(19)
(11)EP 3 215 814 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
10.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/24

(21)Application number: 15804159.0

(22)Date of filing:  26.10.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G01F 23/00  (2006.01)
G06Q 10/00  (2012.01)
B65F 1/14  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/FI2015/050731
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/071561 (12.05.2016 Gazette  2016/19)

(54)

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MONITORING AND COMMUNICATING THE FILL RATE OF A CONTAINER

VERFAHREN UND SYSTEM ZUR ÜBERWACHUNG UND KOMMUNIKATION DER FÜLLRATE EINES TANKS

PROCÉDÉ ET SYSTÈME DE SURVEILLANCE ET DE COMMUNICATION DU NIVEAU DE REMPLISSAGE D'UN RÉSERVOIR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 06.11.2014 US 201414535041

(43)Date of publication of application:
13.09.2017 Bulletin 2017/37

(73)Proprietor: Enevo Oy
02600 Espoo (FI)

(72)Inventor:
  • KEKÄLÄINEN, Fredrik
    FI-02710 Espoo (FI)

(74)Representative: Suominen, Kaisa Liisa 
Moosedog Oy Rykmentintie 2B
20810 Turku
20810 Turku (FI)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 641 851
WO-A1-2015/199884
GB-A- 2 510 179
US-A1- 2010 033 318
US-B1- 7 406 402
EP-A2- 2 677 285
GB-A- 2 379 991
US-A1- 2006 261 941
US-A1- 2013 181 829
US-B1- 8 794 135
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present disclosure relates generally to a wireless monitoring and communication methods and systems; and more specifically, to methods and systems for monitoring and communicating a fill rate of a container in a power efficient manner.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Use of garbage containers can be seen in almost all commercial and residential places. Such garbage containers are required to be periodically emptied or cleaned. Typically, maintenance personnel associated with such cleaning or emptying job use trucks for emptying such garbage containers. The maintenance personnel have scheduled routes and limited time to run the trucks for emptying garbage containers of various localities. In order to make the entire process of garbage collection efficient, it is desirable to know fill levels of the garbage containers so as to ensure timely cleanliness of such garbage containers. For example, the fill level information can help in designing a route and scheduling time for emptying garbage containers of a particular locality. Also, having the ability to predict a proper emptying time for a garbage container helps the garbage collector to plan the route of the garbage collector truck to reduce costs related to the whole garbage collection process.

    [0003] In order to address such issues, nowadays garbage containers are often equipped with a gauge that is configured to monitor a fill level of the garbage container and communicate the same to a remote server, see for example European patent publication EP 2 641 851 A1. The server receives and processes the fill level data to design an efficient route and schedules time for emptying garbage container of a particular locality. However, such gauges require continuous monitor of the fill level and communication of the same to the server. For example, at least one communication is scheduled between the gauge and the server every day for sending the fill level data to the server. Typically, such communications are made irrespective of the fill level of the container, i.e. the gauge communicates with the server even if the container is half filled. Therefore, such communications are undesirable as they consume a substantial amount of battery power of the gauge and do not provide any critical data. As a result, the battery of the gauge is either required to be replaced in quick succession due to such undesirable communications or requires employment of heavier duty battery for a longer operation of such gauges.

    [0004] Therefore, in light of the foregoing discussion, there exists a need to overcome the aforementioned drawbacks of undesirable communications generally performed between a gauge and a server in the process of determining a fill level of a container.

    SUMMARY



    [0005] The present disclosure seeks to provide a method for monitoring and communicating a fill rate of a container.

    [0006] The present disclosure also seeks to provide a system for monitoring and communicating a fill rate of a container.

    [0007] In one aspect, an embodiment of the present disclosure provides a method according to independent claim 1.

    [0008] In another aspect, an embodiment of the present disclosure provides a system according to independent claim 12.

    [0009] Embodiments of the present disclosure substantially eliminate or at least partially address the aforementioned problems in the prior art, and enable monitoring and communicating a fill rate of a container by a gauge in a power efficient manner.

    [0010] Additional aspects, advantages, features and objects of the present disclosure would be made apparent from the drawings and the detailed description of the illustrative embodiments construed in conjunction with the appended claims 2-11 and 13-15 that follow.

    [0011] It will be appreciated that features of the present disclosure are susceptible to being combined in various combinations without departing from the scope of the present disclosure as defined by the appended claims.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0012] The summary above, as well as the following detailed description of illustrative embodiments, is better understood when read in conjunction with the appended drawings. For the purpose of illustrating the present disclosure, exemplary constructions of the disclosure are shown in the drawings. However, the present disclosure is not limited to specific methods and instrumentalities disclosed herein. Moreover, those in the art will understand that the drawings are not to scale. Wherever possible, like elements have been indicated by identical numbers.

    [0013] Embodiments of the present disclosure will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the following diagrams wherein:
    FIG. 1
    is a schematic illustration of a garbage container; in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure;
    FIG. 2
    is a schematic illustration of a gauge architecture; in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure;
    FIG. 3
    is a schematic illustration of a system for monitoring and communicating a fill rate of garbage containers, in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure;
    FIG. 4
    is an illustration of steps of a method of a server operation, in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure;
    FIG. 5
    is an illustration of steps of a method of a gauge operation, in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure; and
    FIG. 6
    is an illustration of steps of a method for monitoring and communicating a fill rate of a container, in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure.


    [0014] In the accompanying drawings, an underlined number is employed to represent an item over which the underlined number is positioned or an item to which the underlined number is adjacent. A non-underlined number relates to an item identified by a line linking the non-underlined number to the item. When a number is non-underlined and accompanied by an associated arrow, the non-underlined number is used to identify a general item at which the arrow is pointing.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0015] The following detailed description illustrates embodiments of the present disclosure and ways in which they can be implemented. Although some modes of carrying out the present disclosure have been disclosed, those skilled in the art would recognize that other embodiments for carrying out or practicing the present disclosure are also possible.

