(19)
(11)EP 3 232 680 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/20

(21)Application number: 15866546.3

(22)Date of filing:  08.12.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04R 1/10  (2006.01)
H04R 5/033  (2006.01)
H04R 1/26  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2015/006090
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/092817 (16.06.2016 Gazette  2016/24)

(54)

HEADPHONE

KOPFHÖRER

CASQUE D'ÉCOUTE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 09.12.2014 JP 2014249286

(43)Date of publication of application:
18.10.2017 Bulletin 2017/42

(73)Proprietor: Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.
Osaka-shi, Osaka 570-6207 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • TAMURA, Kazuo
    Osaka-shi Osaka 540-6207 (JP)
  • NAKANO, Masahiro
    Osaka-shi, Osaka 540-6207 (JP)

(74)Representative: Grünecker Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartG mbB 
Leopoldstraße 4
80802 München
80802 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2013/005775
JP-A- S63 268 395
US-A1- 2006 204 016
US-A1- 2014 016 812
DE-A1- 2 345 850
JP-A- 2014 512 751
US-A1- 2007 274 548
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to headphones.

    BACKGROUND ART



    [0002] A headphone as described in the preamble of claim 1 is already known from US 2014/016812 A1. US 2007/274548 A1 shows different angles for the front speaker and the rear speaker.

    [0003] A headphone is an exemplary piece of audio equipment. A headphone is used by being connected to an apparatus having an audio signal output function (an audio signal reproducing apparatus) such as an audio player, a television receiver (abbreviated below as a TV), or the like.

    [0004] A typical headphone includes two speaker casings for the user's right ear and the user's left ear, and a headband to be placed on the top of the head of the user. Each of the speaker casings includes a main speaker unit that outputs sound and a support member that supports the main speaker unit. The main speaker unit includes a diaphragm, a voice coil, and the like. The headband includes an elongated, curved member. Both ends of the headband are connected to the two speaker casings, respectively.

    [0005] NPL 1 discloses a technique for improving the sound quality of a speaker system having two speakers.

    [0006] When audio equipment reproduces music, a movie, or a concert program, for example, a user expects that high-quality sound comes out.

    [0007] Therefore, it is demanded that headphones output high-quality sound.

    Citation List


    Non-Patent Literature



    [0008] NPL 1: "Sound field reproduction by transaural system with two loudspeakers" written by Kazuhiro lida, the journal of the Acoustical Society of Japan, 2011, Vol. 67, No. 11.

    SUMMARY



    [0009] It is an object of the present invention to provide a headphone that can improve quality of sound heard by a user wearing the headphone.

    [0010] The above and other objects of the invention are achieved by the headphone according to claim 1. Preferred embodiments are claimed in the dependent claims.

    [0011] The headphone according to the present disclosure can improve quality of sound heard by a user wearing the headphone.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0012] 

    FIG. 1 is a perspective view schematically illustrating an exemplary appearance of a headphone in a first exemplary embodiment.

    FIG. 2 is a front elevation view schematically illustrating an exemplary appearance of the headphone in the first exemplary embodiment.

    FIG. 3 is a side elevation view schematically illustrating an exemplary appearance of the headphone in the first exemplary embodiment.

    FIG. 4 is a side elevation view schematically illustrating an exemplary appearance of the headphone in the first exemplary embodiment.

    FIG. 5 is a perspective view schematically illustrating an exemplary configuration of the speaker casings in the first exemplary embodiment.

    FIG. 6A is a side elevation view schematically illustrating an exemplary configuration of one speaker casing in the first exemplary embodiment.

    FIG. 6B is a back elevation view schematically illustrating an exemplary configuration of the speaker casing in the first exemplary embodiment.

    FIG. 6C is a side elevation view schematically illustrating an exemplary configuration of the speaker casing in the first exemplary embodiment.

    FIG. 6D is a cross-sectional view schematically illustrating an exemplary configuration of the speaker casing in the first exemplary embodiment.

    FIG. 6E is a front elevation view schematically illustrating an exemplary configuration of the speaker casing in the first exemplary embodiment.

    FIG. 7 is a perspective view schematically illustrating an exemplary configuration of one main speaker unit in the first exemplary embodiment.

    FIG. 8 is a front elevation view schematically illustrating exemplary placement of the diaphragm in the main speaker unit and the sub-speaker unit in the first exemplary embodiment.

    FIG. 9 is a top view schematically illustrating exemplary placement of the diaphragm in the main speaker unit and the sub-speaker unit in the first exemplary embodiment.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS


    <Basic Findings for the Present Disclosure>



    [0013] A conventional common knowledge will be described below. Two points estimated to be the locations of two tympanic membranes of a user are set as two reference points. Then, the axis connecting the two reference points is set as a first axis. Speakers are placed such that the main axis of main speaker units is positioned in a horizontal plane containing the first axis. Placing the speakers in this manner is thought to improve quality of sound heard by a user.

    [0014] In NPL 1 described above, a study is conducted to examine whether or not there are any other advantageous locations at which speakers output higher quality sound, other than the horizontal plane containing the first axis. In examination for this study, average location errors are measured in travel directions of sound. The term "average location error" discussed herein refers to the difference (error) in direction between a sound source recognized by a subject and an actual sound source. Normally, if the average location error decreases, a listener feels that the sound image becomes clearer and thus the presence of the sound is improved.

    [0015] In this examination, the subject's head is fixed such that the axis connecting the top of the head to the chin extends in a vertical direction (in the direction of gravitational force). Then, a sound source is moved in the vertical plane containing the first axis while emitting sound. Simultaneously, average location errors are measured.

    [0016] The study demonstrates that, in the speaker systems having two speakers, quality of sound (enhanced presence) heard by a user can be improved by adjusting vertical locations of the speakers based on the experimental result.

    [0017] As described above, it is also demanded that headphones output high-quality sound. It is, however, difficult to change locations of the speaker casings relative to user's ears, because when a user wears a headphone, the ear pads of the speaker casings are in contact with parts of a user's body around the ears.

    [0018] When a user wears a headphone, his/her tympanic membranes are approximately 30 mm (average) away from the main planes of the speaker casings of the headphone in a direction along the first axis; the main planes correspond to planes created by parts of the housings to which the ear pads are attached. Further, the inventors of the present disclosure have found the fact that adjusting an angle of the diaphragms with respect to the tympanic membranes can produce substantially the same effect as the case where the locations of speakers are changed.

    [0019] Hereinafter, exemplary embodiments will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings as appropriate. However, an unnecessarily detailed description will not be provided. For example, a detailed description of a well-known matter and a redundant description on substantially the same configuration will not be provided. This is to prevent the following description from being unnecessarily redundant, so as to facilitate understanding of those skilled in the art.

    [0020] The accompanying drawings and the following descriptions are provided for those skilled in the art to fully understand the present disclosure, and it is not intended to limit the subject matter described in the claims by the accompanying drawings and the following descriptions.

