof only one, a network node 110, is depicted in Figure 3 for simplicity. The network node 110 may be referred to as a transmission point and may in some embodiments be a base station referred to as, eNodeB (eNB), NodeB, B node, Base Transceiver Station (BTS), AP (Access Point) or a Home Node B, a Home eNodeB depending on the technology and terminology used, or any other network node capable to communicate with a wireless device with wireless capability, or any other radio network unit capable to communicate over a radio link in a wireless communications network. The network node 110 serves a cell 115.

[0027] A number of wireless devices operate in the wireless communications network 100. In the example scenario of Figure 3, only one wireless device is shown for simplicity, a wireless device 120 which is located in the cell 115 served by the network node 110. The wireless device 120 may e.g. be a mobile wireless terminal, a mobile phone, a computer such as e.g. a laptop, or tablet computer, sometimes referred to as a surf plate, with wireless capabilities, or any other radio network unit capable to communicate over a radio link in a wireless communications network. Please note the term wireless device used in this document also covers other wireless terminals such as Machine to Machine (M2M) devices.

[0028] The wireless communications network 100 has access to a server 130. The wireless device 120 has access to the server 130 e.g. via the internet. The server 130 provides video streaming service to the wireless device 120. The server 130 may e.g. be a webserver or media server or any server capable of providing video streaming service to the wireless device 120.

[0029] Embodiments herein relates to a process of controlling a data transfer related to video data of a video streaming service from the server 130 to the wireless device 120. The embodiments may be referred to as a two layered based rate control of the data transfer of the video streaming service, coupled together with a control of segment size selection for the data transfer and amount of pending video in a client buffer of the wireless device 120.

[0030] The rate control of the data transfer may comprise an outer loop which sets the target rate, and an inner loop, which will achieve the target. The outer loop rate control is based on network assistance provided information, which targets to maintain the video bit rate at a certain target considering the wireless network operation efficiency, e.g. fairness between wireless devices during a given period. This rate is referred to as the target bit rate. This control loop is slower compared to the inner loop rate control. The inner loop rate control operates based on target bit rate, and it will adjust a scheduler weight priority value in order so that the achieved received rate of a client is the targeted bit rate.

[0031] The segment size control, is based on filtered values of the number of wireless devices connected to the network node 110, signaling load in the cell 115 and energy efficiency, which energy efficiency relates to how often and for how long time the radio has to be active in the wireless device 120 and the network node 110. In some embodiments wherein multiple tables of segment sizes are available, these three inputs are used to choice among tables of segment sizes. When only one table is available or when a table is selected the proportional fair rate scheduling weight and the target rate scheduling weight may be combined in a selection function that indicates the segment size to be used by the wireless device 120 for video streaming such as HAS.

[0032] The pending video control indication is based similar to the segment size increase; first the target bitrate must be higher than that of a given video bitrate, then a decision function to download the video data in a higher pace, i.e. deciding the pending data volume for the transferring , is based on the two scheduling weights. Pending here means how much video that is waiting in the video client playback buffer and is ready to be played.

[0033] Hence, in summary embodiments herein provides a process for controlling data transfers related to video data of video streaming services from a server to a wireless devices, such as a HAS video client and the transmission of data to particular wireless devises when HAS video users of the wireless devices are present in the given part of the system. The given part of the system here means the particular cell in the cellular system such as the wireless communications network 100.

[0034] Embodiments herein will first be described in a general manner. After, a more detailed description and explanation will follow.

[0035] Example embodiments of a method in the network node 110 relating to a process of controlling a data transfer related to video data of a video streaming service from the server 130 to the wireless device 120, will now be described with reference to a flowchart depicted in Figure 4. As mentioned above, the network node 110 and the wireless device 120 operate in a wireless communications network 100.

[0036] The process of controlling of data transfer comprises the following actions, which actions may be taken in any suitable order. Dashed lines of some boxes in Figure 4 indicate that this action is not mandatory. In an example scenario, the network node 110 detects that the wireless device 120 has started a video streaming service from the server 130. This may be performed by direct signalling from a video client in the wireless device 120 or video server, such as the server 130, to the network node 110, or implicitly by detecting traffic on a particular access bearer that may only carry this type of video streaming traffic. Note that there are also other ways such as e.g. deep packet inspection.

Action 401



[0037] According to embodiments herein, scheduling weight value calculations includes a target rate scheduling weight value to control the data transfer related to the video streaming service, which scheduling weight value takes as input the target bitrate and therefore the target bit rate need to be determined. Thus the network node 110 may determine the target bitrate of the data transfer based on network operational efficiency of the wireless communications network 100. E.g. cell throughput, resource block utilization and how many users that is above or a given quality of service, such as object throughput, and are hence recognized as happy users, are examples of network operational efficiency

[0038] In some embodiments, the determining of the target bitrate of the data transfer is further based on transmission delay of part of or one or more video frames of the data transfer.

Action 402



[0039] As mentioned above, the network node 110 determines the target rate scheduling weight value of the data transfer, based on the target bitrate of the data transfer.

