(19)
(11)EP 3 233 574 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.11.2019 Bulletin 2019/48

(21)Application number: 15823737.0

(22)Date of filing:  16.12.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B60R 9/045  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/GB2015/054024
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/097720 (23.06.2016 Gazette  2016/25)

(54)

ROOF RAIL AND CROSSBAR FOR VEHICLES

DACHRELING UND QUERTRÄGER FÜR EIN KRAFTFAHRZEUG

GALERIE DE TOIT ET BARRE TRANSVERSALE POUR VÉHICULES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 18.12.2014 GB 201422652

(43)Date of publication of application:
25.10.2017 Bulletin 2017/43

(73)Proprietor: Bentley Motors Limited
Crewe, Cheshire CW1 3PL (GB)

(72)Inventor:
  • TOUGH, Iain
    Nantwich Cheshire CW5 5NW (GB)

(74)Representative: Wilson Gunn 
Blackfriars House The Parsonage 5th Floor
Manchester M3 2JA
Manchester M3 2JA (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 011 693
DE-U1-202007 001 742
DE-U1- 9 407 580
GB-A- 2 512 335
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a roof rail, in particular to a roof rail for an automobile which is capable of accommodating a piece of trim, and to a crossbar having a clamp adapted to clamp to such a roof rail.

    Background to the Invention



    [0002] Some automobiles are provided with roof rails which extend along the length of a vehicle, one on each side. In order to carry items on the roof of such automobiles, crossbars (usually a pair thereof) are attached to the roof rails and roof boxes, or dedicated carriers for particular equipment (e.g. skis or bicycles) are attached to the crossbars.

    [0003] A cross section through a conventional roof rail and crossbar is shown in figure 1. The roof rail 1 is formed of extruded aluminium and is of hollow cross section, with upper and lower chambers separated by a strengthening brace 2. From the sides of a lower plate 3 (for attachment to a roof), an upstanding inboard sidewall 4 and an upstanding outboard sidewall 5 extend. In the region of the brace 2, a projecting ridge 6 extends outwardly from the outboard sidewall 5. A sloping portion 7 then extends upwardly and inwardly from the outer edge of the projecting ridge 6, to meet the outboard edge of a flat top wall 8, which extends the majority of the width of the rail, as defined by the distance from the inner edge of the inboard sidewall 4 to the outer edge of the projecting ridge 6.

    [0004] The crossbar 9 clamps onto the roof rail by means of a pair of resilient clamping jaws 10, 11. The inboard jaw 11 has a side portion 12, which extends along a portion of the length of the inboard wall 4, and has a top portion 13 which sits on the top wall 8 of the roof rail 1. The outboard jaw 10 has a side portion 14 which abuts the outer edge of the projection 6 and an inwardly extending portion 15 extending under the projection 6.

    [0005] The side portions 12, 14 of the jaws 10, 11 clamp the roof rail between them, preventing it from moving back and forth, falling off or rattling. When the vehicle is stationary, force from the items carried by the crossbar is applied downwards onto the top wall 8 of the roof rail 1 via the top portion 13 of the inboard jaw 11. When the vehicle is in motion, an upward force can be applied by the items carried by the crossbar; this force is applied upward through the projection 6 via the inwardly extending portion 15.

    [0006] Accordingly, the jaws 10, 11 clamp against much of the outer surface of the roof rail (in the portion along its length where they are attached), and hence the rail is a largely utilitarian part of the vehicle which is not easily finished with fragile decoration. Tough plastic covers, paint and decals may be applied to the surface of the roof rails, but all of these can be damaged by the jaws of the crossbar, or interfere with the strength of the clamping action of the jaws.

    [0007] A roof rail with features of the preamble of claim 1 is known from DE 20 2007 001 742 U1, whereas a crossbar according to the preamble of claim 11 is disclosed by DE 94 07 580 U1.

    [0008] This invention seeks to provide a roof rail in which decorative features are not detrimental to the clamping action of the crossbar and/or are not damaged by the crossbar.

    Summary of the Invention



    [0009] According to a first aspect of the invention there is provided a roof rail comprising a roof attachment portion; an inboard sidewall and an outboard sidewall; a projecting portion projecting outwardly from the outboard sidewall; and a top wall extending from the inboard side wall; characterised in that the outboard sidewall is adapted to bear an inward force from a clamp associated with a crossbar and in that the roof rail comprises a trim attachment portion which extends between the top wall and the projecting portion.

    [0010] Providing a trim attachment portion in this region allows for trim (e.g. a brightware insert) to be attached to the roof rail in an area where it will be highly visible, but need not come into contact with the clamp of a suitable crossbar.

    [0011] The trim attachment portion may be shaped to define a recess inward of the top wall.

    [0012] The top wall extends from the inboard side outwardly, i.e. in the direction of the outboard side. The recess extends inward of the top wall (i.e. towards the central axis of the roof rail) and defines a region into which a piece of trim can be inserted. Because the region where the trim can be inserted is recessed with respect to the top wall, trim attached thereto will not come into contact with (and interfere with or be damaged by) the top portion of the inboard jaw of the clamp of a crossbar.

    [0013] The trim attachment portion extends between an inward surface of the top wall and the projecting portion. This simplifies formation of the recessed portion.

    [0014] The trim attachment portion may extend between the top wall and an inward surface of the projecting portion. This provides more space outwardly of the trim attachment portion, to locate the trim.

    [0015] The roof rail may comprise a brace extending between the projecting portion and the inboard sidewall; and the trim attachment portion may extend between the brace and the top wall.