    [0021] The accompanying drawings are schematic only, and do not necessarily reflect the actual scales. In the accompanying drawings, identical reference marks are given to substantially the same constituent elements.

    FIRST EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENT



    [0022] A first exemplary embodiment will be described below with reference to FIG. 1 to FIG. 8. In this exemplary embodiment, the angle of the diaphragms mounted in the speaker casings is adjusted based on the foregoing findings.

    [1. Configuration of Headphone]



    [0023] FIG. 1 is a perspective view schematically illustrating an exemplary appearance of headphone 1 in the first exemplary embodiment.

    [0024] FIG. 2 is a front elevation view schematically illustrating an exemplary appearance of headphone 1 in the first exemplary embodiment.

    [0025] FIG. 3 is a side elevation view schematically illustrating an exemplary appearance of headphone 1 in the first exemplary embodiment. More specifically, FIG. 3 illustrates a side of headphone 1 as viewed from speaker casing 20B for a right ear.

    [0026] FIG. 4 is a side elevation view schematically illustrating an exemplary appearance of headphone 1 in the first exemplary embodiment. More specifically, FIG. 4 illustrates a side of headphone 1 as viewed from speaker casing 20A for a left ear.

    [0027] As an example illustrated in FIG. 1 to FIG. 4, headphone 1 includes headband 10, speaker casing 20A for a left ear, and speaker casing 20B for a right ear.

    [1-1. Configuration of Headband]



    [0028] Headband 10 is a member to be placed on a user's head.

    [0029] Headband 10 has an elongated member that is formed into a curved shape so that a person can wear it on his/her head. One end of the elongated member is connected to speaker casing 20A, which is in contact with the user's left ear when the user wears headphone 1. Hereinafter, a user who wears headphone 1 is also referred to below as simply a "user". The other end of the elongated member is connected to speaker casing 20B, which is in contact with the user's right ear when the user wears headphone 1.

    [0030] Headband 10 may further include: a head pad to be in contact with the top of the user's head; a microphone; and other members (not all illustrated). In this exemplary embodiment, speaker casing 20A is connected to the one end of the elongated member, whereas speaker casing 20B is connected to the other end of the elongated member. However, speaker casing 20A may be connected to a portion of the elongated member which is a predetermined distance away from the one end, whereas speaker casing 20B may be connected to a portion of the elongated member which is a predetermined distance away from the other end. Both speaker casing 20A and speaker casing 20B may be fixedly connected to the elongated member. Alternatively, the portions of the elongated member to which speaker casing 20A and speaker casing 20B are connected may be movable.

    [0031] In this exemplary embodiment, the elongated member in headband 10 has a variable length (see FIG. 5). For individual users, generally, the sizes of the heads and the locations of the ears are different. So, since the length of headband 10 is adjustable, users can wear speaker casing 20A and speaker casing 20B over their ears by adjusting the length of headband 10. The configuration of adjusting the length of headband 10 can be accomplished with a mechanism typically used in the art. Thus, this configuration is not regarded as an essential configuration in the present disclosure.

    [0032] Headband 10 further contains signal wires (not illustrated), in which audio signals travel from speaker casing 20A to speaker casing 20B.

    [1-2. Configuration of Speaker Casing]



    [0033] Details of speaker casing 20A and speaker casing 20B will be described below. In this exemplary embodiment, only speaker casing 20A in headphone 1 is provided with connector 40. Connector 40 is a member to which a cord (not illustrated) for transmitting audio signals is connected. Aside from connector 40, however, speaker casing 20A and speaker casing 20B have substantially the same configuration. Therefore, a description that will be given below is focused on speaker casing 20A, and details of speaker casing 20B will not be described.

    [0034] Speaker casing 20A and speaker casing 20B are members that are in contact with the user's ears when the user wears headphone 1. Each of speaker casing 20A and speaker casing 20B contains a main speaker unit and a sub-speaker unit. Both of the main speaker unit and the sub-speaker unit reproduce sound in accordance with audio signals output from an audio signal reproducing apparatus (not illustrated). To transmit the audio signals from the audio signal reproducing apparatus to headphone 1, headphone 1 may be connected to the audio signal reproducing apparatus via the cord for transmitting audio signals (not illustrated) or may be wirelessly connected to the audio signal reproducing apparatus.

    [0035] In this exemplary embodiment, speaker casing 20A is intended for the user's left ear, whereas speaker casing 20B is intended for the user's right ear. In short, headphone 1 is configured such that sound for the left ear is output from speaker casing 20A and sound for the right ear is output from speaker casing 20B. Therefore, when headphone 1 is placed on the user's head, speaker casing 20A covers the user's left ear and speaker casing 20B covers the user's right ear. This state is normally maintained when headphone 1 is used.

    [0036] FIG. 5 is a perspective view schematically illustrating an exemplary configuration of speaker casing 20A in the first exemplary embodiment. In headphone 1, both speaker casing 20A and speaker casing 20B are rotatable relative to headband 10. In FIG. 5, both speaker casing 20A and speaker casing 20B are rotated relative to headband 10.

    [0037] FIG. 6A is a side elevation view schematically illustrating an exemplary configuration of speaker casing 20A in the first exemplary embodiment. FIG. 6B is a back elevation view schematically illustrating an exemplary configuration of speaker casing 20A in the first exemplary embodiment. FIG. 6C is a side elevation view schematically illustrating an exemplary configuration of speaker casing 20A in the first exemplary embodiment. FIG. 6D is a cross-sectional view schematically illustrating an exemplary configuration of speaker casing 20A in the first exemplary embodiment. FIG. 6E is a front elevation view schematically illustrating an exemplary configuration of speaker casing 20A in the first exemplary embodiment. The cross section in FIG. 6D is taken along the line A-A in FIG. 6B. In the description that will be given below with reference to FIG. 6A to FIG. 6E, the side of speaker casing 20A which is to be in contact with the user's ear is referred to as the front surface, the surface of speaker casing 20A opposite to the front surface is referred to as the back surface, and the surface of speaker casing 20A between the front surface and the back surface (which is substantially perpendicular to both the front surface and the back surface) is referred to as the side surface.

    [0038] In the description that will be given below, axis X1, axis Y1, and axis Z1 are defined as follows, for the sake of expediency.

    [0039] Axis X1 is parallel to first axis B (see FIG. 6D) that connects two points (two reference points) estimated to be the locations of two tympanic membranes of the user. In FIG. 6D, only the reference point of the left ear is illustrated. In other words, axis X1 is substantially parallel to a lateral direction of the user's head, or an axis connecting the right ear and the left ear, when the user wears headphone 1.

    [0040] Axis Y1 is substantially parallel to a longitudinal direction of the user's pinna. More specifically, axis Y1 is perpendicular to axis X1 and substantially parallel to a longitudinal direction of the user's head (the axis connecting the chin and the top of the head) when the user wears headphone 1. In other words, axis Y1 is perpendicular to axis X1 and substantially parallel to the axis connecting the tragus and ear lobe.

