(19)
(11)EP 3 241 778 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/31

(21)Application number: 14909280.1

(22)Date of filing:  29.12.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B65D 5/44(2006.01)
B65D 47/00(2006.01)
B65D 25/08(2006.01)
B65D 51/28(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CL2014/000090
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/106457 (07.07.2016 Gazette  2016/27)

(54)

CLOSING ASSEMBLY FOR A CONTAINER, SUCH AS A BOTTLE, REMOVABLE CARTRIDGE AND METHOD OF PRODUCTION

VERSCHLUSSANORDNUNG FÜR EINEN BEHÄLTER IN FLASCHENFORM UND DERGL., ABNEHMBARE PATRONE UND HERSTELLVERFAHREN

ENSEMBLE DE FERMETURE POUR RÉCIPIENTS DE TYPE BOUTEILLE ET/OU AUTRE, CARTOUCHE AMOVIBLE ET PROCÉDÉ DE FABRICATION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
08.11.2017 Bulletin 2017/45

(73)Proprietor: Canziani Hoffa, Mauro Andres
Dpto. 403 Vitacura Santiago (CL)

(72)Inventor:
  • Canziani Hoffa, Mauro Andres
    Dpto. 403 Vitacura Santiago (CL)

(74)Representative: Sugrañes Patentes y Marcas 
Calle Provenza 304
08008 Barcelona
08008 Barcelona (ES)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A2-2010/025392
US-A- 4 808 006
US-B1- 6 305 576
ES-T3- 2 398 509
US-A1- 2010 163 509
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention refers to a closing device for containers of bottle and/or jar type, which in turn is a dispenser of active formulas housed in an interchangeable hermetic cartridge secured therein, provided of specially designed means that enable them to be emptied into the liquid or contents of the bottle when it is required to perform the mixture. The invention also refers to the method of manufacturing the closing means.

    [0002] This closing device comprises an exchangeable tubular cartridge hermetically designed to contain inside active formulas, and that also contains inside a displaceable central push-cut carriage that is mechanically driven by an external actuator to cut the seals on said tubular cartridge and push the active formulas into a bottle or jar that contains liquid within, thus allowing to mix the formula with the content of bottle as required.

    [0003] This type of dispenser closing devices is beginning to be used in the food field to incorporate elements such as vitamins or minerals, a process called fortification, where it is required to store the components separately from the container contents in order to protect the active principles hermetically from moisture, oxygen and light, thus extending their life and improving their effectiveness.

    [0004] In addition, the fact of being able to exchange the cartridge extends the device life because it allows to add new cartridges with the active principle a great number of times, preserving and reusing the central body of the device.

    [0005] Similarly, these closing devices that allow the addition of substances are used in the medical and/or pharmacological fields, enabling to mix extemporaneously active formulas, such as probiotics, thus avoiding the rapid degradation of the final compound; in both cases, a particular additive that is hermetically contained and protected is required to be released briefly before using and/or consuming the container contents, allowing to mix and subsequently release the product already mixed.

    [0006] On the other hand, the separation of the central body from the interchangeable hermetic cartridge allows reusing the base body a number of times; the cartridge can be marketed separately, thus making its transport and distribution easier and saving space in its distribution and logistics.

    [0007] Moreover, the fact that the cartridges can be exchanged makes it easier to control the quality of the extemporaneous mixture of the products (the active principles of this type are generally highly reactive and degradable); this means that if any batch of the active principle has a problem, the cartridges of the device can quickly be withdrawn without having to destroy the device in order to gain access to them.

    [0008] Besides, another particularity that is important to mention is that, unlike the solutions existing today in the dispenser devices, the fact of having an interchangeable cartridge implies that it is possible to dispense a great number of different volumes using the same Central Body of the device, since the interchangeable cartridge may have different dimensions and, therefore, may contain different volumes of the formulation to be dispensed, imparting to it a flexibility unknown until now.

    Description of the State of the Art



    [0009] At present it is possible to find different alternatives of devices that allow releasing solid or liquid additives into the container to which they are attached.

    [0010] Closing devices are known in the prior art that are provided of a cavity for storing an additive, which is released into the container when one part of the device is vertically pressed, allowing thereby to pierce and/or press a seal that closes said cavity.

    [0011] In applications numbers US2007/0023381 and WO2008/061766, there are disclosed devices that exhibit inside a non exchangeable closed volume or compartment, with an upper wall formed by a flexible membrane, and a base formed by a collapsible layer that breaks up when pressure is applied on the membrane; this allows to release the additive into the container. In these cases, the additive is limited to certain forms in liquid or solid state that may directly allow transmitting the mechanic pressure applied by the user in order to break the seal.

    [0012] One of the limitations that may be observed in the above mentioned references is that once the additive has been released inside the container, it is necessary to remove the entire closing piece to consume or use said contents.

    [0013] Another unsolved point is the process for breaking the lower seal, which being done under pressure, does not allow to control the cutting process; on this account it has become evident that parts of the sealing membrane may be free inside the liquid in the bottle.

    [0014] One of the qualities of the present invention is that withdrawal of the closing piece is not required to use the product in the container or consume the already mixed liquid.

    [0015] On the other hand, thanks to the configuration of a central interior push-cut carriage, the additive is not limited to a solid or liquid form that applies pressure and breaks the seal, but it allows to release substances regardless of the fact that they are in powder, liquid or solid forms with total control of the cutting process, avoiding the fall of seal fragments inside the bottle.

    [0016] In the case of application WO 02/074647, a closing device of the "push and pull" type is disclosed, with a sliding part surrounded by an annular element, which in its lowered position allows to pierce and press a membrane that corresponds to a seal commonly applied by induction on bottles or containers, to release subsequently outwards the liquid contained in the container or bottle.