    [0016] The trim attachment portion may be provided with fastening means to attach the trim, which may be spaced along its length.

    [0017] The fastening means may comprise apertures adapted to receive clips provided on a piece of trim.

    [0018] The trim attachment portion may be provided with a trim support for supporting and aligning the trim.

    [0019] The trim support may comprise a rib projecting outwardly from the trim attachment portion to mate with a groove associated with the trim.

    [0020] Alternatively, the trim support may comprise a groove into which one or more ribs associated with the trim may be located.

    [0021] The top wall of the roof rail may be less than or half of the width of the roof rail at its widest portion and may be about a third of the width of the roof rail at its widest portion. This provides sufficient width to support items bearing down on the roof rail via a clamp associated with a crossbar, but is sufficiently narrow that the primary surface visible from above is the trim, attached to the trim attachment portion, which covers the remaining portion of the roof rail

    [0022] The roof rail may be provided with a brace extending between the inboard sidewall and the trim attachment portion. The brace extend to the trim attachment portion in the region of the recess, or in the region of the outwardly projecting portion.

    [0023] The roof rail may be provided with trim, attached to the trim attachment portion thereof.

    [0024] The trim may comprise brightware. The brightware may be of stainless steel. Stainless steel, especially when post-polished is considered a particularly desirable and decorative material for trim, but could be easily damaged by clamping forces. Accordingly this invention is especially useful where the trim comprises brightware and for stainless steel in particular.

    [0025] The trim may comprise other fragile decorative materials. For example, the trim may comprise carbon fibre or contrasting colour trim applied to a material which would be damaged by application of force from the clamping jaws of the crossbar described in relation to the prior art.

    [0026] The trim may be generally c-shaped in cross section, having a main body portion which extends between the outboard edge of the top wall and beyond the outboard edge of the projecting portion; a tip curving inwardly into the recess and a tail curving inwardly towards the outboard edge of the projecting portion.

    [0027] The trim may comprise fastening means to fasten the trim to the trim attachment portion, which may comprise clips adapted to clip to apertures in the trim attachment portion.

    [0028] The trim may comprise an aligner for aligning with, and to be supported by, a trim support associated with the trim attachment portion. The trim aligner may be provided on the clips of the trim and may be one or more ribs, tongues or grooves.

    [0029] According to a second aspect of the invention, there is provided a crossbar for attachment to a roof rail as set out above, the crossbar comprising a clamp for clamping to the roof rail and the clamp comprising an inboard jaw and an outboard jaw, the inboard jaw having a side portion adapted to engage with the inboard sidewall of the roof rail and a top portion adapted to engage with the top wall of the roof rail, wherein the outboard jaw comprises a long inwardly extending extension adapted to bear on the underside of the projection and the outer surface of the outer sidewall and whereby in use the clamp does not contact the trim attached to the trim attachment portion.

    [0030] The long inwardly extending extension may be provided with a resilient cap to protect and conform to the shape of the underside of the projection and the outer surface of the outer sidewall.

    [0031] The resilient cap may be U-shaped.

    [0032] The long inwardly extending extension may be 1cm or more long, preferably 1.5 cm or more long and even more preferably 2cm or more long.

    [0033] The inboard jaw may comprise a resilient clamping surface with a tapering tip.

    [0034] The resilient clamping surface may have a side wall abutment surface which tapers at its tip.

    [0035] The resilient clamping surface may have a top wall abutment surface which tapers at its tip.

    [0036] The resilient clamping surface may be L-shaped in cross section with both a side wall abutment surface which tapers at its tip and a top wall abutment surface which tapers at its tip.

    [0037] A third aspect of the invention provides a crossbar according to the second aspect of the invention in combination with a roof rail according to the first aspect of the invention.

    Detailed Description of the Invention



    [0038] In order that the invention may be more clearly understood embodiments thereof will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings, of which:
    Figure 1
    shows a cross section through a conventional roof rail and crossbar;
    Figure 2
    shows a cross section through a roof rail, trim and crossbar according to a first embodiment of the invention;
    Figure 3
    shows an enlarged portion of the roof rail, trim and crossbar of figure 2;
    Figure 4
    shows an isometric view of a portion of the roof rail as shown in figures 2 and 3 without the trim;
    Figure 5a
    shows an isometric view of the roof rail and trim of figures 2 and 3;
    Figure 5b
    shows an isometric view of a portion of the roof rail and trim of figure 5a;
    Figure 6
    shows an isometric view of a portion of the underside of the trim of figures 2, 3, 5a and 5b and a clip attached thereto; and
    Figure 7
    shows a cross section through a roof rail and trim according to a second embodiment of the invention.


    [0039] With reference to figures 2 and 3, a roof rail 20 is adapted to be attached to the roof 21 of a vehicle, to allow items to be carried on the roof 21 via a crossbar 22 clamped thereto. The roof rail 20 includes a trim attachment portion 23, to which trim 24 formed of brightware or the like can be attached.

    [0040] In practise, two roof rails 20 will be attached to a roof 21 with crossbars 22 (normally two) spanning between them. In use the roof rails 20 extend from the front to the rear of the roof 21, one on each side. Each roof rail 20 is a mirror image of the other roof rail 20 and each has one side intended to face inboard, i.e. towards the other roof rail 20 and one side intended to face outboard. In this description, only one roof rail 20 will be described.

