(19)
(11)EP 3 243 450 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
18.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/12

(21)Application number: 17170210.3

(22)Date of filing:  09.05.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61B 17/115  (2006.01)
A61B 17/00  (2006.01)

(54)

BRAKE FOR ADAPTER ASSEMBLIES FOR SURGICAL DEVICES

BREMSE FÜR ADAPTERANORDNUNGEN FÜR CHIRURGISCHE VORRICHTUNGEN

FREIN POUR ENSEMBLES D'ADAPTATEUR DESTINÉS AUX DISPOSITIFS CHIRURGICAUX


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 10.05.2016 US 201662334013 P
24.04.2017 US 201715495175

(43)Date of publication of application:
15.11.2017 Bulletin 2017/46

(73)Proprietor: Covidien LP
Mansfield, MA 02048 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • WILLIAMS, Justin
    Southbury, CT Connecticut 06488 (US)

(74)Representative: Maschio, Antonio 
Maschio & Soames IP Limited 30 Carlton Crescent
Southampton SO15 2EW
Southampton SO15 2EW (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 2 767 242
EP-A2- 3 011 915
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND


    Technical Field



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to adapter and extension assemblies for selectively connecting tool assemblies to actuation units of powered surgical devices. More specifically, the present disclosure relates to a brake member for preventing rotation of a drive assembly in the adapter assemblies.

    Background of Related Art



    [0002] Powered devices for use in surgical procedures are known. To permit reuse of the handle assemblies of these powered surgical devices and so that the handle assembly may be used with a variety of end effectors, adapter assemblies and extension assemblies have been developed for selective attachment to the handle assemblies and to a variety of end effectors. Following use, the adapter and/or extension assemblies may be disposed of along with the end effector. In some instances, the adapter assemblies and extension assemblies may be sterilized for reuse.

    [0003] The adapter assemblies are configured to permit rotation of actuation units relative to the adapter assemblies. When the actuation units are rotated relative to the adapter assemblies, the free wheel or back drive of the motors in the actuation units require more torque than the free turning or advancing of the drive members within the adapter assemblies, resulting in movement of drive members within the adapter assemblies. Movement of the drive members within the adapter assemblies may effect of the calibration the drive members within the adapter assembly. EP 3011915 A2 describes an adapter assembly including a first and a second pusher assemblies configured for converting rotational motion into linear motion, and a drive member for transferring rotational motion.

    [0004] To maintain calibration of the drive members within the adapter assemblies, it would be beneficial to provide a brake to prevent rotation of the drive member within the adapter assembly as the adapter assembly is rotated relative to the handle assembly.

    SUMMARY



    [0005] The present invention is defined in independent claim 1 and certain optional features thereof are defined in the dependent claims. In so far as the terms "invention", "example" and "embodiment" are used herein, this will be interpreted in such a way that the only protection sought is for the invention as claimed.

    [0006] An adapter assembly for operably connecting an end effector to an electrosurgical instrument is provided. The adapter assembly includes a drive transfer assembly, a drive member, and a first pusher assembly. The drive transfer assembly includes first and second rotatable shafts. The drive member is operably connected to the first rotatable shaft for transferring rotational motion from the first rotatable shaft to effect a first function and the first pusher assembly is operably connected to the second rotatable shaft for converting rotational motion from the second rotatable shaft to longitudinal movement to effect a second function. The first pusher assembly includes a brake member for rotationally locking the drive member relative to the first pusher assembly.

    [0007] In embodiments, the adapter assembly may further include a second pusher assembly and the drive transfer assembly may include a third rotatable shaft. The second pusher assembly may be operably connected to the third rotatable shaft for converting rotational motion from the third rotatable shaft to longitudinal movement to effect a third function. The adapter assembly may further include an extension assembly having a flexible band assembly operably connected to the first pusher assembly. The first pusher assembly may include a planetary gear assembly. The first pusher assembly may include a drive screw operably connected to the planetary gear assembly. The first pusher assembly includes a pusher member operably received about the first drive screw. Rotation of the drive screw may cause longitudinal movement of the pusher member.

