(19)
(11)EP 3 217 478 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 16204919.1

(22)Date of filing:  19.12.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H01R 4/48  (2006.01)
H01R 9/24  (2006.01)

(54)

SCREWLESS TERMINAL BLOCK

SCHRAUBENLOSE ANSCHLUSSLEISTE

BORNIER DE CONNEXION SANS VIS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 07.03.2016 JP 2016043864

(43)Date of publication of application:
13.09.2017 Bulletin 2017/37

(73)Proprietor: Omron Corporation
Kyoto 600-8530 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • Masaki, Kenichiro
    Kyoto-shi, Kyoto 600-8530 (JP)
  • Yano, Keisuke
    Kyoto-shi, Kyoto 600-8530 (JP)
  • Hashimoto, Hiroshi
    Kyoto-shi, Kyoto 600-8530 (JP)
  • Tajiri, Yoshikazu
    Kyoto-shi, Kyoto 600-8530 (JP)
  • Ikeda, Tomokazu
    Kyoto-shi, Kyoto 600-8530 (JP)
  • Tsuji, Shinya
    Kyoto-shi, Kyoto 600-8530 (JP)
  • Fujiwara, Taijiro
    Kyoto-shi, Kyoto 600-8530 (JP)
  • Ono, Masahiro
    Kyoto-shi, Kyoto 600-8530 (JP)
  • Nagase, Masao
    Kyoto-shi, Kyoto 600-8530 (JP)
  • Komoguchi, Yusuke
    Kyoto-shi, Kyoto 600-8530 (JP)

(74)Representative: Kilian Kilian & Partner 
Aidenbachstraße 54
81379 München
81379 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A- 5 494 456
US-A- 6 074 242
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to a screwless terminal block.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Screwless terminal blocks known in the art allow connection of wires to terminal blocks without using screws.

    [0003] For example, Patent Literature 1 describes a screwless terminal including a contact pressure spring for fixing wires and a release button. The screwless terminal described in Patent Literature 1 has its release button pressed using a screwdriver and then the release button presses the contact pressure spring to allow insertion and removal of the wires.

    CITATION LIST


    PATENT LITERATURE



    [0004] Patent Literature 1: Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2000-251968 (published on September 14, 2000)

    [0005] Further screwless terminal blocks are known from US 5 494 456 A or US 6 074 242 A, wherein these blocks have an opening for a wire extraction tool and a wire opening.

    SUMMARY


    TECHNICAL PROBLEM



    [0006] However, the worker uses both hands when inserting or removing a wire into and from the screwless terminal described in Patent Literature 1. To insert or remove a wire, the worker holds a screwdriver on one hand and the wire on the other hand, and presses the release button using the screwdriver, and then inserts or removes the wire while pressing the release button. The worker then releases the release button to complete this operation. In this manner, the worker uses both hands when inserting or removing a wire into or from the screwless terminal described in Patent Literature 1. This work is difficult and complicated.

    [0007] In response to the above issue, one or more aspects of the present invention are directed to a screwless terminal block that allows easy insertion and removal of a wire.

    SOLUTION TO PROBLEM



    [0008] This is achieved by a screwless terminal block according to claim 1. Preferred embodiments are subject-matters of the dependent claims.

    [0009] In response to the above issue, a screwless terminal block according to one aspect of the present invention includes a resin housing having a wire insertion opening through which a wire is to be inserted, and an internal wire accommodating space to accommodate the wire, and an elastic member that comes in contact with the wire inserted through the wire insertion opening and applies a force to the wire in a predetermined pressing direction to prevent the wire from coming off. The housing has a slotted screwdriver insertion opening through which a slotted screwdriver is to be inserted to come in contact with the elastic member and cause the elastic member to deform away from the wire accommodating space. When the slotted screwdriver is inserted through the slotted screwdriver insertion opening, an acute angle of 45° or less is formed by an axis of the slotted screwdriver and a straight line connecting a point A and a point B at a cross-section taken along a plane that includes the axis of the slotted screwdriver and is parallel to the predetermined pressing direction. The point A is a point of contact between the housing and a part of the slotted screwdriver adjacent to the wire insertion opening. The point B is a point of contact between the housing and a part of the slotted screwdriver adjacent to the elastic member.

