(19)
(11)EP 3 232 452 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
20.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/21

(21)Application number: 15868363.1

(22)Date of filing:  04.12.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H01F 29/00  (2006.01)
H01F 27/29  (2006.01)
H01F 27/42  (2006.01)
H02P 13/06  (2006.01)
H01F 27/28  (2006.01)
H01F 27/40  (2006.01)
H01F 30/12  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2015/096443
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/091123 (16.06.2016 Gazette  2016/24)

(54)

HIGH-CAPACITY THREE-PHASE COMBINED TYPE PHASE-SHIFT TRANSFORMER

DREIPHASIGER KOMBINIERTER PHASENVERSCHIEBUNGSWANDLER MIT HOHER KAPAZITÄT

TRANSFORMATEUR DÉPHASEUR TRIPHASÉ DU TYPE COMBINÉ DE FORTE CAPACITÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 09.12.2014 CN 201410744863

(43)Date of publication of application:
18.10.2017 Bulletin 2017/42

(73)Proprietors:
  • Shandong Electrical Engineering & Equipment Group Co., Ltd.
    Jinan, Shandong 250101 (CN)
  • Shandong Power Equipment Co., Ltd.
    Shizhong Jinan Shandong 250022 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • ZHANG, Zhiqiang
    Jinan Shandong 250022 (CN)
  • ZHANG, Liguo
    Jinan Shandong 250022 (CN)
  • YANG, Tongxun
    Jinan Shandong 250022 (CN)

(74)Representative: Grünecker Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartG mbB 
Leopoldstraße 4
80802 München
80802 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
CN-A- 101 354 956
CN-A- 101 692 398
CN-U- 204 215 878
US-A- 5 166 597
CN-A- 101 354 957
CN-A- 104 465 053
KR-A- 20130 037 544
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical field



    [0001] The invention relates to a phase-shift transformer, particularly a high-capacity three-phase combined type phase-shift transformer.

    Background technology



    [0002] US 5 166 597 A relates to a phase-shifting transformer system for applying a desired phase shift to the voltage on a transmission line. CN 101 692 398 A relates to a high-voltage booster transformer. The phase-shift transformer makes the power system run more stably and efficiently by adjusting the phase difference between the input and output voltages. The basic principle of phase-shift transformer's phase shift is to generate a voltage between the power supply side and the load side, and this voltage has a certain phase angle difference with the power supply side voltage and the effective value can be adjusted, and it superimposes the power supply side voltage to form the load side voltage, causing a phase change between the power supply side voltage and the load side voltage. The current commonly used phase-shift transformers include two basic structures, single-core and double-core. The basic principle of the single-core phase-shift transformer is to connect a part of the phase voltage to the other, so the structure is relatively simple, but the voltage regulation coil is located at the head end of the line, the tap switch voltage level is higher and directly under the power grid of the various overvoltage and over-current, thus it is not suitable for high voltage levels and large capacity conditions. The double-core structure consists of a series transformer and an excitation transformer, which are mounted on two separate steel cores and are installed in two separate transformer tanks. Each phase of the excitation transformer is composed of a voltage regulation excitation coil and a voltage regulation coil, and the connection group is Y / Y. The voltage regulation excitation coil provides excitation for the excitation transformer. Each tape of the voltage regulation coil is connected to the on-load tap switch, and the on-load tap switch has a forward-reverse selector. Double-core phase-shift transformer is complex in structure compared to single-core transformer, but is low in tap switch voltage levels, so it is suitable for high-capacity and high-voltage occasions. However, in the connection structure of two oil tanks between the series transformer and excitation transformer, the connection lead line's insulation level is nearly same with the line's insulation level, so the connection structure is more complex, and the installation difficulty of two tanks is also high.

    Content of Invention



    [0003] As for the aforesaid problems, the invention provides a high-capacity three-phase combined type phase-shift transformer which can achieve the purpose of reducing the voltage level of the tap switch by double- core phase-shift transformer and at the same time simplifying the connection structure between various devices and reducing the technical difficulty. It is suitable for the occasion of higher voltage levels and larger capacity.

