(19)
(11)EP 3 225 576 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
01.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/14

(21)Application number: 17161658.4

(22)Date of filing:  17.03.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B65H 67/08  (2006.01)

(54)

APPARATUS FOR CAPTURING THE YARN END OF A BOBBIN

VORRICHTUNG ZUR ERFASSUNG DES FADENENDES EINER SPULE

APPAREIL DE CAPTURE DE L'EXTRÉMITÉ D'UNE BOBINE DE FIL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.03.2016 IT UA20162101

(43)Date of publication of application:
04.10.2017 Bulletin 2017/40

(73)Proprietor: Savio Macchine Tessili S.p.A.
33170 Pordenone (IT)

(72)Inventors:
  • BADIALI, Roberto
    I-33170 PORDENONE (IT)
  • GUARDA, Luca
    I-33170 PORDENONE (IT)
  • QUERENGHI, Mauro
    I-33170 PORDENONE (IT)

(74)Representative: Fioravanti, Corrado 
Jacobacci & Partners S.p.A. Piazza Mario Saggin, 2
35131 Padova
35131 Padova (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 0 805 118
DE-A1- 3 444 821
DE-A1- 4 434 304
JP-A- S59 108 668
EP-A2- 2 105 401
DE-A1- 3 726 338
DE-A1- 19 536 758
US-A- 4 619 416
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a device for capturing the yarn end of a bobbin, in particular, but not exclusively, the yarn end of a spun whose unraveling is difficult, as, for example, wet flax.

    Background art



    [0002] As known, with bobbins coming from wet flax manual spinning wheels, it is difficult to detach the yarn end from the surface of the bobbin. This is due to the wet spinning cycle, whereby the wet cellulose, of a slimy and sticky consistency, which is released from vegetable fibers such as flax and cotton, once dried, tends to stick the coils one another, and makes the yarn stiff. Once detached, the yarn is difficult to unravel because it remains adherent to the underlying coils, again due to the stuck cellulose.

    [0003] Usually the bobbins end with highly inclined binding windings, and finally with a number of binding windings (or "underwinding") at the bottom of the tube.

    [0004] In order to prepare the bobbin for the next coiling, it is required to:
    • capture the yarn end with conventional separation means, such as a metal leg for detaching the yarn end, a wrinkled pad for separating very tight yarn ends;
    • separate the yarn end from the bobbin, unraveling the yarn end with bellows and sucking it with an associated suction pipe;
    • unwind the yarn end to such an extent so that it has a length sufficient to be introduced inside the tube; and
    • insert the yarn end into the tube by means of suction by means of the plate and the tube.


    [0005] To make the feeding of the bobbins following the coiling units faster, it is necessary that
    • the bobbin has at most two binding windings;
    • the bobbin does not have an underwinding;
    • the tube has a top hole with a diameter of at least 12 mm;
    • the yarn has a moisture content of at least 7%-9% to make the yarn flexible.


    [0006] Special arrangements are also required at the head or yarn end searching station. The yarn end separation station is usually equipped with two legs which are brought into contact with the surface of the bobbin to detach the yarn end. To effectively operate on different types of bobbins, two legs are generally provided for, a metal hook-shaped one that is needed for breaking and separating the yarn end on the cylindrical surface of the bobbin and a pad one in a rubbery material with a rough surface, or a pad one with metal serration, which is needed for separating the underwinding yarn end at the base of the tube, if present. One or more nozzles are also used to lift the detached yarn end upwards, as well as a vertically movable pipe for the suction of the yarn end.

    [0007] Generally, a photocell is provided inside the suction pipe for detecting the presence of the yarn, i.e. that the yarn has been captured. A cutting device, mounted in the suction pipe, provides for cutting the yarn after a length thereof has been extracted from the bobbin sufficient to drive it back, by means of suction and/or blowing, inside the tube by means of the top thereof and make it remain stably therein until the moment when it is required that the yarn is fed from the bobbin to a winding machine.

    [0008] DE 34 44 821 A1 and US 4,619,416 relate to apparatuses for capturing the yarn end of a bobbin using a mechanical yarn gripping device.