    [0017] In the above-described case, the main difference with the closing piece of this application is that the device of the prior art is designed to be placed on a bottle that is already provided of a closure on its upper part, a seal placed by induction, and it does not allow nor is designed to dispense formulas or active components into the bottle as in the case of the invention disclosed in this application. In the latter, a closing system is provided that enables to keep the additive hermetically isolated without requiring to seal the bottle.

    [0018] The present application is derived from international patent application PCT/CL2009/000024 (see/compare also US 2010/163509 A1). This previously mentioned application discloses a hermetic closing system of an additive dispenser for containers and jars. The differences of the present application with this document of the state of the art lie in the capacity of the device to interchange at will the space where the active principle of the extemporaneous mixture is placed, maintaining the system hermetic.

    [0019] In the above described case and in the present invention, the technical problems solved are different in that document PCT/CL2009/000024 seeks to maintain an active principle hermetically, extemporaneously mixing it into a solution without requiring to remove the device in order to consume the mixture only once (for the active principle consumption), while the present invention seeks to reuse the central body of the device a great number of times and to recreate in this way a hermetic dispenser device via the placement of a disposable hermetic cartridge. In this way it is possible to mix repeatedly and extemporaneously the same or different types of active principles into a solution and be able to consume the different mixtures as many times as the consumer desires. All this is performed merely by changing the hermetic exchangeable cartridge.

    [0020] On the other hand, the quality control of the active principle in the cartridges for extemporaneous mixture in the finished product (before using) is safer due to the cartridge replacement capability in the event that the active principle has any failure, a thing that is not possible in the system presented in document PCT/CL2009/000024, where the space for storing the active principle is integral to the system and not removable.

    [0021] Another objective of the present invention is to be able to change the internal capacity of the cartridge and consequently the final dose to be applied, using the same central body of the device (because it is possible to manufacture big or small cartridges depending on the amount of active principle desired to apply)

    [0022] Commercially and operatively, the products may be exhibited and offered, separately: on the one hand the central body of the device with the bottles and/or jars and the cartridges on the other. This separation makes possible to perform the filling of the extemporaneous active principle within time limits closer to their consumption, unlike the device body that may be kept in storage, as it does not experience degradation.

    [0023] The use by the final consumer of this new type of dispenser system with an interchangeable cartridge is dual, because on the one hand it may be used as a sport cap of the Sport Cap type in order to enable consumption of the mixed drink without taking off the cap and on the other hand the cap is transformed into a dispenser device of formulas that are hermetically isolated by adding the cartridge to the central body.

    [0024] In this way, the present invention intends to provide a solution to the technical problems associated with reusing the central body of a hermetic dispenser cap, with dispensing different types of formula volumes with the same reusable Central Body provided of a dispensing cap, with reducing the use of plastics in a formula dispenser system, as well as with minimizing transport and storage space in closed dispenser systems.

    [0025] These previously mentioned technical problems have not been solved in the state of the art related to this type of devices.

    Description of the Invention and the Drawings



    [0026] The object of the present invention is to propose a closing device for containers of bottle and/or jar type, that at the same time is a dispenser of active formulas housed in a interchangeable hermetic cartridge attached inside, wherein said device presents a configuration that enables adding or releasing by mechanical means an additive or active principle into the container to which it is affixed, wherein this substance may be in solid state (in the form of a tablet or powder, granule or other form) or fluid (liquid, gel or the like).

    [0027] In this case, the additive is maintained hermetically isolated from the exterior, both during its storage and when it is released.

    [0028] The present device has a structure formed by five parts: a cover, an actuator, the base body of the system, a removable cartridge and a mobile push-pull carriage. These parts are interlocked, forming a single unit that is the closing device.

    [0029] The description of the figures of this presentation, allows to get a better understanding of the device sought to be protected and the component parts thereof:

    Figure 1/9, shows cover (1), that corresponds to a hood, which comprises a preferably circular, elongated body closed at the top and open at the bottom, comprising:

    • a ribbed safety band (1.e) attached to its open lower border;
    • a cover ledge (1.b) formed around the internal surface of the upper section of the elongated body; and
    • a tongue shaped sealing element (1.a) circularly arranged on top of the cover, which extends to the interior of said cover;
    • a housing (1.c) for attaching the ribbed safety band (1.e) to the base body (3);
    • a bead (1.d) to fix the cover (1) on the base body (3) when it has been opened.

    Figure 2/9 shows the actuator (2) of the device, which corresponds to a sliding part with a vertical central through-bore, and that comprises:

    • a circular outer wall (2.e) that exhibits a shoulder (2.f) on the periphery of its upper border;
    • an inner surface (2.d) that surrounds the central bore, having a conical form, which adopts a cylindrical shape in its lower section and ends in a cross-shaped cut-push element (2.c);
    • an actuator ring or ledge (2.b) on the outer wall, circularly positioned towards the free space existing between the outer wall and the inner conical surface; and
    • ribs (2.a) whose function is to allow the liquid to flow out of the closing device when it is in the usage mode.

    Figures 3/9 shows the base body (3) of the device, which comprises:

    • a nozzle (3.j) (the number is missing in the figure) having a conical central bore (3.i) at its lower surface and presents a peripheral nozzle ledge (3.a) at the upper end of said nozzle;
    • a tongue-shaped ring (3.b) with its inner border connected to the nozzle and its outer border connected to an upper skirt (3.c);
    • an internally threaded lower skirt (3.e) that engages the outer thread of the container to which the device is attached; and
    • a central compartment or tubular space (3.k) (the number is missing in the figure), inside the skirt, connected to the nozzle (3.j) (the number is missing in the figure), through the conical bore (3.i), and that is open at its bottom, which is surrounded by a wall (3.l) (the number is missing in the figure) which presents an inner thread (3.h) in its central portion for connecting or attaching the removable cartridge.

    Figure 4/9 discloses the removable cartridge (4) of the device that corresponds to a cylinder open at both ends that projects itself for twice its length to the threaded portion of the body that is joined to the bottle, which comprises:

    • membranes (4.e, 4.a) that hermetically seal the central compartment (4.d) at its bottom and top portions;
    • an internal ledge (4.b) located in the central region of the removable cartridge; and
    • an outer thread at the upper portion (4.c) for connecting or engaging the cartridge to the base body (3) by its inner thread (3.h).