    [0008] In embodiments, the brake member may be disposed within the pusher member. The brake member may include a collet having a plurality of leaves. The plurality of leaves may extend radially inward. The plurality of leaves extend proximally. The plurality of leaves of the collet may engage the drive member. The drive member may extend through the collet. The drive member may define a longitudinal axis and the collet may define a plane extending perpendicular to the longitudinal axis.

    [0009] Also provided is a surgical stapling device including an electromechanical surgical instrument, an end effector, and an adapter assembly for operably connecting the end effector to the electromechanical surgical instrument. The adapter assembly includes a drive member for transferring rotational motion from a first rotatable shaft to effect a first function, and a first pusher assembly for converting rotational motion from a second rotatable shaft to longitudinal movement to effect a second function. The first pusher assembly includes a brake member for rotationally locking the drive member relative to the first pusher assembly.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0010] Embodiments of the present disclosure are described herein with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:

    FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an adapter assembly, in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, an exemplary extension assembly, an exemplary tool assembly, and an exemplary electromechanical surgical device;

    FIG. 2 is a perspective side view of a proximal end of the adapter assembly of FIG. 1;

    FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional side view of the adapter assembly of FIGS. 1 and 2, taken along line 3-3 in FIG. 9;

    FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional side view of the adapter assembly of FIGS. 1 and 2, taken along line 4-4 in FIG. 3;

    FIG. 5 is a perspective end view of a distal portion of a pusher member and a brake member of a pusher assembly of the adapter assembly of FIGS. 1-4, with parts separated;

    FIG. 6 is perspective distal side view of the adapter assembly of FIGS. 1-4, with an outer sleeve and an upper half-section of a rotation handle of a rotation handle assembly of the adapter assembly removed;

    FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional perspective side view of a distal portion of the adapter assembly of FIGS. 1-4;

    FIG. 8 is an enlarged, perspective view of a coupling assembly and a transfer assembly of the adapter assembly of FIGS. 2-7; and

    FIG. 9 is a perspective end view of the adapter assembly of FIGS. 1-4 with the outer sleeve and rotatable handle in a first orientation relative to the coupling assembly.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0011] Embodiments of the presently disclosed adapter assemblies for surgical devices and/or actuation units are described in detail with reference to the drawings, in which like reference numerals designate identical or corresponding elements in each of the several views. As used herein the term "distal" refers to that portion of the adapter assembly or surgical device, or component thereof, farther from the user, while the term "proximal" refers to that portion of the adapter assembly or surgical device, or component thereof, closer to the user.

    [0012] With reference to FIG. 1, an adapter assembly in accordance with an embodiment of the present disclosure, shown generally as the adapter assembly 100 configured for selective connection to a powered hand held electromechanical instrument shown, generally as actuation unit 10, and for connection with an extension assembly 200. As illustrated in FIG. 1, the actuation unit 10 is configured for releasable connection with the adapter assembly 100, and, in turn, the adapter assembly 100 is configured for releasable connection with the extension assembly 200. Alternatively, the adapter assembly 100 and the extension assembly 200 may be integrally formed. The extension assembly 200 is configured for selective connection with a tool assembly or end effector, e.g. tool assembly 30, including, in the illustrative embodiment shown, a loading unit, e.g. loading unit 40, and an anvil assembly, e.g., anvil assembly 50, for applying a circular array of staples (not shown) to tissue (not shown).

    [0013] The actuation unit 10, the adapter assembly 100, the extension assembly 200 and the tool assembly 30 are collectively referred to as the surgical stapling device 1. Although the embodiments of the present disclosure will be discussed as relates to a surgical stapling device, it is envisioned that the aspects of the present disclosure may be modified for various surgical devices.

