(19)
(11)EP 3 236 630 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
24.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/26

(21)Application number: 15869247.5

(22)Date of filing:  09.12.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04L 29/06(2006.01)
G06Q 20/00(2012.01)
G06F 21/57(2013.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2015/096797
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/095739 (23.06.2016 Gazette  2016/25)

(54)

APPARATUS AUTHENTICATION METHOD AND DEVICE

VORRICHTUNGSAUTHENTIFIZIERUNGSVERFAHREN UND -VORRICHTUNG

PROCÉDÉ ET DISPOSITIF D'AUTHENTIFICATION D'APPAREIL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 18.12.2014 CN 201410797833

(43)Date of publication of application:
25.10.2017 Bulletin 2017/43

(73)Proprietor: Alibaba Group Holding Limited
Grand Cayman (KY)

(72)Inventors:
  • GUO, Honghai
    Hangzhou Zhejiang 311121 (CN)
  • LI, Xiaofeng
    Hangzhou Zhejiang 311121 (CN)

(74)Representative: Finnegan Europe LLP 
1 London Bridge
London SE1 9BG
London SE1 9BG (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
CN-A- 103 023 876
CN-A- 103 414 699
US-A1- 2005 216 738
CN-A- 103 024 090
GB-A- 2 434 724
US-A1- 2014 351 912
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to network security technologies, and in particular, to device verification methods and apparatuses.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] With development of the network technology, more attention is being paid to the issue of network security. For example, in many website services, a device performing a service needs to be identified, thus determining whether the device is a safe device, to ensure the security of service processing. However, in current device verification technologies, a device is identified purely according to a hardware attribute of the device, security hazard cases such as forgery easily occur, and the verification method has low reliability.

    [0003] U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2014/0351912 is directed towards a terminal identification method, and method, system, and apparatus of registering machine identification code. U.K. Patent Application No. 2 434 724 is directed towards secure transactions using authentication tokens based on a device 'fingerprint' derived from its physical parameters.

    SUMMARY



    [0004] In view of this, the present invention provides device verification methods and apparatuses, to improve reliability of device verification.

    [0005] Specifically, the present invention is implemented through the following technical solution:

    [0006] In a first aspect, a device verification method is provided in accordance with claim 1. In a second aspect, a device verification apparatus is provided in accordance with claim 4. Specific embodiments are set out in the dependent claims.

    [0007] In the device verification methods and apparatuses of the embodiment of the present invention, a target device carries a device certificate when requesting verification, the device certificate including a device fingerprint generated according to a device attribute. The target device is verified according to the device certificate and the device fingerprint, and the target device is allowed to access a service only when it is determined that the device fingerprint matches the device attribute of the target device and the certificate is a certificate of the target device, so that an illegal access device can be identified more efficiently, and the device verification is more reliable.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0008] 

    FIG. 1 is an application scenario diagram of a device verification method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 2 is a schematic signaling diagram of a device verification method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 3 is a schematic signaling diagram of another device verification method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a device verification apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of another device verification apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of still another device verification apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

    FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of still another device verification apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0009] FIG. 1 schematically shows an application scenario of a device verification method according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1, taking a user performing a payment service on a website as an example, the payment service is, for example, a service operation such as the user pays for a service by using his/her own account. The user generally uses his/her computer 11 to perform the payment service; as the service requires higher security, a server 12 may record a correspondence between the account of the user and the computer 11 usually used by the user, and if the account of the user is used on the computer 11, the server 12 may consider that the service is conducted safely. If the server 12 finds that the account uses a computer 13 when requesting to perform a payment service, instead of the computer usually used by the user, the server 12 may suspect whether the account of the user has been illegally acquired by a hacker, and the hacker operates illegally by using the computer 13, so that the server 12 may disallow performance of the service.

    [0010] The above example is an application scenario of device verification, that is, a website server identifies a device (for example, a computer) to ensure the security of a service, to verify whether the service is conducted safely. The device verification method according to the embodiments of the present invention described subsequently describe how the server verifies the device, to ensure that the verification result is more accurate and reliable. Definitely, the example of device verification is not limited to the scenario shown in FIG. 1, and other similar scenarios may also adopt the device verification method according to the embodiments of the present invention.

    [0011] FIG. 2 is a schematic signaling diagram of a device verification method according to an embodiment of the present invention; as shown in FIG. 2, the method schematically shows a device verification flow performed between a device and a server, for example, a user is using the device to conduct a payment service, a server side may instruct the device to conduct verification to ensure the security of the service, and the server may allow the device to resume the service only after the verification is successful.

    [0012] The following process describes the processing performed after the device receives the instruction of the server requesting it to be verified. The to-be-verified device may be referred to as a target device, and a service to be performed by the device is referred to as a target service.

    [0013] 201. The target device collects first device attribute information.

    [0014] After the to-be-verified target device receives an instruction requesting verification of the device sent by the server, the target device will collect first device attribute information (the "first" is merely used for being distinguished from other attribute information appearing in the subsequent embodiment, and does not have other limitative meanings) corresponding to the target device itself. Specifically, the first device attribute information is a hardware inherent attribute of the target device.