    Summary of the invention



    [0009] It is an object of the present invention to effectively capture the yarn end, in particular for spuns of the type discussed in the introduction, to extract a sufficiently long portion thereof from the bobbin so that it may be neatly inserted into the top of the tube so as to proceed with subsequent processes.

    [0010] According to the invention, the aforesaid purpose and other advantages are achieved by an apparatus having the features defined in the appended claims.

    [0011] In summary, the yarn end is unwound from the bobbin thanks to the fact that the yarn is grasped by a gripping device mounted inside a telescopically movable part of the suction pipe. The gripping device mechanically clasps the yarn detached from the bobbin and pulls it to a certain length. In this way, a yarn portion is forcibly unwound from the bobbin having a length which allows the pipe suction to unwind a further yarn portion. When the unwound yarn has reached the length required to be stably inserted into the tube, the yarn is cut and inserted inside the tube.

    Brief description of the drawings



    [0012] The structural and functional features of a few preferred embodiments of an apparatus according to the invention, but not limited thereto, will now be described. Reference is made to the accompanying drawings, in which:

    Figures 1-8 are schematic elevation views, partially sectioned, showing a sequence of operating steps in an apparatus according to one embodiment of the invention;

    Figures 9 and 10 respectively are a vertical view in vertical section and a horizontal sectional view showing a mechanical yarn gripping device; and

    Figure 11 is a schematic top view of an alternative embodiment of a mechanical yarn gripping device.


    Detailed description



    [0013] With reference to the drawings, the entirety of an apparatus for the capture of the yarn end P of a yarn F from a bobbin S is indicated with reference number 10.

    [0014] The apparatus comprises a telescopic suction pipe 20 which a bellow-holder group 50 is associated thereto. The bobbin S is supported by a conventional support plate 40.

    [0015] Some of the elements represented in the Figures are to be considered generally known. Consequently, in the following of the present description, only the elements of specific importance and interest for the purposes of the implementation of the present invention will be described in detail. For the constructional and functional features of the parts and elements not shown in detail, reference may therefore be made to any yarn end search and capturing system of a known type.

    [0016] The telescopic suction pipe 20 comprises an upper stationary pipe 21, connectable to a suction source (not shown), and a lower pipe 22 vertically slidable along a lower end portion of the stationary pipe 21.

    [0017] The stationary pipe 21 has a lower end 23 and is associated with a first photocell 24 placed at a determined distance d above the lower end 23. The photocell 24 is needed for detecting the presence of the yarn end P inside the stationary pipe 21 at the distance d from the lower end 23.

    [0018] A yarn cutting device 25, schematically shown, is mounted adjacent to the first photocell 24, in this example immediately above the first photocell 24.

    [0019] The lower pipe 22 has a bottom mouth 26 with an inlet surface 27 tapering upwards and towards the center of the pipe. In this example, the tapering inlet surface 27 is a conical surface.

    [0020] A mechanical yarn gripping device 28 is arranged in the lower pipe 22, preferably adjacent to the bottom mouth 26.

    [0021] The lower pipe 22 may have a second photocell 29 preferably placed adjacent to the gripping device 28, thereabove. The second photocell 29, optional, may be needed for detecting the presence of the yarn end B P inside the lower pipe 22.

    [0022] A linear actuator 30 is arranged to cause the lower pipe 22 to telescopically slide along the upper stationary pipe 21.

    [0023] The telescopic suction pipe 20 defines a central and vertical geometric axis x, along which the bobbin S is aligned, below the pipe 20.

    [0024] The plate 40 for the support of the bobbin has a central vertical pin 41, aligned with the axis x, which is inserted into the lower end A of the tube T of the bobbin. The plate 40 has an inner channel 42 connectable to a lower suction device 34 (Figure 7), which is needed to draw by suction the yarn end into the upper end B of the tube. An example of a support and suction plate is given in patent publication IT 1 270 010 B.

    [0025] The bellow-holder group 50 may comprise a bellow-holder ring 51 having a plurality of nozzles 52 distributed about the axis x and facing upwards and towards the central vertical axis to facilitate the separation of the yarn end from the windings of the bobbin. The bellow-holder ring 51 is vertically movable along the axis x by means of a linear actuator 53. An example of a bellow-holder ring may be found in patent publication JP H07133071 A.

