(19)
(11)EP 3 237 215 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
22.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/30

(21)Application number: 15716822.0

(22)Date of filing:  17.04.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B41J 2/175(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2015/058445
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/165781 (20.10.2016 Gazette  2016/42)

(54)

PRINTING DEVICE AND SUPPORT MEMBER FOR PRINTING DEVICE

DRUCKEINRICHTUNG UND STÜTZELEMENT ZUM DRUCKEINRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF D'IMPRESSION ET MEMBRE DE SUPPORT POUR DISPOSITIF D'IMPRESSION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
01.11.2017 Bulletin 2017/44

(73)Proprietor: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
Spring TX 77389 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • ALVAREZ, Jose Antonio
    E-08174 Sant Cugat del Valles (ES)
  • CHOVER, Carlos
    E-08174 Sant Cugat del Valles (ES)
  • ANGULO, Emilio
    E-08174 Sant Cugat del Valles (ES)

(74)Representative: Liesegang, Eva 
Boehmert & Boehmert Anwaltspartnerschaft mbB Pettenkoferstrasse 22
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A- 4 929 963
US-A- 6 076 920
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] Printing a printing fluid on a printing medium may involve providing the printing fluid, e.g., an ink, from a printing fluid reservoir such as a printing fluid cartridge or a printing fluid tank to a printhead (see for example US 6076920). When a set of printing fluids in a printing apparatus is to be changed, e.g., when a printing fluid is to be replaced with a printing fluid of another color to achieve a particular color gamut or when the number of printing fluids of different colors is to be reduced to increase printing speed by having several printheads printing the same ink, the involved printing fluid tanks, printheads and tubing may have to be replaced to avoid mixing of printing fluids.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0002] The following detailed description refers to the appended drawings in which:

    FIGs. 1A and 1B show schematic cross-sectional views of examples of elements of a printing apparatus;

    FIG. 2 shows a schematic cross-sectional view of examples of further elements of the printing apparatus;

    FIGs. 3A, 3B, and 3C show schematic cross-sectional views of examples of mechanical structures within the printing apparatus;

    FIG. 4 shows a schematic cross-sectional view of examples of further elements of the printing apparatus;

    FIG. 5 shows a schematic cross-sectional view of examples of further elements of the printing apparatus; and

    FIG. 6 shows a flow diagram of an example of a process of replacing an inkjet printhead in the printing apparatus.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0003] As shown in FIGs. 1A and 1B, a printing apparatus 10 (or printing device) may comprise a support member 12 having a printhead slot 14. In printing operation, a printhead (not shown) such as, for example, an inkjet printhead may be mounted to the printhead slot 14.

    [0004] The printing apparatus 10 may further comprise a first tubing 16 and a second tubing 18. The first tubing 16 may be intended to receive a first printing fluid. The second tubing 18 may be intended to receive a second printing fluid. To avoid that the first printing fluid and the second printing fluid are mixed, for example, if the first printing fluid and the second printing fluid are inks of different colors or different components, the first tubing 16 and the second tubing 18 may be separated. In particular, the first tubing 16 and the second tubing 18 may have no fluid connection or the first tubing 16 and the second tubing 18 may be connected by a separable fluid interconnect or a gate valve to allow separation of a printing fluid in the first tubing 16 and a printing fluid in the second tubing 18.

    [0005] Although one printhead slot 14 is shown in Figs. 1A and 1B, the disclosure is not limited thereto and the support member 12 may comprise additional printhead slots. For example, the printing apparatus 10 may comprise four printhead slots for CYMK printing. However, although the printing apparatus 10 may comprise four printhead slots for CYMK printing, the disclosure is not limited to CYMK printing. In particular, the printing apparatus 10 may comprise more than four printhead slots to allow for single-pass printing and/or to allow for enlarged color gamut and/or to allow for pre or post treatment fluids or less than four printhead slots when a reduced color gamut is desired.

    [0006] In case of additional printhead slots, the printing apparatus 10 may be provided with additional tubing for each additional printhead slot. In particular, each or some of the additional tubing may comprise a first tubing and a second tubing as described above. In addition, the support member 12 may be a printhead carriage that is movable relative to a frame (not shown) of the printing apparatus 10 to allow for scan printing. Furthermore, the support member 12 may span a printing width of the printing apparatus 10 to allow for single-pass printing.