    [0014] The actuation unit 10 and the extension assembly 200 will only be described in detail to the extent necessary to fully disclose the aspects of the present disclosure. For a detailed description of the structure and function of an exemplary actuation unit, please refer to commonly owned U.S. Pat. No. 9,055,943 ("the '943 patent"). For a detailed description of the structure and function of an exemplary extension assembly, please refer to commonly owned U.S. Pat. App. Ser. No. 14/875,766 ("the '766 application"), filed October 6, 2015.

    [0015] With additional reference to FIGS. 2-4, the adapter assembly 100 includes a proximal end portion 102 configured for operable connection to the actuation unit 10 (FIG. 1) and a distal end portion 104 configured for operable connection to the extension assembly 200 (FIG. 1). From the proximal end portion 102 to the distal end portion 104, the adapter assembly 100 includes a drive coupling assembly 110, a drive transfer assembly 130 operably connected to the drive coupling assembly 110, a first pusher assembly 160 operably connected to the drive transfer assembly 130, and a second pusher assembly 180 operably connected to the drive transfer assembly 130. The first pusher assembly 160 and the second pusher assembly 180 are operably maintained within an outer sleeve 106. As will be described in further detail below, a drive shaft 108 extends longitudinally through the adapter assembly 100 and is operably connected to the drive transfer assembly 130.

    [0016] The drive coupling assembly 110 is configured to releasably secure the adapter assembly 100 to the actuation unit 10 (FIG. 1). The drive coupling assembly 110 includes first, second, and third rotatable proximal drive shafts 116, 118, 120 and respective first, second, and third connector sleeves 122, 124, 126 rotatably supported within a connector housing 112. Each of the first, second, and third connector sleeves 122, 124, 126 is configured to mate with respective first, second, and third drive connectors (not shown) of actuation unit 10 (FIG. 1).

    [0017] The drive coupling assembly 110 also includes first, second and third biasing members 122a, 124a and 126a disposed distally of the respective first, second and third connector sleeves 122, 124, 126 to help maintain the connector sleeves 122, 124, and 126, respectively, engaged with the distal end of the respective drive rotatable drive connectors (not shown) of the actuation unit 10 when the adapter assembly 100 is connected to the actuation unit 10.

    [0018] For a detailed description of an exemplary drive coupling assembly, please refer to the '766 application.

    [0019] With continued reference to FIGS. 3 and 4, the drive transfer assembly 130 operably connects distal ends of first, second and third rotatable proximal drive shafts 116, 118 and 120 to drive shaft 108, first pusher assembly 160, and second pusher assembly 180, respectively. The drive transfer assembly 130 includes a drive transfer housing 134 secured to the connector housing 112 of the drive coupling assembly 110. The drive transfer housing 134 operates to rotatably support first and second rotatable distal drive shafts 136, 138 and a drive member 140 therein and rotatably support a rotation handle assembly 132 thereabout. The rotation handle assembly 132 is securely affixed to the outer sleeve 106 of the adapter assembly 100 and facilitates selective rotation of the outer sleeve 106, and the attached extension assembly 200 (FIG. 1) and tool assembly 30 (FIG. 1). For a detailed description of an exemplary rotation handle assembly, please refer to commonly owned U.S. Pro. Pat. App. Ser. No. 62/333,976 filed May 10, 2016.

    [0020] The drive transfer assembly 130 also includes a drive connector 148 (FIG. 3) operably connecting the first rotatable distal drive shaft 136 to the first pusher assembly 160 and a tubular connector 150 operably connecting the second rotatable distal drive shaft 138 to the second pusher assembly 180.

    [0021] The first pusher assembly 160 includes proximal and distal housing sections 162, 164 (FIG. 3), a planetary gear assembly 166 operably mounted within the proximal housing section 162, a screw member 168 operably connected to the planetary gear assembly 166 and rotatably supported within the distal housing section 164, and a pusher member 170 operably connecting screw member 168 and slidably disposed within distal housing section 164. The first pusher assembly 160 will only be described to the extent necessary to disclose the aspects of the present disclosure. For a detailed description of the operation and function of an exemplary pusher assembly, including an exemplary planetary gear assembly, please refer to the '766 application.