    [0010] The slotted screwdriver receives a force from the elastic member to rotate about point A. However, the slotted screwdriver which is in contact with the housing at the point B, applies a force to the housing at the point B. The structure described above provides a longer distance between a plane X, which includes the point A and is perpendicular to the axial direction of the slotted screwdriver and the point B. This reduces the force at the point B applied from the slotted screwdriver and received by the housing, and reduces distortion or deformation of the housing at the point B. Thus, the screwless terminal block can support the slotted screwdriver in a stable manner at the points A and B, and the point of contact between the elastic member and the slotted screwdriver The insertion or removal of a wire is easy.

    [0011] The screwless terminal block according to the aspect of the present invention may be any screwless terminal block that includes the housing and the elastic member described above, and may have various structures. For example, the screwless terminal block according to the embodiment may be an input and output unit including the housing and the elastic member described above and incorporated in a device such as a relay, a relay socket, a temperature regulator, or a power supply.

    [0012] In the screwless terminal block according to another aspect of the present invention, the elastic member applies a force of 30 N or less to the slotted screwdriver inserted through the slotted screwdriver insertion opening.

    [0013] The above structure allows the slotted screwdriver to be inserted through the slotted screwdriver insertion opening and to easily deform the elastic member.

    [0014] In the screwless terminal block according to another aspect of the present invention, when the slotted screwdriver is inserted through the slotted screwdriver insertion opening, c/b ≤ 7/3, where b is a distance between the point B and a plane X that includes the point A and is perpendicular to the axis of the slotted screwdriver and c is a distance between the plane X and a point C that is a point of contact between the slotted screwdriver and the elastic member.

    [0015] The above structure allows the pressure at the point B applied from the slotted screwdriver and received by the housing to be equal to or less than the compressive strength of the resin used for the housing, and further reduces distortion or deformation of the housing at the point B. This allows the screwless terminal block to support the slotted screwdriver in a more stable manner.

    [0016] A screwless terminal block according to another aspect of the present invention includes a resin housing having a wire insertion opening through which a wire is to be inserted, and an elastic member that comes in contact with the wire inserted through the wire insertion opening and apply a force to the wire in a predetermined pressing direction to prevent the wire from coming off. The housing has a slotted screwdriver insertion opening through which a slotted screwdriver is to be inserted to come in contact with the elastic member and deform the elastic member away from the wire. When the slotted screwdriver is inserted through the slotted screwdriver insertion opening, c/b ≤ 70/Fc at a cross-section taken along a plane that includes an axis of the slotted screwdriver and is parallel to the predetermined pressing direction, where b is a distance between a point B and a plane X that includes a point A and is perpendicular to the axis of the slotted screwdriver c is a distance between the plane X and a point C, and Fc (N) is a force applied from the elastic member and received by the slotted screwdriver and the point A is a point of contact between the housing and a part of the slotted screwdriver adjacent to the wire insertion opening, the point B is a point of contact between the housing and a part of the slotted screwdriver adjacent to the elastic member, and the point C is a point of contact between the slotted screwdriver and the elastic member.

    [0017] The above structure allows the pressure at the point B applied from the slotted screwdriver and received by the housing to be equal to or less than the compressive strength of the resin used for the housing, and reduces distortion or deformation of the housing at the point B. This allows the screwless terminal block to support the slotted screwdriver in a more stable manner. The screwless terminal block can support the slotted screwdriver in a stable manner at the points A and B, and the point of contact between the elastic member and the slotted screwdriver Thus, the insertion or removal of a wire is easy.

    [0018] In the screwless terminal block according to another aspect of the present invention, the housing has a curved surface with a curvature of an outer periphery of the slotted screwdriver, and the point B is included in the curved surface.

    [0019] The above structure reduces the pressure at the point B to be applied by the slotted screwdriver to the housing, and further reduces distortion or deformation of the housing at the point B. Thus, the screwless terminal block can support the slotted screwdriver in a more stable manner.

    ADVANTAGEOUS EFFECTS



    [0020] The screwless terminal block according to one or more embodiments of the present invention allows easy insertion or removal of wires.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0021] 

    Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a screwless terminal block according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the screwless terminal block shown in Fig. 1 with no wire being inserted.

    Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the screwless terminal block shown in Fig. 1 with a wire being inserted.

    Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the screwless terminal block shown in Fig. 1 with a slotted screwdriver being inserted.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0022] Embodiments of the present invention will now be described in detail with reference to the drawings.

    [0023] Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a screwless terminal block 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in Fig. 1, the screwless terminal block 1 includes a housing 2. The housing 2 has wire insertion openings 24, through which wires are to be inserted, and slotted screwdriver insertion openings 23, through which slotted screwdrivers are to be inserted when the wires are inserted or removed. As shown in Fig. 1, the screwless terminal block 1 according to the present embodiment has four pairs of wire insertion openings 24 and slotted screwdriver insertion openings 23. However, the numbers of wire insertion openings 24 and slotted screwdriver insertion openings 23 are not limited to these.

    [0024] Although the screwless terminal block 1 shown in Fig. 1 is separate from other parts, the screwless terminal block according to the embodiment is not limited to this structure. For example, the screwless terminal block according to the embodiment may be a terminal block as an input and output unit incorporated in a device such as a relay, a relay socket, a temperature regulator, or a power supply.

    [0025] Figs. 2 to 4 are cross-sectional views of the screwless terminal block 1 taken along a plane including one pair of the wire insertion opening 24 and the slotted screwdriver insertion opening 23. Fig. 2 shows the screwless terminal block 1 with no wire 5 being inserted, whereas Fig. 3 shows the screwless terminal block 1 with a wire 5 being inserted. Fig. 4 shows the screwless terminal block 1 with a slotted screwdriver 6 being inserted for allowing insertion or removal of the wire 5. For ease of explanation herein, the direction in which the wire 5 is inserted is downward, and the direction in which the wire 5 is removed is upward.

    [0026] The screwless terminal block 1 includes a housing unit 21 in the housing 2. The housing unit 21 includes a terminal base 3 and a contact pressure spring 4.

    [0027] The housing 2 is formed from a resin, such as modified polyphenylene ether (PPE) or polyamide 66 (PA66). The housing 2 has the slotted screwdriver insertion openings 23 and the wire insertion openings 24 as described above.

    [0028] As shown in Fig. 4, the slotted screwdriver insertion opening 23 is a hole communicating with the housing unit 21, through which a slotted screwdriver 6 is inserted for inserting or removing the wire 5.

    [0029] The wire insertion opening 24 is a hole communicating with the housing unit 21, through which the wire 5 is inserted into the housing unit 21 in the housing 2. The housing unit 21 in the housing 2 has a wire accommodating space 21c under the wire insertion opening 24. The wire accommodating space 21c accommodates the wire 5 inserted through the wire insertion opening 24.

    [0030] The terminal base 3 is formed from a conductor. The terminal base 3 electrically connects to the wire 5 when the wire 5 is inserted. The terminal base 3 has a substantially U-shaped cross-section, and is arranged to come in contact with a bottom surface 21a and a side surface 21 b of the housing unit 21.

    [0031] The contact pressure spring 4 is an elastic leaf spring. As shown in Fig. 3, the contact pressure spring 4 presses the wire 5 against the terminal base 3 with a biasing force when the wire 5 is inserted. In the present embodiment, the tip end 4a of the contact pressure spring 4 comes in contact with the wire 5, and applies a force Fa in a pressing direction, which is direction a, to the wire 5. The wire 5 inserted through the wire insertion opening 24 is retained between the terminal base 3 and the contact pressure spring 4 and is prevented from coming off from the terminal block.

    [0032] The pressure spring 4 may have a shape different from the shape shown in Figs. 2 to 4. For example, the contact pressure spring 4 may have a curved portion adjacent to its tip end, and the curved portion may come in contact with the wire 5 and apply the force Fa in the pressing direction a.

    [0033] The screwless terminal block 1 according to the present embodiment can support the slotted screwdriver 6 when the slotted screwdriver 6 is inserted, without the worker holding the slotted screwdriver 6. This structure will now be described with reference to Fig. 4.

