(19)
(11)EP 3 219 802 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 17168632.2

(22)Date of filing:  29.03.2013
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C12N 15/869(2006.01)
A61K 39/12(2006.01)
A61K 39/17(2006.01)

(54)

MULTIVALENT RECOMBINANT AVIAN HERPES VIRUSES AND VACCINES FOR IMMUNIZING AVIAN SPECIES

MULTIVALENTER REKOMBINANTER VOGELHERPESVIRUS UND IMPFSTOFFE ZUR IMMUNISIERUNG VON VOGELSPEZIES

VIRUS HERPÈS AVIAIRE RECOMBINANT MULTIVALENTS ET VACCINS POUR IMMUNISER LES ESPÈCES AVIAIRES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.03.2012 EP 12305390

(43)Date of publication of application:
20.09.2017 Bulletin 2017/38

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
13713195.9 / 2831246

(73)Proprietor: Ceva Santé Animale
33500 Libourne (FR)

(72)Inventors:
  • FUJISAWA, Ayumi
    KAWASAKI-SHI, KANAGAWA 210-0823 (JP)
  • KUBOMURA, Mayumi
    KAWASAKI-SHI, KANAGAWA 211-0053 (JP)
  • SAEKI, Sakiko
    TOKYO, Tokyo 146-0093 (JP)
  • SAITO, Shuji
    YOKOHAMA-SHI, KANAGAWA 235-0045 (JP)

(74)Representative: Cabinet Becker et Associés 
25, rue Louis le Grand
75002 Paris
75002 Paris (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2010/119112
WO-A2-03/064595
  
  • TSUKAMOTO K ET AL: "Complete, long-lasting protection against lethal infectious bursal disease virus challenge by a single vaccination with an avian herpesvirus vector expressing VP2 antigens", JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY, vol. 76, no. 11, 1 June 2002 (2002-06-01), pages 5637-5645, XP002967899, ISSN: 0022-538X, DOI: 10.1128/JVI.76.11.5637-5645.2002
  • REDDY S K ET AL: "Protective efficacy of a recombinant herpesvirus of turkeys as an in ovo vaccine against Newcastle and Marek's diseases in specific-pathogen-free chickens", VACCINE, vol. 14, no. 6, 1 April 1996 (1996-04-01), pages 469-477, XP004057273, ISSN: 0264-410X, DOI: 10.1016/0264-410X(95)00242-S
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION



[0001] The present invention relates generally to the field of vaccine preparations. The present invention specifically relates to multivalent recombinant herpes viruses in which at least two foreign genes have been inserted, and their uses for inducing simultaneously a protective immunity against a plurality of avian diseases.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0002] Poultry meat and eggs are important food sources, whose consumption increases continually due to the growth of the human population and their great quality-price ratio. The recent epidemic of avian influenza focused the public opinion on poultry health as well as food safety and security. Poultry vaccine technology became a worldwide concern.

[0003] Viral vectors expressing pathogen proteins are commonly used as poultry vaccines against targeted pathogens. Vaccines including such viral vectors induce expression of foreign pathogen proteins within infected cells, and thereby induce corresponding T cell immunity.

[0004] It is well known that all herpes viruses, including herpes virus of turkey (HVT) and Marek's disease virus (MDV), can permanently survive in the body of an infected animal in the state of latent or persistent infection. Consequently, recombinant herpes viruses, in which a foreign gene derived from a pathogen has been integrated, have been developed to be used as viral-vectored vaccines increasing the duration of immunity to an immunized animal.

[0005] The genomic structure of HVT, its wide-spread usage as a vaccine against MDV and its ability to remain persistent in chickens, make this virus an attractive vector for producing recombinant poultry vaccines.

[0006] Vaccine preparations have been developed to achieve effective avian vaccinations, using recombinant herpes viruses which incorporate a gene encoding a foreign antigen. Such vaccine preparations allow to vaccinate against both MDV (the vector) and another avian disease, through the inserted foreign DNA sequence.

[0007] Although such vaccine preparations provide efficient results to vaccinate avian species against many fatal diseases, competition and immunosuppression between pathogens can occurr when birds are injected with two or more recombinant herpes viruses, each harboring a different foreign antigen gene.
Therefore, multivalent recombinant herpes viruses (i.e. harboring at least two different antigen genes) for immunizing simultaneously against different diseases, would be particularly studied. However, up to now, recombinant HVTs (rHVTs) expressing multiple foreign genes turned out to be unstable, and all or part of the foreign genes is deleted during repeating passaging in culture cells. Accordingly, such unstable multivalent virus vectors cannot be used as efficient vaccines.

[0008] Accordingly, there is a need for stable multivalent recombinant viral-vectors, allowing the co-expression of the foreign genes in infected cells.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0009] Work conducted by the applicant has led to the surprising finding that a set of particular insertion sites in a herpes virus genome can be used for stably inserting and expressing two or more antigen genes, thereby providing efficient multivalent viral vectors for avian vaccination. More particularly, applicant has found that a few number of insertion sites can be used simultaneously for incorporating distinct antigen genes, providing stable multivalent recombinant viral-vectors.

[0010] Therefore, the present invention relates to a recombinant avian herpes virus as defined in the claims.
According to the invention, one recombinant nucleotide sequence is inserted in the region located between UL45 and UL46, and one recombinant nucleotide sequence is inserted in the region located between UL44 and UL45, between US10 and SORF3, or between SORF3 and US2. As illustrated in the application, such recombinant avian herpes virus constructs provide particularly stable and efficient expression of the two corresponding antigenic peptides in infected avian cells.

[0011] In particular, advantageously, the two, or more, recombinant nucleotide sequences are co-expressed in Chicken Embryo Fibroblast (CEF) cells, even after 10 or more passages, and preferentially even after 15 passages.

[0012] According to the invention, the recombinant nucleotide sequences are advantageously under the control of particular promoters. The promoters are preferentially chosen among the chicken beta-actin (Bac) promoter, the Pec promoter, the Murine Cytomegalovirus (Mcmv) immediate-early (ie)1 promoter, Human Cytomegalovirus (Hcmv) promoter, the Simian virus (SV)40 promoter, and the Raus Sarcoma virus (RSV) promoter, or any fragments thereof which retain a promoter activity. Preferentially, each recombinant nucleotide sequence is under the control of a distinct promoter.

[0013] According to the invention, the foreign genes are advantageously chosen among an antigenic peptide of avian paramyxovirus type 1, and preferentially the F protein of Newcastle disease virus (NDV), an antigenic peptide of Gumboro disease virus, preferentially the VP2 protein of the Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV), an antigenic peptide of the infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV), preferentially the gB protein, an antigenic peptide of Mycoplasma galisepticum, preferentially the 40K protein, and an antigenic peptide of the avian influenza virus, preferentially a surface protein hemagglutinin (HA).

[0014] Also disclosed herein is a recombinant avian herpes virus which comprises a first recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding a first antigenic peptide inserted into the non-coding region located between UL44 and UL45, and a second recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding a second antigenic peptide inserted into the non-coding region located between UL45 and UL46, between US10 and SORF3, or between SORF3 and US2.
In a preferred embodiment, the recombinant avian herpes virus of the invention comprises a first recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding a first antigenic peptide inserted into the non-coding region located between UL45 and UL46, and a second recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding a second antigenic peptide inserted into the non-coding region located between US10 and SORF3, or between SORF3 and US2.

[0015] Also disclosed herein is a recombinant avian herpes virus which comprises a first recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding a first antigenic peptide inserted into the non-coding region located between US10 and SORF3, and a second recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding a second antigenic peptide inserted into the non-coding region located between SORF3 and US2.

[0016] A further object of the invention relates to a multivalent vaccine for immunizing avian species, such as poultry, which comprises an effective immunizing amount of recombinant avian herpes virus of the invention. This vaccine can be used for immunizing avian species, such as poultry.

[0017] Also disclosed herein is an antiserum directed against avian herpes virus obtained by immunizing avian species with an effective amount of recombinant avian herpes virus of the invention and recovering the antiserum after bleeding the bird.

[0018] Also disclosed herein are methods of immunizing an avian comprising administering to said avian an effective immunizing amount of the vaccine according to the invention.

[0019] The invention further provides a vaccination kit for immunizing avian species which comprises an effective amount of the vaccine of the invention, and a means for administering said components to said species.

[0020] The invention may be used in any avian, for vaccination against any avian pathogen.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0021] 

Figure 1 illustrates the schematic diagram of the HVT genome. The location of the Unique Long (UL) 44, UL45 and UL46 and the location of the Unique Short (US)10, SORF3 and US2 are marked. The recombinant nucleotide sequences can be inserted at PCR generated SfiI sites between UL44 and UL45, and/or between UL45 and UL46, and/or between US10 and SORF3, and/or between SORF3 and US2.

Figure 2A and 2B illustrates schematic diagrams of the HVT genome integrating different clusters of nucleotide sequences and promoters, according to particular embodiments of the invention.

Figure 3 shows immunofluorescence staining of CEFs infected with double recombinant HVTs according to embodiments of the invention (FW129 and FW141) co-expressing NDV-F and IBDV-VP2 (rHVT/ND/IBD infected cells). Protein VP2 expression was detected by anti-VP2 Mab (R63) and Alexa Flour 546. Protein F expression was detected by anti-F #35 rabbit serum and Alexa Flour 488. The results show that both cells infected with FW129 or FW141 express both the inserted NDV-F protein and the inserted IBDV-VP2 protein.