    [0004] In order to solve the aforesaid problems, the present invention provides a high-capacity three-phase combined type phase-shift transformer as defined in claim l.The three-phase combined type phase-shift transformer respectively places the phase A, phase B and phase C in three different oil tanks, reducing the size and weight of a single transformer, facilitating transport and installation, and is therefore suitable for use at higher voltage levels and larger capacity. Meanwhile the head end of the voltage regulation excitation coil is connected to the center tap of the series coil of the same phase in the same tank, it is not necessary to be connected with the special connection structure and be led out of the oil tank. Therefore, the structure here is greatly simplified and reduces technical difficulty. Each line end leads out through the casing, and the three phases can achieve soft connection with cable and other materials, therefore the on-site installation , testing, operation and maintenance is also much simpler.

    [0005] Current limiting reactors are installed at the head end and the tail end of the series coil to reduce the impact of the short circuit current on the phase-shift transformer in the grid.

    [0006] A current limiting reactor is series connected in the said voltage regulation coil. When the capacity of the phase-shift transformer is large, it adopts the structure of several series coils series connection, several excitation coils parallel connection, several voltage regulation excitation coils parallel connection, and several voltage regulation coils series connection. As the current in voltage regulation coils is too large, several on-load tap switches are adopted. At this time, a current limiting reactor is series connected in each of the voltage regulation coil branches to balance the current distribution in the branch and to limit the damage of possible short-circuit current to the on-load tap switch.

    [0007] The present invention is simple in structure, can reduce the voltage level of a tap switch, can simplify a connection structure between various devices, reduces the mounting difficulty, and has high practicality in high-capacity and high-voltage-level phase-shift transformers.

    Brief description of the figures



    [0008] 

    Figure 1 is the single-phase connection schematic diagram of Embodiment 1;

    Figure 2 is the connection schematic diagram of Embodiment 1;

    Figure 3 is the phase-shift principle diagram of the invention;

    Figure 4 is the single-phase connection schematic diagram of Embodiment 2;

    Figure 5 is the single-phase connection schematic diagram of Embodiment 3;



    [0009] Wherein, 1, series transformer, 2, excitation transformer, SVA-SVC are phase A, phase B, phase C series coils, SVA1 and SVA2 are two coils of phase A series coil, EVA-EVC are phase A, phase B, phase C excitation coils, EVA1 and EVA2 are two coils the phase A excitation coil, TVA-TVC are phase A, phase B, phase C voltage regulation coils, TVA1 and TVA2 are two coils of phase A voltage regulation coil, TEVA-TEVC are the phase A, phase B, phase C voltage regulation excitation coils, TEVA1 and TEVA2 are the two coils of the phase A voltage regulation excitation coil, L1-L2 are the reactors.