Action 403



[0040] The network node 110 then determines a scheduling weight value for the wireless device 120 to be used in the data transfer. The decision is based on a target rate scheduling weight value. The decision of the scheduling weight value may further be based on a proportional rate fair weight value.

[0041] Proportional rate fair weight value is often the ration between the potential rate of the wireless device based on current channel conditions and the recent received rate the wireless device has had.

[0042] There may be more parameters such as subscriber type that may be used to base the decision of the scheduling weight value.

[0043] In some embodiments, the scheduler weight value is determined such that the achieved received bit rate of the wireless device 120 is the targeted bit rate of the data transfer. This is advantageous since guarantees to a user on minimum received rate may then be given.

Action 404



[0044] In the process of controlling the data transfer of the video data the size of the data segments need to be determined as this affects how often the video rate can be adapted to changing link conditions. This function takes e.g. as input the scheduling weight value and the output indicates whether the current data segment size should be kept or if it should be decrease or increased compared to the current segment size. This may be performed by the network node 110 determining the size of data segment to be used in the data transfer based on at least part of the scheduling weight value.

[0045] The determining of the size of data segment may be performed by using a table of sizes of data segments based on at least one load measure of the wireless communications network 100. The size of the data segment to be used for the data transfer is then determined from the used table of sizes of data segments based on at least part of the scheduling weight value. In some embodiments multiple table of sizes of data segments are available. In these embodiments, the network node 110 first selects a table of sizes of data segments among the multiple of sizes of data segments. This selection may e.g. be based on the number of wireless devices connected to the network node 110, signalling load in the cell 115 of the network node 110, and energy efficiency in the wireless device 120 and/or the network node 110.

[0046] In some embodiments the determining of the size of data segment to be used in the data transfer further is based on at least one load measure of the wireless communications network 100. One load measure is the energy efficiency, with smaller segments the wireless device's '120 radio will be more active as it does not may go to a less active radio state, i.e. the radio modem will not be turned off, and hence consumes more energy.

Action 405



[0047] In the process of controlling the data transfer of the video data, also the pending data volume needs to be determined. That is whether the wireless communications network 100 is in such a situation that it may support an increased amount of pending video in the play-back buffer of the wireless device 120, i.e. download video data in a pace higher than what is consumed by the wireless device 120. According to embodiments herein the pending data volume takes as input the scheduling weight value. The network node 110 thus determines a pending data volume for the transferring of the video data to a play back buffer of the wireless device 120 based on at least part of the scheduling weight value.

[0048] The determining of the pending data volume for the transferring of the video data to a play back buffer of the wireless device 120 may further be based on that the pace of transferring the video data to the play back buffer of the wireless device 120 shall be higher than what is consumed by the wireless device 120. If the rate requested is already high, this additional input likely means that the wireless device 120 is having good link conditions and hence, the increase of pending data volume in the playback buffer has a minor impact on other wireless devices as the system is probably not fully utilized.

Action 406



[0049] The network node 110 may further decide whether or not the video data of the video streaming service shall be transferred from the server 130 via the network node 110 to the wireless device 120 based on the scheduling weight value. The radio access network such as the wireless communications network 100 will transmit to the wireless device(s) with the highest scheduling weight value per transmission time interval, as the functions that have calculated the value considers the given criteria for which wireless device to transmit to.

[0050] Embodiment's herein will now be described more in detail. The text below is applicable to and may be combined with any suitable embodiment described above.

[0051] As mentioned above, embodiments herein may comprise four control units, outer- and inner rate control loops, segment size control and pending video control, which may all be connected to existing RAN control functionality. Figures 5 to 11 provide overviews of the connections, and a detailed description of the embodiments is given in relation to each figure.

Inner loop target rate control



[0052] Figure 5.depicts an example of an overview of scheduling weight calculation connections according to embodiments herein.

[0053] As seen the in Figure 5 the scheduling weight value calculation according to embodiments herein which is determined in Action 403 comprises a target rate scheduling weight value determined in Action 402, which takes as input the target bitrate determined in Action 401 and in some of the embodiments also the actual received bitrate of the wireless device 120. In this example, the target rate scheduling weight control is performed based on an error of the received bitrate in the wireless device 120 and the target bitrate. The target rate scheduling weight control may for example be performed using a Proportional-Integral controller (PI), or for example by a step function. A proportional fair rate scheduling weight control may be the ratio between the potential rate of the wireless device 120 based on current channel conditions, e.g. CQI measurements and the recent received rate the wireless device 120 had. The target rate scheduling weight value is e.g. combined with the proportional rate fair scheduling weight value to form the final scheduling weight value of the wireless device 120 that may be subject for data transmission in the next transmission time interval of the system. It is assumed here that the higher scheduling weight value the better chance that this particular wireless device 120 will be scheduled in the next transmission time interval.