Figures 4A and 4B are western blotting analysis showing the expression of VP2 protein and/or F protein in CEF cells infected with rHVTs of the invention. As shown in Figure 4A, a protein band of 60 kilodaltons (kDa) was observed only in the lane with rHVT/ND/IBD infected cells, which was the expected size of the F protein ( ). There was

band in the lane of rHVT/44-45BacVP2 (FW123). As shown in Figure 4B, VP2 protein was observed at 38-kilodaltons (kd) in the lanes of each rHVT/ND/IBD ( ). On the contrary,

ere was no band in the lane of rHVT/45-46 PecF (FW029). The 38-kd is the mature VP2 protein (A. A. Azad et al., 1987, Virol. 161:145-152, K. J., Fahey et al., 1985 J. Gen. Virol. 66:1479-1488). Double rHVTs of the invention expressed both NDV-F and IBDV-VP2.

Figures 5A to 5D shows results of a southern blotting analysis for genome structure check of purified FW129 (rHVT/45-46 pecF/44-45 Rsv VP2), indicating that double recombinant HVT/ND/IBD of the invention had the expected genomic structure. More precisely, the results of southern blotting showed that

  • a 2077-bp fragment was hybridized to VP2 probe in the DNA from each double recombinant HVT FW129 (columns 1, 2 and 3 Figure 5A). In contrast, no band was detected in p45/46Pec F (Figure 5A).
  • a 2744-bp fragment was hybridized to F probe in the DNA from each double recombinant HVT FW129 (columns 1, 2 and 3 Figure 5C). No band was detected in the p45/46 SfiI.
  • 2077-bp and 1228-bp fragments were hybridized to IS44/45 probe in the DNA from each double recombinant HVT FW129 (columns 1, 2 and 3 Figure 5B). No band was detected for the molecular marker ramda HindIII digest (column M Figure 5B).
  • 2744-bp and 770-bp fragments were hybridized to IS45/46 probe in the DNA from each double recombinant HVT FW129 (columns 1, 2 and 3 Figure 5D).

Figures 6A and 6B show results of a western blotting analysis for stability check of recombinant HVT FW129 in successive passages, indicating that after 15 passages F protein and VP2 protein were expressed stably in CEF infected with the rHVT FW129 of the invention.

Figures 7A to 7D show results of a southern blotting analysis for stability check of recombinant HVTs after 15 passages. (Figure 7A) The results of southern blotting show that a 2077-bp fragment was hybridized to VP2 probe in the DNA from FW129. 2334-bp fragment was hybridized to VP2 probe in the DNA from FW130. In contrast, no band was detected in p45/46Pec F. (Figure 7C) The results of southern blotting show that a 2744-bp fragment was hybridized to F probe in the DNA from each double recombinant HVT FW129 and FW130. No band was detected in the p45/46 SfiI. (Figure 7B) The results of southern blotting show that 2077-bp and 1228-bp fragments were hybridized to IS44/45 probe in the DNA from FW129, and that 2334-bp and 1022-bp fragments were hybridized to IS44/45 probe in the DNA from FW130. A 1350-bp fragment was hybridized to IS44/45 probe in p45/46 PecF, which contained no gene at the IS44/45 site. (Figure 7D) The results of southern blotting show that 2744-bp and 770-bp fragments were hybridized to IS45/46 probe in the DNA from each double recombinant HVT FW129 and FW130. Southern blot with 44/45 probe and 45/46 probe showed VP2 gene or F gene stably maintained at the insertion site 44/45 or 45/46 respectively in FW129 and FW130. These results indicate that after 15 passages F protein and VP2 protein were expressed stably in CEF infected with the rHVT FW129 of the invention

Figures 8A and 8B show comparative results of anti-NDV titers (Figure 8A) and anti-IBDV titers (Figure 8B) obtained from chicken inoculated with double recombinant HVTs (FW122, FW137, FW129, FW130, FW135), compared to titers obtained from chicken inoculated with single recombinant HVTs (FW029 and FW023 respectively).


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



[0022] The present invention generally relates to multivalent recombinant herpes viruses and their use for immunizing avian species against at least two diseases in the same time. According to the invention, foreign DNA sequences are inserted in particular insertion sites within the rHV genome, providing stable and efficient constructs suitable for use in vaccine compositions or methods.

[0023] The present disclosure will be best understood by reference to the following definitions:

Definitions



[0024] In the context of the invention, the term "reconstructed" or "recombinant" in relation to a sequence, designates a sequence, nucleic acid or unit which does not exist naturally and/or which has been engineered using recombinant DNA technology (also called gene cloning or molecular cloning).

[0025] The term "recombinant" in relation to a herpes virus refers to aherpes virus whose genome has been modified by insertion of at least one heterologous nucleic acid, i.e., a nucleic acid (e.g., DNA) which is not found naturally in the genome of the herpes virus, or which is found naturally in said genome but in a different form or at a different position. It will be understood that the recombinant herpes virus can be manufactured by a variety of methods, and once made, can be reproduced without use of further recombinant DNA technology. The structure of the "recombinant herpes virus" is therefore described in terms of DNA insertion.

[0026] In the present description, the terms "nucleic acid" "nucleic sequence," and "nucleotide sequence" are used interchangeably and refer to a nucleic acid molecule having a determined sequence, which may be deoxyribonucleotides and/or ribonucleotides. The nucleotide sequence may be first prepared by e.g., recombinant, enzymatic and/or chemical techniques, and subsequently replicated in a host cell or an in vitro system. A nucleotide sequence preferentially comprises an open reading frame encoding a peptide. The nucleotide sequence may contain additional sequences such as a transcription terminator, a signal peptide, an IRES, an intron, etc. Preferably, an open reading frame in a recombinant nucleic acid does not contain an intron.

[0027] The term "untranslated region" as used herein refers to a region of nucleotides that has no ORF and do not define an amino acid sequence of protein to be expressed by translation, or a region of nucleotides in which the ORF is not involved in any of transcription, translation, or protein expression.

[0028] The term "avian species" is intended to encompass all kinds of avians such as birds of the class of Aves, i.e., vertebrate animals which are feathered, winged, bipedal, endothermic and egg-laying. In the context of the invention, avians or avian species refer more particularly to birds with economical and/or agronomical interests, such as poultry, (such as chickens and turkeys), waterfowl poultry (such as ducks and geese) and ornamental birds (such as swans and psittacines).

[0029] The term "vaccine" as used herein designates an agent which may be used to cause, stimulate or amplify an immune response in an organism.

Viruses



[0030] Viruses for use in the present invention are those that belong generally to the genus of avian herpes viruses of turkeys (HVT).

[0031] Preferred herpes viruses of the invention are derived from serotypes or strains that are non-pathogenic to targeted avian species.

Multivalent recombinant avian herpes viruses



[0032] An object of the invention relates to recombinant avian herpes viruses suitable for immunizing avian species against at least two diseases, with improved stability through passages. Particular insertion sites have been identified by the inventors which, in combinations, provide improved stability for foreign antigen genes.

[0033] An object of the invention therefore relates to a recombinant avian herpes virus as defined in the claims.

[0034] The location of the quoted non coding regions is known in the art and can be found, e.g., in Kingham et al. ("The genome of herpesvirus of turkeys: comparative analysis with Marek's disease viruses" - Journal of General Virology (2001) 82, 1123-1135).
For example, by reference to a FC126 complete genome (GenBank: AF291866.1), the region located between UL44 and UL45 corresponds to nucleotides 94243-94683 of the HVT genome, the region located between UL45 and UL46 corresponds to nucleotides 95323-95443 of the HVT genome, the region located between US10 and SORF3 corresponds to nucleotides 138688-138825 of the HVT genome, and the region located between SORF3 and US2 corresponds to nucleotides 139867-140064 of the HVT genome.

[0035] The nucleic acid of interest for insertion into the genome of the herpes virus may be homologous or heterologous with respect to the herpes virus. The nucleic acid typically encodes an antigen from a pathogen and may be derived or obtained from any pathogenic organism capable of causing an infection in avian species. Typically, the cloned nucleic acids are derived from pathogens which cause diseases that have an economic impact on the poultry industry. Examples of pathogens that cause infection in avian include viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, etc.

[0036] The homologous or heterologous nucleotide sequence for insertion into the viral genome may thus be any sequence coding for an antigenic peptide of a bird pathogenic agent. The nucleic acid sequence according to the present invention can be derived from any source, e.g., viral, prokaryotic, eukaryotic or synthetic. Typically, the nucleotide sequences encode an immunogenic peptide of a pathogen, and preferably represent surface proteins, secreted proteins or structural proteins of said pathogen, or fragments thereof.

[0037] The nucleotide sequence may encode for example an antigenic peptide derived from avian influenza virus, avian paramyxovirus type 1, also called Newcastle disease virus (NDV), avian metapneumovirus, Marek's disease virus, Gumboro disease virus, also called infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV), Infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILVT), Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), Escherichia coli, Salmonella species, Pasteurella multocida, Riemerella anatipestifer, Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale, Mycoplasma gallisepticum, Mycoplasma synoviae, Mycoplasmas microorganisms infecting avian species or coccidian.

[0038] Preferentially, the nucleotide sequences inserted into the viral genome are chosen among the F protein of NDV, the VP2 protein of IBDV, the gB protein of ILTV, the 40K protein of Mycoplasma galisepticum, and the surface protein hemagglutinin (HA) of the avian influenza virus.

[0039] Various combinations of antigenic peptides may present great interest, depending on several factors, such as avian species, rearing-country, rearing-conditions etc.
For example, in an embodiment, the multivalent recombinant avian herpes virus of the invention incorporates into its genome the nucleotide sequence coding for the F protein of NDV and the nucleotide sequence coding for the VP2 protein of IBDV.