    Specific embodiments


    Embodiment 1



    [0010] A high-capacity three-phase combined type phase-shift transformer, comprising three single-phase transformers, which are respectively used as a phase A, a phase B and a phase C and are combined with one another to form a three-phase transformer, each single-phase transformer comprises a series transformer 1 and an excitation transformer 2 that are arranged in a same oil tank and are two devices independent of each other. As shown in Fig. 1, take phase A as example, a series transformer 1 comprises a series coil SVA and an excitation coil EVA, and leads out four terminals: a head end SA of the series coil and a tail end LA of the series coil being respectively taken as the power supply side input terminal and the load side output terminal, and the head end sa of the excitation coil and tail end la of the excitation coil are led out of the oil tank, the excitation transformer 2 includes the voltage regulation excitation coil TEVA and the voltage regulation coil TVA, the head end ta of the voltage regulation excitation coil is connected to a center tap of a series coil SVA of a series transformer 1 of a same phase, and a tail end is used as a neutral point to be led out of the oil tank, and the head end TA of the voltage regulation coil is led out of the oil tank, and a tail end is used as a neutral point to be led out of the oil tank. Phase A, phase B and phase C are same in structure. As shown in Figure 2, when the three phases are running at the same time, the head end and tail end of the three-phase series coil SVA-SVC are connected into an angle, and the head end and tail end of the three-phase excitation coil EVA-EVC arc connected into an angle; the three-phase voltage regulation excitation coils TEVA-TEVC are in star-shaped connection, three-phase voltage regulator coils TVA-TVC are in star-shaped connection. The head end and tail end of the three-phase excitation coil EVA-EVC are connected into an angle, and a head end of the voltage regulation coil of the third phase is connected to an angular joint of the every two phases, and the on-load tap switch is used to adjust the series connected turns number of voltage regulation coil to change the voltage value and the polarity in the voltage regulation coil, the phase shift principle is shown in Figure 3, the voltage in voltage regulation coil provides the excitation for the steel core of series transformer, so that the excitation coil angularly connected in the series transformer generates a voltage that is 90° advanced or lag of the voltage of the voltage regulation excitation coil in same phase excitation transformer. Induced in the corresponding series coil, the voltage in excitation coil generate a voltage ΔUI and a voltage ΔU2 which have a phase difference of 90° with the same phase voltage regulation excitation coil. The voltage ΔU1 and the voltage ΔU2 make the power supply side voltage USA and the load side voltage ULA of the phase-shift transformer produce a phase angle change, while the input and output voltage are same, so as to realize the change of the phase angle between the power supply side and the load side voltage. By adjusting the position of the on-load tap switch, it can realize the adjustment between the phase difference and the advance or lag.

    Embodiment 2



    [0011] A high-capacity three-phase combined type phase-shift transformer, as shown in Figure 4, current limiting reactors L1, L2 are installed at the head end SA of the series coil and the tail end LA of the series coil to reduce the impact of the short circuit current on the phase-shift transformer in the grid. The other configurations are the same as the Embodiment 1.

    Embodiment 3



    [0012] A high-capacity three-phase combined type phase-shift transformer, as shown in Figure 5, due to the large capacity of the phase-shift transformer, it adopts the structure of two series coils SVA1 and SVA2 in series connection, two excitation coils EVA1 and EVA2 in parallel connection, two voltage regulation excitation coils TEVA1 and TEVA2 in parallel connection, and two voltage regulation coils TVA1 and TVA2 in series connection. Due to the current in voltage regulation coil is too large, it adopts three on-load tap switches, and series connects current limiting reactors L1 and L2 in three branches for the balance of current distribution in three branches and limitation of the damage caused by possible short-circuit current to the on-load tap switch. The other configurations are the same as the Embodiment 1.


    Claims

    1. A high-capacity three-phase combined type phase-shift transformer comprising three single-phase transformers, which are respectively used as a phase A, a phase B and a phase C and are combined with one another to form a three-phase transformer, each single-phase transformer comprises a series transformer (1) and an excitation transformer (2), a series transformer (1) of each phase comprises a series coil (SVA-SVC) and an excitation coil (EVA-EVC), wherein a head end and a tail end of the series coil (SVA-SVC) being respectively taken as the power supply side input terminal and the load side output terminal, and the head end and tail end of the excitation coil (EVA-EVC) are led out of the oil tank, the head end and tail end of the three-phase series coil (SVA-SVC) are connected into an angle, and the head end and tail end of the three-phase excitation coil (EVA-EVC) are connected into an angle; the excitation transformer (2) comprises a voltage regulation excitation coil (TEVA-TEVC) and a voltage regulation coil (TVA-TVC), a head end of the voltage regulation excitation coil (TEVA-TEVC) is connected to a center tap of a series coil (SVA-SVC) of a series transformer (1) of a same phase, and a tail end is used as a neutral point to be led out of the oil tank, a head end of the voltage regulation coil (TVA-TVC) is led out of the oil tank to be connected to an angular joint of excitation coils (EVA-EVC) of the other two phases, and a tail end is used as a neutral point to be led out of the oil tank, the voltage regulation coil (TVA-TVC) is connected to a on-load tap switch which is used to adjust the voltage value and the polarity in voltage regulation coil (TVA-TVC), the three-phase voltage regulation excitation coils (TEVA-TEVC) are in star-shaped connection, three-phase voltage regulator coils (TVA-TVC) are in star-shaped connection;
    characterized in that
    the three-phase combined type phase-shift transformer respectively places the phase A, phase B and phase C in three different oil tanks, the series transformer (1) and the excitation transformer (2) of each single-phase transformer are arranged in a same oil tank and are two devices independent of each other, a head end of the voltage regulation excitation coil (TEVA-TEVC) is connected to a center tap of a series coil (SVA-SVC) of a series transformer(1) of a same phase in the same tank.
     
