(19)
(11)EP 3 222 866 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
27.09.2017 Bulletin 2017/39

(21)Application number: 17160224.6

(22)Date of filing:  10.03.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F16D 3/00  (2006.01)
F16D 3/56  (2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD

(30)Priority: 22.03.2016 FR 1652432

(71)Applicant: Airbus Operations S.A.S.
31060 Toulouse (FR)

(72)Inventors:
  • BLAIN, David
    31400 TOULOUSE (FR)
  • CHAPER, Camille
    31100 TOULOUSE (FR)

(74)Representative: Gicquel, Olivier Yves Gérard 
Airbus Opérations (S.A.S.) Intellectual Property Department 316, route de Bayonne ETRT - M0101/1
31060 Toulouse Cedex 9
31060 Toulouse Cedex 9 (FR)

  


(54)UNIVERSAL JOINT WITH SIMPLIFIED STRUCTURE


(57) The invention relates to a universal joint (100) comprising:
- a first band (102a) and a second band (102b) which are separated by a slot (104), are cylindrical and coaxial with one another with respect to a common axis (15), and
- a first torsion bar (106a), whose ends are joined to the first band (102a), and a second torsion bar (106b) whose ends are joined to the second band (102b).
Such a universal joint (100) thus has a relatively simple structure.




Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0001] The present invention relates to a universal joint having a simplified structure, i.e. having a reduced number of constituent parts and without frictional relative movement.

PRIOR ART



[0002] A universal joint is a mechanical component which makes it possible to connect two elements such as shafts or tubes which may move relative to one another.

[0003] A universal joint has a first axis which is aligned between the two elements. The universal joint permits two rotations, the axes of which are perpendicular to one another and perpendicular to the first axis.

[0004] A universal joint consists of a number of parts that are movable relative to one another, which makes the joint bulky and generally heavy and also costly to produce.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION



[0005] The present invention has the object of proposing a universal joint of simplified structure which does not have the disadvantages of the prior art and which in particular has a simple structure. To that end, there is provided a universal joint as set out in claim 1.

[0006] A universal joint of this type thus makes it possible to provide articulation by elastic deformation with a simplified structure.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0007] The abovementioned features of the invention, as well as others, will become more clearly apparent upon reading the following description of an exemplary embodiment, said description being given with reference to the appended drawing, where the single figure is a perspective section view of a universal joint according to the invention.

DETAILED DISCLOSURE OF EMBODIMENTS



[0008] The single figure shows a universal joint 100 in the general shape of an axisymmetric cylinder whose axis is labelled 15.

[0009] The universal joint 100 comprises a first band 102a and a second band 102b. The two bands 102a-b are cylindrical bands which are coaxial with one another and which are arranged adjacent to one another in the direction of their common axis 15.

[0010] A slot 104 separates the first band 102a from the second band 102b.

[0011] In order to ensure that the bands 102a-b are held together, the universal joint 100 comprises a first and a second torsion bar 106a-b which extend inside the bands 102a-b in a single plane P perpendicular to the common axis 15.

[0012] The two torsion bars 106a-b are joined to one another and intersect at right angles at the common axis 15.

[0013] Each torsion bar 106a-b has a first end and a second end. For the first torsion bar 106a, the first and second ends are joined to the first band 102a, and for the second torsion bar 106b, the first and second ends are joined to the second band 102b.

[0014] When the universal joint 100 is loaded, the torsion bars 106a-b deform in torsion. Each torsion bar 106a-b tends to deform by twisting about its axis. The combination of deformations about the two axes permits deformation about an axis coplanar with the two torsion bars 106a-b.

[0015] A universal joint 100 of this type thus has a simple shape without elements that move with respect to one another.

[0016] In order to bear a tensile force between the bands 102a and 102b, stiffeners may be integrated.

[0017] Thus, the universal joint 100 comprises a first and a second stiffener 108a-b which extend inside the bands 102a-b. Each stiffener 108a-b is in the form of a blade.

[0018] The first stiffener 108a extends in a plane containing the common axis 15 and the axis of the first torsion bar 106a. The second stiffener 108b extends in a plane containing the common axis 15 and the axis of the second torsion bar 106b.

[0019] As for the torsion bars 106a-b, each stiffener 108a-b has a first end and a second end. For the first stiffener 108a, the first and second ends are joined to the first band 102a, and for the second stiffener 108b, the first and second ends are joined to the second band 102b.

[0020] The stiffeners 108a-b make it possible to stiffen the universal joint 100 in order to bear the force due to compression (force along the axis 15). The stiffeners 108a-b have high stiffness along the common axis 15 but are thin enough to be flexible in the other directions and thus allow a pivoting connection.

[0021] Each torsion bar 106a-b is merged with the stiffener 108a-b which is joined to the same band 102a-b. That is to say that the first torsion bar 104a is embedded in the first stiffener 108a and the second torsion bar 104b is embedded in the second stiffener 108b. In particular, they are merged at the common axis 15 in order to transmit the tensile force linked to the compression.

[0022] In order to attach the torsion bars 106a-b and the stiffeners 108a-b to the bands 102a-b, the slot 104 has a profile that rises and falls, which allows each band 102a-b to pass successively from one side of the plane P to the other.

[0023] In other words, in the embodiment of the invention shown in the single figure, when the first band 102a passes above the plane P, the first bar 106a and the first stiffener 108a are joined to the first band 102a at this passage. In the same way, when the second band 102b passes below the plane P, the second bar 106b and the second stiffener 108b are joined to the second band 102b at this passage.

[0024] In the embodiment of the invention presented here, the overall profile of the slot 104 is sinusoidal.

[0025] In the embodiment of the invention shown in the single figure, each torsion bar 106a-b has a first diameter at each end and at the region where the two torsion bars 106a-b meet, and a second diameter, smaller than the first diameter, between each end and the meeting region.

[0026] Depending on the forces to which it is likely to be subjected, the universal joint 100 may be made of any appropriate material such as metal or plastic.


Claims

1. Universal joint (100) comprising:

- a first band (102a),

- a second band (102b), the two bands (102a-b) being cylindrical bands coaxial with one another with respect to a common axis (15), the first band (102a) and the second band (102b) being separated by a slot (104), and

- a first and a second torsion bar (106a-b) which extend inside the bands (102a-b) in a single plane P perpendicular to the common axis (15), and which are joined to one another and intersect at right angles at the common axis (15), each torsion bar (106a-b) having a first end and a second end, in which, for the first torsion bar (106a), the first and second ends are joined to the first band (102a), and in which, for the second torsion bar (106b), the first and second ends are joined to the second band (102b).


 
2. Universal joint (100) according to Claim 1, characterized in that it further comprises a first and a second stiffener (108a-b) which extend inside the bands (102a-b), the first stiffener (108a) extending in a plane containing the common axis (15) and the axis of the first torsion bar (106a), the second stiffener (108b) extending in a plane containing the common axis (15) and the axis of the second torsion bar (106b), each stiffener (108a-b) having a first end and a second end, the first and second ends of the first stiffener (108a) being joined to the first band (102a), and the first and second ends of the second stiffener (108b) being joined to the second band (102b).
 
3. Universal joint (100) according to Claim 2, characterized in that each torsion bar (106a-b) is merged with the stiffener (108a-b) which is joined to the same band (102a-b).
 
4. Universal joint (100) according to one of Claims 1 to 3, characterized in that each torsion bar (106a-b) has a first diameter at each end and at a region where the two torsion bars (106a-b) meet, and a second diameter, smaller than the first diameter, between each end and the meeting region.
 




Drawing