    [0034] When the worker inserts the slotted screwdriver 6 into the housing unit 21 through the slotted screwdriver insertion opening 23, the tip end of the slotted screwdriver 6 comes in contact with the contact pressure spring 4. The worker further inserts the slotted screwdriver 6 while compressing (or deforming) the contact pressure spring 4 away from the wire 5 (or from the wire accommodating space 21c when no wire 5 is inserted) until the slotted screwdriver 6 comes in contact with the terminal base 3, which is in contact with the bottom surface 21a of the housing unit 21. When the worker removes his or her hand from the slotted screwdriver 6 in this state, the slotted screwdriver 6 tilts under the biasing force of the contact pressure spring 4. In this state, the slotted screwdriver 6 is in contact with and supported by the screwless terminal block 1 at three points, or one point on the pressure spring 4 and two points on the wall surfaces of the fixture insertion opening 23 in the housing 2.

    [0035] At the cross-section shown in Fig. 4 taken along a plane including the axis of the rod-like fixture 6 and parallel to the pressing direction a of the contact pressure spring 4, the fixture 6 comes in contact with a point A, which is on a wall 23a adjacent to the wire insertion opening 24, and a point B, which is on a wall 23b adjacent to the contact pressure spring 4, among the walls defining the fixture insertion opening 23 in the housing 2, and a point C on the contact pressure spring 4. In other words, the fixture 6 is in contact with the housing 2 at the point A adjacent to the wire insertion opening 24, and at the point B adjacent to the contact pressure spring 4.

    [0036] The inventors have noticed that the resin housing 2 receives an excessive force from the fixture 6 at the contact points between the housing 2 and the fixture 6 when the fixture 6 is supported at the three points, and may distort or deform to destabilize supporting of the fixture 6. The inventors have then conceived the structure according to the embodiment.

    [0037] To achieve more stable supporting of the fixture 6 at the three points, the walls 23a and 23b defining the fixture insertion opening 23 in the housing 2 are designed to have an acute angle of 45° or less, or 40° or less between the axis of the rod-like fixture 6 and the straight line connecting the points A and B.

    [0038] As shown in Fig. 4, when the slotted screwdriver 6 is inserted into the fixture insertion opening 23, the contact pressure spring 4 applies a force Fc to the slotted screwdriver 6 in substantially the same direction as the pressing direction a (specifically, the direction toward the wire 5). The surface of the slotted screwdriver 6 adjacent to the wire insertion opening 24 comes in contact with the housing 2 at the point A to cause the slotted screwdriver 6 to rotate about the point A. However, the surface of the slotted screwdriver 6 adjacent to the contact pressure spring 4 is in contact with the housing 2 at the point B. In response to the force Fc applied to the slotted screwdriver 6 at the point C, the slotted screwdriver 6 applies a force Fb to the housing 2 at the point B. The housing 2 is formed from a resin, and thus may distort or deform when receiving, at the point B, a pressure larger than the compressive strength of the resin. The distortion or deformation of the housing 2 may destabilize supporting of the slotted screwdriver 6 at the points A, B, and C, and may cause the slotted screwdriver 6 to come off easily from the screwless terminal block 1. In this case, the worker is not allowed to remove his or her hand from the slotted screwdriver 6 while inserting or removing the wire. This work is difficult and complicated.

    [0039] In contrast, the housing 2 according to the present embodiment is designed to have an acute angle of 45° or less, or 40° or less between the axis of the slotted screwdriver 6 and the straight line connecting the points A and B. This structure provides a longer distance between a plane X, which includes the point A and is perpendicular to the axial direction of the slotted screwdriver 6, and the point B (in other words, the length of the perpendicular line from the point B to the plane X). The force Fb to be applied to the housing 2 at the point B (wall 23b) can be calculated approximately using the formula Fb = Fc x (c/b), using the distance b between the plane X and the point B, and the distance c between the plane X and the point C (specifically, the perpendicular line from the point C to the plane X). Thus, the distance b between the plane X and the point B may be set longer to reduce the force Fb, which presses the housing 2 at the point B. The longer distance between the plane X and the point B thus reduces distortion or deformation of the housing 2 at the point B. The screwless terminal block 1 can support the slotted screwdriver 6 in a stable manner at the points A, B, and C.

    [0040] The worker is allowed to remove his or her hand from the slotted screwdriver 6 when inserting or removing the wire 5. This work is easy.