    [0041] Axis Z1 is orthogonal to both axis X1 and axis Y1. More specifically, axis Z1 is substantially parallel to a front-back direction of the user's head when the user wears headphone 1.

    [0042] Speaker casing 20A includes: main speaker unit 23A that outputs sound; and a support member that supports main speaker unit 23A.

    [0043] More specifically, as an example illustrated in FIG. 6A to FIG. 6E, speaker casing 20A includes ear pad 30A, housing 22A, baffle plate 21A, which is an example of the support member, protector 27A, main speaker unit 23A, protector 271A, sub-speaker unit 26A, and connector 40.

    [0044] As illustrated in FIG. 1, speaker casing 20B includes ear pad 30B, housing 22B, baffle plate 21B, which is the support member, protector 27B, main speaker unit 23B, protector 271B (not illustrated; only the reference mark is assigned), and sub-speaker unit 26B (not illustrated; only the reference mark is assigned). The configuration of speaker casing 20B is substantially the same as that of speaker casing 20A, aside from connector 40.

    [1-2-1. Ear Pad]



    [0045] Ear pad 30A is a member that covers the user's ear when the user wears headphone 1. As an example illustrated in FIG. 6A to FIG. 6E, ear pad 30A is formed into a torus (annular) shape so as to cover (the side surface of) the ear.

    [0046] In this exemplary embodiment, as an example illustrated in FIG. 6D, ear pad 30A is detachable from baffle plate 21A. The side of ear pad 30A which is in contact with baffle plate 21A is provided with engaging section 301A, which fits into groove 201A formed on the outer circumference of baffle plate 21A. Detailed configurations of housing 22A, baffle plate 21A, protector 27A, and protector 271A will be described later.

    [0047] By fitting engaging section 301A into groove 201A in baffle plate 21A, ear pad 30A can be attached to the outer circumference of baffle plate 21A. This configuration enables the user's ear to be accommodated in the space surrounded by ear pad 30A, baffle plate 21A, and protector 27A and protector 271A that cover openings of baffle plate 21A. Ear pad 30A may be fixed to baffle plate 21A.

    [0048] As an example illustrated in FIG. 6D, the cross-sectional area of ear pad 30A in a radial direction increases toward the ear lobe. In other words, the cross-sectional area of ear pad 30A in a radial direction decreases toward the top of the head. In general, the width of a human head tends to gradually decrease from the side portion to the chin. Thus, the above configuration can keep the main plane of baffle plate 21A (the main plane of protector 27A) nearly perpendicular to the first axis B.

    [0049] Ear pad 30A may be made of a soft resin material and can be deformed in accordance with a shape of a part of the user's body around the ear. This enables ear pad 30A to be in better contact with both baffle plate 21A and the user's ear (the part surrounding the ear). Consequently, the foregoing space (the space surrounding the user's ear) can be made more closed space with a little gap (enclosed space).

    [1-2-2. Housing]



    [0050] Housing 22A and baffle plate 21A, are support members, support main speaker unit 23A with a state where main speaker unit 23A is accommodated in the space that is made of both housing 22A and baffle plate 21A. Housing 22A is connected to headband 10. As an example illustrated in FIG. 6A to FIG. 6E, housing 22A is a member that has a recess in which an oval or elliptical opening is formed.

    [1-2-2-1. Main Speaker Container]



    [0051] As an example illustrated in FIG. 6D , main speaker unit container 222 is an internal space created between baffle plate 21A and housing 22A, and is also a region behind protector 27A, where main speaker unit 23A is disposed. The opening of baffle plate 21A in which main speaker unit container 222 is created is formed within a region that contains the center of baffle plate 21A and is shifted to the top of the user's head (when the user wears the headphone 1).

    [0052] As an example illustrated in FIG. 5, main speaker unit container 222 is surrounded by flat part 220. Main speaker unit container 222 is formed such that a part of the main plane and side surface of main speaker unit 23A is accommodated in main speaker unit container 222. Therefore, the shape and size of main speaker unit container 222 depend on the shape and size of main speaker unit 23A. Main speaker unit container 222 partially protrudes from the surface of flat part 220 (the surface on the ear side) toward the user's ear.

    [0053] Main speaker unit container 222 includes sound output section 222a which corresponds to the opening of baffle plate 21A, and slope 222c.

    [0054] As an example illustrated in FIG. 6D, diaphragm 24A of main speaker unit 23A is disposed on the back surface of sound output section 222a (see FIG. 5). Protector 27A is disposed in the part of sound output section 222a of main speaker unit container 222 .

    [0055] Slope 222c is a cylindrical member that constitutes the side surface of sound output section 222a. When the user wears headphone 1, the height of slope 222c with respect to flat part 220 increases toward the top of the head. In other words, the height of slope 222c with respect to flat part 220 decreases away from the top of the head (or toward the ear lobe). Sound output section 222a that covers an upper part of slope 222c is inclined with respect to baffle plate 21A (flat part 220). This is for main speaker unit 23A to be angled with respect to first axis B, details of which will be described later.

    [0056] As described above, main speaker unit 23A is partially covered with sound output section 222a and slope 222c.

    [1-2-2-2. Sub-speaker Container]



    [0057] Sub-speaker unit container 223 is an internal space created between baffle plate 21A and housing 22A, and is also a region behind protector 271A, where sub-speaker unit 26A is disposed. Therefore, the shape and size of sub-speaker unit container 223 depend on the shape and size of sub-speaker unit 26A. As an example illustrated in FIG. 6E, the opening of baffle plate 21A, in which sub-speaker unit container 223 is created, is formed below main speaker unit 23A (close to the user's chin when the user wears headphone 1) and close to the front portion of the head with respect to the central line A (close to the user's face when the user wears headphone 1). Central line A is parallel to axis Y1 and passes through substantially the center of speaker casing 20A (or baffle plate 21A).

    [0058] Sub-speaker unit container 223 includes sound output section 223a which corresponds to the opening of baffle plate 21A, and slope 223c.

    [0059] A diaphragm (not illustrated) of sub-speaker unit 26A is disposed on the back surface of sound output section 223a. Protector 271A is disposed in a part of sound output section 223a of sub-speaker unit container 223.

    [0060] Slope 223c is a cylindrical member that constitutes the side surface of sound output section 223a. When the user wears headphone 1, the height of slope 223c with respect to flat part 220 decreases toward the top of the head. In other words, the height of slope 223c with respect to flat part 220 increases away from the top of the head (or toward the ear lobe). Sound output section 223a that covers an upper part of slope 223c is inclined with respect to flat part 220. This is for sub-speaker unit 26A to be angled with respect to first axis B, as will be described later.

    [1-2-3. Baffle Plate]



    [0061] Baffle plate 21A is a member that is attached to housing 22A so as to cover the opening of housing 22A.

    [0062] As an example illustrated in FIG. 5, baffle plate 21A includes flat part 220 and fixing sections 221. Baffle plate 21A is provided with two openings. It should be noted that in FIG. 5, ear pad 30A is removed from baffle plate 21A.