    [0026] Preliminarily, in a first processing station (not shown), the bobbin may be treated in a known manner by one or more yarn end mechanical separation elements, for example by means of slidable elements on the surface of the bobbin in rotation which cause the separation/break of the binding windings, as for example known from patent publication EP 1 932 793 B1. A wrinkled pad may also be used for separating the underwinding yarn end.

    [0027] The bobbin S, mounted on the support plate 40 thereof, reaches a yarn end capturing and insertion station, where the apparatus 10 (Figure 1) is provided.

    [0028] The bellow-holder ring 51 is lowered around the bobbin S (Figure 2) and the nozzles 52 blow upwards separating the yarn end P which is sucked into the suction pipe 20. The tapering inlet surface 27 guides the insertion of the yarn end towards the center of the pipe 20 and optimizes the suction, reducing losses. The linear actuator 30 may be extended to bring the lower pipe 22 close to the bobbin.

    [0029] If the yarn end has been separated from the bobbin, the photocell 29 detects it (Figure 3). Optionally, the lower pipe 22 may be further lowered to even further near the suction pipe to the bobbin.

    [0030] Subsequently, the mechanical gripping device 28 closes on the yarn and captures the yarn end (Figure 4), by grasping it mechanically.

    [0031] The telescopic movements of the suction pipe, as well as the opening and the closing of the gripping device, and the activation of the cutting device 25, are produced as a result of commands imparted by a processing unit - for example a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) or a Central Processing Unit (CPU). The processing unit receives response signals from the photocells 24 and 29 and oversees the operation of the apparatus 10 in its entirety, thus also the operation of all other engine/actuating parts herein described.

    [0032] Once the yarn end is clamped by means of the gripping device 28, the lower pipe 22 is raised, forcibly further separating the yarn end from the bobbin (Figure 5) .

    [0033] In this situation, the suction in the upper pipe 21 is sufficient to pull a further yarn portion out of the bobbin. The mechanical gripping device 28 therefore opens (Figure 6) and allows the pipe suction 20 to extract another yarn portion from the bobbin.

    [0034] Optionally, a palette 44 may be brought into contact with the bobbin in order to prevent the suction of an excessive length of yarn.

    [0035] When the upper photocell 24 detects the presence of the yarn in the upper pipe 21, the cutting device 25 cuts the yarn end (Figure 6). The suction by means of the pipe 20 is interrupted.

    [0036] Once the yarn end is cut, the lower pipe 22 may be optionally lowered almost getting in contact with the tube of the bobbin (Figure 7). The palette, if provided for, may be left in contact with the surface of the bobbin, holding the yarn thereagainst. Once the suction from the top by means of the pipe 20 ceases, a suction from below is activated, by means of the support plate 40 (Figure 7). With 34 a suction sleeve is schematically indicated. Consequently, the yarn end is sucked inside the tube by means of the upper end B thereof. The surface tapering shape 27 facilitates the introduction of the yarn end in the top of the tube.

    [0037] According to one embodiment, to more effectively insert the yarn end into the tube, the suction from below by means of the tube is associated with the activation of one or more nozzles 33 (Figure 7) mounted in the lower pipe 22. The nozzles 33, optional, blow one or more compressed air jets downwards, inside the lower pipe 22, thus assisting the suction action by means of the plate 40.

    [0038] According to a variation not shown, the nozzles 33 may be mounted on lower or outer part of the lower pipe 22, for directing one or more jets downwards.

    [0039] Once the yarn end is inserted in the tube, the bellow-holder ring and the suction pipe are lifted, freeing the bobbin (Figure 8).

    [0040] Experimental tests carried out by the Applicant have shown that satisfactory results are obtained even in the absence of a second photocell 29 provided for in the lower pipe 22. The mechanical gripping device 28 may also intervene in the absence of a signal (given by the second photocell 29) indicating the presence of the yarn in the lower pipe 22.

    [0041] If provided, the second photocell 29 may be placed about 30-40 mm above the bottom mouth 26 of the lower pipe 22.

