(19)
(11)EP 3 238 524 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(21)Application number: 17168972.2

(22)Date of filing:  02.05.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A01D 34/00(2006.01)

(54)

MOVING ROBOT AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

MOBILER ROBOTER UND STEUERUNGSVERFAHREN DAFÜR

ROBOT MOBILE ET SON PROCÉDÉ DE COMMANDE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 29.04.2016 KR 20160053255

(43)Date of publication of application:
01.11.2017 Bulletin 2017/44

(73)Proprietor: LG Electronics Inc.
Seoul 07336 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • LEE, Jaehoon
    08592 Seoul (KR)
  • PARK, Jongil
    08592 Seoul (KR)

(74)Representative: Vossius & Partner Patentanwälte Rechtsanwälte mbB 
Siebertstrasse 3
81675 München
81675 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 990 903
US-A1- 2008 120 054
EP-A1- 3 073 345
US-A1- 2012 083 961
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present disclosure relates to a moving robot and a control method thereof, and particularly, to a moving robot and a control method thereof, which mow lawn. The present invention relates to a lawn mowing robot.

    [0002] Lawn mowers are devices for trimming lawn which are planted on yards of homes, playgrounds, and/or the like. The lawn mowers are categorized into lawn mowers for homes used in homes and lawn mowers for tractors used in wide playgrounds or wide farms.

    [0003] The lawn mowers for homes are divided into a walk behind type, where a user mows lawn while dragging a lawn mower behind, and a hand type where a user directly carries a lawn mower by hand.

    [0004] However, in two types of lawn mowers, there is a difficulty in that a user should directly operate a lawn mower.

    [0005] Particularly, since it is difficult for a user to directly operate a lawn mower to mow lawn on a playground in busy daily life, a laborer for mowing lawn is mainly used, and for this reason, the employment cost is expended.

    [0006] Therefore, a self-driving lawn mower for preventing the additional cost and reducing inconvenience of a user is being developed. Various researches for controlling the moving performance of a lawn mowing robot.

    [0007] In comparison with a working area of a moving robot, a working area of the lawn mowing robot has a different feature. In the working area, the work efficiency of the lawn mowing robot including a driving algorithm of a general moving robot is considerably reduced.

    [0008] In detail, in a case where a lawn mowing robot is driving in a critical region such as an inclined plane, the lawn mowing robot can be slipped down through the inclined plane without driving in a desired direction. When the lawn mowing robot is slipped in the middle of driving, it is difficult to detect a position of the lawn mowing robot or move the robot through a predetermined route.

    [0009] Various kinds of sensors are installed in a lawn moving robot. The sensors are manufactured, and then, a user finally performs a calibration operation on the manufactured sensors, thereby setting a plurality of parameter values associated with the manufactured sensors. The user may additionally perform the calibration to adjust the parameter values.

    [0010] A sensor, which is the same as a sensor installed in a moving robot which operates in indoors, is installed in a related art lawn mowing robot. That is, calibration which is the same as calibration applied to the moving robot which operates in indoors is applied to the sensor installed in the lawn mowing robot.

    [0011] When the related art lawn mowing robot with the sensor installed therein is operating in an operating area, information sensed by the sensor installed in the lawn mowing robot may include a relatively large error.

    [0012] That is, in a case where an indoor moving robot and a lawn mowing robot includes sensors to which the same calibration operation is applied, since an operating area of the lawn mowing robot differs from an indoor environment, the related art lawn mowing robot senses information which is large in error, or performs an operation algorithm based on the information which is large in error, causing a problem where the lawn mowing robot operates differently from an intention of a user.

    [0013] US 2012/083961 A1 relates to a control apparatus for an autonomous operating vehicle, particularly to a control apparatus for a vehicle that autonomously travels to perform work or operation.

    [0014] Therefore, an aspect of the detailed description is to provide a moving robot and a control method thereof, which perform a calibration of a sensor in a critical region, thereby reducing an error of information sensed by the sensor in the middle of operating in an operating area which is the critical region.

    [0015] Particularly, another aspect of the detailed description is to provide a lawn mowing robot and a control method thereof, which perform self-driving in an area where lawn is planted, accurately sense information associated with an external environment or a posture of the robot, and perform a driving algorithm according to the sensed information.

    [0016] Moreover, another aspect of the detailed description is to provide a sensor calibration method for enhancing an accuracy of a sensor installed in a moving robot for driving in a critical region. Particularly, another aspect of the detailed description is to provide a moving robot or a lawn mowing robot, which performs a sensor calibration method for enhancing an accuracy of a sensor installed in the moving robot or the lawn mowing robot which drives in an area where lawn is planted.

    [0017] Moreover, another aspect of the detailed description is to provide a moving robot or a lawn mowing robot, which receives user manipulation for sensor calibration and performs a sensor calibration method according to the received user manipulation.

    [0018] To achieve these and other advantages and in accordance with the purpose of this specification, the present invention is defined by a lawn mowing robot according to claim 1.

    [0019] According to an embodiment of the present invention, before the calibration is performed by the controller, the parameter associated with the sensor may be set to a default value.

    [0020] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the sensor may include at least one of an acceleration sensor, a gyro sensor, and a geomagnetic sensor.

    [0021] According to an embodiment of the present invention, at least a portion of the operating area may include lawn.

    [0022] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the operating area may be divided by a predetermined boundary wire.

    [0023] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the lawn mowing robot may further include a communication unit configured to receive information associated with a boundary from a boundary generation device that generates the information associated with the boundary of the operating area. The controller may control the driving wheel to move the body in the predetermined pattern in the operating area, based on the information associated with the boundary.

    [0024] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the controller may control the driving wheel for rotating the body so that one point of the body orients toward all points.