    [0041] The roof rail 20 of the first embodiment of the invention is formed by extrusion, in this example extruded aluminium, which provides a strong and light support. The roof rail 20 is formed so as to include a roof attachment portion 25, which is a plate-like sheet which, in use is attached to the roof 21 by conventional means (e.g. bolts).

    [0042] An inboard sidewall 26 extends upwardly, perpendicular to the roof attachment portion 25 and bulges outward (i.e. inboard) very slightly in its top half. On the opposite side of the roof attachment portion, an outboard sidewall 27 extends upwardly. Although it extends generally in the direction perpendicular to the roof attachment portion 25, the outboard sidewall 27 extends less perpendicularly than the inboard sidewall 26, instead extending inwardly (i.e. inboard) so as to define an acute angle with respect to the plane of the roof attachment portion 25.

    [0043] The outboard sidewall 27 is of only about half the height of the inboard sidewall 26 and at its top, an outwardly extending projecting portion 28, in the form of a ridge, projects outboard from the roof rail 20. On the other hand, at the top of the inboard sidewall 26, a top wall 29 is formed. The top wall 29 extends outwardly (i.e. outboard) from the inboard sidewall 26, generally perpendicular to the plane of the inboard sidewall 26 and parallel to the plane of the roof attachment portion 25. The top wall 29 only extends partially across the width of the roof rail 20, between about a third and half of the width of the roof rail 20 at its widest point (which is between the outer edge of the outwardly extending projecting portion 28 and the inner wall 26.

    [0044] From the outermost edge of the top wall 29, a recess 30 is formed. The recess is formed as a groove which extends inwardly and inboard, i.e. towards the inboard wall 26, such that the inwardly extending wall 31 of the groove forms an acute angle with the plane of the top wall 29. The opposite side of the groove 32 is formed by the trim attachment portion 23 of the roof rail 20. The recess 30 is of substantially square cross section, such that its depth both on the side 31 bounded by the top wall 29 and the side 32 bounded by the trim attachment portion 23 is substantially equal. Accordingly, owing to the direction in which the groove extends (i.e. towards the inboard sidewall 26), the top of the groove on the side 32 bounded by the trim attachment portion 23 is lower than the top of the groove on the side 31 bounded by the top wall 29.

    [0045] The trim attachment portion 23 slopes downwardly (i.e. towards the plane of the roof attachment portion 25) and outwardly (i.e. outboard), to meet the outboard sidewall 27 inboard of the outer edge of the projecting portion 28. A support rib 33 extends outwardly perpendicularly to the trim attachment portion 23 in the region where it is joined to the outboard sidewall 27 and the projecting portion 28.

    [0046] Between the groove 30, at the side of the trim attachment portion, and the mid-point of the inboard sidewall 26, a brace 34 extends, separating the roof rail into two chambers: a large chamber 36 bounded by the inner surfaces of the roof attachment portion 25, the lower half of the inner side wall 26, the outer side wall, 27, the roof attachment portion 23 and the brace 34; and a smaller chamber 37 defined by the inner surfaces of the upper half of the inboard sidewall 26, the top wall 29, the bottom of the groove 30 and the brace 34.

    [0047] As shown in figure 4, the trim attachment portion 23 includes apertures 35 spaced along it (e.g. eight apertures 35 spaced 25cm apart along a roof rail 20 about 180cm long). The apertures 35 are generally rectangular, with rounded edges and serve as fastening means to receive clips attached to the trim 24.

    [0048] As shown in figures 2 and 3, the trim 24 is of a generally c-shaped cross section, having a main body portion 38 which extends between the outboard edge of the top wall 29 and beyond the outboard edge of the projecting portion 28; a tip 39 curving inwardly into the recess and back on itself and a tail 40 curving inwardly back towards the outboard edge of the projecting portion. The body portion 38 is slightly bent, initially following the line of the top wall, before curving downwards so as to end in line with the plane of the projecting portion 28, thus (as can be seen from figures 5a and 5b) the trim portion 24 covers the majority of the area which is visible from the side of the automobile, with only the outboard side wall 27 (which will normally be in the shadow of the trim 24) and a small portion of the top wall 29 on view. Especially when the trim is of brightware, e.g. polished stainless steel, it will be the dominant visual feature of the roof rail.

    [0049] Figure 6 shows a clip 41 for attaching the trim 24 to the rail 20. The clip 41 has two lugs 42, 43 extending therefrom, and overlapping at their ends. The lugs 42, 43 are sized to fit through the apertures 35, but are resiliently biased away from each other, and each have a finger 44, 45 extending from the tip of the clip 41 back towards the trim 24. These fingers 44, 45 extend outwards from the lugs 41, 42 and are resiliently biased outwards, but as the tip of the lugs 42, 43 is pushed into the aperture, they are forced together, in turn forcing the lugs 42, 43 together. The ends of the fingers 44, 45 closest to the trim 24, extend back inwards towards each other, such that once the widest part is passed, they exert a force on the aperture 35 urging the trim 24 inward into engagement with the roof rail 20. The clips 41 are attached to the trim 24 by means of a connector 46.

    [0050] The connector 46 has an outer surface which conforms with the inner surface of the body portion 38 of the trim 24 and the grooves formed by the tip 39 and the tail 40 of the trim 24, so as to be held in place between them. The connector 46 associated with the trim 24 is also provided with a groove 47, (located in use between the clip 41 and the tail 40 of the trim 24) which mates with the support rib 33 on the roof rail 20 to act as an aligner, aligning the trim 24 on the roof rail 20. At the other end of the connector 46, located between the clip 41 and the tip 29 of the trim 24 (in use), a guide surface 55 is formed which mates with the corner of the recess 30 formed by the trim attachment portion 23, so as to hold the trim 24 in the correct position with respect to the top surface 29 of the roof rail 20.