    [0042] The upper photocell 24 may be positioned a dozen centimeters (for example 15 cm) away from the lower end 23 of the stationary pipe 21. After the cutting, the yarn extracted from the bobbin must have a length sufficient so as to be introduced in the bobbin and remain there; indicatively (Figure 8), the yarn portion to be reintroduced into the tube may have a length comparable to the length of the tube.

    [0043] The gripping device 28 may be configured in different ways so as to effectively grasp the yarn end and be able to pull it and unwind it from the bobbin. For example (Figures 9 and 10), the gripping device may comprise two or more jaws or movable shutter elements 28, for example in the form of blocks, acting inside the lower pipe 22 and controlled by two actuators 35, mounted on the lower pipe 22. The actuators 35 may be electrically or pneumatically operated, preferably operated by a single valve (not shown), which controls both the closing and the opening of the movable elements 28. The movable shutter elements may assume different shapes, for example crescent shapes or opposite V-shapes.

    [0044] The movable shutter elements 28 may slide radially in grooves or guides 36 integral with the lower pipe 22.

    [0045] Figure 11 shows a further example of a gripping device in which the movable elements comprise a plurality of radially arranged cooperating blades, as in an optical diaphragm.

    [0046] During the yarn end P capturing step (Figure 3), the tapering inlet surface 27 guides the insertion of the yarn end towards the center of the pipe 20 and, if neared to the top of the tube B, it optimizes the suction, reducing losses. In the step of inserting the yarn into the tube (Figure 7), the tapering inlet surface 27 almost in contact with the upper end B of the tube guides the yarn end to insert it in the top of the tube.

    [0047] Various aspects and embodiments of the apparatus have been described. The invention is not limited to the described embodiments, but may be varied within the scope defined by the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. Apparatus for capturing the yarn end of a bobbin, comprising:

    a suction pipe (20), connectable to a suction source;

    at least a first photocell (24) associated to the suction pipe (20) for detecting the presence of a yarn inside the suction pipe at a determined distance (d) from a lower end (23) of the suction pipe;

    a yarn cutting device (25) mounted in the suction pipe (20) adjacent the first photocell (24); characterized in that the suction pipe (20) is a telescopic suction pipe which includes:

    a stationary upper pipe (21), to which the cutting device (25) and the first photocell (24) are associated;

    a lower pipe (22) vertically slidable along a lower end portion of the upper stationary pipe (21);

    a mechanical yarn gripping device (28) mounted in the lower pipe (22);

    a linear actuator (30) causing the lower pipe (22) to slide telescopically along the stationary upper pipe (21) .


     
    2. Apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the lower pipe (22) has a bottom mouth (26) with an inlet surface (27) tapering upwards and towards the center of the pipe.
     
    3. Apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the mechanical yarn gripping device (28) is arranged adjacent to a bottom mouth (26) of the lower pipe (22).
     
    4. Apparatus according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, characterized in that the lower pipe (22) is provided with a second photocell (29) for detecting the presence of a yarn within the lower pipe (22).
     
    5. Apparatus according to claim 4, characterized in that the second photocell (29) is mounted on the lower pipe (22) adjacent to the mechanical yarn gripping device (28) .
     
    6. Apparatus according to claim 5, characterized in that the second photocell (29) is mounted on the lower pipe (22) above the mechanical yarn gripping device (28).
     
    7. Apparatus according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the lower pipe (22) is equipped with one or more nozzles (33) adapted to blow one or more pressurized air jets downward.
     
    8. Apparatus according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the lower pipe (22) is equipped with one or more nozzles (33) adapted to blow one or more jets of pressurized air inside the lower pipe (22), downward and toward the center of the lower pipe.
     
    9. Apparatus according to claim 7 or 8, associated to a support (40) for a bobbin, said support having a pin (41) adapted to be engaged in a lower end (A) of a tube (T) of the spool, and an inner channel (42) connectable to a lower suction device (34) for sucking air from an upper end (B) of the tube (T), and wherein the bobbin support (40) is arranged below the suction pipe (20) and is axially aligned therewith along a vertical geometric axis (x) defined by the lower pipe (22).
     