    [0041] In one example, a slotted screwdriver with a shaft diameter of 2.5 mm is used as the slotted screwdriver 6, the force Fc applied to the slotted screwdriver 6 by the contact pressure spring 4 is set equal to or less than 30 N, and the distance c between the plane X and the point C is set at 5.8 mm. When typical modified PPE or typical PA66 is used as a resin for the housing 2, the compressive strength is in a range of 70 to 90 MPa. In this case, the force Fb (N) to be applied to the housing 2 at the point B is 30 x (5.8/b) at the maximum. Assuming that the force Fb is applied to an area of 1 mm2, the pressure (MPa) is 30 x (5.8/b) at the point B. To maintain the pressure to be equal to or less than the compressive strength of the resin used for the housing 2, the inequality 30 x (5.8/b) ≤ 70 is to be satisfied, and thus b ≥ 2.5. An angle θ formed by the straight line connecting the points A and B and the axis of the slotted screwdriver 6 is written as θ ≤ atan (the minimum value of 2.5 of the shaft diameter of 2.5/b of the slotted screwdriver 6) ≈ 45°. Thus, with the acute angle of 45° or less between the straight line connecting the points A and B and the axis of th slotted screwdriver 6, the pressure to be applied at the point B can be equal to or less than the compressive strength of the resin used for the housing 2.

    [0042] In another example, a slotted screwdriver with a shaft diameter of 2.5 mm is used as the slotted screwdriver 6, the force Fc applied to the slotted screwdriver 6 by the contact pressure spring 4 is set equal to or less than 27 N, and the distance c between the plane X and the point C is set at 7.7 mm. In this case, the force Fb (N) to be applied to the housing 2 at the point B is 27 x (7.7/b) at the maximum. Assuming that the force Fb is applied to an area of 1 mm2, the pressure (MPa) is 27 x (7.7/b) at the point B. To maintain this pressure to be equal to or less than the compressive strength of the resin used for the housing 2, the inequality 27 x (7.7/b) ≤ 70 is to be satisfied, and thus b ≥ 3.0. An angle θ formed by the straight line connecting the points A and B and the axis of the slotted screwdriver 6 is written as θ ≤ atan (the minimum value of 3.0 of the shaft diameter of 2.5/b of the slotted screwdriver 6) ≈ 40°. Thus, with the acute angle of 40° or less between the straight line connecting the points A and B and the axis of the slotted screwdriver 6, the pressure to be applied at the point B can be equal to or less than the compressive strength of the resin used for the housing 2.

    [0043] In this manner, the components of the screwless terminal block 1 in the present embodiment are set to allow the pressure applied at the point B to be equal to or less than the compressive strength of the resin used for the housing 2. In other words, the structure according to the embodiment of the present invention is designed to satisfy the inequality Fc x (c/b) ≤ 70, where b is the distance between the point B and the plane X, which includes the point A and is perpendicular to the axial direction of the slotted screwdriver 6, c is the distance between the plane X and the point C, and Fc is the force applied to the slotted screwdriver 6 by the contact pressure spring 4. The force Fc may be 30 N or less to allow insertion or removal of the slotted screwdriver 6, and thus c/b ≤ 70/30.

    [0044] The housing 2 may have a curved surface having the curvature of the outer periphery of the slotted screwdriver 6 around the point B. This allows the point B to be included in the curved surface, and allows the force applied by the slotted screwdriver 6 to be received by the entire curved surface with a larger area than the area of the point B. This lowers the pressure at the point B.

    [0045] The technical features disclosed in different embodiments may be combined in other embodiments within the technical scope of the invention.

    REFERENCE SIGNS LIST



    [0046] 
    1
    terminal block
    2
    housing
    3
    terminal base
    4
    contact pressure spring (elastic member)
    5
    wire
    6
    slotted screwdriver
    21c
    wire accommodating space
    23
    slotted screwdriver insertion opening
    24
    wire insertion opening