    [0051] Referring once again to figures 2 and 3, the clamp of the crossbar 22 is modified as compared to the prior art crossbar to fit the novel roof rail 20 and avoid impacting the trim 24. The crossbar 22 comprises a pair of jaws 48, 49; an inboard jaw 48, which clamps onto the inboard side 26 and the top wall 29 of the roof rail 20, and an outboard jaw 49, which clamps onto the outboard side wall 27 and the underside of the projecting portion 28. The inboard jaw 48 is distinguished from the prior art because of the shape of the resilient clamping surface 50 which covers the inboard jaw 48. The resilient clamping surface 50 of the inboard jaw is generally L-shaped with two perpendicular surfaces: a side wall abutment surface 51, which tapers at its tip in order to conform with the change in shape of the inboard side wall 26 which bulges slightly outward towards the top half; and a top wall abutment surface 52, which also tapers towards its tip, in order to avoid contacting the trim 24. The outboard jaw 49 jaw is primarily distinguished by its long inwardly extending extension 53 adapted to bear on the underside of the projection 28 and the outer surface of the outer sidewall 27. The inwardly extending extension 53 includes a resilient U-shaped cap 54, which contacts the underside of the projection 28 and the side wall 27, but does not contact the outer end of the projection, or the trim that extends beyond it. No resilient cover is provided on the outboard jaw, except for the U-shaped cap 54, since only the U-shaped cap 54 should bear on any part of the roof rail 20 and a resilient cover on the inside of the jaw in the region outboard of the projection 28 would require the extension 53 to be even longer to compensate for the width of the resilient cover and the additional length would put more strain on the jaw 49.

    [0052] In use, two roof rails 20 are attached to the roof 21 of a vehicle, each with its inboard side facing inward and its outboard side facing outward and the trim 24 is clipped to the roof rails 20 via the clips 41 and their associated connectors 46. This may be carried out in manufacturing, or as a later modification to an existing vehicle. When it is desired to attach a crossbar 22 to the roof rails 20, each of two pairs of jaws 48, 49 forming a pair of clamps on a crossbar 22 is then opened, such that a wide space is provided between the jaws 48, 49 and their respective resilient clamping surfaces 50, 54. The crossbar 22 is then placed onto the roof rails 20, such that the top wall abutment surfaces 52 of each clamp sit on the top wall 49 of each roof rail 20, and the side wall abutment surface 51 of each inboard jaw 48 abuts each respective inboard sidewall 26. The clamps are then tightened such that the outboard jaws 49 move inward, until the resilient clamps 54 are tightly located against the outboard sidewall 27 and the underside of the projecting portion 28. Despite contacting the relatively narrow top surface 29 of the roof rail 20 and not contacting the outer edge of the projection 28 at all, a tight clamping force can be applied to each rail, such that movement in all directions is prevented, even when the crossbar is put under substantial load.

    [0053] Figure 7 shows a second embodiment of the invention, in which a roof rail 120 is adapted to be attached to the roof of a vehicle, to allow items to be carried on the roof via a crossbar clamped thereto. The roof rail 120 includes a trim attachment portion 123, to which trim 124 formed of brightware or the like can be attached.

    [0054] The roof rail 120 of the second embodiment of the invention is formed by extrusion, in this example extruded aluminium, which provides a strong and light support. The roof rail 120 is formed so as to include a roof attachment portion 125, which is a plate-like sheet which, in use is attached to the roof by conventional means (e.g. bolts).

    [0055] An inboard sidewall 126 extends upwardly, perpendicular to the roof attachment portion 125 and bulges outward (i.e. inboard) very slightly in its top half. On the opposite side of the roof attachment portion, an outboard sidewall 127 extends upwardly. Although it extends generally in the direction perpendicular to the roof attachment portion 125, the outboard sidewall 127 extends less perpendicularly than the inboard sidewall 126, instead extending inwardly (i.e. inboard) so as to define an acute angle with respect to the plane of the roof attachment portion 125.

    [0056] The outboard sidewall 127 is of only about half the height of the inboard sidewall 126 and at its top, an outwardly extending projecting portion 128, in the form of a ridge, projects outboard from the roof rail 120. On the other hand, at the top of the inboard sidewall 126, a top wall 129 is formed. The top wall 129 extends outwardly (i.e. outboard) from the inboard sidewall 126, generally perpendicular to the plane of the inboard sidewall 126 and parallel to the plane of the roof attachment portion 125. The top wall 129 only extends partially across the width of the roof rail 120, between about a third and half of the width of the roof rail 120 at its widest point (which is between the outer edge of the outwardly extending projecting portion 128 and the inner wall 126.

    [0057] From the outermost edge of the top wall 129, a recess 130 is formed. The recess is formed as a groove which extends inwardly and inboard, i.e. towards the inboard wall 126, such that the inwardly extending wall 131 of the groove forms an acute angle with the plane of the top wall 129. The opposite side of the groove 132 is formed by the trim attachment portion 123 of the roof rail 120. The recess 130 is of roughly square cross section, such that its depth both on the side 131 bounded by the top wall 129 and the side 132 bounded by the trim attachment portion 123 is roughly equal (the side bounded by the trim attachment portion is just slightly deeper). Accordingly, owing to the direction in which the groove extends (i.e. towards the inboard sidewall 126), the top of the groove on the side 132 bounded by the trim attachment portion 123 is lower than the top of the groove on the side 131 bounded by the top wall 129.