    [0016] The invention in the present disclosure provides a method for monitoring a fill rate of a container and communicating the monitored fill rate to a server, the container comprising at least a first sensor which is a fill rate sensor in a normally non-active mode. The method comprises
    • receiving an operational model from a server, the operational model defining a wake-up signal to determine whether to initiate communication between the fill rate sensor and the server, the operational model also defining a pre-determined fill rate level comprising a predefined maximum value of the fill rate and a predefined minimum value of the fill rate, wherein communication between the fill rate sensor and the server only occurs when the pre-determined fill rate level is not met, wherein the operational model comprises a predicted fill rate of the container as a function of time;
    • detecting the wake-up signal;
    • measuring the fill rate of the container with the fill rate sensor;
    • comparing a measured fill rate with the pre-determined fill rate level defined in the operational model; and
    • communicating the measured fill rate to the server only if
      • the measured fill rate is above the predefined maximum value of the fill rate, or
      • the measured fill rate is below the predefined minimum value of the fill rate.


    [0017] In another aspect, the invention in the present disclosure provides a system for monitoring and communicating a fill rate of a container. The system comprises
    • a gauge mounted on the container, the gauge comprises at least a first sensor which is a fill rate sensor in a normally non-active mode; and
    • a server communicably coupled to the gauge to provide an operational model to the gauge, the operational model defining a wake-up signal to determine whether to initiate communication between the fill rate sensor and the server, the operational model also defining a pre-determined fill rate level having a predefined maximum value of the fill rate and a predefined minimum value of the fill rate, wherein communication between the fill rate sensor and the server only occurs when the pre-determined fill rate level is not met, wherein the operational model comprises a predicted fill rate of the container as a function of time,
      wherein, based on the operational model the gauge is configured to
      • measure a fill rate of the container with the fill rate sensor,
      • compare the measured fill rate with the pre-determined fill rate level defined in the operational model, and
      • communicate the measured fill rate to the server only if
        • the measured fill rate is above the predefined maximum value of the fill rate, or
        • the measured fill rate is below the predefined minimum value of the fill rate.


    [0018] In one embodiment, the container is a garbage container used for temporarily collecting garbage or trash therein. The garbage container can be assigned to a particular locality for collecting the garbage in and around that locality. The garbage container includes a hollow body for collecting garbage therein and a lid for closing the body. The garbage container can be a garbage bin (having various sizes of about 20 to 100 Gallon (about 75 to 380 litres)) or a garbage cart (having various sizes of about 2 to 8 yards (about 1.8 to 7.3 meters)). The garbage container is periodically emptied or cleaned by maintenance personnel. For example, the garbage container may be associated with a specific route and scheduled time defined for emptying thereof.

    [0019] In one embodiment, the container comprises the gauge mounted on the lid thereof. Alternatively, the gauge may be mounted on a substantially upper portion of the body of the container. Further, the gauge is preferably mounted in a non-obstructive manner, such that the gauge does not obstruct garbage from being collected into the body.

    [0020] As explained above, the gauge comprises at least a first sensor, which is the fill rate sensor. According to an embodiment, the fill rate sensor is selected from the group consisting of ultrasonic sensor, infrared sensor, pressure sensor, weight sensor, ultra wideband radar sensor, CCD camera sensor and laser sensor.

    [0021] According to an embodiment, the gauge also comprises other sensors in addition to the fill rate sensor. For example, the gauge comprises at least a second sensor. The second sensor can be selected from a group consisting of ultrasonic sensor, accelerometer, humidity sensor, gas sensor, ambient light sensor and temperature sensor.

    [0022] In addition to above, the gauge may also comprise a microcontroller with embedded memory for a program data and data storage, a wireless transceiver and antenna typically operating on Global System for Mobile communication (GSM) or similar cellular standard. The gauge preferably also comprises a battery for powering the sensors, the microcontroller and the wireless transceiver. The battery can be an industrial grade Li-Ion battery. Further, the gauge, particularly the microcontroller, preferably includes a clock function, i.e. a real time clock.

    [0023] In one example not part of the invention, the gauge is a sealed device, such that, the gauge cannot be opened for tampering. Further, in case of any malfunction, the damaged gauge may be replaced with a new gauge.

    [0024] The system of present disclosure preferably comprises a plurality of such gauges adapted to be mounted on various garbage containers belonging to different localities.

    [0025] The plurality of gauges may be coupled to the server via one or more communication networks. The communication network can be a wired, wireless, or a combination thereof. Examples of such communication network includes, but are not limited to, Local Area Networks (LANs), Wide Area Networks (WANs), Metropolitan Area Networks (MANs), Wireless LANs (WLANs), Wireless WANs (WWANs), Wireless MANs (WMANs), the Internet, second generation (2G) telecommunication networks, third generation (3G) telecommunication networks, fourth generation (4G) telecommunication networks, and Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX) networks.

    [0026] According to an embodiment, the server is operable to provide operational models to the gauges. The server may comprise a program code that makes the server to connect with the gauges for providing the operational models. The program code also makes the server operable to exchange data with the gauges and design operational models for the gauges, which is explained in greater detail herein later. Additionally, the server may be operable to store received data from the gauges, i.e. the server may include a database for storing the received data.

    [0027] The system of the present disclosure also preferably comprises a user device operatively coupled to the server. The user device is operable to control the server and exchange data with the server. The server provides a user interface on the user device for controlling and monitoring the operation of the server. In an example, the user device may be a computing device which includes but is not limited to a laptop or a desktop.

    [0028] The operational models provided to the gauges may be different from each other. Specifically, each operational model typically contains different set of instructions defining different patterns of operation for the gauges.

    [0029] According to an embodiment, an operational model is calculated or designed based on various external parameters (independent of gauge measurement data). The parameters include but are not limited to a gauge type and capabilities, physical coordinates of the installation of the gauge and customer agreement related the container use.

    [0030] Additionally, an operational model may be calculated by analyzing gauge measurement data over a period of time, which is explained in detail herein later.

    [0031] Optionally, an operational model is calculated based on both external parameters and analyzed data collected from the gauge.

    [0032] The gauges of the present disclosure are designed for low power operation, i. e. the microcontrollers thereof typically stay in sleep mode (i.e. not in communication with the server) until they receive a wake-up signal from at least one of the sensor or the clock function as defined in the operational model.