    10. Apparatus according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the mechanical yarn gripping device (28) comprises two or more mobile shutter elements (28) acting inside the lower pipe (22).
     
    11. Apparatus according to claim 10, characterized in that the mobile shutter elements comprise two opposite movable elements (28), associated with one or more pneumatically or electrically controlled actuators (35).
     
    12. Apparatus according to claim 10, characterized in that the mobile shutter elements comprise a plurality of radially arranged cooperating blades (28), as in an optical diaphragm.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Vorrichtung zum Erfassen des Fadenendes einer Spule, umfassend:

    eine Saugleitung (20), die mit einer Vakuumquelle verbindbar ist;

    mindestens eine erste Fotozelle (24), die dem Saugrohr (20) zugeordnet ist, um das Vorhandensein eines Fadens innerhalb des Saugrohrs in einem bestimmten Abstand (d) von einem unteren Ende (23) des Saugrohrs zu erfassen;

    eine Fadenschneidevorrichtung (25), die in dem Saugrohr (20) angrenzend zur ersten Fotozelle (24) montiert ist;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Saugrohr (20) ein teleskopisches Saugrohr ist, das Folgendes umfasst:

    ein stationäres oberes Rohr (21), dem die Schneidvorrichtung (25) und die erste Fotozelle (24) zugeordnet sind;

    ein unteres Rohr (22), das vertikal entlang eines unteren Endabschnitts des oberen stationären Rohrs (21) verschiebbar ist;

    eine mechanische Fadengreifvorrichtung (28), die in dem unteren Rohr (22) montiert ist;

    ein Linearstellglied (30), das bewirkt, dass das untere Rohr (22) teleskopartig entlang des stationären oberen Rohres (21) gleitet.


     
    2. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das untere Rohr (22) eine untere Öffnung (26) mit einer Einlassfläche (27) aufweist, die sich nach oben und zur Mitte des Rohres hin verjüngt.
     
    3. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die mechanische Fadengreifvorrichtung (28) angrenzend an eine untere Öffnung (26) des unteren Rohres (22) angeordnet ist.
     
    4. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2 oder 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das untere Rohr (22) mit einer zweiten Fotozelle (29) zum Erfassen des Vorhandenseins eines Garns innerhalb des unteren Rohres (22) versehen ist.
     
    5. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die zweite Fotozelle (29) an dem unteren Rohr (22) angrenzend an die mechanische Fadengreifvorrichtung (28) montiert ist.
     
    6. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die zweite Fotozelle (29) an dem unteren Rohr (22) angrenzend an die mechanische Fadengreifvorrichtung (28) montiert ist.
     
    7. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das untere Rohr (22) mit einer oder mehreren Düsen (33) ausgestattet ist, die geeignet sind, einen oder mehrere Druckluftstrahlen nach unten zu blasen.
     
    8. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das untere Rohr (22) mit einer oder mehreren Düsen (33) ausgestattet ist, die geeignet sind, einen oder mehrere Druckluftstrahlen in das untere Rohr (22) nach unten und in Richtung zur Mitte des unteren Rohrs zu blasen.
     
    9. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 7 oder 8, die einem Träger (40) für eine Spule zugeordnet ist, wobei der Träger einen Stift (41) aufweist, der in ein unteres Ende (A) eines Rohres (T) der Spule eingreifen kann, und einen inneren Kanal (42), der mit einer unteren Absaugvorrichtung (34) zum Ansaugen von Luft von einem oberen Ende (B) des Rohres (T) verbindbar ist, und wobei der Spulenträger (40) unterhalb des Saugrohres (20) angeordnet und damit axial entlang einer durch das untere Rohr (22) definierten vertikalen geometrischen Achse (x) ausgerichtet ist.
     
    10. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die mechanische Fadengreifvorrichtung (28) zwei oder mehr bewegliche Verschlusselemente (28) umfasst, die im Inneren des unteren Rohres (22) wirken.
     
    11. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 10, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die beweglichen Verschlusselemente zwei gegenüberliegende bewegliche Elemente (28) umfassen, die einem oder mehreren pneumatisch oder elektrisch gesteuerten Stellgliedern (35) zugeordnet sind.
     