[0040] According to a particular embodiment, three or more nucleotide sequences may be inserted into the viral genome.
The recombinant herpes virus of the invention can express two or more antigens from a same pathogen.

[0041] The homologous or heterologous nucleotide sequences coding for the antigens of interest may be operably linked to a promoter and further inserted into the viral genome. The promoter used may be either a synthetic or natural, endogenous or heterologous promoter.

[0042] The promoter is not limited as long as it can effectively function in cells of birds infected with rHVT. Hence the choice of a promoter extends to any eukaryotic, prokaryotic or viral promoter capable of directing gene transcription in avian cells infected by the rHVT.

[0043] Preferentially, the promoters are chosen among the chicken beta-actin (Bac) promoter, the Pec promoter, the Murine Cytomegalovirus (Mcmv) ie1 promoter, the Human Cytomegalovirus (Hcmv) promoter, the Simian virus (SV)40 promoter, and the Raus Sarcoma virus (RSV) promoter, or any fragments thereof which retain a promoter activity.

[0044] The nucleic acid sequence of a chicken Bac promoter is shown in SEQ ID NO: 1, the sequence of a Pec promoter is shown in SEQ ID NO: 2, the sequence of a Mcmv ie1 promoter is shown in SEQ ID NO: 3, the sequence of a Hcmv promoter is shown in SEQ ID NO: 4, the sequence of a SV40 promoter is shown in SEQ ID NO: 5, and the sequence of a RSV promoter is shown in SEQ ID NO: 6.

[0045] It should be noted that variants of such sequences encoding functional promoters are known and/or can be designed/tested by the skilled artisan, for use in the instant invention.

[0046] In a preferred recombinant herpes virus of the invention, at least one of the nucleic acids comprises a Pec or Bac promoter to drive expression of the antigenic peptide.

Multivalent construction



[0047] Gene cloning and plasmid construction are well known to one person of ordinary skill in the art and may be essentially performed by standard molecular biology techniques (Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. 3rd Edition, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Woodbury, N.Y. 2001).
In order to construct a multivalent recombinant herpes virus of the present invention, initially, the herpes virus is propagated in a suitable host cell and then the genomic DNA is obtained. The host and the conditions for propagating the virus are selected as appropriate. As host cells, cells derived from chicken are preferred, and CEF (chick embryo fibroblast), chicken kidney cells, and the like, can be used. They may be cultured in a culture medium such as Eagle's MEM, Leibowitz-L-15/McCoy 5A (1:1 mixture) culture medium at about 37°C for 3 to 4 days.
DNA is extracted from the virus-infected cells cultured as above according to a conventional method. After protein is denatured in the lysis buffer and removed, DNA is extracted with phenol and ethanol.

[0048] Typically, the recombinant viruses may be prepared by homologous recombination between the viral genome and a construct (e.g., a plasmid) comprising the nucleic acid to be inserted, flanked by nucleotides from the insertion site to allow recombination.

Plasmid with insertion site sequence



[0049] One possibility to insert a foreign gene in one of the untranslated regions of the viral genome according to the invention may be to first clone a sequence containing the targeted untranslated region into a plasmid, or other suitable vector. According to the invention, such sequence is chosen among the sequence of the region located between UL44 and UL45, the sequence of the region located between UL45 and UL46, the sequence of the region located between US10 and SORF3, and the sequence of the region located between SORF3 and US2.
Examples of plasmids comprise pBR322, pBR325, pBR327, pBR328, pUC18, pUC19, pUC7, pUC8, and pUC9, examples of phages comprise lambda phage and M13 phage, and example of cosmids comprises pHC79.

[0050] The untranslated region sequence is integrated into the plasmid according to a conventional cloning method. The insertion region sequences are preferably of sufficient length so that, upon insertion of the nucleic acid, the sequences which flank the nucleic acid are of appropriate length so as to allow in vivo homologous recombination with the viral genome. Preferably, the flanking sequences shall have at least approximately 50 nucleotides in length.

[0051] In order to insert one or more foreign sequence(s) into the untranslated region, mutation may be carried out at a specific site of the untranslated region to make a new cleavage site for restriction enzymes. A method of carrying out mutation may be a conventional method, and a method commonly used by a person skilled in the art such as in vitro mutagenesis and PCR can be used. Thus, in the PCR method, a mutation such as the deletion, replacement, or addition of 1 to 2 nucleotides in the PCR primer is carried out, and the primer is then used to create a mutation.

Plasmid further containing targeted foreign nucleotide sequence(s)



[0052] The nucleotide and promoter sequences, for insertion into the virus, are further inserted into the insertion region of the viral genome in the plasmid.

[0053] More precisely, the nucleotide and promoter sequences are introduced into a fragment of genomic herpes virus DNA containing insertion region sequences, subcloned in the plasmid. If desired, a plasmid can be prepared, which contains two or more foreign nucleic acid sequences, e.g., derived from the same or different pathogens, said sequences being flanked by insertion region sequences as described herein.

Viral genome comprising a foreign nucleotide sequence in an insertion site



[0054] Plasmids in which at least one nucleotide sequence has been inserted into the untranslated region obtained as above may be introduced into an HVT-infected cell or HVT genome-transfected cells using electroporation, calcium phosphate, a lipofectin-based method or the like. When the amount of the plasmid to be introduced is in the range of 0.1 to 1000 µg, the efficiency of generation of recombinant viruses by recombination between the homologous regions of HVT-DNA and the plasmid becomes high in cells.

Production of the multivalent recombinant herpes virus



[0055] The multivalent of the invention may be obtained by co-transfecting in the same cell culture a plasmid containing, as described above, an insertion site sequence in which is integrated a foreign nucleotide sequence, and a recombinant herpes virus containing, as described above, the same insertion site free of foreign nucleotide sequence and a second insertion site in which is integrated a distinct foreign nucleotide sequence. This co-transfection results in the recombination of the plasmid DNA into the viral genome.
Otherwise, the multivalent of the invention may be obtained by co-transfecting in the same cell culture two plasmids each containing a distinct insertion site sequence in which is integrated a distinct foreign nucleotide sequence, and an herpes virus containing, as described above, the same insertion sites free of foreign nucleotide sequence. The co-transfection results in the recombination of the both plasmid DNAs into the viral genome.

[0056] The resulting multivalent recombinant virus may be selected genotypically or phenotypically using known techniques of selection, e.g., by hybridization, detecting enzyme activity encoded by a gene co-integrated along with the recombinant nucleic acid sequences or detecting the antigenic peptide expressed by the recombinant herpes virus immunologically. The selected recombinant herpes virus can be cultured on a large scale in cell culture after which, recombinant herpes virus containing peptides can be collected.

Preferred multivalent constructions



[0057] It is an object of the invention to propose multivalent recombinant herpes viruses which present at least two foreign nucleotide sequences each being inserted in a particular insertion site, in suitable manner for encoding and expressing the corresponding antigenic peptides in avian cells.

[0058] Among the plurality of possible embodiments based on the combinations of the targeted insertion sites and the preferred recombinant nucleotide sequences, and optionally the preferred promoters, the Applicant has surprisingly found that particular combinations present a high level of stability, allowing their use for preparing improved multivalent vaccines.

[0059] Based on this noticing, it is a purpose of the invention to propose specific multivalent recombinant avian herpes viruses with a high level of stability.

[0060] Preferred multivalent recombinant avian herpes viruses of the invention are as defined in the claims.

[0061] Preferred antigenic peptides of the invention are chosen among the F protein of NDV, the VP2 protein of IBDV, the gB protein of ILTV, the 40K protein of Mycoplasma galisepticum, and the surface protein HA of the avian influenza virus.

[0062] Advantageously, the promoters used with nucleotide sequences inserted in the insertion site between UL44 and UL45 are chosen among the Pec promoter, the Mcmv ie1 promoter, the Hcmv promoter, the SV40 promoter, and the RSV promoter, or any fragments thereof which retain a promoter activity. Indeed, applicant has surprisingly found that the Bac promoter inserted between UL44 and UL45 does not allow stable expression of a foreign gene. However, the Bac promoter, inserted in the region between UL45 and UL46 does allow stable expression.

[0063] According to a first embodiment, the recombinant avian herpes virus comprises, inserted between UL45 and UL46 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the F protein of NDV, or a fragment thereof, under the control of the Pec promoter, and, inserted between UL44 and UL45 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the VP2 protein of IBDV or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of SV40 promoter (FW130).

[0064] According to a second embodiment, the recombinant avian herpes virus comprises in the insertion site between UL45 and UL46 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the F protein of NDV, or a fragment thereof, under the control of the Pec promoter, and in the insertion site between UL44 and UL45 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the VP2 protein of IBDV or a fragment thereof, under the control of the RSV promoter (FW129).

[0065] According to a third embodiment, the recombinant avian herpes virus comprises in the insertion site between UL45 and UL46 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the F protein of NDV, or a fragment thereof, under the control of the Pec promoter, and in the insertion site between UL44 and UL45 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the VP2 protein of IBDV or a fragment thereof, under the control of the Mcmv ie1 promoter (FW141).

[0066] According to a fourth embodiment, the recombinant avian herpes virus comprises in the insertion site between UL45 and UL46 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the F protein of NDV, or a fragment thereof, under the control of the Pec promoter, and in the insertion site between SORF3 and US2 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the VP2 protein of IBDV or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Mcmv ie1 promoter (FW144).

[0067] According to a fifth embodiment, the recombinant avian herpes virus comprises in the insertion site between UL45 and UL46 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the F protein of NDV, or a fragment thereof, under the control of the Pec promoter, and in the insertion site between SORF3 and US2 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the VP2 protein of IBDV or a fragment thereof, under the control of the Bac promoter (FW146).