    [0007] The first tubing 16 may comprise an end portion 20. As shown in FIG. 1A, the end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 may be arranged in an active position. The active position may be a position in which a printing fluid may be delivered via the end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 to a printhead mounted to the printhead slot 14. More particularly, when the end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 is in the active position, a fluid interconnect may connect the first tubing 16 with a corresponding tubing of a printhead, when the printhead is mounted to the printhead slot 14.

    [0008] The second tubing 18 may also comprise an end portion 22. As shown in FIG. 1A, the end portion 22 of the second tubing 18 may be in a standby position, i.e., a position in which no printing fluid is provided to a printhead via the second tubing 18. In particular, the standby position may be a position in which no printhead of printing apparatus 10 is provided with printing fluid via the second tubing 18.

    [0009] As shown in FIG. 1B, the end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 may be moved to a standby position and the end portion 22 of the second tubing 18 may be moved to an active position. In particular, the end portion 22 of the second tubing 18 may be moved to the active position that was previously occupied by the end portion 20 of the first tubing 16. Heretofore, the printing apparatus 10 may comprise a mechanical structure 24 to which the end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 is attached. In particular, the mechanical structure 24 may allow to remove the end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 from the active position and to arrange the end portion 22 of the second tubing 18 in the active position. As shown in FIG. 1A and 1B, the mechanical structure 24 may be attached to the support member 12.

    [0010] To allow for smooth operation, the first tubing 16 may be made of a flexible material and be provided with an increased length to avoid forces counteracting the transition of the end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 between its active position and its standby position. Likewise, the second tubing 18 may also be made of a flexible material and be provided with an increased length to avoid forces counteracting the transition of the end portion 22 of the second tubing 18 between its active position and its standby position. Moreover, the mechanical means may be adapted to cut-off, during transition between active and standby position and/or as long as no printhead is mounted to the printhead slot 14, a fluid connection to an end portion 20, 22 of a tubing 16, 18 to avoid printing fluid loss.

    [0011] As shown in Fig. 2, the printing apparatus 10 may further comprise a first printing fluid cartridge slot 26 and a second printing fluid cartridge slot 28. The first tubing 16 may receive the first printing fluid from a first printing fluid cartridge (not shown) mounted to the first printing fluid cartridge slot 26 and the second tubing 18 may receive the second printing fluid from a second printing fluid cartridge (not shown) mounted to the second printing fluid cartridge slot 28. I.e., a cartridge-side end portion 30 of the first tubing 16 may be fixed to the first printing fluid cartridge slot 26 and a cartridge-side end portion 32 of the second tubing 18 may be fixed to the second printing fluid cartridge slot 28.

    [0012] Furthermore, the cartridge-side end portion 30 of the first tubing 16 and the cartridge-side end portion 32 of the second tubing 18 may switch between an active position and a standby position (and vice versa) in relation to the first printing fluid cartridge slot 26 analogously to the printhead-side end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 and the printhead-side end portion 22 of the second tubing 18, respectively, described above and further detailed in the following.

    [0013] In particular, the cartridge-side end portion 30 of the first tubing 16 and the cartridge-side end portion 32 of the second tubing 18 may be attached or coupled to the mechanical structure 24. The coupling may be such that upon moving the printhead-side end portion 22 of the second tubing 18 to the printhead-side active position, the cartridge-side end portion 32 of the second tubing 18 is moved to the cartridge-side active position, while the end portions 20 and 30 of the first tubing 16 are moved to their standby positions.

    [0014] The end portions 20 and 30 of the first tubing 16 and the end portions 22 and 32 of the second tubing 18 may each comprise one tube ending. Furthermore, as shown in FIGs. 3A to 3C which show a schematic cross-sectional view along line AA of Fig. 2, the printhead-side end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 and the printhead-side end portion 22 of the second tubing 18 may each comprise two tube endings 34-38, e.g., for recirculation. Moreover, the first tubing 16 and the second tubing 18 may be coupled to pumps (not shown) for conveying the printing fluid. Each tube ending 34-38 may be provided witch a particular shape to avoid that a printhead intended for a particular color is inadvertently connected to a tube ending of a tubing intended for another color.