    [0058] The trim attachment portion 123 has a flat portion 60 extending outward in a plane parallel to the plane of the top wall 129, then has a portion 61 sloping downwardly (i.e. towards the plane of the roof attachment portion 125) and outwardly (i.e. outboard), to meet the projecting portion 128 and form its upper surface. An alignment/support groove 133 extends inwardly perpendicularly to the trim attachment portion 123 in the region where it is meets the projecting portion 128.

    [0059] Between the area where the projecting portion 128, the outboard side wall 127 and the trim attachment portion 123 meet and the mid-point of the inboard sidewall 126, a main brace 134 extends, forming a large chamber 136 bounded by the inner surfaces of the roof attachment portion 125, the lower half of the inner side wall 126, the outer side wall, 127, and the main brace 134.

    [0060] A further brace 62 extends in line with the base of the groove 130 to meet with the main brace 134 and form two smaller chambers: the first smaller chamber 137 being defined by the inner surfaces of the upper half of the inboard sidewall 126, the top wall 129, the bottom of the groove 130, the bottom of the further brace 62 and the top of the main brace 134; and the second smaller chamber 63 being defined by the top surface of the secondary brace 62, the bottom surface of the sloping portion 61 of the trim attachment portion 123, and further portions in line with the grooves 130, 133.

    [0061] The trim attachment portion 123 includes apertures 135 spaced along it as in the first embodiment and the apertures 135 are generally rectangular, with rounded edges and serve as fastening means to receive clips attached to the trim 124.

    [0062] The trim 124 is again of a generally c-shaped cross section, having a main body portion 138 which extends between the outboard edge of the top wall 129 and beyond the outboard edge of the projecting portion 128; a tip 139 curving inwardly into the recess and back on itself and a tail 140 curving inwardly back towards the outboard edge of the projecting portion. The body portion 138 is slightly bent, initially following the line of the top wall, before curving downwards so as to end in line with the plane of the projecting portion 128

    [0063] The same clips 41 shown in figure 6 and discussed above, attach the trim 124 to the rail 120. The clips 41 are attached to the trim 124 by means of a connector 146.

    [0064] The connector 146 has an outer surface which conforms with the inner surface of the body portion 138 of the trim 124 and the grooves formed by the tip 139 and the tail 140 of the trim 124, so as to be held in place between them. The connector 146 associated with the trim 124 is also provided with a tongue 147, (located between the clip 41 and the tail 140 of the trim 124) which mates with the alignment/support groove 133 on the roof rail 120 to act as an aligner and a support, aligning the trim 124 on the roof rail 120 and supporting it in position. At the other end of the connector 146, located between the clip 41 and the tip 129 of the trim 124, a guide surface 155 is formed which mates with the corner of the recess 130 formed by the trim attachment portion 123, so as to hold the trim 124 in the correct position with respect to the top surface 129 of the roof rail 120.

    [0065] The crossbar 22 of the first embodiment may be clamped to the roof rail 120 of the second embodiment in the same manner.

    [0066] The above embodiments are described by way of example only. Many variations are possible without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A roof rail (20) comprising a roof attachment portion (25); an inboard sidewall (26) and an outboard sidewall (27); a projecting portion (28) projecting outwardly from the outboard sidewall; and a top wall (29) extending from the inboard side wall; characterised in that the outboard sidewall (27) is adapted to bear an inward force from a clamp associated with a crossbar (22), and in that the roof rail (20) comprises a trim attachment portion (23) which extends between the top wall (29) and the projecting portion (28).
     
    2. A roof rail according to claim 1, wherein the trim attachment portion (23) extends between an inward surface of the top wall (29) and the projecting portion (28) and/or wherein the trim attachment portion (23) extends between the top wall (29) and an inward surface of the projecting portion (28).
     
    3. A roof rail according to any of the preceding claims, further comprising a brace (34) extending between the projecting portion (28) and the inboard sidewall (26) and the trim attachment portion (23) extends between the brace (34) and the top wall (29).
     
    4. A roof rail according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the trim attachment portion (23) is provided with fastening apparatus to attach the trim (24) spaced along its length; optionally wherein the fastening apparatus comprises apertures (35) adapted to receive clips provided on a piece of trim.
     
    5. A roof rail according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the trim attachment portion (23) is provided with a trim support (33) for supporting and/or aligning the trim; optionally wherein the trim support comprises a rib projecting outwardly from the trim attachment portion to mate with a groove associated with the trim; and optionally wherein the trim support comprises a groove into which one or more ribs associated with the trim may be located.
     
    6. A roof rail according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the top wall (29) of the roof rail is less than or half of the width of the roof rail at its widest portion; optionally about a third of the width of the roof rail at its widest portion.
     
    7. A roof rail according to any of the preceding claims, further comprising a brace (34) extending between the inboard sidewall (26) and the trim attachment portion (23).
     
    8. A roof rail according to any preceding claims, further comprising a trim (24), attached to the trim attachment portion (23) thereof; optionally wherein the trim comprises brightware, optionally stainless steel.
     
    9. A roof rail according to claim 8, wherein the trim (24) is generally c-shaped in cross section, having a main body portion which extends between the outboard edge of the top wall and beyond the outboard edge of the projecting portion; a tip curving inwardly into the recess and a tail curving inwardly towards the outboard edge of the projecting portion; and/or wherein the trim comprises fastening apparatus to fasten the trim to the trim attachment portion; optionally wherein the fastening apparatus comprises clips adapted to clip to apertures in the trim attachment portion.
     