    [0033] According to an embodiment, the sensors of the gauges measure data and transmit the measurement data to the server only when one or more measured data is out of allowed ranges (as defined in the operational model). The allowed ranges of sensor data that generate wake-up signals are defined in the operational model. For example, when a gauge is mounted on a lid of a residential single-house garbage container, in such instance, a wake-up signal can be set to 3G, which in this case is a minimum acceleration when the lid is closed. Alternatively, a more complex definition of wake-up signal can be defined, such as, temperature above a threshold for a certain time period and the like, which will be explained in detail herein later.

    [0034] According to the invention, the operational model comprises a predicted fill rate of the container as a function of time. The predicted fill rate may be expressed in number of days, i.e. the garbage container is expected to be filled as per the defined number of days. For example, if a garbage container generally fills at a rate of 10 % every day, then the predicted fill rate of the container would be 10 days, when the container is expected to the completely filled. Therefore, the operational model can include a predicted fill rate of 8 days or 9 days, when the container is expected to be filled by 80 % or 90 %, respectively. Accordingly, the gauge would communicate with the server after 8 or 9 days based on such operational model.

    [0035] Based on above operational model, the clock function of the gauge wakes up the microcontroller from the sleep mode after 8 or 9 days. This would instruct the transceiver of the gauge to transmit a fill rate data to the server.

    [0036] According to an embodiment, the operational model further comprises a predefined measurement schedule and a predefined communication schedule. The predefined measurement schedule and the predefined communication schedule are also a function of time, however, such schedules may be associated with an uneven time line instead of an even time line.

    [0037] Based on the predefined measurement schedule the gauge, particularly the sensors thereof, may measure various data (such as for example fill rate data, accelerometer data, humidity data, ambient light data, temperature data and gas data) related to a garbage level of the garbage container. Further, based on the predefined communication schedule the gauge communicates with the server to transmit such measurement data. In an example, the predefined schedules can be associated with peak hours of a day or peak days of a month or year, when the gauge should measure and communicate such data to the server.

    [0038] An example operation of a gauge, having the above operational model, is configured to measure and communicate data to the server at around 10 am on 26th of December (after Christmas), when a probability of the garbage container to be filled is substantially high. Similarly, the predefined measurement and communication schedules may relate to all festive or holiday seasons when the probability of the garbage container to be filled is substantially high. In addition to this, the predefined measurement and communication schedules may be associated to weekends instead of week days.

    [0039] According to an embodiment, the operational model further comprises allowed ranges for measurement data from at least one of the sensors as a function of time. The operational model thus defines allowed ranges of measurement data, for each sensors of the gauge, as a function of time. Therefore, once the measurement data of the sensors is equal to or exceeds the allowed ranges for measurement data, the gauge is instructed to communicate with the server. According to an embodiment, the data is selected from a group consisting of fill rate data, accelerometer data, humidity data, ambient light data, temperature data and gas data.

    [0040] In an example, the temperature sensor may be configured to have an allowed range of 0-40 °C for an hour. The gauge accordingly would communicate with the server when the temperature sensor senses either a temperature of 40 °C or above for more than an hour, or a temperature of 0 °C or below for more than an hour. Similarly, other sensors such as the fill rate sensor, accelerometer, humidity sensor, ambient light sensor and gas sensor can include allowed ranges for measurement data as a function of time.

    [0041] The allowed ranges of the measurement data (of the sensors) defined in the operational models are dependent on various factors, such as the garbage container type, location, intended use and the like. For example, a gauge mounted on bigger garbage containers may have higher allowed ranges (of measurement data for the sensors) as compared to smaller garbage containers. Further, a gauge mounted on a garbage container associated with largely populated locality would have lower allowed ranges as compared to a gauge mounted on a garbage container associated with less populated locality.

    [0042] According to an embodiment, the operational model further comprises at least one measurement data combination triggering communication. The measurement data combination triggering communication acts as a wake-up signal for the microcontroller (that generally remains in a sleep mode) to initiate communication between the gauge and the server. The measurement data combination triggering communication is an indication when two or more sensors measurement data when combined together constitute a value (primarily associated with a fill level of the garbage container) for which a communication should be established between the gauge and the server.

    [0043] Therefore, according to an embodiment, the at least one measurement data combination comprises measurement data from different sensors. For example, the measurement data combination includes any combination of the fill rate data, accelerometer data, humidity data, ambient light data, temperature data and gas data acquired from fill rate sensor, accelerometer, humidity sensor, ambient light sensor, temperature sensor and gas sensor, respectively.

    [0044] According to an embodiment, the method further comprises the steps of:
    • measuring an acceleration of the second sensor, the second sensor comprising an accelerometer and the measured acceleration comprising acceleration data;
    • comparing the acceleration data to a baseline;
    • measuring the fill rate of the container after a pre-defined time, when the acceleration data deviates from the baseline more than a pre-defined percentage; and
    • communicating the fill rate to the server, if
      • the fill rate measured after the pre-defined time is equal to or below the predefined minimum fill rate, indicating that the container has been emptied, and/or
      • the fill rate measured after the pre-defined time is equal to or above the predefined maximum value of the fill rate, indicating that the container has been filled.


    [0045] According to an embodiment, the measurement data combination comprises measurement data from the accelerometer and measurement data representing the fill rate. This latter data comes from the fill rate sensor. In an example, the accelerometer measures acceleration of the lid of the garbage container. The measured acceleration data of the lid is compared with a baseline (allowed range) acceleration data of the operational model. For example, the predefined acceleration data can be set to 3G. Thereafter, the fill rate of the container is measure after a pre-defined time, when the acceleration data deviates from the allowed range. Specifically, when the measured acceleration data excesses 3G, the fill rate of the container is measured a few minutes later. Finally, the fill rate is communicated to the server if the fill rate is equal or above the predefined maximum fill rate, indicating that the container has been filled. Otherwise, the fill rate is communicated to the server if the fill rate is equal or below the predefined minimum fill rate, indicating that the container has been emptied. Additionally, if the measured fill rate is between the predefined maximum and minimum fill rates (indicating that the container is half filled or half emptied), the fill rate is not communicated to the server. This causes the gauge to not communicate with the server.