[0068] Also disclosed herein is a recombinant avian herpes virus which comprises in the insertion site between UL44 and UL45 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the F protein of NDV, or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Pec promoter, and in the insertion site between UL45 and UL46 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the VP2 protein of IBDV or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Mcmv ie1 promoter (FW143).

[0069] Also disclosed herein is a recombinant avian herpes virus which comprises in the insertion site between UL44 and UL45 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the F protein of NDV, or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Mcmv ie1 promoter, and in the insertion site between UL45 and UL46 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the VP2 protein of IBDV or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Bac promoter (FW142).

[0070] Also disclosed herein is a recombinant avian herpes virus which comprises in the insertion site between SORF3 and US2 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the F protein of NDV, or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Pec promoter, and in the insertion site between UL45 and UL46 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the VP2 protein of IBDV or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Bac promoter (FW147).

[0071] Also disclosed herein is a recombinant avian herpes virus which comprises in the insertion site between UL45 and UL46 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the VP2 protein of IBDV, or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Bac promoter, and in the insertion site between SORF3 and US2 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the F protein of NDV or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Mcmv ie1 promoter (FW145).

[0072] Also disclosed herein is a recombinant avian herpes virus which comprises in the insertion site between UL45 and UL46 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the VP2 protein of IBDV, or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Bac promoter, and in the insertion site between SORF3 and US2 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the F protein of NDV or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the SV40 promoter (FW149).

[0073] Also disclosed herein is a recombinant avian herpes virus which comprises in the insertion site between UL45 and UL46 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the F protein of NDV, or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the SV40 promoter, and in the insertion site between SORF3 and US2 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the VP2 protein of IBDV or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Bac promoter (FW148).

[0074] According to a further embodiment, the recombinant avian herpes virus comprises in the insertion site between UL45 and UL46 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the F protein of NDV, or a fragment thereof, under the control of the Pec promoter, and in the insertion site between US10 and SORF3 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the VP2 protein of IBDV or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Mcmv ie1 promoter (FW153).

[0075] According to a further embodiment, the recombinant avian herpes virus comprises in the insertion site between UL45 and UL46 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the F protein of NDV, or a fragment thereof, under the control of the Pec promoter, and in the insertion site between US10 and SORF3 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the VP2 protein of IBDV or a fragment thereof, under the control of the Bac promoter (FW154).

[0076] Also disclosed herein is a recombinant avian herpes virus which comprises in the insertion site between UL45 and UL46 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the VP2 protein of IBDV or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Bac promoter, and in the insertion site between US10 and SORF3 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the F protein of NDV, or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Mcmv ie1 promoter (FW155).

[0077] Also disclosed herein is a recombinant avian herpes virus which comprises in the insertion site between UL45 and UL46 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the VP2 protein of IBDV or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Bac promoter, and in the insertion site between US10 and SORF3 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the F protein of NDV, or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Pec promoter (FW156).

[0078] Also disclosed herein is a recombinant avian herpes virus which comprises in the insertion site between US10 and SORF3 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the F protein of NDV, or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Pec promoter, and in the insertion site between SORF3 and US2 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the VP2 protein of IBDV or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Mcmv ie1 promoter (FW157).

[0079] Also disclosed herein is a recombinant avian herpes virus which comprises in the insertion site between US10 and SORF3 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the F protein of NDV, or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Mcmv ie1 promoter, and in the insertion site between SORF3 and US2 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the VP2 protein of IBDV or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Bac promoter (FW158).

[0080] Also disclosed herein is a recombinant avian herpes virus which comprises in the insertion site between US 10 and SORF3 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the VP2 protein of IBDV, or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Bac promoter, and in the insertion site between SORF3 and US2 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the F protein of NDV or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Mcmv ie1 promoter (FW159).

[0081] Also disclosed herein is a recombinant avian herpes virus which comprises in the insertion site between US 10 and SORF3 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the VP2 protein of IBDV, or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Mcmv ie1 promoter, and in the insertion site between SORF3 and US2 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the F protein of NDV or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Pec promoter (FW160).

[0082] Also disclosed herein is a recombinant avian herpes virus which comprises in the insertion site between UL45 and UL46 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the VP2 protein of IBDV or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Mcmv ie1 promoter, and in the insertion site between US10 and SORF3 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the F protein of NDV, or a fragment thereof, preferentially under the control of the Pec promoter (FW161).

Cell cultures



[0083] The resulting recombinant viruses of the present invention may be propagated in cell cultures in which said recombinant virus can propagate and grow. After required growth of the viruses is achieved the cells may be detached from the wells using a scraper or with trypsin and the infected cells may be separated from the supernatant by centrifugation.

[0084] In preferred embodiments of the invention, CEF, embryonated egg, chicken kidney cell, and the like may be used as the host cells for the propagation of recombinant herpes viruses. Multivalent recombinant viruses of the present invention may be cultured in a culture medium such as Eagle's MEM, Leibowitz-L-15/McCoy 5A (1:1 mixture) culture medium at about 37° C for 3 to 4 days. The infected cells thus obtained are suspended in a culture medium containing 10% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and stored frozen under liquid nitrogen.

[0085] Advantageously, the recombinant multivalent herpes viruses of the invention present a high level of stability through passages, which corresponds to a coexpression of the recombinant nucleotide sequences in cells of avian species even after 10 or more passages. In the context of the invention a "passage" or "cell passaging" means a culture of cells in suitable conditions for allowing their growth and keeping them alive until they are 90% to 100% confluent. The passaging step consists on transferring a small number of cells of the previous confluent culture into a new culture medium. An aliquot of the previous confluent culture, containing a few cells, may be diluted in a large volume of fresh medium. In case of adherent cultures, cells may be first detached, for example by using a mixture of trypsin and EDTA, or any suitable enzyme, before to use a few number of detached cells for seeding a new culture medium.

[0086] According to preferred embodiments of the invention, CEF cells transfected with recombinant avian herpes viruses of the invention still coexpress the corresponding antigenic peptides after at least 10 passages. In other words, CEF cells resulting from 10 or more passages of CEF cells transfected with recombinant avian herpes viruses of the invention, and more particularly resulting from 15 passages, still contain the foreign nucleotide sequences of the recombinant avian herpes virus used for the initial cell transfection and express the at least two corresponding antigenic peptides. In the context of the invention, one considers that cells of a said passage still express the antigenic peptides if the level of production is greater than 80% of the level of production of the first passage, and preferentially greater than 85%.

Multivalent vaccine compositions



[0087] The invention also relates to a multivalent vaccine for immunizing avian species, such as poultry, which comprises an effective immunizing amount of a multivalent recombinant avian herpes virus of the invention.

[0088] Preferentially, vaccines of the invention are able to cause or stimulate or amplify immunity against at least two pathogens chosen among avian paramyxovirus type 1, Gumboro disease virus, the infectious laryngotracheitis virus, Mycoplasma galisepticum, and the avian influenza virus.
Vaccines of the invention comprise an immunologically effective amount of a multivalent recombinant herpes virus as described above, in a pharmaceutically acceptable vehicle.
A multivalent recombinant herpes virus according to the invention may be preferably used as a live vaccine although other alternatives like inactivated vaccines or attenuated vaccines are well within the skill of a person skilled in the art.

[0089] The vaccine according to the present invention may further comprise a suitable solvent, such as for example an aqueous buffer or a phosphate buffer. Preferably, the vaccine also comprises additives. Additives of the present invention may be obtained from any of a number of sources including various proteins and peptides derived from animals (e.g., hormones, cytokines, co-stimulatory factors), and novel nucleic acids derived from viruses and other sources (e.g., double stranded RNA, CpG), and the like which are administered with the vaccine in an amount sufficient to enhance the immune response. In addition, any number of combinations of the aforementioned substances may provide an immunopotentiation effect, and therefore, can form an immunopotentiator of the present invention.

[0090] The vaccines of the present invention may further be formulated with one or more further additives to maintain isotonicity, physiological pH and stability, for example, a buffer such as physiological saline (0.85%), phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), citrate buffers, Tris(hydroxymethyl aminomethane (TRIS), Tris-buffered saline and the like, or an antibiotic, for example, neomycin or streptomycin, etc.

[0091] The route of administration can be any route including oral, ocular (e.g., by eyedrop), oculo-nasal administration using aerosol, intranasal, Cloacal in feed, in water, or by spray, in ovo, topically, or by injection (e.g., intravenous, subcutaneous, intramuscular, intraorbital, intraocular, intradermal, and/or intraperitoneal) vaccination. The skilled person will easily adapt the formulation of the vaccine composition for each type of route of administration.

[0092] Each vaccine dose may contain a suitable dose sufficient to elicit a protective immune response in avian species. Optimization of such dose is well known in the art. The amount of antigen per dose may be determined by known methods using antigen/anti-body reactions, for example by the ELISA method.

[0093] The vaccines of the invention can be administered as single doses or in repeated doses, depending on the vaccination protocol.

[0094] The vaccines of the present invention are further advantageous in that they confer to bird species up to 80% protection against the targeted avian pathogens after 3 weeks of vaccination.

[0095] The present invention further relates to the use of the vaccine as described above for immunizing avian species, such as poultry, and to method of immunizing avian species by administering an immunologically effective amount of the vaccine according to the invention. The vaccine may be advantageously administered intradermally, subcutaneously, intramuscularly, orally, in ovo, by mucosal administration or via oculo-nasal administration.