    [0030] Preferably, the removable cartridge (4) may further comprise at least a cap (not shown) at least on one end of the cartridge, said cap being connected to said cartridge end by a threaded coupling.

    [0031] In an alternative mode, the removable cartridge (4) further comprises an outer ledge that surrounds the entire outer perimeter of the cartridge, near its bottom, and which is useful for properly holding the cartridge in the step of filling with the additive, especially when this is a liquid.

    [0032] Figure 5/9 shows the replaceable push-cut projectile (5) that corresponds to a mobile inner arrow positioned inside the removable cartridge (4) where the additive to be released is stored, and comprises:
    • a cutter (5.b) whose function is to cut or pierce the lower membrane that seals the removable cartridge (4);
    • guiding flaps (5.a) to maintain the cutter (5.b) centred;
    • a stop (5.c) that acts as a contact point with the actuator (2) to push the cutter (5.b);
    • a point (5.d) to start cutting or opening the sealing membrane.


    [0033] Figure 6/9 shows all the component parts of the present closing device, in an exploded view and in the configuration in which they are assembled in use.

    [0034] Figure 7/9, discloses the same device but assembled in its closed position, with its four component parts when it is attached to the container; this view shows the removable cartridge (4) hermetically isolated by membranes (4.e, 4.a), which contain in turn the additive that is going to be released and the replaceable push-cut projectile (5) that are found inside the central compartment of the base body (3) of the device.

    [0035] Figure 8/9, discloses the device in its release position, and the actuator (2) has descended pushing the projectile, which has partially cut the lower seal and released the additive towards the container interior.

    [0036] Figure 9/9 discloses the closing device in the open position, i.e., when it has dispensed the additive into the container interior, and the actuator (2) has been raised again, communicating in this way the exterior with the container interior. In this position, the mixed contents inside the container can be used.

    [0037] The closing device of the invention is attached to a container of the bottle type or the like, by the engagement of the thread of skirt (3.e) with the outer thread presented by the container.

    [0038] In its closed position, i.e., when the device has not yet been handled, cover (1) is engaged to ring (3.c) of the base body, in the area of its safety band (1.c).

    [0039] In this position, the outer wall (2.e) of the actuator (2) rests on the nozzle (3.j) of the base body, generating a contact between its peripheral shoulder (2.f) and ledge (1.b) of the cover, presented by the nozzle of the base body. The contact between the above-mentioned parts creates closed spaces between the hood (1), the base body (3) and the actuator (2), which form a barrier that prevents air or contaminants from passing towards the section where the additive is stored.

    [0040] In turn, the central bore of the actuator (2) remains sealed to prevent the passage of air or moisture to its interior, because sealing tongue (1.a) of the cover remains in contact with the entire contour of the actuator inner surface (2.c), forming an additional isolating volume.

    [0041] In this same closed position of the device, the removable cartridge (4) is positioned and attached by the outer thread on its upper portion (4.c) inside the central compartment of the base body and hermetically isolated by the upper and lower membranes (4.a, 4.e) that are components of the removable cartridge.

    [0042] When it is desired to dispense the additive in the bottle, cover (1) must be removed and this will detach its safety band (1.e) that will remain secured to base body (3) of the device.

    [0043] Subsequently, the user pushes the actuator (2) towards the container interior, such that its lower cross-shaped portion (2.c) breaks the upper sealing membrane (4.a) thus entering the removable cartridge (4) where it pushes in turn the replaceable push-cut projectile (5).

    [0044] When the central projectile (5) is pushed and displaced downwards, its lower edge shaped as a pointed plunger (5.d) partially and centrally cuts the lower sealing membrane (4.e) allowing thereby to release the additive into the container; the projecting shoulder (5.a) of the projectile is stopped in its progress by the internal ledge (4.b) of the central compartment, where it is engaged, thus preventing the sealing membrane (4.e) from being entirely cut and from falling inside the container together with the additive. Afterwards, mixing of the additive with the liquid originally contained in the bottle may be accomplished. In turn, the lower conical part of the actuator completely seals the space through which it entered into the tubular space, thus allowing the additive to be stirred and mixed together with the container liquid, and not allowing the liquid to leak or flow out of the container.

    [0045] To use the mixture or the final contents of the container, the actuator must be pulled back to its initial position, whereby the fluid will pass through the bores presented by the projectile in its upper closure towards the central bore of the actuator. In this way, it is evident that there is no need to remove the closing device in order to drink or use the mixture generated within the container.

    [0046] When the removable cartridge (4) has been used, the device is opened separating it by unscrewing the base body (3) of the bottle or jar; then the removable cartridge (4) is disengaged from the inner thread (3.h) and replaced by a new cartridge to proceed then to connect once more the bottle with the base body (3).

    [0047] The device material is preferably a rigid plastic material, but for its manufacture it is not limited only to the use of plastic materials.

    [0048] Another aspect of the present invention refers to the production process of the closing device, which comprises a series of steps associated with the manufacture of parts and pieces, the assembly and the filling of the product so that it may finally be used or marketed.

    [0049] The fundamental steps of the productive process of the closing device are generally described below, and they may be performed by manual or automated manufacture, in a production line or by a batch manufacturing process.

    [0050] In the first place the manufacturing process consists in the production of each of the parts and pieces, which is generally performed by one of plastic injection processes known in the state of the art.

    [0051] When each one of the parts has been produced, the assembly step takes place, which consists in properly connecting each one of the elements that conform the closing device, namely the base body, the actuator and the removable cartridge, such that these may provide the functionality for which said closing device was conceived.