    [0025] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the driving wheel may include a first wheel and a second wheel respectively provided on a left side and a right side of the body, and the controller may rotate the first and second wheels in opposite directions so that the body rotates in place by 360 degrees or more.

    [0026] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the controller may control the driving wheel so that a rotation of the body stops temporarily, and then, the rotation of the body restarts.

    [0027] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the lawn mowing robot may further include a mowing unit configured to mow the lawn. The controller may operate the mowing unit while the calibration is being performed.

    [0028] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the mowing unit may include a knife blade member configured to mow the lawn and a motor configured to transfer a driving force to the knife blade member. The controller may operate the motor in a predetermined pattern while the calibration is being performed.

    [0029] According to an embodiment of the present invention, after the calibration is performed, the controller may determine whether the sensor is magnetized, and when it is determined that the sensor is magnetized, the controller may again perform the calibration of the sensor.

    [0030] According to an embodiment of the present invention, after an initial calibration is performed by the sensor, the controller may again perform the calibration of the sensor at every predetermined time interval.

    [0031] According to an embodiment of the present invention, in a state where the body stops, the controller may calculate a first parameter associated with the sensor.

    [0032] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the controller may calculate a second parameter associated with the sensor while rotating the body in a first direction.

    [0033] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the controller may calculate a third parameter associated with the sensor while rotating the body in a second direction different from the first direction.

    [0034] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the controller may perform a sensor calibration by using at least one of the first to third parameters.

    [0035] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the sensor may include an acceleration sensor, a geomagnetic sensor, and a gyro sensor. The first parameter may be a parameter associated with the acceleration sensor, the second parameter may be a parameter associated with the geomagnetic sensor, and the third parameter may be a parameter associated with the geomagnetic sensor and the gyro sensor.

    [0036] The moving robot for performing the sensor calibration according to the present invention can more accurately sense information associated with a driving environment even when the moving robot is driving in a critical region.

    [0037] Moreover, the moving robot or the lawn mowing robot according to the present invention may perform a sensor calibration in a critical region, thereby reducing an error which occurs in a sensor installed in the moving robot or the lawn mowing robot.

    [0038] Moreover, the moving robot according to the present invention reduces an error of information sensed in driving in a critical region, and thus, may drive according to an intention of a user. Also, the moving robot according to the present invention can more accurately detect information associated with a current position or route of the body in the critical region.

    [0039] Moreover, the moving robot according to the present invention may perform a calibration on a sensor installed in the moving robot in an environment where the moving robot operates actually, thereby optimizing a parameter value associated with the sensor.

    [0040] Moreover, by using an optimized sensor, the moving robot according to the present invention can enhance driving performance even in a critical region.

    [0041] Moreover, the moving robot according to the present invention may perform a calibration after a sensor is installed in the moving robot, and thus, it is not required to perform a calibration operation in a process of manufacturing the sensor, thereby reducing the manufacturing cost of the sensor.

    [0042] Further scope of applicability of the present application will become more apparent from the detailed description given hereinafter. However, it should be understood that the detailed description and specific examples, while indicating preferred embodiments of the disclosure, are given by way of illustration only, since various changes and modifications within the spirit and scope of the disclosure will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the detailed description.

    [0043] The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the disclosure and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate exemplary embodiments and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the disclosure.

    [0044] In the drawings:

    FIG. 1 is a conceptual diagram illustrating an embodiment of a lawn mowing robot for mowing lawn according to the present invention and an operating area of a corresponding robot;

    FIG. 2 is a block diagram illustrating elements of a lawn mowing robot for mowing lawn according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 3 is a block diagram illustrating detailed elements of a sensing unit of a lawn mowing robot according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 4A is a conceptual diagram illustrating a method of performing, by a lawn mowing robot according to the present invention, sensor calibration in an operating area of a corresponding robot;

    FIGS. 4B and C relate to examples not falling under the scope of the claims and show conceptual diagrams illustrating a method of performing, by a moving robot or a lawn mowing robot, sensor calibration in an operating area of a corresponding robot;

    FIGS. 5A and 5B are flowcharts illustrating a method of performing, by a lawn mowing robot according to the present invention, calibration; and

    FIG. 6 is a graph showing a parameter value corrected by sensor calibration.



    [0045] Hereinafter, an embodiment where a moving robot 100 according to the present invention drives in an operating area 1000 will be described with reference to FIG. 1.

    [0046] For reference, the below-described moving robot 100 may perform self-driving in the operating area 1000 where lawn is planted, and may mow lawn existing in the operating area 1000 in the middle of performing the self-driving. Therefore, the moving robot 100 described herein is a lawn mowing robot.

    [0047] Referring to FIG. 1, the moving robot 100 may autonomously drive in a certain area. Also, the moving robot 100 may perform a specific function in the middle of driving.

    [0048] In more detail, the moving robot 100 may be a lawn mowing robot. In this case, the specific function may be a function of mowing lawn in the operating area 1000.

    [0049] Moreover, the operating area 1000 may be defined by a boundary wire 1200 provided a closed curve. In detail, the boundary wire 1200 may be installed in an arbitrary area, and the moving robot 100 may move in an area defined by the closed curve formed by the boundary wire 1200.

    [0050] The boundary wire 1200 may be installed in the operating area. In more detail, the boundary wire 1200 may be installed on a boundary line between the operating area 1000 of the moving robot 100 and an external area 1100, or may be installed in the operating area 1000 to be spaced apart from by a certain interval.

    [0051] In this case, a value of the certain interval where the boundary wire 1200 is installed may be changed. Therefore, a user may install the boundary wire 1200 along an outer portion of the operating area 1000, and since it is not required to consider an interval at which the boundary wire 1200 is installed from the outer portion or the external area 1100, the boundary wire 1200 can be more easily installed.