[0096] The present invention further relates to vaccination kits for immunizing avian species which comprises an effective amount of the multivalent vaccine as described above and a means for administering said components to said species. For example, such kit comprises an injection device filled with the multivalent vaccine according to the invention and instructions for intradermic, subcutaneous, intramuscular, or in ovo injection. Alternatively, the kit comprises a spray/aerosol or eye drop device filled with the multivalent vaccine according to the invention and instructions for oculo-nasal administration, oral or mucosal administration.

[0097] The present invention will now be explained in more detail with reference to the following experiments and examples, but it must not be construed that the present invention is limited by these experiments and examples.

EXPERIMENTS



[0098] In the experiments, several recombinant herpes virus (monovalent or multivalent according to the invention) have been used, designated as follow (HVT/first insertion site-first foreign gene/second insertion site-second foreign gene):

FW122: HVT/45-46 Hcmv VP2 Bac F

FW123: HVT/44-45 Bac VP2,

FW125: HVT/45-46 Bac F/44-45 Hcmv VP2

FW129: HVT/45-46 PecF/44-45 Rsv VP2

FW130: HVT/45-46 PecF/44-45 SV40 VP2

FW135: HVT/45-46 sv40 F/44-45 Bac VP2

FW137: HVT/45-46 Pec F sv40 VP2

FW141: HVT/45-46 PecF/44-45 Mcmv ie1VP2

FW142: HVT/45-46 Bac VP2/44-45 Mcmv ie1 F

FW144: HVT/45-46 Pec F/87-88 Mcmv ie1 VP2

FW145: HVT/45-46 Bac VP2/87-88 Mcmv ie1 F

FW023: HVT/45-46 Bac VP2

FW029: HVT/45-46 Pec F


Experiment 1: Construction of homology vectors



[0099] The plasmid construction was essentially performed by the standard molecular biology techniques (Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. 3rd Edition, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y. 2001). DNA restriction fragments were electrophoresed on agarose gels and purified with Plasmid plus Midi Kit (QIAGEN, Cat # 12945)

Construction of p44/45d46Sfi



[0100] Based on the information of the gC homologue (gCh) gene of MDV serotype 1 (Coussens et al., J. Virol. 62:2373-2379, 1988) and its adjacent BamHI-B fragment (Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. H6-292583), a DNA fragment having an SfiI site between two ORFs UL44h and UL45h, was prepared by PCR and cloned into pUC18. First, HVT DNA was prepared from CEF cells infected with the HVT FC126 strain according to the method of Lee et al. (J. Gen. Virol., 51 : 245-253, 1980). Using the obtained HVT DNA as a template, PCR was performed with two pairs of primers.

[0101] The first pair was SEQ NO: 7 (5'-CCCCGAATTCATGGAAGAAATTTCC-3') and SEQ NO: 8 (5'-CGCGGGCCAATAAGGCCAACATCGGGACGTACATC-3').

[0102] The second pair was SEQ NO: 9 (5'-GCGCGGCCTTATTGGCCTTAAATACCGCGTTTGGAG-3') and SEQ NO: 10 (5'-CCCCAAGCTTTCAAGTGATACTGCGTGA-3').

[0103] Using the mixture of the obtained two PCR products as template, another PCR was conducted with SEQ NO.7 and SEQ NO.10 to generate a fragment having an SfiI site between two ORFs, UL44h and UL45h.

[0104] The resulting fragment was then digested with EcoRI and HindIII and ligated to pUC18, which had been digested with EcoRI and HindIII. The obtained plasmid was designated p44/45Sfi.

[0105] For construction of double recombinant HVT in which two genes inserted at the UL44/45 and UL45/46 respectively, UL46 gene was deleted from p44/45Sfi. p45/46Sfi (US 7569365) digested with EcoRI and SfiI was ligated with dSfiI-EcoRI linker, resulting in plasmid p44/45d46. p44/45Sfi cleaved with SphI and PstI was ligated with p44/45d46 cleaved with the same enzymes, resulting in plasmid p44/45d46Sfi.

Construction of pHVT 87-88



[0106] HVT DNA was prepared from CEF cells infected with the HVT FC126 strain according to the method of Lee et al. (J. Gen. Virol., 51 : 245-253, 1980). Using the obtained HVT DNA as a template, PCR was performed with two pairs of primers. Each primer was designed on the information of Genbank X68653.1. A DNA fragment having a SfiI site between two ORFs, US2 (HVT088) and SORF3 (HVT087), was prepared by PCR and cloned into pUC18.

[0107] The first pair was SEQ NO.11 (5'-GGGAATTCGAAGAGCCCCCGCGGACGCATG-3') and SEQ NO. 125'-CCGCTAGCGGCCGCAAGTTCCTTCACCATGACCAG-3')

[0108] The second pair was SEQ NO.13 (5'-GCGGCCGCTAGCGGCCTTATTGGCCGTAGCATAAAGACGCAGG-3') and SEQ NO.14 (5'-CCAAGCTTCTAGTACATATATATACATGAC-3')

[0109] The first resulting fragment was digested with EcoRI and NheI. The second resulting fragment was digested with NheI and HindIII. These cleaved fragments were integrated into pUC18 cleaved with EcoRI and HindIII, resulting the plasmid pHVT 87-88.

Construction of pHVT 86-87



[0110] HVT DNA was prepared from CEF cells infected with the HVT FC126 strain according to the method of Lee et al. (J. Gen. Virol., 51 : 245-253, 1980). Using the obtained HVT DNA as a template, PCR was performed with two pairs of primers. Each primer was designed on the information of Genbank X68653.1. A DNA fragment having a SfiI site between two ORFs, US10 (HVT086) and SORF3 (HVT087), was prepared by PCR and cloned into pUC18.

[0111] The first pair was SEQ NO.15 (5'-GGGGGAATTCATTATCCCATCTAACAGTTATATACG-3') and SEQ NO.16 (5'-GCCGCTAGCGGCCGCCTTTATTAACAACCTTAC-3')

[0112] The second pair was SEQ NO.17 (5'-GCGGCCGCTAGCGGCCTTATTGGCC GTTTATTCTATGTAAGAC-3') and SEQ NO.18 (5'-CCCAAGCTTAAGTTCCTTCACCATG-3')

[0113] The first resulting fragment was digested with EcoRI and NheI. The second resulting fragment was digested with NheI and HindIII. These cleaved fragments were integrated into pUC18 cleaved with EcoRI and HindIII, resulting the plasmid pHVT 86-87.

Construction of the homology vector


Chemical synthesized Mcmv ie 1 promoter



[0114] Mcmv ie1 promoter (SEQ NO.19) was synthesized on the information of 4191-4731bp in Gene Bank L06816.1 reported by Koszinowski, U. H.. Synthesized Mcmv ie1 promoter was designed that BglI-PstI sites were added in front of it and XbaI-NotI sites were added at the end.


Construction of p44/45 Mcmv ie1 VP2 SPA



[0115] SfiI-cleaved p44-45d46Sfi was dephosphorylated by using Alkaline Phosphatase Shewanella sp. S1B1 Recombinant (PAP) (Funakoshi #DE110). The fragment was ligated with BglI-cleaved p45/46BacVP2, resulting in the plasmid, p44/45d46 BacVP2. The synthesized Mcmv ie1 promoter (BglI/XbaI) was ligated with p44/45d46 BacVP2 cleaved with EcoRV and XbaI, and p44/45d46 Bac VP2 cleaved with EcoRV and BglI, resulting in p44/45d46 Mcmv ie1 VP2. The synthetized short polyA signal (SPA: SEQ NO.20 CTGCAGGCGGCCGCTCTAGAGTCGACAATAAAAGATCTTTATTTTCATTAGATC TGTGTGTTGGTTTTTTGTGTGGCCAATAAGGCC) was integrated into p44/45d46 Mcmv ie1 VP2 cleaved with SalI and SfiI, resulting in the homology plasmid, p44/45d46 Mcmv ie1 VP2 SPA

Experiment 2: Purifying recombinant HVT in CEF transfected with each transfer vector



[0116] Viral DNA of the HVT wild type, FC126 strain (wt-HVT) was prepared as described by Morgan et al. (Avian Diseases, 34:345-351, 1990). Viral DNAs of FW029 (rHVT/45-46PecF) and FW023 (rHVT/45-46BacVP2) were prepared in the similar method. The first double rHVT pattern was that the CEF cells were transfected with the prepared wt-HVT DNA and p45/46sv40VP2 PecF (ex. FW137). The second pattern was that the CEF cells were transfected with the prepared FW029 DNA and p44/45 Mcmv ie1 VP2 (ex. FW141). The third pattern was that the CEF cells were transfected with the prepared FW023 DNA and p44/45 Mcmv ie1 F (ex. FW142). The fourth pattern was that the CEF were transfected with the prepared FW029 DNA and pHVT87-88Bac VP (ex. FW144). The fifth pattern was that the CEF were transfected with the prepared FW023 and pHVT87-88Pec F (ex. FW145). These resulting recombinant viruses were plaque purified by staining plaques with the anti-NDV-F antibody and anti-IBDV-VP2 antibody..

[0117] Briefly, 107 primary CEF cells were suspended in 100 µl of MEF-1(Lonza LNJVD-1004) and co-transfected with 1 µg of the homology vector, for example, p44/45 Mcmv ie1 F and pHVT Bac VP2, and 2 µg of HVT DNA, for instance, FC126 , FW029 and FW023 by electroporation. Electroporation was performed on Nucleofector II. Transfected cells were diluted in 20ml of Leibovitz's L-15 (GIBCO BRL, Cat. #41300-39), McCoy's 5A Medium (GIBCO BRL, Cat. #21500-061) (1:1) and 4% calf serum (named solution LM (+) medium), spread 100ul per well of 96 well plate.