    [0015] For example, by taking the target device being a computer as an example, the computer has various hardware such as a network card, a display card, a CPU, and a memory chip, and attribute information of hardware as such needs to be collected. For example, for the display card, attributes of the display card may include, for example, model, name, delivery ID, resolution, and the like. These may all be referred to as attribute information of the hardware, in this case, the display card. Which attribute(s) is collected specifically, for example, whether the model or the delivery ID is collected, is not limited in this embodiment. However, there is a requirement for the acquired hardware attribute: the attribute is an inherent attribute of the hardware, that is, an unchanged attribute for the hardware. For example, still by using the display card as an example, a delivery ID or a model may be collected, these attributes are fixed and unchanged, while resolution, although being an attribute of the display card, may be changed, for example, after computer configuration is adjusted, the resolution may be increased or reduced, and such variable attribute information cannot be collected as the first device attribute information.

    [0016] Moreover, there may usually be multiple pieces of first device attribute information collected in this step, for example, three pieces of attribute information or five pieces of attribute information may be collected. It should be noted that, the multiple pieces of attribute information may be multiple attributes corresponding to one piece of hardware, and may also be multiple attributes corresponding to multiple pieces of hardware respectively.

    [0017] For example, assuming that three pieces of attribute information are collected, namely, an attribute A, an attribute B, and an attribute C, wherein the three attributes correspond to a same piece of hardware such as the display card, and are a model, a delivery ID and a name of the display card respectively; or the three attributes correspond to different pieces of hardware respectively, for example, the attribute A is a model of the network card, the attribute B is a delivery ID of the display card, the attribute C is a model of the CPU, and the like. There are definitely other examples, which are not described in detail herein.

    [0018] 202. The target device sends a device verification request to the server, the request including: a device certificate and the first device attribute information of the target device, the device certificate including a device fingerprint generated according to second device attribute information.

    [0019] After collecting the first device attribute information, the target device sends a device verification request to the server, to request the server to perform device verification on the target device. The verification request not only includes the first device attribute information collected in 201, but also includes a device certificate.

    [0020] Generally, assuming that the target device is a legal user equipment, then the device certificate is issued by the server to the target device before this device verification process, the target device stores the device certificate sent by the server, and it is only required to carry the device certificate in the verification request in this step. At this point, the device fingerprint generated according to the second device attribute information and carried in the device certificate is a fingerprint generated by the target device according to its attributes, for example, the attributes listed in 201.

    [0021] Assuming that the to-be-verified target device is an illegal device used by a hacker, the device certificate may be a device certificate of a legal user, which is stolen by the hacker, the device fingerprint carried in the device certificate is still the fingerprint generated by the target device according to its attributes. The hacker cannot modify the device fingerprint included in the device certificate since any modification made on the content of the device certificate will invalidate the certificate.

    [0022] Optionally, the device certificate may be stored in a trusted platform module TPM of the target device, and the TPM hardware can provide more reliable security assurance for storage of the certificate.

    [0023] 203. The server determines whether the first device attribute information matches the device fingerprint in the device certificate.

    [0024] Before the server determines whether the first device attribute information matches the device fingerprint in the device certificate in this step, the server further determines, according to the device fingerprint, whether the device certificate is valid. For example, when determining that the certificate is valid, it may check whether the device fingerprint has been damaged, for example, the server may compare the device fingerprint in the certificate with a fingerprint stored in the server previously to determine whether the device fingerprint is damaged; the server may also use the device fingerprint to perform an integrity test to determine whether the certificate content is complete, and the like.

    [0025] After the certificate is determined to be valid, the server compares the first device attribute information submitted by the target device in 202 with the device fingerprint in the certificate, to determine whether the two match each other.

    [0026] Optionally, there may be two ways in which the first device attribute information matches the device fingerprint in the certificate. For example, the first device attribute information matches the second device attribute information, for example, the first device attribute information collected by the target device includes: an attribute A, an attribute B, and an attribute C, and the second device attribute information for generating the device fingerprint in the certificate also includes: the attribute A, the attribute B, and the attribute C, that is, the device fingerprint is also generated according to the three attributes, then, the first device attribute information matches the second device attribute information; in other words, the first device attribute information matches the device fingerprint in the certificate. For another example, another device fingerprint may also be generated according to the first device attribute information collected by the target device, and if the another device fingerprint is the same as the device fingerprint in the device certificate, it indicates that the first device attribute information matches the device fingerprint in the certificate.

    [0027] Further, when the first device attribute information matches the second device attribute information, the matching between the attribute information refers to that, for example, corresponding attribute values in the first device attribute information and the second device attribute information are the same, or a proportion of the number of identical attribute values to the total number of attribute values reaches a preset proportion threshold.