    [0052] As illustrated in FIG. 1, a charging device 10 of the moving robot 100 may be installed to be connected to the boundary wire 1200. Although not shown, the charging device 10 may be installed in a partial region of the operating area 1000 including an area where the boundary wire 1200 is installed. Also, although not shown in FIG. 1, the charging device 10 may be installed in a partial region of the operating area 1000 and a partial region of the external area 1100.

    [0053] The operating area 1000 which is an area where the moving robot 100 drives may be provided as a critical region unlike an indoor environment. That is, lawn may be planted in the operating area 1000, and moreover, the operating area 1000 may include various inclined planes, and a floor of the operating area 1000 may be formed of various materials.

    [0054] Although not shown in FIG. 1, the operating area 1000 may be divided or defined by a boundary generation device (not shown). The boundary generation device may be installed at one point of the operating area 1000, may generate information associated with a boundary of the operating area 1000, and may transmit the generated information associated with the operating area 1000 to the moving robot 100.

    [0055] Moreover, the boundary generation device may receive the information associated with the boundary of the operating area 1000 from the moving robot 100 and may change the information associated with the boundary of the operating area 1000, based on the information received from the moving robot 100.

    [0056] For example, the moving robot 100 and the boundary generation device may transmit or receive the information associated with the boundary of the operating area 1000 by using at least one wireless communication of Wi-Fi, Wibro, Bluetooth, Zigbee, and ANT.

    [0057] Hereinafter, an embodiment of the moving robot 100 according to the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. 2.

    [0058] As illustrated in FIG. 2, the moving robot 100 may include at least one of a communication unit 110, an input unit 120, a driver 130, a sensing unit 140, an output unit 150, a mowing unit 160, a memory 170, a controller 180, and a power supply 190. The elements illustrated in FIG. 2 are not essential in implementing the moving robot, and thus, the moving robot described herein may have more or fewer elements than the above-listed elements.

    [0059] In more detail, the communication unit 110 among the elements may include one or more modules which enable wireless communication between the moving robot 100 and a wireless communication system, between the moving robot 100 and another moving robot, between the moving robot 100 and a mobile terminal (not shown), between the moving robot 100 and a communication unit (not shown) of the charging device 10, or between the moving robot 100 and an external server. Also, the communication unit 110 may include one or more modules connecting the moving robot 100 to one or more networks.

    [0060] The communication unit 110 may include at least one of a mobile communication module, a wireless Internet module, a near field communication (NFC) module, and a position information module.

    [0061] The input unit 120 may include a camera or an image input unit for inputting an image signal, a microphone or an audio input unit for inputting an audio signal, and a user input unit (for example, a touch key, a mechanical key, etc.) for receiving information from a user. Voice data or image data collected by the input unit 120 may be analyzed and may be processed as a control command of the user.

    [0062] The sensing unit 140 may include one or more sensors for sensing at least one of internal information of a mobile terminal, ambient environment information surrounding the mobile terminal, and user information. For example, the sensing unit 140 may include at least one of a proximity sensor, an illumination sensor, a touch sensor, an acceleration sensor, a magnetic sensor, a G-sensor, a gyroscope sensor, a motion sensor, an RGB sensor, an infrared sensor, a finger scan sensor, an ultrasonic sensor, an optical sensor (for example, a camera), a microphone, a battery gauge, an environment sensor (for example, a barometer, a hygrometer, a thermometer, a radiation sensor, a heat sensor, a gas sensor, etc.), and a chemical sensor (for example, an electronic nose, a healthcare sensor, a bio recognition sensor, etc.).

    [0063] The sensing unit 140 may include at least two coils which are differently installed, and the two coils may each sense a voltage value in the same area divided with respect to the wire 1200. That is, the two coils may sense a voltage value inside a closed loop by the wire 1200.

    [0064] Moreover, the sensing unit 140 may include a wheel sensor, and the wheel sensor may sense information about at least one operation history of a main driving wheel and an auxiliary driving wheel included in the driver 130.

    [0065] The moving robot disclosed herein may combine and use pieces of information sensed by at least two or more of the sensors.

    [0066] Various sensors included in the sensing unit 140 may perform sensor calibration before the moving robot 100 operates. The calibration denotes setting a parameter associated with an operation of a sensor in order for the sensor to operate in an optimal state. In more detail, the calibration denotes correcting a display value of a sensor in comparison with a standard sensor. A user may periodically perform the calibration, thereby controlling the parameter values.

    [0067] The output unit 150 is for generating an output associated with sight, hearing, tactus and may include at least one of a display unit, a sound output unit, a vibration module, and a light output unit. The display unit may form a mutual layer structure with a touch sensor or may be provided as one body with the touch sensor, thereby implementing a touch screen. The touch screen functions as a user input unit that provides an input interface between the moving robot 100 and a user and may provide an output interface between the moving robot 100 and the user.

    [0068] The mowing unit 160 is for mowing lawn, and a rotatable knife blade may be provided in the mowing unit 160. That is, the mowing unit 160 may include a knife blade member 161 for mowing lawn, a rotation shaft for rotating the knife blade member, and a motor member.

    [0069] Moreover, the memory 170 may store data that supports various functions of the moving robot 100. The memory 170 may store a plurality of application programs or applications executed in the moving robot 100, pieces of data for operating the moving robot 100, and commands. At least some of the application programs may be downloaded from an external server through wireless communication. Also, at least some of the application programs may be provided in the moving robot 100 from a release time, for fundamental functions (for example, a mowing function, a moving function, a charging/discharging function, a communication function, etc.) of the moving robot 100. The application programs may be stored in the memory 170, installed in the moving robot 100, and executed by the controller 180 to perform an operation (or a function) of the moving robot.