    [0063] Flat part 220 is an oval, plate-like member whose outline substantially matches the opening of housing 22A. Flat part 220 is attached to the opening of housing 22A. In this exemplary embodiment, the surface of flat part 220 (which is exposed toward the ear) corresponds to the main plane of baffle plate 21A.

    [0064] Flat part 220 is provided with two openings; one opening of the two openings is covered with protector 27A that protects main speaker unit 23A and the other opening of the two openings is covered with protector 271A that protects sub-speaker unit 26A. The one opening is an opening to which Main speaker unit 23A is attached, and the one opening is formed so that the center of main speaker unit 23A is positioned above first axis B (closer to the top of the user's head with respect to first axis B when the user wears headphone 1) (see FIG. 6D). The other opening is an opening to which Sub-speaker unit 26A is attached, and the other opening is formed so that the center of sub-speaker unit 26A is positioned below first axis B (closer to the user's chin with respect to first axis B when the user wears headphone 1) (see FIG. 6D). In this exemplary embodiment, baffle plate 21A and protector 271A are integrated with each other; however, baffle plate 21A and protector 271A may be independent members.

    [0065] Fixing sections 221 are each provided with a hole through which a screw passes in order to fix baffle plate 21A to housing 22A. By passing the screws through these holes and baffle plate 21A being screwed onto housing 22A, baffle plate 21A is fixed to housing 22A.

    [0066] As described above, baffle plate 21A has an outer circumference on which toric annular groove 201A is formed; groove 201A is used to attach ear pad 30A to baffle plate 21A.

    [0067] The surface of baffle plate 21A which is defined by groove 201A or by the opening of housing 22A corresponds to the main plane of baffle plate 21A, namely, the main plane of the support member. The main plane of the support member may intersect at least a part of baffle plate 21A, and may be a surface that is perpendicular to first axis B or may be a surface that intersects first axis B at an angle of approximately perpendicularity.

    [0068] Baffle plate 21A may be made of a material including a vibration-damping material, such as polylactic acid or polylactide (PLA).

    [1-2-4. Protectors]



    [0069] Protector 27A is a member that covers one of the two openings of baffle plate 21A. As an example illustrated in FIG. 6D, protector 27A is attached to the front surface of main speaker unit 23A (which is closer to the ear). As an example illustrated in FIG. 5, protector 27A is provided in sound output section 222a of main speaker unit container 222 which contains main speaker unit 23A. Protector 27A corresponds to protection member of main speaker unit 23A.

    [0070] As examples illustrated in FIG. 5 and FIG. 6E, protector 27A is a circular member in which a plurality of slits 27a are formed. Protector 27A is formed so as to allow the surface of diaphragm 24A, which will be described later, to be viewed from the outside.

    [0071] More specifically, protector 27A has a circular slit formed therein, six slits having substantially the same (sectoral) shape and formed in a first circle that surrounds the circular slit, six slits having substantially the same (sectoral) shape and formed in a second circle that is larger than the first circle, and six slits having substantially the same (sectoral) shape and formed in a third circle that is larger than the second circle. Hereinafter, these slits are collectively referred to as slits 27a. In short, protector 27A includes four torus plates having different sizes. These torus plates are disposed in substantially the same plane and interconnected via six elongated bridge parts extending in a radial direction. The six elongated bride parts are disposed at substantially regular angles. The size of protector 27A depends on the size of diaphragm 24A, which is a component of main speaker unit 23A.

    [0072] In this exemplary embodiment, protector 271A is provided as a protector which covers the other of the two openings of baffle plate 21A. As an example illustrated in FIG. 6D, protector 271A is provided in sound output section 223a of sub-speaker unit container 223 which contains sub-speaker unit 26A. Protector 271A corresponds to protection member of sub-speaker unit 26A.

    [0073] As examples illustrated in FIG. 5 and FIG. 6E, protector 271A is a convex member that has a plurality of slits 271a formed therein (see FIG. 6D). Sound output section 223a is formed so as to allow a diaphragm (not illustrated) of sub-speaker unit 26A to be viewed from the outside.

    [0074] More specifically, protector 271A has a circular slit formed therein, and three slits having substantially the same (sectoral) shape and formed concentrically so as to surround the above circular slit. Hereinafter, these slits are collectively referred to as slits 271a. In short, protector 271A includes two torus plates having different sizes. These torus plates are disposed in substantially mutually different plane and interconnected via three elongated bridge parts extending in a radial direction. The three elongated bride parts are disposed at substantially regular angles. The size of protector 271A depends on the size of a diaphragm (not illustrated), which is a component of sub-speaker unit 26A.

    [1-2-5. Main Speaker Unit]



    [0075] Main speaker unit 23A is a dynamic type of speaker unit and can reproduce sound in the frequency band ranging from 4 Hz to 50 kHz, for example. Main speaker unit 23A has a diameter of 50 mm, for example, and is mounted in housing 22A, which is disposed over the user's left ear when the user wears headphone 1.

    [0076] Main speaker unit 23B mounted in housing 22B to be disposed over the user's right ear has substantially the same configuration as main speaker unit 23A, except for main speaker unit 23B having no connector 40.

    [0077] FIG. 7 is a perspective view schematically illustrating an exemplary configuration of main speaker unit 23A in the first exemplary embodiment.

    [0078] As an example illustrated in FIG. 7, main speaker unit 23A includes diaphragm 24A, a voice coil (not illustrated), and magnetic member 25A. When drive current flows through the voice coil in main speaker unit 23A in accordance with an audio signal transmitted from an audio signal reproducing apparatus, the voice coil vibrates. In response to the vibration of the voice coil, diaphragm 24A vibrates. The vibration of diaphragm 24A causes main speaker unit 23A to reproduce sound in accordance with the audio signal.

    [0079] As an example illustrated in FIG. 7, diaphragm 24A is made of a flat film, whose outline is substantially circular. Diaphragm 24A is formed by joining vibrating section 24b to circumferential part 24a at its center; circumferential part 24a is formed into a semi-torus shape (a shape by cutting a hollow torus member along a plane perpendicular to the rotational axis), and vibrating section 24b has a hemispherical, conchoidal shape. Both circumferential part 24a and vibrating section 24b protrude in the same direction.

    [0080] In the present disclosure, the surface of diaphragm 24A which is defined by the outline of vibrating section 24b (plane including the outline of vibrating section 24b) corresponds to the main plane of diaphragm 24A. The main plane of diaphragm 24A may be substantially perpendicular to the axis of circumferential part 24a or the axis of vibrating section 24b. In this case, the axis of circumferential part 24a passes through substantially the center of circumferential part 24a and is substantially perpendicular to circumferential part 24a. The axis of vibrating section 24b passes through substantially the center of vibrating section 24b and is substantially perpendicular to vibrating section 24b. In this exemplary embodiment, circumferential part 24a and vibrating section 24b are constituted so that the axis of circumferential part 24a substantially coincides with the axis of vibrating section 24b.