[0118] Incubate at 37°C in 5% CO2 until the plaques became visible, the cells were detached from plates by trypsinization, diluted in freshly prepared secondary CEF cells, transferred equally to two 96-well plates and incubated for 3 days to visualize the plaques. One of two plates was then stained with anti-VP2 monoclonal antibody R63 (ATCC #: HB-9490) as the primary antibody. After detecting the well containing the stained recombinant plaques, cells from the corresponding well of the other plate were recovered, diluted in fresh secondary CEF cells and transferred equally to two 96-well plates to complete the first round of purification. The purification procedure was repeated until every obtained plaque was stained positively by monoclonal antibody R63. After then, the double rHVT candidate was stained by the anti-NDV-F antibody 3-1G/5 (Morrison, T. G., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 84: 1020-1024, 1987) or anti F rabbit serum. Finally, Expression of proteins of the every plaques of the candidate rHVT was confirmed by dual IFA staining. CEFs infected by each rHVT were fixed with cold Acetone-Methanol (2:1), washed with PBS, reacted with antibody mixture (1:1000 diluted anti F rabbit serum #35 and anti-VP2 mouse Mab R63) at 37C in 60 minutes. After washing 3 times with PBS, the cells reacted with fluorescent antibody mixture (1:1000 diluted Alexa Fluor488 anti rabbit and Alexa Fluor546 anti mouse provided by Invitrogen) at 37C in 60 minutes. After washing 3 times with PBS, they are observed by fluorescence microscope at magnification by 400 times.

[0119] Protein VP2 expression was detected by anti-VP2 Mab (R63) and Alexa Flour 546. Protein F expression was detected by anti-F #35 rabbit serum and Alexa Flour 488. When all plaques were expressed both F and VP2, we concluded purification was completed. Figure 3 showed some examples of dual IFA.

[0120] The purified recombinant HVT was designated rHVT/ND/IBD.

[0121] The table 1 below shows the expression of the VP2 and protein F obtained from the different rHVT/ND/IBD. Strain FW023 (HVT/45-46 Bac VP2) corresponds to a monovalent recombinant herpes virus used as control for VP2 expression, and FW029 (HVT/45-46 PecF) corresponds to a monovalent recombinant herpes virus used as control for protein F expression.
Table 1. Expression of the inserted NDV-F and IBDV-VP2 genes by rHVT/ND/IBD (Detection of fluorescence)
VirusPrimary antibody
anti-F antiserumanti-VP2 monoclonal antibody (R63) rabbitPBS
FW137 +w +w -
FW129 + + -
FW130 + + -
FW141 + + -
FW142 + + -
FW144 + + -
FW145 + + -
FW029 + - -
FW023 - + -
FC126 - - -
None - - -
+: detected, +w; weakly detected, -: not detected

Experiment 3: Co-expression of two proteins in CEF infected with double recombinant HVTs



[0122] 2 ml containing 2X105 CEF cells was infected with recombinant HVTs, and incubated at 37°C in 5% CO2 for 3days.

[0123] Then the culture was centrifuged at 300 g for 3minutes, and the precipitated cells were resuspended in 100ul. Laemmli buffer (100ul) was added to the cell suspension. The resultant mixture was then boiled for 5 min and 5 ul of them was subjected to 10% SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The electrophoresed proteins were transferred from SDS-GEL to a PVDF membrane (Immobilon-P, Millipore), which was blocked in 1% w/v non-fat milk powder in PBS at room temperature for one hour.

[0124] For F detection (Figure 4A), the treated membrane was then reacted with the anti-F rabbit antiserum #35 in 500-fold dilution at room temperature for one hour, washed three times with PBS, and incubated for one hour with the biotinylated anti-rabbit goat antiserum.

[0125] For VP2 detection (Figure 4B), the treated membrane was then reacted with the anti-VP2 Mab R63 in 500-fold dilution at room temperature for one hour, washed three times with PBS, and incubated for one hour with the biotinylated anti-mouse goat antiserum.

[0126] After washing three times with PBS, the membrane was incubated for one hour with an avidin-alkaline phosphatase complex, washed three times with PBS and one time with TBS (Tris Buffered Saline), and reacted with BCIP-NBT(a substrate of alkaline phosphatase.) As shown in Figure 4A, a protein band of 60 kilodaltons (kDa) was observed only in the lane with rHVT/ND/IBD infected cells, which was the expected size of the F protein ( ) There was no band in the lane of rHVT/44-45BacVP2 (FW123).

[0127] Figure 3B showed VP2 protein was observed at 38-kilodaltons (kd) in the lanes of each rHVT/ND/IBD (

On the contrary, there was no band in the lane of rHVT/PecF (FW029) (Fig.1 B). The 38-kd is the mature VP2 protein (A. A. Azad et al., 1987, Virol. 161:145-152, K. J., Fahey et al., 1985 J. Gen. Virol. 66:1479-1488).

[0128] Double recombinant HVTs according to the invention expressed both NDV-F and IBDV VP2.

Experiment 4: Verification of the genomic structure


Southern blotting analysis



[0129] The purified rHVT/ND/IBD was propagated on CEF cells of one 25-cm2 flask to obtain the confluent plaques. Cells were recovered from dishes by scraping, transferred to Falcon tubes and subjected to centrifugation at 300 xg for 5 min. Harvested cells were washed with PBS, re-suspended in 0.6 ml of PBS and 0.4 ml of lysis buffer (1.25% TritonX-100, 250 mM 2-ME, and 50 mM EDTA in PBS), and lysed by vortexing for 3 min. The lysates were then centrifuged at 600 xg for 5 min at room temperature and the supernatants were transferred to a 15 ml Falcon tubes. The viruses were collected by centrifugation at 20,400 xg for 20 min. The resultant pellets were then suspended in 0.33 ml of a nuclease solution (12.5 mM Tris-Cl (pH7.5), 1 µg/ml DNase I and 1 µg/ml RNase A), incubated at 37°C for 30 min, and disrupted by incubating at 55°C for 30 min with 83 µl of SDS-protease solution (50 mM EDTA, 5% SDS, 0.5mg/ml protease K, and 28.5 mM 2-mercaptoethanol). The obtained mixture was treated twice with phenol-chloroform, and NaCl was added to the aqueous phase to the final concentration of 0.2 M. The viral DNA was precipitated by adding 2.5 volumes of ice-cold ethanol, washed with 70% ethanol and subjected to centrifugation at 20,400 xg for 20 min at 4°C. After air-drying, the pellets were dissolved in TE buffer (10 mM Tris-Cl (pH8.0), 1 mM EDTA).

[0130] The viral DNA in TE buffer was digested with XhoI, SphI and SmaI, and subjected to 0.8% agarose gel electrophoresis. The electrophoresed DNA fragments on the single gel were transferred simultaneously to two nylon membranes (Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, third edition, 6.35, Sambrook, J., and Russell, D.W. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory). After fixing DNA by baking, the immobilized DNA was hybridized with DIG-labeled probe, "VP2 probe", or "IS44/45 probe" which was prepared with PCR DIG Probe Synthesis Kit (ROCHE DIAGNOSTICS, Cat. #1636090). In addition, the viral DNA in TE buffer was digested with XhoI and SphI, and hybridized with DIG-labeled probe, "F probe", "IS45/46 probe" by the same procedure mentioned above. VP2 probe was prepared with VP2 STC-F (SEQ ID NO.21) and VP2 STC-R (SEQ ID NO.22) as primers and p45/46bacVP2-STC as a template. F probe was prepared with F-F (SEQ ID NO.23) and F-R (SEQ ID NO.24) as primers and p45/46PecF as a template. IS45/46 probe was prepared with 45/46-F (SEQ ID NO.25) and 45/46-R (SEQ ID NO.26) as primers and pNZ45/46Sfi as a template. IS44/45 probe was prepared with 44/45-F (SEQ ID NO.27) and 44/45-R (SEQ ID NO.28) as primers and pNZ44/45d46Sfi as a template.
VP2 STC-F (SEQ ID NO.21) 5'-CACCGTCCTCAGCTTACCCACATC-3'
VP2 STC-R (SEQ ID NO.22) 5'-ACGACGGATCCTGTTGCCACTCT-3'
NDV-F-F (SEQ ID NO.23) 5'-CTAGCAGTGGCAGTTGGGAAGAT-3'
NDV-F-R (SEQ ID NO.24) 5'-GTTAAGGCAGGGGAAGTGATTTGT-3'
45/46-F (SEQ ID NO.25) 5'-GGGGAAGTCTTCCGGTTAAGGGAC-3'
45/46-R (SEQ ID NO.26) 5'-GGTGCAATTCGTAAGACCGATGGG-3'
44/45-F (SEQ ID NO.27) 5'-GTACTATAGAATGTGTTCC-3'
44/45-R (SEQ ID NO.28) 5'-GTATCCAACGCCTCAAGATC-3'


[0131] The results of southern blotting showed (Figures 5A-5D) that a 2077-bp fragment was hybridized to VP2 probe in the DNA from FW129. In contrast, no band was detected in p45/46Pec F.

[0132] In addition 2744-bp fragment was hybridized to F probe in the DNA from each double recombinant HVTs. No band was detected in the p45/46 SfiI.

[0133] 2077-bp and 1228-bp fragments to IS44/45 probe in the DNA from FW129. 1350-bp fragment to IS44/45 probe in p45/46 PecF, which was inserted no gene at the IS44/45 site. 2744-bp and 770-bp fragments to IS45/46 probe in the DNA from each double recombinant HVT. Figure 5A-5D indicated that the obtained double recombinants HVT/ND/IBD have the expected genomic structure.