    [0070] The controller 180 may control an overall operation of the moving robot 100, in addition to an operation associated with the application programs. The controller 180 may process input or output signals, data, and information by using the elements, thereby providing or processing information or functions appropriate for the user.

    [0071] Moreover, the controller 180 may control at least some of the elements described above with reference to FIG. 2, for executing the application programs stored in the memory 170. Furthermore, the controller 180 may combine and operate at least two or more of the elements included in the moving robot 100, for executing the application programs.

    [0072] The power supply 190 may receive external power and internal power and may supply power to the elements included in the moving robot 100 according to control by the controller 180. The power supply 190 may include a battery, and the battery may be an embedded battery or a replaceable battery.

    [0073] At least some of the elements may operate through cooperation for implementing an operation, control, or a control method of a mobile terminal according to various embodiments described below. Also, the operation, control, or control method of the mobile terminal may be implemented in the mobile terminal through executing of at least one application program stored in the memory 170.

    [0074] Hereinafter, detailed elements of a sensing unit of a moving robot or a lawn mowing robot according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. 3.

    [0075] As illustrated in FIG. 3, the sensing unit 140 may include at least one of a proximity sensor, an illumination sensor, a touch sensor, an acceleration sensor, a magnetic sensor, a G-sensor, a gyroscope sensor, a motion sensor, an RGB sensor, an infrared sensor, a finger scan sensor, an ultrasonic sensor, an optical sensor (for example, a camera), a microphone, a battery gauge, an environment sensor (for example, a barometer, a hygrometer, a thermometer, a radiation sensor, a heat sensor, a gas sensor, etc.), and a chemical sensor (for example, an electronic nose, a healthcare sensor, a bio recognition sensor, etc.).

    [0076] Particularly, the sensing unit 140 may include at least one of a geomagnetic sensor, an inertial measurement unit (IMU), and an attitude heading reference system (AHRS).

    [0077] Before a sensor calibration is performed by the controller 180, a parameter associated with a sensor included in the sensing unit 140 may be set to a default value. That is, before the calibration is performed by the controller 180, sensors included in the sensing unit 140 may be in an initialized state.

    [0078] Hereinafter, a calibration method of various sensors included in the sensing unit 140 will be described. Particularly, in the present specification, a method of performing, by the moving robot 100 which includes at least one of a geomagnetic sensor, a gyroscope sensor, an acceleration sensor, an IMU, and an AHRS or a lawn mowing robot including the sensors, a calibration on the sensors will be described.

    [0079] Hereinafter, a method of performing, by a moving robot or a lawn mowing robot according to an embodiment of the present invention, a sensor calibration in an operating area 1000 of a corresponding robot will be described.

    [0080] Referring to FIG. 4A, the controller 180 may control a driving wheel in order for one point of the body of the moving robot 100 to orient toward all points. That is, the controller 180 may rotate or move the body in order for one point of the body of the moving robot 180 to orient toward a plurality of points, thereby performing the sensor calibration.

    [0081] In an embodiment, the controller 180 may control the driving wheel in order for the body of the moving robot 100 to perform an in-place rotation, and may perform the sensor calibration by using information which is obtained from a sensor while the body is rotating in place by 360 degrees or more.

    [0082] In detail, the moving robot 100 may include a first wheel and a second wheel which are respectively provided on a left side and a right side of the body, and the controller 180 may rotate the first and second wheels in opposite directions, thereby rotating the body of the moving robot 100 in place. That is, the controller 180 may control the first and second wheels to rotate the first and second wheels in opposite directions during a certain time interval, and at this time, may perform the sensor calibration by using information obtained from a sensor.

    [0083] For example, the controller 180 may rotate the first and second wheels in opposite directions so that the body of the moving robot 100 rotates by 360 degrees or more, and thus, one point of the body orients toward all points.

    [0084] The controller 180 is configured to control the driving wheel to rotate the body at a plurality of points in an operating area of a corresponding robot, thereby performing the sensor calibration. The body rotates by 360 degrees or more at one point of an operating area of the moving robot 100, and when the sensor calibration is completed at the one point, the controller 180 is configured to control the driving wheel to move the moving robot 100 to another point of the operating area. When the moving robot 100 moves to the other point, the controller 180 is configured to perform the sensor calibration on the other point by rotating the body by 360 degrees or more at the other point.

    [0085] The controller 180 is configured to determine the plurality of points at which the sensor calibration is to be performed, based on topographic information of the operating area.

    [0086] For example, the controller 180 may detect a region, which is substantially plane, of the operating area by using the topographic information of the operating area. The controller 180 may set at least one point, at which the sensor calibration is to be performed, in the region which is a plane.

    [0087] As another example, the controller 180 may detect a region, where an angle with respect to the horizontal plane is greater than a reference angle value, of the operating area by using the topographic information of the operating area. The controller 180 may set at least one point of the detected region as a point at which the sensor calibration is to be performed.

    [0088] Moreover, the controller 180 may determine at least one point, at which the sensor calibration is to be performed, in the operating area of the moving robot 100, based on an installation position of the charging device 10.

    [0089] For example, the controller 180 may determine a position, at which the charging device 10 is installed, as a point at which the sensor calibration is to be performed. As another example, the controller 180 may determine a plurality of points, which are spaced apart from the charging device 10 by different distances, as a point at which the sensor calibration is to be performed.

    [0090] Referring to FIG. 4B, the controller 180 may control the driving wheel in order for the body to move along a circular driving route while one point of the body of the moving robot 100 orients toward a specific point of the operating area 1000.

    [0091] As illustrated in FIG. 4B, the controller 180 may control the driving wheel to move the body along the circular driving route, thereby performing the sensor calibration. The controller 180 may perform the sensor calibration by using information obtained from a sensor while the body is moving along the circular driving route.