    [0015] As shown in FIG. 3A, the mechanical structure 24 may comprise a skid 42 to which the printhead-side end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 and the printhead-side end portion 22 of the second tubing 18 are attached. Furthermore, the support member 12 may comprise a guide pillar 44 for guiding a displacement of the skid 42 relative to the support member 12. The skid 42 and the guide pillar 44 may be provided with a notch and a corresponding protrusion, respectively, for keeping the skid 42 in a first position in which the printhead-side end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 is in the active position and in a second position in which the printhead-side end portion 22 of the second tubing 16 is in the active position.

    [0016] As shown in FIG. 3B, the mechanical structure 24 may comprise a pivot member 46 which is pivotally coupled to the support member 12 and to which the printhead-side end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 and the printhead-side end portion 22 of the second tubing 18 are attached. The pivot member 46 may be arranged to rotate around an axis through a center of the tube endings 34-38 so that upon a 180° rotation of the pivot member, the printhead-side end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 and the printhead-side end portion 22 of the second tubing 18 switch positions. When the printhead-side end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 and the printhead-side end portion 22 of the second tubing 18 switch positions, the tube endings 34 and 36 of the first tubing 16 and the tube endings 38 and 40 of the second tubing 18 may switch positions.

    [0017] As shown in FIG. 3C, the mechanical structure 24 may comprise a base portion 48 and a locking portion 50, wherein the locking portion 50 may lock the printhead-side end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 to the base portion 48. The locking portion 50 may comprise a hook 52 that snaps past a side of the base portion 48 opposite to the locking portion 50 to secure the printhead-side end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 to the base portion 48. For unlocking the printhead-side end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 from the base portion 48, the hook 52 may be made of a resilient material that allows detaching the hook 52 from the base portion 48. Once unlocked, the printhead-side end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 may be removed from the active position and the printhead-side end portion 22 of the second tubing 18 may be arranged in the active position.

    [0018] To prevent loss of the locking portion when the hook 52 of the locking portion 50 is detached from the base portion 48, the base portion 48 and the locking portion 50 may be coupled by a hinge. Instead or in addition to the hinge, the locking portion 50 may be provided with a further hook (not shown) similar or identical to hook 52 so that the locking portion 50 is provided with two hooks 52 that snap past the side of the base portion 48 opposite to the locking portion 50 when the printhead-side end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 or the printhead-side end portion 22 of the second tubing 18 are locked to the base portion 48.

    [0019] The mechanical structure 24 may further comprise another base portion 54 and another locking portion 56 identical or similar to the above described base portion 48 and locking portion 50 to keep the printhead-side end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 and the printhead-side end portion 22 of the second tubing 18, respectively, in a standby position.

    [0020] As shown in FIG. 4, the printhead-side end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 may be coupled to a standby unit 58, when in the standby position. The standby unit 58 may comprise an end portion cover to cover the printhead-side end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 to avoid, for example, drying out of a printing fluid in the first tubing 16. Furthermore, the standby unit 58 may comprise a recirculation unit 58a for recirculating the printing fluid in the first tubing 16 to avoid, for example, clogging of the first printing fluid.

    [0021] Furthermore, the printing apparatus 10 may comprise another standby unit 60, similar or identical to the standby unit 58 to which the printhead-side end portion 22 of the second tubing 16 may be coupled. To avoid mixing of printing fluids, the examples of the mechanical structure 24 shown in FIGs. 3B and 3C may be amended to allow for different standby positions for the printhead-side end portion 20 of the first tubing 16 and the printhead-side end portion 22 of the second tubing 18.

    [0022] The printing apparatus 10 may further comprise a printhead 62 mounted to the printhead slot 14. The printhead 62 may be provided with printing fluid by a printing fluid reservoir 64 such as a printing fluid tank or a printing fluid cartridge inserted into the printing fluid cartridge slot 26. The provided printing fluid may then be printed, by the printhead 62, onto a print medium which is conveyed by a print medium conveyor of the printing apparatus 10 along a print medium feed path 66 through the printing apparatus 10.