    [0081] In this exemplary embodiment, the main plane of diaphragm 24A substantially corresponds to the main plane of main speaker unit 23A. The main plane of main speaker unit 23A may intersect at least a part of members constituting main speaker unit 23A, and may be a surface that is substantially perpendicular to the axis of circumferential part 24a or the axis of vibrating section 24b in diaphragm 24A.

    [0082] FIG. 8 is a front elevation view schematically illustrating exemplary placement of diaphragm 24A in main speaker unit 23A and sub-speaker unit 26A in the first exemplary embodiment. FIG. 8 schematically illustrates the cross section in FIG. 6D in a simplistic form. FIG. 8 schematically illustrates the placement of flat part 220, diaphragm 24A, and sub-speaker unit 26A when the user wears headphone 1, as viewed from the user's face. In FIG. 8, the user's ear is depicted by a dotted line for the sake of expediency. It should be noted that the schematic view in FIG. 8 is used only to explain the arrangement (e.g., angles) of the individual members. So, the scales and angles of the user's ear, flat part 220, diaphragm 24A, and sub-speaker unit 26A in FIG. 8 may be different from actual scales and angles.

    [0083] To explain the arrangement in FIG. 8, first axis B, second axis E, third axis F, main axis C, and main axis D are used. First axis B, second axis E, third axis F, main axis C, and main axis D are defined as follows.

    [0084] First axis B is an axis connecting two reference points that are estimated to be the locations of the user's tympanic membranes, as described with reference to FIG. 6A to FIG. 6E. First axis B is parallel to axis X1. It should be noted that in FIG. 8, reference point PL, which is estimated to be the location of the tympanic membrane of the user's left ear, is illustrated, but no reference point estimated to be the location of the tympanic membrane of the user's right ear is illustrated.

    [0085] Second axis E is an axis that intersects first axis B and is parallel to axis Z1. In other words, second axis E is an axis that is substantially parallel to a lateral direction of the user's pinna or to a front-back direction of the user's head.

    [0086] Third axis F is an axis that extends along the main plane of baffle plate 21A (the surface of flat part 220 which is closer to the user's ear) and is substantially parallel to a longitudinal direction of the pinna (axis Yl).

    [0087] Main axis C corresponds to the main axis of main speaker unit 23A and to the main axis of diaphragm 24A. The main axis of diaphragm 24A is an axis that passes through substantially the center of diaphragm 24A and is substantially perpendicular to the main plane of diaphragm 24A. The main axis of main speaker unit 23A is an axis that passes through substantially the center of main speaker unit 23A and is substantially perpendicular to the main plane of main speaker unit 23A. In this exemplary embodiment, main speaker unit 23A is formed with its main axis substantially coinciding with the main axis of diaphragm 24A. Diaphragm 24A is formed with main axis C substantially coinciding with the axis of circumferential part 24a having a funnel-like shape, which is a component of diaphragm 24A. In this exemplary embodiment, main speaker unit 23A is mounted in speaker casing 20A with main axis C passing through reference point PL.

    [0088] Main axis D corresponds to the main axis of sub-speaker unit 26A and to the main axis of the diaphragm (not illustrated) of sub-speaker unit 26A. The main axis of the diaphragm of sub-speaker unit 26A is an axis that passes through substantially the center of the diaphragm of sub-speaker unit 26A and is substantially perpendicular to the main plane of the diaphragm of sub-speaker unit 26A. The main axis of sub-speaker unit 26A is an axis that passes through substantially the center of sub-speaker unit 26A and is substantially perpendicular to the main plane of sub-speaker unit 26A. In this exemplary embodiment, sub-speaker unit 26A is formed with its main axis substantially coinciding with the main axis of the diaphragm of sub-speaker unit 26A. In this exemplary embodiment, sub-speaker unit 26A is mounted in speaker casing 20A with main axis D passing through reference point PL.

    [0089] In this exemplary embodiment, main speaker unit 23A is inclined toward the user's ear lobe, so that the main plane of main speaker unit 23A (i.e., the main plane of diaphragm 24A) faces the tympanic membrane of the user wearing headphone 1 (i.e., reference point PL). In this case, main speaker unit 23A is attached to speaker casing 20A such that the main plane of main speaker unit 23A (the main plane of diaphragm 24A) forms angle α ranging from 10° to 30° (20° ± 10°) inclusive with the main plane of baffle plate 21A (i.e., the surface of flat part 220 which is closer to the user's ear or the plane on third axis F in FIG. 8), which is the support member. Angle α is determined based on an experiment that has been conducted to decrease an average location error.

    [0090] As described above, the main plane of main speaker unit 23A substantially coincide with the main plane of diaphragm 24A. Hence, the above configuration can also be expressed as follows. Main axis C of diaphragm 24A is inclined at angle β ranging from 60° to 80° (70° ± 10°) inclusive with respect to the main plane of baffle plate 21A (the third axis F in FIG. 8).

    [0091] The above configuration can also be expressed as follows. Main speaker unit 23A is mounted in speaker casing 20A such that main axis C of diaphragm 24A is inclined at angle α ranging from 10° to 30° (20° ± 10°) inclusive with respect to first axis B.

    [0092] The above configuration can also be expressed as follows. Baffle plate 21A, which is the support member, supports main speaker unit 23A so as to be rotated around second axis E in the direction from first axis B to the top of the user's head, so that the main axis of main speaker unit 23A passes through reference point PL and is inclined at angle α ranging from 10° to 30° (20° ± 10°) inclusive with respect to first axis B.

    [1-2-6. Sub-speaker Unit]



    [0093] Sub-speaker unit 26A is a dynamic type of speaker unit and can reproduce sound in a frequency band, such as a frequency band ranging from 50 kHz to 100 kHz, that is different from the frequency band of main speaker unit 23A. Sub-speaker unit 26A is a speaker unit mounted in housing 22A, which is disposed over the user's left ear when the user wears headphone 1.

    [0094] Sub-speaker unit 26B (not illustrated) mounted in housing 22B to be disposed over the user's right ear has substantially the same configuration as sub-speaker unit 26A.

    [0095] As an example illustrated in FIG. 6E , sub-speaker unit 26A is disposed on baffle plate 21A below main speaker unit 23A (close to the user's chin when the user wears headphone 1) and close to the front portion of the head with respect to central line A (close to the user's face when the user wears headphone 1). Sub-speaker unit 26A is thereby positioned in speaker casing 20A so as not to interfere with main speaker unit 23A.

    [0096] As illustrated in FIG. 8, sub-speaker unit 26A is mounted in speaker casing 20A with main axis D intersecting main axis C of main speaker unit 23A at reference point PL. As described above, main axis D of sub-speaker unit 26A coincides with the main axis of the diaphragm (not illustrated) of sub-speaker unit 26A. The diaphragm of sub-speaker unit 26A has a smaller size than diaphragm 24A of main speaker unit 23A, but both shapes are substantially the same as each other.