    [0092] That is, the controller 180 may control the driving wheel in order for the body of the moving robot 100 to move along the circular driving route which is formed with a specific point of the operating area 1000 as a center.

    [0093] For example, a portion of the circular driving route may be formed to pass through a portion, where the charging device 10 is installed, in the operating area 1000. As another example, the circular driving route may be formed as a closed curve.

    [0094] Therefore, one point of the body of the moving robot 100 may orient toward a front point while the moving robot 100 is driving along the circular driving route, and thus, the moving robot 100 may obtain information necessary for the sensor calibration.

    [0095] Referring to FIG. 4C, the controller 180 may control the driving wheel in order for the body to move along a spiral driving route, for performing the sensor calibration of the moving robot 100.

    [0096] The controller 180 may control the driving wheel to move the body along the spiral driving route, thereby performing the sensor calibration. The controller 180 may perform the sensor calibration by using information obtained from a sensor while the body is moving along the spiral driving route.

    [0097] As described above, the controller 180 may control the driving wheel to move the body of the moving robot 100 according to a predetermined route or pattern, thereby changing a direction, which one point of the body of the moving robot 100 orients toward, by 360 degrees or more.

    [0098] The controller 180 may control the sensing unit to obtain information for the sensor calibration whenever a direction, which one point of the body orients toward, is changed by a predetermined angle. For example, the predetermined angle may be 0.1 degrees. As another example, one point of the body may be located on a front surface of the moving robot 100.

    [0099] In the present invention, a method of moving the moving robot 100 for performing the sensor calibration is not limited to the embodiment of FIGS. 4A and 4C, and an arbitrary route or pattern for moving the body may be applied in order for a direction, which one point of the body of the moving robot 100 orients toward, is changed over all points.

    [0100] Moreover, the controller 180 may move the body of the moving robot 100 according to a moving route or a moving pattern for the sensor calibration, at a plurality of points in the operating area 1000. That is, when the movement for the sensor calibration is completed at one point of the plurality of points in the operating area 1000, the controller 180 may move to a next point, and then, may control the driving wheel to again perform a movement for the second calibration.

    [0101] Furthermore, the controller 180 may control the driving wheel to move the body according to different moving patterns for each of the plurality of points. The controller 180 may detect information associated with an ambient topography of each of the plurality of points and may move the body according to different moving patterns, based on the ambient topography.

    [0102] The controller 180 may control the driving wheel in order for the body of the moving robot 100 to move according to the moving patterns illustrated in FIGS. 4A to 4C at a time when the moving robot 100 is initially powered on, a time when the moving robot 180 is powered on in a power-off state, a time when a user input for performing the sensor calibration is applied through the input unit 120, or a time when the communication unit 100 receives an external signal for performing the sensor calibration.

    [0103] Furthermore, the controller 180 may perform a calibration on the sensing unit 140 by using obtained information while moving in the operating area 1000 move, based on the moving patterns illustrated in FIGS. 4A to 4C.

    [0104] That is, when the communication unit 110 of the moving robot 100 receives a signal, received from a user terminal (not shown), for performing the sensor calibration, the controller 180 may perform a calibration of a sensor to control the driving wheel to move the body in a predetermined pattern in the operating area of the lawn mowing robot for setting a parameter associated with the sensor.

    [0105] Hereinafter, a method of performing, by a moving robot or a lawn mowing robot according to an embodiment of the present invention, a calibration will be described with reference to FIGS. 5A and 5B.

    [0106] As illustrated in FIG. 5A, in operation S501, the controller 180 may determine whether a calibration of the sensing unit 140 is necessary, and may determine whether to start the sensor calibration, based on a result of the determination.

    [0107] In detail, when it is determined that the moving robot 100 is initially located in the operating area 1000, the controller 180 may control the moving robot 100 in order for the sensor calibration to start.

    [0108] Moreover, the controller 180 may control the moving robot 100 in order for the sensor calibration to start immediately before the moving robot 100 operates after the moving robot 100 is released.

    [0109] Moreover, a user of the moving robot 100 may purchase the moving robot 100, and then, when the moving robot 100 is initially powered on, the controller 180 may control the moving robot 100 in order for the sensor calibration to start.

    [0110] Moreover, when a user input for performing the sensor calibration is received, the controller 180 may control the moving robot 100 in order for the sensor calibration to start.

    [0111] Subsequently, in operation S502, the controller 180 may calculate a first parameter associated with a sensor in a state where the moving robot 100 stops. In detail, the controller 180 may calculate a parameter associated with a bias of an acceleration sensor in a state where the moving robot 100 stops.

    [0112] Moreover, in operation S503, the controller 180 may calculate a second parameter associated with the sensor while moving the moving robot 100 in a predetermined pattern.

    [0113] For example, the controller 180 may calculate a parameter associated with an output level of a geomagnetic sensor while rotating the moving robot 100 counterclockwise. As another example, the controller 180 may calculate a parameter associated with a scale factor of a gyro sensor and a bias and scale factor of a geomagnetic sensor while rotating the moving robot 100clockwise.

    [0114] Furthermore, in operation S504, the controller 180 may drive the mowing unit 160 of the moving robot 100 and may simultaneously move the moving robot 100 according to the predetermined pattern, thereby calculating a third parameter associated with the sensor.

    [0115] That is, the controller 180 may operate the mowing unit 160 while the sensor calibration is being performed.

    [0116] The controller 180 may calculate the third parameter associated with the sensor calibration while rotating the moving robot 180 by 360 degrees or more in place in the middle of driving a motor of the mowing unit 160 in a certain pattern.

    [0117] In operation S505, the controller 180 may perform the sensor calibration by using at least one of the first to third parameters.