    [0023] FIG. 6 shows a flow diagram of an example of a process of replacing an inkjet printhead such as, for example, the inkjet printhead 62 of printing apparatus 10. At 68, the process starts with printing on a printing medium with a first ink provided to the first inkjet printhead 62 via the first tubing 16. At 70, the process continues with removing the first inkjet printhead 62 from the printhead slot 14. At 72, the process continues with mounting a second inkjet printhead to the printhead slot 14. At 74, the process continues with connecting the second tubing 18 to the second printhead. At 76, the process continues with printing on a printing medium with a second ink provided to the second inkjet printhead via the second tubing 18. During the whole procedure, a portion of the first tubing 16 and a portion of the second tubing 18 are attached to the printing apparatus 10.

    [0024] After having, for example, completed a printjob for a particular color gamut, the first printhead 62 may be reinstalled. Heretofore, the process my continue with removing the second inkjet printhead from the printhead slot 14, mounting the first inkjet printhead 62 to the printhead slot, connecting the first tubing 16 to the first printhead 62, and printing the first ink provided to the first inkjet printhead 62 via the first tubing 16. As the end portions 20 and 22 of the tubings 16 and 18 may be switched between active and standby positions as described above, a portion of the first tubing 16 and a portion of the second tubing 18 may remain attached to the printing apparatus 10 during the whole procedure, thereby avoiding the need to detach a tubing 16, 18 and to attach another tubing to the printing apparatus 10.

    [0025] Moreover, the second inkjet printhead may be replaced with a third inkjet printhead, for example, when the first printhead is outworn and is to be replaced. Heretofore, the process may continue with removing the second inkjet printhead from the printhead slot 14, mounting the third inkjet printhead to the printhead slot 14, connecting the first tubing 16 to the third printhead, and printing on a printing medium with the first ink delivered to the third inkjet printhead via the first tubing 16. As described above, a portion of the first tubing 16 and a portion of the second tubing 18 may remain attached to the printing apparatus 10 during the whole procedure.

    [0026] To avoid clogging of printing fluid in the first tubing 16 when the first tubing 16 is disconnected, the process may continue with connecting the first tubing 16 to the recirculating unit 58a to recirculate the first ink in the first tubing 16.

    LIST OF REFERENCE SIGNS



    [0027] 
    10
    printing apparatus
    12
    support member
    14
    printhead slot
    16
    tubing
    18
    tubing
    20
    tubing end portion
    22
    tubing end portion
    24
    mechanical structure
    26
    printing fluid cartridge slot
    28
    printing fluid cartridge slot
    30
    tubing end portion
    32
    tubing end portion
    34
    tube ending
    36
    tube ending
    38
    tube ending
    40
    tube ending
    42
    skid
    44
    guide pillar
    46
    pivot member
    48
    base portion
    50
    locking portion
    52
    hook
    54
    base portion
    56
    locking portion
    58
    standby unit
    58a
    recirculation unit
    60
    standby unit
    62
    printhead
    64
    printing fluid reservoir
    66
    print medium feed path
    68-76
    process steps



    Claims

    1. A printing apparatus, comprising:

    a support member (12) having a printhead slot (14);

    a first tubing (16) to provide a first printing fluid; and

    a second tubing (18) to provide a second printing fluid;

    a mechanical structure (24) attached to the support member (12) wherein a printhead-side end portion of the first tubing (16) and a printhead-side end portion of the second tubing (18) are attached to the mechanical structure (24) ;

    wherein the mechanical structure (24) allows to switch the printhead-side end portion of the first tubing (16) between an active position and a first standby position and the printhead-side end portion of the second tubing (18) between a second standby position and the active position;

    wherein, when the printhead-side end portion of the first tubing (16) is in the active position, the first tubing (16) provides the first printing fluid to a printhead in the printhead slot (14) and the printhead-side end portion of the second tubing (18) is in the standby position and does not provide the second printing fluid to the printhead.


     
    2. The printing apparatus of claim 1, the apparatus further comprising:

    a first printing fluid cartridge slot (26); and

    a second printing fluid cartridge slot (28);

    wherein the first tubing (16) is arranged to receive the first printing fluid from a first printing fluid cartridge in the first printing fluid cartridge slot (26); and

    wherein the second tubing (18) is arranged to receive the second printing fluid from a second printing fluid cartridge in the second printing fluid cartridge slot (28).