    [0046] According to an embodiment, the method comprises, in conjunction with communicating the fill rate to the server, communicating at least part of the measurement data collected since a previous communication. For example, the gauge sends the measurement data collected from the previous communications in addition to a latest fill rate data to server. Additionally, the gauge communicates previous fill rate data and other previous measurement data such as accelerometer data, humidity data, ambient light data, temperature data and gas data (measure by the other sensors of the gauge) to the server. According to an embodiment, based on the communicated data the server iterates the operational model. Specifically, when the server receives the measurement data from the gauge, the server compares the allowed ranges defined for an existing operational model with the received measurement data. If any deviation in the measurement data and the allowed ranges are found, the server is operable to redefine the existing operational model and generate a new operation model for the gauge based on such deviations. For example, if a delay in the fill rate data is identified, the same delay is considered while designing the new operational model. Accordingly, the new operational model is communicated to the gauge for the operation thereof.

    [0047] Typically, in the process of designing a new operational model, latest and previous measurement data (associated with the sensors) from the gauge are used. Additionally, new external parameter related to agreement with customer, weather condition and the like may be also considered while designing the new operational model.

    [0048] According to an embodiment, the system is also configured to monitor and communicate an emptying event of the garbage container. The emptying event may be detected and recorded by the gauge and communicated to the server.

    [0049] In an example, the emptying event of the garbage container is detected using multiple sensing methods as a time based sequence. For example, if a measured data of the accelerometer exceeds an allowed range as per the operational model, the fill rate sensor (such as the ultrasonic sensor) starts collecting data for a predetermined time. The predetermined time can be about 60 seconds, in which the ultrasonic sensor measures data is a sequence of time intervals each separated by 0.1 to 1 seconds. If the ultrasonic sensor senses oscillations of about 20 seconds, an inference can be made that the emptying event has happened. Alternatively, if the ultrasonic sensor remains fairly static, an inference can be made that the emptying event has not been performed.

    [0050] The system and method of the present disclosure reduces non-critical communication between a gauge and a server. In a conventional scenario, a gauge typically operates to transmit a measured fill level data on a daily basis and in such a situation energy consumed by the communication (between the gauge and the server) constitutes as much as 80 % of the daily energy consumption of the battery. Therefore, in an example scenario, by eliminating 50 % of the communication between the gauge and the server, average daily consumption of the battery can be reduced by 40 %. This can correspond to increase in a battery life of about roughly 67 %. The following calculation can be considered for the above calculated value of the battery life:

    Consider,

    Eb = energy in battery

    Ed = daily consumption of energy

    Ec = energy used in communication

    Eo = energy used for other purposes (microcontroller and/or sensor reading)

    Tb = battery lifetime in days

    Ecn = energy used in communication in the disclosed setup

    Edn = daily consumption of energy in the disclosed setup

    Therefore,





    If we consider,



    The ratio of, Edn/Ed = (Ecn+Eo)/(Ec+Eo) = 1.667 (showing increase in the battery life of about 67 %)

    [0051] It is to be understood that, for the above calculation, power required for communicating an operational model to the gauge is assumed to negligible. Further, the above calculation does not take into account any substantial increase in the microcontroller activity. However, even if the power consumption of the microcontroller is assumed to be increased by 10 %, still the battery life is expected to be increased by about 61 %.

    [0052] According to an embodiment, the system of the present disclosure can be employed in other fields, apart from monitoring and communicating a fill rate of a garbage container. Specifically, the system of the present disclosure can be employed in general in any field where a container needs to be either filled or emptied. For example, the system can be implemented to monitor and communicate a fill rate of an oil tank of a fuel station. The gauges of the present disclosure can be attached to the oil tank and measured fill rate data of the oil tank (based on the operational model) is forwarded to an oil delivery firm. This helps the oil delivery firm to make a decision when the oil tank should be refilled and plan and execute the associated logistics efficiently.

    [0053] The present disclosure provides a system and a method that reduce non-critical communication between a gauge and a server. The reduced communication helps in substantially increasing a battery life of the gauge and makes an entire process of monitoring and communicating a fill rate of a container (such as the garbage container, the oil tank and the like) power efficient. Typically, a battery life of a gauge is ten years in a conventional scenario, based on the system and method of the present disclosure an expected battery life can be increased by for example about 67 %. Therefore, a battery with smaller capacity can be used as an alternative. This further make the entire process of monitoring and communicating the fill rate of the container cost efficient. Finally, such fill rate data helps in optimizing logistics, such garbage collection truck or oil truck, used for emptying or filling such container.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0054] Referring now to the drawings, particularly by their reference numbers, FIG. 1 is a schematic illustration of a garbage container 100. The container 100 primarily includes two parts, i.e., a hollow body 102 and a lid 104 mounted on an upper portion of the hollow body 102. The lid 104 is attached to the hollow body 102 with the help of a hinge 106. The lid 104 includes a handle 106 for the opening and closing of the hollow body 102. The container 100 also includes a gauge 120 attached to an underside of the lid 104. The gauge 120 is operable to measure an amount of material 130 in the hollow body 102, i.e. a fill level of the container 100.

    [0055] FIG. 2 is a schematic illustration of a gauge architecture, in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure. The gauge 120 includes a first sensor 202, such as a fill rate sensor. The gauge 120 also includes a second sensor, such as sensors 204 and 206. The gauge 120 further includes a microcontroller 210 with embedded memory for a program code, data storage and a clock function (typically a real time clock). The gauge 120 also includes a wireless transceiver 220 having antenna operable on GSM or similar cellular standard. The gauge 120 further includes a power source 230, such as a battery, for providing electrical power to the sensors 202, 204, 206, the microcontroller 210 and the wireless transceiver 220.

    [0056] Referring now to FIG. 3, a schematic illustration of a system 300 for monitoring and communicating a fill rate of garbage containers is illustrated, in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure. The system 300 includes at least one gauge, such as the gauges 120a, 120b and 120c. Those skilled in the art would recognize that the gauges 120a, 120b and 120c are similar to the gauge 120 (explained in conjunction with the FIGS. 1 and 2) and attached to containers, such as the container 100.