    10. A roof rail according to claim 8 or 9, wherein the trim (24) comprises an aligner (47) for aligning with, and to be supported by, a trim support (33) associated with the trim attachment portion; optionally wherein the trim aligner is provided on the clips of the trim or a connector connected to the trim; and optionally wherein the trim aligner comprises one or more ribs, tongues or grooves.
     
    11. A crossbar (22) for attachment to a roof rail (20) comprising a roof attachment portion (25); an inboard sidewall (26) and an outboard sidewall (27); a projecting portion (28) projecting outwardly from the outboard sidewall; and a top wall (29) extending from the inboard side wall (26); wherein the outboard sidewall (27) is adapted to bear an inward force from a clamp associated with the crossbar (22), and the roof rail (20) comprises a trim attachment portion (23) which extends between the top wall and the projecting portion; the crossbar (22) comprising a clamp for clamping to the roof rail (22) and the clamp comprising an inboard jaw (48) and an outboard jaw (49), the inboard jaw (48) having a side portion adapted to engage with the inboard sidewall of the roof rail (20) and a top portion adapted to engage with the top wall of the roof rail (20), characterised in that the outboard jaw (49) comprises an inwardly extending extension (53) adapted to bear on the underside of the projection and the outer surface of the outer sidewall and whereby in use the clamp does not contact a trim (24) attached to the trim attachment portion (23).
     
    12. A crossbar according to claim 11, wherein the inwardly extending extension (53) is provided with a resilient cap (54) to protect and conform to the shape of the underside of the projection and the outer surface of the outer sidewall; optionally wherein the resilient cap is U-shaped.
     
    13. A crossbar according to either of claims 11 or 12, wherein the inwardly extending extension (53) is 1cm or more long, optionally 1.5cm or more long or 2cm or more long.
     
    14. A crossbar according to any of claims 11 to 13 wherein the inboard jaw (48) comprises a resilient clamping surface (50) with a tapering tip; optionally wherein the resilient clamping surface has a side wall abutment surface which tapers at its tip; and optionally wherein the resilient clamping surface has a top wall abutment surface which tapers at its tip.
     
    15. A crossbar (22) according to any of claims 11 to 14 in combination with a roof rail (20) according to any of claims 1 to 10.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Dachreling (20), umfassend einen Dachanbringungsbereich (25); eine innere Seitenwand (26) und eine äußere Seitenwand (27); einen vorstehenden Bereich (28), der von der äußeren Seitenwand nach außen vorsteht; und eine obere Wand (29), die sich von der inneren Seitenwand aus erstreckt; dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die äußere Seitenwand (27) dazu ausgelegt ist, eine Einwärtskraft von einer Klemme zu tragen, die einem Querträger (22) zugeordnet ist, und dass die Dachreling (20) einen Verkleidungsanbringungsbereich (23) umfasst, der sich zwischen der oberen Wand (29) und dem vorstehenden Bereich (28) erstreckt.
     
    2. Dachreling nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Verkleidungsanbringungsbereich (23) sich zwischen einer Einwärtsoberfläche der oberen Wand (29) und dem vorstehenden Bereich (28) erstreckt, und/oder wobei der Verkleidungsanbringungsbereich (23) sich zwischen der oberen Wand (29) und einer Einwärtsoberfläche des vorstehenden Bereichs (28) erstreckt.
     
    3. Dachreling nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend eine Strebe (34), die sich zwischen dem vorstehenden Bereich (28) und der inneren Seitenwand (26) erstreckt, und wobei sich der Verkleidungsanbringungsbereich (23) zwischen der Strebe (34) und der oberen Wand (29) erstreckt.
     
    4. Dachreling nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Verkleidungsanbringungsbereich (23) mit einem Befestigungsgerät zum Anbringen der Verkleidung (24) beabstandet entlang der Länge davon versehen ist, wobei das Befestigungsgerät optional Öffnungen (35) umfasst, die dazu ausgelegt sind, Clips aufzunehmen, die an einem Verkleidungsstück vorgesehen sind.
     
    5. Dachreling nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Verkleidungsanbringungsbereich (23) mit einem Verkleidungsträger (33) zum Tragen und/oder Ausrichten der Verkleidung versehen ist; wobei der Verkleidungsträger optional eine Rippe umfasst, die von dem Verkleidungsanbringungsbereich nach außen vorsteht, um zu einer Rille zu passen, die der Verkleidung zugeordnet ist; und wobei der Verkleidungsträger optional eine Rille umfasst, in der eine oder mehr Rippen lokalisiert werden können, die der Verkleidung zugeordnet sind.
     
    6. Dachreling nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die obere Wand (29) der Dachreling die halbe Breite oder weniger der Dachreling an ihrem breitesten Bereich hat; optional ungefähr ein Drittel der Breite der Dachreling an ihrem breitesten Bereich.
     
    7. Dachreling nach einem der vorhergehenen Ansprüche, ferner umfassend eine Strebe (34), die sich zwischen der inneren Seitenwand (26) und dem Verkleidungsanbringungsbereich (23) erstreckt.
     
    8. Dachreling nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend eine Verkleidung (24), die an dem Verkleidungsanbringungsbereich (23) davon angebracht ist; wobei die Verkleidung optional Zierelemente umfasst, optional aus rostfreiem Stahl.
     