    [0028] For example, assuming that there are four attributes: an attribute A, an attribute B, an attribute C, and an attribute D, the server may compare whether the four attributes collected by the target device are identical to the four corresponding attributes in the device certificate. By taking a network card as an example, the attribute A in the device certificate is a delivery ID of the network card, the first device attribute information collected by the target device also has a delivery ID of a network card of the target device, and the server may compare whether the two delivery IDs are the same, that is, whether attributes of a corresponding type of the same hardware are the same; and the above comparison is required for each attribute in the certificate.

    [0029] During the comparison, there may be three case: in one case, attribute values (the attribute values are, for example, delivery IDs of network cards) are the same, for example, the delivery IDs are identical; in another case, attribute values are different, for example, the delivery IDs are different, or models of display cards are different; in still another case, the collected attribute value is null, for example, one attribute in the device certificate is a model of a network card, but in the first device attribute information collected by the target device, the network card model is null, that is, no network card model is collected, this may be affected by a collection environment or other factors during collection and the attribute is not acquired.

    [0030] On the basis of the above three comparison cases, the matching between the attribute information may be defined as:

    [0031] For example, corresponding attribute values in the first device attribute information and the second device attribute information need to be completely the same, that is, the target device needs to collect every attribute value in the certificate and the attribute values need to be the same; then the server can determine that the first device attribute information matches the second device attribute information.

    [0032] For another example, corresponding attribute values in the first device attribute information and the second device attribute information need to be completely the same, wherein it may be allowed that some collected corresponding attribute values are null, but it is not allowed that all collected attribute values are null; if no attribute value in the certificate is collected by the target device, and they are all null, the server determines that the first device attribute information does not match the second device attribute information; for the four attributes A, B, C, and D, if only the attribute B is not collected by the target device and the other attribute values are the same, then the attribute A may be ignored, and it is determined that the first device attribute information matches the second device attribute information.

    [0033] For another example, among corresponding attribute values in the first device attribute information and the second device attribute information, a proportion of the number of identical attribute values to the total number of attribute values reaches a preset proportion threshold. For example, in the above four attributes, when only one corresponding attribute is different during comparison, while the other three are the same, the proportion of the number of identical attribute values to the total number of attribute values is 3/4, greater than a preset proportion threshold 1/2, then it is determined that they match each other; if attribute values of three attributes are different, the proportion of the number of identical attribute values to the total number of attribute values is 1/4, less than the preset proportion threshold 1/2, then it is determined that they do not match each other.

    [0034] It should be noted that the examples of the matching conditions described in the foregoing are merely examples, rather than exhaustive, and in a specific implementation, the matching condition may be set flexibly according to the strictness degree of security control required by the device verification.

    [0035] The attribute comparison in this step is illustrated in combination with the example of the application scenario shown in FIG. 1, and it is described how the server determines whether the device is safe, and whether the device is a safe device or an illegal device:

    [0036] In FIG. 1, assuming that the user is a legal user, and uses his/her computer 11 to access the server 12, then, when the computer 11 sends a device verification request, a device certificate carried therein is a certificate issued by the server 12 to the computer 11, wherein, the second device attribute information in the certificate is attributes corresponding to the computer 11, for example, a display card attribute and a network card attribute of the computer 11; when the device verification request is sent, display card and network card attributes of the computer 11 are also in the first attribute information collected by the computer 11, and the two pieces of attribute information are generally consistent when determined by the server side.

    [0037] Correspondingly, in FIG. 1, assuming that the user is an illegal user who steals a device certificate corresponding to the computer 11 of the legal user and accesses the server 12 through the computer 13, and assuming that when the computer 13 sends a device verification request, the device certificate carried therein is a certificate issued by the server 12 to the computer 11, and the device fingerprint in the certificate is generated according to the attributes of the computer 11, while the first device attribute information collected by the computer 13 is hardware information corresponding to the computer 13, and therefore, when the server side determines, it will be determined that the device fingerprint and the first device attribute information do not match each other.

    [0038] In this step, if the device certificate is determined to be valid according to the device fingerprint, and the determination result is that the device fingerprint in the device certificate matches the first device attribute information, it indicates that the device certificate is the certificate of the target device, and 204 is performed; otherwise, 205 is performed.

    [0039] 204. The server allows the target device to perform the target service.

    [0040] In this step, the server may returns a verification success response to the target device, or directly allow the target device to perform a subsequent service operation without returning a success response.

    [0041] 205. The server disallows the target device to perform the target service.

    [0042] For example, the server returns a verification failure response to the target device, for example, when the illegal user uses the computer 13 to access the server as described in the above example, the user will be disallowed by the server from performing the service.

    [0043] In the device verification method of this embodiment, the device fingerprint generated according to the device attribute information is carried in the device certificate issued for the device, and during verification of the device, it is allowed to perform the service only when the device attributes match the device fingerprint in the certificate, thus improving the security and reliability of device verification.

    [0044] In the above examples, the process of performing the device verification method is performed on the basis that the target device has stored the device certificate, and the target device only needs to carry the device certificate when sending the device verification request. Actually, the device certificate is issued by the server to the target device, and is acquired by the target device through applying to the server before performing the process of device verification. The applying for the certificate will be described in detail in the following:

    [0045] FIG. 3 is a schematic signaling diagram of another device verification method according to an embodiment of the present invention, which is used for describing a process where a device applies to a server for a certificate and how the server generates the certificate, including the following steps:

    [0046] 301. The target device collects second device attribute information, and generates a public-private key pair.