    [0118] Even after the calibration is performed, the controller 180 may determine whether the sensor is magnetized at every certain tine interval in operation S506. When it is determined that the sensor is magnetized, the sensor calibration may restart.

    [0119] That is, the controller 180 may determine whether the sensor is magnetized by a magnetic object near the moving robot 100 at every certain time interval. The controller 180 may determine whether to restart the sensor calibration, based on a result of the determination.

    [0120] As illustrated in FIG. 5B, the controller 180 may determine whether the calibration of the sensing unit 140 is necessary, and may determine whether to start the sensor calibration, based on a result of the determination in operation S501.

    [0121] In operation S520, the controller 180 may calculate a parameter associated with an acceleration sensor in a state where the body of the moving robot 100 stops.

    [0122] In detail, the controller 180 may calculate the first parameter in a state where the body stops, and the first parameter may include a parameter associated with a bias of the acceleration sensor.

    [0123] When the calculation of the first parameter is completed, the controller 180 may calculate a parameter associated with a geomagnetic sensor while rotating the body of the moving robot 100 in a first direction in operation S530.

    [0124] In detail, the controller 180 may calculate the second parameter while rotating the body in the first direction (for example, counterclockwise), and the second parameter may include a parameter associated with an output level of the geomagnetic sensor.

    [0125] When the calculation of the second parameter is completed, the controller 180 may calculate a parameter associated with the gyro sensor and the geomagnetic sensor while rotating the body in a second direction (for example, clockwise) different from the first direction in operation S540.

    [0126] In detail, the controller 180 may calculate the third parameter while rotating the body in the second direction (for example, clockwise), and the third parameter may include a parameter associated with a bias of the geomagnetic sensor, a scale factor of the geomagnetic sensor, and a scale factor of the gyro sensor.

    [0127] In FIG. 6, a graph showing a parameter value corrected by the sensor calibration is shown.

    [0128] In the graph of FIG. 6, a before-correction parameter value 601 and an after-correction parameter 602 are shown. The after-correction parameter 602 may correspond to a parameter associated with the scale factor of the geomagnetic sensor. Also, the after-correction parameter 602 may correspond to a parameter associated with the scale factor of the gyro sensor.

    [0129] The moving robot for performing the sensor calibration according to the present invention can more accurately sense information associated with a driving environment even when the moving robot is driving in a critical region.

    [0130] Moreover, the moving robot or the lawn mowing robot according to the present invention may perform a sensor calibration in a critical region, thereby reducing an error which occurs in a sensor installed in the moving robot or the lawn mowing robot.

    [0131] Moreover, the moving robot according to the present invention reduces an error of information sensed in driving in a critical region, and thus, may drive according to an intention of a user. Also, the moving robot according to the present invention can more accurately detect information associated with a current position or route of the body in the critical region.

    [0132] Moreover, the moving robot according to the present invention may perform a calibration on a sensor installed in the moving robot in an environment where the moving robot operates actually, thereby optimizing a parameter value associated with the sensor.

    [0133] Moreover, by using an optimized sensor, the moving robot according to the present invention can enhance driving performance even in a critical region.

    [0134] Moreover, the moving robot according to the present invention may perform a calibration after a sensor is installed in the moving robot, and thus, it is not required to perform a calibration operation in a process of manufacturing the sensor, thereby reducing the manufacturing cost of the sensor.


    Claims

    1. A lawn mowing robot (100) comprising:

    a body;

    a driving wheel configured to move the body;

    a sensor (140) configured to sense information associated with the lawn mowing robot;

    the lawn mowing robot (100) further comprising:

    a controller (180) configured to perform a calibration of the sensor (140) and to set a parameter associated with the sensor (140), wherein the controller (180) is configured to perform the calibration by moving the body of the lawn mowing robot (100) in a predetermined pattern at an operating area (1000),

    characterized in that,

    the controller is configured to:

    control the driving wheel to rotate the body at a plurality of points in the operating area (1000) for performing the calibration;

    control the driving wheel to rotate the body by 360 degrees or more at one point of the operating area;

    when the calibration is complete at the one point, control the driving wheel to move the lawn moving robot (100) to another point of the operating area;

    when the lawn moving robot (100) moves to the other point, perform the calibration on the other point by rotating the body by 360 degrees or more at the other point,

    wherein the controller is further configured to determine the plurality of points at which the calibration is to be performed based on topographic information of the operating area.


     
    2. The lawn mowing robot of claim 1, wherein prior to the controller (180) to perform the calibration of the sensor (140), the parameter associated with the sensor (140) is at a default value.
     
    3. The lawn mowing robot of claim 1, or 2, wherein the sensor (140) is at least one of an acceleration sensor, a gyro sensor, and a geomagnetic sensor.
     
    4. The lawn mowing robot of claim 1, 2, or 3, wherein at least a portion of the operating area (1000) includes a lawn.
     
    5. The lawn mowing robot of any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the operating area (1000) is defined by a predetermined boundary wire.
     
    6. The lawn mowing robot of any one of claims 1 to 5, further comprising:

    a communication device configured to receive, from a boundary generation device, boundary information associated with a boundary of the operating area (1000), the boundary generation device is configured to provide the boundary information associated with the boundary of the operating area (1000),

    wherein the controller (180) to control the driving wheel to move, at the operating area (1000), the body of the lawn mowing robot, in a predetermined pattern, based at least on the received boundary information.


     
    7. The lawn mowing robot of any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein
    the driving wheel includes a first wheel on a first side of the body, and a second wheel on a second side of the body, and
    the controller (180) is configured to rotate the first and second wheels in opposite directions such that the body rotates by at least 360 degrees.
     
    8. The lawn mowing robot of any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the controller (180) is configured to control the driving wheel such that rotation of the body stops temporarily, and then the rotation of the body restarts.
     