     
    3. The printing apparatus of claim 1, wherein the printhead-side end portion of the first tubing (16) comprises two tube endings and wherein the printhead-side end portion of the second tubing (18) comprises two tube endings.
     
    4. The printing apparatus of claim 3, the apparatus further comprising a recirculation unit (58a), wherein the printhead-side end portion of the second tubing (18) is connected to the recirculation unit (58a), when in the standby position.
     
    5. The printing apparatus of claim 1, the apparatus further comprising an end portion cover, wherein the printhead-side end portion of the second tubing (18) is covered by the end portion cover, when in the standby position.
     
    6. The printing apparatus of claim 1, wherein the mechanical structure (24) comprises a skid (42) to which the printhead-side end portion of the first tubing (16) and the printhead-side end portion of the second tubing (18) are attached and wherein the support member (12) comprises a guide pillar (44) for guiding a displacement of the skid (42) relative to the support member (12).
     
    7. The printing apparatus of claim 1, wherein the mechanical structure (24) comprises a pivot member (46) which is pivotally coupled to the support member (12) and to which the printhead-side end portion of the first tubing (16) and the printhead-side end portion of the second tubing (18) are attached.
     
    8. The printing apparatus of claim 1, wherein the mechanical structure (24) comprises a base portion (54) and a locking portion (56), wherein the locking portion (56) locks the printhead-side end portion of the first tubing (16) to the base portion (54) when in a first position, and unlocks the printhead-side end portion of the first tubing (16) from the base portion (54) when in a second position.
     
    9. The printing apparatus of claim 1, wherein the printing apparatus is an inkjet printing apparatus comprising the printhead and wherein the first printing fluid is a first ink and wherein the second printing fluid is a second ink.
     
    10. The printing apparatus of claim 9, wherein the first ink and the second ink are different inks.
     
    11. The printing apparatus of claim 10, wherein the first ink and the second ink are inks of different colors.
     
    12. The printing apparatus of claim 1, wherein the printhead-side end portion of the first tubing (16) has a different shape than the printhead-side end portion of the second tubing (18).
     
    13. The printing apparatus of claim 12, further comprising a printing fluid cartridge in the printhead slot (14) and wherein the different shape of the printhead-side end portion obviates connecting the second tubing (18) with the printing fluid cartridge.
     
    14. A method of replacing an inkjet printhead in a printing apparatus, the method comprising:

    printing on a printing medium with a first ink provided to a first inkjet printhead via a first tubing (16);

    disconnecting the first tubing (16) from the first inkjet printhead;

    removing the first inkjet printhead from a printhead slot (14);

    mounting a second inkjet printhead to the printhead slot (14);

    connecting a second tubing (18) to the second printhead; and

    printing on a printing medium with a second ink provided to the second inkjet printhead via the second tubing (18);

    wherein a printhead-side end portion of the first tubing (16) and a printhead-side end portion of the second tubing (18) are attached to a mechanical structure (24) of the printing apparatus during the whole procedure, and

    wherein the mechanical structure (24) switches the printhead-side end portion of the first tubing (16) between an active position and a first standby position and the printhead-side end portion of the second tubing (18) between a second standby position and the active position to connect the first tubing (16) to the first inkjet printhead and the second tubing (18) to the second inkjet printhead.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Druckvorrichtung, die Folgendes umfasst:

    ein Stützelement (12) mit einem Druckkopfschlitz (14);

    eine erste Rohrleitung (16) zum Zuführen eines ersten Druckfluids; und

    eine zweite Rohrleitung (18) zum Zuführen eines zweiten Druckfluids;

    eine mechanische Struktur (24), die am Stützelement (12) befestigt ist, wobei ein druckkopfseitiger Endabschnitt der ersten Rohrleitung (16) und ein druckkopfseitiger Endabschnitt der zweiten Rohrleitung (18) an der mechanischen Struktur (24) befestigt sind;