    [0047] When a device certificate is made by the server, hardware attributes of the device are also set in the certificate, and therefore, when the target device applies for the certificate, collection of the hardware attributes of the device, which may be referred to as second device attribute information, needs to be performed, such that they can be submitted to the server, enabling the server to generate the device certificate accordingly.

    [0048] It should be noted that, in this step, the second device attribute information collected by the target device may not necessarily be completely identical to the attribute information in the device certificate correspondingly; for example, assuming that there are three attributes A, B, and C in the device certificate, the second device attribute information in this step may be that the target device collects all hardware inherent attributes of the target device itself, or collects five attributes, or the like, which, in a word, may be more than the attributes included in the device certificate, and the attributes in the device certificate are some attributes selected from the multiple attributes; for details please refer to subsequent description of 303. Definitely, the second device attribute information may also be identical to the attributes in the certificate, for example, three attributes A, B, and C are collected, and the three attributes are also set in the certificate when the certificate is made.

    [0049] Moreover, in addition to collecting the second device attribute information in this step, the target device further generates a public-private key pair, including a public key and a private key. The public key is used for generating a certificate in 304, and the private key is not transmitted to the server when the certificate is applied. For example, the private key may be used for encrypting information during information transmission after the verification succeeds, for example, information sent by the target device to the server is encrypted by the private key, and the server decrypts the information by using the public key.

    [0050] 302. The target device sends a certificate application request to the server, the certificate application request including: the second device attribute information, and the public key in the public-private key pair.

    [0051] When the target device sends the certificate application request to the server, the second device attribute information collected in 301 and the public key in the generated pub-private key pair will be carried.

    [0052] Optionally, the target device applies to the server for the device certificate, and the application may be initiated to the server in the two cases listed as follows:

    [0053] In one case, the target device finds that it does not store a device certificate. Since the certificate is sent by the server to the device, the certificate will be stored in the device, and when the device requests the server to perform device verification, the certificate is carried in the device verification request; if the target device confirms that no device certificate is stored locally, device verification cannot be performed subsequently, and therefore, the target device will initiate a certificate application.

    [0054] In another case, when the target device receives the verification failure response returned by the server, in other words, before the application for a certificate by the target device this time, the target device may probably use a certificate of another device to request the server for verification, and as a result, the server determines that attribute information does not match and returns verification failure, indicating that the device certificate is not the certificate of the device; therefore, the target device needs to apply for its own device certificate again.

    [0055] 303. The server generates a device fingerprint according to the second device attribute information.

    [0056] In this step, if the number of attributes in the second device attribute information collected by the target device is greater than the number of pieces of attribute information that need to be based on when the device fingerprint is generated, attributes may be selected from the second device attribute information, and if the number of attributes in the second device attribute information collected by the target device is the same as the number of attributes that need to be based on when the device fingerprint is generated, the fingerprint may be generated based on all of them.

    [0057] In the foregoing, the acquisition of the second device attribute information based on which the device fingerprint is generated is described in terms of the number of attributes, and assuming that the collected second device attribute information includes: an attribute A (for example, a CPU model), an attribute B (for example, a network card model), an attribute C (for example, a delivery ID of a display card) and an attribute D (for example, a name of a memory), and when acquiring attributes based on which the fingerprint is generated accordingly, the information needs to be further processed, for example, in a manner illustrated as follows:
    Table 1 Hash value taken for attribute value
    AttributeHash value
    Attribute A Hash value of the attribute A
    Attribute B Hash value of the attribute B
    Attribute C Hash value of the attribute C
    Attribute D Hash value of the attribute D


    [0058] As shown in the above Table 1, Table 1 shows that the target device takes Hash values for attribute values of the collected four pieces of attribute information to ensure security of transmission, and in fact, the Hash values of the collected attribute values are transmitted to the server. At the server side, the Hash values of these attributes need to be combined, to form a device fingerprint for identifying the target device.

    [0059] For example: by taking selection of some attributes from the second device attribute information as an example, the second device attribute information includes multiple attribute values, each attribute value corresponding to a device inherent attribute of the target device, for example, the four attribute values in the above Table 1. The server selects a preset number of attribute values from the four attributes, for example, in this embodiment, three attribute values A, B, and C are selected, and these attribute values are combined to generate fingerprint information of the device. The combination may be performed according to the following manner: the attribute A, the Hash value of the attribute A, the attribute B, the Hash value of the attribute B, the attribute C, and the Hash value of the attribute C in the above Table 1 are all synthesized to take Hash, to serve as the device fingerprint information. Definitely, there may also be other combination manners, as long as related information of the three attributes is included, which are not described in detail.