    [0052] After each of the elements conforming the closing device has been properly assembled, it corresponds to position the hermetic membranes on the caps of the removable cartridge for its subsequent filling and sealing. Said membranes may be formed from various materials distributed in layers, the most usual among many other alternatives being a thin coat of paper pulp material with an adhesive, which is disposed inside the inner 0aspace of the cap. The following coat is wax and is used to adhere an aluminium foil. Finally, the last coat is a laminated polymer film over the metal.

    [0053] The lower membrane is sealed first onto the removable cartridge. The cartridge is passed under an induction coil that emits an oscillating magnetic field. When the cartridge passes under the induction loop, the aluminium foil that is an electric conductor begins to get warm. The heat melts the wax, which is absorbed into the paper pulp and releases the metal foil from the cap. The polymer film also gets warm and flows to the container opening flange. When it cools down, the polymer forms a bond with the container, thus establishing a hermetic seal. This process that takes place within a few seconds, does not affect the container or its content.

    [0054] After the first membrane has become properly sealed to the bottom of the cartridge, the push-cut projectile is incorporated then inside the removable cartridge and the filling step takes place. This last step consists in injecting the corresponding fluid or powder into the removable cartridge through its top. This can generally be achieved with the pressure filling machines usually employed in the packaging industry.

    [0055] With the removable cartridge already filled, it is finally sealed placing a membrane at the top of the cartridge, following the same above described process performed for placing the lower membrane. In this way the hermetic and safe containment of the product inside the removable cartridge is accomplished, and is ready to be used or marketed either independently or as a part of the closing device.

    [0056] In the latter case, the production process ends by assembling the removable cartridge to the base body of the device, coupling the connecting means of the base body to the connecting means of the removable cartridge.

    [0057] Therefore, the productive process can be accomplished independently both for the closing device and for the removable cartridge, and the assembly of the two parts may optionally be produced in a final step of the process.


    Claims

    1. Closing assembly for containers of bottle and/or jar type, that allows to dispense a hermetically isolated additive into said container, the assembly comprising

    - a base body (3), having connecting means with the container,

    - an actuator (2), slidably connected to said base body (3) between a closed position and a release position,

    - a removable cartridge (4), where the additive to be released is stored, said removable cartridge (4) comprising a central compartment (4.d) within which the additive to be released is stored and a push-cut projectile (5), the removable cartridge further comprising at a lower portion (4.e) and at an upper portion (4.a) sealing membranes that seal hermetically the central compartment (4.d),
    wherein the base body (3) and the cartridge (4) have connecting means that enable their mutual detachable coupling,
    and wherein the closing assembly components are designed such that, when the cartridge (4) is connected to the base body (3), the movement of the actuator (2) to the release position causes a cross-shaped cut-push element (2.c) formed thereto to break the upper sealing membrane (4.a) thus entering the removable cartridge (4) where it pushes in turn the replaceable push-cut projectile (5) whose lower edge shaped as a pointed plunger (5.d) partially and centrally cuts the lower sealing membrane (4.e) allowing thereby to release the additive into the container.


     
    2. Closing assembly according to claim 1, wherein said connecting means of the cartridge consist in an external thread located on the upper portion (4.c) of the said cartridge.
     
    3. Closing assembly according to claim 1 or 2, wherein said push-cut projectile (5) consists of a mobile inner arrow positioned inside the cartridge, that comprises a cutter (5.b), guiding flaps (5.a), and a stop (5.c) in addition to the pointed plunger tip (5.d) to start cutting or opening the lower sealing membrane (4.e).
     
    4. Closing assembly according to any of the previous claims, wherein said base body (3) comprises:

    - a nozzle (3.j);

    - the connecting means with the container;

    - a central compartment (3.k).


     
    5. Closing assembly according to claim 4, wherein the nozzle (3.j) comprises a peripheral nozzle ledge (3.a) at its upper end and a central bore (3.i) at its lower end.
     
    6. Closing assembly according to claim 4 or 5, wherein the connecting means with the container consist of an internally threaded lower skirt (3.e) that engages the outer thread of the container to which the base body (3) is attached.
     
    7. Closing assembly according to claim 6, wherein the central compartment (3.k) of the base body (3) consists of a wall (3.1) located inside the lower skirt (3.e) and which is in communication with the central bore (3.i) of the nozzle (3.j).
     
    8. Closing assembly according to anyone of claims 4 to 7, wherein said central compartment (3.k) comprises the connecting means that enable the engagement of the base body (3) with the removable cartridge (4).
     
    9. Closing assembly according to claim 8, wherein said connecting means that enable the engagement of the base body (3) with the removable cartridge (4) consists in an inner thread.
     
    10. Closing assembly according to any one of claims 4 to 9, wherein the base body (3) further comprises a tongue shaped ring (3.b) connected on its inner border to the nozzle and on its outer border to an upper skirt (3.c).
     
    11. Closing assembly according to any one of the previous claims, wherein the actuator (2) comprises:

    - a vertical central through bore;

    - an outer wall (2.e);

    - an inner element (2.d) that surrounds the vertical central bore;

    - ribs (2.a) that allow the liquid to flow out of the closing assembly.


     
    12. Closing assembly according to claim 11, wherein said inner element (2.d) has a conical shape at its upper portion and a cylindrical shape at its lower portion.
     
    13. Closing assembly according to any one of claims 11 or 12, wherein the outer wall (2.e) is circular and presents a shoulder (2.f) on the periphery of its upper edge.
     
    14. Closing assembly according to any one of claims 11 to 13, wherein the actuator (2) further comprises an actuator ring or ledge (2.b) on the outer wall, circularly positioned towards the free space existing between the outer wall (2.e) and the conical portion of the inner element (2.d).
     
    15. Closing assembly according to any one of the previous claims, wherein it further comprises a cover (1) connected to the base body (3), said cover (1) corresponds to a hood that consists of a cylindrical body closed at its top and open at its bottom that comprises:

    - a ribbed safety band (1.e) attached to its open lower edge;

    - a cover ledge (1.b) formed around the inner surface of the elongated body on its upper portion,

    - a tongue-shaped sealing element (1.a) circularly positioned at the top of the cover, which extends towards the interior of said cover;

    - a housing (1.c);

    - a bead (1.d).