    [0057] The system 300 also includes a server 310. The server 310 is coupled with the gauges 120a, 120b and 120c via a communication network 320. The server 310 includes a program code 330 and a database 340. The program code 330 makes the server 310 to connect with the gauges 120a, 120b and 120c for exchanging data therebetween. The database 340 of the server 310 is configured to store received data therein.

    [0058] Further, the server 310, particularly the program code 330 thereof, makes the server 310 operable to provide operational models to the gauges 120a, 120b and 120c. Those skilled in the art would recognize that the operational models provided to the gauges 120a, 120b and 120c are different from each other. The server 310 is operable to start a communication session between the gauges 120a, 120b and 120c and the server 310, based on the operational models. The gauges 120a, 120b and 120c of the system 100 are designed for low power operation. Specifically, the microcontrollers of the gauges 120a, 120b and 120c generally stay in sleep mode until the microcontrollers receive a wake-up signal from at least one of the sensor or the clock function. The wake-up signal is primarily associated with allowed ranges of at least one of the sensor data or the clock function defined by the operational models.

    [0059] The gauges 120a, 120b and 120c accordingly communicate with the server 310 for transmitting the measurement data of the sensors. The measurement data is primarily associated with the fill rate of the containers. The server 310 analyzes the measurement data to make changes in the existing operational models or to design new operational models for the gauges 120a, 120b and 120c.

    [0060] The system 300 also includes a user device 350 operatively coupled to the server 310. The user device 350 is operable to control the server 310 and exchange data with the server 310. The server 310 provides a user interface on the user device 350 for controlling and monitoring the operation of the server 310.

    [0061] Referring now to FIG. 4, illustrated are steps of a method 400 of a server operation, in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure. Those skilled in the art would recognize that the method 400 illustrates steps involved in the operation of the server 310 of the FIG. 3.

    [0062] The method 400 initiates at step 402. Following step 402, at step 404, the server calculates an operational model for a gauge.

    [0063] At step 406, the server transfers (or provides) the operational model to the gauge. The operational model instructs how the gauge should operate, i.e. to establish only required or essential communication between the gauge and the server.

    [0064] At step 408, the server receives data from the gauge. Once the communication is established between the gauge and the server, the gauge transmits measurement data (of the sensors) to the server. Then at step 410, the method 400 terminates.

    [0065] Referring now to FIG. 5, illustrated are steps of a method 400 of a gauge operation, in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure. Those skilled in the art would recognize that the method 500 illustrates steps involved in the operation of the gauge 210 explained in conjunction with the FIGS. 1-3.

    [0066] The method 500 initiates at step 502. Following step 502, at step 504, a gauge receives an operational model. The operational model is provided and designed by a server, operatively coupled to the gauge.

    [0067] At step 506, the gauge executes according to the operational model. The operational model instructs the gauge to communicate with the server.

    [0068] At step 508, the gauge sends measurement data to the server. The measurement data includes data sensed by sensors of the gauge. Then at step 410, the method 400 terminates.

    [0069] Referring now to FIG. 6, illustration of steps of a method 600 for monitoring and communicating a fill rate of a container is shown, in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure. The container is configured to include at least a first sensor which is a fill rate sensor.

    [0070] The method 600 initiates at step 602. Following step 602, at step 604, the gauge receives an operational model from a server. The operational model includes a predefined maximum and/or minimum value of the fill rate for the fill rate sensor.

    [0071] At step 606, the fill rate sensor measures a fill rate of the container.

    [0072] At step 608, the gauge, particularly a microcontroller thereof, compares the measured fill rate calculated by the fill rate sensor with the predefined maximum and/or minimum value of the fill rate defined by the operational model.

    [0073] At step 610, the gauge, particularly a transceiver thereof, communicates the fill rate to the server if the fill rate is equal or above the predefined maximum fill rate, and/or the fill rate is equal or below the predefined minimum fill rate. Then at step 612, the method 600 terminates.

    [0074] The steps 602 to 612 are only illustrative and other alternatives can also be provided where one or more steps are added, one or more steps are removed, or one or more steps are provided in a different sequence without departing from the scope of the claims herein. For example, in addition to communicating the fill rate to the server, at least part of the measurement data collected since a previous communication is communicated to the server. Further, based at least on the communicated data the server iterates the operational model for the gauge.

    [0075] Modifications to embodiments of the present disclosure described in the foregoing are possible without departing from the scope of the present disclosure as defined by the accompanying claims. Expressions such as "including", "comprising", "incorporating", "have", "is" used to describe and claim the present disclosure are intended to be construed in a non-exclusive manner, namely allowing for items, components or elements not explicitly described also to be present. Reference to the singular is also to be construed to relate to the plural.


    Claims

    1. A method for monitoring a fill rate of a container (100) and communicating the monitored fill rate to a server (310), the container (100) comprising at least a first sensor (202) which is a fill rate sensor in a normally non-active mode, the method comprising:

    - receiving an operational model from the server (310), the operational model defining a wake-up signal to determine whether to initiate communication between the fill rate sensor and the server (310), the operational model also defining a pre-determined fill rate level comprising a predefined maximum value of the fill rate and a predefined minimum value of the fill rate, wherein communication between the fill rate sensor and the server (310) only occurs when the pre-determined fill rate level is not met, wherein the operational model comprises a predicted fill rate of the container (100) as a function of time;

    - detecting the wake-up signal;

    - measuring the fill rate of the container (100) with the fill rate sensor;

    - comparing a measured fill rate with the pre-determined fill rate level defined in the operational model; and

    - communicating the measured fill rate to the server (310) only if

    - the measured fill rate is above the predefined maximum value of the fill rate, or

    - the measured fill rate is below the predefined minimum value of the fill rate.


     
    2. A method according to claim 1, wherein the fill rate sensor is selected from the group consisting of an ultrasonic sensor, an infrared sensor, a pressure sensor, a weight sensor, an ultra wideband radar sensor, a CCD camera sensor and a laser sensor.
     
    3. A method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the container (100) further comprises at least a second sensor (204, 206).
     
    4. A method according to claim 3, wherein the second sensor (204, 206) is selected from a group consisting of an ultrasonic sensor, an accelerometer, a humidity sensor, a gas sensor, an ambient light sensor and a temperature sensor.
     