    9. Dachreling nach Anspruch 8, wobei die Verkleidung (24) im Querschnitt im Allgemeinen c-förmig ist, umfassend einen Hauptkörperbereich, der sich zwischen dem äußeren Rand der oberen Wand und jenseits des äußeren Rands des vorstehenden Bereichs erstreckt; eine Spitze, die sich einwärts in die Aussparung biegt und einen Schwanz, der sich einwärts in Richtung des äußeren Rands des vorstehenden Bereichs biegt; und/oder wobei die Verkleidung ein Befestigungsgerät zum Befestigen der Verkleidung an dem Verkleidungsanbringungsbereich umfasst; wobei das Befestigungsgerät optional Clips umfasst, die dazu ausgelegt sind, an Öffnungen in dem Verkleidungsanbringungsbereich einzurasten.
     
    10. Dachreling nach Anspruch 8 oder 9, wobei die Verkleidung (24) ein Ausrichtungselement (47) zum Ausrichten mit und Getragen-Werden durch einen Verkleidungsträger (33) umfasst, der dem Verkleidungsanbringungsbereich zugeordnet ist; wobei das Verkleidungsausrichtungselement optional an den Clips der Verkleidung oder einem mit der Verkleidung verbundenen Verbinder vorgesehen ist; und wobei das Verkleidungsausrichtungselement optional eine oder mehr Rippen, Federn oder Nuten umfasst.
     
    11. Querträger (22) zur Anbringung an einer Dachreling (20), umfassend einen Dachanbringungsbereich (25); eine innere Seitenwand (26) und eine äußeren Seitenwand (27); einen vorstehenden Bereich (28), der von der äußeren Seitenwand nach außen vorsteht; und eine obere Wand (29), die sich von der inneren Seitenwand (26) erstreckt; wobei die äußere Seitenwand (27) dazu ausgelegt ist, eine Einwärtskraft von einer Klemme zu tragen, die dem Querträger (22) zugeordnet ist, und die Dachreling (20) einen Verkleidungsanbringungsbereich (23) umfasst, der sich zwischen der oberen Wand und dem vorstehenden Bereich erstreckt; wobei der Querträger (22) eine Klemme umfasst zum Klemmen an der Dachreling (22), und wobei die Klemme eine innere Backe (48) und eine äußere Backe (49) umfasst, wobei die innere Backe (48) einen Seitenbereich hat, der dazu ausgelegt ist, an der inneren Seitenwand der Dachreling (20) anzugreifen, und einen oberen Bereich, der dazu ausgelegt ist, an der oberen Wand der Dachreling (20) anzugreifen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die äußere Backe (49) eine sich einwärts erstreckende Verlängerung (53) umfasst, die dazu ausgelegt ist, an der Unterseite des Vorsprungs und der äußeren Oberfläche der äußeren Seitenwand anzugreifen, und wobei im Gebrauch die Klemme keinen Kontakt hat mit einer Verkleidung (24), die an dem Verkleidungsanbringungsbereich (23) angebracht ist.
     
    12. Querträger nach Anspruch 11, wobei die sich einwärts erstreckende Verlängerung (53) mit einer federnden Kappe (54) versehen ist für einen Schutz und eine Anpassung an die Gestalt der Unterseite des Vorsprungs und der äußeren Oberfläche der äußeren Seitenwand; wobei die federnde Kappe optional U-förmig ist.
     
    13. Querträger nach einem der Ansprüche 11 oder 12, wobei die sich einwärts erstreckende Verlängerung (53) 1 cm oder länger ist, optional 1,5 cm oder länger, oder 2 cm oder länger.
     
    14. Querträger nach einem der Ansprüche 11 bis 13, wobei die innere Backe (58) eine federnde Klemmoberfläche (50) mit einer sich verjüngenden Spitze umfasst; wobei die federnde Klemmoberfläche optional eine Seitenwandanschlagsoberfläche hat, die sich an ihrer Spitze verjüngt; und wobei die federnde Klemmoberfläche optional eine Oberwandanschlagsoberfläche hat, die sich an ihrer Spitze verjüngt.
     
    15. Querträger (22) nach einem der Ansprüche 11 bis 14 in Kombination mit einer Dachreling (20) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10.
     


    Revendications

    1. Galerie (20) de toit, comprenant une partie (25) de fixation de toit, une paroi (26) latérale intérieure et une paroi (27) latérale extérieure, une partie (28) en saillie, faisant saillie vers l'extérieur à partir de la paroi latérale extérieure et une paroi (29) de sommet s'étendant à partir de la paroi latérale intérieure, caractérisée en ce que la paroi (27) latérale extérieure est conçue pour supporter une force vers l'intérieur provenant d'un collier associé à une traverse (22) et en ce que la galerie (20) de toit comprend une partie (23) de fixation d'une assiette, qui s'étend entre la paroi (29) de sommet et la partie (28) en saillie.
     
    2. Galerie de toit suivant la revendication 1, dans laquelle la partie (23) de fixation de l'assiette s'étend entre une surface tournée vers l'intérieur de la paroi (20) de sommet et la partie (28) en saillie et/ou dans laquelle la partie (23) de fixation de l'assiette s'étend entre la paroi (25) de sommet et une surface tournée vers l'intérieur de la partie (28) en saillie.
     
    3. Galerie de toit suivant l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant, en outre, une entretoise (34) s'étendant entre la partie (28) en saillie et la paroi (26) latérale intérieure, et la partie (23) de fixation de l'assiette s'étend entre l'entretoise (34) et la paroi (29) de sommet.
     