    9. The lawn mowing robot of any one of claims 1 to 8, further comprising:

    a mowing device configured to mow a lawn,

    wherein the controller (180) is configured to control the mowing device while the controller (180) is peforming the calibration.


     
    10. The lawn mowing robot of claim 9, wherein the mowing device includes:

    a knife blade member (161) configured to mow the lawn; and

    a motor configured to provide a driving force to the knife blade member (161), and

    wherein the controller (180) is configured to control the motor to have a predetermined pattern while the controller (180) performs the calibration.


     
    11. The lawn mowing robot of any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein after the controller (180) performs the calibration of the sensor (140), the controller (180) is configured to determine whether a sensor bias of the sensor (140) is magnetized, and
    when the controller (180) determines that the sensor bias of the sensor (140) is magnetized, the controller (180) again performs the calibration of the sensor (140).
     
    12. The lawn mowing robot of claim 11, wherein after the controller (180) performs an initial calibration of the sensor (140), the controller (180) again performs the calibration of the sensor (140) at at least one predetermined time interval.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Rasenmähroboter (100) mit:

    einem Körper;

    einem Antriebsrad, das konfiguriert ist, den Körper zu bewegen;

    einem Sensor (140), der konfiguriert ist, Informationen zu erfassen, die mit dem Rasenmähroboter verbunden sind;

    wobei der Rasenmähroboter (100) ferner aufweist:

    eine Steuereinrichtung (180), die konfiguriert ist, eine Kalibrierung des Sensors (140) durchzuführen und einen mit dem Sensor (140) verbundenen Parameter einzustellen,

    wobei die Steuereinrichtung (180) konfiguriert ist, die Kalibrierung durch Bewegen des Körpers des Rasenmähroboters (100) in einem vorgegebenen Muster in einem Betriebsbereich (1000) durchzuführen,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die Steuereinrichtung konfiguriert ist:

    das Antriebsrad zu steuern, den Körper an mehreren Stellen im Betriebsbereich (1000) zum Durchführen der Kalibrierung zu drehen;

    das Antriebsrad zu steuern, den Körper an einer Stelle des Betriebsbereichs um 360 Grad oder mehr zu drehen;

    wenn die Kalibrierung an der einen Stelle beendet ist, das Antriebsrad zu steuern, den Rasenmähroboter (100) zu einer anderen Stelle des Betriebsbereichs zu bewegen;

    wenn sich der Rasenmähroboter (100) zu der anderen Stelle bewegt, die Kalibrierung an der anderen Stelle durch Drehen des Körpers um 360 Grad oder mehr an der anderen Stelle durchzuführen,

    wobei die Steuereinrichtung ferner konfiguriert ist, die mehreren Stellen, an denen die Kalibrierung durchgeführt werden soll, beruhend auf topographischen Informationen des Betriebsbereichs zu bestimmen.


     
    2. Rasenmähroboter nach Anspruch 1, wobei sich der mit dem Sensor (140) verbundene Parameter auf einem Vorgabewert befindet, bevor die Steuereinrichtung (180) die Kalibrierung des Sensors (140) durchführt.
     
    3. Rasenmähroboter nach Anspruch 1, oder 2, wobei der Sensor (140) ein Beschleunigungssensor und/oder ein Kreiselsensor und/oder ein geomagnetischer Sensor ist.
     
    4. Rasenmähroboter nach Anspruch 1, 2, oder 3, wobei mindestens ein Abschnitt des Betriebsbereichs (1000) einen Rasen aufweist.
     
    5. Rasenmähroboter nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei der Betriebsbereich (1000) durch einen vorgegebenen Begrenzungsdraht definiert ist.
     
    6. Rasenmähroboter nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, der ferner aufweist:

    eine Kommunikationsvorrichtung, die konfiguriert ist, von einer Begrenzungserzeugungsvorrichtung Begrenzungsinformationen zu empfangen, die mit einer Begrenzung des Betriebsbereichs (1000) verbunden sind, wobei die Begrenzungserzeugungsvorrichtung konfiguriert ist, die Begrenzungsinformationen bereitzustellen, die mit der Begrenzung des Betriebsbereichs (1000) verbunden sind,

    wobei die Steuereinrichtung (180) das Antriebsrad mindestens beruhend auf den empfangenen Begrenzungsinformationen steuert, um den Körper des Rasenmähroboters im Betriebsbereich (1000) in einem vorgegebenen Muster zu bewegen.


     
    7. Rasenmähroboter nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei
    das Antriebsrad ein erstes Rad auf einer ersten Seite des Körpers und ein zweites Rad auf einer zweiten Seite des Körpers aufweist, und
    die Steuereinrichtung (180) konfiguriert ist, das erste und zweite Rad in entgegengesetzte Richtungen zu drehen, so dass sich der Körper um mindestens 360 Grad dreht.
     
    8. Rasenmähroboter nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei die Steuereinrichtung (180) konfiguriert ist, das Antriebsrad so zu steuern, dass die Drehung des Körpers vorübergehend stoppt, und dann die Drehung des Körpers wieder beginnt.
     
    9. Rasenmähroboter nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, der ferner aufweist:

    eine Mähvorrichtung, die konfiguriert ist, einen Rasen zu mähen,

    wobei die Steuereinrichtung (180) konfiguriert ist, die Mähvorrichtung zu steuern, während die Steuereinrichtung (180) die Kalibrierung durchführt.


     
    10. Rasenmähroboter nach Anspruch 9, wobei die Mähvorrichtung aufweist:

    ein Messerklingenelement (161), das konfiguriert ist, den Rasen zu mähen; und

    einen Motor, der konfiguriert ist, eine Antriebskraft an das Messerklingenelement (161) zu liefern, und

    wobei die Steuereinrichtung (180) konfiguriert ist, den Motor so zu steuern, dass er ein vorgegebenes Muster aufweist, während die Steuereinrichtung (180) die Kalibrierung durchführt.


