(19)
(11)EP 3 239 312 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
01.11.2017 Bulletin 2017/44

(21)Application number: 16776139.4

(22)Date of filing:  08.04.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C22C 21/10  (2006.01)
C23F 3/03  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2016/078814
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/161964 (13.10.2016 Gazette  2016/41)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD

(30)Priority: 09.04.2015 CN 201510166276

(71)Applicant: Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp., Ltd.
Dongguan, Guangdong 523859 (CN)

(72)Inventor:
  • ZENG, Yuanqing
    Dongguan Guangdong 523860 (CN)

(74)Representative: Petraz, Gilberto Luigi et al
GLP S.r.l.
Viale Europa Unita, 171 33100 Udine
Viale Europa Unita, 171 33100 Udine (IT)

  


(54)ALUMINUM ALLOY AND ANODE OXIDATION METHOD THEREOF


(57) An aluminum alloy and anode oxidation method thereof. The aluminum alloy is formed of the following components, in percent by mass: 5.0%-5.4% of Zn, 0.9%-1.2% of Mg, < 0.05% of Cu, < 0.05% of Si, < 0.1 % of Fe, < 0.05% of Mn, < 0.1 % of Zr, < 0.05% of Ti, < 0.15% of other impurities, with the balance being Al. The anode oxidation method comprises the following sequentially performed steps: degreasing, first de-smutting, chemical polishing, second de-smutting, anode oxidation, sealing, and drying. In the aluminum alloy, influence of formation of relative flow mark of chemical combination is eliminated, and the strength thereof is enhanced.




Description

FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE



[0001] The present disclosure relates to an aluminum alloy, and more particularly to an aluminum alloy and a method of anodizing same.

BACKGROUND OF THE DISCLOSURE



[0002] In conventional anodizing technology, series 5 and series 6 aluminum alloys are usually anodized for protecting a surface of aluminum material thereof. However, due to compositions of the series 5 and series 6 aluminum alloys, the series 5 and series 6 aluminum alloys have a relatively low material strength and there are many restrictions on structural designs thereof. The high strength aluminum alloy of series 7 has a high strength. However, in conventional technology, other surface treatments, such as an electrophoresis, etc. are generally used on the series 7 high strength aluminum alloy. If the anodization is performed on the series 7 high strength aluminum alloy, a material texture is easily formed on a surface of the series 7 high strength aluminum alloy whereby a surficial brightness capability thereof is not good enough.

SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE



[0003] An object of an embodiment of the present disclosure is to overcome the above-mentioned drawbacks of conventional technologies and to provide an aluminum alloy which can have a high strength and a relatively good brightness simultaneously.

[0004] Another object of an embodiment of the present disclosure is to overcome the above-mentioned drawbacks of the conventional technologies and to provide an anodizing method of an aluminum alloy which can obtain the aluminum alloy with a high strength and a relatively good brightness simultaneously.

[0005] To achieve the above object of the embodiment of the present disclosure, a technical solution of the present disclosure is as follows:

[0006] An aluminum alloy comprises compositions with mass percentage content consisting of: 5.0%-5.4% Zn; 0.9%-1.2% Mg; Cu < 0.05%; Si < 0.05%; Fe < 0.1%; Mn < 0.05%; Zr < 0.1%; Ti < 0.05%; other impurities < 0.15%; and the remaining composition being Al.

[0007] An anodizing method of an aluminum alloy comprises steps of: a degreasing treatment, a first black-film stripping treatment, a chemical polishing treatment, a second black-film stripping treatment, an anodizing treatment, a hole filling treatment and a drying treatment which are performed in turn.