    [0022] The screw member 168 of the first pusher assembly 160 is rotatably supported within proximal housing portion 162 and operably engages the pusher member 170. Operation of the planetary gear assembly 166 rotates the screw member 168. As screw member 168 is rotated in a first direction, the pusher member 170 is moved in a proximal direction and when the screw member 168 is rotated in a second direction, the pusher member 170 is moved in a distal direction. The pusher member 170 operably engages the screw member 168 and includes a pair of tabs 178 for engaging connector extensions 240, 242 (FIG. 4) of outer flexible band assembly 230 (FIG. 4) of extension assembly 200 (FIG. 1).

    [0023] The second pusher assembly 180 is substantially similar to first pusher assembly 160, and includes proximal and distal housing sections 182, 184 (FIG. 3), a planetary gear assembly 186 operably mounted within the proximal housing section 182, a screw member 188 operably connected to the planetary gear assembly 186 and rotatably supported within the distal housing section 184, and a pusher assembly 190 operably connected to the screw member 188 and slidably disposed within the distal housing section 184.

    [0024] The screw member 188 is rotatably supported within the proximal housing portion 182 and operably engages the pusher assembly 190. Operation of the planetary gear assembly 186 rotates the screw member 188. As the screw member 188 is rotated in a first direction, the pusher assembly 190 is moved in a distal direction, and when the screw member 188 is rotated in a second direction, the pusher assembly 190 is moved in a proximal direction.

    [0025] The pusher member 190 includes a proximal portion 190a configured to operably engage the screw member 188, and a distal portion or nut portion 190b for operably engaging the extension assembly 200. More particularly, the proximal portion 190b of the pusher member 190 includes a pair of tabs 198 for engaging connector extensions 220, 222 (FIG. 4) of inner flexible band assembly 210 (FIG. 4) of extension assembly 200 (FIG. 1). Although shown as separate components, it is envisioned that the proximal and distal portions 190a, 190b of the pusher member 190 may be integrally formed, e.g., monolithic.

    [0026] With additional reference now to FIGS. 5 and 6, the pusher member 190 of the second pusher assembly 180 further includes a brake member, e.g., collet or Belleville washer spring 191. The collet 191 includes an outer ring 191a and a plurality of leaves 193 extending radially inwardly from the outer ring 191a and in a proximal direction (when mounted to the pusher member 190). Although shown including four (4) leaves 193, it is envisioned that the collet 191 can include any number of leaves 193. Each of the plurality of leaves 193 extend radially inward and proximally. The collet 191 is secured within the distal portion 190b of the pusher member 190 using welding, adhesive, or in any manner suitable for maintaining the collet 191 rotationally fixed relative to the pusher member 190.

    [0027] Each of the leaves 193 of the collet 191 include free ends 193a configured to engage the drive shaft 108 when the pusher member 190 of the second pusher assembly 180 is moved in a proximal direction, as indicated by arrow "A" in FIG. 7. Engagement of the free ends 193a of the leaves 193 with the drive shaft 108 prevents the drive shaft 108 from rotating relative to the pusher member 190 during rotation of the actuation unit 10 relative to the adapter assembly 100. In this manner, when the leaves 193 of the collet 191 engage the drive shaft 108, the drive shaft 108 is rotationally fixed relative to the pusher member 190 such that the drive shaft 108 back drives the first drive connector (not shown) of the actuation unit 10 as the actuation unit 10 is rotated relative to the adapter assembly 100.

    [0028] Conversely, the free ends 193a of the leaves 193 of the collet 191 disengage from the drive shaft 108 when the pusher assembly 190 is moved in a distal direction, as indicated by arrow "C" in FIG. 7, to unlock the drive shaft 108 and permit rotation of the drive shaft 108 relative to the pusher member 190. It is envisioned that the drive shaft 108 may include flattened sides to facilitate engagement of the leaves 193 of the collet 191 with the drive shaft 108.