     
    11. Rasenmähroboter nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10, wobei
    nachdem die Steuereinrichtung (180) die Kalibrierung des Sensors (140) durchführt, die Steuereinrichtung (180) konfiguriert ist festzustellen, ob eine Sensorvormagnetisierung des Sensors (140) magnetisiert ist, und
    wenn die Steuereinrichtung (180) feststellt, dass die Sensorvormagnetisierung des Sensors (140) magnetisiert ist, die Steuereinrichtung (180) die Kalibrierung des Sensors (140) erneut durchführt.
     
    12. Rasenmähroboter nach Anspruch 11, wobei nachdem die Steuereinrichtung (180) eine Anfangskalibrierung des Sensors (140) durchführt, die Steuereinrichtung (180) die Kalibrierung des Sensors (140) zu mindestens einem vorgegebenen Zeitintervall erneut durchführt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Tondeuse robot (100), comprenant :

    un carter ;

    une roue motrice prévue pour mouvoir le carter ;

    un capteur (140) prévu pour détecter des informations associées à la tondeuse robot ;

    ladite tondeuse robot (100) comprenant en outre :

    un contrôleur (180) prévu pour effectuer un étalonnage du capteur (140) et régler un paramètre associé au capteur (140), ledit contrôleur (180) étant prévu pour effectuer l'étalonnage en déplaçant le carter de tondeuse robot (100) suivant un motif défini dans une zone de fonctionnement (1000),

    caractérisée en ce que

    le contrôleur est prévu pour :

    commander la rotation du carter au moyen de la roue motrice sur une pluralité de points dans la zone de fonctionnement (1000) afin d'effectuer l'étalonnage ;

    commander la rotation du carter sur 360° ou plus au moyen de la roue motrice, sur un point de la zone de fonctionnement ;

    si l'étalonnage est achevé sur le premier point, commander le déplacement de la tondeuse robot (100) au moyen de la roue motrice, vers un autre point de la zone de fonctionnement ;

    si la tondeuse robot (100) se déplace vers l'autre point, effectuer l'étalonnage sur l'autre point par rotation du carter sur 360° ou plus sur l'autre point,

    le contrôleur étant en outre prévu pour déterminer la pluralité de points où l'étalonnage doit être effectué sur la base d'informations topographiques de la zone de fonctionnement.


     
    2. Tondeuse robot selon la revendication 1, où, antérieurement à l'étalonnage du capteur (140) par le contrôleur (180), le paramètre associé au capteur (140) est une valeur par défaut.
     
    3. Tondeuse robot selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, où le capteur (140) est au moins l'un des capteurs suivants : capteur d'accélération, capteur gyroscopique, capteur géomagnétique.
     
    4. Tondeuse robot selon la revendication 1, la revendication 2 ou la revendication 3, où au moins une partie de la zone de fonctionnement (1000) comprend une pelouse.
     
    5. Tondeuse robot selon l'une des revendications 1 à 4, où la zone de fonctionnement (1000) est définie par un câble périphérique prédéterminé.
     
    6. Tondeuse robot selon l'une des revendications 1 à 5, comprenant en outre :

    un dispositif de communication prévu pour recevoir d'un dispositif de génération de limite des informations de limite associées à une périphérie de la zone de fonctionnement (1000), ledit dispositif de génération de limite étant prévu pour fournir les informations de limite associées à la périphérie de la zone de fonctionnement (1000),

    le contrôleur (180) commandant le déplacement du carter de tondeuse robot au moyen de la roue motrice dans la zone de fonctionnement (1000), suivant un motif défini, sur la base d'au moins les informations de limite reçues.


     
    7. Tondeuse robot selon l'une des revendications 1 à 6, où
    la roue motrice comprend une première roue sur un premier côté du carter, et une deuxième roue sur un deuxième côté du carter, et où
    le contrôleur (180) est prévu pour braquer la première et la deuxième roues dans des directions opposées de sorte que le carter tourne sur au moins 360°.
     
    8. Tondeuse robot selon l'une des revendications 1 à 6, où le contrôleur (180) est prévu pour commander la roue motrice de sorte que la rotation du carter soit temporairement arrêtée, puis que la rotation du carter reprenne.
     
    9. Tondeuse robot selon l'une des revendications 1 à 8, comprenant en outre :

    un dispositif de tonte prévu pour tondre une pelouse,

    le contrôleur (180) étant prévu pour commander le dispositif de tonte pendant que le contrôleur (180) effectue l'étalonnage.


     
    10. Tondeuse robot selon la revendication 9, où le dispositif de tonte comprend :

    un élément de lame de coupe (161) prévu pour tondre la pelouse ; et

    un moteur prévu pour transmettre une force d'entraînement à l'élément de lame de coupe (161), et

    où le contrôleur (180) est prévu pour commander un motif défini pour le moteur pendant que le contrôleur (180) effectue l'étalonnage.


     
    11. Tondeuse robot selon l'une des revendications 1 à 10, où
    une fois l'étalonnage du capteur (140) effectué par le contrôleur (180), le contrôleur (180) est prévu pour déterminer si une polarisation du capteur (140) est magnétisée, et si le contrôleur (180) détermine que la polarisation du capteur (140) est magnétisée, le contrôleur (180) réeffectue l'étalonnage du capteur (140).
     
    12. Tondeuse robot selon la revendication 11,
    où, une fois l'étalonnage initial du capteur (140) effectué par le contrôleur (180), le contrôleur (180) réeffectue l'étalonnage du capteur (140) après au moins un intervalle temporel défini.
     




    Drawing


























    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description