[0008] An aluminum alloy provided by an embodiment of the present disclosure has a higher strength while eliminating an influence of compound phases formed on a material texture thereof
An anodizing method of an aluminum alloy provided by an embodiment of the present disclosure enables the aluminum alloy not to exhibit a material texture on a surface thereof, to have a good surface brightness and to have a relatively high strength.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0009] 

Fig. 1 is a surface-viewing schematic diagram of a AlZnMgCu strengthening phase;

Fig. 2 is a surface effect diagram of an anodized aluminum alloy of Embodiment 1 of the present disclosure;

Fig. 3 is a surface effect diagram of an anodized aluminum alloy of Embodiment 2 of the present disclosure; and

Fig. 4 is a surface effect diagram of an anodized aluminum alloy of Embodiment 3 of the present disclosure.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



[0010] The present disclosure will now be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present disclosure more clearly understood. It is to be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present disclosure and are not intended to limit the present disclosure.

[0011] The present disclosure provides an aluminum alloy comprising compositions with mass percentage content consisting of: 5.0%-5.4% Zn; 0.9%-1.2% Mg; Cu < 0.05%; Si < 0.05%; Fe < 0.1 %; Mn < 0.05%; Zr < 0.1 %; Ti < 0.05%; other impurities < 0.15%; and remaining composition being Al.

[0012] Preferably, the aluminum alloy comprising compositions with mass percentage content consisting of: 5.15%-5.197% Zn; 0.900%-0.980% Mg; Cu < 0.0015%; Si < 0.0464%; Fe < 0.0990%; Mn < 0.0019%; Zr < 0.1%; Ti < 0.028%; other impurities < 0.15%; and the remaining composition being Al.

[0013] The aluminum alloy of the present disclosure is an aluminum alloy material which is mainly AlZnMg. Strengthening phases in the aluminum alloy are mainly an Zn2Mg phase and an AlZnMgCu phase and two of which form different strengthening regions. However, the strengthening region formed by the AlZnMgCu phase in the alloy expresses a serious material texture in an anodizing process, or becomes an aluminum squeeze pattern, as shown in Fig. 1. Therefore, the AlZnMgCu content should be controlled as restrictedly as possible to achieve an effect with a relatively good brightness. Further, the copper content is lower, and a firework appearance of the aluminum alloy is better. If the copper content is high, the material texture will appear after anodizing. Therefore, the present disclosure controls the copper content to be < 0.05%. In addition, a metal compound formed by Si, Fe and Mn together with Al makes a gray oxide film. Therefore, the present disclosure controls the Si content to be < 0.05%, the Fe content to be < 0.1 % and the Mn content to be < 0.05%. Based on the above description, the Zn2Mg strengthening phase should be formed in the aluminum alloy of the present disclosure as much as possible. The choices of Zn and Mg content can be chosen by an atomic ratio of Zn2Mg, and a mass ratio of Zn and Mg can be determined by a formula 65x2/24=5.4. Therefore, the mass ratio of Zn and Mg can be controlled between 5 and 6. Preferably, the mass ratio of Zn and Mg is 5.4. Through the design of the above compositions, the aluminum alloy of the present disclosure has a higher strength while eliminating an influence of the other compound phase on the material texture.

[0014] The present disclosure further provides an anodizing method of an aluminum alloy comprises steps of: a degreasing treatment, a first black-film stripping treatment, a chemical polishing treatment, a second black-film stripping treatment, an anodizing treatment, a hole filling treatment and a drying treatment which are performed in turn.

[0015] The method may further comprises a step of a sandblasting treatment prior to the step of the degreasing treatment. In the step of the sandblasting treatment, 150 # zirconium sand with a density of 2.5 kg/cm2 can be selected. To compare the aluminum alloy processed by an anodization after the sandblasting treatment with an aluminum alloy directly processed by an anodization without a sandblasting treatment, a surface of the sandblasted aluminum alloy has a matte color, but a surface of the aluminum alloy without the sandblasting treatment has a glare. Therefore, the sandblasting treatment can be chosen or not according to the specific requirements of the appearance.