    wobei die mechanische Struktur (24) es erlaubt, den druckkopfseitigen Endabschnitt der ersten Rohrleitung (16) zwischen einer aktiven Position und einer ersten Bereitschaftsposition und den druckkopfseitigen Endabschnitt der zweiten Rohrleitung (18) zwischen einer zweiten Bereitschaftsposition und der aktiven Position umzuschalten;

    wobei, wenn der druckkopfseitige Endabschnitt der ersten Rohrleitung (16) in der aktiven Position ist, die erste Rohrleitung (16) das erste Druckfluid einem Druckkopf im Druckkopfschlitz (14) zuführt und wobei der druckkopfseitige Endabschnitt der zweiten Rohrleitung (18) in der Bereitschaftsposition ist und das zweite Druckfluid dem Druckkopf nicht zuführt.


     
    2. Druckvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Vorrichtung ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    einen ersten Druckfluidpatronenschlitz (26); und

    einen zweiten Druckfluidpatronenschlitz (28);

    wobei die erste Rohrleitung (16) angeordnet ist, um das erste Druckfluid von einer ersten Druckfluidpatrone im ersten Druckfluidpatronenschlitz (26) aufzunehmen; und

    wobei die zweite Rohrleitung (18) angeordnet ist, um das zweite Druckfluid von einer zweiten Druckfluidpatrone in dem zweiten Druckfluidpatronenschlitz (28) aufzunehmen.


     
    3. Druckvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der druckkopfseitige Endabschnitt der ersten Rohrleitung (16) zwei Rohrleitungsenden aufweist und wobei der druckkopfseitige Endabschnitt der zweiten Rohrleitung (18) zwei Rohrleitungsenden aufweist.
     
    4. Druckvorrichtung nach Anspruch 3, wobei die Vorrichtung ferner eine Rückführungseinheit (58a) aufweist, wobei der druckkopfseitige Endabschnitt der zweiten Rohrleitung (18) mit der Rückführungseinheit (58a) verbunden ist, wenn er sich in der Bereitschaftsposition befindet.
     
    5. Druckvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Vorrichtung ferner eine Endabschnittsabdeckung aufweist, wobei der druckkopfseitige Endabschnitt der zweiten Rohrleitung (18) durch die Endabschnittsabdeckung abgedeckt ist, wenn er sich in der Bereitschaftsposition befindet.
     
    6. Druckvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die mechanische Struktur (24) eine Gleitkufe (42) aufweist, an der der druckkopfseitige Endabschnitt der ersten Rohrleitung (16) und der druckkopfseitige Endabschnitt der zweiten Rohrleitung (18) befestigt sind, und wobei das Stützelement (12) eine Führungssäule (44) zum Führen einer Verschiebung der Gleitkufe (42) relativ zum Stützelement (12) aufweist.
     
    7. Druckvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die mechanische Struktur (24) ein Schwenkelement (46) aufweist, das schwenkbar mit dem Stützelement (12) gekoppelt ist und an dem der druckkopfseitige Endabschnitt der ersten Rohrleitung (16) und der druckkopfseitige Endabschnitt der zweiten Rohrleitung (18) befestigt sind.
     
    8. Druckvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die mechanische Struktur (24) einen Basisabschnitt (54) und einen Verriegelungsabschnitt (56) aufweist, wobei der Verriegelungsabschnitt (56) den druckkopfseitigen Endabschnitt der ersten Rohrleitung (16) mit dem Basisabschnitt (54) verriegelt, wenn er sich in einer ersten Position befindet, und den druckkopfseitigen Endabschnitt der ersten Rohrleitung (16) von dem Basisabschnitt (54) entriegelt, wenn er sich in einer zweiten Position befindet.
     
    9. Druckvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Druckvorrichtung eine Tintenstrahldruckvorrichtung ist, die den Druckkopf umfasst, und wobei das erste Druckfluid eine erste Tinte ist und wobei das zweite Druckfluid eine zweite Tinte ist.
     
    10. Druckvorrichtung nach Anspruch 9, wobei die erste Tinte und die zweite Tinte unterschiedliche Tinten sind.
     
    11. Druckvorrichtung nach Anspruch 10, wobei die erste Tinte und die zweite Tinte Tinten mit unterschiedlicher Farbe sind.
     