    4. Galerie de toit suivant l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle la partie (23) de fixation de l'assiette est pourvue d'un système de fixation pour fixer l'assiette (24) à distance suivant sa longueur, dans laquelle, éventuellement, le système de fixation comprend des ouvertures (35) propres à recevoir des attaches prévues sur une pièce d'assiette.
     
    5. Galerie de toit suivant l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle la partie (23) de fixation de l'assiette est pourvue d'un support (33) d'assiette pour supporter et pour aligner l'assiette ;
    dans laquelle, éventuellement, le support d'assiette comprend une nervure faisant saillie vers l'extérieur à partir de la partie de fixation de l'assiette pour correspondre à une rainure associée à l'assiette et, éventuellement, dans laquelle le support de l'assiette comprend une rainure, dans laquelle peuvent être prévues une ou plusieurs nervures associées à l'assiette.
     
    6. Galerie de toit suivant l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle la paroi (29) de sommet de la galerie de toit est plus petite que la moitié de la largeur ou a la moitié de la largeur de la galerie de toit à sa partie la plus large, en ayant, éventuellement, un tiers de la largeur de la galerie de toit à sa partie la plus large.
     
    7. Galerie de toit suivant l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant, en outre, une entretoise (34) s'étendant entre la paroi (26) latérale intérieure et la partie (23) de fixation de l'assiette.
     
    8. Galerie de toit suivant l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant une assiette (24), fixée à sa partie (23) de fixation d'assiette, dans laquelle, éventuellement, l'assiette comprend un produit brillant, éventuellement de l'acier inoxydable.
     
    9. Galerie de toit suivant la revendication 8, dans laquelle l'assiette (24) est de section transversale, d'une manière générale en forme de c, ayant une partie principale de corps, qui s'étend entre le bord extérieur de la paroi de sommet et au-delà du bord extérieur de la partie en saillie, un bout s'incurvant vers l'intérieur dans la cavité et une queue s'incurvant vers l'intérieur en direction du bord extérieur de la partie en saillie et/ou dans laquelle l'assiette comprend un système de fixation pour fixer l'assiette à la partie de fixation d'assiette, dans laquelle, éventuellement, le système de fixation comprend des attaches conçues pour s'attacher à des ouvertures de la partie de fixation d'assiette.
     
    10. Galerie de toit suivant la revendication 8 ou 9, dans laquelle l'assiette (24) comprend un aligneur (47) pour s'aligner sur un support (33) d'assiette associé à la partie de fixation d'assiette et pour en être supporté, dans laquelle, éventuellement, l'aligneur d'assiette est prévu sur les attaches de l'assiette ou sur un connecteur relié à l'assiette et dans laquelle, éventuellement, l'aligneur d'assiette comprend une ou plusieurs nervures, languettes ou rainures.
     
    11. Entretoise (22) à fixer à une galerie (20) de toit, comprenant une partie (25) de fixation de toit, une paroi (26) latérale intérieure et une paroi (27) latérale extérieure, une partie (28) en saillie faisant saillie vers l'extérieur à partir de la paroi latérale extérieure et une paroi (29) de sommet s'étendant à partir de la paroi (26) latérale intérieure, dans laquelle la paroi (27) latérale extérieure est conçue pour supporter une force vers l'intérieur provenant d'un collier associé à l'entretoise (22) et la galerie (20) de toit comprend une partie (23) de fixation d'assiette, qui s'étend entre la paroi de sommet et la partie en saillie, l'entretoise (22) comprenant un collier pour serrer la galerie (22) de toit et le collier comprenant une mâchoire (48) intérieure et une mâchoire (49) extérieure, la mâchoire (48) intérieure ayant une partie latérale propre à coopérer avec la paroi latérale intérieure de la galerie (20) de toit et une partie de sommet propre à coopérer avec la paroi supérieure de la galerie (20) de toit, caractérisée en ce que la mâchoire (40) extérieure comprend un prolongement (3) s'étendant vers l'intérieur propre à porter sur le côté inférieur de la saillie et la surface extérieure de la paroi latérale extérieure et dans laquelle, en utilisation, le collier ne contacte pas une assiette (24) fixée à la partie (23) de fixation d'assiette.
     
    12. Entretoise suivant la revendication 11, dans laquelle le prolongement (53) s'étendant vers l'intérieur est pourvu d'une coiffe (54) élastique pour la protéger et pour la conformer à la forme du côté inférieur de la saillie et à la surface extérieure de la paroi latérale extérieure, dans laquelle, éventuellement, la coiffe élastique est en forme de U.
     
    13. Entretoise suivant la revendication 11 ou 12, dans laquelle le prolongement (53) s'étendant vers l'intérieur est de 1 cm ou plus long, éventuellement de 1,5 cm ou plus long ou de 2 cm ou plus long.
     
    14. Entretoise suivant l'une des revendications 1 à 13, dans laquelle la mâchoire (48) intérieure comprend une surface (50) élastique de serrage ayant un bout conique, dans laquelle, éventuellement, la surface élastique de serrage a une surface de butée de paroi latérale, qui est conique à son bout ; et dans laquelle, éventuellement, la surface élastique de serrage a une surface de butée de paroi de sommet, qui est conique à son bout.
     
    15. Entretoise suivant l'une quelconque des revendications 11 à 14 en combinaison avec une galerie (20) de toit suivant l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description