     
    16. Closing assembly according to claims 5, 13, and 15 wherein in its closed position, various isolated volumes are defined between the cover (1), the base body (3) and the actuator (2) that act as a barrier to prevent the passage of air or contaminants into the section where the additive is stored, wherein:

    - a first volume is generated by the contact between the shoulder (2.f) of the actuator (2) and the cover ledge (1.b);

    - a second volume is generated by the engagement of the actuator ring or ledge (2.b) with the nozzle ledge (3.a); and

    - a third volume is generated from the vertical central bore of the actuator (2), whose inner surface is sealed against the tongue (1.a) of the cover (1).


     
    17. Removable cartridge containing an additive to be released for use in a closing assembly according to the claim 1, said removable cartridge (4) comprising a central compartment (4.d) within which the additive to be released and a push-cut projectile (5) are stored, the removable cartridge further comprising at a lower portion and at an upper portion (4.a) breakable membranes (4.e, 4.a) that seal hermetically the central compartment (4.d),
    the cartridge (4) having connecting means that enable its detachable coupling to the closing assembly for containers, the cartridge being shaped as a cylinder open at its two ends and comprising an internal shoulder (4.b) in the central portion thereof, wherein
    said push-cut projectile (5) consists of a mobile inner arrow positioned inside the cartridge, that comprises a cutter (5.b), guiding flaps (5.a) determining a projecting shoulder to cooperate with the internal shoulder (4.b) to limit the displacement of the push-cut projectile, a stop (5.c) and a tip (5.d) to start cutting or opening the lower sealing membrane (4.e)
     
    18. Removable cartridge according to claim 17, wherein the upper and lower sealing membranes (4.a, 4.e) correspond to aluminium foils coated with an epoxy material, sealed on the removable cartridge surfaces under pressure and heat.
     
    19. Removable cartridge according to any one of claims 17 or 18, wherein the upper and lower sealing membranes (4.a, 4.e) are covered at least by one removable cap attached to at least one of the ends of the removable cartridge.
     
    20. Removable cartridge according to claim 19, wherein said at least one removable cap is attached to the removable cartridge by a threaded coupling.
     
    21. Removable cartridge according to any one of claims 17 to 20, wherein it further comprises an external ledge positioned in the vicinity of the lower end of the removable cartridge (4).
     
    22. Process for the production of a closing assembly according to the claim 1 comprising the steps of:

    separately manufacturing the base body (3), the actuator (2) and the cartridge (4),

    the manufacturing of the cartridge (4) comprising

    sealing the lower membrane to the lower end of the removable cartridge;

    incorporating the push-cut projectile into the removable cartridge;

    injecting the additive into the removable cartridge through its upper end;

    sealing the upper membrane to the upper end of the removable cartridge; the process further comprising the subsequent operation of

    assembling the removable cartridge with the base body via the connecting means.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verschlussanordnung für Behälter in Flaschen- und/oder Krugform, welche das Spenden eines hermetisch isolierten Zusatzstoffes in den genannten Behälter erlaubt, wobei die Anordnung Folgendes umfasst

    - einen Grundkörper (3), welcher Verbindungsmittel mit dem Behälter aufweist,

    - ein Stellglied (2), welches zwischen einer geschlossenen Stellung und einer Freigabestellung gleitend mit dem genannten Grundkörper (3) verbunden ist,

    - eine abnehmbare Patrone (4), in welcher der freizugebende Zusatzstoff gespeichert ist, wobei die genannte abnehmbare Patrone (4) ein zentrales Abteil (4.d), innerhalb welches der freizugebende Zusatzstoff gespeichert ist, und ein Drück-Schneideprojektil (5) umfasst, wobei die abnehmbare Patrone zusätzlich an einem unteren Teil (4.e) und an einem oberen Teil (4.a) Abdichtungsmembrane umfasst, welche das zentrale Abteil (4.d) hermetisch abdichten,
    wobei der Grundkörper (3) und die Patrone (4) Verbindungsmittel aufweisen, welche deren gegenseitige lösbare Kopplung ermöglichen,
    und wobei die Verschlussanordnungskomponente derart gestaltet sind, dass, wenn die Patrone (4) mit dem Grundkörper (3) verbunden ist, die Bewegung des Stellgliedes (2) zur Freigabestellung bewirkt, dass ein dafür gebildetes kreuzförmiges Scheid-Drückelement (2.c) die obere Abdichtungsmembran (4.a) bricht, so dass es in die abnehmbare Patrone (4) eintritt, in welches es wiederum das austauschbare Drück-Schneideprojektil (5) drückt, dessen längerer Rand, als spitzer Kolben (5.d) geformt, die untere Abdichtungsmembran (4.e) teilweise und mittig schneidet, so dass dadurch das Freigeben des Zusatzstoffes in den Behälter erlaubt.


     
    2. Verschlussanordnung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die genannten Verbindungsmittel der Patrone aus einem äußeren Gewinde bestehen, welches sich im oberen Teil (4.c) der genannten Patrone befindet.
     
    3. Verschlussanordnung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei das genannte Drück-Schneideprojektil (5) aus einem beweglichen inneren Pfeil besteht, welcher innerhalb der Patrone platziert ist, welcher eine Schneide (5.b), Führungslaschen (5.a) und einen Anschlag (5.c) zusätzlich zur spitzen Kolben (5.d) umfasst, um das Schneiden oder Öffnen der unteren Abdichtungsmembran (4.e) zu starten.
     
    4. Verschlussanordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der genannte Grundkörper (3) Folgendes umfasst:

    - eine Düse (3.j);

    - die Verbindungsmittel mit dem Behälter;

    - ein zentrales Abteil (3.k).