    12. Druckvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der druckkopfseitige Endabschnitt der ersten Rohrleitung (16) eine andere Form hat als der druckkopfseitige Endabschnitt der zweiten Rohrleitung (18).
     
    13. Druckvorrichtung nach Anspruch 12, die ferner eine Druckfluidpatrone im Druckkopfschlitz (14) umfasst und bei der die unterschiedliche Form des druckkopfseitigen Endabschnitts ein Verbinden der zweiten Rohrleitung (18) mit der Druckfluidpatrone verhindert.
     
    14. Verfahren zum Austauschen eines Tintenstrahldruckkopfes in einer Druckvorrichtung, wobei das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

    Drucken auf einem Druckmedium mit einer ersten Tinte, die über eine erste Rohrleitung (16) einem ersten Tintenstrahldruckkopf zugeführt wird;

    Trennen der ersten Rohrleitung (16) vom ersten Tintenstrahldruckkopf;

    Entfernen des ersten Tintenstrahldruckkopfes aus einem Druckkopfschlitz (14);

    Anbringen eines zweiten Tintenstrahldruckkopfes an dem Druckkopfschlitz (14);

    Verbinden einer zweiten Rohrleitung (18) mit dem zweiten Druckkopf; und

    Drucken auf einem Druckmedium mit einer zweiten Tinte, die über die zweite Rohrleitung (18) dem zweiten Tintenstrahldruckkopf zugeführt wird;

    wobei ein druckkopfseitiger Endabschnitt der ersten Rohrleitung (16) und ein druckkopfseitiger Endabschnitt der zweiten Rohrleitung (18) während des gesamten Verfahrens an einer mechanischen Struktur (24) der Druckvorrichtung befestigt sind, und

    wobei die mechanische Struktur (24) den druckkopfseitigen Endabschnitt der ersten Rohrleitung (16) zwischen einer aktiven Position und einer ersten Bereitschaftsposition und den druckkopfseitigen Endabschnitt der zweiten Rohrleitung (18) zwischen einer zweiten Bereitschaftsposition und der aktiven Position umschaltet, um die erste Rohrleitung (16) mit dem ersten Tintenstrahldruckkopf und die zweite Rohrleitung (18) mit dem zweiten Tintenstrahldruckkopf zu verbinden.


     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil d'impression, comprenant :

    un élément de support (12) ayant une fente de tête d'impression (14) ;

    un premier tube (16) pour fournir un premier fluide d'impression ; et

    un second tube (18) pour fournir un second fluide d'impression ;

    une structure mécanique (24) fixée à l'élément de support (12), une partie d'extrémité côté tête d'impression du premier tube (16) et une partie d'extrémité côté tête d'impression du second tube (18) étant fixées à la structure mécanique (24) ;

    la structure mécanique (24) permettant de commuter la partie d'extrémité côté tête d'impression du premier tube (16) entre une position active et une première position d'attente et la partie d'extrémité côté tête d'impression du second tube (18) entre une seconde position d'attente et la position active ;

    lorsque la partie d'extrémité côté tête d'impression du premier tube (16) est en position active, le premier tube (16) fournissant le premier fluide d'impression à une tête d'impression dans la fente de tête d'impression (14) et la partie d'extrémité côté tête d'impression du second tube (18) étant en position d'attente et ne fournissant pas le second fluide d'impression à la tête d'impression.


     
    2. Appareil d'impression selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :

    une première fente de cartouche de fluide d'impression (26) ; et

    une seconde fente de cartouche de fluide d'impression (28) ;

    le premier tube (16) étant agencé pour recevoir le premier fluide d'impression d'une première cartouche de fluide d'impression dans la première fente de cartouche de fluide d'impression (26) ; et

    le second tube (18) étant agencé pour recevoir le second fluide d'impression d'une seconde cartouche de fluide d'impression dans la seconde fente de cartouche de fluide d'impression (28).


     
    3. Appareil d'impression selon la revendication 1, la partie d'extrémité du côté de tête d'impression du premier tube (16) comprenant deux extrémités de tube et la partie d'extrémité du côté de tête d'impression du second tube (18) comprenant deux extrémités de tube.
     