    [0060] It should be noted that, the manner of generating the device fingerprint by selecting some attributes from the second device attribute information as described in the foregoing will enable the manner of device verification to be more reliable and safer; this is because, suppose that the target device collects all hardware inherent attributes thereof, the target device cannot know which attributes will be selected from them by the server to generate the device fingerprint accordingly, and an illegal user such as a hacker does not know which attributes are included in the device certificate, so that the hacker, even he/she intends to forge attributes (for example, the hacker tampers with hardware attributes of a legal device when reporting a device verification request, replacing them with his/her own hardware attributes), he/she will not know which attributes need to be forged, which increases the difficulty for illegal behaviors of the hacker, such that the verification manner has higher reliability.

    [0061] Moreover, the target device may record the hardware inherent attributes which are collected by the target device when applying for the certificate, in this way, the same device attributes may also be collected when device verification is requested subsequently, only in this way can it be ensured that the attribute information collected includes the corresponding attributes in the device certificate, and the server can match and compare the attributes.

    [0062] 304. The server generates a device certificate including the device fingerprint and the public key.

    [0063] The following Table 2, in a simplified manner, shows a structure of the device certificate generated in this step:
    Table 2 Structure of a device certificate
    Major information of the certificateExtended information of the certificate
     Public key with a signature  Device fingerprint


    [0064] As shown in the above Table 2, the device certificate is a digital certificate having the device fingerprint included in the extended information of the certificate, and the digital certificate is, for example, a certificate in an X.509 V3 format. Description of the generation of the device fingerprint may be found in the description in 303. The device certificate further includes a public key with a CA signature, and the public key is a public key in the public-private key pair generated by the target device. Damaging the information will invalidate the certificate.

    [0065] Moreover, when the device certificate is generated, a certificate serial number is also generated as an inherent attribute of the certificate. The server side may record a correspondence between the generated device certificate and the device fingerprint. Specifically, the server side may record, for example, a correspondence between the certificate serial number of the certificate and the device fingerprint, and the device inherent attribute (the attribute refers to the attribute based on which the fingerprint is generated) as well. As shown in the following Table 3:
    Table 3 Device certificate correspondence
    Certificate serial number Device fingerprint Device inherent attribute Certificate generation time Certificate use time
    Attribute A ##### ****
    Attribute B
    Attribute C


    [0066] After the correspondence of Table 3 is recorded, when the server receives the device certificate carried in the device verification request sent by the target device subsequently, the device certificate including the certificate attribute of certificate serial number, the server may look up in Table 3 according to the certificate serial number, to acquire the attribute A, the attribute B, and the attribute C corresponding to the device fingerprint corresponding to the device certificate, and compare the attributes with the first device attribute information collected by the target device, to determine whether they match each other.

    [0067] It should be noted that, the certificate serial number also enables the device verification to be more reliable; for example, suppose that attributes of two devices are the same, for example, models of network cards and delivery IDs of display cards are all the same, when the two devices apply for a device certificate, the server may issue device certificates for the two devices, and device fingerprints carried in the device certificates may be the same; however, each certificate corresponds to a unique certificate serial number, the certificate serial numbers of the two device certificates are different, and the server can still distinguish the two devices.

    [0068] In other words, when receiving the device verification request of the target device, the server not only needs to match and compare the device attribute information described in the above example, but also needs to perform some basic certificate validation, for example, to see whether serial numbers of the certificates are the same, whether the certificate is within a term of validity, whether certificate information is complete or damaged, or the like.

    [0069] 305. The server sends the device certificate to the target device.

    [0070] The device verification method in this embodiment of the present invention uses the mechanism of combining the digital certificate and the device fingerprint, such that the device fingerprint in the certificate is unforgeable as the digital certificate is unforgeable; meanwhile, the uniqueness of the digital certificate is also used, thus greatly improving the reliability of the device verification.

    [0071] Device verification apparatuses are further provided as follows, to implement the device verification methods described above through the apparatuses:

    [0072] FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a device verification apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, and the apparatus may be applied to a server, for example, software set in a server terminal. As shown in FIG. 4, the apparatus may include: a request receiving unit 41 and a device verification unit 42; wherein,
    the request receiving unit 41 is configured to receive a device verification request sent by the to-be-verified target device, the device verification request including: a device certificate and first device attribute information of the target device, the device certificate including a device fingerprint generated according to second device attribute information; and
    the device verification unit 42 is configured to, when it is confirmed according to the device fingerprint that the device certificate is valid, and the device fingerprint matches the first device attribute information, determine that the device certificate is a certificate of the target device, and allow the target device to perform a target service.

    [0073] FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of another device verification apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. On the basis of the structure shown in FIG. 4, the apparatus further includes: a certificate generation unit 43 and a certificate sending unit 44; wherein,
    the request receiving unit 41 is further configured to receive a certificate application request sent by the target device, the certificate application request including: second device attribute information collected by the target device;
    the certificate generation unit 43 is configured to generate the device fingerprint according to the second device attribute information, and set the device fingerprint in the generated device certificate; and
    the certificate sending unit 44 is configured to send the device certificate to the target device.