[0016] In the step of the degreasing treatment, the degreasing treatment is performed using trisodium phosphate in an alkaline condition. The degreasing treatment is performed at a temperature ranging from 50 to 60°C and a time ranging from 2 to 4 minutes. Preferably, the degreasing treatment is performed at a temperature of 55°C and a time of 3 minutes.

[0017] In the step of the first black-film stripping treatment and the step of the second black-film stripping treatment, the black film is stripped using nitric acid. These black-film stripping treatments are performed at a room temperature and a time ranging from 30 to 90s. Preferably, the time is 1 minute.

[0018] In the step of the chemical polishing treatment, a pure phosphoric acid is used as a polishing agent, which has a specific gravity from 1.69-1.71g/mL. The chemical polishing treatment is performed at a temperature ranging from 100 to 110°C, preferably 100°C, and a time ranging from 7 to 15s. The chemical polishing can improve the brightness of the surface of the aluminum alloy. The longer the chemical polishing time, the more chemical corrosion and the better the brightness. However, since the material texture is first formed in the interior of the aluminum alloy material, therefore the chemical corrosion increases with the increase of the chemical polishing time, and an internal material texture is presented with the corrosion loss of the material on the surface of the aluminum alloy. Therefore, it is necessary to select an appropriate chemical polishing time according to the brightness before the chemical polishing and the depth of the material texture. When the brightness of the surface of the aluminum alloy before the chemical polishing is relatively high, the chemical polishing is performed at a relatively short time. The shortest time of the chemical polishing is 7 seconds, which is determined by the inventor of the present disclosure via repeated experiments, so as to meet the requirements of high surface brightness and no material texture. When the brightness of the surface of the aluminum alloy before the chemical polishing is relatively low, the chemical polishing time can be extended. The longest time of the chemical polishing is 15 seconds, which is determined by the inventor of the present disclosure via repeated experiments. If the time is more than 15 seconds, the surface of the aluminum appears a material texture in line shape. Through the step of the chemical polishing, the gloss of the surface of the aluminum alloy ranges from 45 to 50.

[0019] In the step of the anodizing treatment, an oxidant being sulfuric acid is used at a concentration ranging from 200 to 220 g/L. The anodizing treatment is performed at a temperature ranging from 18 to 20°C, a voltage ranging from 8 to 10V and a time ranging from 40 to 50min. The larger the anodic oxidation voltage, the larger the membrane pore and the greater the direction of its crystal orientation, resulting in the more serious material texture. Therefore, the voltage of the anodization controlled from 8 to 10V can meet the effect of anodization and avoid the effect of material texture, simultaneously. A thickness of an anodized film has a certain effect on the appearance of the aluminum alloy. The thicker the oxide film, the greater the electrochemical effect of the anodization. The greater the corrosion of a layer inside the material, the more serious the material defects, such as the material texture and so on. Therefore, need to control the anodic oxidation of the film thickness. It is necessary to control the thickness of the anodized film. The inventor of the present disclosure, via repeated experiments, determines that the effect is the best when the thickness of the anodized film ranges from 8 to 10um.

[0020] The longer the anodization, the greater the thickness of the film. In order to control the thickness of the anodized film to meet the above definition, the time for controlling the anodic oxidation treatment is set from 40 to 50 minutes. The technical solution of the present disclosure will be further described below with reference to specific examples.

Embodiment 1



[0021] An aluminum alloy of Embodiment 1 comprises: compositions with mass percentage content consisting of: Zn: 5.0%; Mg: 0.9%; Cu: 0.0018%; Si: 0.021; Fe: 0.0649; Mn: 0.008%; Zr: 0.0034%; Ti: 0.02%; other impurities: 0.09%; and the remaining being Al.

[0022] An anodizing method of the aluminum alloy comprises steps of: a degreasing treatment, a first black-film stripping treatment, a chemical polishing treatment, a second black-film stripping treatment, an anodizing treatment, a hole filling treatment and a drying treatment which are performed in turn.