    4. Appareil d'impression selon la revendication 3, l'appareil comprenant en outre une unité de recyclage (58a), la partie d'extrémité côté tête d'impression du second tube (18) étant reliée à l'unité de recirculation (58a), lorsqu'elle est en position d'attente.
     
    5. Appareil d'impression selon la revendication 1, l'appareil comprenant en outre un couvercle de partie d'extrémité, la partie d'extrémité du côté de tête d'impression du second tube (18) étant recouverte par le couvercle de partie d'extrémité, lorsqu'il est en position d'attente.
     
    6. Appareil d'impression selon la revendication 1, la structure mécanique (24) comprenant un plateau (42) à laquelle la partie d'extrémité du côté de la tête d'impression du premier tube (16) et la partie d'extrémité du côté de tête d'impression du second tube (18) sont fixés et l'élément de support (12) comprenant une colonne de guidage (44) pour guider un déplacement du plateau (42) par rapport à l'élément de support (12).
     
    7. Appareil d'impression selon la revendication 1, la structure mécanique (24) comprenant un élément de pivot (46) qui est accouplé de manière pivotante à l'élément de support (12) et à laquelle la partie d'extrémité du côté de la tête d'impression du premier tube (16) et la partie d'extrémité côté tête d'impression du second tube (18) sont fixées.
     
    8. Appareil d'impression selon la revendication 1, la structure mécanique (24) comprenant une partie de base (54) et une partie de verrouillage (56), la partie de verrouillage (56) verrouillant la partie d'extrémité du côté de la tête d'impression du première tube (16) à la partie de base (54) lorsqu'elle se trouve dans une première position, et déverrouillant la partie d'extrémité côté tête d'impression du premier tube (16) de la partie de base (54) lorsqu'elle se trouve dans une seconde position.
     
    9. Appareil d'impression selon la revendication 1, l'appareil d'impression étant un appareil d'impression à jet d'encre comprenant la tête d'impression et le premier fluide d'impression étant une première encre et le second fluide d'impression étant une seconde encre.
     
    10. Appareil d'impression selon la revendication 9, la première encre et la seconde encre étant des encres différentes.
     
    11. Appareil d'impression selon la revendication 10, la première encre et la seconde encre étant des encres de couleurs différentes.
     
    12. Appareil d'impression selon la revendication 1, la partie d'extrémité du côté de tête d'impression du premier tube (16) ayant une forme différente de celle de la partie d'extrémité du côté de la tête d'impression du second tube (18).
     
    13. Appareil d'impression selon la revendication 12, comprenant en outre une cartouche de fluide d'impression dans la fente de tête d'impression (14) et la forme différente de la partie d'extrémité côté tête d'impression évitant de relier le second tube (18) avec la cartouche de fluide d'impression.
     
    14. Procédé de remplacement d'une tête d'impression à jet d'encre dans un appareil d'impression, le procédé comprenant :

    l'impression sur un support d'impression grâce à une première encre fournie à une première tête d'impression à jet d'encre par l'intermédiaire d'un premier tube (16) ;

    la séparation du premier tube (16) de la première tête d'impression à jet d'encre ;

    le retrait de la première tête d'impression à jet d'encre d'une fente de tête d'impression (14) ;

    le montage d'une seconde tête d'impression à jet d'encre sur la fente de tête d'impression (14) ;

    la liaison d'un second tube (18) à la seconde tête d'impression ; et

    l'impression sur un support d'impression grâce à une seconde encre fournie à la seconde tête d'impression à jet d'encre par l'intermédiaire du second tube (18) ;

    une partie d'extrémité côté tête d'impression du premier tube (16) et une partie d'extrémité côté tête d'impression du second tube (18) étant fixées à une structure mécanique (24) de l'appareil d'impression pendant toute la procédure, et

    la structure mécanique (24) commutant la partie d'extrémité côté tête d'impression du premier tube (16) entre une position active et une première position d'attente et la partie d'extrémité côté tête d'impression du second tube (18) entre une seconde position d'attente et la position active pour relier le premier tube (16) à la première tête d'impression à jet d'encre et le second tube (18) à la seconde tête d'impression à jet d'encre.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description