Experiment 5: Stability of the recombinant HVTs in passage


Western blotting analysis



[0134] Double recombinant HVTs were passaged serially (up to 15 times) on chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEF). Then Cell lysates were applied to Western blot analysis. In a first panel (figure 6A), the blot was reacted with an anti-F rabbit serum (#35). In a second panel (figure 6B) the blot was reacted with an anti-VP2 Mab (R63). Mock: non-infected CEF
M: Precision Plus Protein Standards Bio Rad #161-0374

[0135] After 15 passages, F and VP2 were expressed stably in CEF infected with double recombinant HVT. However, FW137 expressed no signal of F and VP2 antigens after 15 passages indicating that recombinant HVT which has two genes at the single site is unstable.

Southern blotting analysis



[0136] M: Molecular marker ramda HindIII digest

[0137] TP-24: transfer plasmid p44-45d46SV40VP2

[0138] TP-25: transfer plasmid p44-45d46RsvVP2

[0139] Each rHVT/ND/IBD was passaged fifteen times in CEF cells and subjected to Southern blot analysis as described in Experiment 4. The results were the same with those obtained in Experiment 4, indicating that the recombinant virus was stable even after 15 passages.

[0140] The results of southern blotting showed figure 7A that a 2077-bp fragment was hybridized to VP2 probe in the DNA from FW129. 2334-bp fragment was hybridized to VP2 probe in the DNA from FW130. In contrast, no band was detected in p45/46Pec F.

[0141] Figure 7C shows that a 2744-bp fragment was hybridized to F probe in the DNA from each double recombinant HVTs. No band was detected in the p45/46 SfiI.

[0142] Figure 7B shows that 2077-bp and 1228-bp fragments were hybridized to IS44/45 probe in the DNA from FW129, and 2334-bp and 1022-bp fragments were hybridized to IS44/45 probe in the DNA from FW130. 1350-bp fragment was hybridized to IS44/45 probe in p45/46 PecF, which contained no gene at the IS44/45 site.

[0143] Figure 7D shows that 2744-bp and 770-bp fragments were hybridized to IS45/46 probe in the DNA from each double recombinant HVT.

[0144] Southern blot with 44/45 probe and 45/46 probe showed VP2 gene or F gene stably maintained at the insertion site 44/45 or 45/46 respectively in FW129 and FW130.

Experiment 6: Anti-NDV and IBDV ELISA titer in chickens inoculated with double recombinant HVTs



[0145] 3,000 PFU/200µl/bird of each rHVT/ND/IBD were inoculated subcutaneously into the back of ten one-day-old SPF chickens (LineM, Japan Biological Laboratories) using 20Gauge syringe. From three weeks post vaccination onward, the serum was collected from the vaccinated birds. Anti-NDV antibody titer was measured by a commercial ELISA kit (IDEXX, ELISA kit to diagnose Newcastle Disease). Anti-IBDV antibody was titrated by a commercial ELISA kit, Flock Check Infectious Bursal Disease Antibody Test Kits (IDEXX Laboratory, Inc.). Chickens of the negative control group (non-immun) were not administered with any vaccine.

[0146] Figure 8A shows change of anti-NDV titer. Figure 8B shows change of anti-IBDV titer. Double recombinant HVT using two sites stably induced both anti-NDV and anti-IBDV titers.

Experiment 7: Efficacy of rHVT/ND/IBD in SPF chickens against NDV



[0147] The efficacy of rHVT/ND/IBD (FW130, FW135, FW137, FW129) as ND vaccine was evaluated using the efficacy test as a Newcastle disease vaccine.

[0148] 3,000 PFU/200)µl/bird of rHVT/ND were inoculated subcutaneously into the back of ten one-day-old SPF chickens (LineM, Japan Biological Laboratories) using 20Gauge syringe. From three weeks post vaccination onward, the serum was collected from the vaccinated birds and anti-NDV antibody titer was measured by a commercial ELISA kit (IDEXX, ELISA kit to diagnose Newcastle Disease).

[0149] Chickens of the positive control group were vaccinated at 14 day of age with a commercial NDV live vaccine according to the vender's recommendation. Chickens of the negative control group were not administered with any vaccine.

[0150] At 43 days of age (42 days post vaccination), chickens of all seven groups were challenged with 103EID50 of NDV-TexasGB, the standard challenge strain in the United States, by intramuscularly to the femoral region. The challenged chickens were observed daily to check mortality and to detect any symptoms of Newcastle disease.
Table 2. Challenge experiments of rHVT/ND/IBD-vaccinated SPF chickens with virulent NDV
VaccinationDose (PFU/chicken)No. of chickensNo. of symptom/total (%)HI (ELISA) titer at hatchELISA titer at challenge
FW130 3000 10 0/10 (0) 0 0.649
FW135 3600 10 2/10(20) 0.085
FW137 3600 10 3/10(30) 0.050
FW129 3000 10 0/10(0) 0.233
FW029 4000 10 0/10(0) 0.544
Commercial NDV Live vaccine On label 10 0/10 (0) 1.089
Challenge Controls N/A 10 11/12 (92) 0.089
Non-challenge Controls N/A 10 0/5 (0) N/A


[0151] As shown in Table 2, chickens vaccinated with rHVT/ND/IBD of the invention did not show any clinical signs and the ELISA titer at the day of challenge was significantly elevated. As expected, both chickens vaccinated with FW137 (wherein two recombinant nucleotide sequences are inserted into the same insertion site) or FW135 (wherein the Bac promoter is inserted between UL44 and UL45) show clinical signs, and the ELISA titer was weak.

Experiment 8: Efficacy of rHVT/ND/IBD in SPF chickens against IBDV



[0152] The efficacy of FW129 and FW141 (HVT/45-46 PecF/44-45 Mcmv ie1VP2) as IBD vaccine was evaluated by challenge IBDV STC.

[0153] First, 2,000 pfu of rHVT/ND/IBD were inoculated into SPF embryonating chicken eggs at day 18 or subcutaneously into the back of one-day-old SPF chicken. At three weeks old, vaccinated chickens were challenged orally with 103.5EID50/bird of IBDV STC. One week later, all chickens were weighed and necropsied to recover the Bursa of Fabricius, which were observed for any lesions caused by Infectious Bursal Disease.

[0154] The protection was evaluated by two criteria which are as follows. (1) The weight ratio of the bursa to the body (B/B index) was not statistically different from that of non-vaccinated, non-challenged chickens. (2) No malformation of the Bursa of Fabricius such as edematization, hemorrhage, yellowish exudate, discoloration, atrophy, or gelatinous exudate was detected. The results were summarized in Table 3.
Table 3. Challenge experiments of rHVT/ND/IBD -vaccinated SPF chickens with virulent IBDV
Vaccination# Protected/total
VaccineRoute(%)
FW129 SQ 7/8 (88%)
FW141 SQ 8/8 (100%)
FW023 SQ 8/8 (100%)
FW129 In ovo 8/10 (80%)
FW141 In ovo 9/10 (90%)
FW023 In ovo 9/10 (90%)
None N/A 0/4 (0%)
None N/A 5/5 (100%)


[0155] More than 80% of all vaccinated chickens were protected against the challenge with IBDV STC strain, indicating that rHVT/ND/IBD can induce protective immunity in chickens against virulent IBDV.

Experiment 9: IBDV challenge trial at 8 weeks in MDA+ chickens



[0156] Groups:

G1: NINC (not vaccinated not challenged)

G2: NICC (not vaccinated challenged)

G3: FW141

G4: FW144

G5: FW 023 (positive control)


Chicks



[0157] MDA+ birds (layers), 16 to 17 birds/group in each group.

[0158] Three thousand pfu of vaccines was inoculated subcutaneously into the back of 16 to 17 one-day-old MDA+ chickens. At 8 weeks old, vaccinated chickens were challenged orally with 103 TCID50/bird of IBDV STC. One week later, all chickens were weighed and necropsied to recover the Bursa of Fabricius, which were observed for any lesions caused by Infectious Bursal disease.

[0159] The protection was evaluated by the two following criteria : (1) The weight ratio of the bursa to the body (B/B index) ; (2) No malformation of the Bursa of Fabricius such as edematization, hemorrhage, yellowish exudate, discoloration, atrophy, or gelatinous exudate was detected. The results are summarized in the following Table.
 nB/B Indexdeadlesion% protection
NINC 16 1.00 0 0/16 -
NICC 16 0.44 1 16/16 0
FW141 16 0.94 0 2/16 88
FW144 16 0.93 1 5/16 69
FW023 17 0.98 0 3/17 82


[0160] These results show that the multivalent vaccine of the invention cause effective protection in vivo against IBDV.

Experiment 10: NDV challenge trial at 8 weeks in MDA+ chickens



[0161] Group

G1: challenge control

G2: FW141

G3: FW144

G4: FW145

G5: FW 029 (positive control)


Chicks



[0162] MDA+ birds (layers), 17 birds/group in each group.

[0163] Three thousand PFU of vaccines were inoculated subcutaneously into the back of 17 one-day-old MDA+ chickens. At 8 weeks old, vaccinated chickens were challenged with 103 EID50 of NDV-TexasGB, the standard challenge strain in the United States, intramuscularly to the femoral region. The challenged chickens were observed daily to check mortality and to detect any symptoms of Newcastle disease. The results are presented below.
 ImmunizedChallengedDeadSymptom*% protection
Challenge control 17 13 13 0 0.0
FW141 17 15 1 0 93.3
FW144 17 15 3 1 73.3
FW145 17 13 0 0 100.0
FW029 17 16 3 0 81.3
* some NDV symptoms without death


[0164] These results show that the multivalent vaccine of the invention cause effective protection in vivo against NDV and IBDV. The protection is strong and stable.