    [0074] Further, the certificate generation unit 43, when generating the device fingerprint according to the second device attribute information, is further configured to select a preset number of attribute values from multiple attribute values included in the second device attribute information, and combine the preset number of attribute values to generate the device fingerprint for identifying the target device; each attribute value corresponding to a device inherent attribute of the target device.

    [0075] FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of still another device verification apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. The apparatus may be applied to a target device, for example, client terminal software set at a target device side. As shown in FIG. 6, the apparatus may include: an information acquisition unit 61 and a request sending unit 62; wherein,
    the information acquisition unit 61 is configured to collect first device attribute information; and
    the request sending unit 62 is configured to send a device verification request to the server, the device verification request including: a device certificate and the first device attribute information, the device certificate including a device fingerprint generated according to second device attribute information, such that the target service is performed when the server determines that the device fingerprint matches the first device attribute information.

    [0076] FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of still another device verification apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. On the basis of the structure shown in FIG. 6, the apparatus further includes: a certificate receiving unit 63; wherein,
    the information acquisition unit 61 is further configured to collect the second device attribute information;
    the request sending unit 62 is further configured to send a certificate application request to the server, the certificate application request including: the second device attribute information, such that the server generates a device fingerprint according to the second device attribute information and sets the device fingerprint in the device certificate; and
    the certificate receiving unit 63 is configured to receive the device certificate returned by the server.

    [0077] Further, the request sending unit 62 is further configured to send the certificate application request when it is confirmed that no device certificate is stored locally, or when a verification failure response returned by the server is received.

    [0078] The above are merely preferred embodiments of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the present invention. The invention is defined by the claims.


    Claims

    1. A device verification method, wherein the device verification method is used for verifying a target device requesting performing a target service, the method performed by a server (12), the method comprising:

    receiving a certificate application request sent by the target device, the certificate application request comprising second device attribute information collected by the target device, wherein the second device attribute information comprises: multiple attribute values, each attribute value corresponding to a device inherent attribute of the target device;

    generating (303) a device fingerprint according to the second device attribute information, and setting the device fingerprint in a generated device certificate, wherein the generating the device fingerprint according to the second device attribute information comprises:

    selecting a preset number of attribute values from the multiple attribute values, wherein the total number of multiple attribute values is greater than the preset number of attribute values, and

    combining the preset number of attribute values to generate the device fingerprint for identifying the target device;

    sending (305) the device certificate to the target device;

    receiving a device verification request sent by the to-be-verified target device, the device verification request comprising the device certificate and first device attribute information of the target device, and the device certificate comprising the device fingerprint generated according to the second device attribute information; and

    when it is confirmed according to the device fingerprint that the device certificate is valid and the device fingerprint matches the first device attribute information, determining that the device certificate is a certificate of the target device, and allowing the target device to perform the target service.


     
    2. The method of claim 1, wherein the device fingerprint matches the first device attribute information when:

    the first device attribute information matches the second device attribute information; or

    another device fingerprint generated according to the first device attribute information matches the device fingerprint in the device certificate.


     
    3. The method of claim 2, wherein the first device attribute information matches the second device attribute information when:

    corresponding attribute values in the first device attribute information and the second device attribute information are all the same, or

    a proportion of the number of identical corresponding attribute values in the first and second device attribute information to the total number of attribute values reaches a preset proportion threshold.


     
    4. A server (12) comprising a device verification apparatus, the device verification apparatus comprising:

    a request receiving unit (41) configured to receive a certificate application request sent by a target device, the certificate application request comprising second device attribute information collected by the target device, wherein the second device attribute information comprises: multiple attribute values, each attribute value corresponding to a device inherent attribute of the target device;

    a certificate generation unit (43) configured to generate a device fingerprint according to the second device attribute information, and set the device fingerprint in a generated device certificate, wherein in the generation of the device fingerprint according to the second device attribute information the certificate generation unit is further configured to:

    select a preset number of attribute values from the multiple attribute values, wherein the total number of multiple attribute values is greater than the preset number of attribute values, and

    combine the preset number of attribute values to generate the device fingerprint for identifying the target device;

    a certificate sending unit (44) configured to send the device certificate to the target device;

    the request receiving unit (41) configured to receive a device verification request sent by a to-be-verified target device, the device verification request comprising the device certificate and first device attribute information of the target device, and the device certificate comprising the device fingerprint generated according to second device attribute information; and

    a device verification unit (42) configured to, when it is confirmed according to the device fingerprint that the device certificate is valid, and the device fingerprint matches the first device attribute information, determine that the device certificate is a certificate of the target device, and allow the target device to perform a target service.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Geräteüberprüfungsverfahren, wobei das Geräteüberprüfungsverfahren zum Überprüfen eines Zielgeräts verwendet wird, das eine Ausführung eines Zieldienstes anfordert, wobei das Verfahren von einem Server (12) ausgeführt wird, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    Empfangen einer vom Zielgerät gesendeten Zertifikatsanwendungsanforderung, wobei die Zertifikatsanwendungsanforderung vom Zielgerät gesammelte zweite Geräteattributinformationen umfasst, wobei die zweiten Geräteattributinformationen umfassen: mehrere Attributwerte, wobei jeder Attributwert einem geräteeigenen Attribut des Zielgeräts entspricht;