    [0097] In this exemplary embodiment, sub-speaker unit 26A is inclined toward the top of the user's head, so that the main plane of sub-speaker unit 26A (i.e., the main plane of the diaphragm of sub-speaker unit 26A) faces the tympanic membrane of the user wearing headphone 1 (i.e., reference point PL). In this case, sub-speaker unit 26A is mounted in speaker casing 20A such that main axis D of sub-speaker unit 26A is inclined at angle γ ranging from 30° to 50° (40° ± 10°) with respect to first axis B. Angle γ is determined based on an experiment that has been conducted to decrease an average location error.

    [0098] The above configuration can also be expressed as follows. Main axis D of sub-speaker unit 26A is inclined at angle δ ranging from 40° to 60° (50° ± 10°) with respect to the main plane of baffle plate 21A (third axis F in FIG. 8).

    [0099] The above configuration can also be expressed as follows. Sub-speaker unit 26A is rotated at angle γ ranging from 30° to 50° (40° ± 10°) around second axis E in the direction from first axis B to the ear lobe.

    [0100] The above configuration can also be expressed as follows. Baffle plate 21A, which is the support member, supports sub-speaker unit 26A so as to be rotated around second axis E in the direction from the first axis B to the user's ear lobe, so that the main axis of sub-speaker unit 26A passes through reference point PL and is inclined at angle γ ranging from 30° to 50° (40° ± 10°) inclusive with respect to first axis B.

    [1-2-7. Plug]



    [0101] Plug 40 is a member via which a cord for transmitting audio signals output from an audio signal reproducing apparatus to headphone 1 is connected to headphone 1. In this exemplary embodiment, plug 40 is provided in housing 22A.

    [2. Modification]



    [0102] FIG. 9 is a top view schematically illustrating exemplary placement of diaphragm 24A in main speaker unit 23A and sub-speaker unit 26A in the first exemplary embodiment. FIG. 9 schematically illustrates placement of diaphragm 24A in a simplistic form.

    [0103] In FIG. 9, axis G is an axis on the X1Z1 plane, which extends along the main plane of baffle plate 21A (the surface of flat part 220 which is closer to the ear). In addition, axis G is substantially orthogonal to third axis F in FIG. 8 and substantially parallel to axis Z1. Axis H is an axis on the X1Z1 plane across the main plane of diaphragm 24A. In addition, axis H is substantially orthogonal to third axis F in FIG. 8.

    [0104] FIG. 9 schematically illustrates the placement of flat part 220 and diaphragm 24A when the user wears headphone 1, as viewed from the top of the user's head. In FIG. 9, the user's head is depicted by a dotted line for the sake of expediency. It should be noted that the schematic view in FIG. 9 is used only to explain the arrangement (e.g., angles) of the individual members. Thus, the scales and angles of the user's head, flat part 220, and diaphragm 24A in FIG. 9 may be different from actual scales and angles.

    [0105] In the first exemplary embodiment, an exemplary configuration that diaphragm 24A (i.e., main speaker unit 23A) is rotated around second axis E has been described; however, diaphragm 24A may be further rotated around third axis F.

    [0106] In this exemplary configuration, diaphragm 24A (main speaker unit 23A) is rotated around third axis F as a rotational axis. As a result, one edge of diaphragm 24A which is closer to the user's face moves toward the user's face, whereas the other edge of diaphragm 24A which is closer to the back portion of the user's head moves away from the back portion of the user's head. In this case, axis H may be inclined at angle ε of approximately 7°, for example, with respect to axis G. It should be noted that angle ε exceeds 7° in FIG. 9, because the arrangement of flat part 220 and diaphragm 24A is exaggerated for the purpose of helping a visual understanding.

    [0107] Angle ε of axis H with respect to axis G is preferably set in the range from approximately 0° to 15° in accordance with the angle of the user's pinna (the angle between the temporal region and the pinna).

    [0108] Similar to diaphragm 24A, sub-speaker unit 26A may be rotated around third axis F.

    [3. Function and Effect]



    [0109] Headphone 1 is an example of the inventive headphone. Each of speaker casing 20A and speaker casing 20B is an example of the above speaker casings. Headband 10 is an example of the above headbands. Each of main speaker unit 23A and main speaker unit 23B is an example of the above main speaker units. Each of housing 22A, housing 22B, baffle plate 21A, and baffle plate 21B is an example of the above support members. Reference point PL is an example of the above reference points. First axis B is an example of the above first axis. Second axis E is an example of the above second axis.

    [0110] In each headphone, the main speaker unit may have a diaphragm. The support member may support the main speaker unit so that a main axis of the diaphragm is positioned at an angle ranging from 60° to 80° inclusive with respect to the main plane of the support member.

    [0111] Diaphragm 24A is an example of the above diaphragm.

    [0112] In the foregoing first exemplary embodiment and modification, baffle plate 21A supports main speaker unit 23A with the main plane of main speaker unit 23A is positioned at angle α ranging from 20° ± 10° (10° to 30°) inclusive with respect to the main plane of baffle plate 21A (the main plane of the support member), so that the main plane of the main speaker unit 23A faces the user's ear lobe when the user wears headphone 1.

    [0113] More specifically, in the foregoing first exemplary embodiment and modification, baffle plate 21A supports main speaker unit 23A so that main axis C of diaphragm 24A is positioned at angle β ranging from 70° ± 10° (60° to 80°) inclusive with respect to the main plane of baffle plate 21A.

    [0114] In other words, baffle plate 21A supports main speaker unit 23A so as to be rotated around second axis E in the direction from first axis B to the top of the user's head, so that the main axis of main speaker unit 23A (main axis C of diaphragm 24A) passes through reference point PL and is inclined at angle α ranging from 20° ± 10° (10° to 30°) inclusive with respect to first axis B.

    [0115] Headphone 1 configured above enables sound emitted from main speaker unit 23A to be output from an orientation in which an average location error decreases to a user's tympanic membrane. Thus, quality of sound (enhanced presence) heard by the user wearing headphone 1 can be improved, in comparison with headphones in which a diaphragm is rotated at an angle of 0° around second axis E. Consequently, headphone 1 can produce high-quality stereo sound.

    [0116] In each headphone, the support member is a baffle plate on which the main speaker unit is mounted.

    [0117] Each of baffle plate 21A and baffle plate 21B may be an example of the above baffle plate.

    [0118] In the foregoing first exemplary embodiment and modification, baffle plate 21A functions as the support member.

    [0119] Each headphone further includes a sub-speaker unit. The support member may support both the main speaker unit and the sub-speaker unit in an inclined position respectively so that the main axis of the main speaker unit intersects a main axis of the sub-speaker unit at a predetermined reference point.

    [0120] In each headphone, a point estimated to be a location of a tympanic membrane of the user may be set as the reference point.

    [0121] Each of sub-speaker unit 26A and sub-speaker unit 26B is an example of the above sub-speaker unit. Reference point PL is an example of the above reference point.

    [0122] In the foregoing first exemplary embodiment and modification, speaker casing 20A has sub-speaker unit 26A. Speaker casing 20A is configured such that main axis D of sub-speaker unit 26A intersects main axis C of main speaker unit 23A at a predetermined reference point.