    Claims

    1. A screwless terminal block (1), comprising:

    a resin housing (2) having a wire insertion opening (24) through which a wire (5) is to be inserted, and an internal wire accommodating space (21c) configured to accommodate the wire (5); and

    an elastic member (4) configured to come in contact with the wire (5) inserted through the wire insertion opening (24) and apply a force to the wire (5) in a predetermined pressing direction to prevent the wire (5) from coming off,

    the housing (2) having a slotted screwdriver insertion opening (23) through which a slotted screwdriver (6) is to be inserted to come in contact with the elastic member (4) and deform the elastic member away from the wire accommodating space (21c),
    wherein, when the slotted screwdriver (6) is inserted through the slotted screwdriver insertion opening (23), an acute angle of 45° or less is formed by an axis of the slotted screwdriver (6) and a straight line connecting a point A and a point B at a cross-section taken along a plane that includes the axis of the slotted screwdriver (6) and is parallel to the predetermined pressing direction, where the axis of the slotted screwdriver (6) is a central axis of the slotted screwdriver (6) which central axis extends in a longitudinal direction of the slotted screwdriver (6), the point A is a point of contact between the housing (2) and a part of the slotted screwdriver (6) adjacent to the wire insertion opening (24), and the point B is a point of contact between the housing (2) and a part of the slotted screwdriver (6) adjacent to the elastic member, wherein

    the housing (2) has an upper surface including:

    an insertion opening formation region in which the slotted screwdriver insertion opening (23) is formed; characterised in that the upper surface of the housing further includes

    an adjacent region adjacent to the insertion opening formation region (23),

    wherein the adjacent region protrudes more than the insertion opening formation region, and

    wherein the point B is located at a corner of the adjacent region.


     
    2. The screwless terminal block (1) according to claim 1, wherein the elastic member (4) is configured to apply a force of 30 N or less to the slotted screwdriver (6) when inserted through the slotted screwdriver insertion opening (23).
     
    3. The screwless terminal block (1) according to claim 2, wherein

    when the slotted screwdriver (6) is inserted through the slotted screwdriver insertion opening, c/b ≤ 7/3,

    where b is a distance between the point B and a plane X that includes the point A and is perpendicular to the axis of the slotted screwdriver (6), and c is a distance between the plane X and a point C that is a point of contact between the slotted screwdriver (6) and the elastic member (4).


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Schraubenlose Anschlussleiste (1), welche Folgendes umfasst:

    ein Harzgehäuse (2), das eine Drahteinführungsöffnung (24), durch welche ein Draht (5) eingeführt werden soll, und einen inneren Drahtaufnahmeraum (21c), der zum Aufnehmen des Drahtes (5) konfiguriert ist, aufweist; und

    ein elastisches Element (4), das dazu konfiguriert ist, mit dem Draht (5), der durch die Drahteinführungsöffnung (24) eingeführt wird, in Kontakt zu gelangen und in einer vorbestimmten Pressrichtung eine Kraft auf den Draht (5) auszuüben, um zu verhindern, dass sich der Draht (5) löst,

    wobei das Gehäuse (2) eine Schlitzschraubendreher-Einführungsöffnung (23) aufweist, durch welche ein Schlitzschraubendreher (6) eingeführt werden soll, um mit dem elastischen Element (4) in Kontakt zu gelangen und das elastische Element weg von dem Drahtaufnahmeraum (21c) zu verformen,

    wobei, wenn der Schlitzschraubendreher (6) durch die Schlitzschraubendreher-Einführungsöffnung (23) eingeführt wird, durch eine Achse des Schlitzschraubendrehers (6) und eine gerade Linie, die einen Punkt A und einen Punkt B in einem Querschnitt entlang einer Ebene, welche die Achse des Schlitzschraubendrehers (6) beinhaltet und parallel zu der vorbestimmten Pressrichtung ist, verbindet, ein spitzer Winkel von 45 ° oder weniger gebildet wird, wobei die Achse des Schlitzschraubendrehers (6) eine Mittelachse des Schlitzschraubendrehers (6) ist, wobei sich die Mittelachse in einer Längsrichtung des Schlitzschraubendrehers (6) erstreckt, der Punkt A ein Kontaktpunkt zwischen dem Gehäuse (2) und einem Teil des Schlitzschraubendrehers (6) angrenzend an die Drahteinführungsöffnung (24) ist und der Punkt B ein Kontaktpunkt zwischen dem Gehäuse (2) und einem Teil des Schlitzschraubendrehers (6) angrenzend an das elastische Element ist, wobei

    das Gehäuse (2) eine obere Fläche aufweist, die Folgendes beinhaltet:

    eine Einführungsöffnungs-Bildungsregion, in welcher die Schlitzschraubendreher-Einführungsöffnung (23) ausgebildet ist;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die obere Fläche des Gehäuses ferner eine angrenzende Region angrenzend an die Einführungsöffnungs-Bildungsregion (23) beinhaltet,

    wobei die angrenzende Region mehr als die Einführungsöffnungs-Bildungsregion vorsteht, und

    wobei sich der Punkt B an einer Ecke der angrenzenden Region befindet.