    Erzeugen (303) eines Gerätefingerabdrucks gemäß den zweiten Geräteattributinformationen und Festlegen des Gerätefingerabdrucks in einem erzeugten Gerätezertifikat, wobei das Erzeugen des Gerätefingerabdrucks gemäß den zweiten Geräteattributinformationen umfasst:

    Auswählen einer voreingestellten Anzahl von Attributwerten aus den mehreren Attributwerten, wobei die Gesamtzahl mehrerer Attributwerte größer ist als die voreingestellte Anzahl von Attributwerten, und

    Kombinieren der voreingestellten Anzahl von Attributwerten, um den Gerätefingerabdruck zum Identifizieren des Zielgeräts zu erzeugen;

    Senden (305) des Gerätezertifikats an das Zielgerät;

    Empfangen einer Geräteüberprüfungsanforderung, die von dem zu überprüfenden Zielgerät gesendet wird, wobei die Geräteüberprüfungsanforderung das Gerätezertifikat und erste Geräteattributinformationen des Zielgeräts umfasst und das Gerätezertifikat den Gerätefingerabdruck umfasst, der gemäß den zweiten Geräteattributinformationen erzeugt wurde; und

    wenn gemäß dem Gerätefingerabdruck bestätigt wird, dass das Gerätezertifikat gültig ist und der Gerätefingerabdruck mit den ersten Geräteattributinformationen übereinstimmt, Feststellen, dass das Gerätzertifikat ein Zertifikat des Zielgeräts ist, und Ermöglichen, dass das Zielgerät den Zieldienst ausführt.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Gerätefingerabdruck mit den ersten Geräteattributinformationen übereinstimmt, wenn:

    die ersten Geräteattributinformationen mit den zweiten Geräteattributinformationen übereinstimmen; oder

    ein anderer Gerätefingerabdruck, der gemäß den ersten Geräteattributinformationen erzeugt wurde, mit dem Gerätefingerabdruck im Gerätezertifikat übereinstimmt.


     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei die ersten Geräteattributinformationen mit den zweiten Geräteattributinformationen übereinstimmen, wenn:

    entsprechende Attributwerte in den ersten Geräteattributinformationen und den zweiten Geräteattributinformationen alle gleich sind oder

    ein Verhältnis der Anzahl identischer entsprechender Attributwerte in den ersten und zweiten Geräteattributinformationen zur Gesamtzahl der Attributwerte einen voreingestellten Verhältnisschwellenwert erreicht.


     
    4. Server (12), der eine Geräteüberprüfvorrichtung umfasst, wobei die Geräteüberprüfvorrichtung umfasst:

    eine Anforderungsempfangseinheit (41), die konfiguriert ist, um eine von einem Zielgerät gesendete Zertifikatsanwendungsanforderung zu empfangen, wobei die Zertifikatsanwendungsanforderung vom Zielgerät gesammelte zweite Geräteattributinformationen umfasst, wobei die zweiten Geräteattributinformationen umfassen: mehrere Attributwerte, wobei jeder Attributwert einem geräteeigenen Attribut des Zielgeräts entspricht;

    eine Zertifikatserzeugungseinheit (43), die konfiguriert ist, um einen Gerätefingerabdruck gemäß den zweiten Geräteattributinformationen zu erzeugen und den Gerätefingerabdruck in einem erzeugten Gerätezertifikat festzulegen, wobei bei der Erzeugung des Gerätefingerabdrucks gemäß den zweiten Geräteattributinformationen die Zertifikatserzeugungseinheit ferner konfiguriert ist, um:

    eine voreingestellte Anzahl von Attributwerten aus den mehreren Attributwerten auszuwählen, wobei die Gesamtzahl der mehreren Attributwerte größer ist als die voreingestellte Anzahl von Attributwerten, und

    die voreingestellte Anzahl von Attributwerten zu kombinieren, um den Gerätefingerabdruck zum Identifizieren des Zielgeräts zu erzeugen;

    eine Zertifikatsendeeinheit (44), die konfiguriert ist, um das Gerätezertifikat an das Zielgerät zu senden;

    wobei die Anforderungsempfangseinheit (41) konfiguriert ist, um eine Geräteüberprüfungsanforderung zu empfangen, die von einem zu überprüfenden Zielgerät gesendet wird, wobei die Geräteüberprüfungsanforderung das Gerätezertifikat und die ersten Geräteattributinformationen des Zielgeräts umfasst und das Gerätezertifikat den Gerätfingerabdruck umfasst, der gemäß den zweiten Geräteattributinfomationen erzeugt wird; und

    eine Geräteüberprüfungseinheit (42), die konfiguriert ist, um, wenn gemäß dem Gerätefingerabdruck bestätigt wird, dass das Gerätezertifikat gültig ist und der Gerätefingerabdruck mit den ersten Geräteattributinformationen übereinstimmt, festzustellen, dass das Gerätzertifikat ein Zertifikat des Zielgeräts ist, und zu ermöglichen, dass das Zielgerät einen Zieldienst ausführen.