    [0029] Although the brake member of the present disclosure is shown and described as being a component of the second pusher assembly 180 of the adapter assembly 100, it is envisioned that the brake member may instead, or additionally, be incorporated into the first pusher assembly 160 of the adapter assembly 100.

    [0030] As noted above, the extension assembly 200 operably connects the adapter assembly 100 with the tool assembly 30. More particularly, the extension assembly 200 includes a trocar assembly 270 (FIG. 1) operably connected to the drive shaft 108 for advancing and retracting, for example, the anvil assembly 50 (FIG. 1) relative to the loading unit 40 (FIG. 1), to clamp tissue (not shown). The inner flexible band assembly 210 (FIG. 4) of the extension assembly 200 is operably connected to the pusher member 190 of the second pusher assembly 180 for advancing and retracting, for example, a staple pusher (not shown) of the loading unit 40, to staple tissue (not shown), and the outer flexible band assembly 230 (FIG. 4) is operably connected to the pusher member 170 of the first pusher assembly 160 for advancing and retracting, for example, a knife pusher (not shown) of the loading unit 40, to cut tissue (not shown). For a detailed description of the function and operation of an exemplary extension assembly, please refer to the '766 application.

    [0031] The operation of the adapter assembly 100, and more particularly the brake member 191, will now be described with reference to FIGS. 7-9. After the extension assembly 200 is secured to adapter assembly 100, the adapter assembly 100 is secured to the actuation unit 10 (FIG. 1), and the loading unit 40 (FIG. 1) of tool assembly 30 (FIG. 1) is secured to the extension assembly 200, the adapter assembly 100 and the extension assembly 200 are used to position the loading unit 40 within the patient (not shown) in a traditional manner. Depending on the procedure being performed, the anvil assembly 50 (FIG. 1) of the tool assembly 30 may be secured to the trocar assembly 270 of the extension assembly 200 prior to or subsequent the positioning of the loading unit 40 within the patient.

    [0032] During positioning and operation of the surgical stapling device 1 (FIG. 1), it may be necessary to rotationally orient the actuation unit 10 relative to the adapter assembly 100 to, for example, accommodate the limitations in space in the operating room, and/or for ease of use by the clinician. In order to maintain calibration of the adapter assembly 100, the extension assembly 200, and/or the tool assembly 30 (FIG. 1), the drive shaft 108 of the adapter assembly 100 is rotationally locked relative to the adapter assembly 100 as the actuation unit 10 (FIG. 1) and the adapter assembly 100 are rotated relative to one another other such that the drive shaft 108 back drives the first drive connector (not shown) of the actuation unit 10.

    [0033] With particular reference to FIG. 7, prior to rotating the actuation unit 10 relative to the adapter assembly 100, the actuation unit 10 is activated to cause the pusher member 190 of the second pusher assembly 180 to move proximally, i.e., retract, as indicated by arrow "A". More particularly, the third drive connector (not shown) of the actuation unit 10 rotates third proximal drive shaft 120 (FIG. 4) of the coupling assembly 110 (FIG. 4), which rotates the second distal drive shaft 138 (FIG. 4) of the drive transfer assembly 130 (FIG. 4), which rotates the tubular connector 150 (FIG. 4) of the drive transfer assembly 130, which drives the planetary gear system 186 of the second pusher assembly 180, which causes rotation of the screw member 188, and subsequent retraction of the pusher member 190 of the second pusher assembly 180.

    [0034] With continued reference to FIG. 7, retraction of the pusher member 190 of the second pusher assembly 180 causes the free ends 193a of the leaves 193 of the collet 191 of the second pusher assembly 180 to engage the drive shaft 108 extending through the adapter assembly 100. Engagement of the collect 191 with the drive shaft 108 rotationally locks or fixes the drive shaft 108 relative to the pusher member 190, thereby rotationally fixing the drive shaft 108 within the outer sleeve 106 of the adapter assembly 100.

    [0035] It is envisioned that the adapter assembly 100 may be provided to the clinician with the pusher member 190 of the second pusher assembly 180 in the proximal position, and thus, with the drive shaft 108 already rotationally fixed.