    [0123] With the above configuration, speaker casing 20A can cause sub-speaker unit 26A to output sound toward the predetermined reference point, more specifically toward a site estimated to be the location of the user's tympanic membrane. Therefore, headphone 1 configured above can improve, with respect to sound which is heard by the user wearing headphone 1, quality of the sound (enhanced presence) from not only main speaker unit 23A but also sub-speaker unit 26A.

    [0124] In each headphone, the support member may support the sub-speaker unit so as to be positioned on a front side of the head of the user with respect to a central line of a baffle plate on which the main speaker unit is mounted or with respect to a central line of a protector that covers an opening of the baffle plate. The central line of the baffle plate or the central line of protector may be parallel to a longitudinal direction of a pinna of the user.

    [0125] Each of protector 27A and protector 27B is an example of the above protector.

    [0126] In the foregoing first exemplary embodiment and modification, for example sub-speaker unit 26A is positioned on the front side of the user's head with respect to central line A of baffle plate 21A (which passes through substantially the center of baffle plate 21A and is substantially parallel to a longitudinal direction of the user's pinna).

    [0127] With the above configuration, sub-speaker unit 26A can be positioned in speaker casing 20A so as not to interfere with main speaker unit 23A.

    OTHER EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENTS



    [0128] Up to this point, the first exemplary embodiment and the modification have been described as examples of the technique disclosed in this application. However, the techniques in the present disclosure are not limited to the first exemplary embodiment and the modification and are applicable to exemplary embodiments that undergo various modifications, substitutions, additions, omissions, and the like within the scope of the claims. Alternatively, novel exemplary embodiments may be conceived of from a combination of some components described in the first exemplary embodiment and the modification.

    [0129] Other exemplary embodiments will be described below.

    [0130] The following description will be focused on speaker casing 20A; however, this description is also applicable to speaker casing 20B.

    [0131] In the first exemplary embodiment and the modification, an exemplary configuration that main speaker unit 23A is attached to baffle plate 21A has been described. However, main speaker unit 23A may be attached to housing 22A, instead of baffle plate 21A. In this exemplary embodiment which does not form part of the invention but is useful for understanding the invention, housing 22A corresponds to the support member, and the main plane of housing 22A corresponds to the main plane of the support member. The main plane of housing 22A corresponds to, for example, a plane containing the opening of housing 22A (the surface of baffle plate 21A which is parallel to the surface of flat part 220); however, the main plane of housing 22A is not limited thereto. The main plane of housing 22A may be any surface which is parallel to the plane containing the opening of housing 22A.

    [0132] Speaker casing 20A may include a plurality of sub-speaker units 26A. If speaker casing 20A includes a plurality of sub-speaker units 26A, a plurality of sub-speaker units 26A may be arranged so that each of the main axes of the plurality of sub-speaker units 26A intersects the main axis of main speaker unit 23A at corresponding reference points PL.

    [0133] In the first exemplary embodiment and the modification, an exemplary configuration that both main speaker unit 23A and sub-speaker unit 26A are dynamic types of speaker units has been described; however, the types of main speaker unit 23A and sub-speaker unit 26A are not limited thereto. Main speaker unit 23A and sub-speaker unit 26A may be arbitrary types of speaker units. Furthermore, main speaker unit 23A and sub-speaker unit 26A may be different types of speaker units from each other.

    [0134] In the first exemplary embodiment and the modification, an exemplary configuration that headphone 1 is connected to another apparatus via a cord for transmitting audio signals (not illustrated) has been described. However, headphone 1 may be wirelessly connected to another apparatus.

    [0135] The position-related words "over", "below", "right", "left", "front", "back", and the like used in the first exemplary embodiment and the modification indicate relative positions, for the sake of expediency. So, these words are not intended to indicate absolute positions. The word "center" used in the first exemplary embodiment and the modification may indicate a barycenter or the intersection point of the major and minor axes of an ellipse. Alternatively, the word "center" may indicate a point conforming to any other definitions. The words "center", "perpendicular", and "parallel" used in the first exemplary embodiment and the modification should not be interpreted strictly. So, some errors should be permitted unless the errors inhibit the object to be achieved.

    [0136] Up to this point, the exemplary embodiments and modifications have been described as examples of the techniques of the present disclosure. For that purpose, the accompanying drawings and the detailed description have been given.

    [0137] It should be noted that not all the components described in the accompanying drawings and the detailed description are essential to solve the disadvantages. So, some unessential components are used for the purpose of helping understand the above technique. For this reason, components described in the accompanying drawings and the detailed description should not always be perceived as being essential.

    [0138] The foregoing exemplary embodiments and modifications describe examples of the technique in the present disclosure. Therefore, the exemplary embodiments and modifications can undergo various modifications, substitutions, additions, omissions, and the like within the scopes defined by the appended claims.

    INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY



    [0139] The present disclosure is applicable to headphones to be connected to apparatuses having audio signal output functions such as audio players, TVs, and the like.

    REFERENCE MARKS IN THE DRAWINGS



    [0140] 
    1
    headphone
    10
    headband
    20A, 20B
    speaker casing
    21A, 21B
    baffle plate
    22A, 22B
    housing
    23A, 23B
    main speaker unit
    24A
    diaphragm
    25A
    magnetic member
    26A, 26B
    sub-speaker unit
    27A, 27B, 271A, 271B
    protector
    27a, 271a
    slit
    30A, 30B
    ear pad
    201A
    groove
    220
    flat part
    221
    fixing section
    222
    main speaker unit container
    222a, 223a
    sound output section
    222c, 223c
    slope
    223
    sub-speaker unit container
    301A
    engaging section
    A
    central line
    B
    first axis
    C, D
    main axis
    E
    second axis
    F
    third axis
    G, H, X1, Y1, Z1
    axis



    Claims

    1. A headphone comprising:

    a speaker casing (20A, 20B) including a main speaker unit (23A, 23B), a sub-speaker unit (26A, 26B) and a support member (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) that supports the main speaker unit (23A, 23B) and the sub-speaker unit (26A, 26B); and

    a headband (10) that is connected to the speaker casing (20A, 20B) and is to be placed on a head of a user, characterized in that

    the support member (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) supports the main speaker unit (23A, 23B) with a main plane of the main speaker unit (23A, 23B) being positioned at an angle (α) ranging from 10° to 30° inclusive with respect to a main plane of the support member (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B), so that the main plane of the main speaker unit (23A, 23B) faces an ear lobe of the user when the headphone is worn,

    the support member (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) supports the sub-speaker unit (26A, 26B) with a main plane of the sub-speaker unit (26A, 26B) being positioned at an angle (γ) ranging from 30° to 50° inclusive with respect to the main plane of the support member (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B), and

    the support member (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) is a baffle plate (21A, 21B) on which the main speaker unit (23A, 23B) is mounted.