    5. A method according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the operational model further comprises a predefined measurement schedule and a predefined communication schedule and optionally allowed ranges for measurement data from at least the first sensor (202) as a function of time.
     
    6. A method according to claim 5, wherein the data is selected from a group consisting of fill rate data, accelerometer data, humidity data, ambient light data, temperature data and gas data.
     
    7. A method according to any of the claims 5-6, wherein the operational model further comprises at least one measurement data combination triggering communication.
     
    8. A method according to claim 7, wherein the at least one measurement data combination comprises measurement data from different sensors and the measurement data combination optionally comprises measurement data from an accelerometer and measurement data representing the fill rate.
     
    9. A method according to any of the preceding claims, comprising, in conjunction with communicating the measured fill rate to the server (310), communicating at least part of the measured fill rate data collected since a previous communication.
     
    10. A method according to claim 9, wherein the server (310) iterates the operational model based at least on the measured fill rate and the measured fill rate data collected since a previous communication that is communicated to the server (310).
     
    11. A method according to any of the claims 3-10, wherein the method further comprises:

    - measuring an acceleration of the second sensor (204, 206), the second sensor (204, 206) comprising an accelerometer and the measured acceleration comprising acceleration data;

    - comparing the acceleration data to a baseline;

    - measuring the fill rate of the container (100) after a pre-defined time, when the acceleration data deviates from the baseline more than a pre-defined percentage; and

    - communicating the fill rate measured after the pre-defined time to the server (310), if

    - the fill rate measured after the pre-defined time is equal to or below the predefined minimum value of the fill rate, indicating that the container (100) has been emptied, and/or

    - the fill rate measured after the pre-defined time is equal to or above the predefined maximum value of the fill rate, indicating that the container (100) has been filled.


     
    12. A system (300) for monitoring and communicating a fill rate of a container (100), the system comprising:

    - a gauge (120) mounted on the container (100), the gauge (120) comprises at least a first sensor (202) which is a fill rate sensor in a normally non-active mode; and

    - a server (310) communicably coupled to the gauge (120) to provide an operational model to the gauge (120), the operational model defining a wake-up signal to determine whether to initiate communication between the fill rate sensor and the server (310), the operational model also defining a pre-determined fill rate level having a predefined maximum value of the fill rate and a predefined minimum value of the fill rate, wherein communication between the fill rate sensor and the server (310) only occurs when the pre-determined fill rate level is not met, wherein the operational model comprises a predicted fill rate of the container (100) as a function of time,
    wherein, based on the operational model the gauge (120) is configured to

    - measure a fill rate of the container (100) with the fill rate sensor,

    - compare the measured fill rate with the pre-determined fill rate level defined in the operational model, and

    - communicate the measured fill rate to the server (310) only if

    - the measured fill rate is above the predefined maximum value of the fill rate, or

    - the measured fill rate is below the predefined minimum value of the fill rate.


     
    13. A system (300) according to claim 12, wherein the fill rate sensor is selected from the group consisting of an ultrasonic sensor, an infrared sensor, a pressure sensor, a weight sensor, an ultra wideband radar sensor, a CCD camera sensor and a laser sensor.
     
    14. A system (300) according to claim 12 or 13, wherein the container (100) further comprises at least a second sensor (204, 206) and the second sensor (204, 206) is optionally selected from a group consisting of an ultrasonic sensor, an accelerometer, a humidity sensor, a gas sensor, an ambient light sensor and a temperature sensor.
     
    15. A system (300) according to any of the claims 12-14, wherein the operational model further comprises allowed ranges for measurement data from the at least first sensor (202) as a function of time.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zur Überwachung einer Füllrate eines Behälters (100) und Übertragung der überwachten Füllrate an einen Server (310), wobei der Behälter (100) mindestens einen ersten Sensor (202) umfasst, der ein Füllratensensor in einem normalerweise nicht aktiven Modus ist, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    - Empfangen eines Funktionsmodells vom Server (310), wobei das Funktionsmodell ein Einschaltsignal festlegt, das bestimmt, ob mit der Datenübertragung zwischen dem Füllratensensor und dem Server (310) begonnen werden soll, wobei das Funktionsmodell auch eine vorgegebene Höhe der Füllrate festlegt, die einen vorher festgelegten Höchstwert für die Füllrate und einen vorher festgelegten niedrigsten Wert für die Füllrate umfasst, wobei die Datenübertragung zwischen dem Füllratensensor und dem Server (310) nur dann erfolgt, wenn die vorgegebene Höhe der Füllrate nicht erreicht ist, wobei das Funktionsmodell eine vorhergesagte Füllrate des Behälters (100) in Abhängigkeit von der Zeit umfasst;

    - Erfassen des Einschaltsignals;

    - Messen der Füllrate des Behälters (100) mit dem Füllratensensor;

    - Vergleichen einer gemessenen Füllrate mit der vorgegebenen Höhe der Füllrate, die im Funktionsmodell festgelegt ist; und

    - Übertragen der gemessenen Füllrate an den Server (310) nur dann, wenn

    - die gemessene Füllrate über dem vorher festgelegten Höchstwert für die Füllrate liegt, oder

    - die gemessene Füllrate unter dem vorher festgelegten niedrigsten Wert für die Füllrate liegt.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Füllratensensor aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Ultraschallsensor, einem Infrarotsensor, einem Drucksensor, einem Gewichtssensor, einem Ultrabreitbandradarsensor, einem CCD-Kamerasensor und einem Lasersensor ausgewählt wird.
     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei der Behälter (100) ferner mindestens einen zweiten Sensor (204, 206) umfasst.
     
    4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 3, wobei der zweite Sensor (204, 206) aus einer Gruppe bestehend aus einem Ultraschallsensor, einem Beschleunigungsmesser, einem Feuchtesensor, einem Gassensor, einem Umgebungslichtsensor und einem Temperatursensor ausgewählt wird.
     
    5. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Funktionsmodell ferner einen vorher festgelegten Messzeitplan und einen vorher festgelegten Übertragungszeitplan und gegebenenfalls zulässige Bereiche für Messdaten aus zumindest dem ersten Sensor (202) in Abhängigkeit von der Zeit umfasst.
     