    [0036] Once the drive shaft 108 is rotationally fixed relative to the adapter assembly 100, the actuation unit 10 (FIG. 1), including the coupling assembly 110 of the adapter assembly 100, and the rotation handle 132 (FIG. 1) and outer sleeve 106 of the adapter assembly 100 may be rotated relative to one another while the calibration of the tool assembly 30 (FIG. 1) is maintained. As actuation unit 10 is rotated relative to the adapter assembly 100, the rotationally locked or fixed condition of the drive shaft 108 results in the first drive connector (not shown) of the actuation unit 10 back driving a motor (not shown) connected to the first drive connector (not shown).

    [0037] Following rotation of the actuation unit 10 (FIG. 1) and the adapter assembly 100 relative to one another, the actuation unit 10 is activated to cause the pusher member 190 of the second pusher assembly 180 to move distally, e.g., advance, as indicated by arrow "C" in FIG. 7. Advancement of the pusher member 190 of the second pusher assembly 180 causes the leaves 193 of the collet 191 to disengage from the drive shaft 108. Once the leaves 193 of the collet 191 are disengaged from the drive shaft 108, the drive shaft 108 is free to rotate and the adapter assembly 100 operates in a traditional manner.

    [0038] For a detailed description of the operation of an exemplary adapter assembly, extension assembly, and tool assembly, please refer to the '766 application

    [0039] Any of the components described herein may be fabricated from either metals, plastics, resins, composites or the like taking into consideration strength, durability, wearability, weight, resistance to corrosion, ease of manufacturing, cost of manufacturing, and the like.

    [0040] Persons skilled in the art will understand that the devices and methods specifically described herein and illustrated in the accompanying drawings are non-limiting exemplary embodiments. It is envisioned that the elements and features illustrated or described in connection with one exemplary embodiment may be combined with the elements and features of another without departing from the scope of the present disclosure. As well, one skilled in the art will appreciate further features and advantages of the disclosure based on the above-described embodiments. Accordingly, the disclosure is not to be limited by what has been particularly shown and described, except as indicated by the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. An adapter assembly (100) for operably connecting an end effector (30) to an electromechanical surgical instrument (10), the adapter assembly comprising:

    a drive transfer assembly (130) including first and second rotatable shafts (116, 120);

    a drive member (108) operably connected to the first rotatable shaft (116) for transferring rotational motion from the first rotatable shaft to effect a first function; and

    a first pusher assembly (180) operably connected to the second rotatable shaft (120) for converting rotational motion from the second rotatable shaft to longitudinal movement to effect a second function, the first pusher assembly comprising a pusher member (190); characterised in that the pusher member includes a brake member configured to prevent the drive member from rotating relative to the pusher member when the pusher member is moved in a proximal direction.


     
    2. The adapter assembly (100) of claim 1, further including a second pusher assembly (160), wherein the drive transfer assembly (130) includes a third rotatable shaft (118) and the second pusher assembly is operably connected to the third rotatable shaft for converting rotational motion from the third rotatable shaft to longitudinal movement to effect a third function.
     
    3. The adapter assembly (100) of any preceding claim, further including an extension assembly (200) including at least one flexible band assembly (210) operably connected to the first pusher assembly (180).
     
    4. The adapter assembly (100) of any preceding claim, wherein the first pusher assembly (180) includes a planetary gear assembly (186).
     
    5. The adapter assembly (100) of claim 4, wherein the first pusher assembly (180) includes a drive screw (188) operably connected to the planetary gear assembly (186).
     
    6. The adapter assembly (100) of claim 5, wherein the pusher member (190) is operably received about the drive screw (188).
     
    7. The adapter assembly (100) of claim 6, wherein rotation of the drive screw (188) causes longitudinal movement of the pusher member (190).
     
    8. The adapter assembly (100) of claim 6 or claim 7, wherein the brake member is disposed within the pusher member (190).
     
    9. The adapter assembly (100) of any preceding claim, wherein the brake member includes a collet (191) having a plurality of leaves (193).
     