     
    2. The headphone according to claim 1, wherein
    the main speaker unit (23A, 23B) has a diaphragm (24A), and
    the support member (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) supports the main speaker unit (23A, 23B) with a main axis (C) of the diaphragm (24A) being positioned at an angle (β) ranging from 60° to 80° inclusive with respect to the main plane of the support member (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B).
     
    3. The headphone according to claim 1,
    wherein the support member (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) supports both the main speaker unit (23A, 23B) and the sub-speaker unit (26A, 26B) in an inclined position respectively so that the main axis (C) of the main speaker unit (23A, 23B) intersects a main axis (D) of the sub-speaker unit (26A, 26B) at a predetermined reference point.
     
    4. The headphone according to claim 3, wherein
    the support member (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) supports the sub-speaker unit (26A, 26B) so as to be positioned on a front side of the head of the user with respect to a central line (A) of a baffle plate (21A, 21B) on which the main speaker unit (23A, 23B) is mounted or with respect to a central line of a protector (27A, 271A) that covers an opening of the baffle plate (21A, 21B).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Kopfhörer, der umfasst:

    ein Lautsprecher-Gehäuse (20A, 20B), das eine Haupt-Lautsprecher-Einheit (23A, 23B), eine Neben-Lautsprecher-Einheit (26A, 26B) sowie ein Trage-Element (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) enthält, das die Haupt-Lautsprecher-Einheit (23A, 23B) und die Neben-Lautsprecher-Einheit (26A, 26B) trägt; sowie

    einen Kopfbügel (10), der mit dem Lautsprecher-Gehäuse (20A, 20B) verbunden ist und auf den Kopf eines Benutzers aufzusetzen ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    das Trage-Element (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) die Haupt-Lautsprecher-Einheit (23A, 23B) trägt und dabei eine Hauptebene der Haupt-Lautsprecher-Einheit (23A, 23B) in einem Winkel (α) in Bezug auf eine Hauptebene des Trage-Elementes (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) positioniert ist, der von 10° bis einschließlich 30° reicht, so dass die Hauptebene der Haupt-Lautsprecher-Einheit (23A, 23B) einem Ohrläppchen des Benutzers zugewandt ist, wenn der Kopfhörer getragen wird,

    das Trage-Element (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) die Neben-Lautsprecher-Einheit (26A, 26B) trägt und dabei eine Hauptebene der Neben-Lautsprecher-Einheit (26A, 26B) in einem Winkel (γ) in Bezug auf die Hauptebene des Trage-Elementes (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) positioniert ist, der von 30° bis einschließlich 50° reicht, und

    das Trage-Element (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) eine Scheidewand (21A, 21B) ist, an der die Haupt-Lautsprecher-Einheit (23A, 23B) montiert ist.


     
    2. Kopfhörer nach Anspruch 1, wobei
    die Haupt-Lautsprecher-Einheit (23A, 23B) eine Membran (24A) aufweist und
    das Trage-Element (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) die Haupt-Lautsprecher-Einheit (23A, 23B) trägt, wobei eine Hauptachse (C) der Membran (24A) in einem Winkel (β) in Bezug auf die Hauptebene des Trage-Elementes (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) positioniert ist, der von 60° bis einschließlich 80° reicht.
     
    3. Kopfhörer nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei das Trage-Element (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) sowohl die Haupt-Lautsprecher-Einheit (23A, 23B) als auch die Neben-Lautsprecher-Einheit (26A, 26B) jeweils in einer geneigten Position so trägt, dass die Hauptachse (C) der Haupt-Lautsprecher-Einheit (23A, 23B) eine Hauptachse (D) der Neben-Lautsprecher-Einheit (26A, 26B) an einem vorgegebenen Bezugspunkt schneidet.
     
    4. Kopfhörer nach Anspruch 3, wobei
    das Trage-Element (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) die Neben-Lautsprecher-Einheit (26A, 26B) so trägt, dass sie an einer Vorderseite des Kopfes des Benutzers in Bezug auf eine Mittellinie (A) einer Scheidewand (21A, 21B), an der die Haupt-Lautsprecher-Einheit (23A, 23B) montiert ist, oder in Bezug auf eine Mittellinie einer Schutzeinrichtung (27A, 271A) positioniert ist, die eine Öffnung der Scheidewand (21A, 21B) abdeckt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Casque d'écoute comprenant :

    un boîtier de haut-parleur (20A, 20B) incluant une unité de haut-parleur principal (23A, 23B), une unité de sous-haut-parleur (26A, 26B) et un élément de support (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) qui supporte l'unité de haut-parleur principal (23A, 23B) et l'unité de sous-haut-parleur (26A, 26B) ; et

    un serre-tête (10) qui est connecté au boîtier de haut-parleur (20A, 20B) et est à placer sur une tête d'un utilisateur, caractérisé en ce que

    l'élément de support (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) supporte l'unité de haut-parleur principal (23A, 23B) avec un plan principal de l'unité de haut-parleur principal (23A, 23B) positionné à un angle (α) allant de 10 ° à 30 ° inclus par rapport à un plan principal de l'élément de support (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B), de sorte que le plan principal de l'unité de haut-parleur principal (23A, 23B) soit orientée vers un lobe d'oreille de l'utilisateur lorsque le casque d'écoute est porté,

    l'élément de support (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) supporte l'unité de sous-haut-parleur (26A, 26B) avec un plan principal de l'unité de sous-haut-parleur (26A, 26B) positionné à un angle (γ) allant de 30 ° à 50 ° inclus par rapport au plan principal de l'élément de support (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B), et l'élément de support (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) est une plaque de déflexion (21A, 21B) sur laquelle l'unité de haut-parleur principal (23A, 23B) est montée.


     
    2. Le casque d'écoute selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    l'unité de haut-parleur principal (23A, 23B) présente un diaphragme (24A), et
    l'élément de support (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) supporte l'unité de haut-parleur principal (23A, 23B) avec un axe principal (C) du diaphragme (24A) positionné à un angle (β) allant de 60 ° à 80 ° inclus par rapport au plan principal de l'élément de support (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B).
     
    3. Le casque d'écoute selon la revendication 1,
    dans lequel l'élément de support (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) supporte à la fois l'unité de haut-parleur principal (23A, 23B) et l'unité de sous-haut-parleur (26A, 26B) dans une position inclinée respectivement de sorte que l'axe principal (C) de l'unité de haut-parleur principal (23A, 23B) coupe un axe principal (D) de l'unité de sous-haut-parleur (26A, 26B) à un point de référence prédéterminé.
     
    4. Le casque d'écoute selon la revendication 3, dans lequel
    l'élément de support (21A, 21B, 22A, 22B) supporte l'unité de sous-haut-parleur (26A, 26B) de sorte à être positionnée sur un côté avant de la tête de l'utilisateur par rapport à une ligne centrale (A) d'une plaque de déflexion (21A, 21B) sur laquelle l'unité de haut-parleur principal (23A, 23B) est montée ou par rapport à une ligne centrale d'un protecteur (27A, 271A) qui couvre une ouverture de la plaque de déflexion (21A, 21B) .
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description




    Non-patent literature cited in the description