[0054] The network operational efficiency may be reflected in terms of the system load, the video capacity, i.e., the maximum number of the satisfactory video users that the system can serve, the downloading rate of the competing Best Effort (BE) traffic, the system fairness metric which for example may be the equal bit rate/resource share between the video clients, the user subscription or the data traffic quality of service characteristics, for example QoS Class Indicator (QCI), etc. The network operational efficiency may be used in the algorithm of the target bitrate control which uses then for example number of connected wireless devises, their traffic type, resource consumption etc., to calculate a wireless device's target bitrate.

[0055] As mentioned the target rate scheduling weight control may be performed with a PI controller that will minimize the error (e), between the target bitrate (RT) and the filtered received bitrate (RF). This gives the discrete expression of the k:th WTR. Wherein WTR is the Target Rate scheduling weight value.



[0056] where Kp, and Ti are the PI controller parameters and Δ is the sampling period. The sampling period is in the order of transmission time interval, e.g. 1ms.

[0057] The received rate filtering may be a sliding window with a smoothed average over e.g. the last second.

[0058] The target bitrate (RT) may also be communicated to the video client or video server so that the target bitrate is applied directly to the source.

Adjustment of outer loop rate control



[0059] This is related to Action 401 above and is an additional adjustment of the outer loop rate control. According to some embodiments, an additional jump based inner rate control is provided. This additional inner loop rate control monitors the status of the video data transfer, exemplified in a flow chart in Figure 6. The video streaming service such as e.g. the HAS video is sensitive to the buffer under-run, which may be mainly due to the unsmoothed or abrupt video data transmission in the wireless communications network 100. The playing of the video is frozen when the wireless device 120, also related to as a client in the wireless device 120, experiences buffer under-run. This means that video data arrives too late and therefore cannot be played in time. Hence, the video data transfer delay in the wireless communications network 100 is one important metric to reflect the actual quality of experience. The additional jump scheme operates in terms of a measurement of the video data transfer delay such as e.g. a video frame transmission delay, which video frame comprises part of the video data. The video data transfer delay may comprise two parts. One is a queuing delay in the RBS buffer of the network node 110, and the other is an actual transmission delay. A filter may be applied here to smooth the variation of the measured video frame transmission delay. The jump based inner loop rate control is e.g. performed by the following actions:

Action 601. The network node 110 starts measuring the video frame transmission delay every given interval such as e.g. each 100 ms.

Action 602. The network node 110 measures the video frame transmission delay.

Action 603. The network node 110 checks whether the video frame transmission delay shall increase. If yes the RT = RT + one step, wherein RT is the target bit rate. If no, go to Action 604.

Action 604. The network node 110 checks whether the video frame transmission delay shall decrease. If yes the RT = RT - one step. If no, go to Action 601.



[0060] In these embodiments, the scheme in Figure 5 is extended with transmission delays filtering according to Figure 7.

[0061] In additional, the maximum and minimum target bit rate may be introduced in this jump scheme in order to make sure the rate change is within the reasonable range. A masking function may be also added, so that repeated target bit rate is avoided, and the tuning of the rate target is disabled during a given period since the last the rate change.

Segment size control



[0062] Figure 8 depicts an overview of the segment size control connections. This relates to Action 404 described above.

[0063] The segment size control, is e.g. based on filtered values of any one or more out of the number of wireless devises connected to the network node 110, signaling load and energy efficiency in the wireless device 120 and the cell 115 served by the network node 110. Those three inputs may be used to choose among any tables of segment sizes available. When the network node 110 has selected a table of segment sizes, the target rate scheduling weight which may be combined with the proportional fair rate scheduling weight value in a selection in the table of segment sizes indicating the segment size to be used in the data transfer such as e.g. to be uses by a HAS video user. The target rate scheduling weight value may be a part of the scheduling weight value. The selection function may takes as input the two scheduling weight values and the output indicates whether the current segment should be kept or if it should be decrease or increased compared to the current segment size. The selection function may be a simple summary function compared to threshold values, or a more advance filtering functions or even a controller. However, before the segment size is set higher than that of the lowest supported segment size, e.g. 1s, the target bitrate must be higher than that of a given video bitrate.

[0064] An advantageously rule of changing for the segment size is that if the proportional fair rate scheduling weight value is relative high and/or increasing, and the target rate scheduling weight value is low then the segment size should be increasing or be kept. Similar if the target rate scheduling weight value is increasing and the proportional fair rate scheduling weight value is stable or decreasing the segment size should be reduced.

[0065] Figure 9 depicts a flow chart related to an example of how a segment size selection process may be performed.

[0066] Action 1 of Figure 9. The process is repeated according to the current segment size interval.

[0067] Action 2 of Figure 9. A segment size table is selected. The table gives threshold values Low THFP and High THFP which indicates the range where a segment size is valid.

[0068] Action 3 of Figure 9. A weighted moving average of the target bit rate scheduling weight value, VTR, rate is calculated, is.

[0069] Action 4 of Figure 9. The weighted moving average of the proportional fair scheduling weight value, VPF.

[0070] Action 5 of Figure 9. When the weighted moving average of the target rate scheduling weight value VTR is less than or equal to the segment evaluation threshold, the target rate is met and it may be useful to update the segmental size.