    10. The adapter assembly (100) of claim 9, wherein the plurality of leaves (193) extend radially inward.
     
    11. The adapter assembly (100) of claim 9 or claim 10, wherein the plurality of leaves (193) extend proximally.
     
    12. The adapter assembly (100) of any of claims 9 to 11, wherein the plurality of leaves (193) of the collet (191) engage the drive member (108) when the pusher member (190) is moved in the proximal direction.
     
    13. The adapter assembly (100) of any of claims 9 to 12, wherein the drive member (108) extends through the collet (191).
     
    14. The adapter assembly (100) of any of claims 9 to 13, wherein the drive member (108) defines a longitudinal axis and the collet (191) defines a plane extending perpendicular to the longitudinal axis.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Adapteranordnung (100) zum Wirkverbinden eines Endeffektors (30) mit einem elektromechanischen chirurgischen Instrument (10), wobei die Adapteranordnung Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Antriebsübertragungsanordnung (130) einschließlich einer ersten und einer zweiten drehbaren Welle (116, 120);

    ein Antriebselement (108), das mit der ersten drehbaren Welle (116) zum Übertragen einer Drehbewegung von der ersten drehbaren Welle wirkverbunden ist, um eine erste Funktion zu bewirken; und

    eine erste Schubanordnung (180), die mit der zweiten drehbaren Welle (120) zum Umwandeln der Drehbewegung von der zweiten drehbaren Welle in eine Längsverschiebung wirkverbunden ist, um eine zweite Funktion zu bewirken, wobei die erste Schubanordnung ein Schubelement (190) umfasst;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Schubelement ein Bremselement einschließt, das konfiguriert ist, um zu verhindern, dass sich das Antriebselement relativ zu dem Schubelement dreht, wenn das Schubelement in einer proximalen Richtung verschoben wird.


     
    2. Adapteranordnung (100) nach Anspruch 1, die ferner eine zweite Schubanordnung (160) einschließt, wobei die Antriebsübertragungsanordnung (130) eine dritte drehbare Welle (118) einschließt und die zweite Schubanordnung zum Umwandeln der Drehbewegung von der dritten drehbaren Welle in die Längsverschiebung mit der dritten drehbaren Welle wirkverbunden ist, um eine dritte Funktion zu bewirken.
     
    3. Adapteranordnung (100) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, die ferner eine Erstreckungsanordnung (200) einschließt, einschließlich wenigstens einer flexiblen Bandanordnung (210), die mit der ersten Schubanordnung (180) wirkverbunden ist.
     
    4. Adapteranordnung (100) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die erste Schubanordnung (180) eine Planetenradanordnung (186) einschließt.
     
    5. Adapteranordnung (100) nach Anspruch 4, wobei die erste Schubanordnung (180) eine Antriebsschraube (188) einschließt, die mit der Planetenradanordnung (186) wirkverbunden ist.
     
    6. Adapteranordnung (100) nach Anspruch 5, wobei das Schubelement (190) um die Antriebsschraube (188) herum wirkaufgenommen ist.
     
    7. Adapteranordnung (100) nach Anspruch 6, wobei eine Drehung der Antriebsschraube (188) eine Längsverschiebung des Schubelements (190) verursacht.
     
    8. Adapteranordnung (100) nach Anspruch 6 oder 7, wobei das Bremselement innerhalb des Schubelements (190) angeordnet ist.
     
    9. Adapteranordnung (100) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Bremselement ein Spannfutter (191) mit mehreren Blättern (193) einschließt.
     
    10. Adapteranordnung (100) nach Anspruch 9, wobei sich die mehreren Blätter (193) radial nach innen erstrecken.
     
    11. Adapteranordnung (100) nach Anspruch 9 oder 10, wobei sich die mehreren Blätter (193) proximal erstrecken.
     
    12. Adapteranordnung (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 9 bis 11, wobei die mehreren Blätter (193) des Spannfutters (191) das Antriebselement (108) in Eingriff nehmen, wenn das Schubelement (190) in einer proximalen Richtung verschoben wird.
     