     
    5. Verschlussanordnung nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Düse (3.j) einen umfangsseitigen Düsenvorsprung (3.a) an deren oberen Ende und eine zentrale Bohrung (3.i) an deren unteren Ende umfasst.
     
    6. Verschlussanordnung nach Anspruch 4 oder 5, wobei die Verbindungsmittel mit dem Behälter aus einer innerlich gewindeten unteren Schürze (3.e) bestehen, welche sich mit dem äußeren Gewinde des Behälters eingreift, an welchem der Grundkörper (3) befestigt ist.
     
    7. Verschlussanordnung nach Anspruch 6, wobei das zentrale Abteil (3.k) des Grundkörpers (3) aus einer Wand (3.l) besteht, welche sich innerhalb der unteren Schürze (3.e) befindet und welche mit der zentralen Bohrung (3.i) der Düse (3.j) in Kommunikation ist.
     
    8. Verschlussanordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 4 bis 7, wobei das genannte zentrale Abteil (3.k) die Verbindungsmittel umfasst, welche den Eingriff des Grundkörpers (3) mit der abnehmbaren Patrone (4) ermöglichen.
     
    9. Verschlussanordnung nach Anspruch 8, wobei die genannten Verbindungsmittel, welche den Eingriff des Grundkörpers (3) mit der abnehmbaren Patrone (4) ermögliche, aus einem inneren Gewinde bestehen.
     
    10. Verschlussanordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 4 bis 9, wobei der Grundkörper (3) zusätzlich einen zungenförmigen Ring (3.b) umfasst, welcher an dessen inneren Kante mit der Düse und an dessen äußeren Kante mit einer oberen Schürze (3.c) verbunden ist.
     
    11. Verschlussanordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Stellglied (2) Folgendes umfasst:

    - eine vertikale zentrale Durchgangsbohrung;

    - eine äußere Wand (2.e);

    - ein inneres Element (2.d), welches die vertikale zentrale Bohrung umgibt;

    - Rippen (2.a), welche das Ausfließen der Flüssigkeit aus der Verschlussanordnung erlauben.


     
    12. Verschlussanordnung nach Anspruch 11, wobei das genannte innere Element (2.d) eine konische Form an dessen oberen Teil und eine zylindrische Form an dessen unteren Teil aufweist.
     
    13. Verschlussanordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 11 oder 12, wobei die äußere Wand (2.e) kreisförmig ist und eine Schulter (2.f) im Umfang deren oberen Randes aufweist.
     
    14. Verschlussanordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 11 bis 13, wobei das Stellglied (2) zusätzlich ein Stellgliedring oder -vorsprung (2.b) auf der äußeren Wand umfasst, welcher kreisförmig zum freien Raum platziert ist, welcher zwischen der äußeren Wand (2.e) und dem konischen Teil des inneren Elementes (2.d) vorhanden ist.
     
    15. Verschlussanordnung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei sie zusätzlich eine Abdeckung (1) umfasst, welche mit dem Grundkörper (3) verbunden ist, wobei die genannte Abdeckung (1) einer Kappe entspricht, welche aus einem zylindrischen Körper geschlossen am oberen Teil derselben und offen am unteren Teil derselben besteht, welche Folgendes umfasst:

    - ein geripptes Sicherheitsband (1.e), welches an deren offenen unteren Rand befestigt ist;

    - einen Abdeckungsvorsprung (1.b), welcher um die innere Oberfläche des länglichen Körpers herum auf dessen oberen Teil gebildet ist,

    - ein zungenförmiges Abdichtungselement (1.a), welches kreisförmig am oberen Teil der Abdeckung platziert ist, welches sich zum Inneren der genannten Abdeckung erstreckt;

    - ein Gehäuse (1.c);

    - einen Flansch (1.d).


     
    16. Verschlussanordnung nach den Ansprüchen 5, 13 und 15, wobei in deren geschlossenen Stellung, mehrere isolierten Volumina zwischen der Abdeckung (1), dem Grundkörper (3) und dem Stellglied (2) definiert werden, welche als Barriere agieren, um den Durchgang von Luft oder Verunreinigungsstoffen in den Abschnitt, in welchem der Zusatzstoff gespeichert ist, zu verhindern, wobei

    - ein erstes Volumen durch den Kontakt zwischen der Schulter (2.f) des Stellgliedes (2) und dem Abdeckungsvorsprung (1.b) erzeugt wird;

    - ein zweites Volumen durch den Eingriff des Stellgliedringes oder - vorsprungs (2.b) mit dem Düsenvorsprung (3.a) erzeugt wird; und

    - ein drittes Volumen aus der vertikalen zentralen Bohrung des Stellgliedes (2) erzeugt wird, deren innere Oberfläche gegen die Zunge (1.a) der Abdeckung (1) abgedichtet ist.


     
    17. Abnehmbare Patrone enthaltend einen freizugebenden Zusatzstoff für deren Verwendung in einer Verschlussanordnung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die genannte abnehmbare Patrone (4) ein zentrales Abteil (4.d) umfasst, innerhalb welches der freizugebende Zusatzstoff und ein Drück-Schneideprojektil (5) gespeichert sind, wobei die abnehmbare Patrone zusätzlich an einem unteren Teil und an einem oberen Teil (4.a) zerbrechliche Membrane (4.e, 4.a) umfasst, welche das zentrale Abteil (4.d) hermetisch abdichten,
    wobei die Patrone (4) Verbindungsmittel aufweist, welche deren lösbare Kopplung mit der Verschlussanordnung für Behälter ermöglichen,
    wobei die Patrone (4) als ein Zylinder geformt ist, welcher an seinen beiden Enden offen ist und eine innere Schulter (4.b) im zentralen Teil desselben umfasst, wobei
    das genannte Drück-Schneideprojektil (5) aus einem beweglichen inneren Pfeil besteht, welcher innerhalb der Patrone platziert ist, welcher eine Schneide (5.b), Führungslaschen (5.a), welche bestimmen, dass eine hervorstehende Schulter mit der inneren Schulter (4.b) zusammenwirkt, um die Verlagerung des Drück-Schneideprojektils (5) zu begrenzen, einen Anschlag (5.c) und eine Spitze (5.d) umfasst, um das Scheiden oder Öffnen der unteren Abdichtungsmembran (4.e) zu starten.
     