[0071] Action 6. a) of Figure 9. The value of the weighted moving average of the proportional fair scheduling weight value, VPF, fits into the range given by Low THFP and High THFP, which corresponds to a segment size.

[0072] Action 6. b) of Figure 9 If the weighted moving average of the scheduling weight value VTR is larger than the segment evaluation reduce threshold, the target rate is not met and it may be useful to reduce the segment size one step, i.e. use the next smaller segment size in the table.

[0073] Action 7. a) of Figure 9. The segment size is updated according to the chosen table of sizes, and enforced or recommended to the client such as the wireless device 120 and/or the server such as the server 130.

[0074] Action 7. b) of Figure 9. The segment size is updated by being reduced, and enforced or recommended to the client such as the wireless device 120 and/or the server such as the server 130.

[0075] A rule of thumb is based on the relation that if the target rate scheduling weight value is increasing, then the target bitrate is hard to maintain, and similar if the proportional fair rate scheduling weight value is decreasing the channel quality is worsen, and hence it is likely better to have the possibility to alter the target bitrate more often, hence a smaller segment size is preferred as that gives how often the video rate can be changed as explained above.

Pending video control



[0076] Figure 10 depicts an overview of the pending video control connections according to an example embodiment. This relates to Action 405 described above.

[0077] The pending video control indicates to the wireless device 120 such as e.g. a HAS video client within the wireless device 120, whether the wireless communications network 100 is in such a situation that it may support an increased amount of pending video data in the play-back buffer of the wireless device 120, i.e. download video data in a pace higher than what is consumed by the wireless device 120 or the client in the wireless device 120.

[0078] The pending video control indication is based similar to the segment size increase; first the target bitrate of the data transfer shall be higher than that of a given video bitrate, then a decision function to download video data in a higher or lower pace is based on the two scheduling weights, see Figure 10.

[0079] The network node 110 determines a pending data volume for the transferring of the video data to the play back buffer of the wireless device 120. A decision of the function is that when the proportional fair rate scheduling weight value is relative high and/or increasing and the target rate scheduling weight is low then the decision is to indicate to the wireless device 120 or its client to download in a higher pace to increase the pending video in the play-back buffer of the wireless device an example of the process of pending video control in Figure 11. The process may comprise the following actions:

Action 1 of Figure 11. The process is repeated according to a current segment size interval when the target bit rate RT is above a given bit rate threshold Rthreshold. Note that the Rthreshold may be set close to the highest supported video rate by the server 130.

Action 2 of Figure 11. The weighted moving average of the scheduling weight value of the target rate VTR is calculated.

Action 3 of Figure 11. The weighted moving average of the scheduling weight of the proportional fair VPF is calculated.

Action 4 of Figure 11. If the weighted moving average of the scheduling weight value of the target rate VTR is less than the threshold, there may be spare resource to increase the pending video buffer.

Action 5 of Figure 11. If the weighted moving average of the scheduling weight of the proportional fair VPF is larger than the threshold, there is high potential for spare resource to be used for increasing the pending video in the playback buffer of the wireless device.

Action 6 of Figure 11. The indication to the wireless device 120 or its client and/or server 130 is generated, which indication indicates whether to increase or decrease the pending video buffer size of the wireless device 120.



[0080] As described above the embodiments herein comprises four control units, outer- and inner bit rate control loops, segment size control and pending video control, which may all be connected to existing RAN control functionality. The scheme of Figure 12 gives a total view of the control scheme of the video control connections according to embodiments herein.

[0081] The novelty with embodiments herein is that a target rate scheduling weight value is combined with existing scheduling weight values that together form a scheme for controlling the selection of a video segment size and give an indication whether the wireless device or it's HAS video client can increase the amount of pending video in the play-back buffer compared to the basic behavior. Further, the target rate scheduling weight value is based on a target bitrate set by an outer loop control. In addition the target bitrate control is also combined with a transmission delay rate jump or step based additive control.

[0082] To perform the method actions relating to the process of controlling a data transfer related to video data of the video streaming service from the server 130 to the wireless device 120 described above in relation to Figure 4, the network node 110 may comprises the following arrangement depicted in Figure 13. As mentioned above, the network node 110 and wireless device 120 are arranged to operate in a wireless communications network 100.

[0083] The network node 110 is arranged to perform the process of controlling of data transfer by being configured to, e.g. by means of a scheduling weight value determining module 1310 configured to, determine a scheduling weight value for the wireless device 120 to be used in the data transfer, based on a target rate scheduling weight value and a proportional rate fair weight value.

[0084] The network node 110 is arranged to perform the process of controlling of data transfer by further being configured to, e.g. by means of a size of data segment determining module 1320 configured to, determine a size of data segment to be used in the data transfer based on at least part of the scheduling weight value.

[0085] In some embodiments, the network node 110 is arranged to perform the process of controlling of data transfer by further being configured to, e.g. by means of the size of data segment determining module 1320 configured to, determine the size of data segment by using a table of sizes of data segments based on at least one load measure of the wireless communications network 100, and by determining from the used table of sizes of data segments, the size of a data segment to be used for the data transfer based on at least part of the scheduling weight value.