     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de vérification de dispositif, ledit procédé de vérification de dispositif étant utilisé pour vérifier un dispositif cible demandant la réalisation d'un service cible, le procédé étant effectué par un serveur (12), le procédé comprenant :

    la réception d'une demande d'application de certificat envoyée par le dispositif cible, la demande d'application de certificat comprenant des secondes informations d'attribut de dispositif collectées par le dispositif cible, lesdites secondes informations d'attribut de dispositif comprenant : des valeurs d'attribut multiples, chaque valeur d'attribut correspondant à un attribut inhérent au dispositif du dispositif cible ;

    la génération (303) d'une empreinte de dispositif selon les secondes informations d'attribut de dispositif, et la définition de l'empreinte de dispositif dans un certificat de dispositif généré, ladite génération de l'empreinte de dispositif selon les secondes informations d'attribut de dispositif comprenant :

    la sélection d'un nombre prédéfini de valeurs d'attribut parmi les valeurs d'attribut multiples, ledit nombre total de valeurs d'attribut multiples étant supérieur au nombre prédéfini de valeurs d'attribut, et

    la combinaison du nombre prédéfini de valeurs d'attribut pour générer l'empreinte de dispositif en vue de l'identification du dispositif cible ;

    l'envoi (305) du certificat de dispositif au dispositif cible ;

    la réception d'une demande de vérification de dispositif envoyée par le dispositif cible à vérifier, la demande de vérification de dispositif comprenant le certificat de dispositif et les premières informations d'attribut de dispositif du dispositif cible, et le certificat de dispositif comprenant l'empreinte de dispositif générée selon les secondes informations d'attribut de dispositif ; et

    lorsque sont confirmées, selon l'empreinte de dispositif, la validité du certificat de dispositif et la correspondance de l'empreinte de dispositif avec les premières informations d'attribut de dispositif, la détermination que le certificat de dispositif est un certificat du dispositif cible et l'autorisation au dispositif cible de réaliser le service cible.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, ladite empreinte de dispositif correspondant aux premières informations d'attribut de dispositif lorsque :

    les premières informations d'attribut de dispositif correspondent aux secondes informations d'attribut de dispositif ; ou

    une autre empreinte de dispositif générée selon les premières informations d'attribut de dispositif correspond à l'empreinte de dispositif dans le certificat de dispositif.


     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 2, lesdites premières informations d'attribut de dispositif correspondant aux secondes informations d'attribut de dispositif lorsque :

    les valeurs d'attribut correspondantes dans les premières informations d'attribut de dispositif et les secondes informations d'attribut de dispositif sont toutes identiques, ou

    une proportion du nombre de valeurs d'attribut correspondantes identiques dans les premières et secondes informations d'attribut de dispositif par rapport au nombre total de valeurs d'attribut atteint un seuil de proportion prédéfini.


     
    4. Serveur (12) comprenant un appareil de vérification de dispositif, ledit appareil de vérification de dispositif comprenant :

    une unité de réception de demande (41) configurée pour recevoir une demande d'application de certificat envoyée par un dispositif cible, la demande d'application de certificat comprenant des secondes informations d'attribut de dispositif collectées par le dispositif cible, lesdites secondes informations d'attribut de dispositif comprenant : des valeurs d'attribut multiples, chaque valeur d'attribut correspondant à un attribut inhérent au dispositif du dispositif cible ;

    une unité de génération de certificat (43) configurée pour générer une empreinte de dispositif selon les secondes informations d'attribut de dispositif, et définissant l'empreinte de dispositif dans un certificat de dispositif généré, lors de la génération de l'empreinte de dispositif selon les secondes informations d'attribut de dispositif ladite unité de génération de certificat étant en outre configurée pour :

    sélectionner un nombre prédéfini de valeurs d'attribut parmi les valeurs d'attribut multiples, le nombre total de valeurs d'attribut multiples étant supérieur au nombre prédéfini de valeurs d'attribut, et

    combiner le nombre prédéfini de valeurs d'attribut pour générer l'empreinte de dispositif en vue de l'identification du dispositif cible ;

    une unité d'envoi de certificat (44) configurée pour envoyer le certificat de dispositif au dispositif cible ;

    ladite unité de réception de demande (41) configurée pour recevoir une demande de vérification de dispositif envoyée par un dispositif cible à vérifier, la demande de vérification de dispositif comprenant le certificat de dispositif et les premières informations d'attribut de dispositif du dispositif cible, et le certificat de dispositif comprenant l'empreinte de dispositif généré selon les secondes informations d'attribut de dispositif ; et

    une unité de vérification de dispositif (42) configurée pour, lorsque sont confirmées, selon l'empreinte de dispositif, la validité du certificat de dispositif et la correspondance de l'empreinte de dispositif avec les premières informations d'attribut de dispositif, déterminer que le certificat de dispositif est un certificat du dispositif cible, et autoriser le dispositif cible d'effectuer un service cible.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description