    18. Abnehmbare Patrone nach Anspruch 17, wobei die obere und die untere Abdichtungsmembran (4.a, 4.e) Aluminiumfolien, welche mit einem Epoxy-Material beschichtet sind, entsprechen, welche auf den Oberflächen der abnehmbaren Patrone unter Druck und Wärme abgedichtet sind.
     
    19. Abnehmbare Patrone nach einem der Ansprüche 17 oder 18, wobei die obere und die untere Abdichtungsmembran (4.a, 4.e) mindestens mittels einer abnehmbaren Kappe abgedeckt sind, welche mindestens an einem der Enden der abnehmbaren Patrone befestigt ist.
     
    20. Abnehmbare Patrone nach Anspruch 19, wobei die genannte mindestens eine abnehmbare Kappe an der abnehmbaren Patrone mittels einer gewindeten Kopplung befestigt ist.
     
    21. Abnehmbare Patrone nach einem der Ansprüche 17 bis 20, wobei sie zusätzlich einen äußeren Vorsprung umfasst, welcher in der Nähe des unteren Endes der abnehmbaren Patrone (4) platziert ist.
     
    22. Verfahren zur Herstellung einer Verschlussanordnung nach Anspruch 1, welches die folgenden Schritte umfasst:

    das getrennte Herstellen des Grundkörpers (3), des Stellgliedes (2) und der Patrone (4),

    wobei das Herstellen der Patrone (4) Folgendes umfasst

    das Abdichten der unteren Membran mit dem unteren Ende der abnehmbaren Patrone;

    das Integrieren des Drück-Schneideprojektils in die abnehmbare Patrone;

    das Einspritzen des Zusatzstoffes in die abnehmbare Patrone durch deren oberes Ende;

    das Abdichten der oberen Membran mit dem oberen Ende der abnehmbaren Patrone;

    wobei das Verfahren zusätzlich den anschließenden Vorgang umfasst

    das Zusammenfügen der abnehmbaren Patrone mit dem Grundkörper über die Verbindungsmittel.


     


    Revendications

    1. Ensemble de fermeture pour récipients de type bouteille et/ou bocal, qui permet de distribuer un additif hermétiquement isolé dans ledit récipient, l'ensemble comprenant :

    - un corps de base (3), ayant des moyens de connexion avec le récipient,

    - un actionneur (2), connecté de manière coulissante audit corps de base (3) entre une position fermée et une position ouverte,

    - une cartouche amovible (4), où l'aditif à libérer est stocké, ladite cartouche amovible (4) comprenant un compartiment central (4.d) dans lequel l'additif à libérer est stocké et un projectile de coupe par poussée (5), la cartouche amovible comprenant en outre dans une partie inférieure (4.e) et dans une partie supérieure (4.a) des membranes d'étanchéité qui scellent hermétiquement le compartiment central (4.d),
    dans lequel le corps de base (3) et la cartouche (4) ont des moyens de connexion qui permettent leur couplage mutuel amovible,
    et dans lequel les composants de l'ensemble de fermeture sont conçus de manière à ce que, lorsque la cartouche (4) est connectée au corps de base (3), le mouvement de l'actionneur (2) vers la position ouverte mène à ce qu'un élément de coupe par poussé en forme de croix (2.c) formé sur celui-ci casse la membrane d'étanchéité supérieure (4.a) en entrant ainsi dans la cartouche amovible (4) où il pousse à son tour le projectile de coupe par poussé remplaçable (5) dont le bord inférieur en forme de piston pointu (5.d) coupe partiellement et centralement la membrane d'étanchéité inférieure (4.2) permettant ainsi de libérer l'additif dans le récipient.


     
    2. Ensemble de fermeture selon la revendication 1, dans lequel lesdits moyens de connexion de la cartouche sont composés d'un filetage externe situé sur la partie supérieure (4.c) de ladite cartouche.
     
    3. Ensemble de fermeture selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel ledit projectile de coupe par poussée (5) est composé d'une flèche intérieure mobile positionnée à l'intérieur de la cartouche, qui comprend un couteau (5.b), des pattes de guidage (5.a) et une butée (5.c) outre la pointe de piston pointu (5.d) pour commencer à couper ou ouvrir la membrane d'étanchéité inférieure (4.e).
     
    4. Ensemble de fermeture selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel ledit corps de base (3) comprend :

    - une buse (3.j) ;

    - les moyens de connexion avec le récipient ;

    - un compartiment central (3.k).


     
    5. Ensemble de fermeture selon la revendication 4, dans lequel la buse (3.j) comprend un rebord de buse périphérique (3.a) dans son extrémité supérieure et un trou central (3.i) dans son extrémité inférieur.
     
    6. Ensemble de fermeture selon la revendication 4 ou 5, dans lequel les moyens de connexion avec le récipient sont composés d'une jupe inférieure filetée intérieurement (3.e) qui s'engage dans le filetage extérieur du récipient auquel le corps de base (3) est fixé.
     
    7. Ensemble de fermeture selon la revendication 6, dans lequel le compartiment central (3.k) du corps de base (3) est composé d'une paroi (3.l) située à l'intérieur de la jupe inférieure (3.e) et lequel est en communication avec le trou central (3.i) de la buse (3.j).
     
    8. Ensemble de fermeture selon l'une quelconque des revendications 4 à 7, dans lequel ledit compartiment central (3.k) comprend les moyens de connexion qui permettent l'engagement du corps de base (3) avec la cartouche amovible (4).
     