    12. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 10, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die beweglichen Verschlusselemente eine Vielzahl von radial angeordneten zusammenwirkenden Schaufeln (28) umfassen, wie in einer optischen Membran.
     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil pour capturer l'extrémité de fil d'une bobine, comprenant :

    un tuyau d'aspiration (20), pouvant être raccordé à une source d'aspiration ;

    au moins une première photocellule (24) associée au tuyau d'aspiration (20) pour détecter la présence d'un fil à l'intérieur du tuyau d'aspiration à une distance déterminée (d) d'une extrémité inférieure (23) du tuyau d'aspiration ;

    un dispositif de coupe de fil (25) monté dans le tuyau d'aspiration (20) adjacent à la première photocellule (24) ;

    caractérisé en ce que le tuyau d'aspiration (20) est un tuyau d'aspiration télescopique qui comporte :

    un tuyau supérieur fixe (21), auquel le dispositif de coupe (25) et la première photocellule (24) sont associés ;

    un tuyau inférieur (22) coulissant verticalement le long d'une portion d'extrémité inférieure du tuyau fixe supérieur (21) ;

    un dispositif de saisie de fil mécanique (28) monté dans le tuyau inférieur (22) ;

    un actionneur linéaire (30) amenant le tuyau inférieur (22) à coulisser de façon télescopique le long du tuyau supérieur fixe (21).


     
    2. Appareil selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le tuyau inférieur (22) a un orifice de dessous (26) avec une surface d'entrée (27) s'effilant vers le haut et vers le centre du tuyau.
     
    3. Appareil selon la revendication 1 ou 2, caractérisé en ce que le dispositif de saisie de fil mécanique (28) est agencé adjacent à un orifice de dessous (26) du tuyau inférieur (22).
     
    4. Appareil selon la revendication 1 ou 2 ou 3, caractérisé en ce que le tuyau inférieur (22) est pourvu d'une seconde photocellule (29) pour détecter la présence d'un fil au sein du tuyau inférieur (22).
     
    5. Appareil selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que la seconde photocellule (29) est montée sur le tuyau inférieur (22) adjacente au dispositif de saisie de fil mécanique (28).
     
    6. Appareil selon la revendication 5, caractérisé en ce que la seconde photocellule (29) est montée sur le tuyau inférieur (22) au-dessus du dispositif de saisie de fil mécanique (28).
     
    7. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que le tuyau inférieur (22) est équipé d'une ou de plusieurs buses (33) adaptées pour souffler un ou plusieurs jets d'air pressurisés vers le bas.
     
    8. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que le tuyau inférieur (22) est équipé d'une ou de plusieurs buses (33) adaptées pour souffler un ou plusieurs jets d'air pressurisé à l'intérieur du tuyau inférieur (22), vers le bas et vers le centre du tuyau inférieur.
     
    9. Appareil selon la revendication 7 ou 8, associé à un support (40) pour une bobine, ledit support ayant une broche (41) adaptée pour être engagée dans une extrémité inférieure (A) d'un tube (T) du dévidoir, et un canal intérieur (42) pouvant être raccordé à un dispositif d'aspiration inférieur (34) pour aspirer de l'air depuis une extrémité supérieure (B) du tube (T), et dans lequel le support de bobine (40) est agencé en dessous du tuyau d'aspiration (20) et est aligné axialement avec celui-ci selon un axe géométrique vertical (x) défini par le tuyau inférieur (22).
     
    10. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que le dispositif de saisie de fil mécanique (28) comprend deux éléments de volets mobiles (28) ou plus agissant à l'intérieur du tuyau inférieur (22).
     
    11. Appareil selon la revendication 10, caractérisé en ce que les éléments de volets mobiles comprennent deux éléments mobiles opposés (28), associés à un ou plusieurs actionneurs à commande pneumatique ou électrique (35).
     
    12. Appareil selon la revendication 10, caractérisé en ce que les éléments de volets mobiles comprennent une pluralité de pales coopérantes agencées radialement (28), comme dans un diaphragme optique.
     




    Drawing


















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description