    2. The high-capacity three-phase combined type phase-shift transformer according to Claim 1, wherein current limiting reactors (L1, L2) are installed at the head end and the tail end of the series coil (SVA-SVC).
     
    3. The high-capacity three-phase combined type phase-shift transformer according to Claim 1 or 2, wherein a current limiting reactor (L1, L2) is series connected in the voltage regulation coil (TVA-TVC).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Dreiphasiger kombinierter Phasenverschiebungstransformator mit hoher Kapazität, umfassend drei Einphasentransformatoren, die jeweils als eine Phase A, eine Phase B und eine Phase C verwendet und miteinander kombiniert werden, um einen Dreiphasen-Transformator zu bilden, wobei jeder Einphasentransformator einen Reihentransformator (1) und einen Erregertransformator (2) umfasst, ein Reihentransformator (1) jeder Phase eine Reihenspule (SVA-SVC) und eine Erregerspule (EVA-EVC) umfasst, wobei ein vorderes Ende und ein hinteres Ende der Reihenspule (SVA-SVC) jeweils als der stromversorgungsseitige Eingangsanschluss bzw. der lastseitige Ausgangsanschluss verwendet werden, und das vordere Ende und das hintere Ende der Erregerspule (EVA-EVC) zu dem Öltank hinaus führen, das vordere Ende und das hintere Ende der Dreiphasen-Reihenspule (SVA-SVC) zu einem Winkel verbunden sind, und das vordere Ende und das hintere Ende der Dreiphasen-Erregerspule (EVA-EVC) zu einem Winkel verbunden sind; der Erregertransformator (2) eine Spannungsregler-Erregerspule (TEVA-TEVC) und eine Spannungsreglerspule (TVA-TVC) umfasst, ein vorderes Ende der Spannungsregler-Erregerspule (TEVA-TEVC) mit einem Mittelabgriff einer Reihenspule (SVA-SVC) eines Reihentransformators (1) einer selben Phase verbunden ist, und ein hinteres Ende als ein Neutralpunkt zur Hinausführung aus dem Öltank verwendet wird, ein vorderes Ende der Spannungsreglerspule (TVA-TVC) aus dem Öltank hinausgeführt wird, um mit einer Winkelverbindung von Erregerspulen (EVA- EVC) der anderen zwei Phasen verbunden zu werden, und ein hinteres Ende als ein Neutralpunkt verwendet wird, um aus dem Öltank hinauszuführen, die Spannungsreglerspule (TVA-TVC) mit einem Laststufenschalter verbunden ist, der zum Anpassen des Spannungswertes und der Polarität in der Spannungsreglerspule (TVA-TVC) verwendet wird, die Dreiphasenspannungsregler-Erregerspulen (TEVA-TEVC) in sternförmiger Verbindung stehen, die Dreiphasenspannungsreglerspulen (TVA-TVC) in sternförmiger Verbindung stehen;
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    der dreiphasige kombinierte Phasenverschiebungstransformator jeweils die Phase A, die Phase B und die Phase C in drei verschiedenen Öltanks platziert, der Reihentransformator (1) und der Erregertransformator (2) von jedem Einphasentransformator in einem selben Öltank angeordnet und zwei voneinander unabhängige Einrichtungen sind, das vordere Ende der Spannungsregler-Erregerspule (TEVA-TEVC) mit einem Mittelabgriff einer Reihenspule (SVA-SVC) eines Reihentransformators (1) einer selben Phase in demselben Tank verbunden ist.
     