[0023] Wherein the degreasing treatment is performed using trisodium phosphate in an alkaline condition for degreasing. The degreasing treatment is performed at a temperature of 55°C and a time of 3min. In the step of the first black-film stripping treatment, the black film is stripped using nitric acid. The black-film stripping treatment is performed at a room temperature and a time is 1min. A pure phosphoric acid of the chemical polishing treatment is used as a polishing agent, which has a specific gravity from 1.69-1.71g/mL. The chemical polishing treatment is performed at a temperature of 100°C and a time of 15s. A surface of the chemical-polished aluminum alloy has a gloss of 45. In the step of the second black-film stripping treatment, the black film is stripped using nitric acid. The black-film stripping treatment is performed at a room temperature and a time is 1 min. In the step of the anodizing treatment, an oxidant is sulfuric acid at a concentration of 220 g/L. The anodizing treatment is performed at a temperature of 18°C, a voltage of 8V and a time of 50min. A thickness of the anodizing-treated film is 10um.

[0024] The anodized aluminum alloy has mechanical property results as follows: the aluminum alloy can have a hardness achieving 120HV, and a tensile strength of 350Mpa by using a national standard test of the material. A surface effect of the anodized aluminum alloy is shown in Fig. 2. It can be seen from Fig. 2 that the anodized aluminum alloy has a good surface brightness and no material texture.

Embodiment 2



[0025] An aluminum alloy of Embodiment 2 comprises: compositions with mass percentage content consisting of: Zn: 5.2%; Mg: 1.0%; Cu: 0.002%; Si: 0.031%; Fe: 0.0035%; Mn: 0.012%; Zr: 0.0051%; Ti: 0.024%; other impurities: 0.07%; and the remaining being Al.

[0026] An anodizing method of the aluminum alloy comprises steps of: a degreasing treatment, a first black-film stripping treatment, a chemical polishing treatment, a second black-film stripping treatment, an anodizing treatment, a hole filling treatment and a drying treatment which are performed in turn.

[0027] Wherein the degreasing treatment is performed using trisodium phosphate in an alkaline condition for degreasing. The degreasing treatment is performed at a temperature of 50°C and a time of 4min. In the step of the first black-film stripping treatment, the black film is stripped using nitric acid. The black-film stripping treatment is performed at a room temperature and a time is 30s. A pure phosphoric acid of the chemical polishing treatment is used as a polishing agent, which has a specific gravity from 1.69-1.71g/mL. The chemical polishing treatment is performed at a temperature of 105°C and a time of 11 s. A surface of the chemical-polished aluminum alloy has a gloss of 50. In the step of the second black-film stripping treatment, the black film is stripped using nitric acid. The black-film stripping treatment is performed at a room temperature and a time is 30s. In the step of the anodizing treatment, an oxidant is sulfuric acid at a concentration of 200 g/L. The anodizing treatment is performed at a temperature of 19°C, a voltage of 9V and a time of 45 minutes. A thickness of the anodizing-treated film is 9.8um.

[0028] The anodized aluminum alloy has mechanical property results as follows: the aluminum alloy can have a hardness achieving 116HV, and a tensile strength of 340Mpa by using a national standard test of the material. A surface effect of the anodized aluminum alloy is shown in Fig. 3. It can be seen from Fig. 3 that the anodized aluminum alloy has a good surface brightness and no material texture.

Embodiment 3



[0029] An aluminum alloy of Embodiment 3 comprises: compositions with mass percentage content consisting of: Zn: 5.4%; Mg: 1.2%; Cu: 0.0015%; Si: 0.0318%; Fe: 0.049%; Mn: 0.008%; Zr: 0.0034%; Ti: 0.02%; other impurities: 0.09%; and the remaining being Al.

[0030] An anodizing method of the aluminum alloy comprises steps of: a degreasing treatment, a first black-film stripping treatment, a chemical polishing treatment, a second black-film stripping treatment, an anodizing treatment, a hole filling treatment and a drying treatment which are performed in turn.