[0086] In some embodiments, the network node 110 is arranged to perform the process of controlling of data transfer by further being configured to, e.g. by means of the size of data segment determining module 1320 configured to, determine the size of data segment to be used in the data transfer further based on at least one load measure of the wireless communications network 100.

[0087] The network node 110 is arranged to perform the process of controlling of data transfer by further being configured to, e.g. by means of a pending data volume determining module 1330 configured to, determine a pending data volume for the transferring of the video data to a play back buffer of the wireless device 120 based on at least part of the scheduling weight value.

[0088] The network node 110 may further be configured to e.g. by means of the target bitrate determining module 1330 configured to, determine the target bitrate of the data transfer further based on a transmission delay of part of or one or more video frames of the data transfer.

[0089] In some embodiments, the network node 110 is arranged to perform the process of controlling of data transfer by further being configured to, e.g. by means of the pending data volume determining module 1330 configured to, determine the pending data volume for the transferring of the video data to a play back buffer of the wireless device 120, further based on that the pace of transferring the video data to the play back buffer of the wireless device 120 shall be higher than what is consumed by the wireless device 120.

[0090] In some embodiments, the network node 110 is arranged to perform the process of controlling of data transfer by further being configured to, e.g. by means of a target bitrate determining module 1340 configured to, determine the target bitrate of the data transfer based on network operational efficiency of the wireless communications network 100.

[0091] In some embodiments, the network node 110 is arranged to perform the process of controlling of data transfer by further being configured to, e.g. by means of a target rate scheduling weight value determining module 1350 configured to, determine the target rate scheduling weight value of the data transfer based on a target bitrate of the data transfer. The scheduler weight value may be determined such that the achieved received bit rate of the wireless device 120 is the targeted bit rate of the data transfer.

[0092] In some embodiments, the network node 110 is arranged to perform the process of controlling of data transfer by further being configured to, e.g. by means of deciding module 1360 configured to, decide whether or not the video data of the video streaming service shall be transferred from the server 130 via the network node 110 to the wireless device 120 based on the scheduling weight value.

[0093] The embodiments herein comprising the process of controlling a data transfer related to video data of the video streaming service from the server 130 to the wireless device 120, may be implemented through one or more processors, such as a processor 1370 in the network node 110 depicted in Figure 13, together with computer program code for performing the functions and actions of the embodiments herein. The program code mentioned above may also be provided as a computer program product, for instance in the form of a data carrier carrying computer program code for performing the embodiments herein when being loaded into the network node 110. One such carrier may be in the form of a CD ROM disc. It is however feasible with other data carriers such as a memory stick. The computer program code may furthermore be provided as pure program code on a server and downloaded to network node 110.

[0094] The network node 110 may further comprise a memory 1380 comprising one or more memory units. The memory 1380 comprises instructions executable by the processor 1370.

[0095] The memory 1380 is arranged to be used to store e.g. scheduling weight values, size of data segments, pending data volume, target bitrate, target rate scheduling weight value, data, configurations, and applications to perform the methods herein when being executed in the network node 110.

[0096] Those skilled in the art will also appreciate that the scheduling weight value determining module 1310 , the size of data segment determining module 1320, the pending data volume determining module 1330, the target bitrate determining module 1340, the target rate scheduling weight value determining module 1350, and the deciding module 1360 described above may refer to a combination of analog and digital circuits, and/or one or more processors configured with software and/or firmware, e.g. stored in the memory 1380, that when executed by the one or more processors such as the processor 1370 as described above. One or more of these processors, as well as the other digital hardware, may be included in a single Application-Specific Integrated Circuitry (ASIC), or several processors and various digital hardware may be distributed among several separate components, whether individually packaged or assembled into a system-on-a-chip (SoC).


Claims

1. A method performed in a network node (110) relating to a process of controlling a data transfer related to video data of a video streaming service from a server (130) to a wireless device (120), which network node (110) and wireless device (120) operate in a wireless communications network (100), wherein the process of controlling of data transfer comprises:

determining (401) a target bitrate of the data transfer based on network operational efficiency of the wireless communications network (100);

determining (402) a target rate scheduling weight value of the data transfer based on the target bitrate of the data transfer,

determining (403) a scheduling weight value for the wireless device (120) to be used in the data transfer, based on the target rate scheduling weight value, wherein the scheduling weight value is a priority value, a higher scheduling weight value corresponding to a better chance of data transmission scheduling to the wireless device in a next transmission interval;

determining (404) a size of data segment to be used in the data transfer based at least in part on the scheduling weight value, and

determining (405) a pending data volume for the transferring of the video data to a play back buffer of the wireless device (120) based at least in part on the scheduling weight value, wherein the pending data volume is an amount of video data in the play back buffer that is ready to be played.


 
2. The method according to claim1,
wherein determining (401) the target bitrate of the data transfer further is based on transmission delay of part of or one or more video frames of the data transfer.
 
3. The method according to any of claims 1 or 2,
wherein the scheduler weight value is determined such that the achieved received bit rate of the wireless device (120) is the targeted bit rate of the data transfer.
 