    6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Daten aus einer Gruppe bestehend aus Füllratendaten, Beschleunigungsmesserdaten, Feuchtedaten, Umgebungslichtdaten, Temperaturdaten und Gasdaten ausgewählt werden.
     
    7. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 5 bis 6, wobei das Funktionsmodell ferner mindestens eine Kombination aus Messdaten umfasst, die eine Datenübertragung auslöst.
     
    8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, wobei die mindestens eine Kombination aus Messdaten Messdaten von verschiedenen Sensoren umfasst und die Kombination aus Messdaten optional Messdaten von einem Beschleunigungsmesser und Messdaten umfasst, die die Füllrate wiedergeben.
     
    9. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, das in Verbindung mit dem Übertragen der gemessenen Füllrate an den Server (310) ein Übertragen von zumindest einem Teil der Daten zur gemessenen Füllrate umfasst, die seit einer vorherigen Datenübertragung gesammelt wurden.
     
    10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 9, wobei der Server (310) das Funktionsmodell auf Grundlage von zumindest der gemessenen Füllrate und der Daten zur gemessenen Füllrate wiederholt, die seit einer vorherigen Datenübertragung gesammelt wurden, die an den Server (310) übertragen wurden.
     
    11. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 3 bis 10, wobei das Verfahren ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    - Messen einer Beschleunigung des zweiten Sensors (204, 206), wobei der zweite Sensor (204, 206) einen Beschleunigungsmesser umfasst und die gemessene Beschleunigung Beschleunigungsdaten umfasst;

    - Vergleichen der Beschleunigungsdaten mit einer Bezugslinie;

    - Messen der Füllrate des Behälters (100) nach einer vorher festgelegten Zeit, wenn die Beschleunigungsdaten von der Bezugslinie um mehr als einen vorher festgelegten Prozentsatz abweichen; und

    - Übertragen der nach der vorher festgelegten Zeit gemessenen Füllrate an den Server (310), wenn

    - die nach der vorher festgelegten Zeit gemessene Füllrate kürzer als der vorher festgelegte niedrigste Wert für die Füllrate ist oder ihm entspricht, womit angezeigt wird, dass der Behälter (100) geleert wurde, und/oder

    - die nach der vorher festgelegten Zeit gemessenen Füllrate länger als der vorher festgelegte Höchstwert für die Füllrate ist oder ihm entspricht, womit angezeigt wird, dass der Behälter (100) befüllt wurde.


     
    12. System (300) zum Überwachen und Übertragen einer Füllrate eines Behälters (100), wobei das System umfasst:

    - ein Messgerät (120), das an dem Behälter (100) angebracht ist, wobei das Messgerät (120) mindestens einen ersten Sensor (202) umfasst, der ein Füllratensensor in einem normalerweise nicht aktiven Modus ist; und

    - einen Server (310), der datenübertragungsmäßig mit dem Messgerät (120) gekoppelt ist, damit er an das Messgerät (120) ein Funktionsmodell liefert, wobei das Funktionsmodell ein Einschaltsignal festlegt, das bestimmt, ob mit der Datenübertragung zwischen dem Füllratensensor und dem Server (310) begonnen werden soll, wobei das Funktionsmodell auch eine vorgegebene Höhe der Füllrate mit einem vorher festgelegten Höchstwert für die Füllrate und einem vorher festgelegten niedrigsten Wert für die Füllrate festlegt, wobei die Datenübertragung zwischen dem Füllratensensor und dem Server (310) nur dann erfolgt, wenn die vorgegebene Höhe der Füllrate nicht erreicht ist, wobei das Funktionsmodell eine vorhergesagte Füllrate des Behälters (100) in Abhängigkeit von der Zeit umfasst,
    wobei das Messgerät (120) so eingerichtet ist, dass es auf Grundlage des Funktionsmodells:

    - eine Füllrate des Behälters (100) mit dem Füllratensensor misst,

    - die gemessene Füllrate mit der vorgegebenen Höhe der Füllrate vergleicht, die im Funktionsmodell festgelegt ist, und

    - die gemessene Füllrate nur dann an den Server (310) überträgt, wenn

    - die gemessene Füllrate über dem vorher festgelegten Höchstwert für die Füllrate liegt, oder

    - die gemessene Füllrate unter dem vorher festgelegten Höchstwert für die Füllrate liegt.


     
    13. System (300) nach Anspruch 12, wobei der Füllratensensor aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Ultraschallsensor, einem Infrarotsensor, einem Drucksensor, einem Gewichtssensor, einem Ultrabreitbandradarsensor, einem CCD-Kamerasensor und einem Lasersensor ausgewählt ist.
     
    14. System (300) nach Anspruch 12 oder 13, wobei der Behälter (100) ferner mindestens einen zweiten Sensor (204, 206) umfasst und der zweite Sensor (204, 206) wahlweise aus einer Gruppe bestehend aus einem Ultraschallsensor, einem Beschleunigungsmesser, einem Feuchtesensor, einem Gassensor, einem Umgebungslichtsensor und einem Temperatursensor ausgewählt ist.
     
    15. System (300) nach einem der Ansprüche 12 bis 14, wobei das Funktionsmodell ferner zulässige Bereiche für Messdaten aus dem mindestens einen ersten Sensor (202) in Abhängigkeit von der Zeit umfasst.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de surveillance du taux de remplissage d'un conteneur (100) et de communication du taux de remplissage surveillé à un serveur (310), le conteneur (100) comprenant au moins un premier capteur (202), consistant en un capteur de vitesse de remplissage dans un mode normalement non actif, le procédé comprenant :

    - la réception d'un modèle opérationnel en provenance du serveur (310), le modèle opérationnel définissant un signal de réveil pour déterminer si une communication entre le capteur de taux de remplissage et le serveur (310) doit être déclenchée, le modèle opérationnel définissant également un niveau de taux de remplissage prédéterminé comprenant une valeur maximale prédéfinie du taux de remplissage et une valeur minimale prédéfinie du taux de remplissage, une communication entre le capteur de taux de remplissage et le serveur (310) ne se produisant que quand le niveau de taux de remplissage prédéterminé n'est pas atteint, le modèle opérationnel comprenant un taux de remplissage prévu du conteneur (100) en fonction du temps ;