[0031] The degreasing treatment is performed using trisodium phosphate in an alkaline condition for degreasing. The degreasing treatment is performed at a temperature of 60°C and a time of 2min. In the step of the first black-film stripping treatment, the black film is stripped using nitric acid. The black-film stripping treatment is performed at a room temperature and a time is 90s. A pure phosphoric acid of the chemical polishing treatment is used as a polishing agent, which has a specific gravity from 1.69-1.71g/mL. The chemical polishing treatment is performed at a temperature of 115°C and a time of 8s. A surface of the chemical-polished aluminum alloy has a gloss of 45. In the step of the second black-film stripping treatment, the black film is stripped using nitric acid. The black-film stripping treatment is performed at a room temperature and a time is 90s. In the step of the anodizing treatment, an oxidant is sulfuric acid at a concentration of 220 g/L. The anodizing treatment is performed at a temperature of 20 °C, a voltage of 10V and a time of 40min. A thickness of the anodizing-treated film is 8um.

[0032] The anodized aluminum alloy has mechanical property results as follows: the aluminum alloy can have a hardness achieving 110HV, and a tensile strength of 334Mpa by using a national standard test of the material. A surface effect of the anodized aluminum alloy is shown in Fig. 4. It can be seen from Fig. 4 that the anodized aluminum alloy has a good surface brightness and no material texture.

[0033] The description above is intended only as a preferred embodiment of the present disclosure and is not intended to be limiting of the present disclosure. Any modifications, equivalent substitutions and improvements within the spirit and principles of the present disclosure are intended to be included within the scope of the present disclosure.


Claims

1. An aluminum alloy, characterized in that the aluminum alloy comprising compositions with mass percentage content consisting of: 5.0%-5.4% Zn; 0.9%-1.2% Mg; Cu < 0.05%; Si < 0.05%; Fe < 0.1 %; Mn < 0.05%; Zr < 0.1 %; Ti < 0.05%; other impurities < 0.15%; and a remaining composition being Al.
 
2. The aluminum alloy according to Claim 1, characterized in that the compositions with mass percentage content are consisting of: 5.15%-5.197% Zn; 0.900%-0.980% Mg; Cu < 0.0015%; Si < 0.0464%; Fe < 0.0990%; Mn < 0.0019%; Zr < 0.1%; Ti < 0.028%; the other impurities<0.15%; and the remaining composition being Al.
 
3. An anodizing method of an aluminum alloy according to Claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the anodizing method comprises steps of: a degreasing treatment, a first black-film stripping treatment, a chemical polishing treatment, a second black-film stripping treatment, an anodizing treatment, a hole filling treatment and a drying treatment which are performed in turn.
 
4. The anodizing method of the aluminum alloy according to Claim 3, wherein the anodizing treatment is performed at a temperature ranging from 18°C to 20°C, a voltage ranging from 8V to 10V and a time ranging from 40 mins to 50 mins, and a film thickness after the anodizing treatment ranges from 8 to 10 um.
 
5. The anodizing method of the aluminum alloy according to Claim 3, characterized in that the chemical polishing treatment is performed at a temperature ranging from 100°C to 110°C and a time ranging from 7 seconds to 15 seconds.
 
6. The anodizing method of the aluminum alloy according to Claim 3, characterized in that the degreasing treatment is performed at a temperature ranging from 50°C to 60°C and a time ranging from 2 mins to 4 mins.
 
7. The anodizing method of the aluminum alloy according to Claim 3, characterized in that the first black-film stripping treatment is performed at a room temperature and a time ranging from 30 seconds to 90 seconds, and the second black-film stripping treatment is performed at a room temperature and a time ranging from 30 seconds to 90 seconds.
 
8. The anodizing method of the aluminum alloy according to any one of Claims 3 to 7, characterized in that the anodizing method further comprises: a sandblasting treatment prior to the degreasing treatment.
 




Drawing