4. The method according to any of claims 1-3,
wherein determining (404) the size of data segment is performed by using a table of sizes of data segments based on at least one load measure of the wireless communications network (100), and determining from the used table of sizes of data segments, the size of a data segment to be used for the data transfer based at least in part on the scheduling weight value.
 
5. The method according to any of claims 1-4,
wherein determining (405) the pending data volume for the transferring of the video data to a play back buffer of the wireless device (120) further is based on that the pace of transferring the video data to the play back buffer of the wireless device (120) shall be higher than what is consumed by the wireless device (120).
 
6. The method according to any of claims 1-5,
deciding (406) whether or not the video data of the video streaming service shall be transferred from the server (130) via the network node (110) to the wireless device (120) based on the scheduling weight value.
 
7. The method according to any of claims 1-6,
wherein determining (404) the size of data segment to be used in the data transfer further is based on at least one load measure of the wireless communications network (100).
 
8. A network node (110) relating to a process of controlling a data transfer related to video data of a video streaming service from a server (130) to a wireless device (120), which network node (110) and wireless device (120) are arranged to operate in a wireless communications network (100), wherein the network node (110) is arranged to perform the process of controlling of data transfer by being configured to:

determine a target bitrate of the data transfer based on network operational efficiency of the wireless communications network (100),

determine a target rate scheduling weight value of the data transfer based on the target bitrate of the data transfer,

determine a scheduling weight value for the wireless device (120) to be used in the data transfer, based on the target rate scheduling weight value, wherein the scheduling weight value is a priority value, a higher scheduling weight value corresponding to a better chance of data transmission scheduling to the wireless device in a next transmission interval,

determine a size of data segment to be used in the data transfer based at least in part on the scheduling weight value, and

determine a pending data volume for the transferring of the video data to a play back buffer of the wireless device (120) based at least in part on the scheduling weight value, wherein the pending data volume is an amount of video data in the play back buffer that is ready to be played.


 
9. The network node (110) according to claim 8,
wherein the network node (110) further is configured to determine the target bitrate of the data transfer further based on a transmission delay of part of one or more video frames of the data transfer.
 
10. The network node (110) according to any of the claims 8-9,
wherein the scheduler weight value is to be determined such that the achieved received bit rate of the wireless device (120) is the targeted bit rate of the data transfer.
 
11. The network node (110) according to any of the claims 8-10,
wherein the network node (110) is further configured to determine the size of data segment by using a table of sizes of data segments based on at least one load measure of the wireless communications network (100), and by determining from the used table of sizes of data segments, the size of a data segment to be used for the data transfer based at least in part on the scheduling weight value.
 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren, das in einem Netzknoten (110) ausgeführt wird und einen Prozess des Steuerns einer Datenübertragung betrifft, die sich auf Videodaten eines Videostreaming-Dienstes von einem Server (130) zu einer drahtlosen Vorrichtung (120) bezieht, wobei der Netzknoten (110) und die drahtlose Vorrichtung (120) in einem drahtlosen Kommunikationsnetz (100) arbeiten, wobei der Prozess des Steuerns der Datenübertragung umfasst:

Bestimmen (401) einer Zielbitrate der Datenübertragung basierend auf der betrieblichen Effizienz des drahtlosen Kommunikationsnetzes (100);

Bestimmen (402) eines Zielratenplanungs-Gewichtungswertes der Datenübertragung basierend auf der Zielbitrate der Datenübertragung,

Bestimmen (403) eines Planungs-Gewichtungswertes für die drahtlose Vorrichtung (120), der bei der Datenübertragung verwendet werden soll, basierend auf dem Planungs-Gewichtungswert der Zielrate,

wobei der Planungs-Gewichtungswert ein Prioritätswert ist, wobei ein höherer Planung-Gewichtungswert einer besseren Chance der Datenübertragungsplanung zu der drahtlosen Vorrichtung in einem nächsten Übertragungsintervall entspricht;

Bestimmen (404) einer Größe des Datensegments, das bei der Datenübertragung verwendet werden soll, zumindest teilweise basierend auf dem Planungs-Gewichtungswert, und

Bestimmen (405) eines ausstehenden Datenvolumens für die Übertragung der Videodaten zu einem Wiedergabepuffer der drahtlosen Vorrichtung (120), basierend zumindest teilweise auf dem Planungs-Gewichtungswert, wobei das ausstehende Datenvolumen eine Menge von Videodaten in dem Wiedergabepuffer ist, die zur Wiedergabe bereit ist.


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1,
wobei das Bestimmen (401) der Zielbitrate der Datenübertragung ferner auf einer Übertragungsverzögerung eines Teils von einem oder mehreren Videobildern der Datenübertragung basiert.
 
3. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 2,
wobei der Scheduler-Gewichtungswert so bestimmt wird, dass die erreichte Empfangsbitrate der drahtlosen Vorrichtung (120) die Zielbitrate der Datenübertragung ist.
 
4. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3,
wobei das Bestimmen (404) der Größe des Datensegments unter Verwendung einer Tabelle von Größen von Datensegmenten basierend auf mindestens einer Lastmessgröße des drahtlosen Kommunikationsnetzes (100) und das Bestimmen der Größe eines für die Datenübertragung zu verwendenden Datensegments aus der verwendeten Tabelle von Größen von Datensegmenten mindestens teilweise basierend auf dem Planungs-Gewichtungswert durchgeführt wird.
 
5. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4,
wobei das Bestimmen (405) des ausstehenden Datenvolumens für die Übertragung der Videodaten zu einem Wiedergabepuffer der drahtlosen Vorrichtung (120) ferner darauf basiert, dass die Geschwindigkeit der Übertragung der Videodaten zum Wiedergabepuffer der drahtlosen Vorrichtung (120) höher sein soll als das, was von der drahtlosen Vorrichtung (120) verbraucht wird.
 
6. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5,
das entscheidet (406), basierend auf dem Planungs-Gewichtungswert, ob die Videodaten des Videostreaming-Dienstes vom Server (130) über den Netzknoten (110) zur drahtlosen Vorrichtung (120) übertragen werden sollen oder nicht.
 
7. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6,
wobei das Bestimmen (404) der Größe des bei der Datenübertragung zu verwendenden Datensegments ferner auf mindestens einer Lastmessgröße des drahtlosen Kommunikationsnetzes (100) basiert.
 
8. Netzknoten (110), der einen Prozess der Steuerung einer Datenübertragung betrifft, die sich auf Videodaten eines Videostreaming-Dienstes von einem Server (130) zu einer drahtlosen Vorrichtung (120) bezieht, wobei der Netzknoten (110) und die drahtlose Vorrichtung (120) dazu angeordnet sind, in einem drahtlosen Kommunikationsnetz (100) zu arbeiten, wobei der Netzknoten (110) dazu angeordnet ist, den Prozess des Steuerns der Datenübertragung dadurch durchzuführen, dass er konfiguriert ist zum:

Bestimmen einer Zielbitrate der Datenübertragung basierend auf der betrieblichen Netzeffizienz des drahtlosen Kommunikationsnetzes (100);

Bestimmen eines Zielratenplanungs-Gewichtungswertes der Datenübertragung basierend auf der Zielbitrate der Datenübertragung,

Bestimmen eines Planungs-Gewichtungswertes für die drahtlose Vorrichtung (120), die bei der Datenübertragung verwendet werden soll, basierend auf dem Zielraten-Planungs-Gewichtungswert, wobei der Planungs-Gewichtungswert ein Prioritätswert ist, wobei ein höherer Planungs-Gewichtungswert einer besseren Chance der Datenübertragungsplanung zu der drahtlosen Vorrichtung in einem nächsten Übertragungsintervall entspricht;

Bestimmen einer Größe des Datensegments, das bei der Datenübertragung verwendet werden soll, zumindest teilweise basierend auf dem Planungs-Gewichtungswert, und

Bestimmen eines ausstehenden Datenvolumens für die Übertragung der Videodaten zu einem Wiedergabepuffer der drahtlosen Vorrichtung (120), basierend zumindest teilweise auf dem Planungs-Gewichtungswert, wobei das ausstehende Datenvolumen eine Menge von Videodaten in dem Wiedergabepuffer ist, die zur Wiedergabe bereit ist.


 
9. Netzknoten (110) nach Anspruch 8,
wobei der Netzknoten (110) ferner dazu konfiguriert ist, die Zielbitrate der Datenübertragung ferner basierend auf einer Übertragungsverzögerung eines Teils von einem oder mehreren Videobildern der Datenübertragung zu bestimmen.
 
10. Netzknoten (110) nach einem der Ansprüche 8 bis 9,
wobei der Scheduler-Gewichtungswert so bestimmt werden soll, dass die erreichte Empfangsbitrate der drahtlosen Vorrichtung (120) die Zielbitrate der Datenübertragung ist.
 
11. Netzknoten (110) nach einem der Ansprüche 8 - 10,
wobei der Netzknoten (110) ferner so konfiguriert ist, dass er die Größe eines Datensegments bestimmt, indem er eine Tabelle von Größen von Datensegmenten basierend auf mindestens einer Lastmessgröße des drahtlosen Kommunikationsnetzes (100) verwendet und indem er aus der verwendeten Tabelle von Größen von Datensegmenten die Größe eines für die Datenübertragung zu verwendenden Datensegments mindestens teilweise basierend auf dem Planung-Gewichtungswert bestimmt.
 