    - la détection du signal de réveil ;

    - la mesure du taux de remplissage du conteneur (100) au moyen du capteur de taux de remplissage ;

    - la comparaison du taux de remplissage mesuré avec le niveau de taux de remplissage prédéterminé défini dans le modèle opérationnel ; et

    - la communication du taux de remplissage mesuré au serveur (310) uniquement si

    - le taux de remplissage mesuré est supérieur à la valeur maximale prédéfinie du taux de remplissage, ou

    - le taux de remplissage mesuré est inférieur à la valeur minimale prédéfinie du taux de remplissage.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le capteur de taux de remplissage est choisi dans le groupe constitué d'un capteur à ultrasons, d'un capteur infrarouge, d'un capteur de pression, d'un capteur de charge, d'un capteur radar ultra-large bande, d'un capteur à caméra à dispositif à transfert de charge et d'un capteur laser.
     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le conteneur (100) comprend en outre au moins un second capteur (204, 206).
     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 3, dans lequel le second capteur (204, 206) est choisi dans le groupe constitué d'un capteur à ultrasons, d'un accéléromètre, d'un capteur d'humidité, d'un capteur de gaz, d'un capteur de lumière ambiante et d'un capteur de température.
     
    5. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le modèle opérationnel comprend en outre un programme de mesure prédéfini et un programme de communication prédéfini et facultativement des plages autorisées pour des données de mesure provenant au moins du premier capteur (202) en fonction du temps.
     
    6. Procédé selon la revendication 5, dans lequel les données sont choisies dans le groupe constitué de données relatives au taux de remplissage, de données de l'accéléromètre, de données relatives à l'humidité, de données relatives à la lumière ambiante, de données relatives à la température et de données relatives au gaz.
     
    7. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 5 et 6, dans lequel le modèle opérationnel comprend en outre au moins une combinaison de données de mesure déclenchant la communication.
     
    8. Procédé selon la revendication 7, dans lequel l'au moins une combinaison de données de mesure comprend des données de mesure provenant de différents capteurs et la combinaison de données de mesure comprend facultativement des données de mesure provenant d'un accéléromètre et des données de mesure représentant le taux de remplissage.
     
    9. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant, conjointement avec la communication du taux de remplissage mesuré au serveur (310), la communication d'au moins une partie des données de taux de remplissage mesuré collectées depuis une communication précédente.
     
    10. Procédé selon la revendication 9, dans lequel le serveur (310) répète le modèle opérationnel en fonction au moins du taux de remplissage mesuré et des données de taux de remplissage mesuré collectées depuis une communication précédente qui ont été communiquées au serveur (310).
     
    11. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 3 à 10, dans lequel le procédé comprend en outre :

    - la mesure d'une accélération du second capteur (204, 206), le second capteur (204, 206) comprenant un accéléromètre et l'accélération mesurée constituant des données d'accélération ;

    - la comparaison des données d'accélération avec une ligne de référence ;

    - la mesure du taux de remplissage du conteneur (100) après un temps prédéfini, quand les données d'accélération diffèrent de la ligne de référence de plus d'un pourcentage prédéfini ; et

    - la communication du taux de remplissage mesuré après le temps prédéfini au serveur (310), si

    - le taux de remplissage mesuré après le temps prédéfini est égal ou inférieur à la valeur minimale prédéfinie du taux de remplissage, ce qui indique que le conteneur (100) a été vidé, et/ou

    - le taux de remplissage mesuré après le temps prédéfini est égal ou supérieur à la valeur maximale prédéfinie du taux de remplissage, ce qui indique que le conteneur (100) est rempli.


     
    12. Système (300) de surveillance et de communication du taux de remplissage d'un conteneur (100), le système comprenant :

    - une jauge (120) montée sur le conteneur (100), la jauge (120) comprenant au moins un premier capteur (202), consistant en un capteur de taux de remplissage dans un mode normalement non actif ; et

    - un serveur (310) couplé à la jauge (120) de façon à communiquer avec elle pour fournir un modèle opérationnel à la jauge (120),
    le modèle opérationnel définissant un signal de réveil pour déterminer si une communication entre le capteur de taux de remplissage et le serveur (310) doit être déclenchée,
    le modèle opérationnel définissant également un niveau de taux de remplissage prédéterminé présentant une valeur maximale prédéfinie du taux de remplissage et une valeur minimale prédéfinie du taux de remplissage, une communication entre le capteur de taux de remplissage et le serveur (310) se produisant uniquement quand le niveau de taux de remplissage prédéterminé n'est pas atteint, le modèle opérationnel comprenant un taux de remplissage prévu du conteneur (100) en fonction du temps, la jauge (120) étant conçue pour, en fonction du modèle opérationnel,

    - mesurer le taux de remplissage du conteneur (100) au moyen du capteur de taux de remplissage,

    - comparer le taux de remplissage mesuré avec le niveau de taux de remplissage prédéterminé défini dans le modèle opérationnel, et

    - communiquer le taux de remplissage mesuré au serveur (310) uniquement si

    - le taux de remplissage mesuré est supérieur à la valeur maximale prédéfinie du taux de remplissage, ou

    - le taux de remplissage mesuré est inférieur à la valeur minimale prédéfinie du taux de remplissage.


     
    13. Système (300) selon la revendication 12, dans lequel le capteur de taux de remplissage est choisi dans le groupe constitué d'un capteur à ultrasons, d'un capteur infrarouge, d'un capteur de pression, d'un capteur de charge, d'un capteur radar ultra-large bande, d'un capteur à caméra à dispositif à transfert de charge et d'un capteur laser.
     
    14. Système (300) selon la revendication 12 ou 13, dans lequel le conteneur (100) comprend en outre au moins un second capteur (204, 206) et le second capteur (204, 206) est choisi facultativement dans le groupe constitué d'un capteur à ultrasons, d'un accéléromètre, d'un capteur d'humidité, d'un capteur de gaz, d'un capteur de lumière ambiante et d'un capteur de température.
     
    15. Système (300) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 12 à 14, dans lequel le modèle opérationnel comprend en outre des plages autorisées pour des données de mesure provenant au moins du premier capteur (202) en fonction du temps.
     




    Drawing





















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description