    2. Dreiphasiger kombinierter Phasenverschiebungstransformator mit hoher Kapazität nach Anspruch 1, wobei strombegrenzende Reaktoren (L1, L2) an dem vorderen Ende und dem hinteren Ende der Reihenspule (SVA-SVC) installiert sind.
     
    3. Dreiphasiger kombinierter Phasenverschiebungstransformator mit hoher Kapazität nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei ein strombegrenzender Reaktor (L1, L2) in der Spannungsreglerspule (TVA-TVC) in Reihe geschaltet ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Transformateur-déphaseur triphasé à haute capacité de type combiné comprenant trois transformateurs monophasés, qui sont utilisés respectivement comme phases A, B et C et sont combinés pour constituer un transformateur triphasé, chaque transformateur monophasé comprenant un transformateur série (1) et un transformateur d'excitation (2), un transformateur série (1) de chaque phase comprenant un enroulement en série (SVA-SVC) et un enroulement d'excitation (EVA-EVC), dans lequel une extrémité de tête et une extrémité de queue de l'enroulement en série (SVA-SVC) sont prises respectivement comme borne d'entrée côté alimentation et borne de sortie côté charge, et l'extrémité de tête et l'extrémité de queue de l'enroulement d'excitation (EVA-EVC) sont menées hors du réservoir d'huile, et l'extrémité de tête et l'extrémité de queue de l'enroulement en série triphasé (SVA-SVC) sont connectées selon un angle, et l'extrémité de tête et l'extrémité de queue de l'enroulement d'excitation triphasé (EVA-EVC) sont connectées selon un angle ; le transformateur d'excitation (2) comprend un enroulement d'excitation de régulation de tension (TEVA-TEVC) et un enroulement de régulation de tension (TVA-TVC), une extrémité de tête de l'enroulement d'excitation de régulation de tension (TEVA-TEVC) est connectée à une prise centrale d'un enroulement en série (SVA-SVC) d'un transformateur série (1) d'une même phase, et une extrémité de queue est utilisée comme point neutre à mener hors du réservoir d'huile, une extrémité de tête de l'enroulement de régulation de tension (TVA-TVC) est menée hors du réservoir d'huile à connecter à un joint angulaire d'enroulements d'excitation (EVA-EVC) des deux autres phases, et une extrémité de queue est utilisée comme point neutre à mener hors du réservoir d'huile, l'enroulement de régulation de tension (TVA-TVC) est connecté à un commutateur de prise en charge qui est utilisé pour ajuster la valeur de tension et la polarité de l'enroulement de régulation de tension (TVA-TVC), les enroulements d'excitation de régulation de tension triphasée (TEVA-TEVC) présentent une connexion en forme d'étoile, les enroulements de régulation de tension triphasée (TVA-TVC) présentent une connexion en forme d'étoile ;
    caractérisé en ce que
    les phases A, B et C du transformateur-déphaseur triphasé de type combiné sont placées respectivement dans trois réservoirs d'huile différents, le transformateur série (1) et le transformateur d'excitation (2) de chaque transformateur monophasé sont agencés dans un même réservoir d'huile et sont deux dispositifs indépendants l'un de l'autre, une extrémité de tête de l'enroulement d'excitation de régulation de tension (TEVA-TEVC) est connectée à une prise centrale d'un enroulement en série (SVA-SVC) d'un transformateur série (1) d'une même phase dans le même réservoir.
     
    2. Transformateur-déphaseur triphasé à haute capacité de type combiné selon la revendication 1, dans lequel des réacteurs de limitation de courant (L1, L2) sont installés à l'extrémité de tête et à l'extrémité de queue de l'enroulement en série (SVA-SVC).
     
    3. Transformateur-déphaseur triphasé à haute capacité de type combiné selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel un réacteur de limitation de courant (L1, L2) est connecté en série dans l'enroulement de régulation de tension (TVA-TVC).
     




    Drawing















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description