    13. Adapteranordnung (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 9 bis 12, wobei sich das Antriebselement (108) durch das Spannfutter (191) erstreckt.
     
    14. Adapteranordnung (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 9 bis 13, wobei das Antriebselement (108) eine Längsachse definiert und das Spannfutter (191) eine Ebene definiert, die sich senkrecht zu der Längsachse erstreckt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Ensemble adaptateur (100) pour relier fonctionnellement un effecteur terminal (30) à un instrument chirurgical électromécanique (10), l'ensemble adaptateur comprenant :

    un ensemble de transfert d'entraînement (130) comportant des premier et deuxième arbres rotatifs (116, 120) ;

    un élément d'entraînement (108) relié fonctionnellement au premier arbre rotatif (116) pour transférer un mouvement de rotation depuis le premier arbre rotatif afin d'effectuer une première fonction ; et

    un premier ensemble poussoir (180) relié fonctionnellement au deuxième arbre rotatif (120) pour convertir un mouvement de rotation depuis le deuxième arbre rotatif en mouvement longitudinal afin d'effectuer une deuxième fonction, le premier ensemble poussoir comprenant un élément poussoir (190) ; caractérisé en ce que l'élément poussoir comporte un élément de freinage conçu pour empêcher l'élément d'entraînement de tourner par rapport à l'élément poussoir lorsque l'élément poussoir est déplacé dans une direction proximale.


     
    2. Ensemble adaptateur (100) selon la revendication 1, comportant en outre un second ensemble poussoir (160), dans lequel l'ensemble de transfert d'entraînement (130) comporte un troisième arbre rotatif (118) et le second ensemble poussoir est relié fonctionnellement au troisième arbre rotatif pour convertir un mouvement de rotation depuis le troisième arbre rotatif en mouvement longitudinal afin d'effectuer une troisième fonction.
     
    3. Ensemble adaptateur (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comportant en outre un ensemble d'extension (200) comportant au moins un ensemble de bande flexible (210) relié fonctionnellement au premier ensemble poussoir (180).
     
    4. Ensemble adaptateur (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le premier ensemble poussoir (180) comporte un ensemble de train planétaire (186).
     
    5. Ensemble adaptateur (100) selon la revendication 4, dans lequel le premier ensemble poussoir (180) comporte un clou-vis (188) relié fonctionnellement à l'ensemble de train planétaire (186).
     
    6. Ensemble adaptateur (100) selon la revendication 5, dans lequel l'élément poussoir (190) est reçu fonctionnellement autour du clou-vis (188).
     
    7. Ensemble adaptateur (100) selon la revendication 6, dans lequel la rotation du clou-vis (188) entraîne un mouvement longitudinal de l'élément poussoir (190).
     
    8. Ensemble adaptateur (100) selon la revendication 6 ou la revendication 7, dans lequel l'élément de freinage est disposé à l'intérieur de l'élément poussoir (190).
     
    9. Ensemble adaptateur (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'élément de freinage comporte un collet (191) ayant une pluralité de lamelles (193).
     
    10. Ensemble adaptateur (100) selon la revendication 9, dans lequel la pluralité de lamelles (193) s'étend radialement vers l'intérieur.
     
    11. Ensemble adaptateur (100) selon la revendication 9 ou la revendication 10, dans lequel la pluralité de lamelles (193) s'étend de façon proximale.
     
    12. Ensemble adaptateur (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 11, dans lequel la pluralité de lamelles (193) du collet (191) viennent en prise avec l'élément d'entraînement (108) lorsque l'élément poussoir (190) est déplacé dans la direction proximale.
     
    13. Ensemble adaptateur (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 12, dans lequel l'élément d'entraînement (108) s'étend à travers le collet (191).
     
    14. Ensemble adaptateur (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 13, dans lequel l'élément d'entraînement (108) définit un axe longitudinal et le collet (191) définit un plan s'étendant perpendiculairement à l'axe longitudinal.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description