     
    2. Schraubenlose Anschlussleiste (1) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das elastische Element (4) zum Ausüben einer Kraft von 30 N oder weniger auf den Schlitzschraubendreher (6) konfiguriert ist, wenn er durch die Schlitzschraubendreher-Einführungsöffnung (23) eingeführt wird.
     
    3. Schraubenlose Anschlussleiste (1) nach Anspruch 2, wobei

    wenn der Schlitzschraubendreher (6) durch die Schlitzschraubendreher-Einführungsöffnung eingeführt wird, c/b ≤ 7/3,

    wobei b ein Abstand zwischen dem Punkt B und einer Ebene X, die den Punkt A beinhaltet und senkrecht zu der Achse des Schlitzschraubendrehers (6) ist, ist und c ein Abstand zwischen der Ebene X und einem Punkt C, bei dem es sich um einen Kontaktpunkt zwischen dem Schlitzschraubendreher (6) und dem elastischen Element (4) handelt, ist.


     


    Revendications

    1. Bornier de connexion sans vis (1) comprenant :

    un boîtier en résine (2) ayant une ouverture d'insertion de fil (24) à travers laquelle un fil (5) est destiné à être inséré, et un espace de logement de fil interne (21c) configuré pour loger le fil (5) ; et

    un élément élastique (4) configuré pour venir en contact avec le fil (5) inséré à travers l'ouverture d'insertion de fil (24) et appliquer une force sur le fil (5) dans une direction de pression prédéterminée pour empêcher le fil (5) de sortir,

    le boîtier (2) ayant une ouverture d'insertion de tournevis plat (23) à travers laquelle un tournevis plat (6) est destiné à être inséré pour venir en contact avec l'élément élastique (4) et déformer l'élément élastique à distance de l'espace de logement de fil (21c),

    dans lequel, lorsque le tournevis plat (6) est inséré à travers l'ouverture d'insertion de tournevis plat (23), un angle aigu de 45° ou moins est formé par un axe du tournevis plat (6) et une ligne droite raccordant un point A et un point B à une section transversale prise le long d'un plan qui comprend l'axe du tournevis plat (6) et est parallèle à la direction de pression prédéterminée, où l'axe du tournevis plat (6) est un axe central du tournevis plat (6), lequel axe central s'étend dans une direction longitudinale du tournevis plat (6), le point A est un point de contact entre le boîtier (2) et une partie du tournevis plat (6) adjacente à l'ouverture d'insertion de fil (24), et le point B est un point de contact entre le boîtier (2) et une partie du tournevis plat (6) adjacente à l'élément élastique, dans lequel :

    le boîtier (2) a une surface supérieure comprenant :

    une région de formation d'ouverture d'insertion dans laquelle l'ouverture d'insertion de tournevis plat (23) est formée, caractérisé en ce que la surface supérieure du boîtier comprend en outre :

    une région adjacente, adjacente à la région de formation d'ouverture d'insertion (23),

    dans lequel la région adjacente fait plus saillie que la région de formation d'ouverture d'insertion, et

    dans lequel le point B est positionné à un coin de la région adjacente.


     
    2. Bornier de connexion sans vis (1) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'élément élastique (4) est configuré pour appliquer une force de 30 N ou inférieure sur le tournevis plat (6) lorsqu'il est inséré à travers l'ouverture d'insertion de tournevis plat (23).
     
    3. Bornier de connexion sans vis (1) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel :

    lorsque le tournevis plat (6) est inséré à travers l'ouverture d'insertion de tournevis plat, c/b ≤ 7/3,

    où b est une distance entre le point B et un plan X qui comprend le point A et est perpendiculaire à l'axe du tournevis plat (6), et c est une distance entre le plan X et un point C qui est un point de contact entre le tournevis plat (6) et l'élément élastique (4).


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description