    9. Ensemble de fermeture selon la revendication 8, dans lequel lesdits moyens de connexion qui permettent l'engagement du corps de base (3) avec la cartouche amovible (4) sont composés d'un filetage intérieur.
     
    10. Ensemble de fermeture selon l'une quelconque des revendications 4 à 9, dans lequel le corps de base (3) comprend en outre un anneau en forme de languette (3.b) connecté sur son bord intérieur à la buse et sur son bord extérieur à une jupe supérieure (3.c).
     
    11. Ensemble de fermeture selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'actionneur (2) comprend

    - un trou traversant central vertical ;

    - une paroi extérieure (2.e) ;

    - un élément intérieur (2.d) qui entoure le trou central vertical ;

    - des nervures (2.a) qui permettent que le liquide s'écoule vers l'extérieur du ensemble de fermeture.


     
    12. Ensemble de fermeture selon la revendication 11, dans lequel ledit élément intérieur (2.d) a une forme conique dans sa partie supérieure et une forme cylindrique dans sa partie inférieure.
     
    13. Ensemble de fermeture selon l'une quelconque des revendications 11 ou 12, dans lequel la paroi extérieure (2.e) est circulaire et présente un bossage (2f) sur la périphérie de son bord supérieur.
     
    14. Ensemble de fermeture selon l'une quelconque des revendications 11 à 13, dans lequel l'actionneur (2) comprend en outre un anneau ou rebord d'actionneur (2.b) sur la paroi extérieure, situé circulairement vers l'espace libre existant entre la paroi extérieure (2.e) et la partie conique de l'élément intérieur (2.d).
     
    15. Ensemble de fermeture selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel il comprend en outre un couvercle (1) connecté au corps de base (3), ledit couvercle (1) correspond à un capuchon composé d'un corps cylindrique fermé dans sa partie supérieure et ouvert dans sa partie inférieure qui comprend :

    - une bande de sécurité nervurée (1.e) fixée à son bord inférieur ouvert ;

    - un rebord de couvercle (1.b) formé autour de la surface intérieure du corps allongé sur sa partie supérieure,

    - un élément d'étanchéité en forme de languette (1.a) positionné circulairement dans la partie supérieure du couvercle, qui s'étend vers l'intérieur dudit couvercle ;

    - un logement (1.c) ;

    - un bourrelet (1.d).


     
    16. Ensemble de fermeture selon les revendications 5, 13 et 15, dans lequel dans sa position fermée, divers volumes isolés sont définis entre le couvercle (1), le corps de base (3) et l'actionneur (2) qui agissent comme une barrière pour éviter le passage d'air ou de contaminants dans la section où est stocké l'additif, dans lequel :

    - un premier volume est généré par le contact entre le bossage (2.f) de l'actionneur (2) et le rebord de couvercle (1.b) ;

    - un second volume est généré par l'engagement de l'anneau ou rebord d'actionneur (2.b) avec le rebord de buse (3.a) ; et

    - un troisième volume est généré à partir du trou central vertical de l'actionneur (2), dont la surface intérieure est scellée contre la languette (1.a) du couvercle (1).


     
    17. Cartouche amovible contenant un additif à libérer pour son utilisation dans un ensemble de fermeture selon la revendication 1, ladite cartouche amovible (4) comprenant un compartiment central (4.d) dans lequel l'additif à libérer et un projectile de coupe par poussée (5) sont stockés, la cartouche amovible comprenant en outre dans une partie inférieure et dans une partie supérieure (4.a) des membranes cassables (4.e, 4.a) qui scellent hermétiquement le compartiment central (4.d),
    la cartouche (4) ayant des moyens de connexion qui permettent son couplage amovible à l'ensemble de fermeture pour récipients,
    la cartouche ayant forme d'un cylindre ouvert dans ses deux extrémités et comprenant un bossage interne (4.b) dans sa partie centrale, dans laquelle
    ledit projectile de coupe par poussée (5) est composé d'une flèche interne mobile positionnée à l'intérieur de la cartouche, qui comprend un couteau (5.b), des pattes de guidage (5.a) déterminant un bossage en saillie pour coopérer avec le bossage interne (4.b) pour limiter le déplacement du projectile de coupe par poussée, une butée (5.c) et une pointe (5.d) pour commencer à couper ou ouvrir la membrane d'étanchéité inférieure (4.e).
     
    18. Cartouche amovible selon la revendication 17, dans laquelle les membranes d'étanchéité supérieure et inférieure (4.a, 4.e) correspondent à des feuilles en aluminium revêtues d'un matériau époxy, scellées sur les surfaces de cartouche amovible sous pression et chaleur.
     
    19. Cartouche amovible selon l'une quelconque des revendications 17 ou 18, dans laquelle les membranes d'étanchéité supérieure et inférieure (4.a, 4.b) sont couvertes au moins par un bouchon amovible fixé à au moins une des extrémités de la cartouche amovible.
     
    20. Cartouche amovible selon la revendication 19, dans laquelle ledit au moins un bouchon amovible est fixé à la cartouche amovible par un couplage fileté.
     
    21. Cartouche amovible selon l'une quelconque des revendications 17 à 20, dans laquelle elle comprend en outre un rebord externe positionné près de l'extrémité inférieure de la cartouche amovible (4).
     
    22. Procédé de fabrication d'un ensemble de fermeture selon la revendication 1 comprenant les étapes de :

    fabrication séparée du corps de base (3), l'actionneur (2) et la cartouche (4),

    la fabrication de la cartouche (4) comprenant

    le scellage de la membrane inférieure à l'extrémité inférieure de la cartouche amovible ;

    l'incorporation du projectile de coupe par poussée dans la cartouche amovible ;

    l'injection de l'additif dans la cartouche amovible à travers son extrémité supérieure ;

    le scellage de la membrane supérieure à l'extrémité supérieure de la cartouche amovible ;

    le procédé comprenant en outre l'opération ultérieure de

    l'assemblage de la cartouche amovible avec le corps de base par le biais des moyens de connexion.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description