SEQUENCE LISTING



[0165] 

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<120> Multivalent recombinant avian herpes viruses and vaccines for immunizing avian species

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Claims

1. A recombinant avian herpes virus of turkeys (rHVT) which comprises at least a first and a second recombinant nucleotide sequence, said first and second recombinant nucleotide sequences encoding distinct antigenic peptides from one or more avian pathogens, wherein the first recombinant nucleotide sequence is inserted under control of a Pec promoter in a non-coding region of the viral genome located between UL45 and UL46, and the second recombinant nucleotide sequence is inserted into a non-coding region of the viral genome located between UL44 and UL45, between US10 and SORF3, or between SORF3 and US2.
 
2. The rHVT of claim 1, wherein the antigenic peptides are selected from surface proteins, secreted proteins or structural proteins of said one or more avian pathogens.
 
3. The rHVT of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the antigenic peptides are chosen among an antigenic peptide of avian paramyxovirus type 1, preferably the F protein of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) or an antigenic fragment thereof, an antigenic peptide of Gumboro disease virus, preferably the VP2 protein of the Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) or an antigenic fragment thereof, an antigenic peptide of the infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV), preferably the gB protein or an antigenic fragment thereof, an antigenic peptide of Mycoplasma galisepticum, preferably the 40K protein or an antigenic fragment thereof, and an antigenic peptide of the avian influenza virus, preferentially a surface protein hemagglutinin (HA) or an antigenic fragment thereof.
 
4. The rHVT of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the recombinant nucleotide sequence inserted in the region located between UL45 and UL46 is in the same transcriptional orientation as UL46, opposite to the transcriptional orientation of UL45.
 
5. The rHVT of any one of the preceding claims, which comprises, inserted between UL45 and UL46, a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the F protein of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) or an antigenic fragment thereof under the control of the Pec promoter, and inserted between UL44 and UL45 a recombinant nucleotide sequence encoding the VP2 protein of the Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) or an antigenic fragment thereof under the control of Mcmv ie1 promoter.
 
6. A multivalent vaccine which comprises an effective immunizing amount of a rHVT of any one of the preceding claims.
 
7. A rHVT of any one of claims 1 to 5, for use for immunizing an avian against a pathogen.
 
8. A rHVT for use of claim 7, wherein the avian is poultry, preferably chicken.
 
9. A multivalent vaccine of claim 6 for use in a method for vaccinating an avian simultaneously against at least two pathogens.
 
10. A vaccination kit which comprises the following components:

a. an effective amount of the vaccine of claim 6, and

b. a means for administering said vaccine to an avian.


 


Ansprüche

1. Ein rekombinantes Vogelherpesvirus von Puten (rHVT), umfassend mindestens eine erste und eine zweite rekombinante Nukleotidsequenz, wobei die erste und zweite rekombinante Nukleotidsequenz unterschiedliche antigene Peptide von einem oder mehreren Vogelerregern kodieren, wobei die erste rekombinante Nukleotidsequenz unter der Kontrolle eines Pec-Promotors in einer nicht-kodierenden Region des viralen Genoms, die zwischen UL45 und UL46 liegt, inseriert ist, und die zweite rekombinante Nukleotidsequenz in einer nicht-kodierenden Region des viralen Genoms, die zwischen UL44 und UL45, zwischen US10 und SORF3 oder zwischen SORF3 und US2 liegt, inseriert ist.
 
2. Das rHVT nach Anspruch 1, wobei die antigenen Peptide ausgewählt sind aus Oberflächenproteinen, sekretierten Proteinen oder Strukturproteinen des einen oder mehrerer Vogelerregers.
 
3. Das rHVT nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die antigenen Peptide ausgewählt sind aus einem antigenen Peptid des Vogelparamyxovirus Typ 1, vorzugsweise des F-Proteins des Newcastle-Krankheits-Virus (NDV) oder einem antigenen Fragment davon, einem antigenen Peptid des Gumboro-Kranheits-Virus, vorzugsweise des VP2-Proteins des Infektiösen Bursal-Krankheits-Virus (IBDV) oder einem antigenen Fragment davon, einem antigenen Peptid des infektiösen Laryngotracheitis-Virus (ILTV), vorzugsweise des gB-Proteins oder einem antigenen Fragment davon, einem antigenen Peptid des Mycoplasma Galisepticum, vorzugsweise des 40K-Proteins oder einem antigenen Fragment davon, und einem antigenen Peptid des Vogel-Influenza-Virus, vorzugsweise einem Oberflächen-Hämagglutinin-Protein (HA) oder einem antigenen Fragment davon.
 
4. Das rHVT nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die rekombinante Nukleotidsequenz, die in der Region inseriert ist, die zwischen UL45 und UL46 liegt, in der gleichen transkriptionalen Orientierung wie UL46 und entgegen der transkriptionalen Orientierung von UL45 ist.
 
5. Das rHVT nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, umfassend eine zwischen UL45 und UL46 inserierte rekombinante Nukleotidsequenz kodierend das F-Protein des Newcastle-Krankheits-Virus (NDV) oder ein antigenes Fragment davon unter der Kontrolle des PEC-Promotors, und eine zwischen UL44 und UL45 inserierte rekombinante Nukleotidsequenz kodierend das VP2-Protein des Infektiösen Bursal-Krankheits-Virus (IBDV) oder ein Fragment davon unter der Kontrolle des Mcmv ie1-Promotors.
 
6. Ein multivalenter Impfstoff, der eine effektive immunisierende Menge eines rHVT eines der vorhergehenden Ansprüche umfasst.
 
7. Ein rHVT nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5 zur Verwendung zur Immunisierung eines Vogels gegen einen Erreger.
 
8. Ein rHVT zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 7, wobei der Vogel ein Geflügel, vorzugsweise ein Huhn ist.
 
9. Ein multivalenter Impfstoff nach Anspruch 6 zur Verwendung in einem Verfahren zur gleichzeitigen Impfung eines Vogels gegen mindestens zwei Erreger.
 
10. Ein Impfungskit, welches die folgenden Bestandteile umfasst:

a. eine effektive Menge des Impfstoffs nach Anspruch 6, und

b. eine Vorrichtung zur Verabreichung des Impfstoffs an einen Vogel.


 


Revendications

1. Virus aviaire recombinant de l'herpès de dinde (rHVT) qui comprend au moins une première et une seconde séquences nucléotidiques recombinantes, lesdites première et seconde séquences nucléotidiques recombinantes codant pour des peptides antigéniques distincts provenant d'un ou plusieurs pathogènes aviaires, dans lequel la première séquence nucléotidique recombinante est insérée sous contrôle d'un promoteur Pec dans une région non codante du génome viral située entre UL45 et UL46, et la seconde séquence nucléotidique recombinante est insérée dans une région non codante du génome viral située entre UL44 et UL45, entre US 10 et SORF3, ou entre SORF3 et US2.
 
2. Le rHVT selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les peptides antigéniques sont choisis parmi des protéines de surface, des protéines sécrétées ou des protéines structurales du ou des un ou plusieurs pathogènes aviaires.
 
3. Le rHVT selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les peptides antigéniques sont choisis parmi un peptide antigénique de paramyxovirus aviaire de type 1, de préférence la protéine F du virus de la maladie de Newcastle (NDV) ou un fragment antigénique de celle-ci, un peptide antigénique du virus de la maladie de Gumboro, de préférence la protéine VP2 du virus de la maladie de la bourse infectieuse (IBDV) ou un fragment antigénique de celle-ci, un peptide antigénique du virus de la laryngotrachéite infectieuse (ILTV), de préférence la protéine gB ou un fragment antigénique de celle-ci, un peptide antigénique de Mycoplasma galisepticum, de préférence la protéine 40K ou un fragment antigénique de celle-ci, et un peptide antigénique du virus de la grippe aviaire, préférentiellement une protéine de surface hémagglutinine (HA) ou un fragment antigénique de celle-ci.
 
4. Le rHVT selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la séquence nucléotidique recombinante insérée dans la région située entre UL45 et UL46 est dans la même orientation transcriptionnelle que UL46, opposée à l'orientation transcriptionnelle de UL45.
 
5. Le rHVT selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, qui comprend, insérée entre UL45 et UL46, une séquence nucléotidique recombinante codant pour la protéine F du virus de la maladie de Newcastle (NDV) ou un fragment antigénique de celle-ci sous le contrôle du promoteur Pec et, insérée entre UL44 et UL45, une séquence nucléotidique recombinante codant pour la protéine VP2 du virus de la maladie de la bourse infectieuse (IBDV) ou un fragment antigénique de celle-ci sous le contrôle du promoteur Mcmv ie1.
 
6. Vaccin multivalent qui comprend une quantité immunisante efficace d'un rHVT selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes.
 
7. rHVT selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, pour son utilisation pour immuniser un aviaire contre un pathogène.
 
8. rHVT pour utilisation selon la revendication 7, dans laquelle l'aviaire est une volaille, de préférence le poulet.
 
9. Vaccin multivalent selon la revendication 6 pour son utilisation dans un procédé de vaccination d'un aviaire simultanément contre au moins deux pathogènes.
 
10. Kit de vaccination qui comprend les composants suivants:

a. une quantité efficace du vaccin selon la revendication 6, et

b. un moyen pour administrer ledit vaccin à un aviaire.


 




Drawing





























Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description