Revendications

1. Procédé mis en œuvre dans un nœud de réseau (110) se rapportant à un processus de commande d'un transfert de données se rapportant à des données vidéo d'un service de flux vidéo depuis un serveur (130) vers un dispositif sans fil (120), lesquels nœud de réseau (110) et dispositif sans fil (120) fonctionnent dans un réseau de communications sans fil (100), dans lequel le processus de commande de transfert de données comprend :

la détermination (401) d'un débit binaire cible du transfert de données sur la base d'une efficacité opérationnelle de réseau du réseau de communications sans fil (100) ;

la détermination (402) d'une valeur de pondération de planification de débit cible du transfert de données sur la base du débit binaire cible du transfert de données,

la détermination (403) d'une valeur de pondération de planification pour le dispositif sans fil (120) à utiliser dans le transfert de données, sur la base de la valeur de pondération de planification de débit cible,

dans lequel la valeur de pondération de planification est une valeur de priorité, une valeur de pondération de planification plus élevée correspondant à une meilleure chance de planification de transmission de données vers le dispositif sans fil dans un intervalle de transmission suivant ;

la détermination (404) d'une taille de segment de données à utiliser dans le transfert de données sur la base au moins en partie de la valeur de pondération de planification, et

la détermination (405) d'un volume de données en attente pour le transfert des données vidéo vers un tampon de lecture du dispositif sans fil (120) sur la base au moins en partie de la valeur de pondération de planification, dans lequel le volume de données en attente est une quantité de données vidéo dans le tampon de lecture qui est prête à être lue.


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1,
dans lequel la détermination (401) du débit binaire cible du transfert de données est en outre basée sur un retard de transmission d'une partie de ou d'une ou plusieurs trames vidéo du transfert de données.
 
3. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 ou 2, dans lequel la valeur de pondération de planificateur est déterminée de sorte que le débit binaire reçu atteint du dispositif sans fil (120) est le débit binaire ciblé du transfert de données.
 
4. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel la détermination (404) de la taille de segment de données est mise en œuvre en utilisant une table de tailles de segment de données sur la base d'au moins une mesure de charge du réseau de communications sans fil (100), et en déterminant à partir de la table de tailles de segment de données utilisée, la taille d'un segment de données à utiliser pour le transfert de données sur la base au moins en partie de la valeur de pondération de planification.
 
5. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel la détermination (405) du volume de données en attente pour le transfert des données vidéo vers un tampon de lecture du dispositif sans fil (120) est en outre basée sur le fait que le rythme de transfert des données vidéo vers le tampon de lecture du dispositif sans fil (120) sera plus élevé que ce qui est consommé par le dispositif sans fil (120).
 
6. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, décidant (406) si les données vidéo du service de flux vidéo seront ou non transférées depuis le serveur (130) via le nœud de réseau (110) vers le dispositif sans fil (120) sur la base de la valeur de pondération de planification.
 
7. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel la détermination (404) de la taille de segment de données à utiliser dans le transfert de données est en outre basée sur au moins une mesure de charge du réseau de communications sans fil (100).
 
8. Nœud de réseau (110) se rapportant à un processus de commande d'un transfert de données se rapportant à des données vidéo d'un service de flux vidéo depuis un serveur (130) vers un dispositif sans fil (120), lesquels nœud de réseau (110) et dispositif sans fil (120) sont agencés pour fonctionner dans un réseau de communications sans fil (100), dans lequel le nœud de réseau (110) est agencé pour mettre en œuvre le processus de commande de transfert de données en étant configuré pour :

déterminer un débit binaire cible du transfert de données sur la base d'une efficacité opérationnelle de réseau du réseau de communications sans fil (100),

déterminer une valeur de pondération de planification de débit cible du transfert de données sur la base du débit binaire cible du transfert de données,

déterminer une valeur de pondération de planification pour le dispositif sans fil (120) à utiliser dans le transfert de données, sur la base de la valeur de pondération de planification de débit cible, dans lequel la valeur de pondération de planification est une valeur de priorité, une valeur de pondération de planification plus élevée correspondant à une meilleure chance de planification de transmission de données vers le dispositif sans fil dans un intervalle de transmission suivant,

déterminer une taille de segment de données à utiliser dans le transfert de données sur la base au moins en partie de la valeur de pondération de planification, et

déterminer un volume de données en attente pour le transfert des données vidéo vers un tampon de lecture du dispositif sans fil (120) sur la base au moins en partie de la valeur de pondération de planification, dans lequel le volume de données en attente est une quantité de données vidéo dans le tampon de lecture qui est prête à être lue.


 
9. Nœud de réseau (110) selon la revendication 8,
dans lequel le nœud de réseau (110) est en outre configuré pour déterminer le débit binaire cible du transfert de données sur la base en outre d'un retard de transmission d'une partie d'une ou plusieurs trames vidéo du transfert de données.
 
10. Nœud de réseau (110) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 ou 9,
dans lequel la valeur de pondération de planificateur doit être déterminée de sorte que le débit binaire reçu atteint du dispositif sans fil (120) est le débit binaire ciblé du transfert de données.
 
11. Nœud de réseau (110) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 à 10,
dans lequel le nœud de réseau (110) est en outre configuré pour déterminer la taille de segment de données en utilisant une table de tailles de segment de données sur la base d'au moins une mesure de charge du réseau de communications sans fil (100), et en déterminant à partir de la table de tailles de segment de données utilisée, la taille d'un segment de données à utiliser pour le transfert de données sur la base au moins en partie de la valeur de pondération de planification.
 




Drawing










































REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Non-patent literature cited in the description